Title Australian Electoral Commission—Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions—Report, August 2021
Source Both Chambers
Date 02-09-2021
Parliament No. 46
Tabled in House of Reps 02-09-2021
Tabled in Senate 19-10-2021
Parliamentary Paper Year 2021
Parliamentary Paper No. 263
Paper Type Government Document
Disallowable No
Journals Page No. 4166
Votes Page No. 2192
House of Reps DPL No. 433
System Id publications/tabledpapers/1d3c1481-45f6-4808-b110-361cc22bfae4


Australian Electoral Commission—Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions—Report, August 2021

Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions AUGUST 2021

Report of the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918

Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions AUGUST 2021

Report of the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918

Feedback and enquiries Feedback on this report is welcome and should be directed to the contact officer.

Contact officer National Redistributions Manager Disclosure, Assurance and Engagement Branch Australian Electoral Commission 10 Mort Street Canberra ACT 2600

Locked Bag 4007 Canberra ACT 2601

Telephone: 02 6271 4411

Fax: 02 6215 9999

Online inquiry form: www.aec.gov.au/About_AEC/Contact_the_AEC

AEC website www.aec.gov.au

Accessible services Visit the AEC website for telephone interpreter services in other languages.

Readers who are deaf or have a hearing or speech impairment can contact the

AEC through the National Relay Service (NRS):

– TTY users phone 133 677 and ask for 13 23 26 – Speak and Listen users phone 1300 555 727 and ask for 13 23 26 – Internet relay users connect to the NRS and ask for 13 23 26

ISBN: 978-1-921427-73-2

© Commonwealth of Australia 2021 © Western Australia 2021

The report should be cited as augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia, Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions.

AEC21-1582

The augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia (the augmented Electoral Commission) has undertaken a redistribution of Western Australia. In developing the redistribution, the augmented Electoral Commission has satisfied itself that the electoral divisions meet the requirements of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (the Electoral Act). The augmented Electoral Commission commends its redistribution for Western Australia.

This report is prepared to fulfil the requirements of section 74 of the Electoral Act.

Augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

The Hon. Justice Susan Kenny AM Dr David Gruen Chairperson Member

Mr Tom Rogers Ms Gina Dario

Member Member

Ms Dione Bilick Ms Caroline Spencer

Member Member

August 2021

ii Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Contents 1 About this report 1 Abbreviations and glossary

4 Executive summary 4 Background 5 Legislative requirements 6 Redistribution of Western Australia 8 Elector movements 8 Implementation of this redistribution

9 Chapter 1: Background and context 9 Compliance with legislative requirements 9 Background to this redistribution 12 Release of proposed redistribution of Western Australia 12 Invitation for interested individuals and organisations to submit objections and

comments on objections 13 Augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia 14 Consideration of objections and comments on objections by the augmented Electoral

Commission 15 Inquiry by the augmented Electoral Commission into objections 15 Conclusion of consideration of objections by the augmented Electoral Commission 16 Statutory requirements for the making of a redistribution 16 Public announcement by the augmented Electoral Commission 17 Determination made by the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

18 Chapter 2: The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution 18 Augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution of Western Australia 20 Abolition of an electoral division 21 Augmented Electoral Commission’s approach to naming electoral divisions 23 Augmented Electoral Commission’s approach to formulating electoral boundaries 28 Movement of electors between electoral divisions 30 Redistribution of Western Australia – by electoral division

31 Chapter 3: Implementation of the redistribution 31 When do the new electoral divisions apply? 32 Do I need to do anything to change my electoral division? 32 For how long will the new electoral divisions apply? 32 On which electoral divisions would a by-election be contested? 32 How do I find out if my electoral division has changed? 32 Do I need to know my electoral division to enrol or update my enrolment details? 33 Where can I find information about the new electoral divisions? 33 Where can I find information about the electoral divisions which applied at previous

federal elections? 33 Is geospatial data for the new electoral divisions available?

iii

34 Appendices 34 Appendix A: Summary of compliance with legislative requirements 36 Appendix B: Operation of statutory requirements for the making of a redistribution 38 Appendix C: Objections to the proposed redistribution of Western Australia 39 Appendix D: Comments on objections to the proposed redistribution of Western

Australia 40 Appendix E: Augmented Electoral Commission’s response to themes contained in objections, comments on objections and in submissions to the inquiry into objections 52 Appendix F: Inquiry into objections 52 Appendix G: Constructing electoral division boundaries 53 Appendix H: Announcement of the augmented Electoral Commission’s proposed

redistribution 55 Appendix I: Determination of electoral divisions in Western Australia by the augmented Electoral Commission 56 Appendix J: Comparison of Western Australian electoral division names 57 Appendix K: Guidelines for naming federal electoral divisions 58 Appendix L: General description of how electoral divisions are constituted

Tables 10 Table A: Redistribution quota and permissible range for Western Australia 11 Table B: Projected enrolment quota and permissible range for Western Australia 13 Table C: Options to make an objection or comment on an objection 14 Table D: Membership of the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia 19 Table E: Electoral divisions where boundaries are as proposed by the Redistribution

Committee or have been modified by the augmented Electoral Commission 22 Table F: Alternative names advocated in objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry for Western Australia’s electoral divisions 23 Table G: Names of Western Australia’s remaining electoral divisions retained by the

augmented Electoral Commission 29 Table H: Summary of movement of electors between electoral divisions 29 Table I: Electors affected by proposal to alter the basis for naming of an electoral

division

30 Table J: Summary of electoral divisions following determination of the redistribution 40 Table K: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the abolition of an electoral division 41 Table L: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating

to the names of electoral divisions 43 Table M: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the placement of electoral divisions and divisional boundaries

iv Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

1

About this report This report outlines the redistribution of Western Australia and the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia’s (the augmented Electoral Commission) reasons supporting this redistribution.

The report consists of the following sections:

• Executive summary

• Chapter 1: Background and context This chapter outlines the legislative requirements of the redistribution from the release of the Redistribution Committee for Western Australia’s (the Redistribution Committee) proposed redistribution to the determination of the names and boundaries of electoral divisions by the augmented Electoral Commission.

• Chapter 2: The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution This chapter outlines the augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and the reasons for this redistribution. Also included is the augmented Electoral Commission’s approach to formulating the names and boundaries of electoral divisions.

• Chapter 3: Implementation of the redistribution This chapter outlines what the implementation of the redistribution means in practice for residents of Western Australia.

• Appendices

Abbreviations and glossary Word or acronym Meaning

ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics

AEC Australian Electoral Commission

AWST Australian Western Standard Time – AWST is equal to Coordinated Universal

Time plus 8 hours (UTC +8)

augmented Electoral Commission

augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

The Electoral Commission, augmented by the members of the Redistribution Committee for Western Australia

COB comment on objection received

current enrolment quota (Number of electors enrolled in a state or territory on the day the redistribution commences) / (Number of members of the House of Representatives the state or territory is entitled to)

The current enrolment quota for this redistribution is 112,172 electors

Note: Following the commencement of legislative change, from Tuesday 16 February 2021 this quota is known as the ‘redistribution quota’

EBMS Electoral Boundary Mapping System – a modification of commercially

available mapping software which automatically calculates the revised actual and projected enrolments when boundaries are moved

Electoral Act Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918

2 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Word or acronym Meaning

Electoral Commission The Electoral Commission is headed by a Chairperson, who is selected from a list of names of three eligible Judges submitted to the Governor-General by the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Australia. The other members are the Electoral Commissioner and a non-judicial member, currently the Australian Statistician

Gazette Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette – gazette notices contain a range of information about legislation, including proclamations and notices of Commonwealth government departments and courts, and other notices required under Commonwealth law

general election a general election of the members of the House of Representatives

guidelines Guidelines for naming federal electoral divisions

IP inquiry participant at the inquiry into objections held in Perth

Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters – the role of this Committee of the Australian Parliament is to inquire into and report on such matters relating

to electoral laws and practices and their administration as may be referred to it by either House of the Parliament or a Minister

localities Also known as suburbs. An administrative geographical area which is

uniquely and clearly defined to enable accurate property street addressing and to support the prompt delivery of services. In a redistribution context, locality and suburb boundaries are generally strong indicators of a community of interests

OB objection received

projected enrolment quota (Number of electors projected to be enrolled in a state or territory at the projection time) / (Number of members of the House of Representatives the state or territory is entitled to)

The projected enrolment quota for this redistribution is 116,838 electors

projection time The projection time is generally the end of the period of three years and six months after the final determination of electoral division boundaries and names is published in the Gazette. There are circumstances where this time may be varied

The projection time for this redistribution is Sunday 2 February 2025

redistribution A redistribution of electoral divisions is the process where electoral divisions and their names and boundaries are reviewed, and may be altered, to ensure, as near as practicable:

• each state and territory gains representation in the House of Representatives in proportion to the population of the state or territory, and • there are a similar number of electors in each electoral division for a given state or territory

Redistribution Committee Redistribution Committee for Western Australia

Redistribution Committee for Western Australia The Electoral Commissioner, Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia, the Surveyor General of Western Australia and the Auditor General for

Western Australia

3

Word or acronym Meaning

redistribution quota (Number of electors enrolled in a state or territory on the day the redistribution commences) / (Number of members of the House of Representatives the state or territory is entitled to)

The redistribution quota for this redistribution is 112,172 electors

Note: The name ‘redistribution quota’ was adopted following the commencement of legislative change on Tuesday 16 February 2021. It was previously referred to as the ‘current enrolment quota’

SA1 Statistical Area 1 – SA1s are the smallest unit at which the ABS makes

available disaggregated Census data. The SA1s which have been used in this redistribution are those which applied at the 2016 Census of Population and Housing

SA2 Statistical Area 2 – SA2s consist of one or more SA1s and wherever possible

are based on officially gazetted state/territory suburbs and localities. In urban areas, SA2s largely conform to whole suburbs but can be a combination of suburbs. The SA2s which have been used in this redistribution are those which applied at the 2016 Census of Population and Housing

4 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Executive summary This report outlines the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia’s (the augmented Electoral Commission’s) redistribution of Western Australia into 15 electoral divisions.

The augmented Electoral Commission has:

• abolished the Division of Stirling,

• altered the basis for the naming of the Division of Canning, to be jointly named to honour:

– Sadie Miriam Canning MBE (1930–2008), and

– Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936), and

• retained the names of the Divisions of Brand, Burt, Cowan, Curtin, Durack, Forrest, Fremantle, Hasluck, Moore, O’Connor, Pearce, Perth, Swan and Tangney.

The augmented Electoral Commission has adopted all of the boundaries of electoral divisions proposed by the Redistribution Committee for Western Australia (the Redistribution Committee) with the following modifications:

• the suburb of Karnup and part of the suburb of Keralup are now located in the Division of Brand, resulting in the Division of Brand retaining the same boundaries that were in place prior to the start of the redistribution

• that part of the suburb of Armadale located to the south-east of the intersection of Albany Highway and South Western Highway is now located in the Division of Burt, resulting in the entirety of the suburb of Armadale being in the Division of Burt

• that part of the suburb of Martin located to the east of the Tonkin Highway is now located in the Division of Canning, resulting in the suburb being split across the Division of Burt and the Division of Canning

• the Shire of Waroona is now located in the Division of Canning

• the Shire of Wiluna is now located in the Division of O’Connor

• a small number of minor alterations, involving no elector movement, have been made to adhere to features or administrative boundaries and create more readily identifiable electoral boundaries

Background A redistribution of electoral divisions is the process where electoral divisions and their names and boundaries are reviewed, and may be altered, to ensure, as near as practicable:

• each state and territory gains representation in the House of Representatives in proportion to the population of the state or territory, and

• there are a similar number of electors in each electoral division for a given state or territory.

The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (the Electoral Act) makes provision for the conduct of redistributions, including procedures, processes and timelines to be followed and how and when public consultation is to occur.

A redistribution of electoral divisions in Western Australia was required as the number of members of the House of Representatives to be chosen for Western Australia at the next general election has decreased from 16 to 15.

5 Executive summary

The redistribution process commenced with a direction from the Electoral Commission on Wednesday 15 July 2020.

The Redistribution Committee released its proposed redistribution on Friday 19 March 2021. Interested individuals and organisations were invited to make written objections to the proposed redistribution and written comments on objections via notices published in:

• the Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette (the Gazette) on Friday 19 March 2021,

• The West Australian and The Weekend Australian on Saturday 27 March 2021,

• Farm Weekly on Thursday 1 April 2021, and

• Koori Mail on Wednesday 7 April 2021.

Thirty-one objections to the proposed redistribution were made available for public perusal from Monday 19 April 2021 and two written comments on objections were made available from Monday 3 May 2021. An inquiry into objections was held on Friday 21 May 2021 in Perth at which six submissions were made.

The augmented Electoral Commission found the written submissions made throughout the redistribution process, together with the submissions presented by those participating in the inquiry, to be a valuable contribution and was appreciative of the time and effort expended by all those who contributed. The redistribution has been informed by a thorough consideration of these submissions and the augmented Electoral Commission has taken them into account in making its determination. However, the augmented Electoral Commission felt unable to implement some aspects of these submissions for the reasons set out in Chapter 2 and Appendix E of this report.

This redistribution complies with all relevant provisions of the Electoral Act.

Legislative requirements The Electoral Act requires Western Australia to be divided into the same number of electoral divisions as the number of members of the House of Representatives to be chosen in Western Australia at a general election. As Western Australia is entitled to 15 members of the House of Representatives, the augmented Electoral Commission has redistributed Western Australia into 15 electoral divisions.

In making its redistribution, the augmented Electoral Commission is required to adhere to two strict numerical requirements imposed by the Electoral Act. These two numerical requirements provide an overall constraint to ensure that there are approximately equal numbers of electors in each electoral division so that each elector in Western Australia has equality of representation in the House of Representatives.

All electoral divisions are required to be within the range of plus 10 per cent and minus 10 per cent of the redistribution quota. At the end of Wednesday 15 July 2020, the day on which the redistribution commenced, 1,682,574 electors were enrolled in Western Australia. The redistribution quota was therefore 112,172 electors. As the Electoral Act requires electoral divisions to be within the range of plus 10 per cent and minus 10 per cent of this quota, the augmented Electoral Commission was required to construct electoral divisions which contain between 100,955 and 123,389 electors.

All electoral divisions are also required to be within the range of plus 3.5 per cent and minus 3.5 per cent of the projected enrolment quota at the projection time of Sunday 2 February 2025. As the number of electors projected to be enrolled in Western Australia at this time is 1,752,566, and the projected enrolment quota is 116,838, the augmented Electoral Commission was required to construct electoral divisions which are projected to contain between 112,749 and 120,927 electors on Sunday 2 February 2025.

6 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

In relation to each proposed electoral division, the augmented Electoral Commission is also required by the Electoral Act to give due consideration to:

i. community of interests within the electoral division, including economic, social and regional interests,

ii. means of communication and travel within the electoral division,

iv. the physical features and area of the electoral division, and

v. the boundaries of existing electoral divisions in Western Australia, with this factor being subordinate to the consideration of i, ii and iv.

The augmented Electoral Commission can only balance the different criteria against each other so far as they affect each of the 15 electoral divisions in Western Australia, and try and achieve the best balance overall. Given the primacy of the two numerical requirements, it is impossible to satisfy all the statutory criteria to the same extent in each electoral division.

Redistribution of Western Australia The redistribution covers:

• which electoral division to abolish,

• the names of the 15 electoral divisions, and

• where to draw the boundaries between electoral divisions in Western Australia to accommodate the abolition of an electoral division.

Abolition of an electoral division The augmented Electoral Commission has adopted the Redistribution Committee’s proposal to abolish the Division of Stirling.

The augmented Electoral Commission adopted the Redistribution Committee’s proposed abolition for the reasons set out in Chapter 2 of this report.

Names of electoral divisions The Redistribution Committee proposed:

• altering the basis for the naming of the Division of Canning to jointly name it to honour: – Sadie Miriam Canning MBE (1930–2008), and – Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936), and

• retaining the names of the Divisions of Brand, Burt, Cowan, Curtin, Durack, Forrest, Fremantle, Hasluck, Moore, O’Connor, Pearce, Perth, Swan and Tangney.

A small portion of the total number of objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry referred to the names of electoral divisions.

Some of these supported the Redistribution Committee’s proposed names while others offered a different name for consideration by the augmented Electoral Commission.

The augmented Electoral Commission unanimously agreed the arguments offered in support of altering the names of any of the 15 proposed electoral divisions were not substantive enough to warrant change from the Redistribution Committee’s proposal. These 15 electoral divisions will be known by the names proposed by the Redistribution Committee.

The electoral division names have been agreed by the augmented Electoral Commission for the reasons set out in Chapter 2 and Appendix E of this report.

7 Executive summary

Boundaries of electoral divisions In determining the boundaries of electoral divisions in a state, the Electoral Act requires the augmented Electoral Commission to ensure the enrolment numbers for each electoral division remain within the two ranges of the permissible maximum and minimum number of electors in an electoral division.

Western Australia’s entitlement to members of the House of Representatives has decreased from 16 to 15 electoral divisions. As a consequence of abolishing an electoral division, the redistribution quota and projected enrolment quota were increased, as were the ranges for the permissible maximum and minimum number of electors associated with these quotas. More electoral divisions fell outside these ranges than may otherwise have been the case. The augmented Electoral Commission was required, as was the Redistribution Committee, to abolish an electoral division and to alter 11 of Western Australia’s 15 electoral division boundaries to ensure that all electoral divisions met the requirements of the Electoral Act.

The augmented Electoral Commission noted that the Redistribution Committee’s proposal met the requirements of the Electoral Act and proposed electoral divisions which:

• were more equitably balanced numerically across the state,

• could accommodate the differing projected rates of growth across Western Australia,

• kept together or improved existing communities of interest, in some cases represented by local government areas and localities, where possible,

• used strong and readily identifiable features, such as major roads, rivers or established administrative boundaries to define electoral division boundaries, and

• were consistent with elements of the 27 suggestions and 17 comments on suggestions which identified electoral division boundary changes to meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act.

Abolishing an electoral division will, of necessity, result in significant elector movement away from the abolished electoral division and will also require consequential boundary changes and elector movements across the state to ensure that all electoral divisions remain within the two permissible ranges. The augmented Electoral Commission noted that the Redistribution Committee’s proposal met the requirements of the Electoral Act, and to the extent possible, provided electoral divisions that accommodated future growth while recognising and maintaining many communities of interest and using strong boundaries.

The augmented Electoral Commission carefully considered the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution, the objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and further information provided in submissions to the inquiry in Perth. The augmented Electoral Commission unanimously agreed with much of what was proposed by the Redistribution Committee but was of the opinion that improvements could be made.

As a number of the changes advocated in objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry were able to be accommodated within the permissible ranges for the number of electors within an electoral division, or with minimal boundary adjustments to the surrounding electoral divisions, the augmented Electoral Commission unanimously agreed to make these changes. As a result, 13 electoral divisions of the augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution differ from those proposed by the Redistribution Committee. These minor changes have been made to better reflect communities of interest and/or improve electoral division boundaries.

8 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

While acknowledging the merits of a number of other ideas advocated in objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry, they were unable to be accepted because the resultant adjustments to the boundaries would have led to electoral divisions which fell outside the permissible ranges. Any alternative adjustments would, in the augmented Electoral Commission’s opinion, have caused significant flow-on effects for other electoral divisions across Western Australia as a result of complying with the requirements of the Electoral Act.

Elector movements Overall, 295,447 electors enrolled in Western Australia (or 17.56 per cent of all electors enrolled in Western Australia on Wednesday 15 July 2020) will change their federal electoral division as a result of this redistribution.

Changing the basis to rename an electoral division will affect 107,779 electors enrolled in Western Australia (or 6.41 per cent of all electors enrolled in Western Australia on Wednesday 15 July 2020).

Implementation of this redistribution Changes to electoral divisions as a result of this redistribution will apply from the day on which the notice of determination is published in the Gazette. This notice was published on Monday 2 August 2021.

Electoral events will not be contested on these new federal electoral divisions until a writ is issued for a general election following the expiry or dissolution of the House of Representatives.

9 Chapter 1: Background and context

Chapter 1:

Background and context This chapter outlines the legislative requirements of the redistribution from the release of the Redistribution Committee for Western Australia’s (the Redistribution Committee) proposed redistribution to the determination of the names and boundaries of electoral divisions by the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia (the augmented Electoral Commission).

1. A redistribution of electoral divisions is the process where electoral divisions and their names and

boundaries are reviewed, and may be altered, to ensure, as near as practicable:

• each state and territory gains representation in the House of Representatives in proportion to the population of the state or territory, and • there are a similar number of electors in each electoral division for a given state or territory.

Compliance with legislative requirements 2. The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (the Electoral Act) specifies that a redistribution process

should be undertaken when:

• the number of members of the House of Representatives to which a state or territory is entitled has changed (relative population change), • the number of electors in more than one-third of the electoral divisions in a state (or one of the electoral divisions in the Australian Capital Territory or the Northern Territory) deviates from the

average divisional enrolment by over ten per cent for a period of more than two months, or • a period of seven years has elapsed since the last redistribution process was determined.1

3. The procedures to be followed in conducting a redistribution process are also specified in the Electoral

Act. Appendix A summarises the legislative requirements which have been followed in conducting this redistribution. Each of these requirements is discussed in further detail in this chapter.

Background to this redistribution 4. The steps followed from the commencement of the redistribution of Western Australia to the release of

the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution are outlined in Chapter 1 of the Redistribution Committee’s report: Proposed redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions.2

1 Sub-section 59(2) of the Electoral Act specifies when a redistribution process should be undertaken. 2 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, Proposed redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions, March 2021, pages 9–15

10 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Requirement to conduct a redistribution of electoral divisions in Western Australia and commencement 5. On Friday 3 July 2020, the Electoral Commissioner made a determination under sub-section 48(1)

of the Electoral Act of the number of members of the House of Representatives each state and territory would be entitled to at the next general election.3

6. As a result of this determination, Western Australia’s entitlement decreased from 16 to 15 members

of the House of Representatives.

7. In accordance with sub-section 59(1) of the Electoral Act, the Electoral Commission published a

notice in the Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette (the Gazette) on Wednesday 15 July 2020 directing that a redistribution of Western Australia into 15 electoral divisions commence.

Redistribution quota 8. Section 65 of the Electoral Act requires the Electoral Commissioner, as soon as practicable after

the redistribution process commences, to determine the redistribution quota or average divisional enrolment using the following formula:4

Number of electors enrolled in Western Australia as at the end of the day on which the redistribution commenced (Wednesday 15 July 2020)

Number of members of the House of Representatives to which Western Australia is entitled

9. In calculating this quota, sub-section 65(2) of the Electoral Act provides that:

• where the result includes a fraction that is less than 0.5, the number is rounded down to the nearest whole number, or

• where the result includes a fraction that is equal to or greater than 0.5, the number is rounded up to the nearest whole number.

10. Table A shows the figures used to calculate the redistribution quota and the resultant range of the

permissible maximum and minimum number of electors in an electoral division (discussed further in the section titled ‘Statutory requirements for the making of a proposed redistribution’).

Table A: Redistribution quota and permissible range for Western Australia

Number of electors enrolled in Western Australia as at the end of the day on which the redistribution commenced (Wednesday 15 July 2020) 1,682,574

Number of members of the House of Representatives to which Western Australia is entitled 15

Redistribution quota for Western Australia 112,172

Permissible maximum number of electors in an electoral division (redistribution quota + 10 per cent)

123,389

Permissible minimum number of electors in an electoral division (redistribution quota – 10 per cent)

100,955

3 A copy of this determination is available on the AEC website. 4 The name ‘redistribution quota’ was not applied to this quota until Tuesday 16 February 2021 when legislative changes became operative.

11 Chapter 1:Background and context

11. As part of the redistribution process, the augmented Electoral Commission is required to ensure

that the number of electors in a proposed electoral division is within the range of plus 10 per cent and minus 10 per cent of the redistribution quota (see Appendix B).5

12. The number of electors at the commencement date of Wednesday 15 July 2020 at both the

electoral division and Statistical Area 1 (SA1) level were published on the AEC website when the invitation for interested persons to submit suggestions and comments on suggestions was made.6

Enrolment projections and projected enrolment quota 13. When determining a redistribution, the augmented Electoral Commission is required by

paragraph 73(4)(a) to ensure, as far as practicable, that the number of electors enrolled in the electoral division at the projection time will be within the range of plus 3.5 per cent and minus 3.5 per cent of the projected enrolment quota (see Appendix B). This quota is calculated using the following formula:

Projected total number of electors enrolled in Western Australia at the projection time (Sunday 2 February 2025)

Number of members of the House of Representatives to which Western Australia is entitled

14. For the purposes of this redistribution, projected enrolment has been calculated by the Australian

Bureau of Statistics (ABS). These projections were subsequently reviewed by AEC officers.

15. Projected enrolment at the projection time of Sunday 2 February 2025, together with the processes

used by the ABS to calculate these projections, were published on the AEC website when the invitation for interested parties to submit suggestions and comments on suggestions was made. The projections were made available at both the electoral division and SA1 level.7

16. Table B shows the figures used to calculate the projected enrolment quota and the resultant

range of the permissible maximum and minimum number of electors in an electoral division at the projection time (discussed further in the section titled ‘Statutory requirements for the making of a proposed redistribution’).

Table B: Projected enrolment quota and permissible range for Western Australia

Projected total number of electors enrolled in Western Australia at the projection time (Sunday 2 February 2025) 1,752,566

Number of members of the House of Representatives to which Western Australia is entitled 15

Projected enrolment quota for Western Australia 116,838

Permissible maximum number of electors in an electoral division at the projection time (projected enrolment quota + 3.5 per cent) 120,927

Permissible minimum number of electors in an electoral division at the projection time (projected enrolment quota – 3.5 per cent) 112,749

5 This requirement is specified by sub-section 73(4) of the Electoral Act. 6 See Appendix G for a discussion of how the AEC uses SA1s. SA1s are the smallest unit at which the ABS makes available disaggregated Census data. At the time of the 2016 Census, there were 57,523 SA1s covering Australia with populations in the range of 200–800. Approximately 5,980 of these SA1s are located in Western Australia. SA1s, which are part of the Australian Statistical

Geography Standard, are defined by the ABS and remain stable between censuses. The SA1s currently in use were defined for the 2016 Census. 7 Accompanying papers explained the assumptions used in calculating these enrolment projections. The assumptions relating to net interstate migration and net overseas migration reflect the uncertainty surrounding the impact of COVID-19 on the movement

of the population.

12 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Release of proposed redistribution of Western Australia 17. Sub-section 66(1) of the Electoral Act requires the Redistribution Committee to make a proposed

redistribution, with section 67 requiring that written reasons for the proposed redistribution be provided.

18. In its report Proposed redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions, the Redistribution

Committee outlined its proposed redistribution of Western Australia and in Chapter 2 and Appendix F explained the reasons behind its proposal.8 On Friday 19 March 2021, this report was made available on the AEC website and in each AEC office located in Western Australia.

19. In addition, and as required by sub-section 68(1) of the Electoral Act, the following information was

also made available at each AEC office in Western Australia from Friday 19 March 2021:

• maps showing the names and boundaries of each proposed electoral division in Western Australia, and

• copies of the 27 suggestions made to the proposed redistribution and 17 comments on suggestions which were received.

Invitation for interested individuals and organisations to submit objections and comments on objections 20. The Redistribution Committee is required by sub-sections 68(1) and 68(2) of the Electoral Act to

draw attention to the redistribution material able to be viewed at AEC offices in Western Australia and to invite written objections relating to the proposed redistribution of Western Australia and written comments on objections via:

• a notice published in the Gazette on a Friday,

• a notice published in two newspapers circulating throughout Western Australia, and

• notices published in such regional newspapers circulating in regions affected by the proposed redistribution as determined by the Redistribution Committee.9

21. The notice was published in the Gazette on Friday 19 March 2021. Newspaper notices were

published in:

• The West Australian and The Weekend Australian on Saturday 27 March 2021,

• Farm Weekly on Thursday 1 April 2021,10 and

• Koori Mail on Wednesday 7 April 2021.11

22. In accordance with section 68 of the Electoral Act, these notices included a brief outline of the

proposed redistribution, where to view the proposed redistribution, how to participate in the process and where to find further information. 12 As required by paragraph 68(1)(d), the notices published in The West Australian, Farm Weekly and Koori Mail included maps showing the names and boundaries of each proposed electoral division in Western Australia.

8 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., pages 27–55 and 71–86 9 Due to difficulties in identifying specific newspapers published in the affected areas outside of metropolitan Perth, the Redistribution Committee considered the most appropriate strategy was to place notices in newspapers circulating throughout the state. Digital banner advertising in regional newspapers was also utilized.

10 The Farm Weekly is a rurally oriented newspaper published in Western Australia. 11 The Koori Mail is the national Indigenous newspaper and is published fortnightly. 12 A disc included in Proposed redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions provided the material which sub-section 68(1) of the Electoral Act specifies is to be made available at each office of the AEC in the state/territory undergoing redistribution.

13 Chapter 1:Background and context

23. Table C presents information on the options for making an objection or comment on an objection,

and the extent to which these options were used.

Table C: Options to make an objection or comment on an objection

Options Objections Comments on objections

Number Percentage Number Percentage

Form upload on AEC website

11 35.48% 2 100.00%

Email 17 54.84% 0 0.00%

Mail 2 6.45% 0 0.00%

Fax 0 0.00% 0 0.00%

In person 1 3.23% 0 0.00%

Total 31 100.00% 2 100.00%

24. Interested individuals and organisations were able to submit written objections from

Friday 19 March 2021 until 6pm AWST on Friday 16 April 2021, the 4th Friday after the publication of the Gazette notice.13 During this time, 31 objections were received by the Electoral Commission (see Appendix C).

25. As required by sub-section 69(2) of the Electoral Act, copies of these objections were made

available to members of the public for perusal at the office of the Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia in Perth from Monday 19 April 2021, the 5th Monday after the publication of the Gazette notice. The objections were also made available on the AEC website from this date.

26. Interested individuals and organisations were able to submit written comments on objections

received from Monday 19 April 2021 until 6pm AWST on Friday 30 April 2021, the 6th Friday after the publication of the Gazette notice.14 During this time, two comments on objections were received by the Electoral Commission (see Appendix D).

27. As required by sub-section 69(4) of the Electoral Act, copies of these comments on objections were

made available to members of the public for perusal at the office of the Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia in Perth from Monday 3 May 2021, the 7th Monday after the publication of the Gazette notice. The comments on objections were also made available on the AEC website on this date.

Augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia 28. Sub-section 70(1) of the Electoral Act specifies that, for the purposes of a redistribution of

Western Australia, an augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia is established. The membership of the augmented Electoral Commission is specified by sub-section 70(2).

29. The membership of the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia is outlined in

Table D.

13 This requirement is specified by paragraph 68(2)(a) of the Electoral Act. 14 This requirement is specified by paragraph 68(2)(b) of the Electoral Act.

14 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Table D: Membership of the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

Position on the augmented Electoral Commission Name Basis for membership

Chairperson The Hon. Justice Susan Kenny AM Chairperson of the

Electoral Commission

Member Dr David Gruen non-judicial member

of the Electoral Commission

Member Mr Tom Rogers Electoral Commissioner

Member Ms Gina Dario Australian Electoral Officer

for Western Australia

Member Ms Dione Bilick Surveyor General

of Western Australia

Member Ms Caroline Spencer Auditor General

for Western Australia

Note:

1. Shading indicates the members of the Redistribution Committee (chaired by Mr Rogers).

2. Ms Gina Dario was appointed Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia on Thursday 1 April 2021. Ms Michelle Harper was acting Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia prior to this date and in this capacity had served as a member of the Redistribution Committee.

30. The augmented Electoral Commission is responsible for:

• considering all objections to the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution and all comments on objections which were received by the specified lodgement times,

• developing a proposed redistribution of Western Australia in accordance with the requirements of the Electoral Act,

• conducting an inquiry into objections, should one be required,

• determining the names and boundaries of electoral divisions in Western Australia, and

• making the reasons for the augmented Electoral Commission’s determination available for public perusal.

31. The augmented Electoral Commission met on:

• Friday 14 May 2021, and

• Friday 21 May 2021

Consideration of objections and comments on objections by the augmented Electoral Commission 32. The augmented Electoral Commission is required by sub-section 72(1) of the Electoral Act to

consider all objections to the proposed redistribution and comments on objections which were received by the required specified lodgement times.

33. In formulating its redistribution of Western Australia, the augmented Electoral Commission

considered each of the 31 objections to the proposed redistribution and two comments on objections received.

34. The augmented Electoral Commission found the written submissions made throughout the

redistribution valuable and appreciates the time and effort expended by all those who contributed.

35. Chapter 2 and Appendix E outline the key themes contained in these objections and comments on

objections, and how the augmented Electoral Commission responded to them, having regard to the requirements of the Electoral Act.

15 Chapter 1:Background and context

Inquiry by the augmented Electoral Commission into objections 36. Sub-section 72(3) of the Electoral Act requires the augmented Electoral Commission to hold an

inquiry into an objection unless it is of the opinion:

• the matters raised in the objection were raised, or are substantially the same as matters that were raised, in:

– suggestions relating to the redistribution lodged with the Redistribution Committee; or

– comments on suggestions lodged with the Redistribution Committee; or

• the objection is frivolous or vexatious.

37. Analysis of the 31 objections to the proposed redistribution indicated the matters to be inquired into as:

• abolition of the Division of Stirling,

• boundary of the Division of Cowan,

• boundary of the Division of O’Connor, and

• boundary of the Division of Pearce.

38. The manner in which an inquiry into objections is to be conducted by the augmented Electoral

Commission is specified in sub-sections 72(4) to 72(9) of the Electoral Act.

39. The augmented Electoral Commission held an inquiry on Friday 21 May 2021 in Perth.

40. Invitations to attend the inquiry were sent to those who made objections to the proposed

redistribution or who commented on objections. Notices of invitation were placed in The West Australian and The Weekend Australian on Saturday 15 May 2021.

41. Appendix F lists those who made submissions to the inquiry and a transcript is included with

this report. The augmented Electoral Commission found the submissions presented by those participating at the inquiry to be a valuable contribution and is appreciative of the time and effort expended by all those who contributed.

42. The augmented Electoral Commission’s response to the matters raised at the inquiry is summarised

in Chapter 2 and Appendix E.

Conclusion of consideration of objections by the augmented Electoral Commission 43. Sub-section 72(2) of the Electoral Act requires the augmented Electoral Commission to conclude

its consideration of the objections before the expiration of 60 days after the close of comments on objections. As comments on objections closed on Friday 30 April 2021, the augmented Electoral Commission was required to conclude its consideration by Tuesday 29 June 2021.

44. Consideration of objections by the augmented Electoral Commission concluded on

Thursday 3 June 2021.

16 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Statutory requirements for the making of a redistribution 45. Section 73 of the Electoral Act requires the augmented Electoral Commission to adhere to specific

criteria in determining boundaries of electoral divisions.

46. The augmented Electoral Commission endeavoured to ensure that the number of electors in each

Western Australian electoral division would:

• meet the requirement of sub-section 73(4) of the Electoral Act for the number of electors in an electoral division to not be less than 90 per cent or more than 110 per cent of the redistribution quota of 112,172 electors (Table A indicates the number of electors enrolled in each electoral division in Western Australia must therefore be between 100,955 and 123,389), and

• meet the requirement of paragraph 73(4)(a) of the Electoral Act for the number of electors projected to be in an electoral division to not be less than 96.5 per cent or more than 103.5 per cent of the projected enrolment quota at the projection time of Sunday 2 February 2025 (Table B indicates the number of electors projected to be enrolled in each electoral division in Western Australia at the projection time of Sunday 2 February 2025 must be between 112,749 and 120,927).

47. The augmented Electoral Commission also gave due consideration to the requirements of

paragraph 73(4)(b) of the Electoral Act:

i. community of interests within the electoral division, including economic, social and regional interests,

ii. means of communication and travel within the electoral division,

iv. the physical features and area of the electoral division, and

v. the boundaries of existing electoral divisions in Western Australia, with this factor being subordinate to the consideration of i, ii and iv.

48. Further details regarding these requirements are in Appendix B.

49. Appendix G outlines the mechanics of constructing proposed electoral divisions.

Public announcement by the augmented Electoral Commission 50. Once its inquiries into objections are completed, sub-section 72(10) of the Electoral Act requires the

augmented Electoral Commission to:

• make a proposed redistribution of the state, and

• make a public announcement.

51. While the augmented Electoral Commission is able to choose the means by which this public

announcement is issued,15 sub-section 72(12) requires the following content:

• the substance of the augmented Electoral Commission’s findings or conclusions on the initial objections to the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution,

• the augmented Electoral Commission’s proposed redistribution of the state, and

• a statement whether, in the opinion of the augmented Electoral Commission, its proposed redistribution is significantly different from the Redistribution Committee’s proposed redistribution. 16

15 Paragraph 72(10)(b) of the Electoral Act states the announcement may be made by a statement to the media or by other expeditious means. 16 In the event the augmented Electoral Commission considers its proposed redistribution to be significantly different to that of the Redistribution Committee, paragraph 72(12)(d) specifies the inclusion of additional information in the public announcement.

17 Chapter 1:Background and context

52. The augmented Electoral Commission did not consider its proposed redistribution to be significantly

different to that of the Redistribution Committee. The text of the augmented Electoral Commission’s public announcement, which was made on Friday 4 June 2021, is at Appendix H.

Determination made by the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia 53. In accordance with sub-section 73(1) of the Electoral Act, the names and boundaries of electoral

divisions for a state are determined when the augmented Electoral Commission publishes a notice in the Gazette.

54. The text of the notice published in the Gazette on Monday 2 August 2021 is at Appendix I.

18 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Chapter 2:

The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution This chapter outlines the augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and the reasons for this redistribution. Also included is the augmented Electoral Commission’s approach to formulating the names and boundaries of electoral divisions.

Augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution of Western Australia 55. The augmented Electoral Commission was required to redistribute Western Australia into

15 electoral divisions.

56. The augmented Electoral Commission decided to adopt the proposal of the Redistribution

Committee, as outlined in Proposed redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions, with some modifications.

57. There are three components to the augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution:

• which electoral division to abolish,

• the names of the 15 electoral divisions, and

• where to draw the boundaries between electoral divisions in Western Australia to accommodate the abolition of an electoral division.

Abolished electoral division 58. The augmented Electoral Commission has adopted the Redistribution Committee’s proposal to

abolish the Division of Stirling.

Names of electoral divisions 59. The augmented Electoral Commission has adopted the Redistribution Committee’s proposed

names without change.

60. The augmented Electoral Commission has:

• retired the name ‘Stirling’,

• altered the basis for the naming of the Division of Canning to jointly honour:

– Sadie Miriam Canning MBE (1930–2008), and

– Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936), and

• retained the names of the remaining electoral divisions.

19 Chapter 2:The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution

61. This is consistent with the ‘Guidelines for naming federal electoral divisions’ (the guidelines) and the

sentiments expressed in objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry.

62. The augmented Electoral Commission notes that, as a result of these name changes, the number

of Western Australia’s electoral divisions named after women has increased, as has the number of electoral divisions named for an Aboriginal person.

63. Appendix J presents some summary information about the names of Western Australia’s

electoral divisions and how this compares to electoral division names in place at the start of this redistribution.

Boundaries of electoral divisions 64. With respect to the boundaries of electoral divisions in Western Australia, the augmented Electoral

Commission was required to:

• abolish an electoral division as Western Australia’s resident population relative to that of other states and territories means that its entitlement to electoral divisions has decreased from 16 to 15, and

• alter the boundaries of 11 of Western Australia’s electoral divisions which did not meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act.

65. The augmented Electoral Commission has adopted the boundaries proposed by the Redistribution

Committee with some modifications. Table E indicates the electoral divisions:

• where the augmented Electoral Commission has modified the boundaries proposed by the Redistribution Committee, and

• where the augmented Electoral Commission has adopted the Redistribution Committee’s boundaries without change.

66. As a result, 13 electoral divisions have different boundaries compared to those in place at the start

of the redistribution, while two remain unchanged.17

Table E: Electoral divisions where boundaries are as proposed by the Redistribution Committee or have been modified by the augmented Electoral Commission

Boundaries which have been modified by the augmented Electoral Commission Boundaries as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

Brand Durack Pearce Fremantle

Burt Forrest Swan Perth

Canning Hasluck Tangney

Cowan Moore

Curtin O’Connor

Note: Shading indicates electoral divisions which have the same boundaries as were in place at the state of the redistribution.

67. The augmented Electoral Commission’s modifications are listed in Appendix L and are discussed in

the following sections.

17 As a result of modifications made by the augmented Electoral Commission to the boundaries proposed by the Redistribution Committee, the boundaries of the Division of Brand will be the same as were in place at the start of the redistribution.

20 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Abolition of an electoral division 68. Abolition of an electoral division was required as Western Australia’s entitlement to members of the

House of Representatives decreased from 16 to 15. The Redistribution Committee developed its proposed redistribution by adjusting the outer Divisions of Durack and O’Connor, both of which needed to gain electors, and then examining those electoral divisions located in and around the Perth region. As a consequence of making the necessary adjustments to ensure that all electoral divisions would meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act, the Redistribution Committee unanimously proposed abolishing the existing Division of Stirling with electors transferred to the proposed Divisions of Cowan, Curtin, Moore and Perth.18

69. Objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and submissions made to

the inquiry:

• argued the Division of Stirling should not be abolished,19

• argued the Division of Stirling should be abolished,20

• accepted the abolition of the Division of Stirling,21

• did not dispute the abolition of a metropolitan electoral division north of the Swan River,22 or

• argued the Division of Pearce should be abolished.23

70. The augmented Electoral Commission observed that the majority of objections arguing against the

abolition of the Division of Stirling did not provide alternatives as to which electoral division should be abolished. As such, the arguments offered were not substantive enough to warrant change from the Redistribution Committee’s proposal.

71. Further, the argument offered by one objector that a ‘newer’ electoral division should have

been proposed for abolition by the Redistribution Committee ignores the fact that more recently created electoral divisions have often been situated in specific locations to accommodate areas of population and enrolment growth.24

72. The augmented Electoral Commission observed that abolishing an alternative electoral

division, along with the adjustments to the boundaries of other electoral divisions necessary to accommodate such a change, would not result in an improved outcome for Western Australia. In addition, the augmented Electoral Commission did not consider the arguments offered were substantive enough to warrant change from the Redistribution Committee’s proposal.

73. The augmented Electoral Commission therefore concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal

as to which electoral division to abolish should stand unchanged. The Division of Stirling, as it existed prior to the commencement of the redistribution on Wednesday 15 July 2020, is abolished.

18 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 32 19 This was argued by OB1 – Rinaldo Ienco, OB12 – Brenda Phipps, OB13 – Linda and OB29 – Lisa Thornton. 20 OB9 – Steven Pitcher and IP3 – Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor supported the abolition. 21 OB22 – WA Labor expressed this view. 22 This argument was made by OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division). 23 This view was advocated by OB12 – Brenda Phipps. 24 OB11 – Martin Gordon expressed this view.

21 Chapter 2:The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution

Augmented Electoral Commission’s approach to naming electoral divisions 74. The naming of federal electoral divisions has been the subject of a number of recommendations from

parliamentary committees. The guidelines were developed by the AEC from recommendations made by the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters in 1995 in Electoral Redistributions: Report on the Effectiveness and Appropriateness of the Redistribution Provisions of Parts III and IV of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918. The guidelines are publicly available on the AEC website (see Appendix K for a copy), with attention directed to this availability when the redistribution was advertised.

Renaming of electoral divisions in Western Australia 75. The guidelines note that the names of electoral divisions should not be changed or transferred to

new areas without very strong reasons. Any decision to alter the name of an electoral division is therefore one which is not taken lightly.

76. The augmented Electoral Commission received several objections to the proposed redistribution,

comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the names of electoral divisions.

77. Where an alternative to the Redistribution Committee’s proposal was advocated, the augmented

Electoral Commission considered whether modifications should be made to address the alternative. The following paragraphs, together with Appendix E, outline the augmented Electoral Commission’s decision with respect to the alternatives offered.

Retiring the name ‘Stirling’ 78. In proposing to abolish the existing Division of Stirling, the Redistribution Committee considered

whether it would be appropriate to rename another electoral division ‘Stirling’, however considered there was no compelling reason to do so.25

79. Objections to the proposed redistribution:

• supported retiring the name ‘Stirling’,26 or

• did not dispute retiring the name ‘Stirling’.27

80. The augmented Electoral Commission therefore concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal

should stand and the name ‘Stirling’ will be retired.

Renaming the proposed Division of Canning 81. The Redistribution Committee proposed the Division of Canning be jointly named to honour:

• Sadie Miriam Canning MBE (1930–2008), and

• Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936).28

82. In considering potential alternative names for the electoral division, the Redistribution Committee

noted the possibilities of retaining the name ‘Canning’ while expanding the individuals it was named to recognise. Sadie Canning was Western Australia’s, and possibly Australia’s, first Indigenous Australian nurse and matron who made a significant contribution to Australian health and Indigenous outcomes.29

25 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 32 26 Support was indicated by OB21 – Sue. 27 This view was expressed by OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division). 28 Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936) surveyed routes for a rabbit-proof fence from Starvation Harbour to Cape Keraudren and stock

routes to bring cattle from the Kimberley region to feed those working the Western Australian goldfields. 29 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., pages 35–36

22 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

83. Objections and submissions to the public inquiry supported the Redistribution Committee’s

proposal to alter the basis for naming the electoral division.30

84. The augmented Electoral Commission concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal should

stand and the Division of Canning will be jointly named to honour:

• Sadie Miriam Canning MBE (1930–2008), and

• Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936).

Renaming of the remaining electoral divisions 85. The Redistribution Committee proposed retaining the names of the 14 remaining electoral divisions

in Western Australia – the Divisions of Brand, Burt, Cowan, Curtin, Durack, Forrest, Fremantle, Hasluck, Moore, O’Connor, Pearce, Perth, Swan and Tangney.31

86. Objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry

advocated retaining the names:

• ‘Cowan’,32 and

• ‘Tangney’.33

87. A number of objections to the proposed redistribution advocated renaming electoral divisions.34

The alternative names offered are displayed in Table F.

Table F: Alternative names advocated in objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry for Western Australia’s electoral divisions

Proposed electoral division name Alternative names advocated in objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry

a northern suburbs electoral division Yellagonga – in honour of Yellagonga (unknown–1843), Indigenous leader

Moore or Pearce Abdullah – in honour of George Cyril Abdullah (1919–84),

community worker, Indigenous rights activist/supporter and soldier

Brennan – in honour of Gloria Fay Brennan (1948–85), Indigenous leader and public servant

Colbung – in honour of Kenneth Desmond Colbung MBE AM (1931–2010), Indigenous leader, Indigenous activist and soldier

Davis – in honour of Jack Leonard Davis BEM AM (1917–2000), playwright, poet and stockman

Harris – in honour of Edward Harris (1878–c1931), Indigenous rights activist/supporter

Harris – in honour of William Harris (1867–1931), Indigenous leader and Indigenous rights activist/supporter

Moore–Pearce hybrid Hawke – in honour of the Hon. Robert James Lee Hawke AC (1929–2019), Prime Minister of Australia from 1983 to 1991

Unspecified Holman – in honour of Mary Alice Holman (1893–1939),

politician and political organiser

30 OB17 – Emeritus Professor Mike Daube AO Hon DSci FPHAA FFPH, OB26 – Daniel Ortlepp, OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division) and IP2 – Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division) were in favour of this. 31 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 37 32 OB21 – Sue and OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division) were in favour of retaining the name ‘Cowan’. 33 This view was expressed by OB21 – Sue. 34 Those advocating alternative names are indicated in Table L.

23 Chapter 2:The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution

88. The guidelines note that the names of electoral divisions should not be changed or transferred to

new areas without very strong reasons. Any decision to alter the name of an electoral division is not taken lightly.

89. While noting the contribution to Australian society of those individuals submitted for its

consideration and the general relevance of those names submitted, the augmented Electoral Commission concluded strong enough reasons to alter the names of the electoral divisions listed in Table G were not provided. The augmented Electoral Commission concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal with respect to these names should stand unchanged.

90. The augmented Electoral Commission has retained the names of the remaining electoral divisions

indicated in Table G.

Table G: Names of Western Australia’s remaining electoral divisions retained by the augmented Electoral Commission

Names of electoral divisions

Brand Forrest Pearce

Burt Fremantle Perth

Cowan Hasluck Swan

Curtin Moore Tangney

Durack O’Connor

Augmented Electoral Commission’s approach to formulating electoral boundaries 91. In deciding whether to amend the Redistribution Committee’s proposal to incorporate a concept

submitted in an objection, comment on objection or submission to the inquiry, the augmented Electoral Commission was mindful of whether the advocated amendment would improve the Redistribution Committee’s proposal. As the augmented Electoral Commission’s formulation of electoral divisions must conform to the requirements of the Electoral Act, potential amendments were also analysed with respect to the requirements of sub-section 73(4) of the Electoral Act.

92. The primary requirement was to ensure each electoral division remains within the permissible

maximum and minimum number of electors around the redistribution enrolment quota (see Table A) and the projected enrolment quota (see Table B). In modifying the boundaries of electoral divisions proposed by the Redistribution Committee, the augmented Electoral Commission was therefore required to ensure that each electoral division in Western Australia continued to fall within the permissible ranges for the maximum and minimum number of electors in an electoral division.

93. Similarly, when considering adjusting the boundary of an electoral division to better reflect one

community of interest, the augmented Electoral Commission observed that such an adjustment could prompt concerns about one or more different communities of interests.

24 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Adjusting the boundaries of existing electoral divisions 94. In constructing its proposed redistribution, the Redistribution Committee noted it was required

to abolish an electoral division and that 11 of the 16 existing electoral divisions did not satisfy the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act and therefore must change.35 To meet these requirements the Redistribution Committee proposed adjusting the boundaries of all but one of Western Australia’s existing electoral divisions.36

95. The Redistribution Committee considered that its proposed redistribution would result in electoral

divisions which:

• were equitably balanced numerically across the state,

• could accommodate the differing projected rates of growth and decline across Western Australia,

• kept together or improved existing communities of interest, in some cases represented by local government areas, suburbs and localities, where possible, and

• used strong and readily identifiable features as electoral division boundaries, to the extent possible.37

96. Thirteen electoral divisions of the augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution differ from those

proposed by the Redistribution Committee. Changes to seven of these electoral divisions create more readily identifiable boundaries and resulted in no movement of electors. 38 Alternatives to these changes did not feature in objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections or submissions to the inquiry. These changes include:

• a minor realignment between the Divisions of Burt and Swan to follow the Roe Highway and Welshpool Road,

• a minor realignment between the Divisions of Burt and Tangney to follow Nicholson Road,

• a minor realignment of the boundary between the Divisions of Canning and O’Connor to follow the local government area boundary between the Shires of Boddington and Murray,

• a minor realignment between the Divisions of Cowan and Hasluck to follow the Reid Highway,

• a minor realignment between the Divisions of Curtin and Moore to follow North Beach Road,

• a minor realignment of the boundary between the Divisions of Durack and O’Connor to follow the local government area boundary between the Shires of Cunderdin and Goomalling,

• a minor realignment of the boundary between the Divisions of Durack and O’Connor to follow the local government area boundary between the Shires of Koorda and Wongan-Ballidu, and

• two minor realignments of the boundary between the Divisions of Durack and Pearce to follow the local government area boundary between the Shire of Chittering and the City of Wanneroo.

35 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 7 36 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 4 37 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 8 38 The electoral divisions affected by these changes are the Divisions of Cowan, Curtin, Hasluck, Moore, Pearce, Swan and Tangney.

25 Chapter 2:The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution

97. The augmented Electoral Commission considered the Redistribution Committee’s proposal and

agreed with much of what was proposed. Where an alternative to the Redistribution Committee’s proposal was advocated, the augmented Electoral Commission considered whether modifications should be made to address the alternative. The following paragraphs, together with Appendix E, outline the augmented Electoral Commission’s decision with respect to the alternatives offered.

The boundary of the Division of Cowan 98. On the electoral division boundaries in place at the start of the redistribution, the Division of Cowan

needed to gain electors in order to meet the numerical parameters required by the Electoral Act. As one of the electoral divisions adjoining the Division of Stirling, which the Redistribution Committee proposed for abolition, and the Division of Pearce, which was required to shed electors in order to meet the Electoral Act’s numerical parameters, substantial changes were proposed to the boundaries of the Division of Cowan by the Redistribution Committee.39

99. Objections and comments on objections to the proposed redistribution advocated:

• support for the Redistribution Committee’s proposal,40

• changes should not be made to the boundaries of the Division of Cowan that existed at the start of the redistribution,41

• retaining the existing boundary between the Divisions of Cowan and Pearce,42

• retaining the suburbs of Bennett Springs, Darch, Kiara and/or Lockridge in the proposed Division of Cowan,43

• retaining the suburbs of Beechboro, Kiara and Lockridge in the proposed Division of Perth,44

• locating the City of Bayswater in its entirety in the proposed Division of Perth rather than splitting it between the proposed Divisions of Cowan and Perth,45 or

• placing most of the City of Stirling in the proposed Division of Cowan.46

100. Arguments provided by those expressing these views concerned the representative efforts of the

current Member for Cowan and/or maintaining existing communities of interests. Several of those arguing the latter, pointed out where proposed electoral division boundaries could be altered by swapping suburbs between proposed electoral divisions. The augmented Electoral Commission observed that making these swaps could result in substantial changes to proposed electoral division boundaries which may not be compatible with expected future growth. An example of this concerned the locality of Bennett Springs, with arguments made that it shared no communities of interests with the proposed electoral division it was located in. While it was noted in the objection that consequential changes to two other proposed electoral divisions would be required to accommodate this movement,47 the augmented Electoral Commission considered that expected future growth in and around the locality of Bennett Springs is likely to address the perceived problem of separation from shared communities of interests.

39 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., pages 42–43 40 IP3 – Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor indicated support. 41 This point was argued by OB2 – Jacoba Everada Tarry. 42 OB3 – Dennis and Jenny Ryle and OB4 – Paul and Ann Harkins were in support of retaining this boundary. 43 Arguments about the location of these suburbs were made by OB3 – Dennis and Jenny Ryle, OB4 – Paul and Ann Harkins, OB7 –

Heidi Gomez, OB22 – WA Labor, COB2 – WA Labor and IP3 – Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor. 44 OB11 – Martin Gordon expressed this view. 45 This point was advocated by OB11 – Martin Gordon. 46 OB11 – Martin Gordon, OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division), IP2 – Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia

(Western Australian Division), IP5 – Vince Connelly MP – Member for Stirling and IP6 – Martin Gordon argued in favour of this. 47 This view was expressed by OB22 – WA Labor.

26 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

101. The augmented Electoral Commission concluded that:

• the Redistribution Committee’s proposal was sound,

• any alternatives proposed or other adjustments necessary to accommodate these changes within the requirements of the Electoral Act would not result in an improved outcome at this time, and

• for these reasons, the Redistribution Committee’s proposal should stand unchanged apart from a minor realignment of the boundary between the proposed Divisions of Cowan and Hasluck to follow the Reid Highway, involving no elector movement.

The boundary of the Division of O’Connor 102. On the electoral division boundaries in place at the start of the redistribution, the Division of

O’Connor needed to gain electors in order to meet the numerical parameters required by the Electoral Act. The Redistribution Committee further noted that the electoral division, bordered by the Great Australian Bight and the Northern Territory and South Australian borders, is limited to being able to gain electors from only four adjacent electoral divisions. Proposed alterations to the existing boundary of the electoral division were such that the proposed Division of O’Connor gained electors:

• from the former Division of Canning: the Shire of Boddington,

• from the former Division of Durack: the Shires of Bruce Rock, Cunderdin, Kellerberrin, Koorda, Merredin, Mount Marshall, Mukinbudin, Narembeen, Nungarin, Quairading, Tammin, Trayning, Westonia, Wyalkatchem and Yilgarn,

• from the former Division of Forrest: the Shire of Nannup, and

• from the former Division of Pearce: the Shire of Beverley.48

103. Several objections to the proposed redistribution and submissions made to the public inquiry

argued that the Shire of Wiluna should be located in the proposed Division of O’Connor and not in the proposed Division of Durack.49 Arguments supporting this change highlighted:

• making this change would not result in either of the proposed Divisions of Durack or O’Connor failing to meet the required numerical parameters of the Electoral Act;

• the Shire of Wiluna shares many communities of interests with the proposed Division of O’Connor, including similar primary industries; and

• the proximity of the nearest major service centres, with Kalgoorlie, located in the proposed Division of O’Connor, being some 530 kilometres away by sealed road and Geraldton, located in the proposed Division of Durack, being more than 700 kilometres away and including unsealed roads.

104. The augmented Electoral Commission noted that the Shire of Wiluna could be located in the

Division of O’Connor. As this change would better reflect communities of interests and would continue to meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act, the augmented Electoral Commission concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal could be improved by moving the Shire of Wiluna from the proposed Division of Durack to the Division of O’Connor.

48 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 50 49 This move was advocated by: OB14 – Shire of Wiluna, OB15 – Matthew Fisher, OB18 – Goldfields Voluntary Organisation of Councils, OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division), IP1 – Laura Dwyer – Shire of Wiluna, IP2 – Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division) and IP3 – Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor.

27 Chapter 2:The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution

105. Other objections advocated:

• support for the addition of the Shires of Beverley, Boddington and Nannup, together with 15 of the Wheatbelt Shires from the Division of Durack, to the proposed Division of O’Connor,50

• the Shires of Meekatharra and Sandstone be located in the proposed Division of O’Connor and not in the proposed Division of Durack,51

• some or all of the Shires of Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Boyup Brook, Collie, Manjimup and Nannup be located in the proposed Division of Forrest and not located in the proposed Division of O’Connor,52 and

• the Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup be located in the proposed Division of O’Connor.53

106. The augmented Electoral Commission noted that those objections advocating for further changes

to be made to the boundaries of the proposed Division of O’Connor did not provide strong arguments as to why the advocated changes should be made and neglected to address the fact that these changes would result in the Division of O’Connor failing to meet the minimum numerical requirements of the Electoral Act. As the alternatives proposed did not meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, and additional adjustments would be necessary to accommodate the changes within the requirements of the Electoral Act, these changes would not result in an improved outcome at this time and would have significant consequential effects on the rest of the redistribution.

107. The augmented Electoral Commission therefore concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal

should stand unchanged with the exception of transferring the Shire of Wiluna from the proposed Division of Durack to the Division of O’Connor and some minor boundary alterations to align with local government area boundaries.

The boundary of the Division of Pearce 108. On the electoral division boundaries in place at the start of the redistribution, a significant reduction

in the number of electors in the Division of Pearce was needed for the Electoral Act’s required numerical parameters to be met. In addition, these boundaries saw the Division of Pearce share boundaries with five electoral divisions required to gain electors, including the Divisions of Durack and O’Connor. The Redistribution Committee proposed altering the existing boundary of the electoral division such that the proposed Division of Pearce:

• transfer electors to:

– the proposed Division of Durack – from the Shires of Chittering, Gingin, Northam, Toodyay and York plus the localities of Bullsbrook, Walyunga National Park and Avon Valley National Park;

– the proposed Division of Hasluck – from the suburbs of Aveley, Baskerville, Belhus, Brabham, Brigadoon, Dayton, Ellenbrook, Henley Brook, Herne Hill, Millendon, The Vines, Upper Swan and West Swan, the balance of Middle Swan and Red Hill; and

– the proposed Division of O’Connor – from the Shire of Beverley, and

• gain electors from the Division of Cowan – from the suburbs of Ashby, Darch, Cullacabardee, Gnangara, Hocking, Jandabup, Landsdale, Madeley, Pearsall, Sinagra, Tapping, Wangara and Wanneroo, plus part of Ballajura.54

50 Support was indicated by OB27 – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division). 51 OB15 – Matthew Fisher argued this point. 52 These points were made by OB8 – Ryan Spencer and OB15 – Matthew Fisher. 53 This was advocated by OB8 – Ryan Spencer. 54 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 52

28 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

109. One objection to the proposed redistribution supported the Redistribution Committee’s proposed

Division of Pearce.55

110. Another argued that the proposed boundary be amended to follow a pre-existing infrastructure

boundary, the Tonkin Highway.56 The augmented Electoral Commission noted that while this would split the suburb of Lexia across two electoral divisions, it would create a stronger, more readily identifiable boundary that did not involve the movement of any electors. As such, the augmented Electoral Commission concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal could be improved by making this amendment.

111. A number of objections to the proposed redistribution were in favour of altering the Redistribution

Committee’s proposal by:

• the suburb of Wanneroo not becoming part of the proposed Division of Pearce,57

• retaining some or all of the Shires of Beverley, Chittering, Gingin, Northam and Toodyay in the Division of Pearce,58 and

• retaining some or all of the suburbs of Bullsbrook, Burns Beach and Kinross in the Division of Pearce.59

112. These alterations were based on considerations of existing relationships between communities

of interests and the changing nature of some local government areas as a result of ongoing development.

113. The augmented Electoral Commission observed that any alternatives proposed or other

adjustments necessary to accommodate these changes within the requirements of the Electoral Act would not result in an improved outcome at this time and would have significant consequential effects on the rest of the redistribution.

114. The augmented Electoral Commission concluded the Redistribution Committee’s proposal was

sound and should be adopted without change, with the exception of:

• the amendment to follow the Tonkin Highway in the locality of Lexia; and

• a realignment to follow the local government area boundary between the Shire of Chittering and the City of Wanneroo, providing a more easily recognisable electoral division boundary.

Movement of electors between electoral divisions 115. The Redistribution Committee noted it was required to increase or decrease the number of electors

in at least 11 of Western Australia’s 16 electoral divisions. As not all of these electoral divisions were adjacent to each other, the Redistribution Committee observed it also needed to alter the boundaries of electoral divisions which met the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act in order to ensure that all of Western Australia’s electoral divisions meet the numerical requirements.60 As a consequence of making changes to 14 of the existing electoral divisions in Western Australia and abolishing one electoral division, the Redistribution Committee proposed transferring 299,927 electors, or 17.83 per cent of electors enrolled in Western Australia at the commencement of the redistribution, to another electoral division.61

55 OB22 – WA Labor indicated support. 56 This point was made by OB28 – City of Swan. 57 This was argued by OB5 – Tom Newburn and OB6 – Melissa Newburn. 58 Retention was advocated by OB9 – Steven Pitcher and OB25 – Shire of Chittering. 59 This point was made by OB28 – City of Swan. 60 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 24 61 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 8

29 Chapter 2:The augmented Electoral Commission’s redistribution and reasons for the redistribution

116. The augmented Electoral Commission was also obligated to increase or decrease the number

of electors in at least 11 of Western Australia’s 16 electoral divisions and to abolish one electoral division. As the augmented Electoral Commission adopted the Redistribution Committee’s proposal with some modifications, the number of elector movements between electoral divisions decreased from those proposed by the Redistribution Committee.

117. The adjustments to electoral division boundaries made by the augmented Electoral Commission

resulted in 4,480 fewer electors moving between electoral divisions than those proposed by the Redistribution Committee. Table H outlines the extent of elector movements resulting from changes to the boundaries of electoral divisions by the augmented Electoral Commission. Noting the variable levels of population and enrolment growth across Western Australia, together with the ongoing uncertainty as to how this may vary over coming years, the augmented Electoral Commission notes that the next redistribution of electoral divisions may require more comprehensive movements of electors across the state.

Table H: Summary of movement of electors between electoral divisions

Number Percentage

Electors transferred to another electoral division 295,447 17.56%

Electors remaining in their electoral division 1,387,127 82.44%

Total 1,682,574 100.00%

118. The Redistribution Committee’s proposal to alter the basis for the naming of the Division of Canning

would have affected 105,454 electors, or 6.27 per cent of electors enrolled in Western Australia at the commencement of the redistribution.62

119. As the augmented Electoral Commission has modified the Redistribution Committee’s proposed

boundaries for the Division of Canning, 2,325 more electors will live in an electoral division where the basis for the name has been changed. Table I displays the number of electors affected by altering the basis for the naming of the Division of Canning.

Table I: Electors affected by proposal to alter the basis for naming of an electoral division

Number Percentage

Electors whose electoral division will have a changed basis for naming 107,779 6.41%

Electors whose electoral division will have an unchanged basis for naming 1,574,795 93.59%

Total 1,682,574 100.00%

62 Redistribution Committee for Western Australia, op. cit., page 38

30 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Redistribution of Western Australia – by electoral division 120. For each of the electoral divisions in Western Australia, Table J presents:

• initial enrolment based on enrolment figures as at Wednesday 15 July 2020,

• percentage variation from the redistribution quota,

• projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025,

• percentage variation from the projected enrolment quota, and

• the approximate area of each proposed electoral division.

Table J: Summary of electoral divisions following determination of the redistribution

Electoral division Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020 Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Approximate area

Number

Percentage variation from the redistribution quota Number

Percentage variation from the projected enrolment quota

Brand 110,508 -1.48% 119,561 2.33% 378 km2

Burt 105,989 -5.51% 113,126 -3.18% 190 km2

Canning 107,779 -3.92% 115,455 -1.18% 4,245 km2

Cowan 118,704 5.82% 119,491 2.27% 95 km2

Curtin 114,494 2.07% 118,531 1.45% 98 km2

Durack 114,330 1.92% 112,764 -3.49% 1,383,954 km2

Forrest 106,307 -5.23% 112,928 -3.35% 8,014 km2

Fremantle 109,269 -2.59% 115,628 -1.04% 194 km2

Hasluck 110,414 -1.57% 119,538 2.31% 1,323 km2

Moore 115,269 2.76% 117,309 0.40% 102 km2

O’Connor 114,035 1.66% 113,375 -2.96% 1,126,937 km2

Pearce 106,306 -5.23% 118,884 1.75% 783 km2

Perth 116,242 3.63% 118,518 1.44% 80 km2

Swan 114,942 2.47% 117,373 0.46% 151 km2

Tangney 117,986 5.18% 120,085 2.78% 102 km2

Total 1,682,574 1,752,566

121. Numerical summaries of the electoral divisions are provided in Appendix L. These summaries

are provided to assist electors to identify if their electoral division has been altered as a result of this redistribution.

31 Chapter 3: Implementation of the redistribution

Chapter 3:

Implementation of the redistribution This chapter outlines what the implementation of the redistribution means in practice for residents of Western Australia.

122. In accordance with sub-section 73(1) of the Electoral Act, the electoral divisions described in this

report came into effect from Monday 2 August 2021 as this is the day on which the augmented Electoral Commission published a notice in the Gazette determining the names and boundaries of electoral divisions in Western Australia.

123. However, members of the House of Representatives will not represent or contest these electoral

divisions until after a writ is issued for a general election following the expiration or dissolution of the House of Representatives.

• electors will continue to be represented by the members of the House of Representatives who were elected at the most recent federal general election on Saturday 18 May 2019 or at a by-election held after that date,

• members of the House of Representatives represent the electoral divisions which were in place at the most recent federal general election on Saturday 18 May 2019,

• where relevant, allowances for members of the House of Representatives are calculated based on the electoral divisions in place at the most recent federal general election,

• from Monday 2 August 2021, enrolment statistics will be published based on the electoral divisions described in this report,63 and

• from Monday 2 August 2021, members of the House of Representatives are able to request copies of the electoral roll for any electoral division which includes all or part of the electoral division for which they were elected.64

When do the new electoral divisions apply? 124. While the new names and boundaries of electoral divisions apply from Monday 2 August 2021,

elections will not be contested on these new electoral divisions until a writ is issued for a general election following the expiration or dissolution of the House of Representatives.

63 Section 58 of the Electoral Act requires the Electoral Commissioner to publish on a monthly basis, via a notice in the Gazette, the number of electors enrolled in each electoral division, the average divisional enrolment for each state and territory and the extent to which each electoral division differs from the average divisional enrolment.

64 Item 15 of sub-section 90B(1) of the Electoral Act specifies the information from the electoral roll which can be supplied to a member of the House of Representatives whose electoral division is affected by a redistribution.

32 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Do I need to do anything to change my electoral division? 125. Individuals do not need to take any action where their electoral division changes as the result of a

redistribution. Section 86 of the Electoral Act requires the AEC to:

• transfer the elector to the new electoral roll, and

• notify the elector their electoral division has changed.65

For how long will the new electoral divisions apply? 126. Sub-section 73(1) of the Electoral Act provides that the new electoral divisions apply until the

determination of the next redistribution via publication of a notice in the Gazette. This determination may be made as a result of sub-section 73(1) or sub-section 76(6) of the Electoral Act.

On which electoral divisions would a by-election be contested? 127. By-elections are conducted using the electoral divisions which existed prior to the determination of

the redistribution, as provided by sub-sections 73(6) and 73(7) of the Electoral Act.

How do I find out if my electoral division has changed? 128. You can check your enrolment by using the AEC’s online enrolment verification facility available at:

www.aec.gov.au/check For privacy reasons, your electoral enrolment will only be confirmed if the details you enter are an exact match to your details on the electoral roll.

129. Alternatively, you can contact the AEC on 13 23 26 or use the ‘Find my electorate’ tool on the AEC

website at: www.aec.gov.au/electorate, which will enable you to find:

• which federal electorate you live in,

• a profile and map of your electoral division, and

• the name of the incumbent member of the House of Representatives for your electoral division.

Do I need to know my electoral division to enrol or update my enrolment details? 130. No, all you need to do is provide the details of your residential address and the AEC will tell you

which electoral division you are enrolled for. You can enrol by using:

• the AEC’s online enrolment service available at: www.aec.gov.au/enrol/,

• completing and printing a PDF enrolment form available from the AEC website and returning it to the AEC, or

• picking up an enrolment form at any AEC office and returning it to the AEC.

65 Sub-section 86(3) provides for this notification to be via a notice published in a newspaper or a notice delivered to the elector’s address.

33 Chapter 3:Implementation of the redistribution

Where can I find information about the new electoral divisions? 131. Maps and descriptions of the new electoral divisions are available on the AEC website.

Where can I find information about the electoral divisions which applied at previous federal elections? 132. Maps and descriptions of previous electoral divisions are available on the AEC website.

Is geospatial data for the new electoral divisions available? 133. Individual state/territory boundaries are available on the relevant redistribution page and on the

Maps and Spatial Data page of the AEC website.

34 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendices

Appendix A: Summary of compliance with legislative requirements Provision of the Electoral Act Requirement Compliance

ss.68(1) Maps showing the names and boundaries

of each proposed electoral division, copies of suggestions and comments on suggestions and reasons for the proposed redistribution to be made available in each AEC office in the state

The required information was made available in AEC offices in Western Australia from Friday 19 March 2021

ss.68(1) and 68(2) Invitation to peruse maps showing the names and boundaries of each proposed electoral division, copies of suggestions and comments on suggestions and reasons for the proposed redistribution and to make written objections and written comments on objections

Gazette notice published on Friday 19 March 2021

Newspaper notices were published in:

• The West Australian and The Weekend Australian on Saturday 27 March 2021

• Farm Weekly on Thursday 1 April 2021 • Koori Mail on Wednesday 7 April 2021

para 68(2)(a) Objections close at 6pm on the 4th Friday after publication of the Gazette notice Objections closed at 6pm AWST on Friday 16 April 2021

ss.69(2) Objections made available for public

perusal starting on the 5th Monday after publication of the Gazette notice

Objections were made available at the office of the Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia and on the AEC website from Monday 19 April 2021

para 68(2)(b) Comments on objections close at 6pm on the 6th Friday after publication of the Gazette notice

Comments on objections closed at 6pm AWST on Friday 30 April 2021

ss.69(4) Comments on objections made

available for public perusal starting on the 7th Monday after publication of the Gazette notice

Comments on objections were made available at the office of the Australian Electoral Officer for Western Australia and on the AEC website from Monday 3 May 2021

ss.72(1) Consideration of all objections and

comments on objections received by the statutory timeframe

The augmented Electoral Commission considered each of the 31 objections and two comments on objections received

ss.72(3) Inquiry/inquiries into objections held (if

required)

An inquiry into objections was held in Perth on Friday 21 May 2021

ss.72(2) Consideration of objections is to conclude

before the expiration of 60 days after the close of comments on objections

Consideration of objections by the augmented Electoral Commission was concluded on Thursday 3 June 2021

35 Appendices

Provision of the Electoral Act Requirement Compliance

para 72(10)(b) The augmented Electoral Commission announces the proposed redistribution The augmented Electoral Commission announced its proposed redistribution on

Friday 4 June 2021

ss.72(12) and 72(13) Further objection period – if required A further objection period was not required

ss.73(1) Determination of names and boundaries

of electoral divisions published in the Gazette

The names and boundaries of electoral divisions were determined by a notice published in the Gazette on Monday 2 August 2021

s.74 Reasons for the determination are stated

in writing

The augmented Electoral Commission’s reasons for the determination are stated in Chapter 2 and Appendix E of this report

36 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendix B: Operation of statutory requirements for the making of a redistribution Section 73 of the Electoral Act requires the augmented Electoral Commission to abide by the following requirements:

• make a determination of the names and boundaries of the electoral divisions in Western Australia by a notice published in the Gazette,

• ensure the number of electoral divisions Western Australia is divided into, equals the number of members of the House of Representatives to be chosen in Western Australia at a general election, and

• abide by the following requirements:

(4) In making the determination, the augmented Electoral Commission:

(a) shall, as far as practicable, endeavour to ensure that the number of electors enrolled in each Electoral Division in the State or Territory will not, at the projection time determined under section 63A, be less than 96.5% or more than 103.5% of the average divisional enrolment of that State or Territory at that time; and

(b) subject to paragraph (a), shall give due consideration, in relation to each proposed Electoral Division, to:

(i) community of interests within the proposed Electoral Division, including economic, social and regional interests;

(ii) means of communication and travel within the proposed Electoral Division;

(iv) the physical features and area of the proposed Electoral Division; and

(v) the boundaries of existing Divisions in the State or Territory;

and subject thereto the quota of electors for the State or Territory shall be the basis for the proposed redistribution, and the augmented Electoral Commission may adopt a margin of allowance, to be used whenever necessary, but in no case shall the quota be departed from to a greater extent than one-tenth more or one-tenth less.

(4A) When applying subsection (4), the augmented Electoral Commission must treat the matter in subparagraph (4)(b)(v) as subordinate to the matters in subparagraphs (4)(b)(i), (ii) and (iv).

These statutory requirements are expressed generally in a hierarchical order.

The purpose of paragraph 73(4)(a) is suggested by its history. It has undergone some transformation since the Commonwealth Electoral Legislation Amendment Act 1983 stipulated that boundaries were to be drawn, as far as practicable, to achieve equal numbers of electors in each of a state’s electoral divisions three-and-a-half years after a redistribution. By 1984 ‘it was observed that the three-and-a-half year rule had in some areas forced the adoption, on purely numerical grounds, of boundaries which took little account of perceived community of interest’.66

66 Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters, Electoral Redistributions: Report on the Effectiveness and Appropriateness of the Redistribution Provisions of Parts III and IV of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918, 1995, paragraph 4.3

37 Appendices

Therefore, in 1987, the rule was relaxed to permit a measure of tolerance to plus or minus two per cent from average projected enrolment. Subsequently, the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters concluded that:

the numerical criteria do not allow “due consideration”, in the words of the Act, to be given to the qualitative factors. Rather, the political parties and others attempting to frame electoral boundaries essentially find themselves engaged in a mathematical modelling exercise. In order to relax the enrolment requirements to that extent necessary to allow a realistic degree of flexibility the Committee recommends … that subsections 66(3)(a) and 73(4)(a) of the Electoral Act be amended, so as to extend the variation from average divisional enrolment allowed three-and-a-half years after a redistribution from two to 3.5 percent.67

The Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters also, in the same report, refers to its recommended amendment as one that ‘would maintain substantial restrictions on malapportionment [and] would allow other legitimate policy objectives to be more effectively met’.

Paragraph 73(4)(a) follows this recommendation. The terms of the recommendation, and the discussion which preceded it, make clear the purpose of paragraph 73(4)(a), as it now stands, and how it was intended to interact with the other criteria set out in the sub-paragraphs of paragraph 73(4)(b), to which also ‘due consideration’ must be given. The augmented Electoral Commission has considered objections to the proposed redistribution, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiries and made its redistribution on this basis.

In summary, the primary criteria are to:

• endeavour to ensure that the number of electors in the proposed electoral divisions are within a range of 3.5 per cent below or above the projected enrolment quota at the projection time, and

• ensure that current enrolments are within 10 per cent below or above the redistribution quota.

The secondary criteria are community of interests, means of communication and travel, and physical features and area. The augmented Electoral Commission also considers the boundaries of existing electoral divisions; however this criterion is subordinate to the others.

67 Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters, op. cit., paragraph 4.11

38 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendix C: Objections to the proposed redistribution of Western Australia Thirty-one written objections were received.

No. Submitted by Topics referred to Divisions referred to

OB1 Rinaldo Ienco Division boundaries Stirling

OB2 Jacoba Everarda Tarry Division boundaries Cowan

OB3 Dennis and Jenny Ryle Division boundaries Cowan and Pearce

OB4 Paul and Ann Harkins Division boundaries Cowan and Pearce

OB5 Tom Newburn Division boundaries Pearce

OB6 Melissa Newburn Division boundaries Pearce

OB7 Heidi Gomez Division boundaries Cowan and Pearce

OB8 Ryan Spencer Division boundaries Burt, Canning, Cowan, Curtin, Durack,

Forrest, Hasluck, O’Connor, Pearce, Swan and Tangney

OB9 Steven Pitcher Division names and division

boundaries

Moore, Pearce and Stirling

OB10 Rebecca Stoffels Other Cowan and Pearce

OB11 Martin Gordon Division names and division

boundaries

Brand, Canning, Cowan, Perth and Stirling

OB12 Brenda Phipps Division boundaries Pearce and Stirling

OB13 Linda Division boundaries Stirling

OB14 Shire of Wiluna Division boundaries Durack and O’Connor

OB15 Matthew Fisher Division boundaries Durack, Forrest and O’Connor

OB16 P Putrino Division boundaries Curtin and Moore

OB17 Emeritus Professor Mike Daube AO Hon DSci FPHAA FFPH

Division names Canning

OB18 Goldfields Voluntary Organisation of Councils Division boundaries Durack and O’Connor

OB19 Ron and Annette Rowton Division boundaries Burt and Canning

OB20 Wilma Clare Endall, Graham John Endall and Gary Malcolm Endall

Other Stirling

OB21 Sue Division names Cowan, Stirling and Tangney

OB22 WA Labor Division names and division

boundaries

Burt, Canning, Cowan, Curtin, Hasluck, Moore, Pearce, Stirling, Swan and Tangney

OB23 Matt Keogh MP Division boundaries Burt and Canning

OB24 Petition - 32 Signatures Division boundaries Burt

OB25 Shire of Chittering Division boundaries Durack and Pearce

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp Division names Moore and Pearce

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

Division names and division boundaries Brand, Canning, Cowan, Curtin, Durack, Forrest, Fremantle, Moore, O’Connor,

Perth, Stirling, Swan and Tangney

39 Appendices

No. Submitted by Topics referred to Divisions referred to

OB28 City of Swan Division boundaries Cowan, Durack, Hasluck, Pearce and

Swan

OB29 Lisa Thornton Other Stirling

OB30 Albino D’souza Other

OB31 Shire of Waroona Division boundaries Canning and Forrest

Appendix D: Comments on objections to the proposed redistribution of Western Australia Two written comments on objections were received.

No. Submitted by Topics referred to Divisions referred to

Objections referred to in comment

COB1 Ron and Annette Rowton Division boundaries Burt and Canning OB19 and OB22

COB2 WA Labor Division boundaries Cowan, Perth and

Stirling

OB27

40 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendix E: Augmented Electoral Commission’s response to themes contained in objections, comments on objections and in submissions to the inquiry into objections Table K: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the abolition of an electoral division

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the Division of Cowan be retained IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor the Division of Cowan will be retained, as proposed by the

Redistribution Committee

support for the abolition of the Division of Stirling OB9 Steven Pitcher the Division of Stirling will be

abolished, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB22 WA Labor

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

the Division of Stirling not be abolished OB1 Rinaldo Ienco the Division of Stirling will be

abolished, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB11 Martin Gordon

OB12 Brenda Phipps

OB13 Linda

OB29 Lisa Thornton

the Division of Pearce be abolished OB12 Brenda Phipps the Division of Pearce will be retained and the Division of Stirling will be abolished, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

does not dispute the abolition of a metropolitan electoral division north of the Swan River

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

the Division of Stirling will be abolished, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

Note:

1. OB = objection received

2. COB = comment on objection received

3. IP = inquiry participant at the inquiry into objections held in Perth

4. Refer to Appendix C, Appendix D and Appendix F for full list

41 Appendices

Table L: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the names of electoral divisions

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

support for amending the basis of the name of the Division of Canning to jointly honour:

• Sadie Miriam Canning MBE; and • Alfred Wernam Canning

OB17 Emeritus Professor Mike Daube AO Hon DSci FPHAA FFPH

as proposed by the Redistribution Committee, the Division of Canning will be jointly named to honour:

• Sadie Miriam Canning MBE; and • Alfred Wernam Canning

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

support for retention of the name ‘Cowan’ OB21 Sue the name of the Division of Cowan

will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

the name ‘Moore’ be retired OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the name of the Division of Moore

will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

support for retention of the name ‘Moore’ IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western

Australian Division)

the name of the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the name ‘Pearce’ be retired OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the name of the Division of Pearce

will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

support for retention of the name ‘Pearce’ IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western

Australian Division)

the name of the Division of Pearce will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Division of Moore or the Division of Pearce be renamed to honour George Cyril Abdullah

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the Division of Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Division of Moore or the Division of Pearce be renamed to honour Gloria Fay Brennan

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the Division of Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Division of Moore or the Division of Pearce be renamed to honour Ken Desmond Colbung

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the Division of Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Division of Moore or the Division of Pearce be renamed to honour Jack Davis

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the Division of Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

42 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the Division of Moore or the Division of Pearce be renamed to honour Edward Harris

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the Division of Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Division of Moore or the Division of Pearce be renamed to honour William Harris

OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the Division of Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

a northern Perth electoral division be renamed to honour Yellagonga OB26 Daniel Ortlepp the names of the northern Perth

electoral divisions will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

a merged Division of Moore and Division of Pearce be renamed to honour the Hon. Robert James Lee Hawke AC

OB9 Steven Pitcher • the names of the Division of

Pearce and the Division of Moore will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee; and • the augmented Electoral

Commission for Victoria has created a new Division of Hawke, named to honour Mr Hawke

support for retiring the name ‘Stirling’ OB21 Sue the name ‘Stirling’ will be retired,

as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

did not dispute retiring the name ‘Stirling’ OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian

Division)

the name ‘Stirling’ will be retired, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

support for retention of the name ‘Tangney’ OB21 Sue the name of the Division of Tangney

will be retained, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

an electoral division be named to honour Mary Holman OB11 Martin Gordon no electoral division will be named ‘Holman’, as proposed by the

Redistribution Committee

Note:

1. OB = objection received

2. COB = comment on objection received

3. IP = inquiry participant at the inquiry into objections held in Perth

4. Refer to Appendix C, Appendix D and Appendix F for full list

43 Appendices

Table M: Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry relating to the placement of electoral divisions and divisional boundaries

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

a fresh election is arranged to give displaced electors the opportunity to vote for who represents them in their new electoral division

OB5 Tom Newburn elections will not be contested

on the new electoral divisions until a writ is issued for a general election following the expiration or dissolution of the House of Representatives

OB6 Melissa Newburn

OB10 Rebecca Stoffels

Western Australia should not be losing an electoral division OB7 Heidi Gomez the objection was not based

on a ground that could be considered by the augmented Electoral Commission in making a redistribution of electoral divisions. The augmented Electoral Commission came to this conclusion as:

• paragraph 59(2)(a) of the Electoral Act requires a direction to commence a redistribution be made forthwith after the making of a determination resulting in an alteration of the number of members of the House of Representatives to be chosen in the State at a general election, and

• a determination altering Western Australia’s number of members was made on Friday 3 July 2020

the proposed redistribution is unfair to the State of Western Australia and the people of the Division of Stirling

OB20 Wilma Clare Endall, Graham John Endall and Gary Malcolm Endall

the objection was not based on a ground that could be considered by the augmented Electoral Commission in making a redistribution of electoral divisions

the population figures used to calculate the entitlement to members of the House of Representatives for each state and territory should be altered

OB29 Lisa Thornton the objection was not based

on a ground that could be considered by the augmented Electoral Commission in making a redistribution of electoral divisions. The augmented Electoral Commission came to this conclusion because sub-section 46(1B) of the Electoral Act requires the Electoral Commissioner to use statistics that the Australian Statistician has compiled and published in a regular series under the Census and Statistics Act 1905 when determining the number of members of the House of Representatives each state and territory is entitled to

44 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

support for the reduction in the number of Western Australia’s members in the House of Representatives from 16 to 15

OB30 Albino D’souza the augmented Electoral Commission notes the objection

the Jewish community of interests is considered in the placement of electoral division boundaries

IP4 Simon Ehrenfeld the augmented Electoral

Commission notes that community of interests within electoral divisions, including economic, social and regional interests, is only one of the factors required to be considered in the placement of electoral division boundaries

IP5 Vince Connelly MP – Member for Stirling

most of the City of Stirling be included within the one electoral division

IP4 Simon Ehrenfeld to ensure that each of Western

Australia’s 15 electoral divisions meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the City of Stirling will be placed in the Divisions of Cowan, Curtin, Moore and Perth, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the suburb of Beckenham be located in the Division of Swan and the suburbs of Kenwick and Maddington be located in the Division of Burt

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Burt

and Swan meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburbs of Beckenham, Kenwick and Maddington will be located in the Division of Burt, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the entirety of the suburb of Armadale be located in the Division of Burt and not be split between the Divisions of Burt and Canning

OB23 Matt Keogh MP to address the community of interests, that portion of the suburb of Armadale located to the south-east of the intersection of Albany Highway and South Western Highway will be located in the Division of Burt, with the result that the entire suburb will be located in the one electoral division

OB24 Petition – 32 signatures

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

part or all of the suburb of Martin be retained in the Division of Canning OB19 Ron and Annette Rowton to meet the communities of interests of the different parts of the

suburb of Martin:

• that part of the suburb of Martin located to the east of the Tonkin Highway will be located in the Division of Canning, and

• the part of the suburb of Martin located to the west of the Tonkin Highway will be located in the Division of Burt

OB22 WA Labor

COB1 Ron and Annette Rowton

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

45 Appendices

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the locality of Nanga Brook be retained in the Division of Canning OB8 Ryan Spencer to maintain the community of

interests and to ensure the Division of Canning meets the two numerical requirements of the Electoral Act, the locality of Nanga Brook, together with the rest of the Shire of Waroona, will be located in the Division of Canning

the Shire of Waroona remain in the same electoral division as the rest of the Peel region

OB31 Shire of Waroona to maintain the community of interests and to ensure the Division of Canning meets the two numerical requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shire of Waroona will be located in the Division of Canning

the pre-redistribution boundary of the Division of Cowan be retained OB2 Jacoba Everarda Tarry to ensure that each of Western Australia’s 15 electoral divisions

meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the boundary of the Division of Cowan will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee, with the exception of a minor realignment of the boundary between the Divisions of Cowan and Hasluck

the pre-redistribution boundary between the Divisions of Cowan and Pearce be retained

OB3 Dennis and Jenny Ryle to ensure the Divisions of Cowan and Pearce meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the boundary between the Divisions of Cowan and Pearce will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB4 Paul and Ann Harkins

supported the Redistribution Committee’s proposed boundaries of the Division of Cowan

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor the boundaries of the Division of Cowan will be as proposed by the

Redistribution Committee

the suburb of Darch be retained in the Division of Cowan and not be transferred to the Division of Pearce

OB7 Heidi Gomez to ensure the Divisions of Cowan

and Pearce meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Darch will be located in the Division of Pearce, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

most of the City of Stirling be located in the Division of Cowan OB11 Martin Gordon to ensure that each of Western

Australia’s 15 electoral divisions meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the City of Stirling will be placed in the Divisions of Cowan, Curtin, Moore and Perth, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP5 Vince Connelly MP – Member for Stirling

IP6 Martin Gordon

46 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the suburb of Bennett Springs be retained in the Division of Cowan OB22 WA Labor to ensure the Divisions of Cowan

and Hasluck meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Bennett Springs will be located in the Division of Hasluck, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

the boundary of the Division of Cowan be drawn so as to make the electoral division more marginal

IP4 Simon Ehrenfeld the objection was not based

on a ground that could be considered by the augmented Electoral Commission in making a redistribution of electoral divisions. To ensure that each of Western Australia’s 15 electoral divisions meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the boundaries of the Division of Cowan will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the suburb of Osborne Park be located in the Division of Curtin OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Cowan,

Curtin and Perth meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Osborne Park will be split across the Divisions of Cowan, Curtin and Perth, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the suburbs of Carine, Trigg and Marmion be located in the Division of Curtin and not in the Division of Moore

OB16 P Putrino to ensure the Divisions of Curtin and

Moore meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, and as proposed by the Redistribution Committee:

• the suburbs of Carine and Marmion will be placed in the Division of Moore, and

• the suburb of Trigg will be split across the Divisions of Curtin and Moore

the suburb of Stirling be located in the Division of Curtin OB22 WA Labor the arguments offered were not

substantive enough to warrant making consequential adjustments to surrounding communities of interests in order to meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act. The suburb of Stirling will be located in the Division of Cowan, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

47 Appendices

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

support for the southern boundary of the Division of Durack OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian

Division

with the exception of transferring the Shire of Wiluna to the Division of O’Connor and some minor realignments to follow local government area boundaries, the southern boundary of the Division of Durack will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Shire of Nannup be located in the Division of Forrest and not in the Division of O’Connor

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of

Forrest and O’Connor meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shire of Nannup will be located in the Division of O’Connor, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB15 Matthew Fisher

the Shires of Boyup Brook, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Collie and Manjimup be located in the Division of Forrest and not in the Division of O’Connor

OB15 Matthew Fisher to ensure the Divisions of

Forrest and O’Connor meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shires of Boyup Brook, Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Collie and Manjimup will be located in the Division of O’Connor, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the suburb of Orange Grove be located in the Division of Hasluck OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Burt

and Hasluck meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Orange Grove will be located in the Division of Burt, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the suburb of Orange Grove be located in the Division of Canning OB22 WA Labor to ensure the Divisions of Burt

and Hasluck meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Orange Grove will be located in the Division of Burt, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

the locality of Bullsbrook and surrounding areas be located in the Division of Hasluck

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Durack

and Hasluck meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Bullsbrook communities will be located in the Division of Durack, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Bullsbrook communities be retained in the Division of Pearce and not located in the Division of Durack

OB28 City of Swan to ensure the Divisions of Durack

and Pearce meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Bullsbrook communities will be located in the Division of Durack, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

48 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the suburb of Maida Vale be retained in the Division of Hasluck OB22 WA Labor to ensure the Divisions of

Hasluck and Swan meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Maida Vale will be located in the Division of Swan, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

the Tonkin Highway forms the boundary between the Divisions of Hasluck and Pearce at the suburb of Lexia

OB28 City of Swan after giving due consideration to the

physical features of the area, the boundary between the Divisions of Hasluck and Pearce at the suburb of Lexia will be the Tonkin Highway, resulting in the suburb being split between the two electoral divisions

the suburb of South Guildford in its entirety be located in the Division of Hasluck instead of being split between the Divisions of Hasluck and Swan

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Hasluck

and Swan meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of South Guildford will be split between the Divisions of Hasluck and Swan, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

supports the Redistribution Committee’s proposed Division of Hasluck

OB22 WA Labor with the exception of a small

adjustment at the Lexia suburb boundary, the boundaries of the Division of Hasluck will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the northern parts of the suburb of Karrinyup be located in the Division of Moore

OB22 WA Labor to ensure the Divisions of Curtin and

Moore meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the majority of the suburb of Karrinyup will be located in the Division of Curtin, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

the Divisions of Moore and Pearce be merged to form one electoral division

OB9 Steven Pitcher to ensure the Divisions of Moore

and Pearce meet the requirements of the Electoral Act,

• the boundaries of the Division of Moore will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee, with the exception of a minor realignment of the boundary with the Division of Curtin, and

• the boundaries of the Division of Pearce will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee, with the exception of a small adjustment at the Lexia suburb boundary and two minor realignments of the boundary with the Division of Durack

49 Appendices

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup be located in the Division of O’Connor

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of O’Connor

and Forrest meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shire of Donnybrook-Balingup will be located in the Division of Forrest, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Shire of Wiluna be located in the Division of O’Connor and not the Division of Durack

OB14 Shire of Wiluna after giving due consideration to the community of interests, means of travel and physical features of the area, the Shire of Wiluna will be located in the Division of O’Connor

OB15 Matthew Fisher

OB18 Goldfields Voluntary Organisation of Councils

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP1 Laura Dwyer – Shire of Wiluna

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

the Shires of Meekatharra and Sandstone be located in the Division of O’Connor and not in the Division of Durack

OB15 Matthew Fisher to ensure the Divisions of

Durack and O’Connor meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shires of Meekatharra and Sandstone will be located in the Division of Durack, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

support for the addition of the Shires of Beverley, Boddington and Nannup, together with the 15 Wheatbelt Shires, into the Division of O’Connor

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

the Shires of Beverley, Boddington and Nannup, together with the 15 Wheatbelt Shires will be located in the Division of O’Connor, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the suburb of Wanneroo not be located in the Division of Pearce OB5 Tom Newburn to ensure the Division of Pearce

meets all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Wanneroo will be located in the Division of Pearce, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB6 Melissa Newburn

the suburbs of Kinross and Burns Beach be located in the Division of Pearce

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Moore

and Pearce meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburbs of Kinross and Burns Beach will be located in the Division of Moore, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

50 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the Shire of Beverley be retained in the Division of Pearce OB9 Steven Pitcher to ensure the Divisions of O’Connor and Pearce meet the requirements

of the Electoral Act, the Shire of Beverley will be located in the Division of O’Connor, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Shires of Gingin, Northam and Toodyay be retained in the Division of Pearce

OB9 Steven Pitcher to ensure the Divisions of Durack

and Pearce meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shires of Gingin, Northam and Toodyay will be located in the Division of Durack, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

the Shire of Chittering remain in the Division of Pearce and not be transferred to the Division of Durack

OB9 Steven Pitcher to ensure the Divisions of Durack

and Pearce meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Shire of Chittering will be located in the Division of Durack, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB25 Shire of Chittering

supports the Redistribution Committee’s proposed Division of Pearce

OB22 WA Labor with the exception of a small

adjustment at the Lexia suburb boundary and two minor boundary realignments between the Divisions of Durack and Pearce, the boundaries of the Division of Pearce will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

some or all of the suburbs of Beechboro, Kiara, Lockridge, Morley and Noranda, part of the City of Stirling and part of the suburb of Dianella be located in the Division of Perth

OB11 Martin Gordon the arguments offered were not substantive enough to warrant making consequential adjustments to surrounding communities of interests in order to meet the numerical requirements of the Electoral Act. The boundaries of the Divisions of Cowan and Perth will be as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB27 Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP6 Martin Gordon

supports the location of the suburbs of Kiara and Lockridge in the Division of Cowan

COB2 WA Labor the suburbs of Kiara and Lockridge

will be located in the Division of Cowan, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

supports retaining the suburbs of Stirling, Tuart Hill, Joondanna, Yokine, Coolbinia, Menora and Dianella, as well as parts of the suburb of Osborne Park, in the Division of Perth

COB2 WA Labor the suburbs of Stirling, Tuart Hill,

Joondanna, Yokine and Dianella, as well as part of the suburb of Osborne Park, will be located in the Division of Perth, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

51 Appendices

Objections, comments on objections and submissions to the inquiry recommend that …

Submission

The augmented Electoral Commission has concluded that … No. Submitted by

the Division of Stirling should not be amalgamated with another electoral division

OB1 Rinaldo Ienco to ensure that each of Western

Australia’s 15 electoral divisions meet all of the requirements of the Electoral Act, the Division of Stirling will be abolished, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

OB13 Linda

the suburb of Wilson should remain in the Division of Swan and not be transferred to the Division of Tangney

OB8 Ryan Spencer to ensure the Divisions of Swan and

Tangney meet the requirements of the Electoral Act, the suburb of Wilson will be located in the Division of Tangney, as proposed by the Redistribution Committee

Note:

1. OB = objection received

2. COB = comment on objection received

3. IP = inquiry participant at the inquiry into objections held in Perth

4. Refer to Appendix C, Appendix D and Appendix F for full list

52 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendix F: Inquiry into objections Six submissions were made at the inquiry held by the augmented Electoral Commission in Perth on Friday 21 May 2021.

No. Participant

IP1 Laura Dwyer – Shire of Wiluna

IP2 Jeremy Buxton – Liberal Party of Australia (Western Australian Division)

IP3 Tim Picton and Ellie Whiteaker – WA Labor

IP4 Simon Ehrenfeld

IP5 Vince Connelly MP – Member for Stirling

IP6 Martin Gordon

Appendix G: Constructing electoral division boundaries The AEC maintains the electoral roll on the basis of alignment to SA1s, and is able to provide data on enrolments and projected enrolments at this level. Accordingly, in formulating its proposals, the augmented Electoral Commission used SA1s as its basic building blocks. The SA1s have defined boundaries and are of differing sizes and shapes. In cases where the augmented Electoral Commission considered that a particular SA1 boundary was inappropriate for use as an electoral division boundary, the SA1 was split to provide a more meaningful boundary.

The indicative area of electoral divisions in Western Australia has been calculated by aggregating the area of:

• all land-based SA1s;

• any parts of land-based SA1s; and

• any lakes, ponds, rivers, creeks, wetlands or marshes not already included in land-based SA1s that are contained within the divisional boundary of each electoral division.

Areas are calculated using the AEC’s Electoral Boundary Mapping System (EBMS), developed within the ‘MapInfo Professional’ software package.

The augmented Electoral Commission used EBMS as an aid to modelling various boundary options.

53 Appendices

Appendix H: Announcement of the augmented Electoral Commission’s proposed redistribution The text of the augmented Electoral Commission’s public announcement of its proposed redistribution, issued on Friday 4 June 2021, is reproduced below.

Names and boundaries of federal electoral divisions in Western Australia decided The augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia today announced the outcome of its deliberations on the names and boundaries of the 15 federal electoral divisions in Western Australia.

The Hon. Justice Susan Kenny AM, the presiding member, thanked the individuals and organisations who contributed to the redistribution.

“All written objections and comments, as well as the information presented at the inquiry in Perth, have been carefully considered in deciding the final boundaries,” Justice Kenny said.

“The augmented Electoral Commission has unanimously agreed to modify the boundaries of 13 of the electoral divisions initially proposed in March.”

As a result of these modifications, fewer electors will change their electoral division. Two electoral divisions, the Divisions of Brand and Fremantle, will now retain the same boundaries that were in place at the previous federal election.

The augmented Electoral Commission has unanimously accepted the Redistribution Committee’s proposed abolition of the Division of Stirling, proposed electoral division names and many of the boundary changes initially proposed.

Electoral division boundaries The augmented Electoral Commission has modified the Redistribution Committee’s initial redistribution proposal by placing:

• the suburb of Karnup and part of the suburb of Keralup in the proposed Division of Brand

– the Redistribution Committee had proposed transferring the suburb of Karnup and part of the suburb of Keralup to the proposed Division of Canning

• that part of the suburb of Armadale located to the south east of the intersection of Albany Highway and South Western Highway in the proposed Division of Burt

– the Redistribution Committee had proposed retaining this part of the suburb in the proposed Division of Canning

• that part of the suburb of Martin located to the east of the Tonkin Highway in the proposed Division of Canning

– the Redistribution Committee had proposed transferring the suburb of Martin in its entirety to the proposed Division of Burt

• the Shire of Waroona in the proposed Division of Canning

– the Redistribution Committee had proposed transferring the Shire of Waroona to the proposed Division of Forrest

• that part of the suburb of Lexia located to the east of the Tonkin Highway in the proposed Division of Hasluck

– the Redistribution Committee had proposed retaining the entirety of the suburb of Lexia in the proposed Division of Pearce

54 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

• the Shire of Wiluna in its entirety in the proposed Division of O’Connor

– the Redistribution Committee had proposed retaining the Shire of Wiluna in the proposed Division of Durack.

The augmented Electoral Commission has also made a small number of minor alterations, involving no elector movement, to adhere to features or administrative boundaries as a means of providing more easily recognisable electoral division boundaries.

Electoral division names The augmented Electoral Commission has adopted all of the names proposed by the Redistribution Committee for Western Australia. This includes:

• retiring the name ‘Stirling’

• altering the basis for the naming of the Division of Canning to jointly honour:

– Sadie Miriam Canning MBE (1930–2008)

– Alfred Wernam Canning (1860–1936)

• retaining the names of the 14 remaining electoral divisions.

Next steps The augmented Electoral Commission notes this proposal is not significantly different from the Redistribution Committee’s proposal. Therefore, no further input from members of the public will be sought.

The names and boundaries of the federal electoral divisions for Western Australia will apply from Monday 2 August 2021 when a notice of determination is published in the Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette. Electoral events will not be contested on these new federal electoral divisions until a writ is issued for a full federal election.

Overview maps will be available on the AEC website on Monday 2 August 2021. Detailed maps and a report outlining the augmented Electoral Commission’s reasons for its formal determination will be tabled in the Federal Parliament and will subsequently be made publicly available.

Editor’s notes: • Initial proposal for the redistribution of Western Australia (19 March 2021)

• Written objections and comments on those objections are all available via the AEC website as well as a full overview of the augmented Electoral Commission’s conclusions on objections.

• More information about the Western Australia federal redistribution

• Victorian federal redistribution: The augmented Electoral Commission for Victoria is currently deliberating on the names and boundaries of the 39 federal electoral divisions in Victoria.

55 Appendices

Appendix I: Determination of electoral divisions in Western Australia by the augmented Electoral Commission The text of the augmented Electoral Commission’s determination of electoral divisions in Western Australia, published in the Gazette on Monday 2 August 2021, is reproduced below.

Determination of names and boundaries of federal electoral divisions in Western Australia: 2 August 2021 As determined by the Electoral Commissioner on 3 July 2020, Western Australia is entitled to 15 members of the House of Representatives.

Pursuant to sub-section 73(1) of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (the Electoral Act), the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia has determined the names of the 15 electoral divisions are:

• Brand

• Burt

• Canning

• Cowan

• Curtin

• Durack

• Forrest

• Fremantle

• Hasluck

• Moore

• O’Connor

• Pearce

• Perth

• Swan

• Tangney

Pursuant to sub-section 73(1) of the Electoral Act, the augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia has determined that the boundaries of these electoral divisions are as shown on the maps displayed on the Australian Electoral Commission website at www.aec.gov.au/Electorates/Redistributions and lodged in file number 2021/4129 at the National Office of the Australian Electoral Commission in Canberra.

The augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia has made decisions in accordance with the requirements of sub-sections 73(3), 73(4) and 73(4A) of the Electoral Act.

As provided for by sub-section 73(1) of the Electoral Act, and subject to the provisions of the Electoral Act, the electoral divisions determined by this notice will apply from 2 August 2021 until the next determination of names and boundaries of electoral divisions in Western Australia is published in the Commonwealth Government Notices Gazette pursuant to sub-section 73(1) or sub-section 76(6) of the Electoral Act.

Pursuant to sub-section 73(6) of the Electoral Act, until the next following expiration or dissolution of the House of Representatives the redistribution does not affect the election of a new member to fill a vacancy happening in the House of Representatives.

The Hon. Justice Susan Kenny AM Chairperson Augmented Electoral Commission for Western Australia

56 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendix J: Comparison of Western Australian electoral division names

Category

Western Australian electoral divisions in this category as at Tuesday 16 February 2021

Western Australian electoral divisions in this category as at Monday 2 August 2021

Electoral division is named after one or more people 13 of 16 (81.25%) 12 of 15 (80.00%)

Electoral division is named after a man 8 of 16

(50.00%)

6 of 15 (40.00%)

Electoral division is named after a woman 2 of 16

(12.50%)

2 of 15 (13.33%)

Electoral division is jointly named 3 of 16

(18.75%)

4 of 15 (26.67%)

Electoral division is named after a former Prime Minister 1 of 16 (6.25%) 1 of 15 (6.67%)

Electoral division is named after a geographical feature 3 of 16 (18.75%) 3 of 15 (20.00%)

Electoral division is named for an Aboriginal person or word 0 of 16 (0.00%) 1 of 15 (6.67%)

Electoral division is named for an Aboriginal person 0 of 16 (0.00%) 1 of 15 (6.67%)

Electoral division is named for an Aboriginal word 0 of 16 (0.00%) 0 of 15 (0.00%)

Electoral division name is that of an original Federation electoral division 3 of 16 (18.75%)

3 of 15 (20.00%)

Source: Data available at: www.aec.gov.au/Electorates/Redistributions/electoral-names.htm

Note:

1. Jointly named electoral divisions are those which have been named for a husband and wife, for a family or for a group of individuals with a common surname who may or may not be related.

2. Electoral divisions named for an Aboriginal word include those named for an anglicised version of an Aboriginal word.

3. Federation electoral divisions are those which were in place for the 1901 election.

57 Appendices

Appendix K: Guidelines for naming federal electoral divisions Determining the names of federal electoral divisions is part of the process of conducting a federal redistribution within a state or territory.

The criteria used by redistribution committees to propose the names of electoral divisions, and used by augmented electoral commissions to determine the names of electoral divisions, have previously been the subject of recommendations from the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters. From these recommendations, a set of guidelines were developed as a point of reference only.

It should be noted that redistribution committees and augmented electoral commissions are not bound by the guidelines.

Naming after persons In the main, electoral divisions should be named after deceased Australians who have rendered outstanding service to their country.

When new electoral divisions are created the names of former Prime Ministers should be considered.

Federation Divisional names Every effort should be made to retain the names of original federation electoral divisions.

Geographical names Locality or place names should generally be avoided, but in certain areas the use of geographical features may be appropriate (e.g. Perth).

Aboriginal names Aboriginal names should be used where appropriate and as far as possible existing Aboriginal divisional names should be retained.

Other criteria The names of Commonwealth electoral divisions should not duplicate existing state districts.

Qualifying names may be used where appropriate (e.g. Melbourne Ports, Port Adelaide).

Names of electoral divisions should not be changed or transferred to new areas without very strong reasons.

When two or more electoral divisions are partially combined, as far as possible the name of the new electoral division should be that of the old electoral division which had the greatest number of electors within the new boundaries. However, where the socio demographic nature of the electoral division in question has changed significantly, this should override the numerical formula.

58 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Appendix L: General description of how electoral divisions are constituted The following tables show how each electoral division has been constructed and are intended to assist electors to identify if their electoral division has been altered as a result of this redistribution.

The unit to display this construction is Statistical Area 2s (SA2s).68 Each SA2 comprises a number of SA1s. The SA1s and SA2s which applied at the 2016 Census of Population and Housing have been used. Some SA2s will appear multiple times in the following tables as they are not contained within the one electoral division but cover multiple electoral divisions.

Electoral divisions are displayed in alphabetical order.

Division of Brand

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Brand Baldivis 21,753 25,881

Bertram – Wellard (West) 9,177 11,110

Calista 4,809 4,689

Casuarina – Wandi 4,507 5,664

Cooloongup 5,898 5,868

Hope Valley – Postans 53 74

Kwinana Industrial 18 18

Parmelia – Orelia 7,278 7,569

Port Kennedy 8,463 8,535

Rockingham 11,447 11,178

Rockingham Lakes 2 2

Safety Bay – Shoalwater 8,657 8,569

Singleton – Golden Bay – Secret Harbour 12,969 14,683

Waikiki 8,283 8,412

Warnbro 7,194 7,309

Total electors retained from the former Division of Brand 110,508 119,561

Total for Division of Brand 110,508 119,561

68 SA2s are an area defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard, and consist of one or more whole SA1s. Wherever possible, SA2s are based on officially gazetted state/territory suburbs and localities. In urban areas SA2s largely conform to whole suburbs and combinations of whole suburbs, while in rural areas they define functional zones of social and economic links. Geography is also taken into account in SA2 design.

59 Appendices

Division of Burt

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Burt Armadale – Wungong – Brookdale 13,688 15,569

Beckenham – Kenwick – Langford 3,277 3,295

Camillo – Champion Lakes 3,752 3,794

Forrestdale – Harrisdale – Piara Waters 13,118 15,989

Gosnells 12,915 12,771

Huntingdale – Southern River 12,204 13,635

Kelmscott 7,154 7,152

Mount Nasura – Mount Richon – Bedfordale 2,074 2,003

Roleystone 0 0

Seville Grove 6,547 7,114

Thornlie 14,877 14,710

Total electors retained from the former Division of Burt 89,606 96,032

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Burt Electors transferred from the former Division of Canning Maddington – Orange Grove – Martin 1,149 1,255

Mount Nasura – Mount Richon – Bedfordale 2 2

Total transferred from the former Division of Canning 1,151 1,257

Electors transferred from the former Division of Hasluck Beckenham – Kenwick – Langford 8,243 8,538

Cannington – Queens Park 0 0

Maddington – Orange Grove – Martin 6,989 7,299

Total transferred from the former Division of Hasluck 15,232 15,837

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Burt 16,383 17,094

Total for Division of Burt 105,989 113,126

Electors transferred from the former Division of Burt to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Tangney Beckenham – Kenwick – Langford 0 0

Canning Vale – East 12,913 13,771

Canning Vale – West 6,533 6,707

Canning Vale Commercial 1 1

Thornlie 0 0

Total transferred to Division of Tangney 19,447 20,479

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Burt to another electoral division 19,447 20,479

60 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of Canning

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Canning Armadale – Wungong – Brookdale 297 658

Ashendon – Lesley 1 1

Byford 11,362 14,054

Dawesville – Bouvard 5,786 6,489

Falcon – Wannanup 7,142 7,549

Greenfields 7,258 7,063

Halls Head – Erskine 14,246 14,950

Lesmurdie – Bickley – Carmel 938 1,017

Maddington – Orange Grove – Martin 528 555

Mandurah 7,097 6,539

Mandurah – East 4,891 5,297

Mandurah – North 12,837 14,346

Mandurah – South 8,145 8,084

Mount Nasura – Mount Richon – Bedfordale 3,687 4,006

Mundijong 4,945 5,496

Murray 483 493

Pinjarra 6,882 7,153

Roleystone 5,288 5,475

Serpentine – Jarrahdale 3,005 3,185

Waroona 2,961 3,045

Total electors retained from the former Division of Canning 107,779 115,455

Total for Division of Canning 107,779 115,455

Electors transferred from the former Division of Canning to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Burt Maddington – Orange Grove – Martin 1,149 1,255

Mount Nasura – Mount Richon – Bedfordale 2 2

Total transferred to Division of Burt 1,151 1,257

Electors transferred to Division of O’Connor Murray 1,161 1,123

Total transferred to Division of O’Connor 1,161 1,123

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Canning to another electoral division 2,312 2,380

61 Appendices

Division of Cowan

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Cowan Alexander Heights – Koondoola 7,806 7,932

Ballajura 12,730 12,968

Beechboro 6,145 6,113

Girrawheen 5,481 5,394

Greenwood – Warwick 9,619 9,747

Lockridge – Kiara 3,537 3,363

Malaga 4 4

Marangaroo 7,169 7,203

Total electors retained from the former Division of Cowan 52,491 52,724

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Cowan Electors transferred from the former Division of Perth Morley 9,320 9,334

Noranda 5,901 5,676

Total transferred from the former Division of Perth 15,221 15,010

Electors transferred from the former Division of Stirling Balcatta – Hamersley 11,095 11,033

Balga – Mirrabooka 11,891 11,992

Dianella 8,618 8,776

Nollamara – Westminster 11,155 11,529

Stirling – Osborne Park 8,233 8,427

Total transferred from the former Division of Stirling 50,992 51,757

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Cowan 66,213 66,767

Total for Division of Cowan 118,704 119,491

Electors transferred from the former Division of Cowan to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Hasluck Ballajura 0 0

Beechboro 3,388 3,383

Total transferred to Division of Hasluck 3,388 3,383

Electors transferred to Division of Moore Kingsley 780 763

Total transferred to Division of Moore 780 763

Electors transferred to Division of Pearce Ballajura 39 27

Beechboro 0 0

Joondalup – Edgewater 0 0

Madeley – Darch – Landsdale 18,088 20,464

Tapping – Ashby – Sinagra 7,750 8,133

Wanneroo 18,007 18,756

Woodvale 0 0

Total transferred to Division of Pearce 43,884 47,380

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Cowan to another electoral division 48,052 51,526

62 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of Curtin

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Curtin City Beach 5,088 5,262

Claremont (WA) 6,063 6,101

Cottesloe 5,829 6,004

Floreat 5,798 6,355

Herdsman 0 0

Innaloo – Doubleview 12,431 12,659

Mosman Park – Peppermint Grove 7,243 7,580

Nedlands – Dalkeith – Crawley 11,833 12,087

Osborne Park Industrial 91 91

Scarborough 7,872 8,120

Subiaco – Shenton Park 11,828 11,957

Swanbourne – Mount Claremont 6,450 7,085

Wembley – West Leederville – Glendalough 11,312 11,512

Wembley Downs – Churchlands – Woodlands 10,010 10,560

Total electors retained from the former Division of Curtin 101,848 105,373

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Curtin Electors transferred from the former Division of Stirling Karrinyup – Gwelup – Carine 8,305 8,648

Scarborough 3,652 3,762

Trigg – North Beach – Watermans Bay 689 748

Total transferred from the former Division of Stirling 12,646 13,158

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Curtin 12,646 13,158

Total for Division of Curtin 114,494 118,531

63 Appendices

Division of Durack

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Durack Ashburton (WA) 2,942 2,522

Broome 6,479 6,419

Carnarvon 2,999 2,626

Cunderdin 0 0

Derby – West Kimberley 3,284 3,427

Dowerin 2,068 1,896

East Pilbara 814 805

Exmouth 2,349 2,468

Geraldton 8,574 6,699

Geraldton – East 5,466 5,594

Geraldton – North 5,400 5,711

Geraldton – South 6,615 6,860

Gingin – Dandaragan 2,351 2,422

Halls Creek 1,477 1,436

Irwin 2,654 2,670

Karratha 9,295 9,717

Kununurra 3,235 3,129

Meekatharra 886 808

Moora 2,990 2,802

Morawa 2,404 2,179

Newman 2,324 2,461

Northampton – Mullewa – Greenough 3,761 3,241

Port Hedland 2,384 2,298

Roebourne 2,290 2,375

Roebuck 1,073 1,135

South Hedland 5,727 5,653

Total electors retained from the former Division of Durack 89,841 87,353

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Durack Electors transferred from the former Division of Pearce Avon Valley National Park 5 5

Bullsbrook 3,618 3,993

Carabooda – Pinjar 0 0

Chittering 3,920 4,408

Gingin – Dandaragan 3,582 3,658

Melaleuca – Lexia 0 0

Northam 7,349 7,228

Toodyay 3,326 3,453

Walyunga National Park 1 1

York – Beverley 2,688 2,665

Total transferred from the former Division of Pearce 24,489 25,411

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Durack 24,489 25,411

Total for Division of Durack 114,330 112,764

Electors transferred from the former Division of Durack to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of O’Connor Cunderdin 2,546 2,390

Dowerin 601 545

Kulin 5 5

Meekatharra 169 152

Merredin 3,294 3,284

Mukinbudin 1,926 1,795

York – Beverley 0 0

Total transferred to Division of O’Connor 8,541 8,171

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Durack to another electoral division 8,541 8,171

64 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of Forrest

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Forrest Augusta 4,321 4,891

Australind – Leschenault 12,561 13,854

Busselton 19,886 21,523

Busselton Region 8,053 8,987

Capel 3,686 3,900

College Grove – Carey Park 4,453 4,464

Collie 0 0

Dalyellup 5,896 6,741

Dardanup 2,239 2,337

Davenport 23 23

Donnybrook – Balingup 4,333 4,502

East Bunbury – Glen Iris 5,116 5,000

Eaton – Pelican Point 8,262 8,525

Gelorup – Stratham 2,219 2,380

Harvey 6,345 6,624

Margaret River 6,245 7,019

Pemberton 0 0

South Bunbury – Bunbury 9,076 8,596

Waroona 0 0

Withers – Usher 3,593 3,562

Total electors retained from the former Division of Forrest 106,307 112,928

Total for Division of Forrest 106,307 112,928

Electors transferred from the former Division of Forrest to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of O’Connor Augusta 0 0

Pemberton 1,019 1,043

Total transferred to Division of O’Connor 1,019 1,043

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Forrest to another electoral division 1,019 1,043

65 Appendices

Division of Fremantle

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Fremantle Banjup 11,956 13,609

Beeliar – Wattleup 5,970 6,673

Bibra Industrial 18 18

Bibra Lake 0 0

Bicton – Palmyra 5,168 5,212

Coogee 6,906 7,398

Coolbellup 5,896 5,966

East Fremantle 5,655 5,795

Fremantle 11,930 12,396

Fremantle – South 11,097 11,163

Hamilton Hill 7,803 8,070

Henderson 9 9

Jandakot 1,773 1,851

Murdoch – Kardinya 2,299 2,332

North Coogee 2,385 3,172

O’Connor (WA) 5 5

South Lake – Cockburn Central 7,924 8,056

Spearwood 7,729 8,065

Success – Hammond Park 9,558 10,562

Yangebup 5,188 5,276

Total electors retained from the former Division of Fremantle 109,269 115,628

Total for Division of Fremantle 109,269 115,628

66 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of Hasluck

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Hasluck Beechboro 0 0

Belmont – Ascot – Redcliffe 0 0

Chidlow 2,037 1,963

Gidgegannup 2,116 2,180

Glen Forrest – Darlington 5,316 5,355

Hazelmere – Guildford 3,389 3,537

Helena Valley – Koongamia 4,171 4,423

Kalamunda – Maida Vale – Gooseberry Hill 8,128 8,189

Lesmurdie – Bickley – Carmel 7,515 7,811

Lockridge – Kiara 4,195 5,285

Malmalling – Reservoir 9 9

Middle Swan – Herne Hill 2,428 2,544

Midland – Guildford 7,031 6,737

Mundaring 9,666 9,865

Stratton – Jane Brook 4,769 5,059

Swan View – Greenmount – Midvale 9,008 8,957

Total electors retained from the former Division of Hasluck 69,778 71,914

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Hasluck Electors transferred from the former Division of Cowan Ballajura 0 0

Beechboro 3,388 3,383

Total transferred from the former Division of Cowan 3,388 3,383

Electors transferred from the former Division of Pearce Beechboro 2,915 3,722

Ellenbrook 25,183 29,845

Gidgegannup 24 26

Lockridge – Kiara 13 19

Melaleuca – Lexia 0 0

Middle Swan – Herne Hill 1,509 1,529

Stratton – Jane Brook 0 0

The Vines 7,604 9,100

Total transferred from the former Division of Pearce 37,248 44,241

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Hasluck 40,636 47,624

Total for Division of Hasluck 110,414 119,538

Electors transferred from the former Division of Hasluck to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Burt Beckenham – Kenwick – Langford 8,243 8,538

Cannington – Queens Park 0 0

Maddington – Orange Grove – Martin 6,989 7,299

Total transferred to Division of Burt 15,232 15,837

Electors transferred to Division of Swan Forrestfield – Wattle Grove 12,345 12,626

Kalamunda – Maida Vale – Gooseberry Hill 3,377 3,338

Welshpool 0 0

Total transferred to Division of Swan 15,722 15,964

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Hasluck to another electoral division 30,954 31,801

67 Appendices

Division of Moore

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Moore Craigie – Beldon 7,119 7,239

Currambine – Kinross 9,328 9,653

Duncraig 11,125 10,875

Greenwood – Warwick 0 0

Heathridge – Connolly 7,372 7,469

Hillarys 8,305 8,455

Iluka – Burns Beach 6,619 7,351

Joondalup – Edgewater 9,173 9,029

Kingsley 8,722 8,476

Mullaloo – Kallaroo 8,227 8,394

Ocean Reef 5,932 6,027

Padbury 5,822 5,823

Sorrento – Marmion 7,694 8,031

Woodvale 7,003 7,209

Total electors retained from the former Division of Moore 102,441 104,031

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Moore Electors transferred from the former Division of Cowan Kingsley 780 763

Total transferred from the former Division of Cowan 780 763

Electors transferred from the former Division of Stirling Karrinyup – Gwelup – Carine 6,761 7,043

Trigg – North Beach – Watermans Bay 5,287 5,472

Total transferred from the former Division of Stirling 12,048 12,515

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Moore 12,828 13,278

Total for Division of Moore 115,269 117,309

68 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of O’Connor

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of O’Connor Albany 10,563 10,330

Albany Region 2,491 2,665

Bayonet Head – Lower King 3,680 4,066

Boulder 4,090 3,957

Bridgetown – Boyup Brook 4,643 4,708

Brookton 2,588 2,391

Collie 6,278 6,203

Denmark 4,541 4,824

Esperance 7,995 7,996

Esperance Region 2,233 2,069

Gnowangerup 1,828 1,749

Kalgoorlie 7,451 6,949

Kalgoorlie – North 5,072 5,083

Kalgoorlie Airport 0 0

Kambalda – Coolgardie – Norseman 2,094 1,946

Katanning 2,714 2,545

Kojonup 2,689 2,468

Kulin 2,931 2,747

Leinster – Leonora 1,529 1,630

Little Grove – Elleker 2,537 2,764

Manjimup 3,757 3,646

McKail – Willyung 7,729 8,474

Murray 0 0

Narrogin 2,881 2,784

Pemberton 2,606 2,587

Plantagenet 3,599 3,733

Stirling Range National Park 0 0

Trafalgar (WA) 0 0

Wagin 3,466 3,389

Total electors retained from the former Division of O’Connor 101,985 101,703

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of O’Connor Electors transferred from the former Division of Canning Murray 1,161 1,123

Total transferred from the former Division of Canning 1,161 1,123

Electors transferred from the former Division of Durack Cunderdin 2,546 2,390

Dowerin 601 545

Kulin 5 5

Meekatharra 169 152

Merredin 3,294 3,284

Mukinbudin 1,926 1,795

York – Beverley 0 0

Total transferred from the former Division of Durack 8,541 8,171

Electors transferred from the former Division of Forrest Augusta 0 0

Pemberton 1,019 1,043

Total transferred from the former Division of Forrest 1,019 1,043

Electors transferred from the former Division of Pearce York – Beverley 1,329 1,335

Total transferred from the former Division of Pearce 1,329 1,335

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of O’Connor 12,050 11,672

Total for Division of O’Connor 114,035 113,375

69 Appendices

Division of Pearce

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Pearce Alkimos – Eglinton 6,527 9,165

Butler – Merriwa – Ridgewood 14,075 14,965

Carabooda – Pinjar 522 587

Carramar 10,561 12,010

Chittering 0 0

Clarkson 8,313 8,998

Ellenbrook 0 0

Melaleuca – Lexia 2 2

Mindarie – Quinns Rocks – Jindalee 13,412 15,017

Neerabup National Park 4 4

Tapping – Ashby – Sinagra 613 647

Two Rocks 2,294 2,672

Wanneroo 23 27

Yanchep 6,076 7,410

Total electors retained from the former Division of Pearce 62,422 71,504

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Pearce Electors transferred from the former Division of Cowan Ballajura 39 27

Beechboro 0 0

Joondalup – Edgewater 0 0

Madeley – Darch – Landsdale 18,088 20,464

Tapping – Ashby – Sinagra 7,750 8,133

Wanneroo 18,007 18,756

Woodvale 0 0

Total transferred from the former Division of Cowan 43,884 47,380

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Pearce 43,884 47,380

Total for Division of Pearce 106,306 118,884

Electors transferred from the former Division of Pearce to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Durack Avon Valley National Park 5 5

Bullsbrook 3,618 3,993

Carabooda – Pinjar 0 0

Chittering 3,920 4,408

Gingin – Dandaragan 3,582 3,658

Melaleuca – Lexia 0 0

Northam 7,349 7,228

Toodyay 3,326 3,453

Walyunga National Park 1 1

York – Beverley 2,688 2,665

Total transferred to Division of Durack 24,489 25,411

Electors transferred to Division of Hasluck Beechboro 2,915 3,722

Ellenbrook 25,183 29,845

Gidgegannup 24 26

Lockridge – Kiara 13 19

Melaleuca – Lexia 0 0

Middle Swan – Herne Hill 1,509 1,529

Stratton – Jane Brook 0 0

The Vines 7,604 9,100

Total transferred to Division of Hasluck 37,248 44,241

Electors transferred to Division of O’Connor York – Beverley 1,329 1,335

Total transferred to Division of O’Connor 1,329 1,335

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Pearce to another electoral division 63,066 70,987

70 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of Perth

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Perth Bassendean – Eden Hill – Ashfield 11,090 11,376

Bayswater – Embleton – Bedford 16,408 16,667

Kings Park (WA) 27 27

Maylands 8,671 8,733

Morley 4,992 5,104

Mount Hawthorn – Leederville 7,855 8,175

Mount Lawley – Inglewood 11,960 12,117

North Perth 6,775 6,842

Perth City 17,839 19,153

Stirling – Osborne Park 0 0

Yokine – Coolbinia – Menora 3,188 3,314

Total electors retained from the former Division of Perth 88,805 91,508

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Perth Electors transferred from the former Division of Stirling Dianella 8,945 8,995

Morley 533 531

Stirling – Osborne Park 1,396 1,246

Tuart Hill – Joondanna 8,189 8,080

Yokine – Coolbinia – Menora 8,374 8,158

Total transferred from the former Division of Stirling 27,437 27,010

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Perth 27,437 27,010

Total for Division of Perth 116,242 118,518

Electors transferred from the former Division of Perth to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Cowan Morley 9,320 9,334

Noranda 5,901 5,676

Total transferred to Division of Cowan 15,221 15,010

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Perth to another electoral division 15,221 15,010

71 Appendices

Division of Swan

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Swan Belmont – Ascot – Redcliffe 9,158 9,094

Bentley – Wilson – St James 6,930 6,768

Cannington – Queens Park 9,172 9,533

Como 9,987 10,048

East Victoria Park – Carlisle 10,707 11,024

Forrestfield – Wattle Grove 16 17

Hazelmere – Guildford 0 0

High Wycombe 8,290 8,360

Kewdale Commercial 2 2

Manning – Waterford 7,414 7,758

Perth Airport 0 0

Rivervale – Kewdale – Cloverdale 15,961 16,588

South Perth – Kensington 11,910 12,136

Victoria Park – Lathlain – Burswood 9,664 10,072

Welshpool 9 9

Total electors retained from the former Division of Swan 99,220 101,409

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Swan Electors transferred from the former Division of Hasluck Forrestfield – Wattle Grove 12,345 12,626

Kalamunda – Maida Vale – Gooseberry Hill 3,377 3,338

Welshpool 0 0

Total transferred from the former Division of Hasluck 15,722 15,964

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Swan 15,722 15,964

Total for Division of Swan 114,942 117,373

Electors transferred from the former Division of Swan to another electoral division Electors transferred to Division of Tangney Bentley – Wilson – St James 3,712 3,802

Total transferred to Division of Tangney 3,712 3,802

Total electors transferred from the former Division of Swan to another electoral division 3,712 3,802

72 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021

Division of Tangney

Division composition

Enrolment as at Wednesday 15 July 2020

Projected enrolment as at Sunday 2 February 2025

Electors retained from the former Division of Tangney Applecross – Ardross 8,050 8,000

Bateman 2,575 2,543

Bentley – Wilson – St James 0 0

Bicton – Palmyra 5,294 5,524

Booragoon 10,244 10,368

Bull Creek 5,255 5,065

Jandakot 0 0

Leeming 7,930 8,018

Melville 12,204 12,842

Murdoch – Kardinya 6,176 6,307

Parkwood – Ferndale – Lynwood 9,080 8,914

Riverton – Shelley – Rossmoyne 9,105 9,332

Willagee 3,423 3,311

Willetton 11,306 11,408

Winthrop 4,185 4,172

Total electors retained from the former Division of Tangney 94,827 95,804

Electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Tangney Electors transferred from the former Division of Burt Beckenham – Kenwick – Langford 0 0

Canning Vale – East 12,913 13,771

Canning Vale – West 6,533 6,707

Canning Vale Commercial 1 1

Thornlie 0 0

Total transferred from the former Division of Burt 19,447 20,479

Electors transferred from the former Division of Swan Bentley – Wilson – St James 3,712 3,802

Total transferred from the former Division of Swan 3,712 3,802

Total electors transferred from another electoral division into the Division of Tangney 23,159 24,281

Total for Division of Tangney 117,986 120,085

73 Appendices

74 Redistribution of Western Australia into electoral divisions August 2021