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Australian Sports Commission Act - Australian Sports Commission - Report and financial statements, together with Auditor-General's Report - Year - 1985-86


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The Parliament of the Commonwealth o f Australia

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COM M ISSION

Annual Report

1985-86

Presented 27 November 1986 Ordered to be printed 5 December 1986

Parliamentary Paper No. 403/1986

'

Australian Sports Commission Annual Report

1985 -8 6

AUSTRALIAN^ i l l ^COMMISSION

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

Annual Report 1985-86

Australian Government Publishing Service Canberra 1986

© Commonwealth of Australia 1986 ISSN 0816-3448

Printed in Australia by Union Offset Co. Pty Ltd, Canberra

AUSTRALIAN COMMISSION

The Hon John Brown MP Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism Parliament House CANBERRA ACT 2600

My dear Minister

I present the 1985-86 Annual Report of the Australian Sports Commission.

The report has been prepared pursuant to section 63M(1) of the Audit Act 1901 to which, by virtue of section 35(1) of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985, we are subject.

It provides a summary of the Commission's activities over the past 12 months and allows an assessment to be made of our overall performance against our objectives and functions.

This first year as a statutory authority has been both challenging and rewarding. I believe the Commission has made significant progress towards implementing the ambitious charter defined by the Federal Parliament in our Act. This report is designed to describe that progress and to indicate directions and priorities for the future.

Yours sincerely

A E Harris Chairman

GPO BOX 787 CANBERRA ACT 2601 TELEPHONE: 6 8 9411 7 : l F . X : A A 6 1 7 1 6

CONTENTS

Letter to the Minister

Events in brief 1985-86 (viii)

Chairman's report (ix)

General Manager's report (xi)

SECTION I - INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Enabling legislation and statutory obligations 1

1.2 Objectives of the report 2

1.3 Objectives and functions of the Commission 2

1.4 Program budgeting 3

1.5 Review of the year in sport 4

1.6 Highlights and key dates 6

SECTION II - REVIEW OF PERFORMANCE 8

2.1 Introduction 8

2.2 Sports Development 8

- sports administration 9 . eligibility 10 . administration 11 . employment of personnel 11 . flat administrative grants 11 - Sports Talent Encouragement Plan 12

. Sports Talent Encouragement Plan 13 . pilot program 14 . athlete data base 15

. Institute of Sport - national coordination 15 - Coaching 16 . Australian Coaching Council 16 . role of the ACC 16

. National Coaching Accreditation Scheme 17 . Summary of courses and coaches accredited in 1986 17

. Technical Committee of ACC 17 . Service Agency 18 . Director of the ACC 18 . activities of the ACC in 1985-86 18 . employment of national coaching directors 19 . coaching projects 20

. AUSSIE SPORTS and coaching 20 . Summary 20

v

- Events 21 . international competition overseas 21 . 1986 Edinburgh Commonwealth Games 22 . international competition in Australia 22 . regional games 23 - Research and Development 24

. National Sports Research Program 25 . Sports Science Management Committee 25 . National Sports Research Coordinator 25 . SPORTSCAN 26

. State of the Art Review 26 . Sports Research Needs Update program 26 . Australian Sports Science Directory 26 . Applied Sports Research Program 27 . research and liaison projects 29 . airfares for sportspeople 29 . violence in sport 29 . information projects 30 . finance issues 30 . sports data base 30 . summary 31 . development projects 32 . National Program on Drugs in Sport 33 - Children's Sport 35

. Sports Development Program - junior development projects 36 . AUSSIE SPORTS- a Children in Sport program 37 - AUSSIE SPORTS resource materials 39

- codes of behaviour 40 - sports education units 40 - Bicentennial awards scheme 41 - Coaching 41 - State coordinators 41 - future plans 42 - summary 42 - Equity and Access 43

. women in sport 44 . veterans sport 45 . summary 45

2.3 Australian Sports Aid Foundation 45

- Board of Directors 46 - procedures for donations 46 - eligibility criteria 47 - administration 47

2.4 Corporate Services 48

- information and publicity 49 . publishing program 50 . information distribution 50 . media coverage 51 - planning and evaluation 52

. strategic planning 52 . evaluation 54

vi

►Ό Ο)

- operations 55 . delegations 55 . financial management 55 . servicing the Commission 56

. management group 57 . office management 57 . management information systems . keyboard operations 58

. ADP issues 59 . personnel and staff development - industrial democracy 60 - equal employment policy 61

- staff development 61 . legal advisors 61 . ASC accountants 62 . staff functions review 62 - summary 62

60

58

SECTION III - THE NEXT 12 MONTHS 63

3.1 Introduction 63 3.2 Major projects and initiatives 63 3.3 Emerging issues and challenges 64

APPENDICES

1. Membership of the Australian Sports Commission 67 2. Membership of ASC committees 71 3. Program statement 73 4. Sports Development Program Grants 1985-86 77 5. 1986 Sports Talent Encouragement Plan grants recipients 80

1985-86 Sports Research Program approved projects 87 AUSSIE SPORTS coordinators 91 8. Australian Coaching Council - objects and purposes 94 9. Australian Coaching Council- Approved Coaching Courses 96

10. National Coaching Accreditation Scheme - Accredited Coaches 98 11. Drugs in Sport Committee - terms of reference 100 12. ASC consultants 102 13. Financial statements 1985-86 103 14. Commission and Committee meetings 117 15. Organisation structure 118 16. Addresses and contacts 120

vii

Events in brief 1985-86

* National launch of major sports program for Australian children - AUSSIE SPORTS

* Establishment and operation of the Australian Sports Aid Foundation

* Launch of campaign against the use of drugs in sport as part of Drug Offensive

* Development of ASC1s first strategic plan

* Increased flow and quality of information to the sporting community

* Development of close relationship with the sporting community

viii

Chairman's report

Ted Harris

It is just over 12 months ago that the Australian Sports Commission was established as a statutory authority.

Whilst a number of specific projects have been undertaken in the period, the Commission continues to give priority to two threshold objectives. They are the question of funding for sport from both the public and private sectors and the requirement to unify our total sporting effort without undermining the traditional independence and autonomy which characterises the administration of individual sports in this

country.

In relation to funding there have been two major developments. The Australian Sports Aid Foundation has been established and the Government has agreed that donations to the Foundation will be tax deductible.

The Directors of the Sports Aid Foundation are confident that its structure will attract widespread private sector support and a significant inflow of "new money".

In relation to Government funding, the Commission has distributed funds from the Federal Government's Budget to sporting organisations and individuals in proportions that have been determined on specific criteria.

There never seems to be enough money to satisfy the demands and aspirations of all sections of the sporting community. I suppose there never will be. I must confess that I find one of

the most perplexing problems facing the Commission is the resolution of who should get what. The Commission endeavours to make the best use of available resources and in doing so to balance impartially the competing requests for money.

In relation to our other priority, namely the unification of our sporting effort, we continue to seek ways and means of reducing wasteful overlap and duplication so that the best use can be made of available resources. To obtain maximum results we need the understanding and support of Governments, both

Federal and State, as well as the full-blooded support of sports administrators throughout the nation.

ix

We must together fight to avoid the fragmentation which, over so many years, has sadly undermined the work and dedication of thousands of people who have laboured to improve sport in this

country.

Turning now to specific projects, I am pleased to report that the AUSSIE SPORTS program is off and running. This means, for the first time, that Australia has a nationally co-ordinated program of sports education and development for all primary school children in their last three years.

Important steps have been taken to boost the fight against the use of drugs in sport. The Commission believes that amongst other measures, it is essential that there be a comprehensive program of drug testing.

Our first strategic plan has now been produced. It will enable us to determine long term priorities and directions for sport in Australia more effectively than ever before.

All of the matters to which I have referred have necessitated widespread consultation with individuals and organisations throughout the Commonwealth. This consultation has been spearheaded by our General Manager, Greg Hartung, and his highly qualified and experienced staff.

As a result of this communication, the Commission has a better understanding of what the sports community requires and I trust, in turn, the sporting community has a better appreciation of what the Commission seeks.

I hope you will find the report a useful summary of the manner in which we have set about our task in our first year of office. On behalf of the Commission I convey our appreciation to the many individuals and organisations who have responded positively to our call for co-operation. We have much to learn

from all of you and with you, much yet to achieve.

x

3eneral Manager's Report

Greg Hartung

It has been a busy and successful year for the Australian Sports Commission. It began with the proclamation by the Governor-General of the Australian Sports Commission Act on 1 July 1985 and included the establishment of the Australian Sports Aid Foundation, a company specifically created to raise private sector funds to supplement appropriations from the annual Federal budget.

The Commission's initiatives are dealt with in detail later in this report. As well as the AUSSIE SPORTS program for children, we have revamped the assistance program to high performance athletes and we hope to be able to extend this program - the

Sports Talent Encouragement Plan - to include our select group of elite coaches.

In addition, the Commission has successfully embarked on a long overdue publications program to service sport with valuable information about a range of important matters from insurance to advice on how to conduct a regional sporting event.

Despite our achievements, the Commission's early period of existence has not been without it difficulties. The restraints imposed by budgets and staffing levels have meant that in some areas we may not have been able to move as quickly as we would have liked. With any new organisation it takes time and

perseverance to formally establish itself within its environment. But by any standards the Commission is already a major anc. positive .rinsnce on sport in this country.

The Commission has enpnasised the need for planning and is applying that discipline to itself and its major "client" group - national sporting organisations. We have asked all national bodies to provide the Commission with development plans which define their own priorities in order that we may establish ours.

We have spent the last 12 months developing the Commission's strategic plan and the importance of this plan to underpin all developments and advances by the Commission cannot be over-estimated. The momentum of our early period will be

xi

maintained through the use of this plan as will our capacity to think and behave strategically. We are conscious of the maxim that to fail to plan is to plan for failure.

The Commission has asked sporting associations and their administrators, coaches and athletes to play their part. No longer can sport expect to receive assistance without applying to itself the same disciplines of management that apply to other sectors of the economy. The Commission views its

financial support and servicing of sport not as a hand-out, but an investment.

It is an investment which I am confident will return a rich dividend to sport and to Australia.

xii

Section 1: Introduction

This report presents a summary of the activities of the Australian Sports Commission for the year 1985-86.

The report covers the first year of the Commission's activities as a Commonwealth statutory authority. On 1 July 1985, legislation to establish the Commission was proclaimed and the ASC commenced operations to fulfil the obligations outlined in

its Act.

1.1 Enabling legislation and statutory obligations

The Australian Sports Commission functions under the auspices of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985. Under the provision of section 35(1) of the Act, the Commission is subject to the provisions of section 63(Μ)(1) of the Audit Act

1901 which states, inter alia:

"the authority shall, as soon as practicable after 30 June in each year, prepare and submit to the appropriate Minister a report of its operations during the year ended on that date."

The Commission, in fulfilling its obligations under the Act, reports to the Federal Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism, the Hon John Brown, M.P.

Under the Act, the Minister and the Commission have a number of specific statutory obligations. These are outlined below. Where they have been exercised during the year, details are provided.

(i) Approve grants - section 7(1)(d)

The Minister has approved all grants paid by the Commission under the various assistance programs for which it is responsible.

(ii) Directions to the Commission - section 9

The Minister has not given any directions to the Commission under the terms of this provision of the Act.

(ill) Approve_strategic_plan - section 10(2)

The Minister has received the ASC's first strategic plan.

(iv) Convene Commission meetings - section 17(3)

The Minister has not convened any meetings of the Commission

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(V) Acting appointments - section 18(3)

(vi)

(vii)

(viii)

(lx)

(X)

The Minister has not made any acting appointments to the Commission during the past 12 months.

Leave of absence for General Manager - Section 24

The Minister granted leave of absence to the General Manager on one occasion during the year

Acting General Manager appointment - section 28

On two occasions during the year, the Minister appointed an Acting General Manager during absences by the General Manager.

Approve estimates - sections 31 and 32

The Minister approved the ASC's estimates for the year, and revisions to them following additional estimates.

Approving contracts over $500 000 - section 34

The Commission did not enter into any contracts over the nominated figure.

Delegations - section 40

The Minister has not delegated any of his powers under the Act.

Objectives of the report

objectives of this report are to;

(1) satisfy the statutory reporting obligations upon the Commission which are outlined in 1.1

(ii) review the ASC's activities and performance over the past 12 months and so allow the community to assess our performance

(iii) foreshadow emerging pressures and issues to which the Commission will have to respond in the year ahead.

1.3 Objectives and functions of the Commission

Section 6(1) and (2) of the Act establishing the Commission define the Commission's objectives and functions as follows -ObjectAyes:

(a) to encourage the private sector to contribute to the funding of sport to supplement assistance by the Commonwealth;

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(b) to provide leadership in the development of Australia's performance in sport; and

(c) to encourage increased participation by Australians in sport.

Functions:

(a) to advise the Minister in relation to the development of sport;

(b) to raise money through the Australian Sports Aid Foundation for the purposes of the Commission;

(c) to administer and expend money appropriated by the Parliament, or raised by the Australian Sports Aid Foundation, for the purposes of the Commission;

(d) to co-ordinate activities in Australia for the development of sport;

(e) to consult and co-operate with appropriate authorities of the Commonwealth, of the States and of the Territories, and with other organisations, associations and persons, on matters related to its activities;

(f) to initiate, encourage and facilitate research and development in relation to sport; and

(g ) to collect and distribute information, and provide advice, on matters related to its activities.

1.4 Program budgeting

The report has been prepared to reflect the shape and content of the Commission's program statement. This statement was prepared as part of the transition to program budgeting. The statement, which is summarised in Appendix 3, provides a useful way of describing and analysing the Commission's activities and

performance.

This report moves part of the way towards a full reflection of the program budgeting format. Activities are described as part of their respective program or sub-program. Objectives are defined and resources, aggregated at a program level, are

indicated. However, the report does not include detailed assessments of performance based on specific indicators. These have been defined, as they have as part of the ASC's first strategic plan. The indicators will provide, through the

information they collect together, relatively objective measures not only of what: the Commission has achieved, but how well it has performed within the context of its corporate strategy. The provision of this information will be the primary focus of the ASC's developing management information systems which have not reached a stage where all the necessary

3

data is available on which to make detailed assessments of efficiency and effectiveness. That challenge remains to be addressee.

1.5 Review of the year in sport

The past twelve months have been somewhat of a mixed year for Australian sport on the international sporting arena. While our more traditional high profile sports recorded some disappointing international performances, Australians have

enjoyed international success in some of the lesser known sports.

For many sports 1985-86 was a hectic period for international competition particularly for those preparing for their participation at the X H I t h Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh in July, 1986.

Some of the highlights of the year included:

- The Australian Wallabies continued excellent form on their 1 home soil' with comprehensive victories against France, Argentina, Italy, Fiji and Canada.

Greg Norman after narrowly missing out on capturing the US Masters convincingly won the 1986 British Open and is currently leading money winner on the American golf professional circuit.

4

Greg Norman in action

(photo: News Ltd).

- The magnificent performance of Adair Ferguson in becoming the first ever Australian female World Champion rower

- The tremendous interest being generated in Australian boxing with the international success of Australian world champions, Jeff Fenech, Barry Michael and Lester Ellis.

- Robert de Castella's return to the victory dais with a resounding victory in the prestigious Boston Marathon in the World's third fastest time.

- Peter Thompson showing the Americans a clean pair of heels when he convincingly won the 1985 Senior Professional Golf title.

- John Jacoby's herculean efforts in winning the World Marathon Canoe Championships.

- Australian Women's Lacrosse team winning its first World Championships.

- The magnificent effort of 78-year-old Bob Marshall, runner-up in the World Billiards Championships.

- The continued success of Australian individuals/teams at World Championships in the sports of men's hockey, squash (junior men and women), junior cycling, waterskiing (all disciplines), parachuting, yachting and boardsailing.

While considerable media attention was focussed on the conduct of the Australian Formula One Grand Prix in Adelaide and the build-up to the defence of the America's Cup in Fremantle, Australian sporting organisations hosted a number of

outstanding sporting events during 1985-86. These included:

- Champions Trophy World Hockey Tournament in Perth - Australia retained the trophy and its position as the premier hockey nation in the world.

- World Orienteering Championships in Bendigo the first time that the championships were held in the Southern Hemisphere.

- World 3-Day Equestrian Event in Gawler, SA the most prestigious equestrian event ever to be conducted in Australia.

- 9th World Bocce Doubles Championships, Melbourne.

- 4th World Junior Men's Squash Championships, Brisbane.

- World Modern Pentathlon Championships, Melbourne.

- World Cadet and 5.5 metre Sailing Championships, Melbourne.

5

- Asian Pacific Men's Golf Championships, Adelaide.

- 7th Asian Taekwondo Championships, Darwin.

All these events were assisted by the ASC through the Sports Development Program.

In recent years, Australian sport has become far more professional with the employment of full-time National and State administrators and coaches and the introduction of innovative and imaginative programs.

The corporate sector has recognised the potential of sport in the market place as is evident by the sponsorship now being provided to sport. During the year a number of sports received substantial funding from the private sector - athletics

(Burroughs), basketball (Wang computer), equestrian (Swan Brewery), motor sports (Fosters), netball (Esso), rowing (Cadburys), soccer (Winfield) and swimming (Uncle Toby's).

While Australians continue to participate in a wide variety of sporting activities (over 120) some of the relatively new sports (Touch and Indoor Soccer) are boasting rapid increases

in registered participants and supporters at all levels. Certain sports, and in particular basketball, are demonstrating how the conduct of a successful national league can help promote the sport nationally.

Meanwhile one of the most controversial current issues surrounds Australian football which is assessing the feasibility of expanding the current Victorian Football League competition to a national competition. The ASC provided a

grant of $35 000 to the National Football League of Australia during 1985-86 for the preparation of a feasibility study into the concept.

While the year may have had its share of disappointments, it showed once again the diversity and range of sports in which Australians are competing and, so often, recording outstanding performances.

1.6 Highlights and key dates

1985

23 October

28 October

10 December

$7 million Sports Development Program announced

Fourth Commission meeting held at the Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra

Federal Government announces decision to allow tax deductibility for donations to the Australian Sports Aid Foundation

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1986

18 February

21 February

25 February

10 April

22 April

23 April

16 May

8 July

Sports Aid Foundation incorporated as a company in the ACT

Fifth Commission meeting held in Sydney

ASC media statement condemning use of drugs in sport

Minister announces grants under the 1986 Sports Talent Encouragement Plan

Acting Prime Minister Lionel Bowen launches the AUSSIE SPORTS program at the Soldier Settlement Primary School,

Matraville, NSW

Sports Minister John Brown and Health Minister Neal Blewett launch major campaign against the use of drugs in sport

Sixth Commission meeting held in Brisbane

Second round of STEP grants announced

Everyone can compete (photo: Canberra Times).

7

Section II: Review of performance

2.1 Introduction

This section of the report describes the Commission's activities during the year. These cover not only its major programs of sports assistance, but also work in policy development, planning, evaluation and internal management and operations.

Where necessary, detailed information is contained in related tables and charts in the appendices to the report.

The section outlines what the Commission has been doing over the past 12 months in pursuit of its primary objectives and functions and the broad charter defined by its legislation.

2.2 Sports Development

The objectives of the Sports Development Program are to:

(i) provide opportunities for increased participation in sport at all levels of the community

(ii) promote the development of Australia's high performance athletes and assist with Australia's standing in sport internationally.

A total of 12 staff were involved in administering this program which spent $7 538 161 during the financial year.

Herb Elliott, Deputy Chairman and Chairman of the Sports Development Grants Committee.

8

The Commission has established a Sports Development Committee (see Appendix 2 for membership) which has primary responsibility for the areas and issues covered by this program. The Committee's terms of reference are:

.To advise on the general guidelines for the Sports Development Program including:

- eligibility,

- categorisation,

- fundings levels and priorities,

- future directions.

.To provide advice and undertake action where necessary on matters relevant to national sports development.

• To make recommendations on specific grant levels for sporting organisations and related projects.

• To receive and monitor information from sporting organisations in respect to the Sports Development Program.

.To consider and recommend appropriate consultation processes with national sporting organisations in regard to the development of sport in Australia.

.To consult with all appropriate organisations and individuals involved in any way with the Sports Development Program.

•To report regularly to the Commission or, where appropriate, the Executive Committee, on decisions and recommendations.

SPORTS ADMINISTRATION

The objectives of the sports administration sub-program are to:

(i) support improvement in the administrative efficiency and effectiveness of national associations

(ii) encourage increasing standards of sports administration in Australia.

There are a number of ways by which the Commission implements those objectives. The primary mechanism remains the Sports Development Program.

National sporting bodies submit applications on an annual basis to the Commission. Grants are announced as soon as possible aftier the Federal Budget in August. The Commission continues to examine the general rationale for assisting the huge number

9

of competing claims for limited dollars. Taking into account its dual aims of raising performance standards and increasing the numbers of people involved in sport the Commission has generally adopted four main criteria for the assessment of

funding applications. These are:

. size .profile/public acceptability .international success .potential for development.

In addition the Commission closely examines an organisations' use of previous funding and its general efficiency and closely assesses the intrinsic worth of programs which have been submitted.

The Commission is concerned to ensure full and adequate accountability of funds spent in all areas of ASC activity. In particular, the Commission has sought from sporting bodies development plans which place their applications for assistance in the context, of long-term priorities and plans.

While this provides a general guide for grant deliberation, the gap between funds required to support legitimate requests for assistance and funds available requires priorities to be set and many difficult decisions to be made.

The Commission has also been keen to encourage self-help by sporting organisations and monitors the effectiveness of past funding.

Eligibility

The following eligibility criteria have been adopted for a national organisation to receive support under the Sports Development Program:

.be representative of the sport nationally

.be affiliated in at least three States

.be properly constituted

.be able to produce annual financial statements

.have an annual report

.have been in existence for a prescribed period of time (normally three years)

Normally only one organisation per sport is considered eligible, although at this time exceptions may be made, for example, where separate organisations exist for men and women. Ethnic and other sectional groups are ineligible for assistance.

10

Categories of assistance under the SDP with particular reference to sports administration include:

Administration

Two kinds of grants are available in this area:

.support for full or part-time national executive directors or development directors;

.flat administrative grants

Employment of personnel

Grants were approved at either $25 000 or $30 000 per position depending on the total costs involved.

In addition, where sports employed full-time national executive and coaching directors, and employed support staff, an additional grant of $10 000 was generally provided.

Assistance for part-time positions was normally provided by a grant of $12 000.

Forty nine administrative positions were assisted during the year at a total cost of $1 310 000. (In total the Commission assists eighty-nine full and part-time administrative and coaching positions in fifty eight organisations - total cost

$2 339 000)

No new full or part-time administrative positions were supported during the year. This was due to a combination of factors including the large number of new positions supported in recent years and budgetary constraints.

Flat Administrative Grants

Sports not receiving support for professional positions were eligible for general administrative grants. These varied depending on the size of the sport and total expenses incurred. A limit of $5 000 per sport was set. Fifty two organisations received an administrative grant at a total cost

of $292 000.

Despite the large percentage of Sports Development Program funds spent on administrative support, there are a number of potential problems which need to be watched:

. in view of the Commission's inability to increase its contribution towards these positions in recent years there is pressure on sporting organisations to increase their component of overall costs. The aim is to attract

the best calibre people to these positions

. in some cases a relatively high turnover of executive director positions is seen as a problem

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. there is still a need for sports to review the job descriptions and duty statements of these positions and ensure clear lines of responsibility if they are to achieve their maximum potential.

Given current resource limitations and given the large number of requests for funding of full and part time positions, it will be very difficult to justify any new support in this area.

SPORTS TALENT ENCOURAGEMENT PLAN

The objectives of the Sports Talent Encouragement Plan sub-program are to:

(i) enable Australian athletes to achieve, maintain and improve world rankings

(ii) allow Australian athletes to single-mindedly pursue their sporting careers, secure in the knowledge that their family and employment opportunities will not suffer,

The Commission pursues these objectives not only through the STEP program itself, but also through a number of other initiatives designed to contribute towards the development of Australian athletes. Some of these initiatives are examined in

more detail under both the coaching and research and development sub-programs later in this section of the report. The Commission's Athlete and Coaching Development (A & CD) Committee is responsible for overseeing and developing

initiatives in the important areas of athlete assistance, coaching development and sports research co-ordination.

The membership of the A & CD Committee is included in Appendix 2, while the terms of reference of this Committee are as follows:

. To examine and make recommendations concerning

(i) the administration and future direction of the Sports Talent Encouragement Plan;

(ii) the co-ordination of forms of athlete assistance from State and Federal Governments and private enterprise;

(ill) the co-ordination and administration of coaching development in Australia;

(iv) the co-ordination and administration of applied sports research in Australia; and

(v) other matters that affect the development, performance and lifestyles of Australia's high performance athletes and coaches including drug related issues.

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. To consult with relevant organisations and individuals involved in assistance to athletes and/or sports coaching when appropriate.

• To report regularly to the Commission or, where appropriate, to the Executive Committee, on decisions and recommendations.

Sports Talent Encouragement Plan

The Commission believes that the pursuit and achievement of excellence in sport should be as strongly encouraged as it is warmly applauded and admired. The contribution that our top

sportspeople make to our nation cannot be underestimated. The outstanding achievements of Australians in the international sporting arena not only boost our national pride and enhance our image overseas, but also motivate many Australians to

participate in sporting activities. However, due to the rising costs of sport at the international level, our athletes cannot be expected to achieve success without some form of outside assistance, whether it be public or private sector based.

The Commission has established the Sports Talent Encouragement Plan (STEP) which provides high performance athletes with direct financial assistance to help defray the costs associated with their training and competition programs.

The STEP program is run on a calendar year basis and commenced operation at the beginning of 1986. The STEP replaced the National Athlete Award Scheme (NAAS) which was administered by the Commission in 1985. While the objectives and administrative procedures are similar to those of the NAAS, the guidelines governing grant allocations are more flexible under

the STEP to enable grants to be tailored to the individual needs of athletes.

STEP assistance is available to individual athletes and teams achieving open world ranking in at least the top 15. Individual athletes who, by virtue of recent national and international performances, have shown the potential to achieve a 1-15 open world ranking are also eligible for assistance.

Applications under the STEP are considered twice yearly and recipients of grants are recommended to the Minister by the Commission. In 1986, grants totalling $798 500 were allocated to 209 individual athletes and 17 teams. Notable inclusions in

the grant allocations were swimmers Neil Brooks and Michele Pearson, athletics star Debbie Flintoff and weightlifter Bill Stellios. In addition, Australia's world champions in yachting, sailboarding, powerlifting and waterskiing received

grants together with Australia's first ever female world champion rower, Adair Ferguson. A complete list of STEP recipients for 1986 is included in Appendix 5.

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Pilot Program

At the beginning of 1985 the Commission established a two-year Pilot Program to identify the most appropriate procedures and policies for the administration of a large scale athlete assistance scheme. This Program was funded under the NAAS in

1985 and under the STEP in 1986.

Eight individual athletes and one team were selected to participate in the Pilot Program. The Pilot Program participants are:

Darren Clark Gary Honey Glynis Nunn Steven Lee Elizabeth Irving Anna McVann Jon Sieben Mark Stockwell National 4000m

Pursuit Team

Athletics Athletics Athletics Snow Skiing Squash Swimming Swimming Swimming

Cycling

After reviewing the performances of the Pilot Program participants at the end of 1985, the A & CD Committee recommended the continuation of all the participants in the Program for 1986. Therefore, as in 1985, each athlete was allocated $10 000 in 1986 while the Pursuit Team was allocated

$30 000. Throughout 1986, the Commission will continue to closely monitor the requirements and performances of the Pilot Program participants.

With the growth of this program in recent years and the ever increasing number of requests for support from all sectors of Australian sport the Commission has placed a priority on assessing the results achieved through this program. This

includes examining:

the number of sports which have received assistance and whether every organisation should be eligible to participate in this program

the extent of rankings to be taken into account when determining grants and what to do in those sports which do not regularly publish official world rankings

the question of funding athletes receiving Australian Institute of Sport scholarships or other support e.g. State Institute

the amount of money which can be considered to be effective

whether athletes should be means tested

the problem of athletes accurately estimating the cost of their sporting program in the coming year

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• the role of coaches and whether funding would not be better directed in this area.

The Commission is reviewing the STEP program with a view to providing the most appropriate and meaningful support for our elite athletes.

Athlete Data Base

The Commission has established an Athlete Data Base which contains information on athletes funded under the STEP. The information includes the athletes' competition results,

national and international rankings, training and competition costs, assistance received from other sources as well as personal particulars.

While the data base will be of assistance in the administration of STEP, the Commission has made the data base information available to State Governments and other 'bona fide' athlete funding agencies to assist them in the administration of their programs. The Australian Olympic Federation has already used

relevant information from the data base in preparation for the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul and Calgary.

Institutes of Sport - national co-ordination

Over recent years the issue of coordination between the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) and State Institutes has been canvassed in a number of reports. While these reports provided little evidence of formalised co-operation between the

Institutes, all generally concluded that such co-operation is necessary to ensure maximum results in the development of Australia's high performance athletes. Despite such conclusions, however, no agency subsequently assumed a

leadership role in this important area of athlete assistance.

When the Commission was formally established in July 1985, it was charged with the responsibility of co-ordinating activities in Australia for the development of sport. In view of this responsibility and the recognised need for Institute

co-ordination, in early February 1986 the Commission produced a report titled "Institutes of Sport - National Co-ordination" which pulled together the ideas and recommendations included in the previous relevant literature.

As a direct result of this report, the Commission convened a meeting in June which was attended by representatives of the AIS, State Institutes and other State/Territory agencies involved in the athlete assistance area. This meeting

successfully laid the foundation for increased co-ordination and co-operation between the organisations present.

With a further meeting scheduled for November 1986, it is hoped that the initiative shown by the Commission in this important area will lead to ongoing liaison and co-operation between the relevant organisations.

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COACHING

The objectives of the coaching sub-program are to:

(i) increase the number of qualified coaches at all levels in Australia

(ii) increase the proficiency and effectiveness of coaches in Australia

(ill) assist in the development of coach education and development programs

(iv) improve the flow of information to coaches.

Effective, competent, accessible coaching has always been the lifeblood of any attempt to improve and sustain a nation's sporting performance.

Perhaps no other single issue poses a greater challenge to the development of Australia's sporting capacity in the next few years. And for that reason, coaching represents a major priority for the Australian Sports Commission.

There are a number of elements which together form the Commission's response to this urgent task.

Australian Coaching Council

The ASC provides administrative support and financial assistance to the Australian Coaching Council (ACC).

$113,000 was provided to the ACC in the 1985-86 financial year for the employment of a Director and the development of resources and materials for the promotion of coaching in Australia.

Role of the ACC

The ACC was established in 1979 by the (now) Sport and Recreation Ministers' Council (SRMC) as a co-operative venture between Commonwealth, State/Territory Governments and sport.

The major role of the ACC with its unique combination of representatives from Commonwealth and State/Territory Governments and sport is the co-ordination of the national development of coaching in Australia. (Appendix 8 outlines the objects and purposes of the ACC).

Included in this role is the responsibility for the development, implementation and promotion of the National Coaching Accreditation Scheme.

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National Coaching Accreditation Scheme (NCAS)

The NCAS is a coaching education program aimed at increasing the proficiency of coaches through the implementation of uniform standards of instruction specific to the requirements of individual sports. It operates through the provision of courses at three levels. The courses are specific to each sport and include the following components:

. GENERAL - general principles of coaching and human performance

. SPORT SPECIFIC - s k i l l s t e c h n i q u e s , strategies and science specific to the particular sport

. PRACTICAL - practice of coaching.

The courses are not intended to produce conformity among coaches. They offer opportunities for coaches to acquire a greater knowledge of coaching which will ensure that our sporting talent is coached by competent personnel.

National sporting organisations are responsible for preparing the sport specific material for each level of the Scheme.

Courses have an emphasis on better organisation of practice sessions, appropriate methods of teaching and correcting techniques and methods of analysing an athlete's performance.

Summary of Courses and Coaches Accredited in 1986

As at 30 June 1986 some 70 sports have had courses accredited at levels 1, 2 or 3 (a full list of sports with accredited courses and courses accredited in 1985-86 is at Appendix 9).

In 1985-86 an additional 7,291 coaches were accredited at the various levels. As at 30 June 1986 there were 37,648 coaches accredited under the Scheme:

. 31,797 at level 1

. 4,992 at level 2

. 859 at level 3.

(A summary of accreditations by sport and level is at Appendix 10).

Technical Committee of_the ACC

The ACC has established a Technical Committee which assesses applications from national sporting organisations seeking to participate in the NCAS. The Committee is composed of

representatives from sport and State and Territory Governments. The Commission provides secretariat support to this Committee. The Technical Committee provides the ACC with:

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. advice on the design of courses submitted for approval; . advice on technical issues, such as the production of manuals and resource materials; and . recommendations on approval of courses.

Service Agency

The ACC has an agreement with the Confederation of Australian Sport to provide the administration of NCAS enrolment and accreditation procedures. Each coach pays a fee of $10 at the time of registration to the agency.

The main tasks of the service agency are the production of NCAS identification cards and the distribution of these cards and other accreditation material, including NCAS cloth badges. The standard ID cards are embossed on a monthly basis from computer tapes. The result is that all accreditation materials are posted out to accredited coaches within six weeks of correctly completed registration forms reaching the agency.

National sporting organisations participating in the NCAS are each provided with an annual computer print-out of all accredited coaches in their sport.

Director of the ACC

The position of ACC Director is funded by the Commission under the Sports Development Program through the grant to the ACC. The Director is Mr Lawrie Woodman and he is located at the Australian Sports Commission's offices situated at the Australian Institute of Sport. The Director's work involves developmental and administrative projects. The Director is supported by a Commission officer who acts as Secretary to the ACC and performs other secretariat functions as required.

The functions of the Director include:

. promotion and development of the NCAS; . liaison with sports and coaching course co-ordinators on course implementation and quality control; . evaluation of general theory and technical courses; . development of coaching education resource materials and

dissemination of information to sport; and . liaison with relevant Commonwealth and State/Territory agencies on coaching matters.

The Director meets regularly with representatives of sports and other bodies with an interest in coaching. He also maintains regular contact with the Commission regarding ACC and coaching matters. In 1985-86, he assisted some 75 sports.

Activities of the ACC in 1985-86

During 1985-86 the ACC met four times, twice in Melbourne, once in Sydney and once in Canberra. The Technical Committee met on the day preceding each of these meetings. The Technical

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Committee also had a special meeting in Sydney to consider the revision of the Level 1 General Principles Manual. The Development, Finance, Post Accreditation Services and Elite Seminar Committees also met when appropriate.

Major initiatives in 1985-86 included:

. incorporation of the ACC in the ACT; . promotion of the NCAS including commencement of production of a video; . development of an ACC Strategic Plan; . Position Statement on the Coaches Academy Concept; . preparation for an Elite Coaches Seminar to be conducted

in December 1986; . establishing guidelines for the development of Level 0 courses were implemented, to complement the AUSSIE SPORTS program; . the revision of the Level 1 Manual , to be completed by

January 1987; . development of a new Course Design Guideline Booklet; . development of a Coaches Workbook; . provision of Post Accreditation Services, including the

development of a leaflet titled "Coaching Resource".

Employment of National Coaching Directors

The Commission regards the employment of National Coaching Directors along with the employment of professional administrators by sporting organisations as one of the most significant recent advances in the development of sport in Australia. While the role of the coaching director may vary

from sport to sport, there are a number of responsibilities that are common to each sport. The coaching directors are responsible for the development and conduct of their sport's national coaching accreditation courses, and for developing the

overall coaching program for the sport at the national level.

In 1985-86 a total of $769 000 from the Sports Development Program was spent on the employment of 26 full-time and 4 part-time National Coaching Directors.

Tom Hoad, Water Polo, National Coaching Director (Cliff Russell/AIS).

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Coaching Projacts

In addition, national sporting organisations also receive funding for coaching projects each year.

In 1985-86, a total of $331 000 was spent through national sporting organisations to support projects such as:

.Tennis - funding to the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia for the McDonalds Junior Tennis Australia program, which involves the conduct of coaching clinics/camps and tournaments throughout Australia for young tennis players.

.Cricket - for the conduct of coaching camps for Australia's top Under 19 and Under 16 cricket players.

.Pistol Shooting - funding to the Amateur Pistol Shooting Union of Australia to bring a renowned overseas coach to Australia to conduct coaching clinics in conjunction with competitions throughout Australia.

AUSSIE SPORTS and Coaching

The Commission's most recent initiative is a program aimed at increasing the quality, quantity and variety of sport played by Australian children. The program is examined in more detail later in this section of the report.

Called AUSSIE SPORTS, the program also has an important coaching element which will be implemented in conjunction with the Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation and the Australian Coaching Council. This element

of the program will try to increase the number of coaches who have at least a minimal level of qualified training and professional experience. Largely, these will be teachers and parents whose children are involved in the AUSSIE SPORTS program itself.

Summary

Problems with available resources have limited the ability of the Commission to provide grants in sufficient numbers and size to national sporting organisations for coaching development. In some cases this has limited our ability to capitalize on other programs such as AUSSIE SPORTS through the provision of Level 0 courses.

There are also limits on funding for full time coaching director positions and in the current climate it is unlikely any further positions will be able to be supported.

In relation to the National Coaching Accreditation Scheme the lack of State and Regional Coaching Directors or Coordinators in many sports continues to be a problem. The provision of coach education programs in country areas and increasing

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community awareness of the need for educated coaches at all levels are just two of the major challenges facing the Australian Coaching Council and sporting organisations.

The Australian Coaching Council is investigating the development of a Level 1 General Principles Course as part of a video package and increased promotion of the NCAS to the general public.

The ACC is also addressing the issue of providing services for accredited and practising coaches. The conduct of an Elite Coaches Seminar planned for December 1986 will be a vital initiative in this area. In addition, the Director of the ACC

is preparing a "coaching resource" brochure for distribution to all accredited coaches.

EVENTS

The objectives of the events sub-program are to:

(i) assist sports in attracting and conducting sports events at all levels in Australia

(ii) increase access by Australian sports people to top level international competition

(iii) improve Australia's sporting performance.

The Commission has worked to achieve these objectives in a number of key areas, including assistance for international competition here and overseas and through the development of regional games throughout Australia.

International competition overseas

The amount allocated to national sporting organisations for international competition under the Sports Development Program in 1985-86 totalled $981 000 (approximately 1 4 % of total expenditure). This figure does not include the grant to the Australian Commonwealth Games Association for the Australian

team's preparation for the 1986 Edinburgh Games.

Australian national teams from over eighty sports participated in approximately 260 international sporting events overseas (total airfare costs estimated at $5.5 million) during 1985-86. These events ranged from World Senior and Junior Championships, Asian or Pacific Championships to two nation

invitational contests .

While in some of our traditional, high profile sports there have recently been some disappointing international performances, Australians have enjoyed international success in 1985-86 in other sports such as women's bowls, canoeing, women's cricket, cycling, men's hockey, netball, squash,

surfriding, and yachting.

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Grant levels vary depending on the importance and frequency of the particular event and the size of the teams selected as well as the profile of the sport. The responsibility for the distribution of the individual grants provided to sports generally lies solely with the sports themselves.

The Commission, however, believes that funds should be used for teams which are able to be competitive at major events. In some cases, alternative programs aimed at raising standards may be suggested as more appropriate to raise performance standards.

The Commission is also looking at the priorities and importance of various disciplines when assisting multi-disciplinary sports. These issues will be discussed with national sporting organisations when assessing future assistance to Australian teams competing in sporting events overseas.

1986 Edinburgh Commonwealth Games

The Australian Government, through the Commission, contributed a total grant of $900 000 ($400 000 in 1984-85, $500 000 in 1985-86) to the Australian Commonwealth Games Association (ACGA) for the Australian team's preparation for the 1986 Edinburgh Games. The Australian team, which comprised 305 competitors and officials, represents the largest contingent ever to compete at a Commonwealth Games.

In order that the Australian team was the best prepared and equipped to represent Australia at the Games and to maintain its position as the premier Commonwealth sporting nation, the ACGA spent $1 065 000 on pre-Games preparation. The breakdown of the grants to the individual sports was as follows:

Athletics $145 000

Badminton $30 000

Lawn Bowls $30 000

Boxing $75 000

Cycling $90 000

Rowing $100 000

Shooting - Pistol $40 000

- Clay Targets $30 000

- Small Bore $20 000

- Full Bore $10 000

Swimming $140 000

Diving $38 000

Synchronised Swimming $5 000

Weighlifting $90 000

Wrestling $70 000

International competition in Australia

Grants to national sporting organisations for international competition in Australia in 1985-86 totalled $458 000. This represents 6.5 per cent of SDP funds. The major grants to national sporting organisations for this purpose were:

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* $70 000 to the Australian Hockey Association for the Champions Trophy World Tournament held in Perth.

* $70 000 to the Equestrian Federation of Australia for the World 3 Day Event at Gawler, South Australia.

* $55 000 to the Orienteering Federation of Australia for the World Orienteering Championships in Bendigo, Victoria.

* $35 000 to the Bocce Federation of Australia for the 4th World Doubles Championships held in Melbourne.

* $30 000 to the Australian Golf Union for the Asian-Pacific Teams Championship held in Adelaide.

* $30 000 to the Australian Squash Rackets Association for the 4th World Junior Men's Championship in Brisbane.

* $25 000 to the Amateur Modern Pentathlon Union of Australia to conduct the World Championship in Melbourne.

* $20 000 to the Australian Taekwondo Association for the 7th Asian Taekwondo Championships held in Darwin.

* $15 000 to the Australian Cricket Board for the tour of Australia by a Junior New Zealand team.

* $15 000 to the Australian Bridge Federation Inc. to host the Far East Bridge Championships in Sydney.

In addition to the above events which were held during 1985-86, the ASC provided funds to three national organisations for major international events which will be held during 1986-87. These events are:

* The FITA Target World Championships for archery to be held in Adelaide.

* The World Gliding Championships to be held at Benalla in Victoria.

*The Karate-do World Championships to be held in Sydney.

The Commission takes a close interest in the events which receive Commonwealth Government funding and requires written reports to be submitted. These reports are intended to analyse the impact of the event on the sport and also look at broader

outcomes. The Commission provides advice and assistance in the preparation of reports and in the events area generally.

Regional Games

The ASC became actively involved in the area of Regional and City Games during 1985-86 as it was considered that such multi-sport events have a vital part to play in achieving some of the Commission's primary objectives.

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After canvassing the views of national sporting organisations. State Government Departments and existing Regional/City Games committees, the Commission decided to develop and implement primarily an information role. In practice, this means that it is collecting data, distributing information and performing an advisory service. A key element is a quarterly newsletter entitled "Regional Games News" which is distributed to sporting organisations. State Government Departments and regional and local authorities. The first newsletter was produced in April 1986 and the response has been excellent.

The ASC has not assumed a funding role for regional and city games, largely because it believe that the primary responsibility for assisting such Games rests with State and regional instrumentalities.

The area of international competition overseas remains a continuing difficulty for the Commission. The ability to provide significant support for the large costs incurred by Australian sports which are committed to a range of events is unfortunately limited. This has been particularly exacerbated in the dramatic fall in the Australian dollar and in some cases substantial increases in international airfares. In an attempt to achieve greater effectiveness of current spending the Commission has been stressing to sporting bodies their responsibility for "quality control" of teams leaving Australia and the desire of the Commission to assist those with the most realistic chances of success.

Similarly the hosting of events in Australia poses substantial challenges. The Commission has generally encouraged the hosting of major events in this country, given the sporting, economic and social benefits they generate. However with the rapid growth in budgets necessary to ensure that events are staged properly, the question of whether all events should

expect Commission backing needs to be addressed. Another key issue which sports need to address is their administrative ability to undertake the large range of tasks necessary in bringing prestigous events to Australia.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT * ( i )

The objectives of the research and development sub-program are to:

(i) encourage sports science and research in Australia, focussing particularly on practical sports problems

(ii) to assist individual sports to undertake, and to encourage, research into major sports development issues

(iii) to establish a sports data base and provide information to the sporting and wider community

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(iv) to provide research and information support on issues such as taxation, duties and levies.

These objectives are supported by a wide range of activities and programs within the Commission designed to increase the ASC's access to, and dissemination of, information and research

related to various aspects of sports development.

National_Sports Research Program

The National Sports Research Program (NSRP) endeavours to bridge the gap between sports scientists, athletes and sports coaches. The Commission operates primarily through the National Sports Research Co-ordinator (NSRC) to attain this

goal. In addition, the Commission administers the Applied Sports Research Program (ASRP) which assists sports to find solutions to problems through the application of sports science. During 1985-86 the Commission established the Sports Science Management Committee to advise it on sports research

issues.

Sports Science Management Committee (SSMC)

The SSMC is comprised of representatives from:

. the Australian Sports Commission . the Australian Coaching Council . the Australian Institute of Sport and

. the Australian Sports Science Council.

The Commission also provides the Secretariat to the SSMC. The functions of the SSMC include:

. overseeing the performance of the NSRC . provide support and direction to the NSRC . recommending to the Commission a budget for the NSRC and associated programs

. reviewing applications under the ASRP . recommending to the Commission suitable applications for funding under the ASRP.

National Sports Research Co-ordinator (NSRC)

In January 1986 Mr Brian Cook took over from Dr Noel Blundell as the Research Coordinator. Dr Blundell had been the Co-ordinator since the inception of the position in May 1983

and the Commission would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge Dr Blundell's contribution to the development of the NSRP during his time in the position as NSRC.

In 1985-86 the Commission provided $110,000 for the employment of the NSRC and associated programs. Mr Cook is now located at the ASC offices situated at the Australian Institute of Sport in Canberra. In addition to financial support, the NSRC also receives administrative assistance from Australian Sports Commission officers.

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Other services operated by the NSRC include:

SPORTSCAN

Sportscan is an information retrieval and dissemination service for nationally accreditated coaches. Sportscan provides accredited coaches with relevant sports science articles specific to their needs on a wide range of topics. Within two

weeks of a request, an accredited coach will receive a comprehensive listing of the latest relevant articles from around the world. Information included in this comprehensive listing includes the name of the journal in which the article(s ) appears, the length of the article, the level of the

language used in the article e.g. scientific, intermediate, basic, etc, key issues addressed in the article and a summary of findings. On receiving this information coaches can further request Sportscan to retrieve a particular article(s).

In 1985-86 over 600 requests were processed. As an additional service the NSRC, where possible, includes a review article on the area requested.

STATE OF THE ART REVIEWS

These are literature reviews, written by sports scientists, on the most popular "general" Sportscan requests. Presently the "State of the Art Reviews" available are:

. helmet equipment for sports . dehydration and exercise . iron - are you getting enough? . nutrition for the athlete . protein and the athlete . anaerobic threshold and endurance performance.

Other reviews are underway.

SPORTS RESEARCH NEEDS UPDATE PROGRAM

This is a list of research needs which have been identified by various national sporting organisations and collated by the NSRC. This annual "update" listing 165 research projects has been provided to all sports science departments in tertiary

institutions around Australia. It is hoped that undergraduate students at tertiary institutions may select research topics from the "update" list which are applicable to sports needs.

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS SCIENCE DIRECTORY

The NSRC is currently compiling a list of sports scientists around Australia, including their areas of expertise and the sports that they have worked with. This directory will ultimately be distributed to the sports community to enable more contact between sports scientists and other sportspeople.

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The Coordinator is also involved in the following areas:

. developing standardised physiological laboratory procedures for specific sports (in conjunction with Australian Sports Science Council)

. organising meetings in States between elite coaches, sports scientists and State sporting administrators on how we can further "bridge the gap".

One of the major challenges facing the National Sports Research Coordinator is the development of an awareness amongst sports coaches that sports science has an important contribution to

make to the art of coaching.

The provision of the Sportscan service is one way in which this challenge is being addressed and consideration is being given to it is a possible expansion of Sportscan to include users other than accredited coaches.

Applied Sports Research Program (ASRP)

Officers from the ASC in conjunction with the Research Coordinator, administer the ASRP.

The program is intended to help sport find solutions to problems through the application of sports science. In 1985-86 $110,390 was allocated towards eight projects. Since 1983-84 37 projects have been funded at a cost of $408,428.

In 1985-86 a number of projects which were funded in previous years were completed. These projectes included:

. Baseball - Analysis of Pitching Techniques and Development of Coaching Aids

. Rollerskating - Assessment of Elite Speedskating Techniques

. Rugby League and Rugby Union - An Analysis of Scrummaging Techniques and Injuries

. Softball - Analysis of the "Windmill" Technique in Softball Pitching and Development of Suitable Instruction and Coaching

. Surf Life Saving - A Comparative Analysis of Surf Board Paddling Techniques - A State of the Art Review on Board Design - Survey of Injury Occurence in Surf

Lifesaving Paddles

. Swimming - Evaluation of Certain Physical Factors (Glycogen Loading) within the Energy System which Influence Performance

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. Volleyball - Biomechanical Analysis to Enhance Spiking Skills.

The results of these projects are being disseminated to coaches and other relevant people within the various sports. In some cases, the findings are being included in NCAS courses and where relevant being incorporated in rule changes.

Sports Science Unit, AIS (Cliff Russell/AIS).

In 1985-86 the Program received continued support and involvement from both national sporting organisations and sports scientists. Projects funded this year ranged from "Why Children Drop Out of Sport" to "Anticipation in Squash". Other

projects funded were in the areas of nutrition, peaking in sport, cycling, pistol shooting, volleyball and an evaluation of the NCAS. A detailed list of 1985-86 projects is at Appendix 6.

This Program continues to provide a link between coaches, sporting associations, Australia's research institutions and sport scientists. The policy and guidelines for the 1986-87 ASRP have been revised to reinforce these links.

One of the continuing concerns under this Program is to ensure that the findings of the research projects funded are being applied in the field. This issue is being closely monitored by the NSRC and in his day to day liaison with sport scientists and national sporting associations he is emphasising this Program objective.

A non-technical report on the findings of reports completed so far is also being prepared for wide dissemination.

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Research and Liaison Projects

These projects have been undertaken in the executive office of the Commission and represent efforts to provide coordination and problem solving services for sport.

Air Fares for Sportspeople

The continued increase in sports costs and especially the removal of sports concessions on airlines has prompted a major research and liaison effort by the ASC into airline travel by sporting bodies. A confidential survey of national and many state bodies was carried out to assess the impact of the loss

of concessions for sports. Submissions were subsequently prepared for the Independent Review of Economic Regulation of Domestic Aviation and negotiations have begun to establish a 1 sports package1 of mutual benefit to sports and carriers.

Violence in Sport

The problem of violence in sport has been the subject of a major Commonwealth/State enquiry with which the ASC has cooperated.

State and Commonwealth Sports Ministers believed it was important to ensure that overseas trends and experiences of violence in sport do not occur in Australia. At a meeting in April 1986, they endorsed a number of strategies, based on

recommendations of the Task Force, aimed at reducing violence in sport. In particular, they endorsed the efforts of the ASC1s AUSSIE SPORTS program to address directly the issue of behaviour in sport.

Consequently the Federal Minister has written to:

. National Sporting Organisations - endorsing the AUSSIE SPORTS Codes of Behaviour - requesting them to review their rules and structures to minimise violence

- asking those who have not already done so to develop or adopt a code of ethics and conduct, and requesting alcohol restrictions.

He has also written to all State Ministers for Sport:

- enclosing AUSSIE SPORTS Codes, and - asking them to liaise with the Australian Sports Commission with the aim of distributing the Codes among sporting bodies.

AUSSIE SPORTS, it is hoped, will provide a major vehicle for the promotion of fair play and ethical behaviour in Australian sport.

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Information Projects

The Commission has encouraged sporting organisations to arrange adequate sports insurance for their members as well as encouraging sports insurers to provide competitive insurance in this area. In cooperation with major insurance companies and with Government providers of medical and social insurance, the

ASC produced and distributed a 1 Sports Insurance Folder1. Despite wide initial distribution there has continued to be a steady demand for the folder. This should assist sporting bodies to ensure safe and responsible approaches to sports

injuries in Australia as well as providing an excellent example of cooperation between government and the private sector.

Two further information projects are continuing within the Commission - 1 Sport and the Law' and 1 Taxation and Sport1. While neither is intended to supplant professional advice, the

information which they will generate is aimed at giving sports a 1 checklist1 of issues which require special care. It is anticipated that publications on these topics will be circulated to sporting bodies in the second half of 1986 and complement the first publication on insurance for sportspersons.

Finance Issues

The ASC continues to seek data on government expenditure on sport. This has involved the collection and analysis of financial data and the development of a format and procedures for the gathering and reporting of this data.

The ASC has both commissioned investigation into the impact of income tax on sports and undertaken its own research. Subsequently reports have been made to the Minister on the subject, including a confidential report on the potential for taxaveraging for sportspersons.

The ASC has continued to assist and advise sporting bodies and make representations on their behalf on matters of taxation, customs duties and levies.

The impact of sports sponsorship especially by tobacco and alcohol industries has been, and continues to be closely monitored.

Sports Data Base

The 'information society' is producing data at an exponential rate. Much of this socio-demographic, legal, financial and economic data has significance for the ASC, sports planners and sports administrators . The ASC believes that it has a

responsibility to analyse and use the data and provide a regular information flow of the knowledge or intelligence in the data to sport and to government.

This process has started in the areas of taxation, levies, insurance and legal issues, as discussed earlier in this section of the report.

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It was in part because of the difficulty of establishing means of analysing other data, and partly because of our need to develop a strategic plan, that Social Impacts Ltd were engaged to analyse the impact on sports development in Australia of

likely trends in the social and economic environment to the year 2000. Their analysis was presented to the ASC in a report titled Sport to the Year 2000. The ASC is developing a comprehensive plan to give effect to the recommendations of

this detailed report. This includes adopting means whereby the data on participation rates and economic activities related to sport can be monitored, analysed and disseminated for the

benefit of sport.

The plan will also consider ways in which the information and analysis may be synthesised for distribution to sporting bodies, many of whom provided significant assistance in its preparation.

The establishment and development of the data base is a long-term initiative and represents an excellent opportunity for the Commission to give relevant, current and detailed information to sporting bodies and government.

The ASC has also begun negotiations with the Australian Institute of Sport to establish of a Sports Information Network by coordinating the Commonwealth's contribution to sports information. This project may provide a basis for later

collaboration with State and Territory sporting bodies to develop a truly integrated national sports information system.

Summary

Sport, like all sections of the economy, has come under pressure in the past financial year. The Commission has played an active role in promoting sports' interests over and above a mere monitoring role.

The Commission's delegate at the 1985 Tax Summit argued sports' case against the proposed 1 2 % consumption tax and the Commission supported the horse-racing industry's plea for assistance as its viability appeared to wane. Tax relief was afforded horse-racing in the 1985/86 budget and the consumption

tax did not eventuate.

However airfares have risen and travel concessions have been reduced. The Commission continues to work for a better deal for sports in these areas. Social issues are being addressed but financial constraints have meant an increasing reliance on non-funding methods of promotion. Sports Insurance and Violence in Sport are two of the areas where this is proving successful. A continued build-up of data in all areas related

to sport is becoming crucial in the Commission's efforts for sports in taxation, levies, expenses and funding.

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Development Projects

Under the Sports Development Program, funds are provided to assist national sporting associations with a range of developmental programs and projects. While a major percentage of the funds for development projects was earmarked for junior development, various other areas have also received support. These included safety, increased participation, umpiring, refereeing, technical development and national leagues. Some examples were:

Safety Programs

.Funding provided to the Australian Sports Medicine Federation to assist it with the implementation of a National Sports Trainers'Scheme.

.Ski Patrol - the purchase of hypothermia kits and teaching aids for instruction in the treatment of more common skiing injuries.

.Parachuting - assistance towards the preparation of an equipment maintenance manual.

Increasing Participation

Many sports are making great efforts to attract more participants. Some which received Commission support are:

.Indoor Soccer - promotion and development of the game in the "less developed" States:

.Little Athletics - development of a promotional video and standardisation of the rules;

.Ice Skating - national system of teaching basic skating skills;

.Softball - national participation and skills program involving schools promotion and skills awards for instructors and pupils.

Developing Soccer Skills (photo: Promotion Australia).

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Umpiring/Refereeing, Technical

Many sports are concentrating on the vital task of improving umpiring and technical standards. Specific projects assisted by the Commission include:

.Basketball - courses and seminars for referees in conjunction with national championships;

.Women's Bowls - program of national accreditation for umpires and formation of National Umpires' Committee, -.Netball - conduct of national umpires' clinics.

A number of other significant developmental projects received support from the Commission including:

.National Leagues - funds were provided to soccer and basketball to assist with the costs of administering national leagues;

.Australian Football - the National Football League of Australia Ltd received assistance to conduct a feasibility study into a national competition;

■Athletics - the Australian Athletic Union established a Junior Commission which, serviced by a full-time officer and utilising the services of Glynis Nunn (a member of the ASC), aims to make more children and teenagers aware of athletics and provide opportunities for them to develop within the sport.

National Program on Drugs in Sport

The Commission established its National Program on Drugs in Sport in September 1985. The Program Coordinator, Mr Steve Haynes, is located at the Commission's offices at the Australian Institute of Sport. The establishment of this National Program follows on the earlier work of the Australian Sports Medicine Federation.

The expert Committee appointed to oversee the Program is chaired by Dr Brian Corrigan (Senior Specialist in Rheumatology, Concord Repatriation Hospital). Membership comprises:

.Professor Graham Blackman (Professor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Victorian College of Pharmacy) .Mr Paul Brettel1

(General Manager, Australian Institute of Sport) .Mr Pat Clohessy (Australian Sports Commission) .Dr Ken Fitch (International Olympic Committee Medical Commission)

.Mr Stephen Greenwood (Director, Drugs Dependence Branch, Commonwealth Department of Health)

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.Mr Steve Haynes (Program Coordinator) .Dr Les Johnson (Sports Drug Testing Laboratory, Royal Brisbane Hospital) .Mr Dene Moore (Director, Sports Development, ASC) .Dr Bill Webb (Foundation Fellow, Australian Sports Medicine Federation)

Terms of reference for the Program are at Appendix 11. The Committee functions as an expert advisory and consultative group to the Australian Sports Commission, Federal Ministers, sporting and health organisations.

The Commission allocated a total of $82 000 to the Program in 1985-86. These funds allowed for the administration of the Program, including employment of the full-time coordinator, production of resource materials and some small amounts for the conduct of drug testing at sports events e.g. Athletic National

Championships.

In addition the Program has played a major role in instigating and advising on drug testing at sporting events including the World Cup of Athletics, random testing by the NSW Rugby League and implementation of testing during training by athletes who hold scholarships with the Australian Institute of Sport.

Drug Education Resource Kit

In concert with the National Campaign Against Drug Abuse (the Drug Offensive) the Committee has produced a comprehensive Drug Education Resource Kit which has been placed in key organisations throughout Australia. These include national sporting organisations and State Government organisations. The kit has also been modified for use in schools.

The Coordinator has liaised with national sporting organisations and has lectured to groups throughout sport including athletes, coaches and medical officers, particularly those groups attending national training camps in Canberra.

Natipnal_Drug_Launch_z_Spgrts_Against_prugs_Register

In April 1986, the Federal Ministers for Sport and Health, Mr Brown and Dr Blewett, launched the "Sports Against Drugs" Register to provide role models to young Australians. Many prominent Australian sportspeople attended the launch and among

those elite athletes who signed the register were Greg Fasala, Mark Stockwell, Glynis Nunn and Geoff Lawson. In referring to the Program's emphasis on the education of younger Australians, the Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism, John Brown read

the following message from 1984 Olympic Gold medallist, Glynis Nunn: "Participation in elite sport is not just about winning medals, it is about achieving one's ultimate

performance. For some it can be winning gold, for others

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it might be making the finals or just being selected in the team. Success can be achieved without drugs. A well thought-out and implemented training program, together with a fierce desire to succeed, and of course a great coach, is the

recipe for success. Young aspiring Australian athletes must focus on the development of their natural abilities, and not on the use of external agents. You can win without drugs at any level - I do."

Commissioners sign the "Sport Against Drugs" register - from left to right: Neale Fraser,

Roy Masters, Ray Lindwall.

The Register will be available to all national sporting organisations for their athletes at State and National level to sign.

The National Program on Drugs in Sport remains in close contact with international organisations in an attempt to instigate a unified approach worldwide to discouraging drug abuse in sport.

A policy statement by the Commission concerning the use of drugs in sport has been produced and widely distributed. The important issue of athlete testing is under close consideration.

The National Program on Drugs in Sport also works closely with the Australian Sports Medicine Federation.

CHILDREN'S SPORT

The objectives of the children's sport sub-program are to:

(i) improve the quality, quantity and variety of sporting activities available to Australian children

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(ii) provide all children with the opportunity to participate in appropriate sporting activities

(iii) to encourage participation and skill development in a variety of sports

(iv) to promote the principles of good sporting behaviour

(v) to implement the AUSSIE SPORTS program.

The development of children through sport is a major priority of the Australian Sports Commission.

Assistance to children and junior sports development is provided through two major programs developed and administered by the Commission.

Sports Development Program - junior development projects

As part of its role in sports development, the Commission has encouraged national sporting organisations to look at junior development when considering their developmental programs. In recent years significant SDP funding has been provided for projects emphasising children in sport.

In 1985-86 $2 586 000 was spent on development projects, with $988 000 going to junior development projects. Some of the programs and projects supported under the SDP in recent years are :

the development of sport with modified rules to suit the size, strength and interests of children particularly at primary school level. Some of the modified rules projects assisted under the SDP include 1 Aussie Footy',

1 Gym Fun', 'Kanga Cricket' , 1 Mini Volley', 'Minkey' (modified hockey), and 1Sof-crosse' (modified version of lacrosse). All these sports cater for both boys and girls and are designed to emphasise the development of sports skills, and to give all children a chance to play, and enjoy themselves. These sports play a key role in

the AUSSIE SPORTS program;

the employment of^_deyelopment_offacers by national sporting organisations. Several larger sports have received assistance under the SDP to enable them to employ specialist development officers. These include

the Australian Athletic Union (Junior Development Officer), the Australian Cricket Board (National Co-ordinator for "Kanga Cricket")and the Australian Hockey Association (Junior Development Officer for

"Minkey");

junior talent identification and development programs across a range of sports including netball, soccer, surfing and tennis;

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• increasing participation. Many sports are making great efforts to attract more participants, particularly children. Some which have received Commission support include Little Athletics (for the development of a promotional video and for a project to increase the

standardisation of rules), Bocce (for the introduction of bocce competitions into schools). Ice Skating (for the "Aussie Skate" program)and Softball (for a national participation and skills program involving schools

promotion and skills awards for instructors and pupils);

• junior coaching. SDP funding is provided for junior coaching camps, the production of coaching and other resource material, and for the development of non-accredited level "0" coaching courses. These

courses, also an element of the AUSSIE SPORTS program, are aimed at encouraging parents, teachers and sports club members into coaching, particularly at the primary

school level. They teach basic coaching principles and encourage an understanding of the particular sport involved.

AUSSIE SPORTS - A Children in Sport Program

A milestone in the development of Australian sport was reached with the launch of the AUSSIE SPORTS program by the Acting Prime Minister Lionel Bowen on 22 April 1986 at Matraville Soldier Settlement Public School (NSW). Mr Bowen, was assisted by the Federal Minister for Sport John Brown, and the NSW

Director-General for Education, Mr Bob Winder.

AUSSIE SPORTS is a program of sports education developed by the Commission with the assistance of the Australian School Sports Council (ASSC). It focuses especially on children in their last three years of primary school, but has immediate applications for children of other age groups, parents,

teachers and coaches.

Reflecting the Government's priorities, the Children in Sport Committee was the first Committee established by the Commission in September 1984. The Committee's terms of reference are:

.To identify primary objectives of a Children in Sport Program, and develop, coordinate and implement a program to meet these objectives.

.To investigate the current state of children and sport and identify the key factors and organisations influencing children's participation in sport.

.To explore and develop effective avenues of communication with key organisations, including State Governments, and coordinate activities and programs whenever possible.

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.To investigate Government funding programs and policies, and to seek integration of these.

.To report regularly to the Commission or, where appropriate, to the Executive Committee, on decisions and recommendations.

Every State and Territory education authority and many non-government schools have already adopted AUSSIE SPORTS. Each State and Territory has appointed a co-ordinator to assist with the promotion and implementation of the program in their area.

Lionel Bowen on the front foot - playing Kanga Cricket at the AUSSIE SPORTS national launch. May 1986 (photo: Heather MacGowan)

The aims of AUSSIE SPORTS are:

1 . To improve the quality, quantity and variety of sporting

activities available to Australian children.

2. To provide all children with the opportunity to participate in appropriate sporting activities.

3. To encourage participation and skill development in a variety of sports.

4. To reduce the emphasis on "win at all costs" and promote enjoyment and good competition through participation in sport. 5

5. To promote the principles of good sporting behaviour.

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6. To improve the quality of sports instruction available to Australian children.

The ASC has undertaken a major campaign to encourage schools and clubs to adopt the program. Some 20 000 promotional booklets and 3 000 brochures have been released to provide information to all 8 000 primary schools in Australia, to Commonwealth parliamentarians, national sporting bodies, major corporations and media outlets. In addition, 1 000 promotional videos have been circulated by State co-ordinators with the

view to reaching all primary schools during 1986.

In the two months since the launch (to 30 June) over 500 schools had joined the program by purchasing the Resource materials.

The 1985-86 allocation of $430 000 was used for: - produce and distribute extensive promotional and educational resource materials - conduct national workshops and seminars - provide grants to Education authorities for the

employment of co-ordinators in each of the eight States and Territories.

AUSSIE SPORTS Resource Materials

A range of sports education material was released during 1985-86, with additional material being planned for future years.

The Resource Kit, launched nationally in April contains material suitable for both schools and clubs. The Kit, which is available at a cost of $85.00, includes a 250 page activities manual, 60 minute resource video and sets of pupil

resources to support an award scheme .

The activities manual introduces more than thirty sports, ranging from the more popular sports such as Australian Football (Aussie Footy), Hockey (Minkey) and Cricket (Kanga Cricket) to the less well-known Lacrosse (Sofcrosse) and Korfball. Each sport has a section devoted to the basic rules and how they might be introduced in the most appropriate way

for children. Further contact with State and Territory sporting associations is encouraged as most can provide extensive teaching resources and development officers to assist with clinics and Level "0" coaching workshops.

The resource video describes how teacher, coaches and parents can introduce an AUSSIF SPORTS session and then specifically introduces six different sports - t-ball, mini volley, minkey, kanga cricket, orienteering and touch. Also, popular sporting personality Max Walker introduces the AUSSIE SPORTS program

through the video.

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Codes of Behaviour

The AUSSIE SPORTS program focusses on 1 Codes of Behaviour1 for the conduct of children's sport.

A recent meeting of State and Commonwealth Ministers for Sport and Recreation adopted the AUSSIE SPORTS codes of conduct for players, parents and spectators as a major element in their efforts to reduce violence in sport. This will involve liaison between State sports departments and the ASC which will

distribute the codes to all national sporting bodies.

Learning New Skills (photo: Promotion Australia).

Sports Education Units

The Commission believes that sport can be an exciting medium through which children can learn about a number of issues related to sport, Australian society and personal development. By learning more about how sport fits into Australian society, children may develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of sport as an activity.

Sets of sports education materials are currently being trialled in primary schools throughout Australia. It is envisaged that teachers will use the material either as presented or integrate it as part of other school curriculum subjects such as communications, history and health.

These materials will be released free of charge later in 1986 or early in 1987 to all participating schools.

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Bicentennial Awards Scheme

An integral part of the AUSSIE SPORTS program is the Awards Scheme. The Scheme provides incentives to children by awarding certificates as children achieve specific goals during the program. It is proposed that a specially struck 1988 Bicentennial Medallion will be granted to children who successfully complete the program during 1988.

Coaching

In co-operation with national sporting organisations and the Australian Coaching Council, the Australian Council for Health Physical Education, acting as the Commission's agent, has developed and promoted Level 0 coaching courses, as approved by

the National Coaching Accreditation Scheme. These four to six hour courses are designed to give a basic insight into various aspects of coaching.

Many sports have already developed Level 0, non-accredited coaching courses. They are ideal for parents, teachers and others who coach or would like to coach local sport. The Level 0 course also provides an introduction to the accredited coaching courses.

State Coordinators

State Coordinators have been appointed to Education Departments in each State and Territory. The primary function of the coordinators is to foster and implement the AUSSIE SPORTS program and its philosophy through their State education systems.

Responsibilities of the Coordinators include:

- the conduct of seminars and workshops for such groups as sporting associations, schools (both public and private), parents and citizen organisations and teacher training institutions to inform them of AUSSIE SPORTS

- promotion of the AUSSIE SPORTS resource material through schools and sporting organisations

- assisting sports associations in the development and implementation of Level "0" coaching courses

- pursuing opportunities to promote AUSSIE SPORTS through media, promotions and general public relations.

The Commission provides the cost of salaries for the Coordinators. In 1985/86, the following amounts were provided (in all cases, salaries cover only a part-year effect depending on when the position was filled):

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$

NSW VIC QLD WA SA TAS NT ACT _8_940

13 750 6 190

13 750 16 500 9 625 (not appointed as at 30 June)

6 190

74 545

Future Plans

In the future the ASC would hope to - continue to develop better schools resource materials in sports education

- work with television networks to produce a series or segments on children's sport

- involve the business sector more through sponsorships and promotions

- produce an AUSSIE SPORTS newsletter for Australia's 8 000 primary schools, sporting bodies and other organisations

- help sporting clubs become more involved in the program

- promote good sporting behaviour through the AUSSIE SPORTS codes of behaviour

- help sporting bodies to develop and implement Level "0" coaching resources and courses.

Given the magnitude of the development task and our limited resoures, the ASC has made substantial progress in providing good quality resources and establishing the program within education systems throughout Australia.

While the original plan called for a series of 1988 targets and the establishment of a public education program, this same lack of resources has meant a revision of targets and the deferment of a strong public relations program.

Given the likelihood of continuing budgetary restraint, AUSSIE SPORTS clearly will need to pursue a marketing drive to allow real progress in these areas to be made.

Summary

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EQUITY AND ACCESS

The objectives of the equity and access sub-program are to:

(1) encourage participation in sport by groups facing specific disadvantages

(ii) remove existing barriers to equality of opportunity and access to sport

(iii) undertake and encourage research into specific problems and issues facing disadvantaged groups in sport.

As well as providing resources and support for mainstream sporting activities, the ASC has an obligation to provide a 'safety-net’ of services for specific groups in the sports community who have restricted opportunities for participation in sport.

Running for fun (photo: Canberra Times).

The Disadvantaged Groups Committee (DGC) has been established to identify these specific groups and to recommend to the ASC actions which can be taken to provide for the groups greater access to sporting opportunities.

The Committee's terms of reference are to:

.identify current policies, policy development and associated bodies in each area of sports-related disadvantage.

.liaise on behalf of the Commission with relevant bodies dealing with sport for disadvantaged groups and to report on their activities and requests, as they affect the Commission.

.develop specific policies and programs, where a need is perceived, for sport and specific disadvantaged groups.

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.report regularly to the Commission or, where appropriate, to the Executive Committee, on decisions and recommendations.

The first two target groups for the ASC have been women and veterans and, under the direction of the DGC, major research and other activities have been undertaken to encourage more equitable access for these groups. Although responsibility for the support of disabled sport lies with the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism, cross-fertilisation between the National Committee for Sport and Recreation for the Disabled

(NCSRD), which is a Departmental responsibility, and the Commission is effected by the membership on the NCSRD of the Chairman of the Disadvantaged Groups Committee.

Women in Sport

The Commission accepted a 7-point action plan developed by the committee to implement the report from the Working Group on Women in Sport, Women,_Sport and the Media. This report recommended the establishment of a Women's Sport Promotion Unit

(WSPU) in the Commission, through which could be focussed major initiatives for women in sport.

The Commission made its support of the Unit conditional on additional funds being provided in the next Budget. It argued that its current responsibilities to sport should not be affected by new programs. The Commission is hopeful that additional funding will be made available to support such an

important new initiative.

Merle Richardson, Australia's champion bowls player.

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Veterans 1_Sport

The Commission sought information from national sporting organisations and other umbrella groups on the state of veterans' sporting activities. Together with research data generated from other agencies, this information provided a basis for a discussion paper on Veterans' Sport issued by the

Commission on the recommendation of the Disadvantaged Groups Committee.

It is apparent that the importance of veteran's sport is being recognised by most national sporting bodies. While individual associations are at different stages of development in this

area, the ASC believes that its first approach should be made through established sporting organisations.

The discussion paper accepts that while some sporting bodies were giving significant support to veterans, the sporting needs of an ageing community can be more fully accommodated by sports planners and administrators. In particular, issues of

recruitment, modifications to rules and equipment and participation need wider consideration. The Commission hopes that the paper might stimulate debate and action among sporting bodies and anticipates with interest receiving comments about

its observations and proposals.

Summary

The past year has seen the investigation of the problems and needs of women's sport and the role of veterans in sport. It is becoming apparent that such issues can neither anticipate government financial support nor wait for such support to be forthcoming. Continuing resource restraints must limit the

ASC's capacity to address the needs of those facing significant difficulties in obtaining access to sporting opportunities. Faced with this, the Commission has been working and will continue to work with national sporting organisations to

encourage and support efforts to develop the concept of participation by all groups in sport.

2.3 Australian Sports Aid Foundation

The objectives of the Australian Sports Aid Foundation program are to:

(i) increase the volume and value of funds from the private sector available for sports development

(ii) pay money and transfer property to the ASC

(iii) consult and cooperate with appropriate authorities of the Commonwealth, States and Territories and with other organisations and individuals in relation to its activities.

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One staff position was used to administer this program during 1985-86, which cost approximately $15 500.

The ASAF was established by the Commission, pursuant to section 8 of the Australian Sports Commission Act, as a public company to generate funds from the corporate sector and the community at large to supplement Government funding for the development of Australian sport.

The need for a specialised marketing and fund raising arm of the Commission was argued by the Interim Committee for the Australian Sports Commission in its report to the Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism in March 1984. The Government agreed in December 1985 to the formation of the Company and registration and incorporation was finalised on 18 February 1986. A Bill to allow tax deductibility on donations to ASAF of $2 or more, was passed by Parliament on 5 June 1986.

Board of Directors

The Foundation has a seven member Board of Directors which is appointed by the Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism. The Board met twice in 1985-86. Members of the Board are as follows:

Mr A E Harris, AO, Chairman Mr K F B Packer, AC Mr R K Gosper, AO Mr H J Elliott, MBE Sir Donald Trescowthick, KBE Mr N R Whitlam Sir Peter Abeles, Kt

All funds donated to the Foundation are transferred to the Commission for the development of Australian sport. The Foundation has resolved that none of the donations will be used for the administration of the Foundation or the Commission.

Procedures_for_Donations

The Board has developed procedures for the receipt of donations by the Foundation.

Preferred donations will be those for which the donor will indicate a preference as to the recipient organisation. It is expected that most preferred donations will be received in the context of public fund raising appeals conducted by sporting organisations. While the terms of the Tax Assessment Act preclude donors from placing conditions on how donations should be allocated, the Board of Directors will give appropriate recognition to preferences.

Non-preferred donations received by the Foundation, i.e. any donations which will have no preference attached, will be transferred to the Commission for distribution with a recommendation on their allocation from ASAF.

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Eligibility Criteria

The Board of Directors has developed eligibility criteria for sporting organisations wishing to use the Foundation's fund raising facilities. It has decided initially to restrict eligibility to properly constituted and administered sporting

organisations of international, national, or regional significance. Any organisation wishing to become an eligible organisation must first lodge an application with the Secretary of the Sports Aid Foundation for consideration by the ASAF Board. Eligible organisations which use the Foundation to aid

fund raising activities are required to have the details of their appeals, including all publicity material, approved by the ASAF before the appeal commences.

In 1985-86 the Board of Directors admitted six sporting organisations to the Approved Organisations Register. The organisations are: .Australian Commonwealth Games Association

.America's Cup Defence 1987 Ltd .Task Force 1987 Ltd .Samaria Pty Ltd

.Australian Challenge for the America's Cup .Western Australian Cricket Association.

One of these, the Australian Commonwealth Games Association, conducted its "Bound for Edinburgh" appeal under the auspices of the ASAF. A total of $61 000 was paid by the Commission to the ACGA in 1985-86 arising from donations to the appeal.

On 9 May the Commission decided that the Foundation should operate on a separate administrative allocation. Prior to this the Commission spent a total of $10 432 on behalf of the Foundation for non-salary administrative expenses. An amount of $5 000 was allocated to the Foundation for administrative expenses for the period 27 May to 30 June 1986.

Administration

Administration of the Foundation is provided by the Commission's Assistant General Manager (acting as the Foundation's Secretary), one officer on secondment from the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism, and one from the Department of Finance.

Since its establishment the Board of Directors has developed policy and administrative procedures to enable the Foundation to service efficiently the large number of sporting organisations which are expected to seek the Foundation's assistance in the future. The Board is mindful of the

potential that the Foundation has to increase significantly the level of funds available to Australian sport. Among the important issues that the Board will be addressing in 1986-87

are the public profile of the Foundation and fund raising activities.

Further details of the Foundation's activities can be obtained from the ASAF Secretary. Details of funds raised by the Foundation and spent by the Commission are included in the ASC's financial statements at Appendix 13.

2.4 Corporate services

Corporate services refer to all those activities within the Commission which are not related to a specific program.

The objectives of the ASC1s corporate services program are to :

(i) sustain and improve all aspects of the ASC's internal management

(ii) implement and sustain an integrated process of planning and evaluation across all aspects of the Commission's activities

(iii) improve knowledge of and understanding about sport and sports related issues throughout the sporting and wider Australian community.

The Commission in 1985-86 had an operational budget of $1,173 million. A total of 9 staff positions were involved in managing various aspects of the corporate services program. This includes the General Manager, the Assistant General Manager and the 3 keyboard positions.

An Executive Committee has been established primarily responsible for taking decisions between full Commission meetings on all matters affecting the Commission's operations.

Most of the issues outlined in this section of the report are subject to discussion and, where necessary, approval by the Committee, whose terms of reference are as follows:

- to monitor policy and management issues in between full meetings of the Commission, including in particular taxation issues and matters relevant to the Australian Sports Aid Foundation.

- to authorise action on specific issues between full Commission meetings that require immediate attention and action.

- to authorise the expenditure of ASC funds, where that is necessary between full ASC meetings.

- to monitor, and report to the full Commission on, budgetary, finance and staffing issues affecting the ASC.

- to report regularly to the full Commission on decisions and recommendations.

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INFORMATION AND PUBLICITY

The objectives of the information and publicity sub-program are to: (i) provide accurate, up-to-date and comprehensive information about the size, extent and value of the

sporting enterprise in Australia

(ii) provide information about ASC activities and programs

(iii) respond to specific requests for information from governments, the media, the sporting and general community.

During 1985-86, the Commission implemented an extensive program to provide information about its role, functions and responsibilities. This program was an initial step towards realising the following broad objectives for an information and publicity strategy for the Commission:

.to provide information about the ASC's activities and programs

.to raise the level of awareness and understanding of sport and sports related issues

.to assist the sporting community with information needs and material

Those objectives reflect and reinforce both the nature of the Commission and the scope of its activities. In particular, they:

.recognise the importance of timely and accurate public information to the proper and efficient management of sports assistance programs

.reinforce, and in some cases give affect to, the Commission's "servicing" role in the provision of advice and assistance to national sports associations

.give effect to the ASC's role as a source of information about Australian sport and its relationship to the wider social and economic environment.

The objectives also reinforce the priorities and directions in the ASC's first strategic plan. The plan, which is discussed in more detail later, has been developed over the past 12 months and includes a detailed information and publicity

strategy which develops these themes. The value of information and publicity activities is a direct consequence of the extent to which they support and extend the ASC's organisational objectives and directions defined in the strategic plan.

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Publishing Prog ram

During the past year, the Commission has produced the following publications: .the 1984-85 annual report

.the report from the Interim Committee for the Australian Sports Commission

.brochures on the Sports Development Program, the STEP program, AUSSIE SPORTS and ASC activities in coaching assistctnce and development

.an introductory booklet on the role, functions and responsibilities of the Commission

.an information folder dealing with sports insurance

.a collation of the Parliamentary debates leading up to the establishment of the Commission as a statutory authority

.a series of 8 "factsheets" on specific aspects of Commission activities

.the 1986 Australian Sports Directory

.the first edition of the Regional Games newsletter

.revised guidelines for the Applied Sports Research Program

The total cost of that publishing program was approximately $20 0 0 0 .

Information Distribution

An information and publicity program is only as effective as the distribution of the material it has produced. The key is to ensure that information which people want gets to the people that need it in a form which helps them in their own work and to understand better the work and objectives of the Commission.

During the year, the Commission developed a series of mailing lists covering a broad range of groups and organisations, including:

.national sports associations (156)

.state sporting associations (450)

.State and Territory Departments of Sport (8)

.regional offices, State/Territory Departments (52)

.State/Territory Ministers for Sport (8)

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.major media outlets - sports editors (51)

.international sporting organisations (11)

.private sector companies (148)

The figures in brackets indicate the number of addresses currently on each of those lists. In addition, the ASC has during the year provided material directly to all Federal politicians.

National and State sporting bodies remain the primary target for ASC information. In consultation with national sporting bodies, the Commission expanded its "reach" to include State associations to ensure that information reached the widest possible sporting audience. That move has met with particular

approval and contributes towards the broader consultation/coordination objectives defined in the Commission's charter.

Servicing a mailing list system such as the Commission has developed is not without considerable cost. However, the Commission remains committed to an extensive information program and, by definition, to a program of wide distribution of all available material.

During the year, the Commission provided material to national associations on twelve occasions and to State associations on ten at a cost of $6 800. Material was also circulated to other

groups on the ASC's mailing lists. Total mail and courier costs for the year reached $14 000.

Media Coverage

Another important aspect of the Commission's information and publicity program has been coverage of ASC activities in the media. During the year, there have been interviews with the General Manager and some Commissioners about the role and

function of the Commission, there has been coverage of specific ASC projects, most notably the AUSSIE SPORTS and drugs in sport programs and there has been coverage of announcements by the Minister of grant decisions in the major sports assistance programs.

The Commission has not at this stage developed an explicit strategy through which to obtain increased media coverage and so raise its profile in the wider community. It was felt that it was more important, at this early stage of its development,

to concentrate on developing and implementing its major programs and projects so that there was something concrete to talk about. Those achievements are now beginning to take clearer shape, and with them is likely to come an increased emphasis on effectively "selling" the Commission to a wider

audience. It is just as important to the Commission's capacity to achieve its objectives to educate the general community

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about its role and achievements as it is to maintain the sort of close contact and cooperation with our primary target groups within the community of sport itself.

As in several other areas of the Commission's operations, the development of priorities and plans is sometimes in danger of outstripping the capacity of existing resources (both people and money) to adequately cope with what are usually significant

additional workloads. In the area of information and publicity, this is particularly the case.

The Commission has achieved, at least in limited form, the objectives it has set itself in the information and publicity area. Activities have been suitably basic given the urgent need to develop a primary "bank" of information about the Commission and its activities. More detailed assessments will be required to ensure that, in subsequent years, the ASC's information activities remain effective.

PLANNING AND EVALUATION

The objectives of the planning and evaluation sub-program are to: (i) achieve the highest possible level of management excellence in all ASC programs and operations

(ii) sustain and improve the ASC1s strategic planning and evaluation process

(ill) subject all aspects of the ASC1s operations and activities to regular evaluation.

By definition, planning and evaluation tasks involve officers from throughout an organisation. The discussions and input required to produce, for example, the ASC's first strategic plan have involved all sections and all levels of the organisation.

However, it is still necessary to have an organisational focus for these activities. Resources in the Commission for these tasks are limited which means that its capacity in this important area remains equally limited.

Strategic Planning

Section 10 of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985 provides that:

"The Commission shall formulate a strategic plan setting out the manner in which the Commission proposes to perform its functions on a continuing basis."

It also provides that "a strategic plan, or a revision of the plan, has no effect until approved by the Minister". Finally, the Act stipulates that the first plan had to be lodged with the Minister by no later than 30 June 1986.

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.research and analysis of planning literature and other examples of planning in the Federal Government - this was an essential, if limited, element of the task as it provided valuable insights into both the theory of strategic or corporate planning as well as actual

examples of plans developed by other public sector agencies.

.an analysis of development plans submitted by national sporting bodies as part of their application for assistance under the Sports Development Program - the value of these plans cannot be overstated. They outlined

the priorities and plans of the sporting community itself and so provided a foundation upon which the Commission could base its own planning activities. The process also provided a practical and effective means of

"consultation".

.an analysis of a number of key factors which would have an impact on the nature, scope and direction of the ASC's own plans, including:

- the charter as set out in our enabling legislation - the plans and priorities of the sporting community - our resources and objectives - the strengths and limitations of the Commission

itself; and - the threats and opportunities that exist in the wider social and economic environment.

To assist the Commission to explore that final issue, the Commission asked a firm of management consultants, Social Impacts, to report on the likely impact on sport of trends in the social and economic environment in Australia to the year 2000. In the time that was available (about 4 months) it was clear that such a huge task was not going to be adequately completed. However, the final report was able to make a valuable start in defining first of all the concept of the

"sports industry" and secondly to identify those pressures and trends which are likely to have a significant impact on its growth and vitality.

That information has been incorporated into the ASC's strategic plan. It has been particularly valuable to the extent that it examines and therefore reinforces those links between sport and the wider community which, while often acknowledged, are not sufficiently understood or analysed. Just as sport does not

exist in a vacuum, but is closely related to pressures and developments in the wider community, so the ASC's planning had to at least start to explore the significance of that

relationship.

The Commission's first strategic plan (covering the period 1986-87 to 1988-89) has been completed and was presented to the Minister on 24 June 1986. The process by which it was developed was as follows:

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Over the past 12 months a number of drafts were produced and thoroughly discussed at both the executive office and Commission level.

A strategic planning committee was established to focus specifically on planning issues. Its terms of reference are to

.be responsible for the development of the ASC1s first strategic plan.

.monitor and report on issues affecting the ASC's strategic plan, including implementation, evaluation and consultation.

.report regularly to the full Commission or, where appropriate, the Executive Committee, on all decisions and recommendations.

In many ways, the test of the Commission's commitment towards strategic planning is only just beginning. Its value will be judged by the extent to which the plan is used at a practical level to offer guidance and direction to the management of the ASC's programs and projects.

Evaluation

The strategic plan includes a commitment to the interdependent management disciplines of planning and evaluation. An evaluation program has been developed, and forms part of the overall plan, which will subject all the ASC1s major programs and projects to at least one formal evaluation during the next

three years. In addition, the plan itself will be subject to a thorough evaluation before the second plan is developed during 1988-89 .

It is also true that, as an integral element of the day to day management of ASC's programs and activities, officers are constantly monitoring progress, problems and pressures. That process is as much a contribution towards effective evaluation as are more formal processes which subject programs to external

review and assessment. The Commission is also, of course, subject to regular audit reviews, both by our internal auditors and by the Auditor General.

The Commission did undertake an internal review of its activities and performance over the past 12 months, focussing particularly on the views and comments of Commissioners and executive staff. That review has provided some useful suggestions to improve the way the Commission works.

It is expected that, as the Commission becomes more established, an important part of any review or evaluation will be to canvass the opinions and reactions of those in the community, and especially in the sporting community, who as

'clients' are most directly affected by the ASC's decisions and activities.

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OPERATIONS

The objectives of the operations sub-program are to:

(i) sustain and improve the internal management of the ASC

(ii) provide services to the Commission and executive staff

(iii) provide financial and accounting services to the ASC.

Delegations

Following its establishment as a statutory authority, the Commission delegated a number of its powers (pursuant to section 11 of the enabling legislation) to the General Manager, other ASC executive staff and certain staff within the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism.

These delegations allow the day to day administration of the Commission (e.g. approval for travel, authorising expenditure on administrative items) to be carried out smoothly at the executive office level. Some delegations also had to be

provided by the Secretary of the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism to the extent that the Commission remains part of the Department's finance and accounting

system. The delegations are reviewed every 6 months to ensure they remain relevant and practical to the Commission's operations.

Financialmanagement

The Commission does not have its own accounting section or 'cell'. For all these tasks - purchasing, accounts, records of expenditure etc - the Commission is serviced by the relevant sections within the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism.

The Commission is responsible for preparing its input to stages of the Federal Government's Budget cycle, and for drawing up and authorising the appropriate forms in relation to travel requisitions, purchasing and so on.

The Commission does not have the staff, nor is it realistic to expect that it will while it remains at its current size, to adequately fulfil the full range of its financial management responsibilities independently. Against that background, the Commission agreed that, subject to one additional position

being made available within the ASC's executive office, the ASC should hire a firm of professional accountants to act as the ASC's accountants. They would be responsible for all routine aspects of the Commission's financial management - keeping

records, providing management reports, processing payments and so on. Negotiations are currently underway with the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism for the transfer of one

55

position to the ASC. Under this arrangement the ASC would be effectively independent in these important areas of its operations.

There is no question that the current arrangements are less than satisfactory and do not allow the ASC to operate at maximum efficiency. This is despite the considerable time and effort put into that system by both ASC officers and Departmental staff, already stretched between competing pressures and priorities from their own system.

Servicing the Commission

Activities in this area cover the following specific duties:

.organising meeting venues and arrangements for full Commission and ASC committee meetings

.arranging travel, accommodation and other requirements for all Commissioners travelling to meetings

.producing meeting folders with agenda papers, and circulating them

.providing secretariat services (i.e. minutes) to both the full Commission and the Executive Committee.

These duties represent a particularly important element in ensuring the smooth operation of the Commission, and represent one of the key points at which the Commission and its executive office come into close contact.

ASC 6th Meeting, Brisbane, May 1986. From left to right - Ted Harris (Chairman), Vicki Cardwell, John Newman, Mike D'Arcy (ASC staff), Jim Yates, Roy Masters, Greg Hartung, Sir Arthur George, Margaret Pewtress, Pat Clohessy, Phil Coles, Martin Weeks (ASC staff), Mark Tonelli, Glynis Nunn, Wendy Pritchard, Neale Fraser, Perry Crosswhite (Assistant General Manager), Ray Lindwall, Andrew Lederer.

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Management Group

The management and operation of the Commission remain the responsibility of the General Manager. A Management Group, consisting of the General Manager, the Assistant General Manager and the 3 Directors meets each week to discuss significant issues and problems and to exchange information about activities and priorities.

The Management Group was established early in the Commission's life and provided an effective forum for the coordination and discussion of key policy and operational issues.

Offi«management

There are a number of duties which fall under this general heading. They include:

.processing of Ministerials (correspondence to the Minister handled by ASC officers)

.dealing with all other aspects of the Commission's paper flow (e.g. ASC mail, the filing system)

.purchasing and accounts, in support of the Finance and Administration officer

.all travel arrangements for ASC staff (assisted by the relevant Departmental section)

.running the ASC's mail-out systems, including overnight couriers

.general services such as photocopying, running "messages" etc.

During the past 12 months, the Commission has handled a total of 992 Ministerials, briefings and speeches, which is a monthly average of 82. In some cases, material has to be produced, presented and returned within 24 hours. In most cases, the average time taken to respond is about three weeks.

In addition to these tasks, the two staff working in this area are also responsible for responding to 'ad hoc' requests and problems - servicing office machinery, arranging publishing and printing tasks, purchasing of office furniture and other

requirements. These tasks were particularly a responsibility in the period surrounding the Commission's move to new premises in May.

Finally, in accordance with advice from the Auditor General's office, the ASC has developed a manual of finance and administration to provide guidelines for its internal operation. Up to now, it has adopted the Department of Finance regulations, although under its Act the regulations do not

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apply to the Commission. The handbook will be used to ensure the proper management and control of all ASC administrative procedures.

Management Information Systems

The Commission is still in the process of developing a comprehensive system to provide accurate and timely information to management covering all aspects of its programs and operations. This will build on, and integrate, those systems

(some of which are substantially advanced) currently in place to provide information about the management, impact and quality of ASC programs and projects.

In the area of the Commission's operations, a monthly Management Information Report is produced which provides details of such things as travel during the month, material sent out from the Commission, expenditure (a full financial statement for the month is included), Ministerials handled, major purchases, a running list of current consultancies and

staff profile information. A summary of the financial statement is provided to the Commission's Executive Committee and, every three months, a copy is sent to all Commissioners to coincide with full Commission meetings. These systems have been developed during the year and are now firmly in place.

It is hoped that, as part of the Commission's plans for increased automated information and data storage systems, much of this information can be held (and therefore quickly accessed) on computer. The Commission's information needs will become particularly important as the strategic plan is implemented. There will be a considerable increase in the amount and type of information to be collected to assess the effect and impact of specific priorities and projects.

Keyboard operations

The Commission is significantly underresourced in the keyboard area. It has only one fully 'dedicated' general keyboard position - a Word Processor Operator grade 1. Other typing resources are provided by the two stenographers in addition to their duties as secretary to the two Senior Executive Service officers. The Commission has also been able to arrange for some additional part-time typing assistance during the year.

Apart from Ministerials, which are processed centrally on the word processing system run by the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism, the Commission is responsible for almost all of its own typing (some tasks have been placed on

the Department's already overstretched system). Given that arrangement, the processing of Commission work has been handled efficiently and competently. The system now in place was designed by the keyboard staff themselves and allows a

considerable typing load to be handled effectively.

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However, the resource problems faced in this area have had several consequences:

.there are inevitable delays in the system from time to time, especially at 'peak' load times such as preparing for meetings and producing the annual report and other major documents

.the keyboard staff have worked overtime on a number of occasions to keep up with the workload or to work on major, time-consuming projects (such as the strategic plan) - during the year, ASC keyboard staff worked a

total of 61 hours in overtime at a cost of almost $860.

.the Commission contracted typing out to meet specific deadlines or on tasks with which the Commission's own system cannot easily cope; the Commission has used these services on 18 occasions at a total cost of $1 342.

Obviously, in the longer term, such an arrangement is not satisfactory. It places unreasonable pressures on the keyboard staff, and therefore increases the risk of reactions such as RSI. It also means that, because we are unable to appoint additional full-time staff, the Commission cannot establish a system to effectively handle the level of work that is being generated.

Towards the end of the year, the Commission did purchase the first element in what will be a long term plan to provide an integrated information processing system for the whole organisation. That meant that additional word processing capacity was available. Although that offers at least part of

the solution, it is, on its own, hardly sufficient.

ADPissues

The Commission is currently in the process of developing an ADP strategic plan covering all aspects of information processing, including:

.word processing

.information storage and retrieval

.'networking' into other data banks such as AUSINET and CSIRONET and the mainframe computer being installed at the Australian Institute of Sport.

Obviously, an organisation the size of the Commission and at this early stage of its development can only realistically develop relatively modest plans for automated information processing systems. However, a strategic framework is emerging within which a system can be implemented within the next three

years.

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One particularly important feature of such a system will be the development and implementation of a national sports information network which will link key organisations and collect together

information covering virtually every aspect of sport in Australia. Those plans have been described earlier in this report. It is a key challenge to the Commission to ensure that

its systems are able to both contribute to and use that system as it emerges.

Personnel and staff development

The Commission during 1985-86 had an average operating staffing level (AOSL) of 22 positions.

Generally, the Commission's personnel management is handled by the appropriate section of the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism. To that extent, the Commission is subject to the provisions of the service-wide system of personnel management.

In some areas, however, the Commission has an obligation to address specific issues in its own right. For example:

■Industrial Democracy - in line with provisions introduced as part of the public service reform legislation, the Commission has developed an industrial democracy plan to cover staff-management relations in areas of industrial significance - conditions, equal employment, grievances etc. The draft plan's objectives include:

.to create and sustain a harmonious and effective working environment

.to develop and improve existing arrangements for information sharing

.to provide a forum for consultation between management and staff on matters affecting the staffing of the Commission.

The plan focusses on 3 specific areas - consultation and participation, information activities and staff development. Specific objectives and mechanisms are outlined, and a commitment to regular evaluation is also made.

The primary mechanism for formal consultation will be a Consultative Council comprising all ASC staff. The Council will meet to discuss issues covering a number o e areas, including industrial democracy, equal employment, occupational health and safety and personnel policies and practices. All staff will have the capacity to raise

issues for discussion by the Council.

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This formal machinery will be in addition to considerable opportunities which exist now for consultation and communication, which are the issues at the heart of industrial democracy. These include:

- access to all ASC files by all staff - management group meetings and subsequent briefings to all staff - debate and discussion in individual sections

- copies of all minutes/letters etc are circulated in a "drop copy" folder on a regular basis

The industrial democracy plan is currently the subject of negotiations with both the Australian Public Service Association and the Australian Clerical Officers Association. Those discussions deal primarily with the

extent to which, given the Commission's size and circumstances, it is reasonable to create the sort of formal structures appropriate to a larger Department.

In an organisation of only 22 staff, the opportunities for consultation are much greater than in larger organisations. The day to day conduct of the Commission's executive office has put this theory to practice. There is a substantial degree of openness at all levels, both formally through regular meetings of the Management Group (SES officers plus Directors) and

through informal discussions across the organisation.

■Equal Employment Policy - in this, as in other areas, the Commission will be required to prepare formal statements of intent to guide its decisions and practices.

■staff development - there is no one within the Commission with either the time or the expertise to focus exclusively on staff development and training. That means that the Commission does not, at this stage, have a

formal, comprehensive staff development program. That shortcoming, perhaps ironically, is both critical to a small organisation and, because we are so small, very difficult to effectively resolve.

LsSsl—^dyisors

During the year, the Commission appointed the firm of Stephen Jaques Stone James as its legal advisors. Stephen Jaques were chosen from a field of three major law firms with offices in Canberra.

Stephen Jaques have been appointed for 12 months and will assist the Commission with legal advice on those issues and in those circumstances when advice from other sources (i.e. primarily the Attorney General's Department) is either not available or appropriate.

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In line with a recent Government decision, the Commission will not use its legal advisors when drawing up legal agreements with third parties. These will be subject to the approval of the Attorney General's Department.

^SCaccountants

One of the provisions of the Commission's enabling legislation states that the end of year financial statements must be produced on an accrual basis. This is different from the cash basis adopted by Departments operating off the central Department of Finance system.

Given the more complex nature of accrual accounting, the ASC hired Price Waterhouse to assist in the preparation of the statements for 1985-86 (see Appendix 13).

Looking further into the future, and given the problems arising from the ASC1s continued reliance on the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism for accounting support, the Commission agreed to appoint the firm of Coopers and Lybrand as ASC accountants.

If the necessary additional resources are made available to the ASC, it is expected that the new accounting arrangements will commence during 1986-87.

Staff Functions Review

At the end of the financial year, the General Manager undertook a review of functions and responsibilities in the programs section of the executive office. The intention of the review, about which all staff were informed, was to determine whether there were any changes that could be made to provide a more equitable and efficient distribution of the considerable workload falling on the various sections within the

Commission. The review was assisted by personnel officers from the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism.

Summary

Establishing a new organisation places considerable demands on those responsible for developing internal management systems, procedures and policies. Given the resources available, and the continuing reliance in a number of key areas on the

Department, the Commission has successfully established management systems which competently service its current needs and demands.

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Section III: The Next 12 Months

3.1 Introduction

The purpose of this section of the report is to complement the review of past performance with an examination of pressures, challenges and initiatives which are facing the Commission over the next 12 months.

The section is divided into two parts. The first focusses on those initiatives and projects which will emerge over the coming year. The second takes a broader view of the environment, both internal and external, in which the Commission will be pursuing its objectives. The assessment highlights those trends which represent the most significant challenges and opportunities over the same period.

3.2 Major projects and initiatives

There are a number of key initiatives and projects coming up over the next 12 months across the range of the Commission's operations. These include:

. the ASC's strategic plan has been completed, and subject to Ministerial approval, will establish the framework within which the Commission pursues the ideals and objectives of its charter; the plan should be widely

circulated and will provide a valuable opportunity for debate, feedback and comment from within the sporting and wider community

. in November, the Commission is holding a workshop for national executive directors which will provide an an opportunity to brief them on ASC work and programs, to exchange views and to share assessments about the

emerging issues and trends in Australian sport

. in December, the Australian Coaching Council is hosting a major elite coaches seminar, which will include top coaches from overseas as well as some of Australia's own leading coaches; the seminar, to be held at the Australian Institute of Sport, and also involving the Australian Olympic Federation, is being supported by the

Commission, and reinforces the ASC's view that coaching remains one of the top priorities facing Australian sport

. the STEP program, for the fist time, would like to be able to include a component designed to give encouragement to Australia's coaches, expanding the program - designed to assist top and promising athletes -

to include a vital element in the bid for top sporting success

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. the AUSSIE SPORTS program enters its first full financial year of operation and is set to expand considerably beyond the already impressive coverage of primary schools which have become part of the program since its national launch in April 1986. A newsletter which will go to all primary schools will keep people up

to date with the program's achievements and plans

. the ASC hopes to make some significant advances in its publication program. Publications in the areas of sport a n d t h e l a w a n d.sport and sport and taxation are being prepared and should provide some useful information in these two key areas.

3.3 Emerging Issues and Challenges

The Commission does not underestimate the extent to which its plans and priorities - some of which have been highlighted in the previous section - will be affected by emerging challenges in the environment within which it operates.

There are significant opportunities and challenges to which the Commission will have to respond to ensure its priorities and objectives are achieved.

For example, looking more positively at the opportunities before the Commission, its "servicing" role - through which it provides advice to the sporting community on issues of concern - remains a key strength. Together with its function as a provider of information through the publications program, the ASC is in a good position to continue to assist the sporting

community in this way.

The Commission's efforts to develop a sports data base also present significant opportunities to increase knowledge in the Australian community about the scope, value and impact of the sporting "enterprise" in this country. It is vital to better understand the contribution made by sport to national economic wealth and employment.

The current economic difficulties provide an opportunity for the Commission to explore more fully its "entrepreneurial" powers. Instead of relying exclusively on funds from the Government, the ASC will seek a closer partnership with the private sector to support specific projects and initiatives which will benefit sport. The primary mechanism for such an

approach will be the Australian Sports Aid Foundation.

Perhaps the most fundamental opportunity facing the Commission is the need to work with the sporting community to more effectively market the sporting "option" in an increasingly diverse and competitive leisure market. That opportunity goes right to the heart of the Commission's charter, and indeed to

the objectives of Australia's sporting bodies - how are we going to attract more Australians to enjoy and participate in sport at all levels at a time when the choices that face them are growing at an extraordinary rate.

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That central challenge is reflected in the Commission's first strategic plan which provides a further opportunity to take a longer-term perspective of the priorities within sports development in Australia. The plan will become the framework within which the Commission will pursue its objectives and will

also serve to reduce some of the fragmentation and duplication which remains an abiding hallmark of Australian sports development.

Opportunities and threats are often opposite sides of the same coin. The opportunities which have been outlined could be significantly affected by challenges which exist within our environment. -

For example, the difficulty of sustaining the pressure of activity across all the diverse areas of the ASC's charter is obviously going to be much harder at a time when, given current economic circumstances, we cannot expect substantial increases

in resources. Indeed, it is perhaps the primary challenge for the sporting community to face the problems emerging from current economic trends. As well as reduced direct funding, sport may well suffer the consequences of restraint within the corporate sector from which a substantial level of sports development funding now flows. The implications which flow

from that are reinforced by the impact of the currency devaluation which, particularly where ASC grants are used for overseas travel to top sporting competitions or to purchase sporting equipment (to take two apt and vulnerable examples),

is undermining the real value of our efforts.

While it is important to avoid becoming mesmerised by such problems to the point where we feel nothing can be done without more money, the lack of sufficient resources remains a constant challenge. In particular, the absence of substantial research

and development capacity within the Commission reduces our ability to develop the sports data base.

The need for better co-ordination and understanding within the sporting community and between sport and the Commission remains a challenge to all who are committed to increasing the relative share of available resources devoted to sport.

A divided community which, at least in broad terms, is not agreed about directions and priorities for the future, nor about roles and functions, will undermine its own otherwise quite legitimate claims to those resources.

Apart from the overriding economic challenges common to all sectors of the Australian community, three issues look like dominating the sporting "agenda" over the coming months, at least in terms of generating debate, controversy and concern: ( i )

(i) sport and politics remains a difficult and complex issue; regardless of the efforts of many to quarantine sport from these pressures, it remains (and is perhaps

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increasingly becoming) a key element in many political disputes. We saw what happened in the Edinburgh Commonwealth Games and we know that such problems will not go away. The challenge to the sporting community is

to consider its own position, so that its voice can be heard legitimately with the often louder claims of those whose differences are usually considered at the expense of the interests of sport itself;

(ii) law/taxation and sport is a topic about which some research has been done but whose significance is perhaps only now being fully realised. The issue covers a vast range of specific topics - insurance against claims by players and spectators for damages and liabilities, the definition and protection of rights and responsibilities between players, officials, promoters and others involved in sport, the growing impact of changes to taxation law on sporting groups and associations, many of whom will be meeting this challenge for the first time. All of these

pose significant difficulties for the sporting community, and will grow in importance as sport becomes an increasingly valuable commerical, economic and leisure commodity.

(iii) the report has earlier examined the Commission's response to the use of drugs in sport. In a sense, this particular challenge, although it is hardly new, is only just emerging as a major threat to sport in Australia and all around the world. The challenge once again is to

recognise that, unless effective measures are taken to stop it, the problem will spread and undermine much good that sport is trying to achieve.

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APPENDIX 1

MEMBERSHIP OF THE 1986) AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION (as at 30 June

Ted Harris Chairman

Chief Executive and Managing Director of Ampol Ltd, Mr Harris was chairman of the Interim Committee which reported to the

Government on the role of the proposed Australian Sports Commission.

Herb Elliott Deputy Chairman Managing Director, Puma Australia Pty Ltd and former world champion athlete, a gold

medallist in the 1500m at the 1960 Olympics and never beaten over the 1500m or mile distances in competition. Mr Elliott was also on the Interim Committee and is a former member of the Sports

Advisory Council.

Bruce MacDonald Secretary of the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism and a member of the Board of Management of the Australian Institute of Sport.

Mike Fitzpatrick As captain of Carlton Australian Rules team he took the club to two VFL Premierships. Mr Fitzpatrick was a Rhodes Scholar and was a member of the Interim Committee for the ASC. (On leave of absence)

Roy Masters A leading rugby league coach with Sydney

clubs Western Suburbs and St George. Mr Masters is a school teacher and has written a number of articles on sports psychology as well as being a guest writer

for the Sydney newspaper. The Sun.

John Newman President of the Karate-Do organisation and a member of the executive of the Confederation of Australian Sport. In February 1986, Mr Newman was elected as Member of the NSW Legislative Assembly for

the seat of Cabramatta.

Mark Tonelli A successful businessman and a sports

commentator, Mr Tonelli was a gold medallist at the Moscow Olympics as a member of the 4 x 100m medley relay team. He also won a gold medal at the 1974

Commonwealth Games.

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Colin HayesC olin Hayes A leading horse trainer in South Australia for more than thirty years, Mr Hayes has won about twenty South Australian premierships as well as training the winners of many prestigious races,

including the Melbourne Cup. He administers an extensive breeding/training complex at Lindsay Park in South Australia.

Sir Arthur George President of the Australian Soccer Federation since 1979, Sir Arthur has a long association with the development of soccer in Australia. He is a director of TNT, Ansett and several other companies. Sir Arthur is also an Executive Member of FIFA, soccer's international controlling body. (Appointed February 1986).

Phil Coles A leading canoeist for many years, Mr

Coles represented Australia at three Olympic Games and has been an official at four others. He was team manager at the Moscow Olympics, is a member of the IOC and is Secretary-General of the Australian Olympic Federation.

Glynis Nunn Olympic and Commonwealth Games gold

medallist in the heptathlon, Ms Nunn is a physical education teacher. She is one of Australia's leading long jumpers and hurdlers.

Grant Kenny Winner of the Australian mens's open iron

man title on four occasions, Mr Kenny was a member of the Australian team in the world life saving championships and a bronze medallist in the 1984 Los Angeles

Olympics in the K2 1000m canoe race.

Vicki Cardwell A top squash player for some years, Ms Cardwell has held 18 national titles in 7 countries. She won the British Open in 1980-83 and the Australian title on 5 occasions. She is currently a national selector.

Ray Lindwall One of Australia's most successful fast bowlers between 1946 and 1959, Mr Lindwall played for Australia on many occasions. He became a national selector and was also a State representative rugby league player.

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Pat Clohessy

Neale Fraser

Betty Cuthbert

Wendy Pritchard

Andrew Lederer

Jim Yates

Margaret Pewtress

One of Australia's most experienced athletics coaches, Mr Clohessy specialises in middle- and long-distance events. He has been coach to Robert de Castella for

some time and is currently the distance coach at the Australian Institute of Sport.

Captain of the Australian Davis Cup team since 1970, Mr Fraser was an outstanding player, winning the Wimbledon singles title in 1960 as well as the US singles

title in both 1959 and 1960. He was a Davis Cup player between 1958 and 1963.

A champion athlete, Ms Cuthbert won three gold medals at the 1956 Olympics and followed this with another gold medal in the 1964 Olympics. She became the first woman appointed as a trustee of the Sydney Cricket Ground. (Resigned April 1986).

A former international hockey player, Mrs Pritchard represented Western Australia for many years and played for Australia on many occasions. She took part in overseas

tours with the Australian team in 1967, 1970, 1971 and 1979.

A successful businessman, now semi-retired, Mr Lederer has been Chairman of Sydney City Soccer Club for fifteen years. He is currently team manager to

the Australian National soccer team.

A leading bowls player for nineteen years, Mr Yates is a life member and former President of Moreland Bowls Club and is currently club coach at the Moonee Ponds

Bowls Club. He won the Australian singles title in 1979 and the Adelaide Masters singles title in 1983 and 1984.

A former President of the All-Australian Netball Association, Mrs Pewtress has been involved in the administration and coaching of netball for many years. She was also an All-Australian Netball Umpire and a member of the Victorian Netball

Association. She is currently a teacher at Box Hill Technical School, and an Australian National Selector in netball.

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Ray Beattie As the Marketing Director of ATN Channel

7, Ray Beattie has been involved with the film and television industry for the past 29 years. He has also served as a Commissioner for the Australian Film Commission. Mr Beattie's current

involvement in sport includes karate, squash and touch football. He is also a former 1st Grade Player for North Sydney Rugby League Club. Mr Beattie is a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Management and an Associate Fellow of the Australian

Institute of Marketing. (appointed June, 1986).

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APPENDIX 2

MEMBERSHIP OF ASC COMMITTEES (as at 30 June 1986)

All ASC Committees are appointed under the provisions of section 19 of the ASC Act. Terms of reference for the Committees were approved by the full Commission at its 5th meeting on 21 February 1986.

Executive

Ted Harris (Chairman) Herb Elliott Phil Coles John Newman Roy Masters

Margaret Pewtress Andrew Lederer Sir Arthur George

Sports Development

Herb Elliott (Chairman) Roy Masters Wendy Pritchard Phil Coles

Ray Lindwall

Athlete & Coaching Development

Phil Coles (Chairman) Pat Clohessy Glynis Nunn Grant Kenny Vicki Cardwell Wendy Pritchard

Mark Tonelli

Disadvantaged Groups

John Newman (Chairman) Jim Yates Bruce MacDonald Margaret Pewtress

Children in Sport

Roy Masters (Chairman) Glynis Nunn Grant Kenny Vicki Cardwell

Wendy Pritchard Margaret Pewtress

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Strategic Planning

Herb Elliott (Chairman) Colin Hayes John Newman Margaret Pewtress

Neale Fraser Mark Tonelli

Note: as at 30 June Mr Beattie's committee membership had still to be determined.

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APPENDIX 3

PROGRAM STATEMENT

In order to comply with the Federal Government's decision to introduce program budgeting for all Commonwealth Departments and statutory authorities, the ASC has developed a program statement as a guide to its involvement. The statement has a

3-program structure.

The three programs are:

1. Sports Development .

2. Australian Sports Aid Foundation 3. Corporate Services.

PROGRAM 1: SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

Program Objectives

1. To provide opportunities for increased participation in sport at all levels of the community.

2. To provide support for the development of Australia's high performance athletes and assist with Australia's standing in sport internationally.

Sub-Programs

The following sub-programs form part of the Sports Development Program:

(i) Sports Administration

Objectives

.to improve the administrative efficiency and effectiveness of national associations .to encourage increasing standards of sports administration in Australia.

(ii) Sports Talent Encouragement Plan

Objectives

.to enable Australian athletes to achieve, maintain and improve world rankings

.to allow Australian athletes to single mindedly pursue their sporting careers, secure in the knowledge that their family and employment opportunities will not suffer.

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Objectives

(ill) Children's Sport

.to improve the quality, quantity and variety of sporting activities available to Australian children

• to provide all children with the opportunity to participate in appropriate sporting activities

• to encourage participation and skill development in a variety of sports

■ to promote the principles of good sporting behaviour

• to implement the AUSSIE SPORTS program.

(iv) Events

Objectives

■ to assist sports in attracting and conducting sports events at all levels in Australia

• to increase access by Australian sportspeople to top level international competition

• to improve Australian sporting performance.

(v) Coaching

Objectives

.to increase the number of qualified coaches at all levels in Australia

.to increase the proficiency of coaches in Australia

• to assist in the development of coach education and development programs

•to improve the flow of information to coaches.

(vi) Research and Development

Objectives

•to encourage sports science research in Australia, focussing particularly on practical sports problems

•to contribute towards the development of individual sports

•to undertake and encourage research into major sports development issues

•to establish a sports data base and provide information to sports

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.to provide research and information support to sport on issues such as taxation, duties and levies.

(vii) Equity and Access

Objectives

.to encourage participation in sport by groups facing specific disadvantages

.to remove existing barriers to equality of opportunity and access to sport

.to undertake and encourage research into specific problems and issues facing disadvantaged groups in sport.

PROGRAM 2: AUSTRALIAN SPORTS AID FOUNDATION

Program Objectives

1. To increase the volume and value of funds from the private sector available for sports development

2. To pay money and transfer property to the ASC

3. To consult and co-operate with appropriate authorities of the Commonwealth, States and Territories and with other organisations and individuals on matters related to its activities.

PROGRAM 3: CORPORATE SERVICES

P^ogram_Objectiyes

1. To sustain and improve all aspects of the ASC's internal management.

2. To implement and sustain an integrated process of planning and evaluation across all aspects of the Commission's activities. 3

3. To improve knowledge about and understanding of sport and sports related issues throughout the sporting and wider Australian community.

Sub-programs

The program can be broken down into the following sub-programs:

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(i) Information and Publicity

Objectives

.to provide accurate, up to date and comprehensive information about the size, extent and value of the sporting enterprise in Australia

.to provide information about ASC activities and programs

.to respond to specific requests for information from governments, the media, the sporting and general community.

(ii) Planning and Evaluation

Objectives

.to achieve the highest possible level of management excellence in all ASC operations and programs

.to sustain and improve the ASC1s strategic planning process

.to subject all aspects of the ASC's operations and activities to regular evaluation.

(iii) Operations

Objectives

.to sustain and improve the internal management of the ASC

■to provide services to the Commission and executive staff

.to provide financial and accounting services to the ASC.

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SPORTS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM GRANTS 1985-86

ADMINISTRATION DIRECTOR GENERAL COACHING DIRECTOR GENERAL

INTERNATIONAL COMP OVERSEAS IN AUST ADMIN MEETINGS DEVEL(l) TOTAL COACH EXEC

AEROBATICS 1000 4000 1000

AERO CLUBS 3000

AERONAUTICAL MODEL 8000

ARCHERY 4000 2000 10000 20000 1000

ATHLETICS 30000 10000 30000 10000 25000 2000

AUSTRALIAN FOOTBALL 30000 AUTO CYCLE 3000 5000 1000

BADMINTON 12000 2000 2000 7000 1000

BALLOONING 10000

BASEBALL 30000 30000 10000 35000 2000

BASKETBALL 30000 10000 30000 10000 35000 1000

BATON TWIRLING 500 2000

BILLIARDS & SNOOKER 3000 2000 1000

BMX 2000 3000

BOCCE 3000 7000 5000 25000 1000

BOWHUNTERS 2000

BOWLS M 25000 2000 10000

Bowr.s W 5000 2000

BOXING 12000 3000 3000 10000 1000

BRIDGE 3000 15000

CANOEING 12000 4000 10000 35000 3000

CASTING 500

CHESS 3000 12000 2000 8000

CRICKET M 30000 10000 15000 15000 2000

CRICKET W 12000 5000 3000 4000

CROQUET 2000 3000

CYCLING 25000 5000 10000 3000 20000 1000

DARTS 15000

DEER 2000

DIVING 30000 3000 15000 10000

DRIVING 2000 2000 2000

KQUKSTR!AN 30000 5000 8000 50000 2000

FENCING 2000 2000 1000

FI SUING 20000

GLIDING 3000 25000 2000 10000 20000 1000

GOLF I . 25000 13000 2000

GOLF M 30000 10000 30000 10000 5000 30000 1000

GYMNAST 1CS 30000 10000 30000 10000 25000 2000

HANDBALL 2000 3000

HANG GLIDING 2000 2000 10000 1000

HOCKEY M 30000 10000 30000 10000 20000 70000

HOCKEY W 2 5 000 25000 10000 15000 10000 2000

ICE HOCKEY 2000 2000 15000 15000 3000

ICE RACING 2000 1000 10000 2000

ICE SKATING 5000 5000 20000

ICE SPORTS 2 5 000

.IUDO 2U000 25000 5000 10000 1000

KARA':1' )() 2 5000 2 5000 10000 25000

1000 2000

1000 3000 30000 1 2 0000 1000 500

3000 10000 2000 42000 2000 1 0 0 0 2000 3000

2000

2000

3000

1000 1000 2000 5000

75000 10000

3000

1000 1000 5000

1000

1000 1000

40000

2000

1000 10000

2000 15000

1000 4000

25000

1000 5000

2000 10000

1000 3000

2000 3000 5000

6000 3000 8000 40000 141000 150000 10000 24500 10000 120000 160000

4500 7000 10000 41000

4000 39000 10000 30000 19000 71000

500

25000 147000 34000 5000

64000 15000 5000 65000

7000 96000 15000 60000 63000 40000 127000 124000

5000 20000 195000 93000

37000 17000 40000 25000 70000 95000

REGO'S(2)

240

6259 4346 22115 491100

21500 13334 236 975000

142533 745 44000 18476

10500 4543 30000 153973

4630 16500 7376 1600 17080 500000

4777 6466 5647 48010

1200 308 2460 20000

806

4474

127300 256000 33364 3065

1900 66000 26860 2097

668 6167

1 1 0 0 0 30709

GO

KORFBALL LACROSSE M LACROSSE W SURF LIFE SAVING LITTLE ATHLETICS MARCHING MOTOR SPORT NETBALL ORIENTEERING

PARACHUTING PENTATHLON POLO POLOCROSSE

PONY CLUBS POWERLIFTING RODEO ROLLERSKATING ROWING RUGBY LEAGUE RUGBY UNION AUST SHOOTING ASSOC CLAY TARGETS FIELD AND GAME

PISTOL RIFLE SMALLBORE SPORTING SHOOTERS SCHOOLS SKIING SNOW SKI PATROL SOCCER M SOCCER W SOCCER INDOOR

SOFTBALL SPORT AVIATION SQUASH

SURFRIDERS SWIMMING SWIMMING AUSSI SYNCHRONISED SWIMMING TABLE TENNIS TAEKWONDO

TENNIS TENPIN BOWLING TOUCH TRAMPOLINE UNDERWATER

UNIVERSITITES VOLLEYBALL WATER POLO WATER SKIING

WEIGHTLIFTING

ADMINISTRATION DIRECTOR GENERAL

5000 2000

30000 30000

25000 30000

30000 30000

30000 25000 25000 25000 30000 30000 30000 30000

30000

30000 30000 30000

25000

25000

30000 30000

5000 2000

10000 3000 3000

2000 2000 2000

2000

10000 12000 5000 5000

5000 5000 5000 5000

10000 5000

COACHING DIRECTOR GENERAL

2000 3000

30000

25000

25000 30000 5000

10000

5000

3000

2000

5000 5000

10000 25000 10000

5000 10000 30000 3000

5000

10000 30000 10000

15000 5000

3000

30000

10000 25000 3000

5000

5000 7000

8000

5000 10000 25000 5000

10000 30000 10000

25000 3000

INTERNATIONAL COMP OVERSEAS IN AUST ADMIN

8000 8000

2000

5000

15000 10000 10000

3000 2000 5000 1000

4000 15000

10000 15000 1000

8000

6000 15000 4000 15000 40000

30000 2 0 000

15000

5000

25000

10000 5000 15000 25000

10000 8000 20000

5000 5000 10000

8000 5000 15000 5000 35000 25000 20000 25000 15000

1000 1000

2000 500

30000 2000 2000

25000 1000 2000

20000 500

1000

15000 10000

2000

1000 1000

2000

MEETINGS DEVEL(l) COACH EXEC

3000

1000 20000

15000 5000 2000

30000

500 500

1000

1000

2 0 000 150000 43000

3000 500

1000 500

3000 2000

1000

1 0 000 25000 15000 90000

20000 30000

10000 5000 25000

110000 3000 8000 4000 6000

2 0 000 5000 3000 15000

TOTAL

5000 37000 11000 45000 10000

6000 35000 135000 15000

49000 25000 2000 10000

8000 15000 6000 67000 128000 150000 125000

32000 35000 10000 21000

20000 7000 10000 40000 120000

25000 135000 31000 65000 125000

35000 125000 50000 151000

2000 5000 56000 34000 170000 80000 48000 34000 48000 40000 127000 88000 58000 90000

REGO'S (2)

13000 4600 2560

90000 5500 34001 344568

5035 6200 185 863

5118 36500 1841

5450 8089 15000 145000 106945

9660 6000 17627 8555

2309 17066 3055565 33400

459473 15000 71537 60256

139061 29234 77180

332 8498 12000 274000

99000 175000 1252 10611

133906 29457 16841 16545 24861

WRESTLING YACHTING

25000 30000 10000

5000 20000

30000 10000 40000

2000

8000 2000

5000 57000 20000 150000

A.C.G.A A.C.F C. A.S A.C.H.P.E.R 30000

A.S.M.F 30000

A.S.S.A F.I.M.S. CONF. COACHING COUNCIL DRUGS IN SPORT

SPORT RESEARCH COORD SPORT RESEARCH PROG Other administrative costs for Drugs in Sport, Research Coordinator and Coaching Council ACHPIRST JACK NEWTON FOUND VIC TENNIS FOUND NFL FEASIBILITY

SPORTS COACH CHILDREN IN SPORT STEP

100000

10000

15000

1500 4000

5000 30000

25000 113000 82000 112000 120000

5000 35000 30000 35000

433330 410000

100000 36500 64000 10000 25000 113000

82000 112000 120000

4831 5000 35000 30000 35000

15000 433330 410000

TOTAL 1310000 456000 764000 327000 973000 483000 76500 9000 48000 2593661 7040161

Notes

(1) Development Programs (2) Registered participants measured bv association

3676

103796

APPENDIX 5

1986 SPORTS TALENT ENCOURAGEMENT PLAN: GRANT RECIPIENTS

A: WORLD RANKED CATEGORY

Name Sport Amount $

1 . Simon Baker Athletics 2000

2 . Maree Chapman Athletics 2000

3 . Sue Cook Athletics 3000

4 . Robert De Castella Athletics 4000

5 . John Dinan Athletics 3000

6 . Debbie Flintoff Athletics 5000

7 . Donna Gould Athletics 2000

8 . Michael Hillardt Athletics 3000

9 . Sue Howland Athletics 2000

10. Gerrard Keating Athletics 3000

11 . Robyn Lorraway Athletics 3000

12 . Gael Martin Athletics 2000

13 . Kerry Saxby Athletics 2000

14 . David Smith Athletics 4000

15 . Christine Stanton Athletics 3000

16 . Sze Ye Badminton 2000

17 . Renato Cornett Boxing 2000

18 . Grant Davies Canoeing 2000

19 . Peter Genders Canoeing 3000

20 . Kelvin Graham Canoeing 2000

21 . Jane Hall Canoeing 2000

22 . John Jacoby Canoeing 3000

23 . Grant Kenny Canoeing 3000

24 . Cameron Tunbridge Canoeing 1500

25 . Steven Wood Canoeing 3000

26 . Brett Worth Canoeing 1500

27 . Eli Ellis Clay Targets 1500

28 . Ian Hale Clay Targets 1500

29 . Terry Rumbel Clay Targets 1500

30 . Robyn Battisson Cycling 2000

31 . Glenn Clarke Cycling 2000

32 . Gary Neiwand Cycling 2000

33 . Max Rainsford Cycling 2000

34 . Kathleen Shannon Cycling 3000

35 . Jacqui Uttien Cycling 2000

36 . Martin Vinnicombe Cycling 5000

37 . Dean Woods CyclIng 5000

38 . Valerie Beddoe Diving 2000

39 . Jennifer Donnet Diving 3000

40 . Julie Kent Diving 2000

80

41 . Louise Briers Golf 1500

42 . Edwina Kennedy Golf 1500

43 . Sandra McCaw Golf 1500

44 . Karen Gardiner Ice Racing 2000

45 . Christina Boyd Judo 2000

46 . Julie Reardon Judo 2000

47 . Suzanne Williams Judo 2000

48 . Yvonna Zuydam Judo 2000

49 . Heather Healy Karate Do 2000

50 . Alba Howard Karate Do 2000

51 . Phillip Adams Pistol 2000

52 . Patricia Dench Pistol 3000

53 . Robert Landers Pistol 2000

54 . Alex Taransky Pistol 2000

55 . Julie Holmes Powerlifting 2000

56 . Heidi Wittesch Powerlifting 3000

57 . Cheryl Begg Rollerskating 2000

58 . Kevin Webb Rollerskating 1500

59 . Peter Antonie Rowing 2000

60. Adair Ferguson Rowing 5000

61 . David Hislop Snow Skiing 2000

62 . Yvonne Gowland Smallbore Rifle 1500

63 . Yvonne Hill Smallbore Rifle 1500

64 . Sylvia Muehlberg Smallbore Rifle 1500

65 . Alan Smith Smallbore Rifle 1500

66. Vicki Cardwell Squash 3000

67 . Dean Williams Squash 2000

68 . Craig Riddington Surf Life Saving 2000

69 . Dwayne Thuys Surf Life Saving 2000

70 . Simon Law Surfriding 2000

71 . Michael Novakov Surfriding 2000

72 . David Parkes Surfriding 2000

73 . Mark Sainsbury Surfriding 3000

7 4 , Barry Armstrong Swimming 7000

75 . Duncan Armstrong Swimming 1500

76 . Neil Brooks Swimming 3000

77 . Jennifer Burke Swimming 2000

78 . Peter Dale Swimming 2000

79 . Dimity Douglas Swimming 2000

80 . Greg Fasala Swimming 3000

81 . Celina Hardy Swimming 3000

82 . Angela Harris Swimming 3000

83 . Suzanne Landells Swimming 2000

81

84 . Justin Lemberg Swimming 4000

85 . Anthony McDonald Swimming 4000

86 . Jody McGibbon Swimming 1500

87 . Michael McKenzie Swimming 5000

88 . Jennifer Messenger Swimming 1500

89 . Audrey Moore Swimming 1500

90. Georgina Parkes Swimming 4000

91 . Michele Pearson Swimming 5000

92 . Karen Phillips Swimming 1500

93 . Jason Plummer Swimming 1500

94 . Donna Proctor Swimming 1500

95 . Matthew Renshaw Swimming 3000

96 . Thomas Stachewicz Swimming 2000

97 . Brett Stocks Swimming 4000

98 . Sarah Thorpe Swimming 2000

99 . Janet Tibbits Swimming 2000

100 . Rob Woodhouse Swimming 5000

101 . Tommy Danielsson Table Tennis 2000

102 . Brett Austine Trampoline 1500

103 . Elizabeth Jensen Trampoline 1500

104 . Cherie Mathers Trampoline 1500

105 . Lesley Stephens Trampoline 1500

106 . Adrian Wareham Trampoline 2000

107 . Karen Bowkett-Neville Waterskiing 5000

108 . Geoffrey Carrington Waterskiing 1500

109 . Kim Lampard Waterskiing 3000

110 . Bruce Neville Waterskiing 2000

111 . Michael Neville Waterskiing 3000

112 . Gavin O'Mahoney Waterskiing 3000

113 . Deborah Pugh Waterskiing 2000

114 . Peter Wellham Waterskiing 3000

115 . Gino Fratangelo Weightlifting 2000

116 . Charles Garzarella Weightlifting 2000

117 . Gregory Hayman Weightlifting 2000

118 . Anthony Hills Weightlifting

2000

119 . Lionel Isaac Weightlifting

3000

120 . Robert Kabbas Weightlifting

2000

121 . Ron Laycock Weightlifting

1500

122 . David Lowenstein Weightlifting 1500

123 . Dean Lukin Weightlifting

2000

124 . Danny Mudd Weightlifting

1500

125 . Bill Stellios Weightlifting

5000

126 . Nick Voukelatos Weightlifting

3000

127 . Cris Brown Wrestling

2000

128 . Craig Green Wrestling

1500

129 . Zsig Kelevitz Wrestling

2000

130 . Scott Anderson Yachting

3000

131 . Dean Blatchford Yachting

4000

132 133 . Gary Bruniges . John Buick

Yachting Yachting

4000 5000

82

134 . Glen Ceilings Yachting 2000

135 . Jessica Crisp Yachting 4000

136 . Stuart Gilbert Yachting 5000

137 . Allan Goodall Yachting 5000

138 . Greg Hyde Yachting 5000

139 . Chris Jennings Yachting 4000

140 . Brian Lewis Yachting 4000

141 . Chris Pratt Yachting 2000

142 . Keill Price Yachting 4000

143 . Barry Watson Yachting 5000

144 . Bruce Wylie Yachting 5000

TOTAL $371 500

B : POTENTIAL CATEGORY - $1500 EACH

Name Sport

1 . John Atkinson Athletics

2 . Gabrielle Blythe Athletics

3 . Sean Carlin Athletics

4 . Bruce Frayne Athletics

5 . Jenny Low Athletics

6. Jocelyn Miliar-Cubit Athletics 7 . Miles Murphy Athletics

8 . Alan Ozolins Athletics

9 . Werner Reiterer Athletics

10 . Paul Gilmour Canoeing

11 . David Pummeroy Canoeing

12 . Ian Rowling Canoeing

13 . Russell Mark Clay Targets

14 . Robert Burns Cycling

15 . Stephen Fairless Cycling

16. Stephen Hodge Cycling

17 . Jeffrey Leslie Cycling

18 . Clayton Stevenson Cycling

19 . Robert Waller Cycling

20. Glenn Fryer Equestrian

21 . Donna Faneco Golf

22 . Helen Greenwood Golf

23 . Ericka Maxwell Golf

24 . Alison Munt Golf

25 . Danny Kah Ice Racing

26 . Sean Abram Ice Skating

27 . Cameron Medhurst Ice Skating

28 . Madeleine Sevior Orienteering

29 . Robert Vincent Orienteering

83

30. Kyiie Phillips Rollerskating

31 . Jason Sutcliffe Rollerskating

32 . Alistair Guss Snow Skiing

33 . Alison Feast Smallbore Rifle

34 . Gath Bellemore Squash

35 . Garin Clonda Squash

36 . Dianne Davis Squash

37 . Robyn Friday Squash

38 . Tristan Nancarrow Squash

39. Chris Robertson Squash

40 . Tracey Smith Squash

41 . Connie Nixon Surfriding

42 . Nicky Wood Surfriding

43 . Susie Baumer Swimming

44 . Cindy-Lu Fitzpatrick Swimming 45. Lance Leech Swimming

46 . Nicole Livingstone Swimming

47 . Julie Pugh Swimming

48 . Nadia Bisiach Table Tennis

49 . Gary Haberl Table Tennis

50 . Kerri Tepper Table Tennis

51 . Shane Barr Tennis

52 . Nicole Provis Tennis

53 . Jodie Skipper Tennis

54 . Tony Damches Weightlifting

55 . Gary Paris! Weightlifting

56 . Geoffrey Marsh Wrestling

57 . Brett Young Yachting

TOTAL $85 500

C : TEAMS CATEGORY

Sport Amount

1. Softball 9 000

2. Equestrian - 3 Day Event Team 3 000

3. Hockey - Women 32 000

4 . Hockey - Men 32 000

84

5. Basketball Women 21 000

6. Basketball - Men 21 000

7 . Netball 22 500

8 . Athletics - Men's 4 x 400m Relay Team 4 000

9 . Rowing - Women's! L/W Four 6 000

10.. Rowing - Men's L/W Eight 13 500

11 , . Rowing - Men's Quad Sculls 6 000

12 . . Rowing - Women's Pair 3 000

13 . Rowing - Men's Eight 13 500

14 , . Water Polo - Women 19 500

15 . Water Polo - Men 19 500

16 . . Canoeing - Men's K4 Team 6 000

TOTAL $231 500

Dj___PILOT PROGRAM

Name

1. Darren Clark 2 . Gary Honey 3. Glynis Nunn

4 . Steven Lee

5. Elizabeth Irving

6. Anna McVann 7. Jon Sieben 8. Mark Stockwel1

9. Pursuit Team

TOTAL

E :_FUNDING SUMMARY

Funds

1985-86 SDP funds allocated to 1986 STEP $410

Sport Amount $

Athletics 10 000

Athletics 10 000

Athletics 10 000

Snow Skiing 10 000

Squash 10 000

Swimming 10 000

Swimming 10 000

Swimming 10 000

Cycling 30 000

$110 000

Allocations

1986 STEP grants allocated $798 500

1985 NAAS award to Michael Turtur paid

$388 694 from 1986 STEP funds

1986-87 SDP forward commitment allocated to 1986 STEP

85

$ 5 000

Funds held in trust by national sporting organisations carried forward from 1985 NAAS $ 4 806

TOTAL $803 500 TOTAL $803 500

86

APPENDIX 6

1985-86 APPLIED SPORTS RESEARCH PROGRAM APPROVED PROJECTS

1. SPORT Cycling

RESEARCH ORGANISATION Australian Institute of Sport - Dr Mario Lafortune GRANT $30 200 PROJECT

Biomechanical Determinants Pedalling technique in Elite and Non-Elite Cyclists DESIRED OUTCOMES . Provide elite Australian cyclists with a detailed

analysis of their pedalling technique within five minutes after completion of their riding bout. . Identification of promising young riders. . To provide the coach with information on the pedalling

technique to evaluate his potential. . All information gathered will be available to elite cyclists, coaches, general public and other scientists. Results will be published in bicycling magazines,

coaching and scientific publications.

2. SPORT Australian Coaching Council RESEARCH ORGANISATION This proposal needs to be retendered to all potential

researchers

GRANT $5 000

PROJECT The Development of a Behavioural Evaluation Tool to measure the Effectiveness of the National Coaching Accreditation Scheme (NCAS) DESIRED OUTCOMES

.This is the first stage of study to measure the effectiveness of the NCAS which has accredited over 30 000 coaches in seventy different sports. 3

3. SPORT Skiing

RESEARCH ORGANISATION University of Melbourne Department of Surgery - Dr G Dicker GRANT

$13 500

PROJECT The Nutritional Requirements of Cross Country Skiers DESIRED OUTCOMES . Determine the micronutrient status of Australian Cross

Country skiers. . Identify those micronutrient areas which are deficient.

87

. Determine if there is a relationship between nutritional requirements and training and competitive loads. . Formulation of specific guidelines as to the type and amount of micronutrient supplements required by cross-country skiers.

. This study will also have implications for many highly aerobic sports where training and competitive loads are similar.

4. SPORT Pistol Shooting RESEARCH ORGANISATION Australian Institute of Sport - Dr Bruce Mason GRANT

$26 500

PROJECT Selected Biomechanical and Psychological Factors affecting Pistol Shooting Accuracy DESIRED OUTCOMES

. The relationship between stability and Pistol Shooting performance. This relationship will encompass variables such as : - stability and shooting accuracy

- arousal levels, stability and shooting performance. . This study will have implications to all shooting Ballistic sports in the relationship between body stability, arousal levels and shooting accuracy.

5. SPORT Squash

RESEARCH ORGANISATION University of Queensland - Mr Bruce Abernethy GRANT $15000 PROJECT

Anticipation in Squash DESIRED OUTCOMES . Determine the most important cues utilized by highly skilled squash players in formulating their anticipatory

response. . Recommend how the above outcomes may be specifically applied by coaches and players. 6

6. SPORT Australian Sports Commission RESEARCH ORGANISATION South Australian College of Advanced Education - Ian

Robertson

GRANT $5 460

PROJECT The Motivation of Young athletes into and out of organised sport

88

DESIRED OUTCOMES . Comprehensive literature review with propositions for further study. . Preparation of a "sports article" for community distribution.

. Preparation of a package for use in NCAS courses including a workbook, slide set and audio cassette. . Production of a brochure for coaches and parents on all of the enjoyment factors in sport.

7. SPORT Volleyball

RESEARCH ORGANISATION The University of Melbourne - Mr E Roy Sandstrom GRANT $11 450 PROJECT

The development of an eccentric muscle training program for the improvement of leg strength and power in volleyball players DESIRED OUTCOMES

. Clarification of some of the conflicting and confusing results of earlier investigations into strength and power training for vertical jump improvement. . Development of an effective and practical program of strength and power training to supplement normal volleyball training.

. Provision of clear guidelines for the conduct of the program by coaches and athletes. . Recommendations to reduce the risk of injury and muscular soreness frequently reported with eccentric training

. Recommendations for strength and power training for young athletes (less than 15 years old). . Knowledge concerning leg strength and power training which could be utilized by coaches and athletes in other sports such as:

- Australian Rules Football (high marking) - Athletics (high jumping) - Rugby (line-out jumping) - Soccer (goal-keeping and heading) - Basketball (jumping in many aspects of play). 8

8. SPORT Australian Sports Commission RESEARCH ORGANISATION University of Queensland - Dr J Kellet GRANT

$3 280

PROJECT A critical review of the literature relative to peaking in sport DESIRED OUTCOMES

. Provide general guidelines for peaking to sports people in the areas of tapering, biological rhythms, psychological strategies and environmental factors such

89

as water and food supply. More specifically emphasis would be given to the following points: - the duration, nature and intensity of the taper period with regard to events of varying duration

- psychological strategies of benefit during the taper period - timing of arrival at venues in different time zones with regard to effects of travel on biological rhythms and interference with tapering procedures - effects of changes on environment including endemic diseases, water and food supply, sanitation and procedures to be implemented to minimize adverse effects on performance.

TOTAL GRANTS $110 390

90

APPENDIX 7

AUSSIE SPORTS CO-ORDINATORS

NATIONAL CO-ORDINATOR

Mr Mike D'Arcy Australian Sports Commission 2nd Floor, Perpetual Trustees Building 10 Rudd Street PO BOX 787 CANBERRA ACT 2601

Phone (062) 68 9563

TECHNICAL CO-ORDINATOR

Dr Heather MacGowan Australian Sports Commission PO Box 787 CANBERRA ACT 2601

Phone (062) 68 9307

Dr MacGowan is on 12 months contract with the ASC from the Northern Territory Department of Youth, Sport, Recreation and Ethnic Affairs.

PROMOTIONS OFFICER

Ms Sandy Hanlin Australian Sports Commission PO Box 787

CANBERRA ACT 2601

Phone (062) 68 9318

Ms Hanlin is a contract officer employed by the Australian Schools Sports Council.

AUSTRALIAN COUNCIL FOR HEALTH, PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND RECREATION AUSSIE SPORTS Coaching Program

Mr Phil Riggs Director, Programs and Resources c/- ACHPER 128 Glen Osmond Road

PARKSIDE SA 5063

Phone (08) 27 1388

91

STATE CO-ORDINATORS

Ralph Stevenson Department of Education c/- Directorate of Education

16th Floor, Remington Centre 175 Liverpool Street PO Box A242 SYDNEY SOUTH NSW 2000

Phone (02) 266 0044

Ross Monaghan Tower "A", Rialto Building 525 Collins Street MELBOURNE VIC 3000

Phone (03) 628 2344 Facs (03) 626 049 Telex AA 152 337

Bob McVey Department of Education Kenny House Cnr George & Charlotte Streets GPO Box 33 NORTH QUAY QLD 4000 Jeff Dry c/- The Orphanage 181 Goodwood Road MILLSW00D SA 5034

Phone (08) 274 0261

John Dimmer Education Department 151 Royal Street EAST PERTH WA 6000

Phone (09) 420 4892 Facs (09) 420 5005 Telex EDH0 94166

Gary Davidson 212 Collins Street HOBART TAS 7000

Phone (002) 30 6372

Peter Markey Department of Education Crisp Street RAPID CREEK NT 5782

Phone (089) 85 0314 Facs (089) 85 6505

92

Yvonne Williams Sports Administration Macarthur House LYNEHAM ACT 2602

Phone (062) 46 9557 Facs (062) 47 9713 Telex 62 600

OBJECTS AND PURPOSES OF THE AUSTRALIAN COACHING COUNCIL

1. To establish a national education and accreditation scheme for all coaches in all sport. 2. To provide opportunities for all coaches to undertake some form of training in sports coaching. 3. To increase the number of qualified sports coaches. 4. To increase the competence of sports coaches at all

levels (local, State, national, international). 5. To increase the opportunities for all active and aspiring coaches to improve their knowledge and skill in theoretical, technical and practical aspects of coaching

in their specific sports. 6. To develop coaches who are able to achieve specific objectives and produce improved results at their particular expertise levels. 7. To promote a scientific and systematic approach to sports

coaching.

8. To improve the status of the coaching profession in Australia. 9. To encourage the raising of national standards of sport and to encourage increased participation in sport through

upgrading of sports coaching throughout Australia. 10. To act as a liaison with government agencies and bring before governments and government agencies such recommendations as are approved by the Council. 11. To support the efforts of national sports governing

bodies in Australia to advance the development of sports coaching. 12. To initiate and/or conduct research and disseminate information relating to coaching. 13. To co-operate with all levels of government, national

sports governing bodies and the private sector in assessing the needs of sports coaches and initiating the means of meeting those needs. 14. To establish, as from time to time thought fit, liaison

with any international organisation having similar objectives to those of the Council. 15. To co-operate with or assist any organisation having similar objectives to those of the Council.

COURSES APPROVED 1985-1986

.Tae Kwon Do - Level 1 .Volleyball - revised Level 1 and 2 .Boxing - Level 1 .Polocrosse - Level 1 .Fencing - Levels 1 and 2 .BMX - Level 1 .Rhythmic Gymnastics - Level 2 .Golf - Level 0 and 1 .Gymnastics - Gymfun Level 1 .Rowing - Level 2 .Big Bore Rifle - Level 2

APPENDIX 8

94

Powerlifting - Level Australian Football - Netball - Level 0 Squash - Level 0

Level 0 1

95

APPENDIX 9

AUSTRALIAN COACHING COUNCIL APPROVED COACHING COURSES AS AT 30 JUNE

SPORTS LEVEL 1 LEVEL 2 LEVEL

Archery X X

Athletics X X X

Australian Football X X X

Badminton X X

Baseball X X X

Basketball X X X

Billiards & Snooker X

BMX X

Bocce X

Bowls X X

Boxing X

Canoeing X X

Cricket X X X

Croquet X X X

Cycling X X

Diving X X X

Equestrian X X X

Fencing X X X

Hockey X X X

Gymnastics (MAG) X X X

Gymnastics (WAG) X X X

Gymnastics (RSG) X

Gymnastics (General) X

Golf X

Hang Gliding X

Ice Hockey X X

Ice Racing X

Ice Skating X

Judo X X X

Ju Jitsu X X X

Karate-do X

Kendo X X

Korfball X X

Rung Fu (Chinese MA) X

Lacrosse (M) X X

Lacrosse (W) X

Modern Pentathlon X

Netbal1 V X

Orienteering X X

Parachuting X X X

Power Lifting X X

Roller Skating X X X

Rowing X X

Royal Life Saving X

Rugby League X X X

Rugby Union X X

96

SPORTS LEVEL 1 LEVEL 2 LEVEL

Shooting: Clay Target X X

Simulated Field X

Pistol X X X

Small Bore Rifle X X

Big Bore Rifle X X

Running Target X X

Skiing: Alpine X X X

Nordic X X X

Soccer X X X

Softball X X X

Squash X X

Surf Life Saving X X

Surfriding X

Swimming X X X

Synchronised Swimming X

Table Tennis X X X

Taekwondo X

Tennis X X X

Ten Pin Bowling X X X

Touch X

Trampolining X

Underwater: Scuba Diving X X

Snorkelling X X

Hockey X X

Volleyball X X

Water Polo X X

Water Skiing X

Weightlifting X X

Wrestling X X

97

NATIONAL COACHING ACCREDITATION SCHEME COACHES ACCREDITED AS AT 30 JUNE 1986

APPENDIX 10

1985-86 OVERALL

SPORT Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 1 Level_2 Level__3 TOT

1 Archery 4 0 0 19 16 0

2 Athletics 373 21 0 2317 228 61 26

3 Australian Football 1234 123 14 3841 468 54

4 Badminton 22 0 1 73 3 7 Ί

5 Baseball 183 0 0 675 40 6 71

6 Basketball 407 18 0 2630 388 13 30

7 Billiards & Snooker 8 0 0 29 0 0 t

8 Bocce 2 0 0 2 0 0

9 Bowls 435 91 0 1537 103 0

10 Boxing 114 0 0 755 1 3 7)

11 Canoeing 10 0 0 45 6 0

12 Cricket 344 62 25 1660 400 300 23

13 Croquet 20 0 0 176 17 1 1‘

14 Cycling 2 10 0 191 16 0 2 1

15 Diving 29 8 0 233 26 8 2:

16 Equestrian 20 18 0 160 68 27 2 '

17 Fencing 2 15 0 36 15 0

28( 18 Gymnastics 453 108 0 2416 375 13

19 Handgliding 16 0 0 65 0 0 (

212 20 Hockey 175 25 0 1946 162 17

21 Ice Hockey 9 0 0 157 5 0 h

22 Ice Racing 6 0 0 6 0 0

23 Ice Skating 23 0 0 88 0 0 f

7( 24 Judo 54 20 0 589 116 0

25 Ju Jutsu 42 4 2 47 8 9

21 26 Karate-Do 61 0 0 212 0 0

27 Kendo 0 0 0 16 0 0 1

28 Korfball 0 3 0 14 4 0 1 '

29 Kungfu 22 0 0 22 0 0 2

30 Lacrosse M 22 0 0 85 0 0 £

31 Lacrosse F 0 0 0 24 0 0 2

32 Modern Pentathlon 0 0 0 0 0 0

1 2c

33 Netball 295 5 0 1195 12 0

34 Orient­ eering 6 7 0 128 9 0 13

35 Parachute 117 14 3 129 20 20 16

36 Polocrosse 37 0 0 37 0 0 3

37 Power­ lifting 0 0 0 32 14 0 4

38 Roller­ skating 1 3 8 1 1 0 118 11 0 1 2

39 Rowing 354 1 0 926 3 0 9 2

98

SPORT

________ 1985-86_________________ OVERALL._______

kevel_l. Level 2 Level_3 Level 1 Level 2 Levels TOTAL

40 Royal Life Saving 41 Rugby

8 0 0 8 0 0 8

League 42 Rugby

0 0 0 1691 147 122 1960

Union

Shooting 43 Big Bore

1 0 0 78 623 3 704

Rifle 60 0 0 60 0 0 60

44 Clay target 28 12 0 268 33 0 301

45 Pistol 46 Field and

69 3 0 292 29 9 330

Game

47 Small Bore

5 0 0 30 0 0 30

Rifle

48 Sporting

26 0 0 57 5 0 62

Shooters 8 7 0 8 10 0 18

49 Skiing 3 1 1 25 5 3 33

50 Soccer 9 0 0 171 106 15 292

51 Softball 72 40 0 677 43 0 720

52 Squash 53 Surf Life

55 0 0 427 0 0 427

Saving 96 3 0 400 18 0 418

54 Surfriders 9 0 0 15 0 0 15

55 Swimming 56 Synchronised 262 10 3 1542 202 44 1788

Swimming 57 Table

8 0 0 45 1 0 46

Tennis 64 4 5 126 25 18 169

58 Taekwondo 130 16 0 130 16 0 146

59 Tennis 60 Ten Pin

1 8 1 232 907 105 1244

Bowling 24 6 0 477 21 1 499

61 Touch 62 Trampo-

222 0 0 803 0 0 803

lining 19 0 0 128 0 0 128

63 Underwater 50 41 0 193 238 0 431

64 Volleyball 169 0 0 727 0 0 727

65 Water Polo 17 0 0 184 1 0 185

66 Water Ski 67 Weight-48 0 0 131 0 0 131

1ifting 39 0 0 168 15 0 183

68 Wrestling 0 0 0 73 18 0 91

TOTALS 6521 715 55 31797 4992 859 37648

Golf and BMX have recently been approved and have yet to accredit coaches.

99

APPENDIX 11

1. The Committee, established by the Australian Sports Commission (ASC), is an expert advisory and consultative group to the ASC, Federal Ministers, sporting and health organisations.

2, The Committee will:

(a) Advise on the development and implementation (including funding and staffing implications) of a national policy related to the use and abuse of drugs by persons participating in sporting and recreational activities.

(b ) Develop a program to actively discourage drug misuse in sport, including the preventative elements of drug testing, drug education and, as appropriate, drug regulation.

(c) Develop a systematic education program in keeping with existing guidelines and programs related to drug education.

(d ) Investigate the most appropriate procedure(s ) for the detection of prohibited substances.

(e ) Encourage relevant sporting organisations to adopt and implement appropriate testing procedures which may include testing at events or during training.

(f) Encourage the establishment of appropriate networks throughout Australia to assist with the implementation of drug testing.

(g) Encourage appropriate organisations to allocate sufficient funds to permit drug testing by sporting organisations.

(h) Advise organisations as to which drugs should be prohibited and seek legal advice, as necessary, on aspects related to drug testing.

(i) Organise the establishment of a national information base of resource materials to assist key personnel who have to address the problems of drug misuse in sport.

(j) Instigate and/or encourage research into related areas.

(k ) Liaise in the development and implementation of policy with relevant organisations.

DRUGS IN SPORT COMMITTEE - TERMS OF REFERENCE

100

The Committee will also act on other relevant matters referred to it from the ASC and/or Ministers.

APPENDIX 12

ASC CONSULTANTS 1985-86

(i) Heather MacGowan October 1985 - October 1986 Technical Coordinator, AUSSIE SPORTS (Funds from AUSSIE SPORTS program)

(ii) John Lamb started October 1985 Working with ASC1s personal computers on a number of projects, including athlete data base, STEP and SDP application processes, sports directory;

(iii) Social Impacts December 1985 - May 1986 Developing ASC sports data base and conducting study into likely impact on sport of future trends and developments

in the social and economic environment. Completed 16 May.

(iv) Price Waterhouse November 1985 - June 1986 To assist ASC with accounting, financial management and preparation of end of year financial statement.

(v) Margot Foster - Sport and the Law 7 weeks ending early July; initial research into issues relating to sport and the law.

(vi) Ms Judith Evans To undertake writing and editing of Sports Education Units for the Aussie Sports Program.

(vii) Ms Vivienne Cichero To provide data processing for the AUSSIE SPORTS Sports Education Units.

102

APPENDIX 13

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

C E R T I F I C A T E

In our opinion, the accompanying statements of the Australian Sports Commission consisting of:

. Statement of Activity . Statement of Assets and Liabilities . Statement of Capital Accumulation . Statement of Sources and Applications of Funds . Notes to and forming part of the Financial Statements

which have been made out in accordance with the Guidelines for the Form and Standard of Financial Statements of Commonwealth Undertakings:

(i) Show fairly the operations of the Commission for the year ended 30 June 1986;

(ii) Show fairly the state of affairs of the Commission at 30

Chairman General Manager

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

STATEMENT OF ACTIVITY

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

Note 1985/86

$

INCOME

Parliamentary Appropriation

- Programs and Administration

Transfer to Statement of Capital Accumulation for purchase of capital items

Australian Sports Aid Foundation 3

Interest on deposits

Total Income

EXPENDITURE

Australian Sports Aid Foundation 3

Administration 4

Commissioners' remuneration 5

Programs 6

Surplus (Deficiency) of Income over Funded Expenditure

Provisions and other unfunded charges:

- Annual Leave - Long Service Leave - Depreciation

Surplus before abnormal items

Abnormal items:

8,703,000

96,843

8,606,157 174,966 12,210

8^ . 193^333

31,536 1,047,486 23,595 7,578,008

876807625

112,708

20,433 19,235 17,079

567747

55,961

Annual leave Long Service Leave

104

62,355 78,520 140,875

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

STATEMENT OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

AT 30 JUNE 1986

Note

Unfunded liability transfered to Statement of Capital Accumulation

ACCUMULATED FUNDS

Balance transferred from Statement of Capital Accumulation

Represented b y :

CURRENT ASSETS

Cash at bank on hand and on deposit 7

Debtors 8

Prepayments 9

NON CURRENT ASSETS

Furniture and equipment 10

Total assets

CURRENT LIABILITIES

Creditors and accured expenses 11

Provision for annual leave Provision for long service leave

NON CURRENT LIABILITIES

Provision for long service leave

Total liabilities

SURPLUS OF ASSESTS OVER LIABILITIES

The accompanying notes form part of the Financial

1985/86 " $

61,701

m i n

173,391 172 920

i Z A i i M

129,536

304Τ0Ϊ9

61,775 82,788 84,326

228^889

13,429

2427518

61,701

Statements.

105

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

STATEMENT OF CAPITAL ACCUMULATION

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

Note 1985/86

$

Funds transferred from Statement of Activity:

- Acquisition of capital items 12 96,843

Assets transferred from the 10 49,772

Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism

146,615

Unfunded liability transferred from Statement of Activity 184^9^4^

Balance at 30 June 1986 tranferred to Statement of Assets and Liabilities 61^70^

The accompanying notes form part of the Financial Statements.

106

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

STATEMENT OF SOURCES AND APPLICATIONS OF FUNDS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

1985/86 " $ '

SOURCES OF FUNDS

Funds from Operations

Inflow of funds from operations Less: Outflows of funds from operations

Increase in Liabilities

Current Liabilities

Creditors and accrued expenses

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

Increase in Assets

Current Assets

Cash at bank, on hand and on deposit Debtors Prepayments

Non-Current Assets

Furniture and equipment

8,890,176 8,680,625

209,551

61,775

27ΪΤ326

173,391 172 920

1117*11

96,843

I z I I H I

The accompanying notes for part of the Financial Statements.

107

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

1. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The principal accounting policies adopted by the Australian Sports Commission are stated to assist in the general understanding of these financial statements. These policies have been consistently applied by the Commission except as otherwise indicated.

(a ) Basis of accounting

(i) The financial statements have been prepared on a full accruals basis.

(ii) The financial statements have been prepared on the basis of historical costs and except where stated do not reflect current valuations of non-current assets.

(ill) The financial statements incorporate the activities of the Australian Sports Aid Foundation.

(iv) The financial statements do not reflect the cost of managerial, technical and professional services and resources provided by the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism and the Department of Local Government and Administrative Services under arrangements between the Departments and the Commission. The costs of such services provided by the Deparmtents in 1985/86 were approximately $192,500. The costs of similar services provided to the Australian Sports Aid Foundation by the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism, the Department of Local Government and Administrative Services and the Department of Finance during 1985/86: were approximately $37,200.

(b ) Comparative Figures

This is the first year of operation of the Australian Sports Commission and hence no comparative figures are available.

(c ) Depreciation

Assets are depreciated over their anticipated useful life using the straight line method, with depreciation commencing from the date of acquisition.

Profits and losses on disposal of non-current assets being the difference between the written down value of those assets at the date of disposal and the consideration received are taken into account in determining the excess or deficiency of income over funded expenditure for the year. There were no displays of non-current assets during the current finanical year.

108

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

(d ) Annual and long service leave

The amounts expected to be paid to employees for their pro-rata entitlement to long service leave and annual leave are accrued annually at current wage rates. For long service leave, the estimate is based on a qualifying period of ten years eligible employee service, including previous eligible service with Commonwealth or State Govenrments or statutory authorities, and is accrued from the commencement of the sixth year of such eligible

service. The provision for annual leave is based on the value of actual entitlements at balance date and includes a leave loading component. Payments of long service leave and annual leave are funded from Parliamentary Appropriations on an as required basis and are included as expenditure under the item Salaries and Allowances

in Administration Expenses.

2. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

From 13 September 1984 until 30 June 1985 the Australian Sports Commission operated as a division of the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism. The Commission was established as a Statutory Authority on 1 July 1985.

Certain administration expenses paid by the Commission in the current year relate to the previous year, and program expenditure does not include payments relating to the current year which were made in the previous year. Further details are contained in notes 4 and 6.

Provisions for annual and long service leave established in the current year, but relating to service with other government organisations in prior years, have been brought to account as abnormal items in the Statement of Activity.

3. AUSTRALIAN SPORTS AID FOUNDATION

Australian Sports Aid Foundation which was incorporated on 18 February 1986 is a company limited by guarantee formed by the Commission for the purposes of raising money for the development of sport. All funds raised by the Foundation are passed to the

Commission.

109

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

1985/86 $ '

Income derived by The Foundation comprises:

Donations Interest

174,229 667

174,966

Expenditure incurred by The Foundation and by the Commission on account of the Foundation comprises:

1985/86 ($)

Accountancy fees

ASAF

4,102

ASC TOTAL

4,012

Bank charges 41 - 41

Incidentals - 4,245 4,245

Office requisites - 1,245 1,245

Salaries and related costs - 16,000 16,000

Travel and subsistance 441 5,462 5,903

4,584 26,952 31,536

Accumulated funds of the Australian Sports Aid Foundation amounted to $114,382 at 30 June 1986 comprising:

Operating account 455

Donations account 113,927

114^382

4. ADMINISTRATION EXPENSES

Administration expenses comprise:

Accountancy 11,850

Compensation 6,449

Computer services 3,437

Consultants 53,075

Incidentals 35,178

Office requisites, printing and stationery 52,587 Postage and communications 50,741

Property and maintenance services 1,170

Superannuation 8,081

Salaries and related expenses 690,307

Travel and subsistence 134,611

1± 047± 486

110

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

Included in the above administration expenses are expenses totalling $14,467 relating to the previous financial year and incurred before the Commission was established.

5. COMMISSIONERS' REMUNERATION

There are no full time Commissioners.

All remuneration was paid to part time Commissioners and was paid in accordance with a determination of the Remuneration Tribunal.

6. PROGRAMS

Expenditure on programs comprises:

Drugs in Sport Australian Coaching Council Research Co-ordinator Administrative expenses for

drugs in sport, research co-ordinator and Australian Coaching Council

1985/86 $

82,000 113.000 112.000

____4,831

311,831

Less: amount applied towards purchase of fixed assests 24^440

2 87,391

Assistance to National Organisations Sports Talent Encouragement Scheme Children in Sport Sports Science Research Commonwealth Games Assistance Commonwealth Games Assistance ex Australian

Sports Aid Foundation

5,763,000 410.000 436,617 120.000

500,000

61,000

2i22S±22I

Program expenditure does not include payments amounting to $417,025 made in the previous financial year, before the Commission was established, which relate to the current years programs.

Ill

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

7. CASH AT BANK, ON HAND AND ON DEPOSIT

Australian Sports Commission Australian Sports Aid Foundation

8. DEBTORS

Staff telephone usage Interest receivable

8. PREPAYMENTS

Telephone rental Subscriptions Photocopier maintenance agreement

10. NON-CURRENT ASSETS

Assets transferred from the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism at officers valuation

Office furniture, machines and equipment Accumulated depreciation

Assets at cost

Office furniture, machines and equipment Accumulated depreciation

TOTAL NON-CURRENT ASSESTS AT WRITTEN DOWN VALUE

1985/86 $ '

54,907 118,484

Γ73Τ39Ϊ

87 85

Ϊ72

31 91

798 920

49,772 11,540

38^232

94,843 5,539

91^304

1.29,5 36

112

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

11. CREDITORS AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

Australian Sports Commission Australian Sports Aid Foundation

12. ACQUISTION OF CAPITAL ITEMS

Appropriate details of assets purchases during the year

13. LEASE COMMITMENTS

Lease commitments in respect of office rental, at 30 June 1986 were:

- payable not later than one year - payable later than one year and not later than two years - payable later than two years and

not later than five years - payable later than five years

1985/86 $

57,673 4,102

61,775

96,843

96x843

168,553

183,876

551,628 22,985

927,042

14. SUPERANNUATION

Superannuation payments comprise employer contributions paid to a private superannuation fund under employment arrangements between the Commission and an employee.

113

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

NOTES TO AND FORMING PART OF THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1986

Under the terms of the Superannuation Act 1976, the Commission is not required to make, and does not make, employers superannuation contributions for other employees.

15. BREACHES OF THE AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION ACT 1985

The following breaches have occurred:

(a) Delegations

Under Section 11(1) of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985, the Commission may delegate to a person, or to a committee certain of its powers under the Act.

Due to the timing of its formation, payments were made and commitments entered into before the approval of delegations by the Commission. Approval was received on 12 September 1985.

(b ) Quorum

Under Section 19(4) of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985, the Commission is required to specify the number of members of a committee that will constitute a quorum at a meeting of the committee. The number of members of a committee that will constitute a quorum has not been specified.

(c) Ministerial Approval of Estimates

Under Section 31(2) of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985, the Commission is required to expend moneys in accordance with estimates of expenditure approved by the Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism.

The Commission commenced operations on 1 July 1985, made payments and entered into commitments prior to receiving the Ministers approval to do so. Apart from donations made, for which no approval has been received, all other approvals were received prior to 30 June 1986.

The Commission's expenditure on programs during the financial year has exceeded the estimates approved by the Minister by $11,448

114

E OF THE OR GENERAL

G.P.O. Box 707 Canberra, A.C.T. 2601 Telephone 48 4711

F86/722

10 NOV 1386

The Honourable the Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism Parliament House CANBERRA ACT 2601

Dear Minister

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION AUDIT REPORT ON FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Section 35 of the Australian Sports Commission Act 1985 declares the Commission to be a public authority to which Division 3 of Part XI of the Audit Act 1901 applies. That Division (sections 63J to 63M) prescribes certain matters relating to the accounts

and financial statements of the Commission and their audit.

Pursuant to section 63M of the Audit Act 1901, the Commission has submitted for my report its financial statements for the year ended 30 June 1986. These comprise:

. Statement of Activity

. Statement of Assets and Liabilities

. Statement of Capital Accumulation

. Statement of Sources and Applications of Funds, and

. Notes to and forming part of the financial statements.

The statements have been prepared in accordance with the policies outlined in Note 1 to the Accounts and in accordance with the Guidelines for the Form and Standard of Financial Statements of Commonwealth Undertakings approved by the Minister for Finance. The statements are in the form approved by the Minister for

Finance pursuant to sub-section 63Μ (1) of the Audit Act. A copy of the financial statements is enclosed for your information.

These statements have been audited in conformance with the Australian Audit Office Auditing Standards.

In accordance with sub-section 63M(2) of the Act, I now report that the statements are in agreement with the accounts and records of the Commission and, in my opinion:

the statements are based on proper accounts and records, and

the receipt and expenditure of moneys, and the acquisition and disposal of assets, by the Commission during the year have been in accordance with the Act except to the extent:

- as indicated in Note 15, and

- the Commission failed to maintain a bank account for the period 1 July 1985 to 19 September 1985 as required by the provisions of section 63J of the Audit Act 1901.

No investments were made during the year.

Yours sincerely

116

APPENDIX 14

COMMISSION AND COMMITTEE MEETINGS 1/7/85 to 30/6/86

12/07/85 Executive Sydney

23/08/85 Sports Development Progam Canberra

12/09/85 Executive Sydney

02/10/85 Executive Sydney

08/10/85 Children in Sport Melbourne

23/10/85 Disadvantaged Groups Sydney

28/10/85 4th Commission Meeting Canberra

02/12/85 Executive Sydney

17/12/85 Athlete & Coaching Development Canberra

18/12/85 Children in Sport Canberra

20/12/85 Executive Sydney

30/01/86 Strategic Planning Sydney

31/01/86 Executive Sydney

05/02/86 Athlete & Coaching Development Sydney

20/02/86 Children in Sport Canberra

21/02/86 5th Commission Meeting Sydney

26/03/86 Executive Sydney

02/05/86 Executive Sydney

02/05/85 Sports Development Program Sydney

02/05/86 Disadvantaged Groups Sydney

16/05/86 6th Commission Meeting Brisbane

20/06/86 Executive Sydney

MEETING COSTS FOR 1985-86

These costs include sitting fees*, fares, travelling allowance, room hire, refreshments etc.

Australian Sports Commission Meetings $30 258

Children in Sport $ 6 756

Disadvantaged Groups $ 1 954

Executive $12 196

Athlete Development & Coaching $ 7 816

Strategic Planning $ 1 286

Sports Development Program $ 3 462

TOTAL $63 728

* As at 30 June sitting fees were payable at the following rates: Chairman: $297 Deputy Chairmam: $219

Committee Chairman: $187 Commissioner: $136

117

APPENDIX-15

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE

MINISTER

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

General Manager

SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

. Administration of Foundation . Policy development . Marketing/fund raising

AUSSIE SPORTS Research & projects Data base & statistics Taxation & finance issues

Equity & access programs

Liaison with NSO's Program management - SDP - STEP

- Research Program - Drugs in Sport - Coaching Council

1

MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING

. Planning . Planning & evaluation . Information & Publications . Internal management &

operations

AUSTRALIAN SPORTS COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE STAFF (30 JUNE)

Greg Hartung (General Manager)

- Louise Allen (Steno-Secretary)

Perry Crosswhite (Assistant General Manager)

- Lesley James (Steno-Secretary; temporary replacement for Lucy Corleone, on extended leave)

Sports Development

- Dene Moore (Director) - John Windsor

- Ken Norris

- David Weir

- Neil Richardson - Phil Trenorden - Leonie Stewart (temporary replacement for Shane Edwards, on extended leave without pay) - Robin Duff

- Sarah Trotman

Special Projects

- Chris Aulich (Director) - Brian Brown

- Mike D'Arcy

- Heather MacGowan (AUSSIE SPORTS Consultant) - Sandy Hanlin (Schools Sports Council Staff) - Jane Nutt (part-time)

Management Planning

- Martin Weeks (Director) - Leigh Incher

- Jan Shipton

- Bassam Sanjakdar - Kerry McGlinn

- Ruth Craig (part-time)

Aust ralianSpqrts_Aj.d_Foundatj.on

- Duncan Gray (on secondment from Department of Finance) - Warick Smith (on secondment from Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism).

119

APPENDIX 16

ADDRESSES AND CONTACTS

The Commission's offices are located in Canberra at the following address:

Second and Third Floors Perpetual Trustees Building 10 Rudd Street Canberra City

The postal address is:

P. 0. Box 787 CANBERRA ACT 2601

The Commission's general telephone number is (062) 68 9411 and the telex number in AA61716. The ASC also has a facsimile machine (062 689333).

The following officers can be contacted for further information about the Commission or about any aspect of this report:

Greg Hartung (General Manager) 68 9566

Perry Crosswhite (Assistant General Manager) .information on Sports Aid Foundation 68 9578

Dene Moore (Director, Sports Development and Liaison) .information on SDP, STEP, Coaching, Research, Drugs in Sport 68 9573

Chris Aulich (Director, Special Projects) .information on AUSSIE SPORTS, sports data base, research and development, women's sport, veterans sport, tax and sport

68 9562

Martin Weeks (Director, Management and Planning) .information on planning and evaluation, information and publicity and internal management 68 9564

120