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Department of Communications - Report - Year - 1985-86

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The Parliament o f the Commonwealth of Australia


Annual Report


Presented 26 November 1986

Ordered to be p rin te d 27 Novem ber 1986

Parliamentary Paper No. 366/1986


Department of Communications

Annual Report 1985-86

Australian Government Publishing Service

Canberra 1986

© Commonwealth of Australia 1986

ISSN 0727-6818

Printed in Australia by Canberra Publishing and Printing Co., Fyshwick, A.C.T.



P.O. Box 34 Belconnen, A C T. 26 7 6 Australia. Telephone: (062) 64 4994 Telex: 62025 Facsimile 644000

10 November 1986

Dear Minister,

I am pleased to present to you the Annual Report of the Department of Communications for the year ending 30 June 1986.

As you know, Mr R.B. Lansdown, C.B.E., retired on 31 January 1986 and I succeeded him as Secretary to the Department the following day.

I would like to acknowledge formally the 50 years of dedicated service Bob Lansdown gave to the Public Service and, since 1979, to the Department of Communications and the portfolio agencies.

The format of this year's Report has been changed so that the Department's activities are reported mainly along program lines which will be implemented in program, budgeting from 1 July 1986.

Yours sincerely


The Hon. Michael Duffy, M.P., Minister for Communications, Parliament House, Canberra, A.C.T. 2600





Purpose of the Department 1

Departmental Goals 2

Department's History 6

Program Budgeting 7

The Year in Brief 9

Departmental Programs 13

Broadcasting 13

Broadcasting Policy and Planning 14

Broadcasting Council 14

Equalisation of commercial television 15 Future directions for commercial radio 16 Ownership and control of commercial television 17

Service areas 17

Technical standards and planning guidelines 18 National Television Frequency Allocation Plan 18

National VHF-FM Radio Frequency Allocation Plan 18

UHF information campaign 19

National Broadcasting 22

National Broadcasting Services Development Council 23

Conversion of television services from INTELSAT to AUSSAT 24

Special Broadcasting Service 25

The Connor Report - Committee of Review of the SBS 25

ABC Board appointments 25

Commonwealth transmitting stations 26

Second Regional Radio Network 28

Remote and underserved areas 28

Field surveys 29

Strategic Property Development Plan 29

ABC radio activities to consolidate in Sydney 30 Alternative sources of National broadcaster funding 30

Legislative amendments 31

Commercial and Public Broadcasting 32

Commercial broadcasting 33

Supplementary television licences 33

Remote Commercial Television Service 34

Public broadcasting 35


Public broadcasting sponsorship 36

United States Armed Forces Radio and Television Service 37

Perth commercial television inquiry 37

Review of Tribunal decisions 37

Imported television material 37

Radio for the Print Handicapped 38

Local program origins 38

Radio and television licence fees 38

Remote Aboriginal community broadcasting 39 Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme 39 ABT appointments 40

Radio Frequency Management 41

Spectrum Policy and Planning 43

Spectrum plan 44

Band planning 44

Consultancies 45

Standards 45

Type testing 45

Radiocommunications Act 1983 46

Australia's international role 46

ITU Space Conference 47

ITU Administrative Council 47

ITU Fellowship 48

CCIR activities 48

CCITT activities 49

Liaison with industry 50

IREECON '85 50

CISPR '85 50

Spectrum Systems Management 51

System licensing 52

Monitoring of satellites 52

New monitoring and occupancy systems developed 53

Individual licensing of Government organisations 54

Land mobile industry 55

Spectrum Control 56

Monitoring activities 56

Interference complaints 57

Countering licence evasion 59

Prosecutions 60

Shipboard inspections 62

Maritime studies and standards 62

Examinations 62

Telecommunications and Postal Services 65

Satellite, Telecommunications and Postal Policies and Legislation 67

Policy developments 68

Q-NET and telecommunications policy 68


Telecom's zonal charging policies 68

Telecom, Post cross-subsidisation 69

Telephone services for Aboriginal communities 69 Interception of telecommunications 69

Legislative amendments 70

Subsidiary company formed 70

Financial, administrative arrangements 71 Prices Surveillance Authority 71

Mail service standards 71

Telecom PABX policy 72

Submarine cable system 72

Statutory Authority and Government relations 72 The Langdale Report 73

The Ergas Report 74

Commonwealth-State-Territory meetings 75 Development of the communications equipment industry 76

Major contracts exceed $1.15 billion 76

Contract threshold increased 77

Department's role in government purchasing 'll Department's concerns over National Preference Agreement 77

Australian-content Preference Scheme 78 Appointments 78

International involvement 79

OECD Committee on Information, Computer and Communications Policy 80

Private international satellite systems 82 Australia's role at INTELSAT Assembly 82

INMARSAT to provide aeronautical services 83 Australia attends Asia-Pacific Telecommunity meeting 83

Department's role in Unesco 83

Agencies 84

Communications Development 85

Communications Environment and Strategic Development 86

International Communications Conference 87 South Pacific telecommunications 88

National Information Policy 89

Electronic publishing 89

Social aspects of environmental monitoring and analysis 90

Communications studentship scheme 90

Library services grow 90

Communications indicators 91

Household equipment study 91

Monitoring privatisation and deregulation 91

Technology, Systems and Services Development 92 Ancillary Communications Services 93

Pay Television, and Video and Audio Entertainment and Information Services 93 New laboratory in Canberra 94


Corporate Activities 95

Executive 97

Resource Management Coordination and Support Services 99

Corporate planning 100

Internal consultancy 100

Internal audit 101

Visits by Heads of State 101

Celebratory activities 101

Public conferences hosted 101

Minister's overseas travel 102

Public education and information 102

Parliamentary liaison 103

Freedom of Information 103

Legislation 104

Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (Inquiries) Regulations 104

Broadcasting and Television Legislation Amendment Act 1985 104

Broadcasting and Television Legislation Amendment Act 1986 105

Telecommunications and postal services 105 Radio frequency management 105

Support services 106

Changes in the Workplace 107

Personnel development 107

Staff exchanges 108

Fellowship awarded 109

Recruitment 109

Repetitive Strain Injuries 109

Health Awareness Week 110

Equal Employment Opportunity Plan 111

Industrial Democracy 111

Joint Consultative Council 112

All That's New in Computing 113

Handling more licences with fewer people 113

Supporting management information systems 115 Broadcast planning 116

Personal computers 117

Word Processing expansion 117

Looking ahead 117

ADP committee 118

The Year of the Satellite 119

AUSSAT 1 launched successfully after technical hitch ... 119

... and a problem-free launch for AUSSAT 2 120

Coordination and registration 120

B-MAC technology used for satellite communications 120


B-MAC accepted internationally 123

AUSSAT takes over 123

HACBSS broadcasts throughout Australia 123

HACBSS publicity campaign 124

Satellite Program Services 126

AUSSAT licences approach 100 127

Planning for new satellites 127

Finance 130

Spending by the Department 130

Share calls on AUSSAT 131

National broadcasting services 131

Australian Broadcasting Tribunal 132

Departmental administration 133

Other departmental costs 134

Program budgeting 135

Revenue collected by the Department 137

Radiocommunications licence tax evasion 139 Expenditure 1985-86 140

Revenue 1985-86 .149

Appendixes A Freedom of Information Section 8 statement 153 B Acts administered by the Minister for Communications 179

C Schedule of radiocommunications licence fees 182 D Civil radiocommunications station licences 187 E Broadcasting licences applications 192

F Broadcasting licences granted 193

G National station openings and changes 194

H Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme - Television 195

I Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme - Radio 196

J Shipboard surveys and inspections 197

K Interference statistics 198

L Staffing summaries 199

M Publications 202

N Media releases 204

0 Parliamentary questions 212

P Terms of reference for FDU studies 213

Q Dealing with interested organisations 218

R Joint Consultative Council members 221

S Departmental addresses 222

Glossary of Acronyms, Titles and Abbreviations 231


Fig 1 Measured occupancy of 30 UHF land mobile channels in Sydney 54

Fig 2 Radiocommunications licences and operational staff 114



Fig 4 Department of Communications -comparison of expenditure over three years 1983-84 to 1985-86 130

Fig 5 Communications portfolio - expenditure 131

Fig 6 National Broadcasting Service - comparison of capital and operational expenditure over three years 132

Fig 7 National Broadcasting Service - number of services 133

Fig 8 Communications portfolio - revenue 137

Fig 9 Communications portfolio - comparison of receipts and expenditure over three years 1983-84 to 1985-86 138

Fig 10 Revenue - radiocommunications licence taxes 139

Fig 11 Radiocommunications licences issued 1985-86 186

Fig 3 AUSSAT licences issued 1985-86



A u s tra lia n B ro a d c a s tin g T rib u n a l _________

A u s tra lia n P o s ta l C o m m is s io n

A u s tra lia n T e le c o m m u n ic a tio n s C o m m is s io n

S p e c ia l B ro a d c a s tin g S e rv ic e

Minister for Communications

O v e rs e a s T e le c o m m u n ic a tio n s C o m m is s io n _________

A u s tra lia n B ro a d c a s tin g C o rp o ra tio n

: A U S S A T

P ty L td

Department of Communications





The Department of Communications assists the Minister for Communications to meet the strategic aims of the Government in developing broadcasting, other information uses of the electromagnetic spectrum, and postal and telecommunications services

in Australia and between Australia and other countries which:

* ensure equity to providers, users and receivers of services;

* are efficient in the present and prospective use of available resources;

* conform to Australia's international obligations;

* ensure that the benefits of technological and other changes in communications are shared as widely and as equitably as possible by the people of Australia; and

* involve economic and technological regulation to the minimum extent necessary to achieve these objectives.



The Department, with Ministerial approval, has set a number of corporate goals which provide for the needs of Australians in the communications environment. Performance against these goals is monitored within the Department through a system of executive

committees and management information systems. These are designed to ensure human and financial resources are used effectively in meeting program requirements.

Broadcasting policy

Develop and support policy options, proposals and implementation strategies for the future form and ownership of broadcasting in Australia, which ensure that all Australians have equitable access to a basic level of National, commercial and public broadcasting services, delivered through the most effective systems available.

Planning of nationwide broadcasting services

Carry out systematic and detailed planning, to facilitate the development of National, commercial and public broadcasting services and ensure that those services are available to all Australians, and are cost effective and consistent with the Government's strategic objectives for those services.

Servicing nationwide broadcasting

Modify and where necessary, extend the network of National transmission sites and facilities, and establish, operate and maintain the system with the assistance of other agencies.

Meeting the future

Establish and maintain a multi-disciplinary information base which will enable the Department to evaluate changing or converging technologies in the context of national, regional, community and

business needs, and future social and economic environments. Use that information to assess the implications for Government policies, the communications industry and for the goals and programs of the Department to ensure that as far as is practical, Australia benefits

from the introduction and/or substitution of appropriate technologies to extend or improve the services available.


International participation

Ensure that, through monitoring and direct participation, Australia:

* meets its international operational obligations under conventions and agreements to which it is signatory;

* participates in the development of international communications, with emphasis towards Asian and Pacific interests; and

* represents its interests in international communications-related forums.

Postal and telecommunications policy

Develop and support policies for the balanced development of postal and telecommunications services, taking account of the varying needs of the various sectors of the community and the need to maintain and improve efficiency in utilisation of resources, standards of service and access to those services.

Statutory authorities

Assist the statutory business undertakings and Budget-dependent authorities to discharge their statutory and corporate responsibilities in line with government and public expectations, coordinate their relationships with other agencies of the

Commonwealth Government and, as appropriate, assist in their relationships with other levels of government and overseas countries.

Radio frequency management

Plan and manage use of the electromagnetic spectrum in a manner which allows it to be used to pass information with minimum interference between services, taking into account the opportunities provided by technological change and Australia's obligations under international agreements. Allocate use of radio frequencies and frequency bands

according to user needs or other control mechanisms, recognising that the electromagnetic spectrum is a valued and limited physical resource.

Resource management

Develop procedures and processes which allocate the limited resources available to the Government, the Portfolio and the Department to achieve agreed goals and programs, and to ensure that the responsibilities of the Portfolio and the Department are discharged

in a manner which is both efficient and cost effective.


Good employer

Adopt personnel policies and practices which are fair and equitable between all officers, but which recognise that officers have differing needs. Create a working environment which assists the achievement of a high level of work satisfaction and which encourages the pursuit of career advancement. Pursue objectives of equal employment opportunity; provide opportunities for increased worker participation in management decisions; and promote the acceptance of

occupational health and safety practices.

Services to the public

Maintain continuing, two-way contact with users of the Department's services and others affected by those services through direct interface at the national, State and local level to ensure that adequate and appropriate services are provided.

Technical standards

Determine, draft and ensure adherence in Australia to technical standards for services and technical equipment using the electromagnetic spectrum and, where appropriate, other communication and physical distribution systems.

Public awareness

Through a continuing program of participation and debate in national forums, planned publicity, information and education campaigns to the public and to influential organisations and individuals, maintain and

further develop an awareness and quality of debate on the implications for Australian society of communication and relevant physical distribution technology, proposed changes in the system, equity considerations of access and user costs, as well as the benefits and disadvantages to the community.

Revenue generation

Develop and maintain policies for charging fees to the users of scarce community resources and Department-controlled facilities and services consistent with the strategic aims of the Government. To achieve a level of revenue from licensing of the spectrum which makes a contribution to the revenues of the Commonwealth, which is appropriate for use of a valuable national resource, to ensure all opportunities for revenue raising are identified and that when fees and charges are imposed they can be collected at minimum cost and inconvenience to the user and the Commonwealth.


Actively apply the special skills and perspectives of the Department to assist in the promotion of the development, manufacture and assembly of communications, physical distribution and ancillary facilities in Australia, and encourage their use by other countries.

Industrial development



The Department of Communications was established on 22 December 1975 as the Postal and Telecommunications Department. Its creation followed the then Government's decision to abolish the Postmaster- General's Department and the Department of the Media.

The Department assumed those responsibilities that remained with the Postmaster-General's Department after postal and internal telecommunications operations were transferred to Australia Post and Telecom Australia on 1 July 1975. At the same time, it began advising the Minister on the policies and activities of those authorities, the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia), the Australian Broadcasting Commission and the Australian

Broadcasting Control Board. This latter function has expanded to include the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (1977), the Special Broadcasting Service (1978) and AUSSAT Pty Ltd (1981).

In addition, the Department was given responsibility for broadcasting policy, previously undertaken by the former Department of the Media.

Following the Government's decision to abolish the Australian Broadcasting Control Board, the Department became responsible for broadcasting technical and planning matters on 1 January 1977. The economic and social administration of broadcasting regulation was placed with the newly created Australian Broadcasting Tribunal.

The Department also has responsibility for operation of the broadcasting transmitters used by the National broadcasters, and for spectrum allocation for all broadcasting applications.

The Department's name was altered to the Department of Communications in November 1980 and it was given the role of dealing principally with postal, telecommunications and similar services including radiocommunications, television and radio broadcasting and satellite communications.

In 1984-85 the Department was restructured to form six operating Divisions, two of which have staff located in all States and the Northern Territory. A full description of these Divisions and their functions appears in the abridged Section 8 FOI statement which is at Appendix A.



The Rationale

In response to the challenge presented by ongoing reforms within the Public Service, the Department of Communications has been active in evolving new management strategies and techniques.

The Financial Management Improvement Program is the main vehicle of these reforms. The Department's participation in this program in 1985-86 involved a review of its corporate mission, which is now explained in the statements of its purpose and goals, and the development of a program budgeting system.

The major characteristics of program budgeting systems include:

* the grouping of activities into a program structure according to common objectives;

* the expression of objectives designed to facilitate assessment of effectiveness;

* management reporting systems based on the program structure to facilitate monitoring, control and assessment of programs;

* an annual cycle for the generation and modification of program proposals; and

* a process of review of program efficiency and effectiveness.

Further, when program budgeting begins on 1 July 1986, the Department will be able to focus its resources more effectively and efficiently in meeting the demands of its corporate mission.

The activities of the Department are now aligned into five programs, each of which has one or more sub-programs and which are further divided into components and sub-components at the 10 and 1 level. The programs and sub-programs are:

1000 Broadcasting

1100 Broadcasting Policy and Planning 1200 National Broadcasting (including ABC and SBS) 1300 Commercial and Public Broadcasting (including ABT)

2000 Radio Frequency Management

2100 Spectrum Policy and Planning 2200 Spectrum Systems Management 2300 Spectrum Control


3000 Satellite, Telecommunications and Postal Services

3100 Satellite, Telecommunications and Postal Policy and Legislation 3200 Telecom 3300 0TC 3400 AUSSAT 3500 Australia Post

4000 Communications Development

4100 Communications Environment and Strategic Development 4200 Technology, Systems and Services Development

5000 Corporate Activities

5100 Executive 5200 Resources Management, Coordination and Support Services

The program structure encompasses the three Budget-dependent authorities - the ABC, SBS and ABT - and also has sub-programs related to the activities of the other Authorities. The structure was

used in the preparation of bids for 1986-87, and the Department is confident program budgeting will provide a sound basis for balanced resource allocation decisions.



July 1985

4 Minister releases ABT's First Report on Remote Commercial Television Services (into the granting of the Western Zone licence).

9 Forward Development Unit (DOC) report, Future Directions for Commercial Television, identifies two approaches to expansion of commercial television in regional Australia.

10 First professional B-MAC decoders and demodulators received by Department for acceptance testing before installation at ABC transmitter sites around Australia.

24 Government rejects options for corporate underwriting of programs or advertising on ABC, SBS.

31 Minister announces Australia is to get a high capacity cellular radio mobile telephone network, to begin late in 1986.


20 New Radiocommunications Act, designed to facilitate all types of communications using modern radio technology, comes into force replacing Wireless Telegraphy Act.

23 AUSSAT Pty Ltd granted licence covering operation of its first satellite.

28 Minister expresses his delight at successful deployment of AUSSAT 1.


13 Mr R. B. Lansdown, Secretary to the Department, appointed as Chairman of the Australian Postal Commission.

25 Government waives sales tax on earth stations for domestic use bought to receive satellite radio, television services.


10 Work on installing new earth stations in remote communities to tap into AUSSAT television transmissions begins with the first shipment of professional recorders/demodulators to Telecom, AUSSAT, the ABC and SBS.


15 Minister announces that a consortium of nine Queensland commercial television operators will provide a Remote Commercial Television Service to 130 000 Queenslanders living in remote locations.

20 First television pictures transmitted via AUSSAT's B-MAC system are of "top quality".


13 National Broadcasting Services Development Council is established to advise the Minister on radio and television developments for the ABC and the SBS.

27 Government announces Aboriginal broadcasting, communications strategy.

27 AUSSAT 2 successfully launched.

28 Minister announces draft plans concerning a Second Regional Radio Network for the ABC, which indicate that over four million Australians will receive an extra ABC radio service, and releases a discussion paper for public comment.


18 SA outback family presented with a satellite earth station, colour television receiver, audio amplifier and speakers to mark Department's long involvement in planning AUSSAT satellite project.

18 AUSSAT replaces INTELSAT IVA in transmitting ABC television to outback Australia.

Government endorses a plan to make extensive use of UHF in television development.

Move of Illawarra television operator, WIN-4, from VHF to UHF announced.

Government agrees to first step in equalisation of regional commercial television - the upgrading of facilities at many Commonwealth transmitting stations.

Remote Commercial Television Service licensee for south-east Australia announced.


1 New legislation comes into force changing the commercial licensing system from one based on transmitters to service areas.


1 Self-help Television Reception Scheme (STRS) replaced by Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme (SBRS) allowing radio rebroadcasting services to also be licensed under self-help provisions.

20 Minister names 42 communities to get ABC television under Government's Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme.

26 Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite Service officially commissioned on Australia Day.


1 New Secretary to the Department of Communications, Mr C. C. Halton CBE, takes over from retiring Secretary, Mr R. B. Lansdown CBE.

19 Legislation commences providing for a staff-elected Director of the ABC and the deletion of censorship provisions in the ABC and Broadcasting Acts.

20 Alice Springs transmitter, part of new Northern Territory High Frequency radio service, begins broadcasting.


1 AUSSAT Board is restructured.

23 Report by OECD economist Mr Henry Ergas, Telecommunications and the Australian Economy, commissioned by DOC, is issued.

25 Government decides SBS should be replaced by a new Special Broadcasting Corporation.

26 Minister confirms requirements for encoding Satellite Program Services signals and issues guidelines to RCTS licensees on conditional access to RCTS services.


2 Proposals for extensive new radio, data services for remote Australia announced.

2 Minister announces policy to introduce new communications services (Ancillary Communications Services) transmitted as part of existing radio, television signals.

22 Forward Development Unit report on AM/FM conversion issues released for public comment.

24 New UHF commercial television services begin in Gosford.



14 Australia's first satellite broadcasting handbook, by DOC, is launched by Minister. prepared

20 Minister announces details of Government decisions on equalisation of regional commercial television services during the next decade.

23 ABT uniform inquiry procedures gazetted.


5 Changes to membership of ABC Board announced.

19 First stage of DOC project to monitor satellite radio frequency emissions announced for 1987.



Broadcasting: code 1000


To ensure that all residents have equitable access to National, commercial and public broadcasting services delivered through the most effective systems available, and to provide the infrastructure required for effective

operation of the broadcasting system, including the ABC's overseas broadcasting responsibilities.


This program responds to the need to provide news, current affairs, education, entertainment and cultural enrichment to as many residents as possible through a variety of good quality broadcasting program material which recognises the diversity of Australian society.

The overseas broadcasts of the National broadcasting authority are a consequence of Government decisions to transmit information, news and entertainment programs to particular countries within the Asian-Pacific region.

This program ensures access to a broadcasting system in which the broadcasters are accountable to the community through either the exercise of Ministerial responsibility (in the case of the National broadcasters) or an independent tribunal in the case of other broadcasters.

The program is provided through the establishment and maintenance of a network of National broadcasting stations and of licensed commercial and public broadcasting stations.

Most Australians have available a range of broadcasting services which provide a diverse choice of radio and television services. The viability of the non-government sector of the broadcasting system is monitored and the

concentration of ownership and control of that sector is limited by legislation.

Performance indicators

Increase in the number of households having access to an increased range of broadcasting services of an adequate technical quality provided by National, commercial and public stations.


Broadcasting Policy and Planning: code 1100


To plan the broadcasting system and to develop policies which facilitate equitable access to broadcasting services.


This sub-program arises from the need for the broadcasting system to be planned so that as many residents as possible have equality of access to a range of broadcasting services which operate at appropriate technical standards and the need to maximise the benefits available through

technological development.

Through a process of consultation with the public and other interested parties, the sub-program is concerned with developing plans for the expansion of broadcasting services and commercial and public broadcasting stations. Also it entails developing technical standards, determining of service areas and monitoring the technical performance of broadcasting stations.

This sub-program provides for the development of policies and plans to promote and encourage expansion of broadcasting services to the community generally.

Performance indicators

Comprehensive public statements which enunciate plans and policies for the provision and further development of broadcasting services throughout the nation.


Broadcasting Council

The Broadcasting Council was established under the Broadcasting Act 1942 as the body representing broadcasters whom the Minister consults in planning the development of broadcasting services in Australia. In exercising his planning powers under the Act, the Minister consults with the Broadcasting Council in relation to matters generally affecting broadcasting in Australia.

The Council has an independent Chairman and other members representing:


Australian Broadcasting Corporation (2 members), Special Broadcasting Service (1), Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters (1), Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations (1), Public Broadcasting Association of Australia (1), Department of Communications (1), plus provision of Secretariat.

The Council considers matters referred by the Minister or raised by its members. After each meeting, the Chairman provides a written report to the Minister, setting out members' views on matters discussed.

During the year the Council considered such issues as frequency planning, the introduction of new types of services, changes to broadcasting legislation, and developments in broadcasting resulting from new technologies. Other issues considered were of general interest to broadcasters, but outside the responsibility of the

Minister for Communications - for example, matters arising from recommendations of Parliamentary committees.

The Broadcasting Council was established in 1980 under the Chairmanship of the Hon E. L. Sommerlad who has been Chairman during the Council's important formative years, and who has been recently reappointed Chairman for the third time. The current term of the Chairman and other members will run to 30 June 1987.

The Council makes a valuable contribution to the direction of broadcasting development in Australia. It provides the only forum where broadcasters from each sector - the National, commercial and public - meet together formally to discuss issues.

Equalisation of commercial television

The first report of the Department's Forward Development Unit, Future Directions for Commercial Television, was released by the Minister on 9 July 1985.

The report discussed options for the equalisation of regional commercial television services in Australia, issues associated with ownership and control, networking, and finances of the television industry.

The Government deferred making decisions on the report until later in 1985-86. It had taken into account submissions commenting on the report and the results of a two-day public conference on equalisation in Sydney.

A Committee of Ministers, comprising the Prime Minister, the Treasurer, the Minister for Industry, Technology and Commerce, and the Minister for Communications, was set up to look further into the issue.


They were advised by the Task Force on Equalisation of Commercial Television Services. This comprised a group of officials from corresponding departments and was chaired by Mr C. C. Halton, then Secretary-designate of the Department of Communications. The Department supplied a secretariat of three officers.

The Task Force met with industry representatives and studied ten-year financial projections for the television industry, produced by an expert consultant, before advising the Committee of Ministers.

On 20 May 1986, the Minister for Communications announced that the Government had decided to adopt equalisation as its strategic goal. Two methods would be used initially.

The first would "aggregate", or combine, existing markets into larger markets with population bases large enough to support three competitive services.

The second would grant Multi-Channel Service (MCS) permits allowing existing regional licensees to provide up to three services to their markets in an interim stage, instead of one.

Commercial television licensees will be required to choose which path they wish to follow. However, licensees choosing the latter course would have to aggregate with neighbouring licensees no later than 1996. MCS permits would not be issued after 1996.

The Minister will publish a draft Indicative Plan of Approved Markets after 31 July 1986. This could be used by affected licensees and investors when making equalisation decisions. After the public and industry has been given the opportunity to comment, the plan will be reconsidered by the Government, and will be published in its final form after 31 October 1986. Under the proposed legislative scheme, licensees will have to choose between aggregation and MCS by 31 January 1987.

The Government also decided to review the "two-station rule", the most important part of the ownership and control rules regulating commercial television, by 31 October 1986.

Future directions for commercial radio

A study by the Forward Development Unit (FDU) into future directions for commercial radio, was foreshadowed in an announcement by the Minister in February 1985.

On 27 November, the Minister modified the Terms of Reference to indicate that as soon as practicable, at least one additional commercial radio service should be made available to communities outside mainland State capital cities.


The Terms of Reference were amended again after commercial broadcasters had requested conversion from the AM to the FM band because of the latter's alleged technical superiority.

As a result the Unit's report, Future Directions for Commercial Radio, Interim Report: AM/FM Conversion, was released on 22 April 1986 and tabled in Parliament a week later. Public submissions on this report can be made up until 30 September.

The FDU is continuing to work on the final radio report. Among other things it will consider options for changes to the Supplementary Licence Scheme so that commercial FM services can be delivered faster and with minimum complication to regional Australia.

Ownership and control of commercial television

On 28 August, the Minister announced that the FDU would study rules for ownership and/or control for commercial television, and provide its report by 31 October 1986.

The study would concentrate on evaluating the effectiveness of current regulations, identifying principles which should underlie any new system for ownership and/or control regulation, and identify options for change. Consideration would be given to the continuing

development of Australian broadcasting.

Service areas

As of 1 January 1986, the Broadcasting and Television Act 1942 was amended and renamed the Broadcasting Act 1942.

Under the new Act, a broadcaster will be licensed to provide a service to communities within a particular geographic area designated on the licence. This is called the service area.

With Ministerial approval, a licensee will be able to install retransmission facilities to improve reception within the station's service area, without having to obtain additional licences from the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal.

Each broadcaster will be obliged to take all reasonable steps to provide a technically adequate service to communities within its service area. In return, a broadcaster's signals will be protected from interference within the service area. For planning purposes, "communities" are taken to mean all bounded rural localities and

urban centres, as defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. This provides for a "community" to have a minimum population size of 200 persons within an identifiable boundary.

Before licensees can take advantage of these new licensing provisions, their licences must be converted to operate under the new Act, and their service areas determined by the Minister.


Service areas have already been determined for 106 of the 188 commercial radio and television stations in Australia.

Service areas have also been determined for each Remote Commercial Television Service. Service areas are also being determined for public radio stations, and will be specified for ABC and SBS radio and television stations.

Determination of service areas for commercial and public radio and commercial television stations is expected to be completed during 1988. Specification of service areas for new stations will be an ongoing requirement.

Technical standards and planning guidelines

Standards covering the performance of technical facilities and methods of measurement to be applied to AM and FM radio broadcasting stations and television stations will be published during 1986-87. They will replace earlier documents which are obsolete or were published only as drafts.

A consultant was engaged to restructure the broadcasting planning guidelines. These are important as they are the yardstick by which the Department assesses planning proposals for new or changed services, and they provide the criteria for sponsors to plan their services.

National Television Frequency Allocation Plan

The Government decided Ultra High Frequency (UHF) channels would be used for all new commercial television services in regional areas. Most areas would continue to receive existing ABC and commercial services on Very High Frequency (VHF) channels, although a few areas would eventually become all-UHF.

Frequency allocations for main stations in the VHF bands have been completed and those in UHF are well advanced.

National VHF—FM Radio Frequency Allocation Plan

A National VHF-FM Radio Frequency Allocation Plan is being developed to guide the further extension of VHF Frequency Modulation radio services in Australia. At present their use is limited because part of the FM radio band is used for television.

The plan assumes clearance of television services from this band. It will be circulated to the industry and other organisations for comment in the last quarter of 1986.

The proposed planning approach for this task is described in the FDU report, Future Directions for Commercial Radio, Interim Report: AM/FM Conversion, released in March 1986.


UHF information campaign

The UHF information campaign has focused on the introduction of SBS multicultural television to major cities and the commencement of other UHF services in regional areas where it is relatively easy to reach the audience through existing media.

Most new television services in Australia will be broadcast on UHF channels. Already there are more than 120 television transmitters operating on UHF channels, and in Gosford and on the Gold Coast all of the local services are broadcast on UHF.

Channels 0-11 which occupy part of the VHF band, were used to introduce television to Australia. This band, which also accommodates FM radio services and numerous radiocommunications services, has become crowded to the point where, in most populated areas,

introducing further television transmissions would cause considerable disruption to the reception of long established services.

Over the next three years, several hundred new television services will begin on UHF channels. The Department is committed to informing and advising the public on these services and the equipment necessary to receive them.

When SBS-TV was extended to Hobart and Perth, the Department's information stand was used in SBS-UHF publicity campaigns in both cities. (SBS-TV began in Adelaide, Brisbane, Newcastle and Wollongong on 30 June 1985.)


A major publicity campaign was mounted in Gosford, where a group of UHF translators was established to provide the city with improved reception of Sydney and Newcastle commercial stations. Translators for the ABC and the SBS television services will come on air later in


Short public education displays and seminars were also held at Crookwell and Goulburn.

During the year, four commercial television services, all on UHF, were introduced to the Central Coast area of New South Wales. The Department's information stand was used at Gosford so that local people could learn about UHF reception.


An important adjunct to these public education displays'was the Department's relationship with the domestic antenna industry. Seminars for antenna installers, retailers and manufacturers were held in Hobart, Gosford and Canberra. In Melbourne, the Victorian

Ministry of Housing undertook a $5 million project to install UHF antennas in all of its Housing Commission high-rise estates. The Ministry requested advice from the Department, and a special seminar

was conducted for the Ministry's personnel involved in the project, and for installers who will carry out the work.

Crookwell (NSW) is to get a television transmitter under the Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme to rebroadcast services on UHF. The Department visited the community to inform them about UHF reception and also to demonstrate a HACBSS earth station.


National Broadcasting (including ABC & SBS): code 1200


To plan and oversee the development of National radio and television services, establish and manage National transmitting facilities, and provide National broadcasting services including the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's overseas broadcasting responsibilities and a service devoted to multicultural programming.


This sub-program seeks to ensure that the facilities and means of providing National broadcasting services including a service which is accented to the Australian multicultural society are available to all residents, and develop and

maintain existing overseas services within the Asian- Pacific region.

These services are provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and the Special Broadcasting Service whose broadcasting charters are determined by Parliament from time to time.

The overseas broadcasts of the National broadcasting authority are a consequence of Government decisions to transmit information, news and entertainment programs to particular countries within the Asian-Pacific region.

This sub-program is concerned with the funding needs of those Statutory Authorities for both capital and recurrent costs, and with arrangements for reviewing the performance of those authorities including the appropriateness of the respective charters. It also encompasses the provision of

the physical infrastructure to provide overseas broadcasting services and the funds required for the operational costs of those services.

The sub-program also addresses the need for facilities to enable authorities to transmit their programs, the maintenance of these facilities by Telecom as the agent of the Commonwealth, and the construction of additional

transmitting facilities through a continuing three-year program of capital works.

This sub-program provides the physical infrastructure for the delivery of National broadcasting services of a high quality, which are accessible to all residents.


Performance indicators

Increase in the number of households which can receive these services.

Minimum disruption to broadcasting services attributed to technical failure of the transmitting system.

The ability of the overseas broadcasting services to cover the target areas in accordance with Government policies.


National Broadcasting Services Development Council

The National Broadcasting Services Development Council was formed by the Government on 13 November 1985, to advise the Minister for Communications on policy matters relevant to the development of National broadcasting services.

The Council performs this function in conjunction with the ABC and SBS Transmission Planning Committees. They advise on planning and implementation programs related to the ongoing operation and expansion of transmission facilities. It is intended that the Council will meet twice a year. Discussions at the meeting of Council centred round strategic and long-term issues and the coordination of proposals for new broadcasting services for ABC and

SBS. '

The Council is chaired by the Secretary to the Department, and includes the chief executives of the ABC and SBS, and the Chairpersons of the two transmission planning committees. Telecom and AUSSAT officials are coopted as required. Secretariat services are supplied by the Department of Communications.


The inaugural meeting of the National Broadcasting Services Development Council was held on 23 January 1986. Attending the meeting were, seated left to right: Mr G. Moriarty (Chairman, ABC Transmission Planning Committee), Mr G. Whitehead (Managing Director, ABC), Mr C. C. Halton, CBE, (Chairman of the Council and Secretary, Department of Communications), Mr R. Brown (Executive Director, SBS), Mr B. Madely (Chairman, SBS Transmission Planning Committee); and standing, left to right, from the Department of Communications, Mr R. N. Smith (First Assistant Secretary, Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division), Mr R. N. Bell (Acting First Assistant Secretary, Broadcasting Services Division), and Dr J. C. Hall (Secretary to the Council).

Conversion of television services from INTELSAT to AUSSAT

Sixty-one ABC television transmitters in Queensland, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia, were converted to receive their programs from AUSSAT, instead of INTELSAT, by December 1985.

The transmitters in these States now receive State-based programs for weather, sport, news and other topics, broadcast at correct local time. This is achieved by relaying programs through five AUSSAT transponder beams, and was not possible with INTELSAT's two beams.

The ABC is now one of the world's first National broadcasters relying almost exclusively on a satellite system for program distribution and interchange.


Special Broadcasting Service ·

As mentioned elsewhere, SBS-TV transmissions on Channel 0 in Sydney and Melbourne ceased on 5 January 1986, but continued in both cities on UHF channels, as they had since multicultural television began in October 1980.

Multicultural television was extended to Perth and Hobart on 16 March 1986. All capital cities except Darwin now receive this service. UHF main stations serve Newcastle and Wollongong, while translators operate at Tuggeranong, Cooma, Goulburn, north Wollongong, Kings Cross, Marysville, Warburton, Adelaide foothills and the Gold Coast.

SBS-TV is Australia's first UHF-only television network.

The National Broadcasting Services Development Council will consider recommending further extensions to the network within budgetary constraints and broadcasting policy.

The Connor Report - Committee of Review of the SBS

Having considered the 245 recommendations of the Connor Report, the Government responded to them on 25 March 1986.

A decision was made then to establish a new statutory authority to replace the SBS which was to be renamed the Special Broadcasting Corporation.

Supporting the major thrust of the Report, the Government decided that the new Corporation and the ABC should cooperate closely in providing programs and sharing resources and facilities.

One hundred and sixty-seven of the Connor Report's recommendations were about operations and programming. The Government referred these to the SBS for consideration and action.

ABC Board appointments

On 26 March 1985, Ms J. Marsh, one of the members of the first Board of the new Australian Broadcasting Corporation, resigned.

Ms Marsh was replaced on 18 July 1985 by Mr K. McLeod, Federal Secretary of the Australian Insurance Employees' Union. Mr McLeod was appointed for three years.

In February 1986, legislative provisions were enacted to formalise the position of "staff-elected" Director on the ABC Board. Previously, Mr T. Molomby had occupied his position as staff-elected Director as a result of election by ABC staff and appointment by the Governor-General. Mr Molomby is the staff-elected Director for a

period of two-and-a-half years from 15 December 1985.


On 30 April 1986, Mr K. B. Myer AC DSC, resigned his position as Chairman of the Board.

On 8 June 1986, the terms of five founding members of the Board of the Corporation expired. Mr R. Boyer, Sister V. Brady and Mr R. Raymond were not reappointed. Ms W. McCarthy and Mr N. Bonner were reappointed for a further five years.

The Government is considering appointments to the Board and has appointed Ms McCarthy Acting Chair.

Commonwealth transmitting stations

Commonwealth policy encourages the co-siting of broadcasting transmitters and making Commonwealth transmitting stations available for use by other broadcasters. This is done for the economic, technical and environmental benefit of broadcasters and the community.

As a consequence, about 80 per cent of commercial television services in regional areas are broadcast from facilities at Commonwealth transmitting sites.

The Government's decision on equalisation of commercial television services will necessitate a major upgrade of many Commonwealth transmitting stations. Work associated with the upgrade of these facilities will also take account of the need to include accommodation for equipment required to provide the Second Regional Radio Network of the ABC and in some instances to provide for regional commercial FM radio services.

A coordinated program to upgrade these stations will begin in 1986­ 87, and will cost $16 million spread over a six-year period. The stations will receive additional mains power, buildings will be extended to accommodate new transmitters, new transmitting antennas will be erected, and masts and towers will be strengthened or replaced.


The permanent SBS antenna is lifted to the top of the existing National Television Service tower at Bickley near Perth. Parts of the channel 2 transmitting aerial were removed so that the lift could take place. This channel was off-air for only about nine hours during the lifting and

installation period.


Second Regional Radio Network

The Minister for Communications tabled a discussion paper in Parliament on 28 November 1985 detailing proposals for the introduction of the Second Regional Radio Network.

This is a Government initiative which will allow the ABC to broadcast an additional high quality radio service. The new Network will benefit over four million people throughout Australia. Subject to funding, about 160 of the facilities should be completed in the first

five years of the program.

Interested parties were invited to comment by 31 January 1986, extended later to mid-March. Twenty-nine submissions were received by the Minister and considered by the Department and the ABC.

Planning is well advanced. Site inspections have been completed in many centres for the establishment or upgrading of studios. Some sites have been acquired and the remainder are expected to be purchased in 1986-87. A general design brief for studio buildings is

nearing completion. Technical facility designs are being refined. An installation timetable for the new VHF-FM transmitters is being prepared.

The Network will comprise about 300 facilities at existing television transmission sites in regional Australia. The Minister has approved engineering specifications for 19 transmission facilities in remote locations in Western Australia, and 23 in Queensland. Fifty-nine others have been started, primarily for sites in Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia and the Northern Territory.

Remote and underserved areas

On 20 January 1986, the Minister announced the names of 42 communities to receive ABC television transmission facilities under the Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme.

The Department investigated more than 150 communities of over 200 people with inadequate or no reception of ABC-TV. Where necessary, field surveys were undertaken to determine the adequacy of signal levels in each community.

Communities were selected depending on how many people actually would receive a service through the scheme. They ranged from 3355 to 500 people. These communities are listed in approximate order of installation priority in Appendix H.

Final planning is under way. Installation of the new services should be completed within three years, at an estimated cost of $3.57 million.


The Scheme is not restricted to ABC television services. ABC radio services will be provided to 12 communities (Appendix Ί ) in north­ west Tasmania, southern New South Wales and northern Victoria. Planning and site acquisition are almost completed, and installation has commenced for some communities.

Field surveys

Field surveys were undertaken to evaluate a number of SBS-UHF television services, including those at Wollongong, Newcastle and Hobart.

Parameters such as horizontal radiation pattern, effective radiated power, metropolitan coverage, deficient reception areas and field strength contours were defined. This information will be used to derive final antenna arrangements and to identify the need for

translators in some areas.

Field survey propagation testing capacity was being upgraded so that more effective testing procedures could be used when planning new UHF services.

To do this, field survey officers will use a fully self-contained mobile 500-watt UHF transmitter, complete with AC generator and transmitter testing and monitoring equipment. The unit is modelled on similar units employed by the British Broadcasting Corporation and

the Independent Broadcasting Authority of the UK. Departmental staff will be able to conduct propagation tests on any UHF television channel allocation across the Band IV and V spectrum. The transmitter will be mounted on a four-wheel drive vehicle so that it can be

driven to remote sites, and when required, can tow a 30-metre hydraulic mast mounted on a trailer.

In addition to UHF-TV work, field surveys were being used to evaluate Second Regional Radio Network services and for Band II clearance projects.

Strategic Property Development Plan

The ABC's Strategic Property Development Plan was endorsed by the Government in February 1986. It analysed and provided solutions to the problems and constraints of the Corporation's accommodation.

The plan was supervised by a committee comprising officers from the ABC and the SBS, and the Departments of Communications, Local Government and Administrative Services, and Housing and Construction, with an observer from the Department of Finance.

The Committee considered 17 reports prepared over a number of years on the ABC's accommodation needs.


Inadequacies in ABC accommodation were identified. They included numerous scattered locations and significant dependence on leased property which was not amenable to new technologies or unsuited to specific purposes, leading to ineffective and uneconomic use of staff and equipment.

These deficiencies could be overcome by:

* disposal of surplus property;

* coordinated project planning and implementation to a timetable;

* comparing the advantages and disadvantages of alternative approaches to funding, construction methods, timetables etc;

* providing a framework for developing individual projects, and for assessing the impact of changes such as slippages, funding variations and purpose modification, individually or in their entirety;

* the presentation of a consolidated, concise statement of ABC property development objectives to be used when assessing individual projects; and

* SBS's intention to consolidate its corporate elements with SBS-TV at its Milsons Point premises in Sydney. New accommodation is being urgently sought to replace presently sub-standard 2EA studios.

ABC radio activities to consolidate in Sydney

The first significant use of the Strategic Property Development Plan will consolidate ABC radio accommodation in Sydney.

The Government has agreed that ABC radio and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra should move to a newly purchased site in Ultimo. Presently they occupy 15 different buildings in Sydney, of which the ABC owns only three. These will be sold to offset the cost of the new site, and will be leased back to the ABC until the new building is constructed in 1992-93.

This step will help improve services and operational efficiencies, and will save rental costs.

Alternative sources of National broadcaster funding

The Government examined alternative sources of funding for publicly funded broadcasters during the preparation of the 1985-86 Budget.

These options - corporate sponsorships, direct advertising and television receiver licence fees - were rejected on 20 August 1985.


The existing arrangements were retained because National broadcasters provide a unique diversity of choice which could have been threatened seriously if the ABC and SBS were forced to finance their programs by commercial underwriting or advertising. Further, the Government's plans to provide commercial television to country regions could have

been affected.

The Government encouraged the ABC and SBS to maximise operational economy and to make greater use of commercial opportunities in the marketplace.

Legislative amendments


The Department advised the Minister on matters relating to powers granted to the ABC to establish subsidiary companies and joint ventures for business purposes related or incidental to its functions. These may include:

* marketing of Satellite Program Services;

* concert entrepreneurship;

* ABC publications;

* Ancillary Communications Services;

* ABC program sales;

* ABC audience research; and

* hiring out of spare capacity and facilities.

The Minister for Communications will be required to approve each joint venture after consulting the Treasurer and the Minister for Finance.


Commercial and Public Broadcasting (including Australian Broadcasting Tribunal): code 1300


To ensure effective and viable, commercial and public broadcasting sectors which are licensed and operated in accordance with legislation.


There is a need to ensure that licensed commercial and public broadcasters act in accordance with policies enunciated in broadcasting legislation, and that consideration of grants of new licences for commercial and public broadcasting organisations are determined in accordance with policies incorporated in broadcasting legislation.

This sub-program provides an assessment of proposals received for new broadcasting services and also provides for liaison with the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal which is responsible for implementing provisions of broadcasting legislation. The Tribunal's legislation responsibilities require it to control certain broadcasting activities and determine standards which broadcasting programs must accord

with and determine successful applicants for new broadcasting licences. To assist public broadcasters to provide services, the sub-program also encompasses government financial support through a Public Broadcasting Foundation.

This sub-program is also concerned with the determination of scales of taxes payable by commercial broadcasters.

The orderly regulation in the provision of broadcasting services through commercial and public broadcasters requires an equitable process for determining successful applicants for new licences.

Performance indicators

* The ability of the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal to discharge its statutory responsibilities to regulate commercial and public broadcasting services.

* Grants made to assist broadcasting services are effective in assisting that sector to provide programs of an acceptable quality.

The services of the commercial and public broadcasting sector meet the needs of the community.



Commercial broadcasting

The Department has begun implementing the Government's program to equalise regional commercial television services and clear television channels 3, 4 and 5 from the VHF radio band to enable further FM radio development.

This entails replanning multiple television services across Australia to meet immediate and future needs.

The demand for new services has increased enormously. This has been due not only to equalisation and the possibility of such services being delivered via satellite to regions where television services were not available before, but also because existing licensees wish to improve their coverage of communities within their existing service areas.

Since January 1986, some departmental resources have concentrated on frequency allocation plans for television main stations and translators, including the specification of radiation patterns for the former. Data on all existing stations is being assembled to

simplify future planning of new services. This is essential, as the introduction of two new television services in each regional area will more than double the number of transmission facilities.

Policy on the use of Satellite Program Services (SPS), and the broadcasting environment likely to exist for the new generation of AUSSAT satellites has also been examined. This is described in the section on "The Year of the Satellite".

Supplementary television licences

The Supplementary Licence Scheme, which aimed to provide additional choice in commercial radio and television services for people living outside the five mainland capital cities, has proved excessively complex and failed to produce a single additional licence.

As part of its decision to proceed with equalisation, in May 1986 the Government decided to delete the provisions for supplementary television licences from the Broadcasting Act 1942.

It is proposed that these provisions will be replaced by legislation which allows two additional commercial services to be provided in regional areas, through either multi-channel service permits or aggregation of existing service areas so that licensees can broadcast competitively in neighbouring service areas. Multi-channel service

permits allow existing licensees to transmit up to two additional services.


The scheme may continue to apply to commercial radio services. However, work has been suspended on supplementary radio applications to give priority to planning for television equalisation, and to await the Government's decision on the Forward Development Unit's

report on the future of commercial radio.

Remote Commercial Television Service

During 1985-86 the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal considered applications for the four Remote Commercial Television Services, which will provide a commercial television service to remote communities and isolated homesteads throughout Australia. Within each of the four satellite zones the service areas will not include the service areas of any existing commercial service.

The licensees identified by the Tribunal for three of the four zones covered by the AUSSAT satellite were:

* Golden West Satellite Communications Pty Ltd - Western Zone, covering Western Australia;

* Queensland Satellite Television Pty Ltd - North Eastern Zone, covering Queensland; and

* Satellite South-East Pty Ltd - South Eastern Zone, covering New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and Tasmania.

Applicants for the Central Zone licence, covering South Australia and the Northern Territory, who are being considered by the Tribunal, are:

* Imparja Television Pty Ltd, which is sponsored by the Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association; and

* Television Capricornia, which is sponsored by Territory Television Pty Ltd, the Darwin commercial licensee.

(In August 1986 the Tribunal recommended that Imparja should receive the Central Zone licence.)

No licences have yet been issued, the Tribunal noting in its three reports that there were outstanding matters it wished to consider after the completion of all hearings. It would then issue the four licences simultaneously.

Remote Commercial Television Service signals will cover the whole of each zone, and will be encoded using the B-MAC transmission system. The system can provide, in addition to television and digital stereo sound, four high-speed digital channels which can be used to provide high quality audio services or for data transfer, and a low speed utility data channel.


In April 1986, the Minister for Communications announced a policy for conditional access to RCTS services. Guidelines on using the channels and on licensing arrangements were also issued. Under these arrangements any person within a zone who receives an inadequate

service or none at all, may apply to the zone licensee for connection to the service.

Individual RCTS licensees will be providing terrestrial retransmission facilities at selected sites. Nominated sites were selected on the basis of the population of the community they would serve, and additional sites have been proposed by some licensees. Communities not included in these arrangements may establish their

own facilities using the Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme.

The Department expects to agree by late 1986 with individual licensees the technical specifications for the new terrestrial retransmission facilities which will deliver the service to identified communities.

Each licensee has agreed to provide at least one Remote Commercial Radio Service, and to consider carrying remote public radio programming. The remaining ancillary channels may be used by the licensees for other broadcasting, data or information services.

The Western Zone is expected to start its service towards the end of 1986. Others will come on air progressively in 1987.

Public broadcasting

By 1986, 65 public broadcasting stations were licensed. Over 150 groups want licences. The sector employs 300 people, attracts 20 000 volunteers and claims an audience of 1.5 million people.

Public broadcasting is supported and funded mainly through listeners' subscriptions, sponsorships, donations and volunteer efforts. There is limited Government funding through the Public Broadcasting Foundation, a non-government, non-profit making organisation. In

1985-86 the Government provided the Foundation with $1,268 million.

During the year, applications were called for new public broadcasting licences for 11 localities, mainly in regional areas of Australia.

Meetings were held with potential public broadcasters in Melbourne, Parramatta and Brisbane, to plan the establishment of new low coverage community stations in these areas. Planning is under way for up to 12 new services in Melbourne, two in the Parramatta-Baulkham Hills area of Sydney, and five in Brisbane.

Once those services have begun, similar services will be planned in Adelaide and Perth.


Last year, the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal granted Canberra and District Racing and Sporting Broadcasters a limited category 'S' public radio licence. An unsuccessful applicant, Canberra Stereo Public Radio, Inc appealed against the Tribunal's decision to the Federal Court.

The Tribunal's decision was set aside on the basis that the successful applicant was ineligible to hold the licence under sub­ section 81(4) of the Act. An appeal against this decision was heard by the full Federal Court on 16 September 1985. The appeal was upheld allowing the original decision to stand.

In October 1985, the unsuccessful applicant asked the Tribunal to review its decision. However, the Tribunal decided not to undertake a review. It considered it had examined the structure and proposed operation of Canberra and District Racing and Sports Broadcasters carefully when assessing the propriety of the company, a fact recognised by the full Federal Court.

The successful applicant has adopted the call sign 2SSS-FM. Regular programs are expected to start in the first half of 1986-87.

Canberra Stereo Public Radio has sought a further category 'S' public radio station licence for Canberra. This was ruled out by the Minister on 16 December 1985 because:

* Canberra is well served by two ABC stations, one ABC-FM, two commercial AM stations, one public station, one RPH station (since closed temporarily), as well as the new public station concentrating on sport;

* Canberra supplementary radio licence hearings were in progress; and

* Department of Communications resources are devoted to providing services for new or better broadcasting services in less well- served areas.

Public broadcasting sponsorship

Legislation is being prepared to confirm the rights of public broadcasters to: *

* make free community announcements and provide free community information;

* promote their programs, stations and connected events on air; and

* make sponsorship announcements in accordance with program standards determined by the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal.


The proposed amendments are scheduled to be introduced with a Broadcasting Act Amendment Bill. This also will deal with public broadcasting ownership and control. The amendments are to include a clear statement of objectives for the public broadcasting sector and are proposed to be introduced in the 1986 Budget Sittings of Parliament.

United States Armed Forces Radio and Television Service

This service has asked for US television programs to be relayed direct to the Harold E. Holt Base at North West Cape (WA), and Woomera (SA).

The television signals would be beamed from the US west coast through an INTELSAT Pacific satellite and received at OTC stations at the bases. The stations will be built by the US Government and handed over to OTC.

US authorities and Golden West Satellite Communications are discussing the broadcast of these programs to US and Australian personnel who live in the towns of Exmouth and Woomera. A decision is expected in late 1986.

Perth Commercial Television Inquiry

The prolonged inquiry into a third commercial television station licence for Perth produced a number of legal challenges under the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 against Australian Broadcasting Tribunal rulings. This exposed positional

problems for the Tribunal in connection with administrative legal developments.

Review of Tribunal decisions

The Tribunal has lodged submissions with the Administrative Review Council which is reviewing the question of appeals against decisions by the Tribunal, particularly the possible involvement of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. The Department was monitoring the


Imported television material

The long-standing Ministerial arrangement under which the Film Censorship Board classified imported television material on behalf of the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal, ended early in 1986.

The Tribunal's Interim Television Program Standards and Advertising Conditions came into effect on 1 February 1986. They did not mention the pre-classification of imported programs by the Board. Television licensees have to classify all programs, program promotions and advertisements in accordance with the interim conditions.


The Broadcasting and Television Legislation Amendment Act 1985 prevents the Tribunal from determining standards requiring approval of television programs or previews (other than children's programs) by the Tribunal or by a person or body appointed by the Tribunal, prior to being broadcast.

Radio for the Print Handicapped

A review of policy related to Australia's Radio for the Print Handicapped services was completed late in 1985 and recommendations were made to the Minister early in 1986.

It was recommended that these services should operate as proper broadcasting stations using normal broadcast bands. The Minister accepted this principle, subject to planning considerations, so that Radio for the Print Handicapped stations should be licensed under the Broadcasting Act 1942 as Special Interest (RPH) public radio


A Grant-in-Aid of $25 000 was provided to the Australian Council for Radio for the Print Handicapped in the 1985-86 Budget under upgraded audit procedures introduced by the Department.

Local program origins

Section 99A of the Broadcasting Act 1942 allows radio and television broadcasters to air a different program through a retransmitting station to that provided from their main studios.

For example, a broadcaster could provide one community with news or current affairs programs or local community service announcements while another could receive different programs, also of specific interest.

Section 99A is not expected to start operating until the first half of 1987, when the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal will have consulted with the industry and the public on a practical operating policy and procedures. At 30 June 1986, substantial agreement had been reached by industry bodies within the Broadcasting Council.

Radio and television licence fees

The Department is preparing legislation to cover the calculation of licence fees and clarify the Commonwealth's power over their collection.

The proposed amendments will remedy deficiencies identified in a recent Federal Court decision, and are expected to be introduced in the 1986 Budget Sittings of Parliament.


Remote Aboriginal community broadcasting

Remote Aboriginal communities want to control the broadcasting services they will receive through the AUSSAT satellites.

They wish to determine the content of the programs broadcast in their communities to lessen the impact on their culture from some material. This can be achieved by exchanging unsuitable programs with programs they have made or purchased.

This requirement was subject to recommendations of the Task Force on Aboriginal and Islander Broadcasting and Communications. On 28 November 1985, the Ministers for Communications and Aboriginal Affairs jointly announced the Government's response to the report of

the Task Force.

This included the establishment of two Implementation Groups to effect the recommendations. One group comprises broadcasting representatives from the Departments of Communications and Aboriginal Affairs, the ABC and the SBS. The other will involve Telecom in

telecommunications aspects of the report.

Among issues discussed by the broadcasting group were high frequency inland radio services, satellite reception in remote Aboriginal communities, local television production, consultation with Aboriginal groups, and Remote Commercial Television Services.

Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme

The Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme lets communities obtain a licence to redistribute multiple broadcasting services, either from terrestrial stations or using signals from AUSSAT satellites. The scheme started on 1 January 1986, and replaced the Self-help Television Reception Scheme.

The scheme allows radio and television services using standard receivers, to be extended using broadcasting transmitters or cable systems under simplified planning and licensing procedures.

Sixteen licence applications have been received since the scheme began. This number is expected to rise significantly when RCTS programs commence, as it is anticipated that many smaller communities will wish to re-broadcast ABC, SBS and commercial programs using the satellites, rather than have individuals go to the expense of purchasing their own satellite earth stations.


ABT appointments

On 11 February 1986, the Minister announced that Miss D. 0 would take up her appointment as Chairperson of the ABT on 1986. The Vice-Chairperson, Mr K. Archer, was reappointed member until 31 December 1986.

'Connor 24 March as a


Radio Frequency Management: code 2000


To enable information to pass through the electromagnetic spectrum between all users in the most efficient and economic manner practicable with minimum interference between services.

To achieve a level of revenue from licensing of the spectrum which makes a contribution to the revenues of the Commonwealth, which is appropriate for use of a valuable national resource.


This program is based on the need to ensure rational use of the electromagnetic spectrum and that use is in accordance with international regulations and plans and that the possibility of interference between users is reduced to a

minimum. It is also concerned with the provision of licences for radiocommunication services to promote economic and social development and with the collection of revenue to provide a reasonable return to the Commonwealth for use of the spectrum.

The spectrum is managed through a system of Central, State and District offices which exist to issue and renew licences for use of the spectrum, to investigate complaints

of interference to spectrum users and to communicate with users and user groups regarding the proper and efficient use of the spectrum.

The program entails determining technical standards for transmitters and receivers, testing of equipment for compliance with standards, assigning frequencies, monitoring communications to provide information on the use of the spectrum and the efficiency of band use, and

the payment into Consolidated Revenue of charges for licences issued.

This program seeks to ensure the use of the radio frequency spectrum by as many licensed users as is technically and economically practicable with minimum interference as a result of congested frequency assignments or sub-standard equipment.

This program aims to provide a fast and efficient processing system for the licensing of users and the creation of an environment that encourages people and organisations to use the spectrum to increase productivity

to meet social needs.


Performance indicators

Continuing availability of spectrum for new services.

Increase in licensed use of the spectrum for economic and social purposes.

Timely publication of standards and plans to control the use of the spectrum.

A reasonable time to consider and finalise interference complaints.


Spectrum Policy and Planning: code 2100


To ensure equitable access to the radio frequency spectrum by the maximum number of users by developing spectrum plans, technical standards and engineering policies; and to ensure that services operate with minimum interference by

developing appropriate policies.

To facilitate the development of domestic radiocommunications industries.


This sub-program exists to optimise the use of the radio frequency spectrum for government, commercial and social uses, consistent with sound engineering practices and to consult with the domestic manufacturing industry on opportunities for local equipment manufacture.

This need is met by participating in international forums to coordinate the use of the spectrum and by consulting with government and non-government users in Australia to determine an Australian attitude to international proposals on use of the spectrum. This program also concerns the conduct of research as necessary to determine equipment standards, planning and establishment of monitoring systems, and the publication of national spectrum plans.

The sub-program also seeks to provide formal consultative mechanisms with user organisations and manufacturers.

It ensures the availability to users of plans which provide for the economic use of the spectrum within Australia, incorporating standards which minimise the prospects of interference between users. It is also concerned with

increasing the opportunities for the domestic manufacture of equipment to international standards and a national system to provide for the effective monitoring of the spectrum.

Performance indicators

Publication of spectrum plans in timeframes which meet international and national objectives.

The ability to meet the demand by users for frequency assignments.

Assessment of the response of industry to opportunities for increase in local manufacture.



Spectrum plan

The Department is preparing a plan which will divide the spectrum into individual bands and specify the radiocommunications services that may operate in each band. The Spectrum Plan will be the basis for an up-to-date Australian Table of Frequency Allocations, with some minor amendments to allow for changes to International Telecommunication Union regulations.

Public comment will be sought, as the plan will be particularly valuable to major spectrum users involved in long-term planning of radiocommunications systems.

Band planning

The Spectrum Plan is expanded into band plans which show how each band is divided into individual channels and specifies their use.

The Department revises band plans to take into account changes in technology, increasing demands on the spectrum by more radiocommunications stations, and changes in the use of radiocommunications.

A document, Guidelines for the Selection of Frequency Bands above 1 GHz - Fixed Services, was prepared in 1985-86 as initial guidance to departmental microwave users and frequency assignment officers on the best frequency bands for point-to-point communication links. It will be used by Telecom, electricity supply authorities, television stations and others in their planning and purchase of these systems as it defines the Department's policy for their use.

Plans and channels for microwave fixed services have been revised for frequency bands between 1 GHz and 15 GHz.

A new band plan for 15 GHz caters for low and medium capacity fixed point-to-point applications. This was developed after consulting with industry and government departments, and was an Australian contribution to the final meeting of the International Radio Consultative Committee. The plan was accepted by the Committee and has become a Recommendation for the international channel arrangements in this band.

Interim band plans for the 18 GHz and 22 GHz bands have been developed for fixed point-to-point services, because of the increasing availability of equipment which can be used in these bands, and so that users can be assigned to them. After studies by the international committee, a more definite band plan will be developed.


A draft planning report for the use of the 820-960 MHz frequency band has been produced for public comment. It includes a proposed band plan which allocates the spectrum to services such as Telecom's cellular mobile radio-telephone system and "spectrum-efficient" land

mobile services. Provision has been made for the operation of industrial, scientific and medical equipment, cordless telephones, point-to-point radio links and various low-powered devices.


Two consultancies were let during the year. A report from the first, which studied the economic advantages of mobile radio systems, is being assessed by the Department. The report considers competing claims from potential radio frequency spectrum users.

The second consultancy will consider microwave band planning above 15 GHz. It will provide the Department with detailed information on the projected use of these bands, to assist in planning new bands which are becoming available for use as the result of new technology. These bands will be examined in a number of overseas countries.


The Minister has introduced a standard under the Radiocommunications Act 1983 to control the level of radio frequency emissions from industrial, scientific and medical equipment which is capable of causing electromagnetic interference to broadcasting and

radiocommunications services. This standard is based on the Standards Association of Australia standard AS2064 - 1977.

The Department is preparing for approval standards for various classes of radiocommunications equipment.

A draft manual was developed based on the International Electrotechnical Commission's recommendations and methods of measurement, which standardises test methods used for equipment compliance testing under departmental standards.

Type testing

During the year, 428 items of radiocommunications equipment were tested for approval in the Department's type test laboratories. Of these, 327 were found suitable and received a type approval certificate. Equipment included cordless telephones, citizen band

radios, paging receivers, land and sea communications devices, and emergency position-indicating radio beacons.

This is done to ensure radiocommunications equipment manufacturers, importers and distributors supply only approved items to users. This reduces the number of complaints of spectrum interference which the Department receives each year.


To keep up with technology changes, the Department purchased new equipment for testing the increasingly sophisticated equipment on the market.

Radiocommunications Act 1983

The Radiocommunications Act 1983 which came into force on 20 August 1985, was reported in detail on p.98 of the Department's 1984-85 Annual Report.

Australia's international role

The International Telecommunication Union plans and regulates world­ wide communications services. Australia is a member of the ITU.

The Department of Communications coordinates Australia's participation in ITU matters. The ITU is the body responsible for maintaining international cooperation in the use and development of all types of telecommunications, including management of the radio frequency spectrum and the geostationary orbit. The ITU is governed by the International Telecommunications Convention (Nairobi 1982), an international treaty to which Australia is a signatory with 160 other countries.

The Radio Frequency Management Division acts as a clearing house for ITU information and coordinates most of the activities in Australia concerned with Australia's ITU involvement. It notifies the International Frequency Registration Board in Geneva of details of frequency use by Australian services which require coordination with neighbouring countries and in the Pacific region. This includes the frequencies used by AUSSAT satellites.

A Group of Experts, which includes an Australian representative, Mr C. Oliver, an officer of the Department, has been established to review the International Telecommunications Convention, identifying those parts that are fundamental and should be incorporated in a

stable constitution which could not be amended without special majority support at each Plenipotentiary Conference held about every seven years.

Dr P. McDonnell, Acting Assistant Secretary, Spectrum Policy and Planning Branch, was appointed by the ITU to a Panel of Experts to examine the "Long Term Future of the International Frequency Registration Board". This panel will report to the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference meeting in 1989. Its recommendations will assist the Conference to determine the role of the Board in the next Plenipotentiary cycle.


Dr McDonnell also was appointed by the XVIth Plenary Assembly of the International Radio Consultative Committee to chair a special task force to establish technical bases for the spectrum sharing criteria for broadcasting, mobile and fixed services in Australia's ITU region, which includes the 40 countries that make up Asia and Australasia.

Australian experts are recruited by the Department for the ITU technical cooperation program which gives practical help to developing countries in progressing the development of their telecommunications infrastructures.

ITU Space Conference

In August 1985, Mr R. B. Lansdown, then Secretary to the Department, led the Australian delegation to the First Session of the ITU's World Administrative Radio Conference on the use of the geostationary satellite orbit and the planning of the space services using it.

The conference, referred to officially as WARC-ORB-85, was controversial because it concerned the equitable sharing of this scarce resource between developed and developing nations.

The Australian delegation, which included representatives from the Departments of Communications, Foreign Affairs and Defence, Telecom, OTC, AUSSAT, and the Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations, played an important and sometimes leading role.

The two-part planning method which was adopted will use different planning approaches for different frequencies. It was based on the dual-planning approach originally proposed by Australia.

Significant progress was made towards achieving the objective of the conference. Whether or not it was successful will depend on each country's need for the geostationary orbit. The big satellite users thought they had given away too much. Some developing countries felt

they had been given insufficient concessions. Others, like Australia, saw the outcome as a good compromise.

ITU Administrative Council

Australia is one of 41 members of the Administrative Council of the ITU. The Council supervises ITU administrative functions and coordinates its activities. The Australian delegation to the 1986 Council meeting in Geneva from 16 to 27 June 1986, was led by the Australian

Councillor, Mr R. Ramsay, First Assistant Secretary, Radio Frequency Management Division.


ITU Fellowship

Following a request from the International Telecommunication Union, a one-month training program was organised covering radio regulations and radio noise caused by people.

As a result an ITU Fellow, Mr P. Chooncharoen, a senior engineer with the Thai Post and Telegraph Department in Bangkok, spent February 1986 working with departmental officers. He studied the ways in which Australia investigates, regulates and controls sources of radio interference, so that similar methods could be applied in Thailand.

CCIR activities

The International Radio Consultative Committee, known as the CCIR, is an international scientific and advisory body of the ITU which establishes technical recommendations on all aspects of radiocommunications. The work is carried out during successive four- year Study Periods, which end, then begin again, at a Plenary Assembly.

The CCIR met in Geneva from 6 September to 13 November 1985 to formalise the recommendations from the 13 Study Groups to the Plenary Assembly.

The Department participates in most Study Groups of the International Radio Consultative Committee, and coordinates their activities through a network of Australian National Study Groups. These parallel the Committee's Study Groups and comprise eminent experts from government, industry bodies and private organisations. They perform

functions such as examining radiocommunication engineering questions about space research and radio astronomy, radio relay systems, mobile services, long distance broadcasting, satellite radiocommunications and broadcasting.

CCIR recommendations are standards without legal force which have an important influence on equipment manufacturers and designers. Developing countries use these standards as a guarantee of system performance on which most administrations base their equipment standards and band plans.

The Australian delegation of 19 people was led by Dr P. McDonnell. The delegates were drawn from the National Study Groups. They presented 39 proposals to the meetings.

The XVIth Plenary Assembly met in Dubrovnik from 12 to 23 May 1986 at the invitation of the Yugoslavian Government. The Assembly is the highest forum of the CCIR. It was attended by 438 delegates from 75 countries.


The outcome was successful from Australia's viewpoint. In particular, the unanimous adoption of the Australian proposal on high definition television is a significant achievement and is a credit to the work of the National Study Groups in preparing for this meeting. Australia

was represented at the Assembly by Mr R. Smith, First Assistant Secretary, Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division, and Dr P. McDonnell, (Department of Communications), Mr J. Moore (Department of Foreign Affairs), and Mr R. Barton (Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations).

CCIR recommendations are concerned with system performance and standards for radiocommunications and technical bases for use of the radio spectrum. The new and revised texts prepared during the study period included 160 recommendations and 434 reports. Topics included

the geostationary orbit, cellular mobile radio and digital systems for radio relay and satellite communications, digital and high definition television, and direct reception of television from broadcasting satellites.

CCITT activities

The International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT) is one of the specialised organs of the ITU, established to study and make recommendations on technical, operating and tariff questions relating to telegraphy and telephony.

The work of the CCITT is carried out through a number of study groups and working parties. The recommendations of study groups are considered at a Plenary Assembly held each four years. The next plenary session of CCITT will be held in Australia in November 1988. By agreement within the Communications portfolio, lead responsibility

for coordinating work in the CCITT area is taken by Telecom Australia. The approach to coordination is similar to that used for CCIR.

Australia was represented at 17 of these meetings, which covered many aspects of telecommunications including the interconnection of public and private networks, transmission systems, telephone circuit quality, digital networks, telephone operation and quality of

service, telephone switching and signalling, and data protocols and services.

Each study group is responsible for formulating recommendations on a number of questions which may be delegated to rapporteur groups for study.

Two groups met in Melbourne from 7 to 22 April 1986 on message handling and directory systems. Fifty delegates from Australia and overseas took part.


Liaison with industry

Departmental officers met throughout the year with representatives from the radiocommunications industry. Detailed discussions covered all areas of spectrum planning in the VHF, UHF and SHF bands.

Regular meetings with the Australian Electronics Industry Association (AEIA) and the Radiocommunications User Group or RCUG (formerly the Australian Business and Industrial Radio Association, ABIRA) provided useful forums for spectrum management, particularly relating to the land mobile service. The AEIA represents the Australian equipment manufacturers and importers while RCUG represents the radiocommunications users. The Department was able to assess the needs of a wide range of radiocommunications users, and the ability of Australian industry to provide radiocommunications equipment.


The Department participated in the 20th International Electronics Convention sponsored by the Institution of Radio and Electronics Engineers Australia. Known as IREECON '85, its theme was "The New Era of Communications".

Speakers included the previous Secretary of the Department, Mr R. B. Lansdown, and Mr R. Greeney, Mr M. Whittaker and Mr D . Johnson from the RFM Division.

Topics included a presentation of the development of an automated radio frequency monitoring system, a discussion of the effect of the Radiocommunications Act 1983 on standards governing radio emissions and interference, and determination of the performance and methods of frequency assignments for mobile radiocommunication services.


In September 1985, the Department participated in meetings in Sydney of the International Special Committee on Radio Interference - CISPR '85.

Special consideration was given to interference from and to electronic data processing equipment and establishing a special working group to consider interference limits for such equipment. Attention also was given to radio interference limits for industrial, scientific and medical equipment.


Spectrum Systems Management: code 2 2 00


To manage the use of the spectrum by maintaining an efficient and effective licensing system with minimum delays for clients and by providing efficient administrative systems to support spectrum management.


This sub-program results from a need for an efficient and effective licensing system which facilitates coordination between users to reduce interference and which provides administrative controls for licence renewals.

This need is met through Central, State and District offices which provide access and information to users seeking licences and licence renewals and by maximising the use of computer technology to enhance efficiency and

improve service to customers.

Supporting services include training programs, technical equipment testing and upgrading and handling of appeals against licensing decisions.

This sub-program provides a system for issuing and renewing licences which is automated as far as possible and allows for minimum delays to clients. It also provides for a system of safeguards for checking and controlling revenue collections.

Performance indicators * *

Costs expended in the licensing process decrease as a proportion of revenue collected.

Timely response to the request for a licence or renewal of alicence.


To meet the Spectrum Systems Management objective, the Department has:

* put an improved computer-based system for issuing licences into action, known as the Spectrum Management Information System (the SMIS project is covered in detail in the chapter on computing development);


* introduced improved UHF frequency assignment techniques using desk-top computers;

* designed, but not implemented, the Frequency Assignment Sub­ system of SMIS, which will improve the Department's response time in issuing licences even more; and

* reviewed licensing administration so that it can be rationalised, simplifying procedures and reducing delays.

The above work is being undertaken to allow the Department to handle an ever increasing workload - soon it will have about 600 000 radiocommunications licences on issue. At the same time individual licensing of government bodies such as Telecom and the Department of Defence is being achieved.

System licensing

The Department is keen to provide a more efficient service to spectrum users. On 9 September 1985, it introduced system licensing for VHF and UHF land mobile services.

A flat fee of $2000 is charged per channel (per service area) irrespective of the number of mobile units used by the licensee. In its first nine months, 145 users with approximately 11 560 mobiles converted to system licensing.

Operators of medium to large systems have found it to be beneficial judging by this good reception.

The system encourages the use of spectrum-efficient technology, reduces the administrative burden on users and the Department, and levies fees more equitably.

Monitoring of satellites

Satellite monitoring facilities are being established at the former NASA space tracking station at Orroral Valley (ACT), now a part of the Namadgi National Park.

The first stage of the monitoring project will be installed early in 1987 using some of the former NASA facilities.

Retention of space communications facilities within Namadgi was included in the Park's management plan, which was open for public comment recently. Space facilities have been operated there for over 20 years, and will be maintained in harmony with the cultural

heritage objectives of the park.

The system will check emissions from satellites for interference with land-based and other space radiocommunications in Australia. Satellites can interfere with each other's transmissions, and this can be monitored.


The first stage will consist of three earth stations measuring 2.4, 4.5 and 7.0 metres in diameter, a high quality spectrum analyser and a computer .

The earth stations can monitor several different satellite communication frequency bands simultaneously. They will be able to locate and lock onto satellites above the Indian and Pacific Oceans as well as those over Australia.

Stage 2 will include the installation of more monitoring equipment to provide greater frequency coverage and an extension enabling Department of Communications engineers at Belconnen to operate the station by remote control.

The third stage will enable the Department to assess, automatically, the occupancy rates of radio-frequency spectrum interference from each specific satellite emission. All satellite frequencies and orbits are of concern to Australia.

The project is expected to be completed in 1988-89.

New monitoring and occupancy systems developed

The Department has developed powerful facilities using the most up- to-date remotely controlled receivers available, which are able to analyse signals and study spectrum occupancy.

The new systems will improve technical monitoring of radiocommunications services and investigations of radio frequency users. This will help resolve interference complaints from licensed users and detect unlicensed operators.

Occupancy studies are critical to effective spectrum management. They provide practical information on radio channels actually being used and traffic loadings on each of those channels.

A paper presented by the Department at IREECOM '85 on the development and application of a low-cost automated radio monitoring and spectrum occupancy system led to the development of its latest facilities.

Seven of these systems are being used in Sydney to measure the occupancy of land mobile channels in the 403 - 520 MHz band. They are providing valuable information on the ways in which users such as taxis, real estate agents, tow-truck operators and public utilities

operate their radiocommunications services. Results of this monitoring are illustrated and described in Figure 1.


Figure 1


An estimated $6 million annually is lost through evasion of licence fees. The new monitoring systems will enable the Department to detect and locate unlicensed stations more effectively.

Departmental officers have also been using these systems successfully for daily interference investigation.

Individual licensing of government organisations

The Radiocommunications Act 1983, which came into operation in September 1985, requires Federal, State and Territorial Government bodies to take out licences and pay the associated fees for each individual service.

An individual licensing program ensures all Commonwealth Government agencies pay for spectrum use as does any other user. Particular efforts were made to institute individual licensing for the largest users, Telecom (from 11 June 1986) and the Department of Defence (beginning soon after).


Land mobile industry

Land mobile radiocommunications in Australia are an important operations tool for a large number of large and small businesses and public utilities. Australia has one of the highest per capita uses of land mobile radiocommunications in the world. Since 1981, their use

has increased by 19.5 per cent, from 194 097 units to 241 009.


Spectrum Control: code 2300


To control the use of the spectrum by minimising harmful or illegal activities and to encourage spectrum-efficient practices among users.


This sub-program results from the need to prevent radio interference from inefficient or illegal use of the spectrum or from the use of sub-standard equipment. It also seeks to ensure that the best economic use is made of the spectrum.

This is achieved by the appointment of inspectors to conduct inspections of maritime, aircraft and land installations and by the monitoring of the spectrum to provide feedback into the development of spectrum plans and licensing policy and to detect illegal activities.

This sub-program provides for the investigation of interference complaints, assists owners of equipment with technical problems which affect other users and provides for prosecutions of breaches of the Radiocommunications Act.

This sub-program aims to reduce inefficient or illegal use of the spectrum. It aims to solve interference complaints and increase the number of licensed users.

Performance indicators * *

* A reasonable percentage of successful prosecutions

* The conduct of maritime inspections which meets the needs of industry.

* The timely response to interference complaints.


Monitoring activities

The nature and density of traffic in the radio frequency spectrum is monitored to help officers investigate complaints of interference to national and international services, and to assist frequency planning.


This is achieved through a network of monitoring sites throughout the country. Australia has to upgrade these facilities continually as the spectrum becomes increasingly busy, and to meet its obligations as a member of the International Monitoring Service. Over the next four years the Department plans to install modern direction finding equipment to meet this aim.

Australia then will have caught up with world standards, as well as catering for intensive VHP and UHF communications.

Interference complaints

Departmental officers investigated and tried to resolve complaints about interference during the year without charge to any radiocommunications user, television viewer or radio listener. Among experiences reported by investigation officers in 1985-86 were these

two cases.

* An emergency position-indicating radio beacon was reported to be transmitting from a vessel in a marina in Moreton Bay (Qld).

Departmental officers traced the signal to a small vessel, and with the owner's assistance, were shown the beacon. The officers found this unit was not transmitting and apologised for disturbing the owner. They retraced their steps, and their investigations led them to the same vessel. Upon rechecking the beacon, it was found to be unserviceable and incapable of


After further searching, a second, offending, unit was discovered on the vessel. The owner was unaware of its existence.

* A two-way conversation was heard on a Jindabyne (NSW) television set.

Departmental tests proved the conversation was relayed from a repeater station installed by the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Authority in the hills above the town. Both the television viewer's masthead amplifier and the repeater were working


Further tests showed that a masthead amplifier on a nearby block of flats had been triggered by the repeater. The oscillations which had resulted were sufficiently strong to affect all television sets within a 200 m radius.

Interference statistics for the year appear in Appendix K .


In August 1985, the Department's regulatory section from Adelaide mounted a campaign to counter the increasing occurrence of improper use of high frequency medical radiocommunications channels provided for Aboriginal communities in the Alice Springs area. Most communities have a high frequency transceiver fitted with a selection of

"chatter channels" and a medical channel for the Royal Flying Doctor Service.

A typical installation (inset) comprises a vertical pole on which is mounted a selection of helical dipole antennas to suit frequencies in use, a solar panel to charge the power source, and a weatherproof box containing an automotive

battery and the transceiver.

A departmental officer, Mr C. Carter, travelled 2000km by road over 13 days, accompanied by a Department of Aboriginal Affairs officer. They visited different communities to


Countering licence evasion

Statistical information from regulatory campaigns conducted by the Department, and from Australian Bureau of Statistics' collections indicated a high level of licence fee evasion. This could amount to a shortfall in revenue as high as $6 million per annum from unlicensed

operators of aircraft, CB, land mobile and marine radiocommunications equipment.

Estimates for these categories were:

Category Licences Estimated

issued unlicensed



Citizen Band Radiocommunications Service

Land Mobile


2 829

160 000

240 000

50 000

4 000

500 000

80 000

50 000

The Department is planning several courses of action to counter evasion of licence fee taxes. These are:

* a label registration system to identify licensed radios;

* arranging for post offices to stock and accept licence applications and to collect licence taxes for CB radios;

* licensing aircraft through the Department of Aviation;

* adding to direction finding and monitoring facilities; and

* introduction of fines in lieu of prosecutions.

confer with tribal elders and council representatives to discuss the control of the transceivers, especially regarding use of the medical channel. In several instances, where local medical aid was immediately available, it was

mutually agreed to remove the medical frequency from sets. In others, responsible community leaders were asked to ensure improper operation from their region ceased.


Licensing campaigns are considered important as they help educate the community about the problems caused by the misuse of frequencies. These campaigns included publicising warnings against unlicensed operations, conducting random inspections, providing for simplified

licensing during moratoriums, and prosecuting flagrant offenders.

Large numbers of licences, including renewals, have resulted from these campaigns, and although they are limited by staff and funding constraints, it is intended to repeat their outstanding success by visiting more locations in 1986-87.


In its role of policing regulations governing the licensing and operation of radiocommunications services, the Department may issue warnings where minor breaches are involved, or undertake prosecution, licence suspension or cancellation, for offences judged to be intentional, major, aggravated or that adversely affect safety.

Each case is assessed separately. Typical offences which could result in prosecution by the Deputy Public Prosecutor include:

* deliberate jamming or disruption to a radiocommunications service, particularly one used for safety purposes;

* establishing and operating unlicensed radiocommunications transmitters or certain types of receivers; and

* making major modifications to radiocommunications equipment which is used on unapproved frequencies or with power higher than authorised.

The introduction of the Radiocommunications Act 1983 has increased the powers available to radio inspectors to regulate the spectrum. Substantial penalty increases and a wide range of new offences were created as well.

Under the Act, regulations may be made to allow inspectors to issue fines in lieu of prosecution, in much the same way as on-the-spot traffic fines are used. Such regulations are under consideration.

At 30 June 1986, 15 offenders had been prosecuted under this Act. The minimum penalty imposed by the courts for unlicensed operation has been a $400 fine and confiscation of operators' equipment.

Substantial $2500 fines have been imposed for hoax radio transmissions and harassment of other users.

There were 56 prosecutions between 1 July 1985 and 30 June 1986, all of which resulted in convictions following court action. Of these, 20 were in Victoria, 15 in Queensland, 11 in Western Australia, eight in

New South Wales and two in South Australia.



• There’s no point in having a marine radio on your boat if it’s unlicensed and you don’t know how to

work it in an emergency. • You’ll feel a lot safer if your

equipment is licensed. Because when we give you the licence we also tell

you the best ways of calling up help if you’re in trouble. • Licensed radios

can save precious m inutes-and possibly your life. The unique call sign you

get with the licence immediately identifies your boat as a

Licence inquiries: V ic to r ia n S ta te o ffic e

(0 3 ) 2 6 6 8 9 2 1 ;

B a lla ra t (0 5 3 ) 3 1 1 3 1 7 ;

B e n a lla (0 5 7 ) 6 2 3 2 8 8 ;

B e n d ig o (0 5 4 ) 4 3 1 1 1 0 ;

S a le (0 5 1 ) 4 4 4 5 5 5

licensed vessel. For Search and Rescue it means your bid for help is genuine, and not a hoax.

• When we issue the licence we record details of your vessel, your address and

telephone number. The description of the boat helps Search and Rescue, and anxious relatives can

easily be contacted.

• By taking out a licence you join thousands of other boat users who have made our waters safer by knowing how to communicate quickly in an emergency.

Advertisements in newspapers and magazines were used during the year to promote licensing of radiocommunications equipment.


Shipboard inspections

Department of Communications officers who are qualified marine radio surveyors surveyed and inspected shipboard radio installations at the request of the Department of Transport. This was done under the provisions of the Navigation Act and the Safety of Life at Sea Convention 1974.

Departmental staff also surveyed State-registered vessels on behalf of some State Governments, under their regulations and in compliance with the Uniform Shipping Laws code of practice. Inspections and surveys undertaken last year are detailed in Appendix J.

Maritime studies and standards

During the year, the Department formulated standards and specifications for all new ship stations compulsorily fitted under the Commonwealth Navigation Act. This included ships' plans evaluation, approvals for aerial, radio room and bridge layouts, and radio equipment type approval for licensing purposes.

Studies were undertaken of recent developments in radio navigational and communications equipment, including performance standards. This required consultation with the national and international maritime

industry, the Department of Transport and, in the UK, British Telecom International and the Department of Trade and Industry.

International Telecommunication Union and International Maritime Organisation documents were the subject of other studies about maritime matters.

In 1985-86, the Department adopted the ITU recommendation that all type-approved INMARSAT satellite communication equipment should be accepted by member countries.

Very soon it is expected that the Department will be involved heavily in the introduction by 1990 of the Future Global Maritime Distress and Safety System, which is a world-wide highly automated distress alerting system.


The Department examined 8206 candidates for proficiency as amateur (4201) or commercial (4005) radio operators during the year. Over half (4810) of the candidates passed, an excellent success rate.

The reduced number of candidates was due to the development of commercial operator's examinations by accredited educational institutions, and the introduction of increased examination fees for the first time in 20 years.


However, the Department still administers the examinations at a loss. For example, the amateur examination in February 1986 cost $68 000 to conduct and only $11 000 was collected in fees.

Special oral examination test papers for disabled persons were introduced officially and met the enthusiastic approval of the Wireless Institute of Australia.

In March 1986, departmental technical officers from Hobart conducted controlled communications tests from high-speed passenger vessels plying the reaches of the Gordon River in Western Tasmania. The Department's Quoin Ridge Radio

Monitoring Station near Hobart also played an important rol e .

The Department's recommendations - made after evaluating data from the tests - formed part of new by-laws struck by the marine authorities. They were publicised widely to improve the safety of up to 1000 passengers a day who enjoy

four hour cruises on 30-knot jet boats such as "James Kelly II", which is pictured here.


Administrative charges were introduced for the re-examination of marine operator's certificate holders.

Revision of the structure of the Restricted Operator's Certificate of Proficiency was initiated. This will involve consultation with the maritime industry, boating clubs and the Australian Maritime College (Launceston). The aim is to bring the existing certificate structure up-to-date.


Telecommunications and Postal Services: code 3000


Having regard to considerations of equity and efficiency, to meet the requirements of the community for a range of efficient telecommunications and postal services, using a range of transmission and delivery systems which employ the most up-to-date technologies.


Modern communications require fast, efficient and reliable communications facilities, both for economic growth and social development. The Com monwealth Government has exclusive powers under the Constitution for communications and has accepted an obligation to provide, for all the people in Australia, modern telephone and postal services.

The Government has chosen to discharge this obligation through a Department of State and by establishing three statutory authorities and a private company.

Telecom Australia, the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia), AUSSAT Pty Ltd and Australia Post provide a range of high quality domestic and international satellite, telecommunications and postal facilities and services. Basic telecom muni cations and postal services are provided to all Australians at uniform tariffs by internal


The program encompasses the development of policies which encourage the introduction of new and improved services, using modern technologies, and making maximum use of Australian skills and industries. The program also includes

the development, maintenance and improvement of an institutional and policy framework that maximises both the operational and the allocative efficiencies of the four service providers.

Performance indicators

Ability of service providers to meet appropriate standards of service.

The maintenance of a reasonable balance between tariffs and quality of service.

Meeting of financial objectives, and assuring viability of enterprises„

Comparison with relevant overseas countries of the level of tariffs and quality of services.


Introduction of new and improved services to meet business and community needs.

Reasonable accessibility to all services for all Australians.

Efficiency of performance measured against accepted criteria, extent of unsatisfied demand for telephone connections.

Balance is maintained between Government obligations on the four agencies, and their ability to act in accordance with sound commercial principles.

Herr H. Rawe (left), Minister for Communications, Federal Republic of Germany, is greeted by the Secretary to the Department of Communications, Mr C. C. Halton, CBE, on the occasion of Herr Rawe's visit to the Department in April

1986. Looking on is the Federal Republic's Ambassador to Australia, Dr D. Schauer.


Satellite, Telecommunications and Postal Policies and Legislation: code 3100

Ob jective

Having regard to considerations of equity and efficiency to ensure that Telecom, OTC, AUSSAT and Australia Post have the appropriate structural relationship with government to enable them to provide efficient satellite,

telecommunications and postal services by monitoring their activities and developing proposals for policy and legislation.


To be fully accountable to the Parliament, the Minister must have consistent and coherent information on the performance of the four Communications agencies in meeting their objectives, and to have independent advice

about ways in which their performance might be improved.

Papers are prepared for the Minister that present a wide perspective of the performance of the four agencies in discharging their statutory obligations, including advice on contract proposals, basic tariff changes, resource

allocation and borrowing proposals, industrial relations issues etc.

Information is provided also to alert the Minister of problems that could arise through the operations of the four agencies. Overall, advice and information under this program provides a focus on the political sensitivities of

the major operations of the Commissions, including tariffs, standards and service provision etc.

The program provides advice on all elements of the relationship between the four service agencies and the Government, aimed at the development of a policy and institutional framework that is most conducive to the

efficient and equitable provision of telecommunications (including satellite) and postal services.

Performance indicators

Continuing growth of business and extension of services.

Satisfactory financial performance over each trading year.

Community views concerning the performance of the four agencies.


Performance against measures such as unsatisfied demand for services, productivity comparisons with overseas standards and performance etc.



Q-NET and telecommunications policy

In December 1985, the Queensland Government introduced the Q-NET multi-purpose satellite communications system. Q-NET is using AUSSAT to extend State education, health, emergency and other services, to mining settlements, Aboriginal missions, isolated townships and islands throughout Queensland.

Government policy, while not permitting third party carriage, recognises that groups with a common interest may wish to share a private telecommunications network. In December 1984 the Minister advised the Queensland Government of the following:

* one separate Queensland telecommunications network, covering all State departments and authorities, would not be permitted;

# however, more limited groups of departments and authorities might establish and operate private networks as common interest groups, provided there was not resale or third party carriage.

Subsequently, both Telecom and AUSSAT recognised three separate groups within the Queensland Government, each of which contained agencies that have common interests. AUSSAT has entered into separate

service contracts with each of these.

Telecom's zonal charging policies

In November 1985, the Minister announced that Telecom would introduce, over two years, new zoning arrangements. These would benefit Australia's telephone subscribers, particularly in rapidly expanding outer urban areas of capital cities.

The new arrangements followed the submission to Parliament of the first stage report of the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Expenditure which enquired into Telecom's zonal charging policies in capital and large provincial cities.


The Committee is now enquiring into Telecom's charging policies in rural and remote areas. In its submission the Department pointed out that cross-subsidy practices have contributed significantly to the development of rural and remote Australia and, in the national interest, should be continued.

Telecom, Post cross-subsidisation

Another issue which required the development of policy advice to the Minister was the cross-subsidisation practised by Telecom and Australia Post which has long been a key feature of the provision of telecommunications and postal services in Australia. During 1985-86

there was questioning of this practice which ensures that as far as practicable telephone and postal services are provided at uniform prices across Australia.

The Government subsequently confirmed as policy that equity in the provision of telecommunications requires that a pricing policy of uniform standard charges to all customers for the services and products should be continued. There was similar endorsement of internal cross-subsidisation by Australia Post.

Telephone services for Aboriginal communities

An Aboriginal broadcasting and communications strategy has been developed following recommendations of a Task Force initiated by the Ministers for Communications and Aboriginal Affairs.

The strategy highlighted the need to accelerate expansion of telephone services to Aboriginal communities. In response, Telecom has changed the timetable for its Rural and Remote Area Program to ensure most major Aboriginal communities have modern automatic

telephone services by 1988, two years earlier than originally planned. The full program will be completed by 1990.

Interception of telecommunications

Although the Minister for Communications has a general responsibility to see that the integrity of the telecommunications network is maintained, legislation administered by the Attorney-General makes provision for authorised interception.

At the National Drug Summit in April 1985, it was decided that the lawful interception of telecommunications would help fight drug trafficking. In addition, the report of the Royal Commission headed by Mr Justice Stewart investigating the "Age Tapes", tabled 1 May

1986, recommended that law enforcement agencies should be able to intercept telecommunications where serious offences were concerned.


As a result, a Bill was introduced by the Attorney-General on 4 June 1986 that would authorise the National Crime Authority, State and Territory Police and the New South Wales Drug Crime Commission to intercept telecommunications relating to drug trafficking offences punishable by at least seven years' imprisonment.

On the same date, the Attorney-General established a Joint Select Committee on Telecommunications Interception. It is anticipated that amendments to the Telecommunications (Interception) Act 1979 will not be implemented until the Joint Committee has reported.

Legislative amendments

The Communications Legislation Amendment Act 1985 received Royal Assent on 28 October 1985. It covers recommendations of the Vincent Report that require Telecom to ensure its facilities are not used for illegal purposes.

Other significant amendments included provisions to allow OTC and Telecom to enter into foreign exchange and interest rate hedging arrangements.

The Postal Services Act 1975 and the Overseas Telecommunications Act 1946 were amended by the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 1) 1986, assented to on 24 June 1986, to let Australia Post and OTC form subsidiaries, and to enter into partnerships and profit sharing arrangements.

At the Special Premiers' Conference on drugs in 1985, the Government undertook to create an offence of sending illicit drugs through the mail. Following confirmation of this during the National Drug Offensive in 1986, an amendment to the Postal Services Act has been prepared for introduction in the Budget Sittings 1986 to put this into effect.

Subsidiary company formed

On 24 April 1986 the Minister approved a proposal that Telecom form a wholly owned subsidiary company under the Companies (Victoria) Code, known as Telecom Australia (International) Ltd. The company will enable Telecom to tender for international consultancy and project work.

A significant tender has been lodged with the Indonesian Telecommunications Authority, PERUMTEL, in connection with a World Bank-funded upgrade of Indonesia's telecommunications network. At time of writing the result of this tender was not known.

It is expected that a number of tenders will be lodged for work in countries within the Australian region and the rest of the world and these should facilitate significant export opportunities for Australian industry.


Financial, administrative arrangements

The Department continues to review the financial and administrative arrangements between the Government and the portfolio business undertakings. For example, OTC has proposed that a long-term policy be adopted for determining the target level of the Commission's dividend paid to the Commonwealth. The Commission's proposal provides

for dividends to be directly related to after-tax (the practice of the private sector) in lieu of the present base of shareholder funds which bears no relationship to prevailing economic and financial

circumstances of the Commission. The Department has prepared a discussion paper on alternative bases for dividend determination with the ultimate objective of placing the matter before the Minister for consideration.

Prices Surveillance Authority

The Treasurer has declared that variations in the charges for standard postal articles and registered publications and for rental, telephone calls and telegrams within Australia are subject to review by the Prices Surveillance Authority.

In February and March 1986, Australia Post and Telecom notified the Authority of intended variations to certain of these charges.

The Department made a submission and gave evidence at a public inquiry held by the Authority into the proposed variations in postal charges. The Authority subsequently reported that it had no objection to the charges.

The Authority did not hold a public inquiry into the proposed telephone charges as it had no objection to them.

The Department subsequently advised the Minister on these tariff variations to enable him to exercise his powers under the relevant sections of the Telecommunications Act and the Postal Services Act.

Mail service standards

Public concern over mail service standards, particularly in NSW, continued to be an issue in the first half of 1985-86.

During October 1985, the mail service in NSW was significantly affected by industrial action. To cope with that situation, special arrangements were introduced for managing mail flows within the network, to prevent significant build-up of mail occurring at

individual Mail Centres.

The mail service continued to be disrupted at most Metropolitan Mail Centres in Sydney. A contingency mail service operating during the stoppage was able to cope with 90-95 per cent of daily postings made in the Sydney metropolitan area and to provide for delivery of at

least the intrastate mail by day three, that is two days late.


In an effort to achieve a lasting improvement in NSW mail service performance, steps have been taken by Australia Post to improve management/staff relationships, management structures, work practices and the industrial climate generally. This has resulted in significant improvements in service performance.

Telecom PABX policy

In July 1985 the Australian Telecommunications Commission approved a new policy for the supply of private automatic branch exchange (PABX) equipment to accommodate the changing needs of the Australian market. The new policy was developed following consultation with industry groups, user groups, unions and manufacturers.

From 1 January 1986 the limitation of the market under the old policy to seven nominated suppliers was lifted, permitting conditions for improved competition and wider customer choice. The policy also

provides for market access limitations to be removed from 1 July 1986, which would give all suppliers (including Telecom) access to all segments of the market. Telecom's monopoly over the maintenance of PABX equipment was continued under the new policy.

The Department ensured that the Minister was fully advised on the public interest and industry issues arising from the new PABX policy.

Submarine cable system

The Overseas Telecommunications Commission (OTC), in conjunction with the New Zealand Post Office, plans to construct an optical fibre submarine cable system linking Australia and New Zealand by the end of 1991. Extensions to North America and Asia are planned by 1995.

Significant participation by Australian industry is a primary OTC objective in these projects. OTC held an industry briefing in Sydney in May 1986 which was well attended by Australian industry and by overseas manufacturers.

Preliminary investigations by the Australian Industry Development Corporation have shown that there are good prospects for Australian manufacture of significant elements of the optical fibre submarine cable. As this project has major economic implications for Australia, the Department is working with OTC in preparing a comprehensive submission to the Government.

Statutory authority and Government relations

In its 1984-85 Annual Report the Department drew attention to the need for public information and public debate on the relationship between the Government and major statutory authorities including government enterprises like Telecom and Australia Post.


In the past, whenever Issues dealing with this aspect of public administration have arisen, the focus has been on accountability and control. While the Department acknowledges that these facets of the relationships between the Government and its agencies are of great

significance, the emphasis on them has tended to overshadow other aspects such as the positive role of government enterprises in meeting social and economic objectives of the Government.

There has been some difficulty in turning the debate from accountability and control of government enterprises towards questions of efficiency. One result is that some sections of the community remain unconvinced that Australians do have available to

them telecommunications and postal services of a high quality and at reasonable tariffs.

The record shows however that in the ten years since the creation of Telecom and Australia Post, there has been rapid introduction of new technologies and services, and a continuing productivity improvement in the performance of the Commissions. They have invariably exceeded

their financial targets of covering all their administrative expenses and meeting at least 50 per cent of their capital expenditure from revenue. The Commissions have put their operations on a commercial,

self-sustaining basis while at the same time meeting their social obligations in full.

This is relevant to the context in which the Government is now addressing the question of its relationship with statutory authorities and government enterprises. On 10 June 1986 the Minister for Finance tabled a policy discussion paper on this subject and

invited public comments.

The Department hopes that the debate on the proposals in the paper will focus on the real issue of how best to establish the relationship between the Government and its agencies so that efficiency can be improved and that the debate will not dwell in an unbalanced way on the question of control, as it has tended to in the


The Langdale Report

Following publication in July 1985 of a report to the Department by Dr J. V. Langdale on the nature and extent of transborder information flows and their influence on trade-in services, inter-departmental meetings have been held to discuss the key findings of the report.

The report concluded that because of the rapid growth in the information industry, there are excellent opportunities for Telecom and OTC to expand the volume and diversity of their traffic. This could be done by: *

* introducing innovative domestic and international telecommunications services so that Australia's trade in international electronic information services could be expanded; and


recognising that the success of Telecom and OTC is a key factor in the development of the information economy. ■*

The report argues that the philosophy of hiving off profitable areas in telecommunications to private competitors should be rejected.

Specifically, certain policies are canvassed both as a reaction to, and in anticipation of, developments occurring in the sphere of competition in international telecommunications:

* the Government should reject proposals from international private satellite companies for direct access to Australian users;

* the Government should oppose the spread of competition, in international forums such as the ITU and the OECD; and

* the Government should examine options for AUSSAT to provide international coverage to the south-west Pacific and possibly to the south-east Asian regions.

These matters are being considered by the Department.

The Ergas Report

Last year the Department engaged Mr H. Ergas, an Australian economist employed as a Counsellor in the Advisory Unit to the Secretary- General of the OECD, to examine the Australian telecommunications system and report on the wider economic implications of investment in

this area.

His report, Telecommunications and the Australian Economy, was released in March 1986.

In it, Mr Ergas said Australia must increase telecommunications investment if it is to reap the economic benefits of a modern telecommunications network.

The findings of the report included:

* telecommunications investment levels should be increased by 10-15 per cent immediately, followed by annual investment growth of 4-8 per cent in real terms;

* technical efficiency levels attained by the Australian telecommunications network are comparable with those of other advanced economies;

* profits by Telecom and OTC compare favourably with their counterparts in other countries and with the aggregate of the private sector's performance in Australia; *

* investment in telecommunications infrastructure will not "crowd- out" private investment;


* the cross-subsidy of Australia's rural and remote population is comparable with that of other advanced countries, in extent and direction, and should be continued through the structure of telecommunications prices; and

* considerable opportunities for the Australian telecommunications equipment industry are provided by the telecommunications system's growth.

The Department invited Mr Ergas to lead a seminar in Canberra in April 1986 on the major findings of his report and on international communications trends. Drawing on experiences of the USA, UK and Sweden, Mr Ergas saw four major implications for telecommunications


* The telecommunications network should remain basically a natural monopoly. Attempts overseas to introduce competition in the basic network have not been supported by cost-based pricing, and have created over-capacity and impediments to inter­

operability .

* Long-range planning is necessary for optimal growth of the network. This requires a stable policy framework based on agreement about medium-term goals for financial and operating decisions.

* The return on society's investment in the basic network can increase where there is competition and diversity in the supply of customer premises equipment and value added networks.

* Providers of basic networks must adjust to a more complex environment. Gradual transition to more cost-based pricing is desirable, within parameters set by broad social goals.

The Department, Telecom and OTC welcomed these findings and will take them into account in policy developments.

Commonwealth—State-Territory meetings

The Commonwealth-State-Territory Consultative Committee on Communications met twice during the year, on 23 October 1985 in Canberra, and on 16 May 1986 in Alice Springs.

The Committee has an information exchange role, and comprises officials from the Department of Communications, State and Northern Territory Governments, and representatives from Telecom, OTC and AUSSAT.

Issues discussed included AUSSAT's proposed second generation satellite system, Remote Commercial Television Services, equalisation policies, and State and Northern Territory telecommunications development programs.


Development of the communications equipment industry

Following its consideration of the IAC's 1984 Report into Telecommunications and Related Equipment and Parts, the Government sought the development of a comprehensive strategy to address the communications equipment industry's long-term problems. The IAC report suggested that the industry was stagnant, failing to increase output or exports when the world-wide demand for communications services was expanding rapidly. It was feared also that the relatively high levels of protection afforded the industry could be against the interests of users of communications services.

While the development of the communications industry equipment strategy is the responsibility of the Department of Industry, Technology and Commerce, the contributions of the Communications portfolio to the strategy are significant. The Department, Telecom and OTC have each made submissions on the industry's problems and possible elements of a strategy. There has been considerable consultation within the portfolio and participation in industry think-tanks on a strategy.

The Communications inputs have addressed in positive terms the objectives of increased export orientation, innovation and international competitiveness by domestic producers. The Department's submission has cautioned, however, that the responsibilities of Telecom, OTC, AUSSAT and ABC will need to be taken fully into account in a strategy to develop the communications equipment industry, including the other responsibilities placed upon them by way of the Government's social requirements.

In emphasising this, however, the Department is supportive of development of the equipment industry. There can be expected to be benefit to the portfolio if it can interact with a communications equipment industry which is vigorous and export orientated and up-to- date in technology, strong in research and development and with an adequate local source of key components.

Major contracts exceed $1.15 billion

The Minister is empowered to approve all contracts valued at over $2 million placed by three agencies - Telecom, Australia Post and OTC. The Minister is also required to approve all AUSSAT space satellite contracts, and all other AUSSAT equipment contracts exceeding $500 000.

The Department provides policy advice to the Minister on each contract proposal and the extent of this work can be seen in the fact that in 1985-86 the Minister approved 123 contracts valued at $1.15 billion for the four business undertakings.


Each agency seeks to maximise Australian content within the overall objective of achieving best value for money. Where the level of local content is below 70 per cent, the Government's offsets policy requires that work to the value of 30 per cent of the imported

content be placed with Australian industry.

Contract threshold increased

In December 1985, Royal Assent was given to Regulations which increased to $2 million, the threshold for Ministerial approval of contracts as required by section 38(2) of the Overseas Telecommunications Act 1946 and section 82(a) of the Postal Services Act 1975.

This increase brought contract thresholds for OTC and Australia Post into line with that of Telecom.

Department's role in government purchasing

The Department of Communications has an ongoing role in the development of government purchasing policies.

Although its own purchasing activities are relatively minor, the portfolio's trading authorities, especially Telecom, make very significant purchases.

The Department keeps the Communications portfolio authorities and AUSSAT informed of developments in the Government's purchasing policies. In conjunction with these organisations, the Department commented in March on proposals concerning the National Preference

Agreement between the States and the Commonwealth, and on the extension of the policy concerning the application of purchasing preference to the majority of non-departmental bodies for contracts above $20 000.

Department's concerns over National Preference Agreement

The National Preference Agreement between the Commonwealth and the States, which begins on 1 July 1986, is aimed to eliminate discrimination based on the State of origin of goods and related services from purchases made by other participating States. Such

discrimination is detrimental to the efficiency and competitiveness of Australian industry.

However, the Department and portfolio authorities are concerned that the extensive and elaborate sanction and monitoring processes included in the Agreement to deal with complaints could frustrate, delay and add substantially to procurement costs for the authorities; and that the Agreement would exacerbate the already complicated

preference arrangements.


Australian-content Preference Scheme

The Department supports the concept of giving greater preference to procurement from Australian industry, but is concerned that the existing administrative procedures lead to delays.

The Department believes the application of the Government's preference policy has become unnecessarily complex, difficult to administer, administratively costly, generally ineffective and no longer appropriate. The cost of administering the scheme probably outweighs the benefits to industry.

A full review of the preference arrangements by an independent Committee of Inquiry similar to that undertaken by the Committee of Review of Offsets is long overdue.


The Department provides administrative support in relation to appointments to three Commissions - Australia Post, Telecom and OTC - and AUSSAT Pty Ltd and gives appointments advice to the Minister and the Government. Several appointments to these agencies were made in


* Mr J. C. Littlemore, a Mareeba (Qld) businessman, was appointed a Telecom Commissioner for five years, commencing on 31 August 1985. He replaced Mr C. B. Quartermaine DFC, from north Queensland, a Telecom Commissioner since 1978.

* Mr D. M. Hoare was reappointed as a Commissioner and Deputy Chief Commissioner of OTC for five years, commencing 23 September 1985. Mr Hoare, who is also chairman of AUSSAT, has been a Commissioner and Deputy Chief Commissioner (formerly Vice Chairman) of OTC since September 1982.

* Mr R. B. Lansdown, CBE, the then Secretary to the Department of Communications was appointed Chairman of the Australian Postal Commission for five years, commencing 13 September 1985. He replaced Mr D.R. Rickard, Chairman since September 1978. Mr Lansdown retired as Secretary to the Department of

Communications on 31 January 1986.

* Mr R. L. Gradwell, an Australia Post Commissioner, was reappointed for a further five years from 21 January 1986. Mr Gradwell, who has had a long involvement in trade union affairs, was first appointed to the Commission in January 1981. *

* Mr C. C. Halton, CBE, Secretary to the Department of Communications, was appointed a Telecom Commissioner from 1 February 1986, following Mr Lansdown's retirement as Secretary to the Department.


* Mr Μ. K. Ward, Chief General Manager of Telecom Australia, was appointed Managing Director of the organisation following the resignation of Mr W. J. B. Pollock, AM, Mr Ward's five-year appointment commenced on 12 April 1986.

* Mr K. L. Haffenden, previously State Manager of Australia Post's Queensland Office, was appointed Chief General Manager for five years from 17 April 1986. Mr Haffenden had acted in the position from June 1985.

* Mr R. K. McKinnon, who has many years' engineering and administrative experience with Telecom Australia, was appointed Telecom Chief General Manager from 22 May 1986 for three years.

* Mr L. N. Hingley, who has been active in trade union affairs for almost 30 years, was appointed an OTC Commissioner for five years commencing 12 June 1986.

Directors of AUSSAT Pty Ltd are appointed by the Commonwealth, by Instrument signed by the Minister. During the year, the Minister restructured the AUSSAT Board. He announced that membership of the Board had been reduced from 13 to nine from 1 March 1986. To enable

this to take place, Mr H. S. Cottee, AM, Professor M. W. Gunn, Mr R. K. Treweeke and Mr R. de Q. Robin, CBE, retired from the Board on 28 February 1986. In addition, Mr W. J. B. Pollock, AM, the then Managing Director of Telecom Australia, and Mr E. E. Payne, Deputy

Secretary to the Department of Communications, resigned from the Board. Subsequently the Secretary to the Department of Communications, Mr C. C. Halton, CBE, and the General Manager of AUSSAT Pty Ltd, Mr W. G. Gosewinckel, AO, were appointed to the

Board. Mr Gosewinckel was appointed by the Board to the position of Managing Director.

AUSSAT's Board now focuses predominantly on marketing the satellite and providing the most efficient services to its customers, which include the Royal Flying Doctor Service, School of the Air, State Governments, Telecom, and radio and television


In addition, as part of its second generation design process, AUSSAT's specialist design team is consulting with its existing and prospective customers including those organisations representing the interests of people living in rural and remote areas of Australia.

International involvement

The Department provides policy advice and coordination for Australia's participation in a number of international organisations dealing with postal and telecommunications issues. Some of these are discussed below. The more significant contributions of the Department have concerned the work of OECD, the issue of separate international

satellite systems, and the work of the ITU, INTELSAT, INMARSAT, the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity and Unesco.


In addition, Australia is a member of the ITU and the Department of Communications is the "Administration" referred to in the Convention as representing Australia. DOC is the Australian member of the CCIR and the CCITT. The latter organisation is primarily concerned with

telecommunications and telegraphic standards.

By agreement, within the Communications portfolio the lead responsibility for coordinating work in the CCITT area is taken by Telecom. This approach recognises the fundamental role of Telecom as the provider of the public switched telephone network in Australia.

Somewhat similar arrangements apply in the case of the Universal Postal Union, where the Australian Postal Commission, by arrangement, take responsibility for Australia's membership.

OECD Committee on Information, Computer and Communications Policy

The Department consulted during the year with an extensive advisory network of other government agencies, academics and community groups to prepare technical and policy advice to the OECD Committee on Information, Computer and Communications Policy (CICCP).

CICCP addresses technology development policy and its implications in these fields.

Among major activities in 1985-86 which involved the Department, were the CCIP's 7th and 8th Sessions held in Paris in October 1985 and March 1986 respectively, and the Second Special Session on Telecommunications Policy held in Paris in November 1985.

CICCP work activities highlighted in 1985-86 included:

* the role of telecommunications services in international trade;

* the impact of changing market structures in telecommunications services on equipment trade;

* finalisation of the study on information technology;

* standards and standards setting in information technology;

* analysis of legal policy in the OECD area on computer-related crime;

* development of ICC statistics in member countries;

* follow-up activities on the Special Session on Telecommunications Policy;

* information technologies and emerging growth areas; and

* special programs for information technology.


Australia provided a strong delegation to the Second Special Session of the Committee, led by the Secretary-Designate, Mr C. C. Halton, and including senior officers from the Department, Telecom and OTC. Mr Halton chaired the opening session. During the Special Session

the following five issues were considered:

Recent developments and future trends in telecommunications;

Trends and issues in the provision of telecommunications services;

Issues in meeting the demand for telecommunications services;

The role of standardisation in telecommunications; and

Future international cooperation in telecommunications.

Key policy makers from the OECD countries attended the Special Session. The consensus decisions from the meeting were in these terms:

* telecommunication is a key sector and there is a need to assess its role, in respect to its macroeconomic impact, its impact on secondary and tertiary industries and on economic growth, innovation and employment;

* there is a need to preserve universal telecommunications services and accordingly merit was seen in a project to review the economic framework and the social welfare priorities which influence the universal service philosophy. Such a project could also examine what effects regulatory changes are having or may have on this concept and what basic criteria are needed to

safeguard universal service;

* the impact of technological developments in telecommunications is widespread, leading to pressure on countries to adapt their telecommunications structures. Central issues involved here are the consequences of technological developments on service provision and costs and the extent to which the capabilities of new technologies are being used; and

* the OECD countries ought to be more concerned with the need for telecommunications development in the Third World.

Australia gained a valuable perspective on policy developments by its participation, particularly in taking stock of the rapid pace of technological change in the field of telecommunications since the First Special Session on telecommunications policy held three years earlier.

ICC Statistics Experts meetings were held in Paris in December 1985 and May 1986. Australia was represented by a senior officer of the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The Department records its

appreciation of the Bureau's help.


Private international satellite systems

Five enterprises have sought agreement from the Federal Communications Commission in the US for the establishment of private international satellite systems.

The companies have been given qualified approval to proceed with construction, but their systems will have to comply with strict operational guidelines. Most important of these were that:

* service can be provided only through the sale or long-term lease of transponders or space segment capacity;

* services are not to be interconnected with public-switched message networks or with the public facilities of common carriers to provide switched message services; and

* a licence permitting a separate satellite system to begin operating will not be issued until the US has completed coordination of that system with INTELSAT pursuant to Article XIV(d) of the INTELSAT Agreement, and the State Department has

informed the Commission that the US has fulfilled its obligation under this Article. The Article deals with the question of whether a separate satellite system could cause economic harm to INTELSAT.

Australia's strong interest in this debate reflects the importance of INTELSAT to the nation. These matters were discussed at the October 1985 meeting of the Assembly of Parties. At that meeting, the Australian delegation, while noting United States support for major separate satellite systems, reaffirmed its commitment to the INTELSAT global system. The delegation noted that Article XIV (d) procedures constitute a due process by which proposals for separate systems may

be examined.

Australia's role at INTELSAT Assembly

As mentioned above, the Tenth INTELSAT Assembly of Parties Meeting was held in Washington from 7-10 October 1985. The Australian delegation, comprising officers from the Department and OTC, was led by the Australian Ambassador to the US, Mr F. R. Dalrymple.

Matters discussed at the meeting, in addition to private international satellite systems, included a proposed amendment to the INTELSAT Agreement to provide flexibility in the setting of rates for services in different regions. Such an amendment, it was argued, could permit INTELSAT to compete effectively against separate satellite systems and fibre optic cables. The issue was held over for subsequent examination.


INMARSAT to provide aeronautical services

The 4th INMARSAT Assembly agreed in October 1985 to amend the INMARSAT Convention and Operating Agreement to permit provision of aeronautical services via satellite to aircraft.

INMARSAT intends to offer a commercial service to the civil aviation industry and national administrations, providing such services as telephone connections from aircraft to domestic and international destinations.

At 30 June 1986, Australia's formal acceptance of the amendments was still being considered.

Australia attends Asia-Pacific Telecommunity meeting

An Australian delegation, comprising Mr J. D. McLean from the Department and Messrs I. R. R. Cook and P. Davidson from OTC attended the Ninth Session of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity Management Committee in Changmai, Thailand, from 20-27 November 1985.

Among many items, the Session considered the 1986 Budget Estimate, the 1985 Revised Budget and the indicative 1987 Budget. Key activities included a review of the 1985 Work Program of the Asia- Pacific Telecommunity and approval for the 1986 Work Program.

The organisation's objective is to plan and develop intra-regional and international telecommunications networks, and coordinate their technical standards and routing plans.

APT study groups examine issues such as the introduction of new telecommunications services in member countries, regional satellite communications systems, and participation in digital networks.

In late 1987, Australia will host the Fourth General Assembly of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity in Sydney.

Department's role in Unesco

The Department is a member of the Communications Sectoral Group and the Advisory Group on Informatics of the Australian National Commission for Unesco.

Informatics is defined as information data processing systems and their total impact on human activities. Often it is regarded as a sophisticated form of telecommunications.

Three of the 14 major programs which make up Unesco's current Second Medium-Term Plan involve communications. They are:

* communications in the service of man;

* information systems and access to knowledge; and


* science, technology and society.

Each consists of several sub-programs, complete with objectives, strategies, action plans, budget estimates and review procedures. The overall approach covers public and private sectors, and is multi­ disciplinary .

The Commission is currently seeking to develop Australia's input to the Third Medium-Term Plan.

Mr V. J. Kane, First Assistant Secretary, Space Telecommunications and Policy Division, is a member of the Advisory Group for Intergovernmental Informatics Program, which will:

* advise the Australian National Commission for Unesco on the content and direction which the group might take and the role Australia might play; and

* coordinate Australia's involvement in the Unesco informatics program, promote it in Australia, and recommend on participation by individuals.


3200 Australian Telecommunications Commission

3300 Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia)

3400 AUSSAT Pty Ltd

3500 Australian Postal Commission

The Department of Communications advises the Minister on his responsibilities pursuant to the Administrative Arrangements Order in respect to the four agencies above.

Much of the work done by the Department in this area during the year has been described in the section of the Report entitled "Satellite Telecommunications and Postal Policies and Legislation", under

program number 3100.

Each of the four agencies reports annually on its activities. These Reports are tabled by the Minister.


Communications Development: code 4000


To identify strategic and policy options for the future development of communications systems and services in Australia by monitoring, analysing and forecasting developments in the communications environment.


Technological advancement, associated with changes in the social and economic environment, creates expectations and pressures for improvements in the quality and range of communications services provided to meet the needs of

Australian society. Research and analysis of the current and future communications environment is required to enable strategic development of the Government's communications policies to meet these needs.

The program explores the ability to meet, and the alternatives for meeting, the communications needs of a growing and more diversified Australia. The program enables the early identification and consideration of expected

changes in the technological, social and economic environment and their policy implications through programs of research which include the monitoring of that environment and consideration of its impact on

communications. It also assists other programs through research on topical issues in communications policies.

Performance indicators * *

* The impact of this program through changes to corporate strategies and goals.

* Completion of an approved program of research within timing objectives.

* The impact of the program on increasing private and public sector awareness of communications issues.


Communications Environment and Strategic Development: code 4100


To identify policy implications and strategic options for future communications development through research on relevant aspects of the social, economic, regulatory and technological environment.


An understanding of future changes in technology and the social and economic environment is required to enable the likely future communication needs of Australian society to be identified and strategies for meeting them to be developed. Assistance to developing countries in the region

to upgrade their communications systems is desirable as an aspect of the interest in the area.

The above changes are identified through monitoring, researching and analysing changes in technology, arrangements for the delivery of services and social and economic factors, both in Australia and overseas (by visits

where appropriate), to assist in identifying changes which have effects on national policies.

This sub-program makes major contributions to the consideration of changes to corporate strategies and goals, produces and publishes papers and reports, provides . information for external and internal purposes, enables dialogue with private industry and other Government agencies to assist the development of communications policy and its integration with other policies and provides for Australian participation in appropriate communications

related forums in the region.

Performance indicators

* Completion of the sub-program component of the approved program of research.

* The timely production and dissemination of reports and papers.

* Active participation in external forums.

* Prompt responses to requests from other programs for research on topical issues. *

* Contribution to the development of policy.



International Communications Conference

The International Institute of Communications is a non-profit research and information organisation. It aims to promote a more informed understanding of policy issues connected with new communications technologies and to facilitate social and

institutional changes to permit the freer flow of communications in both the developed and developing worlds.

The Department is a corporate member of the Institute and is involved in its activities. This has included co-sponsoring a Study of Telecommunications Structures, and participation in the Steering Committee for the 1987 IIC Annual Conference, to be held in Sydney.

Mr C. Deacon, Director (Regulatory Policy), Communications Strategy Division, represented the Department at the IIC Annual Conference in September 1985, held in Tokyo.

This provided a valuable opportunity to exchange views with many of the 300 senior communications policy makers, broadcasters, industrialists and researchers from 40 different countries who attended. The various national approaches toward defining boundaries between different kinds of services or distinguishing between various service providers in an increasingly deregulated and transnational

marketplace, formed the focus for much of the conference. Of considerable interest to conference delegates was the presentation of the IIC's Report on Phase One of the Study of Telecommunications

Structures entitled From Telecommunications to Electronic Services. Due to the success of Phase One, the IIC extended the study in November 1985 and invited Australia's participation. The Department and OTC (A) are now joint sponsors.

Mr Deacon also met with Japanese Government Post and Telecommunications officials and companies involved in recent developments in communications systems and services, including direct broadcasting satellites, optical fibres, high definition television,

and various public telecommunications media networks.

This gave the Department the opportunity to assess their possible future in Australia, as well as to strengthen the Department's understanding of recent changes in the Japanese telecommunications policy environment.


Mr G. McAdoo (left) and Mr M. Pearce (right) of the Department's Communications Strategy Division were presented with Australia Day Awards for their outstanding contributions to the Department's planning and development of satellite broadcasting.

South Pacific telecommunications

The South Pacific Telecommunications Development Program was established to promote regional coordination and cooperation in rural telecommunications within the south-west Pacific. Its management group meets twice a year to provide policy guidance in running the


Mr G. Perkins, Queensland State Manager, Radio Frequency Management Division, and an officer from the Department of Foreign Affairs, attended the group's fifth meeting in November 1985, at Tarawa, Kiribati.

The sixth meeting, at Suva, Fiji, in February 1986, was attended by Mr R. Mere, Assistant Secretary, Communications Systems and Technology Branch, who headed the delegation, and Mr G. McAdoo, Director, Research and Technology Development, both from the Communications Strategy Division. They were accompanied by officers from AUSSAT, OTC, Telecom, the Australian Development Assistance Bureau, and the Department of Foreign Affairs.


The meeting considered alternative satellite options for the South Pacific countries and the question of television services. Delegates also addressed administrative and operational matters relating to the South Pacific Telecommunications Development Program and determined

relative priorities for development.

Ms J. Davidson, Director, International Policy, Communications Strategy Division, led a delegation to the seventh meeting held in June 1986, in Suva. The delegation comprised representatives from ADAB, OTC, AUSSAT and the Department of Foreign Affairs.

Among other matters, the sixth and seventh meetings discussed the Australian Prime Minister's offer of technical support for assessing the needs and priorities for television of the South Pacific Forum island countries.

Mr G. Perkins, Mr W. Hurren, Mr R. Waller and Mr G. Murray represented the Department, Telecom, OTC and AUSSAT respectively at the 12th annual South Pacific Regional Telecommunications Meeting at Tarawa, in November 1985.

National Information Policy

The Department was represented by Mr J. Hilvert, Assistant Secretary, Communications Strategy Division, on an interdepartmental meeting convened by the Department of Science to work towards the development of a National Information Policy. This led to a discussion paper

being published by the Department of Science, aimed at raising awareness of the implications of a shift from a resource-based to an information-based economy.

In December 1985, that Department sponsored a two-day workshop, also attended by Mr Hilvert. The issues raised at this gathering and in the discussion paper included access to information, industry

development, employment, education, the role of the Government in providing information, personal rights, and national sovereignty.

The Department of Communications has studied the relevance of these issues to the Communications portfolio, to ensure policy development and implementation take account of changes in the role of information in Australian society.

Electronic publishing

Mr Hilvert represented the Department on the Working Group on Electronic Publishing and Access to Government Information, established in September 1985 by the Department of Sport, Recreation and Tourism. The aim of this group was to investigate methods of

developing a uniform approach by the Commonwealth to electronic dissemination systems, and to develop policy guidelines for Commonwealth agencies.


The Working Group recommended a set of Interim Guidelines, and that it should be replaced by an interdepartmental advisory committee, with a central coordinating unit within the Department of Sport,

Recreation and Tourism, and links established with other relevant bodies including the Australian Database Development Association and commercial database operators.

The Department is represented on the new Electronic Publishing Advisory and Consultative Committee, established following the Working Group's recommendations. It also will be represented on a sub-committee on community access and services.

Social aspects of environmental monitoring and analysis

Monitoring and analysis of the communications environment has to take account of social conditions and changes within Australia that may be affected by new policies. To assist in the initial development of the environment monitoring and analysis component, the Department:

* conducted a preliminary survey of the impact of the Communications portfolio on women, both as users of services and employees or providers of services;

* commenced a survey of the implications for the Communications portfolio of demographic changes leading to the ageing of Australia; and

* prepared material on new communications technologies and ethnic groups for inclusion in a submission to the Committee of Review on Migrant and Multicultural Programs and Services.

Communications studentship scheme

During the 1985-86 summer vacation, two third-year students from the Australian National University were employed in the Department's Communications Strategy Division under a pilot Communications Studentship Scheme.

This program was introduced to provide public sector work experience for specialist undergraduates, and to strengthen links between the Department and tertiary institutions.

The students gained an insight into policy formulation and in helping to complete some policy research projects.

The scheme will continue in the 1986-87 summer vacation.

Library services grow

Last year over 4300 loans and 2500 information inquiries were handled by the departmental library, considerably more than last year.


The library's own resources of 8000 books and reports, 1000 standards, 500 photographs, 600 journals received and 500 annual report titles, were supplemented by on-line information services and access to Australian and overseas databases including AUSINET, Scale, CLIRS, VIATEL, DIALOG and ABN Inquiry.

Departmental staff are informed regularly of new acquisitions or developments, and several useful publications were produced during the year including Communications Acronyms, Major Reviews in the Communications Portfolio and AUSSAT: a Chronology.

Automation is in progress and will enable easier access to the library's collections, and take over many routine clerical duties. It also will enable the library staff to create a proper catalogue of the collection for the first time.

Communications indicators

Work has begun on the development of a series of communications indicators. These are statistics which relate to or highlight a particular strand of communications policy. The aim is to identify key indices which will assist policy monitoring overseas and locally.

Household equipment study

Plans have been prepared for a survey of ownership of household communications equipment. The results of the survey will enhance the Department's knowledge of the types of receivers used at home, and ensure that advice concerning the setting of technical standards

takes account of the current pattern of equipment used in Australian households.

Monitoring privatisation and deregulation

As a result of the recent debate in Australia about privatisation and deregulation of public monopolies, and particularly concerning telecommunications authorities, the Department is monitoring regulatory developments overseas.

A consultant, Mr J. Howard, was commissioned to provide some background on the logic behind the privatisation debate being conducted in political, academic and administrative forums. His report was presented at a special seminar convened by the Royal Australian Institute of Public Administration, and published in its Canberra Bulletin, Autumn 1986.

The philosophical shift in some countries away from traditional forms of regulation and service development, together with rapid technological changes, will continue to have far-reaching implications for Australia.


Technology, Systems and Services Development: code 4200


To identify policy options for new communications systems, services and equipment, and to develop technical system standards.


Technological advancement results in new ways of providing systems and services which need to be considered for adoption to improve domestic communications systems. To assist manufacturers and to protect consumers, standards are required for equipment which provides new services and enables the community to use those services.

To understand the technologies and the way they are used in new systems or services, research and analysis is employed to assess the status of the technologies concerned, their commercial viability and possible applications in Australian conditions. Where applicable, equipment is purchased or constructed and tested through the

departmental laboratory, which also supports other programs.

The sub-program provides an appreciation of new systems and services which result from either technological change or expanding use of existing technologies and provides for a systematic testing of new systems and. equipment offering as part of the contribution to other programs.

Performance indicators

Completion of the sub-program component of the approved program of research.

The timely production and dissemination of reports and papers.

Systems standards developed.

Adequate and effective utilisation of laboratory facilities.



Ancillary Communications Services

Ancillary Communications Services are a by-product of the emergence of increasingly efficient technologies for use of the broadcasting spectrum. Their principal characteristic is that they are dependent on a primary or "host" radio or television transmission signal.

At present the services can be distributed via several primary transmission systems:

* using the vertical blanking interval on a normal PAL television signal to transmit text or data (teletext);

* via FM radio sub-carriers which can transmit additional FM audio or data services; or

* using the B-MAC satellite broadcasting transmission system, which allows up to six high quality sound or data channels, plus a lower capacity data channel. This also has the potential to address each individual earth station capable of receiving the signal.

The Department plans to develop a technical standard for FM-ACS by the end of 1986, when a program of engineering tests in association with public and commercial FM radio stations has been completed.

On 2 April 1986, the Minister announced ACS licensing policy, which will be administered by either the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal under the Broadcasting Act 1942, or by the Minister under the Radiocommunications Act 1983·

The Minister also outlined certain objectives for the provision of remote commercial and public radio services for the duration of the first generation of AUSSAT satellites. ACS policy will be kept under review as the scope and demand for services become clearer.

Pay Television and Video and Audio Entertainment and Information Services

The Department is considering the policy issues associated with the possible introduction of Pay Television and Video and Audio Entertainment and Information Services. The common feature of the services is that they resemble types of broadcasting services, but

are not licensed under the Broadcasting Act.


Interest has been shown by a number of entrepreneurs in the provision of Video and Audio Entertainment and Information Services, using AUSSAT facilities. These services also cover programs which could be distributed by radio transmission by Multipoint Distribution Services or other means (including Telecom facilities) to identified categories of non-domestic environments such as licensed hotels, clubs and motels.

New laboratory in Canberra

The Department's laboratory was moved from Melbourne to Canberra early this year. It is operating from temporary accommodation in Belconnen. A new building at Belconnen, designed to centralise all of the Department's requirements is scheduled for completion in late

1987. It will be capable of accommodating 21 technical staff and will include standard viewing and listening facilities and reference calibration equipment.

The new facility will offer a full range of audio, video, radio­ frequency and microwave measurements needed to ensure the development of communications in Australia. The bulk of the work program of the laboratory staff was devoted to the successful implementation of the B-MAC system. This is detailed in the special section devoted to the Year of the Satellite.


Corporate Activities: code 5000


To obtain, develop and manage the resources of the Department, and to facilitate the efficient and effective implementation of departmental programs.

At a senior level, provide strategic leadership and coordinate, as appropriate, policies and issues which concern statutory agencies.

To coordinate the Budget requirements of the portfolio.


The Corporate Activities Program is concerned with the availability of resources to meet department goals and objectives. It encompasses the responsibilities for strategic leadership and overall coordination of the

Department's corporate responsibilities including the approach taken to relevant issues and assigning priorities. Part of this role is the allocation of

resources available to the Department to most efficiently and effectively meet its objectives.

The program is concerned with the availability and quality of resources, service delivery, resource management policy, organisational environment and the need to respond to the requirements of Government. It also covers the delivery of ADP, information and public relations and internal audit services.

This program deals with ensuring that good management practices are followed within the Department, resources are managed efficiently, and that an effective corporate culture is developed.

Performance indicators

* The extent to which effective management processes are operating throughout the Department.

* The extent to which program resource requirements are met. *

* The level of satisfaction to the services provided by the Department's program.


The introduction and development of effective management information systems.

The effective implementation of the Financial Management Improvement Program and Program Budgeting.


Executive: code 5100


To provide strategic leadership and to ensure that the Department's resources are efficiently and effectively directed towards achieving its goals and objectives.

To provide high level policy advice to the Minister and Government and guidance on policies and issues of concern to portfolio agencies.


There is a need to provide strategic leadership and direction to ensure that the Department achieves its goals and program objectives.

The Executive provides this strategic leadership and direction and is responsible for the provision of quality advice to the Minister and timely implementation of government policies.

This sub-program also provides guidance to the portfolio statutory bodies on policies and issues through a participatory role on Boards and liaison with senior management.

Performance indicators

The extent to which the departmental goals and program objectives have been achieved.

The efficient and effective strategic management of the Department.



On 31 January 1986, Mr R. B. Lansdown CBE, retired as Secretary to the Department, and Mr C. C. Halton CBE, took up this appointment on 1 February.

Mr Halton had been Secretary-designate from 1 November 1985.


Mr Lansdown was appointed Secretary to the then Postal and Telecommunications Department in 1979. He was also appointed as a Commissioner of Telecom and Australia Post at that time. During Mr Lansdown's tenure as Secretary to the Department a number of major achievements was realised, including the development of the National Communications Satellite System and the introduction of satellite broadcasting through AUSSAT Pty Ltd; the major inquiries into the monopoly positions of Telecom and Australia Post; and the expansion of Special Broadcasting Service transmissions.

Mr Lansdown currently holds the part-time position of Chairman of the Australian Postal Commission, being appointed in September 1985 for a period of five years.

Prior to his appointment as Secretary to the Department of Communications, Mr Halton held the positions of Secretary to the Department of Transport (November 1973 - May 1982), Secretary to the Department of Defence Support (May 1982 - December 1984) and Chairman of the Task Force on Youth Allowance Administration. Mr Halton currently also holds the positions of a Commissioner of Telecom and a Director of AUSSAT Pty Ltd.

Mr E. E. Payne has held the position of Deputy Secretary to the Department since 1979. Mr Payne is also a Commissioner of the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia).

Retiring departmental Secretary, Mr R. B. Lansdown (left), was presented with a farewell gift from staff by Deputy Secretary, Mr E. E. Payne.


Resource Management, Coordination and Support Services: code 5 2 00


To ensure the provision of efficient and effective resources systems and support services to facilitate the implementation of departmental programs and the achievement of the Department's overall objectives.

To provide central services in the areas of executive administration, Ministerial liaison, policy coordination, legislative services and internal audit.


To ensure that maximum resources and support services are available to the Minister and the Department (and statutory bodies as appropriate) there is a need for the efficient coordination of activities through departmental programs and organisational structures.

These needs are met through discrete areas of the Department including resources management, corporate planning and coordination, legal and internal audit services. Other areas of this sub-program include

information and public relations, ADP systems and Ministerial liaison services.

This sub-program seeks to ensure that all elements of the Department's programs have a reasonable level of services and resources. It also aims to plan and satisfy the demands of departmental programs through the provision of new

facilities and techniques to assist management.

Performance indicators

The extent to which resources available, and services provided, meet the needs of departmental programs.

That management and administration are effective, efficient, up-to-date and responsive.

The level to which the Department's ADP Strategic Plan is achieved.

The maximisation of timely responses to Ministerial correspondence.

The number of days lost due to stress and related illnesses.



Corporate planning

During 1985-86 the Department continued to expand its corporate planning initiatives through involvement in the Financial Management Improvement Program, and prepared itself for Program Budgeting by 1 July 1986.

To ready itself for these initiatives, the Department reviewed the results of the Strategic Resource Management Consultancy, undertaken by Peat, Marwick, Mitchell Services which reviewed the Department's purpose and goals, and developed a program structure of activities to

achieve these goals efficiently and effectively.

A series of in-house seminars was aimed at regional office and administrative staff, to make them aware of changing financial management techniques, and alerting them to the requirements of the FMIP and Program Budgeting.

The Department also addressed the need for a responsive management information system. A framework for a corporate information needs analysis was set in place, and a consultancy will commence this analysis in 1986-87.

Internal consultancy

The Internal Consultancy group is involved with organisation restructuring, developments in word processing, management aspects of office automation, staff budgeting and the employment of external consultants. The group also acts in an advisory role on staff resources management and in relation to systems and methods practices.

During 1985-86 significant improvements were made to office automation through the extension of word-processing facilities throughout the central office of the Department. The quality of document production services has improved and productivity increased as a result. Further development of the word-processing equipment has

been planned and it is envisaged that the system will provide a base network for future office automation initiatives.

Systems for monitoring and reporting on the Department's staff budget have been developed to meet the demanding and complex information requirements necessary for the efficient and effective management of

staff resources.

Fourteen external consultancies were engaged for broadcast engineering, policy developments, auditing and ADP projects.


Internal audit

As well as conducting audits within the Department the audit unit provided audit services to the Special Broadcasting Service and the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal. Audit resources were supplemented by the continued engagement of a consultant to audit the design of

the Spectrum Management Information System.

Executive support for internal audit was maintained at a high level through the activities of the departmental Audit Committee. This committee is chaired by the Deputy Secretary and comprises the First Assistant Secretary of each Division and the Assistant Secretary of Resources Management Branch.

The Audit Committee met regularly throughout the year to consider audit reports, to endorse audit work programs and to direct remedial action when necessary.

Visits by Heads of State

The Department arranges all communications services for visits by Heads of State to Australia, and liaises closely with Telecom, OTC and Australia Post in ensuring facilities are available.

Recent visits included those by Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the Prime Minister of Malta. Preparations for the visit by the Pope, in November 1986, started during 1985-86.

Celebratory activities

The Department was involved in activities to celebrate the Australian Bicentenary, World Expo 88, International Youth Year (1985) and the International Year of Peace (1986).

The Department's coordinating role included liaison with portfolio agencies to ensure they were aware of the requirements, and advising celebratory organisations of services and contributions to be made by the portfolio.

Public conferences hosted

The Department had an involvement in two major conferences during the year.

A public conference, "Australian Commercial Television: The Future", organised by the Department, was held in Sydney on 30 September and 1 October 1985. It was designed to encourage informed public debate on issues such as equalisation of television services and its financial



The National Science Summer School was held at the Canberra College of Advanced Education on 20 January 1986. This educational conference featured discussion by Telecom, AUSSAT and Department of Communications representatives on the influence of changing technologies on


Minister's overseas travel

From 27 May to 17 June 1986, the Minister visited Italy, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Great Britain, Canada and the United States of America.

The purpose of his travel was to discuss the regulation and deregulation of telecommunications systems and the future of telecommunications manufacture. Specific consideration was given to Australia's position, and how it might improve its ability to provide world competitive telecommunications products.

Public education and information

The introduction of new broadcasting services is inextricably linked with new broadcast engineering technology. It is clear from many inquiries received by the Department and the Minister, that this technology is not always easily understood by the general public.

The Department's education and information activities have been designed to help people take advantage of new services by explaining, for instance, the difference between VHF and UHF television, and the equipment needed to receive satellite broadcasts. Expansion of the Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme and the demand for more public radio services have also led to a general increase in public relations activity.

UHF television and the Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite Service have been the subjects of two major publicity campaigns with different target audiences and are reported elsewhere in this report.

Officers from the Department attended many conferences, seminars and meetings to address audiences on a wide range of communications topics. They were increasingly in demand for radio interviews on topical matters, and participated in radio talk-back sessions during

the introduction of UHF services in major cities.

During 1985-86, 158 Ministerial and departmental press releases were c rafted for distribution through print and broadcast media, and a variety of statements and speeches was prepared. Towards the end of 1985, resources were stretched to the limit. Because of this, copies of media releases could not be sent to all of the 4 000 addressees on the Department's mailing lists. In June, these addressees were invited to order from a list of titles of back copies, and asked to re-register if they wished to continue to receive releases.


This year also saw the first edition of a map intended to complement the annual publication Sound and Television Broadcasting Stations. The map shows the location of all television broadcasting stations in Australia at 30 June 1985, and it is intended to produce a similar

map showing the location of radio stations.

Three issues of the newsletter, COMNEWS, which periodically summarises the Department's activities, were produced for distribution to more than 500 organisations and individuals.

Lists of press release titles and other publications are included at Appendixes M and N.

Parliamentary liaison

Among its many duties as adviser to the Minister on communications matters, the Department prepared replies to correspondence to the Minister. Over 7500 letters were answered, covering many topics. The most frequently raised issues were:

BROADCASTING: supplementary licences; transfer of WIN-4 Wollongong to UHF; remote area broadcasting; extension of SBS television and its transfer to UHF; ABC and SBS programming; definition of service areas; public broadcasting licences; ABC regional news; sports coverage; Radio for the Print Handicapped; cigarette and alcohol advertising; equalisation of commercial television services;

interests of television network owners; public radio licences for ethnic communities; and regional commercial radio.

RADIO FREQUENCY MANAGEMENT: radiocommunications licence fees; behaviour of CB radio operators; and television and radio interference.

SATELLITE: Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite Service; Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme; rural representation on the AUSSAT Board; and concessions or tax relief for receiver dishes.

POSTAL SERVICES: mail delivery delays; postal charges; post office facilities; closure of post offices; and auction of archival postage stamp stocks.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES: telephone charges; telephone accounts; installation delays; service difficulties; and Telecom representation at Parkes, NSW.

Freedom of Information

During the year the Department received 50 requests for access and six for amendment of documents under the Freedom of Information Act 198 2.


One applicant made a series of applications to the Department with seven access requests and six for amendments. The former were approved by the Department where documents existed, but the amendment requests were refused as the documents did not relate to the applicant's personal affairs.

As a result of these decisions, 10 applications were received for internal review, and 11 applications were made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal for review. None of the Department's decisions were overturned by the Tribunal.

Of the other FOI requests, 14 were withdrawn. Access was granted in full to 11 requests, and in part to eight. One request was refused as no relevant documents were held by the Department. Another request was transferred. Eight were being considered at 30 June.

Requests took from six to 82 days to process, and averaged 37 days. The time limit of 45 days was exceeded on 11 occasions, due either to the complexity of the requests or excessive workloads. The more complex requests involved many hundreds of documents associated with departmental or government policy.

Only one request was received for internal review in addition to those from the applicant referred to in paragraph two.

Fees of $1165.20 were collected by the Department for access to documents.

The FOI Section, which employed one full-time officer, was subsumed into the Legislation Section during the year.


Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (Inquiries) Regulations

In conjunction with amendments to the Broadcasting Act made during the previous reporting year, these regulations will provide a clear framework for flexible and more efficient conduct of the Tribunal's inquiries and for public participation in inquiries.

Broadcasting and Television Legislation Amendment Act 1985

This Act makes amendments to the Broadcasting Act to reinforce the Tribunal's powers in relation to program standards.

The Act also provides for the application of the Tribunal's new procedures (referred to above) to a range of inquiries which otherwise would have had to be dealt with under the old procedures.


Broadcasting and Television Legislation Amendment Act 1986

This Act introduces amendments relating largely to the ABC. Provision is made for the appointment of a staff-elected director to the ABC Board, and for the election of the staff-elected director and his or her deputy.

The Act also introduces amendments to assist efficient operation by the ABC, including provisions to allow the formation of subsidiaries.

The Act contains a number of amendments to the Broadcasting Act 1942 which affect licensed broadcasting services.

Telecommunications and postal services

A range of amendments was made in the Communications Legislation Amendment Act 1985, the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 2) 1985 and the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1986 to help the Commissions operate more efficiently.

Examples include the power to enter currency hedging contracts (Telecom and OTC) and the power to form subsidiaries (Australia Post and OTC).

Other significant examples are set out in the Satellite, Telecommunications and Postal Policies and Legislation section.

Radio frequency management

The Radiocommunications Act 1983 was proclaimed to start in August 1985.

The following supporting regulations were made before proclamation:

* Radiocommunications (Licensing and General) Regulations

* Radiocommunications (Certificate of Proficiency) Regulations

* Radiocommunications (Frequency Reservation Certificate Tax) Regulations

* Radiocommunications (Receiver Licence Tax) Regulations

* Radiocommunications (Taxes Collection) Regulations

* Radiocommunications (Temporary Permit Tax) Regulations

* Radiocommunications ( Test Permit Tax) Regulations

* Radiocommunications (Transmitter Licence Tax) Regulations

A series of amending regulations was made late in 1985 to reflect fee increases flowing from the 1985 Budget decisions.


Support services

The Legislation Section played an important part in the Department's support services. As well as preparing new or amending legislation it advises on legal and legislative issues. This includes consultation with the Attorney-General's Department. During the year, advice was provided by the Section concerning:

* obligations under administrative law legislation;

* preparation of legal agreements;

* interpretation of portfolio legislation;

* development of proposals for new legislation;

* legal actions involving the portfolio legislation;

* offences against portfolio legislation and prosecution procedures;

* formation of subsidiaries; and

* preparation of statutory instruments.

Officers also carried out legal research tasks and assisted in presentation of departmental seminars, and were responsible for administrative aspects of the Minister's legislative program.



Personnel development

Study and training are vital to improving the quality of work and personal development of staff. The Department recognised this by concentrating its thrust this year on developing senior management and first level supervision skills.

To improve the competency of middle and senior managers, personnel development officers designed and conducted a Senior Management Program. It was attended by 22 officers from Central and State offices. This comprised a one-week residential course at Batemans

Bay, four months on management projects within the Department, and a three-day recall and evaluation session.

Apart from management, a survey on training needs completed in 1985 identified other areas which needed special attention, such as technical training, ADP awareness, workplace skills, interpersonal skills, „ Industrial Democracy and Equal Employment Opportunity education, and attention to the Financial Management Improvement Program. As an example, RFM officers need specialised training on

frequency assignment interference investigation and marine surveying to improve their technical skills. All of these areas will be addressed in future years.

Part-time study assistance was granted to 31 officers for the second semester in 1985, and to 49 officers for the first semester of 1986, slightly lower overall than last year.

However, 41 staff attended the highly successful introduction to management course held over a week in November 1985, and repeated in February 1986. This was almost double last year's number.

During the year, 368 officers attended in-house and external courses, conferences and seminars related to technical, professional and administrative matters.

Other officers attended executive development training, either through the Executive Development Scheme, residential management courses conducted by the Public Service Board, the Board's computer awareness and information technology courses, or senior executive conferences. Short courses offered by academic institutions and

professional bodies were used extensively to overcome deficiencies in specialist areas.

The Assistant Research Officer scheme continued to be an important source of good quality staff. In 1986, five AROs were recruited for a 12-month training program involving work in different Divisions of the Department, and internal and external training courses. The AROs

included two graduate economists and a graduate accountant.


Course participants and trainees at the "Introduction to Management" course held in November 1985.

Staff exchanges

Several exchanges were arranged by the Department or in progress during the year.

* Dr B. Gracie of the Spectrum and Radio Systems Policy Directorate, Canadian Department of Communications, was to complete his two-year posting with Radio Frequency Management and Broadcasting Policy and Planning Divisions in July 1986.

* Mr J. McKendry, Assistant Secretary, Spectrum Policy and Planning Branch, RFM, began a one-year exchange with the Canadian Department of Communications in March 1986, to work in its Radio Regulatory, Telecommunications Policy, and Industrial Development Branches.

* Mr A. Blunden, Director, Legislation Section, CPPD, worked with the Secretary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority in London for a year from June 1985. *

* Mr D. Large, External Relations Branch, STAPP, returned to the Department in February 1986, after spending a year advising the South Australian Department of the Premier and Cabinet on communications policy.


Fellowship awarded

Mr P. Westerway, First Assistant Secretary, BPPD, has been awarded a Senior Executive Fellowship to be taken in 1986-87. This was the first time this had been awarded to an officer from the Department of Communications.


An extended recruitment campaign was conducted to fill vacancies created by officers who preferred not to move following relocation of their positions from Melbourne and Sydney to Canberra.

There has been an Australia-wide shortage of experienced broadcasting planning engineers, frustrating the achievement of several departmental goals. The four graduate engineers recruited during the year will, after work experience and training, help to correct this situation.

Repetitive strain injuries

The measures adopted by the Department, and reported in last year's annual report (p.17), have been successful in almost eliminating the incidence of repetitive strain injuries among full-time keyboard operators. Fewer new cases were reported and less time has been spent

away from work in these cases. Because of this the Department has funded the continuation of an active program to combat RSI.

Eleven new cases were reported in 1985-86, with absences of between two and six weeks. This compared favourably with 26 cases in 1984-85, and absences between six and 12 months.

Only one of the new cases concerned a full-time keyboard operator. The others were full-time clerks or staff employed on a mixture of clerical and keyboard duties.

Ninety-eight per cent of all staff affected by RSI have been deployed successfully to new positions within the Department that will not aggravate their conditions. Only one officer has been retired on invalidity grounds.

The Department has continued to purchase ergonomic furniture and gas- operated chairs, providing them to 45 per cent of staff in Canberra. This should increase to two-thirds by the end of 1986-87.


RSI Consultant Physiotherapist, Ms A. Cursley, adjusts an ergonomic chair for a departmental word-processing operator.

Health Awareness Week

Towards the end of the year, planning was advanced for a Health Awareness Week, which will be conducted throughout the Department in August 1986. The intention is to make staff aware of RSI-related issues, general health and safety practices at work, and the benefits of a generally healthy way of life. Organisations such as the National Heart Foundation and the Health Advancement Section of the ACT Health Authority are expected to assist with the week-long program.

The Department has recognised an ongoing need to ensure staff are employed in a safe and healthy environment, and will continue to promote and support initiatives in RSI awareness and occupational health and safety.


Equal Employment Opportunity Plan

In October 1985 the Department lodged its Equal Employment Opportunity Plan for 1985-86 with the Public Service Board.

The plan contained specific programs aimed at improving equality in the Department for women, migrants, Aboriginals and people with disabilities. They cover general EEO education and awareness, selection procedures, training and development opportunities, and a range of activities for each target group.

An EEO Coordinator was appointed in May 1986 to ensure the plan is put into action.

In December 1985, the Department's Affirmative Action for Women Committee reported on the results of a survey of all staff which aimed to identify any inequalities that existed for women in the Department. Detrimental differences between men's and women's

employment were associated with the concentration of women in keyboard and secretarial positions, lower level clerical and administrative and "other" designations, and the lack of women in professional, technical and senior policy positions. Where these had

not been addressed before, they will be included in a revised EEO Plan.

However, as an example of progress for women in the Department, STAPP has reported that about 26 per cent of its full-time clerical staff, excluding steno-secretaries, are women, as are 50 per cent of its Section Heads. Two years ago there were no women at Section Head

level. Communications Strategy Division has two women Section Heads.

The Department is also participating in an overall Public Service EEO Survey.

An EEO Sub-committee of the Joint Consultative Council will be formed early in 1986-87 to provide an ongoing forum on EEO matters.

Industrial democracy

Last year's annual report (p.20), outlined the background to the preparation of an Industrial Democracy Plan.

Papers produced at a workshop on the topic were circulated throughout the Department in July 1985. Following responses, amended papers were endorsed as an agreed management and staff approach. These were referred to the six staff associations represented in the Department

for comment.

The Department and the staff associations discussed the Agreement and Plan in September.


Modifications were suggested which shifted the emphasis from staff participation in the workplace to representative structures including a national Joint Consultative Committee and State Regional Consultative Committees. The Plan was submitted to the Public Service Board on 18 October 1985.

Joint Consultative Council

The first meeting of the Department's Joint Consultative Council was held on 6 March 1986. It was chaired by the Secretary and attended by eight representatives of five staff associations, three division heads and one State manager. Agenda items included ID Plan progress, EEO Plan progress, budgeting consultation, accommodation standards, the ADP strategic plan, and procedures for handling industrial

matters. The level of agreement and commitment given on many of the items discussed was a significant sign to the future success of Industrial Democracy in the Department.

Members of the Council at 6 March 1986 are listed in Appendix R .

Arrangements commenced in January 1986 for the formation of Regional Consultative Councils in the Department's State Offices. Some have been formed and are considering issues such as smoking at work and introducing new technology.



As well as having responsibility for developing Australia's policies arising from the convergence of computers and communications, the Department has a significant operational role in the use of modern, technically advanced, computing and communications systems.

The Department was the first Commonwealth agency in Canberra to install an IBM System/38 Model 8 computer, which now has 8 Megabytes of memory and 2.5 Gigabytes of disk storage. The system serves an Australia-wide network of about 160 visual display units and printers

located in Canberra and State and District offices.

The data communications network connects each capital city to the System/38 in Canberra using 9600bps digital data lines and the Department's 20 District Offices are connected to the System/38 through Telecom's Auspac network. The Department was the first IBM

System/38 site to interface this facility.

The System/38 has relational database capabilities, closely integrated with Cobol and application development aids, such as screen design, application generators, query language and report writers.

The Department's dedicated and highly skilled ADP team has developed a large number of programs to support several specialised information needs. Evidence of their skill is the demand by other agencies and the private sector for their services. This has resulted in a high

turnover of people skilled in the use of System/38. The Department has found it necessary to provide extensive training of replacement staff, with a resulting impact on the team's productivity. This has

contributed to delays in bringing some systems on line.

Handling more licences with fewer people

The issuing of licences to use the radio frequency spectrum has been a departmental activity of steady growth, from 270 000 licences in 1977 to 580 000 in 1986.

This has been labour intensive work, not only in the issue and re­ issue of licences, but also in maintaining clerical and technical records for each licence.

The introduction of computers has helped the Department manage this activity over the past 10 years. Batch mode computer systems, coupled with constant streamlining of manual procedures, managed to keep staff levels reasonable, and even reduce them. At this stage options

for further productivity using these techniques have been exhausted.



200 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986

(as at 30 June)

Trends in the levels of Radiocommunications Licences issued and Operational staff costs.

The Department decided to solve this problem by developing an online computer system to handle the increasing number of licences. Known as the Spectrum Management Information System (SHIS), it is scheduled to begin operating early in 1986-87.

SMIS is based on the System/38 mainframe computer. The ADP team had to write about 200 programs comprising around 150 000 lines of code.

The hardware cost of this facility was about $2 million, and already it is recovering this investment through savings in staff costs against the constant growth in issued licences. Trends in the levels of this activity, downward staffing trends and revenue are illustrated in Figure 2.


The function of SHIS has been targeted initially on clerical licensing functions. It provides a database, with the primary purpose at present of automating the processes involved in the production and recording of licences issued under the Radiocommunications Act. When an application for a licence is received at any of the Department's State or District offices, the licence information is prepared online and, once any frequency assignments are completed, SHIS checks to see

sufficient money has been received for the type of licence being issued. The licence is printed locally in the office performing the wor k .

Processing of renewal payments is online with the renewal notices. Renewed licences are printed fortnightly in Canberra and mailed directly to the licensee. SHIS replaces the previous process and provides a faster, decentralised operation which results, in most cases, in the immediate production of the licence over the counter.

Plans are well advanced to extend the system to frequency assignment, and activities associated with interference and other field investigations. A system of label identification of licensed mobile services is also being pursued to counter unlicensed operators, a

source of substantial loss in uncollected licence fees.

The ultimate objective for the system is to handle requests for radiocommunications licences within 24 hours, reducing frustrations and costly delays to users, who need radio to improve their own productivity. This will be achieved initially for simple licences

which do not involve individual frequency assignments.

As there are over 100 different types of radiocommunications licences available, ranging in complexity from Citizen Band to AUSSAT earth station, and as each licence has its own layout, it was necessary to design SHIS as a table driven system. This means Radio Frequency

Management officers can make extensive changes to the system parameters without the ADP team being involved.

The introduction of computer systems often bring about problems in industrial relations, occupational health and work practices. Considerable effort was put into ensuring that the transition from a manual to an online system went smoothly, providing staff with a

better working environment and improved career prospects.

Supporting management information systems

The System/38 also is used to support a number of management information systems. These include: *

* Ministerial correspondence, which tracks and records the progress of responses to ministerial correspondence. This system will be expanded in 1986-87 to cater for Parliamentary questions, briefs and government business correspondence, as well as providing more comprehensive query and reporting facilities.


* Library Book 38 is a proprietary system which caters for cataloguing, loan records, journal subscriptions, expenditure and commitment control, and sophisticated query and report facilities to allow users access to library information.

* Personnel/Establishment Management maintains staff records and provides information to assist in planning, estimating and human resource development. This system is being developed further to meet the requirements of Program Budgeting. The integration of salary and staff information will enable pay adjustment details to be provided on tape to the Department of Finance.

* Assets Inventory was an interim system designed to keep track of the Department's assets, particularly technical equipment. It is being expanded to include furniture and fittings, stores, personal loan issues and disposal information.

IBM technical experts checked proposed processing methods and gave advice on the best ways to code to ensure maximum performance of the system. The company also assisted evaluating the system's capacity for running SMIS, and advised on tuning the system.

Broadcast planning

The Department operates a Hewlett-Packard HP1000-A900 minicomputer for complex technical and graphics processing for broadcast station planning. This computer has 4.5 Megabytes of memory, 660 Megabytes of online disk storage, and a number of colour plotters and visual display units for high quality output. Fortran-77 and Pascal, together with Image-1000 database and other query and report utilities are being used.

The HP-1000 supports a number of specialised systems to assist broadcast engineering planning. These include databases to record details of Australia-wide broadcasting transmission systems and

proposals for new and altered broadcasting services.

The HP-1000's primary use is to produce detailed theoretical coverage maps which are relatively accurate predictions of the coverage expected from broadcast stations. These maps will indicate the

communities served, and the communities likely to suffer from any pockets of poor reception within the main coverage area.

Production of these maps will enable the Department to fulfil its role more effectively in planning new broadcasting services in line with community needs. For the public and prospective operators there should be fewer delays in the Department's response to proposals for new or changed services, and far fewer unanticipated problems in terms of inadequate coverage or interference.

The Government's equalisation requirements and clearance of television channels 3, 4 and 5 to make way for further FM radio development made it necessary to install additional computing



However, the development and refinement of software models needed in the development of automated broadcasting planning systems proceeded far more slowly than expected due to a shortage of suitably skilled staff.

Personal computers

The Department has about 60 IBM and Olivetti personal computers. All are used for local applications such as spreadsheet calculation, word processing, project control and record keeping. Some are also used to emulate terminal access into the IBM System/38. Software used

includes Symphony, Lotus 1-2-3, Multimate, Project and DBaselll. The Department's engineering staff use personal computers for complex calculations; economists and accountants provide financial analysis; and policy officers translate these results into policy papers for

the Minister's and Government's consideration.

The use of personal computers has enabled clerical, administrative, policy and engineering staff to produce much of their own work, thereby relieving some of the pressure placed on keyboard staff. Because of the limited number of human resources available, this

trend is expected to continue.

Word-processing expansion

A considerable amount of text is produced within the Department. This takes the form of letters to clients, reports, Ministerial correspondence, briefs, policy papers, articles for communications journals or conferences, media releases, licences, and so on.

Production and management of this output have placed heavy demands upon the Department's keyboard staff. Several have experienced, and some may continue to suffer from, repetitive strain injury. The Department was able to maintain its output by introducing word­ processing terminals. It has 17 terminals connected to a Wordplex 8000 system, as well as six terminals in a stand-alone or small cluster configuration. The Department's use of word processors is to

be expanded to 28 terminals, with future plans for 40 terminals.

Some desk-top publishing is undertaken, and for this purpose the Department has invested in a number of laser printers.

Looking ahead

While the Department is proud of the efforts it has made in maintaining and increasing productivity through the use of computing equipment, it is not complacent.

Senior management has recognised that it is essential to continue to improve the Department's information systems and processes so it can provide the services demanded by the public, its specific client groups, and the Government.


One measure the Department will be taking in 1986-87 will be to commission a consultant to help with a Corporate Information Needs Analysis. This will provide a basis for the development of future information systems, provide direction for future database technologies, data administration tools and techniques, overcoming deficiencies in existing information systems and identifying crucial areas for the development of new systems.

ADP committee

The ADP committee was established in 1981. It is chaired by the Deputy Secretary and comprises officers of the Department representing all Divisions who are interested and informed in ADP matters.

The role of the ADP committee is to:

* review the ADP Strategic Plan annually and communicate the Plan to the Secretary for endorsement;

* review the ADP annual estimates;

* monitor ADP progress against the Strategic Plan;

* review major requests for acquisition of hardware, software and other services.



AUSSAT 1 launched successfully after technical hitch...

On Tuesday, 27 August 1985, at 8.58pm Sydney time, the US space shuttle "Discovery" was launched from the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida, carrying on board Australia's first satellite, AUSSAT 1.

The launch, delayed by poor weather, suffered further difficulties due to a malfunction with the space shuttle's sun shield. Because of this, AUSSAT 1 was released earlier than scheduled. An omnidirectional antenna and the firing of the PAM motor boosted the satellite without further problems into its elliptical transfer orbit.

Final ignition of the satellite's rockets took it into its permanent, geostationary orbit, 36 000 km above Earth at a bearing of 160° East.

At 8.58pm Australian Eastern Standard Time, on Tuesday, 27 August 1985, the space shuttle "Discovery" blasts into space from the Kennedy Space Centre (Florida, USA), with AUSSAT 1 aboard.


... and a problem-free launch for AUSSAT 2

AUSSAT 2 had a far smoother ride. It was lifted from Kennedy aboard the space shuttle "Atlantis" on schedule at 11.30 am (Sydney time) on Tuesday, 27 November 1985.

The satellite was deployed the following day, and fired into its final orbital position, also at 36 000 km, at a bearing of 156° East above the equator.

AUSSAT 3 was scheduled originally to be launched by the European company, Arianespace, in July 1986, but launching has been delayed until early 1987.

The launch and subsequent testing of the satellites was but a part of the many stages that have gone into planning for Australia's satellite communications systems. It has been a major exercise in

planning and coordination, involving many agencies of government, particularly the Department of Communications and AUSSAT Pty Ltd, the owner and operator of Australia's satellite system.

This chapter looks at activities that occurred during the year, involving the Department and satellite communications.

Coordination and registration

Before any satellite may be brought into service, its proposed orbital position and radio frequencies have to be coordinated with other countries whose existing or proposed terrestrial or satellite

networks may be affected. This is undertaken by the International Telecommunication Union, to conform with its radio regulations.

The coordination, frequency notification and registration were completed successfully for Australia's first two satellites, and for all but a new facility recently added to AUSSAT 3.

Procedures for this new facility, capable of providing communications in the south-west Pacific, including New Zealand, are in progress.

B—MAC technology used for satellite communications

B-MAC stands for Multiplexed Analog Components, type B. It was developed largely by Scientific Atlanta, in the US, and domestic decoders are manufactured locally by Plessey Australia. It was chosen for broadcasting of the Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite

Service and Remote Commercial Television Services. It also offers benefits in its unique addressability and its high quality picture and sound. It has six digital audio channels, and can supply teletext,

information and message services.


The engineering prototype of the B-MAC system, which decodes the satellite signals to form intelligible images and sounds, was delivered in June 1985. Installation of earth stations for reception of ABC television by remote communities was completed by December

1985. These were erected by Telecom under contract to the Department and were placed alongside earth stations used previously to receive INTELSAT signals.

The use of B-MAC puts Australia in the forefront of satellite broadcasting technology. This is a new technology, and special tests and measurements to establish its performance had to be devised. Because of this departmental officers were sent to Digital Video Systems, Toronto, Canada, (a subsidiary of Scientific Atlanta), to

find ways of adapting existing PAL video measurement methods and equipment to the testing of MAC signals.

Separate procedures were also devised for assessing the sound performance of the novel B-MAC sound system (Adaptive Delta Modulation).

A maze of computer electronics inside the home satellite receiver unit contains all the necessary decoding equipment for reception of satellite services. The unit incorporates the B-MAC baseband processor unit, which separates the picture, sound channels, data and teletext for connection to

domestic receiving equipment.


Between August and December 1985, about 270 B-MAC decoders and FM demodulators were tested using an automatic measurement system developed by Communications Strategy Division laboratory staff.

Under control of a computer, a host of instruments was sequenced to make measurements on the B-MAC equipment and to produce performance documentation sheets that provided a record of the tests on each piece of equipment. The testing time for each decoder was reduced to less than an hour compared to a day for manual testing. Demodulator tests took about half an hour. Automated testing also proved to be more accurate, and freed staff to perform other pressing tasks relating to

the introduction of B-MAC.

The B-MAC transmission system allows television broadcasts to be "scrambled". The scrambled version of the picture is shown on the right-hand monitor, the descramb Led picture is on the left. This facility allows broadcasters to restrict access to certain services.

The Department also assisted the ABC, SBS and AUSSAT with their own problems associated with the new B-MAC technology, and acceptance tested some of their equipment.

This work ensured that as far as possible, the equipment was in proper working order before being sent to remote parts of Australia where fault finding, testing and retrieval would have been difficult.

High quality reception consistently available from the satellites on domestic receivers confirms that the bold decision to adopt B-MAC in September 1984 instead of the conventional PAL/SCPC approach was the right choice for transmission of broadcast signals via AUSSAT.


B-MAC accepted internationally

The introduction of B-MAC technology into Australia is causing considerable interest internationally. Many countries are monitoring the progress of our system so they can make decisions about their own planned satellite broadcasting systems.

Australia also has a strong interest in seeing the system accepted in other parts of the world, and particularly in having B-MAC adopted into the Recommendations of the International Radio Consultative Committee, known as CCIR.

This committee is a part of the ITU, and is responsible for matters relating to making recommendations on international radiocommunications practices. Equipment manufacturers and designers build equipment to meet its recommendations, and countries tend to adopt systems conforming to these recommendations.

In October and November 1985, a major task force of the Geneva CCIR met to make recommendations on MAC systems for satellite broadcasting. A strong Australian delegation led by Dr P. McDonnell

and comprising Mr H. Prins and Mr M. Delahoy from the Department, and representatives from the ABC, FACTS, Telecom and FARE attended. Mr C. Wilhelm (ABC) played a key role in having B-MAC written into the recommendations as one of four systems accepted as suitable for

satellite broadcasting.

This recommendation was ratified at the Plenary Assembly meeting of the CCIR in Dubrovnik in May 1986, attended by Mr R. Smith and Dr P. McDonnell from the Department.

AUSSAT takes over

INTELSAT IVA, the international communications satellite used to introduce ABC television to outback Australia, ceased transmission on 18 December 1985, and ABC transmissions began using AUSSAT 1 and 2.

INTELSAT had provided programs originating in Brisbane and broadcast on a single beam covering the northern half of Australia. AUSSAT provides ABC radio and television services over four separate satellite zones which cover all Australia and its offshore islands.

Now programs include relevant State news and weather information and are broadcast at local time.

HACBSS broadcasts throughout Australia

The Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite Service (HACBSS), was commissioned officially on Australia Day, 26 January 1986. It is the first nationwide direct-to-home broadcasting service of its type in the world. It also feeds programs to most of the ABC's network of

transmitters using terrestrial bearers. ABC radio and television now can be received in every corner of Australia.


Towards the end of 1986, the second satellite broadcasting service, the Remote Commercial Television Service (RCTS), will be introduced in Western Australia. It is anticipated that similar services for the other satellite zones will provide remote commercial television and a range of other services to the whole of remote Australia by the end of 1987.

From the outset, the Department has been evaluating the progress of HACBSS, particularly as Australia has no experience of consumer installation of domestic satellite earth stations. HACBSS equipment suppliers were asked to provide regularly updated figures on the penetration of individual and community earth stations receiving the service. Information of this nature will be used to help plan extensions to the National broadcasting service, and in planning the second generation AUSSAT satellites.

HACBSS publicity campaign

The HACBSS publicity campaign has been directed to a widely scattered audience in remote areas of Australia. The Department's publicity campaign was run in conjunction with other organisations including AUSSAT, the ABC and members of the emerging satellite receiver industry. Features of the campaign were a series of publications, videos and information kits which were widely distributed; and the attendance of departmental officers at seminars and public meetings in isolated areas throughout Australia.

Extensive coverage of the launches of AUSSAT 1 and 2, and the official start of HACBSS on 26 January appeared throughout Australia on television and radio news and current affairs programs. Many requests for information were received from other countries. Comprehensive satellite information kits were prepared for distribution to all Members of Parliament and regional and other newspapers and magazines. Members of organisations active in remote areas, including the Royal Flying Doctor Service, Schools of the Air, the Country Women's Association and the National Farmers' Federation

also received kits from the Department.

Media Information Australia, a specialist magazine published by the Australian Film and Television School, produced a satellite issue in November. The Minister and the Department prepared special statements and articles for a variety of other magazines and newspaper supplements.

In May, the Department produced Australia's first book on satellite broadcasting - Satellite Broadcasting : Answers to the Questions Most Often Asked - compiled from questions received by the Minister and the Department. It has also produced a video and booklet, to help people install their own earth station for satellite television and radio reception. This is available on free loan from the Director of Public Relations at the Department.


As part of its HACBSS publicity campaign, the Department made a video through Film Australia. Technical officer, Mr P. Bell acting here as a farmer, demonstrates the ease with which people in remote areas can install their own satellite earth stations. This installation was filmed on a

property at Dural near Sydney, where television reception was sufficiently poor to necessitate the use of this facility.


Satellite Program Services

The distribution of program material by satellite to licensed broadcasters for broadcasting is called Satellite Program Services. To protect the service areas of licensed regional broadcasters, SPS signals are not intended for reception by the general public and must be encoded.

The Minister reaffirmed this policy on 26 March 1986.

It is a requirement of the Radiocommunications Act licence that all SPS signals must be processed by a system which the Minister approves as a secure system of conditional access.

Departmental Officer, Mr C. Knowles, addresses interested members of the South Gippsland community of Foster (Vic) about problems it had with patchy and poor television reception and the options available to the community through

retransmission or satellite reception facilities.


F ig u re 3


N o. o f lic e n c e s

Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar April May

1985 1985 1985 1985 1985 1986 1986 1986 1986 1986

June 1986

AUSSAT licences approach 100

The first AUSSAT licence was issued on 23 August 1985, and AUSSAT 2 was licensed on 22 November 1985.

In the subsequent eight months to 31 March 1986, licences for 93 satellite earth stations were issued by the Department to private and Government organisations. These are charted in Figure 3.

Planning for new satellites

The first two AUSSAT satellites will reach the end of their service life in the early 1990s. New satellites will have to be launched before this happens to ensure continuity of services and provide for any new facilities required or expected growth in demand for services.

The Department is responsible for advising the Minister and the Government on AUSSAT's proposals for the replacement satellites. The Communications Strategy Division is coordinating the consultative arrangements, which include an interdepartmental working group

chaired by Dr C. Hazlehurst, the Division's First Assistant Secretary, comprising departments having a major interest in the new


satellites. Secretariat support is provided for a portfolio committee, chaired by the Secretary to the Department, Mr C. C. Halton, which provides a forum for consideration of the portfolio's agencies' interests in the new satellites. The Department is also

represented by the Division on a Policy Advising Committee established by AUSSAT to assist with the preparation of a system concept design, which will need to be finalised by about September 1986.

The Department is consulting extensively with the broadcasting industry and other interested organisations in the private and public sector, including other Federal Government Departments and State agencies.

The Department will need to complete coordination procedures to meet ITU Regulations and to register the replacement satellites with the International Frequency Registration Board.


To mark the Department's role in planning and developing the AUSSAT system, the Minister for Communications, Mr Michael Duffy, presented a satellite earth station, television set and sound system to the Gurney family from Coorabie, SA, in

December 1985. Lynton Gurney is employed by the VA Agricultural Protection Board to shoot and trap starlings, an orchard pest in South Australia, to prevent them from invading Western Australia. His job entails being absent

from Beryl Gurney and their four children - Mark, Darryl, Wayne and Leon - for extended periods. The Gurney family travelled to Canberra for an official presentation ceremony at Parliament House where they attracted the attention of the parliamentary press gallery and network and regional

television crews. Arrangements were made for the Gurneys' earth station, donated by Plessey, and the television set and sound system, donated by AWA-Thorn, to be installed at their

home by Christmas.



Spending by the Department

Total expenditure by the Department in 1985-86, including payments to statutory authorities, was $590.3 million, a decrease of 14.3 per cent over last year's expenditure of $689.1 million. (See Figures 4 and _5)

The decrease was due mainly to an appropriation of $ 167.8 million in 1984-85 for roll-over of interest-bearing advances from the Commonwealth to Telecom. The equivalent in 1985-86 was $35 million.

Figure 4

DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS Comparison o f expenditure over three years — 1983-84 to 1985-86


30 : .

1983-84 1984-85 1985-86

$25.905m $29.565m $29,791 m

Note: does not include expenditure on National broadcasting services


Figure 5


Australian Broadcasting Corporation $430.Om (72.8%)—I

___ Australian Broadcasting Tribunal $6.924m (1.3%)

— Department of Communications Other Administrative Services $4.522m (0.9%)

Department of Communications Technical Equipment $2.8m (0.6%)

Department of Communications Salaries and Administrative Expenses $29 791m (5.0%)

Special Broadcasting Service $46 407m (7 9%)

National Broadcasting Service $67 59m (11 5%)

Share calls on AUSSAT

The final share call of $2.25 million on the Commonwealth's holding in AUSSAT was made during the year, taking its total shareholding to 75 million fully paid shares.

National broadcasting services

National broadcasting services accounted for $556.9 million or 94.3 per cent of total expenditure in 1985-86. This included an appropriation of $431 million for the ABC's operating and capital costs, an increase of $84 million or 23.9 per cent over the previous year.

The ABC spent its appropriation on operating costs (domestic services - $372.3 million, Radio Australia - $9.4 million) and capital equipment purchases (domestic services - $48.2 million, Radio Australia - $100 000).

The SBS received $46.4 million, an increase of $7.5 million or 19.3 per cent over 1984-85. This allowed the network to expand its services to Perth and Hobart.


$43.7 million of its appropriation was spent on operating costs, and the remainder on capital equipment purchases.

National transmitting stations and facilities received $67.6 million, an increase of $6.1 million or 9.9 per cent over 1984-85. $52.4 million was spent on operating costs and $16.2 million on capital equipment purchases. (See Figures 6 and 7_)

Figure 6

NATIONAL BROADCASTING SERVICE Comparison o f (capital and operational) expenditure over three years — / 983-84 to 1985-86 $M 70

1983-84 1984-85 1985-86

$56.666m $61,435m $67.59m

Australian Broadcasting Tribunal

The appropriation to the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal totalled $6.9 million for 1985-86, an increase of $903 000 or 15 per cent over the previous year.

The increase was due to the full-year effect of national wage case decisions, employment of additional staff for licence inquiries, and for leasing and fitting out new premises at North Sydney.



75-76 76-77 77-78 78-79 79-80 80-81 81-82 82-83 83-84 84-85 85-86




F ig u re 7




470 0.15

430 0.125


350 0.75


Departmental administration

The Department spent $29.8 million on salaries and administrative expenses to run its head office in Canberra, its State and 20 regional offices. An additional $2.8 million was spent on technical equipment used for field survey and other tests.

This increase of $3.65 million or 14 per cent over 1984-85 was to cope with the growth in the Department's average operating staff level from 786.2 last year to 850.4 in 1985-86, the 3.8 per cent national wage rise and generally increasing administrative expenses.


Other departmental costs

Each year the Department contributes to international organisations to which it belongs. This year, almost $3.1 million went towards the budgets of the International Telecommunication Union and the Asia- Pacific Telecommunity. Due to the fall of the dollar, an additional $442 000 was needed to meet the Swiss franc payment to the former.

An appropriation of almost $1.3 million during 1985-86 provided grants of:

* $400 000 to assist public broadcasters purchase capital equipment;

* $778 000 to encourage ethnic programming on public broadcasting stations;

* $150 000 to encourage Aboriginal broadcasting; and

* $25 000 to the Australian Council for the Radio for the Print Handicapped, to support administration of the Council.

Expenditure incurred by the Department for the payment of compensation and legal expenses totalled $146 100 this year, an increase of 98 per cent over 1984-85. Previously this expenditure had been included in total departmental administration expenses.


Program Budgeting

The Department has progressed towards Program Budgeting. The first year for the Program format of estimates of outlays will be 1986-87. As well, outlays for 1985-86 have been rearranged to reflect the Program format.


1985-86 Actual

Program Sub-Program Outlays

$( ' 000)

Broadcasting . Broadcasting Policy and Planning . National Broadcasting 5 002.8

(including ABC and SBS) 543 822.3

. Commercial and Public Broadcasting (including ABT) 8 104.9

Radio Frequency . Spectrum Policy and Planning 2 645.0

Management . Spectrum Systems Management 4 476.7

. Spectrum Control 5 488.5

Satellite, . Satellite,

Telecommunications Telecommunications and and Postal Postal Policy 3 310.3

Services . Telecom 35 000.0i

. OTC 0


. Australia Post 0

Communications . Communications Environment Development and Strategic Development

. Technology Systems and


Services Development 1 211.4

Corporate . Executive 800.6

Activities . Resources Management

Coordination and Support Services 8 327.9



The composition of total outlays is:

Division Description

1985-86 Actual

$( Ό00)

200-1 Salaries and allowances 23 371.2

200-2 Administration expenses 6 419.4

200-3 Other administration expenses 4 522.0

201-1 Operational expenses - ABC 381 682.0

201-2 Operational expenses - SBS 43 744.0

201-3 Operational expenses - NBS 51 400.0

202-1 Operational expenses - ABT 6 924.0

833-1 Capital works - departmental 2 799.4

833-2 AUSSAT equity capital 2 250.0

834-1 Capital works - ABC 48 318.0

834-2 Capital works - SBS 2 663.0

834-3 Capital works - NBS 16 187.5

030-1 Special appropriations 105.0

Total expenditure 590 385.5

Less off-setting receipts

30-15 ATC - ITU contribution 644.6

30-16 ATC - APT contribution 51.0

30-18 ATC - repayment of interest-bearing advances 35 000.0

30-20 NBS - recoveries technical facilitiesi 1 763.1 30-22 ABC - ITU contribution 58.6

30-24 0TC - ITU contribution 293.0

30-25 0TC - APT contribution 51.0

30-26 RFM - technical services 515.5

30-30 RFM - spectrum use charges 2 970.8

30-35 RFM - Examination fees etc 114.0

30-39 AUSSAT - ITU contribution 87.9

30-97 Miscellaneous receipts 131.9

Total receipts 41 681.4



Revenue collected by the Department

In 1985-86, consolidated revenue totalled $796.2 million, a decrease of 9.6 per cent over last year ($880.8 million). This was due to a decrease in revenue from $167.8 million in 1984-85 to $35 million this year from Telecom's repayment of loans. (See Figures 8 and 9)

F ig u re 8


Australian Telecommunications Commission $639 744m (80 4%)

Overseas Telecommunications Commission $50 052m (6 3%)

Radio Frequency Management $30 129m (3 8%)

Other $0 191 m (0 02%)

National Broadcasting Service $1 763 m (0 2%)

Australian Postal Commission $5 453m (0.7%)

Regulation of Broadcasting and Television $68.837m (8.6%)


Figure 9

COMMUNICATIONS PORTFOLIO Comparison o f receipts and expenditure over three years — 1983-84 to 1985-86 $M










$711.2m ($425.7m) 1983-84

$880.8m ($689.2m) 1984-85

$796.2m ($590.3m) 1985-86

R e c e ip ts E x p e n d itu re

Other revenue collections increased. Major contributors were:

* dividend payments by OTC of $49.7 million;

* interest payments by Telecom increased by $3.3 million;

* broadcasting and television station licence fees rose by $10.5 million; and

* radiocommunications fees, up $2.4 million.

Other receipts included payments from commercial television services which used National broadcasting sites and facilities.


Radiocommunications licence tax evasion

Since 1980-81 revenue from radiocommunications licence fee taxes has increased from $11.3 million to $29.71 million this year. Currently, revenue exceeds the cost of radio frequency management by about $8 million, a healthy level. (See Figure 10)

This has been achieved with a diminishing staff, from 470 in 1980-81 to 419 in 1985-86. The Department continues to endeavour to increase collections of outstanding licence fee revenue which in 1985-86 was estimated at $6.4 million, the chief offenders being CB, land mobile and

marine operators. Action being taken to deal with this problem was outlined earlier in this report, under Program 2200.

Figure 10


1976-77 1977-78 1978-79 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86



Division 200 - administration (Department of Communications)

Sub-division 1

Salaries for permanent officers and wages for temporary and casual staff, overtime, and allowances such as higher duties and payment in lieu of leave.

Sub-division 2

This covers:

* travelling and subsistence - paid to staff for travelling allowances, air, rail and other fares and for use of officers' own vehicles;

* office requisites - the purchase of office machines and equipment, general office requisites and stationery, for printing of forms and for library services;

* postage, telegrams and telephone services - provides for the cost of postage, private box fees, telegrams, teleprinter and facsimile services, and telephone rental and calls;

* motor vehicles - for casual and permanent hire of motor vehicles, and also for running costs, repairs and maintenance of motor vehicles operated by the Department;

* computer services - hire of computer time, ancillary services and consumable stores;

* consultant fees - fees paid to consultants and advisory boards engaged by the Department; and

* incidental and other expenses - these include expenditures such as light and power, cleaning, study assistance, repairs to technical equipment, consumable technical items, freight and cartage, furniture and fittings, and other miscellaneous items.

Sub-division 3

This item provides for payments for other services arising from the Department's responsibilities which are separate from its running costs. They include Australia's contributions towards the budget of the ITU and the APT, grants in support of public broadcasting, and compensation and legal expenses.



Item Expenditure Expenditure Appropriation Expenditure 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1985-86

$ $ $ $

Division 200 Administration

Sub-division 1

Salaries and payments in the nature of

a salary

01 Salaries and

allowances 18 459 836 19 964 284 23 019 024 23 017 387

02 Overtime 298 407 322 324 353 776 353 775

Sub-total 18 758 243 20 286 608 23 372 800 23 371 162

Sub-division 2

Administrative expenses

01 Travelling & subsistence 1 000 795 1 288 629 1 254 631 1 254 624

02 Office

requisites & equipment, stationery & printing 775 937 909 986 1 022 489 1 022 487

03 Postage, telegrams & telephone services 1 259 447 1 208 460 1 298 369 1 298 158

04 Motor

vehicle services 505 858 526 811 602 508 602 487

05 Computer services 381 851 325 561 352 522 352 522



Table 1 (continued)

Item Expenditure

1983-84 $

Expenditure 1984-85 $

Appropriation 1985-86 $

Expenditure 1985-86 $

06 Consultant fees 151 048 526 953 461 140 461 140

07 Incidental and other expenditure 1 018 936 1 138 952 1 427 941 1 427 941

Sub-total 5 093 908 5 925 352 6 419 600 6 419 359

Sub-division 3

Other services

01 ITU

contribution 1 999 372 1 855 826 2 930 000 2 929 968

02 APT

contribution 104 000 127 639 153 000 152 964

03 Public

broadcasting 300 000 500 000 1 268 000 1 268 000

04 Legal

expenses and compensation 165 000 146 075

05 Grant for the Print Handicapped 25 000 25 000 25 000

Committee of Review of the SBS 192 475 280 996

Purchase and distribution of ITU publications


recovered may be credited to this item) (CR) 2 087



Table 1 (continued)

Item Expenditure

1983-84 $

Expenditure 1984-85 $

Appropriation 1985-86 $

Expenditure 1985-86 $

Inquiries into telecom­ munications and postal

services 3 892

Sub-total 2 597 652 2 764 461 4 541 000 4 522 007

TOTAL Division 200 26 449 803 28 976 421 34 333 400 34 312 528

Division 201 - broadcasting and television services

Sub-division 1

This provides for operational expenditure by the ABC for general activities associated with the domestic service and Radio Australia.

Sub-division 2

For payment to the SBS for operating multicultural broadcasting services.

Sub-division 3

Provides payment to Telecom for technical and associated services provided for the National Broadcasting Service.



Item Expenditure Expenditure Appropriation Expenditure 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1985-86

$ $ $ $

Division 201 Broadcasting & television services

Sub-division 1

Payment to the ABC

01 General

activities -domestic services 274 356 000 309 704 000 372 300 000 372 300 000

02 General

activities -Radio Australia 8 715 000 9 787 000 9 382 000 9 382 000

Sub-total 283 071 000 319 491 000 381 682 000 381 682 000

Sub-division 2

Paid for SBS multicultural broadcasting 33 837 000 36 927 000 43 744 000 43 744 000

Sub-division 3

Technical services under Part VII of ABC

Act 1983

or associated services 44 321 000 47 000 000 51 400 000 51 399 992

TOTAL Division 201 361 229 000 403 418 000 476 826 000 476 825 992


Division 202 - regulation of broadcasting and television

Sub-division 1

Paid for the operation of the ABT.


Item Expenditure

1983-84 $

Expenditure 1984-85 $

Appropriation 1985-86 $

Expenditure 1985-86 $

Division 202 Regulation of broadcasting and television

Sub-division 1

Paid to the ABT 4 650 000 6 021 000 6 924 000 6 924 000

Division 833 - capital works and services

Sub-division 1

Payments for plant and equipment used by the Department.

Sub-division 2

Provision for equity, advances and loans, in this case for a call on the Government's shareholding in AUSSAT, and for the interest payable on an interest-bearing advance held by Telecom.



Item Expenditure Expenditure Appropriation Expenditure 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1985-86

$ $ $ $

Bivision 833 Capital works and services

Sub-division 1

Plant and equipment

01 Technical equipment 2 054 000 3 349 944 2 800 000 2 .99 -+05

Sub-division 2

Equity, advances and loans


payment of equity capital - 35 624 988 2 251 000 2 250 003


- payment of interest­ bearing advances - 167 780 000 - -

TOTAL Division 833 2 054 000 206 754 932 5 051 000 5 04Q 408

Division 834 - capital works and services for broadcasting and television.

Sub-division 1

For ABC capital items such as the acquisition of sites and buildings, construction of buildings, and the purchase of maintenance items for use by the domestic service and Radio Australia.


Sub-division 2

The SBS receives this appropriation for expenditure on capital works and services such as equipment for production, compilation and presentation of programs.

Sub-division 3

Expenditure incurred in the provision and installation of radio and television transmitters and ancillary buildings, works and technical equipment by the ABC (item 01), Radio Australia (item 02) and the SBS (item 03).


Item Expenditure

1983-84 $

Expenditure 1984-85 $

Appropriation 1985-86 $

Expenditure 1985-86 $

Division 834 Broadcasting and television - capital and


Sub-division 1

Paid to the ABC for general activities -01 domestic

services 18 061 000 27 300 000 48 218 000 48 218 000

02 Radio

Australia 200 000 209 000 100 000 100 000

Sub-total 18 261 000 27 509 000 48 318 000 48 318 000

Sub-division 2

SBS for

multicultural broadcasting 611 000 1 977 000 2 663 000 2 663 000



Table 5 (continued)

Item Expenditure Expenditure Appropriation Expenditure 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1985-86

$ $ $ $

Sub-division 3

Provision and installation of radio and television transmitters and ancillary

buildings, works and technical equipment for

01 ABC -

domestic services 4 000 000 9 385 196 13 660 000 13 147 587

ABC Radio Australia 7 175 000 1 005 000 240 000 240 000

SBS 1 170 000 4 045 000 2 800 000 2 800 000

Sub-total 12 345 000 14 435 196 16 700 000 16 187 587

TOTAL Division 834 31 217 000 43 921 196 67 681 000 67 168 587



Item Expenditure Expenditure Appropriation Expenditure 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1985-86

$ $ $ $

TOTAL - All Divisions 425 599 803 689 116 549 590 815 400 590 280 515



Item Expenditure

1983-84 $

Expenditure 1984-85 $

Appropriation 1985-86 $

Expenditure 1985-86 $

Remuneration Act - First Division Officer 72 059 ■ 84 665 96 300 90 986

Remuneration Act - Holder of Public Office 14 600 14 000

REVENUE 1985-86

Australian Postal Commission

Sub-head 30-04 - interest

Revenue collected as interest payable by Australia Post in accordance with Sections 74 and 75 of the Postal Services Act 1975.

Sub-head 31-12 - unclaimed moneys

Section 107 of the Act requires Australia Post to pay into an "Unclaimed Moneys Fund" all moneys received for postal deliveries which have remained unclaimed for one year after their receipt. If they remain in this fund for five years they then are paid into

Consolidated Revenue.

Australian Telecommunications Commission

Sub-head 30-14 - interest

This consists of interest revenue payable by Telecom under Sections 71 and 72 of the Telecommunications Act 1975.

Sub-head 30-15 - International Telecommunication Union contribution

Revenue collected here is Telecom's share of Australia's contribution to the budget of the ITU.


Sub-head 30-16 - Asia-Pacific Telecommunity contribution

This revenue is Telecom's share of Australia's contribution to the budget of the APT.

National Broadcasting and Television Services - recoveries

Sub-head 30-17 - technical facilities and services for commercial television operators

These are contributions made by commercial television operators who share the use of NETS transmitting sites.

Sub-head 30-18 - other

Revenue collected under this sub-head includes rental paid by officers living in Commonwealth houses, proceeds from sales of spare parts, and other miscellaneous revenue.

Sub-head 30-19 - PTC payment

This is revenue earning dividends from capital used by OTC.

Sub-head 30-25 - APT contribution

This is revenue collected from OTC as its share of Australia's contribution to the APT.

Radio frequency management

Sub-head 30-26 - technical services

Revenue collected for marine surveys on behalf of Commonwealth and State Departments of Transport.

Sub-head 30-30

This covers revenue for radiocommunications licence fees and spectrum use charges from Commonwealth users and statutory authorities.

Sub-head 30-35 - Wireless Telegraphy Act

This covers revenue from sale of publications, examination fees, fines and court costs.


Sub-head 30-39 - AUSSAT - International Telecommunication Union contribution

Revenue collected here is AUSSAT's share of Australia's contribution to the budget of the ITU.

Regulation of broadcasting and television

Sub-head 30-40 - broadcasting station licence fees

Revenue collected under the Broadcasting Stations Licence Fees Act 1964.

Sub-head 30-45 - television station licence fees

This applies to revenue under the Television Stations Licence Fees Act 1964.


Sub-head 30-97

This sub-head provides for miscellaneous receipts which do not fall within the earlier categories.



Item Receipts Receipts Receipts

1983-84 1984-85 1985-86

$(’000) $(’000) $(’000)

Australian Postal Commission 30- 04 Interest 31- 12 Unclaimed moneys

Telecom 30-14 Interest 30-15 ITU contribution 30-16 APT contribution

30-17 Sale of AUSSAT equity capital 30-18 Repayment of interest­ bearing advances

5 413 5 426 5 454

951 721

597 279 600 752 604 049

487 464 645

35 43 51

- 14 944

_ 167 780 35 000



Table 8 (continued)

Item Receipts

1983-84 $( Ό00)

Receipts 1984-85 $( Ό00)

Receipts 1985-86 $( Ό00)

NETS recoveries 30-20 Technical facilities and services shared with broadcasters 2 000 1 657 1 763

30-21 Other 62 19 -

ABC 30-22 ITU contribution 39 37 59

OTC 30-23 Dividend 30 940 - 49 708

30-24 ITU contribution 195 186 293

30-25 APT contribution 35 43 51

Radio Frequency Management 30-26 Technical services 515 515 516

30-30 Radiocommunications licence fees and charges 22 401 26 971 29 404

30-35 Fines, costs and examination fees 34 32 121

AUSSAT 30-39 ITU contribution - - 88

Regulation of broadcasting and television 30-40 Broadcasting stations licence fees 4 718 5 904 7 412

30-45 Television stations licence fees 43 650 52 871 61 426

Purchase of Commonwealth Games equipment 2 360 2 359 -

30-97 Miscellaneous 60 45 132

TOTAL 711 173 880 768 796 172

NOTE: Totals do not add due to rounding.



Department of Communications

Freedom of Information

Section 8 Statement (Abridged)

This statement is correct to June 1986.

Establishment * *

The Department of Communications was established on 22 December 1975 as the Postal and Telecommunications Department, replacing the Postmaster-General's Department. It assumed the responsibilities that remained after postal and domestic telecommunications functions were

transferred to two independent Commissions on 1 July 1975. Subsequently, it took over radio and television broadcasting policy from the former Department of the Media. On 1 January 1977, it was given the further responsibility of technical and planning matters associated with broadcasting, previously tasks of the former

Australian Broadcasting Control Board. In November 1980, the Department was given its current name.


The Department is organised along functional lines into six divisions: -

* Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division

* Broadcasting Services Division

* Communications Strategy Division

* Corporate Policy and Projects Division

* Radio Frequency Management Division

* Space, Telecommunications and Postal Policy Division.

The Department is a geographically dispersed organisation. Its Central Office is located in Canberra but Radio Frequency Management Division maintains offices in all capital cities, and eighteen major provincial centres. Broadcasting Services Division also has

broadcasting engineering representatives in the six States.



The Department's basic function is to provide advice of a policy nature to the Minister for Communications on all matters relating to the provision of postal, telegraphic, telephonic, broadcasting and other similar services which are the subject of legislation for which the Minister is responsible. The Department also has a planning, licensing and regulatory function in the administration of the radio frequency spectrum.

The Communications portfolio includes the Australian Postal Commission (Australia Post), the Australian Telecommunications Commission (Telecom Australia), the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia) (OTC(A)), the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal (ABT), and the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) as separate statutory authorities, together with AUSSAT Pty Ltd (a company formed to establish and operate the National Communications Satellite System). The matters dealt with by the Department also cover, in a general way, the functions of these authorities.

The Commonwealth Parliament's powers to make laws with respect to matters within the Minister for Communications' responsibility derive primarily from Section 51 (V) of the Constitution. This section empowers the Commonwealth Parliament to make laws for the peace, order and good

government of the Commonwealth with respect to "postal, telegraphic, telephonic, and other like services". Other provisions of the Constitution provide incidental powers for some legislation within the Communications portfolio.


Powers exercised by the Minister or officers of the Department which affect members of the public, are listed under the relevant Division.

Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division


This Division provides advice to the Minister on matters relating to the development of policies on radio and television broadcasting services in Australia. This relates to licensed services (under the Broadcasting Act 1942) and unlicensed services (under the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983 in respect of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and the Broadcasting Act 1942 in respect of the Special Broadcasting Service). The Division is also responsible for overseeing

the activities of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Special Broadcasting Service and the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal. The Division also establishes technical policies and plans for the development of the systems of broadcasting and television in Australia.



Decision-making powers affecting the public are held by the Minister under the Broadcasting Act 1942. In relation to the functions of Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division, those powers include:

* planning and development of broadcasting and television services in Australia;

* special inquiries by the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal; and

* substantial contracts entered into by the Special Broadcasting Service.

In addition, the Minister holds decision-making powers that affect the public under the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. Those powers which relate to the functions of Broadcasting and Planning Division include:

* lease-back arrangements and substantial contracts entered into by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation;

* the broadcasting or televising of matters by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation as items of national interest.



Develops advice of a policy nature for senior officers and the Minister on matters relating to the licensing and regulation of radio and television broadcasting services, and to non-licensed broadcasting services, in Australia.

Provides advice of a policy nature on the administration and content of the Broadcasting Act 1942.

Formulates advice of a policy nature for the Minister on broadcasting legislation .

Monitors the functions, operation and structure of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and the Special Broadcasting Service.

Monitors the functions, operation and structure of the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal.

Liaises with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Special Broadcasting Service on policy matters and assists relevant committees.


Liaises with the Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations, the Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters, Regional Television Australia, the Public Broadcasting Association of Australia and with such other representatives of licensed operators and associated industries as are necessary to carry out its ■ functions.

Provides briefings for the Department's representative on the Broadcasting Council and Media and Communications Council and coordinates Council recommendations.

Provides briefing papers, answers to Ministerial correspondence, Cabinet submissions, submissions to inquiries, etc as required.

Advises on appointments to the broadcasting statutory authorities.

Advises on contractual arrangements entered into by the Special Broadcasting Service and Australian Broadcasting Corporation coming under the terms of the Broadcasting Act 1942 and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983.



Develops advice of a policy nature on the forward planning for the introduction of new broadcasting and related services for the Minister and senior management.

Develops engineering guidelines and engineering policy on new broadcasting developments.

Develops planning guidelines and national frequency allocation plans for all broadcasting bands.

Conducts investigations into new broadcasting possibilities and technological developments.

Participates in the work of the International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) and represents the Department at international forums on broadcasting developments and standardisation.

Liaises with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Special Broadcasting Service on policy matters within the general responsibility of the Branch and assists relevant committees.

Liaises with the Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations, the Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters, Regional Television Australia, the Public Broadcasting Association of Australia and with such other representatives of licensed operators and associated industries as are necessary to carry out its functions.


Provides briefing papers, answers to Ministerial correspondence, Cabinet submissions, submissions to inquiries, etc as required.



Establishes and operates management information and control systems and coordinates any relevant input to them for the Division.

Coordinates the preparation of staffing and financial estimates and provides advice on divisional staffing and financial resources.

Coordinates preparation of divisional ministerials, Parliamentary briefs and other briefs and replies to all Parliamentary questions.

Supervises divisional security arrangements.

Handles routine administrative matters for the Division.


Functions * *

The role of the Forward Development Unit is to consider strategic policies and formulate long-term objectives for development of the Australian broadcasting system. It has specific Terms of Reference for any project for which it is responsible.

The unit is small, utilising a mix of skills and knowledge, and does not necessarily have a permanent group of officers.

It has the following broad charter:

* to undertake in-depth analysis of current and future needs of broadcasting in Australia;

* to formulate long-term objectives and goals for broadcasting in Australia;

* to examine broadcasting policies and strategies in overseas administrations and draft scenarios for Australia, including migratory paths for transition to alternative technologies.

Projects originated in the Forward Development Unit could move into any Branch in either broadcasting division, depending on their nature.




The Indicative Planning Group was formed to prepare an Indicative Plan for the Equalisation of Regional Commercial Television; it will disband when the task is completed. The Indicative Plan is intended as a policy document to assist licensees to plan their implementation of equalisation and will set out the Approved Markets and potential Approved Markets endorsed by the Government as the framework in which aggregation of Service Areas is to take place.

Broadcasting Services Division

Functions *

The Broadcasting Services Division is responsible for all matters associated with the planning of individual radio and television broadcasting stations. The Division coordinates all frequency allocations for broadcasting services. It is the primary source of advice on technical standards and practices to be observed by

broadcasting and television stations. The Division is also responsible for the planning and establishment of National services (Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Special Broadcasting Service including Radio Australia), the development and control of the National Capital Works Programs, and the management of National

transmitting sites. The Division also has responsibility for the operations of the State Broadcasting Engineers.


With regard to the functions of Broadcasting Services Division, decision-making powers affecting the public are held by the Minister under the Broadcasting Act 1942 in relation to the following:

* planning and development of broadcasting and television services in Australia;

* the provision and operation of transmitting facilities for Special Broadcasting Service services;

* broadcasting and television licences; and

* the determination of Service Areas for all existing and new broadcasting stations;


* the determination and variation of specifications for licensed broadcasting and television services;

* the determination of specifications for test transmissions.

In addition, decision-making powers affecting the public are held by the Minister under the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. In relation to the functions of Broadcasting Services Division those powers include:

* transfer of Commonwealth assets to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and the determination of conditions for the use of those assets;

* arranging for the provision of satellite earth stations for use in connection with Australian Broadcasting Corporation transmitters;

Further, the Commonwealth has responsibility for the provision of stations for the transmitting of the programs of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

The following powers which affect members of the public are held under Ministerial delegation by officers of Broadcasting Services Division:

* a licensee may be given written notice, on behalf of the Minister, of any direction which it is proposed the Minister give to the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal under his powers relating to the alteration of conditions in respect of the "Specification" of current licences;

* determinations may be signed for and on behalf of the Minister, relating to technical specifications for test transmissions.



Formulates policy advice for the Minister on issues relating to detailed planning and implementation of individual broadcasting and television services.

Is responsible for the planning of all "licensed" broadcasting services (commercial radio and television services, public radio services, self-help rebroadcast services).

Liaises with Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division on the implementation and interpretation of established strategic policy.


Provides advice to Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division on matters relating to the practical implementation of new major or strategic policies.

Prepares recommendations to the Minister on the determination of Service Areas for all existing and new broadcasting stations.

Prepares recommendations for the Minister on the conversion of existing broadcasting licences to service-based licences.

Undertakes engineering assessment and negotiation of the detailed technical elements of planning proposals for both commercial and National services, including all matters relating to planning for the equalisation of commercial television services in regional areas.

Provides essential engineering data to licensees and their engineering consultants.

Updates technical planning guidelines for use in the planning of individual stations.

Assesses the non-technical elements of planning proposals and applications for new National, commercial and public services and variations to existing services.

Prepares submissions, including reports, recommendations and formal documentation relating to the granting of licences, to the Minister and the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal.

Coordinates all frequency allocations for broadcasting services.



Develops proposals for individual stations required for the extension or upgrading of National radio and television services in Australia, including both Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Special Broadcasting Service services.

Arranges and oversees the establishment and operation of all Commonwealth transmitting sites, including the NETS Capital Works Program and the related Operations and Maintenance Program.

Is responsible for planning and implementing the major upgrading of Commonwealth transmitting stations, necessary to meet the combined requirements of Equalisation, the Second Regional Radio Network for the ABC and Band II clearance.

Develops and implements guidelines and policy for the sharing of National transmitting facilities and resources.


Is responsible for the day-to-day management of sharing arrangements at all Commonwealth transmitting sites (including all financial and legal aspects of sharing).

Conducts field and laboratory studies relating to specific projects or planning proposals, including evaluation of the coverage of existing and proposed radio and television services.

EXECUTIVE SUPPORT UNIT (includes State Broadcasting Officers)


Manages the operation of State Broadcasting Engineers' offices which deal with inquiries from licensees and the general public, carries out technical inspections on new and existing broadcasting facilities, provides reports on stations' technical performance to the Minister and

the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal, and has primary carriage of the Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme.

Coordinates financial, personnel, and general administrative functions for the Division.

Maintains technical records relating to the specifications of broadcasting and television stations.

Provides relevant technical information to the public.

Arranges inspections of commercial stations, and the provision of relevant advice to the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal.

Coordinates assessment and issue of Broadcasting/Television Operator's Certificates of Proficiency.

Coordinates events of national importance.

Communications Strategy Division

The Division monitors and analyses communications developments, both overseas and within Australia, and provides advice on the policy implications of such developments. It is responsible for advice on corporate goals as well as for formulating advice on policy options,

strategic plans, and standards for the introduction of communications systems and services in Australia. It coordinates or participates in trials of services and associated equipment. It provides a library and research service. It furnishes secretariat services to the Executive meetings of the Department.




In relation to the provision of advice on the communications environment with particular reference to social, economic and regulatory issues; and, as appropriate, in collaboration with the Communications Systems and Technology Branch:

* identifies options or alternative scenarios for the delivery of communications services to satisfy the needs of the Australian community and relevant industry groups;

* carries out comparative analyses of development options and scenarios, and advises on their social, economic, technical and administrative policy implications;

* develops options for meeting specific communications needs or exploiting development opportunities; conducts comparative analyses of development scenarios and advises on their relative merits and policy implications;

* prepares reports on specialised studies, comparative evaluations and the implications of recommended standards;

* develops policy guidelines for the planning and introduction of new communications services, in conjunction with other departments and agencies as appropriate.


Functions *

In relation to technological, system, and institutional developments in the fields of telecommunications, broadcasting and associated communications activities; and, as appropriate, in collaboration with the Communications Environment Branch:

* monitors and assesses the implications of domestic and international studies and developments and prepares reports on particular issues;

identifies and provides policy advice on emerging concerns, needs, development opportunities, strategic planning options and administrative and control practices for matching needs with appropriate supply options;

provides advice relating to, and representation on, international and national organisations, committees, and technical working groups;


plans and undertakes technical investigations and trials of new developments in communications systems and develops engineering standards;

plans, fosters and participates in trials and demonstration projects;

fosters the development and introduction of appropriate communications technologies in Australian industry in conjunction with other departments and agencies.


Functions *

In relation to broadcasting, telecommunications and associated communications activities and in consultation with other Divisions or the Department, the Laboratory provides:

* resources to facilitate ongoing engineering and technical investigation into existing communications and broadcasting systems using appropriate equipment models of these systems;

* the resource base to undertake both engineering and technical investigations associated with the planning and establishment of new communications and broadcasting systems through the use of appropriate equipment models;

* engineering and technical resource capacity to ensure adequate radio frequency management in accordance with national and international obligations;

* adequate electrical working standards to allow traceability of all measurement to both national and international standards;

* calibration facilities for the entire Department;

* facilities for both the provision and maintenance of field survey vehicles and associated equipment.



This group provides the departmental library service, research and education services including the convening of seminars and conferences, and the Executive meeting Secretariat.


Corporate Policy and Projects Division


This Division is responsible for resolving communications policies and carrying out major projects where more than one communications system is involved. It is also responsible for establishing and monitoring overall priorities for the management of the Department's resources. In addition, the Division has a secretariat and departmental operations function in providing special resources for Parliamentary liaison and coordination, legislative matters and

management services functions.


Functions *

In consultation with the Executive, responsible for formulating and monitoring strategic resource management for the Department, involving coordination of overall departmental objectives, resolution of priorities and the distribution and management of resources.

It provides a nucleus for a broadly-based project approach to the development of communications policy in respect of specific current major issues and major projects which demand resources and skills outside the scope of one Division or spanning the interests of more than one Division of the Department.

Included in the activities of the Branch are:

* the coordination and resolution of issues in respect of matters which are not clearly within the purview of single functional areas;

* handling of reports of committees of review and inquiries relating to the Communications portfolio;

* coordination of the Financial Management Improvement Program and the implementation of Program Budgeting.




Provides an interface between the Minister's office and the Department.

Ensures the efficient handling of Ministerial correspondence and coordinates draft replies for the Minister's signature.

Arranges briefings for the Minister, and the Minister Representing the Minister in the Senate, as required.

Monitors, and coordinates preparation of replies to questions on notice received by the Minister and by the Minister Representing the Minister in the Senate.

Processes minutes and submissions to the Minister and Executive Council.

Provides the link between Cabinet Office and the Department on Cabinet matters, and ensures the Department's security and handling of Cabinet documents is within guidelines laid down by the Prime Minister and Cabinet.



Liaises with the Office of Parliamentary Counsel and the Attorney- General's Department on legislative provisions for the Communications portfolio.

Advises, or arranges for the provision of advice, on the application of legislation for which the Department is responsible and on other matters of legal significance to the portfolio.

Develops, prepares and processes legislative proposals for which the Department is responsible.

Manages the Department's legislative program.

Keeps under review the adequacy of legislation administered by the Minister and its relationship to legislation administered by other Ministers.

Represents the Department's interest in legal actions and matters of legal significance affecting the Department.

Coordinates departmental responses under Administrative Law. Manages Freedom of Information legislation for the Department.




Disseminates information on departmental activities by way of publicity measures such as press statements, publications, articles and answers to inquiries from the media and the general public.

Liaises closely with the Minister's office on requirements for material such as speeches and press statements.

Provides a daily press clipping service for the Minister and senior officers and, to a limited extent, monitors news bulletins and current affairs programs.

Is a liaison point in the Department for media and other visitors to the Department.

Coordinates production of the Department's annual report and other departmental publications.

Investigates alternative methods of providing information such as films, audio-visual programs and displays.

Maintains extensive mailing lists for press releases, speeches and publications and has developed a special mailing list for people and organisations in remote areas interested in general communications development.



Develops a viable strategic plan for the Department which incorporates a detailed assessment of the computing needs of proposed ADP systems, an evaluation of the alternative methods of meeting these needs through the use of bureau services or departmental equipment, and the planning necessary to implement a preferred ADP solution.

Determines the most suitable database, data communication and system control software to meet the processing needs of the Department.

In conjunction with users, identifies those data items necessary for the future administration of departmental functions.

Designs the data structures in a manner which will maximise the responsiveness of the databases in terms of user requirements.


Prepares a planning procedure to integrate the development of applications with the availability of hardware and software resources.

Develops and implements standards for system development programming, production control and project control.



Coordinates and advises on resource estimates for the Department, both staff and financial.

Develops and implements policies, programs and procedures for recruitment of staff, manpower planning, equal opportunity, and other personnel matters (including training and staff development).

Advises on resource allocations. Prepares periodic resource reports.

Implements determinations, legislation and instructions and arranges necessary action relating to staff pay and conditions, occupational safety, compensation, superannuation, and other personnel matters.

Investigates industrial issues and matters involving staff associations. Represents the Minister and the Department in discussions and formal proceedings.

Continuously reviews the Department's organisation and prepares proposals to vary that organisation.

Reviews administrative systems and recommends and implements new or improved systems. Investigates requirements for office machines and prepares reports and recommendations.

Implements the requirements of the financial legislation in relation to purchasing and payment of accounts. Develops and implements policies and procedures relating to financial estimating, control of funds and revenue collection, in the context of Government reforms

under the Financial Management Improvement Program and Program Budgeting.

Develops and implements policy and procedure relating to accommodation, transport and communications, printing and publications.

Prepares leasing, works and furniture programs and collaborates with the appropriate service departments in their execution.


Provides common office services including correspondence registry, typing and messenger services.

Coordinates and supervises arrangements for personnel and building security. Advises on departmental security matters.

Internal audit


Responsible for the development of internal audit policy and procedures, the conduct of systems-based and compliance audits, the planning and development of audit arrangements for new systems and provision of advice to senior management on audit matters,

particularly in relation to practices and procedures.

Radio Frequency Management Division

Functions *

Administers the use of the radio frequency spectrum in accordance with the Radiocommunications Act 1983. Provides policy advice on matters relating to radio frequency management including the application of international agreements to the use of the radio frequency spectrum.


Decision-making powers affecting the public are held by the Minister under the Radiocommunications Act with respect to:

* the making of Ministerial standards for transmitters, receivers and radio-sensitive devices;

* the grant or cancellation of test permits for the possession and operation of sub-standard transmitters;

* changing the conditions for a test permit;

* permitting persons to use sub-standard devices;

* the issue, varying, suspension or cancellation of compliance statement certificates;

* revoking the suspension of a compliance statement certificate;


requesting an applicant for a compliance statement certificate to submit a device for examination;

the making of advisory guidelines relating to radio transmission or reception;

preparing a spectrum plan and a frequency band plan;

the grant or cancellation of frequency reservation certificates;

determining part of a frequency band to be an unallocated frequency;

the grant of licences for the operation and possession of radiocommunications transmitters;

directing a licence holder to revoke an authority;

the suspension or cancellation of transmitter licences;

the revocation or suspension of a transmitter licence;

the grant or cancellation of licences for the operation and possession of radiocommunications receivers;

the determination of conditions for radiocommunications transmitter and receiver licences;

changing conditions for radiocommunications transmitter and receiver licences;

the issue or cancellation of certificates of proficiency to operate transmitters;

approving examinations, medical practitioners and ages of applicants for the purposes of section 31;

reexamination of qualified operators;

declaring specified persons to be qualified operators in relation to certain transmitter licences and revoking such declaration;

the grant or cancellation of temporary permits to possess and operate certain radiocommunications transmitters;

changing the conditions for a temporary permit;

the making of orders prohibiting or regulating the operation of radiocommunications transmitters in an emergency;

* the referring of interference disputes to conciliators;

* permitting the use of a transmitter to constitute a "reasonable excuse";

* the release of things seized under the Act;

* the disposal of things forfeited under the Act; and

* affirming, revoking or varying a reviewable decision at the request of a person affected.

Except for his powers under Sections 9, 16, 18, 19, and 41 the Minister has delegated the above powers to appropriate officers of the Division.

The Minister has appointed appropriate officers of the Division as inspectors for the purposes of the following provisions:

* Section 69 (arrest without warrant in certain circumstances any person who is reasonably believed to have committed an offence against the Radiocommunications Act 1983)',

* Section 72 (conduct searches and seizures in emergencies);

* Section 72A (enter premises and adjust transmitters in emergencies); and

* Section 74 (require a suspected offender to produce certain documents).

The Minister under the Radiocommunications (Certificates of Proficiency) Regulations has also authorised certain officers of the Division to conduct operator's examinations, notify examination results and reassess such results.




Develops broad radio frequency management policy and establishes supporting financial, technical and legal principles to enable information to pass through the electromagnetic spectrum between all users in the most efficient and economic manner practicable with

minimum interference between services.

Develops and co-ordinates legislative and regulatory policy proposals impacting on spectrum management and radio frequency management activities.

Prepares advice, information and training proposals on new legislative developments.

Prepares Cabinet submissions, briefing notes and Parliamentary statements as appropriate.

Develops budgets and estimates essential to the efficient operation of Radio Frequency Management Division, and manages the financial resources allocated.

Establishes and maintains a staffing system for Radio Frequency Management Division and advises on future requirements in terms of numbers and skills.

Prepares correspondence and provides advice on matters relating to all Ministerial, Parliamentary and Ombudsman representations concerning radio frequency management areas of responsibility.

Examines and provides advice on legal, regulatory and licensing questions that arise from the development of new user applications of the spectrum.

Provides administrative support for Radio Frequency Management Division Central Office elements located in Canberra.

Provides advice for the development of broad operations policy and oversees technical training undertaken within the Division.

Develops policy and provides advice on financial and management implications of the radio frequency spectrum for users.

Provides advice on licence fees for radiocommunications services.




Provides advice on the policies, systems, equipment and resource plans which facilitate the execution of the Department's responsibilities in radiocommunications, permit optimum utilisation

of the radio frequency spectrum and provide for the orderly conduct and development of services.

Participates in the International Telecommunication Union and other international organisations in planning use of the radio spectrum; ensures the execution of Australia's international responsibilities;

coordinates Australian International Radio Consultative Committee activities.

Develops policy on and coordinates the preparation of spectrum plans and management of the spectrum.

Plans, designs, specifies and procures measuring and monitoring systems, facilities and equipment including satellite monitoring system.

Develops standards to meet the Minister's obligations under the Radiocommunications Act. Coordinates testing of radiocommunications equipment and issues compliance certificates pursuant to Ministerial Standards.

Liaises with manufacturers and suppliers of radiocommunications equipment on matters relating to design standards.



Organises arrangements for dealing with applications for, and the issue of licences and authorisations for, radiocommunications stations.

Assigns operating frequencies and coordinates assignments with other administrations.

Maintains the Spectrum Management Information System (SMIS) data base.

Prepares technical and regulatory information for inclusion in briefs for Australian representatives at international conferences, etc.


Provides assistance to Commonwealth and State Marine Authorities in the framing of legislation for the control of maritime radio services and supervises the implementation of such legislation on behalf of, and at the expense of, such bodies.

Formulates standards for examination systems for qualified operator certificates of proficiency and conducts such examinations. Provides accreditation to other bodies to conduct examinations.

Organises, directs and controls arrangements for:

* the investigation of interference to radiocommunications services; and the investigation and suppression of interference to broadcasting and television reception;

* the inspection of radiocommunications stations;

* the monitoring and measurement of the operating frequency and other technical features of radiocommunications stations; and

* the detection of breaches of the Radiocommunications Act and Regulations and other radio legislation; and the prosecution of offenders, where necessary.

Issues licences for the more important stations, including those in the external Territories and in respect of some special services.

Prepares operators' handbooks, instructions, equipment specifications etc., for the guidance of station operators and others.



State Manager's Offices represent and perform the functions of Operations Branch in each State.


Some divisional decision-making powers are also held by State Managers (RFM).


Space, Telecommunications and Postal Policy Division


Space, Telecommunications and Postal Policy Division advises the Minister on the exercise of his powers and responsibilities in relation to the Australian Telecommunications Commission, the Australian Postal Commission, the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia), and AUSSAT Pty Ltd.

The Division also provides advice of a policy nature to the Minister on the impact of postal and telecommunications services on Australia, both socially and economically.


Decision-making powers affecting the public are held by the Minister under the Postal Services Act 1975, Telecommunications Act 1975, Overseas Telecommunications Act 1946, and the Memorandum and Articles of Association of AUSSAT Pty Ltd in relation to:

* larger contracts entered into by the Australian Telecommunications Commission, Australian Postal Commission, Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia), and AUSSAT Pty Ltd;

* rates and charges for basic telecommunications and postal services;

* directions to the respective authorities (except AUSSAT Pty Ltd) as deemed necessary in the public interest.



Provides advice of a policy nature to the Minister on the exercise of powers pursuant to the Postal Services Act 1975, the Telecommunications Act 1975, the Overseas Telecommunications Act 1946, and the Memorandum and Articles of Association of AUSSAT Pty Ltd.

Develops advice of a policy nature and provides central policy coordination with respect to postal and telecommunications issues arising from the Department's involvement in international organisations and forums.


Develops advice of a policy nature for the Minister and Department on industrial relations issues and coordination arrangements, with respect to the Postal, Telecommunications, and Overseas Telecommunications Commissions and AUSSAT Pty Ltd.

Liaises with the Commissions and AUSSAT Pty Ltd on policy and other matters, and procures implementation of government decisions as appropriate.

Maintains continuous review and develops advice of a policy nature with respect to legislation establishing the Commissions, Memorandum and Articles of Association of AUSSAT Pty Ltd, and legislation of a general nature which may affect the operations of the Commissions and

the domestic satellite company.

Provides advice of a policy nature to the Minister in respect of the provision of postal and telecommunications services, in the context of the prevailing technological, social and economic environment.

Provides advice of a policy nature on international developments including outer space issues, prepares papers on international conventions and treaties.

Represents Australia in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Committee on Information Computers and Communications Policy matters, and at meetings of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity.



Evaluates, analyses and prepares advice and recommendations with respect to the financial aspects of the operations of the Postal, Telecommunications, and Overseas Telecommunications Commissions, and AUSSAT Pty Ltd including, where appropriate, advice on draft

estimates, financing, borrowings and capital programming issues.

Evaluates, analyses and prepares advice of a policy nature for the Minister on tariff proposals, related, as appropriate, to service standards of telecommunications and postal services provided by the three Commissions and AUSSAT Pty Ltd.

Evaluates contract proposals from the three Commissions, and where appropriate, AUSSAT Pty Ltd; analyses and scrutinises those proposals in the context of overall government policies, and prepares recommendations for the Minister's consideration.




Analyses the public policy aspects of major new and expanded service proposals put forward by the three Commissions, including services resulting from the convergence of computer communications technologies. Provides advice of a policy nature to the Minister on the relationship of these services to overall government policies.

Assesses standards of service provided by the three Commissions in the context of the objectives of the relevant legislation, and the regulatory framework.

Provides advice on development and application of standards for telecommunications equipment for attachment to the public network.

Provides briefs for departmental Commissioners of the Postal, Telecommunications, and Overseas Telecommunications Commissions, and the departmental Board member of AUSSAT Pty Ltd and takes necessary

follow-up action.

Analyses reports to the Minister from the three Commissions and AUSSAT Pty Ltd and provides policy advice in the context of requirements that the Commissions and AUSSAT Pty Ltd keep the

Minister informed.

Attends to the administrative arrangements in relation to appointments to the Postal, Telecommunications, and Overseas Telecommunications Commissions, and to the Board of AUSSAT Pty Ltd.

Undertakes special projects arising from defined operational circumstances relating to the Commissions and AUSSAT Pty Ltd where there are sensitive service and policy implications at government level.


The Department's postal address for the purposes of forwarding Freedom of Information requests is:

The Secretary Department of Communications P.0. Box 34 BELCONNEN ACT 2616

General inquiries concerning access to documents or other matters relating to freedom of information may be directed to the Department's Freedom of Information Officer in Central Office, Canberra or to any of the Department's Offices listed below:


Central Office, Canberra

State Manager's Office New South Wales

State Manager's Office Victoria

State Manager's Office Queensland

State Manager's Office South Australia

Block 7, Purple Building Benjamin Offices Cnr Benjamin Way and College Streets BELCONNEN ACT 2617

P.0. Box 34 BELCONNEN ACT 2616

Telephone: (062) 64 3202

MLC Building 105-153 Miller Street NORTH SYDNEY NSW 2060

P.0. Box 970 NORTH SYDNEY NSW 2060

Telephone: (02) 9229111

5th Floor 14 Queens Road MELBOURNE VIC 3004

P0 Box 6444 ST KILDA VIC 3004

Telephone: (03) 266 8921

10th Floor, Aviation House Cnr Wickham and Ballow Streets FORTITUDE VALLEY QLD 4006


Telephone: (07) 528822

5th Floor QBE Building 108-116 King William Street


GPO Box 2248 ADELAIDE SA 5001

Telephone: (08) 2122153


State Manager's Office Western Australia

State Manager's Office Tasmania

1st Floor, CAGA Centre 256 Adelaide Terrace PERTH WA 6000

P.0. Box 6189 Hay Street East PERTH WA 6000

Telephone: (09) 325 5877

1st Floor, Continental Building 162 Macquarie Street HOBART TAS 7000

P.0. Box 63 SANDY BAY TAS 7005

Telephone: (002) 205011

The hours of business of each of the above offices is 8.30 am to 4. pm Monday to Friday.



Acts administered by the Minister for Communications

The following legislation is administered by the Minister for Communications:

Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983

Makes provision for the establishment of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1983

This Act approves certain transitional provisions and makes certain amendments consequential upon the enactment of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983.

Broadcasting Act 1942

Provides for the control of broadcasting in Australia.

Radio Licence Fees Act 1964

Makes provision for the payment of fees in respect of licences for commercial radio stations.

Overseas Telecommunications Act 1946

Provides for the establishment and operation of overseas telegraphic, telephonic and other like services for Australia.

Parliamentary Proceedings Broadcasting Act 1946

Provides for the broadcasting of the proceedings of the Houses of the Parliament.

Postal and Telecommunications Amendment Act 1983

Amends the Postal Services Act 1975 and the Telecommunications Act 1975 and provides for the validation of certain by-laws.


Postal and Telecommunications (Transitional Provisions) Act 1975

This Act approved certain transitional provisions consequential upon the enactment of the Postal Services Act 1975 and the Telecommunications Act 1975.

Postal Services Act 1975

Relates to the provision of postal services within Australia and between Australia and places outside Australia.

Radiocommunications Act 1983

Provides for the regulation of radiocommunications and the control of radio interference.

Radiocommunications (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) Act 1983.

Contains transitional provisions consequent upon the enactment of the Radiocommunications Act 1983.

Radiocommunications Taxes Collection Act 1983

Provides for the collection of taxes imposed by the Radiocommunications Taxing Acts.

Radiocommunications (Frequency Reservation Certificate Tax) Act 1983

Imposes a tax on the grant of a frequency reservation certificate under the Radiocommunications Act 1983.

Radiocommunications (Receiver Licence Tax) Act 1983

Imposes a tax on the grant of a temporary permit under the Radiocommunications Act 1983.

Radiocommunications (Temporary Permit Tax) Act 1983

Imposes a tax on the grant of a temporary permit under the Radiocommunications Act 1983.

Radiocommunications (Transmitter Licence Tax) Act 1983

Imposes a tax on the grant of a radiocommunications transmitter licence under the Radiocommunications Act 1983.


Radiocommunications (Test Permit Tax) Act 1983

Imposes a tax on the grant of a test permit under the Radiocommunications Act 1983.

Satellite Communications Act 1984

Provides the framework within which AUSSAT Pty Ltd will operate the Australian Communications Satellite System.

Telecommunications Act 1975

Relates to the provision of telecommunications services within Australia.

Television Licence Fees Act 1964

Makes provision for the payment of fees in respect of licences for commercial television stations.



Schedule of fees Radiocommunications licences effective September 1985

(Comparison with previous fee effective September 1984)


$ $

Aeronautical station 50 54

Aircraft station, Class A 140 150

Class B 35 35

Amateur station 21 23

Australian Satellite Service -AUSSAT receive-only earth station - 150

-AUSSAT Service (ground segment) - 125 000

-Australian Satellite Service (Space segment) - 62 500

-Earth Station Australian Satellite Service -(Service for each station plus a system fee based on T x $5 000 where T equals the amount of transponder occupancy for the system.)


Base station -Class A - high density 185 240

- low density 185 185

-System - 2 000

-Class B 69 75

CB radio station 11 12

Coast station, Class A 690 760

Class B 13 700 14 660

Disaster station 25 25

Experimental station 54 58

Exterior paging service -Class A 690 900

-Class B 1 400 1 800

-Class C 380 450

Fixed outpost station 11 12




Schedule of fees (continued)

$ $

Fixed station, Class A -business 220 230

-private 54 80

Fixed station, Class B -high density location 71 75

-low density location 54 60

Fixed station, Class C . bandwidth 1-36 kHz -high density location 140 150

-low density location 115 120

. bandwidth 37-400 kHz -high density location 270 290

-low density location 215 235

. bandwidth 401-2800 kHz -high density location 710 760

-low density location 550 610

. bandwidth 2801-10 000 kHz -high density location 1 030 1 100

-low density location 820 880

. bandwidth 10 001-20 000 kHz -high density location 1 780 1 900

-low density location 1 430 1 520

. bandwidth 20 001-40 000 kHz -high density location 2 750 2 940

-low density location 2 200 2 350

. bandwidth 40 001-80 000 kHz -high density location 4 810 5 150

-low density location 3 780 4 120

. bandwidth 80 001-160 000 kHz -high density location 7 600 8 130

-low density location 6 050 6 500

. greater than 160 000 kHz -high density location 10 200 10 910

-low density location 8 200 8 730

Fixed station, Class D1 -high density location 500 540

-low density location 400 430

Class D2

-high density location 600 640

-low density location 480 510

Class El

-high density location 200 215

-low density location 160 170

Class E2

-high density location 250 270

-low density location 200 215

Frequency reservation certificate


270 290


Schedule of fees (contined)


$ $

General station, Class A 20 20

Class B 100 250

Class C 250 250

Class D 500 500

Class E 1 000 1 000

Handphone station 11 12

Interior paging service 90 96

Internal television service 90 96

Land mobile paging receiver 19 23

Limited coast station 45 55

Major fixed station 19 23

Marine rescue station 11 12

Mobile (disaster plan) station 45 45

Mobile outpost station 11 12

Mobile station 35 35

Multipoint distribution station -transmitter, Class A 260 280

Class B 6 860 7 340

Multipoint distribution -repeater station 21 23

-station receiver Class A 215 200

Class B 20 5

Narrowband transmit area station _ 2 000

(fee applies per 25 kHz bandwidth)

Narrowband area receiver station - 5

Outside broadcast television 400 600

Radiodetermination station 110 115

Repeater station 20 23

Remote control station -Class A 270 80

-Class B (see fixed station) 290 —

-Class C - -



Schedule of fees (continued)


$ $

-Earth station, Class A 270 290

Class B 1 400 1 500

Class C 6 880 7 360

Class D 13 700 14 660

Class E 64 200 68 700

Ship station -Class A 22 24

-Class B 30 32

-Class C 230 250

Telemetry service 1 000 1 070


Figure 11



Mobile stations — land mobile service




Citizen Band Radio Service


Ships stations class A&B . . . . . .

Base stations — land mobile service

March Sept March Sept March Sept March Sept March Sept March June

1981 81 1982 82 1983 83 1984 84 1985 85 1986 86



Civil radiocommunication stations licensed in Australia and external territories as at 30 June

Station/Service Number


Number 1985

Number 1986

AERONAUTICAL 432 455 524

AIRCRAFT -Large 135 136 142

-Small 2 843 2 772 2 528

AMATEUR -Beacon 76 68 98

-Limited 2 774 2 854 2 944

-Limited/Novice 1 006 1 074 1 163

-Novice 3 294 3 167 3 031

-Unrestricted 8 458 8 819 9 201


-Ground segment - -

BASE CLASS A -27 MHz 177 127 119

-HF 3 958 3 959 4 130

-MF 16 19 17

-UHF 3 798 4 544 5 828

-VHF 15 334 16 045 16 017

-Undefined 4 702 3 924 2 909

BASE CLASS B -Low Duty Cycle 64 195 210

-Telemetry 11 8 26


-VHF - - 230

CBRS -27 MHz 94 315 98 080 116 785

-UHF 36 480 45 537 68 924

COAST -Class A 7 7 -

-Class B 15 15 -



Licensed stations (continued)

Station/Service Number


Number 1985

Number 1986

DISASTER -Aeronautical 26 10 16

-Aircraf t 17 18 19

-Base 477 514 547

-Fixed 86 118 131

-Fixed Receiver - 1 58

-Land Mobile (1) 4 830 4 774 2 571

-Land Mobile Paging Receiver 16 - 11

-Ship 1 - 14

EARTH -Class A 38 44 24

-Class B — - 1

-Class C 2 3 3

-Class D 1 1 1

-Class E 2 2 -

-Homestead - - -

EXPERIMENTAL -Miscellaneous 821 805 976


-Class B 44 50 77

-Class C 20 32 56

FIXED CLASS A -Aeronautical 20 10 3

-External 21 67 52

-Internal 826 1 085 1 162

-Maritime 6 14 15

FIXED CLASS B -Low Duty Cycle 129 149 176

-Telemetry 251 593 677

FIXED CLASS C -1 - 36 kHz (2) 681 916 4 722

-36 - 400 kHz 143 275 316

-400 - 2800 kHz 513 652 1 127

-2800 kHz - 10 MHz 378 480 567

-10 - 20 MHz 17 19 826

-20 - 40 MHz 35 43 1 462

-40 - 80 MHz 15 28 331

-80 - 160 MHz — 6 19

->160 MHz - - 1



Licensed stations (continued)

Station/Service Number Number Number

1984 1985 1986


-Class D1 - 23 141

-Class D2 - 1 83

FIXED CLASS E -<20 MHz - 8 13

-Class El - - 26

-Class E2 - - 5

FIXED OUTPOST -Control 13 13 14

-Public Correspondence 735 877 1 095

-School of the Air 771 853 875

-Undefined 406 228 -

FREQUENCY RESERVATION CERTIFICATE (Previously Developmental) -0-30 MHz 6 16 38

->30-400 MHz 9 45 54

->400-520 MHz 188 326 425

->520 MHz - 1 GHz - 22 39

->1 GHz - - 83

GENERAL -Class A 16 68 67

-Class B - 18 30

-Class C - - —

-Class D - — 2

-Class E - 2 36

HANDPHONE 16 279 15 455 14 157


-LF 58 61 55

-UHF 39 61 65

-VHF 442 545 612

-Undefined 440 242 149





Licensed stations (continued)

Station/Service Number Number Number

1984 1985 1986



-Some combination of above six sub-categories -Undefined

MAJOR FIXED (Previously Fixed Receiver)

MARINE RESCUE -Limited Coast -Ship

MOBILE -27 MHz -HF -MF -UHF -VHF -Some combination of

above five sub-categories -Disaster Plan -Undefined


MULTIPOINT DISTRIBUTION -Receiver A -Receiver B -Repeater -Transmitter A -Transmitter B

NARROWBAND SERVICE AREA -0-25 kHz -25-50 kHz -Receiver


689 752 837

152 178 258

37 22 28

174 204 249

50 64 80

12 17 25

80 95 152

119 103 —

713 811 753

91 109 166

503 486 432

278 467 457

11 532 12 643 13 126

165 190 168

35 596 49 467 63 892

110 366 128 723 129 633

717 6 716 4 969

- - 2 866

61 322 34 746 23 514

11 144 11 636 12 133

12 8 7

- - 6

1 2 1

5 7 6

- 1

112 140 199



Licensed stations (continued)

Station/Service Number


Number 1985

Number 1986

RADIODETERMINATION -Aeronautical Beacon 37 35 36

-Fixed 67 59 71

-Maritime Beacon 12 23 36

-Mobile 261 291 359

-Undefined 76 70 2

REMOTE CONTROL CLASS A -UHF - Link 301 383 470

-VHF - Link 60 112 127

-UHT - Talk-Through 1 549 2 040 3 145

-VHT - Talk-Through 205 345 681

REPEATER -Amateur 119 134 164

-CBRS 58 81 131

SHIP CLASS A -27 MHz 24 590 25 779 28 705

-HF 58 44 43

-MF 1 1 36

-UHF 1 - 1

-VHF 85 80 66

-Some combination of above five categories 13 15 29

-Undefined 1 754 1 662 9

SHIP CLASS B -27 MHz non-club 7 166 8 846 10 378

-Voluntarily fitted 11 204 11 796 13 016

SHIP CLASS C 224 242 235



GRAND TOTAL 494 091 527 601 574 563





changed -


see also


Mobile Disaster

Remote Control


Class B and C



Broadcasting Licence Applications

The Minister called for licence applications for the following services in 1985-86:

Self-help Television Reception Scheme

Hopetown (Vic) La Grange (WA) Jackson (Qld) Maydena (Tas) Alpha (Qld) Lightning Ridge (NSW) The Monument (Qld) Narbarlek (NT) Burketown (Qld) Finley (NSW)

Public FM

Ballarat (Vic) Mornington Peninsula (Vic) Perth (WA) Wollongong (NSW) Tenterfield (NSW) Melton (Vic) Western Suburbs of Melbourne (Vic)

South Gippsland (Vic)

Commercial television translators

Mingenew (WA) Morawa (WA)

Commercial radio translators

Rosebery (Tas)



Broadcasting licences granted

In 1985-86 the following broadcasting services were licensed by the Australian Broadcasting Tribunal:


NSW Bowral 17/10/85 Public FM Station

Moruya 17/10/85 Public FM Station

Narooma 17/10/85 Public FM


Lightning Ridge 21/1/86 Commercial TV STRS

Wollongong 14/3/86 Public FM Station

Tenter field 27/3/86 Public FM Station

Vic Ballarat 15/11/85 Public FM Station

Qld Jackson Oil Fid 28/8/85 National TV STRS

Alpha 31/4/86 Commercial TV STRS

SA Bordertown 1/8/85 Public FM Station

Elliston 26/7/85 Commercial and

National STRS

Port Lincoln 31/7/85 Commercial AM


WA Mullewa 26/7/85 Commercial TV


La Grange 7/11/85 National TV STRS

Morawa 22/1/86 Commercial TV


Mingenew 22/1/86 Commercial TV


Tas Rosebery 7/11/85 Commercial FM


Maydena 22/1/86 National TV STRS

NT Narbarlek 1/5/86 National FM




National (ABC/SBS) station openings/changes 1985-86


1. NEW

North Wollongong (NSW) TV Alice Springs (NT) NTHF

Katherine (NT) NTHF

Tennant Creek (NT) NTHF


Tennant Creek (NT) MF

Katherine (NT) MF

Springsure (Qld) TV

Koolan Island (WA) TV

Cockatoo Island (WA) TV


Mary Kathleen (Qld) TV

15/09/85 20/02/86 31/03/86 14/05/86

8TC relocate 20/09/85

8KN relocate/upgrade 04/10/85 relocate/upgrade 12/10/85 channel change 28/11/85

input channel change 28/11/85




North Wollongong (NSW) TV 15/09/85

Adelaide Foothills (SA) TV 15/09/85

Perth (WA) TV 16/03/86

Hobart (Tas) TV 16/03/86


Melbourne (Vic) TV Channel 0 05/01/86

Sydney (NSW) TV Channel 0 05/01/86



Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme - Television

Communities selected for ABC television transmission facilities, in approximate order of installation priority.

Jindabyne NSW

Mansfield Vic

Yea Vic

Condobolin NSW

Crookwell NSW

Thredbo NSW

Khancoban NSW

Timboon Vic

Omeo & Swifts Creek Vic Eidsvold Qld

Bridgetown WA

Fitzroy Crossing WA Currie Tas

Moura Qld

Pinnaroo & Lameroo SA Nannup WA

Narembeen WA

Pemberton WA

Bright Vic

Theodore Qld

Burra SA

Kowanyama Qld

Port Keats NT

Yuendumu NT

Hermannsburg NT

Maningrida NT

Milingimbi NT

Balranald NSW

Mallacoota Vic

Woorabinda Qld

Kimba SA

Shay Gap WA

Tumbarumba NSW

Emmaville NSW

Tier i Qld

Hopetoun Vic

Aurukun Qld

Doomadgee Qld

Hooker Creek NT

Bamaga Qld

Lake Grace WA

Augusta WA



Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme - Radio

Communities to be provided with ABC radio facilities.

Bombala NSW

Cootamundra NSW

Corowa NSW

Moruya NSW

Narooma NSW

Nowra NSW

Wangaratta Vic

Rosebery Tas

Savage River/Waratah Tas Strahan Tas

Zeehan/Queenstown Tas



Shipboard surveys and inspections - 1985-86

Inspections and surveys of radiocommunications equipment undertaken by inspectors employed by the Radio Frequency Management Division between 1/7/85 and 30/6/86.

State Solas*/


State/ USL**

New South Wales 289 11

Victoria 125 406

Queensland 260 22

Western Australia 117 1 462

South Australia and Northern Territory 77 161

Tasmania 58 506

Total 926 2 568

* Safety of Life at Sea Convention 1974

'"■* Uniform Shipping Laws



Interference statistics 1 July 1985l tO 30 June 1986

Television interference NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas Total

Outstanding 814 564 179 119 120 54 1 850

Reported 4 733 3 415 2 705 1 791 946 648 14 238

Total 5 547 3 979 2 884 1 910 1 066 702 16 088

Cleared for year 4 765 3 492 2 689 1 847 999 674 14 466

Balance 782 487 195 63 67 28 1 622

Radio interference (AM and FM) NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas Total

Outstanding 127 268 99 39 119 22 674

Reported 633 1 032 326 203 348 127 2 669

Total 760 1 300 425 242 467 149 3 343

Cleared for year 630 1 148 345 242 378 120 2 863

Balance 130 152 80 0 89 29 480

Radiocommunications interference NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas Total

Outstanding 62 51 133 7 97 24 374

Reported 487 786 522 233 291 81 2 400

Total 549 837 655 240 388 105 2 774

Cleared for year 546 772 537 235 278 103 2 471

Balance 3 65 118 5 110 2 303



Staffing summaries at 30 June 1986

Table 1 - Organisational and geographical distribution


Executive 6 6 — — — — —

CPPD 46 45 - 1 - - - - - -

RMB 97 96 1 - - - - - - -

STAPP 26 26 - - - - - - - -

CSD 36 35 1 - - - - - - -

BSD 133 82 19 7 7 4 2 8 4 -

RFM 432 78 14 92 70 42 17 68 47 4

BPPD 57 57 - - ~ - - - -

Total 833 425 35 100 77 46 19 76 51 4

* MCO - Melbourne Central Office

Table 2 - Technical and engineering officers


Engineer 1 9 3 1 - 2 - - 3 -

2 11 6 - 1 1 1 - 2 -

3 22 14 3 1 1 1 - 1 1

4 15 12 2 - 1 - - - -

5 10 9 1 - - - - - -

Manager 1 1 - - - - — 1 - -

2 2 - - - - 1 - - 1



5 2 1 1 1

RIS 1 1 - - - - - - -

PTO 11 6 1 1 2 - - 1 -

STO 3 25 9 4 4 2 2 4

2 60 16 3 10 9 6 2 11 3

1 33 12 4 3 3 2 2 3 4

TO 2 55 6 2 12 10 7 3 11 4

1 34 2 - 6 6 5 1 10 4

TA 2 10 1 1 1 2 - 1 1 3

Total 304 99 18 40 42 25 10 46 24


Table 3 - Female Officers

Designation Total ACT NSW VIC TAS QLD SA/NT WA

SES Level 1 2 2

Class 11 4 4 - - - - - -

9 14 14 - - - - - -

8 5 4 1 - - - - -

7 13 13 - - - - - -

6 14 13 1 - - - - -

5 10 8 2 - - - - -

4 15 7 2 - - 3 2 1

2/3 21 11 3 3 - 3 - 1

1 5 2 - - - 2 - 1

CA 6 1 1 - - - - - -

5 18 2 6 5 - 4 1 -

4 22 9 2 3 2 3 1 2

3 12 6 3 - - 2 - 1

2 5 3 1 - - 1 - -

1 7 2 1 - - 2 1 1

CSO 3 2 2 - - - — — —

2 1 1 - - - - - -

1 2 2 - — - — — —

Journalist A1 1 1 - - - — - —

ARO 3 3 - - - — - —

Grad Account 1 1 - - — - — —

SRO 1 1 1 - — - — — —

R0 1 2 2 - - - - - —

2 4 4 - - — — - —

PS 1 1 1 - — - — — _

Typist 1 13 9 1 - - 1 1 1

2 3 3 - - - — — —

Sten/Sec 1 15 15 - - - — - —

2 7 7 - - - - - —

Typ Sup 2 - 1 1 - — - -

WPT 1 9 9 - - - - - —

2 5 5 - - - — — _

WPT Sup 1 2 2 - - - — — —

2 1 1 - - - — — _

Engineer 1 2 - - - - 2 - -

3 1 1 - — - — — —

TA 2 1 - — 1 — _ _

Cleaner 3 - 2 — _ 1

Attendant 1 - 1 - - - - -

Total 249 169 27 13 2 23 7 8

Abbreviations used in Tables 2 and 3

PTO Principal Technical Officer PS Personal Secretary STO Senior Technical Officer WPT Word Processing Typist TO Technical Officer Sup Supervisor


ΤΑ Technical Assistant Typ Typist

CA Clerical Assistant Cont Controller

CSO Computer Systems Officer Sten/Sec Steno-secretary ARO RO SRO


Assistant Research Officer Research Officer Senior Research Officer Senior Executive Service

Grad Graduate




Publications produced by the Department in 1985-86

Sound and Television Broadcasting Stations 1985

Government Agencies and Use of the AUSSAT Satellites

Future Directions for Commercial Television, Vol. 1 Report Vol. 2 Appendices

Radiocommunications Privacy

Information Paper No. 9 : Radiocommunications Act 1983

HACBSS News, No. 5

Public Radio

Television Broadcasting Stations in Australia (map)

DOC Annual Report 1984-85

Information Paper No. 10 : Cordless Telephones

Looking at 84-85 : The Year in Review

Introducing the Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite Service

A Guide to Household Earth Stations for HACBSS

A Guide to Community Earth Stations for HACBSS

Information Paper No. 11 : ITU Space Conference WARC-ORB-85

COMNEWS No. 6, No. 7

Telecommunications and the Australian Economy

Installing a Household Earth Station

UHF Television : The Future is Clear


(DOC 503)

(DOC 524)

(DOC 527) (DOC 528)

(DOC 531)

(DOC 533)

(DOC 543)

(DOC 536)

(DOC 537)

(DOC 538)

(DOC 539)

(DOC 540)

(DOC 542)

(DOC 543)

(DOC 544)

(DOC 545)

(DOC 548)

(DOC 550)

(DOC 552)

(DOC 554)


Future Directions for Commercial Radio : Interim Report : AM/FM Conversion

Satellite Broadcasting : Answers to the Questions Most Often Asked

Technical Specification for the Australian Reference Television Receiving System (DOC 556)

Australian Table of Frequency Allocations

Amateur Operators Handbook

Handbook for Radiotelephone Ship Station Operators

Licensing conditions brochures DOC 1, 14, 29, 35, 46, 68, 68A, 89, 148, 185, 191, 214, 216, 218, 228, 237

Examinations brochures DOC 112/112A, 125, 125B, 125C, 128

Equipment specifications brochures DOC 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 211B, 2 11C , 211D , 214, 214A, 231, 231A, 234, 234A, 234B, 239, 240, 241B , 242, 243, 244, 249A, 250, 272, 273,

273B, 274, 301, 302, 303, 305/305A, 306, 307



Media releases 1985-86

49/85 4/7/85 Remote commercial television economically viable, Tribunal finds

50/85 7/7/85 Legislation to be introduced to clarify Tribunal powers

51/85 9/7/85 Report identifies two approaches to commercial television expansion

52/85 10/7/85 Entrepreneurs may provide ABC television in remote areas

53/85 12/7/85 Marine radiocommunications improved along Queensland coast

54/85 15/7/85 Live-aid

55/85 17/7/85 SBS-TV to begin in Perth in January 1986

56/85 17/7/85 Request for radiocommunications licence refused

57/85 19/7/85 "New technology" expert appointed to ABC Board

58/85 23/7/85 Minister issues warning on television sporting coverage

59/85 23/7/85 Mareeba businessman appointed to Telecom

60/85 23/7/85 SBS-TV to start in Hobart in January 1986

61/85 22/7/85 Privatisation call "ideologically blinkered", says Duffy

62/85 24/7/85 Ban on radio/television political drama to end, Minister says

63/85 24/7/85 Nations to bargain for satellite soon in Geneva

64/85 29/7/85 Radiocommunications fees for satellite use announced

65/85 30/7/85 Radiocommunications licensing sticker under study

66/85 30/7/85 Bob Lansdown appointed to head Australian Postal Commission

67/85 29/7/85 Threat to country telephone subscribers


68/85 31/7/85 Cellular radio to begin in Australia in 1986

69/85 5/8/85 OTC Deputy Chief Commissioner reappointed

70/85 5/8/85 Campaign to stop unlicensed radio operations in the Hay and Deniliquin areas

71/85 6/8/85 Swan Television earth station to be licensed

72/85 12/8/85 Extra CB channel made available for emergency services

73/85 15/8/85 Minister announces new SBS Executive Director

74/85 20/8/85 New Act brings radio legislation into the space age

75/85 20/8/85 Advertising on ABC and SBS rejected by Government

76/85 20/8/85 SBS to establish "in house" news service in Melbourne

77/85 20/8/85 More staff to speed up planning of new radio and television services

78/85 20/8/85 $25 000 grant for Radio for the Print


79/85 20/8/85 Revised radiocommunications licence fee scale announced

80/85 20/8/85 OTC dividend to Commonwealth to rise to 12.5%

81/85 23/8/85 AUSSAT granted licence for first satellite

82/85 22/8/85 AUSSAT satellite launched

83/85 27/8/85 Conference to look at commercial television's future

84/85 28/8/85 Minister "delighted" with satellite deployment

85/85 28/8/85 New study to examine television station ownership rules

86/85 1/9/85 Government issues discussion paper on radiocommunications privacy

87/85 8/9/85 Brokers Nose translator to improve ABC, SBS reception in Wollongong

88/85 8/9/85 Better SBS-TV reception in the Adelaide foothills


89/85 13/9/85 Nationals oppose Telecom privatisation

90/85 18/8/85 Department appeals to farmers to license radios

91/85 22/9/85 Ban on "third party" messages to Mexico relaxed

92/85 24/9/85 Public to benefit from new communications offices

93/85 24/9/85 Minister to deliver keynote address at television conference

94/85 25/9/85 Government waives sales tax on satellite earth stations

95/85 20/9/85 Opposition committed to political interference in ABC

96/85 1/10/85 Report supports retention of Telecom, 0TC

97/85 4/10/85 Campaign to stop unlicensed radio operations on the South Coast

98/85 10/10/85 Satellite television and radio: public seminars

99/85 9/10/85 Tribunal's children's program standards reaffirmed

100/85 10/10/85 Work on satellite earth stations gathers pace

101/85 1/10/85 Telephone bills may rise $600

102/85 3/10/85 Broadband for Coen-Weipa - Thursday Island

103/85 3/10/85 More TV for far north Queensland

104/85 15/10/85 Queensland country to get new commercial television service

105/85 15/10/85 New commercial radio stations for Newcastle, Mandurah

106/85 16/10/85 Marine radiocommunications coordinated along Queensland coast

107/85 17/10/85 Report reveals strong radio/television growth

108/85 17/10/85 Prominent trade unionist reappointed to Australia Post

109/85 18/10/85 Privatisation claims "verbal fluff"

110/85 21/10/85 Boost soon for ABC radio, television in Tasmania


111/85 20/10/85 Minister welcomes first B-MAC satellite television pictures

112/85 23/10/85 Airlie Beach interference problems "easily overcome"

113/85 31/10/85 AUSSAT ready to begin commercial operation

114/85 3/11/85 Improved Katherine ABC radio service about to begin

115/85 3/11/85 Department issues warning about buying UHF equipment

116/85 13/11/85 New body to advise on National broadcasting planning

117/85 15/11/85 Telephone charges to come down, Minister says

118/85 19/11/85 SBS-TV to open in Hobart and Perth on 16 March

119/85 27/11/85 Minister foreshadows more regional commercial radio services

120/85 27/11/85 Report shows more Australian drama on television

121/85 27/11/85 Four million Australians to receive extra ABC radio service

122/85 27/11/85 Twenty-one young unemployed people to work for ABC

123/85 27/11/85 Government announces Aboriginal broadcasting and communications strategy

124/85 27/11/85 Successful launch of AUSSAT 2

125/85 10/12/85 Mel Ward to lead Telecom Australia

126/85 11/12/85 A satellite television system for Christmas

127/85 16/12/85 Minister rules out third Canberra public radio station

128/85 18/12/85 Starling eradicator's family receives satellite earth station

129/85 18/12/85 AUSSAT takes over INTELSAT ABC broadcasts to outback

130/85 18/12/85 New television services to be in UHF band


131/85 19/12/85 Government takes first step towards expanding regional commercial television

132/85 18/12/85 WIN-4 to move to UHF in 1989, Government decides

133/85 19/12/85 Summer interference likely to affect Queensland television reception

134/85 19/12/85 First licences suspended under new Radiocommunications Act

135/85 19/12/85 Government takes advertising to explain WIN-4's shift to UHF

136/85 20/12/85 Radiocommunications licence check on NSW south coast

137/85 20/12/85 South coast television reception not to be affected by WIN-4 move to UHF

138/85 20/12/85 SBS test pattern on Channel 0 to be curtailed

139/85 24/12/85 Remote areas of NSW, Victoria and Tasmania to get commercial television service

140/85 30/12/85 Ban placed on industrial heaters threatening air safety

141/85 31/12/85 Decision for SBS to transmit in UHF only final, Minister says

142/85 31/12/85 "Stop broadcasting nonsense", Minister challenges Wollongong station

1/86 10/1/86 New ABC radio service to blanket Northern Territor

2/86 13/1/86 Summer interference likely to affect Queensland television reception

3/86 20/1/86 Costs rule out remote television proposals

4/86 20/1/86 Minister names 42 communities to receive ABC television

5/86 23/1/86 National Broadcasting Services Development Council holds inaugural meeting

6/86 31/1/86 New Secretary takes over at Communications

7/86 4/2/86 Applications called for new commercial radio station licenses

8/86 5/2/86 CB operators urged to give others a "fair go"


9/86 9/2/86 AM/FM commercial radio conversion issues under study

10/86 10/2/86 Government reduces size of AUSSAT board to nine

11/86 11/2/86 Northern Territory radio buyers urged to be careful

12/86 11/2/86 Community control of public stations reinforced

13/86 11/2/86 Sydney barrister to lead Australian Broadcasting Tribunal

14/86 12/2/86 SBS reports on successful expansion of multicultural television

15/86 18/2/86 Amnesty declared for unlicensed radio operators (Dooen, Vic)

16/86 18/2/86 Amnesty declared for unlicensed radio operators (Wodonga, Vic)

17/86 20/2/86 Officers to check out Upper Hunter in licensing campaign

18/86 3/3/86 South Burnett to be checked for unlicensed radio operators

19/86 4/3/86 UHF television expansion to benefit thousands in Gosford district

20/86 3/3/86 UHF television test pattern starts in Perth

21/86 5/3/86 DOC officer on Canadian exchange

22/86 6/3/86 UHF television transmissions begin in Hobart

23/86 10/3/86 Two new transmitters begin broadcasting soon

24/86 20/3/86 Criticism of ABC "more positive" now, Minister says

25/86 23/3/86 Government looks at Telecom, 0TC financing

26/86 25/3/86 New Corporation to replace Special Broadcasting Service

27/86 25/3/86 New unit to package ethnic radio material

28/86 25/3/86 160 Connor recommendations referred to SBS

29/86 26/3/86 Encoding arrangements for satellite television confirmed


30/86 7/4/86 Minister revokes broadcasting licence notices

31/86 2/4/86 New commercial radio, data services plan for outback

32/86 2/4/86 Minister foreshadows "exciting" new communications services

33/86 8/4/86 Radiocommunications licensing campaign for Central Queensland

34/86 10/4/86 Communications special adviser to retire

35/86 10/4/86 Retiring Telecom chief ranked among "great Australians "

36/86 14/4/86 Information campaign for UHF television launch in Gosford

37/86 16/4/86 Cordless telephone buyers warned of illegal units

38/86 22/4/86 AM/FM conversion report issued for comment

39/86 22/4/86 Minister rejects council claim over television delays

40/86 24/4/86 New Chief General Manager appointed to Australia Post

41/86 24/4/86 Radiocommunications licensing campaign for the Northern Territory

42/86 30/4/86 Chairman of ABC resigns

43/86 1/5/86 Northern Tasmania "outside MTV service areas"

44/86 6/5/86 No television equipment modification needed, outback viewers told

45/86 6/5/86 Telecom forms subsidiary

46/86 14/5/86 Minister launches Satellite Broadcasting handbook

47/86 15/5/86 Minister welcomes cooperative theme for World Telecommunications Day

48/86 16/5/86 Broadcasting °86: Goulburn

49/86 20/5/86 Regional television in Australia: The next decade


50/86 20/5/86 Television licensees to choose own path to equalisation

51/86 20/5/86 UHF band to be used for all new regional

television services

52/86 20/5/86 Supplementary television licence scheme abandoned

53/86 20/5/86 Government to forego $32 million under equalisation

54/86 20/5/86 Television ownership and control rules to be changed

55/86 23/5/86 Regulations simplify broadcasting inquiry hearings

56/86 23/5/86 New Telecom Chief General Manager appointed

57/86 28/5/86 Minister to address international symposium on communications

58/86 4/6/86 Dairy Farmers' site ideal for ABC, Acting Minister says

59/86 5/6/86 ABC Deputy Chair, Director reappointed

60/86 6/6/86 Encoding decision lifted for SBS World Cup transmissions

61/86 17/6/86 New 0TC Commissioner appointed to represent staff

62/86 19/6/86 Licensees to classify imported television programs

63/86 19/6/86 Satellite monitoring "new frontier" for Australia

64/86 23/6/86 Government clarifies powers to collect broadcasting licence fees

65/86 30/6/86 National Party Leader's television policies "sabotage"



Parliamentary Questions


House of Representatives - Questions on Notice 79 - Questions without Notice 16

Senate - Questions on Notice 20

- Questions without Notice 17


House of Representatives - Questions on Notice 38 - Questions without Notice 16

Senate - Questions on Notice 22

- Questions without Notice 4



Terms of Reference for FDU Studies

The Forward Development Unit of the Department of Communications was established in February 1985 to undertake a special study into the future directions of commercial radio and television services in Australia. Terms of Reference, issued on 18 February 1985, were as



A Study on the Future Direction of Commercial Broadcasting will be undertaken within the Department of Communications, by the Forward Development Unit in consultation with industry, unions, consumer groups and other interested organisations, culminating in a report to

the Minister by 30 June 1985 which will:

* study possible impacts of new technologies upon the commercial radio and television broadcasting system; and

* identify long-term options for structural change in the commercial broadcasting industry in the context of the Government's long-term objective of equalising broadcasting services.

It is intended that future planning should:

continue existing broadcasting policies while the Study proceeds;

make available three commercial television channels and adequate commercial radio services to all communities;

provide adequate opportunities for commercial television licensees in the smaller capital cities and regional centres to participate in programming decisions;

discourage any further concentration of media ownership and control.

The Study to be prepared by the FDU will:

determine the technologies for study on the basis of its own expertise, but include satellite delivery systems and those systems currently described as enhanced, improved, extended and high definition television;


* pay particular attention to technological convergence and the possibility of multi-channel retransmission facilities involving both radio and television services;

concentrate on two time frames,

- medium-term future (1988 to 1997), and

- long-term future (1997 onwards);

* not recommend options or argue for particular policies, but identify the implications of adopting particular systems for Government policy; and

* not operate as an inquiry and not seek submissions from interested parties.

18 February 1985


After the FDU produced its first report, Future Directions for Commercial Television, published on 9 July 1985, it began a study of the ownership and/or control of Australian television services. Terms of Reference for this study, issued on 28 August 1985, were:



A Study of Ownership and/or Control of Australian Commercial Television Services will be undertaken by the Forward Development Unit (FDU), Department of Communications, in consultation with industry, unions, consumer groups and other interested organisations, culminating in a report to the Minister for Communications by 31

March 1986 which will:

* evaluate current regulation of ownership and/or control in terms of its effectiveness in achieving the Government's stated policy objectives (1);

* identify the principles which should underlie any new system of ownership and/or control;

* develop alternative proposals, including draft legislative guidelines for amendment to the Broadcasting and Television Act 194 2.


The general purpose of the Study should be to identify proposals which are consistent with:

* possible introduction of Multi-Channel Services (MCS) licences (2 ) ;

* possible aggregation of Service Areas outside Sydney and Melbourne (2); and

* maximising competition between services.

The Study should also have regard to future decisions made by the Government concerning options for the future direction of commercial television in Australia.

The FDU will not recommend options or argue for particular policies, but will identify the implications of adopting particular proposals for Government policy; it will not act as an inquiry or seek submissions from interested parties.


(1) The statement by the Minister for Communications dated 10 October 1984, Press Release Nos. 11/85 (18 February 1985) and 39/85 (23 May 1985) and the speech delivered to the Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations on 28 May 1985 are particularly relevant.

(2) Cf. Department of Communications, Forward Development Unit. Future Directions for Commercial Television; AGPS, Canberra, 1985; Vol. 1, Chapter 2


Amended Terms of Reference for the second part of the first study, covering commercial radio, were issued on 27 November 1985. They were as follows:


A study on future directions for commercial radio will be undertaken within the Department of Communications by the Forward Development Unit, in consultation with industry, unions, consumer groups and other interested organisations, culminating in a report to the

Minister by 28 February 1986 which will identify options for structural change in the commercial radio industry.

It is intended that future planning should in particular:

continue existing broadcasting policies while the study proceeds;


* as soon as practicable, make available at least one additional commercial radio service to communities outside mainland State capital cities(l); and

* discourage any undue concentration of media ownership and control.

The Study will:

* have regard to recent relevant Ministerial Statements covering commercial broadcasting;

* have regard to the services provided by other sectors of the broadcasting system;

* note any developments affecting the industry as a whole;

* not recommend options or argue for particular policies, only identify the implications of adopting particular systems for Government policy;

* not operate as an inquiry; and

* not call for submissions from interested parties.

(1) A population of 200 or more.

These Terms of Reference were further amended on 9 February 1986 to encompass an interim report on AM/FM conversion issues. The Terms of Reference for the radio study then read as follows:


A study on future directions for commercial radio will be undertaken within the Department of Communications by the Forward Development Unit, in consultation with industry, unions, consumer groups and other interested organisations, culminating in a report to the Minister which will identify options for structural change in the

commercial radio industry.

It is intended that future planning should in particular:

* continue existing broadcasting policies while the study proceeds;

* as soon as practicable, make available at least one additional commercial radio service to communities (ie populations of 200 or more) outside mainland State capital cities; and

* discourage any undue concentration of media ownership and control.


The Study will:

* have regard to recent relevant Ministerial Statements covering commercial broadcasting;

* have regard to the services provided by other sectors of the broadcasting system;

note any developments affecting the industry as a whole;

* not recommend options or argue for particular policies, only identify the implications of adopting particular systems for Government policy;

* not operate as an inquiry; and

* not call for submissions from interested parties.

The study will also pay particular and accelerated attention to the range of issues associated with conversion of existing commercial AM services to commercial FM services and provide an interim report on this part of the study by 31 March 1986.



Dealing with Interested Organisations

The Department has dealings with a large number of organisations and interest groups in any one year. The following is a list of these under the name of the Division or officer liaising with them.

1. Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division

Australian Broadcasting Corporation Australian Broadcasting Tribunal Australian Council for the Print Handicapped Broadcasting Council Department of Aboriginal Affairs Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs FM Applicants for Independent Radio Inc Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations Federation of Ethnic Communities Councils of Australia Media and Communications Council National Broadcasting Services Development Council National Ethnic and Multicultural Broadcasters Council Public Broadcasting Association of Australia Public Broadcasting Foundation Regional Television Australia Pty Ltd Special Broadcasting Service

2 . Broadcasting Services Division

ABC Transmission Planning Committee Australian Telecommunications Commission - Broadcasting Directorate Department of Arts, Heritage and Environment Department of Employment and Industrial Relations Department of Industry, Technology and Commerce Department of Local Government and Administrative Services SBS Transmission Planning Committee

3 . Communications Strategy Division

Australia Council Australian Association of National Advertisers Australian Children's Television Foundation Australian Communications Law Association Australian Computer Equipment Manufacturers' Association Australian Computer Society Australian Council of Local Government Organisations Australian Council of Social Services Australian Council of Trade Unions Australian Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers Association Australian Electronics Industry Association Australian Film Commission


Australian Film Institute Australian Film, TV and Radio School Australian Science and Technology Council Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association Commission for the Future

Consumer Electronic Suppliers Association CCIR National Study Groups CSIRO Economic Planning Advisory Council

Isolated Children's Parents Association Institution of Radio and Electronic Engineers Institution of Engineers

Library Association of Australia Standards Association of Australia

4. Corporate Policy and Projects Division

Administrative and Clerical Officers Association Association of Draughting Supervisory and Technical Employees Australian Journalists Association Australian Public Service Association

Australian Public Service Telecommunications User Group Australian Telecommunications Employees Association DOC - Regional Consultative Councils Information Coordination Branch, Department of Sport, Recreation

and Tourism National Media Liaison Service Professional Officers Association Professional Radio and Electronics Institute of Australasia

Telecommunications Technical Officers Association

5. Radio Frequency Management Division

Australian Electronics Industry Association Australian Maritime College Citizens Radio Emergency Service Teams Interstate Police Coordination Committee

National Search and Rescue Conference Radiocommunications Users Group Special Advisory Committee - Protection Against Violence Telecommunications Advisory Committee

Volunteer Search and Rescue Group Wireless Institute of Australia

6. Space, Telecommunications and Postal Policy Division

AUSSAT Pty Ltd Australian Information Industries Association Australian Postal Commission Austrade

Australian Telecommunications Commission Australian Telecommunications Users Group Australian Videotex Industry Association Department of Aviation

Department of Defence


Department of Science Department of Trade Department of the Treasury-Electronics Association of South Australia NSW, Department of Industrial Development and Decentralisation NT, Department of the Chief Minister (Office of Technology and

Communications) Overseas Telecommunications Commission Qld, Department of Industry Development SA, Department of Premier and Cabinet Tasmania, State Disaster and Communications Committee Victoria, Department of Management and Budget (Office of

Information and Technology) WA, Department of Computing and Information Technology (Office of Communications)

7. Deputy Secretary

Australian Federation of Consumer Organisations




Mr C. C. Halton CBE Chairperson

Secretary to DOC

Mr J. Stapleton Deputy Chairperson

Senior Industrial Officer, ACOA

Mr R . Ramsay First Assistant Secretary

Radio Frequency Management Division

Mr V. Jones First Assistant Secretary

Broadcasting Services Division

Mr B . Johnman Acting First Assistant Secretary

Corporate Policy and Projects Division

Mr R . Crowe State Manager

Radio Frequency Management - Victoria

Mr A. Forster - Federal Industrial Officer


Mr K. Drew - Workplace Delegate


Mr M. Taylor - Federal Industrial Officer


Mr J. Merritt - Federal Industrial Officer




Departmental addresses

Canberra Central Office

Benjamin Offices Block 7, Purple Building Cnr Benjamin Way and College Street Belconnen, ACT 2617

PO Box 34, Belconnen, ACT 2616 Telephone: (062) 64 1177 Telex: 62025 Facsimile: 644608

State Broadcasting Engineers

New South Wales

MLC Building 105-153 Miller Street North Sydney, NSW 2060

P0 Box 970, North Sydney, NSW 2060 Telephone: (02) 922 9111 Telex: 24624 Vocadex: (02) 9227351


4th Floor 14 Queens Road Melbourne, Vic 3001

Telephone: (03) 266 8921 Telex: 37503 Vocadex: (03) 267 5293

Western Australia

10th Floor, National Westminster House 251 Adelaide Terrace Perth, WA 6000

Telephone (09) 325 7733 Telex: 93254



Aviation House Cnr Wickham and Ballow Streets Fortitude Valley, Qld 4006

Telephone (07) 52 8822 Telex: 41258

Tasmania (Technical Officer)

1st Floor, Continental Building 162 Macquarie Street Hobart, Tas 7000 P0 Box 63, Sandy Bay, Tas 7005

Telephone: (002) 20 4795 Telex: 58265

State Managers (Radio Frequency Management Division)

New South Wales

MLC Building 105-153 Miller Street North Sydney, NSW 2060

P0 Box 970, North Sydney, NSW 2060 Telephone: (02) 922 9111 Telex: 24624 Vocadex: (02) 922 7351


5th Floor 14 Queens Road Melbourne, Vic 3001

P0 Box 6444, St Kilda Rd (Central) Vic 3004 Telephone: (03) 266 8921 Telex: 37503 Vocadex: (03) 267 5293

South Australia

5th Floor, QBE Building 108-116 King William Street Adelaide, SA 5000

P0 Box 2248, Adelaide, SA 5001 Telephone: (08) 212 2153 Telex: 88200 223

Western Australia

1st Floor GAGA Centre 256 Adelaide Terrace Perth, WA 6000

P0 Box 6189, Perth, Hay Street East, WA 6000 Telephone: (09) 325 5877 Telex: 93772


10th Floor, Aviation House cnr Wickham and Ballow Streets Fortitude Valley, Qld 4006

P0 Box 555, Fortitude Valley, QLD 4006 Telephone: (07) 52 8822 Telex: 41528


1st Floor, Continental Building 162 Macquarie Street Hobart, Tas 7000

P0 Box 63, Sandy Bay, TAS 7005 Telephone: (002) 20 5011 Telex: 58265

District Radio Inspectors

Australian Capital Territory


Shop 5, Level 3, Block F Benjamin Offices Belconnen, ACT 2617

P0 Box 132, Belconnen, ACT 2616 Telephone: (062) 64 4677 Telex: 62368


Northern Territory


1st Floor, Custom Credit Building 83 Smith Street Darwin, NT 5790

P0 Box 2540, Darwin, NT 5794 Telephone: (089) 81 5566 Telex: 85341

New South Wales


3rd Floor Australian Government Offices 218 Molesworth Street Lismore NSW 2480

P0 Box 34, Lismore, NSW 2480 Telephone: (066) 216 393 Telex: 66284


Suite 8A, 1st Floor Tonella Commercial Centre 125 Bull Street

Newcastle West NSW 2302

P0 Box 5190C Newcastle West, NSW 2302 Telephone: (049) 264 199 Telex: 28170


Cnr Bourke/Marius Sts, Tamworth, NSW 2340 P0 Box W75 West Tamworth, NSW 2340

Telephone: (067) 667 211 Telex: 63318



15 Trail Street, Wagga Wagga 2650 P0 Box 808 Wagga Wagga, NSW 2650

Telephone: (069) 211 855 Telex: 69750


3rd Floor, Australian Government Offices 86-88 Market Street, Wollongong, NSW 2500

PO Box 1766 Wollongong NSW 2500 Telephone: (042) 289 611 Telex: 29112



MLC Building 104 Curtis Street Ballarat, Vic 3350

Telephone: (053) 311 317 Telex: 36904


56 Nunn Street Benalla, Vic 3672

Telephone: (057) 623 288 Telex: 56137


1st Floor, National Mutual Building 5 View Point Bendigo, VIC 3550

P0 Box 40

Bendigo, Vic 3550 Telephone: (054) 431 110 Telex: 37257



Suite 5A, Bass Court, 398 Raymond Street Sale, Vic 3850

Telephone: (051) 444 555 Telex: 55228



Lonsdale Court Cnr Walker and Targo Streets Bundaberg, Qld 4670

P0 Box 862 Bundaberg, QLD 4670 Telephone: (071) 722 135 Telex: 49688


2nd Floor, State Government Insurance Office Cnr Shields Street and the Esplanade Cairns, Qld 4870

P0 Box 1225 Cairns, QLD 4870 Telephone: (070) 514 333 Telex: 48055


3rd Floor Sunstate Building Cnr Nerang/Scarborough Streets Southport, Qld 4215

P0 Box 1986 Southport, Qld 4215 Telephone: (075) 911 877



2A Sydney Street Mackay, Qld 4740

P0 Box 337 Mackay Qld 4740 Telephone: (079) 511 828 Telex: 48527


6 East Street, Rockhampton, Qld 4700

PO Box 1401 Rockhampton, Qld 4700 Telephone: (079) 276 922 Telex: 49170


Commonwealth Government Centre, Foyer 2, Ground Floor Walker Street, Townsville, Qld 4810

PO Box 522, Townsville, Qld 4810 Telephone: (077) 729 555 Telex: 47149

South Australia


40 James Street Mt Gambler, SA 5290

PO Box 1545 Mt Gambler, SA 5290 Telephone: (087) 256 170 Telex: 8003



Customs House Horwood Street Whyalla, SA 5600

PO Box 575 Whyalla, SA 5600 Telephone: (086) 455 999 Telex: 80481

Western Australia


Shop 5 Lawson Street Shopping Centre South Hedland, WA 6722

P0 Box 2419 South Hedland, WA 6722 Telephone: (09) 722 333 Telex: 99526

Statutory Authorities

Australian Broadcasting Corporation Head Office Broadcast House 145-153 Elizabeth Street

Sydney NSW 2000

GP0 Box 9994, Sydney, NSW 2001 Telephone: (02) 339 0211 Telex: 20323

Australian Broadcasting Tribunal 76 Berry Street North Sydney, NSW 2060

P0 Box 1308, North Sydney, NSW 2060 Telephone: (02) 959 7811 Telex: 126683


Australian Postal Commission Head Office 71 Rathdowne Street Carlton, Vic 3053

P0 Box 302, Carlton South, Vic 3053 Telephone: (03) 669 7171 Telex: 34096

Australian Telecommunications Commission Head Office Communications House 199 William Street Melbourne, Vic 3000

Telephone: (03) 63 0331 Telex: 30146

Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia) 32-36 Martin Place Sydney, NSW 2000

GPO Box 7000, Sydney, NSW 2001 Telephone: (02) 230 5000 Telex: 20591

Special Broadcasting Service Head Office 5 Elizabeth Street Sydney, NSW 2000

GPO Box 21, Sydney NSW 2001 Telephone: (02) 232 7622 Telex: 21895

Satellite Company

AUSSAT Pty Ltd 54-62 Carrington Street Sydney NSW 2000

P0 Box 1512, GPO Sydney 2001 Telephone: (02) 238 7800



Acronyms, titles, and abbreviations used either in this report or in the Communications portfolio are listed alphabetically below.
















Administrative Appeals Tribunal Affirmative Action for Women Australian Broadcasting Corporation Australian Broadcasting Control Board

Australian Business and Industrial Radio Association Australian Broadcasting Tribunal Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Caption Centre Administrative and Clerical Officers' Association Australian Development Assistance Bureau Automated Data Processing

Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers' Association Australian Electronics Industry Association Australian Government Publishing Service Automatic Licence Renewal System Amplitude Modulation

Australian Master Frequency Assignment Register Annual Operating Plan Australian Postal Commission (Australia Post) Australian Public Service Association Asia-Pacific Telecommunity

Annual Operating Staff Level Administrative Review Council Australian Survey Office Australian Science and Technology Council

Australian Telecommunications Commission (Telecom) Aboriginal Telecommunications Consultative Committee

Australian Telecommunications Employees' Association Australian Table of Frequency Allocations Australian Telephone and Phonogram Operators'

Association Australian Telecommunications User Group The company formed to own and operate Australia's satellite system (Pty Ltd)

Multi-plexed Analog Component (B version) British Broadcasting Corporation Broadcasting Council Broadcasting Policy and Planning Division Broadcasting Services Division

Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association














Citizen Band (radio) Citizen Band Radio Service International Radio Consultative Committee International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative

Committee Communications Environment Consumer Electronics Suppliers' Association Committee for Information, Computer and

Communications Policy International Special Committee on Radio Interference Corporate Planning and Projects Division Communications Strategy Division Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research

Organization Communications Systems and Technology Cable Television Direct Broadcasting by Satellite Direction Finding Department of Communications

District Radio Inspector European Broadcasting Union Equal Employment Opportunity Electronic Funds Transfer System

Effective Isotropic Radiated Power Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon European Space Agency Frequency Assignment Adjacent Services

Listing Federation of Australian Commercial Television Stations Federation of Australian Radio Broadcasters Federal Communications Commission

Forward Development Unit Frequency Modulation Financial Management Improvement Program Freedom of Information

General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade Gigahertz High Frequency Homestead and Community Broadcasting Satellite

Service Industries Assistance Commission Interdepartmental Advisory and Development Committee

Integrated Circuit Industrial Democracy Integrated Digital Network Information and Public Relations International Frequency Registration Board International Monitoring Service International Telecommunications Satellite

Organisation International Maritime Satellite Organisation

















Information Retrieval and Mapping (Computer System) Institution of Radio and Electronics Engineers International Standards Organisation International Telecommunications Convention

(Nairobi 1982) International Telecommunication Union Kilohertz Location of Australian Government Employees

(program) Media and Communications Council Major City Earth Stations Multi-Channel Services

Multipoint Distribution Services Megahertz Multicultural Television National Aeronautics and Space Administration

(United States) National Broadcasting Service Planning Committee National Broadcasting and Television Service National Information Policy National Study Groups

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Occupational Health and Safety Overseas Telecommunications Commission

Phase Alternate Line (television picture system) Private Automatic Branch Exchange Program Budgeting

Public Broadcasting Foundation Public Broadcasting Service Public Broadcasting Association of Australia

Planning and Development Branch Papua New Guinea Professional Officers' Association Professional Radio Engineers' Institute

Public Service Board Radio Australia Remote Area Television Program Remote Commercial Radio Services Remote Commercial Television Services

Radio Frequency Management Division Radio for the Print Handicapped Repetitive Strain Injury Radiated Subscription Television Remote or Underserved Communities Scheme

State Broadcasting Engineer Self-help Broadcasting Reception Scheme Special Broadcasting Service Special Broadcasting Service Planning

Committee Staff Consultative Committee Supplementary Communications Services





UNDP Unesco


Supplementary Licence Scheme Spectrum Management Information System Supplementary Monophonic Transmissions School of the Air

South Pacific Bureau of Economic Co-operation South Pacific Regional Telecommunications Satellite Program Service South Pacific Telecommunications Development

Program Second Regional Radio Network Space Science and Technology Space, Telecommunications and Postal Policy

Division Telecommunications Advisory Committee Technological Change Committee Australian Telecommunications Commission

Ultra High Frequency United Nations United Nations Committee for the Peaceful Use of Outer Space

United Nations Development Program United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation United States Very High Frequency World Administrative Radio Conference

Wireless Institute of Australia