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Marine Sciences and Technologies Research Grants Scheme - Queen's Fellowship and Marine Research Allocations Advisory Committee - Report of grants approved for 1981-82


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The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia

MARINE SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGIES GRANTS SCHEME

Report of Grants Approved for 1981-82

Presented by Command 9 September 1982 Ordered to be printed 22 September 1982

Parliamentary Paper No. 218/1982

4 a. A U S T R A L I A ,/>

Marine Sciences and Technologies Grants Scheme

Report of Grants Approved for1981-82

Queen’s Fellowships and Marine Research Allocations Advisory Committee

M arine Sciences and Technologies (M.S.T.) Research Grants Scheme

REPORT OF GRANTS APPROVED FOR 1981-82

Australian Government Publishing Service Canberra 1982

© Commonwealth of Australia 1982 ISSN 0725-5438

Printed by Canberra Reprographics Pty Limited, 119 Wollongong Street, Fyshwick, A.C.T. 2609

Department of Civil and Systems Engineering James Cook University of North Queensland

February 1982

Dear Minister, 1 present the report of the Queen’s Fellowships and Marine Research Allocations Advisory Committee on Marine Sciences and Technologies Grants for 1981-82. Yours sincerely,

The Hon. David Thomson M .C., M.P. Minister for Science and Technology Parliament House Canberra. A.C.T. 2600

(K.P. Stark) Chairman

Members of AMSTAC-FAP Committee 1981 Dr J.T. Baker (Acting Chairman) Professor S. Turner Mr S. Schubert

Dr L. Frakes* Dr D. Tranter*

*AMSTAC members who assisted the panel

Members of QFMRAAC 1981-82 Professor K.P. Stark (Chairman) Dr J.T. Baker Dr A.D. McEwant

Professor S. Turner± Professor G.M. Philip Professor J.M. Swan Professor J.M. Thomson tfrom January 1982 fto December 1981

ESTABLISHMENT

1979- 80 The Australian Marine Sciences and Technologies Advisory Committee — Funding Advisory Panel (AMSTAC-FAP) originated from a recommendation by the Australian Science and Technology Council (ASTEC) in its July 1979 report to the Prime Minister entitled Marine Sciences and Technologies in Australia: Immediate Issues. ASTEC recommended:

That a Marine Research Allocations Panel (MARAP) be appointed to advise the Minister for Science and the Environment on the allocation of funds, and the definition of research programs and projects within guidelines determined by AMSTAC-ASTEC. and

That $400 000 be provided in 1979-80 for allocation by the Minister on the advice of the Marine Research Allocations Panel (MARAP) in support of the marine sciences and technologies and that an appropriate forward commitment be made for at least two further years.

1980- 81 MARAP was subsequently replaced by the Australian Marine Sciences and Technologies Advisory Committee — Funding Advisory Panel (AMSTAC-FAP). In April 1980 AMSTAC recommended in its report to the Prime Minister, Marine Sciences and Technologies in Australia: Priorities fo r Additional Research and Development 1980-81:

That an additional $1.6 million, making a total of $2 million, be provided in 1980-81 for allocation by the Minister for Science and the Environment on the advice of the AMSTAC Funding Advisory Panel for support of research and development in the marine sciences and technologies.

Allocations of $400 000 for 1979-80 and $2 million for 1980-81 were reported in the Report of Grants Approved for 1980-81.

1981- 82 In April 1981 the Review of Commonwealth Functions recommended that the Australian Marine Sciences and Technologies Advisory Committee — Funding Advisory Panel - (AMSTAC-FAP) and the Queen’s Fellowships Committee be amalgamated.

This amalgamated committee was subsequently named the Queen’s Fellowships and Marine Research Allocations Advisory Committee (QFMRAAC). In May 1981, ASTEC reported to the Prime Minister on A Marine Science and Technologies Program for the 1980s and recommended, inter alia:

that $3.0 million be provided for allocation in 1981-82 by the Minister for Science and Technology on the advice of the AMSTAC Funding Advisory Panel (or its successor) for the support of R & D in the marine sciences and technologies The allocation to QFMRAAC was $2,272 million which covered both Queen’s Fellowships in Marine Science and the Marine Science and Technologies (MST) Grants. This Report covers the allocation of $1 898 942 to Marine Science and Technologies (MST) research grants for 1981-82, and covers a total of 99 research projects. Of these 71 are continuing and 28 are new grants. Future reports from QFMRAAC will incorporate details of current Queen’s Fellowships in Marine Science in addition to MST research grants.

Funding policy QFMRAAC provides advice to the Minister for Science and Technology on the disbursement of the funds for the marine sciences and technologies administered by his Department. The Committee operates as an independent committee and, at the Minister’s request, has given

priority in allocation of grants to activities and disciplines recommended in ASTEC- AMSTAC’s report on Marine Sciences and Technologies in Australia: Immediate Issues, and its further report on Priorities fo r Additional Research and Development 1980-81. The Committee noted also the recent report from AMSTAC Towards a Marine Sciences and Technologies Program fo r the 1980s.

The funding provided by the Commonwealth for MST grants is intended to support research which is assessed to be of high priority in the national interest and which would not otherwise be carried out. QFMRAAC calls for applications for grants, and these are then carefully assessed by the Committee and independent expert assessors on their relevance to the areas of high priority for further research identified by AMSTAC, taking into account the scientific excellence of the project and the investigators. Projects must be of good science or technology, but the main objective is to ensure that gaps in the national research effort are filled and that the results are published or otherwise made available to potential users. Application for a grant may be made by individuals of any research institution, including Commonwealth or State Government agencies. The expectation, so far borne out in practice, is that the majority of projects will be undertaken within universities.

QFMRAAC has been directed to give priority in the future to excellent research proposals which are also likely to: • advance our understanding of fundamental marine processes;

• produce results of significance in the short or medium term for more effective management of the marine environment, including fisheries resources management and cultivation, the management of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, the safe construction and operation of oil and gas platforms in Bass Strait, the North-West Shelf, or elsewhere;

• assist in the containment or safe dispersal of oil discharges, especially on the Great Barrier Reef or in Bass Strait, or more generally in conservation of the marine environment and avoidance of marine pollution; • contribute to the strengthening of Australian capability in marine taxonomy; • increase our knowledge of the geological constitution and resource potential of areas

offshore to Australia; and • increase research and development in the field of coastal and ocean engineering. The Committee is aware of the need for research into the application of satellite imagery data to problems of marine science and technology, especially applications requiring real-time access to such data. Furthermore special consideration will be given to problem-orientated research proposals which will utilise the collective skills and expertise of groups of different specialists from one or more institutions to solve problems of national significance.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

The Committee is aware of the desirability of ensuring continuity of employment of personnel, including postgraduate students, supported by a research grant provided that these personnel are needed for the continuance of the project and that the project remains competitive with other projects in the annual allocation of funds. Chief investigators should define clearly

the need for such commitments at the time applications are made. A limited number of forward commitments of salaries for research associates and research fellows is possible.

Report requirements The objective of MST grants is to assist investigation of areas defined by AMSTAC policies. The results of projects, successful or unsuccessful, should be available as soon as reasonably possible. Results are necessary for planning future research and for a wide range of decisions on

management problems. The QFMRAAC therefore needs regular interim reports for its own assessment procedures, and a final report concerning the work done under each grant which will eventually be made public. Where continuance of a project grant is sought, interim reports are essential to QFMRAAC in

evaluating progress and noting any changes in direction, personnel or budgeting. The Committee also wishes to reassess projects in the light of results obtained and prospects, in competition with new requests and with relevance to any changes in AMSTAC policies. Interim reports are not made public, but may be submitted to assessors.

When a project is completed, or if the direction of a project is changed with continuing funding, a final report must be received by the committee not later than six months after the completion date. This should be in a form which fully covers the work done, in a way which is suitable for publication. If the work is being published at that stage, copies of papers or

manuscripts are acceptable. These will desirably be accompanied by further general comments for the information of the committee.

' >

ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES

Co-ordination with other grant-giving bodies Applicants applying to QFMRAAC should follow its application guidelines but should understand that borderline cases will be discussed with the Queen Elizabeth II Fellowships and Australian Research Grants Committee (QEFARGC), the National Health and Medical Research Council (NH&MRC), the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), and the Australian Biological Resources Study Advisory Committee (ABRS) and other Common­ wealth grant-giving bodies. Applications may consequently be transferred to or accepted from these bodies.

Assessors The applicant is given the opportunity to nominate two referees who may be approached by the Committee to assess an application. In addition, other assessors will generally be chosen by the Committee and the identity of these is kept confidential. They are selected from the international community of scholars and research workers. The committee may approach a considerable number of assessors where the need is seen e.g. if the project spans several disciplines or if it is an especially costly one.

Timetable for grants Grants allocated in 1981-82 are for a twelve-month period, which commenced in October 1981. Future calls for applications will be advertised in February each year with a closing date in April. Grants are announced in September and should commence in January.

New application forms will be available each February from university registrars and chief administrative officers of other organisations or by writing to the Executive Officer, Marine Sciences and Technologies Grants, Department of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 65, Belconnen A.C.T. 2616.

In the 1982-83 round of grants, continuing projects will be funded for the period October 1982 to December 1983 and new grants will be for the 1983 calendar year.

DETAILS OF GRANTS 1981-82

General The committee received 235 applications and has recommended 99 grants. It has chosen those projects which seem most apposite, in complementary areas, to begin to fill existing gaps in information and knowledge. The hope is that sufficient projects will be offered in important fields of work and geographic areas over a period of time to lead to broad and general understandings.

The committee has expressed disappointment that the level of funding for MST grants is less in 1981-82 than in the previous year (1980-81). As a result it has been necessary, reluctantly, to restrict funds, and in some cases to provide no funds at all, to excellent research proposals.

MST Grants have totalled: 1979- 80 $394 234 1980- 81 $2 000 000 1981- 82 $1 898 942 An overview of the 1981-82 grants according to defined disciplines is given in Table 1. Table 1. Approved Grants by Field 1981-82

Discipline

Applications Grants

No. $ No. $

Physical Oceanography 32 1 067 936 17 333 335

Coastal Engineering 11 266 965 4 71 001

Geosciences 28 1 327 087 17 617 121

Marine Biology 121 2 914 367 47 658 206

Environmental Science 20 654 133 8 151 964

Other disciplines 23 525 670 6 67 315

Total 235 6 756 158 99 1 898 942

Table 2 summarises the geographical distribution of research applications and grants approved. The Committee recognises that there are no fences in the sea and that many projects will produce results of broad application irrespective of geographical location and its policy is to support such work when possible. The Committee is also aware that AMSTAC considers The Great Barrier Reef, Bass Strait and the North-West Shelf to be regions of high priority for marine research. Applications were received and grants were given for research related to the East Australian Coast, South Australian Gulfs, Great Australian Bight, Gulf of Carpentaria and other geographical areas. These regions are collated under Other regions’ in Table 2.

Table 2. Applications and Grants by Geographical Areas

Area

Applications Grants

No. $ No. $

Great Barrier Reef 82 3 116 187 44 1 058 254

Bass Strait 42 954 135 18 300 356

North-West Shelf 16 425 330 3 61 285

Other regions 95 2 260 506 34 479 047

Total 235 6 756 158 99 1 898 942

The Great Barrier Reef Coral reefs, such as the Great Barrier Reef, are one of the world’s most complex and biologically productive ecosystems. They are dynamic areas influenced by biological, geological, climatic and meteorological factors in the course of natural events over aeons of time; today they are also affected by human usage.

To understand how the Great Barrier Reef might evolve and to adopt appropriate management policies in order to preserve as far as possible its natural evolution, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms of natural change and those changes imposed by human intervention.

Bass Strait The term ‘Bass Strait’ is used in a rather broad sense; the Strait itself is a focal area, but cannot be studied in isolation from adjacent areas near Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia. Bass Strait is considered to be a high priority region for marine research because it is adjacent to one of the largest population areas in this country. It is therefore subject to varying uses and to pressure from existing and proposed developments. Future management decisions will need to take account of increasing recreational use, exploitation by the fishing industry, use as a shipping lane, pollution from industrial and other sources, and its importance as a major centre of known oil reserves in Australia.

The area is also adjacent to many marine research institutions which can carry out work virtually on their own doorsteps. This k important, particularly because of restrictions on ship time.

The North-West Shelf The North-West Shelf is a region of special concern at present in view of the great effort being put into petroleum and gas exploration there. Private companies have gathered data on waves and currents using consultants, but there is a need for a more extensive data base which can be made more widely available. Support has been given for the analysis and publication of data already obtained, and to a further study of water motions in coastal waters. Strong winds are also a vital factor in engineering design and a study of tropical cyclones in the area is also being undertaken.

Other areas Projects on the South Australian Gulfs and the Gulf of Carpentaria have recognised the special features of those areas which require detailed analysis, and also raise important scientific problems. Data collection using remote sensing from aircraft or satellites is a feature of two of the projects supported; this is a field which will be of increasing importance to Australia, and it could be an area meriting specific emphasis in future funding. Fisheries resources in this geographic area are considerable but need further assessment. Basic information on ocean­ ography is also lacking.

GRANTS APPROVED 1981-82

Physical Oceanography Physical Oceanography is concerned with the study of oceanic properties, particularly temperature, salinity and density, and processes, such as the large-scale circulation, currents, waves and mixing. It is basic to the understanding of all the other marine disciplines, and provides essential information for industrial and management decisions. There are large gaps in our knowledge of the marine environment in most areas round Australia, and QFMRAAC has

supported studies of various kinds in order to begin to fill some of these gaps. Most of the projects supported this year are continuations of those begun in previous years, but several new initiatives have been funded. Many different techniques are involved in this field. A considerable component of some

grants is for ship time, to provide platforms from which to make measurements. Other requests are for the purchase of instruments such as current meters, or for the development of special-purpose devices which are not available commercially, and there are several theoretical projects aimed at modelling and understanding the observed flows and processes. Projects based on remote sensing techniques, in particular using satellite data, have also been encouraged, since these are judged to be of increasing importance to Australia.

The funded projects are widely distributed geographically, and good progress has been reported in many areas. The research supported by the grants reflects the priorities established by AMSTAC and includes: theoretical and observational studies of the tides and circulation in the Great Barrier Reef region; tidal and current phenomena in Bass Strait, and their relation to the dynamic processes controlling the distribution of sediments; long waves travelling along the narrow shelf off the East Coast of Australia; and models of the dynamics of water movements on the North-West Shelf and in the Gulf of Carpentaria.

Coastal Engineering Coastal and Ocean Engineering involve the application of marine science to enable man to live in harmony with the marine environment. These disciplines require assessment of wind and water movements, waves, sediment transport, coastal changes and hydrographic data which are utilised in the planning, design, management and protection of coastal works, ports and harbours, offshore structures, vessels and marine mining ventures.

The average annual expenditure on coastal and ocean engineering works approaches one thousand million dollars. It has therefore been disappointing to the Committee to receive only a limited number of applications.

Environmental Science Environmental Science is concerned with the study of man’s impact on his environment and is particularly important in utilising the information gained to ensure a harmonious coexistence of man and nature. Studies of the effects of pollutants on the marine environment have therefore

been initiated. The Great Barrier Reef is offshore from a relatively sparsely populated coast which is rapidly gaining a reputation with the tourism industry. Baseline studies of background concentrations of existing hydrocarbons and projects investigating the adverse effects of certain pollutants on coral reef systems have attracted grants.

Bass Strait suffers from different pollution pressures to those currently likely to affect the Great Barrier Reef because of differing industries and populations.

Variations in salinity and water temperature may have significant effects on marine organisms, particularly in shallow waters. Studies have been supported in these areas and also on the toxicity of different chemical forms of some heavy metals towards marine organisms.

Marine Geoscience A large variety of important projects in the marine geosciences is supported in the current round. They range in scope from geophysical studies on the structure of the continental margin, through detailed investigations of sedimentation in shallow-water areas to the history of development of coral reefs in the north of Australia. Through these it is hoped to build understanding of geological processes and structure, especially in areas where little information is presently available. Eventually, this increased understanding will contribute to improved comprehension of the interacting systems of biological and physical processes around the continent over geological time, and hopefully, to stimulation of marine exploration activity for minerals and hydrocarbons.

One example of an integrated study is that on the dynamics of sediment transport in the northern Great Barrier Reef area over the last few million years, involving geophysical studies, physical oceanographic measurements, and coring of sedimentary accumulations. This project which is the first major multi-institutional grant involves ten scientists from several institutions.

Other projects include investigations of the recent geologic history of climates of northern Australia, their relationships with world trends, and their possible connections with ocean­ ographic conditions in the Pacific; studies of sediment dynamics in the variable environments of Bass Strait; and carbonate sedimentation offshore from a major city, Perth.

Marine Biology

On the Great Barrier Reef In the physical oceanography section, mention was made of the importance of understanding the dynamics of water circulation and movements within the Great Barrier Reef region for predicting the impact of increasing environmental pressures. It is necessary to have information

about, and to understand, the present position, so that deleterious changes can be immediately identified with their causes. Support for research in marine biology covers many projects, the results from which will be expected to complement those in physical oceanography. New projects have been introduced in

1981-82 which cover the life history of important species such as dugong and turtles and look at the genetics of the Crown of Thoms Starfish which is one of the organisms in the Barrier Reef Region which continues to cause much public concern. The importance of marine bacteria in biological processes is recognised. Research has been supported on the bacterial degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in a reef system, on the sorption of bacteria to coral reef sediment particulates, as well as additional support for a project dealing with the bacterial utilisation of macromolecules absorbed to coral reef sediments.

Phytoplankton and cyanobacteria are also recognised as important primary producers and their development in reef systems is another important area of study. Great Barrier Reef fishing represents a major resource to Australia, both from the viewpoint of supply of seafoods and from the viewing pleasure many species provide for tourists in the reef region.

Projects have been supported on the distribution, migratory behaviour, age and growth determination of fish larvae, and on several studies involving various aspects of population biology, sex change, recruitment and migratory pathways of coral reef fishes.

The importance of mangroves and mangrove swamps with suitable marine ecosystems has long been postulated. An exploratory study on the value of specific indicator species to assist in development of conservation and management strategies for major systems has been initiated.

The hard corals are the most obvious features of coral reefs and studies continue on their population dynamics as well as on the important consideration of the mechanism of calcification of coral. Recognition has also been given to the importance of algae in reef systems, to the significance of algal invertebrate association, to interdisciplinary studies on the ecological

significance of soft corals and to interdisciplinary studies on bioerosion of coral substrates. AMSTAC has indicated its concern that taxonomic studies should receive more attention than in recent years in order that a secure basic knowledge of marine organisms is established. Taxonomic and ecological studies of benthic invertebrates have been supported.

In Bass Strait Bass Strait is an important region for biological study because of its significant fisheries resources. Also the oil exploration currently in progress and the possible impacts of heavy industries and high population levels on the marine environment need urgent monitoring. As in other regions of Australian waters, studies have been supported on the ecology and distribution of zooplankton and on kelp which are the bases of marine life and may themselves have

long-term direct commercial utilisations. Basic studies on the marine fauna of Bass Strait have also been supported, aimed at an understanding of the type and maintenance of biological populations. ■ For 1981-82 all projects previously supported on Marine Biology in the Bass Strait received

continuing support and additional projects approved will lead to a better understanding of the fauna and flora of this area.

In other areas In areas of Australian waters other than the Great Barrier Reef and Bass Strait, support has been given to projects covering several important species. It was pleasing to observe a concerted effort in the Port Jackson area where studies on the taxonomy of soft corals and gorgonians and

studies on the primary productivity of benthic algal communities were supported. In other areas ecological and taxonomic studies on sponges, scallops and brown and red algae were supported and a fish fauna survey of South Australian waters has been initiated. In 1981-82, six additional projects received support and these give increasing emphasis to the

role of micro-organisms in different marine processes.

Other disciplines Six grants have been allocated in areas defined as other disciplines. These projects include an assessment of marine data collections relating to south eastern Australia. There is an urgent need, identified by ASTEC, for the development of an effective marine data system to meet the requirements of industry, government and the scientific and general community.

Other projects involve utilisation of remote sensing by Landsat, cyclone development and a chemical and biological study of soft corals.

STATISTICS

Table 3. Grants requested (by field) 1981-82

Great Barrier Bass Strait North-West Other

Reef Shelf

No. $ No. $ No. $ No. $

Physical Oceanography Coastal 7 357 211 8 181 849 3 79 477 13 449 399

Engineering 2 44 598 2 66 903 1 21 946 6 133 518

Geoscience 11 751 361 5 135 180 3 112 237 9 328 309

Marine Biology Environmental 50 1 604 920 17 335 107 8 192 975 46 781 365

Pollution Other

8 278 992 5 166 603 - - 7 208 538

Disciplines 4 79 105 4 68 493 1 18 695 14 359 377

Total 82 3 116 187 42 954 135 16 425 330 95 2 260 506

Table 4. Grants approved (by field) 1981-82

Great Barrier Bass Strait North-West Other

Reef Shelf

No. $ No. $ No. $ No. $

Physical Oceanography Coastal 4 153 240 3 45 590 1 27 461 9 107 044

Engineering 2 19 858 2 51 143 - - - -

Geosciences 8 394 513 3 77 224 1 17 129 5 128 255

Marine Biology Environmental 23 351 007 7 89 051 — — 17 218 148

Pollution Other

5 108 116 1 26 348 — — 2 17 500

Disciplines 2 31 520 2 11 000 1 16 695 1 8 100

Total 44 1 058 254 18 300 356 3 61 285 34 479 047

Table 5. Grants requested (by Institution) 1981-82

Institution No. of

Projects Total

University of Sydney 20 510 209

University of New South Wales 14 487 817

University of Newcastle 1 17 677

University of New England 2 20 845

Macquarie University 7 112 805

Riverina College of Advanced Education 1 10 925

New South Wales Institute of Technology 2 60 719

Australian Museum 7 174 570

Private, New South Wales 4 36 290

University of Melbourne 20 558 975

Monash University 9 249 531

La Trobe University 3 86 181

Deakin University 1 38 752

National Museum of Victoria 5 89 303

Victorian Ministry for Conservation 3 70 716

Australian Numerical Meteorological Research Centre 1 27 000

Victorian Institute of Marine Sciences 6 120 421

Swinburne College of Technology 1 20 200

Private, Victoria 4 34 970

University of Queensland 13 606 252

Griffith University 3 64 784

James Cook University of Northern Queensland 25 738 376

Capricomia Institute of Advanced Education 1 11 950

Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service 1 59 700

Queensland Museum 2 22 201

Geological Survey of Queensland 1 5 250

Queensland Fisheries Service 1 285 700

Private, Queensland 3 143 245

University of Adelaide 8 97 218

Flinders University of South Australia 4 104 983

South Australian Museum 2 39 930

University of Western Australia 7 259 289

Murdoch University 3 80 505

Western Australian Museum 5 45 945

Western Australian Institute of Technology 2 24 604

Department of Conservation and Environment 1 41 380

T.D. Meagher & Associates Pty Ltd 2 54 200

R.K. Steedman & Associates Pty Ltd 1 6 000

University of Tasmania 2 20 150

Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 1 150 000

Private, Others 1 9 803

Institution No. of

Projects Total

Australian Atomic Energy Commission 3 78 500

CSIRO 19 609 856

Bureau of Mineral Resources 2 119 150

Australian National University 8 322 716

Private, Australian Capital Territory 1 8 620

Total 235 6 756 158

Table 6. Grants approved (by Institution) 1981-82

Institution No. of Total

Projects $

University of Sydney 5 62 466

University of New South Wales 5 138 640

Macquarie University 5 63 706

Australian Museum 4 66 625

Riverina College of Advanced Education 1 3 150

Australian Atomic Energy Commission 2 17 500

New South Wales, Private 1 2 800

University of Melbourne 7 150 562

Monash University 2 61 131

La Trobe University 2 31 348

National Museum of Victoria 4 41 168

Victorian Ministry of Conservation 1 16 250

Victorian Institute of Marine Science 4 46 990

University of Queensland 6 296 124

James Cook University of North Queensland 13 284 576

Griffith University 1 14 650

Geological Survey of Queensland 1 5 250

Queensland Museum 1 13 561

Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service 1 25 500

University of Adelaide 6 50 286

Flinders University, South Australia 3 39 966

South Australian Museum 1 9 500

University of Western Australia 5 90 965

Murdoch University 1 16 695

Western Australian Museum 1 3 433

West Australian Insitute of Technology 1 5 540

Australian National University 5 137 686

Bureau of Mineral Resources 2 73 500

CSIRO 9 129 374

Total 99 1 898 942

Grants Approved (Alphabetical) for 1981-82 (* Indicates new project)

Name and Institution Project Title

Dr M. Ahsanullah Lethal and Sublethal

Australian Atomic Energy Effects of Temperature, Commission Salinity and Heavy Metals

on Survivial Growth and Multiple Generation of an Amphipod and a Polychaete

Dr G.T. Barnes The Permeation of Gases

D rP.R. Wells University of Queensland through Oil Films on Water

Dr J. Bauld Production and Fate of

Ms L.A. Chambers Organic Carbon in Benthic

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Marine Cyanobacterial Mats

Dr H.J. Bavor Bacterial Degradation of

DrN .F. Millis Aromatic Hydrocarbons,

University of Melbourne including Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons, in a Reef System

Dr A.P. Belperio Rates of Sediment

Dr J.R. Hails Accumulation and Coastal

University of Adelaide Progration along the Great Barrier Reef Province

Mr R.A. Birtles Spatial and Temporal

Assoc. Prof M. Pichon Distribution of Soft Prof C. Burdon-Jones Bottom Epibenthos across James Cook University of the Great Barrier Reef North Queensland Shelf

Dr H. Bock Engineering Properties of

James Cook University of North Queensland Coral Reefs

Professor C. Burdon-Jones Monitoring Metals in the James Cook University of North Queensland Great Barrier Reef Province

Dr A.J. Butler * Settlement Density and Dynamics

University of Adelaide of Sessile Marine Fauna

Amount Granted

10 000

15 229

16 300

16 382

6 200

26 104

10 770

36 030

5 737

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

DrL.R.G. Cannon Preliminary Biological Mapping of 13 561

DrG.B. Goeden the Inter-reef Regions of the

Queensland Museum Great Barrier Reef Using Macrobenthos as Indicators of Community Types

Dr A.R. Chivas Stable-Isotope Study of 25 300

Dr P. Aharon Palaeoclimate and Environmental

Dr J.M.A. Chappell Geochemistry of the Great Barrier Australian National Reef

University

DrJ.H. Choat * An Illustrated Key to the 6 645

The Australian Museum Parrot Fishes (Family Scaridale) of the Great Barrier Reef

DrM .N. Clayton Study of the Kelp Durvillaea 11 988

DrN.D. Hallam Poratorum in Bass Strait

Dr G.A.M. Scott Monash University

Dr J. Coll The Importance of Soft Corals in 9 300

James Cook University of Reef Ecology: A Chemical and North Queensland Biological Study

DrL.C. Collett * Pilot Assessment of Surface 16 250

Dr D.J. Carpenter Chlorophyll Distribution in

Dr D.J. Tranter Bass Strait Using Satellite

Victorian Ministry for Imagery

Conservation

Dr D.W. Connell Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the 14 650

MrG.J. Miller Great Barrier Reef Ecosystem -

Griffith University Background Concentrations and Factors Affecting These

Dr K.A. W. Crook Sedimentological and Geochemical 4 200

Australian National Factors Affecting Reef Growth and University Maintenance in the Central and

Northern Great Barrier Reef

Dr P.J. Davies Factors Affecting Growth and 30 000

Bureau of Mineral Resources Maintenance of Reefs in the Central Great Barrier Reef

Dr P.J. Davies Inter-reefal Studies to 43 500

Mr P.A. Symonds Investigate the Geological

Bureau of Mineral Resources Development of the Central Great Barrier Reef

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

Professor J.L. Davies Nearshore Sediment Regimes, 18 614

Macquarie University Bass Strait Coast of Tasmania

Dr S.F. Delaney * Six Months Support for a Marine 20 000

University of New South Micro-organism Culture Collection Wales

Dr T.M. Florence The Toxicity of Different 7 500

Australian Atomic Energy Chemical Forms of Heavy Metals Commission towards Marine Organisms

DrM .C. Geddes * Spatial and Seasonal Patterns of 3 560

Dr A.J. Butler Plankton and Benthos in the

University of Adelaide Coorong, South Australia

Dr R.W. George Fiddler Crabs (UCA) in Tropical 3 433

Western Australian Museum Mangroves of Australia

Mr C.J.M. Glover Fish Fauna Survey of South 9 500

South Australian Museum Australian Coastal and Offshore Waters

Dr B. Goldman Distribution of Fish Larvae and 25 950

The Australian Museum Current Flow in the Vicinity of a Coral Reef, Northern Great Barrier Reef

Dr M.F. Gomon Analysis of the Marine Fauna of 15 930

DrG.C.B. Poore Bass Strait

Dr C.C. Lu National Museum of Victoria

Dr M.F Gomon Taxonomy and Distribution of 5 535

National Museum of Victoria Marine Fishes Occurring in Bass Strait and Victorian Waters

Dr M.R. Gourlay The Effect of Sediment 9 088

University of Queensland Characterisitics upon Beach Profiles and Surf Zone Hydraulics

DrT.S. Hailstone Taxonomy and Ecology of Benthic 4 000

University of Queensland Invertebrates from Heron Island Queensland

Mr B. V. Hamon Climatology of Ocean Surface 6 200

University of Sydney Fronts in the Coral and Tasman Seas

Dr R.F. Hartwick Larval Ecology and Migration of 28 590

Dr N.E. Milward the Commercially Important Fish

James Cook University of and Decapod Species in the Great North Queensland Barrier Reef Continental Shelf

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

DrM .L. Heron * Evaluation of Wave Spectra 3 540

James Cook University of from Coastal Ocean Surface North Queensland Radar Data

DrR.T. Hinde University of Sydney * Nutritional and Eco- physiological Aspects of

Symbioses Between Algae and Invertebrates

11 634

Assoc. Prof. J.B. Hinwood Dr D.R. Blackman Dr G.T. Lleonart Monash University

Wave Prediction in the Southern Ocean and Bass Strait

49 143

Professor D. Hopley James Cook University of North Queensland

Geomorphology of the Central Great Barrier Reef

39 588

DrP.A. Hutchings The Australian Museum Bioerosion of Coral Substrate, Examination of Causal Organisms

and an Estimation of their Rates of Bioerosion

19 000

Ms J.V. Ibrahim La Trobe University

A Study of the Biology of Scallops in Port Phillip Bay Contributing to Fisheries Assessment and Environment Monitoring Programs

5 000

Professor!. Imberger University of Western Australia

Dynamic Response of Coastal Waters on the North West Shelf

27 461

D rI.S. Jones University of Sydney * Momentum Balance of the Coastal Ocean

2 000

Dr D.L.B. Jupp Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Remote Sensing by Landsat as Support for Management of the Great Barrier Reef

22 220

Dr J.B. Keene University of Melbourne * Sediment Distribution Pattern in Bass Canyon and Adjacent

Continental Slope of Eastern Bass Strait

5 500

Dr G.T. Kraft Dr R. Wetherbee University of Melbourne

The Taxonomy, Distribution and Phytogeny of Marine Algae from Eastern Australian Islands and The Great Barrier Reef

20 100

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

Dr J. Kuo An Anatomical Study on 11 248

University of Western Australian Sea Grasses Australia

Professor G.W. Lennon The S. A. Gulfs as Inverse 13 216

Flinders University of Estuaries

South Australia

Professor G.W. Lennon The Tides of Torres Strait 6 870

Hinders University of South Australia

Professor G.W. Lennon The Tides and Mean Sea Level 18 880

Alinders University of Laboratory South Australia

M rC .J. Limpus * Queensland Turtle Research: 25 500

Queensland National Parks The Reproductive Discreteness and Wildlife Service of Sea Turtle Rookeries of the Southern Great Barrier Reef Province

Dr B.W. Logan Quantitative Modelling, Sediment 35 756

University of Western Transport System, Perth Sector Australia Rottnest Shelf

Dr J.S. Lucas * Genetics of Crown of Thoms 3 631

James Cook University of Starfish Population North Queensland

M rM .A.H. Marsden Vertical Structure of Current 12 000

Victorian Institute of Density in Bass Strait

Marine Sciences

M rM .A.H. Marsden Dynamic Processes Controlling 53 110

Dr L. Tnomas Sediment Mobility and Dispersal

University of Melbourne Patterns in Western Bass Strait Mr M.A.H. Marsden Tidal and Current Phenomena and 25 890

Dr C .B. Fandry Circulation in Bass Strait

Victorian Institute of Marine Sciences

Dr H.D. Marsh * Life History Parameters and 25 004

James Cook University of Reproductive Biology of the North Queensland Dugong (Dugong Dugon)

Professor K.C. Marshall Sorption of Bacteria to Coral 7 040

University of Reef Sediment Particulates

New South Wales

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

Professor K.C. Marshall University of New South Wales

* Bacterial Utilisation of Macro-molecules Adsorbed to Coral Reef Sediments

Dr A.D. McEwan Bass Strait Dropsonde Study

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Dr K.G. McKenzie Riverina College of Advanced Education

Dr J.H.F. Middleton University of New South Wales

Dr J.H.F. Middleton University of New South Wales

Dr D.J.W. Moriarty Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Dr C.G. Murray Geological Survey of Queensland

Dr W.L. Nicholas ;

Dr C. Bryant Australian National University

Dr C.S. Nilsson ’

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Dr B.J. Noye University of Adelaide

Dr G.R. Orme Dr J.R. Hails University of Queensland

Ostracoda: Banks Strait, South Pacific

Tides on the Southern Barrier Reef

* Dynamics of the Northern Barrier Reef Lagoon

* Bacterial Productivity in Sediments

* Age Structure of Continental Shelf Sediments — Southeast Queensland

Does Anaerobic Metabolism Facilitate the Survival of Intertidal Meiofauna in Mangroves?

Reception and Enhancement of NESS-NOAA High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) Data Including Sea Surface Temperatures

Numerical Prediction of Tides and Currents in the Gulf of Carpentaria

Inter-university Investigation of Sedimentation, Water Movement and the Evolution and Maintenance Northern of Shelf Features in the Great Barrier Reef

9 000

7 700

3 150

22 800

79 800

14 414

5 250

14 677

16 000

9 144

227 995

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

Dr J.D. Penrose * Acoustic Estimation of Sea 5 540

Western Australian Bottom Topography and Roughness Institute of Technology in Australian Waters

Professor M. Pichon The Determinants of Coral Reef 25 668

James Cook University of Communities Structure Dynamics North Queensland of Communities Dominated by the Genus Acropora

Professor M. Pichon * Comparative Studies on Coral 17 400

James Cook University of Reef Ecosystems: Coral Taxonomy, North Queensland Ecology and Analysis of Reef

Community Structures

Dr G.G.B. Poore * Survey of Fauna and Flora of 8 250

Dr B.J. Smith Anderson and Shallow Inlets and

Dr C. Lu, et al Waters adjacent to Coastlines

National Museum of Victoria of Cape Patterson and Wilsons Promontory

Dr l.R. Price Systematic Survey of the Turf 11 941

James Cook University of Algal Flora of Coral Reefs in North Queensland North-East Queensland

Dr A.I. Robertson * The Role of Amphipods in 12 350

Dr W.J. Wiebe the Decomposition of Drift

Commonwealth Scientific and Algae and Sea Grasses on Coastal Industrial Research Beaches of Western Australia Organization

Dr W.B. Rudman Studies on the Opisthobranch 15 030

The Australian Museum Family Chromodoridae (Mollusca) in the Indo-West Pacific

Dr P.F. Sale Factors Influencing Recruitment 26 208

University of Sydney of Coral Reef Fishes

Professor G.E.G. Sargent Sub-surface Seismic Source 17 730

University of Queensland Detector Vehicle for Optimisation of Acoustic Coupling and Reduction of Sea-Air Interface Noise

D rW .D . Scott Development and Movement of 16 695

Dr T.J. Lyons Tropical Cyclones in the North

Murdoch University West of Australia

DrR.M . Smillie * Cold and Heat Tolerances of 4 130

Commonwealth Scientific Mangrove and Sea Grass Species and Industrial Research and Coral Zooxanthellae Organization Correlated with Latitudinal

Distribution

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

Dr J.D. Smith Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon 25 825

Dr J. Bagg Distribution in the Great

University of Melbourne Barrier Reef Ecosystem

Dr B,J. Smith A Taxonomic-Ecological Survey of 11 453

National Museum of the Sponges (Porifera) Inhabiting Victoria the Continental Shelf of Southern

Australia

Dr J.D. Smith Heavy Metals and Radionuclides 10 000

University of Melbourne in Bass Strait Organisms

Professor S.V. Smith * Organic Carbon Production of 16 500

University of Western Submerged Macrophyte Communities Australia

Professor K.P. Stark Hydrodynamic Studies of Water 47 100

James Cook University Movements within the Great of North Queensland Barrier Reef Region

Dr R.E. Summons Biochemical Ecology of 14 950

Prof C.B. Osmond Algal-Invertebrate Associations Australian National of the Great Barrier Reef

University

Professor F.H. Talbot Behaviour Age and Growth 23 976

Dr B. Goldman Determinations of Larval Coral

Macquarie University Reef Fishes

Professor F.H. Talbot Population Biology of a 2 540

Macquarie University Carnivorous Coral Reef Fish

Professor F.H. Talbot Assessment of Some Life History 1 447

Macquarie University Parameters of Herbivorous Coral Reef Fish Centropyge Bicolor with Reference to Sex Change

Dr R.O.R.Y. Thompson * Australian Coastal Experiment 16 510

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Mr J. Thompson * Assessment of Marine Data 1 000

Dr T. Wallis Collections Relating to

Victorian Institute of South Eastern Australia Marine Sciences

Mr J. Thompson * Marine Research-in-Progress 8 100

Dr A.J. Gilmour Information System

Victorian Institute of Marine Sciences

Name and Institution Project Title Amount Granted

Dr T. Torgersen Dr A.R. Chivas Australian National University

Dr D.J. Tranter Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

Professor J.J. Veevers Dr B .D. Johnson Macquarie University

Professor J.S. Waid La Trobe University

D rI.G . Wallis I. Wallis and Associates

Dr G.F. Watson University of Melbourne

Professor H.B.S. Womersley University of Adelaide

Professor H.B.S. Womersley University of Adelaide

Assoc. Professor L.D. Wright University of Sydney

Professor B. Zemer University of Queensland

Environmental Geochemistry and Climatic Response of Sediment and Coral, 10 — 20 S

Copepods of Eddy J

The Extent of Continental North West Australia

Survey of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBS) in Australian Coastal Waters

Sydney Ocean Current Data Analyse and Report on Results

Ecology and Distribution of the Zooplankton of Bass Strait

Phenology and Productivity of Three Dominant Southern Australian Phaeophyta in Gulf

St Vincent

Preparation of Taxonomic Monographs on Selected Families of Rhodophyta (Red Algae) Contributing to Marine Flora of Southern Australia

Near-bottom and Subsurface Current Motions in Contrasting Australian Inner Continental Shelf and Nearshore Environments

On the Mechanism of Calcification of Corals

78 559

19 750

17 129

26 348

2 800

19 645

2 900

22 745

16 424

22 082