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Address to the Prime Minister's Business Government Forum on National Security, Canberra.

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AS08/2004 23 June 2004


Prime Minister's Business Government Forum on National Security Canberra, 23 June 2004

The Australian government is committed to securing Australia's transport infrastructure.

Transport security is vital to Australia's overall security and to our current and future economic success. It is essential governments and industry work together to achieve a secure nation.

The Australian Government has particularly concentrated on aviation and maritime security.

Our approach is underpinned by the Aviation and Maritime Transport Security Acts and is soundly based on expert intelligence advice.

While each of the modes of transport - aviation, maritime and land transport - are distinct, our approach to implementing the transport security frameworks I will outline is quite similar across all modes and acknowledged widely as world's best practice.

ASIO risk assessments were undertaken which we made available to other levels of Government and industry where appropriate. Operators then performed their own risk assessments within this framework which formed the basis of the security plans which have been or are being implemented.


Immediately following September 11, we introduced a raft of measures designed to deter, detect and prevent terrorist acts against civil aviation in Australia. These included:

É Increased screening was mandated for international services. É Tighter controls over carriage of domestic and international cargo. É Screening of lap top computers on domestic flights was introduced.

É All goods and persons entering the departure (sterile) area at an airport were screened.

We have continued to progressively upgrade aviation security.

Access Control at Airports

It is vital we guard against unauthorised access to sensitive areas of airports.

To that end the Government has extended the requirement for Australian Security Identity Cards (ASICs):

É ASICs will now be mandatory for employees requiring unsupervised access in security sensitive areas such as sterile zones to the passenger terminals, fuel storage areas and control tower zones.

É The requirement for ASICs is being expanded to some 140 additional airport sites with passenger and freight operations.

We have also required more extensive checks to identify potential security risks before an ASIC is issued.

Some 65,000 ASICs will be reissued in a new tamper proof format by 31 August 2004 following security assessments being completed by ASIO.

This could not have been achieved without significant effort by all concerned. I thank Industry for their assistance and cooperation.

Passenger and Baggage Screening

From 31 December 2004:

É Checked bag screening will be mandatory for all international baggage. É All major domestic airports must have a capacity for checked bag screening. É The use Explosive Trace Detection will be extended to other airports

where a specific threat to a flight has been identified.

Audit and Compliance

My Department is implementing a stronger and more robust approach to auditing the compliance of the aviation industry in meeting the enhanced requirements. This will include Transport Security Inspectors conducting airport audits around Australia.

Expanding the Aviation Security System

We are now implementing an $114 million Enhanced Aviation Security Package which will cover an additional 140 regional airports that receive regular public transport and freight aircraft.

Under this programme all regular passenger and charter aircraft with 30 seats or more will also be required to have strengthened cockpit doors.

Small airports will receive one off grants to assist them meet the cost of security upgrades. These grants will cover such items as fencing, lighting and alarm systems


On 1 July 2004 we will see the commencement of a new international maritime security system developed by the International Maritime Organization to address maritime security around the world. The International

Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code covers preventive security measures and procedures.

We must implement these measures to ensure continued access to international markets for Australian goods and services.

By 1 July 2004, some 70 Australian ports, 300 port facilities, 60 port service providers and 70 Australian ships will be regulated under the new maritime security framework and must be covered by an security plan.

From 1 July, the Secretary of my Department will set the security level on the advice of the Australian intelligence agencies. This security level will determine what measures for the relevant ship, port facility or port security plan need to be activated at any given time.

The Government has provided $15.6 million to cover the development of legislation, guidelines, auditing security plans and their implementation and checking the compliance of foreign vessels.

As with the Aviation industry the Government is most appreciative of industry's assistance in meeting the very tight deadlines. The Australian Government also recognises that the upgrade of security has resulted in cost to business.

Commonwealth Games

The Government has also committed an additional $424, 000 in 2005/06 to provide transport security for the Melbourne Commonwealth Games.

This funding will cover the cost of additional security experts and the development of new security and facilitation measures, such as processing baggage and checking in passengers before they arrive at the Airport.

Office of Transport Security

The Australian Government established the Office of Transport Security in December 2003.

This Office has the critical role of coordinating the Australian Government's transport security operations with those of industry and the States.

The Office is fully integrated into the National Counter-Terrorism Committee processes to ensure full and proper consideration of transport security issues

as part of the National response. It has a leading role in aviation and maritime security and is working cooperatively with other jurisdictions on land and mass urban transport issues.

An aviation and maritime Operations Centre will operate extended hours from 1 July.

This Centre will:

É Advise Australian ports on the risks associated with incoming ships. É Administer the day to day application of the new maritime security regime É Allow timely security incident and suspicious activity reporting for the

aviation and maritime industries. É Co-ordinate with Commonwealth and State/Territory responses security situations.

The Office of Transport Security's will have a key role in critical infrastructure protection. It will ensure information is shared between governments and the owners and operators of critical infrastructure in the transport sector and where appropriate is acted on.

The Government is about to appoint an Inspector of Transport Security (ITS). This person will investigate major security incidences in the aviation and maritime sectors and will recommend changes to improve Australia's transport security systems.

The Inspector will also be able to investigate security incidence involving other modes of transport with the agreement of the responsible state or territory government

Land and Mass Urban Transport Infrastructure

The Australian Government recognises that protecting land and mass urban transport systems is vital to Australia's security and therefore is working in a national coordination role with States and Territories.

At the recent meeting of the Australian Transport Council all Australian Transport Ministers agreed to action the recommendations for land transport security arising from a recent high level mission on international transport security. The mission was lead by the Secretary of my Department and included Australian and State Government representatives.

Three broad recommendations for land transport were made:

É Establish a consistent national approach to transport security for land transport based on risk assessment, security programs and business continuity programs,

É Establish an Inter Governmental Agreement to strengthen transport security across jurisdictions É Develop and implement a National Dangerous Goods Security Programme.

In respect to dangerous goods, the Australian Dangerous Goods code is currently being revised and will incorporate recently agreed UN provisions for secure transport of dangerous goods.

International Transport security

It is critical for our security that we continue to strengthen engagement with our regional neighbours on transport security issues.

Under the transport security component of the Government's Regional Counter Terrorism Strategy, $4.7 million will be spent over the next four years to expand Australia's role in providing transport security assistance to other countries in the Asia Pacific region.

This includes the placement of officers in Manila, Jakarta and Port Moresby. In addition to providing guidance and technical assistance to strengthen transport security to international standards in these locations, they will contribute to their governance and protective security activities.

The officers located overseas will contribute to regional security work carried out by representatives of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the work of transport security agencies representing governments such as the United States and

the United Kingdom.

Work has already commenced with agencies of the Philippine Government with a focus on issues of law enforcement, border control, port security, and regional cooperation.

We are also working with Indonesian agencies to identify opportunities for the provision of Australian technical expertise and assistance. This will enhance Indonesian aviation security capabilities including at Jakarta and Denpassar airports for the purpose of achieving ICAO standards to improve counter-terrorism capabilities.

Australia and New Zealand Transport Security agencies have a strong commitment to collaborate across the Pacific region

We will continue to advance our national interests in international transport fora such as APEC, IMO & ICAO

We know there continues to be a strong risk that our transport systems will be used as a weapon by terrorists

Our security agencies acknowledge that aviation remains a target for future attacks

Terrorists have already demonstrated a capacity to attack maritime targets

Recent events in Madrid have shown us that land transport is also on the radar for terrorist attacks

Our transport systems need to be hardened against terrorist attack.

The Government acknowledges that securing transport is a cost - but it is an important cost and in these times, a commercial reality.

There has never been a time in our history when more Australians are travelling.

Australia's economic future is intimately tied to the security of our transport systems.

None of us can afford to take the size of this task for granted - it is critical that we face the issue and do everything we can to contribute to a secure transport system in Australia for the sake of our citizens and our nation's future