Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Bill 2018

2016-2017-2018

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

As passed by both Houses

 

 

 

 

National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Bill 2018

 

No.      , 2018

 

 

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to establish the National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                        2

Part 1-1—Introduction                                                                                                        2

Division 1—Preliminary                                                                                               2

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 2

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

Division 2—Objects of this Act                                                                                4

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 4

Division 3—Simplified outline of this Act                                                            5

4............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 5

Part 1-2—Definitions                                                                                                            8

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                          8

5............ Simplified outline of this Part.............................................................. 8

Division 2—The Dictionary                                                                                        9

6............ The Dictionary.................................................................................... 9

Chapter 2—The National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse          16

Part 2-1—Establishment of the scheme                                                                   16

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        16

7............ Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 16

Division 2—Establishment of the scheme                                                          17

8............ Establishment of the scheme............................................................. 17

9............ The National Redress Scheme Operator............................................ 17

10.......... General principles guiding actions of officers under the scheme....... 17

Part 2-2—Entitlement to redress under the scheme                                        19

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        19

11.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 19

Division 2—Entitlement to redress under the scheme                                21

12.......... When is a person entitled to be provided with redress?..................... 21

13.......... When is a person eligible for redress?............................................... 21

14.......... When is abuse within the scope of the scheme?................................ 22

15.......... When is an institution responsible for abuse?................................... 23

16.......... What redress is provided to a person?............................................... 24

17.......... What is redress for?.......................................................................... 25

Part 2-3—How to obtain redress under the scheme                                        26

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        26

18.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 26

Division 2—Application for redress under the scheme                             28

19.......... Application for redress...................................................................... 28

20.......... When an application cannot be made................................................. 28

21.......... Special process for child applicants................................................... 29

22.......... Withdrawal of an application............................................................. 29

23.......... Notice of a withdrawal to participating institutions........................... 29

Division 3—Obtaining information for the purposes of determining the application     30

24.......... Power to request information from the applicant............................... 30

25.......... Power to request information from participating institutions............. 31

26.......... Failure of the applicant or institutions to comply with a request........ 32

27.......... State or Territory laws do not prevent complying with request......... 33

28.......... False or misleading information, documents or statements............... 33

Division 4—The Operator must determine whether to approve the application               34

29.......... The Operator must make a determination on the application............. 34

30.......... Working out the amount of redress payment and sharing of costs.... 37

31.......... Working out the amount of the counselling and psychological component and sharing of costs              39

32.......... The assessment framework............................................................... 39

33.......... The assessment framework policy guidelines................................... 40

Division 5—Notice of determination to applicant and participating institutions               41

34.......... Notice of determination to applicant.................................................. 41

35.......... Notice of determination to participating institutions.......................... 41

Division 6—Effect of determination and admissibility of evidence in civil proceedings                43

36.......... Effect of determination...................................................................... 43

37.......... Admissibility of documents in evidence in civil proceedings............ 43

Part 2-4—Offers and acceptance of redress                                                         45

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        45

38.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 45

Division 2—Offers of redress                                                                                  46

39.......... Offer of redress................................................................................. 46

40.......... Acceptance period for offers of redress............................................ 48

41.......... Notice of offer to participating institutions........................................ 48

Division 3—Accepting or declining offers of redress                                 49

42.......... Accepting the offer of redress........................................................... 49

43.......... Effect of acceptance on civil liability................................................. 50

44.......... Notice to participating institutions that the offer is accepted.............. 51

45.......... Declining the offer of redress............................................................ 51

46.......... Notice to participating institutions that the offer is declined.............. 52

Part 2-5—Provision of redress under the scheme                                             53

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        53

47.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 53

Division 2—The redress payment                                                                         54

48.......... The Operator must pay the redress payment..................................... 54

49.......... Protection of the redress payment—general...................................... 54

50.......... Additional protection of the redress payment—garnishee orders...... 55

Division 3—Counselling and psychological component of redress     56

51.......... The Operator must enable access to the counselling and psychological component of redress 56

52.......... Protection of the counselling and psychological services payment—general            56

53.......... Additional protection of the counselling and psychological services payment—garnishee orders            57

Division 4—Direct personal responses                                                               59

54.......... Direct personal response from responsible institutions..................... 59

55.......... The direct personal response framework........................................... 59

56.......... General principles guiding provision of direct personal responses... 60

Chapter 3—Special rules to deal with exceptional cases      61

Part 3-1—Special rules allowing entitlement to redress                                 61

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        61

57.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 61

Division 2—Death of person before acceptance of redress offer        62

58.......... Person dies before determination is made on application for redress 62

59.......... Person dies before offer of redress is accepted, declined or withdrawn 63

60.......... Entitlement to redress payment.......................................................... 64

Division 3—Abuse for which a Commonwealth institution or participating Territory institution is responsible                                                                                               65

61.......... Abuse occurring inside a non-participating State.............................. 65

Part 3-2—Special rules excluding entitlement to redress                              66

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        66

62.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 66

Division 2—Special assessment of applicants with serious criminal convictions               67

63.......... Special assessment of applicants with serious criminal convictions.. 67

Division 3—Security notices                                                                                    70

Subdivision A—No entitlement to redress while security notice in force    70

64.......... Person not entitled to redress while security notice in force.............. 70

Subdivision B—Security notice                                                                             70

65.......... Security notice from the Home Affairs Minister............................... 70

66.......... Notice from the Foreign Affairs Minister......................................... 71

67.......... Copy of a security notice to be given to the Operator and the Human Services Secretary        71

68.......... Period a security notice is in force..................................................... 72

69.......... Annual review of a security notice.................................................... 72

70.......... Revoking a security notice................................................................ 72

Subdivision C—Other matters affected by a security notice                         72

71.......... Other matters affected by a security notice........................................ 72

Chapter 4—Administrative matters                                                          74

Part 4-1—Review of determinations                                                                         74

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        74

72.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 74

Division 2—Review of determinations                                                               75

73.......... Application for review of determination............................................ 75

74.......... Withdrawal of application for review................................................ 75

75.......... The review........................................................................................ 75

76.......... Date of effect of review determination.............................................. 76

77.......... Notice of review determination to applicant...................................... 76

78.......... Interaction between review and offer of redress................................ 76

79.......... Notices to participating institutions about review.............................. 77

Part 4-2—Nominees                                                                                                             78

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        78

80.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 78

Division 2—Appointment of nominees                                                                79

81.......... Appointment of nominees................................................................. 79

82.......... Suspension and revocation of nominee appointments....................... 79

Division 3—Duties, functions and responsibilities of nominees             82

83.......... Duty of nominee............................................................................... 82

84.......... Actions of assistance nominee.......................................................... 82

85.......... Actions of legal nominee................................................................... 83

86.......... Giving notices to assistance nominee or legal nominee..................... 83

87.......... Nominee to inform the Operator of matters affecting ability to act as nominee         84

Division 4—Other matters relating to nominees                                          85

88.......... Protection of person against liability for actions of nominee............. 85

89.......... Protection of nominee against criminal liability................................. 85

90.......... Informing nominee if notice given to person..................................... 85

Part 4-3—Protecting information under the scheme                                      86

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        86

91.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 86

Division 2—Use and disclosure of protected information                        87

92.......... Protected information........................................................................ 87

93.......... Main authorisation—obtaining, recording, disclosing or using protected information             87

94.......... Additional authorisation—Operator disclosing to nominee............... 88

95.......... Additional authorisation—Operator disclosing in public interest or for another specified purpose          88

96.......... Additional authorisation—Operator disclosing for law enforcement or child safety or wellbeing            89

97.......... Additional authorisation—disclosing etc. for a permitted purpose.... 90

98.......... Additional authorisation—person engaged by participating institution disclosing etc. for a specified purpose        92

99.......... Offence—unauthorised access, recording, disclosure or use of protected information             92

100........ Offence—soliciting disclosure of protected information................... 93

101........ Offence—offering to disclose protected information........................ 93

Division 3—Use and disclosure of the assessment framework policy guidelines               95

102........ Main authorisation for obtaining, recording, disclosing or using the assessment framework policy guidelines       95

103........ Additional authorisation—disclosure and use in accordance with the National Redress Scheme Agreement           95

104........ Offence—unauthorised recording, disclosure or use of assessment framework policy guidelines           95

Division 4—Other matters                                                                                        97

105........ Disclosures to a court or tribunal...................................................... 97

106........ Disclosing information in good faith................................................. 97

Chapter 5—Participating institutions, participating groups and participating jurisdictions                                                                                         99

Part 5-1—Participating institutions                                                                            99

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                        99

107........ Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 99

Division 2—Institutions participating in the scheme                                 101

Subdivision A—Participating institutions                                                         101

108........ What is a participating institution?................................................... 101

Subdivision B—Commonwealth institutions                                                    101

109........ What is a Commonwealth institution?............................................. 101

Subdivision C—Participating State institutions                                              102

110........ What is a participating State institution?.......................................... 102

111........ What is a State institution?.............................................................. 102

Subdivision D—Participating Territory institutions                                     102

112........ What is a participating Territory institution?.................................... 102

113........ What is a Territory institution?........................................................ 103

Subdivision E—Participating non-government institutions                         103

114........ What is a participating non-government institution?........................ 103

Division 3—Ministerial declarations about participating institutions 105

115........ Institutions becoming participating institutions............................... 105

116........ Institutions ceasing to be participating institutions.......................... 106

Division 4—Participating defunct institutions                                              109

Subdivision A—Participating defunct institutions                                          109

117........ What is a participating defunct institution?...................................... 109

Subdivision B—Representatives for participating defunct institutions    109

118........ Representatives for participating defunct institutions...................... 109

119........ Becoming the representative for a defunct non-government institution 110

120........ Ceasing to be the representative for a defunct non-government institution               110

121........ Actions of the representative for a defunct institution..................... 111

122........ Giving notices to the representative for a defunct institution........... 111

123........ Obligations and liabilities of the representative for a defunct institution 111

Division 5—Participating lone institutions                                                     113

Subdivision A—Participating lone institutions                                                113

124........ What is a participating lone institution?........................................... 113

Subdivision B—Representatives for participating lone institutions          113

125........ Representatives for participating lone institutions........................... 113

126........ Becoming the representative for an unincorporated lone institution 114

127........ Becoming the representative for an incorporated lone institution.... 114

128........ Ceasing to be the representative for a lone institution...................... 115

129........ Actions of the representative for a lone institution.......................... 116

130........ Giving notices to the representative for a lone institution................ 116

131........ Joint and several liability of the representative for an unincorporated lone institution for funding contribution       116

Part 5-2—Groups of institutions participating in the scheme                  117

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      117

132........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 117

Division 2—Participating groups                                                                        118

133........ Participating groups........................................................................ 118

134........ Institutions becoming members of a participating group................. 118

135........ Institutions ceasing to be members of a participating group............ 119

Division 3—Representatives for participating groups                            121

136........ Representatives for participating groups......................................... 121

137........ Becoming the representative for a participating group of non-government institutions            121

138........ Ceasing to be the representative for a participating group of non-government institutions       122

139........ Actions of the representative for a participating group.................... 123

140........ Giving notices to the representative for a participating group.......... 123

141........ Joint and several liability of the representative for funding contribution.. 123

Part 5-3—Jurisdictions participating in the scheme                                      124

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      124

142........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 124

Division 2—Participating jurisdictions                                                            125

143........ What is a participating jurisdiction?................................................. 125

144........ What is a participating State?........................................................... 125

145........ The referred national redress scheme matters.................................. 128

Division 3—Participating jurisdictions providing counselling and psychological services under the scheme                                                                                                     130

146........ Participating jurisdictions that are declared providers...................... 130

147........ Ministerial declarations about declared providers............................ 130

Chapter 6—Financial matters                                                                       131

Part 6-1—Liability for funding                                                                                  131

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      131

148........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 131

Division 2—Liability of participating institutions for funding contribution         133

149........ Liability for funding contribution.................................................... 133

150........ Funding contribution....................................................................... 133

151........ Redress element.............................................................................. 134

152........ Scheme administration element....................................................... 134

153........ When funding contribution is due for payment............................... 134

154........ Late payment penalty....................................................................... 135

155........ Payment of funding contribution and late payment penalty............. 135

156........ Waiver of funding contribution and late payment penalty............... 135

157........ Review of decision about waiving funding contribution or penalty 136

158........ Liability of corporate State or Territory institutions for funding contribution           137

Division 3—Liability of the Commonwealth for counselling and psychological services contribution 138

159........ Liability for counselling and psychological services contribution... 138

160........ Counselling and psychological services contribution...................... 138

Division 4—Appropriation                                                                                     139

161........ Appropriation.................................................................................. 139

Part 6-2—Funders of last resort                                                                                140

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      140

162........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 140

Division 2—Funders of last resort                                                                      141

163........ Funders of last resort...................................................................... 141

164........ Listing defunct institutions.............................................................. 141

Division 3—Special rules for funder of last resort cases                        143

165........ Special rules for funder of last resort cases..................................... 143

Part 6-3—Debt recovery                                                                                                 145

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      145

166........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 145

Division 2—Debt recovery                                                                                     146

167........ Recovery of amounts (other than funding contribution and late payment penalty)   146

168........ Recovery of funding contribution and late payment penalty............ 147

169........ Legal proceedings to recover debt................................................... 147

170........ Arrangement for payment of debt................................................... 147

171........ Recovery of amounts from financial institutions............................. 148

172........ Repayment of recovered amount to participating institutions.......... 149

Chapter 7—Other matters                                                                                 150

Part 7-1—Application of this Act                                                                              150

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      150

173........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 150

Division 2—Application of this Act                                                                    151

174........ Constitutional basis for this Act...................................................... 151

175........ Concurrent operation with State and Territory laws........................ 152

176........ Extraterritorial application and extension to external Territories...... 152

177........ Crown to be bound......................................................................... 153

Part 7-2—The National Redress Scheme Rules                                               154

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      154

178........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 154

Division 2—The National Redress Scheme Rules                                       155

179........ The National Redress Scheme Rules............................................... 155

Part 7-3—Other matters                                                                                                 157

Division 1—Simplified outline of this Part                                                      157

180........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 157

Division 2—Giving notices for the purposes of the scheme                  159

181........ Persons or institutions giving notices to the Operator..................... 159

182........ Operator giving notices to persons or institutions........................... 159

Division 3—Delegation                                                                                             160

183........ Delegation by the Minister.............................................................. 160

184........ Delegation by the Operator............................................................. 160

Division 4—Independent decision-makers                                                      161

185........ Engaging persons to be independent decision-makers.................... 161

Division 5—Miscellaneous                                                                                      162

186........ Giving agreement............................................................................ 162

187........ Annual report on operation of the scheme....................................... 162

188........ Approved forms.............................................................................. 162

189........ Determinations of the Operator to be in writing.............................. 162

190........ Civil penalty provisions.................................................................. 163

191........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 164

192........ Review of the scheme..................................................................... 164

193........ Sunset of the scheme....................................................................... 166