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Wednesday, 14 November 1973
Page: 1778

Senator HANNAN (Victoria) - I want to take the opportunity presented by the Supply Bill to refer to some other matters of public moment. I refer firstly to the recent visit of the Prime Minister (Mr Whitlam) to China. Since his return, with the assistance of the media, that visit has been surrounded with such an atmosphere of euphoria that anyone who criticises it, despite giving date, time, place, chapter and verse of criticism, is regarded merely as a knocker.

Senator McManus - Have you seen the amount of the bill for champagne on that trip?

Senator HANNAN - No, I have not.

Senator McManus - It would open your eyes.

Senator HANNAN - I am sure it would have been astronomical. I have a question on notice as to the cost of charter of the Boeing 707 aircraft, its passengers and the purpose for which they were taken. One of the significant aspects of the visit, it will be recalled, is the fact that the Prime Minister thought it desirable to take with him not mere reporters, not people who sit up in galleries and run around both ends of the House, but actual newspaper executives to ensure that this phoney atmosphere of euphoria was created on their return. Whilst I am no admirer of the Melbourne 'Age', at least the editor of that newspaper had the integrity to say that he would not go because it might compromise his independence.

Senator O'Byrne - He might have been looking for facts- Fairfax.

Senator HANNAN -I thought Senator O'Byrne said that he might have been looking for a job with this Government. I understand they are going plenteously. We are told that thousands of cheering men, women and children lined the streets of Peking, presumably shouting Vive l'Emperor' or 'Vive Whitlame', or whatever way one says it.

Senator McManus - All conscripts.

Senator HANNAN - Conscripts, as Senator McManus reminds me. Only one correspondent that I know had the honesty to point out that the following day an identical reception was given to the gentleman from the Congo, or perhaps I should say Zaire.

Senator TURNBULL (TASMANIA) - What was the name of the correspondent?

Senator HANNAN - My recollection is that it was Mr Oakes of the Melbourne 'Sun'. That is purely from memory. I may be giving him an accolade to which he is not entitled. I do not know. The Prime Minister has an oleaginously servile approach to Red China. Australia is losing its best friends. We go around insulting them and then say that is strengthening our relationship with them and is intended to make us better friends. We cannot be trusted any more in South East Asia. I am reminded of the excessive subservience which this Government pays to the United Nations. From memory I think there are 138 nations now comprising the Ceneral Assembly of the United Nations. It is dominated by countries with an anti-western approach. Mr Abba Eban, the outspoken Israeli Foreign Minister, said the other day that if an Arab country gets up in the General Assembly of the United Nations and alleges that the world is square he starts off with 40 votes.

Under this Government in 10 or 1 1 months we have lost every shred of independence in our foreign policy. We are no longer a middle power firmly associated in ideology and integrity with the western approach but have become the running dogs of Chairman Mao or, if not Chairman Mao, the running dogs of the so-called third world. I know that people have short memories, but I want to go back to 27 July 1971 to a statement made by the then Leader of the Opposition, the present Prime Minister, Mr Whitlam. On 27 July 1971 Mr Whitlam said: 'Labour will not dump Taiwan'. That statement proves that the present Prime Minister is politically untrustworthy, politically unreliable and a man upon whose word politically no account can be taken.

Senator McManus - Where did he say that?

Senator HANNAN -On 27 July 1971 and it appeared in the 'Australian' as a report of a television interview. That one will take a lot of getting out of.

Senator Webster - Like his education promises.

Senator HANNAN - There are a lot of other promises but I have only a short time and cannot run through all the ways in which he has reneged. I know that it is not proper these days to indicate hostility to communism. One of the great successes of communist propaganda is that it has made anti-communism slightly disrespectable. If one takes that line one is accused of being a war monger, a red baiter, a smearer or anything that is approbrious. I am reminded of a splendid article in the Sydney 'Sun ' a little while ago pointing out the dangers of detente. But I do not want to be distracted into that line just for the moment. I come back to the present Prime Minister's promise not to dump Taiwan. Not only has it been dumped, but also it has been banished. Its embassy had to be sold and at one time there was talk that proceeds of the embassy sale could not go to Taiwan because Chairman Mao might not like it. Professor Teng who won a musical scholarship under the previous Government was such a dangerous Taiwanese that he was not allowed to come to Australia. We had trouble with the ping pong and basketball teams and have at the present moment the proscription on public servants against going in a private capacity to Taiwan. They are not allowed to go. They can go to Cuba. They can go there and see Fidel Castro and his boys or to see Pham Van Dong in Hanoi if they want to. Or they can go to East Germany and even to see Leonid Breznhev in the Kremlin. But they cannot go and see anyone in Taiwan. They cannot see Chiang Kai-Shek. That would probably make them dangerously subservisive, in the opinion of this present Government.

We have had a lot of talk, as the Senate knows, about a new anthem. The Prime Minister is so purblind on China- this description of him was given to me by a senior Labor man- that it would not have surprised me if the Prime Minister had brought back from China the No. 3 record on the British pop charts, originally written by the Goons and entitled 'Ying Tong Yiddeli Po' as a suitable anthem for this country. When Nixon went to China he at least said that he was going without prejudice to old friends. When our then Leader of the Opposition went, the present Prime Minister, he put all his cards face up in advance and surrendered everything- so much so that Professor Arndt, who is not exactly in the pocket of the Liberal Party but who was economic adviser to the Labor Party, resigned in disgust.

Senator Mulvihill - Go on!

Senator HANNAN - It is a fact. He was so disgusted with the attitude of the leader of his Party, with his subservience and oleaginousness, that he resigned. There are very serious overtones in these famous wheat and sugar sales. I know that any development of a substantial rural market is valuable and is welcomed, provided it can be relied upon. One of the things to which any Australian would object is the fact that the wheat sales seem to be tied to the continuance of a Labor government in this country. In other words, the Chinese have agreed to a 6-months sale and have promised to extend it for 2.5 years if the Labor Government remains in power. I would not think that that was a particularly good bet. We know, from an authority as high as Dr J. F. Cairns, that the Chinese entered into this agreement only because we had a Labor Administration. If that is not the most disgusting and degrading admission for a Minister of the Crown to make, I would like to know what is.

Senator Lillico - Hear, hear!

Senator HANNAN - Senator Lillicoknows that a blind baby could sell wheat at the moment. There is a world shortage of it. The Soviet Union has bought 700 million bushels from the United States. France, which is normally an exporter, is importing. Canada has had a tremendous drought. The European Economic Community is not self-sufficient in wheat. Whilst a wheat sale is welcome, I think it is sobering to realise that the current wheat sales are less, on an estimated per year basis, than the sales arranged by the previous Government from 1966 onwards. Let us have a bit of sobriety and reason when we look at these exciting matters. The sugar sale might be in a better category. I am not sure; I will withhold judgment on it. The world is not so clamant for sugar as it is for wheat. On the one hand, the Government rejoices in having a sugar trade agreement with China. On the other hand, it brings Fidel Castro's boy out here to see what he can do to undermine our industry.

When the Prime Minister returned from China he said that China symbolises Australia's highest aspirations. Surely nobody in this country beside comrade Aarons, Ted Hill and a few others, would agree with that statement. Not even honourable senators opposite would agree with it. Does not the Prime Minister realise that China has a one party system? There are no free trade unions in China. Let us look at the 2 gentlemen over whom our distinguished leader was slobbering. Chou En-lai, a man who has murdered 16 men- not killed them in battle- and Chairman Mao who, on his own admission, is responsible for the death of 20 million of his own people are the two to whom I refer. Was Adolf Hitler, whom all of us regard as the embodiment of all evil, a man whose ideas are to be shunned and criticised, evil only because he lost? Chairman Mao and his boys embody the same evils, the same brutality and the same tyranny. Are they to be respected simply because they won?

Last Monday evening I was speaking to a friend of mine who had with him a friend from China. He was a bit disgusted with all the rubbish that was appearing in the Press about what great friends we were now with these 750 million or 800 million people. He said: 'I have two of the most terrible photographs that any man could have in his possession. I have a photograph of the execution of my mother and one of the execution of my father. My mother was walking down the street of a Chinese town shortly after the great Red successes in China. One of the locals denounced her as a landlord type'. I said: 'How much land did she own?' He said: 'A hectare'. A people's court was convened in the street where she was walking. The masses came, yelled for blood and condemned her to death, and without a trial her head was lopped off by a swordsman in the public street. Similar, although not exactly the same, circumstances existed in regard to the execution of his father. This is the method, the tyranny and the type of disgrace to humanity by which Chairman Mao and his friends have come to power.

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