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Wednesday, 29 August 1973
Page: 617


Mr Kerin asked the Minister for Housing, upon notice:

(1)   Can he say how many people have committed suicide in high rise, high density flats in capital cities in Australia during the last 5 years.

(2)   What studies have been undertaken on the social effects of high rise living on people in Australia and overseas.

(3)   Will he commission a study on the sociological and psychological effects of high rise, high density living.


Mr Les Johnson (HUGHES, NEW SOUTH WALES) - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1)   No.

(2)   The Department of Housing library holds a wide variety of reports as follows:

AUSTRALIA. National Capital Development Commission

Survey of flat dwellers. Canberra, 1959.

CARDEW, R. V

Flats: a study of occupants and locations. Sydney, University of Sydney, 1970. (Ian Buchan Pell Research Project on Housing, Research Paper, 4).

HOUSING OFFICERS' CONFERENCE

Hobart, 197.2 Higher density housing: papers. March 1-3 1972. Hobart 1972.

IAN BUCHAN FELL RESEARCH PROJECT ON HOUSING

Life and metropolitan location: a comparative study by social survey of three public authority walk up flat developments in Sydney . . . Sydney, University of Sydney, 1970. (Ian Buchan Fell Research Project on Housing, Research Paper, 5).

RAPOPORT, Amos

Environmental aspects of the design of tall buildings. Part 2, 6. Human and psychological reactions. Architectural Science Review 14, December 1971: 95-97.

STEVENSON, Anne

High living: a study of family life in flats, by Anne Stevenson, Elaine Martin and Judith O'Neill. Melbourne University Press, 1967.

WYNHAUSEN, Elizabeth

No high living in high-rise. Bulletin 93, 11 September 1971: 27-29.

AREGGER, Hans

High rise building and urban design by Hans Aregger and Otto Glaus. London, Thomas & Hudson, 1967.

CAPPON, Daniel

Mental health in the hi-rise. Ekistics 196, March 1972: 192-195.

CHRISTIAN, Dr John J.

Physiological and pathological correlates of population density. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, March 1964: 169-174.

DARKE, J

Health and environment: high flats by J. & R. Darke. London, Centre for Environmental Studies, 1970. (CES Working Paper, 10).

DUBOS, Rene

So human an animal. New York, Charles Scribners' Sons, 1968.

DUHL, Leonard ed.

The urban condition. New York, Basic Books Incorporated, 1963.

ETTINGER, J. van

Multistorey blocks versus single - family dwellings for housing- a keynote paper by J. van Ettinger and others. Rotterdam, Stichting Bouwcentrum, 1968.

GOTTENBOER, E. A

The relation of housing to behavior disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 119, November 1962: 469-472.

GREAT BRITAIN. Environment Dept. of

The estate outside the dwelling. Reactions of residents to aspects of housing layout. London, HMSO, 1972.

GREAT BRITAIN, Environment Dept. of Housing single people: how they live at present. London, HMSO, 1971 (Design Bulletin, 23).

GREAT BRITAIN. Housing and Local Government. Min. of

Families living at high density: a study of estates in Leeds, Liverpool and London. London, HMSO, 1970. (Great Britain Housing and Local Government Min. of. Design Bulletin, 21.)

GREGOIRE, Menie

The child in the high rise. Ekistics 31, May 1971: 331-333.

GRUENBERG, Ernest M.

Community conditions and psychosis of the elderly. American Journal of Psychiatry, 110, June 1954: 888-896.

GUNN, Alexander D. G.

High life in the sky. the medical-social problems of multistorey living. Nursing Times 64, April 1968: 468-469.

JENSEN, Rolf

High density living. London, Leonard Hill, 1966.

JEPHCOTT, Pearl

High density living. Housing Review 21, SeptemberOctober 1972: 167-170.

JEPHCOTT, Pearl

Homes in high flats: some of the human problems involved in multistorey housing. Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd, 1971. (Univ. of Glasgow. Social and Economic Studies Occasional Paper, 13.)

KATZ, Robert D.

Relationship of density to livability. Building Research 1, January-February 1964: 15-18.

KHAN, Fazlor R.

The future of highrise structures, Progressive Architecture, 53, October 1972: 78-85.

MICHELSON, William

Man and his urban environment: a sociological approach. Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley, 1970.

NETHERLANDS. Housing and Building, Ministry of

Should we build and live in houses or flats The Hague, Min. of Housing and Building, 1965.

ROTHBLATT, Donald N.

Housing and human needs. Town Planning Review 42, April 1971: 130-144.

SAFDIE, Moshe

Beyond habitat, edited by John Kettle. Cambridge Mass., MIT, 1970.

SCHMITT, Robert C.

Implications of density in Hong Kong. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, August 1963: 210-217.

SILLITOE, Helen Ruth

Living in flats: a study of some aspects of living conditions in flats in West Germany. Housing 51, September 1969: 7-12.

SPACE, scale and sickness: the effects of human crowding. Progressive Architecture, December 1966: 47-50.

TYRWHITT, J

High rise apartments and urban forms. Athens, Athens Technological Organisation, 1968. (ACE Publications Series Research Report No. 5.)

WALLACE, Anthony F.

Housing and social structure: a preliminary survey with particular reference to multi-storey lowrent, public housing projects. Philadelphia, Philadelphia Housing Authority, 1952.

WEKERLE, Gerda

High rise living: can the same design serve young and old? By Gerda Wekerle and Edward Hall. Ekistics 196, March 1972: 186-191. WINSBOROUGH, Halliman

The social consequences of high population density. Law and Contemporary Problems, Winter 1965: 120-126.

Further references may be obtained from the following:

COUNCIL OF PLANNING LIBRARIANS EXCHANGE BIBLIOGRAPHY 221

Higher density environments: some cultural physiological and psychological considerations - an annotated bibliography by A. P. Hollander. Monticello Illinois, Council of Planning Librarians, 1971. (Council of Planning Librarians, Exchange Bibliography, 221.)

COUNCIL OF PLANNING LIBRARIANS EXCHANGE BIBLIOGRAPHY, 221

Housing - health relationships: an annotated bibliography by Charles W. Barr. Monticello, Illinois, Council of Planning Librarians, 1969. (Council of Planning Librarians, Exchange Bibliography, 82.)

(3)   Any decision to undertake such a study would involve Departments other than my own. I would be happy to support any move in this direction should my colleagues who are concerned with matters of social welfare and mental health in general consider it worthwhile.







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