Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
SJ No 39 - 10 September 1968



Download PDF Download PDF

1968

THE PARLIAMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

183

JOURNALS OF THE SENATE N o . 39

TUESDAY, 10 SEPTEMBER 1968

1 M eeting of Senate: The Senate met at three p.m., pursuant to adjournment. The President (Senator the Honourable Sir Alister McMullin) took the Chair.

2 PRAYERS.

3 Petition: The Leader of the Opposition (Senator Murphy) presented a petition signed by the President of the Hobart Branch of the Tasmanian Pensioners’ League praying that the Senate will do all in its power to press for further increases in.pensions for the aged, infirm and widows. Petition received and read.

4 Q uestions: Questions on notice were answered.

5 Papers: The following Papers were presented, pursuant to Statute: Agricultural Tractors Bounty Act—Return for year 1967-68. Australian National University Act—Annual Report of the Council of the Australian National University, together with financial statements, for 1967. Commonwealth Banks Act—Appointments—M. J. Beaven, Μ. M. Mailer.

Lands Acquisition Act—Land acquired for Defence purposes—Alice Springs, Northern Territory. Northern Territory (Administration) Act—Crown Lands Ordinance—Statement by Minister of reasons for the revocation of land reserved for the Woolwonga

Aboriginal Reserve, Northern Territory. Public Service Act—Appointment—Postmaster-General’s Department—P. Samios. Public Service Arbitration Act—Determinations by the Arbitrator—1968— No. 98—Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners of Australia and others.

No. 109—Amalgamated Engineering Union; and Boilermakers and Blacksmiths’ Society of Australia. No. 110—Transport Workers’ Union of Australia. No. 112—Commonwealth Public Service Artisans’ Association. No. 113—Non-Official Postmasters’ Association of Australia. No. 114—Federated Storemen and Packers’ Union of Australia and others. No. 115—Amalgamated Engineering Union and others. No. 116—Australian Federated Union of Locomotive Enginemen. No. 117—North Australian Workers’ Union. Nos. 118 and 119—Amalgamated Engineering Union and others. Tractor Bounty Act—Return for year 1967-68.

184 No. 39— 10 September 1968

6 Printing Committee—Third R eport: Senator Marriott brought up the following Report from the Printing Committee:

T hird R eport

The Printing Committee has the honour to report that it has met in Conference with the Printing Committee of the House of Representatives. The Joint Committee, having considered the Petitions and Papers presented to Parliament since the last meeting of the Committee, and another Paper presented to Parliament in 1967, recommends that the following be printed:

Accident Investigation Report—Bell 204b Helicopter VH-UTW at Barracouta Platform, Bass Strait, on 22 March 1968. Advance to the Treasurer—Statement for the year 1967-68 of Heads of Expenditure and the Amounts charged thereto, pursuant to section 36a of

the Audit Act 1901-1966. Asian and Pacific Council—Third Ministerial Meeting, Canberra, 1968— Joint Communique. Agreement, dated 1 August 1968, between Australia and other Member

countries, establishing a Cultural and Social Centre for the Asian and Pacific Region. Australian National University Act—Annual Report of the Council of the Australian National University, together with financial statements, for 1967.

Cellulose Acetate Flake Bounty Act—Return for year ended 18 March 1968. Christmas Island—Report for year 1966-67. Defence Report 1967. Dried Fruits Export Control Act—Forty-fourth Annual Report of the Aus­

tralian Dried Fruits Control Board, for year 1967-68. National Debt Sinking Fund Act—Forty-fifth Annual Report of the National Debt Commission, for year 1967-68. Nationality and Citizenship Act—Return for year 1967-68.

Northern Territory (Administration) Act—Administrative Actions (Investi­ gation) Ordinance 1968, together with statement of reasons by the Minister for withholding assent. Post and Telegraph Act—Post Office Prospects and Capital Programme

1968-69—First Annual Statement by the Postmaster-General on the esti­ mated financial results and capital expenditure of Post Office services for years 1967-68 and 1968-69. Pyrites Bounty Act—Return for year 1967-68. Services Trust Funds Act—Twentieth Annual Report of the Services Canteens

Trust Fund, together with the Auditor-General’s Report on accounts for 1967. States Grants (Advanced Education) Act—Statement by the Minister speci­ fying a project approved additional to those specified in the Second Schedule

of the Act, dated 28 May 1968. Stevedoring Industry Act—Twelfth Annual Report of the Australian Steve­ doring Industry Authority, together with financial accounts and the Auditor-

General’s Report thereon, for year 1966-67. Sulphate of Ammonia Bounty Act—Return for year 1967-68. United Nations—Report of the Australian Delegation to the Twenty-second

Session of the General Assembly, New York, 19 September to 19 December 1967 (First Part). Urea Bounty Act—Return for period 26 October 1966 to 31 December 1967.

J. E. M arriott

29 August 1968 Senator Marriott moved, by leave—That the Report be adopted. Question—put and passed.

No. 39— 10 September 1968 185

7 Papua and N ew G uinea D evelopment Programme—M inisterial Statement— Paper: The Minister for Works (Senator Wright), by leave, made a statement relating to a five year programme for the development of Papua and New Guinea. Senator Wright then, by Command of His Excellency the Governor-General, laid upon the Table the following Paper:

Programmes and Policies for the Economic Development of Papua and New Guinea, September 1968. The Leader of the Opposition (Senator Murphy) moved, by leave—That the Senate take note of the Paper. Ordered—That the debate be adjourned till the next day of sitting and that Senator

Murphy have leave to continue his speech on the resumption of the debate.

8 O rder of G eneral Business after 8 p .m.—Suspension o f Standing Orders: The Leader of the Opposition (Senator Murphy), pursuant to contingent notice, moved—That so much of the Standing Orders be suspended as would prevent Senator Murphy moving a motion relating to the order of General Business after eight p.m. Question—put and passed. Postponement: The Leader of the Opposition (Senator Murphy), moved—That inter­

vening General Business be postponed until after the consideration of Notice of Motion No. 7 and Order of the Day No. 8, after eight p.m. this day. Debate ensued. Question—put and passed.

9 Budget P apers 1968-69: Order of the Day read for the adjourned debate on the motion by the Minister for Supply (Senator Anderson)—That the Senate take note of the Papers—And on the amendment moved thereto by the Leader o f the Opposition (Senator Murphy)—At end of motion add “, but the Senate is of opinion that the Budget is inadequate in that it does not make provision:

(1) to lighten taxes and health costs for families and increase benefits; (2) to plan defence procurement and expenditure; (3) to meet the problems of Australia’s capital and provincial cities; and (4) to retain control and promote development of Australia’s mineral, fuel, land and

marine resources” . Debate resumed.

And General Business taking precedence o f Government Business after eight p.m.—

10 U nited N ations Security C ouncil R esolution on Southern R hodesia: The Leader of the Opposition (Senator Murphy) having, by leave, amended the Notice of Motion standing in his name, pursuant to notice, moved—That the Senate approves the United Nations Security Council resolution No. 253 of 29 May 1968 on Southern Rhodesia, takes note of the announcement made by the Minister for External Affairs on 2 September 1968 of the measures so far being taken by the Australian Govern­ ment pursuant to the resolution and requests the Government to do all in its power to implement the resolution, the text of which is as follows:

RESOLUTION 253 (1968)

ADOPTED BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL AT ITS 1428th MEETING ON 29th MAY 1968 The Security Council, Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 216 (1965) of 12th November 1965, 217 (1965) of 20th November 1965, 221 (1966) of 9th April 1966, and 232 (1966) of 16th December 1966,

Taking note of resolution 2262 (XXII) adopted by the General Assembly on 3rd November 1967,

186 No. 39— 10 September 1968

Noting with great concern that the measures taken so far have failed to bring the rebellion in Southern Rhodesia to an end, Reaffirming that, to the extent not superseded in this resolution, the measures provided for in resolutions 217 (1965) of 20th November 1965, and 232 (1966) of

16th December 1966, as well as those initiated by Member States in implementation of those resolutions, shall continue in effect,

Gravely concerned that the measures taken by the Security Council have not been complied with by all States and that some States, contrary to resolution 232 (1966) of the Security Council and to their obligations under Article 25 of the Charter, have failed to prevent trade with the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia,

Condemning the recent inhuman executions carried out by the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia which have flagrantly affronted the conscience of mankind and have been universally condemned,

Affirming the primary responsibility of the Government of the United Kingdom to enable the people of Southern Rhodesia to achieve self-determination and independence, and in particular their responsibility for dealing with the prevailing situation,

Recognizing the legitimacy of the struggle of the people of Southern Rhodesia to secure the enjoyment of their rights as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations and in conformity with the objectives of General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV),

Reaffirming its determination that the present situation in Southern Rhodesia constitutes a threat to international peace and security,

Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, 1. Condemns all measures of political repression, including arrests, detentions, trials and executions which violate fundamental freedoms and rights of the people of Southern Rhodesia, and calls upon the Government of the United Kingdom to take all possible measures to put an end to such actions;

2. Calls upon the United Kingdom as the administering Power in the discharge of its responsibility to take urgently all effective measures to bring to an end the rebellion in Southern Rhodesia, and enable the people to secure the enjoyment of their rights as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations and in conformity with the objectives of General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV);

3. Decides that, in furtherance of the objective of ending the rebellion, all States Members of the United Nations shall prevent: (а) The import into their territories of all commodities and products originating in Southern Rhodesia and exported therefrom after the date of this resolution (whether or not the commodities or products are for consumption or processing in their territories, whether or not they are imported in bond and whether or not any special legal status with respect to the import of goods is enjoyed by the port or other place where they are imported or stored);

(б) Any activities by their nationals or in their territories which would promote or are calculated to promote the export of any commodities or products from Southern Rhodesia; and any dealings by their nationals or in their territories in any commodities or products originating in Southern Rhodesia and exported therefrom after the date of this resolution, including in particular any transfer of funds to Southern Rhodesia for the purposes of such activities or dealings;

(c) The shipment in vessels or aircraft of their registration or under charter to their nationals, or the carriage (whether or not in bond) by land transport facilities across their territories of any commodities or products originating in Southern Rhodesia and exported therefrom after the date of this resolution;

No. 39— 10 September 1968 187

(d) The sale or supply by their nationals or from their territories of any com­ modities or products (whether or not originating in their territories, but not including supplies intended strictly for medical purposes, educational equipment and material for use in schools and other educational institutions, publications, news material and, in special humanitarian circumstances, food-stuffs) to any person or body in Southern Rhodesia or to any other person or body for the purposes of any business carried on in or operated from Southern Rhodesia, and any activities by their nationals or in their territories which promote or are calculated to promote such sale or supply;

(e) The shipment in vessels or aircraft of their registration, or under charter to their nationals, or the carriage (whether or not in bond) by land transport facilities across their territories of any such commodities or products which are consigned to any person or body in Southern Rhodesia, or to any other person or body for the purposes of any business carried on in or operated from Southern Rhodesia;

4. Decides that all States Members of the United Nations shall not make avail­ able to the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia or to any commercial, industrial or public utility undertaking, including tourist enterprises, in Southern Rhodesia any funds for investment or any other financial or economic resources and shall prevent their nationals and any persons within their territories from making available to the regime or to any such undertaking any such funds or resources and from remitting any other funds to persons or bodies within Southern Rhodesia except payments exclusively for pensions or for strictly medical, humanitarian or educational purposes or for the provision of news material and in special humanitarian cir­ cumstances, food-stuffs;

5. Decides that all States Members of the United Nations shall: (a) Prevent the entry into their territories, save on exceptional humanitarian grounds, of any person travelling on a Southern Rhodesian passport, regardless of its date of issue, or on a purported passport issued by or on behalf of the illegal regime in Southern Rhodesia; and

(b) Take all possible measures to prevent the entry into their territories of persons whom they have reason to believe to be ordinarily resident in Southern Rhodesia and whom they have reason to believe to have furthered or encouraged, or to be likely to further or encourage, the unlawful actions of the illegal regime

in Southern Rhodesia or any activities which are calculated to evade any measure decided upon in this resolution or resolution 232 (1966) of 16th December 1966;

6. Decides that all States Members of the United Nations shall prevent airline companies constituted in their territories and aircraft of their registration or under charter to their nationals from operating to or from Southern Rhodesia and from linking up with any airline company constituted or aircraft registered in Southern Rhodesia;

7. Decides that all States Members of the United Nations shall give effect to the decisions set out in operative paragraphs 3, 4, 5 and 6 of this resolution notwith­ standing any contract entered into or licence granted before the date of this resolution;

8. Calls upon all States Members of the United Nations or of the specialised agencies to take all possible measures to prevent activities by their nationals and persons in their territories promoting, assisting or encouraging emigration to Southern Rhodesia, with a view to stopping such emigration;

9. Requests all States Members of the United Nations or of the specialised agencies to take all possible further action under Article 41 of the Charter to deal with the situation in Southern Rhodesia, not excluding any of the measures provided in that Article;

188 No. 39— 10 September 1968

10. Emphasises the need for the withdrawal of all consular and trade repre­ sentation in Southern Rhodesia, in addition to the provisions of operative paragraph 6 of resolution 217 (1965); 11. Calls upon all States Members of the United Nations to carry out these

decisions of the Security Council in accordance with Article 25 of the United Nations Charter and reminds them that failure or refusal by any one of them to do so would constitute a violation of that Article; 12. Deplores the attitude of States that have not complied with their obligations

under Article 25 of the Charter, and censures in particular those States which have persisted in trading with the illegal regime in defiance of the resolutions of the Security Council, and which have given active assistance to the regime; 13. Urges all States Members of the United Nations to render moral and material

assistance to the people of Southern Rhodesia in their struggle to achieve their freedom and independence; 14. Urges, having regard to the principles stated in Article 2 of the United Nations Charter, States not Members of the United Nations to act in accordance with the provisions of the present resolution;

15. Requests States Members of the United Nations, the United Nations Organi­ sation, the specialised agencies, and other international organisations in the United Nations system to extend assistance to Zambia as a matter of priority with a view to helping her solve such special economic problems as she may be confronted with

arising from the carrying out of these decisions of the Security Council; 16. Calls upon all States Members of the United Nations, and in particular those with primary responsibility under the Charter for the maintenance of international peace and security, to assist effectively in the implementation of the measures called

for by the present resolution; 17. Considers that the United Kingdom as the administering Power should ensure that no settlement is reached without taking into account the views of the people of Southern Rhodesia, and in particular the political parties favouring

majority rule, and that it is acceptable to the people of Southern Rhodesia as a whole; 18. Calls upon all States Members of the United Nations or of the specialised agencies to report to the Secretary-General by 1st August 1968 on measures taken to implement the present resolution;

19. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the progress of the implementation of this resolution, the first report to be made not later than 1st September 1968; 20. Decides to establish, in accordance with rule 28 of the provisional rules of

procedure of the Security Council, a committee of the Security Council to under­ take the following tasks and to report to it with its observations: · (a) To examine such reports on the implementation of the present resolutions as are submitted by the Secretary-General; ·

(b) To seek from any States Members of the United Nations or of the specialised agencies such further information regarding the trade of that State (including infor­ mation regarding the commodities and products exempted from the prohibition contained in operative paragraph 3 (d) above) or regarding any activities by any

nationals of that State or in its territories that may constitute an evasion of the measures decided upon in this resolution as it may consider necessary for the proper discharge of its duty to report to the Security Council; 21. Requests the United Kingdom, as the administering Power, to give maximum assistance to the committee, and to provide the committee with any information which it may receive in order that the measures envisaged in this resolution and resolution 232 (1966) may be rendered fully effective;

No. 39— 10 September 1968 189

22. Calls upon all States Members of the United Nations, or of the specialised agencies, as well as the specialised agencies themselves, to supply such further information as may be sought by the Committee in pursuance of this resolution; 23. Decides to maintain this item on its agenda for further action as appropriate in the light of developments.

Debate ensued. Senator Byrne moved an amendment, viz.: At end of motion add “ but; (1) noting that the basis of the United Nations action against Rhodesia was that the Rhodesian situation constituted a threat to world peace and security, and

(2) noting that the aggression of the Soviet Union against Czechoslovakia was an actual breach of world peace and security and remains a continuing threat to world peace, and (3) realising the importance of Australia demonstrating a consistent approach and

attitude to breaches or threatened breaches of the peace, urges the Government immediately to call on the United Nations to institute discip­ linary action against the Soviet Union” . Debate continued. Senator Buttfield addressing the Chair—

And it being 10.30p.m . —

11 Adjournment: The President, under Sessional Order, put the Question—That the Senate do now adjourn. The Senate divided— Ayes, 27 N oes, 22

S e n a to r— S e n a to r— S e n a to r— S e n a to r—

A n d e rs o n M a u n se ll B is h o p M u rp h y

B ull P ro w se C a v a n a g h O rm o n d e

B u ttfie ld R a e C o h e n P o k e

B y rn e R a n k in , D a m e D e v itt P o y se r

C o r m a c k A n n a b e lle D ittm e r R id le y

D r a k e -B ro c k m a n S c o tt D r u ry W h e e ld o n

G a ir S im G e o rg e s W ilk in so n

G re e n w o o d W e b s te r H e n d ric k s o n W illesc e

L a u c k e W e d g w o o d , D a m e K eeffe W rie d t

L a u g h t Ivy L a c e y

L a w rie W ith e rs M c C le lla n d T e lle r:

L ittle W rig h t M u lv ih ill S e n a to r O ’B y rn e

M c K e lla r Y o u n g

M c M u Ilin , S ir A liste r T eller:

M a rr io tt S e n a to r C o tto n

And so it was resolved in the affirmative. The Senate adjourned at twenty-five minutes to eleven p.m. till to-morrow at three p.m.

12 Attendance: Present, all the Members except Senators Branson (on leave), Cant (on leave), Davidson (on leave), McManus, Milliner, Toohey (on leave), Turnbull and Wood. R. E. Bullock,

Acting Clerk of the Senate

21584/68 By Authority: A. J. Arthur, Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra