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Public Service Act - Department of Territories - Report for 1985-86

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The Parliament o f the Commonwealth of Australia


Annual Report


Presented 19 November 1986

Ordered to be printed 27 November 1986

Parliamentary Paper No. 376/1986



Adm inistra­ tive


Responsibili­ ties


The Department of Territories was established in December 1984 from the form er Department of Territories and Local Government. It is the eighth Commonwealth Department to have held responsibilities for the Seat of

Government. Previous Departments performed various other functions in conjunction with these responsibilities and the responsibilities have expanded or contracted under different portfolios.

The transfer in 1984 of the Office of Local Government to the Department of Administrative Services focused the role of the new Department on territorial affairs in mainland Australia and most of its island territories. This role was enhanced when further municipal and State-type agencies and functions in the ACT were transferred to the Territories portfolio under the Administrative Arrangements O rder of 12 December 1985.

The Department administers the Australian Capital Territory and Jervis Bay T erritory on the Australian mainland, and the external territories of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Coral Sea Islands Territory, and the Territories of Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. It is also responsible for the administration

of Commonwealth responsibilities on Norfolk Island, and advises the Government on the constitutional development of the Northern Territory.

Responsibilities transferred to the Department from other Departments during the year as a result of the Administrative Arrangements Order of 12 December 1985 were:

from Attorney-General's — administration of the Classification of Publications Ordinance 1983, Film Classifications Ordinance 1971, and Instruments Ordinance 1933; from Education — liaison with educational bodies having responsibilities in the ACT and administration of non-government schools’ programs; from Housing and Construction — planning, design and construction, operation, and maintenance of Canberra’s water supply, sewerage, and stormwater systems; from Local Government and Administrative Services — vehicle fleet management; and from Primary Industry — administration of the Stock Diseases Ordinance 1933.

Statutory authorities/officers brought into the Territories portfolio were:

from the Attorney-General — Public Trustee; from the Minister for Education — ACT Schools Authority; and from the Minister for Health — ACT Health Authority and associated boards, Chiropractic Board, Community Health Services Board, Dental Board,

Drugs Advisory Committee, Hospital Services Board, Medical Board, Mental Health Advisory Council, Nurses Registration Board, Optometrists Board, Pharmacy Board, Physiotherapists Board, Radiation Council, and Veterinary Surgeons Board.

The acquisitions represented the most notable reforms in ACT administration since the creation of a separate ACT ministry in 1972.

The transfer of functions increased the Department’s staff numbers from 3629 at I July 1985 to 5250 at 30 June 1986.


External Territories A C T Self Government Development Community Services

Education Transport and W orks Parks and Recreation Legislation and Regulation

Management Services Finance



External Territories Division

Legal Section Indian Ocean Territories Branch

Northern Territory and Norfolk Island . Branch


advancement in the


The Department of Territories is responsible for the direct administration of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Coral Sea Islands and Jervis Bay; for ensuring the effective administration of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands; and for certain matters in Norfolk Island and the Northern Territory.

The Territories differ greatly from each other and the rest of Australia. Their people have different ethnic backgrounds and some different languages, and they have developed different value systems. The distances between each Territory, and between them and the rest of Australia, are great, and the relatively small population of each Territory has encouraged its unique development.

The aim of government policies is to ensure that the residents of the Territories enjoy standards of service equivalent to those in the rest of Australia. This aim is embodied in the Commonwealth Grants Commission first report on Cocos (Keeling) Islands Inquiry of April 1986. It will provide the basis for ensuring that Australian

levels of public services and facilities are provided to the Cocos Malay people, and that the people achieve mainland standards of living.

All the Territories made notable progress in the 1985-86 year in political and economic development, including education and conservation. Emphasis was placed on expanding the opportunities for greater economic and political participation by local populations.

The Commonwealth’s goal for the political development of the Territories is to extend to them rights and responsibilities for determining their local affairs. This requires the orderly transfer of responsibility from the Commonwealth to the

Territories. Currently each T erritory is at a different stage in this process.

The Northern Territory already has self-government. A Select Committee on Constitutional Development was established by the Northern Territory Government in August 1985. The Committee is to inquire, in part, into

constitutional issues affecting the Territory and its entry into the Federation as a new State. There is now an office of Constitutional Development in the Chief Minister’s Department.

The objective is for Norfolk Island to achieve internal self-government as a Territory under the authority of the Commonwealth. In 1985-86, considerable progress was made towards this goal when further government functions were transferred from the Commonwealth to the Norfolk Island Government. The


Educational and training opportunities


A craft workshop on batik, tie-dyeing and silk-screening was established in 1985 to provide items for sale in the Territory and elsewhere.

O ther initiatives to help the economic development in the Indian Ocean Territories of Christmas and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands concentrated on improving air and sea transport, and introducing satellite communication systems.

The Jabiru oil field is in the adjacent area of the Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands in the Timor Sea. Following extensive negotiations in 1985-86, production of an initial I 3 000 barrels by a consortium led by BHP Petroleum Pty Ltd is expected to begin in mid-1986. A number of new exploration permits were awarded. These will ensure increased exploration activity over the next few years.

A key government objective is to provide adequate educational opportunities for residents of the external Territories. This will accomplish several goals by providing conditions in the Territories equivalent to those on the mainland, by ensuring sufficient training for Islanders to participate in the future development of the Territories, and by providing reasonable levels of education to allow island

residents to move elsewhere in the Australian community.

In the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, improvements in educational opportunities included introducing a pre-vocational program for Year 10 students, and introducing Year I I secondary schooling. Members of the Home Island community have won awards for study on the mainland while others are furthering their studies locally.

Retraining, English-language classes and trade skills courses have increased on Christmas Island.

The N orfolk Island Government has proposed that it take over responsibility for education on the Island. The Department and the Island Government are arranging training and development opportunities for residents involved in the

administration of the Island. These include staff exchanges and participation in training opportunities on the mainland. This will increase the effectiveness of the Norfolk Island Government’s administration.

The Senate Standing Committee on Science, Technology and Environment endorsed the conservation measures on Christmas Island in its report of 4 June 1986. The 19th W orld Conference of the International Council for Bird Preservation held in Canada in June 1986 noted the conservation work carried out in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

The Western Australian Overseas Project Authority prepared a land-use study for the Department to provide a basis for the future development of Christmas Island to help maintain adequate conservation safeguards. Stages 2 and 3 of the Christmas Island National Park were gazetted on 3 1 January 1986.

A caretaker program for the Ashmore Islands was introduced to minimise destruction of wildlife and environmental damage by visiting Indonesian fishermen.

Restoring the Georgian buildings in the Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area continued on schedule. W ork has begun on a plan for managing the area when restoration is complete. The central themes of a draft development plan released for comment by the Norfolk Island Government in July-August 1985 are the conservation of nature, lifestyle and the built environment. A national park covering the Mount Pitt area was proclaimed on 31 January 1986 under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975.

In January 1986, when the lease on part of Bowen Island expired, the Island was declared a nature reserve under the ACT Nature Conservation Ordinance 1980.


Employment conditions

Industrial relations





Reaction to the Bill

Government-sponsored amendments

commercial funding basis. An important element in this proposal was to establish a formal consultative and agreement process involving the new body and the Commonwealth in the T erritory’s planning and development process.

The legislation also provided for detailed working arrangements for the new body including its rules, orders and procedures.

Provisions were also included to provide for Commonwealth employees initially comprising the Council’s administration to remain under Australian Public Service terms and conditions of employment. Provision was also made for the development of the Council’s own staffing law and for the involvement of the Commonwealth and unions in the development of that law, as well as arrangements for the future transfer of any Commonwealth staff to the Administration’s staff.

The implications for ACT industrial relations matters arising from the establish­ ment of a new level of government were recognised. The Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration A ct was to continue to apply in the ACT and accordingly the new body was to have no legislative power in industrial relations matters except in relation to its own staff.

The legislation also provided for financial arrangements to ensure the new Administration’s fiscal control over the considerable range of responsibilities to be transferred. The Commonwealth also undertook to enter into detailed negotiations on financial matters with the incoming body and provided specific financial guarantees, to ensure the smooth and orderly transfer of responsibility.

O ther important provisions of the legislation concerned the electoral arrange­ ments. The Commonwealth Electoral Act was to apply, so ensuring that electoral boundaries would always be set fairly and independently. The legislation provided for thirteen single member electorates with electoral procedures in line with those of the House of Representatives.

The culmination of self-government activities was the introduction into the Parliament by the Minister of the ACT Council Bill on 19 March 1986.

The Bill was opposed by the Opposition parties and the Australian Democrats. Other objections included the power of the Attorney-General to decide whether the Council had power to make a proposed law and the power of the Governor- General to dismiss the Council.

In response to these concerns, and following advice from the ACT House of Assembly and consultations with other community organisations, the Govern­ ment proposed a range of amendments including:

a mixed electoral system with ten members elected from single member electorates and nine members elected from the ACT at large (this system is similar to that successfully operating in West Germany); a change of the name of the governing body from the Australian Capital T erritory Council to Australian Capital Territory House of Assembly;

removal of the requirement for the Attorney-General to certify Assembly laws; the provision of reasons by the Minister to Parliament where the Governor- General’s power of dismissal of the Assembly is exercised; and provision requiring consultation with relevant unions on terms and conditions of staff who are transferred to employment under the Assembly s own laws.

A t 30 June 1986 the Bill had not passed the Senate.




N ew Branch structure

Children’s Services Ordinance

Committee will use as a key reference the Australian Law Reform Commission Report No. 30, which was tabled in Parliament on 20 March 1986. It will work closely w ith all concerned groups particularly the community-based Domestic Violence Inter-Agency which has been operating for some time as a forum to

share opinions, experiences and information.

A vital role of the Unit is to be aware of, and to represent, concerns of ACT women. To do this the Unit attends many community meetings to keep informed on current issues.


The objective of the Welfare Services Branch is to promote the welfare of the AC T community by providing a range of essential welfare services. The services may be determined by the Courts, or in response to the needs of families and

individuals. The social welfare services and programs for the ACT and Jervis,Bay include adoption, child and family welfare, benefits to needy people, juvenile justice support systems, adult correctional programs and remand facilities for children and adults.

Key features of the year for Welfare Services Branch were:

• the reorganisation of the previous Welfare Branch into Welfare Services Branch and Programs and Review Branch; • the review of Field Services Section; • the examination of recommendations of the Vinson Inquiry into Welfare

Services in the ACT and preparation of a status report that was widely distributed for the community’s comments; • the developments in the juvenile justice area; • the introduction of the Community Service Order Scheme allowing adult offenders to do useful community work rather than be sentenced to prison; and • the establishment of community-based committees to help develop future strategies for the juvenile justice system and the adult corrections area.

A major restructuring of the then Welfare Branch took place in 1985-86 to provide more efficient welfare services. Field services were reviewed and juvenile justice was identified as a Section in its own right. The new Branch is able to concentrate on juvenile and adult welfare and correctional programs, and on

policy development and research in those areas. The benefits of this closer focus can already be seen in the progress achieved in various areas since February 1986.

A new Children’s Services Ordinance was gazetted on 4 June 1986 and replaces the existing Child Welfare Ordinance 1957. The Ordinance is based on a report by the Australian Law Reform Commission with amendments suggested by the ACT House of Assembly. It modernises child welfare practice in the ACT. Central features are the new processes for treating children in need of care and protection, community-based sentencing options for juvenile offenders, man­ datory reporting of child abuse, and a Youth Advocate who is supported by a Children’s Services Council to monitor and review decisions affecting children.

Funding to implement the provisions of the Ordinance will be sought in the 1986­ 87 Budget context particularly for a new juvenile justice system. The remaining provisions will be introduced as resources become available.


Figure 5 Reported vehicle accident rate

Source: AFP accident data

Year ended 31 December

An extensive publicity campaign informed the public of the new School Zones which are being installed progressively at all primary and secondary schools and should be completed by the end of 1986. The School Zone arrangements will be evaluated in 1986— 87.

School road safety instruction A road safety instruction program for ACT primary schools received $49 000 from the Community Employment Program to cover staffing and equipment costs. The program, which emphasises bicycle safety and helmet wearing, will operate until December 1986 and was developed as a follow-on to a similar program conducted in 1984—85.

Motorcycle safety It is well recognised throughout Australia that there is a disproportionately high accident rate among young and inexperienced m otor­ cycle riders. Most accidents occur during their first years of licensed riding. Several States have introduced rider training programs in an effort to increase the new riders’ skills and reduce the accident rate.

Accordingly, the Branch has developed a pre-permit motorcycle-rider training course in co-operation with the Canberra TAPE and the Motorcycle Riders’ Association of the ACT. The Branch is looking at ways of setting up the course.

Traffic The sum of $145 000 was provided out of NCDC works funds in 1985-86 for management traffic management, School Zones, and road safety issues arising from day-to-day 6 monitoring of the AC T road system. This represents $1 for each registered

vehicle in the ACT. One hundred and twenty-three individual projects were investigated, designed and authorised for installation. Ninety-three of these related to the high priority School Zone arrangements.


Private bus The Department issued five new bus licences to operators wishing to conduct industry charter and tour operations in the region. A 5% increase in route service fares was granted in line w ith increases in New South Wales.

A t present all interstate route services are licensed jointly with New South Wales. As the greater portion of these routes are in that State, the services are effectively controlled by New South Wales policies and regulations.

In February 1986 the Department made a submission to the NSW Department of Transport’s review of intrastate long-distance bus services. In the interests of promoting tourism and travel to the ACT, the submission criticised restrictive controls placed on the Canberra to Sydney route by New South Wales.

The Interstate Road Transport Act 1985 and the Interstate Road Transport Charge Act 1985 state that vehicles engaged in interstate trade and commerce must be registered and the operators must be licensed. Funds collected by the registration scheme are to be used to maintain interstate roads. Associated Regulations provide scope to deregulate the road transport industry serving the ACT.

A T AC Departmental officers represent the ACT on a number of committees which Committees serve the Australian Transport Advisory Council (ATAC). The Council comprises all Commonwealth, State and Territory Ministers with transport responsibilities.

The committees are the Standing Committee on Transport; the Road Safety Group, consisting of senior transport advisers to Ministers; and advisory committees on road safety promotion and education, road user attitudes and behaviour, the effects of accident trauma, traffic management, carriage of dangerous goods, vehicle standards, unsafe vehicle parts, and vehicle noise and emission controls. Committees usually meet twice each year.

D river licensing The Branch is developing several new licensing proposals following recommendations by the Australian Transport Advisory Council. These initiatives are expected to lead to some national uniformity on driver licensing practices. They include new licence classifications and a graduated licensing scheme for drivers.

A N Z T A C Following an initiative by the Department, the Australian and New Zealand Transport Authorities Conference (ANZTAC) accepted the ACT as a member in May 1986. The ACT representative will attend a meeting of AN ZTAC for the first time in September 1986.

AN ZTAC is concerned with operational and policy aspects of traffic and transport safety and economic regulation.


The Public Transit Branch is responsible for Canberra's public transport system, known as ACTION. The Branch also operates a workshop for repairing and maintaining government cars, buses and trucks.

During 1985-86 ACTION was faced with the challenge of maintaining efficient and responsive services despite financial restraints and the growing demand for additional school and route services. A C TIO N ’S tradition of reliable service was severely affected, particularly during September 1985 and March 1986, by a series of industrial bans and limitations. These resulted in many failed services that reduced revenue and turned users away to other modes, with longer term consequences.


Figure 10 Total value of all building permits granted (figures not adjusted for inflation)

Source: DOT

Year ended 30 June

Asbestos The Building Ordinance prohibits the removal of asbestos from any building other control than by licensed asbestos removal contractors. Removers must conform strictly with the prescribed safety standards and procedures.

Thirteen contractors are licensed and authorised to remove asbestos from privately-owned and Commonwealth-owned buildings.

A number of major projects have been approved, including the removal of asbestos fire insulation and lagging from the MLC building, Electricity House, the Canberra Rex Hotel, the Hotel Canberra and the NCDC Head Office.

The Building Section asbestos analysis service tested a large number of samples of insulation and received numerous inquiries about the presence of asbestos insulation in buildings.

Searches of building records

Building files and documents held by the Building Controller are accessible to owners who use this service mainly for conveyancing purposes. There was a reduction in the number of conveyancing searches from 6749 in 1984-85 to 6070 in 1985-86.

Building standards

Building Ordinance

The Department published the 1986 edition of the building manual in May 1986. This edition includes all published amendments made to the Manual since 1974.

The Department also prepared a draft Atrium Building Code for review by architects, designers and building consultants.

During the year the Department undertook a re-examination of the ACT Plumbing Code. A revised edition incorporating various comments from industry organisations is being prepared for publication during 1986-87.

The Department finalised amendments to the Building Ordinance intended to ensure that licensed building contractors meet their responsibilities for


Building industry liaison

Building and Construction Industry Long Service

Leave Board

Environment protection

During the year, the Department held discussions with the Housing Industry Association, the Master Builders’ Association, the Consumer Affairs Council and the Swimming Pool and Spa Association of the ACT on aspects of building control procedures.

In conjunction w ith the Swimming Pool and Spa Association, the Building Section participated in the I 986 Swimming Pool and Spa Show at the National Exhibition Centre to inform the public on the requirements for safety fencing for pools.

The Department continued its discussions with the Association of Draughting Supervisory and Technical Employees on staffing resources and accommodation improvements in Building Section.

The Board administers a long service leave scheme under the L o n g S e rv ic e L e a v e ( B u ild in g a n d C o n s t r u c tio n In d u s tr y ) O r d in a n c e 1 9 8 1 . The Department provides six

support staff. Their salaries and funds for the scheme are drawn from a levy on employers and contractors equal to 2.5% of wages.

In 1985—86 the number of registered employers increased by 6% to 680 and the number of employees by 31% to 10 672. A t 30 June 1986 the Board’s reserves totalled $5 856 715.

The Board’s activities are described more fully in its own A n n u a l re p o rt.

The Environment Protection Section assumed a wide role in environmental monitoring in the AC T by integrating the functional areas that existed in other Departments into a single authority responsible for environmental quality.

A ir and water pollution, noise and the disposal of hazardous chemical wastes are the subject of frequent complaints and inauiries. The Air and Water Pollution Ordinances were introduced in 1984 and enforced in 1985-86. Development of a noise control ordinance was pursued during the year.

W a te r pollution An important step in protecting the Murrumbidgee River was taken when nine licences for discharging waste were issued in June 1986. Control

Stormwater runoff from land under development is clarified in sediment interception ponds to avoid polluting



Disaster planning As mentioned in last year’s Annual report, the ACT Flood Warning Plan, a sub-plan of the AC T Disaster Plan, was printed and distributed. Two of the eighteen flood

inundation maps which support the ACT Flood Warning Plan have been printed by the Australian Survey Office and distributed to participants in the Plan.

The ACT Welfare Plan has been printed and distributed and the ACT Medical and Health Plan is being printed for distribution early in 1986-87. Changes in arrangements for administering the ACT Stock Disease Ordinance affected the preparation of the ACT Exotic Animal Disease Plan. As the Ordinance is now administered by the Minister for Territories, the ACT Exotic Animal Disease Plan will be much simpler to prepare and operate. The Plan should be finalised in

1986- 87.

The AC T Hazardous Material Spillages Plan has not progressed because of an unsettled dispute between the ACT Fire Brigade and the Australian Federal Police over responsibilities.

Training ACTES conducted tw o Basic Team Member courses for new volunteers in July and February. Twenty-eight new recruits completed the courses.

Volunteer strength of the Service remains at about one hundred and fifty. Courses were also conducted in navigation, search procedures, basic four-wheel driving, rural fire fighting, flood boat operations, bushcraft and basic communica­


Tasmanian rescue


The ACTES volunteers accepted an invitation from the Tasmania State Emergency Service to participate in its annual competition. One team of eight volunteers travelled at their own expense to Launceston and won the competition by a very large margin. The Director-General of the Natural Disasters Organisation presented the team with the inaugural National Competition Trophy.

Mr Ron Rooks, Director of ACTES, congratulating (left to right) Mr John Ross, Ms Claire Pontin, Mr Ian Curnow and Mr Ross Schofield on their win in the Tasmanian rescue competition


racing industry and revenue collection in areas such as petroleum franchise, tobacco franchise, gaming, lotteries and liquor.

Consumer The responsibilities of the Consumer Affairs Bureau comprise consumer Affairs protection (including product safety), consumer education, weights and measures Bureau (including packaging and labelling), and landlord and tenant concerns. In 1985-86, 833 w ritten complaints, 9839 telephone calls and about 2000 counter

inquiries were received by the investigations staff. To help meet the demand for services, investigating officers have concentrated on resolving problems as much as possible on the telephone. They have encouraged consumers to adopt ‘self­ help’ procedures.

Detailed information about the Bureau can be obtained from its separate Annual report which this year will be combined with the annual reports of the Consumer Affairs Council of the ACT, the Registrar of M otor Vehicle Dealers and the Administration of the Credit Ordinance.

Trading The Trade Measurements Unit of the Consumer Affairs Bureau (formerly known Standards as the Weights and Measures Office) is responsible for ensuring that consumers, when purchasing goods by weight or measure, are protected against inaccurate and fraudulent use of the measuring instruments.

Systematic and random inspections of trading premises were carried out during the year and ninety-one consumer complaints investigated. This resulted in three prosecutions in January with ten more currently being considered.

The recent arrival of testing equipment has allowed testing of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) driveway dispensers to begin. When all dispensers have been tested they will be incorporated in the normal verification and inspection programs.

Landlord and The Department administers the Landlord and Tenant Ordinance 1949. The Report tenant ° f the Joint Working Party on the Review of Landlord and Tenant Legislation in the ACT was referred to the House of Assembly for consideration. The House of Assembly considered the Report in October 1985 but made no recommenda­


The office received seventy-two formal complaints and 4849 telephone and personal inquiries about rent increases, evictions, repairs and bond money. The public awareness program was continued with displays, group lectures, and

exhibits at major shows.

Credit The Credit Ordinance 1985 provides for a scheme to regulate credit transactions in the ACT. The scheme has been adopted in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia.

Throughout the year the Bureau maintained close links with New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia and with local industry and consumer groups to monitor uniform application of the credit laws. During the year the Australian Capital Territory Credit Tribunal, in its role as licensing authority, granted seventy-six licences and rejected one application. The Tribunal met on twenty occasions.

Product The Consumer Affairs Ordinance empowers the Minister to make Product Safety safety Orders which prohibit the supply of specified goods. It also authorises him to make Product Safety Standards to impose requirements for markings, warnings, instructions or other characteristics of goods and products. The Bureau is

therefore required to investigate matters relating to product safety in the ACT and to take appropriate action.

Banning of asbestos rope The Minister, following representations from the ACT Asbestos Advisory Committee that asbestos rope be banned, referred the


reflected in the registration process in the Land Titles Office. Many of the leases sold during 1984-85 were not registered until 1985-86 and therefore the enrolment of crown leases in 1985-86 was substantially higher than that of previous years. The reduction in dealings registered in 1985-86 reflects the

decline in residential transactions but a change in the present trend is expected later in 1986.

The Office issued its 100 000th title document during the year. O f this number it is estimated that there are presently some seventy thousand live titles in the ACT and Jervis Bay.

Searches and m icrofilm There has been a fall in the number of searches carried out during the year. There were 80 000 searches in 1985-86 compared with 95 000 in 1984-85. Part of this drop can be ascribed to a decline in real estate activity. However, the largest drop occurred because a microfilm and microfiche program was introduced. This program provides up-to-date details of volume and folio references from a block, section, suburb base. Copies of all crown leases in the register can be purchased. This allows part of the searching

process to be carried out in the client’s office.

The program to microfilm the whole of the register was completed by staff employed under the Community Employment Program. Now the original documents will be used less and the hard copy register will be more secure.

Legislation Amendments to the Real Property Ordinance effective from I January 1986 in relation to the new stamp duty were enacted. These amendments allow finance lenders to carry forward mortgages to a new crown lease when a crown lease is surrendered for the grant of a new lease.


deaths and marriages

Registration The Office registers all births, adoptions, deaths and marriages in the ACT. It is also responsible for registering overseas marriages of Australian citizens, foreign marriages occurring in Australia, foreign legitimations, deaths of Australians abroad and ministers of religion in the ACT.

On I December 1985 the Commonwealth Registration of Deaths Abroad Act 1985 came into operation. This Act provides for registering deaths of Australians abroad and recording the disappearances of Australians from ships and aircraft or on their way to or from Australia. Deaths occurring before I December 1985 can

also be registered. Considerable work has gone into establishing the register, developing policy and procedures and liaising with the Department of Foreign Affairs to provide information to all overseas posts.

Computer- Both the Land Titles Office and the Births, Deaths and Marriages Office have been isation developing computer programs to further improve their services to the public. The Births, Deaths and Marriages Office has created indexes for all records of births, deaths and marriages since 1930, when records were first kept by this

office. These indexes are maintained on microfiche and updated as registrations occur. New fiche are produced regularly. The Joint Select Committee on an Australia Card, in its report of 8 May 1986, recommended that the registries of all Australian Births, Deaths and Marriages Offices be computerised whether the identity card is introduced or not. This essential reform aims to link databases through the Health Insurance Commission computer system. If it proceeds, the ACT could have a complete on-line system by early 1987.

In addition to the land register, the Titles Office has developed new computer indexes for deeds, registrations and title production. The Office continues to be a part of the LANDACT program and is committed to developing a land information system for the ACT.


Table 23 Use of W omen’s Shopfront facilities

A v e r a g e p e r m o n th

1 9 8 4 - 8 5 1 9 8 5 - 8 6

Inquiries by individuals 170 290

Inquiries by groups/agencies 64 38

Shopfront involvement in meetings, visits 2 7

Use of Shopfront meeting facilities 8 10

Total 253 345

Table 24 Adoptions

A p p lic a tio n s

A p p lic a tio n s A d o p t io n o rd e rs a w a itin g

a s s e s s m e n t a t

1 9 8 4 - 8 5 1 9 8 5 - 8 6 1 9 8 4 - 8 5 1 9 8 5 - 8 6 3 0 J u n e 1 9 8 6

Step-parent Unrelated

36 21 42 23 24

Australian 46 17 19 9 53

Overseas 38 54 12 13 53

Total 120 92 73 45 130

Table 25 Children in care

3 0 J u n e 1 9 8 5 3 0 J u n e 1 9 8 6

Government wards Children in substitute care

94 1 17

Foster care n.a. 102

Residential establishments n.a. 54

n.a. not available

Table 26 Child abuse and neglect cases

1 9 8 4 - 8 5 1 9 8 5 - 8 6

Number of reported cases 138 21 1

Number of cases resulting in Children’s Court action 6 23



Table 35 Road accidents record

Accident severity 1982 1983 1984 1985

Fatal 26 27 36 30

Injury 691 671 666 464

Property damage 8 029 8 890 10 144 1 1 030

Total accidents 8 746 9 588 10 846 II 524

Number of deaths 26 28 38 33

Number injured 923 836 839 563

Table 36 N u m b er of accidents causing injury per 10 000 m otor vehicles registered for year ending 3 1 December 1984

Australian Capital Territory 16.6

New South Wales 24.9

Victoria 27.2

Queensland 21.0

South Australia 30.1

Western Australia 25.4

Tasmania 22.2

Northern Territory 45.7

Source: ABS


Tab le S3 Com m ercial forest operations 1985-86

Operation Ha

New planting (first rotation) 100

Reforestation (second rotation) 580

Replacement (equivalent area) 220

Fertilising: boron 2 300

nitrogen/phosphorus 280

Weedicide: helicopter 300

hand/tractor 280

Thinning: spacing natural regeneration 160

non-commercial thinning plus pruning 300

Table 54 Forest estate at 30 June 1986


Radiata pine standing (including 1984 planting) 13 500

Awaiting planting 1 400

Total productive 14 900

Other softwood species 575

Protected areas (experiments etc.) 300

Total softwoods ACT 15 775

Other categories of land Cotter catchment 9 525

Protected lands and reserves 3 500

Other public lands 8 600

Total (all sources) 37 400

Table 55 Arts grants

1985 1986

$ $

Operational 1 001 360 980 650

Capital and equipment 39 370 22 642

Special projects 221 588 299 612

(Opera, community arts, visual arts, theatre and dance, music, and grants to individuals)

Total 1 262 318 1 302 904


Table 63 Registration certificates and civil marriages

1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86

Registrations Births 4 650 4 673 4 853 4 740 4 775

Deaths 993 925 1 053 953 1 133

Marriages 1 724 1 726 1 739 1 956 1 821

Overseas marriages 79 129 137 157 195

Adoptions 85 60 66 80 84

Foreign legitimations 16 9 6 4 6

Deaths abroad — — — — 37

Total 7 547 7 522 7 854 7 890 8 051

Certificates and searches Full certificates 6 676 7216 9 638 10 496 10 344

Extracts 3 859 3 574 3 229 2591 2 676

Searches 6 682 2 742 3 483 5 185 7 536

Total 17217 13 532 16 350 18 272 20 556

Civil marriages performed by Registrar’s staff 464 522 599

Table 64 The Public Trustee for the A C T

Estates on hand as at 28 October 1985 407

Additional estates 80

Finalised estates 74

Estates on hand as at 30 June 1986 413

Value of estates on hand as at 30 June 1986 $2 906 966.47

Trusts on hand as at 28 October 1985 246

Additional trusts 35

Finalised trusts 8

Trusts on hand as at 30 June 1986 273

Value of trusts on hand as at 30 June 1986 $140 539.18

Wills prepared 383

Wills on hand as at 28 October 1985 1 983

Wills received for safe custody 456

Wills removed Nil

Wills on hand as at 30 June 1986 2 439

Note: The Office of the Public Trustee for the ACT was established on 28 October 1985. The Public Trustee took over the responsibilities previously held by the Curator of Estates of Deceased Persons.



Table 72 A C T annual rates arrears

Y e a r e n d e d

3 0 J u n e

A m o u n t

o f a r r e a r s


A r r e a r s a s p e rc e n ta g e

o f ra te s le v ie d a n d

d u e to 3 0 J u n e


1982 5717680 13.56

1983 5 255 843 10.28

1984 4 775 778 9.09

1985 2 990 782 5.31

1986 3 858 843 5.64


National Capital Planning Committee in National Capital Development Com­ mission annual report

Statutory authorities whose activities are included in this annual report:

Bookmakers Licensing Committee Design and Siting Review Committee Nominal Insurer Plumbers, Drainers and Gasfitters Board Pollution Control Authority W orkm en’s Compensation Supplementation Fund

Other statutory authorities:

ACT Fire Brigade Appeal Board ACT Fire Brigade Promotions Appeal Board Australian Federal Police (Liaison Advisory) Committee Christmas Island Assembly


ACT Council on the Ageing; Ethnic Communities Council; ACROD (ACT Division); Catholic Social Service; Chair, ACT Health and Welfare Advisory Committee. Term of appointment: no fixed term. Contact no.: (062) 46 2657

A C T C o -o rd in a tin g C o m m itte e o f th e N a tio n a l T re e P ro g ra m The Committee promotes the re-establishment of tree cover in the AC T through the regeneration, planting and growing of trees.

Members: Mr J. Gunthorpe (Chair), Mr P. Buckmaster, Mrs C. Forster, Mr R. Freeman, Mr G. Heap, Mrs B. Hudson, Mr I. McArthur, Mr R. Neilson, Mr G. Shoobridge. Term of appointment: appointed by the Minister for twelve months. Contact no.: (062) 46 2509

A C T E m p lo y m e n t A dvisory C o m m itte e This Committee was created in August 1985 and advises the Ministers for Employment and Industrial Relations, and Territories on the distribution of Community Employment Program funds in the ACT.

Members: Ms P. Kendall (Chair), Ms L. Andrews, Ms L. Ball, Ms S. Burkinshaw, Ms J. Curran, Mr K. Gill, MHA, Mrs B. Hocking, MHA, Ms A. Kavanagh, Ms R. Missingham, Mr F. D. Quinnane, Mr P. Rayner, Mr R. Van Arkel. Term of appointment: no tenure restrictions.

Contact no.: (062) 47 2255

A C T H e a lth and W e lfa re A dvisory C o m m itte e This Committee provides recommendations to the ACT House of Assembly under the Health and Welfare category of the Community Development Fund. It also provides advice on the operation of the category and hears appeals in relation to funding decisions.

Members: Mr L. Daniels (Chair), Mr R. Snoekstra, Mr I. Vivian, Mr M. Waller. Term of appointment: appointed as an advisory body to the ACT House of Assembly. No fixed term. Contact no.: (062) 46 2 177

A C T H e rita g e C o m m itte e The Commitee’s principal activities are to advise the Minister on matters which relate to the natural and cultural heritage of the ACT and Jervis Bay Territory. Its responsibilities also include recommendations on grants for heritage projects and the promotion of heritage matters.

Members: Professor D.J. Mulvaney (Chair), Mr P. Cohen, Dr K. Daniels, Mr J. H. Feint, Ms R. Follett, MHA, Ms C. Helman, Mr E. Martin, Mr P. Selth, Mr K. Taylor, Mr J. Winston-Gregson. Term of appointment: up to three years. Contact no.: (062)46 2176.

A C T IO N Liaison C o m m itte e The Committee advises the Minister on matters affecting A C TIO N ’S operations referred by the Minister and the public, and provides a consultative link between the Minister and the community.

Members: D r M. Ward (Chair), Mr R. Black, Mr J. Brigg, Mr J. M. Clements, MHA, Ms S. Craven, MHA. Terms of appointment: Chair appointed by the Minister for three years. Other

members appointed for two years. Contact no.: (062) 46 2151.

A C T S p o rt and Fitness C o m m itte e This Committee advises on matters relating to sport and fitness in the ACT, including the allocation of grants.


C ivic P a rk in g C on su ltative C o m m itte e This Committee inquires into, and makes recommendations relating to, parking in Civic, having regard to joint NCDC and Department of Territories parking policy guidelines and transport policy. The Committee also assesses the impact of the implementation of recommendations and policies on Civic and other projected areas.

Membership consists of representatives from the following organisations: Action for Public Transport; Building Owners and Managers Association; Boulevard Merchants Association; Canberra Chamber of Commerce; Conservation Council of the South-Western Region and Canberra Incorporated; Department of Local Government and Administrative Services; Department of Territories; ACT House of Assembly; National Capital Development Commission; National Roads and Motorists' Association; Public Service Board; Reid Residents Association; Trades and Labour Council. Term of appointment: no fixed term. Contact no.: (062) 46 2727.

C o m m u n ity Housing Expansion P ro g ra m C o m m itte e The Committee was disbanded in August 1985 after the Government abolished the Program. The Committee advised the Department and the Minister on administrative, man­ agement and policy aspects of the Program including the assessment of submis­ sions for funding.

H o m e and C o m m u n ity C a re F o ru m (H A C C ) The Forum operates within home and community care guidelines to provide policy advice to the Minister. It makes recommendations on the distribution of HACC funds.

Members: Mr G. Humphries (Chair), Mr B. Cheshire, Mr G. Cifali, Mrs S. Doobov, Dr C. English, Mrs j. Graham, MrsJ. Harrison, Mrs R. Morant, Ms M. O ’Tarpey, Ms D. Proctor, Ms H. Rawlinson, Mr P. Woods, Mrs L. Yeend. Term of appointment: twelve months. Contact no.: (062) 46 3019.

Housing Branch A dvisory C o m m itte e This Committee was disbanded in October 1985 because the Minister decided that it was not operating efficiently. The Housing Liaison and Advisory Committee was subsequently appointed and was asked to recommend a suitable appeals mechanism. The Committee reviewed decisions made by the Commissioner for Housing or his delegation, and advised the Commissioner on policy matters.

Housing Liaison and A dvisory C o m m itte e This Committee was created in April 1986 and advises the Commissioner for Housing on existing housing policy and procedure. The Committee also proposes initiatives and identifies issues for research.

Members: Mr P. Grills (Chair), Mr R. Bell, Mr I. Boyson, Mr G. Cooke, Ms E. Delaney (ex-officio), Ms P. Gajardo, Commodore K. D. Gray, RAN, Mr G. Masri, Ms T. McDonald, Ms M. O'Tarpey, Mrs B. Raby, Mrs J. Taggart, MHA. Term of appointment: twelve months. Contact no.: (062) 46 2709.

In te rn a tio n a l Y o u th Y e a r C o-ordinatin g C o m m itte e This Committee plans, co-ordinates and promotes activities relating to the International Youth Year in the ACT.

Members: Mr W. Redpath (Chair), Ms G. Amancic, Mrs B. M. Cains, MHA, Ms J. Chadwick, Ms L. Denoon, Mr W. Green, Mr N. Hillman, Mr S. Hagan, Mr T. Holland, Ms R. Lucchesi, Ms E. Paijmans, Ms P. Plowman, Ms S. Rickerby, Mr J. Small, Mr S. Wilson.

A .C .T. O R D IN A N C E S 207


A C T Ordinances 1985

N o . o f N o m e o f D o t e o f

Ordinance Ordinance gazettal Description

30 M otor T raffic

(Amendment) Ordinance (No. 2) 1985

6.8.85 Enables the Nominal Defendant and the Authorised Insurer to extend the time within which personal injury claims must be notified to them.

31 M otor T raffic

(Amendment) Ordinance (No. 3) 1985

6.8.85 Removes the requirement that motorcycles display a front number plate. The Ordinance also makes it an offence not to return a surplus number plate. It authorises the Registrar of M otor Vehicles to refuse to re-register a motorcycle if he or she has reason to believe that the owner is holding a surplus number plate.

32 Fire Brigade (Promotion

o f Officer) Ordinance 1985

12.8.85 This Ordinance was to promote a District Officer in the ACT Fire Brigade to the rank of Superintendent in the Brigade, before he retired from the Brigade on 1 5 August 1985. (The Ordinance did not come into force.)

33 House of Assembly

(Amendment) Ordinance (No. 2) 1985

16.8.85 Amended the House of Assembly Ordinance 1936 to redefine the words ‘Division’, ‘elector’ and ‘Roll’ consequential upon the repeal of the ACT Representation (House of Representatives) Act 1973.

35 M otor T raffic

(Amendment) Ordinance (No. 4) 1985

20.8.85 Amended the Motor Traffic Ordinance 1936 to abolish the speed limit of 20 kph outside schools, which applied only when students were entering or leaving schools. In its place, the Ordinance establishes a speed limit on roads near schools of 40 kph between 8.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. on school

36 Business Franchise

(Tobacco and Petroleum Products) (Amendment) Ordinance 1985

20.8.85 Requires tobacco sellers in the Territory to pay licence fees based on the value of tobacco sold for delivery and consumption in the Territory, as well as in the course of interstate trade; amends the definition of ‘m otor spirit' to include unleaded petrol; and makes several technical amendments to the Business Franchise (Tobacco and Petroleum Products) Ordinance 1984.

37 Dog Control

(Amendment) Ordinance (No. 2) 1985

20.8.85 Authorises the Minister to determine the fee for which the Registrar of Dogs may sell an impounded dog.

38 Co-operative Societies

(Amendment) Ordinance (No. 2) 1985

20.8.85 Expands the number of services under the Co-operative Societies Ordinance 1939 for which a fee may be charged, and provides that the Minister may determine the fees by notice in the Gazette.

39 Credit (Amendment)

Ordinance 1985

20.8.85 Provides for the imposition of a fee, to be determined by the Minister by notice in the Gazette, when documents which are to be used by credit providers or mortgagees to comply with the Credit Ordinance are submitted to the Credit Tribunal for approval.

42 Betting (Totalizator

Agency) (Amendment) Ordinance 1985

13.9.85 Enables the Minister to determine, from time to time, the percentage of the amount of bets accepted by the ACT Gaming and Liquor Authority which is to be set aside for payment to race clubs.

D E P A R T M E N T A L P U B LIC A T IO N S 221

Parks and Recreation

Available from the Board’s office, Constitution Avenue, Reid.

Building notes no. 29 (leaflet) Building Standards Committee annual report 1984-85 Let’s talk fireplaces (leaflet) Let’s talk swimming pools (leaflet) The above publications are available from Building Section, 1st floor, North Building, Civic


Disposal of environmentally hazardous wastes — public discussion paper (book)

Available from Environment Protection Section, M ort Street, Braddon.

Submission to the Committee of Enquiry into the ACT Fire Brigade (book) Available from Information and Public Relations and the Enquiry office at Morrisset House, Quean beyan.

A C T Emergency Service

ACT Flood Warning Plan (book) ACT Welfare Plan (book) These books are available from ACT Emergency Service, Ground floor, N orth Building, Civic Offices, Canberra City.

A C T Fire Brigade

Alexander Bunyip’s colouring sheet (for children) Dial 000 (sticker) Fire destroys (sticker) Fire extinguishers (leaflet) Stop, drop, roll certificates (for school children) Survive fire (colouring-in book for children) Survive fire (poster and leaflet) Visitors’ certificate (for school children) These publications are available from Belconnen Fire Brigade Headquarters, Lathlain Street, Belconnen.

W a te r Supply and Sewerage

W ater Supply, Sewerage and Stormwater Branch: careers (leaflet) Available from the Department’s public counters.

Land m anagem ent

This list includes all publications produced by Land Management Branch. The titles marked * were produced in 1985— 86.

Children’s leaflets Bush detective Bush etiquette Campfire tucker Colour by numbers* Did you know:

choughs ducks rabbits snakes

dingoes echidnas lyrebirds koalas water rats wombats frogs kangaroos

bats marsupial mice

emus gang gangs

platypus greater gliders


Jervis Bay vegetation map (poster) Sand dune stabilization at Bherwerre beach (leaflet) Camping at Namadgi National Park (leaflet) Gudgenby Nature Reserve (leaflet) Namadgi National Park (leaflet)* Namadgi National Park bird list (leaflet) Namadgi National Park draft management plan (book)* Namadgi National Park inquiry vol. I (book) Namadgi National Park inquiry vol. 2 (book) Namadgi National Park management plan (book)* Namadgi National Park summary map (poster)* Mountain walks (leaflet) Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve (leaflet) Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve bird list (leaflet) Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve geology (leaflet) Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve nature trails (leaflet)

Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve vegetation (leaflet)* Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve vegetation map (poster)*

Conservation memoranda (books) No. I: A survey of the vertebrate fauna of the C otter catchment, ACT No. 2: Phytophthora cinnamomi and the proposed Telecommunications Tower, Black Mountain Reserve, Canberra, ACT No. 3: Towards an understanding of the paradoxical mammal No. 4: Native regeneration of grazed lands for cultural and recreational


No. 5: Aboriginal sites of Bherwerre Peninsula (Restricted distribution) No. 6: Survey of prehistoric and some historic sites of the Gungahlin district, ACT No. 7: A checklist of vascular plant species in the Australian Territory of Jervis


No. 8: A checklist of vascular plant species in the Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve* No. 9: Touch and See Nature Trail: with special provision for handicapped and disabled persons, Black Mountain Reserve, ACT

No. 10: Some aspects of the ecology and control of feral pigs in the Gudgenby Nature Reserve No. I I : The ecology of golden perch in Lake Burley Griffin and Lake Ginninderra These publications are available from: Parks and Recreation counter, 1st floor, North

Building, Civic Offices, Canberra City; Canberra Tourist Bureau, jolim ont Tourist Centre, Northbourne Avenue, Canberra City; and Visitor Information Centres at Jervis Bay Nature Reserve, Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve, Googong Reservoir and Namadgi National Park.


Careers: forestry (leaflet) Forestry in the ACT I 984-85 (extract from Department of Territories annual report 1984-85) These publications are available from the counter, 2nd floor, South Building, Civic Offices, Canberra City.

Arts and Recreation

ACT heritage study (book of six working papers) Arts grants information for applicants (book)

D E P A R T M E N T A L P U B LIC A T IO N S 225

Support Services: careers (leaflet) These publications are available from Information and Public Relations.

Finance Canberra’s Municipal Accounts 1981-82 (book) City of Canberra Municipal Budget Papers 1985-86 (book) Estimates of receipts and expenditure for municipal and territorial works and services in the Australian Capital Territory (book) Fees and charges (book) Statement of receipts and expenditure for the year ended 30 June 1984 (book) These books are available from Information and Public Relations.

The ratepayer’s guide to land valuations (leaflet) Your rates (leaflet)

These leaflets are available from Rates Office, Ground floor, North Building, Civic Offices, Canberra City.

Miscellaneous Canberra Commercial Development Authority annual report 1984-85 Canberra Retail Markets Trust annual report 1984-85 Canberra Theatre Trust annual report 1984-85 Surveyors Board of the ACT annual report 1984-85 These publications are available from the author organisation or Information and Public


IN D E X 227


abattoir holding paddocks 96 Aboriginals departmental staff 126 training program 100,104,129,191

accidents industrial 87 traffic 70, 178 accommodation

departmental 130 hotel/motel projects 33 ACT A rts Development Board 199 ACT A rts Development Program 108 ACT Asbestos Advisory Committee 199 ACT Bush Fire Council 197

ACTES assistance to 88 industrial relations I 27 ACT Co-ordinating Committee of the National Tree Program 200 ACT Community Based Corrections

Committee 199 ACT Community Services Council 43­ 4, 199-200 ACT Council 27-8

legislation covering 28 ACT Disaster Plan 89 ACT Emergency Service 88-90 operations 183

publications 2 2 1 ACT Employment Advisory Committee 200 A C T Fire Brigade 88

industrial relations 88,127 publications 2 2 1 ACT Health and Welfare Advisory Committee 200 ACT Heritage Committee 106, 200 ACT House of Assembly 239

activities 240 civic functions 24 1 committees 240—4 1 expiration of term 8 membership 239 representation 239— 40

ACT Integrated Budget Secretariat I 36 ACT Self Government Division responsibilities 27 ACT self-government, see self­


ACT Small Business Bureau 42

ACT Sport and Fitness Committee 109, 200-01 ACT Sports House 109 ACT Taxi Scheme Co-ordinating

Committee 201

ACT Third Party Insurance Premiums Advisory Committee 201 A C T Veterinary Service integration into department 94,102 ACT Women's Consultative

Committee 2 0 1 ACTIO N bus services 7 4 -8 1 advertising on buses 8 1 bus fleet 78,181

efficiency audit 79 extension of services 78 fares 76-8, 179-80 financial results 179 industrial relations 74,75,76,127 maintenance 78-9 patronage 78, 180 planning and review 79 public transport development 8 1 publications 220 revenue losses 76 school bus policy 81 special services 81 statistics 179 tickets sold 180 ACTIO N Liaison Committee 8 1,200 AC TTA B

distribution scheme 120 administration departmental 5-8, 3 0 -3 1, 13 0 -3 1, 134 Administrative Appeals Tribunal I 17 Administrative Arrangements

transfer of functions 5,27,28, 31,125, 134, 137 administrative law review I 17 adoption 54

review of Ordinance I 16 statistics 174 aged Home and Community Care

Program 61-2 housing 48 Agents Board 121-2 agriculture

Cocos (Keeling) Islands 12,15 Ainslie Village 46 air pollution, see pollution, air air services

ACT passenger movements 69 deregulation 14,70,216 Indian Ocean Territories 14,216 policy submission 216 animal nuisance control 87

dogs 87 feral pigs 95

Printed by Authority by the Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra 1987

I — (R 86/15) Cat. No. 86 1208 6

ISSN 0727-4181