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Norfolk Island - Report - Year - 1984-85

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The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia




Presented 9 April 1986 Ordered to be printed 17 April 1986


Parliamentary Paper No. 93/1986


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© Commonwealth of Australia 1985

Printed by Photopress International, Norfolk Island.


reply please quote: KINGSTON


The Hon Gordon Scholes MP

Minister for Territories Parliament House PARKES ... A C T 2600

My dear M i n ister,

I present to you the Norfolk Island Annual Report for the financial year ended 30 June 1985.

Yours sincerely

J A Matthew



Contents Chapter

1 Political Structure



2 Norfolk Island Public Service 3

3 Public Finance 4

4 Judicial System and Police 5

5 Visits by Dignitaries 7

6 Economy, Tourism and Trade 8

7 Population and Immigration 10

8 Lands 11

9 Forestry 13

10 Agriculture and Livestock 14

11 Nature Conservation 15

12 Fishing 17

13 Communications 18

14 Climate 21

15 Transport 24

16 Works and Services 27

17 Health 29

18 Education 31

19 Community Activities 34


I Members of the Legislative Assembly 36

II Schedules to the Norfolk Island Act 1979 36

III Public Service Organisation 37

IV Public Finance 1984-85 39

V Justice 40

VI Legislation 41

VII Imports for year ended 30 June 1985 42

VIII Exports for year ended 30 June 1985 45

IX Summary of Land Transactions 46

X Automatic Telephone Service 46

XI Transport 47

XII Electricity Service 48

XIII Norfolk Island Hospital Board 49

Duncombe Bay

LEGEND Carriageway Cartrack

Footpath MT. PITT RESERVE ' -------- - t . LM t. Bates \

,p N V

Anson Bay

2 Kms Mt. Pitt

Cascade Bay


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Douglas V p A



Headstone Point

Rocky Point

Collins Head

Point Ross

Sydney Bay

Philip island 2-

Nepean Island

Australia Norfolk* Island

Lies 7 kilometres to the South of Norfolk Island

1. Political Structure

NORFOLK ISLAND ACT The Norfolk Island Act 1979 makes detailed provision for the government of the

Territory. Among other things, the Act provides that there shall be an Administrator who shall administer the government of the Territory as a Territory under the authority of the Common­

wealth. The Act also provides for an elected Legislative Assembly and an Executive Council comprising the Executive members of the Legislative Assembly who have Ministerial-type


The Act constitutes the Administration of Norfolk Island as a body politic and equips the Territory with responsible legislative and execu­ tive machinery to enable it to run its own affairs to

the greatest practicable extent. The preamble to the Act provides that it is the intention of the Australian Parliament that consideration will be given to extending the powers conferred by the

Act on the Legislative Assembly. In exercising the powers and performing the functions of his office the Administrator is re­ quired, under section 7 of the Act to act in accord­ ance with the advice, if any, of the Executive Council in relation to any matter which, in his opinion, is a matter specified in Schedule 2 of the Act. In relation to matters that, in his opinion, are specified in Schedule 3 he must act in accord­ ance with the advice of the Executive Council

unless he receives instructions to the contrary from the Minister, in which case he must act on those instructions.

Where the Act provides that he must act on the advice of the Executive Council or the Legisla­ tive Assembly he must act in accordance with that advice. In relation to matters in which the

Administrator must form an opinion as provided by the Act he must act at his own discretion. In all other cases he must act in accordance with such instructions, if any, as are given to him by

the Minister. The matters specified in Schedules 2 and 3 to the Norfolk Island Act 1979 are at Ap­ pendix II.

Section 21 of the Act provides that every prop­ osed law passed by the Legislative Assembly shall be presented to the Administrator for as­ sent. Where in his opinion a proposed law makes provision only for, or in relation to, matters in

Schedule 2 or 3, or both the Administrator may assent to the proposed law or withhold his as­ sent. In any other case he must reserve the prop­ osed law for the Governor-General ’ s

pleasure. The Administrator may also return a proposed law to the Legislative Assembly with recommended amendments. Following discussions between officers of the

Commonwealth and Norfolk Island Govern­ ments during the year under review agreement was reached on the transfer of additional powers to the Legislative Assembly. These powers were:

• Public Service of the Territory • Public Works • Lotteries, betting and gaming • Civil Defence and Emergency Services

• Territory Archives • Matters incidental to or consequential on the execution of executive authority. It is expected that the necessary Commonwealth regulations to give effect to the agreement will be made and gazetted during 1985.

On 13 March 1985 His Excellency the Governor-General, pursuant to section 6 of the Norfolk Island Act 1979, appointed His Honour Commodore John Alexander Matthew CVO MBE RANEM to be the Administrator of Norfolk Island from 29 April 1985 in succession to

Air Vice Marshal R.E. Trebilco AO DEC, Ad­ ministrator since February 1982.

LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY The nine members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a term of not more than 3 years under a cumulative method of voting. Under this

system each elector is entitled to as many votes as there are vacancies, but shall not, where he has more than 4 votes, give more than 4 to any one

candidate. All votes are of equal value and at a general election the nine highest scoring candi­ dates are declared elected for the ensuing three years.

The members of the Third Legislative Assem­ bly at 30 June 1985 were: David Ernest Buffett M.L.A. John Terence Brown M.L.A.

Brian Geoige Bates M.L.A. William Winton Sanders M.L.A.


Alice Inez Buffett M.L.A. Eleanor Brenda Reed M.L.A. Phillip Arthur Page M.L.A. Albert Fletcher Buffett M.L.A. Edward Davenport Howard M.L.A. The following members are appointed to the Ex­ ecutive Offices indicated:

The Hon D.E. Buffett M.L.A. -Chief Minister The Hon B.G. Bates M.L.A. - Minister for Finance The Hon E.B. Reed M.L.A.

- Minister for Community Services The Hon P.A. Page M.L.A. - Minister for Tourism and Lands

The Hon A.I. Buffett M.L.A. - Minister for Social Services and Primary Industries The Hon D.E. Buffett M.L.A. also holds the office of the President of the Legislative Assem­ bly. The office of Deputy President is held by the Hon E.B. Reed M.L.A.

Mr Howard was elected on 25 July 1984 at a by-election as a result of the resignation from the Legislative Assembly of the Hon G.W. Jackson M.L.A.

The Assembly met on 12 occasions during the year.


2. Norfolk Island Public Service

PUBLIC SERVICE At 30 June 1985 the Norfolk Island Public Service consisted of 144 full-time and 8 part-time officers, together with 20 full-time temporary and 23 part-time temporary employees.

The Norfolk Island Public Service serves: • the Administrator in the administration of Commonwealth retained functions; and • the Executive Members of the Legislative

Assembly in the administration of matters listed in Schedules 2 and 3 to the Norfolk Island. Act 1979. The Public Service organization is set out in Appendix III to this Report. PUBLIC SERVICE BOARD The Public Service Ordinance 1979 provides for the regulation of the Public Service and es­ tablishes a Public Service Board comprising the Administrator, who is Chairman, the Chief Ad­ ministrative Officer, who is the statutory Head of the Public Service, and one Officer elected by officers of the Public Service. The Chairman has no special powers and exercises one vote only on the Board. The Board members throughout the year were: Chairman -Air Vice-Marshal R.E. Trebilco, AO, DEC, Administrator (until 27 April 1985) Commodore J.A. Matthew CVO MBE RANEM, Administrator (from 29 April 1985). Chief Administraive Officer -MrR.D. Malcolm Officers’ Member-MrM. Perkins. A methodical review of various Administration activities were carried out during the year. The Public Service Board met on 17 occasions and in

addition to matters of appointment, promotion and transfer of officers the following additional positions were created: • Assistant Legal Adviser

• Senior Computer Operator • Examining Officer (Customs) • Typist Grade 2 (Legislative Assembly)

• Labourer Groundsman • Junior Clerks (2) The Board considered and agreed in principle with proposed amendmnents to the Public Service Ordinance 1979 in order that the Ordinance should not conflict with the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 of the Commonwealth. In relation to staff train­ ing, the Board approved paid attendance by offic­ ers to attend various courses relevant to the ac­ tivities of the Administration. Inservice courses were conducted on the Is­ land by officers from the Department of Ter­ ritories covering the introduction and use of Word Processing facilities. A senior Systems Analyst was seconded to the Norfolk Island Administration from the Depart­ ment of Territories to assist with the development of the computer based facilities and the training of local staff. The Norfolk Island Retail price index under­ went a movement upward of 4.9% for the half­ year ending 30 June 1984, and of 2.6% for the half-year ending 31 December 1984. In accord­ ance with the Board’s earlier decision, public service salaries were increased by 75% of the movement, resulting in an increase of 3.675% effective from 12 July 1984 and 1.95% effective from 10 January 1985.


3. Public Finance

The Public Account of Norfolk Island, consist­ ing of all public moneys available for the purposes of the Government of Norfolk Island, is es­ tablished under the Norfolk Island Act 1979. The Public Moneys Ordinance 1979 provides for the ad­

ministration, collection and payment of public moneys by the Government of Norfolk Island. During the year under review the principal sources of revenue, as in past years, continued to be customs duty, liquor and philatelic sales.

During the year the Norfolk Island Govern­ ment raised $4,448,392 in revenue. This was $80,192 more than the estimate. Expenditure to­ talled $4,188,400.

Details of Public Finance and the Liquor Sup­ ply Service - Trading and Profit and Loss Account for 1984-85 are at Appendix IV.


4. Judicial System and Police

A Supreme Court and a Court of Petty Sessions comprise the judicial system of Norfolk Island.

SUPREME COURT Notwithstanding the repeal of the Norfolk Island Act 1957, the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island established by that Act was continued in existence by the Norfolk Island Act 1979 as the

Supreme Court of Record of Norfolk Island. The jurisdiction, practice and procedure of the Supreme Court is as provided by the Supreme Court Ordinance 1960. Essentially, the Supreme

Court has the same jurisdiction in, and in relation to, Norfolk Island as the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory has in, and in rela­ tion to, the Australian Capital Territory.

The Supreme Court consists of a Chief Judge and such other Judge as is, or such other Judges as are, appointed by the Governor-General. The Chief Judge is responsible for ensuring the or­ derly and expeditious discharge of business of the Supreme Court and accordingly may, subject to the Norfolk Island Act 1979 and to such

consultation with the Judges as is appropriate and practicable, make arrangements as to the Judge or Judges who is or are to constitute the Supreme Court in particular matters or classes

of matters. In accordance with the Norfolk Island (Sittings of the Supreme Court) Regulations, the Supreme Court may sit in New South Wales, Victoria or

the Australian Capital Territory for the purpose of hearing and determining a matter (otherwise than in the exercise of its criminal jurisdiction) if a Judge is satsified that this would not be contrary

to the interests of justice. The Hon. Mr Justice Russell W. Fox is the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island and is also a Judge of the Federal Court of

Australia. Mr Justice P.G. Evatt, D.S.C., and Mr Justice T.R. Morling of the Federal Court of Australia also hold appointments as Judges of the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island.

Sittings of the Supreme Court were held in Norfolk Island in October 1984 and April 1985. FEDERAL COURT The Federal Court of Australia has jurisdiction

to hear and determine appeals from judgements of the Supreme Court of Norfolk Island. An appeal to the High Court of Australia from a judgement

of the Supreme Court shall not be brought except in accordance with special leave given by the High Court. The Courts of Norfolk Island have jurisdiction

in, and in relation to, the Coral Seas Islands Ter­ ritory by virtue of the Coral Seas Islands Act 1969. In the exercise of its jurisdiction a Court of Norfolk Island may sit in the Territory, in Norfolk Island or in Australia. FAMILY COURT OF AUSTRALIA

The Sydney Registry of the Family Court of Australia is the principal registry for Family Law matters in Norfolk Island other than those mat­ ters which may be dealt with by the Court of Petty Sessions in its summary jurisdiction. COURT OF PETTY SESSIONS

The Court of Petty Sessions is a Court of Re­ cord with jurisdiction under the provisions of the Court o f Petty Sessions Ordinance 1960 to hear and determine, in a summary manner, all criminal matters arising under a law in force in Norfolk Island where under such a law:

• an offence is punishable on summary convic­ tion; or • a person is made liable to a penalty or punish­ ment or to pay a sum of money for any off­

ence, act or omission and no other provision is made for the trial of a person committing the offence.

The jurisdiction of the Court of Petty Sessions may be exercised by the Chief Magistrate or any three Magistrates other than the Chief Magis­ trate. The Court has jurisdiction also to hear and determine civil claims in respect of a sum or mat­ ter at issue which does not exceed $2,500.

There is a right of appeal to the Supreme Court from the Court of Petty Sessions. The right ap­ plies to criminal proceedings where a person has been fined not less than $ 10 or sentenced to impri­

sonment for any term, and in civil proceedings in respect of a sum or matter at issue amounting to not less than $100. The Supreme Court may also grant leave to appeal in cases where an appeal does not otherwise lie.

Magistrates appointed to the Norfolk Island Court from the A.C.T. Court of Petty Sessions are Messrs K.T. Dobson, E.S. Pearson, W.K.


Nicholl, J.J. Dainer and R.J. Cahill. Local residents appointed as Magistrates for a two year term from 4 July 1983 are Messrs H.S. Christian, R.E. Westwood and Mesdames E.M. Sanders and P.C. Magri.

The office of the Chief Magistrate was vacant throughout the year, following the resignation of Mr C.L. Hermes in February 1984. Notice of a new appointment was expected early in July

1985. A summary of Court proceedings during the year is at appendix V.

CORONER’S INQUESTS Coronial enquiries are conducted under the Coroners Ordinance 1927. The Coroner is Mr R. Reynolds and the Deputy Coroner is· Mr D.S. South. Two inquests were conducted into the cause of fires during the year. One inquest was conducted into the cause of a death.

JURY LIST Juries try criminal offences prosecuted in the Supreme Court, but are not used in civil cases unless by special order of the Court. Jury lists are prepared under the Juries Ordinance 1960 as required. LICENSING BOARD

A Licensing Board established under the Liquor Ordinance I960 hears applications for the issue, renewal and transfer of licences for the supply or serving of liquor in residential hotels, guest houses, restaurants and clubs, and generally en­ forces the provisions of the Ordinance.

Members of the Board are Messrs R. Reynolds, D.S. South and P.W. Woodward. During the year the Board renewed licences for 4 residential hotels, 2 guest houses, 4 clubs and 13

restaurants, and dealt with various other applica­ tions in respect of licences.

POLICE The Norfolk Island Police Force consists of three full-time officers seconded from the Austra­ lian Federal Police: Senior Sergeant Paul Camp­ bell Macintosh, who replaced Station Sergeant Neville Carter in August 1984, and Senior Const­ ables Dennis William Murray and Ian Ross Standish, who are both in their second year of office.

Members of the Norfolk Island Community may be sworn in as Special Constables by the Administrator, as considered necessary, and are used on an “ on call” basis. Current special con­ stables are Messrs K.R. Quintal, N.D. Buffett,

W. Adams, F.G.A. Adams and Miss S.

Deadman. The duties of the Norfolk Island Police are much the same as those of their mainland counterparts and include patrol work, traffic duty, investigation of criminal, traffic and coro­

nial matters, court duties including the service and execution of process and writs, gun licensing, driving tests and various station duties. The Norfolk Island Airport is a designated security airport and requires an officer to be present dur­ ing the security screening of departing

passengers. Statistics for the first several months of 1985 indicated a steady increase in reported crime, in particular the incidence of shop-breaking. Fi­ gures also show a marked increase in the number

of persons arrested and dealt with by charge, when compared with the previous twelve month period. Forty two traffic accidents involving ma­ jor damage or personal injury were reported dur­

ing the period, one of which involved fatal injuries.


5. Visits by Dignitaries

During the year Their Excellencies the Gover­ nor General Sir Ninian Stephen AK GCMG GCVO KBE and Lady Stephen made three visits to Norfolk Island. The first two on 24 September and 8 October 1984 were informal stop-overs in order to refuel the RAAF aircraft taking the Vice

Regal party to and from a tour of five Pacific countries. On the second occasion Their Excel­ lencies paid a visit to the Royal Agricultural and

Horticultural Show.

A formal visit to mark Bounty Day was made from 7-10 June 1985. The official program inc­ luded visits to the Central School, Hospital, RSL Club, National Park, Pitcairners Hall, ANZCAN Cable Station, All Saints Church and St Barnabas Chapel.

On Monday 10 June Their Excellencies witnes­ sed the Bounty Day procession and Lady Stephen assisted in judging the best costumed

group of participants. They joined in the com­ munal Bounty Day feast before leaving later in the day for New Zealand on completion of a most successful visit.

The Minister for Territories, the Hon Gordon Scholes MP visited the Island in February and May 1985. On both occasions discussions were held relating to the handing over of further pow­ ers to the Legislative Assembly.

In May the Minister also attended the meetings of the Australian Environment Council and the Council of Nature Conservation Ministers which were held for the first time on Norfolk

Island. Sixteen Ministers from Australian States, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea also attended. The Chairman of both meetings was the Minister for Arts, Heritage and Environment, the Hon Barry Cohen MP.

/ /


Their Excellencies, the Governor General and Lady Stephen, with His Honour the Administrator, Commodore J.A . Matthew CVO MBE and Mrs Matthew and the Chief Minister, the Hon. D.E. Buffett MLA and Mrs Buffett.


6. Economy, Tourism and Trade

ECONOMY Until the wartime construction of the airfield in 1942, Norfolk Island was both protected and handicapped by its isolation and the difficulty of landing in the absence of a sheltered landing place for anything but small boats. Its economy was based on farming, grazing, fishing, whaling and a very small tourist trade. The post-war develop­ ment of air services opened the Island to air travel and tourism expanded to become a profitable in­ dustry. Air services presently operate from Sydney, Brisbane and Auckland with an addi­ tional service from Brisbane via Lord Howe Is­ land and occasional charter flights to and from Noumea.

Several landowners have remained primary producers but local demand exceeds supply and most foods are imported. For quarantine reasons fresh fruit and vegetables, with the exception of potatoes and onions, cannot be imported. Such items may only be imported in processed form.

TOURISM Tourism forms the basis of the island’s economy. It provides about half the local emp­ loyment and a large part of the remaining income and employment depends to some extent on tourism.

The Norfolk Island Government Tourist Bureau is established under the Norfolk Island Government Tourist Bureau Act 1980. The fol­ lowing persons were appointed members of the Tourist Bureau on 8 July 1984 for the ensuing year:

Messrs. J.E. More (Chairman), I.W. Kenny, (Deputy Chairman), R.S. Barrett, A. Dyer, M.S. Tilley, Mrs. J. Jarvis and Mrs. G. Hancherow. A representative of the Bureau attends at the airport to meet visitors on their arrival and to assist them with tours and other activities. The Bureau handles bookings for accommodation, transport and tours and distributes information and material from its office in the Burnt Pine shopping centre. It also issues publicity in urban centres in Australia and New Zealand. The

Bureau was assisted during the year by a subsidy from the Norfolk Island Government of $45,900 to assist in the general running of the Bureau.

This year an additional amount of $ 131,700 was supplied to the Bureau by the Norfolk Island Government to be used specifically for the prom­ otion of tourism. This promotion was directed at both the Australian and New Zealand markets and enabled the Bureau to fund publicity projects on a larger scale than in previous years.

Promotion activities undertaken were: • attendance at trade seminars in Australia and New Zealand by Norfolk Island delegates; • educational visits by Australian and New

Zealand travel agents; • visits by journalists; • advertising in newspapers, radio and televi­ sion in both Australia and New Zealand; and • instigation of the Dewar’s Carnival of Sport,

Winter Promotion Campaign. The months of December, March and April all exceeded the 2,400 mark for visitors to

Norfolk. The Australian market demonstrated tremendous growth during the year with the co­ operation of East-West Airlines, Norfolk Island Airlines and Air New South Wales.

A statistical summary of tourist arrivals on scheduled aircraft is as follows:

Arrivals from 1983-84 1984-85

Mainland Australia and Lord Howe

15,384 18,568

New Zealand 5,063 5,156

Elsewhere 68 73

20,515 23,797

TRADE Internal trade comprises the sale of the greater part of goods imported to the Island which during the year amounted in value to almost

$17,000,000. The sale of local farm produce which supplied in part the needs of the establish­ ments serving the tourist industry, as well as loc­ ally made pottery and souvenirs, contributed to the local economy.

The value of imports and exports over the past five years is as follows:


Year Value of Imports Value of


Details of imports and exports for the year 1984/85 are at Appendices VII and VIII respectively.

A$ A$

1980-81 13,354,676 1,767,513

1981-82 12,101,879 1,246,153

1982-83 15,091,219 1,387,372

1983-84 15,972,054 2,288,517

1984-85 17,243,240 2,012,842

Tourists being met by members of the Norfolk Island Visitors’ Information Centre.


7. Population and Immigration


A Census of Population taken on 30 June 1981 under the Census and Statistics Ordinance 1961 established a residential population of

1,849. Economic buoyancy in the island appears to be responsible for an increase in the number of temporary residents filling jobs in the tourist in­ dustry, and legislative changes in immigration control appear over the past 12 months to have resulted in a slight increase (approximately 1Vz%) in the number of permanent residents in the island.

A further Census due in 1986 should establish clear population levels, and the advent of com­ puters in the Administration will shortly enable statistical information to be readily available.

The 1981 Census revealed that one third of the population are descendants of the families from Pitcairn Island who settled on Norfolk Island in 1856. Recognition of the special relationship these descendants have with Norfolk Island is recorded in recitals to the Norfolk Island Act

1979. The Census also established that 31% of the population are Australian bom, 29% are New Zealand bom and 12% bom elsewhere. During the year there were 23 births (14 male, 9 female)and20deaths(10male, lOfemale.) There were 19 marriages.

The number of visitors in Norfolk Island at any one time varies from about 200 during the low season to about 800 during the high season.

IMMIGRATION Immigration in Norfolk Island is governed by the Immigration A ct 1980 which commenced on 26 March 1984, repealing the Immigration Ordinance

1968. Persons visiting the Island for longer than 30 days, or wishing to remain in the Island, must obtain a written entry permit. A visitors permit, depending on the circumstances of the visit, al­ lows entry fora period of up to 120 days.

A Temporary Entry Permit for employment or other activity may, if certain prescribed condi­ tions are satisfied, be granted for up to 12 months and may be renewed. Such permits are for temporary stays only and do not lead to perma­ nent residency.

General Entry Permits are granted for a period of 5 years and 6 months and the holder may after 5

years apply to be declared a resident. The issue of such permits may be subject to an annual quota established by a resolution of the Legislative As­ sembly. The quota established in February 1985 was filled by 30 June 1985.

During the year 7 permits other than Tempor­ ary Entry Permits were granted under the Immig­ ration Ordinance 1968, the result of applications not finally dealt with under the repealed Ordi­ nance and finalised under the transitional provi- sionsofthe Immigration Act 1980. 94GeneralEn- try Permits were granted under the Immigration A ct 1980, of which 14 were granted on the basis of

the applicants’ special relationship with Norfolk Island. 28 persons were declared to be residents during the year.

Under a Memorandum of Understanding with the Australian Government, the Executive Member may grant a General Entry permit to a citizen of a country other than Australia or New Zealand only if the Australian Government has advised that no objection is seen to this being done.

PASSPORT REQUIREMENTS All persons entering Australia from Norfolk Island are required to hold a current travel docu­ ment. Australian or New Zealand citizens do not require a visa, but citizens of other countries are required to have the appropriate visa for entry to Australia. Persons who are neither Australian nor New Zealand nationals, but who hold resi­ dent status under the Norfolk Island Immigration A ct 1980, may have their passport endorsed stat­

ing that they have been granted permission, in pursuance of the immigration laws of Norfolk Island, to reside indefinitely in Norfolk Island. Such persons are exempt from the need to ob­ tain entry permits on arrival in Australia. Pass­ ports are not required for entry into Norfolk Is­ land from Australia or elsewhere. The number of travel documents issued between 1 July and 30 June 1985 were:

Passports ................................................. 160

Documents of Identity ............................ 107

Visas - Australian Residents: .................. 13

- Australian Visitors: ...................... 10


8. Lands

The area of Norfolk Island is about 3,500 hectares. About 1,700 hectares are freehold, 1,010 hectares are Crown leasehold and 745 hectares are designated roads, commons or public reserves.

FREEHOLD Freehold lands are held under common law title. A system of land tenure has developed from the system established when the Pitcairn Is­ landers settled in Norfolk Island in 1856. The head of each family of settlers was granted a 50 acre block. Males who married after settlement were granted a 25 acre block. The descendants of the original recipients have subdivided these holdings many times, usually under Wills and on intestacy. There are now over 1,800 common law titles and in a significant number of them there is

uncertainty of title. A proposal to establish a system of guaranteed land titles is being considered by the Norfolk Island Government. The objects of the proposed

system are to simplify the title to land, to facilitate dealings therewith and to secure indefeasibility of title to all registered proprietors. Under the pre­

sent system, should there be a defect in the chain of title, the title remains defective throughout changes of ownership. Under the proposed Guaranteed Land Titles Scheme a sound title would be ensured upon registration of a docu­ ment and its soundness assured upon each trans­ fer or other dealing.

Today many holdings are too small for other than residential or commercial purposes. Some portions of land not granted to the original Pitcairn settlers and their descendants were set aside as public reserves and commons and are

now used for grazing, afforestation or recrea­ tional purposes. C R O W N LANDS

Areas retained for leasing by the Crown for grazing, agriculture or residential purposes are governed by the provisions of the Crown Lands Ordinance 1913. Under the Ordinance the ap­ proval of the Minister responsible for Norfolk Island is a prerequisite to the alienation, leasing, occupation and use of such lands vested in the Crown. As the Minister’s delegate the Ad­ ministrator may authorise the occupation and use of Crown lands. Crown leases may be granted

under the ordinance for ninety-nine years for non-business purposes, and for fifty years for business purposes; however, present policy is for the grant of leases for not more than twenty-eight

years. COMMONS AND RESERVES Under the Commons and Reserves Ordinance 1936 part of the island’s land has been reserved for a variety of purposes including forestry and

recreation. The Ordinance provides that all com­ mons and reserves are under the care and control of the Administrator.

TRANSACTIONS The growth of tourism has stimulated land sales and subdivisions. The Land (Sub-division) Ordinance 1967 controls the fragmentation of lands and the Conveyancing Ordinance 1936 pre­

scribes the manner in which all land transactions are to be conducted. A summary of land transactions is at Appendix IX.

SURVEYS The Surveys Ordinance 1937 empowers the Ad­ ministrator to authorise surveys in Norfolk Is­ land. Survey plans are submitted for the ap­ proval of the Commonwealth Surveyor-General.

In addition to a local surveyor, surveyors from a number of Commonwealth Departments, and from a New Zealand firm of consultants, are pre­ sently authorised to conduct surveys in Norfolk Island.

KINGSTON/ARTHURS VALE HISTORIC AREA MANAGEMENT PLAN In April 1980, a working party established for the purpose recommended a plan for the manage­ ment of the Kingston/Arthurs Vale historic area. The objectives of the Plan, endorsed by both the Commonwealth and Norfolk Island Governments, are:

• to conserve the historic Kingston and Ar­ thurs Vale area of Norfolk Island; • to provide for the continuation of appropriate use of the area by the people of Norfolk

Island; • to encourage people to visit the area and to understand its historic significance; and • to manage the area in an efficient and

economic manner.


The plan is due to be reviewed during 1985. DEVELOPMENT PLAN During the year the Norfolk Island Govern­ ment continued discussisons on formulating a plan for the future development of the

Island. Harrison, Grierson Consultants Limited of New Zealand were retained to consult with the Norfolk Island Government in the preparation of the plan. The first three parts of the plan have

been finalised and scheduled for release and com­ ment in early July 1985.

The document titled “ Norfolk Island Develop­ ment Plan (A Conservation Strategy)’’ will be presented in seven parts. Parts 1 - 3 will contain background information on Norfolk Island, identify the main planning issues and set out ob­ jectives for the future. Parts 4 - 7 will contain the

procedures and controls which give effect to the plan. The Department of Territories has provided the following comments on parts 1-3:

“ The Commonwealth, like the Island Govern­

ment, has long been concerned at the lack of a development plan for Norfolk Island to provide for protection and controlled development of the Island. That a start has now been made with the

acceptance by the Legislative Assembly of the first 3 chapters of a draft conservation strategy prepared by Harrison and Grierson Consultants is to be commended.

“ The Department of Territories considers that Parts 1 - 3 of the draft plan, dated May, 1985, outline the crucial issues being faced by the Island at this stage and that the objectives in Part 3 provide an appropriate framework for the establishment of the controls necessary to pro­ vide for the responsible development of the Is­ land, conservation of its natural resources and heritage features.

“ Now that the initiative has been taken in pre­ paring this statement of objectives the Depart­ ment looks forward to this being followed up as soon as possible by the development of more specific proposals for planning procedures and controls.”


9. Forestry

RETIREMENT OF FORESTER After a very long and dedicated career in Forestry on Norfolk Island that spanned 33 years Mr G.R. (Kik) Quintal has retired. Kik’s dedica­ tion to forestry will be appreciated by the Island for many years, and he will be greatly missed in the Forestry Section.

FOREST WORKING PLAN Lack of a current forest working plan has led to a caretaking without further increment of the Is­ land’s natural softwood and exotic hardwood timber resources located on Government Re­

serves. Mr. M.L. Benson - Senior Research Sci­ entist, C.S.I.R.O. Division of Forest Research was commissioned to visit the Island and prepare a revised Forest Working Plan for the period July

1985 to June 1990.

Amenity plantings of indigenous trees were performed in Point Hunter Reserve. Mainte­ nance of existing amenity plantings included weed control and replacement of dead

trees. Selective private planting of pines in

specific areas has been encouraged by the provi­ sion of potted pines and white oaks from Rocky Point Reserve.

NURSERY Pottings of self-sown indigenous trees were made from Rocky Point and Cascade

Reserves. Care and tending of planting stock was carried out at Rocky Point Reserve, and the es­ tablished planting stock were made available for both public and private plantings.

TANALITH PLANT AND SAWMILLS The tanalith timber preservation plant at Mid- dlegate treats locally culled timber with pressure injected preservatives. A total of 461 posts and 3 poles were treated from Eucalyptus microcorys plantations. A total of 438m^ of sawn Norfolk Pine was also treated, in 179 charges.

WEED CONTROL Extensive removal of water hyacinth in the Kingston Creek was performed, in addition to routine maintenance of weeds on roadsides and Reserves.


10. Agriculture and Livestock

Although the Island’s climate and friable vol­ canic soils favour both grazing and crop cultiva­ tion, a number of factors restrict the extent of farming: steep terrain; the fragmentary nature of many land sub-divisions; porous top soil; the abs­ ence of a general water table, and the depredation of crops by insects.

The porous soils prevent water storage in earth dams, and the development costs are high for irrigation from streams and subterranean sources. Market gardeners have improved the supply of fresh vegetables by hydroponic cultiva­ tion and by the use of glass-houses. Hotels, eat­ ing houses and the general public constitute a ready market for their produce.

A large quantity of Kentia Palm seed is ex­ ported annually. Seed of the Norfolk Island Pine (Auracaria Hetrophyllia) falls in quantity only every 3 to 5 years. The seed, and seedlings free of soil, are exported when sufficient quantity is available.

A primary production Development and Marketing Committee has been formed for the purpose of organising the growing and marketing of local produce, and a feasibility study is being conducted into the cost and effectiveness of establishing a cool store and processing factory to

be powered from produce on its own

property. The study is being assisted by Dr David Stewart, a world authority on methane gas production from crops, with the aim of obtaining power at a cost lower than available from conven­ tional means.

LIVESTOCK The stock health programme conducted since 1980 has improved the general quality of meat and health of the cattle. Under the programme1 ‘com­

mon herd” cattle and calves are drenched and deliced twice a year. The success of the prog­ ramme has encouraged private cattle owners to participate, thereby improving the overall quality of cattle on the island.

Improvement in the quality of livestock has resulted from the importation of stud beef and dairy bulls, mares and stallions. However, the high cost of freight and associated shipping costs restrict these imports. During the year 13 horses and 8 head of cattle were imported.

Pasturage rights in respect of 481 cattle and 14 horses were granted for grazing on commons, reserves and roadsides during 1985. Management practices on common grazing land include a limited annual reduction in the number of livestock granted pasturage rights. The dung beetle has assisted considerably in a limited return of some nutrient to the soil; however, the beetle has not successfully es­ tablished itself in all parts of the island and its activities are seasonal.

The Island has four piggeries which carry over 300 pigs and supply the local market in bacon, ham and other pork products. Methane gas is produced at one of these piggeries and is used for cooking processed meats.

Some 635 head of cattle and 160 pigs were slaughtered during the year, but demand con­ tinued to exceed supply and meat was imported from both Australia and New Zealand to supple­ ment local supplies.

SUBSIDIES Subsidies on imported stud stock and fertiliser are available for the encouragement of stock and pasture improvement. There were 17 applica­ tions for the fertiliser subsidy during the year.


11. Nature Conservation


The Service continued to provide advice to the Administrator, Members of the Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly, the Administration of Norfolk Island and the public on a variety of topics concerning wildlife management and en­ vironmental conservation on the Island.

Contributions were made to discussions con­ cerning a land planning study, matters relating to an island forestry plan and tree preservation or­ ders. Advice was given to the Norfolk Island Administration on matters relating to the impor­ tation of birds. The general public was assisted on a wide range of topics relating to wildlife and nature conservation and the Service continued to liaise with natural history societies on the island.

The Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service produced a full colour poster illustrating “ A Legacy Worth Keeping: Norfolk Island Flora and Fauna” which was widely distributed in the Island.

The Government Conservator, Mr. Neil Hermes ran two in-service courses for teachers at the Norfolk Island Central School and assisted with holiday programmes and youth club courses

in bird study at the Seventh Day Adventist Church. Natural history talks were given to Service Clubs and at the Flora and Fauna Society Eccocentre. A radio ‘Bird Sounds’ competition

was run on the Norfolk Island Radio Station to coincide with the Royal Australasian Or­ nithologist’s Union sponsored National Bird Week from 12 - 21 September 1984. In January

and February 1985 guided walks were conducted in the Norfolk Island National Park. For the first time the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service participated in the Work Experience program at the Norfolk Island Central School and a student works for a day each week with Service

staff. During 27-31 May 1985 the annual meetings of the Australian Environment Council (AEC) and the Council of Nature Conservation Ministers

(CONCOM) were held on the island. The Chairman of both Council meetings was the Hon. Barry Cohen M.P., Minister for Arts, Heritage and Environment. The Chairman of the Standing

Committee of CONCOM was the Director of the

Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Prof. D. Ovington. At the completion of the meetings the Australian National Parks and Wild­ life Service assisted the Norfolk Island Govern­ ment in conducting field excursions into the Norfolk Island National Park.

Their Excellencies, The Governor General Sir Ninian Stephen and Lady Stephen visited the Island in June 1985 and officers of the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service escorted him on inspections of the Norfolk Island National Park and the Norfolk Island Green Parrot captive breeding centre.

Research work sponsored by the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service on the island this year included studies of invertebrate animals on Philip Island conducted by scientists from the CSIRO Division of Entomology, studies on marine algae by Dr. S. Ducker of Melbourne Uni­ versity and studies on the mosses and lichens by

botanists from the Herbarium Australiense Canberra and the Australian National Uni­ versity. Assistance was given to Peter Green, previously the Deputy Director of the Royal Bo­ tanic Gardens, Kew (United Kingdom) who has contracted to write a flora of Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands. Pine seed was also sent to the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew for research into

storage and germination techniques.

GREEN PARROT In an attempt to save an endemic subspecies, the Norfolk Island Green Parrot, a breeding prog­ ram was begun in 1983. Aviaries were con­

structed with the assistance of the Lions Club of Norfolk Island and several birds were

captured. These birds were all male and when attempting to capture a female bird it became apparent that fewer females than males remained in the wild. After months of unsuccessful work an adult female was captured in March. In addi­

tion a clutch of young birds including a female was captured. Crimson Rosellas were controlled around known nest sites and experiments were conducted using artificial nest-boxes in an at­

tempt to increase wild Green Parrot nesting suc­ cess. Assistance continued to be received from the Lions Club of Norfolk Island, the Norfolk

Island Flospital, aviculturalists in Australia and the Ministry of Agriculture in New Zealand.



The Philip Island program to eradicate rabbits continued during the year with more

successes. The aim of the program is to restore the habitat of the island to make it suitable for a greater number and diversity of native plants and animals especially birds. Rabbits were removed from several precipitous cliff sites on Jacky Jacky and only a small number of rabbits remain and all of those in isolated areas. A wide range of techni­ ques were used including poisoning, trapping, gassing, shooting and warren ripping.

Spectacular growth of vegetation is now appa­ rent in many parts of the island. Photographs showing the development of new vegetation have been taken on a methodical basis and will form a valuable record of the changes occurring on the island. Kikuyu invaded several small areas on the island and has been removed.

NORFOLK ISLAND NATIONAL PARK The Norfolk Island National Park and Norfolk Island Botanic Garden were gazetted on 21 February 1985 under the Norfolk Island Govern­ ment’s Norfolk Island National Park and Nor­ folk Island Botanic Garden Act 1984.

An agreement was signed in May 1985 by the Commonwealth and Norfolk Island Govern­ ments enabling the Park and Botanic Garden also to be declared under the Commonwealth’s N a­ tional Parks andW ildlife Conservation Act 1985.

It was announced in June 1985 that nomina­ tions were being received from interested groups and individuals to fill positions on the Norfolk Island National Park Advisory Committee.

The Minister for Territories, the Hon. G.G.D. Scholes MP, the Minister for Arts, Heritage and En­ vironment, the Hon. Barry Cohen MP and the Chief Minister, the Hon. D.E. Buffett MLA signing the agreement for the Norfolk Island National Park and Norfolk Island Botanic Garden. The Secretary, Department of Territories, Mr J.D. Enfield is seated behind.


12. Fishing

The waters surrounding Norfolk Island pro­ vide plentiful fishing, but landing places at Cascades on the northern side and Kingston on the southern side are exposed to the open sea and the lack of a boat harbour prevents the establish­ ment of a fishing industry. In September 1984 the

Legislative Assembly of Norfolk Island intro­ duced an Act to control the exportation of a pre­ scribed quantity of fish. Only 8 kilograms of trumpeter fillets and 6 whole trumpeter are al­ lowed to be exported from the Island or carried by passengers.

Local fishermen supply most of the needs of the island's fish shops, hotels, restaurants and guest houses. The fishing boats which bring the island its catches of Trumpeter, Kingfish, Trev- ally, Schnapper and Hapuka are less than 4 ton­

nes in weight and small enough to be lifted by

fisherman's crane on the jetties at Cascades and Kingston. A tow vehicle secured to a lifting cable provides power for these cranes. The Island has an active Fishing Club which

supports and maintains the fishermen’s cranes. There are at present 52 boats operating from the Island, of which there are 6 boats cater­

ing for fishing parties and scenic tours and com­ mercial fishing. Operations of foreign fishing vessels in the Au­ stralian 200 mile fishing zone surrounding Norfolk Island were at a reasonably low level during the year. The main catch of foreign ves­

sels in the zone during this period were tuna, shark and a small quantity of Bill fish. Australian Navy patrol boats maintained routine surveill­ ance of the zone during the year.

Young fisherman with a sample of Norfolk’s marine life.


13. Communications


The Norfolk Island postal administration is separate from the Australian Postal Service and is established under the Post and Telegraph Ordi­ nance 1957. The Post Office at Burnt Pine, in the centre of the Island, provides postal services comparable with those of any Australian Post Office of similar size. Mail is collected at the Post Office either from private boxes or across the counter. Mail for desptach is collected at the Post Office and from mail boxes located around the Island.

The internal letter rate is five cents. Australian postal rates apply to mail addressed outside Norfolk Island. All mail is despatched to Au­ stralia except that addressed to New Zealand which is sent direct. Letters are normally carried

by air and parcels by surface (sea) mail. The Post Office has facilities for money orders and telegraphic money orders. Post Office transactions for the past five years were:

Year Money Orders


Mail Bags Despatched

Mail Bags Received

1980-1981 26,159 2,048 9,380

1981-1982 26,226 2,194 8,033

1982-1983 33,521 3,262 7,989

1983-1984 27,978 2,082 8,860

1984-1985 25,855 3,924 10,143

PHILATELIC BUREAU The Post Office’s Philatelic Bureau provides first day covers and other philatelic services for stamp collectors.

Past and current stamp material including origi­ nal art work, stamp proofs and historical stamps is displayed in the Bureau’s shop in the Burnt Pine shopping centre where a full philatelic sales

service is provided. The following stamps and postal stationery were issued during the year: .

BoobookOwl Setenant Strip 17-7-84 5 x 30c = $1.50

Pre-Stamped 37c 11-9-84

Envelope No. 13

Ausipex 30c, 45c, 75c

plus Souvenir sheet @ $ 1.50


Pitcairn P.S.E. Folder $3.24 (empty) Sept ’84

Xmas '84 5c, 24c, 30c,

45c, 85c


George Hunn Nobbs

30c, 45c, 75c, 85c, Plus pack @$3.00


Prestamped En­ velope No. 14 (Philip McCoy)

37c 4-12-84

Sailing Whale- ships Pt. I 5c, 33c, 50c, 90c.


Sailing Whale- ships Pt. II 15c, 20c, 60c, 80c, plus pack



Life & Times of Queen Mother 5c, 33c,50c, 90c, plus

Souvenir Sheet @$1.00


Pre Stamped En- 40c 6-6-85

velope No. 15 (John Adams II)

TELECOMMUNICATIONS The Overseas Telecommunications Commi­ ssion (Australia) is a Commonwealth Statu­ tory Authority responsible for the establish­ ment, maintenance, operation and develop­ ment of all public telecommunications ser­ vices between Australia and other countries, between Australia and its external Territories

and with ships at sea. The O.T.C. Cable Station at Norfolk Island provides an inter-connecting point between the main Australia-Canada ANZCAN cable and the smaller spur cable to New Zealand.

Their Excellencies, the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Ninian Stephen, AK GCMG GCVO KBE and Lady Stephen inspected the Cable station during their visit to Norfolk Island


in June 1985. The international telecommunications services currently available in Norfolk Island operated in conjunction with the Norfolk Island Administra­

tion Communic ations Centre are:-• telephones • public telegram • leased telegraph • public telex bureau • private telex • ISD public telephone • facsimile • leased data services. A new 100 pair underground cable is being laid

between the Norfolk Island Administration Com­ munications Centre, Burnt Pine and the O.T.C. (Australia) Cable Station, Anson Bay, to provide improved communication facilities, as a joint O.T.C. (A) and Norfolk Island Administration project.

TELEPHONE SERVICE Upgrading of the Island's telephone cable re­ ticulation and concurrent exchange capacity is well under way. Two 100 pair underground cables to Anson Bay ANZCAN station were in

operation by the end of June 1985 to help protect the integrity of the island’s vital communication link, following concern by O.T.C. that the exist­ ing aerial cable was vulnerable to the natural ele­

ments. There is now capacity for future growth in the Anson Bay distribution area and for in­ creased international traffic. Upgrading Steeles Point, Rocky Point and Burnt Pine distribution

areas will be completed during 1986. The expan­ sion of the telephone exchange to a capacity of 1000 lines is due for completion in September 1985. Currently there are 770 lines in service with approximately 140 applications waiting connection.

During December 1984 full International Sub­ scriber Dialling facilities were made available to all subscribers. There are 413 subscribers cur­ rently connected. During June 1985, 45201.S.D. calls were made representing 23,500 paid mi­

nutes. This has significantly reduced the waiting time for connections via the manually assisted switchboard. The capacity of the switchboard is three both-way semi-automatic lines, and the

telephone exchange has eight direct outgoing and five direct incoming I.S.D. lines. I.S.D. calls can also be initiated from two coin-

operated public telephones, located at the ex­ change. Both have 24 hour world access and re­ quire 20c or 50c coins. An additional I.S.D. coin operated Public telephone will be installed at the

Norfolk Island Airport before December 1985. During the year the switchboard operators handled 27,449 outgoing calls representing 181,641 paid minutes. Incoming calls to Norfolk Island subscribers are connected direct either by the overseas operator or through I.S.D.

The hours of operation of the manually assisted switchboard operator are: (Norfolk Island time) Monday to Friday 9.00 a.m. to 10.30 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m. to 6.00 p.m.

Sunday 10a.m. to 12 noon; and

3.00 p.m. to 6.00 p.m.

Tariffs for overseas calls are:




South Pacific Countries $4.50 1.50 6.00 7.00

All other $6.30 2.10 6.00 7.00


TELEGRAMS AND TELEX During the year 2004 outgoing and 4869 incom­ ing telegrams were handled. The rate currently applicable for all destinations is 50c per word. The Communications Centre in Burnt Pine operates a public telex bureau and during the

year 4078 outgoing messages and 3921 inward messages were processed. There has been increasing awareness and de­ mand from businesses to subscribe to the interna­ tional telex network. Presently there are 23 sub­

scribers using the telex service and subscribers have the option of purchase or private rental on the telex machines.

FACSIMILE (FAX) In December 1984 Fax services were intro­ duced into Norfolk Island. (Facsimile is an electronic system which enables the transmission of documents via the telephone network). In January 1985 the Public Facsimile service com­

menced. Arrangements exist with both Australia and New Zealand for the handling and delivery of documents for customers who do not have a Fax machine. To the end of June 1985 some 300 out­

going and 150 incoming calls totalling over 2000 pages were processed. Besides the public Fax


facility three other machines have been installed privately.


The Commonwealth Department of Aviation maintains a communications link between Norfolk Island and Australia via a radio tele­ printer circuit which is part of the Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Network. The De­ partment’s Flight Service Office and the Depart­ ment of Science and Technology’s Meteorologi­ cal Office have direct access to this circuit.

The Department also provides air traffic with enroute and terminal navigation aids such as a Non-Directional Beacon (NDB), Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) and a very high frequency (VHF) air ground air radio communi­ cations channel.

The Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) is a high powered, precision, ultra reliable, fail-safe international radio navigation beacon, operating on active RADAR principle, which coupled with the Non Directional Beacon (NDB), primarily enables aircraft on international air routes up to 300 miles from Norfolk to precisely determine their position. It also operates as an instrument approach system to Norfolk in bad weather.

In July the Australian Domestic VHF DMED was replaced by a new Micro-wave standard in­ ternational DMEI. The installation was con­ ducted by Department of Aviation technicians at a cost of $100,000.

RADIO BROADCASTS The Administration operates radio station VL2NI which broadcasts with a power of 50 watts on a frequency of 1566 kHz on the AM band and, simultaneously, on a frequency of 93.9 mHz in the EM band under a licence issued by the Department of Communications. Stereo FM broadcasts have been made continuously since late April 1981.

A total of 106 hours per week was

broadcast. Programmes include local news, shipping and aircraft movements, weather and community announcements, supplemented by re-broadcasts of Radio Australia news and prog­ rammes. Meetings of the Norfolk Island Legisla­ tive Assembly were also broadcast. The station operates on a non-commercial basis and no li­ cence or other fee is imposed on owners of radio

receivers. Some announcers are volunteers who receive a small token payment for their services. Most residents have radios capable of receiving broadcasts from stations in Australia and New Zealand.

14. Climate

GENERAL Norfolk Island, located at 29"()2' South latitude and 168 Hast longitude, is characterised by a pleasant maritime climate. Diurnal and annual temperature ranges are small in comparison with those on the Austrlaian continent, and humidity is generally high. The absence of really cold weather or of sudden marked temperature falls, ensures its continuing popularity with a tourist

population. The climate of the Island is principally affected by the belt of high pressure systems which oscil­ late north and south over the Island

annually. The changing anticyclones are separated by depressions of varying degrees of intensity. These alternations of ‘highs’ and ‘lows’ and their effect on the weather is of greater moment than climate.

TEMPERATURE The average morning temperatures range from 22°C in February to 16°C in the winter months of July and August. The daily range of temperature

averages about 6°C over the whole year.

RAINFALL Rainfall is greatest during the four months from May to August with monthly averages of about 140 to 150 mm. Minimum rainfall, averaging ab­ out 70 to 90mm per month, occurs from

November to January. The annual rainfall mean is 1326mm.


Month mm

January 88

February 99

March 104

April 127

May 140

June 149

July 148

August 137

September 93

October 91

November 68

December 82


Actual rainfall and temperatures recorded during the year are as listed below.

Year/Month Rainfall Mean Temperatures Extreme Temperatures

mm Max C Min C Max C Min C

1984 July 83.6 18.8 14.6 21.0 12.0

August 88.2 19.0 14.4 20.1 11.2

September 170.2 19.2 14.0 21.0 11.2

October 67.8 19.4 14.5 22.6 12.0

November 162.6 22.1 17.9 24.3 14.0

December 128.6 23.7 18.9 25.4 15.6

1985 January 18.8 25.4 19.5 27.6 17.6

February 326.2 24.2 19.8 26.2 18.0

March 34.8 23.6 19.2 25.5 17.0

April 363.6 22.9 19.0 24.6 17.0

May 154.2 20.1 15.6 21.9 13.5

June 124.4 19.5 15.0 22.2 11.4


Rainfall and maximum and minimum temperatures (extreme) 1980-81 to 1984-85

1980-81 1169 27.7 10.5

1981-82 1527 27.4 9.6

1982-83 919 27.2 10.2

1983-84 1154 26.9 10.5

1984-85 1723 27.6 11.2

Note: Rainfall in February 1985 was the highest for that month since 1894.

WINDS Prevailing winds show a general annual swing from directions between north and southeast in summer to the southerly quarter in late winter and early spring. The shift from summer to winter occurs in a clockwise direction and the return to summer conditions is counter-clockwise. In ad­ dition to southerly winds, westerlies also prevail from June to October.

February and March are the windiest months and August to November the calmest. Gales oc­ cur less frequently than at Lord Howe Island and severe squalls are probably fewer and less violent.

The following table shows the average velocity of the wind:

Average Velocity (km/h)

Month 0730 hours 1330 hours

January 8 13

February 11 15

March 11 15

April 8 13

May 8 11

June 11 13

July 8 1 1

August 6 10

September 8 11

October 8 11

November 8 11

December 10 11

The Island land mass affects winds

locally. The wind usually drops after sunset, with near calm conditions until after

sunrise. This lull occurs mainly in the spring and summer and on clear nights. Local eddies and turbulence are experienced due to the effect of Mt. Pitt. The best rains are preceded by winds

from the north quarter, which soon revert to southwest or southerlies.

CYCLONES Tropical cyclones approach from the north on a track generally directed southeastwards. They are most frequent in the early months of the year. Extra-tropical depressions move from the continent or from the southwest Tasman Sea. They occur mostly between February and September. The last quarter of the year is usually less affected by these influences than other months.

VISIBILITY Fog is often reported during periods of persis­ tent drizzle or light rain, mainly due to

topography. Haze, other than sea haze, is not a regular feature at Norfolk Island, and even in its densest form does not reduce visibility to a great extent.

SEAS Moderate sea is a feature of all seasons at Norfolk Island, tending to slight during the sum­ mer months. Rough to high seas accompany cyclonic disturbances and those periods of strong

southwesterly winds.

THUNDERSTORMS Thunderstorms are most prevalent during the winter and spring. Hail occasionally ac­ companies thunderstorms in winter.

METEOROLOGICAL AND IONOSPHERIC SERVICES The Commonwealth Department of Science and Technology operates a meteorological field station near the airport and an ionospheric field station at Middlegate.

The meteorological station maintains continu­ ous surface and upper air observations. Data are transmitted hourly by teletype to Australia. The Bureau of Meteorology in Melbourne processes


the date for forecasting and research ionospheric characteristics for their effect on high purposes. The station also issues weather re- frequency radio communications. Data from the ports for local aviation and relays meteorological station are used to prepare radio communication warnings from the Bureau’s regional office in predictions that assist in maintaining and optimiz- Sydney. ing high frequency radio communication circuits.

The ionospheric station, part of the Depart­ ment’s Ionospheric Prediction Service, monitors


15. Transport

AIR SERVICES A regular jet service from Sydney is provided by East-West Airlines using Fokker Fellowship F28-4000 aircraft. Air New South Wales op­ erates a twice weekly jet service from Brisbane

utilizing F28-1000 series aircraft modified for ex­ tended over-water operation. Other regular services to the Island include a Boeing 737-200

service from Auckland operated by Air New Zea­ land (in association with Qantas) and services operated by Norfolk island Airlines from Brisbane via Lord Howe Island using Beechcraft Super King Air turbo-prop aircraft.

Regular air services were conducted to the Is­ land during the year as follows:

Aircraft Passenger

Airline Type Capacity Frequency From

East-West Airlines F28-4000

Air New South Wales F28-1000

Air New Zealand B737-200

QANTAS (Charter by B737-200

Air New Zealand

Norfolk Island Airlines BE200

There were 1,865 aircraft movements at Norfolk Island during the year representing a de­ crease of 5.9% over the previous year. The breakdown of these movements is as follows:-

• Regular airline 1457 (decrease of 5.45%)

• Military 190 (decrease of 5.47%)

• Private Charter 240 (decrease of 9.16%)

The decrease in regular aircraft movements can be attributed to larger passenger capacity B737- 200 aircraft as opposed to F27-500 aircraft which were previously in operation.


The aerodrome has two operational runways, 11/29 which is 2020 metres long and set in a 150 metre wide runway strip, and 04/22 which is 1551 metres long and set in a 90 metre wide runway strip. The length, pavement thickness and strip width of runway 04/22 preclude its use by medium jet aircraft. Runway lighting and visual approach

slope indicator systems are available on both runways. An aeronautical beacon light is provided on Mt. Pitt for night and low visibility operations.


72 6 per week Sydney

65 2 per week Brisbane

113 1 per week Auckland

113 1 per week Auckland

9-10 4 per week Brisbane via

Lord Howe

Hazard beacons are also provided on Mt Pitt and Mt Bates. The terminal building handles traffic from East- West Airlines, Qantas, Norfolk Island Airlines and Air New Zealand on a regular basis. The airport is a designated international airport and included in the terminal is facility for passenger security screening in accordance with Austra­ lia’s obligations as a member of I.C.A.O.

An additional measure taken in accordance with I.C.A.O. standards has been the implemen­ tation of Airport Identity Cards. The cards are required for those personnel authorised to pro­ ceed into restricted areas associated with the Airport.


Norfolk Island has about 80 kms of road of which about 60 kms are sealed. The remaining roads are earthformed or coral surfaced and only about 8 kms are unsuitable for motor traffic.

Work commenced on reconstruction of one kilometre of Taylors Road. The section was road based and formed ready for sealing, however poor weather and lack of suitable material re­

stricted sealing to a small section only. Extensive repairs were carried out to Douglas

Drive following damage caused by runoff from the airport area following very heavy rain. Routine maintenance to unsealed roads was

carried out. However, due to the limited availa­ bility of suitable fine sealing chips, maintenance to sealed surfaces was limited to pothole repairs. The combined effects of much greater than average rainfall during the winter and lack of

suitable sealing material has left the surfaces of most sealed roads in poor condition. As at 30 June 1985 there were 2421 registered vehicles on the Island comprising cars, buses, heavy equipment, motor cycles and trailers.

SHIPPING Only one cargo vessel serviced the Island dur­ ing the year: the “ lie de Lumiere" of the French firm Compagnie des Chargeurs Caledoniens

(CCC) of Noumea. Details of the service were: Cargo No. of voyages discharged


From Sydney 9 7368.911

To Sydney 9 315.564

From Auckland 9 7943.093

To Auckland 9 117.591

Cargo from Sydney included 142 vehicles (28 vehicles more than the previous year). Cargo to Sydney included 5 vehicles (2 less than the previ­ ous year).

Cargo from New Zealand included 84 vehicles (7 vehicles more than last year). Cargo to New Zealand included 4 vehicles (4 less than last year). Other vessels which visited were:

The Mobil Oil tanker “ Pacific Rover” which made 4 visits unloading a total of 3873.100 tonnes of fuel. (1290-26 tonnes less than the 1983-84 import).

The Butane Gas tanker “ Coral Gas” which made one visit discharging 31.709 tonnes of Butane Gas. The “ Fiji Gas” which made one visit dis­

charging 88.237 tonnes, a total of 119.946 ton­ nes for the year, just 1.054 tonnes less than the year 1983-84.

The “ Pacific Guardian” of Cable and Wireless (Marine) Ltd paid a goodwill visit. Other vessels to visit for purposes other than trade were HMAS Launceston, HMAS Geelong, HMAS Freeman- tie, HMNZS Tui, Jacques Cartier of the French

Navy, and 18 yachts.

LIGHTERAGE Norfolk Island’s cliffbound coastline requires vessels to anchor about 1 km off-shore from the Island. Passengers and cargo must therefore be transferred ashore in cargo lighters. Weather con­ ditions determine which jetty is used - Kingston or Cascade on opposite sides of the Island.

In accordance with the Lighterage Ordinance 1961, the Administration Lighterage Undertaking handles all cargo and employs two launches, four lighters and two mobile cranes for the purpose.

Lighterage operations occupied 35 days at Cascade and 21 days at Kingston. 8 working days were unsuitable for the discharge of cargo due to bad weather conditions. The Undertaking’s fin­

ancial statement for 1984-85, is at Table 5, Ap­ pendix XI. Rates charged for the lightering of cargo remained unchanged at $13.94 per tonne or cubic metre.

The minimum cargo that can be handled economically is 200 tonnes and ships discharging less than the minimum are required to pay the difference between the minimum tonnage and the tonnage discharged. Larger cargoes requiring transport on two lighters lashed together are charged at double rates. Any one lift exceeding 4 tonnes in weight requires the importer to arrange,

through the Administration, insurance cover of $15,000 to cover the possible loss or damage of a lighter.

The Administration’s Works Branch maintains lighterage equipment and provides supervision for the landing of cargo. The cargo lighters and launches are transported on trailers and kept at

Kingston and at the central Works Depot.

Labour engaged by the Lighterage Undertak­ ing is paid at a fixed rate per tonne or cubic metre and extra for work performed on Saturdays, Sun­ days and Public Holidays.


16. Works and Services

GENERAL The Administration Works Branch is responsi­ ble for the construction and maintenance of Ad­ ministration buildings, roads, bridges and drains, for the landing places at Kingston and Cascade, for the electricity supply and the telephone trans­ mission lines, and for arrangement of burials and the Island’s cemetery.

Staff from the Works Branch carried out maintenance and construction work on Administ­ ration buildings and the hospital. Work at the hospital included the fitting out of a new pathol­ ogy unit. Major new works were carried out at the school extending the manual arts, science, home economics and office areas. Structural re­ pairs and recladding were carried out on both the

Bean Shed and Customs Building. A garbage clearance service for the hospital, school, Rawson Hall, beaches, sports oval, picnic spots and Administration buildings was also provided.

During the year cleaning services were pro­ vided at Emily Bay and Slaughter Bay bathing sheds and school bus shelters and at the public conveniences in Kingston, Cascade and Burnt Pine areas. The grounds at the school, the Cenotaph, Administration compound and Kings­ ton recreation reserve were regularly mown and maintained.

The Works Depot Mechanical Section main­ tains all Administration vehicles, plant, the school bus and boat trailers. Mechanical mainte­ nance was provided for the Commonwealth owned vehicles attached to the Administrator’s

Office and the Ionospheric Station. This work was done on a cost recovery basis.


The restoration program for 1984-85 provided for cash expenditure of $314,000 by the Common­ wealth Government for work on:

• archaeological stabilization of mins in the Arthur’s Vale and Kingston area generally; • fencing and landscaping the Pier area includ­ ing installation of a new cattle stop ; • landscaping and traffic barriers at the Old

Military Barracks carpark;

• front and side fence at No. 11 Quality Row annex; • completion of the Annex at No. 1 Quality Row;

• re-building of the Prince Philip Youth Centre; • external rendering and painting at Govern­ ment House; • commencement of restoration on the double

boatshed; • historic buildings maintenance; • minor works.

The Restoration team consists of 12 artisans under the direction of Works Supervisor MrG.E. Anderson, and under the overall guidance of Mr A. Campbell of the Department of Housing and Construction and Mr E. Martin of the ar­ chitectural consultants, Philip Cox and Partners

Pty. Limited.

ELECTRICITY The Administration Electricity Undertaking supplies electricity throughout Norfolk Island from its power station near the Airport which

is operated, serviced and maintained by the Department of Aviation.

Electricity is generated at 415/240V and is step­ ped up to 6,600V for transmission throughout the island. Sixty-six sub-stations transform the high voltage to415/240V.

The charge for electricity is 24c per unit. The number of consumers rose by 62 to 1157. Electricity generated was 5,106,688 kWh, an increase of 367,778 kWh (7.76%) over the previ­ ous year. Maximum demand of 1095 kW occur­

red during the month of April. The Electrical Undertaking Income Expenditure account for the year is at Appendix XII. At present the Commonwealth Department of

Housing and Construction is carrying out a feasi­ bility study for additional generating equipment.

FIRE SERVICE The Volunteer Fire Service operates three fire tenders provided by the Administration. When necessary, Department of Aviation fire crews as­

sist the service in dealing with fires outside the aerodrome area. The Volunteer service takes part each year in


simulated emergency exercises so that it may as­ sist the Department of Aviation fire crews in the event of an aircraft emergency. The service is also regularly trained by Department of Aviation officers.

The service attended 15 actual fire calls and 18 false calls during the year. The false calls were attributed to faults in automatic alarm systems.

CEMETERY The Cemetery, which is at Kingston, is maintained by the Administration and has been used for as long as the island has been settled. All burials and funeral services are free, the Ad­ ministration providing a burial plot, pine coffin, and hearse. Grave digging and all other aspects of burials are attended to by volunteers, Ad­ ministration staff and relatives or friends of the deceased.


17. Health

GENERAL The Government Medical Officer is responsi­ ble for all aspects of the medical care of the Is­ land’s residents and tourists. This includes

public health, hygiene and quarantine matters. The Government Medical Officer is

Superintendent of the Norfolk Island Public Hospital and is assisted by the Assistant Govern­ ment Medical Officer, matron and the ap­ propriate professional, technical and clerical


HOSPITAL BOARD Under the provisions of the Norfolk Island Public Hospital Ordinance, 1953, the Norfolk Is­ land Public Hospital is administered by a five-

member board, of which three members are elected and two are appointed by the Ad­ ministrator, for a two year period. Board mem­

bers are Mr G. Robertson (Chairman), Mr G. Bennett (Deputy Chairman), MrR. Nobbs, MrS. Nobbs and Miss Samantha Browne. The Secret­ ary is Mr J. Gale.

The Board meets monthly, or more frequently if necessary, and is empowered to make by-laws, (subject to the Administrator’s approval) on any matter affecting the non-medical management, care, control, and superintendence of the hospi­

tal, including charges, staff duties and the purch­ ase of equipment and supplies. It is empowered to appoint all hospital staff other than Medical Officers.

Hospital revenue is based on fees for medical and hospital services and the Board receives generous assistance from various Norfolk Island Service Clubs and individuals, plus a subsidy from the Norfolk Island Government. A state­

ment of the Hospital Board’s accounts for the year is at Appendix XIII.

NORFOLK ISLAND PUBLIC HOSPITAL The Hospital has 21 beds. There are 4 private rooms, 2 general wards, a single room, 2 share rooms and a maternity ward. A radiography unit is available and a laboratory is maintained under the control of a full time technologist. A Phar­ macy Supervisor provides a full dispensary and pharmaceutical service to the community. Over­ all supervision of these departments is the re­ sponsibility of the Government Medical Officer in

his capacity as Medical Superintendent of the Hospital. During the year 30 major and 216 minor opera­ tions were performed. Out-patient consultations averaged 1196 per month and the daily in-patient bed rate was 9.01. There were three medical air evacuations by RAAF Hercules aircraft; one by DOA aircraft, and one by RNZAF Andover to New Zealand. There were 3 visits by specialists during the year. A resident dermatologist in part time practice is available to the Hospital on a consultancy basis.

A District Nursing service funded by the Emilie Channer Trust and supervised by the Medical Superintendent provides for the requirements of older residents in their homes.

The Baby Clinic continues to provide a com­ prehensive service. This is maintained by a qual­ ified Sister who also conducts ante-natal and post-natal classes and assists with the school health program of examination, immunisation and education.

Hospital fees at 30 June 1985 were Out Patients Surgery Consultations Surgery Consultations (after hours) Home Visit Home Visit (After Hours) In Patients Private Ward $75.00 per day

Intermediate Ward $65.00 per day

Maternity Ward $65.00 per day

DENTAL SERVICES A free dental service for eligible children, pensioners and expectant mothers and service at prescribed fees for other patients, is provided by the Norfolk Island Government Dental Officer.

The Dental Clinic is situated in the Hospital building and consists of two rooms that serve as surgery-office and storeroom laboratory. A wide range of treatment is available. The Clinic treats approximately 300 patients per month and a one

to two week waiting time is usual for routine appointments. The Clinic’s equipment is modem and includes an Ash Ranger Unit, Telstar Chair, Siemens X- ray and autoclave. The laboratory is equipped for processing dentures and casting gold

$8.50 $ 10.00 $12.50 $16.50


inlays. As the clinic relies on a mainland service for repairs and spares for equipment, some delay is experienced when servicing is necessary.

A comprehensive dental health programme has been conducted over the past 8 years at the Norfolk Island Central School and is

continuing. The children receive twice yearly ex­ aminations and treatment, if required. By clas­ ses, the children participate in ‘Brush-Ins’ each term and also receive a weekly mouth rinse of a fluoride solution. Short lectures on oral health are provided for each class each term.

SOCIAL SERVICES Pension entitlements as of right are available under the Norfolk Island Social Services Act 1980 to eligible aged, invalid and widowed residents or to residents who have the care, custody and con­ trol of orphaned or handicapped children.

The rates of payment, originally set at 75% of their Australian equivalent were increased to 78% in 1982. In January 1985 the Social Services Act 1980 was amended to make the Norfolk Island Retail Price Index the basis of bi-annual adjust­ ment of the rates of benefit, instead of the Com­ monwealth Consumer Price Index.

As at 30 June 1985, 40 pensions totalling $4,739.66 per fortnight were being paid. These

included 30 age pensions, 3 invalid pensions, 1 supplementary children’s benefit and 6 special benefits. The rates of benefit at 30 June 1985 were -

BENEFIT Age, Invalid, Widowed: Single Married Orphans Handicapped childrens Supplementary childrens


$143.00 per fortnight $ 119.30 per fortnight $26.40 per fortnight $34.80 per fortnight

$20.60 per fortnight

WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE In August 1984 the Australian Government an­ nounced its intention of providing financial assist­ ance with the proposed water supply and sewer­ age scheme by providing a grant of 50% of the

cost, up to a maximum of $2,000,000.

Following further feasibility studies and con­ sideration of technical reports, the Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly approved the survey, in­ vestigation and design phase of the water and

sewerage scheme. It is expected that land surveying will comm­ ence early in the new financial year to be followed by studies of the groundwater resources and sewer effluent outfall.


18. Education

NORFOLK ISLAND CENTRAL SCHOOL Education in Norfolk Island is free and com­ pulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 15 years pursuant to the Education Ordinance 1931.

The Norfolk Island Central School, which in­ corporates infant, primary and secondary levels, follows the New South Wales education system and provides education to School Certificate

level (Year 10). Norfolk Island’s historical and political associ­ ation with New South Wales since its settlement in 1788 has resulted in the Island’s education

needs being met from New South Wales. This practice continues with the concurrence of the New South Wales’ Department of Education which provides the School’s teaching staff. The curriculum is that followed in New South Wales and includes English, Mathematics, Science,

Geography, Home Science, Textiles and Design, Industrial Arts (Introductory Materials Technics I, Technics II and Technical Drawing), Ag­ riculture, Art, Music and Physical

Education. History, Commerce and Art are studied as correspondence courses. To help bridge the gap between Norfolk Island and neighbouring regions, the School conducts

two overseas education tours, one for Year 6 and one for Year 10 pupils, annually. Parents and children help organise the tours which are financed mainly by fund-raising activities in the Island.

The Administration is responsible for new con­ struction at the School and for the maintenance of existing buildings. The Administration also meets the cost of necessary school supplies and equipment and is assisted in this regard by the

Parents’ and Citizens’ Association with funds that are raised by public subscription.

STAFF AND ENROLMENTS The School is staffed by a Principal, Secondary Special Master, Primary Executive Teacher, 13 teachers and two part time teachers. A full time clerical assistant is employed, together with a part time library assistant, part time teachers' aide, part time pianist who assists in the teaching of music, and a groundsman 4 days per

week. Correspondence lessons are supervised by a qualified teacher.

At 30 June 1985 enrolments were:

Classes Boys Girls Total

Infants 42 41 83

Primary 65 45 110

Secondary 60 52 112

TOTAL 167 138 305

In 1985 22 candidates will sit for the New South Wales School Certificate Examination.

EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES Year 6: From 21st April to 2nd May 1985 27 Year 6 pupils toured New South Wales. After extensive preparation in the classroom, the pupils visited Sydney, Taronga Park Zoo, Sydney Opera House, the Sydney Morning Herald premises, the Power House Museum,

QANTAS base, Lachlan Vintage Village, Pelican Sheep Farm, Canberra, the Australian War Memorial, Bathurst, Karringal Village, Jenolan Caves, Katoomba, Warragamba Dam. Parkes Radio Telescope, Cowra Japanese Gardens, Robertson Cheese Factory, Robertson Potato

Farm, Wollongong. A Sydney Harbour Cruise was also included. The tour was a great success and of considerable benefit to the participants. Year 10 Tour: At the end of the second term

1984 15 Year 10 students took part in a vocational guidance tour of New South Wales. Through the New South Wales Department of Education and the Department of Sport, Recreation and

Tourism, tests and interviews were held at the Vocational Guidance Bureau and visits were made to various industrial, commercial and train­ ing establishments from the Narrabeen National

Fitness Camp where the students were accom­ modated. The students also visited the

Jindabyne Field Studies Centre in the Snowy Mountains. These tours are financed by fund raising ac­ tivities involving teachers, pupils and parents and through generous donations by local business people, residents and service clubs. Approxi­ mately $11,000 was raised for Year 6 and $9,000 for Year 10.


A concert night, swimming and athletic carni­ vals and cross-country running events are other features of the School calendar. Extensive con­ tact with parents is actively encouraged through a

‘meet the teacher’ night early in the year and parent teacher interview times are available each day. A School Student Council of 9 members repre­ sents the students’ voice in the operation of the School and makes a worthwhile contribution to staff student relations.

A Work Experience Program is operated for students of Year 10. In this final year at the School, students work in the community each Friday in various occupational areas in order to gain insight into the type of vocation they might

select at the conclusion of their schooling. Dona­ tions received from employers for services are contributed to the Year 10 Tour Fund. Students are also encouraged to participate in:

• The Secondary Westpac Maths Competition • Primary University of New South Wales Mathematic Competition • Science Competition each year.

SPORT Students are able to experience a wide range of sporting activities including athletics, squash, tennis, golf, swimming, gymnastics, basketball, lawn bowls, netball, volleyball, soccer, and touch football.

Life-saving and swimming activities are em­ phasised during the summer months. A leam-to- swim program is conducted at Emily Bay each year with the aim of having all the children able to swim by the age of eight.

The School competed in the New South Wales Royal Lifesaving Society’s “ Helen Draper Trophy’ ’ for the highest point score per pupils for 2nd Class Central Schools for the 1984 season.

PARENTS’ AND CITIZENS’ ASSOCIATION During the 1984/85 financial year $15,000 was spent on school equipment and other require­ ments, including $2,800 in the School Library.

The major purchases of the year have been three Apple I IE computers complete with monitors, disk drives and one printer plus soft­ ware at the cost of $6,500. This has allowed Com­ puter Education to commence at the School.

Added to this has been donations from the Lions Club of Norfolk Island of a computer


plus printer valued at $2,500; from the Norfolk Island Rotary Club a computer valued at $1,500 and software donations from Quota Club. The major fund raising activity was the Easter

Carnival which this year raised $5,527. The Association meets monthly and as well as being an important source of school funds it plays an integral part in the formulation of School Pol­ icy and serves as a forum for parental opinion.

COMMUNITY USE OF BUILDINGS During the year extensive use was made of the school buildings by the following organisa­ tions:

• Parents’ and Citizens’ Association • Norfolk Island Pony Club • Flora & Fauna Society • Cheryl Tennis Club • Red Cross • N.A.T.S. • A. &H. Society BURSARIES AND TRAINEE SCHOLARSHIPS

Regulations under the Education Ordinance 1931 provide for the payment of bursaries to students who require courses not available in Norfolk Island and who wish to study at an approved high school or who wish to attend a mainland school to continue their studies be­ yond the School Certificate level. Tertiary education scholarships for students undertak­ ing degree or diploma courses, and vocational training scholarships for students undertaking apprenticeships, technical or professional courses are also provided.

Applicants for these awards are selected by a committee comprised of the Administrator, the Principal of the Norfolk Island Central School and one other member appointed by the Ad­ ministrator. Only students who are residents for the purposes of the Immigration Act 1980 and who have attended school in Norfolk Island for three years are eligible.

Each award pays for a return fare to the island once in the year and cash benefits of: $ per annum $ per annum

Bursaries up to School Certificate

Bursaries beyond School Cert­ ificate

$ per annum Scholarships

Allowance free of 160.00 2 0 0 . 0 0 _

means test Allowance subject 2 0 0 . 0 0 2 0 0 . 0 0 2 0 0 . 0 0

to means test Book allowance 1 0 .0 0 2 0 . 0 0 2 0 . 0 0

SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST SCHOOL A Seventh Day Adventist Primary School, es­ tablished in January 1981, operates in accordance with the Education Ordinance 1931 under the au­ thority of the New South Wales’ Seventh Day Adventist School system which provides re­

sources, expertise and advice as required. The school is staffed by a qualified teacher and has an enrolment of 9 children.

The curriculum follows that of the New South Wales Department of Education with the addition of one lesson a day on the Bible. Annual inspec­ tion of the school is undertaken by a member of

the New South Wales’ Department of Education and the head of the New South Wales’ Seventh Day Adventist Education Department. Some sports and cultural activities are shared

with the Norfolk Island Central School.

Children of the Norfolk Island Central School planting pine trees on Arbor Day.


19. Community Activities

Church of England, Roman Catholic, Uniting Church in Australia and Seventh Day Adventist services are conducted regularly by resident clergy in the Island’s churches. The Church of England holds services in both the old Melane­ sian Mission Chapel (Saint Barnabas) and All Saints Church, Kingston. Time is allotted for re­ ligious broadcasts on local radio.

Also active on the island are the Royal Norfolk Island Agricultural and Horticultural Society, the Society of Descendants of Pitcairn Settlers, the Norfolk Island Historical Society, the Norfolk Island Flora and Fauna Society, the Conserva­ tion Society, the Lions Club, Rotary Club, Quota Club, the Community Arts Council, Red Cross, Far West Children’s Health Scheme, Organ Soci­ ety, Returned Soldiers’ League, Country Wo­ men’s Association, Sunshine Club, Scouts and Girl Guides, the Pathfinder Youth Movement of the Seventh Day Adventist Church, the Norfolk Amateur Theatrical Society and a Senior Citi­ zens’ Association.

The popularity of video entertainment has caused the closure of the Mission Road movie theatre and has reduced movie screenings at the hotels. Discos are still held at hotels and clubs, and public picnics, race meetings and barbecues add to the variety of entertainments available for visitors.

Anniversay Day (or Bounty Day) marks the landing of the Pitcairn Islanders on Norfolk Is­ land on 8 June 1856. Many on the Island, includ­ ing visitors, take part in the annual celebrations which consist of an historical pageant, family picnics and the Bounty Ball at Rawson Hall in the evening.

In October 1984 a party of 26 residents, mainly descendants of the Pitcairners who settled Norfolk Island in 1856, and three others, travelled to Pitcairn Island on what became known as the “ Pitcairn Pilgrimage’’. This was the first group visit by Norfolk Islanders to their relatives in Pitcairn Island since 1880 and was the culmina­ tion of contact through the previous year with Pitcairners on visits of medical necessity to New Zealand who were invited on to Norfolk Island. The Pilgrimage was the subject of a New Zealand television documentary. The party and Island service clubs and other interested residents

met the cost of including the Norfolk Island Gov­ ernment Medical Officer in the visit to survey and attend to the medical needs of the Pitcairn Island residents. Appropriate philatelic covers were carried as mementos.

The Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Soci­ ety’s Annual Show is conducted on the second Monday in October. The 1984 Show was opened by His Excellency the Governor-General Sir Ninian Stephen, accompanied by Lady Stephen, on 8 October. The number of entries taxed the display space available. Equestrian and cattle

sections were as usual judged by judges invited from Australia. The Sydney Morning Herald Service Clubs Award for 1984 was won by the Norfolk Island Lions Club for work done for the preservation and protection of the Norfolk Island Green Par­ rot, an endangered species.

SPORTS Sports and recreational bodies include cricket, hockey, shooting, bowls, golf, rugby league, basketball, netball, squash, tennis, equestrian and pony clubs. An underwater swimming club, in addition to its usual activities, assists from time to time in salvage work and fish surveys. Com­ petitions are held in clubs and hotels for pool and darts.

Representatives of various sporting bodies travel to mainland Australia and other countries to play competitively. In October 1984 a Norfolk Island Rugby League team visited New Zealand as the second touring team to leave Norfolk Is­ land since the re-introduction of rugby league in

1967. The team won all three games played against New Zealand B grade teams. Sporting competitions are also held on Norfolk Island. A popular event is the annual “ Bounty” Bowling Tournament held in May in which teams from Australia and New Zealand compete.

AWARDS Australia Day: To help focus attention on Au­ stralia Day, Norfolk Island was again included in activities to promote Australia’s National Day on 26 January. The highlight of these activities was the presentation by the Administrator, on behalf of the Australia Day Council, of Australia Day Citizen Awards and Sports Medals. The Citizen


Awards recognise outstanding contributions to the local community. The Sports Medals are awarded for outstanding ability and achievement in sport.

The Citizen Award was awarded to Mr Tom Lloyd in recognition of his organisation of the pilgrimage to Pitcairn Island, his work with the golf club, Amateur Sports Association, NATS and many other community activities. The

Young Citizen Award went to Miss Anita French in recognition of her active participation and in­ volvement in Pathfinders and other community activities. The Sports Medals were awarded to Mr David Magri for his ability and achievement in golf, particularly in qualifying to play as an amateur in the 1984 Australian Open Golf Cham­ pionships and to Mr Gary Raper for his outstand­ ing ability in the game of squash and for his con­ tribution to the youth of the community. The latter was awarded posthumously.

Churchill Fellowships: During the year two Churchill Fellowships were awarded. One was to Mrs Bonnie Quintal to investigate the techni­ ques, procedures, support machinery and plan­

ning relating to first aid practices in remote areas of Australia in the event of a major disaster. The other was awarded to Miss Alice Buffett, Minis­ ter for Social Services and Primary Industries, to attend linguistic seminars and libraries for re­

search of the historical recorded data of the Pit- caimese and Norfolkese languages.

Churchill Fellowships provide support to en­ able Australians from all walks of life to under­ take overseas study or an investigative project of the kind that is not fully available in Australia. In

addition, the Churchill Trust makes available a

limited number of Fellowships for residents of the external territories for study in Australia or in adjacent Pacific and South East Asian

countries. Miss Buffett and Mrs Quintal are the first Norfolk Island recipients of such


Honours: Mr Gilbert Wallace Jackson was honoured in the 1985 Order of Australia Queen’s Birthday list. Mr Jackson became a Member in the General Division of the Order of Australia

(A.M.) for service to the community of Norfolk Island particularly as a member of the Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly. Mrs Nadia Lozzi-Cuthbertson was awarded

the Medal of the Order of Australia (O.A.M.) in the 1985 New Years Honours List for services to the community when resident in New South Wales. She was invested by His Excellency the

Governor General during his visit to the Island in June.

The Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Trust for Young Australians: The Trust makes annual grants available to assist projects involving young people and which lead them to make a worthwhile

contribution to others in the community. The Trust awarded 3 grants to organisations in Norfolk Island during the year under

review. The recipients of these awards were: • Norfolk Island Girl Guides Association - to help fund the completion of the Guide Hall; • Cheryl Tennis Club - to set up a Trust to

assist in providing coaching facilities particu­ larly for the juniors; • Rotary Club of Norfolk Island - to send two Rotary Youth Leadership Awardees to a

seminar in New Zealand.

Mr. Gilbert Jackson being invested as a Member of the Order of Australia (A.M.) by His Honour the Administrator, Commodore J.A. Matthew CVO MBE.


Appendix I: Members of the Legislative Assembly Third Legislative Assembly:

President The Honourable David Ernest Buffett

Deputy President - The Honourable Eleanor Brenda Reed

Bates, The Honourable Brian George Brown, John Terence Buffett, The Honourable Alice Inez Buffett, Albert Fletcher Howard, Edward Davenport (from 25 July 1984) Page, The Honourable Phillip Arthur Sanders, William Winton

Appendix II: Schedules to the Norfolk Island Act 1979 SCHEDULE 2

1. The raising of revenues for purposes of matters specified in this Schedule. 2. Public moneys of the Territory (other than the raising of revenues). 3. Surface transport (including road safety, traffic control, carriers, vehicle registration and the licensing of drivers). 4. Roads, footpaths and bridges.

5. Street lighting. 6. Water supply. 7. Electricity supply. 8. Drainage and sewerage. 9. Garbage and trade waste. 10. Primary production (other than mining or fishing). 11. The slaughtering of livestock. 12. Domestic animals (including birds). 13. Public pounds. 14. Pests and noxious weeds. 15. Recreation areas. 16. Cemeteries. 17. Forestry and timber. 18. Fire prevention and control. 19. Quarrying. 20. Building control (including the repair or demolition of dangerous buildings). 21. Advertising hoardings. 22. The prevention and suppression of nuisances. 23. Noxious trades. 24. Gases and hydrocarbon fuels. 25. Firearms. 26. Explosives and dangerous substances. 27. Tourism. 28. Places of public entertainment. 29. Boarding houses and hotels. 30. Museums, memorials and libraries. 31. Foodstuffs and beverages (including alcoholic liquor). 32. Trading hours.


33. Markets and street stalls. 34. Hawkers. 35. Radio and television. 36. Telephone and postal services. 37. Coastlines, foreshores, wharves and jetties. 38. The transporting of passengers or goods to and from ships. 39. The maintenance of rolls of residents of the Territory. 40. The registration of companies and business names. 41. The registration of births, deaths and marriages. 42. Matters in respect of which duties, powers, functions or authorities are expressly imposed or

conferred on executive members by or under laws in force in the Territory other than any matter -(a) that relates to immigration or the operation of the Immigration Act 1980 of the Territory; or

(b) that relates to social service benefits in so far as a duty, power, function or authority is expressly imposed or conferred on the Administrator or the Minister in relation to that matter.


1. Fishing. 2. Customs (other than the imposition of duties). 3. Immigration. 4. Education.

Appendix III: Public Service Organisation Chief Administrative Officer: R.D. Malcolm Principal Engineer: A.J. Bennett from 3 September 1984 Staff Reporting to Principal Engineer:

Administrative Officer (Operations) Senior Works Supervisor.

Administrative Officer (Operations): M.S. Tilley Staff Reporting to the Administrative Officer (Operations): Technical Officer (Electrical) Forester

Health Inspector Tourist Accommodation Officer Building Inspector Technical Officer (Telephones)

Stock Inspector Monitor, Telephone Exchange Telex Operator

Administrative Officer (Personnel): V.N. Reeves Staff Reporting to the Administrative Officer (Personnel): O.I.C. Records Relief Staff

Librarian Broadcasting Officer Technical Officer (Radio)

Revenue Manager: H.B. Martin Staff Reporting to Revenue Manager:


Collector of Customs Postmaster Liquor Bond Manager Philatelic Officer

Finance Officer: B.T. Wilson Staff Reporting to Finance Manager: All Accounts branch staff

Registrar: I.F. Buffett

Legal Adviser: D. W. Wright Staff Reporting to Legal Adviser: Assistant Legal Adviser, from 20 June 1985 Curator

Registrar of Companies

Legislative Draftsman: D. Kitching from 28 August 1984

Senior Works Supervisor: C.L. Buffett Staff Reporting to Senior Works Supervisor: Works branch staff

Internal Auditor: M. King

Immigration, Social Services and Project Officer: G. Hitch

Government Medical Officer: Dr. J . Davie from 31 January 1985

Assistant Government Medical Officer: Dr D. Monks from 7 June 1985

Government Dental Officer: E. Williams

O .I.C . Police: Senior Sergeant P. Macintosh from 26 August 1984 Staff Reporting to O.I.C. Police Constables Special Constables

School Principal: K. Demery Staff Reporting to School Principal Teachers

f n lk


Appendix IV: Public Finance 1984-85



Customs Duty and Port Dues ........... 1,373,529 Crown Lease Rents & Fees ..................... 15,452

Conveyancing Fees ................................51,589

Revenue from Liquor Supply Service . 439,336 Public Works Levy .............................. 239,299

Vehicle Registrations & Licences ..........117,035 Court Fees & Fines ................................... 8,5%

Company Fees ......................................... 94,212

Agriculture, Pasturage and Dogs - Fees . 11,097 Miscellaneous ..........................................138,271

Postal Operations .................................. 800,981

Stamp duty on cheques .......................... 38,692

Revenue from Telecommunications Service ................................................. 110,827

Timber Royalty ......................................... 2,844

Sale of Surplus Stores, Vehicles and Plant . 970 Revenue from Electricity Service ........ 256,654 Rental Administration Residences ..........13,525 Accommodation Levy ............................ 86,996

Curator of Deceased Estates - Fees ......... 7,327 Sale of Forest Produce ..............................6,049

Tanalith Plant Charges .......................... 25,943

Liquor Licence Fees .............................. 24,207

Revenue from Lighterage Service .......... 38,203 Interest from Investments ..................... 186,807

Departure Fees ...................................... 223,207

Absentee Landowners' Levy ................. 44,674

Vehicle Hire ........................................... 28,982

Dental Fees ............................................. 40,645

Appropriation Former Years ................. 22,443

TOTAL REVENUE $4,448,392



Administrative .................................. 1,669,288

Courts and Lands .................................... 67,254

Police ...................................................... 83,963

Community Services .............................. 43,481

Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly .. 229,981 Education ............................................. 626,807

Health ................................................... 249,864

Welfare Services .................................. 264,255

Repairs & Maintenance ........................ 570,657

Forestry & Agriculture .......................... 118,349

CAPITAL WORKS & SERVICES Buildings & Works .................................. 56,780

Plant & Equipment ................................ 139,026

Other ...................................................... 68,695




Cash in Hand 218,972

Commonwealth Bank of Australia 120,491 Westpac Banking Corporation 1,365,000 Trust Fund Investments 1,457,027

Administration Services Fund 709,340 Investments


Revenue Fund 1,370,419

Trust Fund 1,632,471

Administration Services Fund 867,940





1985 1984

$ $ $

SALES 1,517,180 1,363,535

Stock 1 July 1984 221,924 166,644

Nett Purchases (includes freight) 907,875 784,960

Cartage, Customs Duty & Lighterage 130,941 111,855

1,260,740 1,063,459

Less - Stock 30 June 1985 328,511 221,924

Cost of Goods Sold 932,229 841,535

Gross Profit 584,951 522,000

Less - Stock losses in transit etc 9,035 7,541

Less - Recoveries from claims 1,057 7,978 1,326

576,973 515,785

ADD - OTHER INCOME Commission received on Sales 209 -

Adjusted Gross Profit 577,182 515,785

LESS - EXPENSES Salaries, Wages & Allowances 98,441 77,888

Consultancy Expenses 5,769 -

Rents 6,691 6,240

Sundry Expenses 22,174 8,540

133,075 92,668

NET PROFIT 444,107 423,117

Appendix V: Justice

Summary of Court Proceedings:

Supreme Court

Probate Jurisdiction: Probates granted 9

Re-seal of Probate 1

Letter of Administration (CTA) 1

Order to collect and administer with Will 2 Order to collect and administer Estate 2

Norfolk Island Sittings Civil Jurisdiction: Cases listed in Norfolk Island 7

Cases heard in Norfolk Island 6

Cases listed in Sydney 1

Cases heard in Sydney 1

Court of Petty Sessions

Civil Jurisdiction:

Plaints filed 99

Cases heard 35

Matters under Family Law Act: Filed 3

Heard 3

Criminal Jurisdiction: Information filed 71

Cases heard 59

Coronial Inquests 3

Auctioneers Licences !

Adoption 1


Appendix VI: Legislation Enactments of the Legislative Assembly notified in the Norfolk Island Government Gazette:

1984 No. 11 1984 No. 12 1984 No. 13

1984 No. 14 1984 No. 15 1984 No. 16

1984 No. 17 1984 No. 18 1984 No. 19 1984 No. 20 1984 No. 21

1985 No. 1 1985 No. 2 1985 No. 3 1985 No. 4 1985 No. 5 1985 No. 6

1985 No. 7 1985 No. 8 1985 No. 9 1985 No. 10 1985 No. 11 1985 No. 12 1985 No. 13 1985 No. 14 1985 No. 15

Tourist Accommodation Act 1984 Animals (Importation) A ct\983 Postal Services Act 1983 Fish (Export Control) Act 1984

Retail Price Index Act 1983 Dangerous Drugs (Amendment) Act 1984 Public Works Levy (Amendment) Act 1984 Apiaries (Amendment) Act 1984

Slaughtering (Amendment) Act 1984 Stock Diseases (Amendment) Act 1984 Social Services (Amendment) Acrl983

Medical Practitioners Registration Act 1983 Interpretation (Amendment) Act 1984 Legislative Assembly (Amendment) Act 1984 Norfolk Island National Park and Norfolk Island Botanic Garden Act 1984 Public Account Expenditure Act (No. 2) 1984-85

Trees (Preservation) Act 1985 Community Service Orders (Amendment) Act 1984 Absentee Landowners Levy (Amendment) Act 1984 Statute Law Revision (Penalties andFees) Acrl984 Public Account Expenditure Act (No. 3) 1984-85

Trees (Preservation)(Amendment) Actl985 Statute Law Revision (Penalties and Fees) Act 1985 Land (Sub-division)(Amendment) Acrl985 Public Works Levy (Amendment) Act 1985 Public Account Expenditure Act) 985-86

Regulations notified in the Norfolk Island Government Gazette:

1984 No. 3 1984 No. 4 1984 No. 5 1984 No. 6

Plant and Fruit Diseases (Amendment) Regulations 1984 Telephone (rental charges and fees)( Amendment) Regulations Pounds (Amendment) Regulations Community Service Orders Regulations

1984 No. 7 Fish (Export Control) Regulations 1984 No. 8 Tourist Accommodation Regulations 1984 No. 9 Telephone (rental charges and fees) Regulations (Amendment)

1985 No. I Customs Regulations (Amendment) 1985 No. 2 Trees (Preservation) Regulations 1985 1985 No. 3 Animals (Importation) Regulations 1985

Notices of commencement notified in the Norfolk Island Government Gazette: Public Works Levy (Amendment) Act 1984 Commenced 14 November 1984 Tourist Accomodation Act 1984 Commenced 30 November 1984

Enactments Reprinting Act 1980 Commenced 25 February 1985

Trees (Preservation) Act 1985 Commenced 23 April 1985

Animals (Importation) Act 1983 Commenced 29 April 1985

Community Service Orders Act 1983 Commenced 13 May 1985

Statute Law Revision (Penalties and Fees) Act 1984 Statute Law Revision (Penalties and Fees) Act 1985 Commenced 13 May 1985 Commenced 13 May 1985

Assent to proposed laws withheld by the Governor-General: Statute Law Revision (Penalties and Fees) Bill 1984 (in part) Court of Petty Sessions (Amendment) Bill 1984 (in part)

Bills passed by the Legislative Assembly and not assented to as at 30 June 1985:

Education Bill 1981 Public Service (Amendment) Bill 1982 Public Health Bill 1983 Public Service (Amendment) Bill 1984 Provident Account (Amendment) Bill 1985 Norfolk Island Hospital Bill 1985 Public Health (Amendment) Bill 1985

Date Passed

2 December 1981 23 June 1982 1 February 1984 7 February 1985

3 April 1985 5 June 1985 5 June 1985

Appendix VII: Imports for year ending 30 June 1985 Item Pacific Is.

& Australia New Zealand Asia Europe Total

$ $ $ $ $

Beer 186313 4041 190354

Spirits 140352 140352

Wine Still 125011 125011

Wine Sparkling 23798 23798

Tobacco 5416 5416

Cigarettes 145785 145785

Cigars 97 5093 5190

Bicycles and Trikes 15764 5566 21330

Tea 46715 2968 49683

Coffee 28466 5970 34436

Jet Fuel 688270 104 688374

Avgas 39808 39808

Benzine Motor 386052 386052

Distillate 524892 524892

Lubricating Oil 36177 3347 39524

Fuel Oil 1641 129 1770

Lighting Kerosene 384 384

Butane Gas 33184 33184

Methylated Spirits 155 741 896

Preserving Oil & Creosote 3304 1113 4417

Candles 89 977 1066

Confectionery 49196 17820 67016

Jams 2761 2579 5340

Preserves 8735 8273 17008

Cement 33651 33651

Electrical Goods 240927 35602 154 276683

Window Glass 1675 9370 11045



Hardware Hardboard Galvanised Iron Paints & Varnish Asbestos Sheeting Gas Welding

Building Materials Clocks Watches

Agricultural Machinery Tools Implements

Admin Imports Trade Comm & Church Imp C'wlth Govt. Imports Apparel & Attire

Fabric Textile & Piece Goods Handbags Footwear Plastic Bags Sacks Cordage & Twine Tarpaulin & Hessian Fish Hooks & Lines Bedding Coins Disinfectant Insecticide Germicide & Weed Killer Dental Medical & Dressings Drugs Gas Medical

Bacon & Ham Butter Cheese Flour

Fruit Dried Fruit Juice Groceries Mutton & Lamb Margarine Meat Canned

Meat Fresh Smallgoods Milk Condensed Milk Powder

Onions Potatoes Sugar Household Effects

Pacific Is & Australia $

New Zealand $

95277 87032

15836 49936 11294 54457 66917 50561

5299 19200


474944 573166 48063 115534 3872

142644 106960 66050 289%

7208 8943

1155% 20385

195649 77833 450221 314139 76150 120630 68091 2849

61159 40902

15179 5489

60 819 3680

1583 959

13379 405

21142 45785

29941 1204 1071

12206 5095

1505 6326

6962 2369

83259 33789

55216 41936



15121 28710 31487 14

8072 1711

24691 19767

547784 346255 4520 67974

9288 21025

1038 764

40623 108168 60316 5906

4666 27715

6787 8000

1366 4079

13145 5278 4709

286575 145091

Asia Europe Total

$ $ $

24961 411 207681

65772 65751 117478 24499


558 1048668

22421 12698 83182

72824 24430 216660

78323 114 328041

25367 1199 121612


61 136042


246312 318253 1328925 40151 46040 282971

15815 21800 108555

8911 483744 594716

20668 60 4499 2542

1799 15583

3872 15289 86088

29941 2275

4869 22170

7831 9331

9981 352 127381

346 97498

6862 24042 43831 31501

9783 44458

180 179 894398

72494 30313 1802 148791 66222

32381 14787 5445 13145


13659 50197 495522


Item Pacific Is

& Australia $

New Zealand $







Furniture 95256 132112 1790 632 229790

Crockery 62583 12386 3364 169483 247816

Electrical Appliances 109807 32293 37586 9365 189051

Glassware 46906 1389 4111 26183 78589

Refrigerators 10836 29613 40449

Laundry Appliances 22093 7660 4273 34026

Fodder 31014 63636 94650

Harness & Saddlery 6805 15502 22307

Solar Heaters & Parts 43915 43915

Calculators 21580 1297 8073 85 31035

Instruments Appliances & Apparatus 1225 6 1231

Live Stock 12892 10714 23606

Manures & Fertiliser 3076 23068 26144

Domestic Cleaners 60561 37253 358 98172

Soap Toilet 11934 7966 3278 23178

Soap Household 22511 4372 26883

Stationery & Books 100527 78429 13855 2354 195165

Pens 20097 1844 4519 26460

Personal Effects 280506 46226 3530 32936 363198

Photo Films 11294 308 459 3011 15072

Cameras 28420 431 256494 285345

Photo Goods 265521 54113 156765 14135 490534

Films Theatre 1696 946 2642

Records & Tapes 12226 60002 531 72759

Radios, Recorders & Record Players 180294 22116 316591 7767 526768

Television & Videos 143102 986 88601 2328 235017

Musical Accessories 1801 9187 3495 14483

Plants & Seeds 3974 4718 91 8783

Watercraft & Accessories 9793 9831 4570 24194

Wire Netting & Staples 17547 7475 25022

Motor Vehicles 23432 848657 34411 906500

Motor Accessories 156480 64931 41027 902 263340

Motor Cycles 1440 623 3773 5836

Cosmetics & Perfumes 284254 77431 33877 200397 545959

Binoculars 14707 4989 3363 437 234%

Fire Arms & Explosives 20585 4381 848 25814

Jewellery 234648 63776 143157 244478 686059

Mineral Waters 45180 4327 49507

Sports Goods 84191 18101 9836 10879 123007

Miscellaneous Imports 65882 24017 8781 7114 105794

Toys 166382 10792 110131 128898 416203

Stationary Engines 2753 2753

Typewriters 9716 3672 24745 251 38384

Figurines 26442 19297 457 18305 64501

Suitcases 19828 3144 7487 30459

Souvenirs 21217 127% 10301 3811 48125

Razors, Hairdryers & Curlers 3661 1%2 94 5717

Fancy Goods 44366 20664 9870 7889 82789

8933038 3664067 2728734 1917401 17243240


Appendix VIII: Exports for Year Ending 30 June 1985 Item Pacific Is. New Asia Europe Total

& Australia Zealand $ $ $ $ $

Building Material 1436 20 1456

Electrical 2885 2280 5165

Hardware 56 56

Clocks 200 200

Watches 7721 421 3550 7464 19156

Machinery 1910 5596 7506

Tools & Implements 26585 20608 47193

Apparel 9900 15027 344 25271

Drapery & Fabric Footwear 3541 31571 661 35773

Household 3495 1194 1200 5889

Earthenware Electrical Appliances 6429 3674 267 10370

Furniture 1007 939 1946

Stationery & Books 9397 206 71 9674

Personal Effects 467414 130488 597902

Photo Accessories 31991 3673 13255 1655 50574

Video and Tapes 27680 27680

Pine Seeds 15097 10359 10670 36126

Kentia Palm Seeds 46569 5265 1050 245790 298674

Ships & Boats 321 1060 1381

Empty Containers 52175 5950 58125

Motor Vehicles 26831 129600 156431

Motor Cycles 2200 2200

Motor Accessories 5157 7273 267 12697

Miscellaneous Exports 50666 1480 408 52554

Binoculars 150 150

Fancy Goods 2976 318 241 3535

Jewellery 83251 3720 13185 2699 102855

Sports Goods 3210 4209 7419

Typewriters 2355 406 500 3261

Cylinders 50375 1000 51375

Medical 12766 200 12966

Cosmetics 247 5169 5416

Toys 1989 132 840 15 2976

Stamps 45000 45000

Groceries 700 700

Films-Theatre 2190 2325 4515

Radio Accessories 3933 6130 2350 230 12643

Musical Accessories 1044 1737 900 75 3756

Commonwealth Govt. 227711 38085 265796

Calculators 26480 26480

1262840 399061 35664 315277 2012842


Appendix IX: Summary of Land Transactions Freehold

Conveyances 148

Mortgages 99

Discharge of Mortgage 86

Leases 31

Grants of Easement 15

N otification of Intere st 6

Transfer of Lease 9

Withdrawal of Notification of Interest 3 Surrender of Lease 1

Partial Discharge of Mortgage 2

Notice of Survivorship of Joint Tenant 1 Surrender of Easement 1

Confirmatory Conveyances 3

Partition 1

Grant in Fee Simple 2

Total dealings in Freehold Land 408

Crown Leasehold and Crown Lands

Crown Leases granted 10

Transfers of Crown Leases 13

Mortgages 9

Discharge of Mortgage 11

Revocation Proclamation 1

Sub - Lease 3

Total dealings in Crown Leasehold __

and Crown Lands 47


1985 1984

$ $ $

INCOME Telephone Calls 265,981 187,606

Connection Fees & Miscellaneous Revenue - 13,529 8,199

Telephone Service Rentals - Telephone Service 116,948 106,695

Telefax Service 1,436 -

Telex Service 21,212 11,111

Connection Fees & Miscellaneous Revenue - 754 5,254

Telex Service Rentals - Telex Service 31,373 10,593

Telegram Service 8,023 5,118

Bad Debts Recovered - -

OPERATING INCOME 459,256 334,576

Interest from Investments 4,654 6,549

Profit from sale of Fixed Assets 3,371 -


TOTAL INCOME 467,281 341,125

EXPENDITURE Salaries, Wages & Allowances 135,341 111,560

Materials Consumed 47,702 13,473

Sundry Expenses & Services 33,096 48,546


Employees Entitlements Telephone Costs - Telefax Service Rental - O.T.C. Building Rental - Telex Machines Lease - ES.D. Telephones Rental - Switchboard (Telephone Exchange) Transport and Travel

Depreciation Bad Debts

ADMINISTRATION CHARGES Mangement Fee Interest on Loan Interest on Administration Capital


Appendix XI: Transport

1. Air Passenger Traffic 1980-85

Year Arrivals Departures

1980-81 25466 25783

1981-82 19836 19876

1982-83 18748 18675

1983-84 22977 22901

1984-85 27438 27400

2. Number of Sea and Air Travellers 1984-85

Arrivals Air Sea Total


Australia 20734 8 20742

New Zealand 6549 6 6555

Elsewhere 155 - 155

3. Air Cargo (Manifested) 1984-85

Country or Place Imports Exports

kg kg

Australia 132912 29150

New Zealand 154974 20580

Asia 5459 -

Europe and other countries 1192 -

Total 294537 49730

4,279 -

751 -

- 1,601

23,275 9,948

- 5,104

400 600

8,353 14,660

45,510 17,660

43 354

298,750 223,506

79,474 34,113


13,353 13,353

92,827 48,980

391,577 272,486

75,704 68,639

Departures Air Sea Total


Australia 21019 2 21021

New Zealand 6153 4 6157

Elsewhere 228 - 228

4. Air Cargo (Manifested) 1980-85

Year Imports Exports

kg kg

1980-81 312268 49501

1981-82 244913 39219

1982-83 227391 20333

1983-84 237607 19278

1984-85 294537 49730


5. Norfolk Island Lighterage Service - Income and Expenditure Statement year ended 30 June 1985

1985 1984


$ $ $

Lighterage Charges' 241,138 168,185

Hire of Equipment 5,030 2,602

Bad Debts Recovered 17 -

OPERATING INCOME 246,185 170,787

Interest from Investments 2,799 2,563

TOTAL INCOME 248,984 173,350

EXPENDITURE Wages - Maintenance 12,597 10,500

Wages - Contract 91,481 56,816

Wages - Supervision 3,258 2,086

Wages - Crane Operation 11,514 9,161

Wages - Launch Operation 21,491 18,323

Materials Consumed 11,567 10,182

Transport and Sundry Expenses 20,721 13,260

Depreciation 23,021 18,475

Bad Debts ___ 37




ADMINISTRATION CHARGES Management Fee 12,492 8,668

Interest on Loan 12,242 6,675

Interest on Administration Capital 5,041


5,041 20,384

TOTAL EXPENDITURE 225,462 159,317


Appendix XII: Electricity Service


1985 1984

$ $ $

INCOME Electricity Sales & Meter Rentals 950,067 916,333

Connection Fees, Inspection Fees, Service 8,893 1.131

Calls & Miscellaneous Revenue Bad Debts Recovered loo -

OPERATING INCOME 959,060 917,464

Interest from Investments 52,307 67,953

TOTAL INCOME 1,011,367 985,417


EXPENDITURE Generation Costs - Fuel 570,171 504,764

Power House - Operating Charges rendered by Dept. Aviation 97,566 108,468

Reticulation Salaries and Wages 71,109 66,059

Meter Reading Wages 1,306 1,397

Materials Consumed 42,012 22,413

Employees Entitlements 2,740 -

Transport and Travel 12,156 10,286

Office and Sundry Expenses 10,562 2,972

Depreciation 54,710 36,450

Bad Debts 1,138




ADMINISTRATION CHARGES Management Fee Interest on Loan

20,225 19,686


Interest on Administration Capital 34,929


34,929 71,665

TOTAL EXPENDITURE 918,624 824,595


Appendix XIII: Norfolk Island Hospital Board Accounts for year ended 30th June 1985

INCOME: 1984

Fees and Commissions 382,655 420,505

Dispensary Trading Profit 31,664 29,060

Interest Received


850 1,324




Salaries and Wages 326,116 312,782

Medical, Surgical and Drug Supplies 50,902 53,135

General Supplies and Provisions 26,791 27,292

Electricity and Fuel 29,890 29,437

Repairs and Maintenance 8,595 9,941

General Expenses


26,217 35,779


Deficiency of Income over Expenditure 53,342 tM M L


Balance at Beginning 200,896 189,321

Less: Operating Loss 53,342


17,477 171,844


Add: Subsidy - Administration of Norfolk Island 16,900 Donations - Hospital 7,472

Donations - Mawson House 1,000

Balance at ei d: $172,926



Furniture, Equipment and Additions (at cost less depreciation) 89,838


INVESTMENTS: Interest Bearing Deposit - Hospital ' 8,064

Interest Bearing Deposit - Mawson House 5,000


CURRENT ASSETS: Cash on Hand 260

Prepayments 1,648

Cash at Bank - Mawson House Sundry Debtors 74,594


Less: Provision for Doubtful debts (3,000) 71,594

Stocks on Hand 59,275


Total Assets: 236,424

Less: CURRENT LIABILITIES: Sundry Creditors and Accruals 61,374

Bank - Current Account 2,124


NET ASSETS: $172,926

represented by ACCUMULATED FUNDS: $172,926

24,500 4,552


94.296 94.296




3,251 76.110 ( 10,000)

75.110 54,715 124,336 219.965

22,745 (3,676) 19,069 $200,896