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Australia-Japan Foundation Act - Australia-Japan Foundation - Report and financial statements, together with Auditor-General's Report - Year - 1984-85

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The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia


Annual Report


Presented 14 February 1986 Ordered to be printed 20 February 1986

Parliamentary Paper No. 58/1986







C A N B E R R A 1985

© Commonwealth of Australia 1985 ISSN 0155-8447

Typeset by The Typesetting Centre, Canberra, ACT. P rin te d by A ik en Press P ty . L td . — S m ith field

The Australia-Japan Foundation - Fstahlishvd by the A ustralian G o v e rn m e n t —




Dear Mr Hayden,

In accordance with Section 25 of the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976, I sub­ mit the Annual Report of the operations of the Foundation together with financial statements for the financial year 1984-85.

P.H. Sleigh Chairman

Mr Bill Hayden, M.P. Minister for Foreign Affairs Parliament House

Canberra, A.C.T. 2600



Under Section 9 of the Australia-Japart Foundation Act 1976, members of the Australia-Japan Foundation are appointed by the Minister for a period specified by the Minister but not exceeding five years. The Minister may also re-appoint members. The Foundation may consist of not less than five nor more than fifteen members.

Persons serving as members during 1984-85 are listed below. Unless otherwise indicated, the term of appointment for each member is five years. At 30 June 1985 there were ten members.

Mr P.H. Sleigh, Chairman Mr H.A. Gordon, C.M.G., Deputy Chairman (resigned September 1984) Professor R.T. Appleyard Mr D J. Asimus, A.O. Mr R.W.L. Austin, O.B.E. Mr H.R. Bonython, A.O., D.F.C., A.F.C. Mr G. Brealey, A.O. Ms H. Marriott Mrs C. Menadue (passed away on 27 October 1984) Mr F.E. Peterson, O.A.M. (resigned May 1985) Professor A. Rix Mr K. Rosewall, A.M., M.B.E. Lady Schubert


Australia 3rd Floor EGA Building 50 Margaret Street

Sydney NSW 2000 Telephone: (02) 29 5653

Japan 4th Floor Aoyama Eri Building 1-2, Minami Aoyama 5 chome Minato-ku Tokyo 107 Telephone: (03) 498 4141

Further information on the Foundation may be obtained from the Executive Officer, Australia-Japan Foundation, P.O. Box H260, Australia Square, Sydney, N.S.W., 2000. Telephone (02) 29 5653.





First Australian Studies Symposium 4

Australian Studies Centre Nanzan University 6

Scholars: Future Interpreters of Australia 7

A JF-N H K TV Series on Australia 8

Trade Union Visits to Japan 8

Australian Lecture Series in Japan 9

Australian Life Saving in Japan 9

Southern Cross Award 10

Working Holidays 1 1

Japanese Studies for Australians 1 1

Japanese High School Teachers Study Tour 12

Business with Japan 13

Publications 13

Scientific and Technological Exchange 14

Rowing Exchange Leads to University Agreement 14

Visit by Master Japanese Architect-Kisho Kurokawa 15

Zen and Contemporary Art 15

Morrison of Peking in J apan 15


Establishment, Functions and Powers 17

Descriptions of Foundation Programs 18

Foundation Staff 20

Operational Problems 20

Subsidiaries 20

Freedom of Information Act 20


Appendix A: Common interest program 22

Appendix B: Community liaison program 23

Appendix C: Education program 24

Appendix D: General grants program 29

Appendix E: Library program 31

Appendix F : Media program 31

Appendix G: Publication program 32

Appendix H: Research program 33

Appendix I: Sport program 35

Appendix J: Youth program 36

Appendix K: Miscellaneous program 37

Appendix L: Financial statements 41


The Economic Planning Agency of Japan estimates that Japan’s per capita GNP will be 94.8% of that of Australia in 1985 and will rise to 122% by the turn of the century. By way of comparison the Agency predicts that China’s per capita GNP will be 3.5% of that of Japan in 1985 rising to 4.7% in the year 2000. On these predictions and

even allowing for the vast difference in population, Japan’s total GNP in the year 2000 will still be almost two and half times that of China. Much has changed in Australia’s relations with Japan since 1977 when the Foun­ dation’s first Annual Report opened with the words ‘The significance to Australia of

our relationship with Japan is great.’ Notwithstanding these changes, the above quoted figures, even considered as rough approximations, strongly suggest that Japan will continue to be a major factor influencing the well-being or otherwise of Australia well into the next century. Already for some years a major economic power,

Japan is now taking an increasingly active role in world affairs. Australia, of course, is not the only country which sees Japan as playing an impor­ tant role in its future development and the competition for Japanese attention is intense. As the wealth of the individual Japanese increases and along with it the national wealth, the competition is likely to intensify.

In such an environment and with finite funds available for the purpose, the execu­ tion of the Foundation’s charter to further the mutual knowledge and understanding of the peoples of Australia and Japan must be based on a careful ordering of priorities. At the same time it needs to be able to respond quickly to a changing environment.

Accordingly the Foundation has adopted a new strategy to order its future work. The Foundation will seek to publicise and encourage recognition and use in Japan of important aspects of Australian culture, and to learn from Japan and its culture those aspects that can enrich our own society. In this way the Foundation feels that its role

will be more attuned to the new demands on Australia of changing ties with J apan. Reference is made below to the establishment of a new range of programs designed to promote these objectives. But change is not indicated merely for its own sake and there are important areas of

Foundation activity where continuity is important. This is true not only in terms of policy but extends to the daily business of consultation and negotiation. In dealing with Japan the development and nurturing of close personal relations is a factor the importance of which is hard to overestimate. Three of the major matters

described in this report, viz the first Australian Studies Symposium in Japan, the establishment of a Centre for Australian Studies at Nanzan University and the Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) major documentary and drama television series on Australia, are all the outcome of patient negotiation and of personal contacts built up

over a number of years by Foundation staff who have long and wide ranging experience with Japan.

Activities o f AJF Japan Office The activities of its Japan office are an extremely important part of the Foundation's overall operation. The execution of Foundation projects in Japan is, of course, the central part of its function but its activities go well beyond this.

Attached to the Japan office premises is the Foundation’s Australian library. This public access lending library has become the most accessible general information cen­ tre on Australia in Japan. It receives over 500 visitors and almost the same number of telephone enquiries each month. At 30 June 1985 there were more than 2600

library members.


The Library holds over 6000 books on Australia, nearly 200 periodicals and several hundred video and sound tapes covering a wide spectrum of Australian cul­ ture. It has become an important point of first contact for students, working holiday makers, business people, the media and others interested in learning more about Australia.

As well as acting as an administrative centre for Japanese grantees travelling to Australia, the Japan office provides a liaison point for those Japanese who, once hav­ ing been to Australia, wish to impart their knowledge to fellow Japanese or further develop their own exchange activities. The office receives up to 40 visits per week from individuals and delegations with a diverse range of interests, backgrounds and objectives. Advice, introductions, and where appropriate, limited funding, are pro­ vided to encourage and assist these individuals and groups to initiate contacts with Australian counterparts.

Considerable effort was made during the year to co-operate with Australian government and business organisations operating in Japan to ensure that every oppor­ tunity was taken to present the diverse aspects of Australian society to as wide a range of Japanese as possible. The Foundation co-operated in the Australian Tourist

Commission’s ‘Roadshow Van’ program to present its academic programs in cities and universities around Japan on a scale not otherwise possible. The Australian Trade Commission utilised the occasion of the Foundation’s Anniversary Lecture on Australia’s role in the development of in vitro fertilisation techniques to increase Japanese awareness of Australia’s medical equipment industry.

In addition to these specific activities, the Japan office has an important ongoing role of identifying new exchange opportunities and recommending the most approp­ riate means for their exploitation. In a large, sophisticated and highly developed coun­ try such as Japan, opinion leaders are a diverse, ill defined but nevertheless influential group, and one of the most important ongoing tasks of the Foundation is to identify these motivators, and to encourage them to direct their energies towards deepening mutual understanding between Australia and Japan.

The Japan office provides the continuity and expertise necessary to achieve this most important longer term objective.

New Programs A number of considerations, including the changing nature of the Australia-Japan relationship, Japan’s rise to prominence as the second economic power in the free world, the improved media coverage of each country in the other’s press and on televi­

sion, the substantial increase in Japanese tourism to Australia, a review of what the Foundation itself has achieved since its establishment in 1976, together with a diminishing budget in real terms, has led the Foundation to undertake some reorganisation of its programs to achieve the new objectives of the Foundation as set out above.

In 1976-77, the first full year of its operation, the Foundation established its Travel Grant (later General Grants) and Common Interest programs. In 1977-78 it added Community Liaison, Education, Media, Publications and Library, Mis­ cellaneous. Research, Sport and Youth programs to the list. While the emphasis on various programs has varied from year to year, the programs have remained essen­ tially unchanged. Names in themselves do not necessarily determine action but they

can influence thinking and, after a time, restrict imagination and inhibit the develop­ ment of new ideas. For all of the above reasons and to enable it to take the most flex­ ible approach, the Foundation has established the following programs to be operative from the beginning of the 1985-86 financial year: Education program, Humanities, Arts and Media program, Library program, Research and Human Development pro­


gram, Miscellaneous program, Publication program, Science and Technology pro­ gram, Special Projects program, Sport and Community Services program.

Journalist Exchanges For some years the Foundation has supported an active journalist and media execu­ tive exchange scheme with Japan. Under that scheme 43 Australian and 30 Japanese

journalists and media executives visited the other country. While funded by the Foun­ dation much of the detailed work for these visits was carried out by the Foreign Press Centre of Japan, the Japan Publishers and Editors Association, and the Australian Information Service.

Other calls on Foundation resources and a belief by the Foundation that it should continually seek to open up new channels of communication with Japan, has led to the decision to discontinue these exchanges. The Foundation hopes that the funding of these visits from Japan will be taken over by the Australian Information Service and that funds may become available in Japan for visits to that country by Australian jour­ nalists. Two visits by Japanese media executives who were unable to travel to Aus­ tralia in 1984-85 will be supported in the next financial year and with these visits the

scheme will end.

Program Expenditure Details of expenditure under the Foundation’s several programs are set out in Appen­ dices A to K of this Report.


Foundation Programs—Major Activities


A landmark in the development of Australia-Japan relations was the first Sym­ posium on Australian Studies held in Tokyo on 22 June 1985. The timeliness of the Symposium is borne out by certain remarks made by Mr Kohji Hirota, Deputy Direc­ tor of the Books and Publications Bureau of the Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Japan Economic Journal), in the course of his paper entitled ‘Australian Studies in Japan — History and Prospects’. Mr Hirota said:

‘It is terribly difficult to obtain information about Australian studies which have been con­ ducted in the past or are being undertaken by researchers now . . . Horizontal contacts bet­ ween Japanese researchers are not well developed. When we see several research papers on the same theme, they all quote the same Australian reference material but do not ever men­ tion the whereabouts of Japanese reference material. I do not think that this is because Japanese scholars are ignoring the Japanese material but rather because they do not know

about it. It is now necessary to have a centre where the results of research projects can be accommodated and made available at all times.’

The proposal for the symposium had been put forward by the Foundation to a small group of influential Japanese scholars some three years earlier. The proposal was well received but before the Symposium could come to fruition several years of pre­ paratory work was necessary.

The first step was to obtain the names of Japanese scholars working in the Aus­ tralian field and their areas of research. For this purpose and to enable planning for the Symposium to proceed smoothly, the Foundation sought the assistance of a num­ ber of distinguished Japanese scholars who formed themselves into a Symposium

Steering Committee. Another group of scholars formed the Symposium Secretariat. Without the dedication and hard work of these two groups over several years the Symposium could not have been held. The Foundation wishes to express its apprecia­ tion and record the names of the Steering Committee and Secretariat in this Report.

Steering Committee Professor Hiroshi Kawaguchi Chairman Mr Kohji Hirota

Professor Makoto Ikema

Associate Professor Ken’ichi Ishigaki

Mr Hiroshi Kobayashi

Professor Shugo Minagawa

Professor of Political Science Seikei University Deputy Director Books and Publications Bureau

Nihon Keizai Shimbun Professor of International Economics Hitotsubashi University Research Institute of Economics and Business Administration

Kobe University Vice-Director Symposium Bureau Asahi Shimbun Professor of International and Comparative Politics

Nanzan University


Mr Takeshi Mori Senior Research Officer

Institute of Developing Economies

Professor Michio Ochi Professor of English

Meiji University

Dr Yoshihiro Tohyama Professor of Economics

Otemon Gakuin University

Dr Akio Watanabe Professor of International Relations

University of Tokyo

Mr Gilbert George Director, Japan Offfice

Australia-Japan Foundation

Mr Toshiro Matsuura Deputy Director

Japan Office Australia-Japan Foundation

Secretariat Mr Stephen Good Faculty of Economics

Hitotsubashi University

Mr Kohji Hirota Deputy Director

Books and Publications Bureau Nihon Keizai Shimbun

Mr Keisuke Iida Department of International Relations

University of Tokyo

Associate Professor F acuity of Commerce

Takao Maruyama Meiji University

Mr Yuga Suzuki Lecturer in Journalism

Sophia University

Dr Isami Takeda The Centre for Asian and Pacific Studies

Seikei University

Associate Professor F acuity of Letters

Masatoshi Yamazaki Tamagawa University

Mr Toshiro Matsuura Deputy Director

Japan Office Australia-Japan Foundation

The Symposium attracted 280 participants including 180 invited scholars and 100 members from the press, business, government and the public. After opening remarks by the Executive Director of the Foundation, Australia’s Ambassador to Japan, Sir Neil Currie, read a message of welcome from the Prime

Minister of Australia, the Hon. R.J. Hawke, M.P. Mr Shizuo Saito, former Japanese Ambassador to Australia and President of the Japan-Australia Society of Tokyo, gave the keynote address on The Role of Japan and Australia in the Pacific Basin Era’.

Other major papers included Mr Hirota’s paper mentioned above, ‘The Effects of Immigration in Australian Society Today’ (Associate Professor Masami Sekine, Keio University), ‘Recent Trends in the Study of Australian English' (Associate Professor Masatoshi Yamazaki, Tamagawa University), and ‘The Effects of High Technology on Labour and Management in Australia’ (Mr Akira Kawaguchi,

Graduate Student, Kyoto University). From the Foundation’s point of view, one of the purposes of the symposium was to encourage the formation in Japan of an Association of Japanese Scholars of Aus­ tralia, similar perhaps to the Japanese Studies Association of Australia. This matter,

raised by the Executive Director in his opening remarks, was taken up in Ambassador Saito’s speech and again by Professor Ikema in his summing up at the close of the


Symposium. While this must remain a matter for the Japanese scholars themselves, the Foundation recognises its responsibility to provide encouragement, both moral and material, at least in its formative stage.

Directory o f Scholars One concrete result of the preparatory work carried out by the Symposium Sec­ retariat in association with the Foundation’s Japan Office was the publication in Japanese of a Directory of Australian Studies Scholars in Japan. The Directory lists

360 scholars, their contact addresses and fields of interest and in itself makes a sub­ stantial contribution to the advancement of Australian scholarship in Japan. The Foundation hopes to publish the Directory in English so that interested scholars and others in Australia may be able to have ready access to the names of Japanese scholars working in their own fields.

Japanese Books and Australia A further dividend from the Symposium was the publication for the first time of a list of the books on Australia published in Japan since 1900. The list is thought to be complete excluding only brochures, pamphlets and like material, and reports of mis­ sions to Australia of less than 100 pages. The research for this was undertaken by Mr Kohji Hirota.

While it is thought that several books on Australia were published in Japan before 1900, from that year until Japan entered the second world war, only two such books seem to have been published. The war years 1942, 1943 and 1944 saw some increase when 24, 25 and 8 books respectively were published, including a number of Japanese translations of English language works. During the 25 years from the end of the war until 1970 only 91 books were published, the great majority of these being original Japanese works. An average of 15 books per year were published in the years

1971-1977. From 1978 the numbers began to increase substantially reaching a peak of 41 in 1982. The average for the period 1978 to 1984 was 33 books per year.


In its overall program for the encouragement of the growth of Australian studies in Japan, the Foundation strongly believes that the most cost effective and academically sound approach is to assist Japanese institutions to set up their own courses and cen­ tres, and to further assist with the appropriate training of Japanese scholars and teachers.

A major step forward has been the establishment by Nanzan University in Nagoya of a Centre of Australian studies. Nanzan University was founded in 1949 and since that time has established itself as a leading university in the Chubu district of Japan. Located in one of Japan’s major overseas trading centres, Nanzan University has a well developed system of area studies, and the establishment of an Australian studies centre will provide a high pro­ file for Australia in a most important part of Japan.

The proposal for a centre was first made to the University by the Foundation in 1983 and final approval by the University was given late in the financial year. The Foundation has made a grant of $45 000 to the University to be used prin­ cipally for the establishment of a collection of books, law reports and academic jour­ nals relating to Australia. The University has generously provided one whole floor of

a large modem building on campus to house the Centre, giving it facilities equal to


those of the American Studies Centre which was established in 1976 by Nanzan University under a grant from the Fulbright Commission. The Centre, which will undertake both teaching and research, will be officially opened in April 1986, the beginning of the Japanese academic year. It is expected

that the President of Nanzan University will make a first visit to Australia shortly before the official opening.


Scholarship, as part of the Confucian tradition, has long been valued in Japan, and the various arms of the Japanese Government and Japanese business are accustomed to seeking the advice of country experts when formulating policy. Although trade links between Japan and Australia go back well into the last cen­

tury, until relatively recent times, the overall relationship has been marked by suspi­ cion and unease exacerbated by Japanese resentment of the former restrictive immigration policies of Australia, and on Australia’s part by the expansionist policies of Japan culminating in the outbreak of war with Japan in 1941.

After the war, a combination of the dominant United States influence in Japanese affairs and a prolonged reluctance by Australia to come to terms with a re-emergent Japan militated against any scholarly exchange. In particular, as may be gathered from the slender list of Japanese language publications about Australia referred to elsewhere in this Report, the means have been lacking in Japan to provide Japanese policy makers with an informed view of

Australia. The same imperative which drives Australia to study Japan, the destina­ tion of approximately one quarter of Australia’s total exports, has not been felt to the same degree in Japan vis-a-vis Australia which accounts for only some three percent of the Japanese export trade.

Yet it is important for Australia that Japan should know more about the reality of Australian society. Examples of this could be listed endlessly, but they range from the need for an informed understanding of Australian federalism to the fact that a feeling of personal safety plays a significant role in the choice of tourist destinations for many

Japanese. The Foundation approaches this task of interpreting Australia to Japan in a num­ ber of different ways. One of the most important is the provision of post-graduate scholarships to enable young Japanese scholars to study aspects of Australian society

and culture at Australian universities in courses leading to a PhD or Masters degree. Many of these students will pursue academic careers on their return to Japan and their influence will be considerable in a country where 93% of high school students

complete six years of secondary education and about 35% go on to some kind of ter­ tiary study. During the financial year, 13 PhD students and three Masters degree students were assisted with full or partial Foundation scholarships.

In addition the Foundation provides a number of fellowships each year to enable established Japanese scholars to study or carry out research for up to 12 months at an Australian university. During the financial year, Associate Professor Shinobu Oku of Nara University of Education, a distinguished Japanese musicologist, and Professor

Kazuo Iwasaki, Attorney and Professor of Law at Ehime University visited Australia. Professor Oku carried out research on Australian music and music teaching in Australia at Melbourne University and Professor Iwasaki carried out research at the


Faculty of Law, Monash University, on an English-Japanese dictionary of business legal terms. Professor Iwasaki had previously collaborated with Dr Michael Pryles of Monash University in the production of a book entitled ‘Dispute Resolution in Australia- Japan Transactions’. Supported by the Foundation, this was published by the Law Book Company Limited and makes a major contribution to the exposition of the law, both Australian and Japanese, which governs Australia-Japan transactions.

The Foundation has awarded fellowships to Professor Kiyoshi Fukawa, Faculty of Education, Kobe University (Comparative study of the moral ideas of the Australian and Japanese people), Associate Professor Yasuo Hoshino, Faculty of Economics, Nagoya City University (Business practices of Australia-Japan joint ventures) and Associate Professor Sokushin Ezawa, School of Liberal Studies, University of Tot- tori (Early Australian native writers and their influence on the development of Aus­ tralian literature). These awards will be taken up in the 1985-86 financial year.


Early in the next financial year initial research will commence on what is probably the most ambitious television documentary and drama series on Australia ever to be undertaken for broadcast in a foreign country. ,

The Foundation has now reached agreement with NHK (Japan Broadcasting Cor­ poration) for the production by NHK of eight 50 minute documentary programs on Australia together with a major drama production. The documentaries will be broad­ cast in evening prime time in 1986 and 1987 as a lead up to the Australian bicen­ tenary. The drama program which is expected to go to air in January 1988 will be directed by the internationally acclaimed multi-award winner Shoichiro Sasaki.

Agreement for the series was reached after a visit to Australia, at the invitation of the Foundation, by the General Managing Director and Director General of Broad­ casting of NHK, Mr Mikio Kawaguchi. Mr Kawaguchi was accompanied by Mr Kiyoshi Fujii, Director, Special Program Division and Mr Yuichi Takayanagi, Chief Director, Industry and Science Division.

The research team for the series will arrive in Australia in early September 1985 and the first film crew is expected to arrive in late December. Two further film crews will follow. Background research for the drama will be undertaken by Mr Sasaki in early 1986 and filming is expected to commence in early 1987.

The programs will be produced by the Special Program Division of NHK which will devote substantially over $1 000 000 to the series. Each program is expected to reach an audience of between 15-20 million.


One representative each from the Vehicle Builders Employees’ Federation of Aus­ tralia, the Electrical Trades Union of Australia, the Australasian Society of Engineers and the Printing and Kindred Industries Union of Australia, comprised the fifth group of Australian trade union officials to visit Japan under Foundation aus­ pices. The visits are arranged in consultation with the Australian Council of Trade

Unions and the Counsellor (Industrial Relations) of the Australian Embassy in Japan. The object of the scheme is to enable senior and middle level officials of Australian trade unions to examine union structures, labour-management relations and issues


affecting industry and the workforce in Japan which might have relevance to Australia. In the course of the 14 day tour, visits are made to relevant companies and fac­ tories, the Japan Ministry of Labour, Nikkeiren (Japan Federation of Employers’

Associations), the Japanese peak trade union organizations such as Domei (Japanese Confederation of Labour) and Sohyo (General Council of Trade Unions of Japan) as well as the delegates’ own counterpart unions in Japan. Before commencing their visit the members of the delegation meet in Sydney for a

short briefing. As most delegates do not have a detailed knowledge of Japan this is a most important part of the scheme. Reports submitted by delegates after their visits suggest that more time might usefully be devoted to this initial discussion and that a

post-visit debriefing be arranged. The Foundation hopes to be able to arrange this for future visits.


To mark the anniversary of the opening of the Foundation’s Japan office, the Founda­ tion has established the AJF Australian Lecture Series. Each year an eminent Aus­ tralian is invited to lecture in Japan to an appropriately invited audience and to members of the media on some aspect of contemporary Australian life, especially in

fields where Australia has developed expertise. On 15 May 1985, Dr Alan Trounson of the In Vitro Fertilization Unit of the Queen Victoria Hospital, Melbourne, and Reader in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, delivered the 1985 AJF Australian Lecture in Tokyo. The large

audience included members of the Japanese medical profession, media represen­ tatives and leaders of all of Japan’s prospective IVF centres. Although there is con­ siderable Japanese interest in IVF, the moral and ethical questions surrounding it

have been little discussed in the Japanese media and in this aspect, in particular, the lecture generated great interest. The lecture, simultaneously translated, received con­ siderable television coverage and Dr Trounson gave a twenty minute interview on Japan’s national television network, NHK.

An international congress on IVF was held in Sendai by Tohoku University during Dr Trounson’s time in Japan at which he was able to deliver two further lectures, one to a specialist audience of gynaecologists and one to the general public. The Foundation wishes to thank Dr Trounson for his kind co-operation in this



During the hot and humid Japanese summer beaches in Japan are crowded as literally millions of Japanese seek refuge from the heat and bustle of overcrowded cities. Regretfully, however, a substantial number of drownings occur each year and there has not, as yet, been any real development in Japan of a surf life saving movement.

Believing that Australia could assist in this regard and at the same time provide opportunities for young Australian and Japanese swimmers and surfers to come together, the Foundation, in association with the Surf Life Saving Association of Aus­ tralia (SLSAA), embarked on a program in 1982 to assist with the establishment of a

surf life saving movement in Japan. In 1984-85, three members of the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia visited Japan to provide intensive training to Japanese life savers and to assist with


life-guard duties on the heavily populated beaches in Shizuoka Prefecture during the Japanese summer. A group of young Japanese life savers from the Japan Surf Life Saving Association

(JSLSA) and the Japan Life Guard Association (JLGA) visited Australia in Feb­ ruary and March 1985. A number of the group gained their Australian SLSAA Bronze Medallions and Advanced Resuscitation Certificates. They also took part in the 1985 SLSAA Championships held at Point Leo, Victoria.

Following a visit to Japan by the National Executive Director of SLSAA, Mr Gus B. Staunton, M.B.E., agreement has been reached between the two Japanese life sav­ ing organisations, the JSLSA and the JLGA, to form a national council for the pur­ poses of co-ordinating national and international activities, setting standards and making approaches to Japanese governmental authorities.

The Foundation wishes to thank Mr Staunton and the members of the Surf Life Saving Association of Australia for their most willing co-operation in carrying out this project.


Even though Australia had become one of Japan’s major trading partners by the late sixties, Japanese press coverage of Australia was limited for many years in both volume and breadth. Articles concentrated on purely trade and economic matters or highlighted pieces

of exotica. Political reporting gradually improved but there was little in the Japanese newspaper to give the reader any real idea of contemporary Australian society. The White Australia policy seemed to survive in the Japanese press long after its demise in Australia and little was published on the multicultural society that Australia was well on its way to becoming. As the number of resident Japanese newspaper corres­ pondents increased so did the level of coverage, but economic reporting still dominated.

To encourage a more representative coverage of contemporary Australian life, the Foundation in 1981 instituted the ‘Southern Cross Award’ for the best article or series of articles on Australia published in the Japanese press. Since then the award has established itself as a part of the media scene in Japan and is one of the most pres­ tigious press awards in that country.

The 1984 award attracted 39 entries and was won by Mr Tamotsu Nagashima, Sydney correspondent for the Asahi Shimbun, for his 15 part series of articles entitled ‘The New Australia’. As Mr Nagashima points out in his introduction to the series, \ . .while Australia’s relationship with Japan is strong through trade in iron ore, coal, beef, wool and other products, the Japanese are nevertheless unfamiliar with the lifestyle of the Australian people.’ Mr Nagashima’s prize winning series deals with such topics as the surf life saving movement in Australia, women in the police force, the unemployed, opportunities for the handicapped and Australia’s Chinese community.

In 1984 the panel of judges, Ambassador Shizuo Saito (Chairman), Mr Masaaki Kasagi, former Managing Director of the Nihon Shimbun Kyokai, (Japan Publishers and Editors Association), Mr Yoshimi Uchikawa, President, Japan Society for Studies in Journalism and Mass Communication, Mr Eizo Mekata, Managing Direc­ tor, Mitsui C. Itoh Ltd. and Mr Gilbert George, Japan Office Director, Australia-

Japan Foundation, awarded an additional special prize for an article on the Newcastle-Ube sister city relationship. The Foundation expresses its gratitude to the members of the judging panel.



Since 1981 the Foundation has funded an advisory office in Sydney to assist young Japanese coming to Australia under the Australia-Japan Working Holiday Agree­ ment. A counterpart office to assist Australians visiting Japan under the scheme is funded by the Japanese authorities.

In its last Annual Report the Foundation referred to the very high value it places on this scheme to improve Japanese knowledge and understanding of Australia. It also referred to the heavy demand placed on the advisory office’s services. The demand continues to be heavy and consideration must soon be given to extending its hours

of operation. As many young working holiday Australians travelling to Japan discover, there is no small degree of culture shock to be overcome in establishing oneself, however tem­ porarily, in a substantially different linguistic and cultural environment. The support

and advice which the advisor, Ms Masako Piper, has been able to give to the majority of the Japanese youth visiting under the scheme, has been invaluable in creating the good impression of Australia which most of the visitors seem to take away with

them. Indeed there is some evidence that the substantial increase in the level of Japanese tourism to Australia over the past one or two years may be attributed, at least in part, to the publicity which these young people give to Australia on their return home.

There is also evidence that the objects of the scheme are now better understood. Most of the Japanese now visiting Australia under it regard the holiday aspect as the most important and work only sufficiently to support their leisure. To test these conclusions and to enable an evaluation of both the scheme itself and the role of the advisory office, the Foundation is undertaking a detailed survey of a

statistically representative sample of most Japanese who have visited Australia under the scheme. As a first step in this evaluation, 2850 applications for visas granted by the Aus­ tralian Embassy in Tokyo have been examined. Applications made to the Australian

Consulate General in Osaka will be examined before the final survey is undertaken. The results of the survey will be reported in the next Annual Report but the informa­ tion obtained so far is of interest: 17% of the visitors were under 20 years of age, 70% between 21 and 25 and 19% between 26 and 30; 54% were male and 46% female,

and this distribution was the same for each age category. The occupational group given at the time of visa application was: white collar — 37%, blue collar — 31%, student —27% and professional or self employed — 5%. During the financial year the Foundation published a third and updated edition, in

Japanese, of a working holiday handbook designed to assist Japanese working holiday makers on their arrival in Australia. Originally written for the Foundation by a young Japanese who had spent one year in Australia under the scheme, the Handbook is dis­ tributed in Japan by the Australian Embassy in Tokyo and the Consulate General in

Osaka to all recipients of working holiday visas.


Through the various tertiary educational institutions and the States secondary educa­ tion system, substantial public funds are devoted to the teaching and development of Japanese studies in Australia. A number of foundations and like bodies, both Aus­ tralian and Japanese, provide scholarships or other awards to assist Australians in

pursuing studies on Japan. The Japanese Ministry of Education (Mombusho) each


year provides a substantial number of scholarships for young Australians to under­ take undergraduate and post-graduate studies in Japan. In 1984-85, 46 Australian students were supported in Japan by Mombusho scholarships. In its support for Japanese studies, and in order to make best use of limited funds, the Foundation has sought to support projects which are of importance to Australia

and for which funds are not otherwise available. Scholarships have been made available to Australian students to undertake a two year post-graduate course in Japanese translating and interpreting, including simultaneous interpreting, at the Department of Japanese, University of Queensland. The course, which includes a five month training period in Japan, provides instruction and training tailored to the needs of Australian students. During the financial year seven students were assisted with full or partial scholarships.

To date, the English-Japanese interpreting profession has been substantially dominated by Japanese nationals. It is hoped that these Australian graduates who are pursuing advanced Japanese language studies will help to sustain Australia’s relations with Japan in the future.

The Foundation also provides annually a substantial number of grants, usually of the order of $2000 each, to enable Japanese language students at honours level to spend a period in Japan for study and research. Ninety such grants have been made since 1978 when the program was instituted.

The Foundation again joined with the Japan Foundation and Japanese diplomatic missions in Australia in staging the 15th Annual Japanese Language Speech Contest.

The Japanese Studies Association of Australia was assisted by the Foundation in inviting two Japanese scholars to Australia to take part in the 4th JSAA National Conference as keynote speakers.


The third study tour by 21 Japanese high school geography and social science teachers took place in August 1984. The teachers came from Kanagawa, Hyogo and Saitama Prefectures, the Boards of Education of which contributed one third of the

cost of the visit. The teachers themselves contributed one third and the balance was contributed by the Foundation. The teachers make application to their own Boards of Education for inclusion in the tour and as there are always many more applicants than places available, selection is made after each applicant is interviewed.

The imposition of a nation-wide curriculum in which Australia barely features, the emphasis on the use of officially approved text books, and the incomplete knowledge of teachers about Australia, give additional importance to the provision of oppor­ tunities for Japanese high school teachers to experience the varieties of Australian

life. The Foundation has been well pleased with the results of these tours. A carefully planned itinerary allows the teachers to see a wide range of Australian life, both urban and rural. The teachers have arrived well prepared and have most diligently applied themselves to learning as much about Australia as is possible in a 17 day visit.

The succcess of the project is dependent on the co-operation of Australian State Education Departments and a large number of other organizations and individuals in both Australia and Japan. The Foundation is most grateful for their assistance.



In its last Annual Report the Foundation drew attention to the scheme instituted in 1979 by the European Community to train young European business executives to deal more successfully in the Japanese market. For some time it has sought to interest Australian government and business in the development of some similar scheme for

Australians. During the financial year and in association with the Japan Secretariat and the Australia-Japan Research Centre of the Australian National University, the Foun­ dation has assisted the establishment of a joint committee to give consideration to this matter.

One of the matters which has concerned the Foundation, and on which it held a seminar in 1979, is whether the considerable expertise on Japan already present in Australia has been able to be utilized by Australian business. In the 1970’s it was commonly heard said that graduates of the departments of Japanese of Australian universities and colleges of advanced education found it difficult to obtain employ­

ment where they could make use of their skills. This view seems to have persisted over the years. The committee has therefore commenced a survey of all such graduates to obtain information on their post-graduation careers. The committee is also seeking complete

information on the courses available in Australia designed to educate those Aus­ tralians who will eventually deal with the Japanese in the business world. These sur­ veys are being co-ordinated by the Australia-Japan Research Centre and partial funds for the survey and the work of the committee are being provided by the

Foundation. It is of interest that the American experience seems to be similar to that of Aus­ tralia in that Japanese language graduates with additional qualifications in law, economics or other business related disciplines or with a masters degree in business

administration or similar qualification are in considerable demand. In the United States at least these graduates can command high salaries. On the other hand those graduates whose only qualifications are in Japanese culture and language tend to find themselves limited to the traditional employment choices of arts graduates.

It may be possible to draw the conclusion that there is a substantial proportion of students of Japan who undertake the study for its own sake and who are, in fact, not particularly interested in pursuing a business career, or at least not sufficiently interested to seek additional qualifications. Those who are determined to enter the

business world do undertake further business-related study.


During the financial year the following Australian works have been published in Japanese in Japan under the Foundation’s Publication program: Australia’s Immigrants — G. Sherrington Industrial Relations in Australia — J. Niland and B. Dabscheck

The Tyranny o f Distance — G. Blainey Bob Hawke: A Biography — B. D’Alpuget Twentieth Century Australian Poetry — Y. Gushikata (ed.) A Letter from Australia — M. Sato

Translation of the following books was completed and publication is expected during the 1985-86 financial year:


An Introduction to Australian Politics — D. Jaensch Literature o f Australia — G. Dutton Australian Painters — J. Gleeson The Process o f Learning — J. Biggs and R. Telfer

Translation was commenced on the following books but had not been completed by the end of the financial year: The Australian-American Security Relationship — H. Albinski Australian Women — Feminist Perspectives — N. Grieve Australian Unions — An Industrial Perspective — G. Ford

The Australian People — C. MacGregor Under a grant from the Foundation, the Japanese Studies Centre Inc. of Melbourne published a third edition of a ‘Union List of Japanese Films in Australia’ originally published by the Foundation in 1981. Seven hundred and forty-eight films, both feature and documentary, dealing with Japan and held by 20 film lending

institutions in Australia are catalogued. This publication has been extremely well received and provides the only comprehensive listing of the subject material.


For some years the Foundation has supported a number of scientific and techno­ logical exchanges under its Common Interest program, but even taking such advice as has been available to it, it has felt some diffidence in making choices between compet­ ing applications for financial support. In 1984-85, under this program, but anticipat­ ing the establishment of a new Science and Technology program, the Foundation decided to enlist the aid of the Australian Academy of Science and the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences to assist it in administering grants to promote exchanges in science and technology between Australia and Japan.

During the financial year the Foundation made grants to the Australian Academy of Science to assist with exchanges under its exchange agreement with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. It has also come to an arrangement with the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences to fund technological exchanges in



The third round of the AJF University Rowing Exchange was the participation in the 1985 Waseda-Keio Regatta by crews from Melbourne and Sydney University Boat Clubs. After one week of training with Japanese university crews at the Toda Olympic Course, the Australian crews took part in a special invitation race at the Regatta which was held in April 1985. A major event in the Japanese sports calender, the Regatta attracted over 50 000 spectators along the course in Tokyo and was fully televised.

On the occasion of the Regatta, Dr Haruo Nishihara, President of Waseda Univer­ sity, spoke of the importance of the rowing exchange in promoting academic exchange between Australian and Japanese universities and announced Waseda University’s intention of signing an academic agreement with Sydney University. Melbourne University has a similar relationship with Keio University. At the invitation of the Foundation, Dr Nishihara subsequently visited Australia in June 1985 to sign the agreement with Sydney University.


Waseda University and Keio University crews will take part in the Australian Inter-Varsity Regatta in 1986.


In association with the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Sydney, the Foundation sponsored a visit to Australia by Dr Kisho Kurokawa, one of Japan’s most distinguished architects whose buildings now grace many cities of the world. Dr Kurokawa participated in a special design criticism session with senior architecture

students of Sydney University and held discussions with faculty members and the Board of Education of the New South Wales Chapter of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects. Dr Kurokawa also gave an illustrated public lecture attended by an audience of

approximately three hundred at the Great Hall of the University of Sydney. In his address he outlined his architectural philosophy showing its relation with traditional and contemporary Japanese architecture. During his visit Dr Kurokawa acted as one

of the judges for the New South Wales Chapter of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects Ideas Competition for a monument for the Australian bicentenary.


As joint sponsors with CSR Limited and Santos Ltd and in association with the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Foundation has supported a further exhibi­ tion from the Idemitsu Museum of Arts, Tokyo — the works of the Zen Master, Sengai.

The Exhibition opened at the Queensland Art Gallery in April 1985 and the works will be shown at the art galleries of New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia before returning to Japan early in 1986. At the other end of the artistic spectrum is the exhibition of Japanese contem­

porary art, Continuum 85, for which the Foundation made a grant during the finan­ cial year. This exhibition was part of the Continuum series of exhibitions of Australian and Japanese contemporary art. The first exhibition of Australian contem­ porary art in the series was held in Tokyo in 1983. The exhibition also provides the

occasion for meetings of Australian and Japanese contemporary artists.


An interesting development in the Foundation’s Research grant program has been the steadily widening area of interest shown by Japanese scholars wishing to undertake research on Australia. It was with pleasure and not a little surprise that the Founda­ tion received an application for funds from Mr Tatsuo Nakami, Research Fellow of the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, to undertake research on Morrison of Pek­ ing and his view of East Asia. The research is being undertaken at the Mitchell Lib­ rary in Sydney where the Morrison papers reside.

In addition to the grant made to Mr Nakami, the Foundation made 13 other grants under its Research program. To reduce the relative cost of administering this pro­ gram, applications have been called for each two years alternately in Australia and Japan. Grants made in 1984-85 were in respect of Japanese applications and

research topics included Australian Aboriginal music, family problems and policies in


Australia, the impact of resource exports on Australian federalism and structural impediments to Australia-Japan cultural exchange.


Australia-Japan Foundation — General Information


Enabling Legislation Following the recommendation to the Government of a Committee under the chairmanship of Sir John Crawford, A.C., C.B.E., the Australia-Japan Founda­ tion was established as an independent statutory body by the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976. The Act, which came into force on 10 May 1976, also

established the Australia-Japan Fund, which the Foundation administers.

Objects The broad objects of the Australia-Japan Foundation are to deepen and strengthen relations between Australia and Japan by fostering greater mutual awareness and

understanding through people-to-people contact and by promoting study and other activities to elucidate to each other the society, culture, language and outlook of the two peoples.

Functions Section 5(1) of the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976 states: The functions of the Foundation are to encourage a closer relationship between the peoples of Australia and Japan and to further the mutual knowledge and understanding of those

peoples and, in particular, but without limiting the foregoing: (a) to promote the study by the people of each of those countries of the language, culture and traditions, the social and political institutions, and the economic and industrial organisation, of the people of the other country;

(b) to promote the study by the people of each of those countries of the physical features, climate and ecology of the other country; (c) to encourage people of each of those countries to visit the other country; and (d) to administer the Fund.

Powers Section 6(1) of the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976 states: Subject to this Act, the Foundation may do all things that are necessary or convenient to be done for or in connection with the performance of its functions and, in particular, but

without limiting the foregoing may — (a) enter into contracts; (b) occupy, use and control any land or building owned or held under lease by the Com­ monwealth and made available for the purposes of the Foundation;

(c) acquire, hold and dispose of property; (d) with the approval of the Minister, accept gifts, devises and bequests made to the Foun­ dation, whether on trust or otherwise, and act as trustee of property vested in the Foun­ dation upon trust;

(e) make grants or loans of money, and provide scholarships or other benefits, on such con­ ditions as it thinks fit; and (f) co-operate with other persons.


Responsible Minister The Foundation is responsible to the Minister for Foreign Affairs.

Minister’s Powers o f Direction The Minister has the following statutory powers of direction over the Foundation (figures in brackets indicate the section of the A ustralia-Japan Foundation Act 1976 conferring this power):

• to require advice from the Foundation concerning any specified matter falling within the scope of the functions of the Foundation (5(2)); • to give general directions regarding the performance of the Foundation’s functions (5(3)); • to terminate the appointment of members in certain circumstances (14); • to require the convening of a meeting of the Foundation (15(3)); • to require the Foundation to furnish to the Minister reports, with or without finan­

cial statements, in addition to the Annual Report (25(4)); • the Foundation shall not, without the approval of the Minister: (a) enter into a contract involving the payment or receipt of an amount exceeding $50 000 or, if a higher amount is prescribed, that higher amount; or

(b) enter into a lease of land for a period exceeding ten years (23(1)).

Details o f the Exercise o f these Powers None of these powers was exercised during 1984-85.

Commencement o f Operations The Foundation commenced operations in August 1976 and was attached, for administrative purposes, to the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. In July 1977, Associate Professor P J . Hocker was appointed as the Foundation’s first per­ manent Executive Director and in December of the same year, administrative respon­ sibility was transferred to the Department of Foreign Affairs. The Foundation was situated initially in Canberra but in February 1978 moved to its present location in

Sydney. In June 1979, the Foundation obtained premises in Tokyo and its Japan office was officially opened there on 17 April 1980.


A description of the programs under which the Foundation carried out its activities in the financial year is set out below. As is stated earlier in the Report, a new range of programs has been instituted to take effect from 1 July 1985.

Common interest program The object of the Common interest program is to enable Australians and Japanese with mutual interests to undertake useful collaborative projects.

Community liaison program Under this program the Foundation seeks to involve the community-at-large in both countries in the Australia-Japan relationship, by providing reference points for, or means of drawing scattered individuals and organisations into working relationships.


Education program The object of the Education program is to improve the level of understanding and knowledge by Australians and Japanese of each other’s country and language through the medium of the education system.

General grants program General grants are intended to enable individual Australians and Japanese to visit the other country to carry out some useful project whereby the grantee will be able to learn about some aspect of the society of the other country and disseminate that infor­ mation on returning or otherwise to engage in some useful activity consistent with the

Foundation’s objectives but not falling under any other of its programs.

Library program Under this program the Foundation has established and maintained a public access Australiana lending library in Tokyo to provide a resource centre for scholars and other Japanese wishing to study aspects of Australian culture and society.

Media program The aim of the Media program is to promote greater understanding by the peoples of Australia and Japan of each other’s country by the dissemination of information through the various forms of mass media in both countries.

Publication program The principal aim of the Publication program is to support the translation into Japanese and the publication in Japan of Australian literature and other material on Australia and thereby develop a knowledge and greater understanding by Japanese of Australia. Support may also be given to the publication of other material where this

can be seen to be particularly relevant to Australia-Japan relations.

Research program Under its Research program, the Foundation seeks to encourage research in the social sciences, humanities and Australia-Japan relations so as to provide each coun­ try with a better understanding of the society of the other.

Sport program The aim of the Sport program is to develop sporting links between Australia and Japan.

Youth program The Youth program was established, as the name implies, to encourage and support activities in the Australia-Japan context by the young people of our two countries so that they may carry into their adult lives a knowledge and understanding of and a res­

pect for the other country.

Miscellaneous program Provision is made under this program for a range of miscellaneous expenses incurred principally in support of projects carried out under other programs. Minor grants are also funded under this program.



The total number of staff employed in the Foundation at 30 June 1985 was eleven, comprising seven members in the Sydney office and four in the Japan office. All staff are employed under the Public Service Act 1922.

Senior Executive Staff Sydney Office: Associate Professor P.J. Hocker, B.A., LL.B. Tokyo Office: Mr Gilbert George, B.Ag.Sci., M.Ec. Associate Professor P.J. Hocker was appointed as the Foundation’s first perma­ nent Executive Director in July 1977. In December 1983 Mr Gilbert George took up his position as Director of the Foundation’s Japan Office, following the resignation of the previous Director in April 1983.


The Foundation wishes to draw attention again to the severe problems experienced by small organisations when confronted with staff resignations, cases of extended ill­ ness and long service leave. Existing Public Service procedures, combined with a variety of other restraints, do not allow for rapid action. Notwithstanding every effort made to obtain expeditious relief, positions can remain vacant for months leading to a

substantial disruption of the activities of the organisation.


The Foundation has no subsidiaries.


The Foundation is a prescribed agency for the purposes of the Freedom o f Informa­ tion Act 1982 (FOI). Details of FOI related activities during 1984-85 are as follows:

(a) Requests made: nil (b) Handling of rejections: nil rejections (c) Costs of Freedom of Information Fees received: nil Attributed costs (based on maintenance of work sheets):

Staff time: less than 1/12 of one man year Other: nil Extra staff positions sought: nil (d) Internal procedures

(i) rules made about monitoring procedures: the Executive Officer has been given responsibility for monitoring the progress of requests (ii) changes to fee schedules: no changes (iii) disciplinary action related to FOI: no cases

(iv) innovations in information handling: no changes to present system

(v) levels of delegations: the Executive Officer (Clerical Administrative Class 8) has been delegated powers to grant or deny requests, to amend or refuse to amend personal records and to fix or remit or refuse to remit charges (powers contained in sections 14, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 29, 30 and 50 of the Freedom o f Information Act 1982). A s Principal Officer, the Execu­ tive Director reviews any decisions so made if requested by the applicant

in accordance with the provisions of the Act (vi) special arrangements made to implement legislation: nil (vii) special problems experienced: nil (viii) efforts to encourage compliance: this has not been found to be


(e) Staff training and development: the Foundation has produced an internal work­ ing paper, distributed to all staff, outlining procedures to be observed in han­ dling requests.


Appendix A: Common Interest program



AJF-ACTU Trade Union Officials Visits to Japan Scheme 20 072

Visits to Japan by groups of Australian trade union officials to observe management/worker relationships and role and structure of unions in counterpart or related Japanese industries

Australian Academy of Science - Japan Society for the Promo- 50 000

tion of Science Exchange Scheme Grant to the Australian Academy of Science to support exchanges between Japanese and Australian scientists

Ms Kazuko Eguchi (Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture), Chief Designer, 4000 Yamamura Glass Company Ltd Study formative glass art at Chisholm Institute of Technol­ ogy, Victoria

Ms Ritsuko Hirokawa (Osaka), Chief Psychologist, Minami- 2400

Osaka Ryoikuen Hospital for Handicapped Children Research on alternative communication methods for non­ verbal children for introduction into Japanese hospitals

Monash University, Department of Pathology and Immunology 2500 (Prahran, Vic.) Visit by Professor Takao Hattori, Research Institute for Nuclear Medicine and Biology, Hiroshima University for

collaborative research on cancer immunology and surgical oncology

Ms Hisae Sakai (Tokyo), Assistant to the Executive Director, 2300

Seimei Association for the Welfare of the Blind Study services to the blind in Australia

Ms Soho Shimizu (Tokyo), Teacher of tea ceremony, Omote 3000

Senke School To lecture on the Omote Senke tea ceremony culture at the University of Western Australia and assist with the inaugura­ tion of a Tea Ceremony club

Ms Kumiko Suzuki (Tokyo), Trainee volunteer worker, Tokyo 3000

English Life Line Study telephone counselling in Australia

University of Sydney, Faculty of Architecture 4000

(Sydney, N.S.W.) Visit by distinguished Japanese architect. Dr Kisho Kurokawa, to give lectures to staff and students at univer­ sities in N.S.W. and to meet members of the profession in Sydney and Canberra

Appendix B: Community Liaison program



Australia-Japart Foundation Lecture Series, 1985 15 658

Visit to Japan by Dr Alan Trounson to lecture on the medical and ethical aspects of in vitro fertilization in Australia

Australia-Japan Foundation Australian Lecture Series, 1984 2577

Balance of payment for concert by Sydney String Quartet and lecture on Australian music by Professor Masaaki Niwa of Tokyo College of Music

Australia-Japan Societies 450

Corporate membership subscriptions for Australia-Japan Societies

Japanese High School Teachers Tour 44 937

Study tour of Australia by two groups of Japanese high school geography and social studies teachers and prefectural education officials in 1984 and 1985

Tokyo Metropolitan Central Library 4000

Visit by Mr Sokichi I to and Mr Yoshikazu Seki of Tokyo Metropolitan Central Library to the State Library of New South Wales

Japan-Australia Pen-Friends Association 15 00

Assistance for pen-friend activities between Australia and Japan

The Art Gallery of New South Wales 15 000

Exhibition of Zen master, Sengai, at Australian State art galleries

AJF Japan Office Conference Room 1668

Expenditure on conference room facilities, AJF Japan Office

Fushimidai Elementary School P.T.A. (Ikeda, Osaka) 1497

Visit to Australia by representative of P.T A. to establish a sister school relationship

Ikeda Junior Chamber of Commerce (Ikeda, Osaka) 1497

Visit to establish a sister relationship between Ikeda and Launceston Junior Chambers of Commerce

Australia-Japan Research Centre 5000

Assistance for the Research Sub-committee for the Australia-Japan Business Training Scheme

Tour of Japan by Aboriginal Dancers 5400

Cost of additional performances in Tokyo and Osaka by David Gulpilil and three other Amhemland Aboriginal dancers


Appendix C: Education program



Australia-Japan Foundation Fellowships

Associate Professor Yasunori Sone (Tokyo), Lecturer in Politics, Faculty of Law, Keio University Comparative study of the career patterns and goals of politicians in Australia and Japan at Australian National



Associate Professor Kazuo Iwasaki (Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture), Associate Professor of Law, Faculty of Law and Literature, Ehime University Research at the Faculty of Law, Monash University, for

compilation of Anglo-Japanese dictionary of business law

23 000

Associate Professor Shinobu Oku (Kyoto), Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, Nara University of Education Research at the Faculty of Music, University of Melbourne, on Australian music education

23 500

Professor Kiyoshi Fukawa (Osaka), Professor, Faculty of Education, Kobe University Study of the moral ideas (ethos) of the Japanese and Australian peoples at La Trobe University


Associate Professor Yasuo Hoshino (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture), Faculty of Economics, Nagoya City University Analysis of business practices of joint ventures between Australia and Japan at University of New South Wales


Australia-Japan Foundation Postgraduate Scholarships

1982 Series

Miss Yasue Arimitsu (Tokyo), Assistant, English Department, Japan Women’s University Study of Australian literature at the Australian National University (MA)


Mr Masahiro Igarashi (Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture), Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Kanazawa University Study of international law at Faculty of Law, Monash University (PhD)


1983 Series

Mr Teruhiko Fukushima (Tokyo), Research Student, Department of International Relations, University of Tokyo Study of post-war development of Australia-Japan trade at the Australia-Japan Research Centre, Australian National

University (PhD)

15 850




Mr Yoshio Katayama (Sakurai, Nara Prefecture), Research Student, Graduate School of Law, Osaka University Study of Australia’s relations with the Pacific region at the Australian National University (MA)

1984 Series

Mr Tatsuo Akaneya (Tokyo), PhD Student, Department of International Relations, University of Tokyo Study of Japanese trade and economic policy in the 1950’s to early 1960’s and the trade relationship with Australia at the

Australian National University (PhD)

Mr Masaru Kagatsume (Tokyo), Senior Researcher, Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Study of primary commodity trade between Australia and

Japan at the Australian National University (PhD)

Mr Keiji Maegawa (Osaka), PhD Student, Graduate School of Human Science, Osaka University Study of Australian cultural influence on Melanesian societies at the University of Sydney (PhD)

Mr Megumi Nakamura (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture), PhD Stu­ dent, Economics Department, Nagoya University Study of white collar unionism at the University of New South Wales (PhD)

Mr Hisakazu Matsushige (Osaka), Tutor, Faculty of Economics and Commerce, Osaka University Study of the relation between direct investment to foreign countries, technological transfer and skill formation at the

Australian National University (PhD)

Mr Tatsuzo Uchida (Yamato, Kanagawa Prefecture), Tutor in Legal Studies, Yamato Gakuen Women’s Junior College Study on mass exodus (freedom of movement) in inter­ national law and the Australian experience at Monash

University (PhD)

1985 Series

Mr Kyohei Fujiie (Showa-machi, Saitama Prefecture), Teacher, Bunan Gakuen High School Comparative study of awareness of interpersonal relationships between Australians and Japanese at Griffith

University (PhD)

Mr Takao Fujikawa (Osaka), PhD Student, Department of History, Faculty of Letters, Osaka University Study of public meetings in Australia in 19th century with special reference to immigraion policies at the Australian

National University (MA)


12 050


13 200

17 800



11 300

11 300


Mr Yasuhiro Ueshima (Osaka), PhD Student, Research School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Economics and Commerce, Osaka University Theoretical and empirical study of determination of wages

and employment levels in relation to economic fluctuations at the Australian National University (PhD)

Mr Komei Hosokawa (Kyoto), Research Fellow, Research Institute for Humanistic Studies, Kyoto University Research at the Australian National University on the social functions of pidgin English and its creolized varieties mainly

spoken by Aborigines in Australia (MA)

Mr Tanomu Kashima (Clayton, Vic.), PhD Student, Depart­ ment of Linguistics, Monash University Study of the pronunciation of Japanese by Australian students at Monash University (PhD)

Mr Eiichi Katahara (Canberra, A.C.T.), MA Student, Depart­ ment of International Relations, Australian National University Study of political and strategic aspects of the relations between Japan and the East Asian-Pacific countries at

Griffith University (PhD)

Mr Hiroyuki Umetsu (Bedford Park, S.A.), MA Student, Politics Discipline, Flinders University of South Australia Study of Australian foreign policy towards Japan, 1950-51: the relationship between the ANZUS Treaty and the

Japanese Peace Treaty, at the Flinders University of South Australia (MA)

University of Queensland Interpreting Scholarships

Two year scholarships for students enrolled in Queensland University Master of Literary Studies course in Japanese translating and interpreting:

1983 Senes

Mr Derek Brown

1984 Series

Mr John Kellett

Miss Prudence Radcliffe

Miss Elizabeth Sayce

Miss Kerry Ungerer

1985 Series

Ms Elizabeth Jacques

Miss Diana Michael




11 300







13 000

13 000

13 000

10 000

10 000



Other Projects

Australia-Japart Foundation Japan Interpreter Scholarships

Scholarship to enable an Australian to undertake training in simultaneous interpreting in Japan: Mr Gregory Pringle

Australia-Japan Foundation Japanese Studies Grants Support for Australian University and CAE Japanese language honours students to study in Japan

Japanese Studies Association of Australia Visit to Australia by Professor Daikichi Irokawa, Tokyo University of Economics and Professor Chizuko Ueno, Heian Women’s Junior College, as speakers at 4th JSAA National Conference

Australian Studies Course — Keio University (Tokyo) Donation of books on Australia to Keio University library

Australian Studies Centre — Nanzan University (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture) Support for establishment of a Centre for Australian Studies, Nanzan University

Embassy of Japan, Canberra Air fares for state finalists in the national final of the 1984 Japanese Speech Contest

Japanese Studies Centre, Melbourne Provision of salary for temporary research assistant

Professor Ryozo Kato (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture), Professor, Faculty of Law, Nanzan University Research at Faculty of Law, Monash University, on legal regulation of business and consumer protection in Australia

Dr Haruo Nishihara (Tokyo), President, Waseda University Visit to Australia to sign academic and student exchange agreement between Waseda and Sydney Universities

Otemon Gakuin University Centre for Australian Studies (Osaka) Purchase of Australian books for the Centre’s library

Mr Wayne Colcott (Toongabbie, N.S.W.), Asian Studies Teacher, Canley Vale High School Travel expenses to and from Japan, under N.S.W. Depart­ ment of Education and Japanese Ministry of Education high

school teachers exchange project

Ms Lynn Gourlay (Mentone, Vic.), Teacher of Japanese and English, Mentone Girls Grammar School Travel expenses to and from Japan, under Victorian Depart­ ment of Education and Japanese Ministry of Education high

school teachers exchange project


84 000



45 000


19 450









Mrs Yasuko Saeki (Sydney, N.S.W.), Visiting Research Fellow, Japanese Economic and Management Studies, Faculty of Commerce, University of N.S.W. Research expenses for study on contemporary Australian

policy in relation to Japan


Professor J.V. Neustupny (Clayton, Vic.), Professor of Japanese, Department of Japanese, Monash University Visit to Japan for consultations with Japanese scholars and publisher, Iwanami Shoten, on the publication ‘An Introduc­

tion to Australia’



Appendix D: General Grants program



Ms Sadae Hamasaki (Shida, Shizuoka Prefecture), Director, 3000

Women’s Department, Shizuoka Teachers Union Exchange information with Australian primary school teachers Ms Momoyo Ishibashi (Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture), 2500

Assistant Deputy Director, Foreign News Division, Nippon Television Network Corporation Study of contemporary Australian women

Ms Yuri Kawanabe (Tokyo), Self-employed jeweller 1000

Visit to Australia to meet Australian jewellers and other craft persons Mr Masaki Kayama (Tokyo), Jewellery designer 2000

Exchange jewellery designs with Australian jewellery designers Simul International Incorporated (Tokyo) 4000

Study tour of Australia by students of simultaneous interpreting at the Simul Academy

Mr Seiichi Soeda (Tokyo), Special Assistant to the Managing 5800

Director, Foreign Press Centre, Japan To interview Australian journalists who have participated in the AJF Journalist Exchange Scheme

Yuri Marchen Workshop (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture) 3000

Visit to Australia to exhibit traditional Japanese miniature figures

Tokyo Flute Ensemble (Tokyo) 2000

Support for a concert tour of Australia by the Tokyo Flute Ensemble

Miss Setsuko Ogishi (Adelaide, S.A.), Glass blowing student, 3000

Jam Factory Workshop Inc. Towards living expenses during 1984-85

Northern Territory-Japan Teacher Exchange 2000

Visit to Japan by an officer of the Northern Territory Depart­ ment of Education to conclude an exchange agreement with the Japanese Ministry of Education

Melbourne University Sports Union (Parkville, Vic.) 2000

Participation in the 1984 Japanese University Women’s Road Race

Ms Marilyn Neill (West Midland, W.A.), Teacher, Governor 1700

Stirling Senior High School Travel expenses to and from Japan under W.A. Department of Education and Japanese Ministry of Education high school teachers exchange scheme




Western Australian Volleyball Association Inc. (Perth, W.A.) Towards costs of hosting a student volleyball team from Kagoshima


Australian Centre for Photography (Sydney, N.S.W.) Visit to Japan by Ms Miranda Lawry, Gallery Co-ordinator to arrange for an exhibition of Japanese photographs at Continuum ’85 and other venues in Australia


Dr Kuniaki Hagiwara (Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture) Physician, Japan Maritime Defence Forces Study of various aspects of medical care in Australia


Cowra Japanese Garden and Culture Centre Committee Visit by Mr K. Nakajima, Japanese landscape designer, to supervise stage two of the development of the Cowra Japanese gardens


Sydney Conservatorium of Music Attendance by Professor Masaaki Niwa as official observer at the 1985 Sydney International Piano Competition of Australia


Canberra City Band Inc. Tour of Japan by the Canberra City Band


Continuum ’85 Committee Exhibition of Contemporary Japanese art in Melbourne


‘Japan Week’ Committee in Melbourne Visit to Melbourne by Professors Osamu and Nobuko Mizutani during ‘Japan Week’ to give lectures on the Japanese language


AIESEC Australia (Sydney, N.S.W.) 1985 Japanese Study Tour by AIESEC Australia



Appendix E: Library program



Expenditure on Foundation’s Tokyo public access Australiaha 110 566 Library and Sydney office library

Appendix F : Media program



AJF-NHK Australian Documentary TV Series 71 002

Toward costs of production of major TV documentary and drama series on Australia by the Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK)

AJF Public Relations 44 892

Provision of public relations services in Japan relating to AJF activities

AJF ‘Southern Cross Award’ for Japanese Journalism 1984 8967

Award of one million yen and associated costs. Winner: Mr Tamotsu Nagashima, Sydney Bureau Chief, Asahi Shimbun

Senior Japanese Media Executives Visit 15 000

Visits to Australia by senior personnel of the Japanese media

PIA Film Festival (Tokyo) 3500

Provision of Australian films for PIA Film Festival, Tokyo


Appendix G: Publication program



Australia-Japan Foundation Publications 6915

Production and distribution of Foundation program brochures and posters

Australia-New Zealand Literary Society (Tokyo) 10 000

Production of special publication ‘Southern Hemisphere Literary Review’

Australian Books Japanese Publication Scheme Scheme to assist the translation and publication in Japanese of works on Australia:

Australian Painters — J. Gleeson 5007

An Introduction to Australian Politics — D. Jaensch 4006

Australia’s Immigrants — G. Sherrington 8000

Industrial Relations in Australia — J. Niland and 9805

B. Dabscheck

A Letter From Australia — M. Sato 2500

The Literature o f Australia — G. Dutton (ed) 6009

The Triumph o f the Nomads — G. Blainey 8000

Twentieth Century Australian Poetry — Y. Gushikata (ed) 3000

Purchase of books and publication of brochures on Australian 527


Japan-Australia Research Committee 5000

Publication of Japanese research on Australia in the Committee’s quarterly journal Nichigo Bulletin

Working Holiday Handbook 3509

Preparation and publication of third edition of Japanese language information book for Japanese visiting Australia under the working holiday scheme

Society for Study of Oceanian English, Japan 3500

Production of second volume of special publication on Aus­ tralian English

Word Processor Printer 678

Upgrade of the word processor printer

Union List of Japanese Films in Australia 9000

Production and distribution of third edition of Union List of Japanese feature and documentary films held in Australia


Appendix H: Research program



Professor Yasushi Sugiyama (Tokyo), Department of Inter­ national Relations, Aoyama Gakuin University Research on structural impediments to Australia-Japan cultural exchange


Professor Yoko Mitani (Fujisawa, Kapagawa Prefecture), Department of Liberal Arts, Sagami Women’s University An introductory study of Australian Aboriginal music and introduction of Japanese sokyoku to Australian students


Associate Professor Toshiyuki Shigesato, Kinki University, (Osaka) Associate Professor Yasuharu Ukai, Kansai University, (Osaka) Study of Japanese management in Australia


Mr Shiro Kobayashi (Tokyo), Instructor, Department of Fine Arts Education, Tokyo Gakugei University Study of performing arts education in Australia


Mr Tatsuo Nakami (Tokyo), Research Fellow, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies Research on George E. Morrison and his view of East Asia


Australian Studies Symposium Cost of first Australian Studies Symposium held in Tokyo in June 1985 and towards the establishment of Australian Studies Association of Japan

35 826

Professor Ikuhiko Hata (Tokyo), Department of Political Science and Economics, Takushoku University Research on the revolt at Cowra prisoner of war camp in August 1944


Professor Hiroko Nishimura (Tokyo), Department of Sociology, Soka University Study of family problems and policy in Australia


Professor Masashi Chikamori (Tokyo), Department of Archaeology and Ethnology, Keio University Research on the cultural relationship between Australia and Asia in prehistory, archaeological and ethnological

reconstruction of Oceanic culture, particularly Australian and Melanesian prehistory

10 300

Professor Yujiro Iwamoto (Nishinomiya, Hyogo Prefecture), Faculty of Law, Kobe-Gakuin University Research on the political role of and co-operation between Australia and Japan in the Asian-Pacific region.





Japan-Australia Research Committee (Tokyo) Study of the performances and problems of Australian and Japanese enterprises with direct investment in the other country


Japan Australia Research Group, Meiji Gakuin University (Tokyo) Research on resource imports from Australia to Japan and their impact on Australian federalism

16 500


Appendix I: Sport program



Australia-Japan Surf Life Saving Exchange

Japan Surf Life Saving Association and Japan Life Guard Association:

Visits to Australia by JSLSA and JLGA members for training in surf life saving techniques and study of surf life saving organisation

40 096

Translation into Japanese of the SLSA resuscitation text ‘From Death into Life’


Visit by two groups of Australian lifesavers to assist with beach lifeguard duties and to give extensive training to trainee Japanese lifeguards

12 300

Surf Life Saving Association of Australia:

Visit to Japan by two SLSA officials to inspect activities of the Japan Surf Life Saving Association and the Japan Life Guard Association


Visit to Japan by Mr Gus B. Staunton, MBE, National Executive Director, SLSA for discussions with the J SLSA and the JLGA


Australia-Japan Inter-Varsity Rowing Exchange

1984 Australian Inter-Varsity Regatta Balance of payment for participation by crews from Keio and Waseda Universities in special invitation race as part of 1984 Australian Inter-Varsity Regatta


1985 Waseda-Keio Regatta Participation by crews from Melbourne and Sydney Univer­ sities in special invitation race as part of 1985 Waseda-Keio Regatta and contribution to cost of boats for visiting Aus­

tralian crews

55 026

Other Projects

Dr David H. Dale (Mt Pleasant, W.A.), Scientific consultant and company director Study of development of sporting links between Australia and Japan



Appendix J: Youth program



Australia-Japan Society of Victoria Scholarships for Victorian high school students to study in Japan


Australia-Japan Working Holiday Advisory Office Cost of maintaining working holiday advisory office in Sydney for Japanese working holiday makers

28 794

Japan-Australia Society of Nagoya (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture) Subsidies to the Society’s student exchange program 4000

Osaka Association for Youth Development (Osaka) Goodwill mission to Australia by Osaka youth workers


Seiwa Joshi Gakuin (Sasabo, Nagasaki Prefecture) Study tour of Nagasaki area by Australian youth exchange students


Susono Overseas Friendship Association (Susono, Shizuoka Prefecture) Student exchange program with Susono’s sister city, Frankston


Tokyo National Technical College (Tokyo) Visit to the College of Australian students from Gippsland Institute of Advanced Education


Youth for Understanding, Japan (Tokyo) High school students exchange program between Australia and Japan



Appendix K: Miscellaneous program



Minor Projects — Australia

Japan-Australia Pen-Friends Association Assistance towards pen-friend activities between Australia and Japan


Australian books purchased as gifts for AJF Japan Office 243

Australian Sister City Association Registration fee for Australian Sister Cities Convention


Sydney-Osaka Junior Chamber of Commerce exchange program Grant toward costs of 1984 ‘Kidswap’ program


Professor Eiichi Yokogoshi (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture), Lecturer in Politics, Osaka University Donation of books on Australian politics for course in Commonwealth studies, Osaka University


Australia-Japan Society (A.C.T.) Support for student exchange program between Kobe and Kumamoto Japan-Australia Societies


Mr Stephen G. Moor (Sydney, N.S.W.) Toward travel costs in Japan and cost of Japanese language course


Women’s Group of the Australia-Japan Society in Victoria Contribution towards costs of arranging the group’s annual function with Japanese ladies


Mr Bob Whiteside (Sydney, N.S.W.), Freelance Marketing Consultant Support to study the Japanese book market and the potential for increasing Australian exports of both rights and finished

books in this market


Killara High School (Killara, N.S.W.) Airfare and internal travel costs for supervising teacher accompanying the third group of school students visiting their sister school in Yamanashi Prefecture


Mr John McBride (Canberra, A.C.T.) Research survey postage costs


1984 Christmas cards Costs of purchase and sending of Christmas cards


Western Australian Volleyball Association Visit to Perth by a Japanese volleyball player from Kagoshima





The Australian Institute of International Affairs 'National Supporter’ subscription for 1985


Australia-!apan Society in North Queensland Support for operational expenses


Mr Peter Williams (Novar Gardens, S.A.), President, Japanese Language Teachers’ Association, South Australia To attend the 1985 Japanese Studies Association of Australia conference in Melbourne in May 1985


Mr Rick Tanaka (Sydney, N.S.W.), Journalist, JJJ-FM Cost of 1984 Southern Cross Award consolation prize


Mr John Paxton (Sydney, N.S.W.), Australian Museum Curator of Fishes Attendance at the Second Indo-Paciftc Fish Conference held in Tokyo in July/August 1985


Killara High School (Sydney, N.S.W.) Contribution towards living costs for Miss Konomi Nakamura, an exchange student at Killara High School


Mr Tim Bums, Film Director Attendance at the PIA International Film Festival ’85, Tokyo


Victorian Schools’ Rugby Union Association Support toward the Association’s tour of Japan


Mr Ro Osawa (Brisbane, Qld), PhD Candidate, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Queensland Contribution towards travel expenses to Japan for consultation on koalas


Professor Francis Nagasaka (Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture), Vice President and Dean of International Studies and Programs, Nanzan University Contribution towards travel expenses to Australia to consult

on Australian Studies Centre at Nanzan University


Ms Janet Mansfield (Turramurra, N.S.W.) Exhibition of ceramics in Japan


Rural Film Festival Hire of film transport cases and spools


Dr H. Nishihara, President, Waseda University Associated costs for Dr Nishihara’s visit to Australia for signing of cultural agreement between Sydney and Waseda Universities


Minor Projects — Japan

AFS Japan Association Inc. Towards costs of mid-year evaluation sessions


Purchase of 150 copies of Otobai ni Yume to Kibo o Nosete’ by Mayumi Mizutani for distribution to libraries in Japan 440




Arthur Boyd Exhibition, Tokyo 120

Assistance towards promotion of exhibition

Koala Press 413

Assistantance with publication costs

Surf Life Saving Association of Japan 172

Assistance towards costs of visiting Australian life savers

Photographs — Sanae Nakura 143

Production costs of prints of sister-cities bike tour

Matsudo English Speech Contest 49

Prizes for English speech contest

Office Two-One Corporation 1952

Contribution to travel costs to Australia of TV crew to produce program on the Great Barrier Reef

Purchase of books on Australia 697

Gifts to prefectural libraries and Japan-Australia Societies

AJF Conference Room, Japan Office 318

Tohoku Shinsha — Australian Music Program 947

Travel costs for TV crew in Australia

Tokyo Metropolitan Library Book Fair 918

Information desk helpers’ fee and reception costs

Distribution of books on Australia to libraries in Japan 324

Nihon Kogyo Shimbun tour of Australia by Mr S. Hayashi 605

Interpreter costs

Technology/Art events, Science Expo Tsukuba 85 973

Contribution towards expenses

Mr Tatsuo Akaneya 145

Books for study in Australia

Kamikawa English School 289

Support for travel costs of visit to Perth by pupils and teachers from Kagoshima

Sapporo Snow Festival 1985 790

Assistance with expenses for Australian participation

International House of Japan Inc. 592

Corporate membership

Japan-Australia Research Committee 1660

Corporate membership

Toshio Fujimori 930

Interpreting costs

Purchase of books for use as gifts by AJF Sydney Office 62

AJF Prize for ‘Taiyo-ten’ 47




Nihon Kisha Club Membership


Tokyo International Women’s Film Festival Support for screening ‘For Love or Money’


ATC Road Show Campus Campaign Publicity for AJF scholarships


Mr S. Good Report and analysis of working holiday visa applicants


Simul Press Gifts of books to prefectural libraries and Japan™ Australia Societies


Tamagawa Daigaku Shuppanbu Gifts of books to prefectural libraries and Japan-Australia Societies


‘Jathecca Study Tour’ research trip Investigation of Consumer Protection Organisations in Australia


Support for Survey — Y. Ohba Survey of attitudes concerning points of conflict and of common interest between Australian and Japanese rural communities


Research trip to Australia — S. Bando Survey to provide material for regional comparision of workers’ lifestyle and attitudes towards work


Ikeda City, Educational Committee — Y. Tada To promote exchanges of young people between Launceston and Ikeda City


Australian Tourist Commission Publicity for AJF Scholarships and Japan Office Library


Interpreters Fees and Expenses — Australia 8561

Interpreters Fees and Expenses — Japan 5174

Grantee Travel Expenses 1978

Other Miscellaneous Expenditure 15 831


Appendix L: Financial Statements

Pursuant to Section 25 of the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976, financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended 30 June 1985 are disclosed on the following pages. They comprise:

Statement of Activity Statement of Assets and Liabilities Statement of Capital Accumulation Statement of Sources and Applications of Funds Comparative figures are shown on all statements except on the Statement of Sources and Applications of Funds as this is the first time for this statement to be produced. For further com­ parative purposes a Statement of Receipts and Payments for the Australia-Japan Fund based on the former cash system is shown in item 14 of the notes to the financial statements.

CERTIFICATE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS In our opinion the accompanying financial statements for the year ended 30 June 1985 are drawn up so as to show fairly the results of operations and the state of the Foundation’s affairs as at that date.

P.H. Sleigh Chairman





Notes $

1984-85 $ $

1983-84 $

Revenue Parliamentary Appropriation Australia-Japan Fund 1000 000 925 000

Members’ remuneration (7) 9 978 3 781

Salaries & allowances (8) 402 124 327 033

Administration (9) 114619 112453

Workers’ Compensation (10) — 1 526 721 — 1 368 267

less Transfers to Capital Accumulation For assets purchased — Australia-Japan Fund 32 534 5 485

Administrative 2 272 7 335

1984— 85 uncommitted Australia-Japan Fund moneys 25 979 60 785 222 214 235 034

1 465 936 1 133 233

plus 1983-84 uncommitted Australia-Japan Fund moneys (3) 227 214 108 606

Grants refunded or withdrawn (4) 53 347 42 820

Interest from investments (5) 43 150 20 062

Other 21 225 344 936 36 348 207 836

Total Revenue 1 810 872 1 341 069

Expenses Australia-Japan Fund grants (6) 1 260 267 859 826

Members’ remuneration (7) 7 923 5 836

Salaries & allowances (8) 402 701 330 735

Administration (9) 116 237 105 118

Workers’ Compensation (10) 803 1 787 931 — 1 301 515

Excess o f revenue over current expenses 22 941 39 554

less Provisions and unfunded charges Depreciation (11a) 9 599

Recreation leave (lib ) 10 382 10313

Long service leave & EES retirement benefit (lib ) 19 388 39 369 24 741 35 054

Surplus/(Deficit) transferred to Capital Accumulation (16 428) 4 500



Notes $

1984-85 $ $

Accumulated Capital (from Statement of Capital Accumulation) 68 899

Assets Current Assets Australia-!apan Fund:— Investments

Unspent balance Petty cash Sundry debtors Prepaid Expenses


28 929 250 32 394 11 568 73 141

200 000 166 729 250 17 806

Administrative:— Petty cash Prepaid Expenses

632 2 371 3 003


Non-Current Assets Australia-!apan Fund:— Office machines & equipment (12) 8 048

76 144

25 626

Library equipment (12) 34 108 13 987

Audio-visual equipment (12) 11 745 40 031

Art Objects (lc) 6 946 11 946

Gifts of Art Objects (Id) 19 190 14 550

Foundation Trophy 5 130 85 167 5 130

Administrative:— Office machines & equipment (12) 10 064

171 375

Liabilities Current Liabilities Australia-!apan Fund:— Grants approved & not paid as

30 June — 144515

Sundry creditors & accruals 2 950 2 950 —

Administrative:— Sundry creditors & accruals 10 899 5 757

Provision for recreation leave (1 lb) 34 373 23 991

Provision for long service leave & LES retirement benefit (1 lb) 54 254 99 526 34 866

Net Assets 68 899

1983-84 $

287 176

384 785


385 035

111 270

496 305


64 614

287 176



Notes $

1984-85 $ $

1983-84 $

Balance at 1 July 287 176 237 138

less Prior year adjustments and changes in policy 1983-84 uncommitted funds

(13) 35 420

227 214 262 634 91 175 91 175

24 542 145 963

plus Transfers to Capital Accumulation from Statement of Activity Gifts of Art Objects

60 785

60 785

126 428 10 285 136 713

85 327 282 676

plus Surplus/(Deficit) transferred from Statement of Activity (16 428) 4 500

Balance o f Capital Accumulation as at 30 June 68 899 287 176





1984-85 $

Sources of Funds Funds from Operations Inflows of funds from operations 1 609 637

less Outflows of funds from operations 1 787 931 (178 294)

Funds provided for purchase of assets 34 806

Reduction in Assets Current Assets:— A ustralia-Japan Fund Investments 200 000

Fund 137 800 337 800

Increase in Liabilities Australia-Japan Fund Sundry creditors & accruals 2 950

Administrative Sundry creditors & accruals 5 586

Total Sources of Funds 202 848

Applications of Funds Increase in Assets Current Assets:— Australia-Japan Fund

Sundry Debtors 14 588

Prepaid Expenses 11 568 26 156

Administrative Prepaid Expenses 2 371

Non-Current Assets:— Australia-Japan Fund Office machines & equipment 678

Library equipment 30 286

Audio-visual equipment 1 570 32 534

Administrative Office machines & equipment 2 272

Reduction in Liabilities Australia-Japan Fund Grants approved & not paid 139 515

Total Applications of Funds 202 848



1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES The financial statements of the Foundation are a consolidation of the activities conducted through the Australia-Japan Fund and the administration of that Fund by the Foundation, both of which were established by the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976. The Foundation’s function is to administer the Fund which is a trust account for the purposes of section 62A of the Audit Act 1901.

The Statement of Assets and Liabilities show those items classified into items purchased from the administrative appropriations and those attaching to the Fund. These statements are presented as the second and final step in achieving full compliance with accrual accounting principles, and have been drawn up in accordance with the accounting stan­ dards and disclosure requirements laid down in the Guidelines for the Form and Standard of Financial Statements of Commonwealth Undertakings issued by the Department of Finance.

The following summary explains the significant accounting policies that have been adopted in preparation of the accounts:

(a) Historical cost is used as the basis of measurement for non-current assets purchased by the Foundation, and except for art objects, only assets of a purchase price of $500 or more are included. In the 1983-84 financial statements all non-current assets over the purchase price of $250 were capitalised. In these statements any items less than $500 value are not capitalised but are included as expenses.

(b) Fixed assets are depreciated over their estimated useful lives. The straight line method is used.

(c) Art Objects are shown at historical cost and are not depreciated.

(d) Gifts of Art Objects are brought to account following approval by the Minister to the acceptance of the gift. At 30 June eight gifts totalling $1644 were being held for approval. The valuation of gifts is made by either the Foundation’s Chairman or a qualified valuer.

(e) Comparative figures have not been included in the Statement of Sources and Applications of Funds as this is the first year this statement is produced.

2. RENT Rent of office space and various furniture and fittings, costing $221 391, were provided and paid for by the Department of Local Government and Administrative Services. The Depart­ ment of Foreign Affairs provided some assets and common services on behalf of the Foundation.

3. 1983-84 UNCOMMITTED AUSTRALIA-JAPAN FUND MONEYS This figure varies from that on the 1983-84 Statement of Activity by the amount of $5000 which was included as both a liability and an expenditure item as at 30 June 1984.

4. GRANTS REFUNDED OR WITHDRAWN Grants which were paid during the 1983-84 financial year and refunded during 1984-85, and 1983-84 approved grants which did not proceed are divided as follows:— $

Refund of grants 22 624

Grants not proceeded with 30 723

53 347


5. INVESTMENTS Investment of Australia-!apan Fund moneys was made in interest bearing deposits in mul­ tiples of $50 000 over periods varying between 30 and 90 days. At 30 June 1985 the Founda­ tion was not holding any unmatured investments.

6. AUSTRALIA-JAPAN FUND GRANTS The amount of $1 260 267 is calculated as follows:


Australia-!apan Fund payments less Assets purchased 32 534

1983-84 grants paid during 1984-85 108 792 Prepaid expenses 11 568

plus Sundry creditors & accruals


1 410211

152 894

1 257 317

2 950

1 260 267

7. MEMBER’S REMUNERATION Remuneration for Australia-!apan Foundation Members is funded from a special appropria­ tion under the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973.

8. SALARIES AND ALLOWANCES Staff salaries and payments in the nature of salary are funded under Division 317/1 of the Department of Foreign Affairs appropriation.

9. ADMINISTRATION Funds for administration of the Australia-Japan Foundation were appropriated under Division 317/2 of the Department of Foreign Affairs appropriation. The following is a breakdown of expenditure on a cash basis under this item:

Purchase of assets transferred to Capital Accumulation Payment of expenses:


fares 31 698

travel & meal allowance 11 662

car & taxi hire 9 332

freight & cartage 3 514

medical 233

advertising 1 277

minor works & incidentals 10851

publications and printing 5 953

office requisites 8 199

subscriptions 1 366

postage, telex, telephone 28 262


2 272

112 347



10. WORKERS’ COMPENSATION Accrued expenses of $803 for workers compensation resulted from the retirement of a Sydney Foundation staff member on 23 May 1985. In line with the changes to the budgetary system to remove compensation and legal expenses from cash limited appropriations from 1 July 1985, funds will be provided separately under Division 317/3 from the 1985-86 financial year.

11. PROVISIONS AND UNFUNDED CHARGES (a) Details of depreciation are: Australia-Japart Fund $ $

Office machines & equipment 3418

Library equipment 3 120

Audio-visual equipment 2 151 8 689

Administrative Office machines & equipment 910

9 599

(b) Provision is made for unpaid recreation leave and leave bonuses accruing at 30 June 1985. Provision for long service leave is made on the basis of service of more than 10 years as at 30 June 1985. LES retirement benefits are based on the entitlements provided in accordance with the overseas conditions detailed in Volume 10 of the Personnel Management Manual.

30/6/84 Adjustment 30/6/85

$ $ $

Recreation leave 23 991 10 382 34 373

Long service leave LES (locally engaged staff) retirement 21 687 8 377 30 064

benefit 13 179 11 011 24 190

58 857 29 770 88 627

12. NON-CURRENT ASSETS Details of net written down values for non-current assets are: Australia-Japan Fund $ $

Office machines & equipment 17712

less accumulated depreciation 9 664 8 048

Library equipment 41 804

less accumulated depreciation 7 696 34 108

Audio-visual equipment 22 559

less accumulated depreciation 10814 11 745

Administrative Office machines & equipment 11 368

less accumulated depreciation 1 304 10 064


13. PRIOR YEAR ADJUSTMENTS AND CHANGES IN POLICY The amount of $35 420 is represented by $35 055 for the Australia-Japan Fund and $365 for administrative items. Details are:

Australia-Japan Fund $ $

Assets not previously brought to account:— Office machines & equipment 1 301

Library equipment 1 640

Gifts of art objects 35 2 976

less Assets written-off:— Library equipment 1 473

Audio-visual equipment 19 042

Gifts of art objects 395 20 910

Asset recorded twice:— Library equipment 2 636

Accumulated depreciation to 30/6/84:— Office machines & equipment 6 246

Library equipment 4 576

Audio-visual equipment 8 663 19 485

plus Amount counted as both a liability and as expenditure

(40 055)

5 000

(35 055)

Administrative Tokyo Petty cash brought to account for the first time Salary and Allowance overstatement in

Sundry creditors and accruals at 30/6/84

less Assets written-off:— Office machines & equipment Accumulated depreciation to 30/6/84

Office machines & equipment








14. TRUST FUND RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS The following figures are shown so as to provide further comparative data:

Statement of Receipts & Payments for Australia J apan F und FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 1985

1983-84 1984-85

$ $ $ $

216214 Balance at 1 July

Plus Receipts

166 729

925 000 Parliamentary appropriation 1 000 000

33 478 Receipts from other sources 13 789

28 500 Refunds of grants 14 856

19 446 Interest from investments 43 766

- 1 006 424 Proceeds from sale of investments 200 000 1 272 411

1 222 638

Less Payments

1 439 140

200 000 Investments —

71 725 Common interest 91 272

132 061 Community liaison 99 183

135 067 Education 461 966

— General grants 54 800

56 751 Library 110 566

91 097 Media 143 362

26 509 Publications 85 456

60 522 Research 112 799

70 328 Sport 114 382

57 085 Travel —

96 479 Youth 61 794

58 285 1 055 909 Miscellaneous 74631 1 410211

166 729 Balance at 30 June 28 929



AUSTRALIAN AUDIT OFFICE Cnr Moore and Rudd Streets, Canberra City, A.C.T. 2601

Address correspondence to: Auditor-General Box 707, G.P.O. Canberra 2601 Telegrams 'Comaudit' Telex 51 653 Comaud

Please quote: F85/619 Telephone 484711

7 November 1985

The Honourable the Minister For Foreign Affairs Parliament House CANBERRA ACT 2600

Dear Minister


Pursuant to sub-section 25(3) of the Australia-Japan Foundation Act 1976, the Australia-Japan Foundation has submitted for my report its financial statements for the year ended 30 June 1985. These comprise a Statement of Activity, a Statement of Assets and

Liabilities, a Statement of Sources and Applications of Funds, Statement of Capital Accumulation and accompanying Notes to and forming part of the Financial Statements.

The statements have been prepared in accordance with the policies outlined in Note 1 to the Accounts and in accordance with the Guidelines for the Form and Standard of Financial Statements of Commonwealth Undertakings approved by the Minister for Finance. The

statements are in the form approved by the Minister for Finance pursuant to sub-section 25(1) of the Act. A copy of the financial statements is enclosed for your information.

In accordance with sub-section 25(3) of the Act, I now report that the statements are in agreement with the accounts and records of the Foundation and, in my opinion:

(a) the statements are based on proper accounts and records; and

(b) the receipt, expenditure and investment of moneys and the acquisition and disposal of assets by the Foundation during the year have been in accordance with the Act.

Yours sincerely

C.T. Monaghan First Assistant Auditor-General