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Grants Commission Act - Grants Commission - Reports - Financial assistance for local government - 1975 (2nd)


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THE PARLIAMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

1975— Parliamentary Paper No. 173

GRANTS COMMISSION

SECOND REPO RT ON

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

JUNE 1975

Presented pursuant to Statute 19 August 1975

Ordered to be printed 11 September 1975

THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER OF AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 1976

Printed in Australia by Watson & Ferguson Pty. Ltd.—Brisbane

GRANTS COMMISSION

SECOND REPORT (1975) ON

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Senator the Hon. Douglas McClelland Special Minister of State Parliament House Canberra, A.C.T.

As Commissioners appointed under the provisions of the Grants Commission Act 1973-1975 we have the honour to present the following report on applications for financial assistance referred to the Grants Commission under section 18 of the Grants Commission Act 1973-1975.

R. ELSE-MITCHELL, Chairman D. V. MOVE, Member W. J. SHEEHAN, Member A. N. WALLS, Member

L. E. WHALAN, Member

A. A. GLASSON, Secretary 30 June 1975

Contents

Page

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Chapter 1. The Grants Commission and Its Functions . . . . . . . 3

2. The Commission’s Procedures 1974-75 . . . . . . . 7

3. Principles and Methods . . . . . . . . . . 9

4. The 1974-75 I n q u i r i e s ............................................................................................... 22

5. Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . 29

6. The On-going Task . . . . . . . . . . . 56

7. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Appendixes I. Local Government Statistics . . . . . . . . . 61

II. Summary of Rating Provisions . . . . . . . . . 72

III. Hearings and Meetings . . . . . . . . . . 80

IV. List of W i t n e s s e s ......................................................................................................... 84

V. Local Governing Bodies by Category . . . . . . . . 169

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

Introduction

In this Second Report on financial assistance for local government, the Grants Com­ mission makes recommendations concerning applications to the Special Minister of State from seventy-six approved regional organisations of local governing bodies, on behalf of every local governing body in the six States, for financial assistance for the

1975-76 financial year. In its inquiries into the applications, the Commission received evidence, written and oral, from individual local governing bodies, regional organis­ ations, Australian and State government departments and the Australian Council of Local Government Associations. In addition, individual members of the Commission

made inspections of local authority areas as time permitted; these were necessarily brief because of the vast area covered but were invaluable in providing a general overview of local government areas and their problems.

As with the first round of inquiries, the task proved to be a demanding one for members and staff and the Commission therefore requested the Minister to seek approval from the Government for the appointment of a fifth full-time member to assist it with its inquiries. The Government approved the request and amendments to the Grants Commission Act 1973 to provide for the additional position were agreed to by the Parliament in the 1975 Autumn Session.

Although some progress was made during the year in data collection and manage­ ment, the lack of uniformity in accounting for local government finances, within and between States, continues to pose difficult problems. Direct comparison of financial data could only be made with caution and the Commission again had to rely heavily on the judgment of individual members concerning the relative merits of applications. A satisfactory system of completely objective measurement of fiscal inequalities may not be possible, but the Commission believes that with the co-operation of local government authorities in providing data and other information in a more manageable form, the area in which the judgment of members has to be exercised can be substan­ tially diminished. This would make it possible for the Commission to consider pro­

viding local governing bodies with information concerning the calculations on which the assessment of individual grants were based, a course which is not possible in the present circumstances.

The Grants Commission Act 1973 provided for a full-time Chairman and from four to six members who may be appointed on a full-time or part-time basis. The Com­ mission currently consists of four full-time members and two part-time members. The two part-time members, with the Chairman, are constituted as a Division of the

Commission under section 19 of the Grants Commission Act 1973 to inquire into and report on applications under section 16 of the Act by States for special assistance (see Forty-second Report 1975 on Special Assistance for States). The four full-time members and the Chairman were constituted as a Division for inquiry into applications for financial assistance under section 18 of the Act by regional organisations on behalf of local governing bodies. It is with the inquiries of the latter Division (the Local Gov­ ernment Division) that this Report deals.

Members

Sir Leslie Melville, K.B.E., who had continued as the first full-time Chairman of the Grants Commission retired from the Commission when his term of appointment expired on 30 September 1974. His successor is the Honourable Mr Justice R. Else- Mitchell, former Judge of the Supreme Court and Land and Valuation Court of New

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South Wales, who was appointed for a term of five years, commencing 1 October 1974.

Mr A. N. Walls and M r L. E. Whalan, whose appointments commenced 20 Sept­ ember 1973, for terms of three years and five years respectively, and Mr W. J. Sheehan, who was appointed for a two-year term commencing 1 March 1974 continued to serve on the Commission. However, Mr Sheehan indicated his intention to resign as from

1 July 1975. Mr J. F. Nimmo, C.B.E., who had been appointed as a full-time member for a term of five years commencing 23 January 1974 and was subsequently seconded to undertake an inquiry into the impact of freight rates on the Tasmanian economy, resigned on 31 December 1974. Mr D. V. Moye, former Secretary of the Grants Com­

mission, who was appointed as an acting member as from 1 March 1974, was appointed as a full-time member as from 1 January 1975 for a period of five years.

Mr W. R. Lane, Reader in Economics, University of Queensland, and Professor R. L. Mathews, Professor of Accounting and Public Finance, Australian National University, have continued to serve on the Commission on a part-time basis. They have been mainly concerned with the Commission’s inquiries into State applications for special financial assistance, but have given much valuable advice on the principles and methods for determining the relative fiscal needs of local governing bodies.

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Chapter 1

The Grants Commission and Its Functions 1.1 The Grants Commission (formerly the Commonwealth Grants Commission) was established in 1933 following the enactment of the Commonwealth Grants Com­ mission Act 1933. It made its first report in July 1934, dealing with applications for financial assistance by South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania.

1.2 At the outset of its First Report, the Commission described its task in the following manner: ‘In embarking on our report we desire to express our sense of the importance of the task which has been entrusted to the Commission, and of the responsi­

bilities it involves. The framers of the Constitution provided for a system of financial relationships between the Commonwealth and States which was designed to meet immediate needs and did so with considerable success. The financial clauses of the Constitution were, however, sufficiently elastic to permit

of change. In particular, Section 96 was intended to allow adjustments by special grants, in order to do justice to particular States. It is essential for healthy relations between the Commonwealth and the States that the power to make

grants under that section should be exercised on definite and sound principles. The task of the Commission involves, therefore, a review of the scheme of finan­ cial relationships of the States and the Commonwealth and of its working in

the past, and an appraisal of the success with which it meets the present-day needs of the people of Australia. This is a difficult and complex question and we need the assistance of those who have had experience as leaders of the Commonwealth and States, and of scholars who have made a study of the

Constitution and the financial system. Public opinion on these matter is also of considerable importance.’1

1.3 However, the expression of this philosophy in terms of basic principles and methods was slow to evolve and it was not until the Commission’s Third Report (1936) that the basic principle underlying all subsequent recommendations of the Commission was delineated. This is:

‘Special grants are justified when a State through financial stress from any cause is unable efficiently to discharge its functions as a member of the fed­ eration and should be determined by the amount of help found necessary to make it possible for that State by reasonable effort to function at a standard not appreciably below that of other States.’2

The general philosophy regarding the Commission’s role as expressed above is as pertinent today in relation to the fiscal relationships between States and the Australian Government as it was then. The legislation under which the Grants Commission now

1 Commonwealth Grants Commission Report (1934). Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra, 1934, page 10, paragraph 10.

2 Commonwealth Grants Commission Third Report (1936). Commonwealth Government Printer, Canberra, 1936, page 75, paragraph 164.

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operates, widens the role of the Commission to include the examination of fiscal inequalities between units of local government and, we believe, in doing so requires it to recognise the financial arrangements between the States and their constituent local governing bodies and between the Australian Government and local government through various programs of financial assistance.

1.4 Until 1973 the Grants Commission’s role was confined to inquiry into appli­ cations by States for additional general revenue grants and making recommendations to successive Australian Governments on the amount of additional financial assistance required to enable ‘claimant’ States ‘by reasonable effort to function at a standard not appreciably below that of other States’. The grants that have been made to the claim­ ant States as a result of the Commission’s recommendations are known as ‘special grants’.

1.5 In the Autumn Session of 1973, the Parliament enacted the Grants Commission Act 1973.3 This Act repealed the Commonwealth Grants Commission Act 1933-57 but provided for the continuation of the Grants Commission’s role of reporting on appli­ cations by States for special grants. However, the main purpose of the change was to provide legislative authority for the Grants Commission to inquire into and report upon applications by regional organisations of local governing bodies for financial assistance from the Australian Government. This is given in section 18 of the Act:

‘18.(1) An approved regional organization may apply in accordance with this section for the grant, under section 96 of the Constitution, of financial assistance to a State for the purposes of the organization or of all or any of the local governing bodies that the organization is representing or on behalf of which the organization is acting.

(2) An application under sub-section (1) shall be lodged with the Minister and a copy of the application shall be lodged with the appropriate Minister of the State concerned.

(3) The Minister may, in his discretion, after consultation with the approp­ riate Minister of the State concerned, refer to the Commission for inquiry and report

(a) an application lodged with him under sub-section (2);

(b) a matter relating to a grant of financial assistance made to a State for local government purposes; and

(c) a matter relating to the making of a grant of financial assistance to a State for local government purposes.

(4) Where the Minister refers an application under sub-section (1), or a matter referred to in paragraph (3) (b) or (c), to the Commission—

(a) the Commission shall afford the Treasurer, the Minister for Urban and Regional Development and the appropriate Minister of the State con­ cerned an opportunity to make submissions to it in relation to the application or matter, and shall consider any submission made to it by such a Minister; and

3 Grants Commission Act 1973, No. 54 of 1973, assented to 18 June 1973, proclaimed 20 September 1973.

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(b) subject to paragraph (a), the Commission shall inquire into the appli­ cation or matter in such manner as it sees fit and report to the Minister on the application or matter’.

1.6 The term ‘financial assistance’ in section 18 is defined in section 6 of the Act in the following way:

‘6. Reference in this Act to the grant of assistance to a State for local government purposes are references to the grant of financial assistance to a State to enable—·

(a) all the local governing bodies in a region to function, by reasonable effort, at a standard not appreciably below the standards of the local governing bodies in other regions;

(b) a local governing body in a region to function, by reasonable effort, at a standard not appreciably below the standards of the other local govern­ ing bodies in that region or of the local governing bodies in other regions; or

(c) an approved regional organization to function, by reasonable effort, at a standard not appreciably below the standards of other approved regional organizations or of the local governing bodies in other regions’.

Thus the principle of fiscal need enunciated by the Commission in 1936 is laid down in the Act as the basis to be followed by the Commission in arriving at its recommen­ dations to the Australian Government on the amount of the grants of financial assist­ ance to local governing bodies.

Application for Financial Assistance 1.7 Section 18(1) of the Act states that ‘an approved regional organization may apply . . .’ and section 17 confers on the Minister for Urban and Regional Develop­ ment the authority to approve an organisation or body that is able to make application for financial assistance. This section reads as follows:

‘17. The Minister for Urban and Regional Development may, after con­ sultation with the appropriate Minister of the State concerned, approve an organization or body that represents, or acts on behalf of, the local governing bodies established in a region as an approved regional organization for the purposes of this Act or revoke or alter such an approval’.

1.8 A ‘local governing body’ is defined in section 4 of the Act as ‘a local governing body established by or under a law of a State’. This is taken to embrace city, municipal, shire, borough, and similar general-purpose councils, but to exclude government or semi-government undertakings, including county councils established to provide specific goods or services on a commercial basis. The latter would include water boards, electricity and gas undertakings and business undertakings which operate

independently of any single council. Applications by such bodies for financial assist­ ance have not been referred to the Grants Commission. However, where a business undertaking has an identifiable impact on a local governing body’s general expenditure, this has been taken into account in the assessment of its disabilities.

1.9 Under section 18(3) of the Act applications are required to be lodged with the Minister (in this case the Special Minister of State) who may, in his discretion and after consultation with the appropriate Minister, refer them to the Commission for inquiry and report.

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Consultation with the States 1.10 It will be noted that the Minister for Urban and Regional Development is required to consult ‘the appropriate Minister of the State concerned’ regarding the approval of a ‘regional organization’; it will also be noted that in section 18(3) the Minister (the Special Minister of State) is required to consult the ‘appropriate Minister of the State concerned’ before referring an application to the Commission. Section

18(4)(a) requires the Commission to afford ‘the appropriate Minister of the State concerned’ (and others) an opportunity to make submissions to it and to consider such submissions in arriving at its recommendations. The ‘appropriate Minister’ of a State for the purposes of this Act is ‘such Minister of the Crown of that State as is determined by the Premier of that State by instrument in writing, and includes any Minister of the Crown for the time being acting for and on behalf of that Minister’ (section 4). For

1974-75 the State Premiers nominated the following Ministers for this purpose:

New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania

The Minister for Local Government The Minister for Local Government The Treasurer The Minister of Development and Mines The Minister for Local Government The Treasurer

The Commission’s Responsibilities in Relation to Financial Assistance fo r Local Governing Bodies 1.11 The Commission is required to inquire into and report to the Special Minister of State on applications referred to it by the Minister under section 18, sub-section 3(a) of the Act and any other matters referred to it under sub-sections 3(b) and 3(c) of the section. To date, no matters have been referred to the Commission under sub-sections 3(b) and 3(c).

1.12 As indicated in paragraph 1.6, the guiding principle for the Commission’s inquiries into financial assistance for local governing bodies is that of fiscal equalis­ ation. Section 6 of the Act presents the Commission with three optional bases for its inquiries:

(a) a comparison of the fiscal positions of local governing bodies on a regional basis; or

(b) a comparison of the fiscal positions of local governing bodies on an individual basis; or

(c) a comparison of the fiscal positions of a regional organization with those of other regional organizations or with local governing bodies in other regions.

The third basis (that is sub-section (c) of section 6 of the Act) covers applications by an approved regional organisation for financial assistance to the region, including an application from a single local governing body which has been approved as a regional organization for the purpose of making an application for financial assistance (as provided for under section 27, sub-section 1(a)).

1.13 Apart from adhering to the basic principle of fiscal equalisation laid down in section 6, and the requirement to afford the Treasurer, the Minister for Urban and Regional Development and appropriate State Ministers an opportunity to make sub­ missions to it in relation to applications, the Act gives the Commission the discretion to conduct its inquiries ‘in such manner as it sees fit’ (section 18, sub-section (4)(b)).

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Chapter 2

The Commission’s Procedures 1974-75 2.1 As for 1973-74, all local governing bodies were asked to complete a return of accounting and other information and send this to the Commission by a specified date. They were also asked to provide copies of their financial statements for the past

financial year. In addition, local governing bodies were invited to submit detailed submissions in support of applications made on their behalf by the approved regional organisations. The submissions were required to be lodged with the Grants Com­ mission one month before the date of the Regional Hearing, or not later than 31 December 1974 for those hearings scheduled to be held in early 1975, and copies sent to the appropriate Minister of the State concerned.

2.2 For 1974-75 the Minister for Urban and Regional Development, after con­ sultation with the appropriate State Ministers, approved seventy-six groups of local governing bodies, encompassing 889 councils1, as regional organisations for the pur­ poses of section 17 of the Act. Each approved regional organisation, on behalf of its constituent local governing bodies, formally submitted an application for financial

assistance to the Special Minister of State. In contrast to the first year, no local gov­ erning body abstained from having an application for financial assistance made on its behalf.

2.3 Following consultation with the appropriate State Ministers, the Special Minister of State referred the seventy-six applications from the approved regional organisations to the Grants Commission for inquiry and report.

2.4 In order to facilitate the examination of applications and supporting sub­ missions and the taking of evidence, the Chairman of the Commission, exercising the powers conferred on him under section 19 of the Act, made determinations creating four Divisions. In the main, each Division operated as a single-member Commission

of Inquiry on the following basis:

New South Wales

Victoria Queensland South Australia

Western Australia Tasmania

Commissioner W. J. Sheehan Commissioner A. N. Walls Commissioner D. V. Moye

Commissioner A. N. Walls Commissioner L. E. Whalan Commissioner D. V. Moye

Commissioner L. E. Whalan Commissioner W. j. Sheehan

(Regions 5-17) (Regions 1-4 and 18) (All Regions)

(All Regions) (Regions 1-9) (Regions 10 and 11) (All Regions)

(All Regions)

For the hearing of evidence from Regions 7, 9,12 and 17 in New South Wales, Regions

1 During the year several amalgamations of local governing bodies were effected, reducing the number to 885 as at 30 June 1975. This number will be further reduced if discussions between councils regarding other amalgamations are successful.

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11 and 17 in Victoria, Regions 1 and 5 in Queensland, Regions 1 and 2 in South Australia, and Regions 11 and 12 in Western Australia, the Divisions constituted the Chairman and the respective Commissioner.

2.5 With few exceptions, the councils of the individual local governing bodies made supporting submissions and their representatives subsequently appeared before the Commission at public hearings. In addition, many regional organisations also made written submissions to the Commission on behalf of their constituent councils. Representatives of most regional organisations tendered evidence at public hearings of the Commission concerning the financial disabilities of the local governing bodies within the region.

2.6 Following the Government’s adoption of the Commission’s first recommend­ ations on financial assistance to local governing bodies, copies of the Commission’s Report (which set out the general principles and methods used by the Commission in arriving at its recommendations) were sent to every local governing body in each of the States. In addition, circulars were sent to each regional organisation and to each council outlining the kind of information that councils should provide in supporting submissions to assist the Commision with its assessment of revenue and expenditure

disabilities. It was a considerable disappointment that a substantial proportion of the written submissions made little or no attempt to list or quantify disabilities and supplementary evidence had to be requested in many instances.

2.7 The Commission began to hear evidence on applications and submissions in October 1974 and concluded the hearings by the end of April 1975. Evidence was given by representatives from all but one of the local governing bodies making up the seventy-six approved regional organisations. A total of nearly 2,400 witnesses appeared before the Commission at the hearings which this year were, for the most part, held in the respective regions. Although time did not permit detailed inspections of every local government area, the respective Commissioners covered a large proportion of them and were thus able to familiarise themselves with many of the problems faced by individual local governing bodies. The Commission is satisfied that inspections are an invaluable part of its procedures and expects to continue this aspect of its inquiries as

arrangements permit.

2.8 Section 18, sub-section 4(a) requires the Commission to ‘afford the Treasurer, Minister for Urban and Regional Development and the appropriate Minister of the State concerned an opportunity to make submissions to it in relation to the application or matter (referred to the Commission), and shall consider any submission made to it by such a Minister’ (in practice, such submissions are made by the departments on behalf of their Ministers). The Commission followed the practice adopted in 1973-74 of having a general hearing at which submissions by Australian and State government departments were considered. For 1974-75 the Commission also invited the Australian Council of Local Government Associations to make submissions on behalf of local governing bodies generally. The purpose of the General Hearing was to elicit the views of government departments and representatives of local government on the principles and methods outlined in the Commission’s First Report and the recommendations arising therefrom. It also provided a forum for the expression of views on fiscal equalisation procedures as they apply to local government. This Hearing was held in

Canberra on 20-21 February 1975.

2.9 Lists of the hearings and of the witnesses who gave evidence before the Com­ mission are given in Appendixes III and IV.

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Chapter 3

Principles and Methods 3.1 In its 1974 Report, the Commission referred to the limited guidance available to it in the way of principles and methods for assessing the relative fiscal positions of local government on a national basis. However, it postulated that the general prin­ ciples and methods which it has developed over many years for assessing the relative fiscal needs of the States could be adapted for determining the amount of financial

assistance required to enable local governing bodies by reasonable effort to function at comparable standards, which is its charter under the Act. In doing so, it was recog­ nised that to some extent new methods would need to be developed to take into account the range of responsibilities of local government in different areas and in the different States. It also recognised that it would take time and experience to adapt existing methods and develop new methods in order to produce results which take account of

the varying circumstances of local government.

3.2 For the most part, participation in fiscal equalisation arrangements is a new experience for local government representatives and officers. Some apprehension and misunderstanding of the Commission’s role (and, therefore, its requirements) and criticism of its recommendations was perhaps inevitable. It should be appreciated

however, that the very nature of fiscal equalisation requires the adoption of a standard (or standards); it follows that some local governing bodies will be equal to or better than the standards and therefore cannot be recommended for the receipt of financial assistance. On the evidence available to it, the Commission is convinced that a number

of local governing bodies have a comparative advantage in raising revenue which is sufficient to offset any expenditure disabilities that they may experience in providing services at current standards. Inevitably, such bodies will be excluded from the Com­ mission’s recommendations.

3.3 During the past year, the Commission has had the benefit of a wide range of views on the principles and methods used in its initial assessment of grants. The more important issues raised are summarised in the following paragraphs of this chapter.

CRITERIA FOR GRANTS OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

3.4 In its 1974 Report the Commission suggested that the procedures followed in assessing equalisation grants for claimant States could be adapted so as to take account directly of differences in revenue-raising capacity and differences in relative costs of providing comparable services. This could be done by calculating the grant to a local governing body as the sum of:

(a) the revenue differential; and (b) the expenditure differential.

The revenue differential could be calculated by applying a ‘standard’ rate of taxation to the difference between a local governing body’s own tax base and a ‘standard’ tax base. The expenditure differential could be calculated by applying a factor to the ‘standard’ unit cost of carrying out each function {see paragraph 3.34 for list of functions), the sum of the individual amounts so derived for each function representing

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the total expenditure differential. In each case the factor represents the percentage by which a local governing body’s cost of carrying out the function exceeds the standard cost for the function because of disabilities (see paragraph 4.23 for discussion of expenditure disabilities). The total grant so calculated should enable each local govern­ ing body to provide ‘standard’ services if it maintained a ‘standard’ taxation or rating effort.

3.5 The use of this method for the calculation of the grants for local governing bodies received general support. The method is ‘effort neutral’ in that the size of the grant would not be affected by the effort made by local governing bodies to raise revenue, i.e. by the severity of rates imposed, and local governing bodies would con­ tinue to be free to determine the level of rates they wished to impose on their ratepayers and the standard of services they wished to make available within their area. But only thos e councils rating at a ‘standard’ level or charging for services at the standard rate

(i.e. those making a ‘standard’ effort to raise revenue), or higher will be able to provide services at least equal to the ‘standard’ with the addition of the grants which would be recommended for them. Councils rating at a level higher than the ‘standard’ could be in a position to provide some relief to their ratepayers or to provide a level of services which would be above the standard by a margin equal to that which can be provided by the additional funds generated by the above-standard revenue effort. On the other hand, councils rating at a level below the ‘standard’ would be able only to provide

services which would fall short of the ‘standard’ by the margin which their revenue­ raising effort fell short of the standard effort.

3.6 In practice, considerable difficulties were experienced in the first year in assessing grants for local governing bodies using this basis (see paragraphs 3.19 to 3.43 of the First Report 1974), particularly in relation to the expenditure differential. Because of this the Commission had to resort to the use of judgment of the evidence, including an examination of each local governing body’s own expenditure on a par­ ticular function. This evoked criticism from several sources. However, the difficulties

stemmed from data problems which offer no short-term solution. It must be emphas­ ised that these problems would be evident for any method used to determine a dis­ tribution of funds between local governing bodies on an equitable basis. They arise

because of long-standing differences in accounting practices between local governing bodies within States and between States, some of which are of a fundamental nature. In addition, there are significant differences in the bases on which property values are fixed; these provide the basis for the distribution of the rate burden, and hence a measure of taxable capacity. The Commission is confident that many of these problems can be satisfactorily resolved in the longer term with the co-operation of local govern­

ment. This will require a more uniform accounting of financial data, but in many cases the councils themselves will benefit from the clearer understanding of the impact of expenditure decisions that will emerge.

3.7 The main criticism of the departure from the basic formula for assessing relativity was based on an understanding by some parties that the Commission relied on the actual expenditures for assessing the expenditure differences. The Commission is, of course, aware of the dangers in following such a course as actual expenditures could simply reflect local priorities, inefficiencies or other factors unrelated to dis­ abilities per se. However, in the absence of empirical evidence on standard costs of carrying out various functions of local government, the Commission sees no alter­ native at this stage to the use of the aggregated expenditure experience of local governing bodies as a guide to the establishment of standard costs for the various functions. It seems that a comparison of an individual local governing body’s own

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expenditure with standard costs so established is a valid first step in determining whether an expenditure disability does in fact exist. Until unit costs for function can be determined and validated, the Commission will have to continue to exercise its judg­ ment on the extent of expenditure disabilities for each function based on the evidence

available to it, including the aggregated and individual costs of providing for the various functions.

UNITS OF COMPARISON

3.8 In the First Report 1974, the Commission recommended that the grants be paid to the States for distribution direct to individual local governing bodies rather than to approved regional organisations, the alternative provided for in the Act. The base for this recommendation, which were set out in paragraphs 3.10 and 3.11 of that

Report, may be summarised as:

(a) the problems of aggregating data from individual local governing bodies making up a region;

(b) the possibility of excluding from grants local governing bodies which on an individual basis would qualify for financial assistance but on a regional basis would not qualify because the relatively better fiscal status of other local governing bodies in the region would result in the region as a

whole having a relatively high fiscal status; and

(c) the view that the Commission should only recommend grants to bodies which are financially articulated in some way.

3.9 In its February 1975 submission the Australian Treasury stated that it saw no objection in principle to the Commission recommending assistance for a regional organisation, which would otherwise be payable to the local governing bodies, where such an organisation could make out a case for its being able to perform directly traditional local government functions. This principle would hold ‘so long as it applies

only to services for whose provision the component local governing bodies have ceded responsibility to the regional organisation’ and ‘no special assistance would be payable on this account to component local governing bodies which had relinquished responsi­ bility for providing the service to the regional organisation’.

3.10 The Department of Urban and Regional Development also discussed this issue in its 1975 submission. It saw no problems in grants being recommended to regional organisations on the score of legal constitution and adverted to the use of ‘banker councils’ for the receipt and disbursement of funds. However, the Department stated ‘our position for the time being at least is that the units of comparison remain the fiscal capacities of individual local government bodies’ but added that an ad hoc approach be used in response to special situations and cited the Brisbane City Council as an example. The State Departments and the Australian Council of Local Govern­ ment Associations generally opposed the use of regional organisations as units of comparison although South Australia advocated a ‘procedure whereby submissions are received from both regional organisations and their constituent councils’ and that

the Commission should ‘treat individual council’s applications as excluding any matter covered by the regional applications’.

3.11 The Commission sees considerable merit in regional co-operation in the per­ formance of some local government functions (for example, library services and planning), and accepts the legitimacy of making assessments of financial assistance for

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regional organisations so constituted. However, it is not aware of any regional organ­ isation, properly constituted to carry out a local government task, being approved for the purposes of the Act. In this respect the Commission agrees with the Australian Treasury view that to qualify for consideration on a regional basis such functions should be ceded to the regional organisations. However, the Commission would go further and suggest that not only should the function be ceded to the regional organ­ isation but the act of cession should have some guarantee of permanence for a defined period of time. For the 1974-75 inquiries no regional organisation met the criteria that the Commission believe to be basic to a consideration of disabilities on a regional basis and therefore the Commission has again adopted the procedure of making assessments by individual comparisons.

3.12 A further complication arises from the fact that the Commission must take account of differences in revenue-raising capacity, as well as expenditure disabilities. While it may be possible to identify costs associated with a specific function ceded to a regional authority, and hence to determine whether or not a disability is associated with the provision of a function, it is not clear how the revenue element can be taken into account. The Commission would welcome the views of interested parties on this point.

UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

3.13 The Commission’s first recommendations employed as a basic guide calcu­ lations of revenue-raising capacity and expenditure disabilities using population only as the unit of measurement. In its First Report, reference was made to other possible units of measurement. To measure revenue-raising capacity, for example, the unit might be the number of ratepayers, or the number of rateable properties, or the person­ al incomes of the residents. For expenditure disabilities, different units might be used for different functions; for example, length of roads per unit of area for roads expen­

diture, or number of persons in certain age groups for health and welfare expenditure.

3.14 The Commission has continued to investigate the use of some of the other units for the measurement of revenue-raising capacity and expenditure disabilities but the investigations have not proceeded to the stage where the results can be explicitly applied. For revenue-raising capacity, the Commission has again used population as the unit of measure, but is continuing to test the validity of other units and the weight­ ing of population compared with other relevant characteristics.

3.15 Queensland and New South Wales suggested that for tourist areas specifically, adjustments should be made to the relevant population figures to take account of the heavy influx of visitors for a large part of the year, but who may not be included in the population of the area in the Census. The Commission is unable to accept this propo­ sition; apart from the difficulty of defining what constitutes a tourist area, there is the problem of obtaining accurate figures of population fluctuations throughout the year for each area. Logically, a similar adjustment should be made to the population of other areas subject to fluctuations in population numbers (for example, business districts) and some discount applied to those areas from whence the increase in numbers is derived. In the Commission’s view the effect of marked population vari­ ations is more properly taken into account in the expenditure calculations.

STANDARDS

3.16 For its first recommendations the Commission used as standards the average revenue-raising capacity and the average expenditure experience of local governing bodies grouped into six categories in each of the six States (for New South Wales and

12

Victoria Category 3 was subdivided into two categories and for Tasmania the second category was amalgamated with Category 1, see paragraphs 3.35 to 3.43 of the First Report 1974). The implied relativities that emerged from the use of these standards were used to supplement the written and oral evidence adduced at the Hearings. It was stressed, however, that because of uncertainties surrounding much of the data used and the resort to broad judgment in a large measure, the first recommendations

should not be taken as necessarily representing the relativities that would apply in the future.

3.17 At the February 1975 Hearings there were two main suggestions put forward concerning the choice of standards. Tasmania put the view point that standards based on the average experience of local governing bodies in each category was not in accordance with the intention of the legislation which, in the State’s view, requires all local governing bodies to be raised to a common standard. It was therefore suggested

that a better approach than using the average of a category within each State would be:

‘(i) The grouping of all local governing bodies in Australia into categories irrespective of State boundaries.

(ii) The adoption of a standard for each category which is based on the average experience of the few local governing bodies which have the capacity to provide the highest standard of services.’

This was seen as the ultimate objective to be achieved gradually.

3.18 The Australian Council of Local Government Associations suggested that rather than adopt an existing authority as the standard, the Commission should use ‘an amalgam of the best features of all local government authorities in all regions’. This would almost certainly result in every local governing body receiving a grant, as

comparisons would be made with a hypothetical body possessing optimum cost structure in the provision of services (implicitly zero expenditure disabilities).

3.19 The Commission has some reservations whether the Australian Council’s suggestion is consistent with the provisions of the Act. Moreover, if adopted it could require a very substantial increase in the amounts recommended, a point recognised by the Council. In addition, it is by no means certain that it would be possible to identify the optimum standards with the data currently available to the Commission.

So far as the Tasmanian proposal is concerned, the Commission sees considerable merit in both points. However, an Australia-wide categorisation of local governing bodies (as distinct from the State-wide basis used for the First Report) is impracticable at this stage because of differences in valuation practices between States; this precludes

a comparison of revenue-raising capacities based on the values of rateable properties. The second point submitted by Tasmania regarding the adoption of standards for each category which consists of a few local governing bodies with the capacity to provide

the highest standard of service would in effect raise considerably the standard adopted last year (the average experience of all local governing bodies within each category). In one respect, the practicability of implementing this depends on having a sufficiently large number in each category (this would, of course, be the situation if an Australia­

wide categorisation could be used). For 1974-75 the Commission adopted a different basis of categorisation (see paragraphs 3.21-3.25) and this offered scope for varying the standard from that used last year.

3.20 The Commission believes that it is consistent with the principles of fiscal equalisation set out in the Grants Commission Act to adopt a standard higher than that for 1973-74, which was the underlying theme of the Australian Council’s and

13

Tasmania’s proposals. For 1974-75 the Commission adopted standards for each cate­ gory which are the average of the revenue-raising capacities of that half of the local governing bodies in each category with the highest capacities to raise revenue. Apart from the above, an important consideration in this decision was that it made use of data from smaller groups of local governing bodies in each category. This significantly reduced the effect that the wide dispersion of individual standards had on the 1973-74 calculations and thus produced standards approximating more closely those of a group

of local governing bodies in each category.

CATEGORIES

3.21 In its First Report (1974) the Commission referred to considerations which led to the adoption of categories as a basis for comparing the fiscal capacities of local governing bodies. For 1973-74 local governing bodies in each State were grouped into six categories, defined in metropolitan areas by reference to the rate of populat­ ion growth and in non-metropolitan areas by the degree of urbanisation. However, it was pointed out that the results from these groupings were less than satisfactory and that other groupings would be tested.

3.22 The testing of different groups of local governing bodies has continued but the results are still somewhat inconclusive. The basic problem lies in the organisation of local government, a problem that has been examined and reported on by numerous government commissions of inquiry in all States in recent years. A common situation is the separation of the service town for a rural area from the area served by it, although the interdependence of the two communities is unquestionable. In many other instances this interdependence is recognised and there is no such separation. A further common situation is the continued existence of small (both in population and area) local governing bodies. Characteristically, such bodies have meagre resources with which to undertake the normal range of functions of local government and where an attempt is made to do so, it is at the cost of a relatively high rate burden, often because of the high proportion of revenue required to meet administration costs. Other diffi­ cult areas exist on the metropolitan fringe and, to a lesser extent, on the fringe of other large urban areas, where urban over-spill has occurred into otherwise rural areas.

3.23 These problems are mentioned because there was some criticsm of the cat­ egories adopted in the first instance. However, it is clear that whatever basis is used there will be difficulties in suitably categorising some local governing bodies. This suggests that the choice lies between having a large number of categories on the one hand and a small number on the other. The first would almost certainly result in some categories having a very small number of local governing bodies and would require explicit inter-category comparisons to be made. The Commission is not confident that the quality of the data would support the precision necessary to determine the classi­ fication of local governing bodies across a wide range of categories or for the measure­ ment of fiscal relativities at such a level. The Commission therefore decided that a small number of categories would be a more appropriate basis on which to make comparisons for 1974-75, given the current state of knowledge, and used the four categories described below.

Category 1

Category 2 Category 3

Category 4

Local governing bodies in defined metropolitanareasand in near­ metropolitan areas having the characteristics of local governing bodies in metropolitan areas. Provincial cities and towns. Local governing bodies in non-metropolitan areas, other than provincial cities and towns, having significant urban clusters. All other local governing bodies.

14

3.24 These definitions were adhered to for the most part but because of the difficulties mentioned previously, arbitrary decisions had to be made in a number of instances. For Category 1, it was decided that a number of local governing bodies in close proximity to the major metropolitan areas had much the same characteristics as

metropolitan bodies and differed sufficiently in many respects from bodies in Categories 3 and 4 to warrant inclusion in Category 1. Others, with some part included in the metropolitan statistical division, were considered to approximate more closely larger rural bodies so as to warrant their inclusion in Category 3. Category 2 included a small number of local governing bodies with a rural hinterland to a large urban area and having functions other than that of a service centre for the rural population. For Tasmania, the number of local governing bodies that would have been included in

Category 2 was very small and did not warrant a separate grouping. As a consequence, all local governing bodies in that State were grouped into Categories 1, 3 and 4. For Category 3, the size of the ‘significant urban clusters’ differed from State to State but for the most populous States (New South Wales and Victoria) was in excess of about

2,500 persons; for the other States about 2,000 persons was the minimum size. In cases of doubt the prime consideration for the marginal-size cluster was whether it acted as a significant regional service centre. Local governing bodies are listed by category in Appendix V.

3.25 South Australia and representatives of the capital cities suggested that the central business district local governing bodies of the capital cities be incorporated in a separate category, as they were of the view that these areas exhibited characteristics not matched by other bodies. However, this point was not substantiated in any

material way. The Commission’s view is that the differences are more in the nature of degree, rather than kind, and as such could be appropriately considered as expenditure disabilities. These local governing bodies were therefore included in Category 1 (see paragraphs 4.12 to 4.14 for further discussion on Capital Cities).

THE REVENUE DIFFERENTIAL

3.26 As has already been indicated, the Commission modified the method used in the first year to calculate the revenue differential by adopting as the standard the average revenue-raising capacity of the ‘top half’ of local governing bodies in each category, compared with the average of all local governing bodies (see paragraph 3.20). This

could be expected to increase the level of grants overall but the extent of the increase depends on the degree of skewness (or bias) in the categories used for the first calcula­ tions and is likely to vary as between categories used this year. One important effect however, is that the number of local governing bodies with negative revenue differ­

entials is reduced and the likelihood of nil grants is therefore reduced also.

Measurement o f Taxable Capacity 3.27 In its First Report the Commission referred to the difficulties of obtaining a satisfactory basis for comparisons of revenue-raising capacity and stated that at the time there was no obvious alternative to the use of land and property values, the basis

on which the burden of local government rates is distributed. The Commission expressed its interest in other indicators which might also serve as a guide to the measurement of a local governing body’s capacity to raise revenue.

3.28 While the Commission agrees with the Australian Treasury’s point that ‘the fundamental objective of special assistance . . . (is) the equalisation of their fiscal capacities’, the overriding question remains—what is the most reliable way of assessing the respective capacities to raise revenue? Local government stresses the fact

15

that although land and property values are used to distribute the rate burden as between ratepayers, the general prosperity of ratepayers must be taken into account in determining the absolute burden to be imposed on ratepayers in a year. This point is also implicitly recognised by State governments through various schemes to assist pensioners to meet rate commitments. The Department of Urban and Regional Development continues to support the use of other proxies, notably personal incomes or personal net wealth, as a means of assessing revenue-raising capacity but recognises that the required basic statistics are not yet available for this purpose.

3.29 The Commission’s doubts about the propriety of using property values as a measure of taxable capacity have not been diminished by the evidence and it maintains the view expressed in its First Report that some weight should be given to the capacity of ratepayers to meet rates and other statutory charges. This view is strengthened by the evidence this year of the failure of rural property values to reflect the downturn in the rural economy, particularly in the monoculture beef producing areas. Where the evidence warranted it, an allowance was made in such areas for the shortfall in revenue accruing to local governing bodies.

3.30 For 1974-75 the Commission was unable to find a satisfactory alternative to the use of property values as a measure of revenue-raising capacity. It examined the possibility of weighting for type of property but found that the data on types of property often reflected the number of rate notices for the class of property, rather than the number of properties as such, and therefore could not be used.

Standardising Property Values

3.31 As for 1973-74, the Commission sought the assistance of the State Valuers- General in up-dating property values to a common date. This is a complex task and the Commission is appreciative of the efforts of the Valuers-General in again providing the necessary information, on a confidential basis. However, it appears from the experience of the past two years that there may be substantial adjustments to the values of property within local governing areas following revaluation, the degree of fluctua­ tion in some instances being related to the length of the period between valuations. In order to smooth out inordinate fluctuations in the revenue calculations, the Commission proposes to adopt a moving average of property values for such calcula­ tions in the future, the period covered by the movement being such as to include at least one actual valuation period. The Commission would welcome comments on this proposal.

3.32 Because of the reservations that the Commission continues to hold concern­ ing the basis on which revenue-raising capacities are assessed and because of other data limitations, the Commission again discounted the calculated revenue differentials in arriving at the grants recommended for payment in this year (the size of the discount factor recognised that budget constraints dictated that the growth of the total amount recommended for payment in 1975-76 should be kept within a reasonable bound). The adoption of this practice was criticised by both the Australian Treasury and the Department of Urban and Regional Development. They suggested that a similar discount factor should also be applied to the assessed expenditure differentials or, alternatively, that the implied grants for each local governing body should be assessed and a pro-rata reduction made to each assessed grant, which would have the same effect. The Commission would agree with the logic of the proposal if it was able to make a completely objective assessment of expenditure disabilities. This is not possible with the data currently available and the assessment of expenditure differentials reflects a judgment of the measure of relative disability rather than a measurement of absolute amounts. (See paragraphs 3.33 to 3.38).

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THE EXPENDITURE DIFFERENTIAL

3.33 In the First Report it was stated that in theory, it would be possible to cal­ culate directly, for each functional category of expenditure, a measure of a claimant’s additional cost of providing its population with services of the same average range and quality as those provided for the populations of the standard local governing bodies. This could be expressed as the product of the claimant authority’s population and

per capita expenditure in the standard authority adjusted for any cost disability experienced by the claimant authority in providing the particular service. Expressed in this way, it can be seen that a direct calculation of expenditure differentials would not require the use of a claimant authority’s own expenditure. It would, however, require

the application of a cost disability factor to standard per capita expenditures.

3.34 It was pointed out that in practice the Commission was not able to calculate expenditure differentials for the various functional categories of expenditure directly in this fashion, due primarily to a lack of reliable quantitative data on cost disability factors. For this reason the Commission was obliged to rely to a large extent on the exercise of its judgment in determining the expenditure components of the grants for individual local governing bodies. For this purpose, expenditures were aggregated under nine functions (based on expenditure classifications adopted by the Australian

Bureau of Statistics) as follows:

General public services; health and welfare services; sanitary and garbage services; other housing and community services; recreation and culture; roads; other economic services; debt service; and all other purposes.

For 1974-75, expenditure on education was considered separately from that of health and welfare, giving a total of ten functions. (For details of expenditure under these functions, see Appendix I).

3.35 In large measure, the difficulties in directly calculating the expenditure components are a consequence of the lack of precise quantitative information regard­ ing the disabilities experienced by the various local governing bodies. Although the Commission required local governing bodies to furnish details of expenditures for the

1973-74 financial year, it encountered considerable difficulty in arriving at a uniform distribution of expenditure on a functional basis, largely due to differences in practices as between local governing bodies in the treatment of various overhead and indirect costs. The expenditure components of the grants recommended in this Report there­

fore are again based on the evidence provided in written submissions and at public hearings, supported by a detailed examination of actual expenditures (including, where possible, a comparison of unit costs) and inspections of the respective local government areas.

3.36 The Commission is continuing to analyse the data collected over the past two years with a view to developing standard cost data and disability factors. It will be seeking information in 1975-76 on the financial transactions for 1974-75 on a basis designed to provide for a more uniform disaggregation of expenditure on a functional

basis and thus to facilitate the derivation of standard cost data and disability factors.

3.37 The Australian Treasury also referred to the apparent disregard of expenditure advantages that might accrue to local governing bodies in the provision of some functions. While noting the point, the Commission has experienced considerable difficulty in establishing what might be regarded as standard costs and is not yet able

to distinguish satisfactorily between relatively low levels of expenditure arising from cost advantages and relatively low levels due to other factors. There is, however, one situation which can be taken into account and that is in relation to non-performed

17

activities where the non-performance arises because there is no necessity for the activity. This may be best illustrated by the case of a rural shire encompassing a municipality (or separate town) which, in providing basic services for its own residents also makes such services available to residents of the shire and meets the cost of them. Where such situations could be identified, an arbitrary negative expenditure adjustment was made in respect of the shire and a positive adjustment made in respect of the

municipality.

3.38 The above is but one illustration of non-performed activities. The Commission is conscious of the fact that the non-performance of particular functions could also arise because of the lack of financial resources brought about by relatively low capacity to raise revenue and/or high costs of providing urgently needed services. In these circumstances, it seems clear that the assessment of the expenditure component of grants should take account of the special problems which local governing bodies identify in their submissions regarding recurrent expenditure, while recognising that, because of the number of bodies involved, it is necessary to make judgments about both the scale of assistance needed for purposes of expenditure equalisation and its distribution.

TERM OF GRANT

3.39 During the course of the 1974-75 Hearings, representatives of a number of local governing bodies submitted that the Commission consider recommending grants to cover a period of more than one financial year. The basis for their submissions was that it would enable local governing bodies to plan their expenditure programs more effectively over time and thus make more efficient use of resources. The Commission saw some merit in the proposal and invited the views of the various parties participat­ ing in the February 1975 General Hearing. At this Hearing, the consensus was that although such an innovation might be desirable in the longer run, it would be pre­ mature to introduce term grants at this stage of the Commission’s work in this field. The Commission has decided therefore to make recommendations for the year ahead only, but is prepared to review the matter at some future time.

CONDITIONS

3.40 For 1974-75, the Commission recommended that there be no conditions attached as to the expenditure of a grant received by a local governing body on the recommendation of the Grants Commission. The Government accepted this recom­ mendation and it has received the support of all interested parties.

3.41 The Commission also pointed out in its Report that the procedure adopted for calculating the revenue differential was ‘effort neutral’, that is to say that the level of a recommended grant would not be affected by a local governing body’s decision regarding the level of rates imposed (i.e. its ‘effort’ to raise revenue). However, it did not rule out the possibility of incorporating an effort component in the revenue formula at some time in the future, along the lines suggested by the Department of Urban and

Regional Development. This statement was strongly criticised by the Australian Treasury in its February 1975 submission on a number of grounds, but principally that the fundamental objective of special assistance was the equalisation of fiscal capacities of local governing bodies, not the equalisation of rates and expenditures which the Treasury implied would be the effect of an effort component. The Treasury also expressed the view that an effort component would be inconsistent with the intention of the legislation. The Department of Urban and Regional Development maintained the view expressed in their earlier submission that it may be desirable, at some time in the future, to review the effect of the effort neutral approach. All other parties at the February Hearing supported the effort neutral concept. While accepting

18

the Treasury’s first point, the Commission is unable to agree that an effort component would be inconsistent with the legislation or the intent of it. The equation for the revenue component allows for differences in capacity to raise revenue; an effort component, such as a local governing body’s own rate, could encourage a local

authority with a relatively low tax base to maximise the revenue component of its grant by rating at a level higher than the standard rate.

3.42 The Treasury also contended that a possible effect of an effort condition would be that wealthier communities would be more readily able to benefit from assistance available under conditions of fiscal discipline than would less affluent communities. They quoted from an article by the United States Advisory Commission

on Intergovernmental Relations which stated, inter alia:

‘A grant that is adjusted primarily for fiscal capacity attempts to aid the low capacity area, whereas one that is based on relative effort may often be helping the high capacity area. The reason is that the high capacity area is in a much better position to show relatively high effort in terms of the marginal utility of

the dollar. Thus grants based on effort indexes may well lead to making the rich richer and the poor poorer. Capacity adjustments would be expected to have the opposite effect’.

This statement has considerable emotive appeal, but is not correct in the context of the methods used by the Grants Commission, if we assume that the effort component would be a local governing body’s own tax rate substituted for the standard tax rate. A wealthy community, that is one with an above-standard capacity to raise revenue, would have a negative revenue component under the Commission’s formula which

would increase in amount as their tax rate (or effort) increased, thus reducing the amount of the grant, if indeed the community qualified for one in the first instance. Conversely, a poor community, that is one with a below-standard capacity to raise revenue, would have a positive revenue component under the Commission’s formula

which would increase in amount as their tax rate increased thus increasing the amount of the grant. Further, the size of the positive revenue component would be the greater, the poorer the community was in comparison to the standard, so that for any given increase in tax effort the poorer the community, the greater the benefit. It is relevant that a given increase in the tax rate would produce a relatively small increase in the

absolute amount of tax (rates) payable in a poor community; it may well be that if the increase in revenue (and the consequential increase in grant if an effort component was involved) was used to provide services which would otherwise be a direct cost to the individual, there could be a saving overall to the individual. The saving would be the

greater if the new expenditure was in an area which attracted government subsidies, such as many of the welfare areas. For the time being, however, the Commission does not see the need to depart from the effort neutral concept which is implicit in its basic formula.

OTHER GOVERNMENT GRANTS

3.43 In its First Report the Commission referred to the problem of the treatment of grants to local government bodies from other government sources. It suggested that one way of doing this might be to include expenditure from all government grants and subsidies, except those for roads but including debt charges assistance, in the standard

expenditure incurred under each functional grouping. The recommended grant for each authority would then be the total assessed grant less grants received from the Australian Government. State Government grants, other than for roads would not be deducted, thus avoiding the possibility that grants made on the recommendation of the

19

Commission might become a substitute for State Government assistance. The Com­ mission solicited comments on this as a possible course of action from interested parties and received widely divergent views on it at the February 1975 Hearings.

3.44 The Australian Treasury tentatively suggested that one course might be to net out of the Commission’s considerations some types of expenditure which attracted Australian Government grants, such as capital expenditure on aerodromes. For other areas the Treasury suggested two possible approaches:

(i) netting out of assistance from other levels of government on both the receipts and expenditure side, confining the assessment on the function concerned to expenditure from local governing bodies’ own resources; and (ii) leaving in assistance from other levels of government on both receipts and

expenditure sides.

With regard to (ii) it was suggested that only an amount equal to the above-standard level of assistance be netted out, not the total amount of assistance as suggested in the Commission’s proposal. For State government grants other than those for roads, the Treasury seems to agree with the approach suggested by the Commission but with some reservations about the incentive effect on State Governments. The Department of Urban and Regional Development rejected the ‘overriding’ approach suggested by the Treasury in (ii) above, and suggested that the Commission should:

‘make a choice, on a program-by-program basis, between: • the “modifying-out" approach • compromise approaches which only partly override the distribution which would emerge from the specific purpose program standing alone.’ The Department also suggested that the Commission withdraw completely from the consideration of expenditure disabilities although it recognised that this might not be a realistic alternative. For State Government grants, the Department stated a preference for the (modifying-out) approach.

3.45 The views of the States on this subject also varied. Tasmania, on the one hand, suggested that all sources of funds should be taken into account, including State and Australian Government grants, on both the revenue and expenditure side; the Australian Council of Local Government Associations on the other hand suggested

that all government grants—State and Australian—be disregarded (that is, modified out). Queensland and South Australia generally agreed with the Tasmanian approach but with some variations, whereas New South Wales and Western Australia held views similar to those of the Australian Council of Local Government Associations.

3.46 The complexity of this problem is evident from the wide-ranging proposals put to the Commission on how it might be resolved. The ‘overriding’ approach would in some sense act as a disincentive to specific purpose programs, a point made in a number of the submissions. But at the same time it would assist local governing bodies which are otherwise unable to participate in specific purpose programs, thus spreading the benefits of such programs more widely than might otherwise be possible. However, the ‘modifying-out’ approach would provide a double benefit to local governing bodies receiving government assistance, thus widening the gap between these bodies and those which have been unable to participate in specific programs for one reason or another. The complexity of the problem is exacerbated by the difficulties that the Commission has experienced in obtaining detailed information regarding grants to local governing bodies from Australian and some State Government sources.

3.47 For 1974-75 the Commission again has had to resort to a broad assessment of the situation. In the main, however, local government did not adduce evidence of

20

disabilities in the performance of functions where they had already received specific financial assistance from other government sources. The Commission will continue discussions with other agencies concerned with specific programs in an endeavour to arrive at an acceptable basis for treatment of grants made under such programs.

3.48 For the future, the Commission proposes to adopt the following method for dealing with other government assistance. With regard to revenue assistance, it proposes to take this into account when determining standards but to make no further explicit adjustments when assessing individual grants. This would mean that standards would be determined by including the total expenditure of councils on each function

in the calculations, inclusive of expenditure from grants from all sources (thereby ensuring that the benefits accruing to recipient councils of such grants are reflected in the standard), and not reducing the assessed total grants to recipient councils by any amount of assistance received from other sources. However, to the extent that assist­ ance from other sources alleviated disabilities, future assessments by the Commission would take this into account by having regard only to the residual level of disabilities, if any. Regarding assistance of a capital nature, the Commission has indicated that it proposes to disaggregate debt service costs on a functional basis. To the extent that

specific purpose capital assistance affected the level of debt service costs in relation to the performance of a function, then this would be recognised in the examination of expenditure on a functional basis. To this end, the Returns of Accounting and General Information for 1975-76 will require local governing bodies to identify the amounts

and purposes of all specific purpose government assistance.

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Chapter 4

The 1974-75 Inquiries 4.1 In this Chapter, the Commission summarises the procedures for the 1974-75 round of hearings and comments on the main considerations which underlie its recommendations for the financial year 1975-76.

4.2 As mentioned earlier in this report, the Commission conducted its hearings in each of the seventy-six regions determined by the Minister for Urban and Regional Development for this purpose. Regional spokesmen were afforded the opportunity to present evidence on the general nature of disabilities in the region as a whole and the councils of the respective local governing bodies were afforded the opportunity to supplement written submissions with oral evidence. In addition, the individual members of the Commission who were hearing the evidence undertook inspections in most of the local government areas as time permitted. Because of the number and size of the areas involved, the inspections were necessarily brief and somewhat superficial in some instances, but they did afford the members an opportunity to bring the broad per­ spective of local government activities into focus. They also afforded local government representatives and officers an opportunity to illustrate some of the disabilities that they claimed to have in the provision of services.

4.3 The second round of inquiries and the making of this report completes aperiod of nearly two years of intensive investigation into the responsibilities, financial practices and problems of the nearly eight hundred and ninety local governing bodies in the six States. During the course of these investigations, members of the Commission and their staff have travelled extensively through the States for hearings and inspections and have spoken formally and informally with some thousands of elected representa­ tives and officials of local government. The financial statements of the past four years of each local governing body have been examined in detail and the Commission has acquired additional statistical and accounting information from each participating body through its own returns.

4.4 The foregoing is an indication of the complexity of the task that the Commis­ sion has undertaken and a measure of the detailed knowledge that the Commission is accumulating about local government. By conducting inquiries in different States in the second year to those in which they carried out inquiries in the initial year, the Commission has ensured that there are few areas of which at least two of the Com­ missioners do not have a working knowledge or personal understanding. This is seen as an important step in these early years of the local government task when so much reliance has to be placed on the judgment of members, individually and collectively, in determining recommendations.

4.5 For 1974-75 the Commission is recommending grants totalling approximately $80 million for local governing bodies, payable in the 1975-76 financial year. Detailed recommendations are given in Chapter 5. The recommended grants again reflect in large measure the collective judgment of the Chairman and the four members of the Local Government Division of the evidence available to them from many sources, some of it of a confidential nature. Because of these factors it is not possible to meet the demands of representatives of local governing bodies and those of other interested

22

parties for details of the calculations underlying individual recommendations. How­ ever, given the number of submissions made (notwithstanding their variable quality) and the amount of evidence considered and having regard to its collective knowledge

and experience of local government matters, the Commission believes that it is well placed to make objective judgments on the relative fiscal capacities of local governing bodies on an equitable basis. The following paragraphs in this Chapter are designed to indicate the main factors which influenced the Commission in making its recom­ mendations.

SUBMISSIONS BY LOCAL GOVERNING BODIES

4.6 As mentioned in Chapter 2, a substantial number of the submissions were of little assistance to the Commission for the assessment of revenue-raising capacity and expenditure disabilities. This was disappointing in view of the guidelines contained in the First Report and further detailed in circulars to every regional organisation and local governing body. Many submissions were simply ‘shopping lists’—lists of projects which the councils would like to undertake, some amounting to many millions of dollars, without any attempt to indicate why they could not be financed from their

own resources or what cost disabilities they would encounter if the projects were implemented. There were, of course, a number of excellent submissions that concen­ trated on identifying and quantifying revenue-raising and expenditure disabilities; unfortunately the number was not great and the Commission had to attach a great deal of weight to the evidence from these bodies in assessing the claims of their neighbours.

4.7 The Commission wishes to stress that its recommendations depend heavily on the quality of the data and information available to it. It is impracticable, and in most cases impossible, for the Commission to carry out special investigations in order to establish a case for a grant to an individual local governing body. This particularly applies in the case of expenditure disabilities where the relevant cost data is only available in the body’s own records. Councils of local governing bodies should bear in mind that they have a responsibility to formulate their claims for financial assistance

and to support such claims with relevant evidence. Without such material evidence, the Commission’s assessments must, of necessity, be conservative.

SUBMISSIONS BY REGIONAL ORGANISATIONS

4.8 As indicated in paragraphs 3.8 to 3.12, the Commission is not aware of any approved regional organisation which meets the criteria that the Commission believes should apply before undertaking an assessment of an application by a regional organisation for financial assistance for the organisation, as distinct from financial assistance for its constituent local governing bodies. Applications for such assistance were received from fifteen regional organisations in 1974-75. Although the Com­ mission has not recommended any grants in respect of these applications, the con­

stituent bodies may, of course, make financial contributions to the respective regional organisations for the purposes for which applications were made.

VARIATIONS IN GRANTS

4.9 The total amount of the grants recommended in this Report represents an increase of forty-two per cent on that recommended for 1974-75. This increase does not apply uniformly to all local governing bodies, nor to the aggregate amounts for local governing bodies in each of the States. The main causes of the variation in increases are detailed below.

23

Change in Standards. As stated in paragraph 3.20, the Commission adopted the average revenue-raising capacity of the ‘top half’ of local governing bodies in each category as the standard for 1974-75. This compares with the average of all local governing bodies in each category used for 1973-74 and implies a higher standard than for

1973-74. This has been one of the factors in the reduction of the number of ‘nil’ grants recommended from seventy in 1973-74 to forty-one for 1974-75.

Change in Categories. The adoption of four categories for 1974-75 compared with six categories for 1973-74 (see paragraphs 3.21 to 3.25) meant that comparisons were made between different groups of local governing bodies. A consequence of this is that individual local governing bodies were compared against different standards in 1974-75 from those used for 1973-74. This change particularly affected the revenue equalisa­ tion components of the grants.

Transient Factors. Special factors affected the financial transactions of some local governing bodies in the year under consideration and have been taken into account where it could be demonstrated that they had a significant effect on a local governing body’s fiscal resources in that year. These include such factors as the economic status of the beef industry where the local government area involved is almost wholly depen­ dent on this industry (.w paragraph 3.29) and expenditure on natural disasters (floods and bushfires) where such expenditure was not reimbursed under government schemes of assistance. It should also be understood that not all disabilities are of a permanent nature and relativities will therefore tend to change over time. An illustration of this is the additional costs associated with rapid population growth in developing urban areas.

Improvements in Information. There are bound to be adjustments to relativities with the upgrading of financial and statistical data and the resolution of methodological problems, which may take some few years to accomplish. Also, adjustments will occur as the Commission gains a closer knowledge of the problems of individual local governing bodies through the material submitted, the hearings process and inspections. As pointed out elsewhere in this report, local government itself has a responsibility

to ensure that the Commission receives reliable financial and statistical information on which to base its assessments. The Commission looks forward to the continued co-operation of local government in meeting these requirements.

ΝΟΝ-RATEABLE PROPERTY

4.10 The exemption from rating of certain classes of property is, on the whole, uniformly treated in all States. The Commission has therefore continued the practice adopted in the first year of excluding the value of non-rateable property from the rate base in calculating the revenue components of the grants. The effect of this is to benefit those local governing bodies with an above-standard proportion of non-rateable property within their area. In addition, where it could be demonstrated that expendi­ ture disabilities stemmed from the presence of such property within an area, an appro­ priate expenditure allowance has been made.

DEBT SERVICE

4.11 The data available on the cost of servicing debt are still far from satisfactory, but it is clear that the net debt service commitment of local governing bodies is sub­ stantially less than the figures quoted in other statistics which include self-servicing debts of various kinds. Where an examination of the accounts has revealed that a local governing body has incurred heavy net expenditure on servicing debt and that this

24

could be related to special factors which indicate the existence of disabilities, an arbi­ trary allowance has been made. The Commission recognises that this is an unsatis­ factory situation and therefore will be asking local governing bodies to provide a break-up of debt service expenditure on a functional basis in the 1975-76 Returns. This should enable a more realistic analysis to be made of the relative impact of carry­ ing out the various functions as between local governing bodies and should assist in establishing whether differences arise because of disabilities.

CAPITAL CITIES

4.12 As indicated in paragraph 3.25, the Commission was unable to accept the contention that local governing bodies covering the central business districts of the capital cities be regarded as falling into a separate category and they were therefore included in Category 1. The Councils of these bodies claimed that they are unique in composition and, hence, in the types of services provided and in the costs associated

with them. However, they have failed to satisfactorily identify factors which are in fact unique to their areas. On the evidence presented so far, the Commission’s view, therefore, is that the central business districts are not different in essential character­ istics from other local government areas that provide services to people residing else­ where. The difference is largely one of degree and an examination of the claims for financial assistance of these bodies must take into account the greater capacity to raise

revenue, which arises because of the nature and value of property situated therein, as well as the relatively high cost of carrying out some functions. Nevertheless the Com­ mission is considering whether special arrangements might be made to hear evidence in relation to submissions by those local governing bodies which include the capital cities. The Commission’s attitude on this question will, in large measure, be deter­

mined by the nature of future submissions made by the capital cities.

4.13 The procedures used indicated that the City of Hobart (Tasmania) did not have a substantial advantage in raising revenue over other local governing bodies in its category in Tasmania and that the margin that did exist was not sufficient to offset the assessed expenditure disabilities. The City of Hobart is therefore included in the

recommendations for the receipt of a grant.

4.14 As stated in the First Report, the Commission recognises the special position of the City of Brisbane. The Brisbane City Council is unique in Australia as it is the only multi-functional local authority with a metropolitan-wide scope of responsibility and it is the largest metropolitan local authority in both area and population. In the metropolitan areas of other States, the Commission’s principle of equalisation has been expressed by recommending grants of varying amounts to some of the local authorities within these areas and by not recommending grants for other such local

authorities. This equalisation process is carried out in the Queensland metropolitan area by the Brisbane City Council itself. If a grant were not recommended for Brisbane, there would be a failure to recognise the uniqueness of this situation. The Commission therefore recommends a grant of $2.5 million for the Brisbane City Council based on the average per capita grant recommended for all the local authorities in the other metropolitan areas applied to the population of the City of Brisbane, excluding those residing in the central city zone. The reason for the exclusion of this zone is that no grants are being recommended for the local governing bodies in the central business areas of the capital cities in other States, except Tasmania.

PROPERTY VALUATIONS

4.15 The value of a property is the base from which local governing bodies raise their general revenue and was the parameter used in 1973-74 and again in 1974-75 for

25

estimating the revenue equalisation component of the recommended grants. It is important for comparative purposes that the value of property for each local governing area be assessed on the same basis and at the same date. However, there are wide variations in both the time of valuation of properties, within and between States, and in the method of valuation. Tasmania assesses property values on an annual value basis; New South Wales and Queensland use unimproved capital values and Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia use both net annual values and unimproved capital values for rating purposes. In addition, the dates for valuations used for rating purposes ranged from 1958 to 1973.

4.16 As mentioned earlier Qee paragraph 3.31), the Commission obtained total valuations for each local governing body, adjusted to a common date for each State, from the respective State Valuers-General. Where actual valuations at the common date were not available, estimates were made of changes in values since the last date of valuation. These figures (which were provided on a confidential basis) formed the basis for comparing the relative taxable capacities of each local governing body within each State and for assessing the revenue differential component of the grant.

4.17 For interstate comparisons, the task was complicated by the different bases used by Victoria and Tasmania. The Commission has been unable to find a satis­ factory relationship between net annual values and unimproved capital values and therefore direct comparisons between States of the taxable capacity of local governing bodies, as far as is measured by the value of rateable property, could not be made.

STATUTORY CONTRIBUTIONS

4.18 Local governing bodies in all States are required by State laws to make contributions (or precepts) towards certain government activities. The main contribu­ tions are for fire protection, various planning authorities and the control of noxious weeds and vermin. As these contributions are common to all States and because of the complexities involved in identifying their incidence, the Commission was unable to establish that any local governing body suffered a relative disability because of them. Where State laws require local governing bodies to make special contributions in addition to those with general application, the Commission's view is that this is a matter between the respective State and local governing bodies and that the added expenditure should not be regarded as a disability in assessing the recommended grant. This has particular relevance to the contributions that local governing bodies in South

Australia are required to make towards the cost of establishing and maintaining hospitals. The contribution has no counterpart in the other States.

4.19 South Australia criticised this aspect of the Commission’s methods in its submission at the February 1975 Hearings. It argued that contributions by local governing bodies in the State to hospitals should be offset against the lesser responsi­ bilities borne by local governing bodies in other areas which are assumed by the State

itself. However, the Commission is unable to accept this argument on two counts. First, there would be an incentive to a State to require local governing bodies to contribute to other expenditure normally met by State Governments and have the additional cost to local government offset by an increase in grants recommended by the Commission. Second, South Australia, as a claimant State, receives the benefit of the additional revenue raised in this manner and would continue to do so implicitly under the terms of its proposed withdrawal from claimancy.

POPULATION

4.20 The revenue components of the Commission's assessments of the grants recommended for payment in 1974-75 have been based on per capita comparisons of

26

revenue-raising capacity. Population figures were also largely used for assessment of expenditure disabilities. Such comparisons are inevitably affected by the number of persons counted in the population of a particular local government area, some of whom may have little or no impact on the revenue or expenditure of the local govern­

ing body. This includes people in company-owned and maintained mining towns, some groups of Aborigines in outback areas, and like groups. Other groups could also significantly affect population numbers in particular areas. These include inmates of corrective establishments and mental hospitals, students in boarding schools and tertiary education establishments, and service personnel living in defence establish­

ments. The evidence indicated that these kinds of establishments were charged for snaitary and garbage, use of recreational facilities and other specific services but generally did not make any payment for use of community facilities such as roads, parking areas, street lighting and parks and associated facilities.

4.21 The population in the few remaining company-owned mining towns is no longer regarded as significant when account is taken of the services available to them elsewhere than in the town itself. Likewise the number of tribal Aborigines is also considered to be of no real significance. The Commission has therefore not excluded

any population groups from the numbers used in its calculations.

4.22 The populations used are the estimates of population for local governing areas as at 30 June 1974, prepared by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

OTHER FACTORS

4.23 As indicated in paragraph 3.7, the estimation of expenditure disabilities was basically a matter of the judgment of the members of the Commission, guided by the evidence available to them from all sources. The following is a brief outline of factors taken into account other than those already mentioned in some detail. Local governing bodies were asked to provide evidence of any additional costs incurred because of these factors, such additional costs forming part of the expenditure component of the grant

where the evidence warranted.

Distance: from sources of supply where this added significantly to the cost of materials and/or stand-down time, and from administrative centres where this added to adminis­ tration costs through higher expenditure on telephone calls, postal charges, travel­ ling, etc.

Isolation: where this gave rise to the necessity for example, to provide over-award payments, longer holidays and holiday travel expenses, concessional rentals to em­ ployees, and subsidies in one form or another for medical and dental practitioners in order to attract people to work in isolated areas, often under rather extreme climatic

conditions; and where this resulted in high maintenance costs and factors, such as the necessity of providing air conditioning in homes and vehicles (particularly where such amenities are provided for employees of mining companies, government departments, and the like).

Terrain: where relatively high costs of providing services are incurred with drainage; from steep terrain and the presence of rock or other difficult material; the absence of suitable road-making materials; and other physical barriers such as creeks, rivers and mountains.

Sparsity: where comparatively high costs arise because of sparsity of population, par­ ticularly in large areas with relatively small and scattered populations. The Commis­ sion did not consider that a relatively small population by itself constituted a disability, especially where this was associated with local government units which have been the

27

subject of recommendations by State Commissions of Inquiry or similar Tribunals for consolidation into more viable economic units.

High Rates o f Growth: where it can be demonstrated that this imposes a requirement for the provision of local government services well above a normal level. In developing areas such services may have to be provided in advance of the main influx of popula­ tion, placing heavy demands on existing or ‘pioneer’ residents. Such problems may occur in rapidly developing outer urban areas, as well as in inner city areas subject to redevelopment and in other rapidly developing areas such as larger towns and pro­ vincial cities. In some cases, however, rapid population growth may simply reflect

a filling in of existing urban areas and, as such, does not necessarily constitute a disability.

Other Population Characteristics: where disabilities are experienced because of a high density of population (such as the need to provide for leisure activities by a better balance between residential areas and open space); demographic characteristics such as a high proportion of aged people, young families, migrant groups or indigent persons, which may impose additional health and welfare costs, or require expenditure on special library and recreational facilities.

28

Chapter 5

Recommendations

5.1 The Grants Commission recommends that:

(i) the amounts shown below against the name of each local governing body be paid to the States under Section 96 of the Constitution for payment to the respective local governing bodies as grants of financial assistance in accordance with applications referred to the Commission in 1974-75 under

the terms of Section 18 of the Grants Commission Act 1973-1975; and

(ii) there be no conditions attached as to the expenditure by the local governing bodies of the grants of financial assistance recommended for payment in 1975-76.

NEW SOUTH WALES

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 1: RICHMOND-TWEED 1,155,000

Ballina Municipal Council 46,000

Byron Shire Council 55,000

Casino Municipal Council 98,000

Gundurimba Shire Council 50,000

Kyogle Shire Council 145,000

Lismore City Council 204,000

Mullumbimby Municipal Council 19,000

Terania Shire Council 100,000

Tintenbar Shire Council 96,000

Tomki Shire Council 54,000

Tweed Shire Council 200,000

Woodburn Shire Council 88,000

Total Region 1 1,155,000

REGION 2: NEW ENGLAND 2,071,000

Armidale City Council 155,000

Ashford Shire Council 64,000

Barraba Shire Council 55,000

Bingara Shire Council 36,000

Boolooroo Shire Council 62,000

Boomi Shire Council 52,000

Cockburn Shire Council 68,000

Dumaresq Shire Council 20,000

Glen Innes Municipal Council 84,000

Gunnedah Municipal Council 88,000

Guyra Shire Council 100,000

Inverell Municipal Council 112,000

29

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

25.000 68.000 50,000 110,000 138.000 100.000

25.000 62.000 35.000 60.000 26,000 175,000

96.000 73.000 60.000 72.000 2.071.000

1.532.000

73.000 106,000 72.000 132.000

72.000 135.000

Coonamble Shire Council 92,000

Cudgegong Shire Council 72,000

Dubbo City Council 158,000

Gilgandra Shire Council 90,000

Mudgee Municipal Council 74,000

Narromine Municipal Council 40,000

Talbragar Shire Council 34,000

Timbrebongie Shire Council 66,000

Walgett Shire Council 136,000

Warren Shire Council 75,000

Wellington Shire Council 105,000

Total Region 3 1,532,000

REGION 4: FAR WEST 467,000

Broken Hill City Council 365,000

Central Darling Shire Council 102,000

Total Region 4 467,000

REGION 5: MURRAY 1,006,000

Albury City Council 220,000

Balranald Shire Council 65,000

Berrigan Shire Council 75,000

Conargo Shire Council Nil

Liverpool Plains Shire Council Macintyre Shire Council Manilla Shire Council Moree Municipal Council Namoi Shire Council Narrabri Municipal Council Nundle Shire Council

Peel Shire Council Quirindi Municipal Council Severn Shire Council Tamarang Shire Council Tam worth City Council Tenterfield Shire Council Uralla Shire Council Walcha Shire Council Yallaroi Shire Council

Total Region 2

REGION 3: ORANA

Bogan Shire Council Bourke Shire Council Brewarrina Shire Council Cobar Shire Council Coolah Shire Council Coonabarabran Shire Council

30

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Corowa Shire Council 50,000

Culcairn Shire Council Deniliquin Municipal Council Holbrook Shire Council Hume Shire Council

Jerilderie Shire Council Murray Shire Council Tumbarumba Shire Council Urana Shire Council

Wakool Shire Council Wentworth Shire Council Windouran Shire Council Total Region 5

43.000 112,000 20.000 25.000

50.000 30.000 50.000 38.000 78.000 150,000

Nil

1,006,000

REGION 6: RIVERINA 1,465,000

Carrathool Shire Council Coolamon Shire Council Cootamundra Shire Council Gundagai Shire Council

Hay Shire Council Illabo Shire Council Junee Municipal Council

Kyeamba Shire Council Leeton Shire Council Lockhart Shire Council Mitchell Shire Council

Murrumbidgee Shire Council Narraburra Shire Council Narrandera Shire Council Temora Municipal Council

Tumut Shire Council Wade Shire Council Wagga Wagga City Council Total Region 6

70.000 50.000 115.000 30.000

67.000 Nil 65.000 40.000 140.000

70.000 32.000 58.000 34.000 75.000 60.000 163.000 166.000 230,000 1,465,000

REGION 7: CENTRAL WEST 1,823,000

Abercrombie Shire Council Bathurst City Council Bland Shire Council Blaxland Shire Council

Boree Shire Council Canobolas Shire Council Condobolin Municipal Council Cowra Municipal Council

Forbes Municipal Council Goobang Shire Council Grenfell Municipal Council Jemalong Shire Council

Lachlan Shire Council

25.000 190.000 100.000 80.000

75.000 35.000 50.000 115.000 105.000 88.000

30.000 65.000 105.000

31

Lithgow City Council Lyndhurst Shire Council Molong Shire Council Oberon Shire Council Orange City Council Parkes Municipal Council Rylstone Shire Council Turon Shire Council Waugoola Shire Council Weddin Shire Council

Total Region 7

REGION 8: SOUTH EASTERN

Bega Municipal Council Bibbenluke Shire Council Bombala Municipal Council Boorowa Shire Council

Burrangong Shire Council Cooma Municipal Council Crookwell Shire Council Eurobodalla Shire Council Goodradigbee Shire Council Goulburn City Council Gunning Shire Council Harden Shire Council Imlay Shire Council Monaro Shire Council

Mulwaree Shire Council Mumbulla Shire Council Queanbeyan City Council Snowy River Shire Council Tallaganda Shire Council Yarrowlumla Shire Council Yass Municipal Council Young Municipal Council

Total Region 8

REGION 9: HUNTER

Denman Shire Council Dungog Shire Council Gloucester Shire Council Great Lakes Shire Council Greater Cessnock City Council Lake Macquarie Shire Council Maitland City Council Merriwa Shire Council Murrurundi Shire Council Muswellbrook Municipal Council Newcastle City Council

Region and Local Governing Body

32

160,000 80,000 35.000 100,000 190.000 100.000

70.000 25.000 Nil Nil 1.823.000

1.325.000

50.000 35.000 20.000 40.000 34.000 94.000 48.000 100,000

Nil

200,000 33.000 68.000 105.000

26,000 Nil 50.000 150.000

80.000 40.000 10.000 67.000 75.000 1,325'000

3,343,000

42.000 87.000 74.000 95.000 365.000 915.000

265.000 53.000 28.000 93,000

930.000

Recommended Grant ($)

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Patrick Plains Shire Council Port Stephens Shire Council Scone Shire Council Singleton Municipal Council

Total Region 9

65.000 190,000 64.000 77.000 3,343,000

REGION 10: GOSFORD-WYONG 550,000

Gosford Shire Council Wyong Shire Council Total Region 10

350.000 200.000 550,000

REGION 11: ILLAWARRA 1,764,000

Bowral Municipal Council Kiama Municipal Council Mittagong Shire Council Shellharbour Municipal Council

Shoalhaven Shire Council Wingecarribee Shire Council Wollongong City Council Total Region 11

30.000 57.000 57.000 250.000

310.000 60.000 1,000,000 1,764,000

REGION 12: SYDNEY CENTRAL 1,426,000

Leichhardt Municipal Council Marrickville Municipal Council Randwick Municipal Council South Sydney Municipal Council

Sydney City Council Waverley Municipal Council Woollahra Municipal Council Total Region 12

300.000 450.000 380.000 150.000

Nil

146.000 Nil

1,426,000

REGION 13: SYDNEY NORTHERN 1,415,000

Hornsby Shire Council Hunter’s Hill Municipal Council Ku-ring-gai Municipal Council Lane Cove Municipal Council

Manly Municipal Council Mosman Municipal Council North Sydney Municipal Council Ryde Municipal Council

Warringah Shire Council Willoughby Municipal Council Total Region 13

350.000 Nil 50.000 20.000 140.000

10,000 60,000 235.000 550.000

Nil

1,415,000

REGION 14: SYDNEY WESTERN 4,335,000

Auburn Municipal Council

33

200,000

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Baulkham Hills Shire Council 105,000

Blacktown Municipal Council Blue Mountains City Council Colo Shire Council Fairfield Municipal Council Holroyd Municipal Council Parramatta City Council Penrith City Council Windsor Municipal Council

Total Region 14

1.250.000 310.000 Nil 1,000,000

400.000 450.000 450.000 170.000 4.335.000

REGION 15: SYDNEY SOUTH WESTERN 1,005,000

Camden Municipal Council Campbelltown City Council Liverpool City Council Wollondilly Shire Council

Total Region 15

65.000 325.000 570.000 45.000 1,005,000

REGION 16: SYDNEY SOUTHERN 2,730,000

Bankstown Municipal Council Botany Municipal Council Canterbury Municipal Council Hurstville Municipal Council Kogarah Municipal Council

Rockdale Municipal Council Sutherland Shire Council Total Region 16

800,000 135.000 720.000 100.000 100,000 275.000 600.000 2,730,000

REGION 17: SYDNEY INNER WESTERN 361,000

Ashfield Municipal Council Burwood Municipal Council Concord Municipal Council Drummoyne Municipal Council

Strathfield Municipal Council Total Region 17

135.000 92.000 72.000 62.000

Nil

361,000

REGION 18: MID NORTH COAST 1,484,000

Bellingen Shire Council Coff’s Harbour Shire Council Copmanhurst Shire Council Grafton City Council Hastings Shire Council Kempsey Municipal Council

Maclean Shire Council Macleay Shire Council ' Manning Shire Council

100,000 188,000 50,000 200,000

140.000 138.000 116.000 120,000

75,000

34

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Nambucca Shire Council 132,000

Nymboida Shire Council 40,000

Port Macquarie Municipal Council Nil

Taree Municipal Council 85,000

Ulmarra Shire Council 65,000

Wingham Municipal Council 35,000

Total Region 18 1,484,000

TOTAL NEW SOUTH WALES $29,257,000

35

VICTORIA

REGION 1: BARWON

Bannockburn Shire Council Barrabool Shire Council Bellarine Shire Council Colac City Council Colac Shire Council Corio Shire Council Geelong City Council Geelong West City Council Leigh Shire Council Newtown City Council Otway Shire Council Queenscliffe Borough Council South Barwon City Council Winchelsea Shire Council

Total Region 1

REGION 2: SOUTH WESTERN

Belfast Shire Council Camperdown Town Council Dundas Shire Council Glenelg Shire Council Hamilton City Council Hampden Shire Council Heytesbury Shire Council Iioroit Borough Council Minhamite Shire Council Mortlake Shire Council Mount Rouse Shire Council Port Fairy Borough Council

Portland Shire Council Portland Town Council Wannon Shire Council Warrnambool City Council

Warrnambool Shire Council Total Region 2

REGION 3: CENTRAL HIGHLANDS

Ararat City Council Ararat Shire Council Avoca Shire Council

Ballaarat City Council Ballan Shire Council Ballarat Shire Council

Bungaree Shire Council Buninyong Shire Council

Region and Local Governing Body

1.163.000

22,000 Nil

145.000 82,000 70.000 250.000

125.000 90.000 17.000 45.000

83.000 12.000 167.000 55.000 1.163.000

997.000

20.000 35.000 33.000 60.000 95.000 75.000 140.000

14.000 30.000 25.000 15.000 26.000 63.000 96.000 45.000 155.000

70.000 997.000

1,025,000

100.000 72.000 45.000 260,000

20.000 160,000 40.000 73.000

Recommended Grant ($)

36

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Creswick Shire Council 45,000

Daylesford and Glenlyon Shire Council 60,000

Grenville Shire Council 30,000

Lexton Shire Council Nil

Ripon Shire Council 30,000

Sebastopol Borough Council 65,000

Talbot and Clunes Shire Council 25,000

Total Region 3 1,025,000

REGION 4: WIMMERA 702,000

Arapiles Shire Council 20,000

Birchip Shire Council 28,000

Dimboola Shire Council 67,000

Donald Shire Council 30,000

Dunmunkle Shire Council 55,000

Horsham City Council 117,000

Kaniva Shire Council 42,000

Karkarooc Shire Council 73,000

Kowree Shire Council 50,000

Lowan Shire Council 50,000

Stawell Shire Council 30,000

Stawell Town Council 75,000

Warracknabeal Shire Council 35,000

Wimmera Shire Council 30,000

Total Region 4 702,000

REGION 5: NORTHERN MALLEE 775,000

Kerang Borough Council 40,000

Kerang Shire Council 62,000

Mildura City Council 120,000

Mildura Shire Council 170,000

Swan Hill City Council 70,000

Swan Hill Shire Council 180,000

Walpeup Shire Council 65,000

Wycheproof Shire Council 68,000

Total Region 5 775,000

REGION 6: LODDON-CAMPASPE 1,358,000

Bendigo City Council 240,000

Bet Bet Shire Council 30,000

Castlemaine City Council 115,000

Charlton Shire Council 20,000

Cohuna Shire Council 55,000

Eaglehawk Borough Council 64,000

East Loddon Shire Council 30,000

Echuca City Council 75,000

Gordon Shire Council 45,000

37

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Huntly Shire Council Kara Kara Shire Council Korong Shire Council Kyneton Shire Council Mclvor Shire Council Maldon Shire Council Marong Shire Council Maryborough City Council Metcalfe Shire Council Newham and Woodend Shire Council Newstead Shire Council Pyalong Shire Council Rochester Shire Council Romsey Shire Council St Arnaud Town Council Strathfieldsaye Shire Council Tullaroop Shire Council

Total Region 6

27.000 Nil 68.000 75.000 17.000 25.000 80.000 85.000 20.000 30.000

17.000 Nil

123.000 20.000 40.000 45.000

12.000 1,358,000

REGION 7: GOULBURN 1,352,000

Alexandra Shire Council Benalla City Council Benalla Shire Council Broadford Shire Council Cobram Shire Council Deakin Shire Council Euroa Shire Council Goulburn Shire Council Kilmore Shire Council Kyabram Town Council Mansfield Shire Council Nathalia Shire Council Numurkah Shire Council Rodney Shire Council Seymour Shire Council Shepparton City Council Shepparton Shire Council Tungamah Shire Council Violet Town Shire Council Waranga Shire Council Yea Shire Council

Total Region 7

57.000 75.000 15.000 20.000 85.000 110,000

45.000 25.000 25.000 55.000 70.000 47.000

70.000 150.000 105.000 130.000 100.000

38.000 10.000 90.000 30.000 1,352,000

REGION 8: NORTH EASTERN 814,000

Beechworth United Shire Council Bright Shire Council Chiltern Shire Council Myrtleford Shire Council

66,000 70.000 Nil 63.000

38

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Oxley Shire Council Rutherglen Shire Council Tallangatta Shire Council Upper Murray Shire Council

Wangaratta City Council Wangaratta Shire Council Wodonga Rural City Council Yackandandah Shire Council Yarrawonga Shire Council

Total Region 8

70.000 40.000 75.000 50.000 120,000

10.000 155.000 40.000 55.000 814.000

REGION 9: EAST GIPPSLAND 634,000

Avon Shire Council Bairnsdale Shire Council Bairnsdale Town Council Maffra Shire Council Omeo Shire Council

Orbost Shire Council Rosedale Shire Council Sale City Council

Tambo Shire Council Total Region 9

47.000 52.000 90.000 80.000 46.000 110,000

Nil

124.000 85.000 634.000

REGION 10: CENTRAL GIPPSLAND 1,161,000

Alberton Shire Council Buln Buln Shire Council Korumburra Shire Council Mirboo Shire Council

Moe City Council Morwell Shire Council Narracan Shire Council South Gippsland Shire Council Traralgon City Council

Traralgon Shire Council Warragul Shire Council Woorayl Shire Council Total Region 10

90.000 95.000 105.000 25.000 176.000 175.000 125.000

65.000 135.000 Nil 80.000

90,000 1,161,000

REGION 11: CENTRAL 781,000

Collingwood City Council Fitzroy City Council Melbourne City Council Port Melbourne City Council

Prahran City Council Richmond City Council St Kilda City Council South Melbourne City Council

Total Region ! 1

140.000 185.000 Nil 36.000

165.000 120.000 135.000 Nil

781.000

39

Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 12: WESTERN 2,220,000

Altona City Council 185,000

Bacchus Marsh Shire Council 45,000

Essendon City Council 180,000

Footscray City Council 350,000

Keilor City Council 450,000

Melton Shire Council 90,000

Sunshine City Council 530,000

Werribee Shire Council 170,000

Williamstown City Council 220,000

Total Region 12 2,220,000

Region and Local Governing Body

REGION 13: NORTH WESTERN 1,175,000

Broadmeadows City Council 625,000

Brunswick City Council 185,000

Bulla Shire Council 60,000

Coburg City Council 280,000

Gisborne Shire Council 25,000

Total Region 13 1,175,000

REGION 14: NORTHERN 1,423,000

Diamond Valley Shire Council 255,000

Eltham Shire Council 146,000

Heidelberg City Council 285,000

Northcote City Council 300,000

Preston City Council 280,000

Whittlesea Shire Council 157,000

Total Region 14 1,423,000

REGION 15: INNER EASTERN 580,000

Box Hill City Council 160,000

Camberwell City Council 185,000

Doncaster and Templestowe City Council 235,000

Hawthorn City Council Nil

Kew City Council Nil

Total Region 15 580,000

REGION 16: OUTER EASTERN 1,832,000

Croydon City Council 200,000

Healesville Shire Council 85,000

Knox City Council 395,000

Lillydale Shire Council 265,000

Nunawading City Council 260,000

Ringwood City Council 162,000

Sherbrooke Shire Council 190,000

40

Upper Yarra Shire Council 65,000

Waverley City Council Total Region 16

210,000 1,832,000

REGION 17: INNER SOUTHERN 615,000

Brighton City Council Caulfield City Council Malvern City Council Moorabbin City Council Mordialloc City Council Oakleigh City Council Sandringham City Council

Total Region 17

Nil

165.000 Nil 60,000 112.000 205.000

73,000 615.000

REGION 18: WESTERN PORT 1,635,000

Bass Shire Council Berwick City Council Chelsea City Council Cranbourne Shire Council Dandenong City Council

Flinders Shire Council Frankston City Council Hastings Shire Council Mornington Shire Council

Pakenham Shire Council Phillip Island Shire Council Springvale City Council Wonthaggi Borough Council

Total Region 18

50.000 187.000 180.000 88.000 250.000

75.000 300.000 Nil 35.000

100.000 33.000 270,000 67.000 1,635,000

TOTAL VICTORIA $20,242,000

41

QUEENSLAND

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 1: MORETON 4,118,000

Albert Shire Council Beaudesert Shire Council Boonah Shire Council Brisbane City Council Caboolture Shire Council Esk Shire Council

Gatton Shire Council Gold Coast City Council Ipswich City Council Kilcoy Shire Council Laidley Shire Council Landsborough Shire Council Maroochy Shire Council Moreton Shire Council Pine Rivers Shire Council

Redcliffe City Council Redland Shire Council Total Region 1

250.000 65.000 55.000 2.500.000

95.000 45.000 72.000 Nil 450.000

Nil

62.000 30.000 Nil 64.000 244.000 136.000

50.000

4.118.000

REGION 2: WIDE BAY-BURNETT 1,594,000

Biggenden Shire Council Bundaberg City Council Burrum Shire Council Eidsvold Shire Council

Gayndah Shire Council Gooburrum Shire Council Gympie City Council Isis Shire Council Kilkivan Shire Council Kingaroy Shire Council Kolan Shire Council Maryborough City Council Miriam Vale Shire Council Monto Shire Council Mundubbera Shire Council Murgon Shire Council Nanango Shire Council Noosa Shire Council Perry Shire Council Tiaro Shire Council Widgee Shire Council Wondai Shire Council Woocoo Shire Council Woongarra Shire Council

Total Region 2

38.000 185.000 75.000 28.000

55.000 63.000 115.000 50.000

42.000 105.000 65.000 185.000

32.000 54.000 48.000 76.000 56.000 67.000

10.000 34.000 73.000 58.000

15.000 65.000 1,594,000

42

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 3: FITZROY 1,382,000

Banana Shire Council Bauhinia Shire Council Calliope Shire Council Duaringa Shire Council Emerald Shire Council

Fitzroy Shire Council Gladstone Town Council Jericho Shire Council Livingstone Shire Council

Mount Morgan Shire Council Peak Downs Shire Council Rockhampton City Council Total Region 3

165.000 45.000 104.000 100.000

128.000 65.000 150.000 50.000

112.000 68.000 20,000 375,000 1,382,000

REGION 4: MACKAY 623,000

Belyando Shire Council Broadsound Shire Council Mackay City Council Mirani Shire Council Nebo Shire Council Pioneer Shire Council Proserpine Shire Council

Sarina Shire Council Total Region 4

150.000 45.000 98.000 52.000

16.000 128.000 68,000 66,000 623,000

REGION 5: NORTHERN 947,000

Ayr Shire Council Bowen Shire Council Charters Towers City Council Dalrymple Shire Council

Hinchinbrook Shire Council Thuringowa Shire Council Townsville City Council Total Region 5

138.000 148.000 125.000 76.000

90.000 60.000 310.000 947.000

REGION 6: FAR NORTH 1,558,000

Atherton Shire Council Cairns City Council Cardwell Shire Council Cook Shire Council

Croydon Shire Council Douglas Shire Council Eacham Shire Council Etheridge Shire Council

Herberton Shire Council Johnstone Shire Council

112,000 285.000 65.000 100.000

22.000 66,000 73.000 82.000

87,000 182,000

43

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Mareeba Shire Council 220,000

Mulgrave Shire Council 204,000

Torres Shire Council 60,000

Total Region 6 1,558,000

REGION 7: NORTH WEST 855,000

Burke Shire Council Carpentaria Shire Council Cloncurry Shire Council Flinders Shire Council McKinlay Shire Council Mount Isa City Council Richmond Shire Council

Total Region 7

60,000 95.000 135.000 102.000

72.000 325.000 66.000 855.000

REGION 8: CENTRAL WEST 630,000

Aramac Shire Council Barcaldine Shire Council Barcoo Shire Council Blackall Shire Council Boulia Shire Council Diamantina Shire Council Ilfracombe Shire Council Isisford Shire Council Longreach Shire Council Tambo Shire Council Winton Shire Council

Total Region 8

62,000 64.000 30.000 80.000 48.000 30.000

18.000 34.000 136.000 38.000

90.000 630.000

REGION 9: SOUTH WEST 800,000

Balonne Shire Council Bendemere Shire Council Booringa Shire Council Bulloo Shire Council

Bungil Shire Council Murweh Shire Council Paroo Shire Council Quilpie Shire Council

Roma Town Council Warroo Shire Council Total Region 9

142,000 38.000 86.000 48.000

55.000 145.000 98.000 70.000

70.000 48.000 800,000

REGION 10: DARLING DOWNS

Allora Shire Council Cambooya Shire Council Chinchilla Shire Council

1,301,000

10,000 Nil

65,000

Allora Shire Council Cambooya Shire Council Chinchilla Shire Council

44

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Clifton Shire Council Nil

Crow’s Nest Shire Council 38,000

Dalby Town Council 85,000

Glengallan Shire Council 32,000

Goondiwindi Town Council 45,000

Inglewood Shire Council 86,000

Jondaryan Shire Council 46,000

Millmerran Shire Council 24,000

Murilla Shire Council 48,000

Pittsworth Shire Council 30,000

Rosalie Shire Council 38,000

Rosenthal Shire Council 22,000

Stanthorpe Shire Council 162,000

Tara Shire Council 46,000

Taroom Shire Council 58,000

Toowoomba City Council 250,000

Waggamba Shire Council 66,000

Wambo Shire Council 44,000

Warwick City Council 106,000

Total Region 10 1,301,000

TOTAL QUEENSLAND $13,808,000

45

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

REGION 1: NORTHERN METROPOLITAN

Elizabeth City Council Gawler Town Council Munno Para District Council Salisbury City Council Tea Tree Gully City Council

Total Region 1

REGION 2: WESTERN METROPOLITAN

Glenelg City Council Henley and Grange City Council Hindmarsh Town Council Port Adelaide City Council Thebarton Town Council West Torrens City Council Woodville City Council

Total Region 2

REGION 3: EASTERN METROPOLITAN

Adelaide City Council Burnside City Council Campbelltown City Council East Torrens District Council Enfield City Council

Kensington and Norwood City Council Mitcham City Council Payneham City Council Prospect City Council St Peters Town Council Stirling District Council Unley City Council Walkerville Town Council

Total Region 3

REGION 4: SOUTHERN METROPOLITAN

Brighton City Council Marion City Council Meadows District Council Noarlunga District Council Willunga District Council

Total Region 4

REGION 5: EYRE PENINSULA

Region and Local Governing Body

883.000

110.000 43,000 135.000 325.000 270.000 883.000

975.000

60,000 85.000 50.000 245.000

65.000 190.000 280.000 975.000

1.045.000

Nil Nil

170.000 45.000 295.000 30.000

135.000 80.000 80,000 45.000

50.000 115.000 Nil 1.045.000

720.000

90.000 290.000 80.000 260.000

Nil

720.000

471.000

49,000

Recommended Grant ($)

Cleve District Council

46

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Elliston District Council Franklin Harbour District Council Kimba District Council Le Hunte District Council Lincoln District Council Murat Bay District Council Port Lincoln City Council Streaky Bay District Council Tumby Bay District Council

Total Region 5

26,000 25.000 25.000

35.000 50.000 56.000 120,000 43.000 42.000 471,000

REGION 6: YORKE PENINSULA 205,000

Bute District Council Central Yorke Peninsula District Council Clinton District Council Kadina District Council

Kadina Town Council Minlaton District Council Moonta Town Council

Port Broughton District Council Port Wakefield District Council Wallaroo Town Council Warooka District Council

Yorketown District Council Total Region 6

8,000 25.000 8,000 17.000

15.000 22.000 13.000 12.000

13.000 22.000 24.000 26.000 205,000

REGION 7: NORTHERN SPENCER GULF 736,000

Carrieton District Council Crystal Brook District Council Georgetown District Council Gladstone District Council Hallett District Council Hawker District Council Jamestown District Council Jamestown Town Council

Kanyaka-Quorn District Council Laura District Council Orroroo District Council Peterborough District Council Peterborough Town Council

Pirie District Council Port Augusta City Council Port Germein District Council Port Pirie City Council

Redhill District Council Spalding District Council Whyalla City Council Wilmington District Council

Total Region 7

9,000 15.000 12.000 13.000 11.000 12,000 14.000 14.000 27.000

9.000 19.000 16.000 29.000

30.000 120,000 29.000 115.000

8.000 8,000 210.000 16.000

736,000

47

Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 8: MID NORTH

Angaston District Council Balaklava District Council Barossa District Council Blyth District Council Burra Burra District Council Clare District Council Eudunda District Council

Freeling District Council Kapunda District Council Mallala District Council Mudla Wirra District Council Owen District Council Riverton District Council Robertstown District Council Saddleworth and Auburn District Council Snowtown District Council Tanunda District Council Truro District Council

Total Region 8

REGION 9: SOUTHERN HILLS AND KANGAROO ISLAND

Dudley District Council Encounter Bay District Council Gumeracha District Council Kingscote District Council Mount Barker District Council Mount Pleasant District Council Onkaparinga District Council Port Elliot and Goolwa District Council Strathalbyn District Council Strathalbyn Town Council Victor Harbor Town Council Yankalilla District Council

Total Region 9

REGION 10: MURRAY LANDS

Barmera District Council Berri District Council Brown’s Well District Council Coonalpyn Downs District Council East Murray District Council Karoonda District Council Lameroo District Council Loxton District Council Mannum District Council Marne District Council Meningie District Council

Region and Local Governing Body

309,000

37.000 18.000 20,000 10,000 20,000 30.000

14.000 13.000 15.000 16.000 14.000 12.000 12,000 13.000 17.000 20.000

17.000 11.000 309.000

265.000

12,000 22,000 27.000 40.000 35.000

13.000 38.000 18.000 19.000

8,000 13.000 20.000 265.000

667.000

50.000 65.000 12.000 30.000

12.000 20,000 30.000 70.000 35.000

18.000 45,000

48

Mobilong District Council Morgan District Council Murray Bridge Town Council

Paringa District Council Peake District Council Pinaroo District Council Renmark Town Council

Sedan District Council Waikerie District Council Total Region 10

REGION 11: SOUTH EAST

Beachport District Council Lacepede District Council Lucindale District Council Millicent District Council

Mount Gambier City Council Mount Gambier District Council Naracoorte District Council Naracoorte Town Council

Penola District Council Port MacDonnell District Council Robe District Council Tantanoola District Council

Tatiara District Council Total Region 11

TOTAL SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Region and Local Governing Body

35.000 18.000 50.000 16.000

13.000 25.000 62.000

11,000 50.000 667.000

509.000

18.000 35.000 35.000 60.000

68,000 35.000 23.000 50.000 40.000

25.000 15.000 5,000 100.000 509,000

$6,785,000

Recommended Grant ($)

49

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

REGION 1: LOWER GREAT SOUTHERN

Albany Shire Council Albany Town Council Broomehill Shire Council Cranbrook Shire Council Denmark Shire Council Gnowangerup Shire Council Katanning Shire Council Kent Shire Council Kojonup Shire Council Plantagenet Shire Council

Ravensthorpe Shire Council Tambellup Shire Council Woodanilling Shire Council Total Region 1

REGION 2: SOUTH WEST

Augusta-Margaret River Shire Council Boyup Brook Shire Council Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire Council Bunbury Town Council Busselton Shire Council Capel Shire Council Collie Shire Council Dardanup Shire Council Donnybrook-Balingup Shire Council

Harvey Shire Council Manjimup Shire Council Nannup Shire Council Waroona Shire Council

Total Region 2

REGION 3: NORTH MIDLANDS

Carnamah Shire Council Chapman Valley Shire Council Geraldton Town Council Greenough Shire Council Irwin Shire Council

Mingenew Shire Council Morawa Shire Council Mullewa Shire Council Northampton Shire Council

Perenjori Shire Council Three Springs Shire Council Total Region 3

Region and Local Governing Body

527.000

60,000 120.000 7,000 23.000

35.000 70.000 50.000 27.000 35.000 50.000 30.000 13.000

7,000 527,000

Recommended Grant ($)

596.000

40.000 23.000 45.000 130.000 55.000 23.000 70.000 20.000 40.000 30.000 85.000 20.000 15,000 596,000

485.000

28,000 18,000 185.000 30.000

25.000 20.000 35.000 40.000 54.000 30.000 20.000 485,000

50

Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 4: GOLDFIELDS 690,000

Boulder Shire Council 150,000

Coolgardie Shire Council 95,000

Dundas Shire Council 45,000

Esperance Shire Council 110,000

Kalgoorlie Town Council 120,000

Laverton Shire Council 65,000

Leonora Shire Council 30,000

Menzies Shire Council 30,000

Wiluna Shire Council 45,000

Total Region 4 690,000

Region and Local Governing Body

REGION 5: GREAT EASTERN 243,000

Bruce Rock Shire Council 24,000

Keilerberrin Shire Council 20,000

Merredin Shire Council 50,000

Mount Marshall Shire Council 15,000

Mukinbudin Shire Council 20,000

Narembeen Shire Council 30,000

Nungarin Shire Council 10,000

Trayning Shire Council 10,000

Westonia Shire Council 14,000

Yilgarn Shire Council 50,000

Total Region 5 243,000

REGION 6: UPPER GREAT SOUTHERN 316,000

Boddington Shire Council 5,000

Brookton Shire Council 13,000

Corrigin Shire Council 22,000

Cuballing Shire Council 10,000

Dumbleyung Shire Council 17,000

Kondinin Shire Council 30,000

Kulin Shire Council 25,000

Lake Grace Shire Council 50,000

Narrogin Town Council 45,000

Narrogin Shire Council 5,000

Pingelly Shire Council 17,000

Wagin Shire Council 25,000

Wandering Shire Council 5,000

West Arthur Shire Council 18,000

Wickepin Shire Council 15,000

Williams Shire Council 14,000

Total Region 6 316,000

REGION 7: AVON 258,000

Beverley Shire Council 15,000

Cunderdin Shire Council 18,000

51

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Dowerin Shire Council 12,000

Goomalling Shire Council 15,000

Koorda Shire Council 20,000

Northam Town Council 60,000

Northam Shire Council 20,000

Quairading Shire Council 18,000

Tammin Shire Council 7,000

Toodyay Shire Council 15,000

Wongan-Ballidu Shire Council 25,000

Wyalkatcham Shire Council 10,000

York Shire Council 23,000

Total Region 7 258,000

REGION 8: PILBARA 665,000

East Pilbara Shire Council 150,000

Port Hedland Shire Council 175,000

Roebourne Shire Council 170,000

West Pilbara Shire Council 170,000

Total Region 8 665,000

REGION 9: KIMBERLEY 375,000

Broome Shire Council 70,000

Halls Creek Shire Council 75,000

West Kimberley Shire Council 130,000

Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire Council 100,000

Total Region 9 375,000

REGION 10: CENTRAL MIDLANDS 166,000

Chittering Shire Council 10,000

Coorow Shire Council 24,000

Dalwallinu Shire Council 35.000

Dandaragan Shire Council 25,000

Gingin Shire Council 15,000

Moora Shire Council 35,000

Victoria Plains Shire Council 22,000

Total Region 10 166,000

REGION 11: CENTRAL METROPOLITAN 825,000

Bassendean Shire Council 60,000

Bayswater Shire Council 170,000

Claremont Town Council Nil

Cottesloe Town Council 35,000

Mosman Park Town Council Nil

Nedlands City Council 30,000

Peppermint Grove Shire Council Nil

Perth City Council Nil

Stirling City Council 500,000

Subiaco City Council 30,000

Total Region 11 825,000

52

REGION 12: SOUTH METROPOLITAN

Belmont Shire Council Canning Town Council Cockburn Town Council East Fremantle Town Council

Fremantle City Council Kwinana Shire Council Mandurah Shire Council

Melville City Council Rockingham Shire Council South Perth City Council Total Region 12

REGION 13: OUTER METROPOLITAN

Armadale-Kelmscott Shire Council Gosnells Shire Council Kalamunda Shire Council Mundaring Shire Council

Serpentine-Jarrahdale Shire Council Swan Shire Council Wanneroo Shire Council Murray Shire Council

Total Region 13

REGION 14: GASCOYNE

Carnarvon Shire Council Exmouth Shire Council Shark Bay Shire Council Upper Gascoyne Shire Council

Total Region 14

REGION 15: MURCHISON

Cue Shire Council Meekatharra Shire Council Mount Magnet Shire Council Murchison Shire Council

Sandstone Shire Council Yalgoo Shire Council Total Region 15

TOTAL WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Region and Local Governing Body

1.170.000

140.000 240.000 140.000 30.000

145.000 85.000 35.000

180.000 65.000 110,000 1.170.000

821,000

110,000 145.000 130.000 80.000

16,000 150.000 160.000 30.000 821,000

247.000

120.000 60.000 35.000 32.000 247.000

140.000

15.000 50.000 20.000 20,000

15.000 20.000 140.000

$7,524,000

Recommended Grant ($)

53

TASMANIA

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

REGION 1: SOUTHERN 978,000

Bothwell Municipal Council 9,000

Brighton Municipal Council 28,000

Bruny Municipal Council 5,000

Clarence Municipal Council 262,000

Esperance Municipal Council 22,000

Glamorgan Municipal Council 11,000

Glenorchy City Council 200,000

Green Ponds Municipal Council 7,000

Hamilton Municipal Council 34,000

Hobart City Council 105,000

Huon Municipal Council 32,000

Kingborough Municipal Council 76,000

New Norfolk Municipal Council 66,000

Oatlands Municipal Council 13,000

Port Cygnet Municipal Council 15,000

Richmond Municipal Council 17,000

Sorell Municipal Council 50,000

Spring Bay Municipal Council 18,000

Tasman Municipal Council 8,000

Total Region 1 978,000

REGION 2: NORTH WESTERN 515,000

Burnie Municipal Council 100,000

Circular Head Municipal Council 80,000

Devonport Municipal Council 100,000

Kentish Municipal Council 30,000

King Island Municipal Council 32,000

Latrobe Municipal Council 28,000

Penguin Municipal Council 22,000

Ulverstone Municipal Council 63,000

Wynyard Municipal Council 60,000

Total Region 2 515,000

REGION 3: NORTHERN 651,000

Beaconsfield Municipal Council 70,000

Campbell Town Municipal Council 14,000

Deloraine Municipal Council 37,000

Evandale Municipal Council 13,000

Fingal Municipal Council 32,000

Flinders Municipal Council 17,000

George Town Municipal Council 42,000

Launceston City Council 138,000

Lilydale Municipal Council 64,000

Longford Municipal Council 23,000

Portland Municipal Council 16,000

54

Region and Local Governing Body Recommended Grant ($)

Ringarooma Municipal Council 30,000

Ross Municipal Council 5,000

St Leonards Municipal Council 94,000

Scottsdale Municipal Council 26,000

Westbury Municipal Council 30,000

Total Region 3 651,000

REGION 4: WEST COAST 148,000

Gormanston Municipal Council 5,000

Queenstown Municipal Council 63,000

Strahan Municipal Council 5,000

Waratah Municipal Council 20,000

Zeehan Municipal Council 55,000

Total Region 4 148,000

TOTAL TASMANIA $2,292,000

TOTAL AMOUNT OF GRANTS RECOMMENDED FOR PAYMENT IN 1975-76 ................................................ $79,908,000

55

Chapter 6

The On-Going Task

6.1 With the completion of the second round of inquiries and this Report, it may be an appropriate time to take stock of what has been accomplished over the period of the Commission’s involvement with local government of just under two years. A great deal of data has been collected and analysed. A considerable number of sub­ missions have been made by people from diverse situations spanning the length and

breadth of Australia, from the distant outback of Western Australia to the crowded metropolitan centres of the eastern States. In every instance the people concerned have had the opportunity to talk about their submissions with members of the Commission and in most cases have been able to show the members some of the difficulties they face in their respective areas.

6.2 A great deal of progress has been made in understanding the fiscal practices of local government and a deep appreciation gained of its problems. We believe that local governing bodies have learnt a lot about themselves and their neighbours and this has helped to generate an interest in resolving problems that extend beyond boundaries. But much more needs to be done. For the Commission’s part, a considerable effort must be made to solve the problems of data acquisition and management and more detailed knowledge gained of the cost structures of local government services in various areas. We believe that local government needs to critically re-appraise its position in relation to its structure (particularly in relation to the question of changes to boundaries) which in many cases is unnecessarily adding to the burden of rate­ payers. We also believe that local government should have greater freedom to deter­ mine the distribution of the rate burden than it enjoys in some States due to restrictions as to the bases on which rates may be imposed and limitations as to type and amount of rates. Local government generally has benefited from many new programs introduced by the Australian Government, particularly in the provision of capital funds such as for recreational facilities (stadia, swimming pools, etc.), health and

welfare facilities and tourist facilities. These have filled a long-felt want in many areas that would otherwise not have been able to provide them from their own resources for some time. However the programs have added to the recurrent expenditures of the recipient local governing bodies, many of which have found some difficulty in meeting the increased outlays. Little consideration seems to have been given to this aspect.

6.3 The Parliament has approved amendments to the Grants Commission Act 1973 which will permit the appointment of a fifth full-time member for the Local Govern­ ment Division and it is expected that the new appointment will be made before the 1975-76 cycle commences. For 1975-76 therefore the Commission is hopeful that the task will be somewhat less demanding on members and staff and that people in local government will have more time to discuss and illustrate their difficulties with the respective members.

6.4 The Commission is planning to commence its hearings and inspections for 1975-76 around the beginning of October 1975 and to conclude the program about the end of March 1976, with the usual break during the December-January period. It is again planned to hold hearings in each region, but the procedures may differ somewhat

56

from those of previous years. Evidence will be taken under oath, as required by the Act, by a member or members of the Commission designated by the Chairman to constitute a Division of the Commission for this purpose.

6.5 The Commission will expect the councils of local governing bodies to support applications by the respective regional organisations with pertinent detail to assist the Commission in assessing the extent of any revenue-raising and expenditure disabilities that may be claimed to exist. Where the Commission is satisfied that the evidence it has

in respect of a local governing body’s case is adequate for an assessment to be made without the addition of further oral evidence, the representatives of that body will be given the option of attending or not attending the hearings to present further evidence. Where the disabilities claimed by a number of local governing bodies in an area are similar in nature and have similar financial effects it should be possible for any further oral evidence to be given by regional spokesmen, thus reducing the necessity for representatives of all local governing bodies to give evidence.

6.6 For Victoria, because of the later end to the accounting period in that State, it will be necessary to conduct inspections during the latter part of 1975 with oral evidence on submissions being taken during the first part of 1976.

6.7 The 1975-76 financial year is seen as a new phase in the Commission’s work during which it is hoped that sufficient progress will have been made with data manage­ ment and analysis to enable greater reliability to be placed on results derived from the application of the fiscal equalisation formula. It may therefore be appropriate to

restate in general terms the role of the Commission in respect of local government applications for financial assistance and the general principles and methods which it employs to discharge that role.

6.8 The Grants Commission Act 1973-75 requires the Commission to inquire into and report to the Special Minister of State upon applications referred to it by the Minister for financial assistance to local governing bodies made by regional organisa­ tions approved for this purpose by the Minister for Urban and Regional Development. The basis on which recommendations for financial assistance can be made is laid down

in section 6 of the Act. Simply expressed, it should be such as to allow a local governing body, or an approved regional organisation of local governing bodies, to function, by reasonable effort, at a standard not appreciably below the standard of other local governing bodies or regional organisations of local governing bodies. The Commission

is not concerned with applications for assistance for single purpose projects; nor is it concerned with recommending financial assistance to government and semi-govern­ ment bodies or other bodies established to provide economic services such as electricity, gas, water and sewerage.

6.9 The Commission is not directly concerned with the absolute standard of services generally being attained. For example, it was often stated that road standards are deteriorating in certain areas as a result of other Australian Government policies. In these circumstances it is not within the Commission’s competence to comment on

standards being set by such policies. Rather, the responsibility for initiating across-the- board improvements in standards rests with other programs of the Australian and State Governments. The Commission’s task is to move towards equalisation of fiscal resources so as to enable local governing bodies with fiscal incapacities to match the level of services currently available in better favoured areas. This will, of course, lead to an improvement in the standard of services currently available in less favoured areas.

6.10 The term ‘to function, by reasonable effort, at a standard not appreciably below the standard of other local governing bodies’ is described in shortened terms as

57

‘fiscal equalisation’; that is, the equalisation of the annual financial resources of local governing bodies. There are two parts to this process—the first is the equalisation of revenue resources or revenue-raising capacity, and the second the equalisation of costs of providing normal public services.

6.11 It might be helpful to elaborate a little on the term ‘by reasonable effort'. Effectively this means that the achievement of fiscal equalisation in absolute terms is a partnership effort between the Australian Government and each local governing body. The Australian Government grants can only attempt to make up for the shortfall of revenue that is a result of a local governing body having less capacity to raise revenue than the standard and assumes that the claimant local governing body will impose rates at the standard level. Any shortfall in revenue that accrues because a local governing body chooses to impose rates at a level less than the standard will not be made up by the grants recommended by the Commission. It follows that fiscal equalisation can only be realised if local government plays its part in making a ‘reasonable effort’ to raise revenue.

6.12 The Commission’s formula, which is described in the following paragraphs, is regarded as being ‘effort neutral’. This is so because it involves the use of a standard factor, the ‘reasonable effort’ or standard rate in the dollar, rather than the claimant local governing body’s own rate in the dollar. The result is therefore independent of the effort made (or level of rate struck) by a local governing body. As explained in Chapter 3 (see paragraph 3.42), and contrary to popular belief, an effort component in the formula (that is substituting the claimant local governing body’s own rate in the dollar for the standard rate in the dollar) will benefit the relatively poor local governing bodies and this benefit will be the greater the wider the gap is between a poor local governing body’s capacity to raise revenue and the standard capacity.

6.13 The equalisation of revenue-raising capacity requires the comparison of the revenue (or tax) base of the claimant local governing body with that of another body, the standard body. It is convenient to do this by using some unit of measurement; for the time being the unit of measurement adopted by the Commission is population. The revenue base taken to indicate the revenue-raising capacity of a local governing body is that which local government uses for rating purposes—the value of rateable property. The difference between the revenue bases of the standard and claimant

bodies per head of population is a measure of the difference in their capacities to raise revenue per head of population; this can be then converted to an actual amount by multiplying the figure so derived, firstly, by the standard rate in the dollar and, secondly, by the population of the claimant local governing body. In algebraic terms this may be expressed in the following manner:

R = Pc. t f f , — Tc) where R = revenue component of the grant (or revenue differential) Pc = population of the claimant local governing body

ts = the standard tax rate Ts = standard tax or revenue base per head of population Ts = claimant local governing body’s tax or revenue base per head of popula­ tion.

6.14 The equalisation of the revenue-raising capacities of local governing bodies should allow each local governing body to provide a standard range of service provided each rates at the standard level and provided that the costs of providing the standard range of services are the same for all local governing bodies. The latter condition is not often met and because of this a second component—expenditure equalisation— is added to the formula.

58

6.15 The expenditure equalisation component (or expenditure differential) is analogous to the revenue differential; it is simply the difference between the standard cost of providing the service and the cost which falls on the claimant authority because of factors not experienced in the standard situation, or ‘disabilities’ as they are known. This may be reduced to a simple term which is the standard cost of providing a service multiplied by a disability factor:

E = Es .g

where E = expenditure differential Es = standard expenditure g = disability factor. An expenditure differential is required to be calculated for each function normally performed by local government; for convenience of calculating expenditure differen­ tials, these functions have been aggregated into ten main groups (for details, see paragraph 3.34). The total of the ten expenditure differentials becomes the expenditure

component of the grant.

6.16 The sum of the revenue differential and the expenditure differentials calculated for a local governing body is the fiscal equalisation grant for that body. The calcula­ tion of each grant would be a simple matter if reliable data, compiled on a uniform basis, were available for each local governing body. From the foregoing Chapters of

this Report it will be obvious that this is not the case and the assessment of the grants has been very much an exercise of the judgment of members of the Commission.

59

Chapter 7

Ackn owledgments

7.1 In the course of its inquiries, members of the Commission travelled extensively throughout each State to conduct hearings and carry out inspections. This required the co-operation of very many people—regional secretaries, local government officers and elected representatives. In every instance this co-operation was willingly given and the Commission wishes to record its very sincere appreciation for the efforts of all concerned. The Commission also wishes to express its appreciation to councils and other organisations which made facilities available for the conduct of the hearings, often at some inconvenience to their own requirements.

7.2 The Commission again acknowledges the help and advice of the repre­ sentatives of the respective State departments concerned with this aspect of the Com­ mission’s work, and of the Australian Treasury, the Department of Urban and Regional Development, the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Public Service Board. The help and co-operation of the Australian Council of Local Govern­ ment Associations and respective State local government associations is also gratefully

acknowledged.

7.3 As mentioned earlier in this report, Sir Leslie Melville, K.B.E., retired as Chairman of the Commission at the end of September 1974. Sir Leslie Melville was appointed Chairman (then on a part-time basis) in 1966, following a short period as a member. He became the first full-time Chairman of the Commission when it began its inquiries into financial assistance for local government in 1973. He has had a long and distinguished career in public service spanning some forty years. The Commission records its deep appreciation of Sir Leslie’s outstanding contribution to the work of the

Commission, particularly during the difficult formative stages of its involvement in the task of inquiry into financial assistance for local government.

7.4 M r A. A. Glasson, who had been acting in the position of Secretary to the Commission since 1 March 1974 was appointed Secretary on 20 February 1975, following the appointment of Mr D. V. Moye as a full-time member of the Commission as from 1 January 1975. The Commission records its appreciation of his assistance as well as that of all members of the staff of the Local Government Finances Branch of

the Commission during the course of the year.

6 0

Appendix I

Local Government Statistics 1. This appendix presents selected financial statistics relating to broad groupings of local governing bodies derived, except where otherwise indicated, from the Return o f Accounting and Other Information solicited during 1974-75 from local governing

bodies in all States. Information drawn from this source relates to different accounting periods as follows: New South Wales Year ending 31 December 1973 Victoria Year ending 30 September 1974

All other States Year ending 30 June 1974.

2. The data are arranged in sixteen tables as follows: Table 1 Numbers of Local Governing Bodies as at 30 June 1975 Table 2 Revenue Funds of Local Governing Bodies 1973-74 Table 3 Distribution of Rateable Property 1973-74

Table 4 Rate Income and Rating 1973-74 Table 5 Expenditure: General Public Services 1973-74 Table 6 Expenditure: Education 1973-74 Table 7 Expenditure: Health and Welfare 1973-74

Table 8 Expenditure: Housing and Community Amenities, Sanitary and Garbage Services 1973-74 Table 9 Expenditure: Housing and Community Amenities, Other 1973-74 Table 10 Expenditure: Recreation and Culture 1973-74

Table 11 Expenditure: Economic Services, Road Transport 1973-74 Table 12 Expenditure: Economic Services, Other 1973-74 Table 13 Expenditure: Debt Charges 1973-74 Table 14 Total Expenditure 1973-74 Table 15 Distribution of Expenditure Classified by Purpose, Actual, 1973-74

Table 16 Distribution of Expenditure Classified by Purpose, Per Cent, 1973-74. 3 4 5

3. The purpose classification used above follows the purpose classification system used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics to classify the outlays of Public Authorities. The aggregations of local governing bodies are defined as follows: Metropolitan—those local governing bodies within the Metropolitan Statistical

Division in which areas of population density of at least 500 persons to the square mile predominate. Provincial cities and towns—non-metropolitan cities, towns and boroughs. All Other—all other local governing bodies.

4. Expenditure on Education, although still a very minor item, has now been shown separately.

5. While the procedures used to compile the tables have generally followed those used for the tables of the Commission’s First Report, there have been two significant changes in this Report. No attempt has been made to net current expenditure from grants on ordinary services from gross expenditures. In addition, the population

estimates of the Australian Bureau of Statistics have not been adjusted for populatipn clusters, not a direct responsibility of a local governing body, such as, some mining

61

settlements and aboriginal reserves. However, populations in unincorporated areas have again been excluded.

6. As a result of a special study in 1974-75, the Commission has confirmed that there is a very wide divergence of practice both within and between local governing bodies in all States regarding the treatment of overheads. On current indications, this divergence is so widespread that any interpretation of expenditure date by purpose grouping must be made with great caution. The Commission will request information from all local governing bodies in its 1975-76 Return o f Accounting and General Information which will allow this factor to be systematically controlled to produce more uniform statistics.

62

E X P E N D I T U R E : G E N E R A L P U B L IC S E R V IC E S 1 1973-74

Local

Governing Bodies

Metropolitan . .

Provincial Cities and Towns

All Other . . .

Total . . .

New

South Wales Victoria Queensland

$m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

42.96 14.69 35.60 13.59 12.26 13.05

17.13 15.13 5.83 14.24 5.17 10.92

23.79 34.51 15.33 25.53 11.99 21.61

83.88 17.67 56.76 15.64 29.42 14.95

South Australia

$m.

4.34

0.83

2.37

7.54

per cap. $

4.97

6.80

11.66

6.29

Western Australia Tasmania

$m. per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

4.42 5.78 1.70 11.38

0.50 6.35 0.78 9.58

2.52 10.24 1.64 9.76

7.44 6.83 4.12 10.33

1 Includes such item s as general ad m in istratio n an d fire prevention. N O T E : T his table should be read in co n ju n ctio n w ith th e explanatory notes given a t the fro n t o f this appendix.

Table 6

EXPENDITURE: EDUCATION1 1973-74

Local

Governing Bodies

New

South Wales Victoria Queensland

$m. per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

Metropolitan . . . . 0.20 0.07 1.80 0.69 0.01 0.01

Provincial Cities and Towns . . 0.06 0.05 0.18 0.44

All Other . . . . . 0.12 0.17 0.81 1.35 0.12 0.22

Total . . . . . 0.38 0.08 2.79 0.77 0.13 0.07

South Australia

Western Australia Tasmania

$m. per cap. $ $ m .

0.11

0.11

per cap. $

0.15

0.09

$m. per cap. $

1 Includes such item s as pre-school centres an d school bus services. N O T E : T his ta b le sh o u ld be read in c o n ju n ctio n w ith the explanatory notes given a t the fro n t o f this appendix.

E X P E N D I T U R E : H E A L T H A N D W E L F A R E 1 1973-74

Local

Governing Bodies

Metropolitan . .

Provincial Cities and Towns

All Other . . .

Total . . .

New

South Wales Victoria Queensland

$m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

8.72 2.98 12.32 4.70 1.47 1.56

1.79 1.58 1.95 4.76 1.31 2.77

2.12 3.07 2.33 3.88 1.13 2.04

12.63 2.66 16.60 4.57 3.91 1.99

South Western

Australia Australia

Tasmania

$ m .

per cap. $

$ m .

per cap. $

$m. per

cap. $

0.96

0.12

0.17

1.25

1.09

0.95

0.83

1.04

1.64

0.21

0.80

2.65

2.14

2.61

3.26

2.43

0.12

0.09

0.31

0.52

0.81

1.16

1.82

1.31

1 Includes such item s as h ealth a d m in istra tio n a n d w elfare services (in fa n t h e a lth centres, child m inding a n d elderly citizens’ centres). N O T E : T his table sh o u ld be read in c o n ju n ctio n w ith th e ex p lan ato ry notes given a t th e fro n t o f this appendix.

Table 8

EXPENDITURE: HOUSING AND COMMUNITY AMENITIES, SANITARY AND GARBAGE SERVICES1 1973-74

Local

Governing Bodies

New

South Wales Victoria Queensland

South Australia

$m. per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

Metropolitan . . . . 21.08 7.21 11.83 4.52 4.65 4.95 2.12 2.42

Provincial Cities and Towns . . 6.05 5.34 1.37 3.35 2.79 5.89 0.32 2.62

All Other . . . . . 2.46 3.57 1.52 2.53 2.06 3.71 0.27 1.32

Total . . . . . 29.59 6.23 14.72 4.06 9.50 4.83 2.71 2.26

Western Australia Tasmania

$m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

3.50 4.57 0.45 3.01

0.34 4.33 0.24 3.00

0.84 3.40 0.17 1.01

4.68 4.29 0.86 2.16

1 Includes such item s as san itary a n d garbage rem oval a n d disposal, tip o p eratin g expenses. N O T E : T his table sh o u ld be read in con ju n ctio n w ith th e ex p lan ato ry notes given at th e fro n t o f this appendix.

Table 9

E X P E N D I T U R E : H O U S I N G A N D C O M M U N I T Y A M E N I T I E S , O T H E R 1 1973-74

Local

Governing Bodies

Metropolitan . .

Provincial Cities and Towns

All Other . . .

Total . . .

New

South Wales

Victoria Queensland

$m. per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $ $m.

per cap. $

13.88 4.75 8.35 3.19 2.48 2.64

3.83 3.38 1.25 3.05 1.59 3.36

3.52 5.11 1.34 2.23 1.46 2.63

21.23 4.47 10.94 3.01 5.53 2.81

South Australia

$ m .

2.89

0.31

0.56

3.76

per cap. $

3.30

2.50

2.76

3.14

Western Australia

$m.

2.64

0.15

0.65

3.44

per cap. $

3.46

1.84

2.64

3.15

Tasmania

$m.

0.44

0.14

0.17

0.75

per cap. $

2.90

1.75

1.01

1.87

as - j

1 Includes such item s as tow n planning, u rb a n d rain ag e co n stru c tio n a n d m aintenance, housing an d stree t cleaning. N O T E : T his table should be read in co n ju n ctio n w ith th e explanatory notes given a t th e fro n t o f this appendix.

Table 10

EXPENDITURE: RECREATION AND CULTURE1 1973-74

Local

Governing Bodies

New

South Wales Victoria Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia Tasmania

Metropolitan . .

Provincial Cities and Towns

All Other . . .

Total . . .

$m.

33.19

11.79

5.96

50.94

per cap. $

$m.

11.35

10.41

8.64

10.73

24.95

5.42

5.35

35.72

per cap. $ $m.

9.53

13.24

8.91

9.84

4.52

3.64

2.95

11.11

per cap. $ $m.

4.81

7.69

5.32

5.65

5.75

1.10

1.31

8.16

pet- cap. $ $m .

6.59

8.96

6.41

6.81

8.27

0.90

2.35

11.52

per cap. $

10.81

11.34

9.56

10.57

$m.

0.87

1.14

0.82

2.83

per cap. $

5.85

14.06

4.85

7.09

1 Includes such item s as halls a n d com m unity centres, parks, gardens an d reserves, sw im m ing pools, beaches, libraries. N O T E : T his table should be re a d in co n ju n ctio n w ith th e explanatory no tes given a t th e fro n t o f th is appendix.

Debt All Total Service Other

$m. $m. $m.

18.95 37.26 223.36

8.96 16.24 93.27

8.06 19.12 126.66

25.80 27.39 207.04

3.68 4.17 33.82

4.42 9.39 85.05

9.02 21.79 68.48

5.86 8.58 38.66

9.83 24.32 87.10

6.32 4.42 41.65

0.49 0.96 6.59

0.82 3.44 20.04

6.33 11.01 53.42

0.96 2.06 7.23

4.58 7.71 34.29

2.34 1.76 9.44

1.21 1.83 7.69

1.06 1.60 11.27

118.69 203.05 1155.06

68.76 103.63 603.39

21.16 33.84 187.26

28.77 65.58 364.41

118.69 203.05 1155.06

Appendix II

Summary of Rating Provisions 1. In general, local governing bodies are empowered by statute to impose rates on rateable property to yield income which, with other regular sources of income, will be sufficient to meet general expenditure for the year ahead. Rate income provides on average about 54 per cent of local government general revenue but this varies from an average of 43 per cent in Western Australia to about 60 per cent in Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania {see Table 2, Appendix I). The percentages of rate income to general revenue for individual local governing bodies varies considerably more than the State averages.

2. The laws regarding local authority rating practices vary from State to State. The following is a brief summary of the main provisions for levying rates in force in 1973-74.

3. NEW SOUTH WALES (Local Government Act 1919, as amended). Rating based on unimproved capital value. Statutory minimum. The Act specifies a minimum general rate levy of 25 cents or such greater amount as the council may determine. The Act also provides for a mini­ mum amount of 10 cents or such greater amount as the council may determine in the case of each other rate.

Statutory maximum. With one exception, which has no general impact, there is no statutory maximum for any rates that can be levied in New South Wales. The exception is the rate that can be levied on mines.

Differential general rates. A council may levy a differential general rate within any defined area. The rate so levied applies in substitution for the general rate which would otherwise apply uniformly throughout the council’s area and may be higher or lower than the uniform general rate. The defined area must be a town, village, urban area or centre of population. A differential general rate may also be levied on all or part of the rural land in a council’s area, but this rate must be lower than the uniform general rate. These provisions are designed to confer flexibility on a council to reduce the impact of the general rate where considered warranted, such as in a local government area containing a mixture of rural and urban lands, in which case the council can levy a lower general rate on the land specified as rural in character than on the adjacent urban land. A council is not restricted in the expenditure of funds as a result of a decision to levy a differential general rate.

Special and local rates. A special rate may be made and levied for any purpose which can be undertaken lawfully by the council and must be imposed over the whole of the local government area (for example, a library special rate). A local rate may be levied on a defined area of benefit specified by the council to defray expenses of providing works or services of special benefit to the defined area (town improvement rates and local parking rates are examples). Municipalities and shires not within prescribed areas of statutory bodies created for the purpose, such as the Metropolitan Water, Sewerage and Drainage Board or the Hunter District Water Supply and Sewerage Board, may levy local rates (or make a charge) for water, sewerage and drainage services.

72

Loan rate. A loan rate may be levied on all rateable property to service loans raised by a council. Where the work or service provided from the proceeds of any loan is considered by the council to be of special benefit to part of the area only, a local loan rate may be levied to service that loan.

Mining rate. The general rate on a coal mine shall not exceed 7 cents in the dollar where the unimproved capital value is based on output. In the case of other mines (with the exception of shale mines) the general rate shall not exceed 1.25 cents in the dollar.

Service charges. A council may impose charges and fees where it provides a nightsoil and garbage removal service or where it provides any other service, product or commodity.

4. VICTORIA (Local Government Act 1958, as amended). The bases for rating are net annual value, unimproved capital value, or a combination of both. (Unim­ proved capital values are to be replaced by site values on 1 October 1975). Minimum general rate. Commencing 1973-74 councils may fix such minimum rate

as they determine.

Maximum general rate. As from 1973-74 there is no statutory maximum for general and extra rates which may be charged.

Farm rates. May be levied on farm land of not less than five acres in area used for primary production as defined in the Act. Property may be classified as farm land by council resolution and the rate levied may be at a lesser amount in the dollar than the general rate levied on all other rateable property except urban farm land.

Urban farm rates. May be levied on farm land, the value of which has been declared by the council’s valuer to have been materially increased by its proximity to land which has been or is being developed for residential, industrial, commercial or other urban purposes. The rate on such urban farm land is required to be a lesser amount in the

dollar than the general rate payable on all other rateable property. An additional pay­ ment must be made for the previous five years when the property ceases to be urban farm land.

Residential use rate. A residential use rate may apply where the unimproved capital value of land used solely for private residential purposes has been materially increased because it is suitable for some other permissible use. An additional payment is required

for the previous five years when the land ceases to be used as a site for a single house. A ‘residential use’ rate applies only where a council rates wholly or partly on the unimproved capital value system.

Differential general rate. Where a municipal district is subdivided into wards or ridings, the council may levy a general rate so that the amount in the dollar of the rate levied is greater in one or more particular wards or ridings than in the remainder of the municipal district. The whole of the extra moneys received must be expended in the ward or riding in which the extra money was raised.

Extra rates. A council may levy an extra rate whether a local government area is subdivided or not. In a subdivided authority, it may be for one or more of the wards or ridings. Separate accounts must be kept and the proceeds of the rate spent wholly on the purposes for which it was made and in the portion of the municipality upon which the rate was made.

Separate rate. These are levied where specified works are of special benefit to a par­ ticular portion of the municipality. Once the rate is levied it remains in force until the

73

work is completed. The rate in the dollar that may be levied for the different properties or areas may be varied from year to year during its term of operation.

Other Rates

Sanitary rate. In lieu of making a charge for the service provided, a council may make a sanitary rate to provide for the collection, removal and disposal of refuse, rubbish and nightsoil. This is made under the provisions of the Health Act, and must not exceed 4 cents in the dollar N.A.V. A minimum of $1 per rateable property may be fixed.

Water rate. Where a council is a water supply authority under the Local Govern­ ment Act, it may make a water rate, the provisions for which are, generally, similar to those for general rates.

Country Roads Act. A council may levy rates to repay to the Country Roads Board certain moneys referred to in section 35 of the Country Roads Act.

Drainage rates. The cost of works and undertakings carried out by a council under the Drainage Areas Act may be recouped by means of a rate.

Betterment rate. The Town and Country Planning Act 1961 gives a council power to levy a betterment rate for planning purposes.

Private streets. Under certain conditions a council may construct streets laid out on private subdivisions and charge the construction to the owners of the premises abutting such streets. The amount to be recovered from each owner is determined by the benefit to be derived by the owners, the frontage to the street usually being the basis of assess­ ment. The normal practice is that the council borrows by fixed term loan or by bank overdraft for the total cost of the works. Each owner is then required to pay the amount owing in full within one month of the commencement of the scheme or alter­ natively, by quarterly instalments, over 10, 15 or 21 years, with interest calculated on a reducing basis.

5. QUEENSLAND (Local Government Act 1936, as amended). Rating based on unimproved capital values.

Statutory minimum. Councils may charge a minimum general rate of up to $10 per annum or such lesser minimum amount per annum as it may from time to time determine.

Note: The Local Government Amendment Act 1975 removes the statutory minimum general rate levy of $10 as from 1 July 1975.

Statutory maximum. No maximum rate is specified.

Special rates. May be levied for a particular function specified by resolution of the authority and levied equally on all rateable value of land in an area or in one or more of its divisions.

Special loan rates. May be levied equally on the rateable value of land in the area or division of an area defined as the benefited area to defray the interest and redemption of loan liability incurred in the performance of a function for the area or division.

Separate rates. May be levied equally on the rateable value of all land within the benefited area defined by the local authority as benefiting from the particular function.

Separate loan rates. May be levied equally on the rateable value of all land within a defined area, either total or divisional, to defray interest and repayment of loan moneys for a separate function benefiting the defined area.

74

Water, sewerage and drainage rates. The local authority may levy a rate (or make a charge) to defray the cost of construction and operation of water, sewerage and agri­ cultural drainage services. The minimum sewerage rate is $2.

Note: The Local Government Amendment Act 1975 removes the provision for separate drainage rates as such. Divisional rating. When an area is divided, a local authority may levy equally a general rate on the rateable land within a division which varies from the general rate in other divisions.

Discount on rates payable. The local authority may allow to any person who pays the whole of the rates due within a period of thirty days a discount not exceeding 10 per cent of the rates due and a discount of up to half of the amount so allowed if the whole of the rates be paid after thirty but within sixty days of the due date.

Rural rate. Where the local authority is satisfied that land is not in demand for building sites or residential areas or for any purpose other than rural activities and is being reasonably used for primary production, it may levy a rural rate less in amount than the general or other rate. The Brisbane City Council is limited under the City o f

Brisbane Act to a rural rate which shall not exceed one half the rate made and levied on other rateable land.

Cleansing charges. A local authority may make and levy an annual cleansing charge on land in actual occupation on such basis or on such several bases as it may determine.

6. SOUTH AUSTRALIA (Local Government Act 1934, as amended). Rating based on land values (similar to unimproved capital values) and annual values.

Minimum rate in the dollar. For district councils, the minimum rate in the dollar is 5 cents on annual value or 0.625 cents on unimproved land value. Municipal councils are not restricted as to a minimum rate in the dollar.

Maximum rate. The maximum rate in the dollar which may be applied is as follows: Municipal Council District Council General Rate* General Rate*

Annual value 25 cents (30 cents) 20 cents (23 cents)

Land value 10 cents (12 cents) 10 cents (12 cents)

* Where a special or separate rate is levied, the maxima shown in brackets apply.

Special rate. May be levied for specific works requested by a majority of ratepayers in a particular area, and may be levied on property within the defined area benefiting from the works. Separate rates may be charged for effluent drainage schemes. Where a special or separate rate is declared, the moneys so raised may be used only for the

special purpose for which the rate was declared.

Differential rate. Councils can approve a differential rate in a ward or township for lighting, sanitary or other permanent work or undertaking.

Watering rate. Councils may levy a special watering rate to cover the cost of watering streets, payable in proportion to the lineal footage of property owned.

Urban farm land. Any parcel of land in a municipality which is more than 0.8 hectares in area and used wholly for farming may be specially rated. Special rates may not be more than a 50 per cent concession of rates payable on other property in the area (area may be defined according to zoning).

Minimum amount payable by way o f rates. Councils may levy a minimum amount, without limit, on each assessment.

75

7. WESTERN AUSTRALIA (Local Government Act I960, as amended). Rating based on unimproved capital values and net annual values.

Minimum rate. Councils may levy a minimum rate not exceeding $20 per assessment.

Maximum rate. Where a reticulated water service is provided the following maximum rates apply: unimproved value — 10 cents in the dollar; annual value — 35 cents in the dollar.

Where no reticulated water service is provided the maximum rates are: unimproved value — 6.25 cents in the dollar; annual value — 25 cents in the dollar.

Differential rate. May be applied to a ward or portion of a district, declared, for specified works or services and may be greater than general rate but the total of the two must not exceed the maximum laid down for general rates.

Supplementary rate. May be levied during a financial year to meet extraordinary circumstances.

Urban farm land. A person owning farm land within an urban area may request the council of the municipality within which it is situated to declare that it is urban farm land. A council may impose a general rate on such declared land at a lesser rate in the dollar than the general rate imposed for other land. If rateable property ceases to be urban farm land, the rates payable are the difference between the rates paid for the property as urban farm land for the last five years and the rates which would have been payable over the last five years had the property not been declared urban farm land.

Mining land. The owner of petroleum licences and iron ore leases may elect to have rates imposed as follows: $1 per acre for each first 100,000 acres, 75 cents for each of the second 100,000 acres, 50 cents for each of the third and fourth 100,000 and 25 cents for each acre in excess of 400,000 acres. Where the owner of such land has provided services, amenities and facilities usually provided by a council, not used for profit and are available for use by the whole community, he may apply to have his rates reduced.

8. TASMANIA. Local government authorities are governed by the Local Govern­ ment Act 1962 (as amended). However, the Cities of Hobart and Launceston are also governed by the Hobart Corporation Act 1963 (as amended), and the Launceston Corporation Act 1963 (as amended), respectively.

Local authorities may base rates on annual values, capital values or unimproved values or composite values derived from unimproved values and capital values. In practice, all authorities have adopted annual values as the basis for rating.

General provisions. Councils are required to levy a general rate and a special road rate and may levy other special rates and separate local rates. Certain councils may levy a consolidated rate.

Service charges. Where a council provides water, sewerage, regular cleansing or some other continuous service in respect of land, it may impose an annual charge in respect of the land.

Minimum rate. Where the total amount payable by way of general and other rates and charges in a financial year is less than two dollars, the amount payable is two dollars. The minimum road rate which may be imposed is 2.5 cents in the dollar.

76

Maximum rate. There is no maximum rate except for the City of Launceston where the maximum general rate which may be imposed is 27.5 cents in the dollar of annual value, the maximum sewerage rate is 8 cents and the maximum water rate, 6.25 cents.

Special rate. Councils may levy special rates, in addition to special road rates, for such purposes as health, cleansing, lighting roads, constructing, establishing, main­ taining and managing any municipal undertaking or work, etc.

Local rate. Councils may levy separate local rates in respect of all land within a defined portion of the municipality for the purpose of defraying the cost of any work or undertaking which provides that portion of the municipality with special advan­ tages. The maximum rate which may be imposed as a separate local rate is 7.5 cents

in the dollar of annual value.

Consolidated rate. A consolidated rate may be levied in place of general and special rates, but not separate local rates. The Cities of Hobart, Launceston and Glenorchy shall levy a consolidated rate unless they resolve otherwise; for other councils, a consolidated rate may be applied only by Order In Council.

EXEMPTIONS

9. Exemptions from liability to rating vary from State to State but the following classes of property are generally not rateable: Crown land and land leased by the Crown but not Crown land leased for private purposes, land used for religious, educational, hospital and charitable

purposes where such purposes are non-profit making.

10. Special exemptions may also apply; details of these are contained in the Local Government Acts of the respective States.

CONCESSIONS

11. The various State Local Government Acts also provide for concessions for rating purposes for owners of some classes of property. Details of these may be obtained from the relevant sections of the State Acts. The most significant concession generally applying is that in relation to property owned by pensioners, the main features of which are summarised below.

New South Wales. A rebate of up to 50 per cent—subject to specified maxima—of rates payable in respect of a pensioner’s principal place of abode is provided to recipients of social security benefits eligible to receive a pensioner medical service entitlement card and to special repatriation pensioners. The amount so rebated is

reimbursed to the council by the State Government. A council has the option of granting larger reductions in rates and in charges on overdue rates, including abandon­ ment, in accordance with the provisions of the Act; however, the State Government does not reimburse the council for these additional amounts. The Act also makes

provision for the partial postponement and/or abandonment of rates in respect of single dwelling situated on land zoned for industrial, commercial or high density development, and for relief from extra charges where the council is of opinion that a ratepayer was unable to pay the rates on the due date because of circumstances beyond

his control, or that payment of the extra charges would cause hardship.

Ratepayers may elect to pay rates by four equal instalments over a period of 7 months without penalty interest.

Victoria. Councils may rebate or defer part or whole of the rates payable by necessi­ tous persons or pensioners defined by the Municipalities Assistance Act 1973. This definition includes persons in receipt of a widow’s or special pension under the

77

Repatriation Act or the holder of a pensioner’s medical service entitlement card who receives the maximum social service pension.

Upon the application of such a pensioner, the council shall remit one-quarter of the general and/or extra rate payable by the pensioner. (This remission applied also to any sanitary or garbage charge). The State Treasurer is required to reimburse the council for the amount remitted.

Although the council may remit in excess of one-quarter of the rates and/or charges, this additional remission does not attract any government assistance. Where rates are deferred, the amount deferred remains a charge on the property. There is no govern­ ment assistance for rate deferment.

Queensland. Councils may remit rates payable by age, invalid and widow pensioners, persons incapacitated as a result of the 1939-45 War, widows of persons who died as a result of that war and certain other classes of necessitous persons.

South Australia. Any person in necessitous circumstances may apply for full or part remission of rates or deferment of rates. Deferred rates remain a charge on the property. The State Government has undertaken to reimburse councils for rates remitted to pensioners, up to a limit of 60 per cent of the rates payable with a maximum of $80 per assessment. A council may defer or remit the remaining amount payable.

Western Australia. Age pensioners, repatriation pensioners and wives or widows of such pensioners may have rates deferred. The amount deferred is payable upon the sale of the property or death of the owner. The Western Australian Government reimburses councils for the interest payable on such deferred rates, the interest rate being based on the current long-term bond rate.

Tasmania. Councils may remit up to 50 per cent of rates. Persons receiving pensions under the Social Services Act may apply for a remission to those councils which have adopted a policy of concession. From 1st July 1974, the State Government reimburses councils to the extent of half the rates and charges remitted to eligible pensioners.

78

TYPE OF COUNCIL1

12. New South Wales City Councils Municipal Councils Shire Councils

Victoria City Councils Town Councils Borough Councils

Shire Councils

Queensland City Councils Town Councils Shire Councils

South Australia City Councils Town Councils District Councils

Western Australia City Councils Town Councils Shire Councils

Tasmania City Councils Municipal Councils

23 63 134

65 6 7

133

15 4

112

24 15 97

7

12

119

3

46

220

211

131

136

138

49

Total 885

1 As at 30 June 1975. Discussions regarding boundary changes are taking place in most States and it is likely that the number of local governing bodies in the States concerned will alter during the forthcoming year.

79

Appendix III

Hearings and Meetings 1. Public hearings into applications by regional organisations for financial assistance for local governing bodies were conducted during the second half of 1974 and the first half of 1975. The locations and dates of the hearings for the respective regions and other details are as hereunder.

New South Wales

Commissioner: Mr W. J. Sheehan Region 5 Albury 26 November 1974

Deniliquin 28 November 1974

Region 6 Narrandera 3, 4 December 1974

Region 7 Parkes 18 November 1974

Bathurst (a) 21 November 1974

Region 8 Goulburn 10 March 1975

Cooma 12 March 1975

Bombala 13 March 1975

Bega 9 April 1975

Yass 10 April 1975

Region 9 Cessnock (a) 28, 29 January 1975

Region 10 Wyong 7 February 1975

Region 11 Wollongong 13 November 1974

Region 12 Randwick (a) 27 February 1975

Region 13 Hornsby 3 February 1975

Region 14 Blacktown 11, 12 February 1975

Region 15 Liverpool 3 March 1975

Region 16 Campsie 6 March 1975

Region 17 Ashfield (a) 25 February 1975

Commissioner.• Mr A. N. Walls Region 1 Lismore 24, 25 February 1975

Region 2 Inverell 15, 16 April 1975

Tamworth (b) 21, 22 April 1975

Region 3 Dubbo (b) 1, 2 April 1975

Region 4 Broken Hill 19 March 1975

Region 18 Coif’s Harbour 7, 8 April 1975

(a) The Commission comprised the Hon. Mr Justice R. Else-Mitchell (Chairman) and Mr W. J. Sheehan. (b) Mr W. J. Sheehan was also present.

Victoria

Commissioner: Mr D. V. Moye Region 1 Geelong 3, 4 December 1974

Region 2 Warrnambool 22, 23 April 1975

Region 3 Ballarat 10, 11 December 1974

8 0

Region 4 Horsham 17, 18 April 1975

Region 5 Mildura 14 April 1975

Region 6 Bendigo 3, 4, 5 March 1975

Region 7 Shepparton 24, 25, 26 February 1975

Region 8 Wodonga 3, 4 February 1975

Region 9 Bairnsdale 10 February 1975

Region 10 Moe 12 February 1975

Region 11 Prahran (c) 18 March 1975

Region 12 Altona 9 April 1975

Region 13 Broadmeadows 7 April 1975

Region 14 Greensborough 3 April 1975

Region 15 Doncaster 21 March 1975

Region 16 Knox 13 March 1975

Region 17 Caulfield (c) 19 March 1975

Region 18 Frankston 11 March 1975

(c) The Commission comprised the Hon. Mr Justice R. Else-Mitchell (Chairman) and Mr D. V. Moye.

Queensland

Commissioner: Mr A. N. Walls

Region 1 Brisbane (d) 3, 4, 5 March 1975

Region 2 Bundaberg 3 February 1975

Maryborough 5, 6 February 1975

Region 3 Rockhampton 26, 27 November 1974

Region 4 Mackay 29, 30 November 1974

Region 5 Townsville (d) 4 November 1974

Region 6 Cairns 18, 19 November 1974

Region 7 Mount Isa 13 November 1974

Region 8 Longreach 2, 3 December 1974

Region 9 Charleville 9, 10 December 1974

Region 10 Toowoomba 10, 11, 12 March 1975

(d) The Commission comprised the Hon. Mr Justice R. Else-Mitchell (Chairman ) and Mr A. N. Walls.

South Australia

Commissioner: Mr L. E. Whalan

Region 1 Unley (e) 13 November 1974

Region 2 Unley (e) 14 November 1974

Region 3 Adelaide 28, 29, 30 January 1975

Region 4 Marion 5 December 1974

Region 5 Port Lincoln 2, 3 December 1974

Region 6 Wallaroo 10, 11 February 1975

Region 7 Port Augusta 18, 19, 20 November 1974

Region 8 Clare 27, 28 November 1974

Region 9 Adelaide 3, 4 February 1975

Commissioner.4 Mr D. V. Moye Region 10 Berri 18 November 1974

Murray Bridge 21 November 1974

Region 11 Naracoorte 12, 13 November 1974

(e) The Commission comprised the Hon. Mr Justice R. Else-Mitchell (Chairman) and Mr L. E. Whalan.

8 1

Western Australia

Commissioner: Mr L. E. Whalan

Region 1 Albany 4, 5 March 1975

Region 2 Bunbury 31 October, 1 November 1974

Region 3 Geraldton 10, 11 March 1975

Region 4 Boulder 14, 15 April 1975

Region 5 Merredin 7, 8 April 1975

Region 6 Narrogin 25, 26, 27 February 1975

Region 7 Northam 2, 3 April 1975

Region 8 Port Hedland 17 October 1974

Region 9 Derby 15 October 1974

Region 10 Moora 17 March 1975

Region 11 Perth (f) 21, 22 October 1974

Region 12 Perth (f) 23, 24 October 1974

Region 13 Perth 28 October 1974

Region 14 Carnarvon 5 November 1974

Region 15 Cue 21 April 1975

(f) The Commission comprised the Hon. Mr Justice R. Else-Mitchell (Chairman) and Mr L. E. Whalan.

Tasmania

Commissioner: Mr W. J. Sheehan

Region 1 Hobart

Region 2 Devonport

Region 3 Launceston

Region 4 Zeehan

5, 6 November 1974 18 March 1975 29, 30 October 1974

20 March 1975

2. In order to afford the Treasurer, the Minister for Urban and Regional Develop­ ment, the respective State Ministers and the Australian Council of Local Government Associations an opportunity to comment on matters raised in the Commission’s First Report and on applications by the regional organisations, the supporting submissions of the individual local governing bodies and to raise any other relevant matters, the Commission held a public hearing in Canberra on 20-21 February, 1975. (The Austra­ lian and State Government Ministers were represented at these Hearings by officers from their respective departments). Details of attendances at the February 1975 Hearings follow.

Hearings, Canberra, 20-21 February 1975

Members — The Hon. Mr Justice R. Else-Mitchell (Chairman) Mr W. R. Lane, Member* Professor R. L. Mathews, Member* Mr D. V. Moye, Member Mr W. J. Sheehan, Member Mr A. N. Walls, Member Mr L. E. Whalan, Member * Not present at proceedings on 21 February.

Australian Treasury—Mr B. Macdonald, Acting Assistant Secretary; Mr P. J. Emery, Assistant Secretary.

8 2

Department o f Urban and Regional Development—Mr W. P. Butler, First Assistant Secretary; Dr M. S. Keating, First Assistant Secretary.

New South Wales—Mr S. J. Johnson, Assistant Under-Secretary, Department of Local Government; Mr A. Flenderson, Chief Inspector, Department of Local Government.

Victoria—Mr E. R. Inglis, Secretary, Department of Local Government.

Queensland—Mr J. Leech, Deputy Under-Treasurer; Mr N. Macpherson, Deputy Director of Local Government.

South Australia—Mr K. C. Belchamber, Deputy Director, Development Division, Ministry of Development and Mines; Mr J. T. Hill, Finance Officer, Treasury Department.

Western Australia—-Mr R. C. Paust, Secretary, Department of Local Government; Mr. P. J. Farrell, Chief Research Officer.

Tasmania—Mr P. H. Goddard, Senior Research Officer, Tasmanian Treasury; Mr R. S. Sulikowski, Assistant Research Officer, Tasmanian Treasury.

Australian Council o f Local Government Associations—Cr C. N. Yabsley, President; Mr N. T. G. Miles, Secretary.

3. The Local Government Division of the Commission met formally on twenty- three days during the period 10 August 1974 to 30 June 1975 for discussions on matters relevant to the Commission’s local government role. Mr W. R. Lane and Professor R. L. Mathews also attended a number of the meetings where matters of general principle were discussed.

83

Appendix IV

List of Witness NEW SOUTH WALES

REGION 1—RICHMON D-TWEED

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Yabsley, Charles Napier, President, Woodburn Shire Council. Stevens, Byron Clement, Town Clerk, Lismore City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BALLINA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Felsch, John Burns, Alderman. Faulks, Gary John, Town Clerk. Woods, Frederick Joseph, Municipal Engineer.

BYRON SHIRE COUNCIL Mortimer, Stanley Harry, Councillor. Nixon, James Stewart, Shire Clerk.

CASINO MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Lane, John Charles David, Mayor. Bailey, Raymond, Town Clerk. Halstead, Kenneth John, Municipal Engineer.

GUNDURIMBA SHIRE COUNCIL McKenzie, Robert Clive, President. Wotherspoon, Inglis Haigh, Shire Clerk.

Smith, Richard John, Shire Engineer.

KYOGLE SHIRE COUNCIL Petrochilos, Panagiotis Emanuel, President. Pollard, John James, Councillor. Phillips, Francis Haig, Shire Clerk. Western, Jan Peter Bert, Shire Engineer. Bell, James Robert, Assistant Shire Clerk.

LISMORE CITY COUNCIL Blair, William Gordon, Mayor. Stevens, Byron Clement, Town Clerk. Lancaster, Frank Walker, City Engineer.

Donaghy, James John, Accountant.

MULLUMBIMBY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL James, Williams Henry, Mayor. Bourne, Leonard John, Town Clerk. Sheldon, Arthur Edward, Deputy Town Clerk.

84

TERANIA SHIRE COUNCIL Wilkes, Clifton Herbert, President. Kirby, Cecil William Robert, Shire Clerk.

TINTENBAR SHIRE COUNCIL Ellis, Graham James, Deputy President. Arrowsmith, Kenneth Tosach, Shire Clerk. Thorpe, Peter Lindsay, Shire Engineer.

Pearse, George Lawrence, Deputy Shire Clerk.

TOMKI SHIRE COUNCIL Strong, George William Gawler, President. Miller, David John, Shire Clerk. Willis, James Goodwin, Shire Engineer.

TWEED SHIRE COUNCIL Hall, Clarence Henser, President. Renehan, William Gamonn, Shire Clerk.

WOODBURN SHIRE COUNCIL Yabsley, Charles Napier, President. Blanch, Kerry Maxwell, Shire Clerk.

REGION 2—NEW ENGLAND

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Byrnes, Brian Vincent, President, Manilla Shire Council. Whitfield, Ralph Arthur, President, Bingara Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ARMIDALE CITY COUNCIL Poggioli, Peter, Mayor. Fades, John Watson, Deputy Mayor.

Browne, Robert Alan George, Town Clerk. Hegarty, David William Gould, City Engineer.

ASHFORD SHIRE COUNCIL Long, Merrick, President. Nicholls, Alfred William, Shire Clerk. Johnson, Robert, Shire Engineer.

BARRABA SHIRE COUNCIL McDouall, Rawden Townshend, President. Kellett, Graham Geoffrey, Shire Clerk. Horniman, Peter Munro, Shire Engineer.

BINGARA SHIRE COUNCIL Whitfield, Ralph Arthur, President. Barnes, Terrence Stanley, Shire Clerk. MacDonald, Colin David, Shire Engineer.

BOOLOOROO SHIRE COUNCIL Matchett, John Frederick, President. Sindel, Albert George, Acting Shire Clerk. Howard, William Alfred, Shire Engineer.

85

ΒΟΟΜΙ SHIRE COUNCIL Chapman, Darcy Roland, Shire Clerk. Nugent, James Brendon, Shire Engineer.

COCKBURN SHIRE COUNCIL Reid, George William, President. Murphy, Steven Charles, Shire Clerk.

O’Connor, John Bolton, Shire Engineer.

DUMARESQ SHIRE COUNCIL Diamond, Ronald Keith, President. Kelly, Hugh Walter, Shire Clerk. Layton, Thomas Martin, Shire Engineer.

GLEN INNES MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Priest, George Jamieson, Mayor. Page, John Albert, Municipal Engineer. Graydon, Duguild Lloyd, Deputy Town Clerk.

GUNNEDAH MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Clegg, William Ronald, Mayor. Trevallion, Alexander Martin, Town Clerk. Green, Rodney Hunter, Municipal Engineer.

GUYRA SHIRE COUNCIL White, Graham Harold, Deputy President. Worgan, Arthur Vallie, Shire Clerk.

INVERELL MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Miles, Donald, Mayor. Bensley, Robert Leslie, Alderman. Brissett, Arthur James, Alderman. Partridge, Reginald Aubrey, Town Clerk. Pitkin, Bruce John, Municipal Engineer.

LIVERPOOL PLAINS SHIRE COUNCIL Gunning, Bertie Bryce, President. Pople, Donald Joseph, Shire Clerk. Linklater, John, Shire Engineer.

MACINTYRE SHIRE COUNCIL Newnham, John, President. Leach, Gregory, Shire Engineer. Howard, Robert, Deputy Shire Clerk.

MANILLA SHIRE COUNCIL Byrnes, Brian Vincent, President. Magann, John Lawrence, Shire Clerk. Hayman, Lawrence Neville, Shire Engineer.

MOREE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL James, Perry Colin, Mayor. Bracegirdle, Kenneth, Deputy Town Clerk.

NAMOI SHIRE COUNCIL Palmer, Ronald Hubert, President. Smith, Robert Henry, Shire Clerk. Madern, Spencer Adnum, Shire Engineer.

86

NARRABRI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Miller, Victor Albert, Mayor. Gett, Clarence William, Alderman. Haley, Norman Edward, Town Clerk.

Bickford, Ronald Geoffrey, Municipal Engineer. Robertson, James, Health Surveyor.

NUNDLE SHIRE COUNCIL Burr, Robert Joseph, President. Wotton, Colin Ross, Shire Clerk.

PEEL SHIRE COUNCIL Lye, Bernard Charles, President. Duncan, Wallace Nicholson, Shire Clerk. Marsh, Roderick McLeod, Shire Engineer.

QUIRINDI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Taylor, James Muir, Mayor. Coote, Peter, Town Clerk.

SEVERN SHIRE COUNCIL Thomas, Geoffrey Dawson, President. Tucker, Bruce Tremaine, Shire Clerk. Harvey, Peter, Shire Engineer.

TAMARANG SHIRE COUNCIL Golland, Harold George, President. Keys, Joseph, Councillor. McNamara, William Albert, Shire Clerk. Weatherley, Douglas Alfred, Shire Engineer.

TAMWORTH CITY COUNCIL McKellar, Norman Lang, Mayor. Walsh, Raymond Austin, Alderman. Keys, Malcolm Edward, Town Clerk. Gonsalves, Ronald Joseph, City Engineer.

TENTERF1ELD SHIRE COUNCIL Hamilton, Jack Hollibone, President. Mugridge, Geoffrey Hugh, Shire Clerk. Landers, Terence Mathew, Administrative Officer.

URALLA SHIRE COUNCIL Pearson, Alan Tnnes, President. Handley, Lindsay Frank, Shire Clerk. Bowman, Frederick Ernest, Shire Engineer.

WALCHA SHIRE COUNCIL Barnet, Evan Hollinworth MacDonald, President. Stitt, Robert James, Shire Clerk. Ryan, Michael Patrick, Shire Engineer.

YALLAROI SHIRE COUNCIL Coulton, Jack Maclean, Deputy President. Thorley, Neville Patrick, Shire Clerk. Trevallion, Ronald Alexander, Shire Engineer.

87

REGION 3—ORANA

Spokesmen fo r Regional Organisation Marshall, Kenneth Reginald, Mayor, Dubbo City Council. Ridge, Richard John, President, Bourke Shire Council. Woods, Eric Hodgson, President, Timbrebongie Shire Council.

Spokesmen fo r Local Governing Bodies BOGAN SHIRE COUNCIL Horsburgh, Henry Morton, President. Delaney, John Garry, Shire Clerk. Forgie, Robert Clegg, Shire Engineer.

BOURKE SHIRE COUNCIL Ridge, Richard John, President. Reynolds, Robert, Shire Clerk.

BREWARRINA SHIRE COUNCIL Thompson, Alan Peacey, President. Prentice, Peter Thomas, Deputy President. Smits, William Peter, Shire Clerk. Weeden, Peter, Shire Engineer.

COBAR SHIRE COUNCIL Cullenward, John Bruce, President. Oliver, Warren James, Shire Engineer. Lethlean, Neil Joseph, Accountant.

COOLAH SHIRE COUNCIL Nott, Charles Edmund Gen decourt, President. Cameron, Roy, Shire Clerk. Egan, Maurice Francis, Shire Engineer.

COONABARABRAN SHIRE COUNCIL Knight, John, President. Wong See, Lester, Shire Clerk. Whitehead, John Reginald, Shire Engineer.

COONAMBLE SHIRE COUNCIL Mackay, John Dight, President. Hedditch, Ernest Selwyn, Shire Clerk. Coughran, Raymond Stanley, Shire Engineer.

CUDGEGONG SHIRE COUNCIL Hensley, William Joseph, President. Collis, James Anthony, Shire Clerk. Smith, Gerald Harrison, Shire Engineer.

DUBBO CITY COUNCIL Marshall, Kenneth Reginald, Mayor. Gilbert, John Bowring, City Engineer. Ryan, Kevin Michael, City Treasurer.

Kelly, Anthony George, Deputy Town Clerk. Elliott, Douglas John, General Health and Building Surveyor.

8 8

MUDGEE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Leonard, Norman Francis, Mayor. Cooke, Thomas Michael, Town Clerk. Brown, Alan Raymond, Municipal Engineer.

NARROMINE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Burgess, John Howard, Mayor. Payten, Noel William Rowe, Town Clerk.

TALBRAGAR SHIRE COUNCIL Blekemore, Robin Shirley, President. Dyball, Keith William, Shire Clerk. Goldfinch, Brian Leonard Arthur, Shire Engineer.

TIMBREBONGIE SHIRE COUNCIL Woods, Eric Hodgson, President. McKinnon, Trevor Henry, Shire Clerk. Nash, Sidney Alan, Shire Engineer.

Wormald, Kevin Brian, Deputy Shire Clerk.

WALGETT SHIRE COUNCIL Friend, Alan Hodgson, President. Baker, Jack, Shire Clerk. Coombes, Walter James, Deputy Shire Clerk.

WARREN SHIRE COUNCIL Ramsay, Alexander William, President. Deacon, Robert Charles Thomas, Shire Clerk. Hayes, Ian, Shire Engineer.

O’Sullivan, Paul, Deputy Shire Clerk.

WELLINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL de Fonte, Bernard Shaw, President. Arnold, Colin William Francis, Shire Clerk.

Cousins, Stanley James, Shire Engineer.

G1LGANDRA SHIRE COUNCIL T h o m a s , M a rtin H a m ilto n , P re sid e n t.

T h o m a s , G e o rg e H e n ry , S h ire C lerk .

W a lla ce , L e o n a rd A r th u r , S h ire E n g in e e r.

REGION 4—FAR WEST

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BROKEN HILL CITY COUNCIL Hicks, Noel Geoffrey, Mayor. Nancarrow, Ronald William, Alderman.

Keelan, Henry Leslie James, Town Clerk. Adams, Arthur Alexander, Deputy Town Clerk.

CENTRAL DARLING SHIRE COUNCIL Robertson, William James, President. Caskey, John Malcolm, Councillor. Housden, Peter Barry, Shire Clerk.

89

REGION 5—MURRAY

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Field, John Henry Lindsay, Alderman, Deniliquin Municipal Council. Stubbs, Raymond Oscar, Shire Clerk, Murray Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALBURY CITY COUNCIL Bunton, Cleaver Ernest, Mayor. Mair, Harold David, Alderman. Carter, Frederick John, Town Clerk.

BALRANALD SHIRE COUNCIL McKeon, Thomas John, Deputy President. McCormack, Alan, Shire Clerk. BERRIGAN SHIRE COUNCIL

Anderson, Leonard James, President. Davis, Ernest Arthur, Shire Clerk. Steele, Kevin Joseph, Shire Engineer.

CONARGO SHIRE COUNCIL Bourchier, Allan Norman, President. Windridge, Frederick John, Shire Clerk. Tonkin, John Harry, Shire Engineer.

COROWA SHIRE COUNCIL O’Brien, Thomas Joseph, President. Shelton, George Edward, Shire Clerk. Conrad, Martin Goodwin, Shire Engineer.

CULCAIRN SHIRE COUNCIL Kotzur, Elwyn Harold, Deputy President. Seberry, James Samuel, Shire Clerk. Kerle, Alan Wilson, Shire Engineer.

DENILIQUIN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Field, John Henry Lindsay, Alderman. Hennessy, Michael Patrick, Town Clerk. Graham, Alan Richard, Acting Municipal Engineer.

HOLBROOK SHIRE COUNCIL Hanna, Austin Fitz-Gerald, President. Reichel, David Arthur, Shire Clerk. Nelson, Alan Edward, Shire Engineer.

HUME SHIRE COUNCIL McDonald, William Angus, Deputy President. Clarke, Brian Francis, Shire Clerk.

Webb, Lyndon Meridith, Shire Engineer.

JERILDERIE SHIRE COUNCIL O’Connell, Kelvin Mahon, President. O’Neill, Kevin Francis, Councillor. Gilbert, Ian Charles Cosmi, Shire Clerk. Sherritt, Barry, Shire Engineer.

90

TUMBARUMBA SHIRE COUNCIL Stevenson, Russell Grahame, Councillor. Cotton, Cecil Gordon, Shire Clerk. Renton, Robert Henry, Shire Engineer.

UR ANA SHIRE COUNCIL McPherson, Ian Hodgkiss, President. Hutton, Alfred Henry, Shire Clerk. Boulton, John Francis, Shire Engineer.

WAKOOL SHIRE COUNCIL O’Neill, James Derrick, President. Coulton, Gregory John, Shire Clerk. Albrecht, Keith Hamilton, Shire Engineer. Tassell, George Anthony, Deputy Shire Clerk.

WENTWORTH SHIRE COUNCIL Whyte, Rolland Jeffrey, President. Ryder, Clifford William, Shire Clerk.

WIN DOUR AN SHIRE COUNCIL Edmunds, Peter Kevin, President. Erickson, Christopher John, Shire Clerk.

Phelan, Joseph Terence, Shire Engineer.

MURRAY SHIRE COUNCIL G ra h a m , G re g o ry C o x , P re s id e n t. S tu b b s , R a y m o n d O sc a r, S h ire C lerk .

J a c k s o n , S ta n le y Ja m e s , S h ire E n g in e e r.

REGION 6—RIVERINA

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Gorman, Richard, Mayor, Wagga Wagga City Council. Kiesling, Kenneth Lionel, President, Narrandera Shire Council. Lawrence, Geoffrey Alan, Research Officer, Riverina Advisory Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CARRATHOOL SHIRE COUNCIL Campbell, Frank Pearson, President. Knight, Patrick Vincent, Shire Engineer.

Gear, Lionel George, Deputy Shire Clerk. Reilly, Darryl Francis, Health Surveyor.

COOLAMON SHIRE COUNCIL Logan, Colin James, President. Curtis, Michael Joseph, Shire Clerk.

COOTAMUNDRA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Herald, Colin Joseph, Mayor. Pollard, Donald Joseph, Town Clerk. West, Arthur Haberfield, Municipal Engineer.

GUNDAGAI SHIRE COUNCIL L in d le y , J o h n A la n , P re sid e n t.

91

Nicholls, William Oliver, Councillor. Hourn, Robert Neville, Shire Clerk.

HAY SHIRE COUNCIL Davies, Ralph William, President. Hynes, Patrick Thomas, Shire Clerk.

ILLABO SHIRE COUNCIL McEwen, Allan John, Shire Clerk. Ballard, Paul Norman, Shire Engineer.

JINDALEE SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Francis John, President. Pollard, David Joseph, Shire Clerk.

McGinnity, Barry Charles, Shire Engineer.

JUNEE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Cochrane, John William Vivian, Alderman. Thompson, Austin John Joseph, Town Clerk.

KYEAMBA SHIRE COUNCIL Dunn, Gordon Keigh, Deputy President. Laughton, Raymond Allan, Shire Clerk. Drayton, Edward William, Shire Engineer.

LEETON SHIRE COUNCIL McCormack, Allen Raymond, President. Ross, Miles Francis, Shire Clerk. Bunt, James Leo, Shire Engineer.

LOCKHART SHIRE COUNCIL Amery, Percival James, President. Carter, Lawrence Robert, Shire Clerk. Prichard, Francis Arvan, Shire Engineer.

MITCHELL SHIRE COUNCIL Harris, Ronald Frederick, President. Caspersonn, Walter James, Shire Clerk.

MURRUMBIDGEE SHIRE COUNCIL Mclnnes, John Ernest, President. Crump, Ian Victor, Shire Clerk.

NARRABURRA SHIRE COUNCIL Leary, Edward Thomas, Shire Clerk. Nash, Murray Ernest, Shire Engineer.

NARRANDERA SHIRE COUNCIL Kiesling, Kenneth Lionel, President. Goss, Richard Leonard, Shire Clerk. Crichton, Noel McRitchie, Shire Engineer. Charles, Edgard Ross, Consultant. Heckendorf, Harold John, Consultant.

TEMORA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL McRae, Ian Duncan, Mayor. Butters, Ellis Charles, Town Clerk. Nash, Murray Ernest, Consulting Engineer. Boyce, Geoffrey David, Health and Building Inspector.

92

TUMUT SHIRE COUNCIL Vanzella, Bruce Vincent, President. Stubbs, William Arthur, Councillor. Roberts, Hallon Cedric, Shire Clerk.

WADE SHIRE COUNCIL Irvin, Robert Wesley Valentine, President. Moore, Edward William, Shire Clerk.

Bunt, James Leo, Consulting Engineer.

WAGGA WAGGA CITY COUNCIL Gorman, Richard, Mayor. Ellis, William Robert, Town Clerk. Knott, Colin Campbell, City Engineer.

Rawlings, Selwyn Kenneth, Town Planner. Sibree, James Michael, Industrial Promotions Officer.

REGION 7—CENTRAL WEST

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Armstrong, Lance Colin, President, Oberon Shire Council. Gaggin, Basil Bartley, Shire Clerk, Oberon Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ABERCROMBIE SHIRE COUNCIL Hamer, Ralph Henry, President. Edwardes, Jack, Shire Clerk.

Smith, Robert Ritchie, Shire Engineer and Planning Officer.

BATHURST CITY COUNCIL Wardman, Leslie Ronald, Deputy Mayor. Kingston, Alan Maxwell, Town Clerk.

Gannon, Peter John, City Engineer.

BLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Pearse, Lionel Norman, Deputy President. Dunstall, Spencer Roland, Shire Clerk. Compton, William John, Shire Engineer.

Hamilton, Morris Allan, Chief Health Surveyor.

BLAXLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Hall, Patrick John, Deputy President. Wright, William Clarence, Shire Clerk.

BOREE SHIRE COUNCIL Brown, Roy Athol Frederic, President. Stapleton, Lloyd Maxwell, Councillor. Howes, Neville George, Shire Clerk.

Monk, Geoffrey, Shire Engineer.

CANOBOLAS SHIRE COUNCIL Watts, Gilbert John, President. Boss, Maxwell Joseph, Shire Clerk. Lemaitre, Boudewyn Leofold, Shire Engineer.

93

CONDOBOLIN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Hall, Alan, Deputy Mayor. Mackinnon, Alan William James, Alderman. O’Shea, Desmond Patrick, Town Clerk.

COWRA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Stinson, Colin Bassett, Mayor. Armstrong, Neville, Town Clerk. Finnimore, James Alan, Municipal Engineer.

FORBES MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Webb, Neville, Mayor. Trentini, Angelo, Town Clerk. Hooker, Eric Charles, Municipal Engineer.

GOOBANG SHIRE COUNCIL Turner, Kenneth John, President. Tizard, John Edward, Shire Clerk. Morrissey, Thomas William Alexander, Shire Engineer.

GRENFELL MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Carroll, Terry Edward, Mayor. Hockridge, Laurence David, Town Clerk.

JEMALONG SHIRE COUNCIL Muffet, Thomas Mark, President. Huthnance, Peter Edgar, Shire Clerk. Duff, Peter Gerard, Shire Engineer. Davis, John James, Deputy Shire Clerk.

LACHLAN SHIRE COUNCIL Hordern, Keith Grose, President. Harding, Earle Stuart, Deputy President. Cooley, Perce James, Shire Clerk. Hunt, Lionel James, Shire Engineer.

LITHGOW CITY COUNCIL Gillard, Reginald, Mayor. Madden, John Kenneth, Town Clerk. Blundell, Neville Garner, City Engineer.

LYNDHURST SHIRE COUNCIL Thompson, Eric Gordon, President. McLean, Donald Ian, Shire Clerk.

MOLONG SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Geoffrey Albert, President. Tonkin, Harry Reginald, Councillor. Stuckey, Eric Baden, Shire Clerk. Colyer, Bruce Henry, Deputy Shire Clerk. Bickford, Ronald Geoffrey, Deputy Shire Engineer.

OBERON SHIRE COUNCIL Armstrong, Lance Colin, President. Gaggin, Basil Bartley, Shire Clerk. Hooper, Robert Lloyd, Shire Engineer.

94

ORANGE CITY COUNCIL Appleton, Edwin Boyd, Alderman. Marshall, William James, Town Clerk. Mackellar, Ross Canning, City Engineer.

PARKES MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Scoble, John Edgar, Mayor. Guillan, Alexander Walter Allan, Town Clerk. Southwell, Peter Rodney, Municipal Engineer.

RYLSTONE SHIRE COUNCIL Bartlett, Allen Ernest, President. Klein, Colin Frederick, Shire Clerk. Seiffert, Robert Gordon, Shire Engineer.

TURON SHIRE COUNCIL Black, Leonard, Deputy President. Dasey, Robert Archie, Shire Clerk. Brooke, Peter, Shire Engineer.

WAUGOOLA SHIRE COUNCIL Treasure, Cyril Percy, President. Ryall, John Lloyd, Deputy Shire Clerk.

WEDDIN SHIRE COUNCIL Black, William Alfred, President. Phillips, John Charles, Shire Clerk. Innes, William Allan, Shire Engineer.

REGION 8—SOUTH EASTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Land, Frederick Edwin, Mayor, Queanbeyan City Council. Butt, Ellis Christian, Councillor, Goodradigbee Shire Council.

Kingston, Alfred Morris, President, Snowy River Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BEGA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Howard, Roy Ronald, Mayor. White, Paul, Town Clerk.

BIBBENLUKE SHIRE COUNCIL Stevenson, Reginald Robert, President. Stuckey, Lance Harold, Shire Clerk. Chalmer, Thomas Campbell, Shire Engineer.

BOMBALA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Lomas, Patrick Charles, Mayor. Tassell, Anthony John, Town Clerk. Toirkens, Arnold Henry, Health Surveyor.

BOOROWA SHIRE COUNCIL Corcoran, James Abbot, President. Bobbin, Austin Augustus, Shire Clerk.

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COOMA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Field, John David Livingstone, Mayor. Clout, Charles Roy, Town Clerk.

Allen, John Neve, Municipal Engineer.

CROOKWELL SHIRE COUNCIL Seaman, Gerald Austin, Deputy President. Hegarty, Kelvin Lindsey, Shire Clerk. Shelton, Roger Gordon, Shire Engineer.

EUROBODALLA SHIRE COUNCIL Mackay, Kenneth Laurie, President. Nielsen, Nigel James Bruce, Councillor. Murphy, Reginald James, Councillor. Johnston, James William, Deputy Shire Clerk. Steer, Michael Gregory, Deputy Shire Engineer.

GOODRADIGBEE SHIRE COUNCIL Butt, Ellis Christian, Councillor. Lumsden, Ian Henry, Shire Clerk.

GOULBURN CITY COUNCIL McDermott, Ernest Joseph, Mayor. Williams, Thomas Allan, Town Clerk. Stewart, Donald Francis, City Engineer. Brown, Kenneth Eric, Deputy Town Clerk.

GUNNING SHIRE COUNCIL Shaw, Jack Seymour, President. Stringer, Albert George, Shire Clerk. Bliss, Jeremy John, Shire Engineer.

HARDEN SHIRE COUNCIL Wickham, Alan James, Shire Clerk. Callum, Edward Francis, Shire Engineer.

IMLAY SHIRE COUNCIL Munt, Ernest Macarthur, Councillor. Fripp, William Cecil, Shire Clerk. Sutherland, John Cameron, Shire Engineer.

MONARO SHIRE COUNCIL Wallace, Reginald, President. Garrard, Alfred Mellersh, Shire Clerk. Tynan, John Graham, Shire Engineer.

MULWAREE SHIRE COUNCIL Davies, William Peter Grant, President. Loseby, Herbert George, Shire Clerk. Sharp, Geoffrey John, Shire Engineer.

BURRANGONG SHIRE COUNCIL J o h n s o n , J a m e s P a ro is s ie n , P re s id e n t.

P ric e, K e ith V in c e n t, S h ire C le rk .

F o w le r, G e o ffre y E d w a r d , S h ire E n g in e e r.

MUMBULLA SHIRE COUNCIL S tu a rt, R a lp h , P re sid e n t.

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Ryan, Terence John, Shire Clerk. Howe, Robert George, Deputy Shire Clerk.

QUEANBEYAN CITY COUNCIL Land, Frederick Edwin, Mayor. Smith, Robert Bruce, Town Clerk. Pike, Henry Gordon, City Engineer.

McManus, John Bruce, Town Planner.

SNOWY RIVER SHIRE COUNCIL Kingston, Alfred Morris, President. Thew, Phillip Dunalban, Shire Clerk. Slater, Henry Fremont, Shire Engineer.

TALLAGANDA SHIRE COUNCIL Garvey, James Leo, President. Whatham, Robert Parry, Shire Engineer. White, John Francis, Deputy Shire Clerk. Jenkins, Sidney Bernard, Health Surveyor.

YARROWLUMLA SHIRE COUNCIL Reardon, Edward Lesley Joseph, President. Doust, Howard George, Shire Engineer. Taylor, Cleve James, Accountant.

YASS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Clayton, Terence Michael, Mayor. McManus, William John, Deputy Mayor. Henderson, David Glen, Alderman.

Warmington, Gwenyth Doreen, Alderman. Whitton, Gilbert Walter, Town Clerk.

YOUNG MUNICIPAL COUNCIL O’Cass, Ernest Thomas, Town Clerk. McWilliam, Brian Keith, Assistant Municipal Engineer.

REGION 9—HUNTER

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Burkill, Raymond, President, Denman Shire Council. Brown, Robert, Alderman, Greater Cessnock City Council May tom, Darryl Keith, Town Clerk, Greater Cessnock City Council

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies DENMAN SHIRE COUNCIL Burkill, Raymond, President.

Wynn, Watkin Hardy, Shire Clerk. Larkman, John, Shire Engineer.

DUNGOG SHIRE COUNCIL Hawley, John Grahame, President. Toms, Peter Macquarie, Shire Clerk. O’Driscoll, Thomas Alphonsus, Shire Engineer.

Howard, Reginald John, Health Surveyor.

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GREAT LAKES SHIRE COUNCIL Debert, Marjorie Hazlett, President. Terry, Marcel Albert, Shire Clerk.

GREATER CESSNOCK CITY COUNCIL Brown, Robert James, Mayor. Maytom, Darryl Keith, Town Clerk. Robinson, Graeme Thomas William, Chief Engineer.

LAKE MACQUARIE SHIRE COUNCIL Lenaghan, Reginald, President. Gumming, Elarold Keith, Shire Clerk. Allomes, Ivor, Shire Engineer.

MAITLAND CITY COUNCIL Unicomb, Noel Victor, Mayor. Davy, John Abbott, Town Clerk. Lee, Robert Anthony, City Engineer. Fielding, Garry Keith, City Planner.

MERRIWA SHIRE COUNCIL Hegarty, Brian Francis, President. Tiley, Ian Michael, Shire Clerk. Fox, William John, Shire Engineer.

MURRURUNDI SHIRE COUNCIL White, John Sydney Reginald, President. Walker, Henry Joseph, Councillor. Williams, George James, Shire Clerk. Duggan, Barry John, Shire Engineer.

MUSWELLBROOK MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Jobling, John Hughes, Mayor. Cotton, Norman, Municipal Engineer. Nowland, Leslie Prosper, Acting Town Clerk.

NEWCASTLE CITY COUNCIL Cummings, Joyce Anne, Lord Mayor. Burges, William Charles, Town Clerk. Grayson, Leslie Maurice, City Engineer. Renwick, Professor Charles Cyril, Hunter Valley Research Foundation.

PATRICK PLAINS SHIRE COUNCIL McNamara, Neil William, President. Allen, Douglas Cameron, Shire Clerk. McIntyre, Alan William, Shire Engineer.

PORT STEPHENS SHIRE COUNCIL Freeman, Robert William, President. Connell, Robert Stephen, Shire Clerk.

GLOUCESTER SHIRE COUNCIL C a n n in g to n , J o h n R ic h a rd , P re s id e n t.

C h a tw o o d , C h a rle s E d w a rd , S h ire C lerk .

L e ste r, G re g o ry F ra n c is , S h ire E n g in e e r.

SCONE SHIRE COUNCIL M c L o u g h lin , H u n te r P ierce, P re sid e n t.

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Proudfoot, Gerald Raymond, Shire Clerk. McEvoy, Earle Hugh, Shire Engineer.

SINGLETON MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Bull, Allan Robert, Mayor. Flannery, John Anthony, Town Clerk. Gould, John Ashton, Municipal Engineer.

REGION 10—GOSFORD-WY ON G

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies GOSFORD SHIRE COUNCIL Brooks, Malcolm Harold, M.L.A., President. Pratt, Benjamin George, Shire Clerk.

Agnew, Neil Masson Ewing, Shire Engineer.

WYONG SHIRE COUNCIL Chalmers, Hugh Malcolm, Councillor. Dawson, John Stanley, Shire Clerk.

REGION 11—ILLAWARRA

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Arkell, Francis Neville, Lord Mayor, Wollongong City Council. Shirley, Charles Frederick, President, Shoalhaven Shire Council.

Jones, Lawrence Elenry, Councillor, Wingecarribee Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BOWRAL MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Wood, David John, Mayor. Brown, Robert Henry, Town Clerk. Hogan, Ronald Henry, Municipal Engineer.

Dunn, Ian Albert Frank, Health Surveyor.

KIAMA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Fredericks, Neville Francis, Mayor. Matterson, George William, Town Clerk. Back, Claude Richard, Municipal Engineer.

M1TTAGONG SHIRE COUNCIL Emery, William George Keyes, Deputy President. Ellis, Clarence Verner, Shire Clerk. Henderson, Clyde Stewart, Shire Engineer.

SHELLHARBOUR MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Harrison, Robert Joseph Wilson, Mayor. King, Desmond Stanley, Town Clerk. Dawson, Jack, Deputy Town Clerk.

Newman, Hubert Edward Hussey, Deputy Municipal Engineer. Cochrane, Susan, Social Worker.

SHOALHAVEN SHIRE COUNCIL S hirley, C h a rle s F re d e ric k , P re sid en t.

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Knowles, Richard Thomas, Shire Clerk. Southwell, Noel Victor, Shire Engineer. Lamond, William George, Deputy Shire Clerk. Evans, William Russell, Town Planner.

WINGECARRIBEE SHIRE COUNCIL Jones, Lawrence Henry, Councillor Jopling, Reginald Harold, Shire Clerk. Baker, Roy Everton, Shire Engineer. Stevenson, Robert Noel, Chief Health Surveyor.

WOLLONGONG CITY COUNCIL Arkell, Francis Neville, Lord Mayor. Bubb, Henry Clive, City Engineer. Eggins, Ronald James, Deputy Town Clerk. Dunn, Kenneth Richard, Town Planner. Black, Everard John, Chief Accountant.

REGION 12—SYDNEY CENTRAL

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Page, Ernest Thomas, Alderman, Waverley Municipal Council. Gardner, Bruce Stephen, Town Clerk, Marrickville Municipal Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies LEICHHARDT MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Rodwell, Leslie John, Mayor. Ragen, John Thomas, Town Clerk. Kenna, Arthur James, Deputy Engineer/Town Planner.

MARRICKVILLE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Devine, Frank Leslie, Mayor. Gardner, Bruce Stephen, Town Clerk. Jones, Stanley William, Municipal Engineer. Arnett, Peter John, Town Planner.

RANDWICK MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Luscombe, Jack Hercules, Administrator. Woodward. Ray Argyle, Town Clerk.

SOUTH SYDNEY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Ibbett, Gordon Raymond, Alderman. Hackett, William Patrick, Town Clerk. Wallace, Ronald Denver, Municipal Engineer. White, Dennis Glen, Deputy Town Clerk. Orr, Richard John, Director of Forward Town Planning.

SYDNEY CITY COUNCIL Lewis, Barry, Alderman. Carter, Leon, Town Clerk.

WAVERLEY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Page, Ernest Thomas, Alderman. Johnson, Arthur Charles, Town Clerk.

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Stait, Donald George, Chief Engineer/Town Planner. Lander, Ronald John, Chief Librarian. WOOLLAHRA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL O’Neill, Graham John, Mayor.

Ford, Douglas Charles, Town Clerk. Hunt, Jack Charles, Municipal Engineer. Regnis, Michael Ronald, Deputy Town Clerk. Healey, Henry Robert, Health Surveyor.

REGION 13—SYDNEY NORTHERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Lemaire, Arthur Greatrex, Mayor, Lane Cove Municipal Council. Howard, Mervyn John, Town Clerk, Lane Cove Municipal Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies HORNSBY SHIRE COUNCIL Evans, Donald Robert, President. Cook, Charles Kembal, Shire Clerk.

Hull, William Howard, Shire Engineer. Carey, Timothy Joseph, Shire Accountant.

h u n ter’s h ill m u n ic ipa l co u n c il

Crawley, Leon Joseph, Mayor. Phipson, William, Town Clerk. k u -r in g -g ai m u n ic ipa l c o u n cil

Cooke, Peter Ternent, Alderman. Taylor, Warren Irvine, Town Clerk. Pollock, John, Deputy Municipal Engineer.

lane cove m u n ic ipa l co uncil

Lemaire, Arthur Greatrex, Mayor Howard, Mervyn John, Town Clerk. Hartman, John Albert, Municipal Engineer/Town Planner.

manly m u n icipa l c o u n cil

Manning, William Alex, Mayor. Menzies, Cecil Ross, Town Clerk. Lindsay, Peter George, Municipal Engineer. Gregan, Brian Michael, Municipal Accountant.

mosman m u n ic ipa l co uncil

Edwards, Lloyd Sydney, Alderman. Park, Maxwell Gordon, Town Clerk. Leckey, Bryan William, Municipal Engineer.

Carrigg, Leonard Lewis, Municipal Accountant. White, John Peter, Deputy Building Surveyor.

NORTH SYDNEY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Haviland, Stanley Innes, Mayor. Fyfe, Stuart Stobie, Deputy Town Clerk. McNeil, Terence, Municipal Engineer.

Smith, John Leonard, Municipal Accountant.

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Ross, Reginald Maurice, Town Planner. Evans, Milton, Deputy Health Surveyor.

RYDE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Greenwood, Terence, Mayor. Brown, Kevin Ray, Town Clerk.

Byleveld, Alan William, Deputy Town Clerk. Gibson, Terence George, Municipal Engineer.

WARRINGAH SHIRE COUNCIL Dawson, Peter William John, President. Stuckey, Rex Milton, Shire Clerk. Riordan, Lester Glendon, Treasurer. Knight, Maxwell Arthur, Deputy Shire Engineer.

WILLOUGHBY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Reidy, Noel, Mayor. Woodward, Leigh James, Town Clerk. Dewar, William, Municipal Engineer. Payne, Alan Joseph, Municipal Accountant. Eckersall, Darnell. Social Worker.

REGION 14—SYDNEY WESTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Grieve, Roy Stanton, Alderman, Holroyd Municipal Council. Garling, Keith Laurence, Deputy Town Clerk, Holroyd Municipal Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies AUBURN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Keegan, Terence Herbert, Deputy Mayor. Lane, Gordon James, Town Clerk. Black, Eric William, Municipal Engineer/Town Planner.

BAULKHAM HILLS SHIRE COUNCIL Mercer, David John Bates, Shire Clerk. Mattick, Walter Brian, Shire Engineer.

BLACKTOWN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Nicolaidis, George, Mayor. Webber, Maxwell, Town Clerk. Martin, Colin Herbert, Municipal Engineer.

BLUE MOUNTAINS CITY COUNCIL Lesslie, Ernest Neil, Mayor. Pryor, John Stephen, Town Clerk. Metcalfe, John Paul, City Engineer/Town Planner. Pausey, Kenneth Walter, City Treasurer.

COLO SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Lloyd Neville, President. McSullea, Douglas John, Shire Clerk. O’Donnell, Kevin Patrick, Shire Engineer.

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FAIRFIELD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Crosio, Janice Ann, Mayor. Winton, Victor, Town Clerk. Pinnington, George Thomas, Municipal Engineer.

Crighton, Warren Alfred, Municipal Accountant. Riding, Kenneth Wilmot, Town Planner.

HOLROYD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Devlin, Robert William Doyle, Mayor. Wilson, Ivan Ronald, Town Clerk.

Alderson, Kenneth Clark, Deputy Engineer/Town Planner.

PARRAMATTA CITY COUNCIL Wood, Brian Reginald Albert, Mayor. Willis, Keith Henry, Town Clerk. Smale, Frederick Charles, City Engineer.

PENRITH CITY COUNCIL Cammack, Eileen, Mayor. Corr, Harold Francis, Town Clerk. Smith, Bernard Francis, City Engineer.

Hillyard, Ross Gregory, Assistant Accountant.

WINDSOR MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Rawson, Raymond Leslie, Town Clerk. Gilmore, John Raymond, Municipal Engineer. Gow, Cecil John, Deputy Town Clerk. Mead, David William, Municipal Accountant.

REGION 15—SYDNEY SOUTH WESTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Ferguson, Robert Bruce, Mayor, Camden Municipal Council. Webeck, Peter Robert, Councillor, Wollondilly Shire Council. McDonald, Brace Patrick, Town Clerk, Campbelltown City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CAMDEN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Ferguson, Robert Bruce, Mayor. Mack, John Gregory, Town Clerk.

Cullen, Laurence Michael, Municipal Engineer. Cunningham, Brace Hanson, Deputy Town Clerk. Kirton, Patrick James, Town Planner.

CAMPBELLTOWN CITY COUNCIL Barton, Robert Andrew, Mayor. McDonald, Bruce Patrick, Town Clerk. Britton, Malcolm Frederick, Accountant.

Meaker, Richard Joseph, Town Planner. Moore, Ian James David, City Engineer.

LIVERPOOL CITY COUNCIL O liv e ri, F ra n c e s c o , M a y o r. F in d ley , R e g in a ld T h o m a s , T o w n C lerk .

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Kidd, Peter Scott, City Engineer. Facey, John Gerald, Deputy Town Clerk. Dixon, John Maynard, Chief Accountant. Crawford, John, Town Planner. Lewis, Charles Theodore, City Health Surveyor.

WOLLONDILLY SHIRE COUNCIL Webeck, Peter Robert, Councillor. Love, Robert Ian, Shire Clerk.

REGION 16—SYDNEY SOUTHERN

Spokesman for Regional Organisation Lockwood, Ronald Stanley, Mayor, Bankstown Municipal Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BANKSTOWN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Lockwood, Ronald Stanley, Mayor. Saunders, Colin Gallimore, Town Clerk. McIntosh, Maurice Malcolm, Municipal Engineer. Minnaard, Adriaan, Town Planner. Hunt, Harold Charles, Municipal Health Surveyor.

BOTANY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Mann, Robert John, Mayor. Evans, John, Town Clerk. Wiggins, Joshua Clyde, Chief Engineer/Town Planner. Jauncey, Laurence Robert, Surveyor.

CANTERBURY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Williams, Colin Gordon, Mayor. Whitmarsh, Jack Ernest, Town Clerk. Sheffield, Donald Herbert, Chief Engineer/Town Planner.

HURSTVILLE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Croot, Michael, Mayor. Anderson, Edward Lewis Andrew, Municipal Engineer. Wallace, Howard Ernest James, Deputy Town Clerk. Nelson, George Stewart, Municipal Treasurer. Herbert, John, Deputy Municipal Health Surveyor.

KOGARAH MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Cavanagh, Frederick Bernard, Mayor. Forbes, James William Kennedy, Town Clerk. Cafe, Dennis Richard. Municipal Engineer/Town Planner.

ROCKDALE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Moore, George Francis, Mayor. Stark, Robert, Town Clerk. Suters, Robert Walter Gordon, Chief Engineer.

McGinty, John Frederick, Health inspector. Franklin, John Robert, Superintendent of Parks.

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SUTHERLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Lewis, Peter Clement, President. Hill, Athol George, Shire Clerk.

REGION 17—SYDNEY INNER WESTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Smith, Robert Angus Martin, Mayor, Drummoyne Municipal Council. Blackadder, Ronald Edward, Town Clerk, Drummoyne Municipal Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ASHFIELD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Whelan, Paul Francis Patrick, Mayor. Jackson, Augustine Darrell Crosby, Deputy Mayor.

Spittle, Kenneth Desmond, Town Clerk. Tobin, Michael John, Municipal Engineer.

BURWOOD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Haynes, Douglas George, Mayor. Parsons, Ross Graeme, Town Clerk. Fox, William Francis, Municipal Engineer. Davidson, Robert Walter, Town Planner. Tasovac, Carol Frances, Chief Librarian.

CONCORD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Payne, Geoffrey Jordan, Mayor. Johnson, George, Town Clerk. Robinson, Eric Norman, Municipal Engineer.

Brown, Dallas, Deputy Town Clerk. Williams, Robert John, Health Surveyor.

DRUMMOYNE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Smith, Robert Angus Martin, Mayor. Blackadder, Ronald Edward, Town Clerk. Hooper, Edward John, Municipal Engineer/Town Planner. Dover, Thomas Desmond, Deputy Town Clerk.

STRATHFIELD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Zions, Frank, Alderman. Mainwaring, Keith Herbert, Town Clerk. Wilson, Allan James, Municipal Engineer.

REGION 18—MID NORTH COAST

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Kennedy, The Hon. James William, M.L.C., Mayor, Taree Municipal Council. Cork, Raymond Ambrose, President, Bellingen Shire Council. McIntyre, Steuart Pender, President, Macleay Shire Council.

Elliott, Frederick Arnold, Administrator, Grafton City Council.

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Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies

BELLINGEN SHIRE COUNCIL Cork, Raymond Ambrose, President. Allen, Cecil William, Shire Clerk.

co ff’s h a rb o u r shire c o u n c il

Hogbin, Albert Eric, President. Firman, Roderick Francis, Shire Clerk. Gentle, Kenneth Oswald, Shire Engineer. Bennie, Paul, Town Planner.

co pm a n h u r st shire c o u n c il

Munns, William Noel, President. Swinbourne, Charles Henry, Shire Clerk. Davidson, William, Shire Engineer.

GRAFTON CITY COUNCIL Elliott, Frederick Arnold, Administrator. Gorrie, Michael, City Engineer.

HASTINGS SHIRE COUNCIL Abi Saad, John, President. Gilbert, Terence Samuel, Shire Clerk. Russell, William Wallace, Shire Engineer.

KEMPSEY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Melville, The Hon. Robert Gavin, M.L.C., Mayor. Hedley, Kevin James, Town Clerk. Bordley, Francis George, Town Engineer.

MACLEAN SHIRE COUNCIL Thompson, William James, President. Purcell, Patrick Leonard, Shire Clerk. Watts, Nicholas Barry, Shire Engineer.

MACLEAY SHIRE COUNCIL McIntyre, Steuart Pender, President. Davidson, Wallace John, Shire Engineer.

Winkler, Stanley Robert, Deputy Shire Clerk.

MANNING SHIRE COUNCIL Dee, Keith Sydney, President. Toms, William Thomas, Shire Clerk.

NAMBUCCA SHIRE COUNCIL Sugden, Christopher John, President. Mattick, James Harding, Shire Clerk. Cooley, George David, Deputy Shire Clerk.

NYMBOIDA SHIRE COUNCIL Page, Donald Alan Geoffrey, President. Smith, Allan Thomas, Shire Clerk.

PORT MACQUARIE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Matesich, Norman Francis, Mayor. Kennedy, Duncan Stewart, Alderman.

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Alcock, William George, Town Clerk. Kelly, Richard John, Deputy Town Clerk.

TAREE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Kennedy, The Hon. James William, M.L.C., Mayor. Powditch, Clyde Hedley, Town Clerk.

ULMARRA SHIRE COUNCIL Niland, Andrew Alfred, President. Piper, Royce Henry, Shire Clerk.

WINGHAM SHIRE COUNCIL Slater, William John, Alderman. Foxon, James Arthur, Town Clerk.

VICTORIA

REGION 1—BARWON

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Pettitt, Robert Wood, Councillor, Shire of Barrabool. Neal, Trevor John Thackeray, Town Clerk, City of Geelong.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BANNOCKBURN SHIRE COUNCIL Cooke, Harold Boardman, Councillor. Helyar, Alan Francis, Shire Secretary.

Middleton, Kenneth Terrence, Shire Engineer.

BARRABOOL SHIRE COUNCIL Pettitt, Robert Wood, Councillor. Pearce, Graham Louis, Shire Secretary. Spence, Ronald Thomas, Shire Engineer.

BELLARINE SHIRE COUNCIL Aitken, Russell Lawrence, Councillor. Williams, Arthur Harold Osborne, Shire Secretary. Loney, Alan Leslie, Shire Engineer.

Parker, David Lewis, Deputy Shire Secretary.

COLAC CITY COUNCIL Baudinette, Geoffrey, Councillor. Kelly, Frank Maxwell, Town Clerk. James, Peter Maxwell, City Engineer.

Wright, Hayden George, Deputy Town Clerk.

COLAC SHIRE COUNCIL Price, Stanley Charles, Councillor. Maunsell, William John, Shire Secretary. Brooks, Neil Laurence, Shire Engineer.

CORIO SHIRE COUNCIL Metcalf, Richard Peter, Shire Secretary. McMurrich, Barry Francis, Shire Engineer.

GEELONG CITY COUNCIL Verrall, Harold George, Mayor. Neal, Trevor John Thackeray, Town Clerk. Holdenson, Boyd Campbell, City Engineer.

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GEELONG WEST CITY COUNCIL Hammett, Richard James, Town Clerk. Crockart, James McKinney, City Engineer.

Hill, Barry Michael, Assistant Town Clerk.

LEIGH SHIRE COUNCIL Bingley, Ronald Pendock, Councillor. Hallam, Clarence George, Shire Secretary. Hayles, Robert William, Shire Engineer.

NEWTOWN CITY COUNCIL Wood, Geoffrey Graham, Mayor. Backwell, Geoffrey Douglas, Town Clerk. Wilson, Stanley Thomas, City Engineer.

OTWAY SHIRE COUNCIL Knox, Robert Hamilton, Councillor. Richardson, Thomas Robert, Shire Secretary. McMahon, Kevin Vincent, Shire Engineer.

QUEENSCLIFFE BOROUGH COUNCIL Anderson, George William, Mayor. Forbes, Ronald Thomas, Town Clerk. Warland, Ian Nelson, Borough Engineer.

SOUTH BAR WON CITY COUNCIL Jackson, Henry Walter Samuel, Shire Secretary.

WINCHELSEA SHIRE COUNCIL Gannon, Leslie James, Councillor. Mathison, Wallace Kitchener, Shire Secretary. Bracher, Geoffrey Herbert Winston, Shire Engineer.

REGION 2—SOUTH WESTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Brophy, John Sarsfield, Councillor, Borough of Port Fairy. Burgess, James McKeown, Councillor, City of Hamilton.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BELFAST SHIRE COUNCIL Collins, John Patrick, President. Phyland, Stanley Michael, Councillor.

Moloney, Michael Brian, Shire Secretary. Dempsey, Harold George, Shire Engineer.

CAMPERDOWN TOWN COUNCIL Cook, Norma Frances, Councillor. Learmonth, Hugh Douglas Haig, Town Clerk. Lawton, Roger James, Town Engineer.

DUNDAS SHIRE COUNCIL Hynes, Martin James, Councillor. Mitchell, Joseph Robert, Shire Secretary.

1 0 8

Porter, Kevin Bernard, Shire Engineer. Leeming, Derham Brian, Valuer.

GLENELG SHIRE COUNCIL Hargreaves, James Robert, Councillor. Rhodes, Charles James, Councillor. Tickell, Dennis Arthur, Shire Secretary. Dart, Roswald Wilfred, Shire Engineer.

HAMILTON CITY COUNCIL Burgess, James McKeown, Councillor. Worland, Russell John, Town Clerk. Johnson, Alan Geoffrey, City Engineer.

HAMPDEN SHIRE COUNCIL Anderson, Gilbert John, Councillor. Grimmer, Stanley John, Shire Secretary. Dean, Stanley Edward, Deputy Shire Secretary.

Schofield, Noel James, Shire Engineer.

HEYTESBURY SHIRE COUNCIL Howarth, Leslie James, Councillor. Whelan, Mervyn Leo, Shire Secretary. Finnigan. John Henry, Shire Engineer.

KOROIT BOROUGH COUNCIL Amarant, Wilfred Patrick, Councillor. Macdonald, Angus James, Town Clerk. Page, Ronald Charles, Consulting Engineer.

MINHAMITE SHIRE COUNCIL Johnson, Thomas Joseph Powley, President. Ball, Victor Keith, Councillor. Towler, Robert James, Shire Secretary.

Allen, Lyall James, Shire Engineer.

MORTLAKE SHIRE COUNCIL Hood, Robert Alexander Dunlop, Councillor. Joyce, Jame Robert, Councillor.

MOUNT ROUSE SHIRE COUNCIL Mitchell, Rex Wesley, Councillor. Cowley, Arthur, Shire Engineer.

PORT FAIRY BOROUGH COUNCIL Brophy, John Sarsfield, Councillor. Phillips, John William, Town Clerk.

PORTLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Downes, Basil Leslie, Councillor. Allardice, Maxwell Dudley, Shire Secretary. Maddox, William George, Shire Engineer.

Stanford, John Alexander, Valuer.

PORTLAND TOWN COUNCIL Wilson, Keith Desmond, Mayor. Crago, Bruce Thompson, Town Clerk. Couper, Peter Edward Ernest, Town Engineer.

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WANNON SHIRE COUNCIL Watson, Evan Lawrence, Councillor. Baldwin, Peter, Shire Secretary. Surman, Gary Ian, Shire Engineer.

WARRNAMBOOL CITY COUNCIL Stephenson, Harold Ivor, Councillor. Arnel, Keith Litchfield, Town Clerk. Johnson, Edward, City Engineer.

WARRNAMBOOL SHIRE COUNCIL Wilton, Thomas Frederick Osborne, Councillor. Bowes, Alan James, Shire Secretary. Pitts, William Thomas, Shire Engineer.

REGION 3—CENTRAL HIGHLANDS

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Rizzoli, Alexander Charles, Councillor, City of Ballaarat. Smith, Ian Crawford, Deputy Town Clerk, City of Ballaarat.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ARARAT CITY COUNCIL MacLennan, Duncan Lewis, Mayor. Grenfell, John Irving, Town Clerk.

Baldy, Neville William, City Engineer.

ARARAT SHIRE COUNCIL Laidlaw, David John, President. King, Geoffrey Robert, Councillor. Bishop, Keith Nicholas, Shire Secretary. Muntz, Joseph Martin, Shire Engineer and Building Surveyor.

AVOCA SHIRE COUNCIL Peck, Robert David, Councillor. Edwards, Frank Charles Sydney, Shire Secretary. Nuttall, Robin James, Shire Engineer.

BALLAARAT CITY COUNCIL Smith, Ian Crawford, Deputy Town Clerk. Sharp, Robert Jeffrey, City Engineer. Campbell, Robert Gordon, City Valuer.

BALLAN SHIRE COUNCIL Egan, William Hamilton, Councillor. McLean, Andrew Alexander, Shire Secretary and Engineer.

BALLARAT SHIRE COUNCIL Baird, David Alexander, Councillor. Mitchell, James Henry, Shire Secretary. Hollioake, Rex Hume, Shire Engineer and Building Surveyor.

BUNGAREE SHIRE COUNCIL Duggan, Joseph Patrick, President. Johnson, Barry Raymond, Shire Secretary.

110

Russell, Walter Percy, Shire Engineer. Smith, Ian Crawford, Consultant.

BUNINYONG SHIRE COUNCIL Hitchcock, Henry Edward, Councillor. Lord, Andrew Charles, Shire Secretary. Barrett, Newell Laroy, Shire Engineer.

CRESWICK SHIRE COUNCIL Sewell, John Fraser, Councillor. Rees, Bernard Charles, Shire Secretary. Schreenan, Brian William, Shire Engineer.

DAYLESFORD AND GLENLYON SHIRE COUNCIL Chamberlain, Neil Eric, Councillor. Pekin, John Turner, Shire Secretary. Bellingham, Brian Arthur, Shire Engineer.

GRENVILLE SHIRE COUNCIL Kennedy, Henry O’Connor, Councillor. Oldham, Lindsay, Shire Secretary. Dean, Douglas George, Shire Engineer.

LEXTON SHIRE COUNCIL Clarke, John David, Councillor. Buttler, Arthur, Shire Engineer.

RIPON SHIRE COUNCIL Hedges, Christopher John, Councillor. O’Brien, Francis Joseph, Councillor. Glare, Frederick William, Shire Secretary. Smith, Edward Wilfred John, Shire Engineer.

SEBASTOPOL BOROUGH COUNCIL Teague, Harold Lindsay, Town Clerk. Warren, Herbert Edward, Borough Engineer.

TALBOT AND CLUNES SHIRE COUNCIL Vinecombe, Robert Frederick, Councillor. Pryor, Ronald James, Shire Secretary. Boyd, Richard Alan, Shire Engineer.

REGION 4—WIMMERA

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Davey, Thomas Charles, Councillor, Shire of Wimmera. Brooke, Brian James, Councillor, City of Horsham. Gould, George Albert, Councillor, Shire of Birchip.

Conn, Archibald Robinson, Town Clerk, City of Horsham.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies

ARAPILES SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Raymond Ernest, Councillor. Walker, Charles John, Shire Secretary.

I l l

BIRCHIP SHIRE COUNCIL Gould, George Albert, Councillor. Greaves, Barry Robert, Shire Secretary. Brocklebank, Frederick, Shire Engineer.

DIMBOOLA SHIRE COUNCIL Warrick, Mervyn Arthur Frederick, Councillor. Livingston, Roy Thomas, Shire Secretary. Keam, Arnold Rae, Shire Engineer.

DONALD SHIRE COUNCIL Colbert, John Edward, Councillor. Bowles, Thomas Harry, Shire Secretary. Lambourne, Anthony Frederick, Shire Engineer.

DUNMUNKLE SHIRE COUNCIL Petering, Frederick Alexander, Councillor. Liebold, Kurt Edgar, Shire Secretary. HORSHAM CITY COUNCIL McGrath, Brian Joseph, Mayor. Brooke, Brian James, Councillor. Conn, Archibald Robinson, Town Clerk. Campbell, Lachlan Stewart, City Engineer.

KANIVA SHIRE COUNCIL Champness, Clifford Harry, Councillor. Cleverly, Peter Anthony, Shire Engineer.

KARKAROOC SHIRE COUNCIL Boucher, Herbert Ross, Councillor. Andrewartha, Jack, Shire Secretary. Kilminster, Harry Edward, Shire Engineer.

KOVVREE SHIRE COUNCIL Burns, Edgar Murray, President. Hayes, Barry Douglas, Shire Secretary. Wiggins, Colin Alec, Shire Engineer. Garth, Edward George, Consultant Public Accountant.

LOWAN SHIRE COUNCIL Hensley, Lindsay Roediger, Councillor. Clark, Rex Allan, Councillor. Commons, Gerald Michael, Shire Secretary. Price, John, Shire Engineer.

STAWELL SHIRE COUNCIL Newall, Charles Henry, Councillor. Nielsen, Vernon Clive, Shire Secretary. Cultman, Norman Henry, Shire Engineer.

STAWELL TOWN COUNCIL Skinner, William, Councillor. Hutton, Douglas Harry, Town Clerk. Howells, Alan Evan, Town Engineer.

WARRACKNABEAL SHIRE COUNCIL Murphy, Bryan Joseph, Councillor.

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Woods, William Hedley, Councillor. Neal, Joseph Bernard, Shire Secretary.

WIMMERA SHIRE COUNCIL Davey, Thomas Charles, Councillor. Gregory, David McLean, Councillor. Lovett, Keith Harold, Shire Secretary.

REGION 5—NORTHERN MALLEE

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Clark, Alan Reginald, Councillor, City of Swan Hill. Dryden, Graeme Robert, Shire Secretary, Shire of Wycheproof. Lauritz, John Desmond, Shire Secretary, Shire of Swan Hill.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies KERANG BOROUGH COUNCIL Gilmore, John Graham, Councillor. Tate, Gregory Herbert, Town Clerk. Wright, Joseph Charles, Borough Engineer.

KERANG SHIRE COUNCIL Thompson, Alan Robert, Councillor. Rundle, Lindsay Richard, Shire Secretary. McDonald, Donald Peter, Shire Engineer.

MILDURA CITY COUNCIL Beasy, Lloyd Francis, Mayor. Downie, William John, Town Clerk.

Thomson, Alexander, City Engineer.

MILDURA SHIRE COUNCIL Smart, Alexander Gordon, President. Ryan, Denis James Henry, Councillor. Drew, Daniel Francis, Shire Secretary.

Arbuthnot, Neil James, Shire Engineer.

SWAN HILL CITY COUNCIL Clark, Alan Reginald, Councillor. Kellock, John William, Town Clerk. Ellis, Raymond William, City Engineer.

SWAN HILL SHIRE COUNCIL Hayden, Donald William, Councillor. Lauritz, John Desmond, Shire Secretary. Beasley, Neville Keith, Shire Engineer.

WALPEUP SHIRE COUNCIL Kinnersley, John Archibald, President. Cross, Barry William, Shire Secretary. Hocking, Robert Ellis, Shire Engineer.

WYCHEPROOF SHIRE COUNCIL M c L e a n , J a c k D o n a ld C o b h a m , C o u n c illo r. D ry d e n , G ra e m e R o b e rt, S h ire S ecre tary .

J o h n , M e rv y n E v a n , S h ire E n g in e er.

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REGION 6—LODDON-CAMPASPE

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Craig, Alexander Sadler, Councillor, City of Bendigo. Watts, Alfred Jack, Town Clerk, City of Bendigo.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BENDIGO CITY COUNCIL Turner, Roy Francis, Mayor. Watts, Alfred Jack, Town Clerk. Robson, Vernon George, Deputy Town Clerk. Campbell, Colin Charles, Deputy City Engineer.

BET BET SHIRE COUNCIL Higgs, Charles James Campbell, President. Kennedy, Arthur John, Shire Secretary.

CASTLEMAINE CITY COUNCIL Stevens, Stanley Arthur, Town Clerk. Wynd, Walter John, City Engineer.

CHARLTON SHIRE COUNCIL Cadzow, George John, Councillor. Giovanetti, John Keith, Shire Secretary. Hocking, Jack Unwin, Shire Engineer.

COHUNA SHIRE COUNCIL Dunn, Ronald James, Councillor. Knowles, Ronald Ernest, Shire Secretary. Park, David Allan, Shire Engineer.

EAGLEHAWK BOROUGH COUNCIL Bullock, Albert William, Mayor. Quark, Anthony John, Town Clerk. Nankervis, Colin Mayne, Borough Engineer.

EAST LODDON SHIRE COUNCIL Lourie, John Frederick, President. Rudkins, Thomas James, Shire Secretary. Watson, Terrence James, Deputy Shire Engineer.

ECHUCA CITY COUNCIL Quinn, John Gerrard, Councillor. McCartney, Kevin Francis, Town Clerk. Bower, Lloyd George, City Engineer.

GORDON SHIRE COUNCIL Appleby, Albion Richard, Councillor. Wright, David Douglas, Shire Secretary. Hall, Graham William, Shire Engineer.

HUNTLY SHIRE COUNCIL Read, Kenneth Allan, Councillor. Skilbeck, Alan, Acting Shire Secretary. Roche, Robert Lawrence, Shire Engineer.

KARA KARA SHIRE COUNCIL McNally, Ronald, President.

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Knights, William Hector, Councillor. James, Paul, Shire Secretary. Keane, Francis James, Shire Engineer.

KORONG SHIRE COUNCIL Donaldson, Mathew Ramage, Councillor. Jones, Larry Maxwell, Shire Secretary. Ball, Raymond John, Shire Engineer.

KYNETON SHIRE COUNCIL Rothe, John Gottlieb, President. Porter, Stanley George, Shire Secretary. Wilson, Graeme James, Shire Engineer.

MCIVOR SHIRE COUNCIL Newton, Newell George, Councillor. Glisson, Douglas Richard, Shire Secretary. Rowe, Thomas Francis, Shire Engineer.

MALDON SHIRE COUNCIL Pickering, George Francis, Councillor. Moore, William Lawrence, Shire Engineer. Beach, Sydney Rex, Shire Secretary.

MARONG SHIRE COUNCIL Knight, Elaine Valda, President. Elvey, Graeme Lawrence, Shire Secretary. Graham, Richard Clive, Shire Engineer.

MARYBOROUGH CITY COUNCIL Moore, Eric Sydney, Town Clerk.

METCALFE SHIRE COUNCIL Mann, Robert David, Councillor. Dennis, Jack Raymond, Shire Secretary. Nash, Clarence William, Shire Engineer.

NEWHAM AND WOODEND SHIRE COUNCIL Lester-Smith, Ernest Henry, Councillor. Pekin, Richard John, Shire Secretary. Wanneck, John, Shire Engineer.

NEWSTEAD SHIRE COUNCIL Envall, Charles Andreas, Councillor. Broad, David Richard, Shire Secretary. Bowen, Norman Gordon, Shire Engineer.

PYALONG SHIRE COUNCIL Whalan, Harold James, Councillor. Isherwood, John Clifford, Shire Engineer.

ROCHESTER SHIRE COUNCIL Haines, Garnet Buchanan, Councillor. Westcott, Herbert Ronald, Shire Secretary. Reid, William George, Shire Engineer.

ROMSEY SHIRE COUNCIL Barrow, Lawrence Charles, President.

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Carne, Brian Francis, Shire Secretary. Banon, Christopher Benedict, Shire Engineer.

ST ARNAUD TOWN COUNCIL Phillips, William Douglas, Councillor. McKenzie, Donald Graham, Town Clerk. Hocking, Jack Unwin, Town Engineer.

STRATHFIELDSAYE SHIRE COUNCIL Colvin, John, Councillor. Brennan, Margaret, Shire Secretary.

Mason, Hugh Patrick, Shire Engineer.

TULLAROOP SHIRE COUNCIL Harkin, John Charles, Councillor. O’Connor, Brian, Shire Secretary. Neunhoffer, Robert, Shire Engineer.

REGION 7—GOULB URN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Riordan, Kevin Francis, Councillor, City of Shepparton. O’Brien. Roy Duncan, Town Clerk, City of Shepparton.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALEXANDRA SHIRE COUNCIL Coates, Leslie William Edlington, Councillor. McLean, Donald Orrock, Shire Secretary. Lew Ton, Roy, Shire Engineer.

BENALLA CITY COUNCIL Chiswell, Charles Henry, Mayor. Sullivan. Stanley Victor, Councillor. Hemley. Lindsay Arthur, Town Clerk.

BENALLA SHIRE COUNCIL Summon, William Joseph, Councillor. McDiarmid, Robert Clevedon, Shire Secretary. Collins, Barry Scott, Shire Engineer.

BROADFORD SHIRE COUNCIL Mills, Gordon Wesley, President. Wade, Malcolm Davis, Shire Secretary. Tindle, Graeme John, Assistant Shire Secretary.

COBRAM SHIRE COUNCIL Denson, Maurice Lindsay, President. Cutts, Ronald Trevett, Shire Secretary. Holdsworth, Aubrey Melrose, Shire Engineer.

DEAKIN SHIRE COUNCIL Flanagan, Edmond Joseph, President. Schmedje, Leonard, Councillor. Pearl, Bruce, Shire Secretary. Alford, Terry William, Shire Engineer.

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EUROA SHIRE COUNCIL Griffiths, Harold, Councillor. Cameron, Ewen Colin, Councillor. Doyle, Kevin Joseph, Councillor.

Moran, Bruce, Shire Secretary. Kemp, Charles Henry, Shire Engineer.

GOULBURN SHIRE COUNCIL Bayles, Ian Norman, President. Ryan, Christopher James, Councillor. Mitchell, John Leslie, Shire Secretary. Godridge, Keith Henry, Shire Engineer.

K.ILMORE SHIRE COUNCIL Clancy, John, Councillor. Hoban, Brian Joseph, Shire Secretary. Garside, Jack Phillip, Shire Engineer.

KYABRAM TOWN COUNCIL King, Kenneth Nelson, Councillor. Cornish, Edwin Thomas, Town Clerk. Godfrey, Charles Lovett, Town Engineer.

MANSFIELD SHIRE COUNCIL Redfern, John William, President. Bostock, Roy Willan, Deputy President.

Cairns, Eugene, Shire Secretary. Lynch, Leonard William, Shire Engineer.

NATHALIA SHIRE COUNCIL Baxter, William Robert, M.L.A., President. Dancocks, John Kerr, Shire Secretary.

NUMURKAH SHIRE COUNCIL Graham, Donald Percival, Councillor. Mitchell, Lindsay George, Shire Secretary. McPherson, Norman John, Shire Engineer.

RODNEY SHIRE COUNCIL McKenzie, John Alan, Councillor. Perry, Reuben, Shire Secretary. Knee, Arthur George, Shire Engineer.

SEYMOUR SHIRE COUNCIL Stewart, William McLean, Councillor. McWhinney, Gregor George, Shire Secretary. Searle, George, Shire Engineer.

SHEPPARTON CITY COUNCIL Gerrard, John Laurance, Mayor. O’Brien, Roy Duncan, Town Clerk. Humphreys, William Francis, City Engineer. Smith, Patricia Margaret, Deputy Town Clerk.

SHEPPARTON SHIRE COUNCIL W a re , G e o r g e G e ra ld , C o u n c illo r.

R eed , J o h n W a lla ce , S h ire S e c re ta ry .

S hellie, R u ssell J o h n , S h ire E n g in e er.

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TUNGAMAH SHIRE COUNCIL Buerckner, Walter, President. Cleary, Maurice, Shire Secretary. Campbell, Colin Robert, Shire Engineer.

VIOLET TOWN SHIRE COUNCIL Sands, Robert Stanley, Councillor. Weatherley, Trevor Arthur, Shire Secretary. Morrissey, John Martin, Shire Engineer.

WARANGA SHIRE COUNCIL Hill, Clement Bertrand, Councillor. Larkins, Terence Hugh, Shire Secretary. Richards, Maxwell Gordon, Shire Engineer.

YEA SHIRE COUNCIL McLeish, John Daniel Maurice, Councillor. Berkery, Francis Fitzgerald, Shire Secretary. Kisler, Stanley Peter, Shire Engineer.

REGION 8—NORTH EASTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Diffey, Sidney Colin, Councillor, Shire of Rutherglen. Elward, John William, Town Clerk, City of Wangaratta.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BEECHWORTH SHIRE COUNCIL McKenzie-McHarg, David Aloysius Patrick, President. Gray, Graeme Taylor, Shire Secretary. Pope, Donald William, Shire Engineer.

BRIGHT SHIRE COUNCIL Edmondson, Robert John, Councillor. Ritson, Terrence Joseph, Shire Secretary. Sibley, Ronald Gordon, Shire Engineer.

CHILTERN SHIRE COUNCIL Taylor, Jack Melbourne, Councillor. Forbes, Trevor Henry, Shire Secretary.

MYRTLEFORD SHIRE COUNCIL Weller, Kevin Alan William Edward, Councilloi. Lane, Kenneth Stanley, Shire Secretary.

OXLEY SHIRE COUNCIL Wadley, Thomas George, President. Van Leeuwen, Eric Francis, Shire Secretary. Matthews, Brian Ralph, Shire Engineer.

RUTHERGLEN SHIRE COUNCIL D iffey , S id n e y C o lin , C o u n c illo r. M c Q u ille n , W a lte r J a m e s , S h ire S e c re ta ry . D ix o n , N e il C e d ric , S h ire E n g in e e r.

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TALLANGATTA SHIRE COUNCIL Harvey, James Harper, Councillor. Bowman, Ian McKay, Shire Secretary. Craig, Harold Russell, Shire Engineer.

UPPER MURRAY SHIRE COUNCIL Whitsed, Allan Keith, President. Deed, Albert Arthur Noel, Shire Secretary. Murphy, Denis Leslie, Shire Engineer.

WANGARATTA CITY COUNCIL Evans, Evan Douglas, Mayor. Elward, John William, Town Clerk. Macklin, Reginald John, City Engineer.

Dempsey, Michael John, Accountant and Rate Collector.

WANGARATTA SHIRE COUNCIL Bourke, John Patrick, President. Hallinan, Bernard James, Shire Secretary. Smith, Frank Davidson, Shire Engineer.

WODONGA RURAL CITY COUNCIL Riley, Kenneth Thompson, Mayor. Rutkowski, Andrew Witold, Town Clerk.

Page, William George, City Engineer.

YACKANDANDAH SHIRE COUNCIL Reid, John Charles, President. Lamb, John William, Shire Engineer. Forbes, Trevor Henry, Acting Shire Secretary.

YARRAWONGA SHIRE COUNCIL Prescott, Horace Robert, President. Montrose, Arthur Roger, Deputy President. Presley, Donald James Victor, Shire Secretary.

Dempsey, John Kevin, Shire Engineer.

REGION 9—EAST GIPPSLAND

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Larkins, Alexander William, Councillor, Shire of Tam'oo. Muntz, Trevor Neil, Town Clerk, Town of Bairnsdale. Hopkins, John James, Shire Engineer, Shire of Bairnsdale.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies AVON SHIRE COUNCIL Hamlyn, Alexander Lawrence, Councillor. Soulsby, Ronald Keith, Shire Secretary.

Sterkenburg, Jacobus William, Shire Engineer.

BAIRNSDALE SHIRE COUNCIL Phillips, Allan John, President. Lewis, Peter Robert, Shire Secretary. Hopkins, John James, Shire Engineer.

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BAIRNSDALE TOWN COUNCIL Selwyn, Maurice Carter, Mayor. Muntz, Trevor Neil, Town Clerk. Reddick, Geoffrey William, Town Engineer.

MAFFRA SHIRE COUNCIL Kelly, Richard Francis, President. Rennick, James, Shire Secretary. McLaren, James Cole, Shire Engineer.

OMEO SHIRE COUNCIL Scott, Colin White, Councillor. Ogburn, Keith Joseph, Shire Secretary. Biacsi, Arpad, Shire Engineer.

ORBOST SHIRE COUNCIL Johnston, Edward Walters, Councillor. Vernon, Russell Edwin, Shire Secretary. Saunders, David Hamilton, Shire Engineer.

ROSEDALE SHIRE COUNCIL Gooch, Norman Richman, Councillor. Thompson, George Wallace, Shire Secretary. Saunders, Geoffrey Arthur, Shire Engineer. Hammond, Edward Womersley, Administrative Officer.

SALE CITY COUNCIL Ruff, Oswald Abraham, Mayor. Low, John Lawrence, Town Clerk. Lewis, Alan John, City Engineer.

TAMBO SHIRE COUNCIL Larkins, Alexander William, Councillor. Hobson, William James, Shire Secretary. Bain, Alexander Maurice, Shire Engineer.

REGION 10—CENTRAL GIPPSLAND

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Delzoppo, John Edward, Councillor, Shire of Buln Buln. Vinall, John Charles, Councillor, Shire of Morwell. Dunton, David Joseph Reginald, Shire Secretary, Shire of Morwell.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALBERTON SHIRE COUNCIL Harvey, Ronald Mason, Councillor. Walpole, Stanley Bernard, Councillor. Curry, Arthur William, Former Shire Secretary.

BULN BULN SHIRE COUNCIL McCay, Hugh Finlay, Councillor. Gardner, Edward Hughes, Councillor. Pretty, Keith Albert, Shire Secretary.

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KORUMBURRA SHIRE COUNCIL Grayden, Arthur Robert, Councillor. Clark, William Oswell, Shire Secretary. Walls, Raymond Alwyn, Shire Engineer.

MIRBOO SHIRE COUNCIL Marstaeller, Robert Edward, Councillor. Cartledge, David Alan, Former Shire Secretary. Martin, Frederick Noel, Shire Engineer.

MOE CITY COUNCIL Connaghan, James, Mayor. Bartholomeusz, Wilfred Everard, Councillor. Pugsley, Robert James, Town Clerk.

MORWELL SHIRE COUNCIL Vinall, John Charles, Councillor. Dunton, David Joseph Reginald, Shire Secretary. Ritchie, Graham Oughton, Shire Engineer.

NARRACAN SHIRE COUNCIL Keating, Edward John, Councillor. Tickell, Ronald Edmond, Councillor. Nelson, Walter Francis, Shire Secretary.

Thege, Ronald David, Shire Engineer.

SOUTH GIPPSLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Bennett-Wood, Vivian Walter, Councillor. Lomax, Harold Rodney, Shire Secretary. Carruthers, Robert James, Shire Engineer.

TRARALGON CITY COUNCIL Ashworth, Alfred Rodney, Councillor. Saunders, Kenneth James, Town Clerk. Cooper, Donald Austin, City Engineer.

TRARALGON SHIRE COUNCIL Gilmour, Ronald Steele, Councillor. Teasdale, William, Shire Secretary. Humphries, Peter Charles, Shire Engineer.

WARRAGUL SHIRE COUNCIL Farrington, Albert George, Councillor. McAdie, Dudley, Shire Secretary. Davidson, Victor Bruce, Accountant.

WOORAYL SHIRE COUNCIL Ashenden, Arthur Russell, Councillor. Stanley, Ronald Graeme, Shire Secretary. Moody, Raymond George, Shire Engineer.

REGION 11—CENTRAL

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Brebner, James Percy, Councillor, City of Collingwood.

1 2 1

Zouch, Brian Terence, Mayor, City of St Kilda. Young, John Alexander, Personal Assistant to Town Clerk, City of Melbourne.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies COLLINGWOOD CITY COUNCIL Brebner, James Percy, Councillor. Cook, Lewis Dudley, Town Clerk. Agnew, Malcolm Hugh, City Engineer and Building Surveyor.

Morgan, Edith Joyce, Social Worker.

FITZROY CITY COUNCIL Coghlan, Paul Anthony, Mayor. James, John Patrick, Town Clerk. Falkner, Jack Edward, City Engineer. Wills, Jennifer, Social Planning Officer.

MELBOURNE CITY COUNCIL Beaurepaire, Ian Francis, Councillor. McCaw, James Mathew, Deputy Town Clerk. Stanley, Kenneth Clarence Charles, City Treasurer.

PORT MELBOURNE CITY COUNCIL Todd, Archibald, Councillor. Jackson, Frederick Caton, Town Clerk. Thackeray, William Andrew, City Engineer.

PRAHRAN CITY COUNCIL Hegarty, Peter John, Councillor. Lucas, John Albert, Town Clerk.

RICHMOND CITY COUNCIL Bastow, Ernest, Mayor. Eyres, Charles Clifton, Town Clerk. Champion, Roger Lloyd, City Engineer. Debono, Vincent, Treasurer and Accountant.

SOUTH MELBOURNE CITY COUNCIL Cox, John Joseph, Town Clerk. McNamara, Kenneth John, Deputy City Engineer.

ST KILDA CITY COUNCIL Zouch, Brian Terence, Mayor. Isaac, Aubrey Norris, Town Clerk. Verhoeven, Martin Adrian, City Engineer.

REGION 12—WESTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Maddern, Frederick James, Councillor, City of Footscray. Thompson, John Harley, Executive Secretary.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALTONA CITY COUNCIL Stewart, John Ian, Mayor.

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Croft, William Leslie Joseph, Councillor. Fell, Sydney, Town Clerk. Simmons, Ralph Carnegie, City Engineer.

BACCHUS MARSH SHIRE COUNCIL Arnold, Andrew, President. Morris, Ian Douglas, Shire Secretary. McLennan, Brian John, Shire Engineer.

ESSENDON CITY COUNCIL Rowe, Barry John, Councillor. Scott, James Pearce, Town Clerk. Cameron, Ronald Alexander, City Engineer.

Rumble, Ian Frank, Finance Officer. Arcuri, Lynette Marie, Social Worker.

FOOTSCRAY CITY COUNCIL

Bristow, John Francis, Councillor. Swaby, Wilfred Harry, Town Clerk. Meekcoms, Kenneth Parker, City Engineer. Richardson, Tom Ernest, Accountant.

KEILOR CITY COUNCIL Kirchner, Peter Arleigh, Councillor. Kelly, Richard Frederick Bonynge, Town Clerk. Carlyle, William James, City Engineer.

Klemmer, William Stirling, Town Planning Officer. Groom, John Lawrence, Assistant Town Clerk. Wearne, Norman Ralph, Social Worker. Nicholls, Charles John, Chief Accountant.

Baulch, Walter Trevor, City Valuer. Laskowski, Henry, Assistant City Engineer.

MELTON SHIRE COUNCIL Richards, Irene Mary, Councillor. Shaw, John Francis, Acting Shire Secretary. Gallagher, Anthony Dennis, Acting Shire Engineer.

SUNSHINE CITY COUNCIL Brown, Howard John, Councillor. Deutschmann, Thomas William, Town Clerk. Dalton, John Royce, Chief Planner.

WERRIBEE SHIRE COUNCIL Cavanagh, George Francis, President. Kerr, John Thomas, Shire Secretary. Nicol, John Alexander, Shire Engineer.

Reilly, Stanley John, Shire Valuer. Jordan, Peter Robert, Deputy Shire Secretary.

WILLIAMSTOWN CITY COUNCIL Hoffman, Leo Ronald, Mayor. Sloan, John Trevor, Acting Town Clerk. Gould, William Ronald, City Engineer.

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R E G I O N 13— N O R T H W E S T E R N

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Mott, Francis Dermot, Councillor, City of Broadmeadows. McNamara, John Daniel, Secretary, Regional Organisation.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BROADMEADOWS CITY COUNCIL Knuckey, Richard Frank, Mayor. Mott, Francis Dermot, Councillor. Holmes, William Lloyd, Acting Town Clerk. Chisholm, John Duncan, City Engineer. Lacey, Graham Thomas, Social Planner.

BRUNSWICK CITY COUNCIL Wilson, Kenneth David, Town Clerk. Adams, Kevin William, Deputy City Engineer.

BULLA SHIRE COUNCIL Kelly, John Michael, Shire Secretary. McKerrow, John Alexander, Shire Engineer.

COBURG CITY COUNCIL Harman, George Walter, Town Clerk. Kibby, Raymond, City Engineer.

GISBORNE SHIRE COUNCIL Jackson, Henry Walter Samuel, Relieving Shire Secretary. Ellis, William Reginald, Shire Engineer.

REGION 14—NORTHERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Maling, Donald Charles, Councillor, Shire of Eltham. Waters, Brian Francis, Councillor, Shire of Diamond Valley.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies DIAMOND VALLEY SHIRE COUNCIL Waters, Brian Francis, Councillor. Morgan, Bruce Jackson, Shire Secretary. Thomas, James Frederick, Shire Engineer. Spooner, Raymond William, Accountant.

ELTHAM SHIRE COUNCIL Maling, Donald Charles, Councillor. Mass, Frank Wayne, Councillor. Featherston, William Raymond, Chief Administrator. Stamp, John Hall, Acting Shire Engineer.

McCulloch, Gordon, Accountant.

HEIDELBERG CITY COUNCIL Christie, Ross Colville, Councillor. Jones, Alan, City Manager and Town Clerk. McDonnell, Norman Plummer, City Engineer.

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Mclnerney, John Michael, City Planner/Architect. Brennan, Graeme William, Accountant. Hawkes, Mary Catherine, Former Social Worker.

NORTHCOTE CITY COUNCIL Shepherd, Thomas, Deputy Town Clerk. Murphy, Charles Clements, City Engineer. Morrison, Roderick McDonald, Accountant.

PRESTON CITY COUNCIL Hall, John, Councillor. Robinson, Norman Ernest Lloyd, Deputy Town Clerk and Accountant.

Bramham, Raymond Basil, City Engineer.

WHITTLESEA SHIRE COUNCIL Uren, Harold Robert, President. Smith, David John, Shire Secretary. Harrison, James Hayden, Deputy Shire Engineer.

REGION 15—INNER EASTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation White, Robert Douglas, Councillor, City of Doncaster and Templestowe. Woodhouse, Peter Brayshay, Councillor, City of Camberwell.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BOX HILL CITY COUNCIL Lundgren, Ernest Oscar, Councillor.

Port, Ian George, Town Clerk. Pollock, Ian Gordon, City Engineer. Hartvigsen, Arthur Peter, Accountant.

CAMBERWELL CITY COUNCIL Woodhouse, Peter Brayshay, Councillor. Cheffers, Leonard Francis, Chief Administrator and Town Clerk.

Campbell, Alan Frazer, City Treasurer. White, Vernon Francis, Works Engineer.

DONCASTER AND TEMPLESTOWE CITY COUNCIL Marsden, Ian Rupert, Mayor. White, Robert Douglas, Councillor. Thomson, John William, Town Clerk.

Andrew, Frederick George, City Engineer. White, John Peter, Accountant.

HAWTHORN CITY COUNCIL Beale, John Hampton Hartwig, Mayor. Smith, Bruce Cam, Town Clerk. Machin, Peter William, City Engineer.

KEW CITY COUNCIL Lloyd, Ralph Wheeler, Councillor. Robinson, Brian Henry, Town Clerk. Gould, Ronald George, City Engineer.

Huggins, Peter Stanley, Accountant.

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R E G I O N 16— O U T E R E A S T E R N

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Webster, Noel Howard, Councillor, City of Nunawading. Bock, Colin James, Town Clerk Elect, City of Waverley.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CROYDON CITY COUNCIL Pile, George Leonard, Councillor. Burton, Ronald, Town Clerk. Craigie, Robert McKinnon, City Engineer. Stevens, James Neville, Deputy Town Clerk and Treasurer. Dower, Ian George, Planning Engineer.

HEALESVILLE SHIRE COUNCIL Haycraft, Jack, Councillor. Hardisty, Richard Edwin, Shire Secretary. Hewson, Neil Henry, Shire Engineer.

KNOX CITY COUNCIL Fasham, Bruce Thomas, Councillor. Neville, Timothy John, Town Clerk. Egan-Lee, Richard Derrick, City Engineer. Coward, Brian Robert, Deputy Town Clerk.

LILLYDALE SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Alan Samuel, Councillor. Kent, Frederick Owen, Shire Secretary. Scott, Kenneth Harden, Shire Engineer. Wyatt, Stephen William, Accountant.

NUNAWADING CITY COUNCIL Webster, Noel Howard, Councillor. Jane, Edward James, Town Clerk. Sewart, William, City Engineer.

RINGWOOD CITY COUNCIL Smart, Gerald Richard George, Councillor. Hall, Alfred Wallace, Town Clerk. Robertson, Alan Charles, City Engineer.

SHERBROOKE SHIRE COUNCIL Groves, Rodney Mortimer, Councillor. Matson, Kenneth Erik, Shire Secretary.

Dulf, Graeme Leonard, Shire Engineer.

UPPER YARRA SHIRE COUNCIL Cooper, Stanley Lloyd, Councillor. Eddy, Jack Neilson, Shire Secretary. Chapman, William, Deputy Shire Engineer.

WAVERLEY CITY COUNCIL Frecker, Graeme Latchford, Councillor. Bales, Frank Stuart, Town Clerk. Thompson, Albert George, City Engineer.

Halford, Jonathan Neil, Deputy City Engineer.

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R E G I O N 17— I N N E R S O U T H E R N

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Hawken, Stanley Arthur, Councillor, City of Mordialloc. Stevens, Harold Roy Vincent, Councillor, City of Moorabbin.

Corben, Douglas Harold, Town Clerk, City of Mordialloc.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BRIGHTON CITY COUNCIL Mason, Laurie William, Mayor. De Garis, Ambrose Clement George, Town Clerk. Knight, Donald, Acting City Engineer.

CAULFIELD CITY COUNCIL Wilson, Kerry Dean, City Manager. Logan, David Brian, Deputy City Manager.

MALVERN CITY COUNCIL Healy, Hubert Thomas Henry, Mayor. Birrell, Peter Anderson, Town Clerk. Dowling, Kenneth John, City Engineer.

MOORABBIN CITY COUNCIL Stevens, Harold Roy Vincent, Councillor. Waters, James William, Town Clerk. Dennis, William Wesley, City Engineer.

Port, Stanley Walter, Treasurer.

MORDIALLOC CITY COUNCIL Hawken, Stanley Arthur, Councillor. Corben, Douglas Harold, Town Clerk.

Tatnell, Donald Charles, City Engineer.

OAKLEIGH CITY COUNCIL Perryman, John Barrie, Councillor. Hocking, James Harold, Town Clerk. Runge, Arthur Arnold, City Engineer.

SANDRINGHAM CITY COUNCIL Ivison, Ruby May, Councillor. Sherman, Peter Seaton, Town Clerk. Sherring, James Coleman, City Engineer.

McGregor, Bruce Donald, Deputy Town Clerk.

REGION 18—WESTERN PORT

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Thwaites, William, Councillor, Shire of Cranbourne. Vickerman, Terrence, Shire Secretary, Shire of Cranborne.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BASS SHIRE COUNCIL Grummisch, Charles Gustav, President.

Campbell, Bruce Kirkpatrick, Councillor.

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Harland, Gordon James, Shire Secretary. Jackson, Harry Moffat, Shire Engineer.

BERWICK CITY COUNCIL Thomas, John Gladstone, Mayor. Northeast, Patrick John, Town Clerk. Pawsey, Max John, City Engineer.

CHELSEA CITY COUNCIL Ward, Barry John, Town Clerk. Niemann, Alan Thomas, City Engineer.

CRANBOURNE SHIRE COUNCIL Thwaites, William, Councillor. Vickerman, Terrence, Shire Secretary.

DANDENONG CITY COUNCIL Powell, Barry John, Councillor. Elliott, Callard Allan, Town Clerk. Wright, Walter Gordon, City Engineer.

FLINDERS SHIRE COUNCIL Williams, Stanley, Shire Secretary. Parkinson, Peter Skepper, Shire Engineer.

FRANKSTON CITY COUNCIL Bunyon, Derek Edward Robert, Mayor. Eastwood, Geoffrey Dennis, Councillor. Pentland, George Chamberlain, Town Clerk. Tatterson, Ian James, Finance Officer.

HASTINGS SHIRE COUNCIL Bennetts, Lorna, Councillor. Walker, Lance Alfred, Shire Secretary.

MORNINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL Collings, David Gordon, Shire Secretary. McArthur, Kenneth William, Deputy Shire Engineer.

PAKENHAM SHIRE COUNCIL Wallis, Barry John, Shire Secretary. Chambers, Ronald Joseph, Shire Engineer. Canobie, Raymond Thomas Roland, Deputy Shire Secretary.

PHILLIP ISLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Morgan-Payler Frederick Trafford, President. Hilgendorf, Frederick Murray, Councillor. Harris, Stanley Alexander, Shire Secretary.

McKechnie, John Alexander, Shire Engineer.

SPRINGVALE CITY COUNCIL Box, Harold Chivers, Councillor. Williams, Holman Lindsay, Town Clerk. Ryan, Trevor Graeme, Acting City Engineer.

WONTHAGGI BOROUGH COUNCIL Mortimer, George Albert, Mayor. Trueman, Henry Rodney, Town Clerk. Coco, Frank Samuel, Borough Engineer.

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QUEENSLAND

REGION 1— MORETON Spokesman for Regional Organisation Jones, The Right Honourable Clem, Lord Mayor, Brisbane City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALBERT SHIRE COUNCIL

Muntz, Hugh Dunstan, Chairman. Gampe, Norman Arthur, Shire Clerk. Penhaligon, Ronald John, Shire Engineer.

BEAUDESERT SHIRE COUNCIL Drynan, Andrew, Chairman. Stuckey, Keith William, Shire Clerk. Moore, Raymond Robert, Shire Engineer.

BOONAH SHIRE COUNCIL Bruckner, Keith William, Chairman. Pennell, James Elmslie Crawford, Deputy Chairman. Grant, Charles Henry, Shire Clerk.

BRISBANE CITY COUNCIL Jones, The Rt. Hon. Clem, Lord Mayor. Pardon, Ross Kinman, Executive Advisor to Lord Mayor. Hackwood, Raymond Victor, Acting Manager, Department of Finance and Manage­

ment Services.

CABOOLTURE SHIRE COUNCIL Barr, Alexander, Chairman. Warren, Ian Campbell, Shire Clerk. Stringfellow, Derek Cecil, Shire Engineer.

Krause, Ronald William, Deputy Shire Clerk.

ESK SHIRE COUNCIL Haslingdon. Keith Edgar, Chairman. Williams, Lester James, Deputy Chairman. McCarthy, Eileen Margaret, Shire Clerk. Wyatt, Graham Francis, Shire Engineer.

GATTON SHIRE COUNCIL McCormack, Edward Robinson, Chairman. Phipps, Dawson Robert, Shire Clerk. Kilmister, Barry Edward, Shire Engineer.

GOLD COAST CITY COUNCIL Neumann, Robert, Mayor. Angove, Arthur Vey, Town Clerk. Cronin, John Daniel, Chief Engineer.

IPSWICH CITY COUNCIL St. John, William Hector, Alderman. Milton, Alan George, City Administrator. Abbiss, Thomas James, City Engineer. Sanewski, Trevor Alwyn, City Accountant.

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KILCOY SHIRE COUNCIL McAulay, Mervyn Huggins, Chairman. Eckel, Edward John, Shire Clerk. Polle, Maxwell Gregory, Shire Engineer.

LAIDLEY SHIRE COUNCIL Pitt, Russell Lester, Chairman. Fox, Barrie Leonard, Shire Clerk.

LANDSBOROUGH SHIRE COUNCIL Beausang, John Leslie, Chairman. Smith, John Raymond, Shire Clerk. Poole, Maxwell Gregory, Shire Engineer.

MAROOCHY SHIRE COUNCIL De Vere, Edward Owen, Chairman. Fraser, Leslie Grant, Shire Engineer. Christiansen, Donald Charles, Deputy Shire Clerk.

MORETON SHIRE COUNCIL Hall, Albert George Victor, Chairman. Ishmael, David Gwilym, Shire Clerk. Lubke, John Frederick, Shire Engineer.

PINE RIVERS SHIRE COUNCIL Carruthers, Malcolm McDonald, Councillor. Hyland, Edwin Charles, Shire Clerk. Pollard, James Leslie, Shire Engineer. May, Donald Clive, Deputy Shire Clerk. McGrath, Michael, Planning Officer.

REDCLIFFE CITY COUNCIL Kroll, Cecil Ernest, Mayor. Enright, Gregory, Town Clerk. Tibbits, Kevin Richard, City Engineer. Brady, John Mathew, Senior Clerk.

REDLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Wood, Ernest Gaden Western, Chairman. Simpson, Donald, Shire Clerk Mackie, Robert, Deputy Shire Clerk.

REGION 2—WIDE BAY-BURNETT

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation MacDonald, Neil Ian, Chairman, Noosa Shire Council. Smith, Lesleigh George Windmell, Chairman, Wondai Shire Council. Boreham, Geoffrey Gibson, Deputy Mayor, Bundaberg City Council.

Spokesmen fo r Local Governing Bodies B IG G E N D E N S H IR E C O U N C I L

W h ite , A lb e r t W a lte r, C h a ir m a n .

M c A r th u r , F ra n c is P a tric k , S h ire C le rk .

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BUNDABERG CITY COUNCIL Nielsen, Clifford John, Mayor. Boreham, Geoffrey Gibson, Deputy Mayor. Crane, Reginald Guy, Town Clerk.

Brewer, Clifford Spencer, City Engineer.

BURRUM SHIRE COUNCIL Barron, John, Chairman. Farr, Thomas Henry, Shire Clerk. Gemmell, Thomas James, Shire Engineer.

EIDSVOLD SHIRE COUNCIL Horn, Desmond John, Chairman. Neville, Adrian Colin, Shire Clerk.

GAYNDAH SHIRE COUNCIL Lutvey, Michael, Chairman. Weller, Roy Douglas, Shire Clerk.

GOOBURRUM SHIRE COUNCIL McLellan, Basil Mervyn, Chairman. Young, Charles Edward Christopher, Councillor. Gessling, Raymond John, Shire Clerk.

Reynolds, Ronald Darcy, Works Overseer.

GYMPIE CITY COUNCIL Kidd, James Edward, Mayor. Landy, Peter John, Town Clerk.

Irvine, Ronald William, Deputy Town Clerk. Dinneen, Patrick Barry, Assistant City Engineer.

ISIS SHIRE COUNCIL Plath, Alfred William, Chairman. Zischke, Mervyn, Deputy Chairman. Watkins, Herbert Leslie, Shire Clerk.

KILKIVAN SHIRE COUNCIL McIntosh, Alec Frederick, Chairman. Keating, Evan George, Shire Clerk. Chapman, Ross, Shire Engineer.

KINGAROY SHIRE COUNCIL Crawford, George Leslie, Chairman. Knopke, Ronald, Shire Clerk. Rasmussen, John Eric Leander, Shire Engineer.

KOLAN SHIRE COUNCIL Innes, Hugh Hector, Chairman. Oliver, Herbert Keith, Shire Clerk. Rose, Raymond Victor, Consulting Engineer.

MARYBOROUGH CITY COUNCIL Anderson, John, Mayor. Kidd, Mervyn Henry, City Administrator. Wilson, Frank, City Engineer.

Bavington, George Millson, Deputy City Administrator.

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MIRIAM VALE SHIRE COUNCIL

Elliot, Phillip John, Chairman. Dixon, John Neville, Shire Clerk.

MONTO SHIRE COUNCIL Dowling, Warren Rupert, Deputy Chairman. Pointon, John Ernest, Shire Clerk.

MUNDUBBERA SHIRE COUNCIL

Dimitrios, James, Chairman. Young, William, Councillor. Gorrie, Noel Edward, Shire Clerk.

MURGON SHIRE COUNCIL Roberts, William George, Chairman. Meddleton, Alan Robert, Deputy Chairman. Narracott, Frank Magnus Carlson, Shire Clerk.

NANANGO SHIRE COUNCIL Hunter, Peter Henry, Chairman. Hohnke, Reuben Valentine, Shire Clerk.

NOOSA SHIRE COUNCIL Hassett, Jack, Deputy Chairman. Philpot, Daniel John, Acting Shire Clerk. Berry, Leslie Hector, Shire Engineer. Sagner, Josef Emil, Accountant.

PERRY SHIRE COUNCIL Elliott, Andrew Thomas, Councillor. McKenzie, Peter John, Shire Clerk.

TIARO SHIRE COUNCIL Tatnell, William, Deputy Chairman. Webb, Gordon Colin, Shire Clerk.

WIDGEE SHIRE COUNCIL McDonald, Mervyn Vincent, Chairman. Rafter, Kenneth, Shire Clerk. Clarkson, Donald Walter, Shire Engineer.

WONDAI SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Lesleigh George Windmell, Chairman. Keates, Alan William, Shire Clerk. Liston, Alexander, Shire Engineer.

WOOCOO SHIRE COUNCIL Simpson, Glenton Raymond, Chairman. Purser, Lome Terence, Shire Clerk.

WOONGARRA SHIRE COUNCIL Maughan, George Clement Charles, Chairman. Dionysius, Alan Edwin, Shire Clerk.

REGION 3—FITZROY

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Pilbeam, Reginald Byron Jarvis, Mayor. Rockhampton City Council.

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Swenson, Royce Herbert, Mayor, Gladstone Town Council. Cameron, Edwin Archibald Donald, Chairman, Calliope Shire Council. Park, William Kerrod, Chairman, Duaringa Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BANANA SHIRE COUNCIL O’Rourke, Alfred Whitney, Chairman. Hooper, James Bernard, Shire Clerk.

BAUHINIA SHIRE COUNCIL Rolfe, Albert Clive, Chairman. Shelton, Martin Robert, Shire Clerk.

CALLIOPE SHIRE COUNCIL Cameron, Edwin Archibald Donald, Chairman. Smith, Robert, Shire Clerk.

DUARINGA SHIRE COUNCIL Park, William Kerrod, Chairman. Slower, Dermid Lindsay, Shire Clerk. Blain, Milton Francis, Consulting Engineer.

EMERALD SHIRE COUNCIL Gibson, Margaret Jean, Deputy Chairman. Williams, Francis John, Consulting Engineer. Purdie, Colin Keith, Shire Clerk.

FITZROY SHIRE COUNCIL Pierce, Richard Edward, Chairman. Donovan, Vernon Norman, Shire Clerk. Lloyd, Barry James, Consulting Engineer.

GLADSTONE TOWN COUNCIL Swenson, Royce Herbert, Mayor. Elsmore, Robin Reginald, Town Engineer.

JERICHO SHIRE COUNCIL Palm, Arthur Henry, Councillor. Pollard, Douglas Eric, Shire Clerk.

LIVINGSTONE SHIRE COUNCIL Beak, Henry Robert, Chairman. Cass, William John, Shire Clerk. Lindsay, Donald, Shire Engineer.

MOUNT MORGAN SHIRE COUNCIL Timms, Arthur David, Chairman. Wassell, Alec George, Shire Clerk.

PEAK DOWNS SHIRE COUNCIL Garside, Reginald Harry, Chairman. Brown, Arthur James, Shire Clerk.

ROCKHAMPTON CITY COUNCIL Pilbeam, Reginald Byron Jarvis, Mayor. Glover, Henry James, Shire Clerk. Philp, Arnold Hugh, City Engineer.

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REGION 4—MACKAY

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BELYANDO SHIRE COUNCIL Turner, James Raymond, Chairman. Lawrence, Peter James, Shire Clerk. Slader, Alfred Harold, Shire Engineer.

BROADSOUND SHIRE COUNCIL

Garnham, William Frederick, Chairman. Russell, Michael, Shire Clerk. Bales, John Herbert, Consulting Engineer.

MACKAY CITY COUNCIL Dwyer, Leslie Aloysius, Deputy Mayor. Fursman, Stanley Benjamin, Acting Town Clerk. Lawrie, Neville David, City Engineer.

MIRANI SHIRE COUNCIL O’Neill, Mathew Thomas, Chairman. Lowther, Eric Geoffrey Montgomery, Shire Clerk. Nolan, Geoffrey Andrew, Consulting Engineer.

NEBO SHIRE COUNCIL Dalrymple, David Hay, Chairman. McLaughlin, Wilson Thomas, Shire Clerk. Eales, John Herbert, Consulting Engineer.

PIONEER SHIRE COUNCIL Young, John Harold, Chairman. Evans, Ernest Edward, Shire Clerk. Nolan, Geoffrey Andrew, Consulting Engineer.

PROSERPINE SHIRE COUNCIL Horsford, Roland Eaton, Chairman. Erricker, Desmond Frederick, Shire Clerk. Eales, John Herbert, Consulting Engineer.

SARINA SHIRE COUNCIL McKie, Cyril David, Acting Chairman. Wood, Robert Allwyn, Shire Clerk. Nolan, Geoffrey Andrew, Consulting Engineer.

REGION 5—NORTHERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Titley, Thomas Harris Arthur, Mayor, Charters Towers City Council. Black, Peter Adam, Chairman, Dalrymple Shire Council. Rossiter, Richard Willoughby, Chairman, Ayr Shire Council.

Spokesmen fo r Local Governing Bodies A Y R S H IR E C O U N C I L

R o s s ite r, R ic h a rd W illo u g h b y , C h a irm a n . W e b b , G ra h a m J o h n , S e n io r C le rk .

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BOWEN SHIRE COUNCIL Ayles, Charles Willie, Councillor. Wood, John Livingstone, Shire Clerk.

Purchase, Gregory Charles, Shire Engineer.

CHARTERS TOWERS CITY COUNCIL Titley, Thomas Harris Arthur, Mayor. Sowman, Glen Charles, Town Clerk.

DALRYMPLE SHIRE COUNCIL Black, Peter Adam, Chairman. Fairbank, Douglas Blaik, Shire Clerk. Breitkreuz, Charles Ludwig, Shire Overseer. McIntyre, John McGillivray, Consulting Engineer.

HINCHINBROOK SHIRE COUNCIL Pender, John Wallace, Shire Clerk. Way, John Victor, Shire Engineer. McIntyre, John McGillivray, Consulting Engineer.

THURINGOWA SHIRE COUNCIL De Courcey, William Charles, Chairman. Ward, Douglas Alan, Shire Clerk. James, David Harry, Shire Engineer.

TOWNSVILLE CITY COUNCIL Campbell, Colin Burns, Town Clerk. Mayston, Hugh Robert, City Engineer.

McIntyre, John McGillivray, Consulting Engineer. Proud, James Craig, Deputy Town Clerk.

REGION 6—FAR NORTH

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Crathern, Kevin Francis, Mayor, Cairns City Council. Dickson, Roy, Chairman, Johnstone Shire Council. Tenni, Martin James, Chairman, Mareeba Shire Council.

Forno, Arthur Henry, Regional Secretary.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ATHERTON SHIRE COUNCIL Kattenberg, Gordon Albert, Chairman. Mills, Neil, Shire Clerk.

Gray, William Ralph, Shire Engineer.

CAIRNS CITY COUNCIL Crathern, Kevin Francis, Mayor. Trundle, Warwick MacDonald, Town Clerk. Haussman, Graham Arthur, City Engineer.

MacDonald, Neville Stuart, Assistant Town Clerk.

C A R D W E L L S H IR E C O U N C IL

B yrne, J a m e s P a tric k , C h a irm a n . B u ro w , P e te r K e ith , S h ire C lerk .

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Jones, Maxwell Keith, Shire Engineer. Adcock, Ian Douglas, Senior Clerk.

COOK SHIRE COUNCIL Gallop, Graham D ’Arcy, Administrator. Keable, Douglas Stephen, Shire Clerk.

CROYDON SHIRE COUNCIL Pickering, John Edward, Chairman. Smith, Phillip, Relieving Shire Clerk.

DOUGLAS SHIRE COUNCIL Andrews, Onslow Rutherford, Chairman. Twomey, Alan Joseph, Shire Clerk. Smeal, Rex Cuncliffe, Shire Overseer.

EACHAM SHIRE COUNCIL Daley, Bernard Vyne, Chairman. May, Jack, Shire Clerk. Drewe, Ian, Consulting Engineer.

ETHERIDGE SHIRE COUNCIL Collins, Stanley John, Chairman. Skerritt, Frederick Hugh, Shire Clerk.

HERBERTON SHIRE COUNCIL Rankine, Harry, Chairman. Hooper, Harold Roy, Shire Clerk. Drewe, Ian, Consulting Engineer.

JOHNSTONE SHIRE COUNCIL Dickson, Roy, Chairman. Fossey, John Alwyn, Acting Shire Clerk. Smith, Graham Douglas, Shire Engineer. Rail, William Arthur, Shire Accountant.

MAREEBA SHIRE COUNCIL Tenni, Martin James, Chairman. Ashfield, Henry James, Shire Clerk. Rudge, Kenneth James, Deputy Engineer.

MULGRAVE SHIRE COUNCIL Alley, George Kenneth, Chairman. Forno, Arthur Henry, Shire Clerk. Chalmers, Desmond James, Shire Engineer. Rosenberg, Kerry Robert, Senior Clerk.

TORRES SHIRE COUNCIL Brown, Kenneth Percival Hall, Administrator.

REGION 7—NORTH WEST

Spokesmen fo r Local Governing Bodies B U R K E S H IR E C O U N C IL

C la rk e , N o r m a n L e o n a rd , C h a irm a n . C h o v e a u x , A lla n E d w a rd , S h ire C lerk .

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CARPENTARIA SHIRE COUNCIL Henry, Leslie Edward William, Chairman. Gunn, Anthony Joseph, Shire Clerk. Astill, Ian, Consulting Engineer.

CLONCURRY SHIRE COUNCIL Grant, Henry McPherson, Chairman. Birtwell, Alan, Shire Clerk. Carse, Geoffrey George, Shire Engineer.

Hildebrandt, Paul Junior, Deputy Shire Clerk.

FLINDERS SHIRE COUNCIL Franzmann, Robert John, Chairman. Choveaux, Allan Geoffrey, Shire Clerk.

MCKINLAY SHIRE COUNCIL Netterfield, Eric Sturdy Pryce, Chairman. Bannah, Kevin James, Shire Clerk. Astill, Ian, Consulting Engineer.

MOUNT ISA CITY COUNCIL Bertoni, Angelo Pietro Dante, Mayor. Regan, John Vincent, Town Clerk.

RICHMOND SHIRE COUNCIL Tritton, Frederick John, Chairman. Wehlow, Charles Dudley, Shire Clerk.

REGION 8—CENTRAL WEST

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Darwen, Roy Edward, Chairman, Blackall Shire Council. Donohue, Clifford John, Chairman, Boulia Shire Council. Walker, Sir James Graham, Chairman, Longreach Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ARAMAC SHIRE COUNCIL Landers, Oliver Nicholas, Deputy Chairman.

Horn, Keith Alfred, Shire Clerk. Teasdale, Leslie Kenneth, Assistant Shire Clerk.

BARCALDINE SHIRE COUNCIL Bennett, James Duncan, Chairman. Ritchie, William Joseph, Shire Clerk.

BARCOO SHIRE COUNCIL Davis, William James Humphrey, Chairman. Victor, Gordon, Shire Clerk.

BLACKALL SHIRE COUNCIL Darwen, Roy Edward, Chairman. Younger, Robert Harrison, Shire Clerk.

BOULIA SHIRE COUNCIL Donohue, Clifford John, Chairman. Dunne, John Patrick, Shire Clerk.

137

DIAMANTINA SHIRE COUNCIL Arthur, Reginald Douglas, Councillor. Cass, Noel Patrick, Shire Clerk.

ILFRACOMBE SHIRE COUNCIL Murray, Peter Francis Gory, Chairman. McNeil, Barry Thomas, Shire Clerk.

ISISFORD SHIRE COUNCIL Behan, Harold Garfield, Chairman. Quinn, James Thomas, Shire Clerk.

LONGREACH SHIRE COUNCIL Walker, Sir James Graham, Chairman. Palmer, Reginald Charles, Shire Clerk.

TAMBO SHIRE COUNCIL Nevell, John, Chairman. Bulley, Richard George, Shire Clerk.

WINTON SHIRE COUNCIL Maxwell, Charles Kempson, Chairman. Scrimgeour, James Frederick Thomas, Shire Clerk.

REGION 9—SOUTH WEST

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Speedy, Robert Walter, Chairman, Bulloo Shire Council. Walmsley, John William Miles, Chairman, Booringa Shire Council. Smith, Rex, Deputy Chairman, Bendemere Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BALONNE SHIRE COUNCIL Hammond, Ernest Jack, Chairman. Powne, Eric Charles, Deputy Chairman. King, John Cecil, Shire Clerk.

BENDEMERE SHIRE COUNCIL Smith, Rex, Deputy Chairman. Emery, Gavin Charles, Councillor. Fox, Donald Cameron, Shire Clerk.

BOORINGA SHIRE COUNCIL Walmsley, John William Miles, Chairman. Byrnes, Denis Arthur, Shire Clerk. Dielhof, Cornelius Leendert, Shire Engineer.

BULLOO SHIRE COUNCIL Speedy, Robert Walter, Chairman. Fraser, Roger Ian, Deputy Chairman. Carr, William Joseph, Shire Clerk.

B U N G I L S H IR E C O U N C IL

T o m k in s , K e n n e th B u rg o y n e, C h a ir m a n . F in n e y , T h o m a s Ja m e s , S h ire C le rk .

138

MURWEH SHIRE COUNCIL McCarthy, Michael Thomas, Deputy Chairman. Wyatt, Cecil Roland, Shire Clerk.

PAROO SHIRE COUNCIL

Goss, Robert William, Councillor. Land, David John Morrissey, Councillor. Schwartz, Neil Lewis, Shire Clerk.

QUILPIE SHIRE COUNCIL Sommerfield, Robert William, Chairman. Day, Henry Michael William, Shire Clerk.

ROMA TOWN COUNCIL Jenkins, Geoffrey Clifford, Deputy Mayor. Reid, Richard Robert Wood, Town Clerk.

WARROO SHIRE COUNCIL Knights, Clifford Tudor, Chairman. Menham, Allan Thomas, Acting Shire Clerk. Brandon, Graham John, Shire Engineer.

REGION 10—DARLING DOWNS

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Robinson, Nell Elizabeth, Mayor, Toowoomba City Council. Fagg, Edgar George, Chairman, Glengallan Shire Council. Sparkes, Robert Lindley, Chairman, Wambo Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALLORA SHIRE COUNCIL Henry, Stuart Denis, Chairman. Deacon, James William, Deputy Chairman.

Ellwood, Lex, Shire Clerk.

CAMBOOYA SHIRE COUNCIL Hannaford, George, Chairman. Turrell, Colin Edgar, Shire Clerk. Doherty, Dennis Michael, Shire Engineer.

CHINCHILLA SHIRE COUNCIL Fuller, Charles Harvey, Chairman. Landy, John Harold, Shire Clerk.

CLIFTON SHIRE COUNCIL O’Leary, Virgil, Deputy Chairman. Smith, Francis Sidney, Shire Clerk. Doherty, Dennis Michael, Shire Engineer.

CROW’S NEST SHIRE COUNCIL Littleton, Colin Alan, Chairman. Pickering, William Stanley Austin, Shire Clerk. Bowe, Brian Patrick, Assistant Shire Clerk.

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DALBY TOWN COUNCIL Edgar, Frank Edward, Alderman. Edmonds, Harold Bruce, Town Clerk.

GLENGALLAN SHIRE COUNCIL Fagg, Edgar George, Chairman. Ogden, Keith, Shire Clerk. Reed, William Munro, Shire Engineer.

GOONDIWINDI TOWN COUNCIL Lee, Harry William, Deputy Mayor. Reid, John Robert, Town Clerk. Evrat, Ernest Thomas, Consulting Engineer.

INGLEWOOD SHIRE COUNCIL Murray, Ian Athol Fitzroy, Chairman. Sorensen, Gordon Paul, Shire Clerk.

JONDARYAN SHIRE COUNCIL McIntyre, Ian Edward, Chairman. Fox, Keith Chesters, Shire Clerk. Sheridan, Peter Noel, Shire Engineer.

MILLMERRAN SHIRE COUNCIL Saal, Vivian Lane, Chairman. McDougall, Robert Charles, Shire Clerk.

MURILLA SHIRE COUNCIL Bishop, Leo Joseph, Deputy Chairman. Mead, William Bernard, Shire Clerk.

PITTSWORTH SHIRE COUNCIL Stirling, Ross Thomas, Chairman. Briggs, Edward Allen, Shire Clerk.

Zeller, John Alfred, Shire Engineer.

ROSALIE SHIRE COUNCIL Williams, Alick, Chairman. Phipps, Ross, Shire Clerk. Connor, Malvern Arthur, Shire Engineer.

ROSENTHAL SHIRE COUNCIL Burton, Charles Francis Boysen, Shire Clerk.

STANTHORPE SHIRE COUNCIL Sullivan, Neil Stephen, Deputy Chairman. Edwards, Roland William, Shire Clerk. Reilly, William Edward, Shire Engineer.

TARA SHIRE COUNCIL Gill, Arthur James, Councillor. Bougoure, Philip Clyde, Shire Clerk. Symes, Herbert Hilton, Shire Overseer.

T A R O O M S H IR E C O U N C I L

S tiller, G u s ta v A r th u r , C h a ir m a n . M c K e e , B ria n C h a rle s , S h ire C lerk .

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TOOWOOMBA CITY COUNCIL Robinson, Nell Elizabeth, Mayor. Thorne, Eric James, Acting Town Clerk. Orme, Harold, Administration Planning Officer.

WAGGAMBA SHIRE COUNCIL Warner, Peter Moline, Chairman. Anderson, Ian James, Shire Clerk. Forbes, Douglas Malcolm, Shire Engineer.

WAMBO SHIRE COUNCIL Sparkes, Robert Lindley, Chairman. Fisher, Robert Kenneth William, Shire Clerk. Crosthwaite, Keith, Shire Engineer.

WARWICK CITY COUNCIL Peters, Frederick Kevin, Town Clerk. Lever-Shaw, Vernon William, City Engineer. Sullivan, Brian Joseph, Accountant.

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

REGION 1—NORTHERN METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Jenkins, Mervyn Charles, Town Clerk, Elizabeth City Council. Mitchell, Eric Roy, Town Clerk, Tea Tree Gully City Council. Wormald, David Keith, District Clerk, Munno Para District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ELIZABETH CITY COUNCIL Jenkins, Mervyn Charles, Town Clerk.

GAWLER TOWN COUNCIL Noack, Dennis Cartlin, Deputy Town Clerk.

MUNNO PARA DISTRICT COUNCIL Wormald, David Keith, District Clerk.

SALISBURY CITY COUNCIL Borman, Jack, Town Clerk. Miller, Desmond Everett, City Treasurer.

TEA TREE GULLY CITY COUNCIL Hards, David John, Councillor. Mitchell, Eric Roy, Town Clerk. Mannus, Ruthard Walter, Accountant.

REGION 2—WESTERN METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation West, Maxwell John, Mayor, Glenelg City Council. Kerr, Robert Armstrong, Town Clerk, Woodville City Council. Roeger, Douglas Hamley Mudie, Town Clerk, Port Adelaide City Council.

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Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies GLENELG CITY COUNCIL West, Maxwell John, Mayor. Lewis, Robert George, Town Clerk.

HENLEY AND GRANGE CITY COUNCIL Nash, Ronald Edwin, Town Clerk.

HINDMARSH CITY COUNCIL Langman, John Robert, Town Clerk.

PORT ADELAIDE CITY COUNCIL Roeger, Douglas Hamley Mudie, Town Clerk.

THEBARTON TOWN COUNCIL Baker, Melvyn John, Town Clerk.

WEST TORRENS CITY COUNCIL Stott, Malvern George, Town Clerk. WOODVILLE CITY COUNCIL Kerr, Robert Armstrong, Town Clerk.

REGION 3—EASTERN METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Arland, Russell William, Town Clerk, Adelaide City Council. Morrissey, Dennis Royston James, Town Clerk, Campbelltown City Council. Payne, George Boxall, Town Clerk, Unley City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ADELAIDE CITY COUNCIL Arland, Russell William, Town Clerk. Barbalet, Margaret Evelyn, Research Officer. Lee, Donald Ralph, Financial Controller.

BURNSIDE CITY COUNCIL Cousin, Allan Ernest, Town Clerk.

CAMPBELLTOWN CITY COUNCIL Morrissey, Dennis Royston James, Town Clerk. Braddock, Arthur Lyall, Accountant.

COLONEL LIGHT GARDENS TOWN COUNCIL Worth, Colin Leonard, Commissioner.

EAST TORRENS DISTRICT COUNCIL Millich, Keith Desmond, District Clerk.

ENFIELD CITY COUNCIL Lewis, Lawrence John, Town Clerk. Tiggeman, Peter Robert, Accountant. Buick, Ross Raymond, Engineer.

KENSINGTON AND NORWOOD CITY COUNCIL Mackay, Leigh Kinnard, Town Clerk. Simpson, Randall George, Deputy Town Clerk.

142

MITCHAM CITY COUNCIL

Hayes, Harvey Francis, Town Clerk.

PAYNEHAM CITY COUNCIL

Williams, Raymond Haynes. Town Clerk.

PROSPECT TOWN COUNCIL Pash, Robert Lionel, Town Clerk.

ST PETERS TOWN COUNCIL Pickering, Alan Francis, Town Clerk.

STIRLING DISTRICT COUNCIL Oswald, Robert Ellery, District Clerk.

UNLEY CITY COUNCIL Payne, George Boxall, Town Clerk. Usher, Alfred Gordon, City Treasurer.

WALKERVILLE TOWN COUNCIL Paech, Murray Morton, Town Clerk.

REGION 4—SOUTHERN METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Catt, Christopher Arthur Charles, District Clerk, Noarlunga District Council. Green, John Goldney Heylen, Alderman, Brighton City Council. McClure, Alexander Douglas, Town Clerk, Marion City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BRIGHTON CITY COUNCIL Green, John Goldney Heylen, Alderman.

MARION CITY COUNCIL McClure, Alexander Douglas, Town Clerk.

MEADOWS DISTRICT COUNCIL Richards, Walter, District Clerk.

NOARLUNGA DISTRICT COUNCIL Catt, Christopher Arthur Charles, District Clerk. Waclawic, Wolfgang, Accountant.

WILLUNGA DISTRICT COUNCIL Lacey, Eric Hooper, Chairman Harris, Ormond Kent, District Clerk.

REGION 5—EYRE PENINSULA Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Pfitzner, Graham John, District Clerk, Murat Bay District Council. Ware, Kenneth Howard, Chairman, Tumby Bay District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies

143

CLEVE DISTRICT COUNCIL Bras, Glenn Rodney, District Clerk.

FRANKLIN HARBOUR DISTRICT COUNCIL Thompson, Bryan William, Councillor. McCormack, Brendon Michael, District Clerk.

KIMBA DISTRICT COUNCIL Sharrod, Maxwell Arnold, District Clerk.

LE HUNTE DISTRICT COUNCIL Huston, Dennis Arthur, District Clerk.

LINCOLN DISTRICT COUNCIL Gerschwitz, Victor Lewis, Chairman. Kessell, Stanley George, District Clerk.

MURAT BAY DISTRICT COUNCIL Pfitzner, Graham John, District Clerk.

PORT LINCOLN CITY COUNCIL Lindsay, Kenneth Gordon, Town Clerk.

STREAKY BAY DISTRICT COUNCIL Baldock, Alan Malcolm, Chairman. Amey, Donald Charles, District Clerk.

TUMBY BAY DISTRICT COUNCIL Ware, Kenneth Howard, Chairman. Roberts, Edward Andrew, District Clerk.

REGION 6—YORKE PENINSULA

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Olsen, John Wayne, Mayor, Kadina Town Council. Abbott, John Garton, District Clerk, Yorketown District Council.

Disher, Peter William, District Clerk, Minlaton District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BUTE DISTRICT COUNCIL Daniel, Lionel Ray, Chairman. Gibson, John William, District Clerk.

CENTRAL YORKE PENINSULA Tucker, Trevor George, Chairman. Loechel, Wallace Bruce, District Clerk.

CLINTON DISTRICT COUNCIL Correll, Kenneth John, Chairman. Zwar, Clement Edgar, District Clerk.

K A D IN A D I S T R I C T C O U N C I L

M o r p h e tt, G r a h a m D a le , C h a ir m a n . S h a n e , J o h n W a lte r, D is tr ic t C le rk .

144

KADINA TOWN COUNCIL Olsen, John Wayne, Mayor. Darling, Anthony John, Town Clerk.

MINLATON DISTRICT COUNCIL Boundy, Howard Thomas Rex, Chairman. Disher, Peter William, District Clerk.

MOONTA TOWN COUNCIL Dowling, Harry Arthur Douglas, Mayor. Dimond, Graeme Lewis, Town Clerk.

PORT BROUGHTON DISTRICT COUNCIL Hewett, Ronald Frank, Chairman. Lewis, John, District Clerk.

PORT WAKEFIELD DISTRICT COUNCIL Korreng, Edward George, Chairman. Maczkowiack, Clarence Donald, District Clerk.

WALLAROO TOWN COUNCIL Jones, Francis Aloysius, Mayor. Bourke, William John, Town Clerk.

WAROOKA DISTRICT COUNCIL Liddiard, George Richard, Chairman. Hough, Thomas Gerald, District Clerk.

YORKETOWN DISTRICT COUNCIL Sheriff, George Burton, Chairman. Abbott, John Garton, District Clerk.

REGION 7—NORTHERN SPENCER GULF

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Menard, John Alexander Laird, Town Clerk, Whyalla City Council Baker, Reginald George, Councillor, Port Augusta City Council. Noll, Lawrence Ralph, Councillor, Wilmington District Council.

Meaney, Michael Clement, Councillor, Jamestown District Council. Smart, Elliot Edgar, Councillor, Port Germein District Council

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CARRIETON DISTRICT COUNCIL Rasheed, Ross Toufeek, Chairman. Moroney, Leo Henry, District Clerk.

CRYSTAL BROOK DISTRICT COUNCIL Ellis, Desmond Charles, District Clerk.

GEORGETOWN DISTRICT COUNCIL Smart, Colin Fleming, Chairman. Van Der Lee, Joseph Guerin, District Clerk.

G L A D S T O N E D IS T R IC T C O U N C IL

Z e rb e , G a r t h L o rim o re , C h a irm a n . P earce, R o b e rt G r a h a m , D is tr ic t C lerk .

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HAWKER DISTRICT COUNCIL

Hilder, John Thomas, Chairman. Trinder, Ronald William, District Clerk.

HALLETT DISTRICT COUNCIL Gordon, Trevor John, District Clerk.

JAMESTOWN DISTRICT COUNCIL Meaney, Michael Clement, Councillor. Petersen, Peter Maxwell, District Clerk.

JAMESTOWN TOWN COUNCIL Prior, Maxwell Simpson, Town Clerk.

KANYAKA-QUORN DISTRICT COUNCIL French, John Denton, Mayor. Schmidt, Roma Helen, Assistant District Clerk.

LAURA DISTRICT COUNCIL Pedler, Frederick William, District Clerk.

ORROROO DISTRICT COUNCIL Gibb, Murray Rolson, Chairman. Brazel, John Jerome, District Clerk.

PETERBOROUGH DISTRICT COUNCIL Bailey, Ronald Naish, Chairman. Howard, Thomas, District Clerk.

PETERBOROUGH TOWN COUNCIL Hunter, Ronald Campbell Sloan, Town Clerk.

PIRIE DISTRICT COUNCIL Scarman, Melville Percival, District Clerk.

PORT AUGUSTA CITY COUNCIL Richards, William Henry, Liaison Officer.

PORT GERMEIN DISTRICT COUNCIL Smart, Elliott Edgar, Councillor. Foot, Ernest Claude, District Clerk.

PORT PIRIE CITY COUNCIL Connelly, Edward, Mayor. Baker, Darle Hutchinson, Deputy Town Clerk.

REDHILL DISTRICT COUNCIL Wyatt, Eric John, Chairman. Huppatz, Noel Paul, District Clerk.

SPALDING DISTRICT COUNCIL Lyndon, William John Longmire, Chairman. Lovejoy, Richard Eric, District Clerk.

WHYALLA CITY COUNCIL Menard, John Alexander, Town Clerk. McCullough, Desmond James, Accountant.

146

WILMINGTON DISTRICT COUNCIL Noll, Lawrence Ralph, Councillor. McGee, Donald Robert, District Clerk.

REGION 8—MID NORTH

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Guerin, Roy Joseph, Chairman, Owen District Council. Fuller, Max Howard, Chairman, Blyth District Council. Anders, Brian Eric, Councillor, Freeling District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ANGASTON DISTRICT COUNCIL Goodchild, Cecil Wray Frederick, Chairman. Le Page, Clive Touzeau, District Clerk.

Martin, Judith Grace, Assistant District Clerk.

BALAKLAVA DISTRICT COUNCIL Spillane, John Russell, Chairman. Wood, Graham Fergusson, District Clerk.

BAROSSA DISTRICT COUNCIL Rundle, Albert Bruce, Deputy Chairman. Davis, Keith Hainsworth, District Clerk.

BLYTH DISTRICT COUNCIL Fuller, Max Howard, Chairman. Seaman, David George, District Clerk/Overseer.

BURRA BURRA DISTRICT COUNCIL Brown, William, Chairman. Perry, Thomas Gordon, District Clerk.

CLARE DISTRICT COUNCIL Chambers, James Lindsay, District Clerk/Overseer.

EUDUNDA DISTRICT COUNCIL Carter, Ralph Ewens, Chairman. McCann, Ronald George, District Clerk.

FREELING DISTRICT COUNCIL Anders, Brian Eric, Councillor. Wood, Roger Alec, District Clerk.

KAPUNDA DISTRICT COUNCIL Fuller, Eric Edwin, Mayor. Dempster, Barry John, District Clerk/Overseer.

MALLALA DISTRICT COUNCIL Hart, Allan Reginald, Chairman. Pontt, Sidney Charles, District Clerk.

MUDLA WIRRA DISTRICT COUNCIL Krouse, Douglas Kingsley, District Clerk

147

OWEN DISTRICT COUNCIL Guerin, Roy Joseph, Chairman. Roberts, Donald Oliver, District Clerk/Overseer.

RIVERTON DISTRICT COUNCIL

Rohde, Ian Paul, Chairman Peek, Trevor, District Clerk/Overseer.

ROBERTSTOWN DISTRICT COUNCIL Mosey, Frank Martin, Chairman. Dalzell, David John, District Clerk.

SADDLEWORTH AND AUBURN DISTRICT COUNCIL Lambert, George Robert, Chairman. Baldock, Robert Godfrey, Deputy Chairman. Burfield, Norman Milton, District Clerk/Overseer.

SNOWTOWN DISTRICT COUNCIL

Kirchner, Sylvester Raphael, Chairman. Greiger, Timothy John, District Clerk.

TANUNDA DISTRICT COUNCIL Gilding, Harold Gordon, Chairman. Goers, Keith Eric, District Clerk.

TRURO DISTRICT COUNCIL Rice, Walter Mayo, Chairman. Linke, Lionel Keith, Deputy Chairman. Lott, Peter Ramsay, District Clerk.

REGION 9—SOUTHERN HILLS AND KANGAROO ISLAND

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Trethewey, Leonard Paul, Chairman, Dudley District Council. Davidson, Angus McNeil, Chairman, Strathalbyn District Council. Grosvenor, James Toleman, District Clerk, Gumeracha District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies DUDLEY DISTRICT COUNCIL Trethewey, Leonard Paul, Chairman.

Collins, Kenneth Lloyd, District Clerk.

ENCOUNTER BAY DISTRICT COUNCIL Adams, Keith Roy, District Clerk.

GUMERACHA DISTRICT COUNCIL Grosvenor, James Toleman, District Clerk.

KINGSCOTE DISTRICT COUNCIL Beinke, Eric John, Mayor. Hall, Ian Preston, District Clerk.

MOUNT BARKER DISTRICT COUNCIL Walters, Reginald William, District Clerk.

MOUNT PLEASANT DISTRICT COUNCIL Brokate, Walter Wilfred, District Clerk.

148

ONKAPARINGA DISTRICT COUNCIL

Perrin, Gordon Douglas, District Clerk.

PORT ELLIOTT AND GOOLWA DISTRICT COUNCIL Wellington, Ronald, District Clerk.

STRATHALBYN DISTRICT COUNCIL Cotton, Verne Ivan, District Clerk. Kimber, Graham Victor, Superintendent of Works.

STRATHALBYN TOWN COUNCIL Waterson, Arthur Stanley, Mayor. Bowyer, Andrew George, Acting Town Clerk.

VICTOR HARBOR TOW N COUNCIL Graham, Mervyn Bowman, Town Clerk. Barry, Robert Harry, Assistant Town Clerk.

YANKALILLA DISTRICT COUNCIL Lyddon, Thomas Gilbert, District Clerk/Overseer.

REGION 10—MURRAY LANDS

Spokesman for Regional Organisation at Berri Elliott, Donald Rex, Mayor, Waikerie District Council. Rosenthal, Douglas Myer, Mayor, Berri District Council. Johnson, Gordon Douglas, Chairman, Pinnaroo District Council.

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation at Murray Bridge Marks, Colin Glen, Chairman, Marne District Council. Green, Norman Mervyn, Chairman, Mobilong District Council. Wilson, Donald James Edmonds, Chairman, Coonalpyn Downs District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BARMERA DISTRICT COUNCIL Vasey, Bruce John Scott, Councillor.

Chiles, Arthur William Edward, District Clerk.

BERRI DISTRICT COUNCIL Rosenthal, Douglas Myer, Mayor. Mahoney, Leonard Joseph, District Clerk.

b r o w n ’s w e l l d i s t r i c t c o u n c i l

Cearns, Daryl Alfred, District Clerk.

c o o n a l p y n d o w n s d i s t r i c t c o u n c il

Wilson, Donald James Edmonds, Chairman. Symonds, Trevor Raymond, Assistant District Clerk.

EAST MURRAY DISTRICT COUNCIL Kimber, Reginald Thomas, Chairman. Symons, Neville William, District Clerk.

K A R O O N D A D I S T R I C T C O U N C I L

A rb a n , A la n E rn e s t, C h a ir m a n . H a m e is te r, A d ria n W illia m , D istric t C lerk.

149

LAMEROO DISTRICT COUNCIL Ridgway, John Heath, Chairman. Roberts, Jack, District Clerk.

LOXTON DISTRICT COUNCIL Pfitzner, Leatrice Shirley, Mayor. Winn, Norman Allen, District Clerk.

MANNUM DISTRICT COUNCIL Kenny, Anthony Aiden, Chairman. Reed, Reginald Walter, District Clerk.

MARNE DISTRICT COUNCIL Marks, Colin Glen, Chairman. Roediger, David John, District Clerk.

MENINGIE DISTRICT COUNCIL Poulish, Albert John, Chairman. Wierda, Hendrikus Jan, District Clerk.

MOBILONG DISTRICT COUNCIL Green, Norman Mervyn, Chairman. Coventry, Kenneth John, District Clerk.

MORGAN DISTRICT COUNCIL Boord, Henry Edward, Chairman.

MURRAY BRIDGE TOWN COUNCIL Doecke, Eric Wilhelm, Mayor. Wilkinson, Basil Frank, Town Clerk. Lower, Mostyn Harcourt, Engineer.

PARINGA DISTRICT COUNCIL Crocker, David Halary, District Clerk.

PEAKE DISTRICT COUNCIL Cattle, James Robert, Chairman. Stapleton, Gifford Burkitt, District Clerk.

PINNAROO DISTRICT COUNCIL Johnson, Gordon Douglas, Mayor. Burgemeister, Trevor Len, District Clerk.

RENMARK TOWN COUNCIL Sims, Lionel Garth, Mayor. Thompson, Ronald Edward Clive, Town Clerk.

SEDAN DISTRICT COUNCIL Glastonbury, Hugh William, Chairman.

WAIKERIE DISTRICT COUNCIL Elliott, Donald Rex, Mayor. Garrett, Wayne Maurice, District Clerk.

REGION 11—SOUTH EAST

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Hoole, William Robert, Mayor, Naracoorte Town Council.

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Sealey, Archibald Llewellyn, Mayor, Mt Gambier City Council. Quinlan-Watson, William John, Chairman, Robe District Council. Williamson, Clement George, Councillor, Naracoorte District Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BEACHPORT DISTRICT COUNCIL Eldridge, Douglas George, District Clerk.

LACEPEDE DISTRICT COUNCIL Anderson, Malcolm John, District Clerk.

LUCINDALE DISTRICT COUNCIL James, Kenneth Ralph, Deputy Chairman. Cameron, John Blair, District Clerk.

MILLICENT DISTRICT COUNCIL Smith, Gladys Viola, Mayor. Kinner, Ian Frederick, District Clerk.

MT GAMBIER CITY COUNCIL Johnson, John James, Town Clerk.

MT GAMBIER DISTRICT COUNCIL Roach, Peter Thomas, District Clerk.

NARACOORTE DISTRICT COUNCIL Rule, Raymond Dudley, District Clerk. Reynolds, Ronald James, Works Manager.

NARACOORTE TOWN COUNCIL Halse, William Leigh, Town Clerk.

PENOLA DISTRICT COUNCIL Morrell, John Burchell, District Clerk. Seymour, Robert Henry Conway, Accountant.

PORT MACDONNELL DISTRICT COUNCIL Milstead, Ernest Allan, District Clerk.

ROBE DISTRICT COUNCIL Skinner, James Roderick, District Clerk.

TANTANOOLA DISTRICT COUNCIL Anness, Lewis Richard, District Clerk.

TATIARA DISTRICT COUNCIL Guy, Jack Charlton, Chairman. Grigson, James Edward, District Clerk. Blair, John Francis, District Engineer.

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

REGION 1—LOWER GREAT SOUTHERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Richards, John Arthur, Deputy Mayor, Albany Town Council.

151

Adams, John Dudley, Councillor, Plantagenet Shire Council. Anderson, Ross Sewell, President, Katanning Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ALBANY SHIRE COUNCIL Hood, Marshall Haddon, Councillor. Bentley, Kevin Francis, Acting Shire Clerk. Hull, John Leslie, Engineer.

ALBANY TOWN COUNCIL Richards, John Arthur, Deputy Mayor. Brand, Fletcher Raymond, Town Clerk.

BROOMEHILL SHIRE COUNCIL Moseley, Robert Edwin, Shire Clerk.

CRANBROOK SHIRE COUNCIL Ward, Raymond Clyde, President. Hill, Ian Reginald, Shire Clerk.

DENMARK SHIRE COUNCIL McCutcheon, Graham Harold, Shire Clerk.

GNOWANGERUP SHIRE COUNCIL O’Meehan, John Fletcher, Deputy President. Pitcher, Brian James, Shire Clerk.

KATANNING SHIRE COUNCIL Anderson, Ross Sewell, President. Chambers, George Henry, Assistant Shire Clerk.

KENT SHIRE COUNCIL Ball, Donald William Cuthbert, Councillor. Broadhurst, Terrence Hayden, Shire Clerk.

KOJONUP SHIRE COUNCIL Harrison, Milton George, Deputy President. Kelly, Edward Henry, Shire Clerk.

PLANTAGENET SHIRE COUNCIL Frost, William Thomas, President. Stoney, Christopher, Councillor. Kelly, Terrence Martin, Assistant Shire Clerk.

RAVENSTHORPE SHIRE COUNCIL Lawrence, James Stuart, President. Pedder, Alfred John, Shire Clerk.

TAMBELLUP SHIRE COUNCIL Birt, Philip Howard, President. Wittber, Bruce Humphris, Shire Clerk.

WOODANILLING SHIRE COUNCIL Shackley, Frank Maurice, President. Hill, Kimberley Lance, Shire Clerk.

REGION 2—SOUTH WEST

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Usher, Patrick Joseph, Mayor, Bunbury Town Council.

152

Eckersley, Donald Payne, President, Harvey Shire Council. Brockman, Francis Edward, President, Capel Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies AUGUSTA-MARGARET RIVER SHIRE COUNCIL Vansittart, Robert Charles, President. Smith, Colin Stewart, Deputy President.

Reidy-Crofts, John Devlin, Shire Clerk.

BOYUP BROOK SHIRE COUNCIL Forbes, James Alexander, President. Amey, Leslie George, Shire Clerk.

BRIDGETOWN-GREEN BUSHES SHIRE COUNCIL Daust, William Louis Henry, President. Summers, Alan Leonard, Councillor. Freeman, Roger Anthony, Shire Clerk.

BUNBURY TOWN COUNCIL Usher, Patrick Joseph, Mayor. Carmody, Warwick John, Town Clerk.

BUSSELTON SHIRE COUNCIL Holgate, Percival Stanley, Shire Clerk. Cameron, Barry Neil, Assistant Shire Clerk.

CAPEL SHIRE COUNCIL Brockman, Francis Edward, President. Spurr, William Alan, Deputy President. Wright, William Martin, Shire Clerk.

COLLIE SHIRE COUNCIL McNab, Peter, Shire Clerk. Christinger, Leslie John, Assistant Shire Clerk.

DARDANUP SHIRE COUNCIL Harris, Kevin Thomas, Deputy President. Sprag, Colin John, Shire Clerk.

DONNYBROOK-BALINGUP SHIRE COUNCIL Tula, Luigi Angelo, Deputy President. Jones, David Alwyn, Shire Clerk.

HARVEY SHIRE COUNCIL Eckersley, Donald Payne, President. Vicary, Lawrence Allen, Shire Clerk.

MANJIMUP SHIRE COUNCIL Kammann, William Arthur, President. Crouch, Thomas Samuel, Deputy President. Dunn, Maurice, Shire Clerk.

NANNUP SHIRE COUNCIL McKitrick, John Malcolm, President. Brockman, Robert Henry. Deputy President.

WAROONA SHIRE COUNCIL Hewett, Miles Henry, Councillor. Gaston, Malcolm Douglas, Shire Clerk.

1 5 3

REGION 3—NORTH MIDLANDS

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Mild waters, Charles Walter, Mayor, Geraldton Town Council. Pearse, William Colin, President, Mingenew Shire Council. Brenkley, Douglas James, Deputy President, Mullewa Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CARNAMAN SHIRE COUNCIL Dutch, Robert Stuart, Shire Clerk.

CHAPMAN VALLEY SHIRE COUNCIL Shervington, Lawrence, Shire Clerk.

GERALDTON TOWN COUNCIL Mildwaters, Charles Walter, Mayor. Cameron, John Frederick, Town Clerk.

GREENOUGH SHIRE COUNCIL Foskew, Kenneth Herbert, Shire Clerk.

IRWIN SHIRE COUNCIL Pickering, Jack, Shire Clerk.

MINGENEW SHIRE COUNCIL Pearse, William Colin, President. McCracken, Gerald Owen, Shire Clerk.

MORAWA SHIRE COUNCIL Scott, Ronald Albury, Shire Clerk.

MULLEWA SHIRE COUNCIL Brenkley, Douglas James, Deputy President. Harken, Trevor James, Shire Clerk.

NORTHAMPTON SHIRE COUNCIL Charlton, Roland, Shire Clerk.

PERENJORl SHIRE COUNCIL Millar, Leslie Hunter, Shire Clerk.

THREE SPRINGS SHIRE COUNCIL Walster, Horace John, Shire Clerk.

REGION 4—GOLDFIELDS

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation McPherson, John, President, Laverton Shire Council. Stuart, Orlando, President, Esperance Shire Council. Keddy, Norman Wilfred, Councillor, Boulder Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BOULDER SHIRE COUNCIL Kenneally, William Joseph, President. Keddy, Norman Wilfred, Councillor.

154

Peddie, Robin, Shire Clerk. White, Trevor Lionel, Assistant Shire Clerk.

COOLGARDIE SHIRE COUNCIL Manning, David Preston, President. Pavlinovich, Leslie, Deputy President. Delahaunty, Lindsay Owen, Assistant Shire Clerk.

DUNDAS SHIRE COUNCIL Annear, Clive Henry, Deputy President. Dunn, Vernon Andrew, Shire Clerk. Giblett, Lawrence, Assistant Shire Clerk.

ESPERANCE SHIRE COUNCIL Andre, Mervyn James, Councillor. Paterson, Donald Alexander, Councillor. Chown, Edward Leslie, Shire Clerk.

KALGOORLIE TOWN COUNCIL Eade, Henry James, Councillor and Deputy Mayor. Morrison, Douglas, Town Clerk. Luton, Gerard Johannes, Engineer.

Pegg, Eric Benjamin, Treasurer.

LAVERTON SHIRE COUNCIL McPherson, John, President. Ruland, Trevor Stanley, Shire Clerk. Brown, Neville John, Assistant Shire Clerk.

LEONORA SHIRE COUNCIL Fitzgerald, David Robert, Councillor. Peterson, Alfred Henning, Councillor. Hughson, Peter James, Shire Clerk.

MENZIES SHIRE COUNCIL Williams, Herbert Edward, Shire Clerk.

WILUNA SHIRE COUNCIL Lukin, George Malcolm, President. Strugnell, Leslie Peter, Shire Clerk.

REGION 5—GREAT EASTERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Feineler, Kevin Joseph, President, Merredin Shire Council. Cheetham, Richard Keith, President, Narembeen Shire Council. Walsh, John Kenneth, President, Kellerberrin Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BRUCE ROCK SHIRE COUNCIL McCarthy, Edward Gerard, President. Murphy, Howard John, Shire Clerk.

KELLERBERRIN SHIRE COUNCIL Walsh, John Kenneth, President. Thompson, Harry Roy, Shire Clerk.

155

MERREDIN SHIRE COUNCIL Feineler, Kevin Joseph, President. Little, Roy, Shire Clerk.

MOUNT MARSHALL SHIRE COUNCIL Gobbart, John, Deputy President. Ayres, Alexander Frederick, Councillor.

Ellis, Christopher George, Shire Clerk.

MUKINBUDIN SHIRE COUNCIL Mondy, James, Councillor. Earl, Alan Kenneth, Shire Clerk.

NAREMBEEN SHIRE COUNCIL Cheetham, Richard Keith, President. Middleton, Alan John, Shire Clerk.

NUNGAR1N SHIRE COUNCIL Herbert, Ronald Luscombe, President. Brown, Murray Nelson, Shire Clerk.

TRAYNING SHIRE COUNCIL Mason, Donald Robert Muir, President. Couper, Walter Donald, Councillor. Selkirk, Allan, Shire Clerk.

WESTONIA SHIRE COUNCIL Perrin, Cyril Aubrey, President. Marsh, Dennis Norman, Shire Clerk/Supervisor.

YILGARN SHIRE COUNCIL Beaton, Kenneth Murray, President. Mangini, Raymond William, Shire Clerk.

REGION 6—UPPER GREAT SOUTHERN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Farr, Robert Wilfred, Mayor, Narrogin Town Council. Kirwan, Owen Robert, President, Lake Grace Shire Council. Pennington, Harry Lance, President, Wandering Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BODDINGTON SHIRE COUNCIL Carrotts, Harold Ernest, President. Cunningham, Desmond John, Shire Clerk.

BROOKTON SHIRE COUNCIL Eva, William, President. Hughes, John Wilson, Shire Clerk.

CORRIGIN SHIRE COUNCIL Seimons, William Robert, Deputy President. Box, Cyril Alan, Shire Clerk. Hale, John, Assistant Shire Clerk.

156

CUBALLING SHIRE COUNCIL Whitford, Stanley Howard, Deputy President. Gould, Frank, Shire Clerk.

DUMBLEYUNG SHIRE COUNCIL Mott, Owen, President. Leece, Keith James, Shire Clerk.

KOND1NIN SHIRE COUNCIL Smoker, Aubrey Alan, President. Jones, Michael John, Shire Clerk.

KUHN SHIRE COUNCIL Wilson, John Samuel, President. Barnes, William Alfred, Shire Clerk.

LAKE GRACE SHIRE COUNCIL Kirwan, Owen Robert, President. Lean, Graeme Trevor, Shire Clerk.

NARROGIN SHIRE COUNCIL Shepherd, William, President. Eckersley, Josephine Merion, Office Assistant.

NARROGIN TOWN COUNCIL Farr, Robert Wilfred, Mayor. Baddeley, Maurice Edward, Town Clerk. Evans, Colin Raymond, Engineer.

PINGELLY SHIRE COUNCIL Marshall, John Percival, Councillor. Tilbrook, Kenneth John, Shire Clerk.

WAGIN SHIRE COUNCIL Justins, Arthur George, President. Spalding, Victor Stanley Alan, Shire Clerk.

WANDERING SHIRE COUNCIL Pennington, Harry Lance, President. Sheehan, Melville Frank, Shire Clerk.

WEST ARTHUR SHIRE COUNCIL Vanzetti, Anthony, President. Perry, Clifford John, Shire Clerk.

WICKEP1N SHIRE COUNCIL King, Norman Edward, President. Weir, William Ian, Shire Clerk.

WILLIAMS SHIRE COUNCIL Spragg, Edward, President. Tindale, David Hepburn, Shire Clerk. Rice, Ronald, Assistant Shire Clerk.

REGION 7—AVON

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Antonio, Alan Jack, President, Northam Shire Council.

157

Millsteed, Terence Gerald, President, Goomalling Shire Council. Molyneux, Eric Charles, Shire Clerk, Northam Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BEVERLEY SHIRE COUNCIL McDonald, Francis Stewart, Councillor. Bennett, Peter Jordan, Shire Clerk.

CUNDERDIN SHIRE COUNCIL Lundy, Jack Martin, President. Alcoclc, Norman John, Shire Clerk.

DOWERIN SHIRE COUNCIL Hagboom, William Robert, President. Read, Alexander, Shire Clerk.

GOOMALLING SHIRE COUNCIL Millsteed, Terence Gerald, President. Powell, Neville George, Deputy President. O’Meara, Terence John, Assistant Shire Clerk.

KOORDA SHIRE COUNCIL McNee, William John, President. Felgate, Wallace Frederick, Shire Clerk.

NORTHAM SHIRE COUNCIL Antonio, Alan Jack, President. Molyneux, Eric Charles, Shire Clerk.

NORTHAM TOWN COUNCIL Killick, Frederick Albert Roland, Mayor. Ham, Kenneth Morrison, Deputy Mayor. Roediger, Claude Ewald, Councillor. Bowen, Justin, Town Clerk.

QUAIRADING SHIRE COUNCIL Kelly, Arthur Clarence, President. McLean, Peter Donald, Shire Clerk.

TAMMIN SHIRE COUNCIL Jones, Geoffrey Edgar, Shire Clerk.

TOODYAY SHIRE COUNCIL Murray, Ian Vincent, President. Watkins, Eric Edmund, Assistant Shire Clerk.

WONGAN-BALIDU SHIRE COUNCIL Burns, Douglas Roland, Shire Clerk. Keefe, Roy Patrick, Assistant Shire Clerk.

WYALKATCHEM SHIRE COUNCIL Solosy, Robert Henry, Shire Clerk.

YORK SHIRE COUNCIL Lyons, Brian William, Shire Clerk. Angus, John William, Assistant Shire Clerk.

158

REGION 8—PILBARA

Spokesman for Regional Organisation Jones, Kenneth, President, West Pilbara Shire Council. Johannes, Ronald George, President, East Pilbara Shire Council.

Cottier, Robert Clifford, Deputy President, Port Hedland Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies EAST PILBARA SHIRE COUNCIL McCagh, Allen James, Shire Clerk.

PORT HEDLAND SHIRE COUNCIL Rogers, Lancelot Stephen, Shire Clerk.

ROEBOURNE SHIRE COUNCIL Gow, Francis John, Shire Clerk.

WEST PILBARA SHIRE COUNCIL McCutcheon, Douglas Gordon, Shire Clerk.

REGION 9—KIMBERLEY

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Reid, Peter Graeme Alexander, President, Broome Shire Council. Bridge, Ernest Francis, President, Halls Creek Shire Council. Dyson, William Harold, President, West Kimberley Shire Council.

Cassidy, Clarence Thomas, Shire Clerk, Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BROOME SHIRE COUNCIL Reid, Peter Graeme Alexander, President.

Haynes, Desmond Lawrence, Shire Clerk.

HALLS CREEK SHIRE COUNCIL Bridge, Ernest Francis, President. Millar, Robert John, Shire Clerk.

WEST KIMBERLEY SHIRE COUNCIL Dyson, William Harold, President. Tonkin, Ralph George, Shire Clerk.

WYNDHAM-EAST KIMBERLEY SHIRE COUNCIL Cassidy, Clarence Thomas, Shire Clerk.

REGION 10—CENTRAL MIDLANDS

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Crane, Arthur Samuel, President, Moora Shire Council. Garrigan, William Howard, President, Victoria Plains Shire Council. Atkinson, Harry Leonard, President, Dalwallinu Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CHITTERING SHIRE COUNCIL Schmidt, Eric Westhorpe, Councillor.

159

Herbert, Ronald William, Shire Clerk. COOROW SHIRE COUNCIL Simpson, Frank Alec, Shire Clerk.

DALWALLINU SHIRE COUNCIL Dinnie, William McLean, Deputy President. Broomhall, Roderick Allan, Shire Clerk.

DANDARAGAN SHIRE COUNCIL Fletcher, Robin Ray, Shire Clerk. Stubbs, Ian William, Assistant Shire Clerk.

GIN GIN SHIRE COUNCIL Roe, Bruce Wilberforce, Deputy President. Wallace, Norman Herbert, Victor, Shire Clerk.

MOORA SHIRE COUNCIL Crane, Arthur Samuel, President. Bryden, William Owen, Shire Clerk.

VICTORIA PLAINS SHIRE COUNCIL Garrigan, William Howard, President. Cooper, Frank Bastian, Shire Clerk.

REGION 11—CENTRAL METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Coffey, Ronald Frank, Secretary, Local Government Association of W.A. Inc. Treloar, David William George, Councillor, Nedlands City Council. Turnbull, Stewart Laurence, Councillor, Perth City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BASSENDEAN SHIRE COUNCIL Williams, Terrian Rodney, Town Planning Officer.

BAYSWATER SHIRE COUNCIL Paterson, Allen Albert, Shire Clerk.

CLAREMONT TOWN COUNCIL Jeffreys, David Ernest, Town Clerk.

COTTESLOE TOWN COUNCIL Hill, Douglas George, Town Clerk/Accountant.

MOSMAN PARK TOWN COUNCIL Black, Denis Alexander, Assistant Town Clerk.

NEDLANDS CITY COUNCIL Treloar, David William George, Councillor. Giese, Stanley Arthur, Town Clerk. Hayward, Charles, City Engineer.

PERTH CITY COUNCIL Turnbull, Stewart Laurence, Councillor. Edwards, George Oswell, Town Clerk.

160

STIRLING CITY COUNCIL Constantine, Rodney Allan, City Treasurer.

SUB1ACO CITY COUNCIL Scott, Arthur Longmore, Town Clerk.

REGION 12—SOUTH METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Strickland, George, Councillor, South Perth City Council Dawkins, Noel Irvine, Town Clerk, Canning Town Council. Pyke, Leslie Harold, City Manager, Melville City Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BELMONT SHIRE COUNCIL Pardon, Ralph Henry, Shire Clerk.

CANNING TOWN COUNCIL Clark, Ernest, Mayor. Dawkins, Noel Irvine, Town Clerk.

COCKBURN TOWN COUNCIL Armarego, Anthony Joseph, Town Clerk. Brown, Rodney William, Assistant Town Clerk.

EAST FREMANTLE TOWN COUNCIL Cowan, Mervyn George, Town Clerk.

FREMANTLE CITY COUNCIL Parks, Stanley Walter, City Manager and Town Clerk.

KWINANA SHIRE COUNCIL Baker, Leslie George, Shire Clerk.

MANDURAH SHIRE COUNCIL Donohue, Kenneth William, Shire Clerk.

MELVILLE CITY COUNCIL Pyke, Leslie Harold, City Manager.

ROCKINGHAM SHIRE COUNCIL Cuthbertson, Donald James, Shire Clerk.

SOUTH PERTH CITY COUNCIL Strickland, George, Councillor. Bennetts, Peter Ambrose, Town Clerk.

REGION 13—OUTER METROPOLITAN

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Harris, Raymond Donald, Deputy Mayor, Gosnells Town Council. O’Meara, Laurence Fredrick, Shire Clerk, Kalamunda Shire Council. Leggo, Richard Leonard, Shire Clerk, Mundaring Shire Council.

161

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies ARMADALE-KELMSCOTT SHIRE COUNCIL Price, Stanley Vasse, President. Rasmussen, Alexander Edward, Shire Clerk. Glennie, James, Shire Treasurer. Brown, Kenneth Duncan, Shire Engineer.

GOSNELLS TOWN COUNCIL Harris, Raymond Donald, Deputy Mayor. Whiteley, Gary Neil, Town Clerk. Munt, Kevin, Treasurer.

KALAMUNDA SHIRE COUNCIL O’Meara, Laurence Fredrick, Shire Clerk. Dutton, Geoffrey Francis, Shire Engineer.

MUNDARING SHIRE COUNCIL Leggo, Richard Leonard, Shire Clerk. Williams, Maxwell Norman, Assistant Shire Clerk. McDowell, James Kent, Shire Engineer.

MURRAY SHIRE COUNCIL Harries, John Marshall, Councillor. Sibbald, John Wilfrid, Shire Clerk. Spaapen, Peter, Assistant Shire Clerk.

SERPENTINE-JARRAHDALE SHIRE COUNCIL Kentish, Herbert Clement, President. Dorrington, John Edward, Shire Clerk.

SWAN SHIRE COUNCIL Williamson, Thomas John, Shire Clerk. Blight, Rushton, Shire Treasurer.

WANNEROO SHIRE COUNCIL Bennetts, Noel Sydney, Shire Clerk. Williamson, Barry Charles, Shire Treasurer.

REGION 14—GASCOYNE

Spokesman for Regional Organisation Tuckey, Charles Wilson, Councillor, Carnarvon Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CARNARVON SHIRE COUNCIL Tuckey, Charles Wilson, Councillor. Taylor, Alan James, Shire Clerk.

EXMOUTH SHIRE COUNCIL Murdock, James Peter Kenyon, Civil Commissioner. Graham, Kerry James, Shire Clerk.

SHARK BAY SHIRE COUNCIL Jacobs, Willie, Shire Clerk.

162

UPPER GASCOYNE SHIRE COUNCIL Lane, Brian John, Shire Clerk.

REGION 15—MURCHISON

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Price, James Mathew, President, Cue Shire Council. White, Maitland, President, Meekatharra Shire Council.

Jensen, George Frederick, President, Mount Magnet Shire Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies CUE SHIRE COUNCIL Price, James Mathew, President. Foster, Geoffrey William, Shire Clerk.

MEEKATHARRA SHIRE COUNCIL White, Maitland, President. Johansen, Ernest James, Shire Clerk.

MOUNT MAGNET SHIRE COUNCIL Jensen, George Frederick, President. Bant, William Charles, Shire Clerk.

MURCHISON SHIRE COUNCIL Evans, Norman, Shire Clerk.

SANDSTONE SHIRE COUNCIL Lawson, Charles Francis, Shire Clerk.

YALGOO SHIRE COUNCIL Boddington, David Aubrey, President. Lapham, William James, Shire Clerk.

TASMANIA

REGION 1—SOUTHERN

The Tasmanian Treasury was represented by:

Goddard, Peter Herbert, Senior Research Officer. Sulikowski, Richard Stan, Assistant Research Officer.

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Lowrie, The Hon. Kenneth Francis, M.L.C., Mayor, Glenorchy City Council. Goodluck, Bruce John, Warden, Clarence Municipal Council. Skinner, James Herbert, Warden, Huon Municipal Council.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BOTHWELL MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Edgell, Geoffrey Bayard Gibson, Warden. Nelson, George, Council Clerk.

163

BRIGHTON MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Scott, Robert James, Warden. Dodge, Geoffrey Leonard, Council Clerk. Von Stiegiitz, Douglas Gordon, Municipal Treasurer.

BRUNY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Young, Ian Maxwell, Warden. Frake, Kelvin Patrick, Council Clerk.

CLARENCE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Goodluck, Bruce John, Warden. Marriott, Ronald Leslie, Council Clerk. Menzies, Rodney Neil, Municipal Engineer.

ESPERANCE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Halton, Clement John, Council Clerk.

GLAMORGAN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Redder, Claude Edward, Councillor. Singline, Peter Reginald, Council Clerk.

GLENORCHY CITY COUNCIL Lowrie, The Hon. Kenneth Francis, M.L.C., Mayor. Dean, Jack Edward, Town Clerk.

GREEN PONDS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Allwright, Robert Spencer, Warden. Cockerill, Geoffrey Tasman, Council Clerk. Sale, John Hamilton, Retiring Council Clerk.

HAMILTON MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Gourlay, Roy Alexander, Warden. Bailey, Vernon Leslie, Council Clerk.

HOBART CITY COUNCIL Soundy, Ronald George, Lord Mayor. Lewis, James Stanley, Town Clerk. Burrows, Frederick John, City Treasurer.

HUON MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Skinner, James Herbert, Warden. Hayes, Barry Alan, Deputy Council Clerk.

KINGBOROUGH MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Hodgman, The Hon. William Clark, Q.C., M.L.C., Warden. Langdon, Ronald Terence, Deputy Council Clerk. Davey, Robert Henry, Municipal Accountant.

NEW NORFOLK MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Fitzgerald, Clyde William, Warden. Brough, Reginald Lyall John, Council Clerk.

OATLANDS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Webster, William Allan, Warden. Hinley, Michael Robertson, Council Clerk.

PORT CYGNET MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Smith, Donald Mark, Warden. Courtney, St Clair, Council Clerk.

164

RICHMOND MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Macleod, Henric Nicholas, Warden. Johnston, James Geoffrey, Council Clerk.

SORELL MUNICIPAL COUNCIL lies, Eric Clifton, Warden. Casimaty, Theodore Gabriel, Deputy Warden.

SPRING BAY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Gillow, Thomas William, Warden. McElwee, Douglas Roger, Deputy Warden. Laird, Darrell, Council Clerk.

TASMAN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL McDonald, Duncan Ian, Warden. Reynolds, Victor, Council Clerk.

REGION 2—NORTH WESTERN

The Tasmanian Treasury was represented by:

Sulikowski, Richard Stan, Assistant Research Officer.

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Duff, Raymond Robert, Warden, Kentish Municipal Council. Gane, Douglas Ira, Council Clerk, Ulverstone Municipal Council. Johnson, Bevan Ross, Secretary, Municipal Association of Tasmania.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BURNIE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Filleul, Roy Douglas, Warden. Yaxley, Victor George, Council Clerk.

Wicks, Elvin Joseph, Deputy Council Clerk. Raper, Terrence Adrian, Municipal Engineer.

CIRCULAR HEAD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Britton, Frank Lindsay, Warden. Foulks, Robert Kenneth, Council Clerk.

DEVONPORT MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Luck, Norman Douglas, Warden. Allison, Norman Sydney, Council Clerk.

KENTISH MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Duff, Raymond Robert, Warden. Atkins, Grant Leslie, Council Clerk.

ICING ISLAND MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Smith, Owen Arnold, Warden. Bonney, John Leonard, Council Clerk.

LATROBE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Stewart, Bruce Thomas, Warden. Gibbs, William George, Council Clerk.

165

PENGUIN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Hiscutt, Hugh James, Warden. McKinna, Terrence James, Council Clerk.

ULVERSTONE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Badcock, Trevor Charles, Warden. Mott, Alfred Robert, Deputy Council Clerk. Duthie, Brian Harold, Municipal Engineer.

WYNYARD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Smith, Ross Ian, Warden. Gibson, John, Council Clerk.

REGION 3—NORTHERN

The Tasmanian Treasury was represented by:

Goddard, Peter Herbert, Senior Research Officer. Sulikowski, Richard Stan, Assistant Research Officer.

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Carins, Lloyd Horton, Warden, Ringarooma Municipal Council. Mooney, Laurence James, Warden, George Town Municipal Council. Finney, Kenneth Ashton, Alderman, Launceston City Council. Johnson, Bevan Ross, Secretary, Municipal Association of Tasmania.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies BEACONSFIELD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Roach, Trevor William, Warden. Hepburn, Keith William, Council Clerk.

CAMPBELL TOWN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Foster, Lyster Dowbiggin, Warden. Roberts, David Arthur, Deputy Warden. Morgan, Graeme Trevor, Council Clerk.

DELORAINE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Davies, Horace William, Warden. Earley, Leonard John, Deputy Warden. Enright, Allan John, Council Clerk.

EVANDALE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL MacKinnon, Donald Lindsay, Warden. Cameron, Ralph Alverne Cyril, Councillor. Garwood, Brian Maxwell, Council Clerk.

FINGAL MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Haas, Francis Charles, Warden. Freeman, Arthur William, Deputy Warden.

FLINDERS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Baton, William Ian, Warden. Worsley, Kenneth George, Council Clerk.

GEORGE TOWN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Cox, Charles John Gellion, Deputy Warden. Dunning, Albert Wilfred, Council Clerk.

166

LAUNCESTON CITY COUNCIL Gunn, David Vincent, Mayor. Yaxley, James Desmond, Acting Town Clerk. Kerrison, Desmond Ernest, City Treasurer.

LILYDALE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Archer, Richard Clive, Warden. Van De Hek, Aart Marius, Council Clerk. Townsend, Stanley Victor, Deputy Council Clerk.

LONGFORD MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Hudson, Geoffrey Lambert, Warden. Viney, Bruce Maxwell, Council Clerk.

PORTLAND MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Fysh, Charles Phillip, Warden. Press, Edmund Jack, Council Clerk.

RINGAROOMA MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Carins, Lloyd Horton, Warden. Moore, William Francis, Council Clerk.

ROSS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Von Bibra, Donald Dean, Councillor. Tunks, Kevin John, Council Clerk. McEwan, James McKinnon, Municipal Treasurer.

ST LEONARDS MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Brookes, Harry George, Warden. Wilkinson, Eric Noel, Council Clerk. Nieuwhof, Frans Willem Nichols, Municipal Engineer.

Miller, Brian Martin, Municipal Accountant.

SCOTTSDALE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Salier, Harold Vincent, Warden. Ransom, Thomas Bentley, Council Clerk.

WESTBURY MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Ingamells, Christopher Robert, Warden. Fellowes, Geoffrey Allen, Council Clerk.

REGION 4—WEST COAST

The Tasmanian Treasury was represented by:

Goddard, Peter Herbert, Senior Research Officer. Sulikowski, Richard Stan, Assistant Research Officer.

Spokesmen for Regional Organisation Broadby, The Hon. Albert James, M.L.C., Councillor, Municipality of Queenstown. Cairns, Ross Frederick Arthur, Council Clerk, Municipality of Queenstown.

Spokesmen for Local Governing Bodies GORMANSTON MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Bradshaw, Charles Albert Clifford, Warden. Strang, Alexander, Council Clerk.

167

QUEENSTOWN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Schulze, Peter Ross, Councillor. Cairns, Ross Frederick Arthur, Council Clerk.

STRAHAN MUNICIPAL COUNCIL McDermott, Henry George, Warden. McGee, Thomas Osborne, Councillor. Cairns, Ross Frederick Arthur, Council Clerk.

WARATAH MUNICIPAL COUNCIL Lee, Maurice, Warden. Spinks, James Malcolm, Councillor. Saunders, Kevin Peter, Council Clerk.

ZEEHAN COMMISSION Kearney, Charles Thomas, Chairman. Williams, Geoffrey Frederick, Council Clerk.

168

Appendix V

Local Governing Bodies by Category The following show local governing bodies listed by States according to the four categories adopted by the Commission for 1974-75.

NEW SOUTH WALES

CATEGORY 1 (45 Councils)

Ashfield Municipality Auburn Municipality Bankstown Municipality Baulkham Hills Shire

Blacktown Municipality Botany Municipality Burwood Municipality Campbelltown City

Canterbury Municipality Concord Municipality Drummoyne Municipality Fairfield Municipality

Gosford Shire Holroyd Municipality Hornsby Shire Hunter’s Hill Municipality

Hurstville Municipality Kogarah Municipality Ku-ring-gai Municipality Lake Macquarie Shire

Lane Cove Municipality Leichhardt Municipality Liverpool City

Manly Municipality Marrickville Municipality Mosman Municipality Newcastle City North Sydney Municipality

Parramatta City Penrith City Randwick Municipality Rockdale Municipality

Ryde Municipality Shellharbour Municipality South Sydney Municipality Strathfield Municipality Sutherland Shire Sydney City

Warringah Shire Waverley Municipality Willoughby Municipality Windsor Municipality Wollongong City Woollahra Municipality

Wyong Shire

CATEGORY 2 (47 Councils)

Albury City Armidale City Ballina Municipality Bathurst City

Bega Municipality Blue Mountains City Bombala Municipality Bowral Municipality

Broken Hill City Casino Municipality Condobolin Municipality

Cooma Municipality Cowra Municipality Deniliquin Municipality Dubbo City

Forbes Municipality Glen Innes Municipality Goulburn City Grafton City

Greater Cessnock City Grenfell Municipality Gunnedah Municipality

169

Inverell Municipality Junee Municipality Kempsey Municipality Lismore City Lithgow City Maitland City Moree Municipality Mudgee Municipality Mullumbimby Municipality Muswellbrook Municipality Narrabri Municipality Narromine Municipality

Orange City

Category 2 (continued)

CATEGORY 3 (32 Councils)

Bland Shire Bogan Shire Bourke Shire Camden Municipality Cobar Shire Coff’s Harbour Shire Colo Shire Coonabarabran Shire

Coonamble Shire Cootamundra Shire Corowa Shire Eurobodalla Shire

Gilgandra Shire Hastings Shire Hay Shire Kiama Municipality

CATEGORY 4 (96 Councils)

Abercrombie Shire Ashford Shire Balranald Shire

Barraba Shire Bellingen Shire Berrigan Shire Bibbenluke Shire Bingara Shire

Blaxland Shire Boolooroo Shire Boomi Shire Boorowa Shire

Boree Shire Brewarrina Shire Burrangong Shire

Parkes Municipality Port Macquarie Municipality Queanbeyan City Quirindi Municipality Singleton Municipality Tam worth City

Taree Municipality Temora Municipality Wagga Wagga City Wingham Municipality Yass Municipality Young Municipality

Kyogle Shire Leeton Shire Mittagong Shire Nambucca Shire Narrandera Shire

Port Stephens Shire Scone Shire Shoalhaven Shire Tenterfield Shire Tumut Shire Tweed Shire Wade Shire Walgett Shire Wellington Shire Wingecarribee Shire Wollondilly Shire

Byron Shire Canobolas Shire Carrathool Shire Central Darling Shire Cockburn Shire Conargo Shire Coolah Shire Coolamon Shire Copmanhurst Shire Crookwell Shire Cudgegong Shire Culcairn Shire Denman Shire

Dumaresq Shire Dungog Shire

170

Category 4 (continued)

Gloucester Shire Goobang Shire Goodradigbee Shire Great Lakes Shire

Gundagai Shire Gundurimba Shire Gunning Shire Guyra Shire

Harden Shire Holbrook Shire Hume Shire

Illabo Shire Imlay Shire Jemalong Shire Jerilderie Shire

Kyeamba Shire Lachlan Shire Liverpool Plains Shire Lockhart Shire

Lyndhurst Shire Macintyre Shire Maclean Shire

Macleay Shire Manilla Shire Manning Shire Merriwa Shire

Mitchell Shire Molong Shire Monaro Shire

Mulwaree Shire Mumbulla Shire Murray Shire Murrumbidgee Shire

Murrurundi Shire Namoi Shire Narraburra Shire Nundle Shire Nymboida Shire

Oberon Shire Patrick Plains Shire Peel Shire

Rylstone Shire Severn Shire Snowy River Shire. Talbragar Shire Tallaganda Shire Tamarang Shire Terania Shire Timbrebongie Shire Tintenbar Shire Tomki Shire Tumbarumba Shire Turon Shire

Ulmarra Shire Uralla Shire Urana Shire Wakool Shire

Walcha Shire Warren Shire Waugoola Shire Weddin Shire

Wentworth Shire Windouran Shire Woodburn Shire

Yallaroi Shire Yarrowlumla Shire

VICTORIA

CATEGORY 1 (54 Councils)

Altona City Bellarine Shire Berwick City Box Hill City

Brighton City Broadmeadows City Brunswick City Camberwell City Caulfield City

Chelsea City Coburg City Collingwood City

Corio Shire Croydon City Dandenong City Diamond Valley Shire Doncaster and Templestowe City

Eltham Shire Essendon City Fitzroy City Footscray City Frankston City Geelong City Geelong West City

171

Category 1 (continued)

Hawthorn City Port Melbourne City

Heidelberg City Prahran City

Keilor City Preston City

Kew City Richmond City

Knox City Ringwood City

Lillydale Shire St Kilda City

Malvern City Sandringham City

Melbourne City Sherbrooke Shire

Moorabbin City South Barwon City

Mordialloc City South Melbourne Cit;

Mornington Shire Springvale City

Newtown City Sunshine City

Northcote City Waverley City

Nunawading City Whittlesea Shire

Oakleigh City Williamstown City

CATEGORY 2 (32 Councils)

Ararat City Moe City

Bairnsdale Town Morwell Shire

Ballaarat City Port Fairy Borough

Benalla City Portland Town

Bendigo City Queenscliffe Borough

Camperdown Town St Arnaud Town

Castlemaine City Sale City

Colac City Sebastopol Borough

Eaglehawk Borough Shepparton City

Echuca City Stawell Town

Hamilton City Swan Hill City

Horsham City Traralgon City

Kerang Borough Wangaratta City

Kyabram Town Warrnambool City

Maryborough City Werribee Shire

Mildura City Wodonga Rural City

CATEGORY 3 (30 Councils)

Bacchus Marsh Shire Maffra Shire

Ballarat Shire Marong Shire

Beechworth United Shire Melton Shire

Bulla Shire Myrtleford Shire

Buln Buln Shire Numurkah Shire

Cohuna Shire Orbost Shire

Cobram Shire Rodney Shire

Cranbourne Shire Seymour Shire

Daylesford and Glenlyon Shire Strathfieldsaye Shire Euroa Shire Tambo Shire

Flinders Shire Warracknabeal Shire

Hastings Shire Warragul Shire

Healesville Shire Wonthaggi Borough

Korumburra Shire Woorayl Shire

Kyneton Shire Yarrawonga Shire

172

CATEGORY 4 (95 Councils) Alberton Shire Alexandra Shire Arapiles Shire

Ararat Shire Avoca Shire Avon Shire Bairnsdale Shire

Ballan Shire Bannockburn Shire Barrabool Shire Bass Shire

Belfast Shire Benalla Shire Bet Bet Shire Birchip Shire Bright Shire Broadford Shire Bungaree Sihre Buninyong Shire Charlton Shire

Chiltern Shire Colac Shire Creswick Shire Deakin Shire Dimboola Shire Donald Shire Dundas Shire Dunmunkle Shire East Loddon Shire Gisborne Shire Glenelg Shire Gordon Shire Goulburn Shire Grenville Shire Hampden Shire Heytesbury Shire Huntly Shire

Kaniva Shire Kara Kara Shire Karkarooc Shire Kerang Shire

Kilmore Shire Koroit Borough Korong Shire Kowree Shire

Leigh Shire Lexton Shire Lowan Shire

Mclvor Shire Maldon Shire Mansfield Shire Metcalfe Shire Mildura Shire Minhamite Shire Mirboo Shire Mortlake Shire Mount Rouse Shire Narracan Shire Nathalia Shire Newham and Woodend Shire Newstead Shire Omeo Shire Otway Shire Oxley Shire Pakenham Shire Phillip Island Shire Portland Shire Pyalong Shire

Ripon Shire Rochester Shire Romsey Shire

Rosedale Shire Rutherglen Shire Shepparton Shire South Gippsland Shire Stawell Shire Swan Hill Shire Talbot and Clunes Shire Tallangatta Shire Traralgon Shire Tullaroop Shire Tungamah Shire Upper Murray Shire Upper Yarra Shire Violet Town Shire Walpeup Shire Wangaratta Shire Wannon Shire Waranga Shire Warrnambool Shire Wimmera Shire Winchelsea Shire Wycheproof Shire Yackandandah Shire Yea Shire

173

QUEENSLAND

CATEGORY 1 (6 Councils) Albert Shire Ipswich City Pine Rivers Shire

CATEGORY 2 (17 Councils) Bundaberg City Cairns City Charters Towers City

Dalby Town Gladstone Town Gold Coast City Goondiwindi Town

Gympie City Mackay City

CATEGORY 3 (29 Councils) Atherton Shire Ayr Shire Banana Shire

Beaudesert Shire Bowen Shire Burrum Shire Caboolture Shire Cardwell Shire Chinchilla Shire Cloncurry Shire Emerald Shire Flinders Shire Gatton Shire Hinchinbrook Shire Johnstone Shire

CATEGORY 4 (79 Councils) Allora Shire Aramac Shire Balonne Shire Barcaldine Shire

Barcoo Shire Bauhinia Shire Belyando Shire Bendemere Shire Biggenden Shire Blackall Shire Boonah Shire Booringa Shire Boulia Shire Broadsound Shire Bulloo Shire Bungil Shire

Brisbane City Redcliffe City Redland City

Maryborough City Mount Isa City Mount Morgan Shire Rockhampton City Roma Town Toowoomba City Townsville City Warwick City

Kingaroy Shire Landsborough Shire Livingstone Shire Longreach Shire Mareeba Shire Maroochy Shire Moreton Shire Mulgrave Shire Murweh Shire Noosa Shire Pioneer Shire Proserpine Shire Sarina Shire Stanthorpe Shire

Burke Shire Calliope Shire Cambooya Shire Carpentaria Shire Clifton Shire Cook Shire Crow’s Nest Shire Croydon Shire Dalrymple Shire Diamantina Shire Douglas Shire Duaringa Shire

Eacham Shire Eidsvold Shire Esk Shire Etheridge Shire

174

Category 4 (continued)

Fitzroy Shire Gayndah Shire Glengallan Shire

Gooburrum Shire Herberton Shire Ilfracombe Shire Inglewood Shire

Isis Shire Isisford Shire Laidley Shire Jericho Shire

Jondaryan Shire Kilcoy Shire Kilkivan Shire Kolan Shire

McKinlay Shire Millmerran Shire Mirani Shire Miriam Vale Shire

Monto Shire Mundubbera Shire Murgon Shire Murilla Shire

Nanango Shire

Nebo Shire Paroo Shire Peak Downs Shire Perry Shire

Pittsworth Shire Quilpie Shire Richmond Shire Rosalie Shire

Rosenthal Shire Tambo Shire Tara Shire Taroom Shire

Thuringowa Shire Tiaro Shire Torres Shire Waggamba Shire

Wambo Shire Warroo Shire Widgee Shire Winton Shire Wondai Shire

Woocoo Shire Woongarra Shire

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

CATEGORY 1 (27 Councils) Adelaide City Brighton City Burnside City

Campbelltown City Elizabeth City Enfield City Glenelg City

Henley and Grange City Hindmarsh Municipality Kensington-Norwood City Marion City

Mitcham City Meadows District Munno Para District

Noarlunga District Payneham City Port Adelaide City Prospect City

Salisbury City St Peters Municipality Stirling District Tea Tree Gully City Thebarton Municipality

Unley City Walkerville Municipality West Torrens City Woodville City

CATEGORY 2 (16 Councils) Gawler Municipality Jamestown Municipality Kadina Municipality

Moonta Municipality Mount Gambier City Murray Bridge Municipality Naracoorte Municipality Peterborough Municipality

Port Augusta City Port Lincoln City Port Pirie City Renrnark Municipality Strathalbyn Municipality Victor Harbor Municipality Wallaroo Municipality

Whyalla City

175

Angaston District Mannum District

Berri District Meningie District

Central Yorke Peninsula District Millicent District Clare District Mount Barker District

East Torrens District Murat Bay District

Kapunda District Tanunda District

Kingscote District Tatiara District

Loxton District

C A T E G O R Y 3 (15 Councils)

CATEGORY 4 (78 Councils)

Balaklava District Barossa District Barmera District Beachport District Blyth District

Brown’s Well District Burra Burra District Bute District Carrieton District Cleve District Clinton District Coonalpyn Downs District Crystal Brook District Dudley District East Murray District Elliston District Encounter Bay District Eudunda District Franklin Harbour District Freeling District Georgetown District Gladstone District Gumeracha District Hallett District Hawker District Jamestown District Kadina District Kanyaka-Quorn District Karoonda District Kimba District Lacepede District Lameroo District Laura District Le Hunte District Lincoln District Lucindale District Mallala District Marne District Minlaton District

Mobilong District Morgan District Mount Gambier District Mount Pleasant District Mudla Wirra District Naracoorte District Onkaparinga District Orroroo District Owen District Paringa District Peake District Penola District Peterborough District Pinnaroo District Pirie District Port Broughton District Port Elliot and Goolwa District Port Germein District Port MacDonnell District Port Wakefield District Redhill District Riverton District Robe District Robertstown District Saddleworth and Auburn District Sedan District Snowtown District Spalding District Strathalbyn District Streaky Bay District Tantanoola District Truro District Tumby Bay District Waikerie District Warooka District Willunga District Wilmington District Yankalilla District Yorketown District

176

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Armadale-Kelmscott Shire Bassendean Shire Bayswater Shire Belmont Shire

Canning Town Claremont Town Cockburn Town Cottesloe Town East Fremantle Town

Fremantle City Gosnells Town Kalamunda Shire Kwinana Shire

CATEGORY 2 (7 Councils)

Albany Town Boulder Shire Bunbury Town Geraldton Town

CATEGORY 3 (21 Councils)

Broome Shire Busselton Shire Carnarvon Shire Collie Shire Coolgardie Shire East Pilbara Shire Esperance Shire

Exmouth Shire Harvey Shire Katanning Shire Kellerberrin Shire

CATEGORY 4 (84 Councils)

Albany Shire Augusta-Margaret River Shire Beverley Shire Boddington Shire

Boyup Brook Shire Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire Brookton Shire Broomehill Shire

Bruce Rock Shire Capel Shire Carnamah Shire Chapman Valley Shire

Chi tiering Shire

C A T E G O R Y 1 (26 Councils)

Melville City Mosman Park Town Mandurah Shire

Mundaring Shire Nedlands City Peppermint Grove Shire Perth City

Rockingham Shire South Perth City Stirling City Subiaco City Swan Shire Wanneroo Shire

Kalgoorlie Town Narrogin Town Northam Town

Manjimup Shire Merredin Shire Moora Shire Plantagenet Shire Port Hedland Shire Roebourne Shire Wagin Shire West Kimberley Shire West Pilbara Shire Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire

Coorow Shire Corrigin Shire Cranbrook Shire Cuballing Shire Cue Shire

Cunderdin Shire Dalwallinu Shire Dandaragan Shire Dard&nup Shire Denmark Shire Donnybrook-Balingup Shire Dowerin Shire Dumbleyung Shire

177

D iindas Shire Gingin Shire Gnowangerup Shire Goomalling Shire Greenough Shire Halls Creek Shire Irwin Shire Kent Shire Kojonup Shire Kondinin Shire Koorda Shire Kulin Shire Lake Grace Shire Laverton Shire Leonora Shire Meekatharra Shire Menzies Shire Mingenew Shire Morawa Shire Mt Magnet Shire Mt Marshall Shire Mukinbudin Shire Mullewa Shire Murchison Shire Murray Shire Nannup Shire Narembeen Shire Narrogin Shire Northam Shire

Category 4 (continued)

Northampton Shire Nungarin Shire Perenjori Shire Pingelly Shire Quairading Shire

Ravensthorpe Shire Sandstone Shire Serpentine-Jarrahdale Shire Shark Bay Shire Tambellup Shire Tammin Shire Three Springs Shire Toodyay Shire Trayning Shire Upper Gascoyne Shire Victoria Plains Shire Wandering Shire Waroona Shire West Arthur Shire Westonia Shire Wickepin Shire Williams Shire

Wiluna Shire Wongan-Ballidu Shire Woodanilling Shire Wyalkatchem Shire Yalgoo Shire Yilgarn Shire

York Shire

TASMANIA

CATEGORY 1 (8 Councils)

Beaconsfield Municipality Clarence Municipality Glenorchy City Hobart City

CATEGORY 2 (Nil Councils)

CATEGORY 3 (13 Councils)

Burnie Municipality Circular Head Municipality Devonport Municipality George Town Municipality Latrobe Municipality Longford Municipality New Norfolk Municipality

Kingborough Municipality Launceston City Lilydale Municipality St Leonards Municipality

Penguin Municipality Queenstown Municipality Sorell Municipality Ulverstone Municipality Wynyard Municipality Zeehan Municipality

178

Bothwell Municipality Brighton Municipality Bruny Municipality Campbell Town Municipality

Deloraine Municipality Esperance Municipality Evandale Municipality Fingal Municipality

Flinders Municipality Glamorgan Municipality Gormanston Municipality Green Ponds Municipality

Hamilton Municipality Huon Municipality

C A T E G O R Y 4 (28 Councils)

Kentish Municipality King Island Municipality Oatlands Municipality Port Cygnet Municipality

Portland Municipality Richmond Municipality Ringarooma Municipality Ross Municipality Scottsdale Municipality Spring Bay Municipality

Strahan Municipality Tasman Municipality Waratah Municipality Westbury Municipality

179

INDEX

A ck n o w led g m en ts. . . . . . . .

Act— Grants Commission, 1933 . . . . . . .

Grants Commission, 1973-1975 . . . . . .

Application for financial assistance . . . . . .

Approved regional organisation . . . . . .

Areas— metropolitan . . . . . . . . .

non-metropolitan . . . . . . . .

Assessment of relative disabilities . . . . . .

Assistance—government . . . . . . .

Australian Council of Local Government Association submissions regional organisations . . . . . . .

standards . . . . . . . . . .

Australian Treasury submissions— effort neutral . . . . . . . . .

equalisation criteria . . . . . . . .

expenditure advantages . . . . . . .

financial assistance—fiscal capacity . . . . .

regional organisations . . . . . . .

revenue differential . . . . . . . .

taxable capaci t y. . . . . . . . .

Australian Government Grants . . . . . .

Australian Bureau of Statistics—■ classifications—expenditure . . . . . .

Capital cities— central business districts . . . . . . .

metropolitan area—Queensland . . . . . .

metropolitan area—other States . . . . . .

Categories— . . . . . . . . .

changes . . . . . . . . . .

Conditions . . . . . . . . .

Commission— responsibilities of . . . . . . . .

role . . . . . . . . . . .

on-going task . . . . . . . . .

Consultation— with the States . . . . . . . . .

with Australian Government departments . . . .

Debt charges—■ . . . . . . . . .

net debt charges . . . . . . . .

Density . . . . . . . . . .

Disabilities— distance . . . . . . . . . .

expenditure . . . . . . . . .

identification of . . . . . . . .

revenue raising . . . . . . . . .

drought and rural recessions, effects of. . . . .

Page 60

3

1, 4-5 5, 7 4, 6

25

14, 15 12, 15-18 19-21 8

11 13

18, 19 9, 10 18 15, 16 11, 12

16

15, 16 20

17

15, 25 25 25

14, 15, 169-179 24 18, 19

6

56, 57 56-59

6 4

24, 25 24, 25 28

27

27, 28 23, 27, 28 15, 16 16

1 8 0

Page

Expenditure differential—calculation of . . . . . 17,18

Expenditure disabilities—■ . . . . . . . 27, 28

density . . . . . . . . . . 28

distance . . . . . . . . . . 27

high rates of growth . . . . . . . . 28

isolation . . . . . . . . . . 27

s p a r s i t y ................................................................................................... 27, 28

terrain . . . . . . . . . . 27

Equalisation . . . . . . . . . 58, 59

Evidence . . . . . . . . . . 8

Future Hearings . . . . . . . . . 57

Grants, calculation of— claimant State . . . . . . . . . 3

conditions. . . . . . . . . . 18, 19

criteria . . . . . . . . . . 9, 10

local governing body . . . . . . . . 10

other government . . . . . . . . 19-21

term ................................................................................................ 18

variations . . . . . . . . . 23, 24

units of comparison . . . . . . . . 11, 12

units of measurement. . . . . . . . 12,57,58

Grants Commission— procedures—-1974-75 . . . . . . . . 7, 8

responsibilities . . . . . . . . . 6

Growth—rate of . . . . . . . . . 28

Hearings— Canberra . . . . . . . . . . 8

Regional . . . . . . . . . . 7, 8

Inquiries— 1974-75 . . . . . . . . 22-28

Inspections . . . . . . . . . . 22

Isolation . . . . . . . . . . 28

Land valuation—■ rating base . . . . . . . . . 16, 25, 26

Local government— accounting methods . . . . . . . . 10

Commission’s responsibility for . . . . . . 4

individual comparisons . . . . . . . 11

submissions . . . . . . . . . 23

fiscal needs of individual bodies . . . . . . 9

grants for . . . . . . . . . . 9

Local governing body—defined . . . . . . 5

Members . . . . . . . . . . 1,2

Metropolitan areas . . . . . . . . 25

Non-performed activities . . . . . . . 17, 18

Non-rateable property— . . . . . . . 24

burden of . . . . . . . . . 24

exempt properties . . . . . . . . 24

value of . . . . . . . . . . 24

On-going task . . . . . . . . . 56-59

Population— . . . . . . . . . 12

unit of measurement . . . . . . . . 12,26,27

181

non-revenue producing . .

other characteristics . . .

Principles and methods— . .

assessing fiscal disabilities . . Procedures of the Commission 1974-75 Property—types . . . .

Ratepayers— income . . . . .

Rates— capacity, measurement of . . effort neutral . . . .

standards . . . . .

Rating practices and provisions . Recessions—effects of drought and rural Recommendations . . .

Regional organisations—functions . approval . . . . .

cession of responsibilities by local governing bodies Australian Treasury . . Australian Council of Local Government Associations Department of Urban & Regional Development

States . . . .

submissions . . .

Responsibility—range of . Returns of Accounting . .

Revenue differential—calculation of Revenue raising disabilities . differential . . .

effects of drought and rural recessions low-income areas . .

non-rateable property. . Road services . . .

Single purpose projects . . Sparsity . . . .

Standards— choice of . . . .

criteria for . . .

States, submissions— standards . . . .

tourist areas . . .

regional organisations . Statutory contributions . . Tables and statistics . .

Taxable capacity—measurement of Terrain . . . .

Tourist areas . . .

Submissions— local governing bodies . regional organisations .

Units of comparison . .

. 27

. 28

. 9-21

. 1 0 , 11

7, 8 16

16

15, 16, 18, 19 18, 19 10 72-78

16

29-55 11, 12 7 11 11, 12

11 11 11 8, 23

6

7, 21, 61

9, 10, 15, 18, 19, 58 12, 15, 16 15, 16 16

16, 19 24 12, 57 57

27

P a g e

12-14, 24 12, 13

13 12 11 26

63-71 10, 15, 16 27 12

23 23

1 1 , 1 2

182

P a g e

Units of measurement— choice of . . . . . . . . . . 12

equalisation formula . . . . . . . . 57-59

Urban and Regional Development D epartm ent- submissions on— effort neutral . . . . . . . . . 18

regional responsibilities . . . . . . . 11

regional projects . . . . . . . . 11, 12

taxable capacity. . . . . . . . . 16

tax effort . . . . . . . . . . 16

revenue differential . . . . . . . . 16

Valuations—· property . . . . . . . . . . 16, 25, 26

annual value . . . . . . . . . 26

interstate comparisons of . . . . . . . 26

unimproved capital value . . . . . . . 26

Witnesses— general hearings . . . . . . . . 82, 83

regional hearings . . . . . . . . 84-168

R74/2199

183