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Speech to the Inaugural All Sectors Trusted Information Sharing Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection Forum, Sydney.



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ATTORNEY-GENERAL THE HON ROBERT McCLELLAND MP

The Inaugural

All Sectors

Trusted Information Sharing Network for Critical

Infrastructure Protection

Forum

Dockside, Darling Park, Darling Harbour, Sydney

Wednesday, 7 May 2008, 9 .00am

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[Acknowledgements ]

• First, may I acknowledge the traditional owners

of the land we meet on - and pay my respects to

their elders, both past and present.

[Other Acknowl edgements ]

• Chair - Mr Miles Jordana, Deputy Secretary

National Security and Criminal Justice Group ,

and Chair , the Critical Infrastr ucture Advisory

Council .

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• Chairs of the Infrastructure Assurance Advisory

Groups and Expert Advisory Group

• Members of the Critical Infrastructure Advisory

Council

• Trusted Information Sharing Network members

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[Introduction ]

1. It is a great pleasure to be here this morning .

I would like to welcome you and thank you all for

your attendance .

2. The inaugural All Sectors Forum marks another

milestone for the Trusted Information Sharing

Network .

I congratulate you all for the part you have

played in its success.

3. Your membership of the TISN shows a first -class

commitment, not only to ensuring your industry

is prepared for an incident, but also in

sup po rting Australia ’s security .

4. As Miles’ address aptly demonstrated, working

in isolation can be as dangerous as completely

ignoring the need to prepare.

5. You recognise that fact by your presence here .

This forum will , I am sure, strengthen the sense

of unity and purpose in building Australia’s

resilience.

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[Partnership s]

6. Already , great collaborative work is happe ning

within the TISN.

Your contributions to the Pandemic , Resilience

and SCADA Communities of Interest and your

involvement in the international exercise Cy ber

Storm II come to mind.

7. Such collaboration comes as no surprise.

Australians have a long history of working

collaborati vely in times of crisis to help those in

need.

8. Australians are resilient by nature .

Ours is a country that faces constant adversity .

Our harsh climate, our geographic location and

the sheer size of our continent all have an impact .

9. We have learnt from experience that preparation,

communication and cooperation are fundamental

to a quick recovery.

10. We only have to think of emergency situation s,

such as flood or bushfire , to realise that by the

time the first news crew arrives to cover the

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event , our emergency services have already been

well and truly mobilised.

11. More than that, our preparation may well be able

to assist emergency responders to predict likely

events.

12. This resilience is what the TISN is attempting to

replicate for Australi a’s critical infrastructure.

13. Because we are working at this on a united,

national scale , and given the complexity of the

task , it is imperative that we have a strong

partnership between governments, business and

the community .

14. You all bring different exper tise to the table , and

your knowledge allows a thorough approach to

protecting critical infrastructure.

15. Let me note at this point that the vast majority of

hazards do not discriminate.

16. Natural disasters, computer viruses or

pandemic s, for example, do not r ecognise state or

national borders.

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Nor do they discriminate between government or

private buildings, computer networks or

employees.

In fact, about 90% of critical infrastructure is in

private hands.

So i t makes good sense that we all collaborat e.

17. Involv ing the community as much as possible is

also essential to our success .

18. The Food Sector’s Pantry List launch which I

attended in February is a good case in point.

19. It is about getting people to prepare, to think

about what they may need if the food supply is

disrupted for any reason , be it a flood, a

pandemic or a prolonged power outage.

20. It ’s about making people self -reliant .

Doing so has a two -fold effect .

It helps avoid panic when disaster strikes and

allow s emergency services to allocate resources

where they are most needed.

[All Hazards ]

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21. What t his boils down to is having a national

approach to a common goal - a secure and

resilient Australia.

22. Part of that common goal is to protect our

infrastructure, and therefore our society, from all

hazards.

23. It is na ïve to ignore terrorism as a threat.

24. We may not have had an attack in Australia, but

the current global climate demands that we must

remain alert to potential terrorist attacks.

25. Yet, just as it would be naïve to ignore terrorism,

it would be equally naïve to believe that terrorism

is the only threat to national security.

26. In this regard, a n all hazards approach is one

that should be taken .

Importantly, i t provides a solid foundation for

resilience because it gives us a broader

understanding of what the threa ts are to our

business and lifestyle.

27. Business continuity and risk managers know that

you don’t just plan for obvious events such as

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fires and robberie s.

It is not a waste of time or resources to plan for

events that may be unlikely to occur , if they will

have devastating consequences should they occur.

28. As we know, there are very few disasters -

natural or manmade - that herald their arrival.

29. One of the most sinister tools of terrorism is the

insidious nature of the attacks - we get no

warning.

30. Similarly , a tsunami or cyclone do es not indicate

exactly when or where it will strike.

31. These possibilities are particularly significant

given the prediction that climate change will

cause more numerous and more intense weather

patterns.

[What Constitutes Critical I nfrastructure ?]

32. In the past, the definition of infrastructure was

generally limited to structures - buildings,

bridges, roads, power stations , hospitals - those

things that government s built and owned .

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33. But, if we had remained in that mindset we would

not h ave the communications, banking and

finance, or food sectors here today.

34. We cannot neglect these sectors when looking at

how society functions as a whole .

35. Think of the consequences if we couldn’t use

phones or computers for work , or had no access

to our mo ney .

36. This was the reality after Cyclone Larry.

37. In the current threat environment, places where

people congregate can also be vulnerable to

terrorist acts - shopping malls, stadiums and the

like .

In many ways these are our cultural icons and an

attack wou ld cause enormous fractures in our

society.

38. The TISN is seen as the best mechanism through

which to engage with those businesses that deal

with large numbers of people .

39. The Mass Gatherings IAAG is the result .

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40. Clearly, a national critical infrastructure

pro tection plan requires the involvement of all

sectors .

[Interdependencies ]

41. As much as it’s important that all the sectors I

outlined are represented here , it’s just as

important that the interdependenc y within and

between the sectors is as good as it possi bly can

be .

42. As Miles illustrated, any attempt to work in

isolation is futile .

43. How can the water sector survive with out the

electricity that runs its pumps?

44. How would the food sector distribute goods

without trucks ?

45. How would the transport sector run withou t

fuel?

46. The recent international exercise Cyber Storm II

was an excellent example of industry and

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government working together .

It was also a study in interdependence.

47. At the post exercise review , a number of industry

players noted their deeper appreciation of just

how reliant they are on other sectors and vice

versa.

48. This is why the Critical Infrastructure Protection

Modelling and Analysis ( CIPMA ) program is

proving to be such a valuable tool for industry .

49. I know I am preaching to the converted , but

CIPMA is a collaborative success story and one

in which the TISN plays a n integral role.

50. For those of you not familiar with the scope of

this program, CIPMA is able to select an area

such as the Sydney CBD and map its critical

infrastructure : An impossible task without a

great deal of trust and collaboration.

51. The program is still in its infancy so it has

initially prioritis ed telecommunications,

electricity, water and banking - with other

sectors following as CIPMA expands.

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52. The phrase ‘virtual insight ’ is a fit ting one to

describe this world -leading capability .

CIPMA gives industry and government

unprecedented ability to build resilience by

generat ing data that shows how many buildings

and people will be affected by an incident and

what services will be disrupt ed.

53. So , for example, should a major power outage

shut down the cooling system in the banks’ data

centres, the banking sector would have , literally

at its fingertips, information on how many of

their branches would be affected and whether

their operations need to be moved t o a back -up

location.

54. Clearly, CIPMA has enormous benefits because

of its capacity to reduce inconvenience to the

public and to restrict the impact on business’s

bottom line.

[Resilience ]

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55. That is a prime example of resilience we are

striv ing to achieve - the ability to bounce back in

the face of adversity .

56. The heart of the matter is the protection of how

Australia goes about its business, of preparing

our economy and our society to recover from

natural and manmade disasters which we know

are inevitable .

[Communication ]

57. The role of the TISN should not be

underestimated in building resilience.

58. It makes good business sense to have access to

government and industry information that is

available through the TISN , to ensure

organisation s have th e best possible chance to

minimise the economic impact of an incident.

59. It is also true to say that industry realises its

obligations as good corporate citizens within the

wider community .

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60. The industries represented here today are an

integral part of our na tion’s economy and our

wonderfully diverse social fabric .

61. Bringing you together through this forum gives

you the opportunity to talk across the sectors and

better understand each others needs and

expectations.

62. It gives you the chance to build stronger line s of

communication between sectors and between

industry and government.

63. The TISN will continue to grow , and I encourage

you all to be champions of the cause.

64. The more members we have , the greater the pool

of knowledge from which to draw.

65. This improves our ability to prepare for

adversity and quickly recover if disaster strikes .

[Conclusion ]

66. I assure you that the Australian Government is

very grateful for your commitment to the Trusted

Information Sharing Network .

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67. I would like to thank you all for taking ti me from

your busy schedules to spend the se next two days

at the forum.

68. I am confident that it will be an enlightening and

rewarding experience and I look forward to

hearing the outcomes from your exchange of

ideas .

ENDS