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State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19



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ISSN 2203-5249

RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2019-20 7 NOVEMBER 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 Gregory O'Brien Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary

Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these with Australian averages.

• Each table presents data for the last five years to 2018-19 (or the latest data available), while

each chart plots data for the financial year 2018-19 (or the latest data available).

• Data used is the latest available as at September 16 2019.

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 2

Contents

Executive summary ........................................................................ 1

Introduction ................................................................................... 1

Chapter 1: Labour Market .............................................................. 3

1.1 Employment .................................................................................. 3

1.2 Unemployment ............................................................................. 4

1.3 Labour force .................................................................................. 5

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices .......................................................... 6

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings ....................................... 6

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings ................................ 7

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings ............................................. 8

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings.......................................... 9

2.5 Wage price index ......................................................................... 10

2.6 Consumer price index ................................................................. 11

Chapter 3: State Accounts ............................................................ 12

3.1 Gross state product ..................................................................... 12

3.2 Gross state product per capita .................................................... 13

3.3 Labour productivity ..................................................................... 14

Chapter 4: Business Conditions ..................................................... 15

4.1 Value of Retail Sales .................................................................... 15

4.2 Dwelling approvals ...................................................................... 16

4.3 Business investment .................................................................... 17

Chapter 5: Housing ....................................................................... 18

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing .......................................... 18

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances ................................................. 19

6.1 General government sector fiscal balance ................................. 19

6.2 State and local government taxation revenue............................ 20

Chapter 7: Exports ........................................................................ 21

7.1 Merchandise exports .................................................................. 21

Chapter 8: Social Statistics ............................................................ 22

8.1 Population ................................................................................... 22

8.2 Capped apparent school retention rates .................................... 23

8.3 General practice bulk billing ....................................................... 24

Glossary ....................................................................................... 25

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 3

Chapter 1: Labour Market

1.1 Employment

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Number employed (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 647.1 3 783.7 3 826.1 3 946.8 4 079.6

Victoria 2 955.6 3 034.2 3 155.9 3 243.8 3 354.5

Queensland 2 324.2 2 362.5 2 366.6 2 464.5 2 502.1

South Australia 803.4 807.1 818.0 835.7 847.7

Western Australia 1 322.1 1 316.0 1 303.6 1 332.2 1 344.7

Tasmania 239.7 239.0 241.0 248.3 248.6

Northern Territory 132.3 134.6 138.8 137.3 132.8

Australian Capital Territory 211.5 214.7 220.7 228.4 228.3

Australia 11 636.0 11 891.7 12 070.7 12 437.1 12 738.3

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.3 3.7 1.1 3.2 3.4

Victoria 2.5 2.7 4.0 2.8 3.4

Queensland 0.2 1.6 0.2 4.1 1.5

South Australia 0.5 0.5 1.3 2.2 1.4

Western Australia 1.1 -0.5 -0.9 2.2 0.9

Tasmania 2.9 -0.3 0.8 3.0 0.1

Northern Territory -0.2 1.7 3.1 -1.1 -3.3

Australian Capital Territory -0.4 1.5 2.8 3.5 0.0

Australia 1.3 2.2 1.5 3.0 2.4

(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data. Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 4

1.2 Unemployment

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Number unemployed (a) - '000

New South Wales 228.8 215.8 199.5 200.5 189.4

Victoria 203.2 191.6 198.8 193.8 163.1

Queensland 161.3 155.1 156.1 158.4 162.7

South Australia 59.8 63.1 58.9 51.9 52.0

Western Australia 75.0 83.1 85.6 85.8 87.9

Tasmania 17.5 16.5 15.7 15.7 16.7

Northern Territory 5.7 5.8 4.9 6.0 6.3

Australian Capital Territory 10.2 10.3 8.8 9.4 8.5

Australia 761.5 741.2 728.3 721.6 686.6

Unemployment rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 5.8 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.5

Victoria 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.0 4.8

Queensland 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.3

South Australia 7.6 6.8 6.5 5.6 6.4

Western Australia 6.0 6.1 5.6 6.2 5.9

Tasmania 6.5 6.4 5.9 6.0 6.6

Northern Territory 4.5 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.9

Australian Capital Territory 4.5 3.7 4.0 3.6 3.6

Australia 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.2

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at June of financial year. Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, August 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 5

1.3 Labour force

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Labour force (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 875.9 3 999.5 4 025.6 4 147.5 4 267.2

Victoria 3 158.8 3 225.7 3 354.7 3 437.8 3 516.6

Queensland 2 485.5 2 517.6 2 522.7 2 622.8 2 663.8

South Australia 863.2 870.2 876.9 887.7 899.7

Western Australia 1 397.0 1 399.0 1 389.2 1 417.9 1 432.4

Tasmania 257.2 255.5 256.7 264.0 265.3

Northern Territory 138.0 140.4 143.8 143.4 139.0

Australian Capital Territory 221.7 224.9 229.5 237.7 236.5

Australia 12 397.5 12 632.9 12 799.0 13 158.8 13 420.6

Participation rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 63.7 64.1 63.7 65.0 65.9

Victoria 64.7 65.3 66.2 65.6 66.2

Queensland 65.3 64.7 65.2 65.8 65.8

South Australia 62.3 61.8 62.3 62.6 63.5

Western Australia 68.6 67.5 67.7 68.5 68.3

Tasmania 60.8 59.5 61.0 61.3 60.3

Northern Territory 76.6 75.0 75.5 76.0 71.8

Australian Capital Territory 70.2 70.3 70.7 70.7 70.2

Australia 64.9 64.9 65.1 65.5 66.0

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at June. Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0, August 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 6

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 502.2 1 534.2 1 540.8 1 596.0 1 643.1

Victoria 1 396.6 1 439.7 1 503.9 1 534.8 1 588.6

Queensland 1 448.9 1 453.5 1 489.1 1 534.9 1 575.6

South Australia 1 347.3 1 395.5 1 446.8 1 445.1 1 468.7

Western Australia 1 682.2 1 703.7 1 709.0 1 741.6 1 769.0

Tasmania 1 277.9 1 326.7 1 349.0 1 367.8 1 410.0

Northern Territory 1 483.7 1 561.4 1 627.5 1 658.2 1 666.8

Australian Capital Territory 1 704.6 1 720.5 1 760.6 1 806.6 1 811.5

Australia 1 480.1 1 508.3 1 538.3 1 577.5 1 620.2

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 4.3 2.1 0.4 3.6 3.0

Victoria 0.9 3.1 4.5 2.1 3.5

Queensland 1.3 0.3 2.4 3.1 2.7

South Australia 0.6 3.6 3.7 -0.1 1.6

Western Australia 3.2 1.3 0.3 1.9 1.6

Tasmania 1.6 3.8 1.7 1.4 3.1

Northern Territory 3.5 5.2 4.2 1.9 0.5

Australian Capital Territory 2.2 0.9 2.3 2.6 0.3

Australia 2.4 1.9 2.0 2.5 2.7

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.

Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes. Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 7

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Real AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 613.9 1 623.6 1 598.4 1 622.4 1 643.1

Victoria 1 511.4 1 533.5 1 572.1 1 568.8 1 596.5

Queensland 1 562.8 1 543.2 1 554.9 1 575.5 1 591.5

South Australia 1 460.4 1 499.6 1 531.5 1 495.7 1 496.9

Western Australia 1 808.5 1 814.3 1 808.2 1 825.9 1 830.9

Tasmania 1 404.3 1 438.4 1 436.2 1 425.9 1 433.6

Northern Territory 1 577.8 1 658.1 1 726.0 1 741.3 1 734.5

Australian Capital Territory 1 864.8 1 868.5 1 876.6 1 880.9 1 846.8

Australia 1 596.4 1 604.7 1 609.2 1 618.9 1 635.8

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.3 0.6 -1.6 1.5 1.3

Victoria -0.5 1.5 2.5 -0.2 1.8

Queensland -0.6 -1.3 0.8 1.3 1.0

South Australia -0.9 2.7 2.1 -2.3 0.1

Western Australia 1.3 0.3 -0.3 1.0 0.3

Tasmania 0.5 2.4 -0.2 -0.7 0.5

Northern Territory 2.1 5.1 4.1 0.9 -0.4

Australian Capital Territory 1.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 -1.8

Australia 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 1.0

(a) Annual average.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2018-19 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index. Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes. Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2019; ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, Jun 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 8

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

MTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 374.7 1 409.3 1 426.8 1 452.7 1 505.6

Victoria 1 275.4 1 294.4 1 332.5 1 368.5 1 407.1

Queensland 1 322.2 1 345.2 1 370.3 1 421.8 1 443.6

South Australia 1 243.8 1 250.5 1 288.9 1 269.3 1 277.3

Western Australia 1 685.0 1 634.7 1 637.7 1 649.4 1 643.0

Tasmania 1 157.6 1 163.9 1 188.5 1 248.7 1 265.1

Northern Territory 1 472.0 1 586.9 1 658.7 1 687.5 1 572.8

Australian Capital Territory 1 520.6 1 526.1 1 537.1 1 615.9 1 640.6

Australia 1 370.5 1 385.0 1 407.6 1 436.6 1 468.1

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 4.2 2.5 1.2 1.8 3.6

Victoria -0.7 1.5 2.9 2.7 2.8

Queensland -2.5 1.7 1.9 3.8 1.5

South Australia -2.8 0.5 3.1 -1.5 0.6

Western Australia 3.4 -3.0 0.2 0.7 -0.4

Tasmania 3.8 0.5 2.1 5.1 1.3

Northern Territory 4.1 7.8 4.5 1.7 -6.8

Australian Capital Territory 1.6 0.4 0.7 5.1 1.5

Australia 1.1 1.1 1.6 2.1 2.2

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI. Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 9

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

FTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 916.3 962.6 977.5 1 020.4 1 052.2

Victoria 851.4 878.5 910.0 950.8 991.1

Queensland 885.0 895.7 892.2 906.9 967.5

South Australia 854.7 825.0 866.9 886.7 907.1

Western Australia 954.6 954.2 980.4 971.5 964.1

Tasmania 781.3 774.0 818.0 829.8 854.5

Northern Territory 1 030.5 1 071.9 1 118.2 1 158.9 1 190.7

Australian Capital Territory 1 185.3 1 219.2 1 221.7 1 234.9 1 291.2

Australia 897.9 920.3 939.6 967.9 1 003.6

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.7 5.1 1.5 4.4 3.1

Victoria 2.0 3.2 3.6 4.5 4.2

Queensland 6.0 1.2 -0.4 1.7 6.7

South Australia 1.8 -3.5 5.1 2.3 2.3

Western Australia 3.2 0.0 2.7 -0.9 -0.8

Tasmania 2.4 -0.9 5.7 1.4 3.0

Northern Territory 2.0 4.0 4.3 3.6 2.7

Australian Capital Territory 2.2 2.9 0.2 1.1 4.6

Australia 2.4 2.5 2.1 3.0 3.7

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI. Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0, May 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 10

2.5 Wage price index

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Wage price index (a) (b)

New South Wales 119.8 122.4 124.9 127.5 130.6

Victoria 120.3 123.1 125.6 128.5 131.9

Queensland 120.5 122.8 125.1 127.9 130.8

South Australia 120.4 123.1 125.8 128.4 131.2

Western Australia 122.4 124.7 126.5 128.3 130.3

Tasmania 120.0 122.7 125.4 128.3 131.6

Northern Territory 121.4 124.1 126.7 128.3 131.0

Australian Capital Territory 119.7 121.7 124.0 126.4 129.0

Australia 120.4 123.0 125.4 127.9 130.9

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.4

Victoria 2.7 2.3 2.0 2.3 2.6

Queensland 2.4 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.3

South Australia 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2

Western Australia 2.2 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.6

Tasmania 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.6

Northern Territory 2.6 2.2 2.1 1.3 2.1

Australian Capital Territory 1.8 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1

Australia 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.3

(a) Index value at June of the financial year.

(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008-09 = 100.0. Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, cat. no. 6345.0, June 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 11

2.6 Consumer price index

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Consumer price index (a)

Sydney 107.3 108.9 111.1 113.4 115.2

Melbourne 106.5 108.2 110.2 112.7 114.7

Brisbane 106.8 108.5 110.4 112.3 114.1

Adelaide 106.3 107.2 108.9 111.3 113.1

Perth 107.2 108.2 108.9 109.9 111.3

Hobart 104.9 106.3 108.2 110.5 113.3

Darwin 108.4 108.5 108.7 109.7 110.7

Canberra 105.3 106.1 108.1 110.7 113.0

Weighted average eight capital cities 106.8 108.3 110.2 112.3 114.1

Annual change - per cent (b)

Sydney 1.9 1.5 2.0 2.0 1.7

Melbourne 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.3 1.7

Brisbane 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6

Adelaide 1.6 0.9 1.5 2.3 1.5

Perth 1.8 1.0 0.6 0.9 1.3

Hobart 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.1 2.5

Darwin 1.4 0.1 0.1 1.0 0.9

Canberra 1.1 0.7 1.9 2.4 2.1

Weighted average eight capital cities 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.6

(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12. (b) Change in the annual averages of table above. Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0, June 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 12

Chapter 3: State Accounts

3.1 Gross state product

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

Gross state product, chain volume measures - $ million New South Wales 525 199 539 689 561 098 578 518 593 275

Victoria 369 281 380 716 393 854 409 566 423 961

Queensland 310 904 314 121 322 002 328 449 339 504

South Australia 100 291 101 314 101 528 103 935 106 004

Western Australia 246 424 252 666 255 535 251 057 255 883

Tasmania 28 091 28 382 28 862 29 298 30 266

Northern Territory 23 939 24 581 25 083 25 767 26 200

Australian Capital Territory 34 432 35 204 36 598 37 923 39 442

Australia 1 638 132 1 676 400 1 724 123 1 764 512 1 814 535

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.9 2.8 4.0 3.1 2.6

Victoria 2.4 3.1 3.5 4.0 3.5

Queensland 2.2 1.0 2.5 2.0 3.4

South Australia 0.8 1.0 0.2 2.4 2.0

Western Australia 5.8 2.5 1.1 -1.8 1.9

Tasmania 1.1 1.0 1.7 1.5 3.3

Northern Territory 1.3 2.7 2.0 2.7 1.7

Australian Capital Territory 0.9 2.2 4.0 3.6 4.0

Australia 2.6 2.3 2.8 2.3 2.8

Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2018-19 figures will be released in November 2019. Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 13

3.2 Gross state product per capita

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) - $

New South Wales 70 450 71 367 73 142 74 186 74 955

Victoria 63 314 63 905 64 640 65 610 66 391

Queensland 66 355 66 169 67 015 67 256 68 379

South Australia 59 767 59 839 59 515 60 519 61 343

Western Australia 98 483 99 923 100 299 97 940 98 997

Tasmania 54 758 55 213 55 968 56 364 57 686

Northern Territory 98 796 101 258 102 760 104 677 106 191

Australian Capital Territory 89 129 89 810 91 753 93 140 94 831

Australia 70 322 70 921 71 893 72 381 73 267

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.5 1.3 2.5 1.4 1.0

Victoria 0.2 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.2

Queensland 0.6 -0.3 1.3 0.4 1.7

South Australia -0.1 0.1 -0.5 1.7 1.4

Western Australia 4.0 1.5 0.4 -2.4 1.1

Tasmania 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.7 2.3

Northern Territory -0.2 2.5 1.5 1.9 1.4

Australian Capital Territory -0.8 0.8 2.2 1.5 1.8

Australia 0.9 0.9 1.4 0.7 1.2

Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. 2018-19 figures will be released in November 2019. Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 14

3.3 Labour productivity

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

Gross State Product per hour worked, $

New South Wales 370.6 382.5 374.9 392.8 391.0

Victoria 332.0 342.7 336.7 341.9 348.9

Queensland 331.3 340.9 342.2 355.5 354.7

South Australia 326.3 332.4 332.4 340.7 341.8

Western Australia 468.2 480.1 491.8 498.7 499.6

Tasmania 326.3 324.7 322.8 331.1 336.0

Northern Territory 422.9 438.2 433.1 447.4 462.7

Australian Capital Territory 432.0 444.3 445.8 464.0 463.9

Australia 362.1 372.8 369.8 381.0 382.5

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -0.5 3.2 -2.0 4.8 -0.5

Victoria -1.6 3.2 -1.7 1.5 2.1

Queensland -2.3 2.9 0.4 3.9 -0.2

South Australia -1.0 1.9 0.0 2.5 0.3

Western Australia 4.3 2.6 2.4 1.4 0.2

Tasmania -1.3 -0.5 -0.6 2.6 1.5

Northern Territory -3.8 3.6 -1.2 3.3 3.4

Australian Capital Territory 0.3 2.8 0.3 4.1 0.0

Australia -0.5 2.9 -0.8 3.0 0.4

(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors). Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18; ABS, Labour Force, Detailed, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, March 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 15

Chapter 4: Business Conditions

4.1 Value of Retail Sales

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 91 261 96 088 99 281 102 074 104 233

Victoria 71 228 75 235 77 704 81 125 85 009

Queensland 58 573 60 162 61 883 62 498 64 841

South Australia 18 654 19 400 20 160 20 794 21 270

Western Australia 33 258 33 968 34 035 33 976 34 113

Tasmania 5 637 5 910 6 128 6 301 6 542

Northern Territory 3 071 3 120 3 125 3 155 3 098

Australian Capital Territory 5 130 5 410 5 676 5 803 6 027

Australia 286 812 299 293 307 993 315 725 325 133

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 7.4 5.3 3.3 2.8 2.1

Victoria 5.5 5.6 3.3 4.4 4.8

Queensland 2.7 2.7 2.9 1.0 3.7

South Australia 4.6 4.0 3.9 3.1 2.3

Western Australia 2.7 2.1 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Tasmania 4.2 4.8 3.7 2.8 3.8

Northern Territory 0.8 1.6 0.2 1.0 -1.8

Australian Capital Territory 3.8 5.5 4.9 2.2 3.9

Australia 5.0 4.4 2.9 2.5 3.0

Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, cat. no. 8501.0, July 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 16

4.2 Dwelling approvals

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Number (a)

New South Wales 63 419 73 489 73 091 72 669 57 696

Victoria 67 672 68 082 65 435 75 811 59 986

Queensland 46 704 51 144 43 234 43 191 33 235

South Australia 11 400 12 591 11 544 12 810 10 706

Western Australia 32 707 24 650 20 367 18 423 15 725

Tasmania 2 872 2 448 2 248 2 851 3 146

Northern Territory 1 814 1 703 912 773 673

Australian Capital Territory 4 261 4 677 5 524 5 664 6 302

Australia 230 849 238 784 222 355 232 192 187 469

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 17.2 15.9 -0.5 -0.6 -20.6

Victoria 23.4 0.6 -3.9 15.9 -20.9

Queensland 18.9 9.5 -15.5 -0.1 -23.1

South Australia -2.2 10.4 -8.3 11.0 -16.4

Western Australia 5.9 -24.6 -17.4 -9.5 -14.6

Tasmania 31.5 -14.8 -8.2 26.8 10.3

Northern Territory -15.2 -6.1 -46.4 -15.2 -12.9

Australian Capital Territory -8.1 9.8 18.1 2.5 11.3

Australia 15.6 3.4 -6.9 4.4 -19.3

(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings. Source: ABS, Building Approvals, cat. no. 8731.0, July 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 17

4.3 Business investment

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

Chain volume measures (a) - $ million

New South Wales 52 756 54 157 55 502 55 634 61 715

Victoria 38 759 41 549 41 946 43 100 47 287

Queensland 70 327 53 866 40 452 40 753 45 055

South Australia 12 225 12 550 11 214 9 091 12 406

Western Australia 72 624 65 607 52 931 37 805 37 838

Tasmania 2 363 2 505 2 349 2 437 2 861

Northern Territory 10 385 9 209 7 001 9 139 7 688

Australian Capital Territory 2 220 2 276 2 344 2 571 2 715

Australia 261 129 241 559 213 738 200 530 217 566

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -9.2 2.7 2.5 0.2 10.9

Victoria 10.1 7.2 1.0 2.8 9.7

Queensland -3.0 -23.4 -24.9 0.7 10.6

South Australia -0.8 2.7 -10.6 -18.9 36.5

Western Australia -9.5 -9.7 -19.3 -28.6 0.1

Tasmania -3.6 6.0 -6.2 3.7 17.4

Northern Territory -2.1 -11.3 -24.0 30.5 -15.9

Australian Capital Territory -14.8 2.5 3.0 9.7 5.6

Australia -4.5 -7.5 -11.5 -6.2 8.5

(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets. Note: National account data is only available for financial years. 2018-19 data will be available in November 2019. Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 18

Chapter 5: Housing

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 45 183 56 763 57 154 62 180 52 785

Victoria 37 229 45 693 46 218 53 134 46 342

Queensland 27 654 29 114 30 679 31 027 27 727

South Australia 7 924 8 517 8 769 8 800 8 805

Western Australia 20 039 17 612 16 358 15 542 13 574

Tasmania 1 857 1 883 2 183 2 332 2 510

Northern Territory 1 150 913 856 831 742

Australian Capital Territory 2 951 3 230 3 404 3 857 3 634

Australia 143 988 163 725 165 619 177 705 156 118

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 6.4 25.6 0.7 8.8 -15.1

Victoria 7.4 22.7 1.1 15.0 -12.8

Queensland 4.9 5.3 5.4 1.1 -10.6

South Australia 1.3 7.5 2.9 0.4 0.1

Western Australia -6.0 -12.1 -7.1 -5.0 -12.7

Tasmania -0.9 1.4 15.9 6.9 7.6

Northern Territory 0.9 -20.6 -6.3 -2.8 -10.7

Australian Capital Territory 7.9 9.4 5.4 13.3 -5.8

Australia 4.1 13.7 1.2 7.3 -12.1

(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings. Source: ABS, Lending to Households and Businesses, cat. no. 5601.0, July 2019

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 19

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances

6.1 General government sector fiscal balance

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

General government sector fiscal balance (a) - $ million

New South Wales -1 346 612 71 - 503 -2 517

Victoria 1 104 - 423 55 -2 026 -6 164

Queensland -2 585 - 659 - 478 1 332 - 90

South Australia -1 699 - 122 94 -2 334 - 907

Western Australia -1 129 -1 914 -3 442 -3 941 -1 882

Tasmania - 159 - 62 - 68 524 - 245

Northern Territory - 101 - 121 - 22 - 469 - 703

Australian Capital Territory - 575 - 912 - 627 - 209 - 231

Total (b) -6 493 -3 602 -4 430 -7 634 -12 739

General government sector fiscal balance - percentage of gross state product New South Wales -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Victoria 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -1.4

Queensland -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.4 0.0

South Australia -1.7 -0.1 0.1 -2.2 -0.8

Western Australia -0.4 -0.8 -1.4 -1.6 -0.7

Tasmania -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 1.8 -0.8

Northern Territory -0.4 -0.5 -0.1 -1.8 -2.7

Australian Capital Territory -1.7 -2.7 -1.7 -0.6 -0.6

Total (c) -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.7

(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position. (b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions. (c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product. Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, cat. no. 5512.0, 2017-18

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 20

6.2 State and local government taxation revenue

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

General government sector taxation revenue - $ million

New South Wales 27 816 30 350 33 426 35 150 35 661

Victoria 21 156 22 904 24 776 26 533 28 277

Queensland 15 135 16 043 16 168 16 708 17 195

South Australia 5 412 5 765 5 871 5 935 6 137

Western Australia 10 446 10 784 11 150 10 757 10 848

Tasmania 1 295 1 353 1 429 1 477 1 548

Northern Territory 671 828 729 737 770

Australian Capital Territory 1 296 1 377 1 568 1 695 1 718

Total (a) 83 227 89 404 95 116 98 992 102 154

General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $

New South Wales 3 705 3 985 4 323 4 467 4 464

Victoria 3 589 3 803 4 013 4 197 4 377

Queensland 3 207 3 358 3 337 3 391 3 431

South Australia 3 208 3 390 3 428 3 443 3 534

Western Australia 4 149 4 245 4 362 4 179 4 180

Tasmania 2 521 2 627 2 761 2 827 2 931

Northern Territory 2 763 3 384 2 967 2 978 3 113

Australian Capital Territory 3 333 3 479 3 890 4 114 4 081

Total (b) 3 545 3 754 3 932 4 024 4 087

(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue from all state and local government sources, not taxation revenue for Australia as it excludes Commonwealth taxation. (b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia as Commonwealth taxation is excluded. Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, cat. no. 5506.0, 2017-18

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 21

Chapter 7: Exports

7.1 Merchandise exports

2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18

Merchandise exports (a) - $ million

New South Wales 36 599 37 032 36 193 44 078 47 597

Victoria 23 964 23 609 23 323 24 729 26 824

Queensland 44 813 46 488 47 867 66 485 74 263

South Australia 12 354 11 322 11 567 11 432 12 042

Western Australia 130 426 110 775 99 635 120 398 129 698

Tasmania 2 753 2 542 2 848 2 758 3 675

Northern Territory 6 804 6 177 4 701 4 898 5 721

Australian Capital Territory 1 6 14 21 23

Australia (b) 272 922 254 552 243 423 290 880 314 479

Merchandise exports - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 7.3 7.1 6.7 7.6 7.9

Victoria 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.2

Queensland 15.5 15.7 15.8 20.2 21.3

South Australia 12.6 11.4 11.6 11.0 11.2

Western Australia 48.3 44.0 41.5 48.0 50.0

Tasmania 10.1 9.2 10.1 9.4 11.9

Northern Territory 27.8 25.2 19.3 19.0 21.7

Australian Capital Territory 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1

Australia (b) 17.1 15.7 14.6 16.5 17.0

(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value.

(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories. Note: This table is based on national accounts data.

Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2017-18

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 22

Chapter 8: Social Statistics

8.1 Population

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Population (a) - '000

New South Wales 7 508.4 7 616.2 7 732.9 7 867.1 7 979.6

Victoria 5 894.9 6 022.3 6 173.2 6 320.3 6 460.5

Queensland 4 719.7 4 777.7 4 845.2 4 928.4 5 010.4

South Australia 1 686.9 1 700.7 1 712.8 1 723.7 1 736.4

Western Australia 2 517.6 2 540.7 2 556.0 2 574.8 2 594.2

Tasmania 513.6 515.1 517.5 522.3 528.1

Northern Territory 242.9 244.7 245.7 247.7 247.2

Australian Capital Territory 388.8 395.8 403.1 412.0 420.4

Australia 23 475.7 23 816.0 24 190.9 24 600.8 24 981.3

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.4

Victoria 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.2

Queensland 1.4 1.2 1.4 1.7 1.7

South Australia 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7

Western Australia 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8

Tasmania 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.9 1.1

Northern Territory 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.8 -0.2

Australian Capital Territory 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.0

Australia 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5

(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at June of each year. Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, cat. no. 3101.0, March 2018

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 23

8.2 Capped apparent school retention rates

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)

New South Wales 77.5 77.5 77.2 77.5 76.3

Victoria 84.1 84.8 85.0 85.3 84.7

Queensland 85.9 86.7 87.3 87.8 87.8

South Australia 89.9 92.2 94.5 91.7 90.8

Western Australia 85.9 81.0 80.5 83.1 85.0

Tasmania 69.4 72.1 70.8 71.5 73.2

Northern Territory 68.1 63.8 64.2 70.2 65.1

Australian Capital Territory 92.4 95.1 92.2 92.1 90.0

Australia 82.5 82.7 82.9 83.3 82.8

Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)

New South Wales 78.1 78.2 78.4 78.9 77.8

Victoria 85.2 86.4 87.9 88.5 88.7

Queensland 87.1 88.4 88.6 89.1 89.2

South Australia 93.0 95.7 97.5 94.7 94.6

Western Australia 89.3 82.8 80.3 82.3 83.3

Tasmania 68.4 71.7 70.4 71.5 74.0

Northern Territory 59.6 53.7 56.7 58.6 52.5

Australian Capital Territory 94.6 96.6 94.0 94.8 92.8

Australia 83.6 84.0 84.3 84.8 84.5

(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.

(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling. Source: ABS, Schools, cat. no. 4221.0, 2018

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 24

8.3 General practice bulk billing

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

General practice bulk billing rate (a) - per cent

New South Wales 87.6 88.2 88.6 88.7 88.9

Victoria 83.1 84.0 84.8 85.2 85.5

Queensland 82.8 83.7 84.5 85.4 86.0

South Australia 82.3 83.3 84.0 84.8 85.2

Western Australia 75.3 77.8 80.1 82.4 85.3

Tasmania 77.0 77.3 76.7 76.5 76.4

Northern Territory 80.7 84.5 87.4 88.9 89.6

Australian Capital Territory 57.0 57.9 60.0 61.8 64.1

Australia 83.4 84.3 85.1 85.7 86.2

(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed. Note: This data is only published on a financial year basis. Source: Department of Health and Ageing, Annual Medicare Statistics, 2018-19

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 25

Glossary

Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Bankruptcies. Bankruptcies and Administration Orders under Parts IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Dependency ratio. Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. Shows the number of children aged 0-14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15-64 years.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 26

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Long-term unemployed. Persons unemployed for a period of 52 weeks or more.

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

Total fertility rate. The average number of children females will bear during their lifetime.

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

Youth unemployment. Number of 15-24 year olds looking for full-time work.

Youth unemployment rate. Number of 15-24 year olds looking for full-time work expressed as a percentage of the full-time labour force in the same age group.

State Statistical Bulletin 2018-19 27

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