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Gender composition of Australian parliaments by party: a quick guide



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ISSN 2203-5249

RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2021-22 UPDATED 19 NOVEMBER 2021

Gender composition of Australian parliaments by party: a quick guide Anna Hough and Lisa Richards Politics & Public Administration Section

This quick guide provides an update to tables showing the composition of Australian parliaments by party and gender (see Tables 1 and 2 below) since the last version was published on 8 June 2021.

Commonwealth

House of Representatives Craig Kelly (UAP, Hughes) ceased to be an Independent member after joining the United Australia Party (UAP) on 23 August 2021.

Senate Alex Gallacher (ALP, SA) died in office on 29 August 2021. Karen Grogan (ALP, SA) was selected to fill the casual vacancy on 21 September and was sworn-in on 18 October 2021.

Scott Ryan (LIB, Vic) resigned from the Senate on 13 October 2021, the casual vacancy has not yet been filled.

Rachel Siewert (GRN, WA) retired from parliament on 6 September 2021 after approximately 16 years of service. Dorinda Cox (GRN, WA) was selected to fill the casual vacancy on 14 September and was sworn-in on 18 October 2021.

Queensland Duncan Pegg (ALP, Stretton) announced his resignation shortly before he died on 10 June 2021. Pegg’s long-time staffer, James Martin (ALP), won the resulting by-election on 24 July 2021.

South Australia Dan Cregan (IND, Kavel) became an Independent after he resigned from the Liberal Party on 8 October 2021, shortly before he was appointed Speaker of the House of Assembly.

David Ridgway (LIB) resigned from the Legislative Council on 30 June 2021. Heidi Girolamo filled the casual vacancy on 24 August 2021.

Gender composition of Australian parliaments by party: a quick guide 2

Northern Territory Following the resignation Ian Sloan (CLP, Daly) due to health reasons, the resulting by-election on 11 September 2021 was won by Dheran Young (ALP). It was the first time in the Territory’s history that a government has won a seat off the Opposition at a by-election.

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Note and legend

M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F

ALP 39 29 42.6 19 17 47.2 30 25 45.5 31 21 40.4 27 26 49.1 12 7 36.8 3 6 66.7 4 6 60.0 8 7 46.7 173 144 45.4

LIB 47 13 21.7 23 11 32.4 17 4 19.0 1 1 50.0 18 4 18.2 9 4 30.8 4 5 55.6 119 42 26.1

NATS 14 2 12.5 10 2 16.7 4 2 33.3 3 1 25.0 31 7 18.4

CLP 4 3 42.9 4 3 42.9

LNP 28 6 17.6 28 6 17.6

GRN 1 0.0 1 2 66.7 2 1 33.3 1 1 50.0 2 100.0 3 3 50.0 8 9 52.9

CA 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

KAP 1 0.0 3 0.0 4 0 0.0

PHON 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

SFF 2 1 33.3 2 1 33.3

UAP 1 0 1 0 0

IND 1 2 66.7 5 0.0 1 2 66.7 1 100.0 5 1 16.7 1 100.0 1 2 66.7 13 9 40.9

Total 104 47 31.1 60 33 35.5 54 34 38.6 64 29 31.2 31 28 47.5 35 12 25.5 12 13 52.0 11 14 56.0 13 12 48.0 384 222 36.6

ALP 9 17 65.4 10 4 28.6 7 10 58.8 9 13 59.1 5 3 37.5 3 2 40.0 43 49 53.3

LIB 19 11 36.7 8 3 27.3 7 3 30.0 6 1 14.3 5 4 44.4 1 3 75.0 46 25 35.2

NATS 1 4 80.0 4 2 33.3 1 100.0 3 0.0 8 7 46.7

GRN 3 6 66.7 1 2 66.7 1 100.0 1 0.0 1 1 50.0 6 10 62.5

AJP 1 1 50.0 1 0.0 2 1 33.3

ASA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

CA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

CDP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

DHJP 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

DSP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

JLN 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

LCWA 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

LD 2 0.0 2 0 0.0

PHON 1 1 50.0 2 0.0 3 1 25.0

FPRP 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

SA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

SAB 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

SFF 2 0.0 1 0.0 3 0 0.0

TMP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

IND 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 50.0 2 4 66.7 5 5 50.0

Total 35 40 53.3 30 12 28.6 22 18 45.0 21 15 41.7 13 9 40.9 6 9 60.0 127 103 44.8

Politics and Public Administration Section, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library. Compiled using data from state and territory parliament and electoral commission websites.

Total

Lower House

Upper House

Gender composition in Australian parliaments by party and chamber, as at 15 November 2021

Cth (18.5.19) NSW (23.3.19) Vic. (24.11.18) Qld (31.10.20) WA (13.3.21) SA (17.3.18) Tas. (1.5.21) ACT (17.10.20) NT (22.8.20)

Note and legend

M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F

ALP 48 46 48.9 29 21 42.0 37 35 48.6 31 21 40.4 36 39 52.0 17 10 37.0 6 8 57.1 4 6 60.0 8 7 46.7 216 193 47.2

LIB 66 24 26.7 31 14 31.1 24 7 22.6 7 2 22.2 23 8 25.8 10 7 41.2 4 5 55.6 165 67 28.9

NATS 15 6 28.6 14 4 22.2 4 3 42.9 6 1 14.3 39 14 26.4

CLP 4 3 42.9 4 3 42.9

LNP 28 6 17.6 28 6 17.6

GRN 4 6 60.0 2 4 66.7 2 2 50.0 1 1 50.0 1 0.0 1 1 50.0 2 100.0 3 3 50.0 14 19 57.6

AJP 1 1 50.0 1 0.0 2 1 33.3

ASA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

CA 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

CDP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

DHJP 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

DSP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

JLN 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

KAP 1 0.0 3 0.0 4 0 0.0

LCWA 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

LD 2 0.0 2 0 0.0

PHON 1 1 50.0 2 0.0 1 0.0 4 1 20.0

FPRP 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

SA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

SAB 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

SFF 4 1 20.0 3 2 40.0 7 3 30.0

TMP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

UAP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

IND 2 2 50.0 6 0.0 2 3 60.0 1 100.0 5 1 16.7 2 5 71.4 1 2 66.7 18 14 43.8

Total 139 87 38.5 90 45 33.3 78 54 40.9 64 29 31.2 52 43 45.3 48 21 30.4 18 22 55.0 11 14 56.0 13 12 48.0 513 327 38.9

Politics and Public Administration Section, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library.

Compiled using data from state and territory parliament and electoral commission websites.

Gender composition in Australian parliaments by party, as at 15 November 2021

Total Parliament

Cth (18.5.19) NSW (23.3.19) Vic. (24.11.18) Qld (31.10.20) WA (13.3.21) SA (17.3.18) Tas. (1.5.21) ACT (17.10.20) NT (22.8.20) Total

Compiled by Politics and Public Administration Section, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library. Source: data from state and territory parliament and electoral commission websites.

1. Date shown beside each jurisdiction is for the latest general election.

3. Queensland, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory have unicameral parliaments. 4. Federal parliamentarians from the LNP and CLP are listed under the Coalition party room they sit in (LIB or NATS)

LEGEND AJP Animal Justice Party ALP Australian Labor Party ASA Advance SA

CA Centre Alliance

CDP Christian Democratic Party CLP Country Liberal Party (NT) DHJP Derryn Hinch's Justice Party DSP Daylight Saving Party GRN Greens

IND Independent

JLN Jacqui Lambie Network KAP Katter's Australian Party LCWA Legalise Cannabis Western Australia Party LD Liberal Democrats

LIB Liberal Party of Australia LNP Liberal National Party of Queensland NATS Nationals PHON Pauline Hanson's One Nation FPRP Fiona Patten's Reason Party SA Sustainable Australia Party SAB SA-Best

SFF Shooters, Fishers and Farmers TMP Transport Matters UAP United Australia Party

Composition of Parliament

2. Includes any by-election results and any casual vacancies filled since the most recent general election in e ach jurisdiction