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Gender composition of Australian parliaments by party: a quick guide



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ISSN 2203-5249

RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2022-23 UPDATED 1 JULY 2022

Gender composition of Australian parliaments by party: a quick guide Anna Hough Politics & Public Administration Section

This Quick Guide provides an update to tables showing the composition of Australian parliaments by party and gender (see Tables 1 and 2 below) since the last version was published on 8 March 2022.

Commonwealth Following the general election held on 21 May 2022, the proportion of women in the parliament has increased to:

• 38.4% in the House of Representatives

• 56.6% in the Senate

• 44.5% across the parliament

New South Wales

Legislative Council The vacancy resulting from the resignation of Don Harwin (LIB) on 23 March 2022 was filled by Chris Rath (LIB) on 24 March 2022.

Following the resignation of David Shoebridge (GRN) on 11 April 2022, in order to stand for the Senate at the federal election, the resulting vacancy was filled by Sue Higginson (GRN) on 12 May 2022.

On 19 April 2022 the registration of the Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) was cancelled by the New South Wales Electoral Commission. The party’s sole representative in New South Wales parliament, Fred Nile, has since sat as an independent.

Victoria

Legislative Council On 7 March 2022 Kaushaliya Vaghela (Western Metropolitan) resigned from the Australian Labor Party (ALP) to sit as an independent.

Gender composition of Australian parliaments by party: a quick guide 2

On 24 May 2022 Bernie Finn (Western Metropolitan) was expelled from the Liberal Party. On 7 June 2022 he announced that he would be sitting as a member of the Democratic Labour Party (DLP).

Queensland Following the resignation of Colin Boyce (LNP) on 29 March 2022, in order to contest the federal House of Representatives seat of Flynn, a by-election was held in the seat of Callide, which was won by Bryson Head (LNP).

South Australia Following the general election held on 19 March 2022, the proportion of women has increased to:

• 34.8% in the House of Assembly

• 50% in the Legislative Council

• 39.7% across the parliament

Please note that these figures include one vacancy in the House of Assembly following the resignation of Vickie Chapman (LIB, Bragg) on 31 May 2022. A by-election will be held on 2 July 2022.

Tasmania

House of Assembly Following the resignation of Premier Peter Gutwein (LIB, Bass) on 8 April 2022, a recount was conducted on 26-27 April 2022 and the vacancy was filled by Simon Wood (LIB).

Legislative Council On 7 May 2022 elections were held for the Legislative Council divisions of Elwick and McIntyre. A by-election was held in the division of Huon on the same day, to fill the vacancy resulting from the resignation of Bastian Seidel (ALP) on 7 January 2022. On 7 May 2022:

• Josh Willie (ALP) was re-elected in Elwick.

• Tania Rattray (IND) was re-elected in McIntyre.

• Dean Harriss (IND) was elected in Huon.

Australian Capital Territory Following the resignation of Giulia Jones (LIB, Murrumbidgee) on 2 June 2022, a recount was held on 20 June 2022, and the vacancy was filled by Ed Cocks (LIB).

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Note and legend

M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F

ALP 41 36 46.8 21 16 43.2 30 25 45.5 31 21 40.4 27 26 49.1 13 14 51.9 3 6 66.7 4 6 60.0 8 7 46.7 178 157 46.9

LIB 33 9 21.4 23 10 30.3 17 4 19.0 1 1 50.0 13 2 13.3 9 4 30.8 5 4 44.4 101 34 25.2

NATS 14 2 12.5 9 3 25.0 4 2 33.3 3 1 25.0 30 8 21.1

CLP 4 3 42.9 4 3 42.9

LNP 28 6 17.6 28 6 17.6

GRN 3 1 25.0 1 2 66.7 2 1 33.3 1 1 50.0 2 100.0 3 3 50.0 10 10 50.0

CA 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

KAP 1 0.0 3 0.0 4 0 0.0

PHON 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

SFF 2 0.0 2 0 0.0

IND 1 9 90.0 5 1 16.7 1 2 66.7 1 100.0 4 0.0 1 100.0 1 2 66.7 12 16 57.1

Total 93 58 38.4 61 32 34.4 54 34 38.6 64 29 31.2 31 28 47.5 30 16 34.8 12 13 52.0 12 13 52.0 13 12 48.0 370 235 38.8

ALP 8 18 69.2 10 4 28.6 7 9 56.3 9 13 59.1 6 3 33.3 2 2 50.0 42 49 53.8

LIB 16 10 38.5 8 3 27.3 5 4 44.4 6 1 14.3 3 5 62.5 1 3 75.0 39 26 40.0

NATS 2 4 66.7 4 2 33.3 1 100.0 2 0.0 8 7 46.7

GRN 4 8 66.7 3 100.0 1 100.0 1 0.0 1 1 50.0 6 13 68.4

AJP 1 1 50.0 1 0.0 2 1 33.3

DHJP 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

DLP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

DSP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

FPRP 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

JLN 2 100.0 0 2 100.0

LCWA 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

LD 2 0.0 2 0 0.0

PHON 1 1 50.0 2 0.0 1 100.0 3 2 40.0

SA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

SAB 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

SFF 2 0.0 1 0.0 3 0 0.0

TMP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

UAP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

IND 1 0.0 2 0.0 1 2 66.7 1 0.0 3 4 57.1 8 6 42.9

Total 33 43 56.6 29 13 31.0 21 19 47.5 21 15 41.7 11 11 50.0 6 9 60.0 121 110 47.6

Politics and Public Administration Section, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library. Compiled using data from state and territory parliament and electoral commission websites.

Total

Lower House

Upper House

Gender composition in Australian parliaments by party and chamber, as at 1 July 2022

Cth (21.5.22) NSW (23.3.19) Vic (24.11.18) Qld (31.10.20) WA (13.3.21) SA (19.3.22) Tas (1.5.21) ACT (17.10.20) NT (22.8.20)

Note and legend

M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F M F %F

ALP 49 54 52.4 31 20 39.2 37 34 47.9 31 21 40.4 36 39 52.0 19 17 47.2 5 8 61.5 4 6 60.0 8 7 46.7 220 206 48.4

LIB 49 19 27.9 31 13 29.5 22 8 26.7 7 2 22.2 16 7 30.4 10 7 41.2 5 4 44.4 140 60 30.0

NATS 16 6 27.3 13 5 27.8 4 3 42.9 5 1 16.7 38 15 28.3

CLP 4 3 42.9 4 3 42.9

LNP 28 6 17.6 28 6 17.6

GRN 7 9 56.3 1 5 83.3 2 2 50.0 1 1 50.0 1 0.0 1 1 50.0 2 100.0 3 3 50.0 16 23 59.0

AJP 1 1 50.0 1 0.0 2 1 33.3

CA 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

DHJP 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

DLP 1 1 0 0.0

DSP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

FPRP 1 100.0 0 1 100.0

JLN 2 100.0 0 2 100.0

KAP 1 0.0 3 0.0 4 0 0.0

LCWA 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

LD 2 0.0 2 0 0.0

PHON 1 1 50.0 2 0.0 1 0.0 1 100.0 4 2 33.3

SA 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

SAB 1 1 50.0 1 1 50.0

SFF 4 0.0 1 0.0 5 0 0.0

TMP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

UAP 1 0.0 1 0 0.0

IND 2 9 81.8 7 1 12.5 2 4 66.7 1 100.0 1 0.0 4 0.0 3 5 62.5 1 2 66.7 20 22 52.4

Total 126 101 44.5 90 45 33.3 75 53 41.4 64 29 31.2 52 43 45.3 41 27 39.7 18 22 55.0 12 13 52.0 13 12 48.0 491 345 41.3

Politics and Public Administration Section, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library.

Compiled using data from state and territory parliament and electoral commission websites.

Gender composition in Australian parliaments by party, as at 1 July 2022

Total Parliament

Cth (21.5.22) NSW (23.3.19) Vic (24.11.18) Qld (31.10.20) WA (13.3.21) SA (19.3.22) Tas (1.5.21) ACT (17.10.20) NT (22.8.20) Total

Compiled by Politics and Public Administration Section, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library. Source: data from state and territory parliament and electoral commission websites.

1. Date shown beside each jurisdiction is for the latest general election.

3. Queensland, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory have unicameral parliaments. 4. Federal parliamentarians from the LNP and CLP are listed under the Coalition party room they sit in (LIB or NATS) 5. Figures for the South Australian House of Assembly include one vacancy following the resignation of Vickie Chapman (LIB, Bragg) on 31 May 2022. A by-election will be held on 2 July 2022.

LEGEND AJP Animal Justice Party ALP Australian Labor Party CA Centre Alliance

CLP Country Liberal Party (NT) DHJP Derryn Hinch's Justice Party DLP Democratic Labour Party DSP Daylight Saving Party FPRP Fiona Patten's Reason Party GRN Greens

IND Independent

JLN Jacqui Lambie Network KAP Katter's Australian Party LCWA Legalise Cannabis Western Australia Party LD Liberal Democrats

LIB Liberal Party of Australia LNP Liberal National Party of Queensland NATS Nationals PHON Pauline Hanson's One Nation SA Sustainable Australia Party SAB SA-Best

SFF Shooters, Fishers and Farmers TMP Transport Matters UAP United Australia Party

Composition of Parliament

2. Includes any by-election results and any casual vacancies filled since the most recent general election in each jurisdiction