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Care for people.

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Care for People

1. Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islanders 2. Young people 3. Older People 4. Women 5. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex People

1. Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islanders

1.1 Principles

The Australian Greens recognise that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island peoples, as the original occupants and custodians, have a specific and unique cultural relationship with this country which all Australians must respect and which would assist us in achieving long-term sustainability of the land.

The Australian Greens are committed to redressing discrimination and inequality across all aspects of Australian society.

The Australian Greens reject the 1998 Native Title Amendment Act and support and recognise inalienable Aboriginal Native Title to empower a people who have been denied their country and to enable them to preserve and determine their traditional lifestyle and culture. We support all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island peoples' positive vision for their communities.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island people require and are entitled to such better health facilities and appropriate housing, training and education as they themselves determine. Through improved education, employment and political opportunities, the general welfare and health of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island people will be improved.

Essential to all policy and implementation is Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander control over decisions that affect their well being. Control and implementation can only be achieved with adequate funding.

The issues and policy considerations facing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island people are national issues and will only be resolved through political forthrightness by a federal government in conjunction with concerted state and local government implementation.

The Australian Greens support the move to autonomy for indigenous Australians in all aspects of their lives to the same degree as is available to the wider community.

Reconciliation will never be achieved until we can say we are sorry to Australia’s indigenous community for the wrongs that were done to them in the past, and which are still continuing.

1.2 Goals

The Australian Greens support the achievement of economic, social and cultural self-determination by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Goals for this policy include:

a. respect and provision of resources for the revival of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture, language, customs and history; b. the provision of equitable as well as appropriate and adequate housing, education and health care;

c. the reinforcement of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Policy; and d. that the recommendations from the ‘Black Deaths in Custody’ Report be implemented, with participation of Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders.

1.3 Short Term Targets

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. adherence to the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Black Deaths in Custody; b. increases to the Land Acquisition Fund; c. implementation of the recommendations of ‘Going Forward: Social Justice for the

First Australians’, a submission to Commonwealth Government by the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation; d. immediate introduction and implementation by the Federal Government of a Social Justice Package for Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders; e. implementation of the Stolen Generation Report; and

f. repealing of the Northern Territory’s and WA’s mandatory sentencing laws, recognising their devastating impact on indigenous people, especially indigenous young people.

2. Young people

2.1 Principles

The Australian Greens believe the key issues for Australia’s young people are:

a. access to secure, affordable and appropriate long term housing; b. meaningful work and a competency based wage system; c. access to education and training; d. a clean and healthy environment; e. access to diverse cultural and recreational facilities;

f. access to reliable and affordable transport; g. access to a living environment which is free from the threat of physical or emotional abuse or discrimination of any kind; and h. access to health services which focus on the social, economic and environmental

factors that impact on the lives of young people.

Information about services available to young people must be accessible and comprehensible.

The Australian Greens oppose all forms of ageism, and support initiatives to counter this, including public education and affirmative action.

Youth interests must be included in public policy decision-making, and this requires greater input from young people themselves.

Recognising that young people have a positive contribution to make to society, the Australian Greens support representation from young people at all levels of government. Young people must not only play a central role in formulating those policies which affect them, but they should be included more widely in general policy formulation.

2.2 Goals

The Australian Greens will:

a. facilitate processes which allow young people to express their needs and aspirations at all levels of government, as well as in their own communities; b. listen to young people through regionally based Youth Advisory Committees comprising representative groups of young people with a range of interests and

skills, who will meet to discuss ideas, initiatives and solutions to problems, as well as provide feedback and advice on government programmes. These Advisory Councils will have input at both state and national levels, to assist with greater coordination of national, state and local initiatives; c. support transferring the Youth Bureau to the Prime Minister’s Department, to

ensure greater coordination in youth policy formulation; and d. support the right of people from the age of 16 years to vote and to hold public office, in recognition of the increasing awareness of and responsibility towards

current issues of young people.

2.3 Short Term Targets

2.3.1 Unemployment

The Australian Greens will work towards the implementation of a national employment strategy for young people, to be administered at a local level with a focus on facilitating community development.

Local employment committees will be established. They will provide training, financial support and the development of job opportunities which address needs within local communities and promote green jobs.

The Australian Greens support local employment initiatives which foster ideas through facilitation and network building as a complement to initiatives such as the now defunct LEAP program.

The Australian Greens will work to reintroduce a improved version of the LEAP scheme in consultation with young people.

The Australian Greens support increased employment and education opportunities, including rental assistance, for disadvantaged young people, including youth in rural or

remote areas.

The Australian Greens support greater representation of young people on regional economic organisations and greater recognition of community-based organisations which generate environmentally and socially useful employment opportunities.

All labour market and training programmes must be developed in consultation with young people and should not be discriminatory on any grounds, including age.

2.3.2 Education

Our education system must be able to provide the intellectual and social skills necessary for confronting the social and environmental problems now facing Australia. The skills and knowledge of indigenous as well as non-indigenous ancestry and culture must be shared with our young people to give them an understanding of the basic solutions to our cultural crisis.

The Australian Greens are committed to:

a. diverse and inclusive curricula at the school level; b. supportive school environments that cater for social and academic development and raise self-esteem; c. support for early intervention programmes; d. more flexible pathways to employment and training; e. increased emphasis on training in life skills;

f. ensuring training programmes are relevant and accessible, and that they are connected to ongoing employment opportunities; and g. civics education to enable greater understanding of and participation in all spheres of government.

The Australian Greens support the senior college system already operating in some states and territories to encourage greater autonomy among upper secondary students.

(see also policy: Education)

2.3.3 Youth Justice

The recognition of young people’s issues and needs is inadequate in Australia’s legal system. Young people often feel regulated by the law but without adequate access to and support from the legal system or their legal rights. Young people should be protected from violence, discrimination and exploitation.

The Australian Greens support:

a. establishing a Children's Bureau including a Commissioner for Children and a Children's Ombudsperson; and b. the development of a Children and Youth Justice Strategy which would include community legal education and an advocacy programme for young people.

2.3.4 Health

There are many serious health issues facing young people in Australia. Good health is closely connected to lifestyle. While young people should be encouraged to take responsibility for their own health, the Australian Greens recognise that physical and emotional wellbeing is often compromised by inadequate access to appropriate housing, income support, meaningful work, creative or recreational opportunities as well as by degradation of the environment.

An integrated and holistic approach to health policy is necessary. In policy: Health, more specific proposals are presented.

Recognising the urgency of the problem, the Australian Greens support the development of strategies to deal with youth suicide and mental health problems among young people.

The Australian Greens also support increased HIV/AIDS education and more preventive programmes targeted to young people with eating disorders.

2.3.5 Housing

The number of homeless youth in Australia is increasing and projections suggest this situation will worsen in the future. Adequate housing and especially secure long term housing are fundamental to young people working towards their chosen lifestyle. The Australian Greens address this problem in policy: Housing and Urban Planning.

The Australian Greens support facilitation of community housing and housing cooperatives in urban areas as a means to servicing the young homeless.

The Australian Greens support co-housing and other forms of multiple occupancy.

Young people should be involved in the planning and development of housing appropriate to their needs.

2.3.6 The Environment

Young people have a clear interest and concern in the wellbeing of the planet. Respect for the environment is essential to the security and wellbeing of future generations.

The Australian Greens support community-based employment, housing and cultural activities which increase the quality of life and empower young people without consuming vast amounts of resources and generating excessive waste.

The Australian Greens encourage government support and facilitation of innovative environmental projects including urban community farms and gardens, alternative housing construction and design, energy conservation and alternative energy generation, recycling and secondary resource management.

3. Older People

3.1 Principles

In recent years, political parties have been primarily concerned with economic indicators of value. They have devoted scant interest to quality of life issues. When the value of people is measured by their productive capacity inside the market place, older people tend to be disregarded, considered only when their votes are needed at election time.

The Australian Greens consider it fundamental that older people be accorded the same consideration and respect as everyone else. The experiences, skills, wisdom and memories of older people are assets for the whole community.

The Australian Greens oppose all forms of ageism, and support initiatives to counter this, including public education and affirmative action.

3.2 Goals

The Australian Greens aim to give older people control over their own social situation, enabling them to realise their potential as fully participating members of society. This means that they should have the power to take part in designing the institutions that will affect their well-being. The exercise of choice to determine how to live, and what kind of care is needed, is as important for older people as for everyone else.

3.3 Short Term Targets

The Australian Greens are working towards:

a. promoting a supportive environment for older people; b. giving everybody the right of early retirement; c. ensuring that the right to work is not governed by age; d. adequate health services; e. ensuring that older people have access to a range of suitable accommodation

including quality public sector housing; f. personal care for all older people; g. providing sufficient home and institutional care so that older people who need assistance can be assured of living out their lives in comfortable and dignified

surroundings that are appropriate to their individual conditions and capacities; h. easing the problems of transport for older people; and i. providing more support for those older people who have English as a second


4. Women

This policy brings together other policy areas.

4.1 Principles

The Australian Greens are committed to the following:

a. the protection of women's rights to equal respect, opportunity and responsibility

in society; b. basing policies on ensuring equal access by women to all areas of political, social, intellectual and economic endeavour; c. increased and equitable participation by women in all decision-making processes; d. Affirmative Action legislation to reform the workplace to remove sources of

direct, indirect and systematic discrimination against women. Current complaint-based anti-discrimination legislation places the onus on victims of discrimination to bring about reform, often at a high personal and financial cost; e. infrastructure changes to protect women from inequality, exploitation, poverty and violence; and to enable them to reach their full potential; f. the right of women to make informed choices about their lives - lifestyle, sexual identity, health, whether to bear children, their reproductive process, etc. Discriminatory laws against women must be repealed. Women and men should be able to choose whether they participate in the areas of paid work and/or domestic responsibility. A Guaranteed Adequate Income (GAI) provides the means of choice (see policy: Social Citizenship and Welfare); g. recognition of the real status and value of the unpaid caring roles carried out by people in our society; h. changes to address problems inherent in existing power structures. Hierarchy,

hegemony and patriarchy have been the dominant practices of our society, and have shaped our political system; and i. women having equal access to all forms of education and training.

4.1.1 Women and Violence

All women have a right to safety at home, on the street and in the workplace, but violence against women is not only a women’s problem. Breaking the cycle of domestic violence in particular is a societal problem and the provision of shelter and refuge should be considered only a short-term solution. Any act of violence should be condemned publicly and privately as unacceptable. The Australian Greens’ long-term objective is to create an environment of nonviolence, and to provide care and protection for victims in the interim.

4.1.2 Women and Pornography

The Australian Greens oppose the production, performance, display and distribution of pornographic material which depicts women and children as suitable objects for violence and sexual exploitation.

4.1.3 Women and Education

The Australian Greens seek to ensure educational experience and outcomes for girls and women that enable full and equal participation in all aspects of economic and social life.

4.1.4 Women and the Environment

The environmental decision-making process has, to date, largely excluded women, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other minority groups.

Some environmental planning and decision-making needs to be decentralised and devolved to local communities in such a way that the concerns of all people are heard.

The domestic sector and those industries where women predominate should have equal representation in environmental planning and decision-making.

4.1.5 Women and the Arts

The Australian Greens support greater recognition of women’s contribution to arts and acknowledge the role of women in shaping and representing cultural norms.

The Australian Greens will work towards ensuring that the views of women are represented, for example, through such avenues as representation of women on Arts Advisory Boards.

4.1.6 Women and Sport

The Australian Greens support equal access for women and men to recreation facilities, coaching, sports education, competition, media coverage and funding. The need for programmes which encourage girls to continue sporting and recreational pursuits beyond early secondary schooling is a priority.

4.2 Goals

4.2.1 Political and Public Participation

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. ensuring that any reform is consistent with Australia’s commitment to the UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); b. ensuring equal representation of women in decision-making processes in the

organisations of the Australian Greens at all levels, local, state and national; and c. ensuring that all public boards and committees will have a statutory requirement for equal representation of women and men.

4.2.2 Women and Violence

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. a review of all relevant laws which have bearing on violence against women, treatment of victims and perpetrators; and b. ensuring women's access to safe and secure accommodation through a comprehensive housing policy and the provision of adequate emergency housing.

4.2.3 Women and Pornography

The Australian Greens will work towards promoting the use of legal complaints procedures and processes.

4.2.4 Women and Health

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. ensuring research and development funds are allocated both to women researchers and into women's health problems; b. ensuring changes to the education of health providers with regard to women's health issues;

c. improving women's access to information regarding their health in order that appropriate personal decisions can be made; d. preventive health strategies targeting women and girls, including those which reduce the incidence of smoking amongst females; and e. providing strategies for more women medical practitioners to enter those

specialisations where women are currently under-represented.

4.2.5 Women and the Workforce

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. ensuring equal opportunities for people employed in the paid work force with family responsibilities; b. making child care costs tax deductible for those in paid employment and rebatable for home carers under the provision of Guaranteed Adequate Income

(see policies: Tax and Revenue and Social Citizenship and Welfare); c. ensuring the provision of adequate child care facilities in the workplace; d. encouraging flexible working conditions to enable workers with family responsibilities (eg. parents minding young children, and adult children minding

ageing parents) to fully participate in the workforce, and avail themselves of opportunities equally with those who do not have those responsibilities; e. providing centres for continuing education and training for workers, including training and promotion opportunities for part-time and temporary workers;

f. taking steps to facilitate re-entry, without loss of occupational status, of people who leave the workforce for parental leave or family responsibilities leave; g. ensuring changes brought about by strategies relating to the elimination of sexual discrimination will not place undue and unequal responsibility upon women

and add to women's workload; h. ensuring that award restructuring includes the specific aim of upgrading and broadening the low-paid, low-status positions that have traditionally been work

for a majority of women, particularly migrant women; and i. ensuring that women enjoy the full benefits of enterprise bargaining arrangements, particularly in the traditional work areas such as the service

industry, where there is low union representation.

4.2.6 Women and Education

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. ensuring that a National Policy for the Education of Girls in Australian Schools is implemented at all levels, until national indicators on education outcomes are relatively equal for women and men; b. the elimination of gender-based harassment in schools and educational

institutions and the establishment of Equal Opportunity offices to assess and consult about the effectiveness of programmes and policies to achieve this; c. ensuring that teacher training for new and continuing teachers critically examines

the patterns of sex role stereotyping that occur in our society; d. continuing Territory/State/Commonwealth programmes to promote girls' and women's greater participation in access to school, TAFE and university education,

especially in science and technology disciplines; e. promoting policies to achieve a higher retention rate of women at higher degree level in universities; and f. promoting policies to encourage a higher representation of women academics in

all faculties of universities, and a higher proportion of women in senior academic positions.

4.2.7 Women and the Law

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. remedying existing discrimination by ensuring a higher representation of women on legislative and judicial bodies; b. examining ways women could be encouraged to enter private practice and the bar;

c. encouraging women to enter all areas of the legal profession (There is a current predominance of women in family and criminal law); d. reviewing all laws which have a bearing on violence against women; e. developing further options for the protection of victims, and for the naming of

perpetrators; f. addressing the myth of 'victim-blaming' by promoting change in societal attitudes to violence; g. removing sexist language from existing laws, and ensure future legislation is non-

sexist and does not assume assignment of roles according to sex (eg. what constitutes a 'family' or 'woman's' role in family relations); h. repealing laws relating to sex work; and i. examining and updating laws protecting women, such as Anti-Discrimination

Legislation, Equal Opportunity and Sex Discrimination, Affirmative Action and Equal Pay, Property and Family Rights.

4.2.8 Women and the Environment

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. implementing strategies to ensure that all environmental assessments include consideration of impact on health, community and women; and b. implementing strategies to ensure that women's needs and advice are considered in the area of urban planning.

4.2.9 Women and Sport

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. developing monitoring strategies for equal opportunity and anti-discrimination principles to be applied to the administration of all sporting organisations; and b. ensuring allocation of funding and awards will not be discriminatory and will allow equal opportunity for women.

4.3 Short Term Targets

4.3.1 Political and Public Participation

The Australian Greens will work towards developing programmes and strategies to provide women with the skills to be effective candidates and members of parliament and to actively promote women to stand as candidates for election.

4.3.2 Women and Violence

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. establishing a national enquiry into sexual assault and uniform sexual assault laws. Specifically, the Australian Greens want recognition of sexual assault within marriage and relationships; b. providing education from early primary school level on non-violent conflict

resolution; c. addressing the health effects, both physical and emotional, of violence against women, through adequately funded, appropriate health and education

programmes; d. using publicity and educational campaigns to bring about a change in the way violence is viewed in our society, which includes a strategy to educate men that

violence against women is a crime; and e. expanding crisis services for women, with and without children. These include refuges, and services in areas such as rape crisis, abortion counselling, incest and

domestic violence. Special provision needs to be made for geographically remote locations, and services should be made culturally appropriate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and women from non-English speaking backgrounds.

4.3.3 Women and Pornography

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. extending classification systems to include video games, live performances and other leisure technologies; b. strengthening regulation on the display of advertising of material which includes violence against and sexual exploitation of women and children;

c. instituting an education programme to encourage critical examination of the role that the entertainment industry and the media play in the portrayal of women and children as victims of violent and sexual exploitation; and d. removing existing tax incentives for hard-core pornographic films.

4.3.4 Women and Health

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. the continuation of the current joint Commonwealth/State funding of Community Based Women's Health Centres; b. ensuring access to safe contraception on demand for all women, and information on options available;

c. ensuring that women have a choice of where and how to give birth and information on available options; d. ensuring the right of women to determine what information is relevant to them; e. repealing all laws which restrict the right of women to choose abortion and which

restrict access to services; and f. ensuring access to legal, affordable, humane and safe abortion for all women, and provision of counselling pre- and post-termination.

4.3.5 Women and the Workforce

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. ensuring that apprenticeships and training programmes have positive discrimination towards women to ensure that opportunities are not denied to women because of inaccurate evaluation of women's ability; b. giving the provision of maternity and paternity leave equal status in order to

encourage the sharing of the parenting roles and equality of gender in the workplace; c. undertaking programmes to raise awareness on issues of gender equity in the workplace and in education; d. giving priority to the needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island women for

education and employment opportunities; e. ensuring that women have access to adequate retirement income, including superannuation; and f. ensuring continuation of superannuation during parental leave.

4.3.6 Women and Education

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. providing adequate funding for the support structures and the support personnel necessary to implement national policy; b. ensuring that affirmative action is practised in schools to overcome the attitudes inherent in our society that result in different expectations for girls and boys.

Such action would include changing school curricula and increasing girls' participation in areas of maths, science, technology and trades; c. the application of affirmative action to increase the number of women in senior, policy and decision-making positions in educational systems; d. providing bridging courses for women to facilitate their entry into the formal

education arena; e. expanding women's participation in science and technology to ensure that the introduction of new technology does not further the advantage of men; and f. increasing women's access to training and education in the use and

understanding of computers and computer technology.

4.3.7 Women and the Law

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. applying affirmative action to ensure that more women hold senior level positions within the Public Service departments responsible for policy, administration and enforcement of the law;

b. applying affirmative action to ensure that more women hold senior faculty positions within Schools of Law; c. strengthening laws which prohibit portrayal of women or children as objects of violence or sexual exploitation; and d. amending the Defacto Relationships Act to recognise defacto relationships

(including same sex relationships) in law as equal to legalised marriage (see policy: Lesbian and Gay Issues).

4.3.8 Women and the Environment

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. ensuring equal representation of women on environmental decision-making bodies; and b. applying affirmative action principles to ensure women are able to participate at all levels of planning implementation and assessment of environmental policy.

4.3.9 Women and Sport

The Australian Greens will work towards:

a. providing public education to raise awareness of women's rights to equal recreation and the importance of this; and b. providing public education to change attitudes towards women in sport.

5. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex People

5.1 Principles

Freedom of sexuality and gender identity are fundamental human rights.

People who define their social, cultural and political identities according to their sexuality, sex and gender exist in every human society. However, some societies, including contemporary Australia, establish heterosexuality as the most valid form of sexuality and reinforce rigid male/female gender stereotypes. This devalues and marginalises lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people and people with intersex conditions (LGBTI people) and assigns them to an inferior social, cultural and political status.

The Australian Greens believe that the acceptance and celebration of diversity, including sexuality and gender diversity, is essential for genuine social justice and equality.

LGBTI people are an important, valuable part of this diversity and Australia must cherish their significant contributions.

The Australian Greens support the right of all people to assume their self-identified sex and gender, make fully informed choices about their lives and access appropriate medical intervention if required.

LGBTI Australians, especially youth, have always struggled against discrimination and prejudice and for recognition, equality, acceptance, dignity, emancipation and self-determination. The Australian Greens uphold and defend the dignity and humanity of LGBTI people and acknowledge and support that struggle.

The Australian Greens recognise the diversity within the LGBTI communities and specialised needs of groups within those communities.

The Australian Greens also acknowledge the activism of LGBTI people in other human rights campaigns, including the feminist and Indigenous movements.

5.2 Goals

The Australian Greens will work to:

a. actively enhance the status of LGBTI people at all times and will speak out at every opportunity against prejudice, fear and hatred of LGBTI people; b. end harassment, abuse, vilification, stigmatisation, discrimination, disadvantage or exploitation because a person is LGBTI or perceived to be;

c. improve and broaden the police and prison services’ knowledge of and sensitivity towards LGBTI issues and further develop liaison between the services and LGBTI communities; d. eliminate the violence experienced by LGBTI people in the community and in

prisons, including domestic violence; e. establish intersex as a legally recognised sex that can be chosen by intersex people and people with intersex conditions; f. enable individuals to live as their self-identified sex and gender; g. legalise marriage and de facto relationships between two people irrespective of

their sex and gender identity and achieve the equal treatment of all such relationships in law and government policy; h. ensure equal access for LGBTI people to adoption, fostering, artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation procedures;

i. equalise the ages of consent for sexual activity regardless of the participants’ sex or sexuality; j. remove all other discrimination against LGBTI people in criminal law and the legal system; k. eradicate workplace discrimination against LGBTI people;

l. develop an inclusive society that supports LGBTI youth by providing focussed information, services and support networks for youth; m. deliver well-funded, specialised LGBTI community-based health and welfare services;

n. expand LGBTI cultural and community events and the recognition of and support for LGBTI tourism; o. create an environment that will lead to more LGBTI people in The Greens, other political parties, Parliaments, local government and participating in consultation

and decision making in our society in general; p. provide adequate funding for support groups, rights groups and representative groups for each of the LGBTI communities; q. provide adequate funding for research into LGBTI cultural, community, social,

health, welfare and safety issues; r. actively support the granting of political asylum on humanitarian grounds to LGBTI people who are persecuted within their own countries on the basis of their

sexuality, sex or gender identity; and

s. ensure that the needs and circumstances of LGBTI people within disadvantaged groups, including women, young people, Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, people of non-English speaking backgrounds, people with disabilities, the aged, people in rural and remote areas and people in prison, are addressed.

5.3 Short Term Targets

5.3.1 Discrimination and Vilification

The Australian Greens support:

a. the enactment of Federal sexuality, sex and gender identity anti-discrimination legislation that prohibits all forms of discrimination against LGBTI people; b. defending existing State LGBTI anti-discrimination and anti-vilification legislation and extending it to ensure that it covers all LGBTI people and is enforced;

c. repealing existing laws or practices in Australia which discriminate against LGBTI people in any area including employment, accommodation, the provision of goods and services, education, health care, family law, legal status, compensation, superannuation, pensions, immigration and law enforcement; d. initiating education programmes to inform the community about LGBTI people

and to counter discrimination, in close cooperation with LGBTI communities; e. the elimination of sexuality, sex and gender identity discrimination and harassment in the Australian Defence Forces through the education of all service

personnel, the adoption of an anti-harassment policy related to sexuality and gender diversity and the establishment of grievance mechanisms for LGBTI service personnel; and f. a foreign policy which takes the lead in advocating at a bilateral and multilateral level for the elimination of sexuality, sex and gender identity discrimination and persecution in all countries.

5.3.2 Policing and Prisons

The Australian Greens support:

a. the establishment and expansion of training and programmes at all levels to educate and sensitise Federal police, State police and prison officers on LGBTI issues; and b. the establishment and expansion of liaison mechanisms between the Federal

police, State police and prison services and LGBTI communities.

5.3.3 Anti-Violence

The Australian Greens support:

a. greater funding for LGBTI community-based anti-violence campaigns and projects to reduce hate-based violence and to support and advocate for the victims of such violence; b. recognition of the violence experienced by LGBTI people, including domestic

violence, within existing anti-violence policies and programmes; c. statistics on hate-motivated crime against LGBTI people being maintained by the relevant agencies and regularly publicised; and

d. research into legislative and other mechanisms for the reduction and prevention of hate-based crime, including school and public media based education, counselling, and focused offender rehabilitation programmes.

5.3.4 Relationship Equality

The Australian Greens support:

a. legalisation of marriage and de facto relationships between two people irrespective of their sex and gender identity and whether or not they cohabitate; b. fair and equal treatment of all such relationships in taxation, superannuation, social security, immigration, family law, the Commonwealth Public Service, the

Australian Defence Force and any other relevant Federal area; and c. the achievement of equality for all such relationships at a State level in: i. property including division of property and stamp duty ii. death including funerals, organ donation, post mortems and autopsies,

intestacy and succession, inheritance, maintenance and accident compensation iii. health care including incapacity and access to an ill partner iv. financial issues including taxation and superannuation v. employment including entitlements and benefits.

5.3.5 Parenting and Families

The Australian Greens support:

a. measures to prevent discrimination against parents on the grounds of sexuality, sex or gender identity, including in family law cases involving children; b. LGBTI people being given access to adoption and fostering procedures with measures to prevent discrimination on the grounds of sexuality or gender identity

in the selection of potential adopting or fostering parents; c. support groups for LGBTI parents and prospective parents d. legal recognition for parents, including full parental rights, regardless of the sexuality, sex or gender identity of the parents; and e. equality of access to artificial insemination, sperm donation programmes and in

vitro fertilisation procedures, regardless of sexuality, sex or gender identity.

5.3.6 The Law and the Judiciary

The Australian Greens support:

a. amending all sections of criminal legislation to remove harsher penalties for non-heterosexual acts than heterosexual ones; b. the removal of convictions for homosexual acts from legal records; c. amending all legislation to actively recognise LGBTI people and remove language

that discriminates against LGBTI people, including heterosexist or inappropriate gender-specific references; d. amending laws that remove LGBTI people and issues from public life, including Internet and other censorship laws; e. ending inappropriate application of offensive behaviour, indecent behaviour,

‘promotion’ and incitement laws to non-heterosexual acts; f. enacting laws to prevent the use of a non-violent homosexual advance as a basis

for the defence of ‘provocation’ in cases of violent crime; and g. implementing an education programme for the judiciary to highlight discriminatory laws and procedures.

5.3.7 Workplace Reform

The Australian Greens support:

a. an immediate review of all industrial agreements and awards, as well as government agency agreements and departmental policies, to ensure they do not discriminate against LGBTI people; b. the development in cooperation with LGBTI communities of education and

training programmes directed at eliminating sexuality, sex and gender identity discrimination, harassment, violence, ostracism and exclusion in the workplace, including couple-based discrimination; c. the removal of all discriminatory provisions in workers’ compensation legislation and superannuation schemes; d. the development of legislation, policies and programmes aimed at ensuring equal

opportunity for LGBTI people in private and public employment, including career progression, the right to work in any workplace and protection from unfair dismissal; and e. working with unions to achieve the above workplace reform.

5.3.8 Youth

The Australian Greens support:

a. the provision of factual and affirming materials about sexuality and gender identity at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of the education system, both public and private; b. the facilitation of representative and peer support groups for LGBTI youth,

including students; c. the mandatory development and implementation of sexuality and gender diversity anti-discrimination policies in all public and private schools including the

establishment of adequate grievance procedures for LGBTI students; d. adequate funding for services to support and protect LGBTI youth, in particular suicide prevention, peer support, coming out, counselling, and housing services

and programmes; e. the inclusion of the needs of young LGBTI people in all youth policies including polices on youth suicide and homelessness; and f. the training of youth service providers and other youth professionals in the needs

of young LGBTI people.

5.3.9 Health and Welfare Services

The Australian Greens support:

a. adequate funding for LGBTI-specific telephone, Internet and face-to-face counselling services; b. equal access for LGBTI people to existing accommodation services and specialised projects to meet the needs of homeless LGBTI youth and adults,

LGBTI people with physical and intellectual disabilities and older LGBTI people;

c. advocacy services to work towards full equality for LGBTI people; d. general health, mental health, sexual health and drug and alcohol services, including health clinics, for LGBTI people; e. adequate funding and research to address health issues of lesbians including safe

sex, fertility and cervical and breast cancer; f. services and care to address the health needs of older LGBTI people; g. training all health care professionals and resourcing all health services to ensure that they both are sensitive, proactive and able to cater for the needs of their

LGBTI clients; h. a coordinated well-funded national response to HIV/AIDS incorporating research, community-controlled HIV/AIDS services and thorough consultation with LGBTI

communities; i. measures to address HIV-related poverty; and j. the inclusion of LGBTI people within government and non-government programmes targeted at illiteracy, unemployment and poverty.

5.3.10 Culture

The Australian Greens support:

a. the festivals and events of LGBTI communities, including film, activist and sporting festivals and events; b. government assistance for the festivals and events of LGBTI communities; c. ensuring access for the festivals and events of LGBTI communities to all venues

and promotion opportunities; and d. the media of the LGBTI communities and the visibility and positive representation of LGBTI culture and issues in the mainstream media.

5.3.11 Representation and Consultation

The Australian Greens support:

a. formal and regular LGBTI community liaison with those Government agencies whose work impacts on that community, including police, education and health; b. LGBTI community representation on Government advisory and consultative committees whose deliberations and decision making impacts on the community,

including those concerned with human rights, social justice and family issues; and c. the establishment of an adequately funded Federal Office for the Status of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex People.

5.3.12 Transgender Issues

The Australian Greens support:

a. legislation, policies and programmes to protect the right of an individual to live and identify as the gender of their choice and to deliver all the benefits flowing from that recognition; b. the provision of accurate, comprehensive, non-stigmatising and non-

pathologising information and education about transgender issues and a complete explanation of the full range of medical options available, including surgical and non-surgical;

c. community education programmes aimed at reducing the stigmatisation associated with being transgender; d. transgender medical procedures being available at both public and private hospitals and under Medicare; e. access to health care information that encompasses the safe sex issues faced by

transgender people; f. equal access for transgender people to recreation facilities, coaching, sports education and competition; and g. ongoing research aimed at improving medical procedures for transgender people,

both surgical and non-surgical.

5.3.13 Intersex Issues

The Australian Greens support:

a. legislation, policies and programmes to protect the right of an individual to physical integrity and self determination, including the choice to live as their self-identified sex and gender including intersex; b. the provision of accurate, comprehensive, non-stigmatising and non-

pathologising information and education from infancy for intersex people and people with intersex conditions regarding intersex conditions, gender, society and treatment options; c. the choice for intersex people and people with intersex conditions to have (or not have) cosmetic surgery; d. the full disclosure of a diagnosis of an intersex condition at the earliest possible

appropriate time to the intersex person or person with an intersex condition; e. the complete explanation to intersex people and people with intersex conditions of the full range of treatment options available, including surgical and non-

surgical, and the likely outcomes of non-intervention; f. providing parents and carers of intersex infants and infants with intersex conditions with: i. full disclosure of a diagnosis of an intersex condition at the earliest

possible appropriate time ii. immediate counselling and referral to support groups, particularly before important decisions are made regarding their children’s future such as

surgery or social gender assignment iii. access to accurate, comprehensive, non-stigmatising and non-pathologising information about being intersex or having an intersex

condition and the prognosis for their child; g. access and referral for intersex people and people with intersex conditions to specialised counselling and support groups; h. community education programmes aimed at reducing the stigmatisation

associated with being intersex, having an intersex condition, or having an intersex child or a child with an intersex condition; i. equal access for intersex people and people with intersex conditions to recreation facilities, coaching, sports education and competition; j. ethical research into hormone therapies and improved treatment options, both

surgical and non-surgical, for intersex people and people with intersex conditions; and k. compensation for medical intervention suffered by intersex people or people with intersex conditions which was non-consensual or performed without a complete

explanation of the full range of treatment options available, including surgical and non-surgical, and the likely outcomes of non-intervention.