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Australian Labor Party Northern Territory Branch: Platform, constitution and rules

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s CONS 'T I T U T:.I O' N', 1


s i RULES.



PHONE 818 836' TELEX 85392



Page No

1.. ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS .................................. 1

Introduction; Land Rights; Self Determination; Communications; General

2. CIVIL LIBERTIES ....................................5

Introduction; Privacy; Censorship; Drug Control; Police Powers

3. CONSUMER PROTECTION ................................7

Introduction; General

4. CORRECTIONAL SERVICES .. ....................... . 9

Introduction; General

5. CULTURAL AFFAIRS ................................... 10

Introduction; General

6. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ...............................11

Introduction; Financial Policies; Regional Policies

7. EDUCATION ...................... ................... 15

Introduction; Pre School Education; Special Education; Primary & Secondary Education; Technical & Further Education;, Teacher Preparatici & Conditions; Curriculum Development; Aboriginal

Education; Education for a Multi Cultural Society; Isolated Children; General

8. ELECTORAL MATTERS .................................. 20

Introduction; Voting

9. EMPLOYMENT ......................................... 22.

Introduction; General: Aboriginal Employment

10. ENERGY ..... ....................................... 25

Introduction; Aboriginal Land Rights & Energy; Northern Territory Energy Commission; Oil Supplies; Natural Gas; Coal; Renewable Energy Resources;

Electricity; General

11. ENVIRONMENT ........................................ 28

Introduction; General; National Parks, Wildlife Refuges & Reserves

12. ETHNIC AFFAIRS ..................... ...... ..... .31

Introduction; Interpreter & Translator Services; Media; Information; Self Help; Consultation; Education

13. HEALTH, WELFARE & RECREATION... .. •.......... 33

Introduction; Health; Aboriginal HeL.1th Services; -Welfare; Recreation

14. HOUSING ............. ............................... 37

Introduction; General



Introduction; Administration & Legislation; General 16. LAW REFORM ................. ...... ... ........ 42

Introduction; Legal Aid; White Collar Crime; Insurance; General 17. LIBRARY SERVICES.. ................ ............44

Introduction; General 18. LOCAL GOVERNMENT ...................................45

Introduction; Finance; Local Government Procedures; General 19. LOTTERY & GAMING...................................47

Introduction; General 20. MINERALS • ...................... .................... 48

Introduction; Aboriginal Land Rights & Minerals; Mining Leases; Prospectors & Small Syndicates; Foreign Companies; General; Uranium 21. PRIMARY INDUSTRY ...................... .......... 51

Introduction; Beef; Agriculture; Fishing; Dairying; Research; Education; General 22. PROTECTION OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORY'S HERITAGE .. 56 Introduction; Northern Territory Heritage Committee;

Northern Territory Heritage & Government Departments & Agencies; General 23. SECONDARY INDUSTRY.. ..............................58

Introduction; General 24 ..SPORT ............................................... 59

Introduction; General 25. TOURISM .. ....... ... .......... ................. 60

Introduction; Planning & Organisation; Kakadu & Uluru National Parks 26. TRANSPORT ........................................ 63

Introduction; Public Participation; Urban Transport; Highways; Railway; Port Facilities; Air Transport; Road Safety; Rural Roads; General 27. URBAN & REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT ....................... 65

Introduction; General 28. WOMEN'S AFFAIRS ...................................67

Introduction; Sex. Discrimination; Education; Political; Health; Sexual Offences; Employment; Women's Adviser; Fertility Control; Unions

CONST ITUTION ........... ................................. 69

STANDINGORDERS ........................................ 81 _

N.T. EXECUTIVE MEMBERS ............................... 85

PORTFOLIOSOF LABOR M.L.A.s ............................ 86



A. INTRODUCTION For many thousands of years prior to the coming of white people to Australia, Aborigines and Islanders were the sole inhabitants of this continent. Discipline was embodied

in the tribal structure. Each member had expectations and limitations within this discipline. There was total awareness of being in harmony with the, land and 'dreaming'.

With the coming of white people, traditional land was stolen, spiritual links shattered, the tribal economy broken, ritual life was disrupted and in places ceased. In many cases Aborigines and Islanders were murdered and tribes separated. Leadership and kinship structures and culture were often devastated and many Aborigines and Islanders became dependent -on white people. Strong remaining ties of family and clan

were no match for collective feelings of defeat and dispossession.

Aboriginality no longer meant pride, substance and belonging, it no longer meant life-long exploration of the joys of the spirit. It came to mean constant denigration and contempt, grinding poverty, fear, helplessness and apathy. All the concepts of the Aboriginal personality were slowly under-mined so that Aborigines and Islanders could only relate to white commercial society with shame and embarrassment.

The merits of the Aboriginal struggle finally reached the conscience of most white people.

The election of a Labor Government in 1972 saw the establishment of a Department of Aboriginal Affairs and the appointment of a Minister who had responsibility to attempt to restore land to the Australian indigines and provide compensation for damage inflicted.

Labor will continue to. help in recognising and strengthening traditional and contemporary cultures and provide for self-determination.


A Labor Government in the Northern Territory will act as a matter of priority to strengthen the Northern Territory complementary Aboriginal Land Rights legislation to ensure that Aboriginals are granted land rights taking into account their wishes, the recommendations of the Woodward Commission, and the spirit of the Federal Aboriginal Land Rights (N.T.) Act 1976.

A Labor Government will

1. Provide for Aboriginal control of Northern Territory coastal waters within 2 kilometres of and adjacent to Aboriginal land which were previously reseYves. Applications regarding the opening or closure of areas within the 2 kilometres coastal waters zone will be dealt with by the Northern. Territory Govern-ment which shall have regard for environmental,

recreational and commercial considerations, as well as regard for traditional Aboriginal rights.

Persons wishing to exploit the waters within the 2 kilometre zone shall seek permits from the tradit-ional owners or such organisation approved by them.

Permits shall not be required for vessels passing through such coastal waters.

Where traditional Aboriginal owners consent, encouragement may be given to allowing non-Aboriginals to use such coastal areas in Aboriginal land for such recreational purposes as will not interfere with the traditional sacred value of such areas and the rights and well-being of the Aboriginal communities concerned.

2. Provide for protection of Aboriginal sacred sites and ceremonial objects which may be of significance to living Aborigines, or which may be of archaeo-logical, anthropological or historical significance.

3. Retain Section 112 of the Crown Lands Ordinance and the right of Aboriginals to make 'needs claims to vacant Crown Land in the Northern Territory and take action to ensure that Aboriginal 'needs' claims throughout the Northern Territory are resolved as a matter of priority.

4. Legislate to enable Aboriginals to use bore waters on pastoral properties for personal use, and to hunt and forage on such areas, providing that they comply with any reasonable raluirements of pastoralists regarding such use.

5. Implement the Woodward Commission recommendation that Aboriginal communities on pastoral properties should, where they so wish, be given special purpose leases over their residential area as a more secure title; pastoralists shall be required to negotiate with Aboriginals to establish the terms of the excision on pastoral properites, and in the event of an

impasse, an independent arbiter may be appointed.


6. Provide for Pastoral leases presently owned by Aboriginals, to be eligible for conversion to Aboriginal land upon proof of traditional ownership being supplied to the Aboriginal Land Commissioner.


Labor supports the continued development of independent Aboriginal communities and organisations with aims of self-determination, self-help, and self-reliance at a pace determined by those communities.

7. Support the establishment at the Community Colleges of specific courses dealing with understanding and communicating with Aboriginal people, and encourage persons engaged in the mining and pastoral industries,

government officers and other persons associated with Aboriginal people to attend such courses. Induction and refresher courses for police and prison officers shall contain specific Aboriginal-

related segments.

8. Support the Aboriginal homelands movement in view of the wishes expressed by the many groups who have established, or wish to establish, small decentralised communities on their traditional land.

9. Press for a major commitment to research programmes into Aboriginal needs within the Northern Territory.

10. Ensure that the Territory's Aboriginal people are represented on the Territory Parks and Wildlife Commission, especially at the decision-making level and in any employment and training programmes

implemented by the Commission.

11. Through legislative and other action, co-operate fully with Aboriginal communities in dealing with alcohol and problems such as social disruption to community life and poor health.


12. Support the establishment of community access Aboriginal radio stations to serve Aboriginal communities.



13. In the belief that a more harmonious relationship between the people of the Territory would,be enhanced by a programme of research and education,

(i) seek to establish resource units at the Community Colleges in pre-history and anthropology;

(ii)establish an Aboriginal cultural centre within the proposed Northern Territory Museum and Art Gallery's new premises;

(iii) disseminate factual information regularly to the public on developments in Aboriginal affairs.





Labor is vitally aware that with the growing complexity of Government and society, the rights of individuals can be severly circumscribed unless there is the greatest vigilance by government and citizens.

The rights of citizens to be. informed as to government actions and to be protected from arbitrary behaviour by government officials will be a paramount principle of any Labor administration.

The N.T. Labor Party recognises the increasing impact of computing technology on our society especially with respect to the large volumes of data about an individual which can be collected, stored and accessed with ease.

Therefore a Labor Government will


1. Amend laws which violate the principle that no government has a role in legislating with respect to the voluntary and non-profit-making conduct of adult citizens in the privacy of their own homes

and'beyond public view.


2. Legislate to give effect to the principle that adults are entitled to read, hear and view what they wish in private or in public, but also that others (and those in their care) must not be exposed to unsolicited material offensive to


3. Not seek to enter the field of censorship of films or sound recordings.


4. In its administration, emphasize the strengthening of enforcement in the pursuit of hard drug pushers, and emphasize rehabilitation and not penalties for their victims.

5. Investigate alternative correctional and counselling methods to deal with minor drug offences in place of the present scale of penalties.

6. Rginstate the traditional onus and burden of proof to prosecutions under the Prohibited Drugs Act or its successor.



7. Ensure that any tribunal hearing complaints of police misconduct shall have a majority of its members composed of persons who are not police officers.

8. Require uniformed members of the N.T. Police Force to wear either a number or a name-tag whilst on duty.

9. Seek to increase and maintain the number of serving women police officers as a proportion of the total force.

10. Limit the use of general search warrants.

11. Introduce as a priority a system which will require applicants for membership of the police force to undergo a minimum of two (2) years' training prior to appointment and a Labor Government will enlarge and equip the existing police academy to enable this system of recruitment to be instituted.

12. Seek to recruit Aboriginal police officers.


13. Ensure that an individual has the right of ,access to information collected by Government or private agencies concerning themselves or their families to ensure its accuracy and relevance.

14. Support union initiatives to discourage the use of modern technology to monitor performance in the workplace.

15. Discourage the practice of cross-referencing on computer files between Government departments and authorities except where this is absolutely necessary.



A. INTRODUCTION : The Australian Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that consumer protection should be concerned with all aspects of the quality and description of goods and services, moving from business to individual

consumers, and the sales practices involved therein. Not only should consumers be protected from sub-standard goods and services and have ready access to an effective consumer protection organisation, but small businesses

should have the right to fair and equitable trading relationships with other, and especially bigger, organisations.

We believe that the present Northern Territory consumer protection legislation is inadequate, and should be expanded into areas such as labelling, standards, measures, advertising, product safety, credit and legal advice to consumers.


A Labor Government will;

1. Expand the staff of the Consumer Protection Council to include:

(i) legal advisers; (ii) education officers who would approach schools and communities on all levels of consumer education;

(iii) welfare liaison officers to negotiate and assist minority groups with consumer problems.

2. Establish shop front community based consumer information centres.

3. Introduce new consumer legislation

(i) on the areas of responsibility of sellers and/or suppliers of goods and services with regard to the marking, transport, packaging and health requirements;

(ii) covering the credit sale of goods and the provision of loan finance, to replace exist-ing Hire Purchase and money-lending Acts.

4. Limit the sale of 'over the counter' analgesics to child-proof packs of single analgesics (as per N.S.W. Act). Compound analgesics to be bought only on prescription.


5. Urge that a Consumer Price Index and other statistics • relevant to the Territory are introduced as soon as possible.

6. Provide date stamping of food items that is, decipherable to the average consumer.

7. Seek the establishment of a Northern Territory office • of the Trade Practices Commission.

8. Establish a market court in which a magistrate and members of consumer organisations and businesses (vis. the Consumer Affairs Council) hear and assess claims of consumer abuse.

9. Encourage the Consumer. Council to initiate class actions in both markets and small claims courts.

10. Rationalise transport costs of goods generally, and with special regard to situations where transport costs or distances are used to unfairly inflate prices of goods.



A. INTRODUCTION : The Australian Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that the essence of the punishment by imprison-ment is the deprivation of personal liberty, and that

this should not carry with it many of the indignities which appear to have become accepted as inherent in the prison system.

The Australian Labor Party in the Northern Territory sees imprisonment as a last resort and intends to promote programmes which will provide alternatives to imprisonment.


A Labor Government will

1. Implement the recommendations of the Misner and Hawkins Report on the Criminal Justice System in the Northern Territory, in respect of upgrading and extending prison services and facilities.

2. Expand existing facilities for probation, parole, and programmes for work release, periodic detention and community service orders, and similar arrange-ments.

3. Provide educational, industrial and social development opportunities for prisoners.

4. Fully protect the rights of remand prisoners.

5. Provide for appropriate payment to be made for work performed by prisoners.

6. Abolish all censorship of prisoners' letters.

7. Establish in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Criminology, guidelines and criteria for the selection, training and evaluation of prison officers, probation and parole officers and magistrates.

6. Ensure that no juvenile offenders are housed in corrective institutions with adult prisoners.

9. Give priority to the provision of increased facilities for women prisoners.

10. Investigate the establishment of regional prisons at Nhulunbuy and Katherine.




The Northern Territory Labor Party believes that all forms of artistic endeavour are worthy of encouragement, and that all Territorians have the right to participate in the art forms of their choice.

Labor believes that the difficulties of providing artistic, cultural and performing arts activities to people in the Northern Territory and particularly to those not living in the main population centres can be overcome.

Labor believes that development of the arts will best be promoted by the operation of core professional groups which will provide support and assistance to non-professional organisations as well as fostering community activities.


A Labor Government will:

1. Support the work of existing established organ-isations such as the Brown's Mart Community Arts Project, the Crafts Council of the Northern Territory, the Northern Territory Division of the Arts Council of Australia and the Araluen Foundation as resource groups in the Northern Territory.

2. Promote the establishment of a professional theatre company, in consultation with existing groups, to tour the Territory and assist non-professional theatre organisations.

3. Maintain the Northern Territory Museums and Art Galleries Board, and expand its activities within the Northern Territory.

4. Encourage mutual understanding between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people of each other's cultural values and art forms.

5. Utilise existing resources such as the Education Department and the Australian Broadcasting Commission to enable people in remote areas to benefit from artistic activities elsewhere.

6. Establish an Advisory Committee to the Government on the Arts.

7. Aim at providing adequate buildings and facilities for the presentation and development of artistic activities.



The Northern Territory presents development problems which are unique in the Australian experience. Due to a variety of geographical, demographic, climatological and politica-reasons, our economic structure is, and will continue to be, different from that of the States.

The economic development of the Northern Territory requires comprehensive, soundly based and effectively co-ordinated long-term policies.

A Labor Government will establish an economic environment within the Northern Territory which is conducive to soundly based development.

This will be achieved by the pursuit of policies designed to overcome both the natural and the man-made disadvant-ages facing the Territory. At the same time they will capitalise upon those advantages which the Territory enjoys.

Our development strategies are directed towards the financial policies and sectorial and regional issues impacting on the Northern Territory economy. For the first time a comprehensive and co-ordinated package will be implemented for the economic development of the Territory.

A Labor Government will:

1. Establish a situation in which Territory-based enterprises can compete on more equal terms in the local, Australian and international market places.

2. Provide the stable policies and competence in government that are conducive to private investment.

3. Introduce full and open consultation with industry and the community.


In many instances national policies which are designed for the total Australian economy are discriminatory in their impact on the Territory. A Territory Labor Government will actively pursue a campaign to remove or ameliorate those discriminatory provisions. Specific measures we will seek to have implemented include:


4. Establishment of an N.T. Government-owned bank providing a full range of banking services to the government and the public.

5. Increased zone taxation allowances.

6. Exemption from excise duty for fuel used in the commercial transport of goods within the Territory by vehicles with a capacity in excess of 2 tonnes.

7. Duty-free entry into Darwin under Customs By-Law. of a range of products essential to development, e.g. cement, timber and building materials.

8. Removal of sales tax on appliances essential for tropical living using solar energy as their source.

9. Cessation of the practice of levying sales tax on the freight component of transporting goods.

10. Removal of sales tax on items using solar energy as their source.

Through the following measures a Labor Government will also act, in those areas where it has direct responsibility, to reduce the cost structure of the Territory and to provide development incentives.

11. Provision of a 5 year holiday from payroll tax and stamp duty for approved enterprises establishing or expanding in the Territory.

12. Introduction of an effective system of preference for locally based tenders for government contracts.

13. Provision of additional short-term preference for government contracts to approved firms introducing new industries into the Territory.

14. Maintenance of an adequate supply of serviced land and housing to restrain price pressure on them due to shortages.

15. Consultation with banks and financial institutions to ensure that savings obtained in the Territory are utilised for the good of the Territory.


The benefits of Labor's development policies will be felt throughout the whole Territory. However, various aspects will have differing impacts upon each of the main urban centres and their associated regions. Labor will

implement complementary policies in each of those regions to enable them to maximise the economic opportunities being made available while avoiding the difficulties associated with accelerated economic growth.


Darwin :

As the capital city, main port and the largest centre of population, Darwin is central to any strategy for development.

The city should have the capacity to absorb additional population arising out of private investment.

It should have the infrastructure available to provide for the manufacturing and processing industries which our policies are designed to attract.

At present there is just insufficient capacity within Darwin to absorb any increase in population generated by a growth in real economic activity.

A Labor Government will act to remedy the situation by:

16. Embarking on an accelerated programme of urban development to eliminate wasteful competition between the private and the public sectors for resources.

17. Giving added emphasis in the Darwin region to those of our policies which will bring to the city its natural role of being a significant port, mercantile, manufacturing and processing centre.

Alice Sprin gs: --The immediate future of Alice Springs is closely linked with the development of the tourist and the pastoral industries. Obviously, over the longer term, the

availability of water must place a ceiling on the growth of the town.

A Labor Government will:

18. Act to obtain expert advice on the population levels which can safely and economically be supported in Alice Springs. It will then prove possible to develop effective long term strategies for the town.

19. Strive to maximise the autonomy of the Alice Springs region.

Tennant Creek:

Our policies for Tennant Creek will be designed to over-come the almost complete dependence of the town on mining, and hence, on world metal prices.

A Labor Government will:

20. Strive to develop Tennant Creek as an important transport and tourist centre consistent with its geographical location at the hub of the Territory's transport and communcation links.


Katherine :

Of all the regions of the Northern Territory, Katherine shows perhaps the most potential for diverse, sustained and real economic growth. Its pastoral, mineral, agric-ultural and tourist potential have all been neglected. Labor's policies will reverse that situation. In addition to implementing the policies outlined in this paper, Labor

will embark upon a programme specifically designed to realise the economical potential of the Katherine region.

A Labor Government will:

18. Accelerate the establishment of the Katherine Rural College and have that institution provide facilities for post-graduate research.

19. Re-locate the head office of the Department of Primary Industry from Darwin to Katherine.

20. Establish regional offices of the Tourist Board, Mines Department and Lands Department in Katherine.

21. Take action to identify and preserve the historic buildings and sites of the Pine Creek, Katherine and Mataranka districts as a special project designed to promote tourism.




The Northern Territory Labor Party believes that education should be community-based and responsive to the varying needs of individual communities.

The Party further believes that responsibility for the provision of education lies with the Legislative Assembly and that the Assembly should establish an appropriate Education Authority which will be fully representative of the community to carry out this task, and to encourage

schools to become as autonomous as is practically possible.

The Schools Advisory Council and the Post Schools Advisory Council established under the Education Act 1979 will be retained. The effectiveness and composition of these Councils will be reviewed and their relationship with the Education Authority will be established.

A Labor Government will:


1. Up-grade and extend pre-schools in the belief that pre-school education is a vital factor in providing equal opportunity to all children.

2. Ensure that pre-schools will be funded on the same basis as other levels of education.

3. Give special attention to pre-school education for those with special needs, such as the mentally and physically handicapped, the culturally disadvantaged and minority ethnic groups.


4. Provide for physically and mentally handicapped children to be educated within community schools, and will ensure that adequate ancilliary staff are made available to assist classroom teachers where handicapped children are being taught.

5. Establish special classes in community schools where deemed appropriate.

6. Establish special schools only where integration is not possible.

7. Ensure that there are adequate professional and ancilliary staff to diagnose and provide remedial education for children with specific learning difficulties, and provide equipment and resources.


8. Organise primary and secondary education to meet the individual needs of students.

9. In the belief that for many students, education directed towards the attainment of a matriculation certificate is not appropriate, give greater emphasis to courses designed for those who will either seek employment at the termination of their secondary schooling, or who will continue their education at institutions other than universities.

10. Where possible, enable students to study for the matriculation certificate at their local school. If this is not feasible then consideration will be given to the establishment of live-in facilities in

Darwin and Alice Springs.

11. Upgrade staffing arrangements of Territory schools. Special priority will be given to the reduction of class sizes and the appointment of a teacher librarian to all primary schools.

12. Upgrade the professional counselling and support serivces (e.g. home liaison officers) provided for primary and secondary students.


Labor believes that the goal of post-school education in the Northern Territory should be to raise the quality of individual and public life. Labor further believes that the aims of such education should enable members of the community to acquire knowledge and skills; should

facilitate opportunities for self-realisation, self-understanding and self-fulfilment of individuals; and should encourage the social, cultural, aesthetic and economic health and development of the community.

A Labor Government will:

13. Collate the findings of inquiries into technical and further education and implement those appropriate to the Northern Territory.

14. Ensure that community colleges are responsive education instruments in terms of people's needs.

15. Ensure an equitable distribution of post school educational resources throughout the Territory.

16. Provide programmes which provide learning opportunities for those in remote locations.

17. Make the Federal Government and the Commonwealth Grants Commission aware of the serious disadvantages being experience at this level of education in the Northern Territory.


18. Establish an appropriate system for dealing with the particular problems encountered by Aboriginal people in technical and further education.

19. Establish an educational and research facility into tropical agriculture and animal husbandry.


20. Ensure that any teachers compulsorily transferred from the Commonwealth Teaching Service to the Northern Territory Teaching Service are not disadvantaged in any way by such transfer.

21. Provide post-graduate and in-service courses for teachers.

22. Upgrade working conditions to encourage teachers to remain in the Territory.

23. Encourage the recruitment, training and accreditation of Aboriginal people to work in their own communities and provide such training and accreditation on site where practicable.

24. Ensure the provision of the highest possible standard of school and staff accommodation in remote areas.

25. In recognition of the special requirements of Aboriginal communities, require all new appointees to undergo comprehensive in-service training designed to foster their understanding of the community to which they have been appointed.


26. Establish Curriculum Advisory Boards for primary and secondary education which will advise the Authority on curricula and research materials to meet the needs of individual groups and communities.

27. Eliminate racial and sexist bias in education material and resources.


Labor recognises that cross-cultural stresses are now constant in the lives of Aboriginal people and that educational resources as presently provided for them are generally inappropriate and that the return of Aboriginal people to their"traditional land poses unique problems• for educators. However, Labor believes that the problems are amenable to creative solutions based on a knowledge of Aboriginal aspirations and the examination of systems of delivery o.f educational services more suited to a decentralised population.

A Labor Government will:

28. Establish an Advisory Committee on Aboriginal education. Such a committee will have a predominant Aboriginal membership.

29. Include Aborigines in all decision-making groups which deal solely with Aboriginal education; no policy affecting a local community will be implemented without consultation with that community.

30. Employ more Aboriginal liaison officers to advise and assist Aboriginal children of primary and secondary schools.

31. Pursue a policy of localisation of education of children from Aboriginal communities.

32. Provide suitable facilities (e.g. transport) for -I

those children wishing to attend local post-primary schools.

33. Provide educational services to the Aboriginal homelands by:

(i) funding research into a co-ordinated and responsive system of education;

(ii) implementing the findings of the research;

(iii) ensuring that staffing and employment are sufficiently flexible to take cognizance of the demands that such a system might place upon field personnel.


The Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that a multi-cultural perspective in all programmes of the primary and secondary schools should be promoted, and that education for a multi-cultured society should be

introduced to all children.

A Labor Government will:

34. Encourage, promote and increase existing programmes to.cover specifically but not exclusively

(i) English as a second language; (ii) second language courses.

35. Encourage schools to establish ethnic studies programmes and the employment of bi-lingual staff.

36. Develop strategies to ensure that school programmes are more accessible to non-English speaking parents.



37. Upgrade School of the Air facilities to allow a full range of primary and secondary courses for isolated children.

38. Provide parents of isolated children with special assistance in providing education for their children.

I ; I 39. Investigate the feasibility of establishing residential facilities in the major towns for isolated children.


40. Enable community groups to use school buildings, grounds and resources.

41. Provide funds for learning exchange centres.

42. Provide an adequate establishment grant to new schools.





The aim of a Labor Government in the Northern Territory would be to establish an electoral system which recognises the principle of one person, one vote, one value.

Labor believes that electoral laws should help, rather than hinder, all citizens of the Northern Territory to exercise their right to vote.

Labor believes that the maximum permissible variation in the population of electorates should be 10% above or below the average.

Labor believes that it should be compulsory for all citizens aged 18 years and over to register and vote in elections.


Accordingly a Labor Government will:-1. Reintroduce the optional preferential system of voting (based on single member electorates).

2. Provide for simplified enrolment and voting procedures, including having candidates identified by photograph and party affiliation on all ballot papers and on official Electoral Office material.

On polling days, all polling places should have materials prominently and equally displayed indicating the way in which each candidate wishes his supporters to vote and including their photo-graphs, commonly known name and party affiliation. These materials should be prepared at Electoral Office expense.

3. Ensure that those voters who are handicapped, illiterate, and/or have English as a second language are no longer discriminated against, by the identification requirements of the regulations.

4. Make provision for mobile polling booths so as to ensure that all voters have access to polling places.

5. Require the Electoral Office to take active steps to enrol all eligible voters and to institute voter education programmes designed for the needs and circumstances of particular areas in the N.T.

6. Provide for uniform systems of recording the names of electors, especially in situations where practice differs from the Australian norm, for example, with Aboriginal skin names.


7. Provide that the names of all Territory electorates will reflect as far as possible the local character of each particular electorate.

8. Provide for the establishment of an independent body of review to hear appeals from electors aggrieved by decisions of the Redistribution Commission.

9. Legislate to permit voters to nominate a political party preference when seeking assistance, e g. "I want to vote Party X" would be sufficient instruction to enable the presiding officer to complete a formal vote for the illiterate or blind voter.

10. Where a need is established, ensure that interpreters are present at the polling booths in electorates which have a sizable population that have English as a second language.

11. Legislate to provide for the financing of political parties' election campaign from Consolidated Revenue. The amount of funding for each party shall be dependent upon the percentage of the vote achieved by each party at the previous election.

12. Investigate the form of the ballot paper being changed to a circular shape with candidates' names radiating from a centre point.

13. Amend existing legislation co that candidates ballot for position on the ballot paper and not have to be listed in alphabetical order.




Labor believes that:

1. all people who want to work should"be able to do so, regardless of sex, marital status or ethnic origin;

2. the effects of unemployment on the unemployed and the society in which they live must be deplored because unemployed people are deprived not only of their right to a livelihood but also of their dignity, their self-respect and the opportunity

for self-fulfilment through work; a society which deprives its citizens of these rights is inherently unhealthy and unstable;

3. unemployment also wastes our human and capital resources, so that our level of production remains below its potential maximum and this, allied to the need for those in employment to maintain the unemployed, means that the economic welfare of all Australians is reduced by unemployment;

4. it makes more sense to have people, plant machinery and capital productively employed than to keep people on unemployment benefits;

in dedicating itself to doing all in its power to restore full employment, it is aware that, in the context of an increasingly unstable economic system and of the fundamental structural change that is occurring in the Australian economy, the attainment of full-time employment will be a difficult goal to

achieve and will require far-reaching changes;

6. if structural employment cannot be solved immediately and conditions of full employment cannot be re-established, that to be unemployed should be seen as an involuntary sacrifice of the few in the interest of the full-employed and employers.


Labor in government will actively pursue a campaign of job creation to stimulate the economy, introduce approp-riate man-power planning for both the short and long term, provide appropriate training, taking into account the problems of unemployment, and in particular will:

7. Encourage the development of labour intensive industries to promote job opportunity and provide incentives to industry to encourage an increased employment demand.


B. Pursue alternatives in employment arrangements in the government and private sectors to open up employment opportunities.

9. Assist mobility of the workforce by encouragement of training programmes which would increase the number of saleable skills of all workers.

10. Investigate the possibility of limiting the letting of contracts to only those firms which actively pursue positive training and employment programmes.

11. Collate the finding of the various reports on employment and training put down over the last few years and give consideration to their recommendations.

12. Provide through appropriate institutions for on-site training in outback areas by means of modular train-ing carried out by visiting instructors.

13. Ensure that the unemployed are guaranteed an adequate standard of living and are not subject to social discrimination.

14. Arrange for assistance to the unemployed to enable them to realise their full employment potential.

15. Investigate the possibility of job-sharing and similar work schemes for those for whom these may be appropriate.

16. Investigate possibilities for early retirement schemes to reward people with long work histories to retire with satisfactory superannuation or pension, thus encouraging the opening up of job opportunities occurring as a result of their departure from the workforce.

17. Assist those who choose not to be part of the normal labour market to establish economic independence to enable them to generate a level of income appropriate to their life style.

18. Support by all possible means union advocacy of a shorter working week with no reduction in wage.


E N E R G Y :


Although ENERGY and MINERALS are separate policies, the N.T. Labor Party believes that by their nature there is a relationship between the two areas that that the two policies should work parallel to each other.

The N.T. Labor Party recognises that conventional sources of energy are finite and that . shortages of some forms of energy are imminent.

The Territory's most immediate problems are associated with oil and oil products for transportation and power generation.

It recognises that maximum emphasis must be placed on the efficient use of existing resources whilst at the same time agreeing that known reserves of energy sources must be developed and exploration for new sources encouraged.

Labor also recognises that in encouraging exploration,-,. incentives must be given to exploration and development companies, but a Labor Government must have access to an equity in any energy reserves discovered or developed.


A Labor Government will:

1. Incorporate in its complementary land rights legislation the principle that Aboriginal and Island people shall have the right to refuse permission for energy development on their land, or to impose conditions under which development may proceed; such refusals and/or conditions would require an Act of Parliament to be overturned.

2. Where development of any energy source was considered to be in the best interests of the Territory or the nation, but was being delayed by an inability on the part of developers and Aborigines tr their represent-atives to agree on terms, allow for either party to ask for the appointment of a Supreme Court Judge to arbitrate.

3. Have the right to appoint a Supreme Court Judge to arbitrate where the inability to reach an agreement persists, and where no application for the appoint-ment of an arbitrator is forthcoming.

4. Ensure that the decision of the Judge shall bind the Crown and its instrumentalities.


5. Insist that job opportunities be available to those Aborigines seeking work and that training schemes are established by the developers of major projects.


6. Establish a N.T. Energy Commission .that will:

(a) have responsibility for the general administration of a safe, economical and reliable energy supply;

(b) assume responsibility for co-ordinating exploration and development of non-renewable energy sources;

(c) have responsibility for co-ordinating research, exploration and development of all forms of energy; the assessment of energy resources; and for formulating policy recommendations and advice to the Government;

(d) have the power to specify 'share of interest' clauses in any development or exploration lease or licence thus:

(i) At any time during the exploration or develop-ment phase, have the power to take up a share of up to 25% of the project by paying that amount of exploration or development costs

incurred by that time.

(ii) Should this option not be exercised and energy reserves are proved, have the right to acquire up to 25% of the energy source at the current market value.

(e) Review exploration and development leases every three (3) years to ensure that energy sources are not being purposely held up.


7. As a matter of priority, give encouragement to the exploration for new sources of oil.

8. Where it is within the power of a Northern Territory Government, create a favourable climate for private investment by a range of incentives such as tax concessions for exploration.

9. Provide positive encouragement for the conservation, efficient usage and where practicable the substit-ution of oil as a fuel.


10. Encourage exploration for natural gas by creating a favourable investment climate.


11. Create the climate such that producers of natural gas obtain returns commensurate with risks taken and which are sufficient to ensure continued interest in exploration.


12. Provide encouragement for the exploration and development of coal resources.


13. Encourage the development of known renewable energy sources and foster research into future sources, by specifically but not exclusively

(i) recognising and encouraging the potential for hydro-electricity development;

(b) participating on a cost-sharing and represent-ation basis in current solar energy development projects in other states.


14. Recognise that availability of adequate and reliable supplies of electricity at a reasonable cost is essential to the well-being of the community and is a necessary component for industrial growth.

15. Encourage joint developments between industry or mining and the N.T. Energy Commission, where such developments will lead to improved availability of economic power supplies.

16. Where consistent with funding priorities, either extend power supplies to rural and outback areas, or give financial assistance to establishing independent electricity generation.

17. Restructure domestic electricity charges to encourage conservation of electricity.


18. Enter into a programme of conservation of energy and will, as required, collaborate with the Commonwealth and private enterprise to inform and educate the community in energy and fuel conservat-

ion and management.




The Northern Territory Labor Party recognises that the human population is inextricably linked with and dependent on the natural environment and government must take environmental considerations into account in most of its decision-making. Labor further recognises that the most environmentally sound practice is very often of most long

term economic and social benefit and that one of our prime responsibilities must be to make people aware of that factor.

The Northern Territory has what are probably the most significant environmental and cultural resources of the Australian continent; vast unpopulated regions, spectac-ular scenery, the majority of the nation's unspoiled wild-erness and landscapes which contain the art and artifacts of the land's Aboriginal occupants, in many places still occupied by Aboriginal people who retain the religion

that binds them to their country.

Labor further believes that giving due consideration to environmental matters is a positive, not negative, action and that it is one of our responsibilities to promote in the Northern Territory community a feeling of concern for

the quality of life. Labor believes the Northern Territory has the opportunity to avoid many of the environmental mistakes made elsewhere in Australia and overseas and that Labor must make every attempt to keep informed on environmental actions being taken by governments elsewhere.

A Labor Government will:


1. Ensure that economic development is made with full regard to its impact on the environment and that, as far as possible, urban and regional development occurs in harmony with natural ecosystems. .

2. Act to protect and manage the Territory's natural resources in a way which will protect the environ-ment and avoid waste of resources, with due consideration to future generations of human and other species.

in co-operation with the Federal Government seek to develop ways of using and recycling waste material - such as sewerage, garbage and water - in the most

environmentally sound method available.

4. Insist that any major development proposal for a coastal area should first undergo an environmental impact assessment.


5. Introduce Environmental Protection legislation which would ensure the thorough assessment of development proposals for both public and private works which may be environmentally damaging; such legislation would provide for representatives of public interest

groups as well as private developers, government and scientific officials to be part of any assessment and review Board.

6. Establish a Northern Territory Environment Protection Authority as an independent body responsible for protecting and improving the air, land and water environments for the people of the Territory, and

to act as a review board for environmental impact assessments.

7. Implement an on-going land use study of the Territory to determine a long-term land use management plan, which seeks to balance conservation and development objectives; such a study will take due account of previous studies and will include agricultural practices.

8. Provide adequate funding and staffing for the Territory Parks and Wlidlife Service so that it can properly manage the Territory parks and recreational reserves.

9. Support the further development of an active, community based environment and conservation movement.

10. Encourage closer liaison between environmental authorities and the private tourist industry to ensure that the industry develops in the most environmentally sound way possible.

11. Support the inclusion of a comprehensive environ-ment education programme within Territory schools and amongst the general public.

12. Record traditional Aboriginal methods of managing the environment, particularly in relation to fire.

13. Will co-operate with the Federal Government to

(i) regulate toxic and indestructible materials by the development of an adequate monitoring system for pollutants, by the development of standards, of air quality, water quality, ocean release of materials and the land disposal of solid and liquid waste.

(ii) develop a noise abatement programme.

(iii) Control and, where possible, prohibit the advertising of products which represent a danger to human health, which release into the environment toxic or indestructible


materials which make unreasonable use of scarce natural resources or which have other signifi-cant detrimental and environmental impact.

(iv) examine the feasibility of tax deduction for the manufacturing, purchasing and instillation of energy-saving devices and for equipment that produces natural energy.

14. Legislate for the recycling of non-degradable containers.


15. Increase funding to the Territory Parks and Wildlife Commission to enable it to;

(i) adequately protect existing reserves, parks and refuges;

(ii) police ordinances concerned with the protection of flora and fauna;

(iii) carry out research into the effects of man upon the natural environment and the effects and control of feral animals.

(iv) research and make recommendations for the acquisition and creation of further parks, reserves and refuges.

16. Facilitate an harmonious relationship between the Territory Parks and Wildlife Commission, the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service and Aboriginal landholders in cognizance of the unique

relationship which exists between them in the Territory.

17. Explore legislative possibilities to enable Aboriginal and European landholders to dedicate or lease lands as national parks, conservation zones, reserves or refuges to the Australian National

Parks and Wildlife Service or the Territory Parks and Wildlife Commission.


_. 31.



The Northern Territory Labor Party will give long overdue recognition to the multi-cultured nature of the N.T. society where one in three persons is of ethnic origin and where forty-eight nationalities are represented.

A N.T. Labor Government will establish an Ethnic Affairs Unit which will ensure that people of ethnic origin have equal access to resources and will truly encourage the maintenance and growth of different cultural traditions.

In taking the needs of individuals of ethnic origin seriously and through genuinely developing our multi-cultural society, Labor policy will be for the benefit of all Territorians and will greatly further social

cohesion and equality. The provision of such services by a Labor Government is seen as an obligation, not an option.

A Labor Government will


1. Expand the existing translator and interpreter services for non-English speaking persons and encourage the use of these by Government depart-ments and voluntary agencies in the N.T.

2.. Expand multi-lingual and bi-lingual personnel in all Government departments and services which are available for all N.T. citizens.


3. Encourage the development of ethnic radio and T.V. in the N.T. to provide entertainment, news and information and a forum for both individual and community viewpoints for people of ethnic origin. Such media use will provide the whole community with a diversity of cultural aspects.


4. Disseminate multi-lingual information in many areas, particularly in those of health, law, employment, in the N.T.

5. In consultation with management and unions develop comprehensive strategies to overcome the problems of a multi-cultural workforce covering such matters as safety practices and workers compensation.

6. Ensure that public libraries in the N.T. have a range of books in different languages to enable individuals to maintain their cultures.


7. Provide multi-lingual signs in public places in the N.T.


8. Develop the self-help process in all ethnic communit-ies by encouraging increased continuity and autonomy.


9. Develop mechanisms for greater communication so that people of ethnic origin throughout the N.T. can voice their needs and changing priorities and can be kept informed of government initiatives.

10. Develop stronger links between ethnic groups and voluntary welfare services so they can more effectively meet the needs of a large sector of the community, and in particular, ethnic aged, women and handicapped.

11. Fund and sufficiently support the Ethnic Communities Council in Darwin so that it is able to conduct its own affairs and allow the different spokesmen to effectively have a voice.


12. Ensure that the racial and cultural differences be incorporated into the education system and foster a wide and sensitive understanding of ethnic groups through

(i) developing policies and programmes in schools, which involve all children and not just those of non-English speaking parents;

(ii) providing incentives to schools to establish ethnic studies programmes, increased language courses, and the employment of bilingual staff.

(iii) developing strategies to ensure that schools are more accessible to non-English speaking persons.

13. Encourage employers to conduct English courses for non-English speaking employees.

14. Provide childcare facilities for parents attending Adult Migrant Education classes.




The Australian Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that the areas of social welfare and health are complementary, both aiming to provide an environment in which. the individual is given the opportunity to develop his or her personal abilities to their maximum potential.

Labor's social policy will provide for the participation of all people in the planning and provision of local health and welfare services. Labor acknowledges that non-government agencies and community groups can make a

positive contribution, particularly by expanding the range of services and methods of delivery, and by encouraging innovation.

The Australian Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that all people have a right of access to emergency medical care, social welfare, and preventive health services and as far as possible this should not

be limited by financial or geographical factors.

n HF.AT.TH .

A Labor Government will

1. Administer health services in such a way as to encourage regionalisation of those services and community participation in their management.

2. Provide adequate hospital services to meet the needs of the community.

3. Promote community health care by

(i) Providing Community Health Centres for primary medical care. Pressure on hospital casualty and outpatient depart-ments will also be reduced by expanded domiciliary support services.'

(ii) Shifting the emphasis of all services from the treatment of disease to the maintenance of good health by giving higher priority to preventive and

rehabilitative programs at community level.

(iii) Encouraging co-operation between Government and private medical services.

(iv) Rationalising and decentralising para-medical resources.

(v) Developing programs to raise health consciousness in the community.

(vi) Encouraging delegation of administration



and planning in Community Health Centres to the local staff and the community.

4. Encourage the provision of child-minding facilities for staff and out-patients at Health Centres and hospitals.

5. Where possible provide health centres and hospitals with live-in facilities for parents of small children who are in-patients.

6. Family delivery units will be provided in Community Health Centres as and when possible.

7. Fully support free school dental services. Specially trained dental therapists will be provided for this purpose.

8. Provide dietitians to consult with school authorities to develop educational programs in nutrition and to encourage the sale of wholesome food at school canteens.

9. Will ensure that Health training in the Northern Territory is primarily concerned with provision of personnel for Community and Rural Health Services.

10. Provide in-service training for medical and para-medical personnel, because of the special problems of isolation.


It has long been recognised that the Aboriginal health profile corresponds more to that of an under-developed country than to that of the general Australian population. High infant mortality, depressed life expectancy and a

lack of access to health services which most Australians take for granted are a fact of life for many Aboriginal citizens of the Northern Territory. Labor asserts that this inequality in what is perceived by most Australians as a basic right cannot be allowed to continue.

11. Provide, within the Northern Territory Health Department, an Aboriginal Health Unit to cater for the special problems of the Aboriginal communities.

12. Ensure health services to Aboriginal communities are provided by persons acceptable to those communities.

13. Give priority to the provision of adequate environmental facilities for Aboriginals - clean water, sanitation, and shelter - as these are of prime importance in improving their health care.


14. Expand programmes of training for Aboriginal health workers who will work in their own communities.

15. Fund research into Aboriginal health problems and particularly the Aboriginal perception of health and the application of traditional Aboriginal medicine.

16. Within the procedure guidelines ensure the regular delivery of health services to the outstations.


17.. Review existing Northern Territory legislation, in particular the Social Welfare Ordinance and the Child Welfare Ordinance, with a view to replacement by a new Community welfare Ordinance, which will be based on modern social welfare attitudes and

specifically designed for Northern Territory conditions.

18. Ensure that sufficient staff are appointed to administer the ordinance.

19. Decentralise the administration of Social Welfare in the Northern Territory to provide a better service to rural communities, based on an understanding of local needs.

20. Investigate new methods of delivery of welfare services in co-operation with the Federal Government, e.g. one-stop social welfare centres, as recommended by the Royal Commission on Australian Government Administration.

21. Specially advertise information about welfare services and benefits in the Northern Territory, e.g. multi-lingual pamphlets will be produced and widely distributed.

22. On charges levied by the Northern Territory Government, apply a system of concessional rebates to recipients of Social Welfare Benefits, where appropriate.

23. Emphasise the provision of adequate child care services including family day care schemes, for all those requiring them, in co-operation with local Government and voluntary agencies.

.24. Encourage educational institutions in the Northern • Territory, in particular the Community Colleges, to incorporate in their programmes, training courses in child care, child health and welfare.

25. Provide a comprehensive and co-ordinated system of homes, day centres, foster homes, etc., for the custody and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. --


26. Establish a Family Affairs Unit within the Department of Community Welfare. The office will serve as an information and referral centrefor family problems, baby bashing, domesticassaults and other matters referred to it bydoctors, clinics, police, the Women's Centreand other agencies such as the Good NeighbourCouncil and the Marriage Guidance Council.27. Press the Federal Government to grant the district allowance as that received by Governmentemployees to all registered pensioners.E. RECREATI ON:28. Undertake planning and research to develop and implement programmes, for sport, physical fitness,community recreation and youth affairs, includingthe training and encourageme nt of Recreation Officers, in order to ensure that as far as possible.all residents of the Territory have greater accessto a wide range of recreationa l opportunities.29. Work towards a more equitable distribution of sporting and recreation al facilities.30.- Institute and promote special recreational andremedial programmes for the mentally, physicallyor emotionally handicapped.31. Provide playground and sporting facilities in areaswith significant juvenile populations. and youthofficers will be appointed to supervise and developthese facilities.




Housing is a basic necessity of life and all Territorians must have equal opportunity of obtaining adequate housing at a price within their means and of a standard at least equal to that generally available in other parts of Aust-

ralia. Urban housing estates must be so planned as to have ready access to employment, public transport, community services, health resources, cultural and recreational facilities and other amenities.

An ample supply of housing must be available if the population is to be stabilised and rentals and sales prices reduced to acceptable levels.


A Labor Government will:

1. Implement policies to ensure that all Territorians regardless of race, colour, creed, sex, marital status or occupation have access to housing of an adequate and acceptable standard and at a price they can afford with priority given to low-income groups.

2. Institute public housing programmes aimed at increas-ing the supply of housing and thus stabilising the population.

3. Introduce legislation to reform the law of tenancy.

4. Re-examine Housing Commission Sales Schemes whereby houses are sold to low-income tenants with a view to offering houses for sale at market value at concessional interest rates.

5. Investigate the introduction of alternatives to the standard fixed rate level payment mortgage instrument with a view to accommodating the different needs and anticipated income patterns of consumers, and to

increasing access to house ownership.

6. Carry out an urgent review of conveyancing costs and real estate agents' commissions to establish a cheaper and more effective system of conveyancing (than that presently existing).

7. Support the establishment of refuges for the shelter of the homeless.

8. Ensure, that provision is made in public housing programmes for the construction of houses of various styles and designs to take account of preferences in life styles and to provide the best possible standards of amenities and comfort consistent with climatic conditions.


Foster research into the types of housing best suited to the climatic conditions of the Territory and into sociological and other aspects of housing in the


10. Ensure that future urban sub-divisions consist of blocks of a sufficient minimum size to cater for a variety of housing styles.

11. Encourage the use in public housing programmes of energy-saving devices such as solar water heating systems.

39 .



The Northern Territory Labor Party's Industrial Relations Policy places human rights and values first and provides for the development of full human dignity in the industrial sphere. It emphasises the right of full employment; real economic justice; freedom and security;' the right of employees to just and favourable working conditions: and freedom to choose employment.

It decrees a proper share in the nation's productivity and asserts the right of all persons ready, willing and able to work, to a living standard for themselves and their dependents commensurate with modern concepts and national prosperity.

Labor supports the principle of equal pay for equal work of equal value.

Labor believes that standards laid down in International Labor Organisation Conventions, as ratified by the Australian Government, should, where applicable, be adopted as minimum standards for workers in the Northern Territory.

Labor further believes that there is no useful purpose to be served at this stage by the Northern Territory establishing its own Conciliation and Arbitration machinery, because it regards the Conciliation and Arbitration Act as the appropriate body to deal with

industrial matters within its charter.

The Labor Party.also recognises the need for the continual training of tradespeople, and believes that apprenticeship training as being equal in value to other forms of post-school education.

A Labor Government will


1. Establish a Department of Labour and Industry which will group together all of the present assorted and scattered branches which are responsible for health, safety and welfare in the workplace, and which will give priority to the following matters:

(i) Introduce legislation to make provisions with respect to the minimum terms and conditions of employment of Northern Territory workers not covered by an award, determination, or agreement, made under

the Conciliation and Arbitration Act.

(ii) Introduce legislation which will incorporate

the principles of worker participation contained in the national Platform, including worker representation on Statutory Boards and the re-structuring and re-design of jobs to widen the area of workers decision-making at the production level, and will seek-to implement the principles of worker participation amongst its own employees.

(iii)_, Investigate the feasibility of job-sharing amongst its own employees who would be willing to participate in such a scheme.

(iv) After a full enquiry involving trade unions and employers, replace the present Northern Territory Workers' Compensation Act with appropriate legislation to provide maximum benefits to those people injured in the course of their employment, or who suffer disability or illness arising out of their employment.

(v) Establish a permanent Committee of government, employer, trade union and representatives of the medical profession whose function shall be to recommend necessary legislation for the enforcement of occupational, health, welfare f

and safety standards; and will legislate to ensure that all employers, including the Crown, are bound by the legislation.

(vi) Establish an Industrial Training Commission which will be responsible for all forms of industrial training, and which will be representative of the trade union movement and


(vii) Ensure that all departments and instrumentalities of the government maintain a proper quota of apprentices in training, and provide adequate subsidisation of training to ensure that wages equal work value.

(viii) Review the current system of contracting and sub-contracting of work on behalf of the Government.

(ix) (a) Amend long service leave provisions to provide for pro-rata payments on termination to employees who have completed no less than five (5) years' continuous service; such provisions to be supervised by a long service leave board, or other government body.


(b) Investigate the need to legislate for continued periods of service in an industry to be accrued for long service leave entitlements.

(x) Introduce legislation to provide for the control of the payment of wages.


2. Establish an Industrial Relations Advisory Council comprised of government, employer, and trade union representatives who will regularly confer, investigate and advise on all industrial and associated matters.

3. Take action to eliminate discrimination in employment.

4. When economic conditions permit, standardise working hours so that all government employees work the same number of ordinary hours per fortnight.

5. Make every effort to employ handicapped persons and will encourage industry to provide similar employment opportunities.

6. Support the payment of adult rates to employees over the age of 18 years.

7. Investigate the removal from all acts and regulations • provisions which allow employees to be dismissed when

charged or convicted of certain offences.

8. Ensure that neither its facilities nor those of its instrumentalities are used to reinforce private' industry opposition to union claims for improved wages and conditions.

9. Provide for paternity and maternity leave.

10. Legislate to provide for the special needs of women in the workforce.

11. Establish a Committee to evaluate technological change and its effect on the work-force.




The Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that Legal Aid should be administered and funded by a National office.

However should the responsibility for the supply of Legal Aid "services fall to the Territory Government, Labor believes that all who require legal representation but who are unable to pay from their own resources should have such service.

Labor also believes that reforms are necessary to protect the community from 'white collar' crime.


Therefore, a Labor Government will

1. In the event of assuming responsibility for Legal Aid, ensure sufficient funding for the provision of legal representation to all who need such a service and who are unable to pay from their own

resources; where possible such representation will be the applicant's choice.

2. At the discretion of the Commission or the Director, extend aid to group actions without review by Cabinet.

3. Consider extending aid to permit investigations of Administrative abuses for the purpose of representations to tribunals of administrative review.


4. Strengthen the Criminal Investigation of the Northern Territory Police with personnel who are trained and experienced in the detection of fraud.

5. Legislate to make Professional Indemnity cover compulsory for legal and medical practitioners, insurance and real estate agents.

6. Legislate to provide for interest at bank rates to apply on all successful claims brought in the Courts; such interest to be calculated on the whole of the claim, and to be dated from the date of filing of process.



7. Investigate a scheme to compensate policy holders who suffer loss as a result of the insolvency of an insurer.

8. Legislate to prevent insurers avoiding claims for breach of "Basis of Contract" clause, or on the grounds of an innocent non-disclosure or an innocent material misrepresentat

ion made by the


9. Legislate to prevent insurers relying on a breach of a term in a policy where that breach neither caused nor contributed to the loss in respect of which the insured seeks indemnity.

10. Legislate to make insurers responsible for the acts of their employees and agents irrespective of the principles of vicarious liability and agency.

11. Legislate to ensure that averaging provisions shall not apply to houseowners and contents insurers: the right of referral of disputes to court will not be avoided by a condition precedent in insurance policies.

12 'Reverse the common law right of an insurer to bring action by way of subrogation against a negligent employee.


13. Ensure that in any Northern Territory Court of Law a statement by a juvenile be inadmissable unless:

(i) Every reasonable effort had been made to give the parent or guardian of that child the opportunity to be present at the time the statement was given;

(ii) And, if no parent or guardian was in attendance that another adult, chosen by the child, was present at the time the statement was given.



A. INTRODUCTION The N.T. Labor Party believes that a comprehensive public library service is essential in order to provide for the educational and recreational needs of all- Northern Territory residents, and to allow for the collection and housing of historical materials for the benefit of Territorians of the future. A library collection should be seen to include not only printed works but also audio-visual-materials of all types.


1. Establish a Northern Territory Library Board to provide and manage library services in the Northern Territory. The Board will be responsible for the provision of:

(a) Public Library services to all parts of the community.

(b) State-type reference library services for the public and to commerce and industry.

(c) Library and information services to departments within the government.

(d) Services to Legislature and to the Judiciary.

(e) Storage, acquisition and management of Northern Territory Archival material.

2. Promote co-operation between educational libraries and Public Library services at all levels, and if possible provide combined services through shared facilities and staff.

3. Encourage the Darwin Community College to provide suitable educational programmes for professional librarians, teacher librarians and technicians.

4. Provide a central public library building in Darwin to house the Territory collection.

5. Ensure that sufficient professional staff are employed to upgrade the existing library service and to maintain a high standard in the future.

6. Investigate the provision of a mobile library service for the benefit of house-bound persons in urban centres and residents of isolated areas, including aboriginal communities.

7. Provide adequate facilities for people with special needs, e.g .members of ethnic minorities and people with slight impairments.




Local government is of great importance because it is the government closest to the people, and as such is the form of government in which the immediate

democratic social requirements of the local community can be best achieved.

Local government should be as open as possible, and its representatives above reproach.

Local government should do all it can to stimulate community participation in solving the many local social problems which exist in our society. For the good of the community it should encourage community

based programs such as the development of public awareness on hygiene and environmental matters.

A Labor Government will -B. FINANCE

1. Assist local government in its efforts to gain access to the Australian Grants Commission, and membership of the Loans Council.

2. Provide finance to local government for the acquisition of special facilities - especially with regard to welfare and recreational programs. c

3. Provide, if necessary, funds to finance an efficient and accessible public library service for all Territorians; this service to be administered by local government authorities.

• 4. Ensure that local governments have the finance to undertake programs in environmental protection and hygiene.


5. Ensure that all Councillors are reimbursed for .out-of-pocket expenses and reasonable remuneration of wages when involved in Council services.

6. Encourage maximum public participation by passing. legislation to provide that all Council meetings are held in the evening.

7. Legislate so that Councillors disclose all pecuniary interests of themselves and their immediate family.

8. Legislate for the optional preferential system to apply to elections.

9. Legislate to have elections run by the Australian Electoral Office.


10. Ensure that where a Council uses the ward system as the basis for its r epresentation, then the boundaries of such wards should, as far as possible,., be based on the same boundaries that are usedfor the Legislative Assembly elections.D. GENERAL11. Ensure that as far as possible, all labouremployed by local government authorities isemployed as the Council's permanent workforce,and that the use of contract labour is discouraged.12. Widely publicise the r esponsibilities of local government authorities.13. Review the Northern Territory Local GovernmentOrdinance in order to eliminate its presentdeficincies and to bring it into line withmodern Territory needs and wishes.14. Ensure proper involvement of local governmentauthorities in Town Planning consultation anddecision making within local municipalities.15. Negotiate with the Nabalco partners to providethat from 1981 the Nhulunbuy Town Board shall becomprised of eight popularly elected members plus the Town Administrator.




Labor accepts that the gambling industry should be taxed to provide revenue for the government.

However, such taxes as are levied must be equitable and capable of being efficiently colleted.


A Labor Government will:

1. Abolish turnover tax because it is an inequitable and inefficient tax.

2. Introduce a boommakers' fielding tax which will be set at a reasonable level.

3. Fairly distribute a proportion of revenue gained from fielding tax amongst Territory race clubs, charities, amateur sporting bodies, and non-profit clubs.

4. Allow casinos to be established in Northern Territory centres only after consultation with the people in those centres. In addition to a tax on casinos, a further percentage of the profit will beset aside to establish an agency to monitor the social effects of casinos and to take mitigating action where • required.

5. Not introduce a Totalizator Agency Board to the • Territory.





Although MINERALS and ENERGY are separate policies, the NT Labor Party believes that by their nature there is a relationship between the two areas, and that the two policies should work parallel to each other.

As an emerging State, the development of minerals is vital to the needs of the Northern Territory, and there is a need to maintain an independent approach.

Mineral exploration will be encouraged by legislation so that all mineral explorers may depend upon developing mineral resources that they may discover.

A Labor Government in the NT will encourage secondary processing in the Territory of minerals mined in the Territory, by legislating to ensure that secondary

processing flows on from production, thus gaining maximum employment opportunities and maximum income to the Northern Territory.


A Labor Government will

1. Incorporate in its complementary land rights legislation the principle that Aboriginal and Island people shall have the right to refuse permission for mining on their land, or to impose conditions under which mining may proceed; such refusals and/or conditions would require an Act of Parliament to be overturned.

2. Where development of any mineral source was considered to be in the best interests of the Territory or the Nation but was being delayed by an inability on the part of developers and .Aborigines or their representatives to agree on

terms, allow for either party to ask for the appointment of a Supreme Court Judge to arbitrate.

3. Have the right to appoint a Judge of the Supreme Court to arbitrate where the inability to reach an agreement persists, and where no application for the appointment of an Arbitrator is forthcoming.

4. Ensure that the decision of the Judge shall bind the Crown and its instrumentalities.

5. Insist that job opportunities be available to those Aboriginals seeking work, and that training schemes are established by the developers of major projects.


Ensure that mineral deposits are not being purposely tied up by examining mining tenements every three years.



7. Enlarge present policy areas and establish new policy areas to cover past intensive mining locations; exploration licences will not be granted over these areas.

8. Upgrade public batteries to provide a continual service to prospectors and small syndicates.


9. Encourage foreign companies to join in mineral explor-ation, but will enforce a minimum of 50% Australian equity of mineral development with the exception of uranium, where development of discoveries made after

1977 shall be 100% owned.


10. Ensure that permanent mining communities in the Northern Territory have schools, hospitals and other community facilities.

11. Ensure that the publication of mining notices includes a map showing clearly the location of the lease or claim.


The Northern Territory Branch of the Australian Labor Party endorses the resolutions on uranium of the 32nd Federal ALP Conference, which in particular expresses the view that the Australian Government should refuse to allow the mining, processing, use or export of Australian uranium reserves

until such time as there is conclusive evidence of:

(a) The operational safety of nuclear power and processing plants.

(b) The satisfactory provision for disposal of nuclear wastes.

(c) The other reservations as to its use contained in the first report of Mr. lustice Fox (Ranger Enquiry).

(d) That satisfactory arrangements have been made to overcome any of the environmental hazards of mining which may be peculiar to the proposed development in the Alligator Rivers area.

The Northern Territory Branch of the Australian Labor Party recognises, however, that non-Labor Governments have permitted the mining and processing of uranium in the Northern Territory. Therefore a Northern Territory Labor Government will:


12. Implement control of the highest level of health and safety standards for those persons involved in the mining, processing, transport and export of uranium.

13. Legislate to implement controls for the highest level of environmental protection.

14. Ensure that the Northern Territory is not used as a dumping ground for nuclear wastes.


The Northern Territory Labor Party recognises the . potential for development of the Northern Territory's agricultural, horticultural, pastoral and fishing industries and that such development will -

increase the economic viability of the whole community;

enable provision of improved services and facilities;

reduce local living costs;

allow continuation of the diverse living styles and requirements of our people..

Labor further recognises that instability in primary production, prices and incomes has far reaching effects which impose heavy costs on primary producers, country communities, and on consumers and the economy as a whole.

Labor believes that higher rainfall areas can be developed to help meet world demand for food, fibre and energy, thus providing significant export revenue. Labor further believes that the Territory's knowledge of tropical agronomy, soil conservation and fisheries

resources is still inadequate and a substantially up-graded research effort is required.

Labor's aim then is to ensure effective and balanced development of our food resources so that the producer receives a proper return and the consumer receives quality produce at fair prices.

Labor believes that a government is obliged to help develop long-term solutions to the destructive cyclical problems that frequently behest the cattle .industry, and recognises the urgent need for a viable

price stablisation mechanism to provide financial stability for producers.

Consequently a Labor Government will

where necessary, pass complementary legislation to support an Australian-wide marketing and stabilisation board.

support and encourage beef producers to establish their own stabilisation scheme.

participate in such a scheme in an emergency.


2. Establish a Pastoral Industry Standing Committee with representatives from the producers, processors, relevant unions and the government, which will investigate problems within the industry, and address the government as to solutions.

3. Introduce an objective carcass classification scheme at the earliest opportunity.

4. Legislate, if necessary, to prevent discrimination by abattoir operaters against the smaller producers.

5. Accelerate the tuberculosis and brucellosis eradication campaign and increase maximum compensation payments for infected cattle.

6. Provide direct financial support for improved pastures and noxious weed eradication programmes.

7. Accelerate the release of Crown Land for intensive pastoral activity and generally investigate and encourage more intensive development, particularly of the Top End.

8. Subsidise the cost of erecting grids and fences in declared closer settlement regions.

9. Seek removal of the South Australian inspection levy imposed on carcass meat from the Territory.

10. Monitor closely the operations of the Katherine abattoir to ensure its viability, efficiency and availability to all producers and if necessary exercise a degree of control and in the extreme, purchase the abattoir for use as a service abattoir to be operated by a management committee consisting of producer, union, and government representatives.

11. Investigate the desirability of lengthening the killing season and methods of effecting this. e.g., the establishment of holding and fattening paddocks in close proximity to abattoirs.


12. Encourage the development of agricultural, horticultural and market garden industries by

(i) Where practicable, purchasing all government requirements from local growers selling either directly or through Growers Co-operatives.

(ii) Encourage Growers Co-operatives through the provision of low interest establishment loans.


(iii) Institute a feasibility study of irrigated farming on the Katherine, Adelaide River,Finnis River area and Daly River farm areas and provide the necessary infrastructureif the feasibility study shows that this isrequired.(iv) Acting immediately to delineate the Alice Springs farm area and providing tenure forthe farmers.(v) Introducing transport policies which will provide the opportunity to export to Asianmarkets.D. FISHING13. In areas other than prawning and barramundi fishing(where local operators should be protected) seek to exploit our 200 mile economic zone by promotingthe development of joint ventures between localand overseas fishing concerns.14. Where possible, ensure that such joint venturearrangements be subject to overseas market accessfor other Northern Territory primary produce.15. Initiate research to delineate our total fisheriesresources.16. Introduce, when necessary, measures to prevent over exploitation of our fisheries resources.17. Provide financial assistance to local fishing concerns to enable them to utilise technologicaladvances in equipment and fishing methods.18. Promote further expansion of local processingincluding,°if feasible, the establishment of acannery.E. DAIRYING19. In the belief that a concerted effort should bemade to reintroduce dairying in the Top End,(i) Undertake a feasibility study into the establishment of a full-scale commercialindustry designed to meet Territory demand.(ii) As part of that feasibility study provide financial and technical assistance for theestablishment of a pilot farm.(iii) If the pilot farm results are encouraging,ensure development finance is made availablefor other farmers with proven dairyingexperience.


F. RESEARCH 20. Provide the necessary funds for a substantial upgrading of the D.P.I's research facilities.

21. Ensure the appointment of more agronomists with practical knowledge of tropical conditions.

22. Promote research into the production, storage, processing and distribution of new crops that would increase and diversify agricultural incomes.


23. Provide more liberal allowances for the education of children living in isolated areas.

24. Develop the Katherine Rural College to provide an extensive range of agricultural training, particularly in the areas of property and financial management, marketing techniques. tropical horticulture and agronomy, and general farming skills.

24. Extend the provision of mobile art, craft, music and library services for rural students.


26. Negotiate with the Federal authorities to introduce equitable telephone charges for the whole of the Territory.

27. Agitate for the upgrading of Territory radio reception by arranging installation of the necessary equipment to provide a domestic short wave service.

28. Take immediate action to lower Workers Compensation Premiums, and will introduce a more efficient scheme.

29. Seek to lower freight costs by negotiating with the Federal Government firstly for the construction of the Alice Springs-Darwin rail link and secondly for the removal of sales tax on the freight component of goods imported from the States to the Territory.

30. Review all aspects of forestry resources and operations to ensure their more effective utilisation.

31. Throughout the Territory, maintain a policy of balanced development of public works and services.



32. Expand the role of the Territory Development Corporation to allow it to provide greater financial, technical, and management assistance for primary producers.

33. Promote development of energy and industrial crops.



The Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that a responsibility is owed by all levels of Government and by all citizens of the Northern Territory toward material

which comprises the "National Estate". For the purposes, of this policy document the "National Estate" comprises' places or sites either natural or man-made which have special significance for the present community and for

future generations by virtue of aesthetic, historic, scientific or social significance or other special values. Thus, natural areas, archaelogical and Aboriginal sites, historic buildings, areas and structures are included, but moveable objects such as material in museums and archival collections are excluded. However, the int

er-relationship between areas and sites of National

Estate value on the one hand and moveable items on the other should be recognised and fostered.


A Labor Government will

1. Establish a Northern Territory Heritage Committee, the membership of which shall include representatives of relevant Government departments, as well as of the general community; the Committee shall

(r) Furnish advice and comment in respect of matters affecting the National Estate.

(ii) Initiate and sponsor programmes of identification, research, education, conservation, presentation and enhancement of the National Estate.

(iii) Advise on and monitor financial assistance programmes in respect of National Estate initiatives.

(iv) Advise, assist and co-ordinate all matters affecting the National Estate.

(v) Establish a register of places which are deemed to comprise the National Estate.


2. Require all Government departments and agencies to make thorough investigations before taking any step that may be detrimental to any element of the National Estate.


3. Require all Government departments and agencies to deal sympatheticall y and expertly with those materials in their custody.


4. Assist with appropriate conservation, preservation and enhancement of the National Estate.

5. Co-operate with community organisations within the Territory and with bodies such as the Australian Heritage Commission, Institute of Aboriginal Studies, and academic institutions,

to ensure that the best available expertise is applied to National Estate programmes within the Territory.

6. Foster and encourage the work of community groups such as the National Trust and the Environment Council.

7. Enter into special arrangements with private owners to alleviate cost burdens and make it feasible for private owners of the National Estate to continue with that private ownership.

8. Foster programmes that are aimed at increasing the community's awareness of the need to care for the National Estate.




Labor believes that a strong manufacturing industry is necessary for the achievement of our primary objective of full employment.

The manufacturing sector is experiencing and will continue to experience serious problems which are exemplified in declining employment. The causes of these problems are complex.

There are no simple solutions. However government can and should influence both the pattern and direction of change. Industrial development policy must be re-oriented towards an interventionist policy which assists industry to become more competitive.

A Labor Government will


1. Ensure that adequate supplies of serviced industrial sites are available for the encourage nt and establishment of secondary industries.

2. Investigate the provision of taxation concessions and other financial incentives to encourage development of appropriate industries.

3. Undertake an aggressive and continuous programme to find and develop markets both in Australia and overseas - particularly in South-East Asia.

4. Establish a Small Business Advisory Bureau to assist small business to operate efficiently.

5. Publish an Industrial Gazette as a means of promoting communication both within the business community and between business and government.

6. Subject to environmental impact studies and the necessary controls and safeguards push for maximum development of mineral processing and refining plant in the Northern Territory so that full economic advantage is derived from our mineral • resources. •

7. Negotiate with Nabalco Pty. Ltd. to establish an alumina smelter in the Northern Territory. .



The Labor Party in the Northern Territory believes that Sport and Recreation are means of helping Territorians get more out of life. Labor believes that sport and recreation have an equal right to Government support and

attention with the Arts; both can make a tremendous contribution to the quality of our life.

Therefore a Labor Government will


1. Encourage participation in, and assist in the development of, every type of recreation by assisting with providing adequate finance.

2. Establish a Sport and Recreation Advisory Council to

(a) advise the Minister on sporting and recreational needs and priorities;

(b) co-ordinate the efforts of various sporting bodies and organisations to achieve more I effective development of facilities and administration.

3. Improve employees' industrial lives by encouraging managements to provide facilities for sport and recreation.

4. Encourage the development of regional sports and recreational complexes.

5. Instigate a programme to improve the availability of sporting facilities to schools and alternatively maximising community use of school facilities.

6. Initiate action to co-ordinate the efforts of various sporting bodies and organisations to achieve more effective development of facilities and administration.

7. Encourage a wider community usage of existing community sports.and recreational facilities.

8. Where there is a proven need, provide financial assistance to clubs and organisations that are engaged in meeting community sporting and recreational programmes.



Labor believes that the tourist industry in the Northern Territory is of considerable significance and deserves greater recognition as such. Tourism is a major stimulus to sustained growth in many Territory centres, and can make a valuable contribution to regional development and decentralisation.

Labor recognises the special characteristics of the tourist industry in that it is labour intensive and provides opportunities for employment.

Tourism is important as a vehicle to foster and develop the community's knowledge of the Territory as well as the Australian heritage.

Labor believes that proper interpretive facilities are an essential tool in the education of tourists and in the management and control of tourism in natural areas.

The unique and natural beauty of the Territory should be available, as a general rule, to all Australians and over-seas visitors to enjoy provided that the enjoyment is not to the detriment of local cultures or to the environment.

A Labor Government will:


1. Upgrade the present Northern Territory Tourist Board to the status of a Tourist Commission which will among other things:

(i) Continue to carry out the roll and function of the present Tourist Board.

(ii) Promote the Northern Territory as a tourist attraction throughout those areas which present the best market.

(iii) Undertake research programmes into training, staffing, travel and accommodation and other relevant aspects of the tourist industry in conjunction with the Australian Tourist Commission.

.(iv) Implement and develop suitable training programmes for the provision of skilled staff for all facets of the Tourist industry.

(v) Establish and administer a series of government-owned tourist hostels in areas where there is at present no alternative accommodation. It is proposed that these hostels will be run along • the lines of youth hostels.


15. Ensure that Aboriginal interests are fully taken into account in any development plans.

16. Ensure adequate and proper consultation with all tourist operators and other interested bodies on current and future development plans within the National Parks.

17. Ensure proper environmental safeguards are provided for in development plans.

18. Seek joint Government management of Kakadu and Uluru National Parks by the A.N.P.W.S. and the T.P.W.C. for the time being.




Public transport is a social service like education or health rather than a potentially profit-making enterprise. Its greatest value lies in making life more convenient, diversified and satisfying.

Public transport also remains the only menas of transport for many people, particularly women, the aged, the young, the poor and the handicapped. It is also a vital alternative for the single-car family.

Transport systems and services should not be solely determined by market forces, but should be designed to maximise social profit to the community.

Accordingly, Labor's transport policy is designed to develop safe, coordinated, efficient, low cost travel compatible with the way people wish to live in organised communities, to reduce the isolation of

non-urban areas, and provide ready access to goods and services.

A Labor Government will


Promote public discussion and participation in the provision of transport services.


2. Immediately begin a study into the feasibility of re-opening the North Australia Railway from the Darwin River Dam to Darwin to provide a commuter rail service.

3. Set up a special committee to look at alternative transport modes, with a view to producing the most energy efficient, economical and pollution free urban public transport systems for the Territory.

In promoting the use of alternative transport modes, legislate for future subdivisional plans to provide for safe corridors for bicycle riders, and establish cycle paths in existing areas.

5. Investigate development of a 'park and drive' system of express bus travel from suburban areas of Darwin, such buses to be Government owned.

Review the present timetabling arrangements and routing for the public bus service so that people are not disadvantaged. This may involve the introduction of mini-bus services for off peak

times including evenings and weekends.



• 7. Pressure the Federal Government to improve and upgrade major interstate highways of the N.T. such as the Stuart Highway, so that they reach national highways standard.


8. Pressure the Federal Government to renew its commitment to a standard gauge rail link between Darwin and Alice Springs and move for its construction as soon as possible.


9. Move to develop Darwin as a land backed bulk handling port with modern facilities linked to the standard gauge railway, for the import and export of goods with specific regard to our neighbours.


10. Implement a public enquiry into the provision of air services within the Territory with a view to providing more efficient and regular services.

11. Move for the restructuring of air fares so that residents of the Territory are able to take advantage of the same sort of discounts as residents of other states.


12. Establish a roads safety and standards authority to promote research into road safety and effective road safety campaigns.

13. Construct underpasses or overpasses at critical points on major urban road routes and put lights on pedestrian crossings where necessary.

14. Standardise all road/traffic control devices within the Territory.


15. Ensure that rural roads be adequately maintained and upgraded where necessary.


16. Enforce legislation to ensure that vehicles in . permanent use in the Northern Territory shall be registered in accordance with Northern Territory legislation.




The Labor Party believes that physical planning in urban centres should allow people to have a choice of work-place and transport, and should take into account the social preferences of those concerned. The Labor Party further

believes that town planning should cater for a diversity' of life styles.

Therefore, a Labor Government will -


1. Ensure that physical planning in both urban and regional areas is implemented with a view to allowing maximum enjoyment of the physical environment whilst at the same time protecting areas of environmental and conservation concern.

2. Will encourage active participation by those people affected by planning proposals, including consultation at the early stages of formulation; groups and organisations will be invited to assist

in the formulation of planning proposals before the statutory exhibition period for such proposals. The right to object to planning proposals will be extended to all residents of the urban centre


3. Introduce legislation to provide for the just compensation of persons who are injuriously affected or suffer loss of property value through planning actions initiated by the government.

4. Ensure that the special needs of hanicapped people are recognised in physical planning design.

5. Ensure that the special needs of those who rely on public transport are recognised by providing an efficient public transport service.

6. Ensure that bicycle paths are included in the design of all new residential subdivisions, and will investigate the feasibility of providing bicycle paths in existing subdivisions.

7. Ensure that physical design incorporates features that will maximise road safety.

8. Implement policies that will reduce the price of urban land. For example the current method of auctioning urban land will be abandoned in favour of a system where potential buyers will be wait

listed and offered land at its development cost. r


9. Introduce legislation to establish a Planning Appeals Board that will enable objectors of being heard by an impartial body. If modelled on the Small Claims Court, for example, the Board would be

a judicial entity, and would save any objectors further inconveniences, legal procedures and fees.

10. Encourage decentralization within the Northern Territory, particularly with regard to Katherine.,

11. Implement policies that will make land more available for permanent settlement.



The Labor Party believes that all women should have equal opportunit y in all aspects of society. The Labor Party will introduce legislation to abolish discrimination and guarantee

equality of opportunit y and give encouragement and support

to women within those areas which cannot be governed by such legislation.

Therefore a Labor Government will


1. Introduce a Sex Discrimination Act that will promote equality of opportunit y between men and warren and will make unlawful discriminatio

n on the grounds of a persons

sex, sexuality, marital or cohabitationa l status.

The Act will encompass specificall y but not exclusively

the areas of:

(i) Employment

(ii) Education

(iii) Recreation

(iv) Goods and services

(v) Advertising

(vi) Victimisation of persons asserting their rights under the Act.

2. Establish a Sex Discrimination Board to oversee the requirement s of the Act.



Encourage males to become involved in early childhood education.

4. Provide education to migrant and Aboriginal women that will be cognizant of and sympathetic to their unique needs and problems.

5. Provide courses to enable young people to understand themselves better and thus be able to make informed choices leading to more stable responsible relationships.


6. Encourage and support women to take an active part at local, Territory and Federal levels of the Labor Party.



Support establishment of and, where necessary providing funding for, women's health centres, rape crisis centres and women's refuges.

8. Ensure that funding of family planning associations is maintained.


9. Strive to ensure that adequate counselling services are .made available, especially for women in isolated areas.


10. Amend laws relating to rape in an effort to minimise traumas suffered by rape victims.

11. Review laws relating to sexual offences to reflect changing community attitudes.

12. Recognise that sexual assault within marriage is a crime and legislate accordingly. No-one should have the right to compel sexual submission from another person.

n. cu n I- n,.•n..m_

11. Promote equal opportunity for women entering and

re-entering the work force,: including the establish-ment of re-training programmes where necessary.

12. Support the establishment of child-minding centres close to those places of high employment that may have such a need.


13. Appoint a Women's Adviser who will be responsible to the Leader of the Government; such a position to be within the N.T. Public Service.


14. Ensure that contraception is freely available to all.

15. Liberalise existing laws to make abortion a matter of choice for the woman.


16. Co-operate with unions to encourage female union members to participate fully in union activities.

69 .




1. The Name of the Party shall be "The Australian Labor Party Northern Territory Branch" (hereinafter called "the N.T. Branch").


2. In accordance with the principles of action, methods and progressive reforms set out in the Platform of the Australian Labor Party as amended from time to time, the objective of the N.T. Branch shall be the democratic socialisation of industry, production, distribution and exchange to the extent necessary to eliminate exploitation and other anti-social features in those fields.


3. The N.T. Branch shall consist of affiliated unions of workers having a formal structure in the Northern Territory, branches, and other affiliated organisaticns, hereafter called "other affiliated organisations",

approved by Annual Conference.


4. The N.T. Branch shall function upon the following basis:-(A) (1) Annual Northern Territory Conference (2) Northern Territory Executive

(3) Branches (4) Labor members of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly (5) Territory members of the Federal Parliamentary

Labor Party.

(B) (1) The Annual Conference shall be the supreme governing authority of the N.T. Branch. (.2) The Territory EBecutive shall be the administrative authority of the N.T. Branch subject only to the

Annual Conference. (3) The branches shall function in accordance with the rules that may be approved from time to time by the Territory Executive and be subject to its • control and jurisdiction.

(4) The Labor members of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly shall have authority in • properly constituted caucus meetings to make decisions towards establishing the collective

attitude of the Parlamentary Party to any question or matter in the Northern Territory subject to -


(i) At all times taking such action which may be possible to implement the N.T. Branch's Platform and Conference decisions;

(ii) On questions or matters which are not subject to Platform or Conference or Executive decisions the majority decision of caucus being binding upon all members in the Northern Territory Assembly;

(iii) No attitude being publicly expressed which is contrary to the provisions of the Federal and N.T. Branch Platform or any other decision of the Annual Conference or •Territory Executive.


5A. (1) At or before the commencement of each Annual Conference, each affiliated union shall contrib-ute to the Territory Executive the following:

$20.00 on affiliation, and $20.00 annually, and the sum of .20 cents for each member of the affiliate based upon the total membership of the affiliate during the previous year.

(2) At or before the commencement of each'Annual Conference, each Branch shall contribute to the Territory Executive the following:

$20.00 on affiliation, and $20.00 annually, and the sum of $5.00 for each member of the Branch based upon the total membership of that Branch during the previous year.

(3) At or before the commencement of each Annual Conference, other affiliated organisations shall contribute as in 5A (2) hereof.

B. No Branch or affiliate shall be eligible to be •represented at the Annual Conference or any Special Conference or on the Territory Executive until the approved contribution fees have been paid.

C. The membership of the Branch or affiliate for the previous year shall be certified by the Secretary of the Branch or affiliate and shall be forwarded to the Territory. Secretary one month prior to the date of the commencement of the Annual Conference.

D. The Executive, shall, subject to confirmation by the Conference, have the authority to waive all or part of the annual fees where hardship is proved.



6. Annual Conference :

A. The Annual Conference shall be held once each year at such date as shall be determined by the Territory Executive. The Conference shall be held alternatively in the Northern and Southern divisions of the Northern Territory. The Annual Conference shall be composed of credentialled delegates from:

(i) Affiliated unions of workers; (ii) Branches; (iii) Other affiliated organisations.

B. Each Branch and affiliate shall be entitled to represent-ation at the Conference on the following basis:

Up to 200 financial members of the branch or affiliate 2 delegates:

More than 200 but less than 1000 financial members of the branch or affiliate 3 delegates:

More than 1000 but less than 2000 financial members of the branch or affiliate 4 delegates:

More than 2000 financial members of the branch or affiliate 5 delegates:

C. The Leader and Deputy Leader of the Labor Party in the Legislative Assembly and any member of the Federal Parliamentary Labor Party from the Northern Territory shall be delegates at the Annual Conference.

D. Each branch or affiliate electing a delegate to the Annual Conference shall forward to the Territory Secretary one month prior to the date of the commence-ment of the Conference, a credential for such delegate

signed by the President or Secretary of the branch or affiliate. Only financial members of the A.L.P. shall be eligible to be delegates or proxy delegates for the Annual Conference. The following shall be entitled to submit items for the consideration of the Annual Conference:

Affiliated Unions; Branches;

• Other affiliated organisations;

Labor members of the Legislative Assembly; Any Labor Party member of the Federal Parliament from the Northern Territory; { The Northern Territory Executive.


E. Four (4) months before the date of commencement of the Annual Conference, the Territory Secretary shall notify all branches and affiliates that items for inclusion on the agenda will be received by the Territory Secretary up to a specified date not less than two (2) months prior to the date of commencement of the Annual Conference. An agenda shall be forwarded by the Territory Secretary to all branches and affiliates not less than two (2) months prior to the date of commencement of the Annual Conference.

F. The Secretary of the branch or affiliate shall notify in writing proxy delegates from their branch or affiliate. Delegates may exercise one (1) authorised proxy in addition to his own in the absence of a proxy delegate.

G. The Annual Conference held in 1979 and every Conference held in alternate years thereafter shall elect from financial members of the N.T. Branch the following:

(i) the Territory Executive; (ii) National Executive delegates; (iii) National Conference delegates; (iv) Three (3) Trustees;

(v) Returning Officer..


7A. The Territory Executive shall convene any Special Conference which it considers necessary or which shall be requested by a majority of those bodies as defined in Rule 3.

B. One (1) month's notice of the Special Conference shall be given to branches, affiliated unions and other affiliated organisations.

C. Representation at the Special Conference shall be as for Annual Conference in accordance with Rule 6.

D. Special Conference shall be limited in discussion and determination of the matter or matters for which the Special Conference was convened.

• E. Any decision of the Special Conference shall come into force at the close of the Special Conference at which it is passed, or at such times as Conference determines.


8. The Standing Orders of the N.T. Branch shall be the National Standing Orders as set out in the National • Platform and Rules. An amendment may be made to the Standing Orders by resolution passed by a simple

majority at 'the Annual Conference or at a Special Conference.


TERRITORY EXECUTIVE . 9A. The Territory Executive shall consist of:

One (1) President; One (1) Senior Vice-President; One (1) Junior Vice-President; One (1) Treasurer; One (1) Secretary; One (1) Assistant Secretary (Administration); One (1) Assistant Secretary (Organisation); Three (3) others.

Any Leader and Deputy Leader of the A.L.P. in the Legislative Assembly and any Australian Parliamentary representative elected from the Northern Territory shall be a member ex officio.

B. At least one (1) member of the N.T. Executive shall be a woman.

C. The quorum for a meeting of the Territory Executive shall be five (5) members.

D. The Territory Executive shall meet at least eight (8) times in each year at such times as decided by the President or the written request of any four (4) members of the Executive.

E. Any member may request a telephonic vote on any motion before the Executive. Such a rule does not avoid the quorum provisions of this Constitution.

F. If a member of the Territory Executive fails to attend • three (3) consecutive meetings of the Territory Executive ( his or her seat shall automatically become vacant

provided that the Territory Executive may give t special leave from attending to any member and a

member who attends by proxy shall be regarded as having attended.

G. Vacancies occurring in the Executive shall be filled by a ballot of the Territory Executive from members of the A.L.P. in the Northern Territory and shall hold office until the next Annual Conference.

H. The duties and powers of the Territory Executive shall be:

(1) To present to the Conference a report covering the work and progress of the N.T. Branch during its period of office, together with a financial statement duly audited.

(2) To authorise payments to any officers, members or servants of the N.T. Branch for work or services performed or reimbursements or expenses incurred in any capacity when acting for or on behalf of the N.T. Branch.


(3) To organise and maintain such funds as may be thought necessary for any or all of the objects for which the N.T. Branch exists.

(4) In between Conference, to interpret the Constitution.

(5) To submit items to the National Executive or National Conference for inclusion on their Agendas.

(6) To establish branches of the N.T. Branch wherever practicable.

(7) To appoint proxy delegates to the National Executive.

i f (8) To dissolve any branch should that branch not conduct a meeting for more than 12 months or should its membership fall below 10 in number or be guilty of disloyalty and to call in all books of membership and account and claim all monies and assets held by that branch.

(9) To select labor candidates for the Legislative Assembly and Australian Parliament in the event that nominations are not received in accordance with the procedures set out in Rule 12 hereof or should it be impossible to endorse candidates in the manner set out in Rule 12 hereof because of limitations of time.

(10) The Territory Executive shall be empowered to set up committees with respect to any matters which in the opinion of the Territory Executive is in the best interests of the N.T. Branch. Any committee so set up shall be subject at all times to the jurisdiction of the Territory Executive. The President and Secretary shall be ex officio members of all committees.

(11) To adjudicate in any disputes related to A.L.P. matters. (Any decision of the Territory Executive shall be final subject to appeal to Conference).

• (12) To bring to Conference charges against members of branches or affiliated organisations, and charges against branches or organisations.


10. Trustees :

A. The property of the N.T. Branch shall be vested in the Trustees. The Trustees shall at all times watch and guard the interests of the N.T. Branch. They shall


not unless instructed by resolution passed by the Territory Executive or Annual Conference, dispose of any property which may be vested in their name. The Trustees shall hand over to the successors or to

the person or persons named in such resolution any monies, books, documents, or other peoperty belonging to the N.T. Branch. At least one (1) Trustee shall counter-sign all cheques, but shall first ascertain

that they have been authorised in accordance with the Rules.

B. Auditor :

Conference shall appoint an auditor who shall be a qualified accountant. The auditor each year shall examine all relevant books, vouchers, etc., related to the financial position of the N.T. Branch and

shall by written report certify the correctness or otherwise of the financial statement and balance sheets. The Territory Executive may request an audit of its books at any time.


11A. Any member of the N.T Branch or any branch or affiliated organisation may appeal to the Territory Executive against ay ruling or decisions given by any section of the N.T. Branch which is subject to the jurisdiction of the Territory Executive. All decisions of the Territory Executive may be subject

to ap peal to Annual Conference provided that the Territory Executive's decision shall be binding until altered by the Annual Conference.

B. The Territory Executive shall hear and determine any charges against a member -(i) whose conduct or actions are contrary to the principles and solidarity of the Australian

Labor Party;

(ii) who violates the pledge of membership.

C. Any charge may be brought by any members of the N.T. Branch, any branch, or affiliated organisation.

D. The procedures in respect of this Rule shall be as follows:

(i) Any member wishing to charge another member with an alleged breach of Rule 11B of the .Constitution shall do so in writing.

(ii) The written charge shall be addressed to the Territory Executive Secretary and shall be sent by mail to the Territory Secretary. Where the Territory Secretary may be the subject of a charge, it shall be sent to the President.


(iii) It shall clearly state the nature of the charge and the date or dates on which the alleged offence occurred.

(iv) Before the Territory Executive makes any decision the following procedures must have been complied with:

I: The person charged should be given full details of the charge or charges in writing;

II: The person charged must be given adequate notice of any proceedings in relation to the offence;

III: Members of the body hearing the charge should not include those laying them;

IV: The person charged should be given the opportunity to testify, to present witnesses at the hearing, and question adverse witnesses.

(v) No member shall be permitted to prefer a charge any way other than by the procedure laid down in this Rule.

E. The Territory Executive shall have power to censure, suspend for any period, or deprive of such rights and privileges under the Constitution as it deems fit or expel any person or persons against whom charges are proven.

F. The member concerned may appeal to the Annual Conference against the decision of the Territory Executive. Such appeal must be made in writing and lodged with the Territory Secretary within 28 days after the determination by the Territory Executive. The Annual Conference shall hear and determine the appeal when it is next convened.


12A. A candidate for Labor pre-selection must be a financial member of the N.T. Branch and have been a member of the Australian Labor Party for two (2) years immediately prior to the close of nominations.

B. Notwithstanding the requirements of Rule 12A above should there be no candidate with the required membership qualification, the Executive may endorse a candidate without these qualifications.

C. The pre-selection of Labor candidates shall be conducted by a Returning Officer elected by Annual Conference.


D. No protest against the conduct of the ballot will be entertained unless it is received in writing by the Secretary of the Executive within 14 days from the conclusion of the ballot.

Australian Parliament :

E. Selection of candidates for Australian Parliament shall be by plebiscite of financial members of the branches.

F. Those entitled to vote in a plebiscite shall -(i) have been continuously financial; (ii) have attended three (3) branch meetings

in the twelve (12) months prior to the close of nominations. 1 ; I

G. The attendance requirement shall be waived in the case of country members who have twelve (12) months continuous membership.

H. Provided they satisfy the attendance requirement, members of a new branch not in existence for twelve (12) calendar months may be permitted to vote at a plebiscite on the bona fides of such members being established to the satisfaction of the Territory Executive.

I. The Returning Officer shall conduct the plebiscite in such a way as to ensure that every eligible member is given an opportunity to vote and see that no member is given more than one vote.

J. Where there is more than one (1) nomination, the nominations must be submitted to ballot. The names of successful candidates together with voting details shall be submitted to the Territory Executive for endorsement.

Territory Assembly and Local Government :

K. Selection of candidates for Legislative Assembly and Local Government Authority elections shall be by an electoral college of twelve (12) financial members of the A.L.P. qualified in accordance with Rule 12F and Rule 12G. Seven (7) of the College shall be selected by drawing seven (7) lots from those qualified within the Regional Assembly area which contained the Assembl y seat or Local Government Authority concerned.

The remaining five (5) member of the College shall be elected by a ballot of members at a properly constituted meeting of the branch responsible for the relevant Assembly seat or Local Government Authority area.


The aforesaid election shall be notified to all branch members by post not less than 28 days prior to the meeting date. Candidates for the Assembly seat or Local Government Authority concerned or persons already chosen by lot shall not be eligible

for election by the branch to the college.


13A. An application to form a branch must be made in writing to the Territory Executive. The names and addresses of ten (10) members who have signified their intention to establish a branch shall be submitted to the Territory Executive with the application. The Territory Executive will investigate the application and, if approved,

authorise the establishment of that branch.

B. A person seeking membership of a branch must complete an official application form and present it •to a branch meeting. Should no objection to the proposed membership be raised by the next branch meeting, the person seeking membership will then be declared to be a member subject to the payment of dues and the signing of the pledge.

The Pledge shall be in the following form:

"I hereby pledge myself to adhere to support and uphold the platforms and principles of the Australian Labor Party and to support candidates selected by the Australian Labor Party for public offices and I also declare that I am not a member of any other political party or group opposed to the Australian Labor Party".

C. No person shall be admitted to membership of the N.T. Branch until he or she has reached the age of 16 years.

D. where prima facie evidence exists that an applicant for membership has been a member of any other political party, he or she shall not be admitted to membership until the application has been investigated by the Territory Executive to whom it shall be


E. The membership fee payable by branch members shall be determined by the Annual Conference. Membership fees shall be due on the 1st day of January in each year and a member who shall not be paid up by the 31st March shall be deemed unfinancial.

F. No person shall be a member of more than one (1) branch.

G. Persons unable to attend branch meetings may join the N.T. Branch by way of the following methods:


(i) By making a written application to the Territory Executive who will arrange for the application to be processed by an appropriate branch.

(ii) By the Territory Executive exercising discretion to provide direct membership.

H. Persons enrolled under Rule 13G will be known as Country Members and will be entitled to move motions at branch meetings by sending with the motion an explanation of the motion in writing to the Branch Secretary.

I. The quorum for a branch meeting shall be five (5) for branches of less than 25 members and seven (7) for branches with a membership of 25 or more.

J. Except by leave of the Territory Executive,}branches shall by the end of March in each year elect appropriate officers to conduct their own affairs, provided that no member shall be nominated unless he or she is financial and present at the time of nomination or has given his or her consent in writing. The candidate must have attended three (3) meetings in the previous twelve (12) months - provided

that this last stipulation shall not apply until the branch has been in existence for three (3) years. Branches shall use the following organisation:

President; Two (2) Vice-Presidents; Secretary; Treasurer; Committee of three (3) elected from and by members of the branch.

K. The Branch Secretary and President shall be the only persons authorised to issue membership tickets. Membership tickets must be signed in triplicate. The original will be issued to the member, the duplicate

forwarded to the Territory Executive and the triplicate retained as a branch record.

L. Financial members leaving a branch shall be admitted to membership of another branch on production of their membership ticket or a letter from the secretary of their former branch indicating that they are financial. Financial members applying to join a branch may be admitted to membership upon production of their membership ticket or a letter from the secretary of his or her former branch indicating that he or she is financial .

M. Branches where possible shall meet not less than once in every three (3) months:



14. The Annual Conference may convene and promote a Northern Territory A.L.P. Social Club. The Northern Territory A.L.P. Social Club shall be incorporated under the Associations Incorporation Act. The Social Club's

constitution shall be prepared and adopted by the Territory Executive. The Territory Executive shall elect such office bearers of the Social Club as may

be necessary. The Social Club shall be subject to the directions from time to time of the Territory Executive. All members of the Australian Labor Party in the Northern Territory shall be members of the Social Club.


15. All Federal and Territory Parliamentary representatives shall pay the Territory Executive quarterly in arrears an amount calculated at 3½% of their gross salary, not including allowances. The payment of such dues shall be a condition precedent to re-endorsement.


16. , The Annual Conference and the Territory Executive shall have the power to make Rules for the operation of the N.T. Branch in the Northern Territory, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution. Such Rules may be deleted, amended, or added to by resolution passed by a majority at a Territory Executive meeting or at the Annual Conference.


17. This Constitution may be amended by the Annual Conference. These amendments to the Constitution must be carried by a majority of delegates credentialled at the Annual • Conference. Any amendments will come into force at

the close of the Annual Conference at which they are passed.


18. Voting for all offices within the Branch and for pre-selections shall be by optional preferential method.




1. The Branch President shall preside over meetings with the power of speech, but no vote. In his absence the senior officer present shall preside. If no officers are present a Chairman shall be appointed by and from the meeting. Such appointment shall not disturb the full voting powers of the member so appointed.


2. The Branch shall meet on the first Monday of each month unless decided otherwise, in which case due notice shall be given of the proposed variation.


3. The order of business shall be as follows:

(a) Reading and confirmation of minutes; (b) Reports; (c) Correspondence;

(d) Agenda items;

subject to meeting, at any time on motion without debate, determining some other order of business.

4.. No discussion shall be allowed except on motion or amendment duly proposed and seconded.

5. Any member desiring to propose a motion or amendment, or to discuss any matter under consideration, must rise and address the Chair. No member shall address the meeting unless called by the Chairman.

6. All questions shall be determined in the following manner:

(a) The mover of the motion shall have seven (7) minutes to present argument in support of his motion and five (5) minutes to reply; (b) The seconder of such motion and all other speakers,

shall be limited to five (5) minutes; (c) The movers and seconders of motions and amendments must exercise the right to speak at the time of moving and not subsequently subject to the right

of reply by the mover of the motion; (d) Meeting on motion without debate may extend the time of any speaker; such extension of time shall not

exceed five (5) mknutes; meeting may agree to further extensions on the same basis;


(e) The Chairman shall call attention to the time of all speakers one (1) minute before such time expires. Motions for extensions may be made when the Chairman so calls, but no later. (f) After the motion has been moved and seconded, and

no speaker rises to oppose or move an amendment, the Chairman shall proceed to put such motion to a vote of the meeting. (g) All votes of meeting shall be subject to the following

procedures: (i) The Chairman shall call upon those who support the question to say Aye and those who are opposed to say No; (ii) He shall then declare the question carried or


(h) Any member not satisfied with the Chairman's decision may, by standing in his place, call for a show of hands. The Chairman shall proceed to determine the question by calling upon those who support the motion to raise their right hands, and those opposed

to act similarly. The Chairman shall appoint two (2) tellers to take count and they shall be represent-ative of the opposing viewpoints. When the tellers are agreed upon their count the Chairman shall declare the result by quoting the figures for and against. (i) Any member not satisfied with the count as declared

by the Chairman may, by standing in his place, call for a division. If supported by not less than three (3) other delegates standing in their places, the Chairman shall proceed to conduct a division. This shall be done by the Chairman calling upon

all members who support the question to leave their places and stand on his right. He shall then call upon those who oppose to stand on his left. He shall appoint two (2) tellers representative of

the opposing viewpoints to count the members so standing. When the tellers are agreed upon their count, the Chairman shall declare the result by quoting the figures for and against. (j) The names of all members participating in a division

shall be recorded in the minutes. (k) When any question voted upon by meeting results in equal numbers for and against, the Chairman shall declare such question lost. (1) Any motion or amendment affecting the Pledge,

Platform or Constitution of the Party shall be declared lost if less than a majority of members at the meeting vote for it.


7(a) At any time during debate on any motion it shall be competent for any member to move an amendment. All amendments must be seconded. Motions may be amended by adding words, by deleting words, by del-eting words and inserting others in their place.


Providing that the effect of any proposed amendment is not to establish a direct negative to the question contained in the motion.

(b) Any number of amendments may be proposed and discussed simultaneously with the original motion, notwithstand-ing Standing Order 13. At the close of debate amendments shall be put in the order they have been moved.

8. No member shall speak more than once to any question before the Chair unless by way of personal explan-ation or with the consent of meeting. Such consent shall not be given unless by a majority of those present.

9. At any time during debate on any question it shall be competent for the Chairman to accept a motion "that the question be not put" or "that the question be adjourned", provided at least two (2) speakers have spoken for and against. A member having

spoken to the questions shall not be competent so to move. Such motions shall be immediately put without debate, provided that in the event of meeting agreeing "that the question be now put"

the mover of the original motion shall have the right of reply.

10. On meeting "agreeing that the question be now put" it shall mean not only the question contained in the motion, but in any and all amendments.

11. No question shall be debated for a longer period than one and a half (1½) hours, subject to meeting agreeing on motion or amendment put without debate to extend such time. A two-thirds (2/3) majority of those present shall be required to approve any

such extension.

12. Motions directed towards the reconsideration of any decision reached by meeting shall fail unless carried by a three-fourths (3/4) majority of the members attending the meeting.

13. Not more than two (2) delegates in succession shall speak for or against any question.

14. All questions involving an interpretation or policy on any section of the Platform or the direction of members of the Parliament in accord-ance with the principles and methods of the Party,

shall be subject to decision by meeting on the basis of these standing orders and not by a ruling of the President.


15. Questions other than those contained on the Agenda shall not be discussed unless agreed to by two-thirds (2/3) of the members at the meeting and no member shall caonvass the subject matter of the proposed new business when seeking meeting approval

for discussion of same.

16. Rulings given by the Chairman on any question shall be subject to motion calling upon meeting to disagree' with any ruling. In the event of such motion, the mover shall be permitted not more than five (5) minutes to support the motion and the Chairman shall be permitted not more than five (5) minutes to defend his ruling. There shall be no other speakers. The Vice-President or any other member appointed by meeting shall occupy the Chair during the currency of such motion.