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National Integrity Commission Bill 2018 (No. 2)

2016-2017-2018

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

THE SENATE

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

National Integrity Commission Bill 2018

 

No.      , 2018

 

(Senator Waters)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to establish the National Integrity Commission, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 1

3............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 2

4............ Objects of Act..................................................................................... 4

5............ Saving of powers, privileges and immunities...................................... 6

6............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 6

7............ Application of Act............................................................................... 6

8............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 6

9............ Meaning of corrupt conduct ............................................................. 19

10.......... Meaning of corruption issue ............................................................. 21

Part 2—The Australian National Integrity Commission                              23

Division 1—Establishment                                                                                        23

11.......... Establishment.................................................................................... 23

Division 2—Functions and powers of the National Integrity Commissioner and Commissioners           25

12.......... Definition of national integrity commissioner functions ................... 25

13.......... Definition of law enforcement integrity commissioner functions ...... 27

14.......... Definition of whistleblower protection commissioner functions ....... 27

15.......... Functions and powers of the National Integrity Commissioner........ 29

16.......... Functions and powers of the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner 30

17.......... Functions and powers of the Whistleblower Protection Commissioner 30

Part 3—Corruption prevention, research and coordination                      31

Division 1—Promoting integrity in public administration and Australia              31

18.......... Role of the National Integrity Commissioner.................................... 31

19.......... Role of the Commission.................................................................... 32

Division 2—Commonwealth integrity and anti-corruption plans        33

20.......... Preparation of integrity and anti-corruption plans............................. 33

21.......... Audit Committee to monitor plans.................................................... 33

22.......... National Integrity Commissioner to receive plans on request............ 34

23.......... Consideration of adequacy of plans.................................................. 34

Division 3—Corruption prevention inquiries                                                 36

24.......... National Integrity Commissioner may conduct inquiries................... 36

25.......... Scope and powers of inquiries.......................................................... 36

26.......... Reports of inquiries........................................................................... 37

Division 4—Education, training and advice                                                    38

27.......... Agency heads to provide training...................................................... 38

28.......... Role of National Integrity Commissioner.......................................... 38

Division 5—Research and intelligence                                                               39

29.......... Research functions............................................................................ 39

30.......... Research strategy—consultation and implementation........................ 39

31.......... Relationship between research and operations.................................. 40

Division 6—Commonwealth cooperation and coordination                   41

32.......... Principles of operation of National Integrity Commission................ 41

33.......... Cooperation and coordination with other Commonwealth agencies.. 41

34.......... Commonwealth Integrity Coordination Committee........................... 42

35.......... Functions of the Commonwealth Integrity Coordination Committee 43

Division 7—National cooperation and coordination                                  45

36.......... Role of the National Integrity Commissioner.................................... 45

37.......... National Integrity and Anti-corruption Plan...................................... 46

38.......... Preparation of plan............................................................................ 47

39.......... Examination of plan.......................................................................... 47

40.......... National Integrity and Anti-Corruption Advisory Committee........... 48

41.......... Functions of the advisory committee................................................. 49

Part 4—Dealing with corruption issues                                                                   50

Division 1—Referring corruption issues to National Integrity Commissioner   50

42.......... Referral of corruption issues............................................................. 50

43.......... Referral under section 42 by person in custody................................ 51

44.......... Public officials must refer corruption issues..................................... 52

45.......... National Integrity Commissioner may enter into agreements etc. with head of Commonwealth agency   53

Division 2—How National Integrity Commissioner deals with corruption issues            54

Subdivision A—General                                                                                          54

46.......... How National Integrity Commissioner may deal with corruption issues  54

47.......... Alleged contraventions of the National Integrity (Parliamentary Standards) Act 2018            55

48.......... Criteria for deciding how to deal with a corruption issue.................. 56

49.......... Dealing with multiple corruption issues............................................ 57

Subdivision B—National Integrity Commissioner dealing with referred corruption issues       57

50.......... National Integrity Commissioner must make a decision.................... 57

51.......... Advising person who refers corruption issue of decision about how to deal with corruption issue         59

52.......... Advising person to whom referred corruption issue relates of decision about how to deal with corruption issue    59

Subdivision C—National Integrity Commissioner dealing with corruption issues on own initiative        60

53.......... National Integrity Commissioner may deal with corruption issues on own initiative               60

54.......... Advising head of Commonwealth agency of decision to deal with corruption issue on own initiative     61

55.......... Advising person of decision to deal with corruption issue on own initiative            62

Subdivision D—Reconsidering how to deal with a corruption issue            63

56.......... Reconsidering how to deal with a corruption issue........................... 63

Division 3—Information sharing when decision made on how to deal with corruption issue     64

57.......... If Commonwealth agency to conduct, or continue conducting, investigation of corruption issue             64

58.......... If Commonwealth agency has already commenced investigating corruption issue   65

Part 5—Investigations and public inquiries by the National Integrity Commissioner      66

Division 1—Investigations                                                                                        66

59.......... Application of Division..................................................................... 66

60.......... National Integrity Commissioner to determine manner of conducting investigation 66

61.......... Information sharing for joint investigation........................................ 66

62.......... Opportunity to be heard.................................................................... 67

Division 2—Reporting in relation to investigations                                    69

Subdivision A—Reporting during investigation                                               69

63.......... National Integrity Commissioner may keep person who referred corruption issue informed of progress of investigation.......................................................................................................... 69

Subdivision B—Reporting at the end of investigation                                     69

64.......... Report on investigation..................................................................... 69

65.......... National Integrity Commissioner to give report to Minister.............. 71

66.......... Advising person who referred corruption issue of outcome of the investigation      71

67.......... Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation     72

Division 3—Conducting a public inquiry                                                          74

68.......... National Integrity Commissioner may conduct public inquiry.......... 74

69.......... Publicising inquiry............................................................................ 74

Division 4—Reporting in relation to public inquiries                                 75

70.......... Report on public inquiry................................................................... 75

71.......... Giving report to Minister.................................................................. 76

Part 6—National Integrity Commissioner’s powers in conducting investigations and public inquiries                                                                                                                                       77

Division 1—Requiring people to give information or produce documents or things       77

Subdivision A—Requirement by National Integrity Commissioner            77

72.......... Notice to give information or to produce document or thing............. 77

73.......... Compliance with notice..................................................................... 78

74.......... National Integrity Commissioner may retain documents and things.. 79

Subdivision B—Prohibitions against disclosing information about notices 79

75.......... Disclosure of notice may be prohibited............................................. 79

76.......... Offences of disclosure...................................................................... 81

Subdivision C—Offence and related provisions                                               84

77.......... Failure to comply with notice............................................................ 84

78.......... Legal practitioner not required to disclose privileged communications 85

79.......... Self-incrimination etc........................................................................ 86

80.......... Protection of person required to give information or produce documents or things 87

Division 2—Conducting hearings                                                                          89

Subdivision A—General provisions                                                                     89

81.......... National Integrity Commissioner may hold hearings........................ 89

82.......... National Integrity Commissioner may summon person.................... 90

83.......... National Integrity Commissioner may take evidence outside Australia 92

Subdivision B—Procedure at hearing                                                                 93

84.......... Who may be represented at a hearing................................................ 93

85.......... Who may be present at a hearing....................................................... 93

Subdivision C—Taking evidence at hearing                                                      94

86.......... Evidence on oath or by affirmation................................................... 94

87.......... Examination and cross-examination of witnesses............................. 95

88.......... Person may request that particular evidence be given in private........ 95

89.......... Directions in relation to confidentiality.............................................. 96

Subdivision D—Prohibitions against disclosing information about a summons            98

90.......... Disclosure of summons may be prohibited....................................... 98

91.......... Offences of disclosure.................................................................... 100

Subdivision E—Offences in relation to hearings                                            102

92.......... Offences.......................................................................................... 102

93.......... Contempt of the Commission.......................................................... 104

94.......... Federal Court or Supreme Court to deal with contempt.................. 105

95.......... Conduct of contempt proceedings................................................... 107

96.......... Person in contempt may be detained............................................... 107

97.......... National Integrity Commissioner may withdraw contempt application 108

98.......... Double jeopardy.............................................................................. 109

99.......... Legal professional privilege—answer to question........................... 109

100........ Legal professional privilege—documents or things........................ 110

101........ Offences relating to claims for legal professional privilege............. 110

102........ Self-incrimination etc...................................................................... 111

Subdivision F—Court orders for delivery of witness’s passport and witness’s arrest   114

103........ National Integrity Commissioner may apply for order that witness deliver passport                114

104........ Court orders.................................................................................... 115

105........ Applying for a warrant to arrest witness......................................... 117

106........ Warrant for arrest............................................................................ 117

107........ Powers of Judge in relation to person arrested................................ 119

Subdivision G—Miscellaneous                                                                            120

108........ National Integrity Commissioner may retain documents or things.. 120

109........ Person may apply for legal and financial assistance........................ 120

110........ Protection of National Integrity Commissioner etc.......................... 121

111........ Protection of witnesses etc.............................................................. 122

Division 3—Search warrants                                                                                124

Subdivision A—Preliminary                                                                                124

112........ Application to things under the control of a person......................... 124

Subdivision B—Applying for a search warrant                                              124

113........ Authorised officer may apply for a search warrant......................... 124

Subdivision C—Issue of a search warrant                                                        126

114........ When search warrants may be issued.............................................. 126

115........ Content of warrants......................................................................... 128

116........ Application by telephone etc. and issue of warrant......................... 131

117........ The things authorised by a search warrant in relation to premises... 133

118........ The things authorised by a search warrant in relation to a person... 134

119........ Restrictions on personal searches.................................................... 135

120........ When warrant may be executed etc................................................. 136

Subdivision D—General provisions about executing a search warrant    136

121........ Announcement before entry............................................................ 136

122........ Availability of assistance and use of force in executing a warrant... 136

Subdivision E—Specific provisions about executing a warrant in relation to premises               137

123........ Application...................................................................................... 137

124........ Copy of warrant to be shown to occupier etc.................................. 137

125........ Occupier entitled to watch search.................................................... 138

126........ Specific powers available to person executing a warrant................. 138

127........ Use of equipment to examine or process things.............................. 138

128........ Use of electronic equipment at premises without expert assistance. 140

129........ Use of electronic equipment at premises with expert assistance...... 141

130........ Person with knowledge of a computer or a computer system to assist access etc.    143

131........ Accessing data held on other premises—notification to occupier of those premises                144

132........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......................... 144

133........ Copies of seized things to be provided............................................ 145

134........ Receipts of things seized under warrant.......................................... 146

Subdivision F—Specific provisions about executing a warrant in relation to a person                146

135........ Copy of warrant to be shown to person.......................................... 146

136........ Conduct of an ordinary search or a frisk search.............................. 146

Subdivision G—Offences                                                                                      146

137........ Making false statements in warrants............................................... 146

138........ Offence for stating incorrect names in telephone warrants.............. 147

139........ Offence for unauthorised form of warrant...................................... 147

140........ Offence for executing etc. an unauthorised form of warrant........... 147

141........ Offence for giving unexecuted form of warrant.............................. 148

Subdivision H—Miscellaneous                                                                            148

142........ Other laws about search, arrest etc. not affected.............................. 148

143........ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected.................. 148

Division 4—Powers of arrest                                                                                149

144........ Authorised officers may exercise powers of arrest......................... 149

Division 5—Authorised officers                                                                           150

145........ Appointment of authorised officers................................................. 150

146........ Identity cards................................................................................... 150

Part 7—Dealing with evidence and information obtained in investigation or public inquiry      152

147........ Evidence of offence or liability to civil penalty................................ 152

148........ Evidence that could be used in confiscation proceedings................ 153

149........ Evidence of, or information suggesting, wrongful conviction......... 154

Part 8—Investigations by other Commonwealth agencies                         156

Division 1—Nominated contact for investigations by Commonwealth agencies               156

150........ Nominating contact for investigation............................................... 156

Division 2—Managing or overseeing investigations by Commonwealth agencies           157

151........ Managing an investigation.............................................................. 157

152........ Overseeing an investigation............................................................ 157

Division 3—Reporting                                                                                               158

Subdivision A—Reporting by Commonwealth agencies during investigations               158

153........ National Integrity Commissioner may request individual progress report                158

154........ National Integrity Commissioner may request periodic progress reports 158

Subdivision B—Reporting by Commonwealth agencies at end of investigations           159

155........ Final report on investigation............................................................ 159

156........ National Integrity Commissioner may comment on final report...... 160

157........ Advising person who referred corruption issue of outcome of the investigation      162

158........ Advising person whose conduct is investigated of outcome of the investigation     163

Division 4—National Integrity Commissioner to pass on information relevant to agency          164

159........ National Integrity Commissioner to pass on information relevant to agency investigation       164

Part 9—Whistleblower Protection                                                                            165

Division 1—Disclosures, information or requests                                      165

160........ Receipt of disclosures, information or requests............................... 165

161........ Person making disclosure or request under section 160 may elect to be kept informed            166

162........ Public officials must refer whistleblower protection issues............. 167

163........ Whistleblower Protection Commissioner may enter into agreements etc. with head of Commonwealth agency      167

164........ General information, advice, guidance and assistance..................... 168

Division 2—How Whistleblower Protection Commissioner deals with disclosures of wrongdoing and whistleblower protection issues                                                  171

Subdivision A—General                                                                                        171

165........ How Whistleblower Protection Commissioner may deal with disclosures of wrongdoing      171

166........ How Whistleblower Protection Commissioner may deal with whistleblower protection issues               172

167........ Criteria for deciding how to deal with a disclosure of wrongdoing or whistleblower protection issue     173

168........ Dealing with multiple whistleblower protection issues................... 174

Subdivision B—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner dealing with referred whistleblower protection issues                                                                                                        175

169........ Whistleblower Protection Commissioner must make a decision..... 175

170........ Advising person who raises whistleblower protection issue of decision about how to deal with issue    176

171........ Advising person to whom referred whistleblower protection issue relates of decision about how to deal with issue........................................................................................................ 178

Subdivision C—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner dealing with whistleblower protection issues on own initiative                                                                                       179

172........ Whistleblower Protection Commissioner may deal with whistleblower protection issues on own initiative            179

173........ Advising head of Commonwealth agency of decision to deal with whistleblower protection issue on own initiative........................................................................................................ 180

174........ Advising person of decision to deal with whistleblower protection issue on own initiative     181

Subdivision D—Reconsidering how to deal with a whistleblower protection issue         182

175........ Reconsidering how to deal with a whistleblower protection issue.. 182

Division 3—Information sharing when decision made on how to deal with whistleblower protection issue                                                                                                                     183

176........ If Commonwealth agency to conduct, or continue conducting, investigation of whistleblower protection issue      183

177........ If Commonwealth agency has already commenced investigating whistleblower protection issue            184

Division 4—Investigations and public inquiries by the Whistleblower Protection Commissioner           185

178........ Manner and powers of investigation............................................... 185

Division 5—Investigations by other Commonwealth agencies            186

179........ Dealing with, managing or overseeing investigations..................... 186

Division 6—Remedial functions and powers                                                 187

180........ Additional recommendations........................................................... 187

181........ Proceedings and applications.......................................................... 188

182........ Mediation and arbitration................................................................ 189

183........ Enforceable undertakings relating to contraventions of civil remedy provisions      190

Division 7—Special Account                                                                                  192

184........ Whistleblower Protection Special Account..................................... 192

185........ Credits to the Account..................................................................... 192

186........ Purposes of the Account................................................................. 192

Part 10—Administrative provisions relating to the Commission           194

Division 1—National Integrity Commissioner                                             194

187........ Appointment of National Integrity Commissioner.......................... 194

188........ General terms and conditions of appointment................................. 195

189........ Other paid work.............................................................................. 195

190........ Remuneration.................................................................................. 195

191........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 196

192........ Resignation..................................................................................... 196

193........ Removal from office....................................................................... 196

194........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 197

195........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 198

Division 2—Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner                         199

196........ Appointment etc. of Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner..... 199

Division 3—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner                             200

197........ Appointment of Whistleblower Protection Commissioner.............. 200

198........ General terms and conditions of appointment................................. 201

199........ Other paid work.............................................................................. 201

200........ Remuneration.................................................................................. 201

201........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 202

202........ Resignation..................................................................................... 202

203........ Removal from office....................................................................... 202

204........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 203

205........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 204

Division 4—Assistant National Integrity Commissioners                      205

206........ Appointment of Assistant National Integrity Commissioners......... 205

207........ General terms and conditions of appointment................................. 206

208........ Other paid work.............................................................................. 206

209........ Remuneration.................................................................................. 206

210........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 207

211........ Resignation..................................................................................... 207

212........ Removal from office....................................................................... 207

213........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 208

214........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 209

Division 5—Chief Executive Officer                                                                 210

215........ CEO................................................................................................ 210

216........ Functions of the CEO..................................................................... 210

217........ Powers of the CEO......................................................................... 210

218........ Commission may give directions to CEO....................................... 210

219........ Appointment of CEO...................................................................... 211

220........ Appointment of acting CEO............................................................ 211

221........ Remuneration of the CEO............................................................... 212

222........ Leave of absence of the CEO.......................................................... 212

223........ Other paid work of the CEO........................................................... 212

224........ Resignation of the CEO.................................................................. 213

225........ Termination of appointment of the CEO......................................... 213

226........ Other terms and conditions of the CEO.......................................... 214

Division 6—Staff, consultants and delegations                                            215

227........ Staff................................................................................................ 215

228........ Consultants..................................................................................... 215

229........ Delegation—National Integrity Commissioner............................... 216

230........ Delegation—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner................... 216

231........ Delegation—CEO........................................................................... 217

Division 7—Public reporting                                                                                 218

232........ Annual report.................................................................................. 218

233........ Reports on investigations and public inquiries................................ 219

234........ Special reports................................................................................. 220

235........ Contents of annual or special report................................................ 221

236........ Public reporting—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner........... 222

Division 8—Confidentiality requirements                                                      223

237........ Confidentiality requirements for National Integrity Commission staff 223

238........ Exceptions to confidentiality requirements...................................... 224

239........ Disclosure by National Integrity Commissioner in public interest etc. 225

240........ Opportunity to be heard.................................................................. 226

241........ National Integrity Commission staff generally not compellable in court proceedings               227

242........ Confidentiality requirements—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner 228

Part 11—Parliamentary Joint Committee on the Australian National Integrity Commission    230

243........ Definitions...................................................................................... 230

244........ Parliamentary Joint Committee on the Australian National Integrity Commission   230

245........ Powers and proceedings of the committee...................................... 232

246........ Duties of the committee................................................................... 232

247........ Committee may approve or reject recommendation for appointment 235

248........ Disclosure to committee by National Integrity Commissioner........ 237

249........ Parliamentary Joint Committee—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner             238

250........ Disclosure to committee by Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner 238

251........ Disclosure to committee by Minister............................................... 240

252........ Ombudsman to brief committee about controlled operations........... 241

Part 12—Parliamentary Inspector of the Australian National Integrity Commission     242

Division 1—Establishment and functions and powers of the Parliamentary Inspector of the Australian National Integrity Commission                                                  242

253........ Parliamentary Inspector of the Australian National Integrity Commission               242

254........ Functions of the Parliamentary Inspector........................................ 242

255........ Matters arising from a conduct investigation................................... 243

256........ Report on conduct investigations conducted by Parliamentary Inspector 244

257........ Parliamentary Inspector cannot be required to disclose particular information         245

Division 2—Audits, investigations, reviews and reports                        246

258........ Process for conducting an audit, investigation or review................ 246

259........ Contents of reports on results of performance of functions............ 246

260........ Parliamentary Inspector may require information etc...................... 246

261........ Privilege against self-incrimination................................................. 246

Division 3—Administrative provisions relating to the Parliamentary Inspector              247

262........ Appointment of Parliamentary Inspector......................................... 247

263........ General terms and conditions of appointment................................. 248

264........ Other paid work.............................................................................. 248

265........ Remuneration.................................................................................. 248

266........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 249

267........ Resignation..................................................................................... 249

268........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 249

269........ Acting appointments....................................................................... 250

270........ Disclosure of interests..................................................................... 251

271........ Assistance to Parliamentary Inspector............................................. 251

Part 13—Miscellaneous                                                                                                   252

272........ Offence of victimisation.................................................................. 252

273........ Legal and financial assistance in relation to applications for administrative review  252

274........ Immunity from civil proceedings.................................................... 253

275........ Immunities from certain State and Territory laws............................ 254

276........ Miscellaneous—Whistleblower Protection Commissioner............. 254

277........ Review relating to the Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner etc. 254

278........ Review relating to judicial integrity................................................. 255

279........ Review of operation of Act............................................................. 256

280........ Schedules........................................................................................ 257

281........ Regulations..................................................................................... 257

Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                             258

Law Enforcement Integrity Commissioner Act 2006                                         258

184........ National Integrity Commissioner may give directions to the Integrity Commissioner              258

Ombudsman Act 1976                                                                                              259

Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013                                                                     260

 



A Bill for an Act to establish the National Integrity Commission, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: