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Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Bill 2022

2019-2020-2021-2022

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Bill 2022

 

No.      , 2022

 

(Agriculture, Water and the Environment)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to establish a national voluntary framework for projects to enhance or protect biodiversity, and for other purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 2

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 2

4............ Simplified outline of this Act............................................................. 2

5............ Crown to be bound............................................................................. 4

6............ Extension to external Territories........................................................ 4

7............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 4

8............ Meaning of eligible land .................................................................. 14

9............ Vacancy in the office of an Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee member.......................................................................................................... 14

10.......... Electronic notice transmitted to the Regulator................................. 14

Part 2—Registered biodiversity projects                                                               16

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             16

11.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 16

Division 2—Registration of biodiversity project                                              17

12.......... Application for approval of registration of biodiversity project...... 17

13.......... Form of application.......................................................................... 17

14.......... Further information.......................................................................... 18

15.......... Withdrawal of application................................................................ 18

16.......... Approval of registration of biodiversity project............................... 19

17.......... Suspension of processing of applications for registrations of biodiversity projects                21

18.......... Registration may be subject to condition about obtaining regulatory approvals     23

19.......... Registration may be subject to condition about obtaining consents from eligible interest holders         23

Division 3—Variation of registration                                                                     25

20.......... Voluntary variation of registration of biodiversity project—change in identity of project proponent    25

21.......... Voluntary variation of registration of biodiversity project—changes in project area etc.       26

22.......... Voluntary variation of conditional registration of biodiversity project—condition of registration has been met.......................................................................................................... 27

23.......... Procedures for voluntary variation of registration of biodiversity project               27

Division 4—Cancellation of registration of biodiversity project               30

Subdivision A—Voluntary cancellation of registration of biodiversity project             30

24.......... Voluntary cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—certificate in effect               30

25.......... Voluntary cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—no certificate in effect          31

26.......... Procedures for voluntary cancellation of registration of biodiversity project          31

Subdivision B—Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project             33

27.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—condition of registration has not been met.......................................................................................................... 33

28.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—project not commenced, or unlikely to result in issuing of biodiversity certificate..................................................... 34

29.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—eligibility requirements not met etc.    34

30.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—project proponent ceases to pass the fit and proper person test............................................................................. 35

31.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—project proponent ceases to exist etc.  35

32.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—false or misleading information           36

33.......... Notice of unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project  37

Division 5—Excluded biodiversity projects                                                        38

34.......... Excluded biodiversity projects......................................................... 38

Part 3—Multiple project proponents                                                                       39

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             39

35.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 39

Division 2—References to project proponents                                                   40

36.......... References to project proponents..................................................... 40

Division 3—Nominee of multiple project proponents                                    41

37.......... Nomination of nominee by multiple project proponents—nomination accompanying application        41

38.......... Nomination of nominee by multiple project proponents—other nominations        42

39.......... Revocation and cessation of nomination.......................................... 42

40.......... Service of documents on nominee.................................................... 43

41.......... Eligible voluntary action taken by nominee..................................... 43

42.......... Unilateral cancellation of registration of biodiversity project—failure of multiple project proponents to nominate a nominee.......................................................................... 44

Division 4—Obligations of multiple project proponents                               46

43.......... Obligations of multiple project proponents...................................... 46

Part 4—Protocol determinations                                                                                47

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             47

44.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 47

Division 2—Protocol determinations                                                                     48

Subdivision A—Making of protocol determinations                                      48

45.......... Protocol determinations.................................................................... 48

46.......... Civil penalties—requirements in protocol determination................ 50

47.......... Procedure for making a protocol determination............................... 50

Subdivision B—Variation of protocol determinations                                   52

48.......... Variation of protocol determinations............................................... 52

49.......... When variation takes effect.............................................................. 53

Subdivision C—Duration, expiry and revocation of protocol determinations               55

50.......... Duration of protocol determinations................................................ 55

51.......... Revocation of protocol determinations............................................ 56

52.......... Effect of protocol determination ceasing to have effect—existing registered biodiversity projects       56

53.......... Effect of protocol determination ceasing to have effect—applications for registration          57

Subdivision D—Advice about making, varying or revoking protocol determinations                58

54.......... Advice by the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee               58

55.......... Additional matters for the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee to take into account.............................................................................................. 59

Subdivision E—Consultation by the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee                                                                                                          60

56.......... Consultation by the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee       60

Division 3—Biodiversity integrity standards                                                     62

57.......... Biodiversity integrity standards........................................................ 62

Part 5—Biodiversity certificates                                                                                 63

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             63

58.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 63

Division 2—Issue of biodiversity certificates                                                      64

59.......... Application for biodiversity certificate............................................ 64

60.......... Form of application.......................................................................... 64

61.......... Further information.......................................................................... 65

62.......... Issue of biodiversity certificate........................................................ 65

63.......... Basis on which biodiversity certificates are issued.......................... 67

Division 3—Property in biodiversity certificates                                              68

64.......... A biodiversity certificate is personal property................................. 68

65.......... Ownership of biodiversity certificate............................................... 68

66.......... Transmission of biodiversity certificates......................................... 68

67.......... Registration of equitable interests in relation to biodiversity certificates                69

68.......... Equitable interests in relation to biodiversity certificates................ 69

Part 6—Purchase of biodiversity certificates by the Commonwealth 70

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             70

69.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 70

Division 2—Biodiversity conservation contracts                                              71

70.......... Biodiversity conservation contracts................................................. 71

71.......... When biodiversity conservation contracts may be entered into....... 71

72.......... Secretary has powers etc. of the Commonwealth............................. 71

73.......... Conferral of powers on the Secretary............................................... 72

Division 3—Biodiversity conservation purchasing processes                     73

74.......... Biodiversity conservation purchasing process................................. 73

75.......... Conduct of biodiversity conservation purchasing processes............ 73

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                          75

76.......... Rules may provide for certain matters relating to purchased biodiversity certificates            75

77.......... Certain instruments relating to Commonwealth procurement are not applicable    75

78.......... Biodiversity conservation contracts are not instruments made under this Act        75

Part 7—Interests in land                                                                                                  76

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             76

79.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 76

Division 2—Eligible interest in an area of land                                                 77

80.......... Eligible interest in an area of land—Torrens system land............... 77

81.......... Eligible interest in an area of land—Crown land that is not Torrens system land  79

82.......... Eligible interest in an area of land—native title land....................... 81

Division 3—Freehold land rights land                                                                   82

83.......... Regulator to notify Crown lands Minister of approval of registration of biodiversity project                82

Division 4—Entries in title registers                                                                       83

84.......... Entries in title registers—general..................................................... 83

85.......... Entries in title registers—biodiversity maintenance areas............... 83

Part 8—Fit and proper person test                                                                            84

86.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 84

87.......... Fit and proper person test................................................................. 84

Part 9—Reporting and notification requirements                                           86

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                             86

88.......... Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 86

Division 2—Reporting requirements                                                                     87

89.......... Biodiversity project reports—first report......................................... 87

90.......... Biodiversity project reports—subsequent reports............................ 87

91.......... Requirements for biodiversity project reports.................................. 88

Division 3—Notification requirements                                                                  90

92.......... Notification requirement—project proponent ceases to have right to carry out project          90

93.......... Notification requirement—withdrawal or cessation of regulatory approval           91

94.......... Notification requirement—death of project proponent.................... 91

95.......... Notification requirement—protocol determinations........................ 92

96.......... Notification requirement—reversal of biodiversity outcome.......... 92

97.......... Notification requirement—event or conduct that causes, or is likely to cause, reversal of biodiversity outcome.......................................................................................................... 93

98.......... Significant reversals in biodiversity outcomes—notification requirements            94

99.......... Notification requirement—event relevant to whether a project proponent passes the fit and proper person test.......................................................................................................... 94

100........ The rules may impose notification requirements............................. 96

Part 10—Information-gathering powers                                                               97

101........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 97

102........ Regulator may obtain information or documents............................. 97

103........ Copying documents—compensation................................................ 98

104........ Copies of documents........................................................................ 98

105........ Regulator may retain documents...................................................... 98

Part 11—Audits                                                                                                                   100

106........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 100

107........ Compliance audits.......................................................................... 100

108........ Other audits.................................................................................... 102

Part 12—Relinquishment requirements                                                              104

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           104

109........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 104

Division 2—Relinquishment notices                                                                     105

110........ Relinquishment notice—false or misleading information.............. 105

111........ Relinquishment notice—cancellation of registration of biodiversity project          106

112........ Relinquishment notice—reversal of biodiversity outcome other than due to natural disturbance or conduct etc......................................................................................................... 106

113........ Relinquishment notice—reversal of biodiversity outcome due to natural disturbance or conduct and no mitigation happens......................................................................... 107

114........ Significant reversals in biodiversity outcomes—relinquishment requirements       108

115........ Form and content of relinquishment notice.................................... 108

Division 3—Complying with a relinquishment notice                                  109

116........ Requirement for compliance with relinquishment notice.............. 109

117........ Compliance with relinquishment requirement—relinquishing equivalent biodiversity certificate or certificates........................................................................................................ 111

118........ How biodiversity certificates are relinquished............................... 112

Part 13—Biodiversity maintenance declarations                                           114

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           114

119........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 114

Division 2—Biodiversity maintenance declarations                                      115

120........ Biodiversity maintenance declaration............................................ 115

121........ Civil penalty for carrying out declared prohibited activity............ 117

122........ When a biodiversity maintenance declaration ceases to be in force 117

123........ Variation or revocation of biodiversity maintenance declaration.. 117

124........ Revocation of biodiversity maintenance declaration—voluntary relinquishment of biodiversity certificate........................................................................................................ 118

125........ Delegation by the Regulator........................................................... 119

Part 14—Registers                                                                                                              121

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           121

126........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 121

Division 2—Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Register    122

127........ Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Register................. 122

128........ Entries in the Register—registered biodiversity projects and former registered biodiversity projects   122

129........ Requests for information about project area not to be set out in the Register         123

130........ Entries in the Register—biodiversity certificates........................... 124

131........ Entries in the Register—accounts for holding biodiversity certificates.. 124

132........ Rules may make provision in relation to the Register.................... 124

Division 3—Online platform                                                                                    126

133........ Online Platform.............................................................................. 126

Part 15—Publication of information                                                                      127

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           127

134........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 127

Division 2—Information about biodiversity certificates                             128

135........ Information about biodiversity certificates.................................... 128

136........ Reports about activities of Regulator............................................. 128

137........ Publication of concise description of the characteristics of biodiversity certificates               128

Division 3—Information about biodiversity certificates purchased by the Commonwealth             130

138........ Information about biodiversity conservation purchasing processes 130

139........ Annual reports about purchases of biodiversity certificates.......... 130

Division 4—Information about relinquishment requirements                 132

140........ Information about relinquishment requirements............................ 132

141........ Information about relinquished certificates.................................... 133

Part 16—Record-keeping and project monitoring requirements        134

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           134

142........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 134

Division 2—Record-keeping requirements                                                       135

143........ Record-keeping requirements—general......................................... 135

144........ Record-keeping requirements—preparation of biodiversity project report             135

145........ Record-keeping requirements—protocol determinations.............. 136

Division 3—Project monitoring requirements                                                 137

146........ Project monitoring requirements—protocol determinations.......... 137

Part 17—Enforcement                                                                                                     138

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           138

147........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 138

148........ Appointment of inspectors............................................................. 138

Division 2—Monitoring powers                                                                              140

149........ Monitoring powers......................................................................... 140

Division 3—Investigation powers                                                                          142

150........ Investigation powers....................................................................... 142

Division 4—Civil penalty provisions                                                                    144

151........ Civil penalty provisions.................................................................. 144

Division 5—Infringement notices                                                                          146

152........ Infringement notices....................................................................... 146

Division 6—Enforceable undertakings                                                               148

153........ Enforceable undertakings............................................................... 148

Division 7—Injunctions                                                                                              150

154........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 150

Part 18—Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee   152

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           152

155........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 152

Division 2—Establishment and functions of the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee                                                                          153

156........ Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee 153

157........ Functions of the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee            153

Division 3—Membership of the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee                                                                                                                     155

158........ Membership of the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee       155

159........ Appointment of Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee members            155

160........ Period for appointment for Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee members........................................................................................................ 156

161........ Acting Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee members           156

162........ Procedures...................................................................................... 158

163........ Disclosure of interests to the Agriculture Minister........................ 159

164........ Disclosure of interests to the Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee        160

165........ Other paid work.............................................................................. 160

166........ Remuneration................................................................................. 161

167........ Leave of absence............................................................................ 161

168........ Resignation..................................................................................... 161

169........ Termination of appointment........................................................... 162

170........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 163

171........ Assistance to Agriculture Biodiversity Stewardship Market Advisory Committee                 163

Part 19—Review of decisions                                                                                      164

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           164

172........ Simplified outline of this Part........................................................ 164

Division 2—Decisions of the Regulator                                                               165

173........ Reviewable decisions..................................................................... 165

174........ Notice of decision and reconsideration rights to be given—decisions made by delegates of the Regulator........................................................................................................ 166

175........ Applications for reconsideration of decisions made by delegates of the Regulator                166

176........ Reconsideration by the Regulator.................................................. 167

177........ Deadline for reconsideration.......................................................... 167

178........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal........................... 168

Part 20—Miscellaneous                                                                                                   169

179........ Miscellaneous functions of the Regulator...................................... 169

180........ Treatment of trusts.......................................................................... 170

181........ Rules may provide for voluntary accreditation of advisers etc...... 171

182........ Information previously given to the Regulator.............................. 171

183........ Delegation by the Agriculture Minister.......................................... 172

184........ Delegation by the Secretary........................................................... 172

185........ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws.......................... 173

186........ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected............... 173

187........ Arrangements with States and Territories...................................... 173

188........ Liability for damages...................................................................... 173

189........ Executive power of the Commonwealth........................................ 174

190........ Notional payments by the Commonwealth.................................... 174

191........ Compensation for acquisition of property...................................... 174

192........ Native title rights not affected........................................................ 175

193........ Racial Discrimination Act not affected.......................................... 175

194........ Approval of registration of biodiversity project—eligible land..... 175

195........ Administrative decisions under the rules....................................... 175

196........ Review of operation of this Act etc................................................ 175

197........ Rules............................................................................................... 177

 



A Bill for an Act to establish a national voluntary framework for projects to enhance or protect biodiversity, and for other purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: