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Offshore Electricity Infrastructure Bill 2021

2019-2020-2021

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Offshore Electricity Infrastructure Bill 2021

 

No.      , 2021

 

(Industry, Science, Energy and Resources)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to regulate offshore renewable energy infrastructure and offshore electricity transmission infrastructure, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Chapter 1—Preliminary                                                                                          1

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                             1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Object of this Act................................................................................ 2

4............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 2

5............ External Territories.............................................................................. 3

6............ Crown to be bound............................................................................. 4

7............ Provisions to apply to certain offshore electricity transmission infrastructure subject to international obligations   4

Part 2—Definitions                                                                                                                 5

8............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 5

9............ Datum provisions.............................................................................. 14

10.......... Meaning of offshore renewable energy infrastructure ...................... 14

11.......... Meaning of offshore electricity transmission infrastructure ............. 15

12.......... Offshore renewable energy infrastructure and offshore electricity transmission infrastructure                16

13.......... Meaning of renewable energy resource ............................................ 17

Chapter 2—Regulation of offshore infrastructure activities                 18

Part 1—Prohibition of unauthorised offshore infrastructure activities 18

14.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 18

15.......... Prohibition of unauthorised offshore infrastructure activities in the Commonwealth offshore area          18

Part 2—Declaring areas for offshore renewable energy infrastructure   20

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           20

16.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 20

Division 2—Declared areas                                                                                      21

17.......... Declared areas................................................................................... 21

18.......... Notice of proposal to declare an area................................................. 22

19.......... Making a decision............................................................................. 22

20.......... Conditions that apply to a declaration................................................ 23

21.......... Period for which a declaration remains in force................................ 24

Division 3—Varying a declaration                                                                       25

22.......... Variation to extend period or increase declared area.......................... 25

23.......... Variation of conditions, or to reduce declared area............................ 26

24.......... Consultation on proposed variation................................................... 27

25.......... Varying a declaration to make minor and technical corrections......... 28

Division 4—Revoking a declaration                                                                    29

26.......... Revoking a declaration...................................................................... 29

27.......... Revoking a declaration—consultation............................................... 30

Chapter 3—Licensing                                                                                               31

Part 1—Licences                                                                                                                    31

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           31

28.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 31

29.......... Licensing scheme.............................................................................. 32

Division 2—Feasibility licences                                                                              33

30.......... Purpose of a feasibility licence.......................................................... 33

31.......... Activities authorised by a feasibility licence...................................... 33

32.......... Applications for feasibility licences................................................... 33

33.......... Grant of a feasibility licence.............................................................. 34

34.......... Merit criteria for a feasibility licence................................................. 35

35.......... Conditions that apply to a feasibility licence...................................... 36

36.......... Term of a feasibility licence............................................................... 37

37.......... Extending the term of a feasibility licence......................................... 38

38.......... Varying a feasibility licence.............................................................. 38

Division 3—Commercial licences                                                                          40

39.......... Purpose of a commercial licence....................................................... 40

40.......... Activities authorised by a commercial licence................................... 40

41.......... Applications for commercial licences................................................ 40

42.......... Grant of a commercial licence........................................................... 41

43.......... Minister may require applicant to consult etc.................................... 43

44.......... Merit criteria for a commercial licence............................................... 43

45.......... Conditions that apply to a commercial licence................................... 44

46.......... Term of a commercial licence............................................................ 45

47.......... Extending the term of a commercial licence....................................... 45

48.......... Varying a commercial licence............................................................ 46

Division 4—Research and demonstration licences                                      48

49.......... Purpose of a research and demonstration licence.............................. 48

50.......... Activities authorised by a research and demonstration licence.......... 48

51.......... Applications for research and demonstration licences....................... 49

52.......... Grant of a research and demonstration licence.................................. 49

53.......... Merit criteria for a research and demonstration licence...................... 50

54.......... Conditions that apply to a research and demonstration licence.......... 51

55.......... Term of a research and demonstration licence................................... 51

56.......... Extending the term of a research and demonstration licence.............. 52

57.......... Varying a research and demonstration licence................................... 53

Division 5—Transmission and infrastructure licences                              55

58.......... Purpose of a transmission and infrastructure licence......................... 55

59.......... Activities authorised by a transmission and infrastructure licence..... 55

60.......... Applications for transmission and infrastructure licences................. 55

61.......... Grant of a transmission and infrastructure licence............................. 56

62.......... Merit criteria for a transmission and infrastructure licence................ 57

63.......... Conditions that apply to a transmission and infrastructure licence.... 58

64.......... Term of a transmission and infrastructure licence............................. 58

65.......... Extending the term of a transmission and infrastructure licence........ 59

66.......... Varying a transmission and infrastructure licence............................. 59

Part 2—General provisions about licences                                                            61

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           61

67.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 61

Division 2—Licence transfers                                                                                 62

68.......... Licences to be transferred only under this Division.......................... 62

69.......... Application for transfer..................................................................... 62

70.......... Minister may transfer licence............................................................ 62

71.......... Licence transfer does not affect conditions or end day...................... 63

72.......... Financial security for a transferred licence........................................ 63

Division 3—Cancelling and surrendering licences                                       65

73.......... Cancellation of licence....................................................................... 65

74.......... Surrender of licence.......................................................................... 66

Division 4—Other general provisions about licences                                 69

75.......... False or misleading information........................................................ 69

76.......... False or misleading documents......................................................... 69

77.......... Interference with other activities by licence holder............................ 70

78.......... Interference with other activities by other person carrying out activities under licence             71

79.......... No conditions about payment of money............................................ 72

80.......... Basis on which licences granted........................................................ 72

81.......... Changes to the boundaries of the Commonwealth offshore area....... 73

82.......... Licences etc. are not personal property for the purposes of the Personal Property Securities Act 2009    73

Part 3—Change in control of a licence holder                                                    74

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           74

83.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 74

84.......... Meaning of control and change in control of licence holder............. 74

85.......... Meaning of approval period ............................................................. 75

Division 2—Application and approval of change in control of a licence holder                76

86.......... Application for approval................................................................... 76

87.......... Registrar must decide whether to approve change in control............. 76

88.......... Notice of decision............................................................................. 77

89.......... Retention and return of instrument.................................................... 77

90.......... Limit of effect of approval................................................................. 77

91.......... Notification of change in circumstances before or during approval period               78

92.......... Revocation of approval..................................................................... 78

93.......... Notification of change in control....................................................... 79

94.......... Change in control information to be entered in Register.................... 80

Division 3—Change in control must be approved                                        81

95.......... Change in control must be approved by Registrar............................. 81

96.......... Notification of change in control that takes effect without approval.. 82

97.......... Notification of change in control by licence holder........................... 83

Division 4—Information-gathering powers                                                     84

98.......... Registrar may obtain information and documents............................. 84

99.......... Complying with information-gathering notice................................... 85

100........ Power to examine on oath or affirmation.......................................... 86

101........ Self-incrimination.............................................................................. 86

102........ Copies of documents......................................................................... 87

103........ Registrar may retain documents........................................................ 87

104........ False or misleading information........................................................ 88

105........ False or misleading documents......................................................... 88

106........ False or misleading evidence............................................................. 88

Division 5—Tracing and anti-avoidance                                                           90

107........ Tracing.............................................................................................. 90

108........ Anti-avoidance.................................................................................. 91

Division 6—Other provisions                                                                                  93

109........ Registrar etc. not concerned with the effect of instrument lodged under this Part     93

110........ Falsified documents.......................................................................... 93

111........ Inspection of instruments.................................................................. 93

112........ Evidentiary provisions...................................................................... 93

Chapter 4—Management and protection of infrastructure 96

Part 1—Management and operation of infrastructure                                 96

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           96

113........ Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 96

Division 2—Management plans                                                                              97

114........ Licensing scheme must provide for management plans..................... 97

115........ Matters that a management plan must address................................... 98

Division 3—Operations                                                                                            100

116........ Maintenance and removal of property etc. by licence holder........... 100

Division 4—Financial security                                                                              102

117........ Requirement to provide financial security....................................... 102

118........ Contravention of requirement to provide financial security............. 103

119........ Recovery and application of financial security................................ 104

Part 2—Directions powers                                                                                             106

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         106

120........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 106

Division 2—General power to give directions                                             107

121........ General power to give directions—Regulator................................. 107

122........ Directions under section 121 may extend outside of licence area.... 109

123........ Directions under section 121—compliance..................................... 110

124........ Regulator may take action if there is a breach of a direction under section 121        112

Division 3—Remedial directions                                                                          114

125........ Remedial directions—power to issue directions under different provisions             114

126........ Remedial directions by the Regulator.............................................. 114

127........ Remedial directions by the Minister................................................ 116

128........ Remedial directions—compliance................................................... 117

129........ Regulator may take action if direction breached or arrangement not carried out       118

130........ Removal, disposal or sale of property by Regulator—breach of direction                120

131........ Removal, disposal or sale of property—limitation of action etc...... 122

132........ Minister may take action if direction breached or arrangement not carried out         123

Division 4—Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction        124

133........ Defence of taking reasonable steps to comply with a direction....... 124

Part 3—Protection of infrastructure                                                                       125

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         125

134........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 125

Division 2—Offence of interfering with infrastructure                           126

135........ Interfering with infrastructure......................................................... 126

Division 3—Safety zones                                                                                          127

Subdivision A—Safety zones                                                                                127

136........ Safety zones.................................................................................... 127

137........ Determination on Regulator’s initiative or in response to application 128

138........ When a determination takes effect................................................... 129

139........ Offences of entering or being present in a safety zone.................... 129

Subdivision B—Authorised safety zone officials and powers in relation to safety zones             131

140........ Authorised safety zone officials...................................................... 131

141........ Requirement to move vessel etc...................................................... 131

Division 4—Protection zones                                                                                 134

Subdivision A—Determinations                                                                          134

142........ Regulator may determine a protection zone..................................... 134

143........ Determination on Regulator’s initiative or in response to application 135

144........ Prohibited activities......................................................................... 135

145........ Restricted activities.......................................................................... 135

146........ When a determination takes effect................................................... 136

147........ Determination continues in effect even if infrastructure ceases to operate                136

Subdivision B—Offences in relation to protection zones                              136

148........ Engaging in prohibited or restricted activities.................................. 136

149........ Defences to offence of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities 137

150........ Master or owner of vessel used in offence of engaging in prohibited or restricted activities    137

151........ Foreign nationals and foreign vessels............................................. 138

Chapter 5—Administration                                                                             140

Part 1—Offshore Infrastructure Registrar                                                        140

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         140

152........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 140

Division 2—Offshore Infrastructure Registrar                                          141

153........ Offshore Infrastructure Registrar.................................................... 141

154........ Functions of the Registrar............................................................... 141

155........ Powers of the Registrar................................................................... 142

156........ Delegation by the Registrar............................................................. 142

157........ Consultants..................................................................................... 143

158........ Registrar to be assisted by APS employees in the Department....... 143

159........ Annual report.................................................................................. 143

160........ Reviews of activities of Registrar.................................................... 143

161........ Judicial notice of signature of the Registrar..................................... 144

Division 3—The Register of Offshore Infrastructure Licences          145

162........ Register to be kept........................................................................... 145

163........ Records to be made in Register....................................................... 145

164........ Entry in Register—events affecting a licence.................................. 146

165........ Other instruments or notices to be included in register.................... 147

166........ Notation in Register—applicable datum.......................................... 147

167........ Material that must not be included in a record for a licence............. 147

168........ Notification requirements—licence holder...................................... 147

169........ Evidentiary provisions.................................................................... 148

170........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................. 149

Division 4—Offshore Infrastructure Registrar Special Account      150

171........ Offshore Infrastructure Registrar Special Account......................... 150

172........ Credits to the Offshore Infrastructure Registrar Special Account... 150

173........ Purposes of the Offshore Infrastructure Registrar Special Account 151

Part 2—Offshore Infrastructure Regulator                                                       152

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         152

174........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 152

Division 2—The Regulator                                                                                     153

175........ The Regulator.................................................................................. 153

176........ The CEO of the Regulator............................................................... 153

177........ Functions of the Regulator.............................................................. 153

178........ Powers of the Regulator.................................................................. 155

179........ Delegation by the Regulator............................................................ 155

180........ Consultants and persons seconded to the Regulator........................ 156

181........ Minister may require Regulator to prepare reports or give information 156

182........ Minister may give directions to Regulator....................................... 157

183........ Additional functions and powers.................................................... 157

184........ Annual reports................................................................................ 160

Division 3—Other financial matters                                                                  161

185........ Money received by the Regulator.................................................... 161

186........ Commonwealth payments to the Regulator..................................... 161

187........ Application of money of the Regulator........................................... 161

Part 3—Fees and offshore electricity infrastructure levy                          163

188........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 163

189........ Fees................................................................................................. 163

190........ Offshore electricity infrastructure levy............................................ 164

Part 4—Compliance and enforcement                                                                   166

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         166

191........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 166

Division 2—OEI inspectors                                                                                    167

192........ OEI inspectors—appointment......................................................... 167

193........ OEI inspectors—directions by Regulator........................................ 168

194........ OEI inspectors—reimbursement for exercise of powers relating to the Registrar    168

Division 3—Monitoring and investigation powers                                     170

195........ Monitoring powers (general).......................................................... 170

196........ Investigation powers (general)........................................................ 173

197........ Monitoring and investigation powers (special provisions).............. 175

198........ Monitoring powers (entering offshore premises without warrant).. 176

199........ Investigation powers (entering offshore premises without warrant) 177

200........ Monitoring and investigation powers (reasonable facilities and assistance)             178

201........ OEI inspections—licence holder’s representative........................... 179

202........ Monitoring and investigation powers (relationship with other powers) 180

203........ Obstructing or hindering OEI inspector.......................................... 181

204........ OEI inspections—reports................................................................ 181

Division 4—Compliance powers                                                                          183

205........ Do not disturb notices—issue......................................................... 183

206........ Do not disturb notices—notification and display............................ 184

207........ Prohibition notices—issue.............................................................. 185

208........ Prohibition notices—notification..................................................... 187

209........ Improvement notices—issue........................................................... 189

210........ Improvement notices—compliance................................................. 191

211........ Tampering with and removing notices............................................ 192

212........ Publishing prohibition notices and improvement notices................ 192

Division 5—Civil penalties                                                                                      194

213........ Civil penalty provisions.................................................................. 194

214........ Contravening civil penalty provisions............................................. 196

Division 6—Infringement notices                                                                        197

215........ Infringement notices........................................................................ 197

216........ Evidentiary matters.......................................................................... 199

Division 7—Injunctions                                                                                            201

217........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 201

Division 8—Enforceable undertakings                                                             204

218........ Enforceable undertakings................................................................ 204

219........ Publication of enforceable undertakings.......................................... 207

220........ Compliance with enforceable undertaking....................................... 208

221........ Listed WHS laws............................................................................ 209

Division 9—Adverse publicity orders                                                               210

222........ Adverse publicity orders................................................................. 210

Division 10—Miscellaneous                                                                                    212

223........ Physical elements of offences......................................................... 212

224........ Contravening offence and civil penalty provisions.......................... 212

Chapter 6—Application of work health and safety laws and other laws               213

Part 1—Work Health and Safety                                                                              213

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         213

225........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 213

Division 2—Application of the Work Health and Safety Act 2011   214

226........ Application of the Work Health and Safety Act 2011 ...................... 214

227........ References to Comcare.................................................................... 214

228........ Section 4 (definitions)..................................................................... 214

229........ Section 4 (definition of inspector )................................................... 215

230........ Section 12 (scope)........................................................................... 215

231........ Section 12A (Act does not apply to certain vessels, structures and facilities)           216

232........ Division 3 of Part 2 (further duties of persons conducting businesses or undertakings)          216

233........ Section 37 (what is a dangerous incident )...................................... 216

234........ Section 90 (provisional improvement notices)................................ 216

235........ Section 92 (contents of provisional improvement notice)................ 217

236........ Section 102 (decision of inspector on review of provisional improvement notice)   218

237........ Part 7 (workplace entry by WHS entry permit holders).................. 218

238........ Parts 8 to 11.................................................................................... 219

239........ Division 1 of Part 14 (general provisions)...................................... 219

240........ Section 274 (approved codes of practice)........................................ 219

241........ Schedule 2 (the regulator and local tripartite consultation arrangements and other local arrangements)    220

242........ Schedule 3 (regulation-making powers).......................................... 220

243........ Regulations under the Work Health and Safety Act........................ 220

Division 3—Other work health and safety provisions                             221

244........ Functions and powers of OEI inspectors........................................ 221

Part 2—Application of State and Territory laws in Commonwealth offshore area          222

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         222

245........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 222

246........ Laws that this Part applies to........................................................... 222

247........ Meaning of included offshore area of a State or Territory.............. 222

Division 2—Application of State and Territory laws                               223

248........ Application of State and Territory laws in offshore areas............... 223

249........ Disapplication and modification of laws......................................... 224

250........ Limit on application of laws............................................................ 225

251........ Inconsistent law not applied............................................................ 225

252........ Criminal laws not applied................................................................ 225

253........ Tax laws not applied....................................................................... 225

254........ Appropriation law not applied......................................................... 225

255........ Applied laws not to confer Commonwealth judicial power............. 225

256........ Applied laws not to contravene constitutional restrictions on conferral of powers on courts   226

257........ No limits on ordinary operation of law........................................... 226

258........ Jurisdiction of State courts.............................................................. 226

259........ Jurisdiction of Territory courts........................................................ 226

260........ Validation of certain acts................................................................. 226

261........ Certain provisions not affected by this Part..................................... 227

Chapter 7—Information relating to offshore infrastructure                228

Part 1—Managing data and gathering information                                      228

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         228

262........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 228

Division 2—Data management                                                                             229

263........ Data management directions—offshore infrastructure activities...... 229

264........ Data management directions—merit criteria.................................... 229

265........ Data management directions—giving a data management direction 229

266........ Minister may give directions to Registrar........................................ 230

267........ Complying with data management directions.................................. 230

268........ Regulations about data management................................................ 231

Division 3—Information-gathering                                                                    232

269........ Information-gathering notices......................................................... 232

270........ Complying with information-gathering notice................................. 233

271........ Copying documents—reasonable compensation............................. 234

272........ Power to examine on oath or affirmation........................................ 234

273........ Self-incrimination............................................................................ 234

274........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 235

275........ Registrar or OEI inspector may retain documents........................... 235

276........ False or misleading information...................................................... 236

277........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 236

278........ False or misleading evidence........................................................... 237

279........ Directions by Registrar................................................................... 237

Part 2—Release of regulatory information                                                         238

280........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 238

281........ Registrar to make documents available to the Minister.................... 238

Part 3—Release of information given to Registrar                                        239

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         239

282........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 239

Division 2—Protection of confidentiality of information                       240

Subdivision A—Documentary information obtained by the Registrar     240

283........ Protection of confidentiality of documentary information obtained by the Registrar                240

284........ Registrar may make information available to a Minister, a State Minister or a Territory Minister            240

Subdivision B—Documentary information obtained by a Minister          241

285........ Protection of confidentiality............................................................ 241

Subdivision C—Miscellaneous                                                                             241

286........ Fees................................................................................................. 241

287........ Review by Minister......................................................................... 242

288........ Privacy Act..................................................................................... 242

Division 3—Copyright                                                                                              243

289........ Publishing or making copies of applicable documents not an infringement of copyright         243

Part 4—Using and sharing offshore infrastructure information and things         244

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         244

290........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 244

291........ Scope of Part................................................................................... 244

Division 2—Regulator’s use of offshore infrastructure information or things 246

292........ Purposes for which Regulator may use offshore infrastructure information or things             246

Division 3—Sharing offshore infrastructure information or things 247

293........ Sharing offshore infrastructure information or things for the purposes of this Act  247

294........ Regulator may share offshore infrastructure information or things with other agencies           247

295........ Personal information....................................................................... 248

Chapter 8—Miscellaneous                                                                                 249

Part 1—Miscellaneous provisions                                                                              249

296........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 249

297........ Review of decisions........................................................................ 249

298........ Application of the Lands Acquisition Act 1989 ............................... 250

299........ Jurisdiction of State courts.............................................................. 250

300........ Jurisdiction of Territory courts........................................................ 250

301........ Liability for acts and omissions....................................................... 251

302........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 252

303........ Delegation by Minister.................................................................... 252

Part 2—Regulations                                                                                                           254

304........ Simplified outline of this Part.......................................................... 254

305........ Regulations..................................................................................... 254

306........ Regulations may provide for offences............................................. 254

307........ Regulations may provide for approved forms................................. 254

308........ Regulations dealing with the Regulatory Powers Act..................... 255

309........ Pre-existing infrastructure............................................................... 257