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Recycling and Waste Reduction Bill 2020

2019-2020

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Recycling and Waste Reduction Bill 2020

 

No.      , 2020

 

(Environment)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to reduce the environmental and other impacts of products and waste material, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction                                                                                        1

Part 1—Preliminary provisions                                                                                      1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Objects of this Act.............................................................................. 2

4............ Minister to have regard to certain matters in exercising powers and functions         3

5............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 3

6............ Act binds the Crown........................................................................... 5

7............ Extension to external Territories.......................................................... 6

8............ Extraterritorial application................................................................... 6

9............ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws................................ 6

Part 2—Interpretation                                                                                                         7

10.......... The Dictionary.................................................................................... 7

11.......... Definition of associate ...................................................................... 12

12.......... Definition of entered for export ........................................................ 13

13.......... Definition of export operations ......................................................... 13

14.......... When the product stewardship criteria are satisfied......................... 13

15.......... Definition of waste material ............................................................. 14

Chapter 2—Regulating the export of waste material             15

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                           15

16.......... Simplified outline of this Chapter...................................................... 15

Part 2—Exporting waste material                                                                              17

17.......... Rules may prescribe waste material for the purposes of this Act...... 17

18.......... Rules may prohibit export of regulated waste material subject to conditions            17

19.......... Export declaration—general requirements......................................... 18

20.......... Exporting regulated waste material—non-compliance with prescribed export conditions        19

21.......... Knowingly making false or misleading representation about regulated waste material that is entered for export      19

22.......... Recklessly making false or misleading representation about regulated waste material that is entered for export      20

23.......... Knowingly making false or misleading representation in relation to an export declaration       21

24.......... Recklessly making false or misleading representation in relation to an export declaration        22

Part 3—Exemptions                                                                                                             24

25.......... Application for exemption................................................................. 24

26.......... Minister must decide whether to grant exemption............................. 24

27.......... Exemption may be granted subject to conditions............................... 25

28.......... Notice of decision............................................................................. 26

29.......... Period of effect of exemption............................................................ 27

30.......... Variation of conditions of exemption................................................ 27

31.......... Revocation of exemption................................................................... 28

32.......... Effect of exemption........................................................................... 28

Part 4—Grant of export licence                                                                                   29

33.......... Application for export licence........................................................... 29

34.......... Minister must decide whether to grant export licence........................ 29

35.......... Conditions of export licence.............................................................. 31

36.......... Matters to be stated in export licence................................................. 32

37.......... Period of effect of export licence....................................................... 32

Part 5—Renewal of export licence                                                                             34

38.......... Application to renew export licence.................................................. 34

39.......... Minister must decide whether to renew export licence...................... 35

40.......... Conditions of renewed export licence............................................... 36

41.......... Matters to be stated in renewed export licence.................................. 37

Part 6—Variation of export licence                                                                           38

Division 1—Application by holder                                                                        38

42.......... Application by holder to vary export licence..................................... 38

43.......... Notice of variation............................................................................. 39

Division 2—Variation by Minister                                                                       41

44.......... Minister may vary export licence...................................................... 41

45.......... Notice of variation............................................................................. 43

Part 7—Suspension of export licence                                                                        45

46.......... Grounds for suspension—general.................................................... 45

47.......... Grounds for suspension—overdue relevant Commonwealth liability 47

48.......... Notice of suspension......................................................................... 48

49.......... Period of suspension......................................................................... 49

50.......... Revocation of suspension................................................................. 49

51.......... Effect of suspension.......................................................................... 49

52.......... Export operations must not be carried out if export licence is suspended 49

Part 8—Revocation of export licence                                                                        51

Division 1—Revocation requested by holder                                                  51

53.......... Holder may request revocation.......................................................... 51

Division 2—Revocation by Minister                                                                    52

54.......... Grounds for revocation—general...................................................... 52

55.......... Grounds for revocation—overdue relevant Commonwealth liability 53

56.......... Notice of revocation.......................................................................... 54

Division 3—Other provisions                                                                                  56

57.......... Export operations must not be carried out after export licence revoked 56

58.......... Minister may require action to be taken after export licence revoked 56

Part 9—Obligations of holders of export licences                                             58

59.......... Conditions of export licence must not be contravened...................... 58

60.......... Additional or corrected information in relation to application for licence etc.           59

61.......... Holder of export licence must notify the Minister of certain events.. 60

Part 10—Other matters                                                                                                     62

62.......... Persons who participate in the management or control of another person’s export business    62

63.......... Minister’s powers in relation to associates of holder of export licence 62

64.......... Minister may give directions to holder of export licence................... 63

65.......... Publishing information about export licences.................................... 64

Chapter 3—Product stewardship                                                                 65

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                           65

66.......... Simplified outline of this Chapter...................................................... 65

Part 2—Minister’s priority list                                                                                      67

67.......... Minister’s priority list....................................................................... 67

68.......... Tabling of Minister’s priority list and statement relating to product stewardship arrangements               69

Part 3—Voluntary product stewardship                                                                70

69.......... Exercising rights in product stewardship logo in accordance with accredited voluntary arrangement      70

70.......... Accreditation of voluntary arrangements........................................... 70

71.......... Only certain kinds of voluntary arrangements can be accredited....... 72

72.......... Administrator of accredited voluntary arrangement must notify the Minister of certain events                72

73.......... What is a product stewardship logo .................................................. 73

74.......... What are the Commonwealth’s intellectual property rights in a product stewardship logo      74

75.......... Commonwealth’s intellectual property rights not limited.................. 74

Part 4—Co-regulatory product stewardship                                                       75

Division 1—Requirements for liable parties and administrators of co-regulatory arrangements          75

Subdivision A—Requirement for liable party to be member of approved co-regulatory arrangement 75

76.......... Liable party to be member of approved co-regulatory arrangement... 75

77.......... Who is a liable party in relation to a product..................................... 77

78.......... What is an approved co-regulatory arrangement ............................. 78

79.......... Outcomes for approved co-regulatory arrangements......................... 78

80.......... Matters to be dealt with by co-regulatory arrangements.................... 79

Subdivision B—Requirements for administrators of approved co-regulatory arrangements   79

81.......... Administrator to achieve outcomes for co-regulatory arrangement... 79

82.......... Administrator must notify the Minister of certain events.................. 80

Subdivision C—Requirements for liable parties and administrators          81

83.......... Requirement to give reports to the Minister...................................... 81

Division 2—Approving co-regulatory arrangements                                83

84.......... Approving co-regulatory arrangements—application........................ 83

85.......... Approving co-regulatory arrangements—decision............................ 83

Division 3—Reviewing co-regulatory arrangements and cancelling approvals                86

86.......... Reviewing approved co-regulatory arrangements............................. 86

87.......... Cancelling approvals of co-regulatory arrangements......................... 86

Division 4—Improvement notices                                                                         89

88.......... Improvement notices......................................................................... 89

Division 5—Other matters relating to co-regulatory product stewardship         91

89.......... Co-regulatory product stewardship—anti-avoidance........................ 91

90.......... Additional or corrected information in relation to approved co-regulatory arrangements         92

91.......... Co-regulatory product stewardship—replacing administrator........... 93

Part 5—Mandatory product stewardship                                                              95

92.......... Mandatory product stewardship requirements may be prescribed by rules              95

93.......... Mandatory product stewardship—satisfying product stewardship criteria and furthering objects etc.     97

94.......... Mandatory product stewardship—constitutional connection............. 98

Part 6—Other matters                                                                                                        99

95.......... Publishing information about arrangements...................................... 99

Chapter 4—Administration                                                                             100

Part 1—Introduction                                                                                                         100

96.......... Simplified outline of this Chapter.................................................... 100

Part 2—Compliance and enforcement                                                                   102

Division 1—Powers of investigation and enforcement                            102

97.......... General monitoring powers............................................................. 102

98.......... Additional monitoring powers etc................................................... 103

99.......... General investigation powers.......................................................... 104

100........ Additional investigation powers etc................................................ 105

101........ Civil penalty provisions.................................................................. 106

102........ Infringement notices........................................................................ 107

103........ Enforceable undertakings................................................................ 109

104........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 109

Division 2—Power to give directions                                                                111

105........ Direction to assist persons performing functions etc. under this Act 111

106........ Direction to deal with non-compliance with the requirements of this Act etc.          112

107........ General provisions relating to directions......................................... 115

Division 3—Audits                                                                                                       116

Subdivision A—Minister may require audits to be conducted                     116

108........ Audit of export operations.............................................................. 116

109........ Audit of product stewardship arrangements.................................... 117

110........ Audit in relation to persons performing functions or exercising powers under this Act           119

111........ Single audit or program of audits may be required.......................... 119

112........ Matters relating to audits................................................................. 119

113........ Powers of auditors.......................................................................... 120

114........ Relevant person for an audit............................................................ 121

115........ Relevant person for an audit must provide facilities and assistance. 121

Subdivision B—Approved auditors                                                                    122

116........ Minister may approve persons to conduct audits............................ 122

117........ Approved auditors may charge fees................................................ 123

Division 4—Miscellaneous                                                                                      124

118........ Physical elements of offences......................................................... 124

119........ Contravening an offence provision or a civil penalty provision...... 124

120........ Notification of conviction of offence, order to pay pecuniary penalty etc.—participants in product stewardship arrangements, export licence holders and applicants for licences.... 124

121........ Notification of conviction of offence or order to pay pecuniary penalty—third party authorised officers etc.          126

122........ Minister may publicise certain offences, contraventions and decisions 126

123........ Identity cards................................................................................... 128

124........ Offence—failure to return identity card........................................... 128

Part 3—Authorised officers                                                                                          130

Division 1—Authorisation                                                                                       130

125........ Authorisation of persons to be authorised officers.......................... 130

126........ Conditions of authorisation............................................................. 132

127........ Third party authorised officers must not contravene conditions of authorisation      133

128........ Arrangements for State or Territory officers or employees to be authorised officers               134

129........ Training and qualification requirements for authorised government enforcement officers        134

Division 2—Variation, suspension and revocation of authorisation 135

Subdivision A—Variation, suspension and revocation on Secretary’s own initiative   135

130........ Variation of authorisation................................................................ 135

131........ Suspension of authorisation............................................................ 136

132........ Revocation of authorisation............................................................. 137

133........ Notice of proposed action must be given to third party authorised officer                137

Subdivision B—Variation, suspension and revocation on application or request by third party authorised officer                                                                                                        138

134........ Application for variation of authorisation........................................ 138

135........ Request for suspension of authorisation......................................... 139

136........ Request for revocation of authorisation........................................... 140

Subdivision C—Other provisions                                                                        140

137........ Secretary may request notification of certain events by suspended third party authorised officer             140

Division 3—Functions and powers                                                                     142

138........ Rules may confer functions or powers on authorised officers........ 142

139........ Functions and powers of authorised officers.................................. 142

140........ Third party authorised officer must not contravene direction.......... 143

141........ Certain authorised officers may charge fees.................................... 143

Part 4—Record-keeping                                                                                                 144

142........ Requirements to make and retain records........................................ 144

Part 5—Information management                                                                           146

Division 1—Information gathering powers                                                   146

143........ Power to require information or documents.................................... 146

144........ Providing and disseminating information........................................ 147

Division 2—False or misleading information or documents                 149

145........ False or misleading statements in applications................................ 149

146........ False or misleading information...................................................... 149

147........ False or misleading documents....................................................... 150

Division 3—Protecting information                                                                   152

148........ Offence—using or disclosing commercially sensitive information. 152

149........ Authorised uses and disclosures..................................................... 152

150........ Disclosing commercially sensitive information to courts and tribunals etc.              154

Part 6—Review of decisions                                                                                         155

151........ Persons affected by reviewable decisions ........................................ 155

152........ Notice of decisions and review rights............................................. 159

153........ Internal review................................................................................ 159

154........ Review of decisions by Administrative Appeals Tribunal.............. 159

Part 7—Fees and charges                                                                                               161

Division 1—Fees                                                                                                           161

155........ Charging of fees.............................................................................. 161

156........ Commonwealth not liable to pay a fee............................................. 162

157........ Recovery of fees............................................................................. 162

158........ Minister may direct that activities not be carried out........................ 162

Division 2—Waste material export charge                                                   164

159........ Rules relating to waste material export charge................................. 164

160........ Recovery of waste material export charge and late payment penalty 164

161........ Minister may direct that activities not be carried out........................ 165

162........ Commonwealth liable to pay waste material export charge and late payment penalties             165

Part 8—Other matters                                                                                                      166

163........ Methods for taking, testing and analysing certain samples.............. 166

164........ Storage of samples.......................................................................... 166

165........ Test or analysis may result in destruction or reduction in value of sample               166

166........ Appointment of analyst................................................................... 167

167........ Analyst may give certificate............................................................ 167

168........ Admission of analyst’s certificate in proceedings........................... 168

169........ Hindering compliance with this Act etc........................................... 169

170........ Influencing a person performing functions or duties or exercising powers              170

Chapter 5—Other matters                                                                                 171

171........ Simplified outline of this Chapter.................................................... 171

172........ General requirements for making applications................................ 171

173........ Additional or corrected information in relation to applications........ 172

174........ Dealing with applications................................................................ 173

175........ Fit and proper persons.................................................................... 173

176........ Treatment of partnerships................................................................ 176

177........ Treatment of unincorporated associations....................................... 176

178........ Treatment of trusts.......................................................................... 177

179........ Arrangements with States and Territories to help give effect to this Act  178

180........ Protection from civil proceedings.................................................... 178

181........ Circumstances in which relevant Commonwealth liability of a person is taken to have been paid            179

182........ Power to arrange for certain decisions to be made by computer programs               180

183........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 180

184........ Annual report.................................................................................. 181

185........ Review of operation of this Act...................................................... 181

186........ Delegation—Minister...................................................................... 181

187........ Delegation—Secretary.................................................................... 182

188........ Rules............................................................................................... 182

 



A Bill for an Act to reduce the environmental and other impacts of products and waste material, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Regulating the export of waste material

Chapter 3 Product stewardship

Chapter 4 Administration

Chapter 5 Other matters

   

   

171   Simplified outline of this Chapter

Applications under this Act must comply with certain requirements. A person who has made an application under this Act must give the recipient of the application additional or corrected information in certain circumstances.

There is a test for determining whether a person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of this Act, which includes the Minister having regard to whether the person is financially viable and whether the person has been convicted of certain offences.

The Minister must prepare an annual report on the operation of this Act and must also cause a review in relation to its operation and objects to be conducted within 10 years after the Act commences.

The Minister and the Secretary may delegate their powers and functions to certain persons. However, the Minister cannot delegate the power to make the rules or to publish a Minister’s priority list.

This Chapter also deals with other miscellaneous matters (such as treatment of partnerships and protection from civil proceedings).

This Chapter also gives the Minister the power to make rules for the purposes of this Act. The rules are a disallowable legislative instrument.

172   General requirements for making applications

             (1)  An application under this Act must:

                     (a)  if the Minister has approved, in writing, a manner for making an application—be made in an approved manner; and

                     (b)  if the Minister has approved a form for making an application:

                              (i)  include the information required by the form; and

                             (ii)  be accompanied by any documents required by the form; and

                     (c)  include the information (if any) prescribed by the rules; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by any documents prescribed by the rules; and

                     (e)  if rules made for the purposes of section 155 specify a fee that must accompany the application and payment of the fee has not been waived—be accompanied by the fee.

Note:          A person may commit an offence or be liable to a civil penalty if the person makes a false or misleading statement in an application or provides false or misleading information or documents (see sections 145, 146 and 147 of this Act and sections 136.1, 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code ).

             (2)  The Minister may accept any information or document previously given to the Minister in connection with an application made under this Act as satisfying any requirement to give that information or document under subsection (1).

             (3)  An application is taken not to have been made if the application does not comply with the requirements in subsection (1) for the application.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, the Minister may approve:

                     (a)  different forms for applications relating to different matters; or

                     (b)  a single form for more than one kind of application.

173   Additional or corrected information in relation to applications

             (1)  A person who has made an application to another person (the recipient ) under this Act must comply with subsection (2) if:

                     (a)  the person becomes aware that information included in the application, or information or a document given in relation to the application to the recipient, was incomplete or incorrect; or

                     (b)  a change prescribed by the rules occurs.

             (2)  The person must, as soon as practicable, give the recipient additional or corrected information, to the extent that it is relevant to the consideration of the application.

Note:          A person may commit an offence or be liable to a civil penalty if the person makes a false or misleading statement in an application or provides false or misleading information or documents (see sections 145, 146 and 147 of this Act and sections 136.1, 137.1 and 137.2 of the Criminal Code ).

Civil penalty provision

             (3)  A person is liable to a civil penalty if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (2); and

                     (b)  the person fails to comply with the requirement.

Civil penalty:          60 penalty units.

174   Dealing with applications

             (1)  The person to whom an application is made may do any of the following in relation to the application:

                     (a)  request the applicant, or another person who the person considers may have information or documents relevant to the application or the applicant, to give the person further specified information or documents relevant to the application or the applicant;

                     (b)  any other thing prescribed by the rules.

             (2)  A request under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  specify the period (which must not be longer than the period prescribed by the rules) within which the request must be complied with.

175   Fit and proper persons

             (1)  This section applies for the purposes of determining whether a person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of this Act.

Note:          The reference to this Act includes a reference to instruments made under this Act (see the definition of this Act in section 10).

             (2)  In determining whether the person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of a provision of this Act, the Minister must have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether the person is financially viable;

                     (b)  whether the person has been convicted of an offence against, or ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty under, any of the following:

                              (i)  this Act;

                             (ii)  the Biosecurity Act 2015 ;

                            (iii)  the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011 ;

                            (iv)  the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 ;

                             (v)  the Export Control Act 2020 ;

                            (vi)  the Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989 ;

                           (vii)  the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 ;

                          (viii)  the repealed Product Stewardship Act 2011 ;

                            (ix)  the Product Stewardship (Oil) Act 2000 ;

                             (x)  another Act prescribed by the rules;

                            (xi)  the Criminal Code or the Crimes Act 1914 , to the extent that it relates to an Act referred to in another subparagraph of this paragraph;

                     (c)  the person’s history of compliance with this Act;

                     (d)  if the person has been an administrator of a co-regulatory arrangement—whether the Minister did not approve, or cancelled the approval of, the co-regulatory arrangement because the Minister was satisfied that the administrator was not a fit and proper person;

                     (e)  if the person has made an application for an export licence or an application for renewal of an export licence—whether the application was refused;

                      (f)  whether the person:

                              (i)  has made a false or misleading statement in an application under this Act; or

                             (ii)  gave false or misleading information or documents to a person performing functions or exercising powers under this Act;

                     (g)  the history of the person in relation to environmental matters;

                     (h)  whether a debt is due and payable by the person to the Commonwealth under any Act referred to in paragraph (b);

                      (i)  any other matter prescribed by the rules in relation to the provision.

             (3)  In determining whether the person is a fit and proper person, the Minister may also have regard to the following matters:

                     (a)  whether, under a law of a State or Territory, the person has been given a notice (however described) that:

                              (i)  relates to an environmental matter; and

                             (ii)  requires the person to take, or not to take, specified action to remedy non-compliance, or suspected non-compliance, with the law;

                     (b)  the matters mentioned in subsection (2) as they apply to an associate of the person;

                     (c)  whether the person, or an associate of the person, has been convicted of an offence against, or ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty under, an Australian law (other than an Act referred to in paragraph (2)(b));

                     (d)  whether a debt is due and payable by the person, or an associate of the person:

                              (i)  to the Commonwealth under any Act (other than one referred to in paragraph (2)(b)); or

                             (ii)  to a State or Territory, under a law of the State or Territory.

                     (e)  any other relevant matter.

             (4)  Nothing in this section affects the operation of Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 .

Note:          Part VIIC of the Crimes Act 1914 includes provisions that, in certain circumstances, relieve persons from the requirement to disclose spent convictions and require persons aware of such convictions to disregard them.

176   Treatment of partnerships

             (1)  This Act applies to a partnership as if it were a person, but with the changes set out in this section.

             (2)  An obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the partnership by this Act is imposed on each partner instead, but may be discharged by any of the partners.

             (3)  An offence against this Act that would otherwise have been committed by the partnership is taken to have been committed by each partner in the partnership at the time the offence was committed who:

                     (a)  did the relevant act or made the relevant omission; or

                     (b)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the relevant act or omission; or

                     (c)  was in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the partner).

             (4)  This section applies to a contravention of a civil penalty provision in a corresponding way to the way in which it applies to an offence.

             (5)  For the purposes of this Act, a change in the composition of a partnership does not affect the continuity of the partnership.

177   Treatment of unincorporated associations

             (1)  This Act applies to an unincorporated association as if it were a person, but with the changes set out in this section.

             (2)  An obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the association by this Act is imposed on each member of the association’s committee of management instead, but may be discharged by any of the members.

             (3)  An offence against this Act that would otherwise have been committed by the association is taken to have been committed by each member of the association’s committee of management at the time the offence was committed who:

                     (a)  did the relevant act or made the relevant omission; or

                     (b)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the relevant act or omission; or

                     (c)  was in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the member).

             (4)  This section applies to a contravention of a civil penalty provision in a corresponding way to the way in which it applies to an offence.

178   Treatment of trusts

             (1)  This Act applies to a trust as if it were a person, but with the changes set out in this section.

Trusts with a single trustee

             (2)  If the trust has a single trustee:

                     (a)  an obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the trust by this Act is imposed on the trustee instead; and

                     (b)  an offence against this Act that would otherwise have been committed by the trust is taken to have been committed by the trustee.

Trusts with multiple trustees

             (3)  If the trust has 2 or more trustees:

                     (a)  an obligation that would otherwise be imposed on the trust by this Act is imposed on each trustee instead, but may be discharged by any of the trustees; and

                     (b)  an offence against this Act that would otherwise have been committed by the trust is taken to have been committed by each trustee of the trust at the time the offence was committed who:

                              (i)  did the relevant act or made the relevant omission; or

                             (ii)  aided, abetted, counselled or procured the relevant act or omission; or

                            (iii)  was in any way knowingly concerned in, or party to, the relevant act or omission (whether directly or indirectly and whether by any act or omission of the trustee).

Contraventions of civil penalty provisions

             (4)  This section applies to a contravention of a civil penalty provision in a corresponding way to the way in which it applies to an offence.

179   Arrangements with States and Territories to help give effect to this Act

                   The Minister may enter into an arrangement with a relevant Minister of a State or Territory in relation to either or both of the following:

                     (a)  the use of any place in the State or Territory for the purposes of this Act, and the control and management of the place;

                     (b)  any matters necessary or convenient to be arranged in order to enable the Commonwealth, the State or the Territory to assist each other for the purposes of achieving the objects of this Act.

Note:          The Secretary may enter into arrangements with State or Territory bodies for officers or employees of those bodies to be authorised officers under this Act (see section 128).

180   Protection from civil proceedings

Protection for the Commonwealth and protected persons

             (1)  No civil proceeding lies against the Commonwealth or a person (a protected person ) covered by subsection (3) in relation to anything done, or omitted to be done, in good faith:

                     (a)  by a protected person in the performance or purported performance of a function or duty, or the exercise or purported exercise of a power, conferred by this Act; or

                     (b)  by a person in providing, or purporting to provide, assistance, information or a document to a protected person, as a result of a request, direction or other requirement made by the protected person in the performance or purported performance of a function or duty, or the exercise or purported exercise of a power, conferred by this Act.

Protection for persons assisting protected persons

             (2)  No civil proceeding lies against a person in relation to anything done, or omitted to be done, in good faith by the person in providing, or purporting to provide, assistance, information or a document to a protected person, as a result of a request, direction or other requirement made by the protected person in the performance or purported performance of a function or duty, or the exercise or purported exercise of a power, conferred by this Act.

Protected persons

             (3)  A person is covered by this subsection if the person is, or was, any of the following:

                     (a)  the Minister;

                     (b)  the Secretary;

                     (c)  an authorised officer;

                     (d)  an officer or employee of the Department.

Relationship to section 183

             (4)  Subsection (1) is subject to section 183 (compensation for acquisition of property).

181   Circumstances in which relevant Commonwealth liability of a person is taken to have been paid

                   A relevant Commonwealth liability of a person is taken to have been paid for the purposes of a specified provision of this Act in the circumstances prescribed by the rules.

182   Power to arrange for certain decisions to be made by computer programs

             (1)  The Secretary may arrange for the use, under the Secretary’s control, of computer programs for any purposes for which the Secretary or the Minister may, or must, make a decision covered by subsection (2).

             (2)  A decision is covered by this subsection if the decision is made under this Act and is prescribed by the rules.

             (3)  The Secretary must take all reasonable steps to ensure that decisions made by the operation of a computer program under an arrangement made under subsection (1) are correct.

             (4)  A decision made by the operation of a computer program under an arrangement made under subsection (1) is taken to be a decision made by the Secretary or the Minister (as the case requires).

             (5)  The Secretary or the Minister (as the case requires) may substitute a decision for a decision (the initial decision ) made by the operation of a computer program if the Secretary or Minister is satisfied that the initial decision is incorrect.

183   Compensation for acquisition of property

             (1)  If the operation of this Act would result in an acquisition of property (within the meaning of paragraph 51(xxxi) of the Constitution) from a person otherwise than on just terms (within the meaning of that paragraph), the Commonwealth is liable to pay a reasonable amount of compensation to the person.

             (2)  If the Commonwealth and the person do not agree on the amount of the compensation, the person may institute proceedings in the Federal Court of Australia or the Supreme Court of a State or Territory for the recovery from the Commonwealth of such reasonable amount of compensation as the court determines.

184   Annual report

             (1)  The Minister must prepare a report on the operation of this Act during each financial year.

             (2)  The Minister must do so as soon as practicable after the end of the financial year.

             (3)  The Minister must cause a copy of the report to be tabled in each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of the day on which the report is completed.

185   Review of operation of this Act

             (1)  The Minister must cause a review of the following matters to be undertaken:

                     (a)  the operation of this Act;

                     (b)  the extent to which the objects of this Act have been achieved.

             (2)  The review must be undertaken no later than 10 years after the commencement of this Act

             (3)  The persons who undertake the review must give the Minister a written report of the review.

             (4)  The Minister must cause a copy of the report of the review to be tabled in each House of the Parliament within 15 sitting days of the day the Minister receives the report.

186   Delegation—Minister

             (1)  The Minister may, in writing, delegate all or any of the Minister’s functions or powers under this Act to:

                     (a)  the Secretary of the Department; or

                     (b)  an S ES employee or acting SES employee in the Department.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to the Minister’s power to make rules under section 188 or to prepare and publish a Minister’s priority list.

             (3)  In exercising powers or functions under a delegation, the delegate must comply with any directions of the Minister.

187   Delegation—Secretary

             (1)  The Secretary may, in writing, delegate all or any of the Secretary’s powers or functions under this Act to an S ES employee or acting SES employee in the Department.

             (2)  In exercising powers or functions under a delegation, the delegate must comply with any directions of the Secretary.

188   Rules

             (1)  The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make rules prescribing matters:

                     (a)  required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed by the rules; or

                     (b)  necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to this Act.

             (2)  Without limiting subsection 33(3A) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 , the rules may prescribe a matter or thing differently for different kinds of persons, things or circumstances.

             (3)  Despite subsection 14(2) of the Legislation Act 2003 , the rules may make provision in relation to a matter by applying, adopting or incorporating, with or without modification, any matter contained in any other instrument or other writing as in force or existing from time to time.

             (4)  To avoid doubt, the rules may not do the following:

                     (a)  create an offence or civil penalty;

                     (b)  provide powers of:

                              (i)  arrest or detention; or

                             (ii)  entry, search or seizure;

                     (c)  impose a tax;

                     (d)  set an amount to be appropriated from the Consolidated Revenue Fund under an appropriation in this Act;

                     (e)  directly amend the text of this Act.

             (5)  In this section, a reference to this Act does not include a reference to the rules.