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Enhancing Online Safety for Children Bill 2014

2013-2014

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

Enhancing Online Safety for Children Bill 2014

 

No.      , 2014

 

(Communications)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to enhance online safety for children, and for other purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Simplified outline of this Act.............................................................. 2

4............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 3

5............ Cyber-bullying material targeted at an Australian child....................... 7

6............ When material is provided on a social media service or relevant electronic service  8

7............ When material is posted by an end-user of a social media service or relevant electronic service              8

8............ When material is removed from a social media service or relevant electronic service               8

9............ Social media service............................................................................ 9

10.......... Crown to be bound........................................................................... 10

11.......... Application of this Act...................................................................... 10

12.......... Convention on the Rights of the Child.............................................. 10

Part 2—Children’s e-Safety Commissioner                                                          11

13.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 11

14.......... Children’s e-Safety Commissioner................................................... 11

15.......... Functions of the Commissioner........................................................ 11

16.......... Powers of the Commissioner............................................................ 13

Part 3—Complaints about cyber-bullying material                                         14

17.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 14

18.......... Complaints about cyber-bullying material......................................... 14

19.......... Investigation of complaints............................................................... 16

Part 4—Social media services                                                                                        17

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           17

20.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 17

21.......... Basic online safety requirements....................................................... 17

22.......... Statement of Parliamentary expectations........................................... 18

Division 2—Tier 1 social media services                                                          19

Subdivision A—Declaration of tier 1 social media service                            19

23.......... Declaration of tier 1 social media service.......................................... 19

24.......... Variation of declaration of tier 1 social media service—change of name  20

25.......... Revocation of declaration of social media service as a tier 1 social media service    20

26.......... Notification of changes to terms of use of tier 1 social media service 21

27.......... Notification of change of contact person etc...................................... 21

28.......... Register of Tier 1 Social Media Services.......................................... 22

Subdivision B—Request for removal of cyber-bullying material                22

29.......... Request for removal of cyber-bullying material................................ 22

Division 3—Tier 2 social media services                                                          25

Subdivision A—Declaration of tier 2 social media service                            25

30.......... Declaration of tier 2 social media service.......................................... 25

31.......... Recommendation about declaration of a tier 2 social media service... 25

32.......... Variation of declaration of tier 2 social media service—change of name  27

33.......... Revocation of declaration of social media service as a tier 2 social media service    27

34.......... Register of Tier 2 Social Media Services.......................................... 28

Subdivision B—Social media service notices                                                     28

35.......... Social media service notice................................................................ 28

36.......... Compliance with social media service notice..................................... 29

37.......... Formal warning................................................................................. 29

Division 4—Non-compliant social media services                                       30

38.......... Non-compliance with the basic online safety requirements............... 30

39.......... Non-compliance with a request for removal of cyber-bullying material 30

40.......... Non-compliance with a social media service notice........................... 30

Part 5—End-user notices                                                                                                  31

41.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 31

42.......... End-user notice................................................................................. 31

43.......... Compliance with end-user notice...................................................... 32

44.......... Formal warning................................................................................. 32

Part 6—Enforcement                                                                                                          33

45.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 33

46.......... Civil penalty provision...................................................................... 33

47.......... Enforceable undertakings.................................................................. 34

48.......... Injunctions........................................................................................ 35

Part 7—Administrative provisions relating to the Commissioner           36

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           36

49.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 36

Division 2—Appointment of the Commissioner                                            37

50.......... Appointment of the Commissioner................................................... 37

51.......... Period of appointment for the Commissioner.................................... 37

52.......... Acting appointments......................................................................... 37

Division 3—Terms and conditions for the Commissioner                       39

53.......... Remuneration and allowances........................................................... 39

54.......... Leave of absence............................................................................... 39

55.......... Outside employment......................................................................... 39

56.......... Disclosure of interests to the Minister............................................... 39

57.......... Resignation....................................................................................... 40

58.......... Termination of appointment.............................................................. 40

59.......... Other terms and conditions............................................................... 40

Division 4—Other matters                                                                                       41

60.......... Supplementary powers...................................................................... 41

61.......... Commissioner’s liabilities are Commonwealth liabilities.................. 41

62.......... Commissioner has privileges and immunities of the Crown............. 41

63.......... Delegation by the Commissioner to a member of the staff of the ACMA etc.          42

64.......... Delegation by the Commissioner to a body corporate....................... 42

65.......... Sub-delegation by body corporate..................................................... 44

66.......... Annual report.................................................................................... 44

67.......... Assistance to the Commissioner....................................................... 44

68.......... Commissioner not subject to direction by the ACMA...................... 45

69.......... Consultants....................................................................................... 46

70.......... Minister may give directions to the Commissioner........................... 46

Part 8—Children’s Online Safety Special Account                                          47

71.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 47

72.......... Children’s Online Safety Special Account........................................ 47

73.......... Credits to the Account....................................................................... 47

74.......... Purposes of the Account................................................................... 48

Part 9—Disclosure of information                                                                              49

75.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 49

76.......... Scope................................................................................................ 49

77.......... Disclosure to Minister....................................................................... 49

78.......... Disclosure to APS employees for advising the Minister................... 49

79.......... Disclosure to Royal Commissions.................................................... 49

80.......... Disclosure to certain authorities........................................................ 50

81.......... Disclosure to teachers or school principals....................................... 51

82.......... Disclosure to parents or guardians.................................................... 51

83.......... Disclosure with consent.................................................................... 51

84.......... Disclosure of publicly available information..................................... 52

85.......... Disclosure of summaries and statistics.............................................. 52

86.......... Relationship with Part 13 of the Telecommunications Act 1997 ....... 52

Part 10—Miscellaneous                                                                                                     53

87.......... Simplified outline of this Part............................................................ 53

88.......... Review of decisions.......................................................................... 53

89.......... Protection from civil proceedings...................................................... 54

90.......... Liability for damages......................................................................... 54

91.......... Protection from criminal proceedings—Commissioner etc............... 55

92.......... Referral of matters to law enforcement agencies............................... 56

93.......... Deferral of action in order to avoid prejudicing a criminal investigation.. 57

94.......... Copies of material............................................................................. 57

95.......... Compensation for acquisition of property......................................... 57

96.......... Service of notices by electronic means.............................................. 58

97.......... Service of notices on contact person etc............................................ 58

98.......... This Act does not limit Schedule 5 or 7 to the Broadcasting Services Act 1992        59

99.......... This Act does not limit the Telecommunications Act 1997 ................ 59

100........ Implied freedom of political communication..................................... 59

101........ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws.............................. 60

102........ This Act not to affect performance of State or Territory functions.... 60

103........ Revocation or variation of instruments.............................................. 60

104........ Terms of use of a social media service.............................................. 60

105........ Provider of social media service or relevant electronic service.......... 61

106........ Extended meaning of use.................................................................. 61

107........ Review of this Act etc....................................................................... 61

108........ Legislative rules................................................................................ 62

 



A Bill for an Act to enhance online safety for children, and for other purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: