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Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2009

Part 7 Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

Division 1 Introduction

144   Simplified outline

                   The following is a simplified outline of this Part:

•      The Australian National Registry of Emissions Units is continued in existence.

•      The Authority may open a Registry account in the name of a person.

•      A person may request the Authority to close the person’s Registry account.

•      The Authority is empowered to make corrections to the Registry.

•      A person may apply to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry.



 

Division 2 Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

145   Australian National Registry of Emissions Units

             (1)  The register:

                     (a)  known as the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units; and

                     (b)  that was in existence under the executive power of the Commonwealth immediately before the commencement of this section;

continues in existence as a register under this Act under the name Australian National Registry of Emissions Units.

             (2)  The Registry is to be kept by the Authority.

Note:          In this Act, Registry means the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units—see section 5.

             (3)  The Registry is to be maintained by electronic means.

             (4)  The purposes of the Registry are as follows:

                     (a)  to be a registry for Australian emissions units;

                     (b)  to be Australia’s national registry for Kyoto units.



 

Division 3 Registry accounts

146   Registry accounts

             (1)  The Authority may open an account within the Registry in the name of a particular person.

             (2)  An account kept in the name of a person is to be known as a Registry account of the person.

             (3)  Each Registry account is to be identified by a unique number, to be known as the account number of the Registry account.

             (4)  A person may have 2 or more Registry accounts.

             (5)  To avoid doubt, a Registry account cannot be kept in the names of 2 or more persons jointly.

147   Opening of Registry accounts—general

             (1)  A person may request the Authority to open a Registry account in the name of the person.

             (2)  A request under subsection (1) must:

                     (a)  be in writing; and

                     (b)  be in a form approved, in writing, by the Authority; and

                     (c)  be accompanied by such information as is specified in the regulations; and

                     (d)  be accompanied by the fee (if any) specified in a legislative instrument made by the Authority for the purposes of this paragraph.

             (3)  The approved form of request may provide for verification by statutory declaration of statements in requests.

             (4)  A fee specified under paragraph (2)(d) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

Further information

             (5)  The Authority may, by written notice given to the person who made the request, require the person to give the Authority, within the period specified in the notice, further information in connection with the request.

             (6)  If the person breaches the requirement, the Authority may, by written notice given to the person:

                     (a)  refuse to consider the request; or

                     (b)  refuse to take any action, or any further action, in relation to the request.

Opening of account

             (7)  After considering the request, the Authority may open a Registry account in the name of the person.

Identification procedure

             (8)  The Authority must not open a Registry account in the name of the person unless the Authority has carried out the applicable identification procedure in respect of the person.

Timing

             (9)  The Authority must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a decision is made on the request:

                     (a)  if the Authority requires the person who made the request to give further information under subsection (5) in relation to the request—within 28 days after the person gave the Authority the information; or

                     (b)  otherwise—within 28 days after the application was made.

Refusal

           (10)  If the Authority decides to refuse to open a Registry account in the name of the person who made the request, the Authority must give written notice of the decision to the person.

148   Designation of Commonwealth Registry accounts

                   A Commonwealth Registry account must be designated by the Authority as:

                     (a)  a Commonwealth holding account; or

                     (b)  the retirement account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (c)  the net source cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (d)  the non-compliance cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (e)  the voluntary cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                      (f)  the mandatory cancellation account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (g)  the temporary certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (h)  the long-term certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period; or

                      (i)  the long-term certified emission reduction replacement (storage reversal) account for a particular commitment period; or

                      (j)  the long-term certified emission reduction replacement (non-certification) account for a particular commitment period; or

                     (k)  the Commonwealth relinquished units account; or

                      (l)  an account with a name specified in the regulations.

149   Opening of new Commonwealth Registry accounts

             (1)  The Minister may, by written notice given to the Authority, direct the Authority to:

                     (a)  open a Registry account in the name of the Commonwealth; and

                     (b)  give that Registry account the designation specified in the direction.

             (2)  The Authority must comply with a direction under subsection (1).

150   Units in a retirement, cancellation or replacement account

Scope

             (1)  This section applies to a Kyoto unit for which there is an entry in any of the following Commonwealth Registry accounts:

                     (a)  the retirement account for a particular commitment period;

                     (b)  the net source cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                     (c)  the non-compliance cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                     (d)  the voluntary cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                     (e)  the mandatory cancellation account for a particular commitment period;

                      (f)  the temporary certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period;

                     (g)  the long-term certified emission reduction replacement (expiry) account for a particular commitment period;

                     (h)  the long-term certified emission reduction replacement (storage reversal) account for a particular commitment period;

                      (i)  the long-term certified emission reduction replacement (non-certification) account for a particular commitment period.

Restriction

             (2)  The unit cannot be transferred or surrendered.

             (3)  Subsection (2) has effect despite any other provision of this Act.

151   Totals of Australian emissions units in a Registry account

                   The Registry must set out, for each Registry account, the total of all of the Australian emissions units in the account that have the same vintage year.

152   Voluntary closure of Registry accounts

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if:

                     (a)  a person has a Registry account; and

                     (b)  there are no entries for any Australian emissions units in the account; and

                     (c)  there are no entries for any Kyoto units in the account; and

                     (d)  there are no entries for any non-Kyoto international emissions units in the account; and

                     (e)  the person, by written notice given to the Authority, requests the Authority to close the account.

Compliance with request

             (2)  The Authority must comply with the request as soon as practicable after receiving it.

             (3)  The Registry must set out a record of each closure under subsection (2).



 

Division 4 Change in name of account holder

153   Application to have new name entered on the Registry

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a Registry account is kept in the name of a person; and

                     (b)  the name of the person has changed;

the person may apply to the Authority to have the new name substituted for the previous name in the Registry in relation to the account.

             (2)  The application must be in writing.

154   Alteration in the Registry

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if a person applies under section 153 to have the person’s new name substituted for the person’s previous name in the Registry in relation to a Registry account.

Alteration

             (2)  If the Authority is satisfied that the person’s name has changed, the Authority must make the necessary alterations in the Registry.



 

Division 5 Correction and rectification of Registry

155   Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects

                   The Authority may alter the Registry for the purposes of correcting a clerical error or an obvious defect in the Registry.

157   General power of correction of Registry—Kyoto units

Power of correction

             (1)  The Authority may make such alterations to the Registry as the Authority considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the relevant provisions of the Kyoto rules are complied with.

             (2)  The Authority may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Authority by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Authority’s own initiative.

Publication of alteration

             (3)  If the Authority makes an alteration to the Registry under subsection (1), the Authority must cause to be published on the Authority’s website a notice setting out the details of the alteration.

158   General power of correction of Registry—non-Kyoto international emissions units

Power of correction

             (1)  The Authority may make such alterations to the Registry as the Authority considers appropriate for the purposes of ensuring that the relevant provisions of an international agreement, to the extent to which it relates to a non-Kyoto international emissions unit, are complied with.

             (2)  The Authority may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1):

                     (a)  on written application being made to the Authority by a person; or

                     (b)  on the Authority’s own initiative.

Publication of alteration

             (3)  If the Authority makes an alteration to the Registry under subsection (1), the Authority must cause to be published on the Authority’s website a notice setting out the details of the alteration.

159   Rectification of Registry

Application for rectification by aggrieved person

             (1)  If a person is aggrieved by any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from the Registry;

                     (b)  an entry made in the Registry without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in the Registry;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in the Registry;

                     (e)  an entry wrongly removed from the Registry;

the person may apply to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry.

Application for rectification by the Authority

          (1A)  If the Authority is concerned about any of the following:

                     (a)  the omission of an entry from the Registry;

                     (b)  an entry made in the Registry without sufficient cause;

                     (c)  an entry wrongly existing in the Registry;

                     (d)  an error or defect in an entry in the Registry;

                     (e)  an entry wrongly removed from the Registry;

the Authority may apply to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry.

Court orders

             (2)  If an application is made under subsection (1) or (1A) to the Federal Court for the rectification of the Registry, the court may make such order as it thinks fit directing the rectification of the Registry.

          (2A)  An order made by the court must not be expressed to take effect before the order is made.

             (3)  In proceedings under this section, the court may decide any question that it is necessary or expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Registry.

Appearance of Authority

             (4)  Notice of an application under subsection (1) must be given to the Authority, whose representative:

                     (a)  may appear and be heard; and

                     (b)  must appear if so directed by the court.

Copy of order to be given to Authority

             (5)  An office copy of an order made by the court may be given to the Authority.

Compliance with order

             (6)  The Authority must, on receipt of the order, rectify the Registry accordingly.



 

Division 6 Miscellaneous

160   Making a false entry in the Registry

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  makes an entry in the Registry; or

                             (ii)  causes an entry to be made in the Registry; or

                            (iii)  concurs in the making of an entry in the Registry; and

                     (b)  the person does so knowing that the entry is false.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 7 years or 2,000 penalty units, or both.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 145.4 of the Criminal Code .

161   Falsified documents

                   A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person produces or tenders in evidence a document; and

                     (b)  the document falsely purports to be a copy of or extract from an entry in the Registry.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months or 60 penalty units, or both.

Note:          The same conduct may be an offence against both this section and section 137.2 of the Criminal Code .

162   Evidentiary provisions

             (1)  The Authority may supply a copy of or extract from the Registry certified by the Authority to be a true copy or true extract, as the case may be.

             (2)  The certified copy or extract is admissible in evidence in all courts and proceedings without further proof or production of the original.

             (3)  The Authority may charge a fee specified in the regulations for supplying a certified copy or extract under subsection (1).

             (4)  A fee specified under subsection (3) must not be such as to amount to taxation.

163   Use and disclosure of information obtained from the Registry

Use

             (1)  A person must not use information to contact or send material to another person if that information:

                     (a)  is about the other person; and

                     (b)  was obtained from the Registry.

Disclosure

             (2)  A person (the first person ) must not disclose information that:

                     (a)  is about another person; and

                     (b)  was obtained from the Registry; and

                     (c)  the first person knows is likely to be used to contact or send material to the other person.

Exception

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the use or disclosure of the information is relevant to:

                     (a)  the holding of:

                              (i)  Australian emissions units; or

                             (ii)  Kyoto units; or

                            (iii)  non-Kyoto international emissions units;

                            recorded in the Registry; or

                     (b)  the exercise of the rights attaching to those units.

             (4)  A person who wishes to rely on subsection (3) bears an evidential burden in relation to that matter.

Note:          For evidential burden , see section 5.

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (1) or (2); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (1) or (2).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (1), (2) and (5) are civil penalty provisions .

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.

164   Regulations about the Registry

             (1)  The regulations may make further provision in relation to the Registry.

             (2)  Regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) may make provision requiring the holder of a Registry account to notify a matter to the Authority.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

Requirement

             (4)  If the holder of a Registry account is subject to a requirement under regulations made for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2), the holder must comply with that requirement.

Ancillary contraventions

             (5)  A person must not:

                     (a)  aid, abet, counsel or procure a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (b)  induce, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (c)  be in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, a contravention of subsection (4); or

                     (d)  conspire with others to effect a contravention of subsection (4).

Civil penalty provisions

             (6)  Subsections (4) and (5) are civil penalty provisions .

Note:          Part 21 provides for pecuniary penalties for breaches of civil penalty provisions.