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Australian Climate Change Regulatory Authority Bill 2009

Part 3 Secrecy

   

43   Secrecy

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is, or has been, an official of the Authority; and

                     (b)  the person has obtained protected information in the person’s capacity as an official of the Authority; and

                     (c)  the person:

                              (i)  discloses the information to another person; or

                             (ii)  uses the information.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

Exceptions

             (2)  Each of the following is an exception to the prohibition in subsection (1):

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is authorised by section 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51 or 52;

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is in compliance with a requirement under:

                              (i)  a law of the Commonwealth; or

                             (ii)  a prescribed law of a State or a Territory.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to a matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  Except where it is necessary to do so for the purposes of giving effect to this Act or a climate change law, an official of the Authority is not to be required:

                     (a)  to produce to a court or tribunal a document containing protected information; or

                     (b)  to disclose protected information to a court or tribunal.

44   Disclosure or use for the purposes of this Act or a climate change law

                   An official of the Authority may disclose or use protected information if:

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is for the purposes of this Act or a climate change law; or

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is for the purposes of the performance of the functions of the Authority under this Act or a climate change law; or

                     (c)  the disclosure or use is otherwise in connection with the performance of the official’s duties under this Act or a climate change law; or

                     (d)  the disclosure or use is in connection with giving another official of the Authority access to information for the purposes of, or in connection with:

                              (i)  the performance of the functions of the Authority under this Act or a climate change law; or

                             (ii)  the performance of the duties of the other official of the Authority under this Act or a climate change law.

45   Disclosure to the Minister

                   An official of the Authority may disclose protected information to the Minister.

46   Disclosure to the Secretary etc.

                   An official of the Authority may disclose protected information to:

                     (a)  the Secretary; or

                     (b)  an officer of the Department who is authorised by the Secretary, in writing, for the purposes of this subsection;

if the disclosure is for the purposes of:

                     (c)  advising the Minister; or

                     (d)  facilitating the monitoring of Australia’s compliance with its international obligations under:

                              (i)  the Climate Change Convention; or

                             (ii)  the Kyoto Protocol.

47   Disclosure to a Royal Commission

             (1)  An official of the Authority may disclose protected information to a Royal Commission.

             (2)  The Chair of the Authority may, by writing, impose conditions to be complied with in relation to protected information disclosed under subsection (1).

             (3)  An instrument under subsection (2) is not a legislative instrument.

48   Disclosure to certain agencies, bodies and persons

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Chair of the Authority is satisfied that particular protected information will enable or assist any of the following agencies, bodies or persons:

                     (a)  the Australian Bureau of Statistics;

                     (b)  the Australian Communications and Media Authority;

                     (c)  the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission;

                     (d)  the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority;

                     (e)  the Australian Securities and Investments Commission;

                      (f)  the National Competition Council;

                     (g)  the Productivity Commission;

                     (h)  an agency within the meaning of the Freedom of Information Act 1982 ;

                      (i)  the Australian Energy Regulator;

                      (j)  the Australian Statistician;

                     (k)  the Commissioner of Taxation;

                      (l)  the Australian Competition Tribunal;

                    (m)  the Director of Public Prosecutions;

                     (n)  the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre;

                     (o)  the Reserve Bank of Australia;

                     (p)  Australian Energy Market Operator Limited (ACN 072 010 327);

                     (q)  the Australian Energy Market Commission established under the Australian Energy Market Commission Establishment Act 2004 of South Australia;

                      (r)  the Independent Market Operator established under the Electricity Industry (Independent Market Operator) Regulations 2004 of Western Australia;

                      (s)  an expert advisory committee;

                      (t)  a State/Territory government body whose functions include a function that corresponds to a function of the Authority;

                     (u)  a foreign government body whose functions include a function that corresponds to a function of the Authority;

                     (v)  an international climate change body;

                    (w)  a prescribed professional disciplinary body;

to perform or exercise any of the functions or powers of the agency, body or person.

Disclosure

             (2)  If an official of the Authority is authorised by the Chair of the Authority, in writing, for the purposes of this section, the official may disclose that protected information to the agency, body or person concerned.

             (3)  The Chair of the Authority may, by writing, impose conditions to be complied with in relation to protected information disclosed under subsection (2).

          (3A)  A person (other than a foreign government body) commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a condition under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the condition.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

             (4)  An instrument under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Prescribed professional disciplinary bodies

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is:

                              (i)  a prescribed professional disciplinary body; or

                             (ii)  a member of a prescribed professional disciplinary body; and

                     (b)  protected information has been disclosed under subsection (2) to the body; and

                     (c)  the person:

                              (i)  discloses the information to another person; or

                             (ii)  uses the information.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

Exceptions

             (6)  Each of the following is an exception to the prohibition in subsection (5):

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is for the purpose of deciding whether or not to take disciplinary or other action;

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is for the purpose of taking that action.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to a matter in subsection (6) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

49   Disclosure to certain financial bodies

Scope

             (1)  This section applies if the Chair of the Authority is satisfied that particular protected information will enable or assist a body corporate that:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  conducts, or is involved in the supervision of, a financial market; or

                             (ii)  is a body corporate that holds an Australian CS facility licence; and

                     (b)  is specified in the regulations;

to monitor compliance with, enforce, or perform functions or exercise powers under:

                     (c)  the Corporations Act 2001 ; or

                     (d)  the business law of a State or Territory; or

                     (e)  the business law of a foreign country; or

                      (f)  the operating rules (if any) of the body corporate.

Disclosure

             (2)  If an official of the Authority is authorised by the Chair of the Authority, in writing, for the purposes of this section, the official may disclose that protected information to the body corporate.

Conditions

             (3)  The Chair of the Authority may, by writing, impose conditions to be complied with by the body corporate and its officers, employees and agents in relation to protected information disclosed to the body corporate under subsection (2).

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a condition under subsection (3); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct breaches the condition.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

             (5)  An instrument under subsection (3) is not a legislative instrument.

Secondary disclosure and use

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is:

                              (i)  a body corporate; or

                             (ii)  an officer, employee or agent of a body corporate; and

                     (b)  protected information has been disclosed under subsection (2) to the body corporate; and

                     (c)  the person:

                              (i)  discloses the information to another person; or

                             (ii)  uses the information.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years or 120 penalty units, or both.

Exceptions

             (7)  Each of the following is an exception to the prohibition in subsection (6):

                     (a)  the disclosure or use is with the consent of the Chair of the Authority;

                     (b)  the disclosure or use is for the purpose of monitoring compliance with, enforcing, or performing functions or exercising powers under:

                              (i)  the Corporations Act 2001 ; or

                             (ii)  the business law of a State or Territory; or

                            (iii)  the business law of a foreign country; or

                            (iv)  the operating rules (if any) of the body corporate.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to a matter in subsection (7) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

Meaning of expressions

             (8)  In this section, the following expressions have the same meanings as in the Corporations Act 2001 :

                     (a)  Australian CS facility licence ;

                     (b)  financial market ;

                     (c)  officer ;

                     (d)  operating rules .

50   Disclosure with consent

                   An official of the Authority may disclose protected information that relates to the affairs of a person if:

                     (a)  the person has consented to the disclosure; and

                     (b)  the disclosure is in accordance with that consent.

51   Disclosure of publicly available information

                   An official of the Authority may disclose protected information if it is already publicly available.

52   Disclosure of summaries or statistics

                   An official of the Authority may disclose:

                     (a)  summaries of protected information; or

                     (b)  statistics derived from protected information;

if those summaries or statistics, as the case may be, are not likely to enable the identification of a person.

53   Delegation

             (1)  The Chair of the Authority may, by writing, delegate any or all of his or her functions and powers under this Part to a member of the Authority.

             (2)  A delegate must comply with any written directions of the Chair of the Authority.