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Defence Legislation Amendment Bill 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

Defence Legislation Amendment Act 2006

 

No. 159, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

An Act to amend legislation relating to defence, and for related purposes

   

   



Contents

1............ Short title............................................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 2

3............ Schedule(s).......................................................................................... 2

Schedule 1—The Australian Military Court                                                             3

Part 1—Main amendments                                                                                             3

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982                                                                           3

Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955                                                         36

Judges’ Pensions Act 1968                                                                                       39

Part 2—Consequential amendments                                                                         40

Defence Act 1903                                                                                                        40

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982                                                                         41

Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955                                                         62

Migration Act 1958                                                                                                    67

Part 3—Application and transitional provisions                                                    68

Division 1—Definitions                                                                                              68

Division 2—Application of amendments                                                                68

Division 3—Transitional provisions                                                                        68

Schedule 2—Other amendments                                                                                   80

Part 1—Defence Counsel Services                                                                           80

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982                                                                         80

Part 2—Chief of the Defence Force Commission of Inquiry                          81

Defence Act 1903                                                                                                        81

Schedule 3—Amendments to remove gender-specific language                82

Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955                                                         82

 



 

 

 

Defence Legislation Amendment Act 2006

No. 159, 2006

 

 

 

An Act to amend legislation relating to defence, and for related purposes

[ Assented to 11 December 2006 ]

The Parliament of Australia enacts:

1   Short title

                   This Act may be cited as the Defence Legislation Amendment Act 2006 .

2   Commencement

             (1)  Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect according to its terms.

 

Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provision(s)

Commencement

Date/Details

1.  Sections 1 to 3 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered by this table

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

11 December 2006

2.  Schedule 1

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if any of the provisions have not commenced before 1 October 2007, they commence on that day.

 

3.  Schedules 2 and 3

The day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent.

11 December 2006

Note:          This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally passed by both Houses of the Parliament and assented to. It will not be expanded to deal with provisions inserted in this Act after assent.

             (2)  Column 3 of the table contains additional information that is not part of this Act. Information in this column may be added to or edited in any published version of this Act.

3   Schedule(s)

                   Each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.



 

Schedule 1 The Australian Military Court

Part 1 Main amendments

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982

1  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

audio link means facilities (for example, telephone facilities) that enable audio communication between persons in different places.

2  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Australian Military Court means the court created under section 114.

3  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Australian Military Court Rules means the rules made under section 149A.

4  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Chief Military Judge means the person appointed under section 188AC.

5  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

class 1 offence means a service offence that is specified to be a class 1 offence in the table in clause 1 of Schedule 7.

6  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

class 2 offence means a service offence that is:

                     (a)  specified to be a class 2 offence in the table in clause 1 of Schedule 7; or

                     (b)  neither a class 1 offence nor a class 3 offence.

7  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

class 3 offence means a service offence that:

                     (a)  is specified to be a class 3 offence in the table in clause 1 of Schedule 7; or

                     (b)  both:

                              (i)  has a maximum penalty of not greater than 5 years imprisonment or is not punishable by imprisonment; and

                             (ii)  is not specified to be a class 1 offence or a class 2 offence in the table in clause 1 of Schedule 7.

8  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Military Judge means:

                     (a)  a person appointed under section 188AP; and

                    (aa)  except in Divisions 2 and 2A of Part XI, a person appointed as an acting Military Judge under section 188BB; and

                     (b)  except in section 188AN and Division 2A of Part XI, the Chief Military Judge.

9  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

military jury means a jury constituted in accordance with this Act (including the Australian Military Court Rules) for the trial of a charge of a service offence that is to be tried by a Military Judge and military jury.

10  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

video link means facilities (for example, closed-circuit television facilities) that enable audio and visual communication between persons in different places.

11  Divisions 3, 4 and 5 of Part VII

Repeal the Divisions, substitute:

Division 3 Australian Military Court

114   Creation of the Australian Military Court

             (1)  A court, to be known as the Australian Military Court, is created by this Act.

Note 1:       The Australian Military Court is not a court for the purposes of Chapter III of the Constitution.

Note 2:       The Australian Military Court is a service tribunal for the purposes of this Act: see the definition of service tribunal in subsection 3(1).

          (1A)  The Australian Military Court is a court of record.

             (2)  The Australian Military Court consists of:

                     (a)  the Chief Military Judge; and

                     (b)  such other Military Judges as from time to time hold office in accordance with this Act.

115   Jurisdiction

             (1)  Subject to section 63, the Australian Military Court has jurisdiction to try any charge against any person.

             (2)  However, the Australian Military Court does not have jurisdiction to try a charge of a custodial offence.

             (3)  The Australian Military Court has jurisdiction to take action under Part IV in relation to a convicted person if the conviction had been referred to the Court under subsection 103(5) for that purpose.

             (4)  Before taking action under subsection (3), the Australian Military Court must hear evidence relevant to the determination of what action should be taken.

116   Exercise of jurisdiction

             (1)  For the purposes of the exercise of the jurisdiction of the Australian Military Court, the Court is to be constituted by a single Military Judge.

             (2)  The Australian Military Court constituted by a Military Judge may sit and exercise the jurisdiction of the Court even if the Court constituted by another Military Judge is at the same time sitting and exercising the jurisdiction of the Court.

117   Venue

             (1)  The Australian Military Court may sit at any place in or outside Australia.

             (2)  The Australian Military Court may, at any stage of proceedings in the Court, order that:

                     (a)  the proceedings; or

                     (b)  a part of the proceedings;

be conducted or continued at a place specified in the order, subject to such conditions (if any) as the Court imposes.

118   Referral of cases to the Australian Military Court and nomination of Military Judges

Referral of charges

             (1)  The Registrar must refer a charge to the Australian Military Court if the Director of Military Prosecutions requests the Registrar to do so.

             (2)  The Chief Military Judge must nominate the Military Judge who is to try the charge.

Referral of convictions

             (3)  The Registrar must refer a conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV in relation to a convicted person if the Director of Military Prosecutions requests the Registrar to do so.

             (4)  The Chief Military Judge must nominate the Military Judge who is to take action in relation to the person.

119   Seal of the Australian Military Court

             (1)  The Australian Military Court is to have a seal, and the design of the seal is to be determined in writing by the Minister.

             (2)  The seal of the Australian Military Court must be kept in such custody as the Chief Military Judge directs.

             (3)  The seal of the Australian Military Court must be affixed to documents as provided by this or any other Act or by the Australian Military Court Rules.

             (4)  A determination made under subsection (1) is not a legislative instrument.

120   Stamp of the Australian Military Court

             (1)  There are to be one or more Australian Military Court stamps. For this purpose, an Australian Military Court stamp is a stamp the design of which is, as nearly as practicable, the same as the design of the seal of the Australian Military Court.

             (2)  A document or a copy of a document marked with an Australian Military Court stamp is as valid and effectual as if it had been sealed with the seal of the Australian Military Court.

             (3)  An Australian Military Court stamp must be affixed to documents as provided by this or any other Act or by the Australian Military Court Rules.

121   Staff of the Australian Military Court

                   The staff necessary to assist the Australian Military Court are to be the following:

                     (a)  defence members made available for the purpose by the appropriate service chief;

                     (b)  persons engaged under the Public Service Act 1999 and made available for the purpose by the Secretary of the Department.

Division 4 Military jury

122   Constitution of a military jury

             (1)  There are to be:

                     (a)  12 members on a military jury for a trial of a class 1 offence; and

                     (b)  6 members on a military jury for a trial of a class 2 offence or class 3 offence.

             (2)  At least one member of the jury must hold a rank that is not lower than the naval rank of commander or the rank of lieutenant-colonel or wing commander.

             (3)  The requirements of subsection (2) apply only if, and to the extent that, the exigencies of service permit.

123   Eligibility to be a member of a military jury

Eligibility where accused is an officer or a defence civilian

             (1)  Where the accused person is an officer or a defence civilian, a person is eligible to be a member, or a reserve member , of a military jury for the trial of the accused person if:

                     (a)  the person is an officer; and

                     (b)  the person has been an officer for a continuous period of not less than 3 years or for periods that total no less than 3 years; and

                     (c)  if the accused person is an officer—the person holds a rank that is not lower than the rank held by the accused person.

Eligibility where accused is not an officer or a defence civilian

             (2)  Where the accused person is not an officer or a defence civilian, a person is eligible to be a member, or a reserve member, of a military jury for the trial of the accused person if:

                     (a)  the person:

                              (i)  is an officer; or

                             (ii)  holds a rank not lower than the naval rank of warrant officer, the army rank of warrant officer class 1, or the air force rank of warrant officer; and

                     (b)  the person has been an officer, or held a rank not lower than warrant officer or warrant officer class 1, for a continuous period of not less than 3 years or for periods that total no less than 3 years.

             (3)  The requirements of this section apply only if, and to the extent that, the exigencies of service permit.

124   Determination of questions by a military jury

             (1)  In a trial of a charge of a service offence that is to be tried by Military Judge and military jury, the military jury is responsible for deciding the questions whether the accused person:

                     (a)  is guilty or not guilty of the offence; and

                     (b)  at the time of the act or omission the subject of the charge, was suffering from such unsoundness of mind as not to be responsible, in accordance with law, for that act or omission.

             (2)  A decision of a military jury on the questions in subsection (1) is to be made by:

                     (a)  unanimous agreement of the jury members; or

                     (b)  if the conditions in subsection (3) are met—five-sixths majority agreement of the jury members.

             (3)  The conditions are:

                     (a)  the jury has deliberated for at least 8 hours; and

                     (b)  the jury does not have unanimous agreement after that time but does have five-sixths majority agreement; and

                     (c)  the Australian Military Court is satisfied that:

                              (i)  the period of time for deliberation is reasonable, having regard to the nature and complexity of the case; and

                             (ii)  after examination on oath or affirmation of one or more of the jurors, it is unlikely that the jurors would reach unanimous agreement after further deliberation.

             (4)  A military jury must sit without any other person present when deciding the questions in subsection (1).

12  Division 2 of Part VIII (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Division 2 Trial by the Australian Military Court

13  Sections 132 to 135

Repeal the sections, substitute:

132A   Trial of class 1, class 2 and class 3 offences

             (1)  A class 1 offence is to be tried by a Military Judge and military jury.

             (2)  A class 2 offence is to be tried by a Military Judge and military jury, unless the accused person elects to be tried by a Military Judge alone.

             (3)  A class 3 offence is to be tried by a Military Judge alone, unless the accused person elects to be tried by a Military Judge and military jury.

132B   Trial by Military Judge and military jury

             (1)  Subject to section 132E, the trial of a charge of a service offence that is to be tried by a Military Judge and military jury is to be in accordance with the following subsections.

             (2)  Before evidence on the charge is heard, the Military Judge must ask the accused person whether he or she pleads guilty or not guilty to the charge.

             (3)  If the accused person pleads guilty and the Military Judge is satisfied that the person understands the effect of that plea, the Military Judge must convict the person.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the accused person pleads not guilty, refuses to plead or does not plead intelligibly; or

                     (b)  the Military Judge is not satisfied that the accused person, in pleading guilty, understands the effect of that plea;

the Military Judge must record a plea of not guilty and the Military Judge and the military jury must proceed to hear the evidence on the charge.

             (5)  If the Military Judge, after hearing the evidence on the charge adduced by the prosecution, rules that that evidence is insufficient to support the charge, the Military Judge must dismiss the charge.

             (6)  If the Military Judge, after hearing the evidence on the charge adduced by the prosecution, rules that that evidence is sufficient to support the charge, the Military Judge and military jury must proceed with the trial.

             (7)  If the military jury finds the accused person not guilty, the Military Judge must acquit the person.

             (8)  If the military jury finds the accused person guilty, the Military Judge must convict the person.

132C   Powers of the Military Judge in trial by Military Judge and military jury

             (1)  In the trial of a charge of a service offence that is to be tried by a Military Judge and military jury, the Military Judge must give any ruling, and exercise any discretion, that, in accordance with the law in force in the Jervis Bay Territory, would be given or exercised by a judge in a trial by jury.

             (2)  If, in a trial by jury in the Jervis Bay Territory, the judge would, in accordance with the law in force in that Territory, sit in the absence of the jury for any purpose in connection with:

                     (a)  the giving of a ruling; or

                     (b)  the exercise of a discretion;

the Military Judge must, for any purpose in connection with the giving of such a ruling, or the exercise of such a discretion, sit without the members of the military jury.

             (3)  A ruling given by the Military Judge in accordance with subsection (1) and a decision made by the Military Judge under subsection 141(5) or (6) is binding on the military jury.

             (4)  The powers conferred on the Military Judge by this section are in addition to any other powers conferred on the Military Judge by any other provision of this Act, the regulations or the Australian Military Court Rules.

132D   Trial by Military Judge alone

             (1)  Subject to section 132E, the trial of a charge of a service offence that is to be tried by a Military Judge alone is to be in accordance with the following subsections.

             (2)  Before evidence on the charge is heard, the Military Judge must ask the accused person whether he or she pleads guilty or not guilty to the charge.

             (3)  If the accused person pleads guilty and the Military Judge is satisfied that the person understands the effect of that plea, the Military Judge must convict the person.

             (4)  If:

                     (a)  the accused person pleads not guilty, refuses to plead or does not plead intelligibly; or

                     (b)  the Military Judge is not satisfied that the accused person, in pleading guilty, understands the effect of that plea;

the Military Judge must record a plea of not guilty and proceed to hear the evidence on the charge.

             (5)  If the Military Judge, after hearing the evidence on the charge adduced by the prosecution, rules that that evidence is insufficient to support the charge, the Military Judge must dismiss the charge.

             (6)  If the Military Judge, after hearing the evidence on the charge adduced by the prosecution, rules that that evidence is sufficient to support the charge, the Military Judge must proceed with the trial.

             (7)  If the Military Judge finds the accused person not guilty, the Military Judge must acquit the person.

             (8)  If the Military Judge finds the accused person guilty, the Military Judge must convict the person.

132E   Additional matters about trials by Military Judge alone or with a military jury

             (1)  If, under subsection 132B(2) or 132D(2), an accused person pleads guilty to a service offence that is one (other than the first) of 2 or more charges stated in the charge sheet in the alternative, the Military Judge must:

                     (a)  if the Director of Military Prosecutions notifies the Judge that he or she does not object to the acceptance of the plea—accept the plea and proceed in accordance with section 132B or 132D; or

                     (b)  in any other case—record a plea of not guilty and proceed in accordance with section 132B or 132D.

             (2)  If an accused person who has pleaded not guilty withdraws his or her plea and pleads guilty, the Military Judge must, if the Judge is satisfied that the person understands the effect of that plea, substitute a plea of guilty for the plea of not guilty and proceed in accordance with section 132B or 132D.

             (3)  A Military Judge is not required to give a ruling of the kind referred to in subsection 132B(5) or 132D(5) unless:

                     (a)  the accused person has submitted that the Judge should give the ruling; or

                     (b)  the interests of justice require that the Judge should give the ruling.

             (4)  A Military Judge is not required to give a ruling of the kind referred to in subsection 132B(6) or 132D(6).

132F   Australian Military Court to take action against convicted persons

             (1)  If an accused person is convicted under section 132B or 132D, the Australian Military Court must take action under Part IV in relation to the convicted person.

             (2)  Before taking action, the Court must hear evidence relevant to determining what action should be taken.

13A  Section 148

Before “A service”, insert “(1)”.

13B  At the end of section 148

Add:

             (2)  The Australian Military Court may order that the whole or a specified part of a record under subsection (1) that relates to proceedings before the Court is not to be published if the Court considers that such a publication would be inappropriate, taking account of the interests of the security or defence of Australia, the proper administration of justice, public morals or any other matter it considers relevant.

14  After section 148

Insert:

Subdivision B Use of video and audio links in the Australian Military Court

148A   Testimony by video link or audio link

             (1)  The Australian Military Court may, for the purposes of proceedings before it, direct or allow testimony to be given by video link or audio link.

             (2)  The testimony must be given on oath or affirmation unless:

                     (a)  the person giving the testimony is in a foreign country; and

                     (b)  either:

                              (i)  the law in force in that country does not permit the person to give testimony on oath or affirmation for the purposes of the proceedings; or

                             (ii)  the law in force in that country would make it inconvenient for the person to give testimony on oath or affirmation for the purposes of the proceedings; and

                     (c)  the Court is satisfied that it is appropriate for the testimony to be given otherwise than on oath or affirmation.

             (3)  If the testimony is given otherwise than on oath or affirmation, the Court is to give the testimony such weight as the Court thinks fit in the circumstances.

             (4)  The power conferred on the Court by subsection (1) may be exercised:

                     (a)  on the application of the accused person or the Director of Military Prosecutions; or

                     (b)  on the Court’s own initiative.

             (5)  This section applies whether the person giving testimony is in or outside Australia, but does not apply if the person giving testimony is in New Zealand.

Note:          See the Evidence and Procedure (New Zealand) Act 1994 .

148B   Appearance of persons or submissions made by video link or audio link

             (1)  The Australian Military Court may, for the purposes of proceedings before it, direct or allow a person:

                     (a)  to appear before the Court; or

                     (b)  to make a submission to the Court;

by way of video link or audio link.

             (2)  The power conferred on the Court by subsection (1) may be exercised:

                     (a)  on the application of the accused person or the Director of Military Prosecutions; or

                     (b)  on the Court’s own initiative.

             (3)  This section applies whether the person appearing is in or outside Australia, but does not apply if the person appearing is in New Zealand.

Note:          See the Evidence and Procedure (New Zealand) Act 1994 .

148C   Conditions for use of video links and audio links

Video link

             (1)  The Australian Military Court must not exercise the power conferred by subsection 148A(1) or 148B(1) in relation to a video link unless the Court is satisfied that the following conditions are met in relation to the video link:

                     (a)  the courtroom or other place where the Court is sitting is equipped with facilities (for example, television monitors) that enable all eligible persons present in that courtroom or place to see and hear the person (the remote person ) who is:

                              (i)  giving the testimony; or

                             (ii)  appearing; or

                            (iii)  making the submission;

                            by way of the video link;

                     (b)  the place at which the remote person is located is equipped with facilities (for example, television monitors) that enable all eligible persons present in that place to see and hear each eligible person who is present in the courtroom or other place where the Court is sitting;

                     (c)  such other conditions (if any) as are prescribed by the Australian Military Court Rules in relation to the video link;

                     (d)  such other conditions (if any) as are imposed by the Court.

             (2)  The conditions that may be prescribed by the Australian Military Court Rules in accordance with paragraph (1)(c) include conditions relating to:

                     (a)  the form of the video link; and

                     (b)  the equipment, or class of equipment, used to establish the link; and

                     (c)  the layout of cameras; and

                     (d)  the standard of transmission; and

                     (e)  the speed of transmission; and

                      (f)  the quality of communication.

Audio link

             (3)  The Court must not exercise the power conferred by subsection 148A(1) or 148B(1) in relation to an audio link unless the Court is satisfied that the following conditions are met in relation to the audio link:

                     (a)  the courtroom or other place where the Court is sitting is equipped with facilities (for example, loudspeakers) that enable all eligible persons present in that courtroom or place to hear the person (the remote person ) who is:

                              (i)  giving the testimony; or

                             (ii)  appearing; or

                            (iii)  making the submission;

                            by way of the audio link;

                     (b)  the place at which the remote person is located is equipped with facilities (for example, loudspeakers) that enable all eligible persons present in that place to hear each eligible person who is present in the courtroom or other place where the Court is sitting;

                     (c)  such other conditions (if any) as are prescribed by the Australian Military Court Rules in relation to the audio link;

                     (d)  such other conditions (if any) as are imposed by the Court.

             (4)  The conditions that may be prescribed by the Australian Military Court Rules in accordance with paragraph (3)(c) include conditions relating to:

                     (a)  the form of the audio link; and

                     (b)  the equipment, or class of equipment, used to establish the audio link; and

                     (c)  the standard of transmission; and

                     (d)  the speed of transmission; and

                     (e)  the quality of communication.

Eligible persons

             (5)  For the purposes of the application of this section to particular proceedings, eligible persons are such persons as the Australian Military Court considers should be treated as eligible persons for the purposes of the proceedings.

148D   Putting documents to a person by video link or audio link

                   If, in the course of an examination or appearance of a person by video link or audio link in accordance with this Subdivision, it is necessary to put a document to the person, the Australian Military Court may direct or allow the document to be put to the person:

                     (a)  if the document is physically present in the courtroom or other place where the Court is sitting:

                              (i)  by causing a copy of the document to be transmitted to the place where the person is located; and

                             (ii)  by causing the transmitted copy to be put to the person; or

                     (b)  if the document is physically present in the place where the person is located:

                              (i)  by causing the document to be put to the person; and

                             (ii)  by causing a copy of the document to be transmitted to the courtroom or other place where the Court is sitting.

148E   Administration of oaths and affirmations

                   An oath to be sworn, or an affirmation to be made, by a person (the remote person ) who is to give testimony by video link or audio link in accordance with this Subdivision may be administered:

                     (a)  by means of the video link or audio link, as the case may be, in a way that, as nearly as practicable, corresponds to the way in which the oath or affirmation would be administered if the remote person were to give testimony in the courtroom or other place where the Australian Military Court is sitting; or

                     (b)  if the Australian Military Court allows another person who is present at the place where the remote person is located to administer the oath or affirmation—by that other person.

148F   New Zealand proceedings

                   This Subdivision does not affect the operation of the Evidence and Procedure (New Zealand) Act 1994 .

15  Before section 149

Insert:

Subdivision C Rules of procedure for service tribunals

16  Section 149

Repeal the section, substitute:

149   The Summary Authority Rules

                   The Judge Advocate General may, by legislative instrument, make rules, to be known as the Summary Authority Rules, providing for the practice and procedure to be followed by summary authorities and, in particular, providing for:

                     (a)  the attendance of witnesses; and

                     (b)  the production of documents; and

                     (c)  the administration of oaths and affirmations; and

                     (d)  the forms to be used in relation to proceedings before a summary authority; and

                     (e)  the service of any process of a summary authority; and

                      (f)  charge sheets in proceedings before a summary authority; and

                     (g)  the manner and form of charges brought before a summary authority; and

                     (h)  the recording of proceedings of a summary authority.

149A   The Australian Military Court Rules

                   The Chief Military Judge may, by legislative instrument, make rules, to be known as the Australian Military Court Rules, providing for:

                     (a)  the practice and procedure to be followed by the Court and, in particular, providing for:

                              (i)  pre-trial hearings and directions; and

                             (ii)  the attendance of witnesses; and

                            (iii)  the manner and timing of elections in relation to trial by military jury; and

                            (iv)  the giving of testimony and other evidence; and

                             (v)  the production of documents; and

                            (vi)  the administration of oaths and affirmations; and

                           (vii)  the forms to be used in relation to proceedings before the Court; and

                           (viii)  the service of any process of the Court; and

                            (ix)  charge sheets in proceedings before the Court; and

                             (x)  the manner and form of charges brought before the Court; and

                            (xi)  the recording of proceedings of the Court; and

                           (xii)  the duties of the Registrar in respect of the practice and procedure of the Court; and

                           (xiii)  the maintenance of the customs and traditions of the Defence Force in proceedings before the Court; and

                     (b)  matters concerning a military jury, including the summoning, attendance, empanelling of, the right of challenge, polling and the discharge of the jury; and

                     (c)  any matter required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed by the Rules.

17  Division 2 of Part XI

Repeal the Division, substitute:

Division 2 Chief Military Judge

188AA   Chief Military Judge

                   There is to be a Chief Military Judge of the Australian Military Court.

188AB   Role of the Chief Military Judge

                   The Chief Military Judge is responsible for:

                     (a)  ensuring the orderly and expeditious discharge of the business of the Australian Military Court; and

                     (b)  managing the administrative affairs of the Australian Military Court; and

                     (c)  matters conferred on the Chief Military Judge by or under this Act.

188AC   Appointment of Chief Military Judge

             (1)  The Chief Military Judge is to be appointed by the Governor-General by written instrument.

             (2)  The Chief Military Judge holds office for 10 years.

Note:          If, before the expiration of the term of appointment, the Chief Military Judge retires from the Australian Defence Force, he or she ceases to be the Chief Military Judge on retirement: see paragraph 188AL(2)(b).

             (3)  A person must not be appointed as the Chief Military Judge if the person has been a Chief Military Judge.

Note:          However, the person may be appointed as an acting Military Judge under section 188BB.

             (4)  The Chief Military Judge holds office on a full-time basis.

188AD   Qualifications for Chief Military Judge

                   A person must not be appointed as the Chief Military Judge unless:

                     (a)  the person is enrolled as a legal practitioner and has been so enrolled for not less than 5 years; and

                     (b)  the person is a member of the Permanent Navy, the Regular Army or the Permanent Air Force, or is a member of the Reserves who is rendering continuous full-time service; and

                     (c)  the person holds a rank not lower than the naval rank of commodore or the rank of brigadier or air commodore; and

                     (d)  the person meets the person’s individual service deployment requirements.

188AE   Selection of Chief Military Judge

             (1)  The Minister may, by notice in writing given to the Chief of the Defence Force, request the Chief of the Defence Force to establish an independent selection committee to give to the Minister, within the period specified in the notice:

                     (a)  the name of a person, or the names of persons, the committee considers suitable for appointment as the Chief Military Judge; and

                     (b)  all the applications made for the office; and

                     (c)  any other thing specified by the Minister in the notice.

             (2)  If the Chief of the Defence Force receives such a notice, the Chief of the Defence Force must establish the committee.

             (3)  The committee must invite all persons who satisfy, or who are capable of satisfying, the qualification requirements in section 188AD to apply for appointment as the Chief Military Judge within the period specified in the notice under subsection (1).

             (4)  The appointment of a person as the Chief Military Judge is not invalid because:

                     (a)  of a defect or irregularity in the process for selecting the person for appointment; or

                     (b)  the committee did not comply with subsection (3).

188AF   Oath or affirmation

             (1)  The Chief Military Judge must, before proceeding to discharge the duties of his or her office, make and subscribe an oath or affirmation in accordance with the form in Schedule 4.

             (2)  An oath or affirmation under this section is to be made before:

                     (a)  in the case of the first Chief Military Judge—the Judge Advocate General; or

                     (b)  in any other case—a Military Judge.

188AG   Remuneration

             (1)  Subject to this section, the Chief Military Judge is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. If no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, he or she is to be paid the remuneration that is prescribed.

             (2)  The Chief Military Judge is to be paid the allowances that are prescribed.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) have effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973 .

188AH   Leave of absence

             (1)  The Chief Military Judge has the recreation leave entitlements that are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Governor-General may grant the Chief Military Judge leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on the terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise that the Governor-General determines.

188AI   No outside employment

                   The Chief Military Judge must not engage in employment outside the duties of his or her office.

188AJ   No promotion other than automatic mid-term promotion

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Chief Military Judge is not eligible for a promotion in rank during the period he or she is the Chief Military Judge.

             (2)  The Chief Military Judge is, by force of this subsection, promoted to the next rank on the 5 year anniversary of his or her appointment as Chief Military Judge.

             (3)  However, subsection (2) does not apply if the Chief Military Judge already holds the naval rank of Rear Admiral or the rank of Major-General or Air Vice-Marshal.

188AK   Resignation

             (1)  The Chief Military Judge may resign his or her appointment by giving the Governor-General a written resignation.

             (2)  The resignation takes effect 3 months, or such shorter period agreed to by the Governor-General, after it is given.

188AL   Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Governor-General may terminate the appointment of the Chief Military Judge:

                     (a)  for misbehaviour; or

                     (b)  for physical or mental incapacity; or

                     (c)  if the Chief Military Judge no longer meets his or her individual service deployment requirements.

             (2)  The Chief Military Judge ceases to hold office if he or she:

                     (a)  ceases to be enrolled as a legal practitioner; or

                     (b)  is neither:

                              (i)  a member of the Permanent Navy, the Regular Army or the Permanent Air Force; nor

                             (ii)  a member of the Reserves who is rendering continuous full-time service; or

                     (c)  becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for their benefit; or

                     (d)  is absent from duty, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months.

188AN   Acting Chief Military Judge

             (1)  The Governor-General may appoint a full-time Military Judge to act as the Chief Military Judge:

                     (a)  during a vacancy in the office, whether or not an appointment has previously been made to that office; or

                     (b)  during any period, or during all periods, when the Chief Military Judge is absent from duty, or is, for any other reason, unable to perform the functions of his or her office.

             (2)  Anything done by or in relation to a person purporting to act under this section is not invalid merely because:

                     (a)  the occasion for the appointment had not arisen; or

                     (b)  there was a defect or irregularity in connection with the appointment; or

                     (c)  the appointment had ceased to have effect; or

                     (d)  the occasion to act had not arisen or had ceased.

Division 2A Military Judges

188AO   Military Judges

                   There are to be Military Judges of the Australian Military Court.

188AP   Appointment of Military Judges

             (1)  A Military Judge is to be appointed by the Governor-General by written instrument.

             (2)  A Military Judge must be appointed either as a full-time Military Judge or as a part-time Military Judge.

             (3)  There are to be 2 full-time Military Judges and no more than 8 part-time Military Judges. (To avoid doubt, this subsection does not require there to be 8 part-time Military Judges at any one time.)

Note:          This subsection does not prevent the appointment of additional acting Military Judges: see section 188BB.

             (4)  A Military Judge holds office for 10 years.

Note:          If, before the expiration of the term of appointment, a Military Judge retires from the Australian Defence Force, he or she ceases to be a Military Judge on retirement: see paragraphs 188AZ(2)(b) and (c).

          (4A)  A person must not be appointed as a Military Judge if the person has been a Chief Military Judge or a Military Judge.

Note:          However, the person may be appointed as the Chief Military Judge under section 188AC or as an acting Military Judge under section 188BB.

             (5)  A full-time Military Judge holds office on a full-time basis and a part-time Military Judge holds office on a part-time basis.

188AQ   Appointment of part-time Military Judge not to affect tenure etc.

                   If a person:

                     (a)  holds the judicial office of justice, judge or magistrate of a federal court; and

                     (b)  is appointed, or serves, as a part-time Military Judge;

the appointment or service does not affect his or her:

                     (c)  tenure of that judicial office; or

                     (d)  rank, title, status, precedence, salary, annual or other allowances or other rights or privileges as the holder of that judicial office;

and, for all purposes, his or her service as a part-time Military Judge is taken to be service as the holder of that judicial office.

188AR   Qualifications for Military Judges

Full-time Military Judges

             (1)  A person must not be appointed as a full-time Military Judge unless:

                     (a)  the person is enrolled as a legal practitioner and has been so enrolled for not less than 5 years; and

                     (b)  the person is a member of:

                              (i)  the Permanent Navy, the Regular Army or the Permanent Air Force; or

                             (ii)  is a member of the Reserves and is rendering continuous full-time service; and

                     (c)  the person holds a rank not lower than the naval rank of commander or the rank of lieutenant colonel or wing commander; and

                     (d)  the person meets the person’s individual service deployment requirements.

Part-time Military Judges

             (2)  A person must not be appointed as a part-time Military Judge unless:

                     (a)  the person is enrolled as a legal practitioner and has been so enrolled for not less than 5 years; and

                     (b)  the person is a member of the Reserves and is not rendering continuous full-time service; and

                     (c)  the person holds a rank not lower than the naval rank of commander or the rank of lieutenant colonel or wing commander; and

                     (d)  the person meets the person’s individual service deployment requirements.

188AS   Selection of Military Judges

             (1)  The Minister may, by notice in writing given to the Chief of the Defence Force, request the Chief of the Defence Force to establish an independent selection committee to give to the Minister, within the period specified in the notice:

                     (a)  the name of a person, or the names of persons, the committee considers suitable for appointment as a Military Judge; and

                     (b)  all the applications made for the office; and

                     (c)  any other thing specified by the Minister in the notice.

             (2)  If the Chief of the Defence Force receives such a notice, the Chief of the Defence Force must establish the committee.

             (3)  The committee must invite all persons who satisfy, or who are capable of satisfying, the qualification requirements in section 188AR to apply for nomination for appointment as a Military Judge within the period specified in the notice under subsection (1).

             (4)  The appointment of a person as a Military Judge is not invalid because:

                     (a)  of a defect or irregularity in the process for selecting the person for appointment; or

                     (b)  the committee did not comply with subsection (3).

188AT   Oath or affirmation

             (1)  A Military Judge must, before proceeding to discharge the duties of his or her office, make and subscribe an oath or affirmation in accordance with the form in Schedule 4.

             (2)  An oath or affirmation under this section is to be made before the Chief Military Judge or a Military Judge.

188AU   Remuneration

             (1)  Subject to this section, a Military Judge is to be paid the remuneration that is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal. If no determination of that remuneration by the Tribunal is in operation, he or she is to be paid the remuneration that is prescribed.

             (2)  A Military Judge is to be paid the allowances that are prescribed.

             (3)  Subsections (1) and (2) have effect subject to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973 .

Special rules for part-time Military Judges

             (4)  If a person:

                     (a)  is a justice, judge or magistrate of a federal court, or of a State or Territory court; and

                     (b)  is appointed as a part-time Military Judge; and

                     (c)  receives salary or annual allowance as such a justice, judge or magistrate for the period of the appointment as a part-time Military Judge;

then he or she is not entitled to remuneration under this Act for that period.

             (5)  If a person is a justice, judge or magistrate of a State or Territory court, the Minister may, for the purpose of appointing the person as a part-time Military Judge, enter into such arrangement with the appropriate State or Territory Minister as is necessary to secure the person’s services.

             (6)  An arrangement under subsection (5) with a State or Territory Minister may provide for the Commonwealth to reimburse the State or Territory with respect to the services of the person to whom the arrangement relates.

188AV   Leave of absence

             (1)  A Military Judge has the recreation leave entitlements that are determined by the Remuneration Tribunal.

             (2)  The Governor-General may grant a Military Judge leave of absence, other than recreation leave, on the terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise that the Governor-General determines.

188AW   Outside employment

Full-time Military Judges

             (1)  A full-time Military Judge must not engage in employment outside the duties of his or her office.

Part-time Military Judges

             (2)  A part-time Military Judge must not engage in employment outside the duties of his or her office as Military Judge if to do so would conflict with his or her duties as Military Judge.

188AX   No promotion other than automatic mid-term promotion

             (1)  Subject to subsection (2), a Military Judge is not eligible for a promotion in rank during the period he or she is a Military Judge.

             (2)  A Military Judge is, by force of this subsection, promoted to the next rank on the 5 year anniversary of his or her appointment as a Military Judge.

             (3)  However, subsection (2) does not apply if the Military Judge already holds the naval rank of Commodore or the rank of Brigadier or Air Commodore.

188AY   Resignation

             (1)  A Military Judge may resign his or her appointment by giving the Governor-General a written resignation.

             (2)  The resignation takes effect 3 months, or such shorter period agreed to by the Governor-General, after it is given.

188AZ   Termination of appointment

             (1)  The Governor-General may terminate the appointment of a Military Judge:

                     (a)  for misbehaviour; or

                     (b)  for physical or mental incapacity; or

                     (c)  if the Military Judge no longer meets his or her individual service deployment requirements.

             (2)  A Military Judge ceases to hold office if:

                     (a)  he or she ceases to be enrolled as a legal practitioner; or

                     (b)  if he or she is a full-time Military Judge—he or she is neither:

                              (i)  a member of the Permanent Navy, the Regular Army or the Permanent Air Force; nor

                             (ii)  a member of the Reserves who is rendering continuous full-time service; or

                     (c)  if he or she is a part-time Military Judge—he or she is not a member of the Reserves who is not rendering continuous full-time service; or

                     (d)  he or she becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for their benefit; or

                     (e)  he or she is absent from duty, except on leave of absence, for 14 consecutive days or for 28 days in any 12 months.

188BB   Acting Military Judges

Recommendation to appoint an acting Military Judge

             (1)  If , after receiving advice from the Chief Military Judge, the Minister considers that a charge that has been, or will be, referred to the Australian Military Court requires the experience or expertise of a person who:

                     (a)  has been a Chief Military Judge or Military Judge; or

                     (b)  is, or has been, a justice, judge or magistrate of a federal court, or of a State or Territory court;

the Minister may make a recommendation to the Governor-General that the person be appointed to act as a Military Judge to try the charge and, in the case of a conviction, take action under Part IV.

Appointment

             (2)  If the Minister makes such a recommendation, the Governor-General may, by written instrument, appoint the person as an acting Military Judge.

Qualifications

             (3)  However, the Governor-General must not appoint the person unless:

                     (a)  the person is enrolled as a legal practitioner and has been so enrolled for not less than 5 years; and

                     (b)  the person is a member of:

                              (i)  the Permanent Navy, the Regular Army or the Permanent Air Force; or

                             (ii)  the Reserves; and

                     (c)  the person holds a rank not lower than the naval rank of commander or the rank of lieutenant colonel or wing commander; and

                     (d)  the person meets the person’s individual service deployment requirements.

Term of appointment

             (4)  An acting Military Judge holds office for the period specified in the instrument of appointment. The instrument must provide that the period ends on:

                     (a)  if the proceedings for the charge are terminated without the accused person being acquitted or convicted—the day of the termination; or

.                    (b)  if the accused person is acquitted—the day of the acquittal; or

                     (c)  if the accused person is convicted—the day that action is taken under Part IV.

Appointment to be part-time

             (5)  An acting Military Judge holds office on a part-time basis.

Resignation

             (6)  An acting Military Judge may resign his or her appointment by giving the Governor-General a written resignation. The resignation takes effect 2 weeks after it is given.

Terms and conditions etc.

             (7)  The following provisions apply to an acting Military Judge as if a reference to “Military Judge” in those provisions included a reference to “acting Military Judge”:

                     (a)  section 188AQ (appointment not to affect tenure etc.);

                     (b)  section 188AT (oath or affirmation);

                     (c)  section 188AU (remuneration);

                     (d)  section 188AV (leave of absence);

                     (e)  subsection 188AW(2) (outside employment);

                      (f)  subsection 188AX(1) (no promotion);

                     (g)  section 188AZ, other than paragraph 188AZ(2)(b) (termination of appointment).

18  After section 196B

Insert:

196C   Annual report relating to the operations of the Australian Military Court

             (1)  The Chief Military Judge must, as soon as practicable after each 31 December, prepare and give to the Minister, for presentation to the Parliament, a report relating to:

                     (a)  the operations of the Australian Military Court; and

                     (b)  the operations of the Australian Military Court Rules;

during the year ending on that 31 December.

             (2)  The report must set out such statistical information as the Chief Military Judge considers appropriate.

             (3)  The first report is to relate to the period beginning on the day on which this section commences and ending on the next 31 December.

19  At the end of the Act

Add:

Schedule 7 Class 1, class 2 and class 3 offences

Note:       See subsection 3(1) for definitions of class 1 offence , class 2 offence and class 3 offence.

   

1   Classes of offences

                   The following table sets out whether a service offence is a class 1 offence, class 2 offence or class 3 offence.

 

Class 1, class 2 and class 3 offences

Item

An offence against this provision:

is the following class of offence:

1

subsection 15(1)

class 1

2

subsection 15A(1)

class 1

3

subsection 15B(1)

class 1

4

subsection 15C(1)

class 1

5

subsection 15D(1)

class 1

6

subsection 15E(1)

class 1

7

subsection 15F(1)

class 1

8

subsection 15G(1)

class 1

9

subsection 16(1)

class 1

10

subsection 16A(1)

class 1

11

subsection 16B(1)

class 1

12

subsection 17(1)

class 3

13

subsection 18(1)

class 3

14

subsection 18(2)

class 3

15

subsection 19(1)

class 3

16

subsection 19(2)

class 3

17

subsection 19(3)

class 3

18

subsection 19(4)

class 3

19

subsection 20(1)

class 1

20

subsection 20(2)

class 1

21

subsection 21(1)

class 3

22

subsection 21(2)

class 1

23

subsection 22(1)

class 1

24

subsection 22(2)

class 1

25

subsection 23(1)

class 3

26

subsection 23(2)

class 3

27

subsection 24(1)

class 3

28

subsection 25(1)

class 3

29

subsection 26(1)

class 3

30

subsection 26(2)

class 3

31

subsection 27(1)

class 3

32

subsection 28(1)

class 3

33

subsection 29(1)

class 3

34

subsection 30(1)

class 3

35

subsection 30(2)

class 3

36

subsection 31(1)

class 3

37

subsection 31(2)

class 3

38

subsection 32(1)

class 3

39

subsection 32(3)

class 3

40

section 33

class 3

41

subsection 34(1)

class 3

42

subsection 35(1)

class 3

43

subsection 36(1)

class 2

44

subsection 36(2)

class 3

45

subsection 36(3)

class 3

46

section 36A

class 3

47

section 36B

class 3

48

subsection 37(1)

class 3

49

subsection 38(1)

class 3

50

subsection 38(2)

class 3

51

subsection 39(1)

class 3

52

subsection 39(2)

class 3

53

subsection 39(3)

class 3

54

subsection 40(1)

class 3

55

subsection 40(2)

class 3

56

subsection 40A(1)

class 3

57

subsection 40A(2)

class 3

58

subsection 40C(1)

class 3

59

subsection 40D(1)

class 3

60

subsection 40D(2)

class 3

61

subsection 41(1)

class 3

62

section 42

class 3

63

subsection 43(1)

class 3

64

subsection 43(2)

class 3

65

subsection 43(3)

class 3

66

subsection 44(1)

class 3

67

subsection 45(1)

class 3

68

subsection 46(1)

class 3

69

subsection 47C(1)

class 3

70

subsection 47P(1)

class 3

71

subsection 48(1)

class 3

72

subsection 48(2)

class 3

73

subsection 49(1)

class 3

74

subsection 49A(1)

class 3

75

subsection 50(1)

class 3

76

subsection 50(2)

class 3

77

section 51

class 3

78

subsection 52(1)

class 3

79

subsection 53(1)

class 3

80

subsection 53(2)

class 3

81

subsection 53(4)

class 3

82

subsection 54(1)

class 3

83

subsection 54(2)

class 3

84

subsection 54(3)

class 3

85

subsection 54(4)

class 3

86

subsection 55(1)

class 3

87

subsection 56(1)

class 3

88

subsection 56(4)

class 3

89

subsection 57(1)

class 3

90

subsection 57(2)

class 3

91

subsection 59(1)

class 1

92

subsection 59(3)

class 2

93

subsection 59(5)

class 2

94

subsection 59(6)

class 2

95

subsection 59(7)

class 2

96

subsection 61(1), if clause 2 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 1

97

subsection 61(1), if clause 3 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 2

98

subsection 61(1), if clause 4 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 3

99

subsection 61(2), if clause 2 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 1

100

subsection 61(2), if clause 3 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 2

101

subsection 61(2), if clause 4 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 3

101A

subsection 61(3), if clause 2 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 1

101B

subsection 61(3), if clause 3 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 2

101C

subsection 61(3), if clause 4 of this Schedule is satisfied

class 3

102

subsection 62(1)

class 1

103

subsection 101QA(1)

class 3

104

subsection 101QA(2)

class 3

2   Section 61 offences that are class 1 offences

                   This clause is satisfied if:

                     (a)  for an offence against subsection 61(1)—section 63 applies to the offence; or

                     (b)  for an offence against subsection 61(2) or (3)—section 63 applies to the offence, or would apply if the offence were committed in Australia.

3   Section 61 offences that are class 2 offences

                   This clause is satisfied if clauses 2 and 4 are not satisfied.

4   Section 61 offences that are class 3 offences

                   This clause is satisfied if:

                     (a)  section 63 does not apply to the offence; and

                     (b)  any of the following apply:

                              (i)  the offence has a maximum penalty of not greater than 5 years imprisonment;

                             (ii)  the offence is not punishable by imprisonment;

                            (iii)  the offence may be heard and determined by a civil court of summary jurisdiction.

Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955

20  Subsection 4(1) (definition of appellant )

Repeal the definition.

21  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

court order means:

                     (a)  an order made by the Australian Military Court under subsection 75(1) of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 ; or

                     (b)  an order made by the Australian Military Court under section 83 of that Act; or

                     (c)  an order made by the Australian Military Court under section 84 of that Act.

22  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

Director of Military Prosecutions means the Director of Military Prosecutions established under section 188G of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

23  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

offender appellant means a convicted person or a prescribed acquitted person who:

                     (a)  is a party to an appeal; or

                     (b)  makes an application for leave to appeal;

under this Act to the Tribunal.

24  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

punishment means a punishment imposed by the Australian Military Court under the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

25  At the end of section 20

Add:

             (3)  A convicted person may appeal to the Tribunal against a punishment imposed, or a court order made, in respect of his or her conviction.

             (4)  The Director of Military Prosecutions may appeal to the Tribunal against a punishment imposed, or a court order made, in respect of a conviction.

26  Subsection 21(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  In subsection (1), appropriate period , in relation to proceedings before the Australian Military Court that have resulted in a conviction, a prescribed acquittal, the imposition of a punishment or the making of a court order, means:

                     (a)  if the appeal or application to appeal is against a conviction—the period of 60 days starting on the day of the conviction; or

                     (b)  if the appeal or application to appeal is against a prescribed acquittal—the period of 60 days starting on the day of the prescribed acquittal; or

                     (c)  if the appeal is against a punishment or a court order—the period of 60 days starting on the day the punishment is imposed or the court order is made.

27  Section 22

Repeal the section, substitute:

22   Frivolous or vexatious appeals by an offender appellant

                   If:

                     (a)  an offender appellant lodges an appeal against a conviction, a punishment or a court order, or an application for leave to appeal against a conviction; and

                     (b)  the Tribunal dismisses the appeal or application; and

                     (c)  it appears to the Tribunal that the appeal or application was frivolous or vexatious;

the Tribunal may order that any punishment of imprisonment or detention imposed on the offender appellant in the proceedings in relation to which the appeal or application was brought must be taken to commence on the day on which the Tribunal dismisses the appeal or application.

28  At the end of Division 2 of Part III

Add:

27   Varying etc. punishments and orders

             (1)  In an appeal against a punishment or a court order, the Tribunal, in its discretion, may:

                     (a)  confirm, quash or vary the punishment or order; and

                     (b)  impose a different punishment or order; and

                     (c)  in the case of a punishment—make a court order; and

                     (d)  in the case of a court order—impose a punishment.

             (2)  Any punishment or court order varied or imposed by the Tribunal under this section has the same effect, and is to be enforced in the same manner, as if it had been imposed by the Australian Military Court under the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

             (3)  However, Part IV of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 applies to the Tribunal for the purposes of this section in the same way that it applies to the Australian Military Court for the purposes of that Act.

29  After subsection 37(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  If the Tribunal dismisses an appeal by the Director of Military Prosecutions, it may, if it thinks fit, order the Commonwealth to pay to the offender appellant the whole or any part of the costs of the appeal that were incurred by the offender appellant.

30  Subsection 51(1)

Omit “the appellant or the Chief of the Defence Force or a service chief”, substitute “the offender appellant or the Director of Military Prosecutions”.

31  Subsection 52(1)

Omit “appellant or the Chief of the Defence Force or a service chief”, substitute “offender appellant or the Director of Military Prosecutions”.

Judges’ Pensions Act 1968

31A  Subsection 4(1) (paragraph (a) of the definition of Judge )

After “Magistrates Court”, insert “or the Australian Military Court”.



 

Part 2 Consequential amendments

Defence Act 1903

32  Paragraph 89(1)(a)

Omit “a court martial, a judge advocate, a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “a military jury, a Military Judge”.

33  Paragraph 89(1)(a)

Omit “judge advocate, magistrate”, substitute “Judge”.

33A  Paragraph 89(1)(d)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (d)  do any other act or thing that:

                              (i)  in the case of the Australian Military Court—constitutes a contempt of that court; and

                             (ii)  in the case of a service tribunal other than the Australian Military Court—would, if the service tribunal were a court of record, constitute a contempt of that court.

34  Subsection 89(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  In this section, military jury , Military Judge and summary authority have the same respective meanings as they have in the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

35  Subsection 116C(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  If a part of the Defence Force and a part of the forces of another country to which this subsection applies are acting in combination (either within or beyond the territorial limits of Australia), the Governor-General may, by order in writing, appoint an officer of the forces of that other country to command the combined force, or any part of the combined force.

          (2A)  An officer appointed under subsection (2) has, subject to such restrictions and limitations as are specified by the Chief of the Defence Force by order in writing, over members of the Defence Force serving in that combined force or part of that force, the same powers of command and discipline (including the power to impose punishments) as if he or she were an officer of the Defence Force holding:

                     (a)  that appointment; and

                     (b)  the rank in the Defence Force that corresponds to the rank that he or she holds in the force to which he or she belongs.

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982

36  Subsection 3(1) (paragraphs (a) and (b) of the definition of appropriate authority )

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

                     (a)  in relation to proceedings before the Australian Military Court, means the Australian Military Court.

37  Subsection 3(1) (definition of Chief Judge Advocate )

Repeal the definition.

38  Subsection 3(1) (definition of Defence Force magistrate )

Repeal the definition.

39  Subsection 3(1) (definition of judge advocate )

Repeal the definition.

40  Subsection 3(1) (definition of judge advocates’ panel )

Repeal the definition.

41  Subsection 3(1) (definition of prescribed acquittal )

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

42  Subsection 3(1) (definition of President )

Repeal the definition.

43  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Registrar means the Registrar of the Australian Military Court appointed under section 188FB.

44  Subsection 3(1) (definition of Registrar of Military Justice )

Repeal the definition.

45  Subsection 3(1) (definition of rules of procedure )

Omit “rules of procedure in force under section 149”, substitute “the Australian Military Court Rules and the Summary Authority Rules”.

46  Subsection 3(1) (definition of service tribunal )

Omit “a court martial, a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

47  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

Summary Authority Rules means the rules made under section 149.

48  Paragraph 5A(a)

Omit “a Defence Force magistrate or a court martial”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

49  Paragraph 53(4)(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (a)  insults a member of a military jury, a Military Judge or a summary authority in, or in relation to, the exercise of his or her powers or functions as such a member, Judge or authority; or

49A  Paragraph 53(4)(d)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (d)  engages in any other conduct that:

                              (i)  in the case of the Australian Military Court—constitutes a contempt of that court; and

                             (ii)  in the case of a service tribunal other than the Australian Military Court—would, if the service tribunal were a court of record, constitute a contempt of that court.

50  Subsection 53(5)

Omit “a service tribunal that is a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate, during proceedings before the tribunal, the tribunal”, substitute “the Australian Military Court during proceedings before the Court, the Court”.

51  Subsection 53(6)

Omit “a service tribunal”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

52  Subsection 67(1)

Omit “A court martial or a Defence Force magistrate shall”, substitute “The Australian Military Court must”.

53  Subsection 77(1)

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

54  Paragraph 77(1)(b)

Omit “tribunal”, substitute “Court”.

55  Subsection 77(1)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Court”.

56  Subsection 77(2)

Omit “A court martial or a Defence Force magistrate shall”, substitute “The Australian Military Court must”.

57  Subsection 77(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  If the Australian Military Court does not take a service offence into consideration under subsection (1) because:

                     (a)  the prosecution did not give its consent; or

                     (b)  the Court rejected the convicted person’s request;

an admission for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c) in relation to that service offence is not admissible as evidence in:

                     (c)  any other proceeding before a service tribunal in respect of that service offence; or

                     (d)  any proceeding in a civil court in respect of a civil court offence that is substantially the same offence as that service offence.

58  Subsections 80(1) and (4)

Omit “subsections 172(1) and (2)”, substitute “subsection 172(2)”.

59  Subparagraphs 87(1)(c)(ii) and (iii)

Repeal the subparagraphs, substitute:

                             (ii)  request the Registrar to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial;

60  Subsection 87(1) (note)

Repeal the note.

61  Subsection 88(1)

Omit “of Military Justice”.

62  Subsection 88(1A)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

          (1A)  The Registrar may carry out an action under subsection (1) only if the Australian Military Court directs the Registrar to carry out the action.

63  Subsection 101F(5)

Omit “172(3A), (4) or (5)”, substitute “172(5)”.

64  Subsection 101J(1)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

65  Subsections 101JA(3) and (4)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

66  Subsection 101JA(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (5)  If proceedings are before a military jury and the Military Judge permits evidence to be given under subsection (3) or (4), the Judge must:

                     (a)  inform the members of the military jury of:

                              (i)  the non-compliance with the requirements of this section; or

                             (ii)  the absence of sufficient evidence of compliance with the requirements of this section; and

                     (b)  give the members such warning about the evidence as he or she thinks appropriate in the circumstances.

67  Subsections 101K(8) and (9)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

68  Subsection 101K(9)

Omit “but this subsection does not prevent a judge advocate from directing the members of a court martial with respect to”, substitute “but, in proceedings before a military jury, this subsection does not prevent the Military Judge from giving directions to the members of the jury about”.

69  Subsection 101K(10)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

70  Subsection 101K(10)

Omit “or the judge advocate, as the case may be,”.

71  Subsection 101K(11)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

           (11)  If proceedings are before a military jury and the Military Judge permits evidence to be given under subsection (10), the Judge must:

                     (a)  inform the members of the jury of:

                              (i)  the non-compliance with the requirements of this section; or

                             (ii)  the absence of sufficient evidence of compliance with the requirements of this section; and

                     (b)  give the members such warning about the evidence as he or she thinks appropriate in the circumstances.

72  Paragraph 101Q(13)(b)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

73  Subsection 101ZB(1)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

74  Subsection 101ZB(1)

Omit “or judge advocate, as the case may be, shall not admit the evidence unless the service tribunal or judge advocate, as the case may be,”, substitute “must not admit the evidence unless the service tribunal”.

75  Subsection 101ZB(2)

Omit “or judge advocate, as the case may be,”.

76  Subsection 101ZB(3)

Omit “, or, in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate of the court martial,”.

77  Subsection 101ZB(4)

Omit “or judge advocate”.

78  Subsection 103(1)

Omit “129A(3),”.

79  Paragraphs 103(1)(c) and (d)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

                     (c)  request the Registrar to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial.

80  Subsection 103(1) (note 1)

Omit “Note 1”, substitute “Note”.

81  Subsection 103(1) (note 2)

Repeal the note.

82  Paragraph 103(2)(a)

Omit “or 166”.

83  Paragraph 103(2)(c)

Omit “(other than a charge to which an order under section 166 relates)”.

84  Paragraphs 103(2)(d) and (e)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

                     (d)  request the Registrar to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial.

85  Subsection 103(2) (note)

Repeal the note.

86  Paragraph 103(4)(a)

Omit “a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

87  Paragraphs 103(4)(d) and (e)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

                     (d)  request the Registrar to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial.

88  Subsection 103(4) (note)

Repeal the note.

89  Subsections 103(5), (6) and (7)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (5)  If, under section 131:

                     (a)  a convicted person elects to be punished by the Australian Military Court; and

                     (b)  the summary authority refers the conviction to the Director of Military Prosecutions;

the Director of Military Prosecutions must request the Registrar to refer the conviction to the Court to take action under Part IV in relation to the convicted person.

90  Subsection 130A(1)

Omit “rules of procedure”, substitute “Summary Authority Rules”.

91  Subsection 131(1)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

92  Paragraphs 131(2)(a) and (b)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

93  Subsection 131(2A)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

94  Paragraph 131(2B)(a)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

95  Paragraph 131(2B)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (b)  a person convicted of an offence by a summary authority elects under subsection (2A) to be punished by the Australian Military Court for the offence but the summary authority considers that the exigencies of service do not permit the reference of the conviction to the Court;

96  Subsection 131(3)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

97  Subsection 131(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (5)  A person who has elected to be tried or punished by the Australian Military Court may, by notice to the Registrar, withdraw his or her election at any time before a date is fixed for hearing by the Court.

98  Subsection 131(6)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

99  Paragraph 131(7)(b)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

100  Paragraph 131(7)(ba)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                    (ba)  a person convicted of an offence by a summary authority elects under subsection (2A) to be punished by the Australian Military Court for the offence but the summary authority considers that the exigencies of service do not permit the reference of the conviction to the Court; or

101  Paragraph 131(7)(c)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

102  Section 136

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

Note:       The heading to section 136 is altered by omitting “ court martial or Defence Force magistrate ” and substituting “ Australian Military Court ”.

103  Subsection 137(1)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

Note:       The heading to section 137 is altered by adding at the end “ before Australian Military Court ”.

104  Before section 138

Insert:

Subdivision A General

105  Subsection 138(4)

Omit “or, if the service tribunal is a court martial, the President of the court martial”.

106  Subsections 139(2) and (3)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (2)  If a service tribunal considers that, by reason of the disorderly behaviour of the accused person, it is impossible to continue the hearing in his or her presence, the tribunal may order that the accused person be removed from the place of hearing and be held in custody elsewhere.

107  Section 140

Repeal the section, substitute:

140   Public hearings by the Australian Military Court

             (1)  The hearing of proceedings before the Australian Military Court must be in public.

             (2)  However, the Court may, if it considers it necessary in the interests of the security or defence of Australia, the proper administration of justice or public morals:

                     (a)  order that some or all of the members of the public are to be excluded during the whole or a specified part of the proceedings; or

                     (b)  order that no report of, or relating to, the whole or a specified part of the proceedings is to be published.

             (3)  If proceedings before the Court are held in a secure place, then, subject to an order (if any) in force under subsection (2), the appropriate service chief must cause such steps to be taken as will permit the public to have reasonable access to the proceedings.

             (4)  In subsection (3):

secure place means a place the entry to which is controlled by guards who are constables or members of the Defence Force.

108  Subsection 141(2)

Omit “court martial” (wherever occurring), substitute “military jury”.

109  Subsection 141(3)

Repeal the subsection.

110  Subsection 141(4)

Omit “other than a court martial”.

111  Paragraph 141(5)(b)

Omit “in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate, or in any other case,”.

112  Subsection 141(5)

Omit “or the judge advocate, as the case may be, shall”, substitute “must”.

113  Paragraph 141(6)(a)

Omit “(2), (3)”, substitute “(2)”.

114  Paragraph 141(6)(b)

Omit “in the case of a court martial, the judge advocate, or in any other case,”.

115  Subsection 141(6)

Omit “or the judge advocate, as the case may be, shall”, substitute “must”.

116  Subsections 141(7) and (8)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (7)  If an application or objection under subsection (1) or (2) is made and the trial is by a Military Judge and military jury, the Military Judge must sit without the members of the military jury for a hearing of that application or objection.

             (8)  If the Australian Military Court grants an application or allows an objection under this section, the Court may refer the charge against the accused person to the Director of Military Prosecutions.

117  Paragraphs 141A(1)(c) and (d)

Repeal the paragraphs, substitute:

                     (c)  the Australian Military Court, before trying a charge or at any stage of trying a charge;

118  Subsection 141A(1)

Omit “, judge advocate or Defence Force magistrate, as the case may be, shall make such amendment of the charge as he or she”, substitute “or Court must make such amendment of the charge as he, she or it”.

119  Subsection 144(2)

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

120  Paragraph 144(4)(a)

Omit “132 or 135”, substitute “132B or 132D”.

121  Subsection 145(2)

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

122  Subsection 145(2)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Court”.

123  Subsection 145(4)

Omit “by a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate, the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “of a service offence that is to be tried by Military Judge and military jury, the jury”.

124  Subsection 145(4)

Omit “court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “jury”.

125  Subsection 145(4)

After “mental impairment and”, insert “the Judge”.

126  Subsection 145(5)

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

127  Subsection 145(5)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Court”.

128  Subsections 145A(1) and (2)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (1)  If the Registrar refers a charge to the Australian Military Court for trial, the Registrar must:

                     (a)  inform the accused person of the requirements of subsections (2), (3) and (5); and

                     (b)  give a copy of this section to the accused person.

             (2)  In a trial of a charge by the Australian Military Court, the accused person must not, without the leave of the Court:

                     (a)  adduce evidence in support of an alibi; or

                     (b)  assert in any statement made by him or her otherwise than on oath or affirmation that he or she has an alibi;

unless, before the end of the period of 14 days commencing on the day the charge is referred to the Court, he or she gives notice of particulars of the alibi.

129  Subsection 145A(3)

Omit “a court martial or Defence Force magistrate, the accused person shall not, without the leave of the judge advocate of the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate, as the case requires,”, substitute “the Australian Military Court, the accused person must not, without the leave of the Court,”.

130  Paragraph 145A(3)(b)

Omit “judge advocate of the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate, as the case may be,”, substitute “Court”.

131  Subsection 145A(4)

Omit “judge advocate of a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “Court”.

132  Subsection 145A(5)

Omit “of Military Justice”.

133  Section 147

Repeal the section, substitute:

147   Judicial notice of service matters

                   In addition to the matters of which judicial notice may be taken by a court under the rules of evidence referred to in section 146, a service tribunal must take judicial notice of all matters within the general service knowledge of:

                     (a)  the tribunal; or

                     (b)  if the proceedings are before a military jury—the jury.

134  Part IX (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Part IX Review of proceedings of summary authorities

135  Section 150

Omit “service tribunals (whether all service tribunals or service tribunals of a specified kind)”, substitute “summary authorities”.

136  Section 150A

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

137  Subsection 152(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  As soon as practicable after a summary authority (other than a subordinate summary authority) convicts a person of a service offence, the summary authority must transmit the record of the proceedings to a competent reviewing authority.

138  Subsection 152(3)

Omit “, or who was the person in relation to whom a direction under subsection 145(2) or (5) was given,”.

139  Subsection 153(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  If a summary authority convicts a person of a service offence, the person may lodge with a competent reviewing authority a petition for review of the proceedings concerned.

140  Paragraph 153(1A)(a)

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

141  Subsection 153(2)

Repeal the subsection.

142  Subsections 153(3) and (4)

Omit “or (2)”.

143  Subsection 153(5)

Repeal the subsection.

144  Subsections 154(1), (1A) and (1B)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (1)  A reviewing authority must not commence a review without first obtaining a report on the proceedings from a legal officer.

145  Section 156

Repeal the section.

146  Section 157

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

147  Subsection 158(4)

Repeal the subsection.

148  Subsection 158(5)

Omit “or (4)”.

149  Paragraph 161(1)(a)

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

150  Subparagraph 161(1)(a)(ii)

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

151  Paragraph 161(1)(b)

Omit “service tribunal” (wherever occurring), substitute “summary authority”.

152  Subsection 161(2)

Omit “service tribunal” (wherever occurring), substitute “summary authority”.

153  Subsection 162(1)

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

154  Subsection 162(2)

Repeal the subsection.

155  Paragraph 162(4)(a)

Omit “a court martial or by a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

156  Subsection 162(4A)

Omit “convening of a court martial or the reference of the conviction to a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “reference of the conviction to the Australian Military Court”.

157  Subsection 162(5)

Omit “service tribunal” (wherever occurring), substitute “summary authority”.

158  Subsections 162(6) and (7)

Repeal the subsections.

159  Subsection 162(8)

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

160  Division 4 of Part IX

Repeal the Division.

161  Subsection 169(2)

Omit “service tribunal” (wherever occurring), substitute “summary authority”.

162  Subsection 172(1)

Repeal the subsection.

163  At the end of subsection 172(2)

Add:

                   ; (e)  segregated confinement for a period exceeding 3 days;

                      (f)  confinement to cell for a period exceeding 3 days;

                     (g)  extra drill for a period exceeding 3 days;

                     (h)  restriction of custodial privileges for a period exceeding 7 days.

164  Subsection 172(3)

Omit “service tribunal”, substitute “summary authority”.

165  Subsections 172(3A) and (4)

Repeal the subsections.

166  Subsection 173(1)

Omit “Subject to subsection (2), the operation of a restitution order or a reparation order, being a restitution order or a reparation order made by a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate,”, substitute “The operation of a restitution order or a reparation order made by the Australian Military Court”.

167  Subsection 173(2)

Omit “a reviewing authority”, substitute “the Court”.

168  Subsection 173(2)

Omit “the reviewing authority”, substitute “the Court”.

169  Section 176

Repeal the section, substitute:

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a summary authority has imposed a punishment on a convicted person; and

                     (b)  the convicted person lodges a petition under section 153 with respect to the conviction or punishment;

the reviewing authority may order that the execution of the punishment is to be stayed in whole or in part pending the determination of the petition.

             (2)  If:

                     (a)  the Australian Military Court has imposed a punishment on a convicted person; and

                     (b)  the convicted person or the Director or Military Prosecutions notifies the Court that he or she has appealed, or applied for leave to appeal, under the Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955 against the conviction or punishment;

the Court may order that the execution of the punishment is to be stayed in whole or in part pending the determination of the appeal.

170  Part XI (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Part XI Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocates General, Chief Military Judge, Military Judges and Registrar

171  Division 3 of Part XI (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Division 3 The Registrar of the Australian Military Court

172  Section 188F

Omit “Military Justice”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

Note:       The heading to section 188F is altered by omitting “ Military Justice ” and substituting “ the Australian Military Court ”.

173  Subsection 188FA(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  The function of the Registrar is to assist the Chief Military Judge by providing administrative and management services in connection with proceedings before the Australian Military Court under this Act.

Note:       The heading to section 188FA is altered by omitting “ of Military Justice ”.

174  Subsection 188FA(2)

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

175  Section 188FB

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

Note:       The heading to section 188FB is altered by omitting “ of Military Justice ”.

176  Section 188FC

Omit “of Military Justice”.

177  Section 188FD

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

178  Section 188FE

Omit “of Military Justice”.

179  Subsection 188FF(1)

Omit “of Military Justice”.

180  Subsection 188FF(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  An oath or affirmation under this section is to be made before a Military Judge.

181  Sections 188FG and 188FH

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

182  Section 188FI

Omit “of Military Justice”.

183  Sections 188FJ and 188FK

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

184  Subsection 188FL(1)

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

185  Subsection 188FL(3)

Omit “of Military Justice”.

186  Section 188FM

Omit “of Military Justice”.

187  Paragraph 188GA(1)(a)

Omit “a Defence Force magistrate or a court martial”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

188  Section 188GB

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

189  Subsection 188GJ(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  An oath or affirmation under this section is to be made before a Military Judge.

190  Paragraph 191(1)(b)

Omit “132 or 135”, substitute “132B or 132D”.

191  Subsection 193(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  A member of a military jury, a Military Judge, a summary authority or a reviewing authority has, in the performance of his or her duties as such a member, Judge or authority, the same protection and immunity as a Justice of the High Court.

Note:       The heading to section 193 is altered by omitting “ courts martial ” and substituting “ military juries ”.

192  Paragraph 193(4)(b)

Omit “of Military Justice” (wherever occurring).

193  Subsection 194(1)

Omit “, 158 or 164”, substitute “or 158”.

194  Subsections 195(1) and (2)

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

195  Section 196

Repeal the section.

196  Paragraph 196A(1)(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (a)  the operation of this Act, the regulations, the Procedural Rules and the Summary Authority Rules; and

197  At the end of section 196A

Add:

             (5)  In this section:

Procedural Rules means the rules made under section 149 of this Act as that section was in force immediately before the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Defence Legislation Amendment Act 2006 .

198  Schedule 2 (heading)

Repeal the heading (not including the note), substitute:

Schedule 2 Punishments that may be imposed by the Australian Military Court

199  Clause 1 of Schedule 2

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

200  Clause 2 of Schedule 2

Repeal the clause.

201  Schedule 4 (note to heading)

Omit “Sections 128, 184, 188FF and 188GJ”, substitute “Sections 184, 188AF, 188AT, 188FF and 188GJ”.

202  Schedule 5

Repeal the Schedule.

Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955

203  Title

Omit “ courts martial and Defence Force magistrates ”, substitute “ the Australian Military Court ”.

204  Subsection 4(1)

Omit “(1)”.

205  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

Australian Military Court means the Australian Military Court created under the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

206  Subsection 4(1) (definition of convicted person )

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

207  Subsection 4(1) (definition of conviction )

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

208  Subsection 4(1) (definition of court martial )

Repeal the definition.

209  Subsection 4(1) (definition of Defence Force magistrate )

Repeal the definition.

210  Subsection 4(1)

Insert:

Military Judge has the same meaning as it has in the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

211  Subsection 4(1) (definition of prescribed acquittal )

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

212  Subsection 4(1) (definition of prescribed acquitted person )

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

213  Subsection 4(1) (definition of review )

Repeal the definition.

214  Subsection 4(1) (definition of reviewing authority )

Repeal the definition.

215  Subsection 4(2)

Repeal the subsection.

216  Paragraphs 17(1)(c), (d) and (f)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

217  Paragraph 17(1)(f)

After “(3)”, insert “or (3A)”.

218  Subsection 20(2)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

219  Subsection 23(1)

After “an appeal”, insert “against a conviction or prescribed acquittal”.

220  Paragraph 23(1)(c)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

221  Subsection 23(2)

After “an appeal”, insert “against a conviction or prescribed acquittal”.

222  Paragraphs 23(2)(a) and (c)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

223  Subsection 23(3)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

224  Subsection 23(4)

After “an appeal”, insert “against a conviction or prescribed acquittal”.

225  Subsection 23(4)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

226  Subsection 23(4)

Before “appellant” (wherever occurring), insert “offender”.

227  Paragraph 26(1)(a)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Military Judge or the military jury”.

228  Subparagraph 26(1)(a)(ii)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

229  Paragraph 26(1)(b)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate, by reason of its or his”, substitute “the Military Judge or the military jury, by reason of its, his or her”.

230  Subsection 26(2)

Omit “court martial or the Defence Force magistrate that convicted the convicted person of the original offence if the court martial or Defence Force magistrate had convicted him”, substitute “the Australian Military Court if the Court had convicted the person”.

231  At the end of section 26

Add:

             (4)  In this section, military jury has the same meaning as it has in the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 .

232  Paragraph 31(1)(b)

Omit “the court martial or the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

233  Paragraph 31(1)(c)

Before “appellant” (wherever occurring), insert “offender”.

234  Subsection 35(1)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

235  Section 36

Omit “against a conviction or prescribed acquittal by a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”.

236  Section 36

Omit “the person who was the judge advocate of the court martial or from the Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Military Judge of the Australian Military Court who heard the case”.

237  Subsection 37(1)

After “an appeal”, insert “by an offender appellant”.

238  Subsections 37(1) and (2)

Before “appellant” (wherever occurring), insert “offender”.

239  Subsection 37(2)

Omit “the last preceding subsection”, substitute “subsection (1) or (1A)”.

240  Subsection 37(3)

Omit “an appeal or an application for leave to appeal, it may, if it thinks fit, order the appellant”, substitute “an appeal by an offender appellant or an application for leave to appeal by an offender appellant, it may, if it thinks fit, order the offender appellant”.

241  Subsection 39(1)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

Note:       The heading to section 39 is altered by inserting “ offender ” before “ appellants ”.

242  Subsection 39(1)

Omit “his appeal before the Tribunal”, substitute “an appeal before the Tribunal to which he or she is a party”.

243  Subsections 39(2) and (3)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

244  Subsection 39(3)

Omit “his appeal”, substitute “an appeal to which he or she is a party”.

245  Subsection 40(3)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

246  Section 42

After “an appeal”, insert “by an offender appellant”.

Note:       The heading to section 42 is altered by adding at the end “ by offender appellants ”.

247  Paragraph 52(5)(c)

Omit “a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “the Australian Military Court”.

248  Paragraph 60(d)

Before “appellants”, insert “offender”.

249  At the end of paragraph 60(d)

Add “(other than the Director of Military Prosecutions)”.

250  Paragraph 60(f)

Before “appellant”, insert “offender”.

251  Paragraph 60(g)

Omit “or a prescribed acquittal by a court martial or a Defence Force magistrate”, substitute “, a prescribed acquittal, a punishment imposed or a court order made by the Australian Military Court”.

252  Subparagraphs 60(g)(i), (ii) and (iii)

Repeal the subparagraphs, substitute:

                              (i)  a record of the proceedings of the Australian Military Court; and

                             (ii)  documents that were before the Australian Military Court in connection with the proceedings; and

Migration Act 1958

253  Subsection 500A(14) (definition of court )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

court includes:

                     (a)  the Australian Military Court; and

                     (b)  a court martial or similar military tribunal of another country.

254  Subsection 501(12) (definition of court )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

court includes:

                     (a)  the Australian Military Court; and

                     (b)  a court martial or similar military tribunal of another country.



 

Part 3 Application and transitional provisions

Division 1—Definitions

255  Definitions

In this Part:

commencement day means the day on which this Schedule commences.

new DFDA means the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 as amended by this Schedule.

new law means the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 and the Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955 as amended by this Schedule.

old DFDA means the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 as in force immediately before the commencement day.

Division 2—Application of amendments

256  Application of amendments

(1)        The amendments made by this Schedule apply in relation to a service offence committed by a person on or after the commencement day.

(2)        The amendments made by this Schedule also apply in relation to a service offence committed by a person before the commencement day if, before the commencement day, the person had not been charged with the offence under the old DFDA.

Division 3—Transitional provisions

257  Before commencement day, Director of Military Prosecutions requested trial by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

Trial by court martial

(1)        Subitem (2) applies if, before the commencement day:

                     (a)  the Director of Military Prosecutions requested the Registrar of Military Justice to convene a court martial to try a charge of a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day; and

                     (b)  the Registrar of Military Justice either:

                              (i)  had not convened the court martial; or

                             (ii)  had convened the court martial, but the person had not been asked to plead at the trial.

(2)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  if a court martial had been convened before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the court martial is taken to have been dissolved; and

                     (b)  on the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions:

                              (i)  is taken to have withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial; and

                     (c)  on and after the commencement day, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Trial by Defence Force magistrate

(3)        Subitem (4) applies if, before the commencement day:

                     (a)  the Director of Military Prosecutions requested the Registrar of Military Justice to refer a charge of a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day to a Defence Force magistrate for trial; and

                     (b)  the Registrar of Military Justice:

                              (i)  had not referred the charge; or

                             (ii)  had referred the charge, but the person had not been asked to plead at the trial.

(4)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  if the charge had been referred to a Defence Force magistrate before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the reference is taken to have been terminated; and

                     (b)  on the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions:

                              (i)  is taken to have withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial; and

                     (c)  on and after the commencement day, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Elections for trial by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

(5)        If:

                     (a)  before the commencement day, a person made an election under subsection 131(1) of the old DFDA to have a charge against him or her tried by a court martial or Defence Force magistrate; and

                     (b)  because of subitem (2) or (4), the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial;

the person may withdraw the election by written notice to the Registrar of the Australian Military Court at any time before a date is fixed for hearing by the Court.

258  Before commencement day, trial by court martial or Defence Force magistrate discontinued

Trial by court martial

(1)        Subitem (2) applies if, before the commencement day:

                     (a)  a court martial convicted a person of a service offence committed before the commencement day, but the court martial had not taken action under Part IV of the old DFDA; and

                     (b)  the court martial was dissolved under section 125 of the old DFDA before the court martial had taken such action; and

                     (c)  under subsection 125(6) of the old DFDA, the Registrar of Military Justice:

                              (i)  had not convened a new court martial for the purpose of taking such action; or

                             (ii)  had convened a new court martial for the purpose of taking such action, but the new court martial had not begun to hear evidence relevant to determining what action should be taken.

(2)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  if a new court martial was convened before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the new court martial is taken to have been dissolved; and

                     (b)  on the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA in relation to the person; and

                     (c)  on and after the commencement day, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Trial by Defence Force magistrate

(3)        Subitem (4) applies if, before the commencement day:

                     (a)  a charge of, or conviction for, a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day was referred to a Defence Force magistrate; and

                     (b)  a Defence Force magistrate:

                              (i)  in relation to a charge—had convicted the person of the offence, but had not taken action under Part IV of the old DFDA; or

                             (ii)  in relation to a conviction—had not taken action under Part IV of the old DFDA; and

                     (c)  the reference was terminated under section 129A of the old DFDA before action had been taken under Part IV; and

                     (d)  under subsection 129A(4) of the old DFDA, the Registrar of Military Justice either:

                              (i)  referred the conviction to another Defence Force magistrate to take action under Part IV of the old DFDA; or

                             (ii)  convened a court martial to take action under Part IV of the old DFDA; and

                     (e)  the new Defence Force magistrate or court martial had not begun to hear evidence relevant to determining what action should be taken.

(4)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  if the conviction was referred to another Defence Force magistrate before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the reference is taken to have been terminated; and

                     (b)  if a court martial was convened before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the court martial is taken to have been dissolved; and

                     (c)  on the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA in relation to the person; and

                     (d)  on and after the commencement day, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

259  Before commencement day, Director of Military Prosecutions requested imposition of punishment by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

Punishment imposed by court martial

(1)        Subitem (2) applies if, before the commencement day:

                     (a)  the Director of Military Prosecutions requested the Registrar of Military Justice to convene a court martial to take action under Part IV of the old DFDA in relation to a conviction for a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day; and

                     (b)  the Registrar of Military Justice:

                              (i)  had not convened the court martial; or

                             (ii)  had convened the court martial, but the court martial had not begun to hear evidence relevant to determining what action should be taken.

(2)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  if a court martial had been convened before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the court martial is taken to have been dissolved; and

                     (b)  on the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have:

                              (i)  withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA in relation to the person; and

                     (c)  on and after the commencement day, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Punishment imposed by Defence Force magistrate

(3)        Subitem (4) applies if, before the commencement day:

                     (a)  the Director of Military Prosecutions requested the Registrar of Military Justice to refer a conviction for a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day to a Defence Force magistrate to take action under Part IV of the old DFDA; and

                     (b)  the Registrar of Military Justice:

                              (i)  had not referred the conviction; or

                             (ii)  had referred the conviction, but the Defence Force magistrate had not begun to hear evidence relevant to determining what action should be taken.

(4)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  if the conviction had been referred to a Defence Force magistrate before the commencement day—on the commencement day, the reference is taken to have been terminated; and

                     (b)  on the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have:

                              (i)  withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA in relation to the person; and

                     (c)  on and after the commencement day, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Elections to be punished by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

(5)        If:

                     (a)  before the commencement day, a person made an election under subsection 131(2A) or (3) of the old DFDA to be punished by a court martial or Defence Force magistrate in relation to his or her conviction; and

                     (b)  because of subitem (2) or (4), the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action;

the person may withdraw the election by written notice to the Registrar of the Australian Military Court at any time before a date is fixed for hearing by the Court.

260  On or after the commencement day, Director of Military Prosecutions requests trial by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

Trial by court martial

(1)        Subitem (2) applies if, on or after the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions requests the Registrar of Military Justice to convene a court martial to try a charge of a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day.

(2)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  immediately after the request is made, the Director of Military Prosecutions:

                              (i)  is taken to have withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial; and

                     (b)  after the request is made, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Trial by Defence Force magistrate

(3)        Subitem (2) applies if, on or after the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions requests the Registrar of Military Justice to refer a charge of a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day to a Defence Force magistrate for trial.

(4)        If this item applies, then:

                     (a)  immediately after the request is made, the Director of Military Prosecutions:

                              (i)  is taken to have withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial; and

                     (b)  after the request is made, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Elections made for trial by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

(5)        If:

                     (a)  after the commencement day, a person makes an election under subsection 131(1) of the old DFDA to have a charge against him or her tried by a court martial or Defence Force magistrate; and

                     (b)  because of subitem (2) or (4), the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the charge to the Australian Military Court for trial;

the person may withdraw the election by written notice to the Registrar of the Australian Military Court at any time before a date is fixed for hearing by the Court.

261  On or after commencement day, trial by court martial or Defence Force magistrate discontinued

Trial by court martial

(1)        Subitem (2) applies if, on or after the commencement day:

                     (a)  the Registrar of Military Justice dissolves a court martial under section 125 of the old DFDA; and

                     (b)  the dissolution happens:

                              (i)  after the court martial has convicted a person of a service offence committed before the commencement day; and

                             (ii)  before the court martial has taken action under Part IV of the old DFDA in relation to the person.

(2)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  immediately after the court martial is dissolved, the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA in relation to the person; and

                     (b)  after the court martial is dissolved, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Trial by Defence Force magistrate

(3)        Subitem (4) applies if, on or after the commencement day:

                     (a)  the Registrar of Military Justice terminates a reference to a Defence Force magistrate under section 129A of the old DFDA in relation to a charge of, or conviction for, a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day; and

                     (b)  the termination happens:

                              (i)  in relation to a charge—after the person has been convicted but before the Defence Force magistrate has taken action under Part IV of the old DFDA in relation to the person; and

                             (ii)  in relation to a conviction—before the Defence Force magistrate has taken action under Part IV of the old DFDA in relation to the person.

(4)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  immediately after the reference is terminated, the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA in relation to the person; and

                     (b)  after the reference is terminated, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

262  On or after the commencement day, Director of Military Prosecutions requests imposition of punishment by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

Punishment imposed by court martial

(1)        Subitem (2) applies if, on or after the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions requests the Registrar of Military Justice to convene a court martial to take action under Part IV of the old DFDA in relation to a conviction for a service offence that was committed before the commencement day.

(2)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  immediately after the request is made, the Director of Military Prosecutions:

                              (i)  is taken to have withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA; and

                     (b)  after the request is made, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Punishment imposed by Defence Force magistrate

(3)        Subitem (4) applies if, on or after the commencement day, the Director of Military Prosecutions requests the Registrar of Military Justice to refer a conviction for a service offence that was committed by a person before the commencement day to a Defence Force magistrate to take action under Part IV of the old DFDA in relation to the person.

(4)        If this subitem applies, then:

                     (a)  immediately after the request is made, the Director of Military Prosecutions:

                              (i)  is taken to have withdrawn the request; and

                             (ii)  is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action under Part IV of the new DFDA; and

                     (b)  after the request is made, the new law applies in relation to the service offence as if the offence had been committed after the commencement day.

Elections made for punishment by court martial or Defence Force magistrate

(5)        If:

                     (a)  after the commencement day, a person makes an election under subsection 131(2A) or (3) of the old DFDA to be punished by a court martial or Defence Force magistrate in relation to his or her conviction; and

                     (b)  because of subitem (2) or (4), the Director of Military Prosecutions is taken to have requested the Registrar of the Australian Military Court to refer the conviction to the Australian Military Court to take action;

the person may withdraw the election by written notice to the Registrar of the Australian Military Court at any time before a date is fixed for hearing by the Court.

263  Registrar of Military Justice and Director of Military Prosecutions

(1)        If:

                     (a)  a person has been appointed as the Registrar of Military Justice before the commencement day; and

                     (b)  the appointment is in force immediately before the commencement day;

then, on the commencement day:

                     (c)  the appointment is taken to have included the appointment of the person as the Registrar of the Australian Military Court under section 188FB of the new DFDA; and

                     (d)  the person is taken to have made and subscribed an oath or affirmation as the Registrar of the Australian Military Court before a Military Judge under section 188FF of the new DFDA.

(2)        If:

                     (a)  a person is appointed as the Registrar of the Australian Military Court under section 188FB of the new DFDA after the commencement day; and

                     (b)  immediately before the appointment, there was a service offence that:

                              (i)  was committed before the commencement day; and

                             (ii)  had not been finally dealt with;

then:

                     (c)  the appointment is taken to include the appointment of the person as the Registrar of Military Justice under section 188FB of the old DFDA; and

                     (d)  when the person makes and subscribes an oath or affirmation as the Registrar of the Australian Military Court before a Military Judge under section 188FF of the new DFDA, the person is taken also to have made and subscribed an oath or affirmation as the Registrar of Military Justice before the Judge Advocate General under section 188FF of the old DFDA.

(3)        The person who is the Director of Military Prosecutions immediately before the commencement day is taken, on the commencement day, to have made and subscribed an oath or affirmation before a Military Judge under section 188GJ of the new DFDA.

(4)        If:

                     (a)  a person is appointed as the Director of Military Prosecutions after the commencement day; and

                     (b)  immediately before the appointment, there was a service offence that:

                              (i)  was committed before the commencement day; and

                             (ii)  had not been finally dealt with;

then, when the person makes and subscribes an oath or affirmation before a Military Judge under section 188GJ of the new DFDA, the person is taken also to have made and subscribed an oath or affirmation before the Judge Advocate General under section 188GJ of the old DFDA.

264  Regulations prescribing transitional matters

The Governor-General may make regulations in relation to transitional matters arising out of the amendments made by this Schedule.



 

Schedule 2 Other amendments

Part 1 Defence Counsel Services

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982

1  Subsection 101F(2)

Omit “Judge Advocate General” (wherever occurring), substitute “Chief of the Defence Force”.

2  Transitional provision

Despite the amendment of subsection 101F(2) of the Defence Force Discipline Act 1982 made by item 1 of this Schedule, a list that:

                     (a)  was made under that subsection before the commencement of this item; and

                     (b)  that is in force immediately before the commencement;

continues in force, and may be dealt with, after the commencement as if it had been made under that subsection as amended.

3  After subsection 101F(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  The Chief of the Defence Force may delegate his or her powers under subsection (2) to a member of the Defence Force who holds a rank that is not lower than the naval rank of captain, or the rank of colonel or group captain.

4  Subsection 137(1)

Omit “A superior authority shall”, substitute “The Chief of the Defence Force must”.

5  At the end of section 137

Add:

             (4)  The Chief of the Defence Force may delegate his or her powers under subsection (1) to a member of the Defence Force who holds a rank that is not lower than the naval rank of captain, or the rank of colonel or group captain.



 

Part 2 Chief of the Defence Force Commission of Inquiry

Defence Act 1903

6  Paragraph 124(1)(gc)

After “boards of inquiry,”, insert “Chief of the Defence Force commissions of inquiry,”.

7  Subsections 124(2A) and (2C)

After “a board of inquiry,”, insert “a Chief of the Defence Force commission of inquiry,”.



 

Schedule 3 Amendments to remove gender-specific language

   

Defence Force Discipline Appeals Act 1955

1  Subsection 7(3A)

Omit “he”, substitute “the person”.

2  Subsection 8(1)

Omit “he”, substitute “the person”.

3  Paragraphs 8(2)(a) and (b)

Omit “he”, substitute “the person”.

4  Subsections 8(3) and (4)

After “he”, insert “or she”.

5  Subsection 8A(1)

After “his” (wherever occurring), insert “or her”.

6  Section 9

After “his”, insert “or her”.

7  Subsection 12(2)

After “his” (wherever occurring), insert “or her”.

8  Subsections 14(2) and 15(2)

After “he”, insert “or she”.

9  Subsection 15A(2)

After “his”, insert “or her”.

10  Subsection 18(2)

After “he”, insert “or she”.

11  Subsection 20(1)

After “his” (wherever occurring), substitute “or her”.

12  Subsection 23(4)

After “him”, insert “or her”.

13  Paragraph 31(1)(b)

Omit “his custody or control which he”, substitute “the person’s custody or control which the person”.

14  Subsection 32(2)

After “his” (wherever occurring), insert “or her”.

15  Subsection 32(2)

After “he”, insert “or she”.

16  Subsection 32(4)

After “him” (wherever occurring), insert “or her”.

17  Subsection 32(4)

After “his”, insert “or her”.

18  Section 36

After “his”, insert “or her”.

19  Subsection 37(1)

After “him”, insert “or her”.

20  Subsection 37(1)

After “his” (wherever occurring), insert “or her”.

21  Paragraph 43(1)(b)

Omit “his custody or control which he”, substitute “the person’s custody or control which the person”.

22  Paragraph 45(1)(b)

Omit “he”, substitute “the person”.

23  Paragraph 60(f)

After “he”, insert “or she”.

24  Paragraph 60(f)

After “him”, insert “or her”.

 

 

 

[ Minister’s second reading speech made in—

House of Representatives on 14 September 2006

Senate on 4 December 2006 ]

(135/06)