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Aviation Legislation Amendment Bill (No. 2) 1997
Schedule 1 Amendment of the Air Navigation Act 1920

   

1  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

screening authority means a person appointed under section 21A to be a screening authority.

2  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

screening officer means a person authorised or required to screen people, vehicles or goods under this Act.

3  Subsection 3(1) (definition of screening point )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

screening point means a place (whether in an airport or not) where screening and clearance of people, vehicles or goods for the purposes of this Act are conducted.

4  Subsection 3(1) (definition of sterile area )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

sterile area means a place designated under section 21 as a sterile area.

5  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

terminal facility means an area at an airport that is used to facilitate the movement of passengers onto or from an aircraft.

6  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

terminal operator or operator , in relation to a terminal facility, means a person who is responsible (whether alone or jointly with another person) for the day-to-day management of the whole, or a part, of the terminal facility.

7  Subsection 3AD(1)

Omit “an aircraft operator”, substitute “a screening officer”.

8  Paragraph 3AD(2)(b)

Omit “aircraft operator”, substitute “screening officer”.

9  Subsection 11A(4)

Insert:

another country includes any region:

                     (a)  that is part of a foreign country; or

                     (b)  that is under the protection of a foreign country; or

                     (c)  for whose international relations a foreign country is responsible.

10  Subsection 11A(4) (definition of bilateral arrangement )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

bilateral arrangement means an agreement or arrangement between:

                     (a)  Australia, or an entity or organisation nominated or otherwise similarly authorised by Australia to enter into the agreement or arrangement; and

                     (b)  another country;

under which the carriage by air of passengers or freight

(or both) is permitted.

11  Subsection 11A(4) (definition of country )

Repeal the definition.

12  After subsection 20(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  A passenger must not intentionally or recklessly board an aircraft unless the passenger has been screened and cleared by the operator of the aircraft to board the aircraft.

Penalty:  80 penalty units.

13  Subsection 20(3)

Omit “subsection (2)”, substitute “subsections (2) and (2A)”.

14  Subparagraph 20(3)(c)(i)

Omit “section”, substitute “Division”.

15  After subsection 20(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  For the purposes of subsections (2) and (2A), if a person boards an aircraft after leaving a sterile area at which the person has been screened and cleared, the person is taken to have been screened and cleared by the aircraft operator to board the aircraft if, between leaving the sterile area and boarding the aircraft, the person has not had an opportunity to make physical contact with another person who:

                     (a)  is required by this Division to be screened but has not been screened; or

                     (b)  having been screened, has afterwards had an opportunity to make physical contact with a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or this paragraph.

16  Subsection 20(4)

Omit “Subsection (2) does”, substitute “Subsections (2) and (2A) do”.

17  Subsection 20(7)

Omit “this section”, substitute “subsection (2) or (5)”.

18  After section 20

Insert:

20A   Screening by aircraft operators

             (1)  An aircraft operator screening people, vehicles or goods, other than at a sterile area, must do so:

                     (a)  in the manner and on the occasions that the Secretary directs in writing; and

                     (b)  by the use of people who meet any requirements in relation to qualification, training, experience or appropriate physical attributes that are determined by the Secretary in writing; and

                     (c)  by the use of equipment that conforms to, and is operated in accordance with, specifications determined by the Secretary in writing; and

                     (d)  by the use of areas, buildings or rooms reserved for the purposes of screening and clearance.

             (2)  An aircraft operator must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene subsection (1).

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

             (3)  An aircraft operator must not permit a person, a vehicle or goods to pass a screening point that is not at a sterile area in order to enter an aircraft, if the screening equipment detects a metal or unidentified object that is on the person, or in the vehicle or goods, unless:

                     (a)  the operator is satisfied that the object is not a danger to aviation security; or

                     (b)  the object is surrendered to the operator.

             (4)  An aircraft operator must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene subsection (3).

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

             (5)  Subject to subsections (6) and (7), an aircraft operator must ensure that passengers or intending passengers of the aircraft do not have an opportunity to make physical contact with another person who:

                     (a)  is required by this Division to be screened but has not been screened; or

                     (b)  having been screened, has afterwards had an opportunity to make physical contact with a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or this paragraph.

             (6)  The requirement in subsection (5) applies in relation to a passenger or intending passenger who leaves a sterile area, having been screened and cleared at the sterile area, for the period beginning immediately after the passenger or intending passenger leaves the sterile area and ending when the passenger or intending passenger boards the aircraft.

             (7)  The requirement in subsection (5) applies in relation to a passenger or intending passenger who is not covered by subsection (6) for the period beginning immediately after the passenger or intending passenger is screened and cleared and ending when the passenger or intending passenger boards the aircraft.

             (8)  In spite of subsection (5), an aircraft operator is not required to ensure that passengers, or intending passengers, do not make physical contact with:

                     (a)  a person, vehicle or goods authorised in writing by the Secretary to be in an area used by those passengers or intending passengers; and

                     (b)  a person, vehicle or goods in a class of people, vehicles or goods that are authorised in writing by the Secretary to be in an area used by those passengers or intending passengers.

             (9)  An aircraft operator must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene subsection (5).

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

           (10)  An offence constituted by a contravention of subsection (1), (3) or (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          If a body corporate is convicted of an offence, subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 allows a court to impose a fine of an amount that is not greater than 5 times the maximum fine that could be imposed by the court on an individual convicted of the same offence.

19  Section 21

Repeal the section, substitute:

21   Designation of sterile areas

             (1)  The Secretary may, in writing, designate a place used to process passengers or intending passengers of aircraft to which section 20 applies as a sterile area.

             (2)  The place may be wholly or partly within or outside a terminal building.

             (3)  The Secretary may designate the place:

                     (a)  as a full-time sterile area; or

                     (b)  as a sterile area only during the period or periods specified in the designation (for example, during specified hours of each day).

             (4)  If the Secretary designates a place as a sterile area only during a particular period or periods, a reference in this Act to a sterile area is a reference to the place during the period or periods, as the case may be.

             (5)  The Secretary may designate the place subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the designation.

21A   Appointment of screening authorities

             (1)  If the Secretary designates a place as a sterile area, the Secretary may, in writing, appoint a person, or 2 or more persons jointly, to be the screening authority in respect of the area, or the part or parts of the area (including its perimeter or any part of its perimeter) specified in the appointment.

             (2)  The Secretary must make sufficient appointments under subsection (1) to ensure that at all times:

                     (a)  there is at least one screening authority in respect of the whole of the sterile area; or

                     (b)  if one or more screening authorities are appointed in relation to a part or parts of the area—there is at least one screening authority in respect of the remainder of the area.

             (3)  If a sterile area is wholly outside a terminal facility, the Secretary must not appoint a person to be a screening authority in respect of the area, or any part of it, unless:

                     (a)  the person is an operator of aircraft whose passengers or intending passengers are to use the area, or the part of the area; or

                     (b)  the person is an operator of a terminal facility that is contiguous to, or operationally connected with, the sterile area; or

                     (c)  if neither paragraph (a) nor (b) applies—the person has consented in writing to the appointment.

             (4)  If a sterile area is wholly or partly inside a terminal facility, the Secretary must not appoint a person to be a screening authority in respect of the area, or any part of it, unless:

                     (a)  the person is an operator of the terminal facility; or

                     (b)  the person is an operator of aircraft whose passengers or intending passengers are to use the area, or the part of the area; or

                     (c)  if neither paragraph (a) nor (b) applies—the person has consented in writing to the appointment.

21B   Maintenance of sterile areas

             (1)  The Secretary may give a screening authority written directions relating to the proper maintenance of the sterile area, or part of the sterile area, in respect of which the screening authority is appointed.

             (2)  A screening authority must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene a direction given to the authority under subsection (1).

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

             (3)  An offence against subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          If a body corporate is convicted of an offence, subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 allows a court to impose a fine of an amount that is not greater than 5 times the maximum fine that could be imposed by the court on an individual convicted of the same offence.

21C   Screening at sterile areas

             (1)  A screening authority in respect of a sterile area, or part of a sterile area, must ensure that people, vehicles and goods do not enter the area or part of the area unless they:

                     (a)  have been screened and cleared for the purpose of entering the area; or

                     (b)  are exempted by the Secretary in writing from screening and clearance; or

                     (c)  are in a class of people, vehicles or goods exempted by the Secretary in writing from screening and clearance.

             (2)  A screening authority in respect of a sterile area, or part of a sterile area, must ensure that people, vehicles and goods do not remain in the area, or part of the area, unless they:

                     (a)  have been screened and cleared for the purpose of entering the area; or

                     (b)  are exempted by the Secretary in writing from screening and clearance; or

                     (c)  are in a class of people, vehicles or goods exempted by the Secretary in writing from screening and clearance.

             (3)  A screening authority must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene subsection (1) or (2).

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

Note:          If a body corporate is convicted of an offence, subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 allows a court to impose a fine of an amount that is not greater than 5 times the maximum fine that could be imposed by the court on an individual convicted of the same offence.

             (4)  An offence constituted by a contravention of subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

20  Paragraph 22A(1)(a)

Omit “by an aircraft operator in respect of the sterile area”, substitute “for the purpose of entering the area”.

21  Subparagraph 22A(2)(a)(i)

Omit “by an aircraft operator in respect of”, substitute “for the purpose of entering”.

22  Subparagraph 22A(2)(b)(i)

Omit “by an aircraft operator in respect of”, substitute “for the purpose of entering”.

23  Subparagraph 22A(3)(a)(i)

Omit “by an aircraft operator in respect of”, substitute “for the purpose of entering”.

24  Subparagraph 22A(4)(c)(i)

Omit “section”, substitute “Division”.

25  Subparagraph 22A(3)(b)(i)

Omit “by an aircraft operator in respect of”, substitute “for the purpose of entering”.

26  Subsection 22A(5)

Omit “An aircraft operator”, substitute “A screening authority”.

27  Subsection 22A(6)

Omit “An aircraft operator”, substitute “A screening authority”.

28  After subsection 22A(6):

Insert:

          (6A)  A screening authority in respect of a sterile area, or a part of a sterile area that includes a screening point, must not permit a person, a vehicle or goods to pass the screening point to enter the sterile area if the screening equipment detects a metal or unidentified object that is on the person, or in the vehicle or goods, unless:

                     (a)  the screening authority is satisfied that the object is not a danger to aviation security; or

                     (b)  the object is surrendered to the screening authority.

29  Subsection 22A(7):

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (7)  If a screening authority is an aircraft operator, the operator must not permit a person, a vehicle or goods to enter an aircraft of the operator if the screening equipment detects a metal or unidentified object that is on the person, or in the vehicle or goods, unless:

                     (a)  the operator is satisfied that the object is not a danger to aviation security; or

                     (b)  the object is surrendered to the operator.

30  Subsection 22A(8)

Repeal the subsection and penalty, substitute:

             (8)  A screening authority must not, without reasonable excuse, contravene subsection (6A) or (7).

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

31  Subsection 22A(9)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (9)  Subject to subsection (11), a screening authority in respect of a sterile area, or part of a sterile area, must ensure that persons who are in the area or part of the area do not have an opportunity to make physical contact with another person who:

                     (a)  is required by this Division to be screened but has not been screened; or

                     (b)  having been screened, has afterwards had an opportunity to make physical contact with a person of a kind referred to in paragraph (a) or this paragraph.

32  Subsection 22A(10)

Repeal the subsection.

33  Subsection 22A(11)

Omit “an aircraft operator”, substitute “a screening authority”.

34  Subsection 22A(12)

Omit “An aircraft operator”, substitute “A screening authority”.

35  Subsection 22A(13)

After “(5),”, insert “(6A),”.

36  Subsection 22B(1)

Omit “An aircraft operator”, substitute “A screening officer”.

37  Paragraph 22B(2)(b)

Omit “operator”, substitute “screening officer”.

38  Subsection 22B(2)

Omit all the words from and including “the operator may refuse”, substitute “the screening officer may refuse to permit the person to enter a sterile area and, if the screening officer is an aircraft operator, may refuse to permit the person to enter an aircraft of the operator”.

39  Subsection 22B(3)

Omit “An aircraft operator”, substitute “A screening officer”.

40  Subsection 22B(4)

Omit “An aircraft operator”, substitute “A screening officer”.

41  Paragraphs 23A(1)(f) and (g)

Repeal the paragraphs.