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Surveillance Devices Bill 2004

2002-2003-2004

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surveillance Devices Bill 2004

 

No.      , 2004

 

(Attorney-General)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to set out the powers of Commonwealth law enforcement agencies with respect to surveillance devices, and for related purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                                1

1............ Short title............................................................................................ 1

2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 2

3............ Purposes............................................................................................. 2

4............ Relationship to other laws and matters.............................................. 2

5............ Schedule(s).......................................................................................... 3

6............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 3

7............ State offence that has a federal aspect.............................................. 10

8............ External Territories........................................................................... 12

9............ Binding the Crown............................................................................ 12

Part 2—Warrants                                                                                                                   13

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           13

10.......... Types of warrant.............................................................................. 13

11.......... Who may issue warrants?................................................................. 13

12.......... Eligible Judges................................................................................... 13

13.......... Nominated AAT members............................................................... 14

Division 2—Surveillance device warrants                                                        15

14.......... Application for surveillance device warrant..................................... 15

15.......... Remote application........................................................................... 16

16.......... Determining the application............................................................. 16

17.......... What must a surveillance device warrant contain?........................... 17

18.......... What a surveillance device warrant authorises................................. 19

19.......... Extension and variation of surveillance device warrant.................... 21

20.......... Revocation of surveillance device warrant........................................ 22

21.......... Discontinuance of use of surveillance device under warrant............ 22

Division 3—Retrieval warrants                                                                              25

22.......... Application for retrieval warrant...................................................... 25

23.......... Remote application........................................................................... 26

24.......... Determining the application............................................................. 26

25.......... What must a retrieval warrant contain?............................................ 26

26.......... What a retrieval warrant authorises.................................................. 27

27.......... Revocation of retrieval warrant........................................................ 28

Part 3—Emergency authorisations                                                                              30

28.......... Emergency authorisation—serious risks to person or property...... 30

29.......... Emergency authorisation—urgent circumstances relating to recovery order           30

30.......... Emergency authorisation—risk of loss of evidence.......................... 31

31.......... Record of emergency authorisations to be made.............................. 32

32.......... Attributes of emergency authorisations........................................... 32

33.......... Application for approval of emergency authorisation..................... 33

34.......... Consideration of application............................................................ 33

35.......... Judge or nominated AAT member may approve giving of emergency authorisations            35

36.......... Admissibility of evidence................................................................. 37

Part 4—Use of certain surveillance devices without warrant                       38

37.......... Use of optical surveillance devices without warrant........................ 38

38.......... Use of surveillance devices without warrant for listening to or recording words in limited circumstances             39

39.......... Use and retrieval of tracking devices without warrant in certain circumstances      40

40.......... Record of tracking device authorisations to be kept......................... 42

Part 5—Extraterritorial operation of warrants                                                      44

41.......... Definitions........................................................................................ 44

42.......... Extraterritorial operation of warrants............................................... 44

43.......... Evidence obtained from extraterritorial surveillance not to be tendered in evidence unless court satisfied properly obtained............................................................................................ 47

Part 6—Compliance and monitoring                                                                            48

Division 1—Restrictions on use, communication and publication of information              48

44.......... What is protected information?........................................................ 48

45.......... Prohibition on use, recording, communication or publication of protected information or its admission in evidence.......................................................................................................... 49

46.......... Dealing with records obtained by use of surveillance devices.......... 53

47.......... Protection of surveillance device technologies and methods............ 54

48.......... Protected information in the custody of a court, tribunal or Royal Commission    55

Division 2—Reporting and record-keeping                                                    56

49.......... Report on each warrant or authorisation.......................................... 56

50.......... Annual reports.................................................................................. 57

51.......... Keeping documents connected with warrants, emergency authorisations and tracking device authorisations        59

52.......... Other records to be kept................................................................... 60

53.......... Register of warrants, emergency authorisations and tracking device authorisations               61

Division 3—Inspections                                                                                             63

54.......... Appointment of inspecting officers................................................. 63

55.......... Inspection of records........................................................................ 63

56.......... Power to obtain relevant information............................................... 64

57.......... Ombudsman to be given information and access despite other laws 65

58.......... Exchange of information between Ombudsman and State inspecting authorities    66

59.......... Delegation by Ombudsman.............................................................. 66

60.......... Ombudsman not to be sued.............................................................. 67

61.......... Report on inspection........................................................................ 67

Division 4—General                                                                                                     68

62.......... Evidentiary certificates..................................................................... 68

Part 7—Miscellaneous                                                                                                        70

63.......... Delegation by chief officer of law enforcement agency.................... 70

64.......... Regulations....................................................................................... 70

Schedule 1—Amendment of other legislation and transitional and saving provisions          71

Australian Federal Police Act 1979                                                                       71

Criminal Code Act 1995                                                                                           72

Customs Act 1901                                                                                                       72

Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987                                                73

 



A Bill for an Act to set out the powers of Commonwealth law enforcement agencies with respect to surveillance devices, and for related purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: