Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
Kyoto Protocol Ratification Bill 2003

2002-2003

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kyoto Protocol Ratification Bill 2003

 

No.      , 2003

 

(Mr K. J. Thomson)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to ratify the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

 

 

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                   3

1  Short title....................................................................................................... 3

2  Commencement............................................................................................. 3

3  Object of the Act........................................................................................... 3

4  Definitions..................................................................................................... 3

5  This Act binds the Crown............................................................................. 4

Part 2—Ratification and implementation                                                 4

6  Ratification.................................................................................................... 4

7  National Climate Change Action Plan........................................................... 4

8  The Kyoto Target......................................................................................... 4

9  Annual Greenhouse Gas Inventory and National Communication............... 4

10  Framework for involvement in international trading schemes..................... 5

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to ratify the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

 

Preamble

                   Acknowledging that change in the Earth's climate and its adverse effects are a common concern of humankind,

                   Concerned that human activities have been substantially increasing the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, that these increases enhance the natural greenhouse effect, and that this will result on average in an additional warming of the Earth's surface and atmosphere and may adversely affect natural ecosystems and humankind,

                   Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries, that per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs,

                   Aware of the role and importance in terrestrial and marine ecosystems of sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases,

                   Noting that there are many uncertainties in predictions of climate change, particularly with regard to the timing, magnitude and regional patterns thereof,

                   Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions,

                   Determined to protect the climate system for present and future generations,

                   Recognising the ultimate objective of the Framework Convention on Climate Change is to achieve the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous human induced interference with the climate system,

                   Further recognising that such a level should be achieved within a timeframe sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner,

                   Recognising that the International Panel on Climate Change has estimated that international greenhouse gas emissions would need to be cut by 60-80 per cent of 1990 levels to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.

                   Australia must play a leading and proactive role in collective international efforts to achieve an effective global solution to climate change and must contribute its fair share to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The ratification of the Kyoto Protocol is a necessary first step in this direction.

The Parliament of Australia enacts: