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Transport and Regional Services Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Bill 2001
Schedule 3 Amendment of other transport legislation

   

Adelaide Airport Curfew Act 2000

1  After section 5

Insert:

5A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

2  Section 6

Repeal the section, substitute:

6   Prohibition on taking off or landing during curfew periods

             (1)  The operator of an aircraft commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the conduct results in an aircraft taking off or landing at Adelaide Airport during a curfew period.

Penalty:  200 penalty units.

Note:          Part IA of the Crimes Act 1914 contains provisions dealing with penalties.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the take off or landing is permitted under Part 3.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

3  Subsection 19(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  An operator commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator is subject to a notice under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the operator’s conduct contravenes the notice.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note 1:       If the operator is a body corporate, the maximum penalty that may be imposed is 250 penalty units (see subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 ).

Note 2:       For the value of a penalty unit, see subsection 4AA(1) of the Crimes Act 1914 .

4  At the end of section 19

Add:

             (4)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

5  Section 20

Repeal the section, substitute:

20   Provision of false information

                   An operator is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator gives information to an authorised person; and

                     (b)  the operator does so reckless as to whether that information is false or misleading in a material particular.

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

Note 1:       If the operator is a body corporate, the maximum penalty that may be imposed is 250 penalty units (see subsection 4B(3) of the Crimes Act 1914 ).

Note 2:       For the value of a penalty unit, see subsection 4AA(1) of the Crimes Act 1914 .

6  Subsection 23(5) (definition of offence against this Act )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

offence against this Act includes the following:

                     (a)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 that relates to an offence against this Act;

                     (b)  an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code .

Aircraft Noise Levy Collection Act 1995

7  At the end of Part 1

Add:

5A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

8  Subsection 15(1)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail”, substitute “fail”.

9  After subsection 15(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

10  Paragraph 16(1)(b)

Omit “knowingly” (wherever occurring).

Air Navigation Act 1920

11  At the end of Part 1

Add:

3AG   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

12  Subsection 10(2)

Omit “intentionally or recklessly”.

13  Subsection 10(2)

Omit “, unless the operator or the pilot in command, as the case may be, has a reasonable excuse,”.

14  At the end of section 10

Add:

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the operator or the pilot in command, as the case may be, has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

15  Subsection 12(1A)

Omit “intentionally or recklessly”.

16  Subsection 12(1A)

Omit “, unless the operator has a reasonable excuse,”.

17  After subsection 12(1A)

Insert:

       (1AA)  Subsection (1A) does not apply if the operator has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1AA) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

18  Subsections 15A(1) and (2)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (1)  The operator of an aircraft and the pilot in command of the aircraft commit an offence if:

                     (a)  any person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the person’s conduct results in the aircraft taking on passengers, cargo or mail for carriage for reward in Australian territory before beginning a non-scheduled flight or at an intermediate stopping place in the course of such a flight.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if a permission for the carriage of the passengers, cargo or mail is in force and the carriage is in accordance with the permission.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (2)  The operator of an aircraft and the pilot in command of the aircraft commit an offence if:

                     (a)  any person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the person’s conduct results in the aircraft discharging passengers, cargo or mail carried for reward in Australian territory at an intermediate stopping place in the course of a non-scheduled flight or at the end of such a flight.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if a permission for the carriage of the passengers, cargo or mail was in force and the carriage was in accordance with the permission.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (2B)  Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the operator or the pilot, as the case may be, has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2B) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (2C)  Strict liability applies to paragraphs (1)(b) and (2)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

19  Subsection 15A(6)

Repeal the subsection.

20  At the end of section 15A

Add:

             (9)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

21  Subsections 17(1) and (1A)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (1)  The operator of an aircraft and the pilot in command of the aircraft commit an offence if:

                     (a)  any person engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the person’s conduct results in the aircraft arriving in Australian territory from a place outside Australian territory or departing from Australian territory for a place outside Australian territory.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) is subject to this section and section 14.

       (1AA)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the arrival or departure concerned is:

                     (a)  with the permission of the Secretary; or

                     (b)  in accordance with an international airline licence or a permission under section 15D; or

                     (c)  authorised by a determination by the Secretary under subsection (1B).

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (1AA) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

       (1AB)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the operator or the pilot, as the case may be, has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1AB) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

       (1AC)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

22  At the end of section 17

Add:

             (3)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

23  Subsections 19BA(3), (5) and (7)

Omit “intentionally or recklessly”.

24  Subsection 19BC(3)

Omit “intentionally or recklessly”.

25  Subsection 19CC(4)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse”.

26  Paragraph 19CC(4)(c)

Omit “refuse or”.

27  After subsection 19CC(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (4B)  An offence under paragraph (4)(a), (c) or (d) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

28  Section 19CS

Repeal the section, substitute:

19CS   Offence of making false statements in applications for warrant

                   An investigator is guilty of an offence if:

                     (a)  the investigator makes a statement; and

                     (b)  the investigator does so knowing that the statement is false or misleading in a material particular; and

                     (c)  the statement is made in an application for a warrant.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 6 months.

29  Subsection 19FJ(2)

Omit “intentionally or recklessly”.

30  At the end of section 19GD

Add:

             (4)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

31  Section 19HK

Omit “intentionally or recklessly”.

32  Subsection 24A(9)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (9)  A reference in this section to an offence against this Act includes:

                     (a)  an offence created by section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 that relates to this Act; and

                     (b)  an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code that relates to this Act.

Air Services Act 1995

33  At the end of Part 1

Add:

6A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

34  Subsection 70(1)

Omit “without the prior approval of an authorised employee”.

35  After subsection 70(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has the prior approval of an authorised employee.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

36  Subsection 71(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  A person who knows that a statutory lien is in effect in respect of an aircraft must not detach any part or equipment from the aircraft.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has the prior approval of an authorised employee.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

37  Subsection 76(6) (paragraph (b) of the definition of offence against this Act )

Omit “section 6, 7 or 7A of the Crimes Act 1914 ”, substitute “section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 ”.

38  Subsection 76(6) (paragraph (c) of the definition of offence against this Act )

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (c)  an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code that relates to an offence against this Act or the regulations.

Civil Aviation Act 1988

39  At the end of Part I

Add:

7A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

40  At the end of section 19

Add:

             (4)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

41  Section 20A

Repeal the section, substitute:

20A   Reckless operation of aircraft

             (1)  A person must not operate an aircraft being reckless as to whether the manner of operation could endanger the life of another person.

             (2)  A person must not operate an aircraft being reckless as to whether the manner of operation could endanger the person or property of another person.

41A  Subsection 21(8)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (8)  A person must not fail to comply with a direction contained in a notice under this section.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

          (8A)  Subsection (8) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (8A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

42  Subsection 23(2)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

43  Section 29

Repeal the section, substitute:

29   Offences in relation to aircraft

             (1)  The owner, operator, hirer (not being the Crown) or pilot of an aircraft commits an offence if he or she:

                     (a)  operates the aircraft or permits the aircraft to be operated; and

                     (b)  the operation of the aircraft results in:

                              (i)  the use by the aircraft of an aerodrome in contravention of a condition specified under section 20; or

                             (ii)  the aircraft being flown or operated in contravention of a provision of this Part (other than subsection 20A(1) or 23(1)), or of a direction given or condition imposed, under such a provision.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 2 years.

             (2)  Strict liability applies to subparagraphs (1)(b)(i) and (ii).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (3)  The owner, operator, hirer (not being the Crown) or pilot of an aircraft commits an offence if he or she:

                     (a)  operates the aircraft or permits the aircraft to be operated; and

                     (b)  the operation of the aircraft results in a contravention of subsection 20A(1).

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 5 years.

             (4)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (3)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (5)  The owner, operator, hirer (not being the Crown) or pilot of an aircraft commits an offence if he or she:

                     (a)  operates the aircraft or permits the aircraft to be operated; and

                     (b)  the operation of the aircraft results in a contravention of subsection 23(1) or a condition imposed under that subsection.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 7 years.

             (6)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (5)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

44  Subsection 32AB(3)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

45  At the end of section 32AB

Add:

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (5)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

46  Subsection 32AK(2)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

47  At the end of section 32AK

Add:

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (4)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

48  Paragraph 97A(9)(b)

Omit “section 5, 6, 7 or 7A, or subsection 86(1),”, substitute “section 6”.

49  At the end of section 97A

Add:

             ; and (c)  an offence created by Part 2.4 of the Criminal Code being an offence that relates to this Act or the regulations.

Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Act 1959

50  After section 5

Insert:

5A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

51  Subsection 41F(9)

Omit “section 6, 7 or 7A or subsection 86(1) of the Crimes Act 1914 ”, substitute “section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 or section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code ”.

Explosives Act 1961

52  At the end of Part I

Add:

7A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

International Air Services Commission Act 1992

53  At the end of Part 1

Add:

5A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

54  Subsection 33(3)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

55  Section 35

Repeal the section, substitute:

35   Failure of witness to attend

             (1)  A person summoned to appear as a witness before the Commission must not:

                     (a)  fail to attend as required by the summons; or

                     (b)  fail to appear and report from day to day.

Penalty:  $3,000.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence under paragraph (1)(a) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (4)  Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply if the person is excused or released from further attendance by a member of the Commission.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

56  Section 36

Omit “knowingly”.

57  Section 37

Omit “, without reasonable excuse, refuse or fail”, substitute “fail”.

58  At the end of section 37

Add:

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

Interstate Road Transport Act 1985

59  At the end of Part I

Add:

7A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

60  Subsection 8(1) (note)

Omit “Note”, substitute “Note 1”.

61  At the end of subsection 8(1) (after note 1)

Add:

Note 2:       A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in paragraphs (1)(d) and (e) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

62  Before subsection 8(2)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

63  Subsection 10(1)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse”.

64  After subsection 10(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

65  Subsection 10(3)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse”.

66  After subsection 10(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  Subsection (3) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

67  After subsection 12D(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

68  At the end of section 12D

Add:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

69  Section 40

Repeal the section, substitute:

40   Offences relating to monitoring devices

             (1)  If a registered motor vehicle is fitted with a standard monitoring device, a person commits an offence if, during the period the registration is in force, the person does an act and the act results in:

                     (a)  the destruction of the monitoring device; or

                     (b)  damage or injury to, manipulation of, or tampering or interference with the monitoring device in such a way as to hinder its normal operation; or

                     (c)  the use or operation of the monitoring device in such a way as to hinder its normal operation; or

                     (d)  the removal of the monitoring device.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

             (2)  Paragraph 1(d) does not apply if the removal is permitted by regulations made for the purposes of section 39.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

70  Section 41

Repeal the section, substitute:

41   Falsification, concealment etc. of monitoring device record

                   A person commits an offence if during the period for which a monitoring device record is required to be kept:

                     (a)  the person does an act; and

                     (b)  the act results in the damage to or alteration, defacing, mutilation, falsification, concealment or destruction (whether in whole or in part) of the monitoring device record.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

71  Subparagraph 43(1)(a)(ii)

Repeal the subparagraph, substitute:

                             (ii)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 , or an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code , being an offence that relates to an offence referred to in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph; or

72  Subsection 44(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person must not fail to comply with a requirement under paragraph (1)(c) or (e).

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the person is not capable of complying with that subsection.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (2B)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

73  Subsection 45(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person must not fail to comply with a notice under this section.

Penalty:  10 penalty units.

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply to the extent that the person is not capable of complying with that subsection.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (2B)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2B) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (2C)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

74  Subsection 45(6)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (6)  A reference in subsection (4) to an offence of a particular kind includes a reference to:

                     (a)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 ; or

                     (b)  an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code ;

being an offence that relates to an offence of that kind.

75  Subsection 47A(9)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (9)  In this section:

offence against this Act includes:

                     (a)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 that relates to an offence against this Act; and

                     (b)  any offence against section 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code that relates to an offence against this Act.

this Act includes the regulations.

Lighthouses Act 1911

76  After section 4

Insert:

4A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

77  Subsection 8(2)

Repeal the subsection.

78  Subsection 10(5)

Omit “without reasonable cause (proof whereof shall lie upon him)”.

79  After subsection 10(5)

Insert:

          (5A)  Subsection (5) does not apply if the person has reasonable cause.

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5A) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

          (5B)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

80  Subsection 19(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person does an act and the person intends or is negligent as to whether the act will result in:

                     (a)  injury, destruction, running foul of, or damage to:

                              (i)  any marine navigational aid that is the property of, or under the control of, the Authority; or

                             (ii)  any light exhibited on any such marine navigational aid; or

                            (iii)  any ship, vessel, stores, equipment, or other property used by the Authority in connection with the establishment, maintenance or servicing of marine navigational aids; or

                     (b)  obstruction of the view of any lighthouse, lightship, beacon or buoy that is the property of, or under the control of, the Authority, in such a manner as to lessen its efficiency; or

                     (c)  interference with the operation of, or the use by a person of, a marine navigational aid that is the property of, or under the control of, the Authority so as to hinder its effective operation or use.

Penalty:  $200.

          (1A)  A person commits an offence if the person does an act and the act results in the removal, altering, riding by or making fast of any marine navigational aid that is the property of, or under the control of, the Authority.

Penalty:  $200.

          (1B)  A person commits an offence if the person trespasses or goes upon:

                     (a)  any marine navigational aid that is the property of, or under the control of, the Authority; or

                     (b)  any ship, vessel, or property used by the Authority in the establishment, maintenance or servicing of marine navigational aids.

Penalty:  $200.

81  At the end of section 19B

Add:

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

Maritime College Act 1978

82  After section 4

Insert:

4A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989

83  After section 4

Insert:

4A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

84  Subsection 5(1)

Insert:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

85  Paragraph 12(a)

Repeal the paragraph.

86  Paragraph 12(b)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly to manufacture or supply, without authority,”, substitute “to manufacture or supply”.

87  Paragraph 12(d)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

88  Paragraph 12(d)

Omit “in relation to which no authority for the placement of that plate has been given”.

89  Subsection 13A(1)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly modify”, substitute “do an act that results in the modification of”.

90  Subsection 13A(2)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

91  Subsection 14(1)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

92  Subsection 15(1)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

93  Subsection 17(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a condition under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes the condition.

Penalty:  120 penalty units.

          (2A)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(a).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

94  Subsections 18(1) and (2)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

95  Subsection 19(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the Minister grants an approval to the person under subsection (1) subject to conditions; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct results in the contravention of a condition of that approval.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

96  Subsection 20(4)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  an approval granted to the person under regulations for the purposes of paragraph (1)(b) or (2)(b) is subject to conditions as mentioned in paragraph (3)(b); and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct results in the contravention of a condition of that approval.

Penalty:  60 penalty units.

97  At the end of section 26

Add:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

98  Section 32

Omit “, without reasonable excuse, refuse or”.

99  At the end of section 32

Add:

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

100  Paragraph 36(8)(b)

Omit “section 5, 6, 7 or 7A, or subsection 86(1),”, substitute “section 6”.

101  At the end of subsection 36(8)

Add:

             ; and (c)  an offence created by Part 2.4 of the Criminal Code , being an offence that relates to the regulations.

Port Statistics Act 1977

102  After section 3

Insert:

3A  Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

103  Subsections 5(3) and (4)

Repeal the subsections, substitute:

             (3)  A person must not fail to comply with a requirement under subsection (1).

Penalty:  $500.

             (4)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (1) if the defendant complies with the requirement to the extent to which he or she is capable.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (5)  Strict liability applies to an offence under subsection (3).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (6)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person does an act with the intention of avoiding the requirements of this section; and

                     (b)  the act results in the destruction, mutilation, defacing, concealment or removal of a book or document.

Penalty:  $500.

Protection of the Sea (Civil Liability) Act 1981

104  At the end of Part I

Add:

6A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

105  After subsection 15(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  An offence under subsection (1), (2) or (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

106  Subsection 15(4)

Omit “refuses or”.

107  After subsection 15(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

108  After subsection 22(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

Protection of the Sea (Oil Pollution Compensation Fund) Act 1993

109  At the end of Chapter 1

Add:

5A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

110  Section 24

Repeal the section, substitute:

24   Failure to give information or returns

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is required under regulations made for the purposes of this Division to give any information or return to the Authority; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes the requirement.

Penalty:  300 penalty units.

             (2)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(a).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (3)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

111  Section 45

Repeal the section, substitute:

45   Failure to give information or returns

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is required under regulations made for the purposes of this Division to give any information or return to the Authority; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes the requirement.

Penalty:  300 penalty units.

             (2)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (1)(a).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (3)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

Protection of the Sea (Powers of Intervention) Act 1981

112  After section 3

Insert:

3A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

113  At the end of section 21

Add:

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matters in subsections (1) and (2) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

Protection of the Sea (Prevention of Pollution from Ships) Act 1983

114  At the end of Part I

Add:

7   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

115  After subsection 11(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

116  Subsection 11(8)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

117  At the end of section 11A

Add:

             (8)  An offence under subsection (7) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

118  After subsection 12(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

119  After subsection 14(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

120  After subsection 22(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

121  Subsection 22(8)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

122  After subsection 23(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

123  After subsection 25(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

124  After subsection 26B(5)

Insert:

          (5A)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

125  Subsection 26B(10)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

126  Subsection 27(2)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse, refuse or”.

127  At the end of section 27

Add:

             (4)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (5)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

128  After subsection 27A(5)

Insert:

          (5A)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

129  At the end of section 27C

Add:

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

Protection of the Sea (Shipping Levy Collection) Act 1981

130  After section 4

Insert:

4A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

131  After subsection 12(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

Shipping Registration Act 1981

132  Subsection 3(1)

Insert:

offence based on a particular provision of this Act, being a provision in respect of which section 74 creates an offence, means an offence against section 74 that relates to that provision (unless the contrary intention appears).

133  After section 11

Insert:

11A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

134  After subsection 12(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

135  Subsection 20(2)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

136  After subsection 20(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (2B)  An offence based on subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

137  After subsection 26(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

138  Subsection 26(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  A person must not engage in conduct that results in the concealment, removal, alteration, defacing or obliteration of any marking that is on a registered ship in accordance with the requirements of subsection (1).

          (3A)  Strict liability applies to the element of an offence against subsection (3) that the ship be marked in accordance with a requirement in subsection (1).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

139  At the end of section 26

Add:

             (5)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

140  After subsection 30(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence based on subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

141  After subsection 30(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  An offence based on subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

142  After subsection 30(8)

Insert:

          (8A)  An offence based on subsection (6), (7) or (8) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

143  Section 32

Repeal the section, substitute:

32   Improperly assuming Australian nationality

             (1)  If the master or owner of a ship that is not an Australian ship does anything, or permits anything to be done, that results in a ship appearing to be an Australian ship, the ship is subject to forfeiture under this Act, and the Master and owner are each guilty of an offence.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the master or owner of the ship does the thing for the purpose of escaping capture by an enemy.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

144  Section 33

Repeal the section, substitute:

33   Concealing Australian nationality

             (1)  If the master or owner of an Australian ship does anything, or permits anything to be done that results in:

                     (a)  concealing the nationality of the ship from any person entitled by a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory to inquire into the nationality of the ship; or

                     (b)  deceiving any such person; or

                     (c)  the ship appearing not to be an Australian ship;

the ship is subject to forfeiture under this Act, and the master and owner are each guilty of an offence.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the master or owner of the ship does the thing to escape capture by an enemy.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

145  After subsection 37A(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence based on subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

146  After subsection 37A(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence based on subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code.

147  Section 61

Omit “wilfully”.

148  After subsection 64(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence based on subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

149  Subsection 66(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  if:

                     (a)  a registered ship is lost (whether actually or constructively), taken by an enemy, burnt or broken up or ceases to be entitled to be registered; and

                     (b)  the owner of the ship knows of the event mentioned in paragraph (a);

the owner of the ship must give notice in writing to the Registrar.

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if written notice has already been given to the Registrar.

150  After subsection 68(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

151  After subsection 69(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

152  After subsection 71(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

153  Subsection 73(1)

Omit “, or attempts to cause,”.

154  Subsection 74(1)

Omit “27(1),”.

155  Subsection 74(2)

Omit “30(9),”.

156  After subsection 74(4B)

Insert:

          (4C)  An offence against subsection 27(1), 30(9) or 71(2) is punishable on conviction:

                     (a)  if the offender is a natural person—by a fine not exceeding $2,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 6 months; or

                     (b)  if the offender is a body corporate—by a fine not exceeding $5,000.

Ships (Capital Grants) Act 1987

157  At the end of Part I

Add:

7A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

158  Subsection 17(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  If:

                     (a)  a person has lodged a claim under section 15 (whether or not the claim has been dealt with under subsection 15(3)); and

                     (b)  the person knows that the claim is for an amount, in respect of the ship, that exceeds the amount of grant that the person was entitled to claim in respect of that ship by more than $100;

the person must, within 28 days after discovering the excess, lodge an acknowledgment that complies with subsection (2) of this section.

Penalty: 

                     (a)  in the case of a natural person—$1,000 or imprisonment for 6 months, or both; or

                     (b)  in the case of a body corporate—$5,0 00.

159  Subsection 30(3)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse, refuse or”.

160  After subsection 30(3)

Insert:

             (4)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (5)  Subsection (3) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

Submarine Cables and Pipelines Protection Act 1963

161  After section 5

Insert:

5A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

162  Subsection 7(1)

Repeal the subsection substitute:

             (1)  A person commits an offence if the person engages in conduct and the conduct results in a ship registered in Australia or in a Territory breaking or injuring:

                     (a)  a submarine telegraph or a telephone cable in such a manner as might interrupt or obstruct telegraphic or telephonic communications; or

                     (b)  a submarine pipeline; or

                     (c)  a submarine high-voltage cable.

Penalty:  $2,000, or imprisonment for 12 months.

          (1A)  A person commits an offence if the person engages in conduct and the person is negligent as to whether the conduct will result in a ship registered in Australia or in a Territory breaking or injuring:

                     (a)  a submarine telegraph or a telephone cable in such a manner as might interrupt or obstruct telegraphic or telephonic communications; or

                     (b)  a submarine pipeline; or

                     (c)  a submarine high-voltage cable.

Penalty:  $1,000, or imprisonment for 3 months.

163  At the end of section 7

Add:

             (3)  In this section:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

Sydney Airport Curfew Act 1995

164  Section 3

Insert:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

165  After section 3

Insert:

3A   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (other than Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

166  Subsection 7(2)

Repeal the subsection (including the note), substitute:

             (2)  The operator of an aircraft commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the operator’s conduct results in a contravention of subsection (1).

Penalty:  1,0 00 penalty units.

             (3)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

167  Subsection 8(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  The operator of an aircraft commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the operator’s conduct results in a contravention of subsection (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

          (2A)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

168  Subsection 9(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  The operator of an aircraft commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the operator’s conduct results in a contravention of subsection (1).

Penalty:  50 penalty units.

          (2A)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

169  Subsection 10(2)

Repeal the subsection (including the note), substitute:

             (2)  The operator of an aircraft commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the operator’s conduct results in a contravention of subsection (1).

Penalty:  500 penalty units.

             (3)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

170  Subsection 11(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  The operator of an aircraft commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the operator engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the operator’s conduct results in a contravention of subsection (1) or (2).

Penalty:  100 penalty units.

          (3A)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (3)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

171  Subsection 21(2)

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

172  Section 22

Omit “knowingly or recklessly”.

173  Subsection 25(5) (definition of offence against this Act )

Repeal the definition, substitute:

offence against this Act includes the following:

                     (a)  an offence against section 6 of the Crimes Act 1914 that relates to an offence against this Act;

                     (b)  an offence against section 11.1, 11.4 or 11.5 of the Criminal Code .