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Transport and Regional Services Legislation Amendment (Application of Criminal Code) Bill 2001
Schedule 2 Navigation Act 1912

   

1  After section 4

Insert:

5   Application of the Criminal Code

                   Chapter 2 (except Part 2.5) of the Criminal Code applies to all offences created by this Act.

Note:          Chapter 2 of the Criminal Code sets out the general principles of criminal responsibility.

2  Subsection 6(1)

Insert:

engage in conduct means:

                     (a)  do an act; or

                     (b)  omit to perform an act.

3  At the end of section 8B

Add:

             (5)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

4  After subsection 14(8)

Insert:

          (8A)  An offence under subsection (8) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

5  After subsection 14(11)

Insert:

        (11A)  An offence under subsection (11) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

6  Section 17

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

7  At the end of section 17

Add:

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

8  At the end of section 52

Add:

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

9  Subsection 53(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a copy of an agreement has been posted under subsection (1); and

                     (b)  the person does an act; and

                     (c)  the act results in the defacing or destruction of the agreement.

Penalty:  $500.

             (3)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(a).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

10  Paragraph 68(1)(a)

Omit “knowingly”.

11  Section 99

Repeal the section, substitute:

99   Conduct likely to result in danger to ship or life

                   The master or seaman of a ship commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the master or seaman engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the master or seaman:

                              (i)  is in breach of his or her duty; or

                             (ii)  is drunk at the time of the conduct; and

                     (c)  the conduct is likely to result in:

                              (i)  the immediate loss, destruction or serious damage to the ship or cargo of the ship; or

                             (ii)  immediate danger to the life or limb of a person belonging to or on board the ship.

Penalty:  $5,000 or imprisonment for 2 years.

12  After subsection 132(5)

Insert:

          (5A)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

13  After subsection 132A(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

14  At the end of section 148C

Add:

             (6)  An offence under subsection (5) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

15  After subsection 152(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

16  After subsection 152(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

17  Paragraph 164(2)(c)

Omit “conceal”, substitute “engage in conduct that results in the concealment of”.

18  Subsection 172(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person does an act; and

                     (b)  the act results in:

                              (i)  the destruction or mutilation of an official log-book or an entry in an official log-book; or

                             (ii)  an entry in an official log-book being rendered illegible.

Penalty:  $5,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes or signs an entry in an official log-book, knowing that the entry is false or fraudulent; or

                     (b)  omits to make an entry in an official log-book, knowing that the omission will result in the log-book being false or fraudulent.

Penalty:  $5,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

19  Section 186E

Repeal the section, substitute:

186E   Unqualified person performing duties of licensed pilot

             (1)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person makes a representation that the person is a licensed pilot; and

                     (b)  the person is not a licensed pilot.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person performs duties; and

                     (b)  the duties are those of a licensed pilot under the regulations; and

                     (c)  the person is not a licensed pilot.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (4)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (2)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person takes a person into employment to perform duties; and

                     (b)  the duties are those of a licensed pilot under the regulations; and

                     (c)  the person is not a licensed pilot.

Penalty:  20 penalty units.

             (6)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (5)(b).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

20  At the end of section 188

Add:

             (5)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

21  Subsection 190AA(4)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

22  After subsection 190A(1A)

Insert:

          (1B)  An offence under subsection (1A) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

23  At the end of section 190AA

Add:

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (6)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

24  Paragraph 191B(1)(b)

Omit “without reasonable cause”.

25  After subsection 191B(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the owner or master has reasonable cause.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (1B)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

26  Subsection 191B(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a ship other than a Safety Convention ship has been marked with a subdivision load line mark; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct results in the concealment, removal, alteration, defacing or obliteration of any such mark.

Penalty:  $5,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has reasonable cause.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

27  At the end of section 206H

Add:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

28  Subsection 208(1)

Omit “, unless that person proves that he or she used all reasonable means to ensure the seaworthiness of the ship,”.

29  After subsection 208(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subsection (1) if the defendant proves that he or she used all reasonable means to ensure the seaworthiness of the ship.

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

30  Subsection 208(2)

Omit “knowingly takes a ship to sea”, substitute “takes a ship to sea, reckless as to whether the ship is”.

31  After subsection 217(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

32  At the end of section 217

Add:

             (4)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

33  After subsection 221(1C)

Insert:

          (1D)  An offence under subsection (1C) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

34  After subsection 221(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

35  At the end of section 221

Add:

             (9)  An offence under subsection (8) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

36  Subsection 227B(1)

Omit “, except as permitted by or under the regulations”.

37  After subsection 227B(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

38  At the end of section 227B

Add:

Note:          A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

39  Subsection 227D(1)

Omit “, except with reasonable cause,”.

40  Subsection 227D(2)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the owner or master has reasonable cause.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  a ship, other than a non-Australian Load Line Convention ship, has been marked with deck lines and load lines; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct results in the concealment, removal, alteration, defacing or mutilation of any such mark.

Penalty:  $5,000 or imprisonment for 2 years, or both.

41  Subsections 253(1) and (2)

Omit “knowingly”.

42  Subsection 264(2)

Omit “, without reasonable cause,”.

43  After subsection 264(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has reasonable cause.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

44  Subsection 265(1)

Omit “, unless he or she is unable to do so or, in the special circumstances of the case, considers it unreasonable or unnecessary so to do,”.

45  After subsection 265(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the master is unable to do so or, in the special circumstances of the case, considers it unreasonable or unnecessary to do so.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

46  After subsection 267D(2)

Insert:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

47  At the end of section 267E

Add:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

48  After subsection 267K(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

49  After subsection 267S(2)

Insert:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

50  At the end of section 267T

Add:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

51  After subsection 267Y(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

52  After subsection 267ZJ(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

53  At the end of section 267ZK

Add:

             (3)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

54  After subsection 267ZQ(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

55  After subsection 269N(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

56  At the end of section 269N

Add:

Note:          The defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (2) (see section 13.4 of the Criminal Code ).

57  Section 275

Repeal the section, substitute:

275   Passenger landed elsewhere than at destination

             (1)  The master or owner of a ship commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the master or owner engages in conduct; and

                     (b)  the conduct results in a passenger on the ship being landed from the ship at a port other than the port at which the passenger contracted to land.

Penalty:  $1,000.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the passenger consents to being landed from the ship as mentioned in paragraph (1)(b); or

                     (b)  it is an unavoidable necessity that the passenger be landed as mentioned in paragraph (1)(b).

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

58  Subsection 278(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  A passenger or other person on board a ship must not do an act that results in:

                     (a)  the obstruction of any part of the machinery or equipment of the ship; or

                     (b)  the obstruction or molestation of the master or crew of the ship in the execution of their duty.

Penalty:  $1,000.

59  Subsection 278(3) (penalty)

Repeal the penalty.

60  At the end of section 278

Add:

             (4)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (3) to give his or her true name and address; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes the requirement.

Penalty:  $500.

61  Paragraph 282(1)(d)

Omit “knowingly”.

62  Paragraph 282(1)(e)

Omit “knowingly and wilfully”.

63  At the end of section 283F

Add:

             (4)  An offence under subsection (3) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

64  At the end of section 283G

Add:

             (5)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

65  Subsection 287(1)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (1)  The master, owner and agent of a ship commit an offence if:

                     (a)  any one or more of the master, owner and agent engage in conduct; and

                     (b)  the ship:

                              (i)  is receiving, directly or indirectly, any subsidy or bonus from the Government of a country other than Australia; or

                             (ii)  is to receive such a subsidy or bonus under an arrangement; or

                            (iii)  has received such a subsidy or bonus in the 12 months immediately preceding the conduct; and

                     (c)  the conduct results in the ship engaging in the coasting trade.

Penalty:  $5,000.

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

66  At the end of section 288

Add:

             (8)  An offence under subsection (1) or (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

67  Section 293

Omit all the words after “Part” (first occurring) to and including “Part,”.

68  Subsection 296(2)

Omit “wilfully”.

69  Subsection 297(2)

Omit “without reasonable cause”.

70  At the end of section 297

Add:

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has reasonable cause.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

71  Subsection 298(3)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (3)  A person commits an offence if the person engages in conduct, and the conduct results in:

                     (a)  the impeding of any person in the exercise of the rights given by this section; or

                     (b)  the impeding of the deposit of any wreck on the land; or

                     (c)  the prevention of any wreck from remaining so deposited until it can be removed to a safe place.

Penalty:  $500.

72  Subsection 313(1)

Omit “, without the leave of the master or the authority of this or any Act,”.

73  After subsection 313(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has the leave of the master of the ship concerned.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

74  Section 314

Repeal the section, substitute:

314   Offences as to wreck

                   A person commits an offence if the person engages in conduct, and the conduct results in:

                     (a)  the impeding of the saving of any ship stranded or in distress, or of any wreck; or

                     (b)  the secreting of any wreck, or the defacing or obliteration of any marks on any wreck; or

                     (c)  the wrongful removal of any wreck.

Penalty:  $2,000.

75  After subsection 386B(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

76  After subsection 386E(2)

Insert:

          (2A)  An offence under subsection (1) or (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

77  Subsection 386G(4)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

78  At the end of section 386G

Add:

             (5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (5) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

79  Subsection 388(1)

Omit “without reasonable excuse or the permission of the master”.

80  After subsection 388(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse or has the permission of the master of the ship concerned.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

81  Section 389

Omit “knowingly”.

82  Paragraph 389A(1)(a)

Omit “knowingly”.

83  Subsection 389A(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

84  Subsection 405K(2)

Omit “, without reasonable excuse,”.

85  At the end of section 405K

Add:

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has a reasonable excuse.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

             (4)  An offence under subsection (2) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

86  Subsection 413(2)

Omit “, without just cause,”.

87  At the end of section 413

Add:

             (3)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person has just cause.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (3) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

88  At the end of section 415

Add:

             (2)  An offence under subsection (1) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

89  After subsection 421(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  An offence under subsection (4) is an offence of strict liability.

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .

90  Subsection 421(5)

Repeal the subsection, substitute:

             (5)  A person commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the person is subject to a requirement under subsection (3) to comply with a condition; and

                     (b)  the person engages in conduct; and

                     (c)  the person’s conduct contravenes the requirement.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 4 years.

          (5A)  Strict liability applies to paragraph (5)(a).

Note:          For strict liability , see section 6.1 of the Criminal Code .