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Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Bilateral Agreement Implementation) Bill 2014

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2013-2014-2015

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

THE SENATE

 

 

 

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment (Bilateral Agreement Implementation) Bill 2014

 

 

(1)     Clause 1, page 1 (line 17), after “ Implementation ”, insert “ and Other Measures ”.

[possession of live specimens]

(2)     Schedule 1, item 2, page 3 (line 23), omit “if”, substitute “to the extent that”.

[water resources]

(3)     Schedule 1, item 2, page 4 (line 13), omit “if”, substitute “to the extent that”.

[water resources]

(4)     Schedule 2, item 1, page 7 (lines 14 to 16), omit “an action in a class of actions specified in the agreement is no longer an action covered by the agreement”, substitute “a specified action is excluded from coming within the class of actions specified in the agreement for the purpose of subsection 46(1)”.

[bilateral agreements]

(5)     Schedule 2, item 3, page 7 (lines 23 to 26), omit subsection 69A(1), substitute:

             (1)  This section applies if, under a bilateral agreement that includes a declaration described in section 46 (the section 46 declaration ), the Environment Minister or the appropriate Minister of a State or Territory makes a declaration (the exclusion declaration ) that a specified action is excluded from coming within the class of actions specified in the section 46 declaration.

[bilateral agreements]

(6)     Schedule 2, item 3, page 7 (line 29), omit “declaration”, substitute “exclusion declaration”.

[bilateral agreements]

(7)     Schedule 2, item 6, page 9 (lines 15 to 17), omit subparagraph (ca)(ii), substitute:

                             (ii)  the effect of a bilateral agreement that includes a declaration described in section 46 or 47 is suspended or cancelled, and the action would be in a class of actions specified in the declaration if the agreement were still in effect and the action had been approved or assessed as specified in the declaration;

[bilateral agreements]

(8)     Schedule 3, items 1 to 2C, page 13 (line 6) to page 14 (line 10), omit the items, substitute:

1  After subsection 29(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  To avoid doubt, if:

                     (a)  a person proposes to take an action in a State or self-governing Territory; and

                     (b)  the taking of the action without approval under Part 9 would be prohibited by:

                              (i)  section 24D or 24E; and

                             (ii)  at least one other provision of Part 3; and

                     (c)  the action is one of a class of actions declared by a bilateral agreement between the Commonwealth and the State or Territory not to require approval under Part 9 for the purposes of a provision of Part 3 mentioned in subparagraph (b)(ii);

then, to the extent that paragraphs (1)(a) to (e) would otherwise be satisfied in respect of the action, the person:

                     (d)  may take the action without approval under Part 9 for the purposes of a provision of Part 3 in relation to which the bilateral agreement has effect; and

                     (e)  may not take the action without approval under Part 9 for the purposes of section 24D or 24E.

[water resources]

(9)     Schedule 3, item 2D, page 14 (line 16), omit “46 or”.

[water resources]

(10)   Schedule 3, item 5, page 14 (lines 22 to 32), omit the item, substitute:

5  Application

The amendment made by item 1 of this Part applies in relation to a referral of a proposal to take an action under section 68 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 , whether made before, on or after the day this item commences.

[water resources]

(11)   Schedule 3, item 7, page 15 (line 9), omit “ (1) ”.

[technical correction]

(12)   Schedule 3, page 15 (after line 18), after item 8, insert:

8A  Paragraph 46(3)(a)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (a)  either:

                              (i)  for a management arrangement—the management arrangement, and the law under which it is in force, meet the criteria prescribed by the regulations; or

                             (ii)  for an authorisation process—the authorisation process meets the criteria prescribed by the regulations; and

8B  Paragraph 46(4)(b)

Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

                     (b)  in the case of an authorisation process—the document or documents (the authorisation process document/s ) that comprise, or together comprise, the whole of the authorisation process (including any part of the process that is not set out or made as mentioned in paragraph (2A)(a));

8C  Paragraphs 46(5)(a) and (5A)(a)

Omit “authorisation process is”, substitute “authorisation process document/s is or are”.

8D  Subsection 46(6)

Omit “relevant part of the law has”, substitute “authorisation process document/s has or have”.

8E  Subsection 46(7)

Omit “relevant part of the law was”, substitute “authorisation process document/s was or were”.

8F  Subsection 46(8)

Omit “relevant part of the law is”, substitute “authorisation process document/s is or are”.

[bilaterally accredited authorisation processes]

(13)   Schedule 3, item 9, page 15 (lines 21 to 29), omit the definition of authorisation process , substitute:

authorisation process means a process that provides for the authorisation of actions and that:

                     (a)  is set out in a law of the Commonwealth; or

                     (b)  is:

                              (i)  set out, wholly or partly, in a law of a State or Territory; or

                             (ii)  set out, wholly or partly, in an instrument made under a law of a State or Territory; or

                            (iii)  made, wholly or partly, under a law of a State or Territory.

Note:          To satisfy paragraph (b), it is sufficient if at least part of the process is set out or made as mentioned in subparagraph (b)(i), (ii) or (iii). The rest of the process may be in other documents.

[bilaterally accredited authorisation processes]

(14)   Page 19 (after line 28), after Schedule 4, insert:

Schedule 4A Possession of live specimens

   

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

1  At the end of section 303BB

Add:

•      It is also an offence to possess the progeny of a specimen that was imported in contravention of this Part unless:

       (a)     the specimen is included in Part 3 of the list referred to in section 303EA in relation to a State or Territory and an appropriate Minister of that State or Territory has notified the Environment Minister that the inclusion of the specimen in Part 3 of the list is in force for the State or Territory; or

      (b)     the person possessing the specimen holds a permit.

2  Division 4 of Part 13A (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Division 4 Imports and possession of regulated live specimens

3  Section 303EB (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

303EB   Listing of specimens suitable for live import or possession

4  At the end of subsection 303EB(1)

Add “or possession”.

5  Subsection 303EB(2)

Omit “2 Parts”, substitute “3 Parts”.

6  At the end of subsection 303EB(2)

Add:

                   ; (c)  Part 3 is to be a list of regulated specimens that a person may possess in one or more States or Territories in the Australian jurisdiction.

7  Subsection 303EB(3)

Omit “The list”, substitute “Parts 1 and 2 of the list”.

8  After subsection 303EB(3)

Insert:

          (3A)  Part 3 of the list may only contain specimens:

                     (a)  that:

                              (i)  are live animals; and

                             (ii)  are not included in Part 1 or 2 of the list; and

                     (b)  that do not belong to native species;

and in respect of which subsection (3B) is satisfied.

          (3B)  This subsection is satisfied in respect of a specimen if the Minister considers that:

                     (a)  the specimen is part of a feral population in a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  possession of the specimen in the State or Territory would not be:

                              (i)  likely to threaten the conservation status of a species or ecological community in the Australian jurisdiction; or

                             (ii)  likely to threaten biodiversity; or

                            (iii)  likely to contribute in any way to a wider distribution of the specimen.

          (3C)  If the Minister includes a specimen in Part 3 of the list, the Minister must also specify the State or Territory for which the inclusion of the specimen relates.

          (3D)  If the Minister includes a specimen in Part 3 of the list in relation to a State or Territory, the Minister must:

                     (a)  consider, for each other State and Territory, whether subsection (3B) is satisfied in respect of the specimen; and

                     (b)  if that subsection is so satisfied—specify the relevant State or Territory in relation to the specimen in accordance with subsection (3C).

9  Subsection 303EB(5)

Omit “Part 1”, substitute “Parts 1 and 3”.

10  After subsection 303EB(11A)

Insert:

        (11B)  For each specimen included in Part 3 of the list, there is to be a notation that states whether the inclusion of the specimen in that part of the list is subject to restrictions or conditions and, if so, the nature of those restrictions or conditions.

Note:          If a specimen is included in Part 3 of the list in relation to more than one State or Territory, the same restrictions and conditions apply in those States or Territories.

        (11C)  A restriction or condition referred to in subsection (11B) may:

                     (a)  consist of a quantitative limit in relation to the possession of the specimen; or

                     (b)  relate to the circumstances in which the specimen is possessed.

        (11D)  Subsection (11C) does not limit subsection (11B).

11  After section 303EB

Insert:

303EBA   State or Territory to advise whether specimen included in Part 3 of the list for a State or Territory is in force for the State or Territory

             (1)  As soon as practicable after a specimen is included in Part 3 of the list referred to in section 303EB, the Environment Minister must write to an appropriate Minister of each State and Territory to:

                     (a)  advise of the inclusion of the specimen in Part 3 of the list; and

                     (b)  seek advice on whether inclusion of the specimen in that Part of the list is to be in force for the State or Territory.

             (2)  A Minister of a State or Territory may notify the Environment Minister, in writing, that the inclusion of a specimen in Part 3 of the list:

                     (a)  is in force for the State or Territory; or

                     (b)  is not, or ceases to be, in force for the State or Territory.

             (3)  Within 10 business days of receiving a notification, the Environment Minister must publish a copy of it on the Department’s website.

             (4)  A notification comes into force on the day of publication, or if a later day is specified in the notification, on that later day.

             (5)  To avoid doubt:

                     (a)  if a Minister of a State or Territory notifies the Environment Minister that the listing of a specimen in Part 3 of the list is in force for the State or Territory and possession of the specimen is contrary to a law of the State or Territory, then the notification overrides the relevant law of the State or Territory; and

                     (b)  if there is no notification by a Minister of a State or Territory, the listing of the specimen in Part 3 of the list is not in force for the State or Territory.

12  Paragraphs 303EC(1)(d) and (e)

After “Part 2”, insert “or 3”.

13  After subsection 303EC(1)

Insert:

          (1A)  For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), if:

                     (a)  a specimen is included in Part 3 of the list in relation to a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  the Minister deletes the specimen from Part 3 of the list in relation to the State or Territory because the Minister ceases to be satisfied that subsection 303EB(3B) is satisfied in respect of the specimen;

the Minister must also consider whether that specimen should be deleted from Part 3 of the list in relation to all other States and Territories for which the specimen is included in the list.

Note:          See also subsections 33(3) and (3AA) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 .

14  Subsection 303GD(6A)

Omit “6 months”, substitute “2 years”.

15  After section 303GD

Insert:

303GDA   Other testing permits

Applications for permits

             (1)  A person may, in accordance with the regulations, apply to the Minister for a permit to be issued under subsection (5).

             (2)  The application must be accompanied by the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations.

Further information

             (3)  The Minister may, within 40 business days after the application is made, request the person to give the Minister, within the period specified in the request, further information for the purpose of enabling the Minister to deal with the application.

             (4)  The Minister may refuse to consider the application until the person gives the Minister the information in accordance with the request.

Minister may issue permits

             (5)  The Minister may, on application made by a person under subsection (1), issue a permit to the person. This subsection has effect subject to subsections (8) and (9).

             (6)  A permit authorises its holder to take the action or actions specified in the permit, in the permitted period, without breaching section 303GN.

             (7)  For the purpose of subsection (6), the permitted period is the period specified in the permit as the period during which the action or actions specified in the permit may be taken. The period so specified must start on the date of issue of the permit and end not later than 2 years after that date.

             (8)  The Environment Minister must not issue a permit to a person unless he or she is satisfied that:

                     (a)  the specimen is part of a feral population in a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  the person proposes to conduct tests on the specimen in the State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the conduct of such tests on the specimen would not be:

                              (i)  likely to threaten the conservation status of a species or ecological community in the Australian jurisdiction; or

                             (ii)  likely to threaten biodiversity; or

                            (iii)  likely to contribute in any way to a wider distribution of the specimen; and

                     (d)  an appropriate Minister of the State or Territory approves, in writing, the conduct of such tests on the specimen; and

                     (e)  the tests will be conducted in a controlled environment.

Duration of permit

             (9)  A permit under this section:

                     (a)  comes into force on the date on which it is issued; and

                     (b)  unless it is sooner cancelled, remains in force until all of the following periods have ended:

                              (i)  the permitted period (within the meaning of subsection (7));

                             (ii)  each period for which one or more conditions of the permit are expressed to apply.

Investigations

           (10)  A reference in this section to tests on the specimen includes a reference to investigations relating to the specimen.

16  Subsection 303GN(2) (heading)

Repeal the heading, substitute:

Possession of CITES specimens and certain regulated live specimens

17  Subparagraph 303GN(2)(b)(ii)

After “included in”, insert “Part 1 or 2 of”.

18  After subsection 303GN(4)

Insert:

          (4A)  Subsection (2) does not apply if:

                     (a)  the person possesses the specimen in a State or Territory; and

                     (b)  the person obtained the specimen from within the State or Territory; and

                     (c)  the specimen was not obtained in contravention of any law of the Commonwealth, or of the State or Territory; and

                     (d)  the specimen is included in Part 3 of the list referred to in section 303EB in relation to the State or Territory; and

                     (e)  the specimen’s inclusion in Part 3 of the list is in force for the State or Territory; and

                      (f)  in the case of the specimen belonging to a taxon specified in the regulations—the conditions that, under the regulations, are applicable to the welfare of the specimen have been complied with.

Note:          The defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4A) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

          (4B)  Subsection (2) does not apply if the person’s possession of the specimen is in accordance with a permit that was issued to the person under section 303GDA and is in force.

Note:          The defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (4B) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code ).

19  Subsections 303GO(1) and (4)

Omit “or 303FO(3)(f)”, substitute “, 303FO(3)(f) or 303GN(4A)(f)”.

20  Section 528

Insert:

feral population means an established population of animals (other than native animals) that sustains itself independently of human beings.

21  Continuity of list of specimens

The amendments to section 303EB of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 made by this Schedule do not affect the continuity of the list referred to in that section.

[possession of live specimens]

(15)   Schedule 5, item 1, page 20 (line 15), after “Part 3”, insert “, other than section 24D or 24E”.

[water resources]