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Tuesday, 13 May 1980
Page: 2101

Senator GIETZELT (New South Wales) -I wish to be associated with the remarks of condolence made by the Leader of the Government in the Senate (Senator Carrick), and supported by the Opposition and other political spokesmen in this place, about Josip Broz Tito. Tito was the last surviving wartime leader. He grew out of the struggles of the people of Europe to defeat the hordes of nazism and established the new order which was so much on the lips of people during World War H. The most significant thing about Marshal Tito was not only was he a successful leader of his people but also he was a successful leader for independence within the socialistcumcommunist movement. He was also a leader of the non-aligned world. Its emergence has been the most significant development in world politics in recent times. The non-aligned movement, of which he was one of the founders, has played, is playing and will continue to play a very significant part in world affairs. Marshal Tito played a very important role in establishing the third force, as it were, between the super powers. He fought for his principles in his own country, one of which was to defeat the Nazi forces. He fought for the principle of independence in his own country and he fought for the principle of an indigenous brand of society designed to raise the living standards of his own people.

It is interesting to look very briefly at what some of those principles involved. The interesting experiment of self-management is unique insofar as Yugoslavia is concerned. The interesting experiment of encouraging the development of small business- small business sector activity -is unique so far as communist countries are concerned. I refer also to his attempts to curb the development of a large scale public service bureaucracy. Those matters are worthy of a lot of examination. They resulted from the expansiveness of the Yugoslav people epitomised by their leader, Marshal Tito. It is interesting that this man survived all the other war-time leaders. It is interesting that he fought for his life to the very last. I think most of us were amazed to see that over the last months of his life he still fought to stay alive so that he could make a contribution to the development of his country and the development of his particular brand of thought.

I think we are able to be fortified by the fact that he set out very deliberately to establish collective leadership so that the work that he and his movement had begun in Yugoslavia during the early days of World War II and carried to fruition at the conclusion of World War II would be in capable hands. I am sure it is the hope of us all that the work be continued, that the devotion and leadership that he was able to provide be carried on by the collective leadership that he has left behind him.

It is interesting, as other speakers have pointed out, that Tito was loved by the citizens of his own country. He had the deepest respect and affection from all sectors of his country- a country which is known to have been a country of great division for many years. That love has been expressed in the sadness shown at his passing and the responses by the citizens of Yugoslavia. It is a matter of deep regret that in our own country some manifestations of division, hatred and extremism have ignored the positive role that this man has played in providing a stable country in what was at the time it was established an unstable Europe- a country that has won for itself support from both the Left and the Right, if one may use those terms in these sad days, and a country that has won support for the general principles of independence that are so much characterised by the personality of Marshal Tito. I am sure that in supporting this motion of condolence we are in fact conveying to the Yugoslav people our support for their independence, our support for their experiments and our support for their survival.

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