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Tuesday, 19 August 1980
Page: 364

The following notes indicate briefly the nature and scope of the net outlays encompassed under each functional heading; they are not intended to provide a definitive listing of the contents of each category.

1.   Defence

Outlays on military defence, including outlays to keep the armed services in a state of readiness. Includes outlays on central administration and on research in connection with activities carried out for defence purposes; outlays on military construction and equipment, inspection, transport and storage; all outlays on recruiting, training, equipping and housing the armed forces, and on medical care and other services for them; outlays on military colleges; expenditure for the provision of quarters for families of military personnel; outlays on pensions and other payments for military personnel under the Defence Forces Retirement and Death Benefits Scheme; outlays on civil defence; outlays on foreign military aid and contributions to international military organisations and alliances.

2.   Education

Outlays on the provision, management and support of all levels of educational services, including pre-schools, schools, trade and technical courses, courses in music and fine arts and university and other higher education. Includes outlays relating to the provision of scholarships and allowances to students at all levels; special educational programs designed specifically for the benefit of Aboriginal students, for migrants and other special groups; expenditure on non-vocational adult education courses, school bus services and general administration, regulation and research activities related to education.

3.   Health

Outlays on facilities or services for the prevention and treatment of human illness. Includes outlays related to the prevention of diseases, such as immunisation and vaccination programs; regulation of standards of sanitation, etc.; outlays concerned with the provision of hospital and clinical services, including treatment and care of those suffering from psychiatric disorders, infectious diseases, etc.; and expenditure on nursing schools associated with hospitals. Also includes the payment of hospital, nursing home, medical and pharmaceutical benefits which are designed to cover all or part of the costs of hospitalisation and medical treatment; health care of specific groups, such as Aboriginals, the aged, veterans and their dependants; community health centres, drug treatment centres, and domiciliary care services; general administration, regulation and research related to health matters.

4.   Social Security and Welfare

Provision of pensions and allowances and other benefits to persons who, because of age, physical or mental disability, domestic circumstances or other reasons, are unable or not expected to earn a sufficient livelihood for themselves and their dependants. Includes the provision of benefits such as unemployment benefits, age and veterans' pensions, sickness benefits, other benefits to compensate for loss of income, and unemployment relief schemes. Provision of financial assistance towards the expenses associated with the bearing and raising of children, child care facilities in the States, marriage guidance, other social security benefits, child welfare services and institutions, homes for and care of the aged and disabled, and welfare programs to meet specific needs of disadvantaged groups.

5.   Housing

Outlays on the provision of dwellings for sale or rental, mortgage finance for purchase or construction of dwellings, and other financial assistance aimed at facilitating the purchase or construction of dwellings or home ownership. Also includes general administration, regulation and promotion of standards, and research in the field of housing.

6.   Urban and Regional Development nec and the Environment

Urban and Regional Development nec: Outlays on general promotion and assistance for urban and regional planning and development. Includes outlays on decentralisation assistance and the development of new cities or towns where it is not possible to distinguish expenditure as being specifically for housing, roads, sewerage or other purposes, or it is not appropriate to classify the expenditure to other categories (e.g. in the case of major outlays for urban sub-division or renewal, including the purchase of land for such purposes) ; identifiable administrative costs associated with urban and regional planning and development activities, together with outlays for the provision of community amenities.

Environment: Outlays on water quality control, air pollution and monitoring and other outlays related to pollution prevention and protection of the environment including identifiable outlays on research, planning and investigation.

Sewerage and Sanitation: Outlays on the treatment and disposal of sewerage, refuse collection and disposal.

7.   Culture and Recreation

Outlays related to the support of performing and creative arts; libraries and galleries; support of organisations concerned with sporting and other leisure-time activities, and provision of facilities serving purposes primarily related to these activities, such as swimming pools, community centres, athletic fields, etc.; contributions to youth and social organisations; outlays on the protection and preservation of historic sites and buildings, parks and wildlife reserves, and other elements of the national estate; outlays on the provision, operation and regulation of radio and television broadcasting services.

8.   Economic Services

This category covers regulation of, and assistance provided to, the private sector; direct government participation in economic activity and provision of economic infrastructure.

A.   Transport and Communication.Outlays concerned with postal services, and domestic and overseas telecommunications; outlays on construction, maintenance, promotion, administration and research relating to the various modes of land, sea and air transport, including urban transportation systems and pipelines for petroleum and gas transport. (Road traffic control services are shown under the category 'Law, Order and Public Safety'.)

B.   Water Supply, Electricity and Gas.Outlays on construction and other assistance, regulation and research in connection with the production, transmission and distribution of electricity; assistance to domestic users of gas; and outlays on the conservation, collection, purification and distribution of water primarily for domestic and industrial use.

C.   Industry Assistance and Development.Direct assistance to primary, secondary and service enterprises in various forms including bounties, subsidies, export incentives, advances from the Budget and other transfers, including commodity price support arrangements; support of agricultural and other industrial research and development and of promotional activities, including export promotion; outlays on the management and development of timber and fishery resources; provision of veterinary, extension and other services to agriculture; land clearing, reclamation and settlement activities; outlays on programs of rural debt reconstruction and farm rehabilitation and adjustment; investigation, measurement, development and management of water resources for irrigation and pastoral purposes and rural flood mitigation; assistance for and encouragement of mineral exploration; geological surveys; development of tourist facilities and tourist promotion; administration, promotion, regulation and research directly associated with specific primary, secondary or service industries.

D.   Labour and Employment.Outlays related to the regulation of working conditions, the prevention and settlement of industrial disputes and the enforcement of industrial awards and agreements; programs designed to facilitate changes of occupation by persons displaced by redundancy; occupational training schemes for adults, including assistance to enter or re-enter the work-force, provision of labour exchange facilities; outlays directly related to the assisted passage migration scheme; general administration, regulation and research in the field of industrial relations, employment and immigration affairs.

E.   Other Economic Services.Outlays related to regulation of monopolies and restrictive trade practices, price control and justification, tariff regulation, other forms of business regulation; outlays on patents and trade marks administration, outlays on meteorological services and other technical services not allocable to specific kinds of industry; outlays on general administration in the area of economic and commercial affairs not allocable to other outlay categories within the 'Economic Services' function.

9.   General Public Services

This category covers outlays on a number of general public services and activities concerned with the organisation and operation of government.

A.   Legislative Activities.Outlays of the legislative and executive bodies of government, including Parliamentary committees and the operation of the Governor-General's establishments; outlays related to the conduct of elections and maintenance of registers of voters.

B.   Law, Order and Public Safety.Outlays on law courts (other than those concerned with industrial relations) and bodies concerned with the administration of the legal system and preparation and execution of law court action; provision of legal aid; registration of legal titles to property; outlays in respect of prisons and other places of detention and correction, and probation services; police services, including traffic control; fire protection and other public safety promotion or services; general administration and research related to these activities.

C.   Foreign Affairs, Overseas Aid and External Territories.Outlays of depart ments and agencies charged primarily with the handling of foreign relations; administration and other expenditure relating to external territories; outlays on overseas economic aid and contributions to international bodies other than military alliances and organisations.

D.   General and Scientific Research nec.Contributions for the promotion of and outlays on basic and general research in the biological, physical and social sciences, which cannot readily be classified to other outlay categories or linked with the provision or promotion of a particular service or activity.

E.   Administrative Services.Outlays on the collection of taxes, raising public loans, managing public debt, and controlling the disbursement and audit of public funds. Outlays on general services for the government as a whole, such as statistical services, the purchase and operation of government buildings and equipment (including the construction, repair and maintenance of general purpose buildings), rent, office cleaning, personnel and other administration. General administrative expenses of departments which cover a variety of government activities and cannot be readily apportioned over relevant functions are also included under this heading.

10.   Outlays Not Allocated to Function

A.   Payments to or for the States, the Northern Territory and Local Government Authorities nec.General purpose grants and advances to States, the Northern Territory and local government authorities which may be spent at the recipient's discretion and are not therefore classifiable to specific functions. This category includes payments to assist the States and the Northern Territory to meet debts charges.

Payments to States and direct assistance for the relief of victims of drought, flood, fire and other natural disasters, and for the restoration of community services and facilities; longer-term reconstruction activities of a specific nature are, to the exent possible, classified according to purpose.

B.   Public Debt Interest.Interest payments made from the Budget Sector to other sectors, including interest payments on government securities, or under credit arrangements with other countries. Interest received from Government investments in Commonwealth Government securities is offset against gross interest payments.

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