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Tuesday, 19 August 1980
Page: 248

This heading covers a broad range of general public services and activities relating to the organisation and operation of the Commonwealth Government, including legislative services, administrative services, administration of the courts and law enforcement, and foreign affairs, overseas aid and administration of external territories.

A.   LEGISLATIVE SERVICES

Major factorscontributing to the expected 39 per cent increase to $109.6 million in 1980-81 for outlays on legislative services are expenses associated with the forthcoming Federal elections and with the design and construction of the new Parliament House.

Parliamentary Expenditure

The increase in the provision for salaries and allowances of Senators and Members reflects recommendations of the Remuneration Tribunal's 1980 Review ($1.0 million). There is also provision for an expected increase of $3.0 million in the cost of benefits paid under the Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation

Act1948, of which $0.3 million reflects the indexation of pensions and $2.7 million is the amount estimated to be paid by way of lump sums and pensions to Members who retire from the Parliament during 1980-81.

Outlays under 'Other', which include salaries, administrative costs and capital works associated with the functioning of Parliament and administrative costs of electorate offices of Senators and Members, are estimated to increase by $5.8 million in 1980-81. Of this increase, $2.9 million relates to increased salary and allowance payments (including $1.1 million for Parliamentary and Ministerial staff) resulting primarily from National Wage Case decisions, and an increase of $0.9 million in the cost of special flights undertaken by RAAF No. 34 Squadron is mainly due to an expected increase in hours charged ($0.3 million) and a higher rate per hour charged by the Department of Defence ($0.5 million).

Parliament House Construction Authority

The $8.1 million included in 1980-81 for the Parliament House Construction Authority will provide for the administration costs of the Authority, for architectural and professional fees and preliminary site works for the new Parliament House. The estimates include $3.2 million for on-site excavation work to begin early in 1981.

ACT House of Assembly

This item provides for salaries and administrative costs of the Australian Capital Territory House of Assembly.

Australian Electoral Office

Provision is made under this heading for outlays by the Australian Electoral Office for the administration of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918, the conduct of Commonwealth elections and referenda and industrial elections. Of the increase of $13.2 million, $1.1 million relates to administration of the Act and $10.8 million to the conduct of elections, including, in particular, the forthcoming Federal elections.

B.   LAW, ORDER AND PUBLIC SAFETY

Commonwealth outlays on law, order and public safety are estimated to total $214.9 million in 1980-81, an increase of 7.6 per cent over 1979-80.

Courts and Legal Services

High Court

The High Court of Australia Act 1979 established a separate Statutory body to administer the operations of the High Court. The new administration came into operation in April 1980 to coincide with the move of the Court to its permanent seat in Canberra and the opening of the new High Court building in May 1980.

An amount of $8.5 million is being provided in 1980-81 for the High Court, $12.6 million less than in 1979-80. Construction and fitting out costs of the new High Court building totalled $18.5 million in 1979-80 and a further $4.8 million is estimated to be required in 1980-81 for associated purposes, mainly for fmalisation of contracts.

Federal Court

The Federal Court of Australia has powers to exercise original and appellate jurisdictions in the Federal area. $3.7 million is being provided in 1980-81 for the operating costs of the Court.

Crown Solicitor

The increase of $0.6 million under this heading reflects increases in wage and salary costs.

Legal Aid

Provision is made for the continuation of legal aid in the Federal area in 1980-81. In 1976 the Government announced that it would be seeking new arrangements for dispensing legal aid (other than Aboriginal Legal aid which is administered by the Department of Aboriginal Affairs) in the Federal area. Both State and Federal legal aid would, under co-operative arrangements, be administered by Commissions established under State or Territory legislation. The Commonwealth Legal Aid Commission was established by legislation in 1977 to advise the Government and State and Territory Commissions on Federal legal aid matters. Commissions have been established in three States (Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland) and in the Australian Capital Territory. Negotiations are proceeding in the other States. The estimated increase of $3.6 million is mainly in respect of additional costs of providing legal aid in the Federal area (primarily by referrals to private legal practitioners) through the Australian Legal Aid Office and Legal Aid Commissions ($3.0 million) and the provision of grants to voluntary legal aid bodies ($0.1 million). The balance of the increase mainly reflects higher salary costs and the Commonwealth's share of establishment costs of legal aid commissions which are expected to come into operation during 1980-81.

Family Law

The provision for the Family Court of Australia in 1980-81 is $13.9 million, an increase of $2.4 million on 1979-80. This increase reflects higher reimbursements to the States (including Western Australia which has established its own Family Court) for services provided ($1.0 million), the appointment of two new Family Court Judges in December 1979 and increases in staff salaries ($1.1 million).

Protection of Human Rights

The estimate of $0.4 million provides for the continuation of the Commonwealth's activities in the community relations area.

Police, Security and Detention

Security Services and Organisations

This provision is for expenditure by the Australian Security Intelligence Organization ($17.0 million), and the Australian Secret Intelligence Service ($8.4 million).

A headquarters building for ASIO at Russell (ACT) is planned for commencement in 1980-81 at a total estimated cost of $11.6 million. While it is expected that a contract will be let in 1980-81, little construction progress is expected until 1981-82.

Police and Prison Services

The estimate of $78.1 million provides for the operations of the Australian Federal Police Force, which was established on 19 October 1979 by the amalgamation of the former ACT and Commonwealth Police Forces. The increase of $14.7 million reflects increases in wage and salary rates, the transfer of the narcotics function from the Department of Business and Consumer Affairs in December 1979, the introduction of ADP equipment and services and costs associated with the establishment of the Force. An amount of $2.3 million has also been included for anti-terrorist equipment and training for Australian police forces.

Other

This provision is for the operation of the Institute of Criminology ($1.2 million), the Office of National Assessments ($1.6 million), the Commonwealth's contribution towards administrative expenses of the Central Fingerprint Bureau, and contributions to international criminology organisations and police scientific research.

Attorney-General's Department

General Administrative and Other Expenditure

The increase of $1.3 million in 1980-81 mainly reflects salary and administrative cost increases, together with the establishment of the Security Appeals Tribunal and a Public Trustee for the ACT.

Public Safety and Protection

Road Safety and Other

The estimates for 1980-81 provide $780 000 for Commonwealth payments for road safety promotion and research, through the Office of Road Safety, and $153 000 for grants to the States and the Northern Territory for the promotion of road safety practices.

The 'Other' heading includes the operating expenses of the ACT Fire Brigade ($3.9 million), fire protection services for Commonwealth property ($2.1 million), provision for fire control on rural lands in the ACT ($0.5 million), and a grant of $160 000 to the National Safety Council.

Building, Works and Equipment Nec

Outlays under this heading for 1980-81 relate mainly to construction of the ACT Family and Juvenile Courts, construction of the ACT Police College and Services Centre, and refurbishing of the Conciliation and Arbitration Building, Melbourne.

A significant new project planned for commencement in 1980-81 is the Commonwealth Law Courts, Hobart. The estimated total cost of this project is $8.4 million, with $0.1 million expected to be incurred in 1980-81.

Recoveries

Included under this heading are court fees of the Family Court, High Court and Federal Court ($3.2 million), and various miscellaneous fees.

C.   FOREIGN AFFAIRS, OVERSEAS AID AND EXTERNAL

TERRITORIES

Total outlays on foreign affairs, overseas aid and external territories are estimated to increase by 11.4 per cent to $739.8 million in 1980-81. This total includes most of the Commonwealth's expenditures under policies designed to promote relations with overseas countries and to assist in the economic and social development of developing countries; net expenditure on external territories is small. (About three-quarters of all expenditure under this heading relates to various overseas economic aid programs to assist developing countries, including Papua New Guinea; a more detailed account of Australia's aid programs is provided in Budget Paper No. 8 - Australia's Overseas Development Assistance

Program 1980-81.)

1978-79 1979-80 1980-81

Actual Actual Estimate Change

S million $ million $ million $ million

Aid Payments - Bilateral Aid-

(a)   Some figures in the table differ slightly from those shown in Budget Paper No. 8 because of the use of different concepts for recording Australia's overseas aid performance.

(b)   Referred to elsewhere in Budget documentation as 'Foreign Affairs and Overseas Aid'.

Aid Payments

An amount of $547.0 million is provided for expenditure on overseas aid in 1980-81, an increase of $48.6 million or 9.8 per cent over expenditure in 1979-80.

Taking into account 'Assistance Additional to Aid Payments' (see below) assistance to developing countries in 1980-81 is estimated to amount to about $595.1 million. This figure excludes the significant amounts spent by the Commonwealth and State Governments on the education and training of several thousand students from developing countries who are attending various tertiary and other training institutions in Australia. The cost to the Australian taxpayer of providing assistance of this kind, which is not brought to account directly under the overseas aid program, is estimated at about $39 million in 1980; this is about the same amount as in 1979 even after allowance for the effects of the introduction of tertiary education fees for overseas students. Australia also provides other indirect forms of economic aid through its contributions to the regular budgets of a number of international organisations (eg the United Nations Organisation, the Food and Agriculture Organisation and the World Health Organisation) that assist in the financing of aid projects in developing countries. The aid component of Australia's contributions to these organisations in 1980-81 is estimated at about $3 million. Other indirect economic assistance is provided by the Export Finance and Insurance Corporation through the financing, in certain circumstances, of exports of capital goods on concessional terms.

Bilateral Aid

Papua New Guinea

An amount of $245.8 million is provided for expenditure on aid to or on behalf of the Papua New Guinea Government in 1980-81. This is $8.1 million more than in 1979-80.

Under the terms of an aid agreement negotiated in 1976, Australia undertook to provide Papua New Guinea with annual payments of $180 million (plus annual supplements to take account of inflation and other factors) for general budgetary assistance over a five-year period commencing 1976-77. The supplement for 1980-81, set in December 1978, is $52 million, an increase of $9 million over the 1979-80 supplement. When the five-year agreement expires at the end of 1980-81, Australia will have provided a total of $1060 million in budget support grants to Papua New Guinea. The question of subsequent arrangements is expected to be considered by the Government shortly.

Outlays on the provision of education and technical assistance under the Australia-Papua New Guinea Education and Technical Assistance Scheme are estimated at $2.0 million in 1980-81, an increase of 52 per cent over 1979-80. Payments in respect of termination and retirement benefits and other pensions to expatriate officers of former Papua New Guinea Administrations and the Australian Staffing Assistance Group are estimated at $11.7 million in 1980-81, $1.4 million less than in 1979-80. These payments are made under the Papua New Guinea (Staffing Assistance) Act 1973. Although the Government has recently agreed to make minor amendments to the regulations under this Act to provide higher rates and wider eligibility for certain pensions, payments under the Act are expected to continue to decline over the next few years as the Commonwealth discharges its responsibilities under the Act.

Projects and Disaster Relief

Expenditure under this heading is estimated to increase by $19.0 million in 1980-81 to $123.2 million. This aid is directed towards a range of activities including projects, equipment and expert advice aimed at increasing agricultural productivity, providing general infrastructure and improving transport and communication facilities; contributions to developing countries for disaster relief are also included here. Project assistance has expanded rapidly in recent years; this mainly reflects a substantial increase in aid commitments to South Pacific countries and to members of the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN). In 1979 the Government renewed its 1977 forward aid commitment of $250 million for ASEAN country programs. The Government has also recently increased to $34.5 million the total commitment for assistance of a regional nature under the ASEAN-Australia Economic Co-operation Program. These commitments for ASEAN countries do not set specific year-by-year allocations, but permit increased forward planning of aid activities. The Government has also announced a forward aid commitment for South Pacific countries of $120 million for the three years commencing 1980-81, which represents an increase of 47 per cent over the level of assistance in the previous three years.

A recent initiative under the bilateral aid program is the commitment to provide $10 million in aid for reconstruction and rehabilitation purposes to the newly independent Zimbabwe over a period of about two years. Of this amount, over $4 million is expected to be provided in 1980-81.

Bilateral contributions to developing countries for disaster relief amounted to $0.5 million in 1979-80.

Training

Expenditure in 1980-81 on training programs (excluding training provided under the Australia-Papua New Guinea Education and Technical Assistance Scheme) is estimated at $16.9 million, an increase of $2.8 million on 1979-80. This expenditure covers the direct costs (including student fees) of officially sponsored students from developing countries who undertake studies in Australia, together with support for training institutions in some AJSEAN and Pacific countries.

Food Aid

Outlays on bilateral food aid are estimated to increase by $10.9 million to $56.6 million in 1980-81. This increase partly reflects higher average prices expected to be paid for wheat and flour purchases in 1980-81, but is mainly accounted for by the Government's decision in February of this year to increase Australia's commitment under the new Food Aid Convention of the International Wheat Agreement so as to provide a minimum of 400 000 tonnes of food grain annually, 81 300 tonnes more than the 1979-80 provision. It is envisaged that 320 000 tonnes of the new commitment will be provided under the bilateral food aid program (an increase of 56 700 tonnes over 1979-80) and 80 000 tonnes under the World Food Program (see heading 'United Nations Programs'). The bilateral food allocation also covers freight costs on food aid provided for emergency purposes ($3.2 million), gifts of some non-grain foods to developing countries ($2.5 million) and the provision of $0.8 million in respect of a concessionary wheat sale to Bangladesh in 1979-80.

Other Bilateral Aid

Included under this heading is emergency humanitarian assistance; assistance in 1979-80 included emergency humanitarian relief of $8.3 million for Kampuchea, $3.0 million for East Timor, and $2.0 million for refugee assistance in respect of Zimbabwe and Afghanistan. These amounts are indicative of the strong support Australia has given to various emergency relief programs undertaken in different parts of the world. Provision has been made in 1980-81 for $3.0 million for emergency humanitarian assistance for Kampuchea.

Also included is $1.6 million for two new aid initiatives for ASEAN countries: a Development Import Finance Facility involving the use of aid funds in conjunction with finance from the Export Finance and Insurance Corporation to increase the concessional element in credit terms that Australian firms can offer when tendering for the supply of certain goods and services to those countries, and a Joint Venture Scheme to assist ASEAN Governments to purchase equity in joint ventures with Australian firms and for partial funding of feasibility studies and training costs for joint ventures.

Support for voluntary aid organisations is estimated at $3.0 million in 1980-81, $0.7 million more than in 1979-80. This expenditure includes grants for the Overseas Service Bureau and the Australian Council for Overseas Aid, as well as direct financial support for small-scale development assistance projects carried out by voluntary aid organisations in developing countries. Australia's contributions to a number of international voluntary aid organisations, also recorded under this heading, include contributions of $0.25 million to the International Planned Parenthood Federation and $0.15 million to the International Committee of the Red Cross.

An amount of $0.15 million is included for expenditure on the preservation and development of South Pacific cultures.

Multilateral Aid

The Commonwealth supports a wide range of international organisations, including development finance institutions, United Nations agencies and various regional organisations. Payments to these in 1980-81 are estimated at $96.8 million, an increase of $18.6 million on 1979-80.

International Development Finance Institutions

This heading covers payments by Australia to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the World Bank Group, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the International Monetary Fund's Oil Facility Interest Subsidy Account. Expenditure in 1980-81 is estimated at $49.7 million, compared with $38.5 million in 1979-80. The increase mainly reflects an estimated higher rate of cash disbursement in respect of Australia's contributions to the International Development Association (IDA), the concessional lending agency of the World Bank Group.

Financial support for these institutions is provided under specific legislation, and mainly takes the form of promissory notes which are drawn down by the institutions either as required to meet their commitments or on the basis of previously agreed schedules. After allowing for payment of the 1980-81 provisions, total outstanding commitments to these organisations will amount to some $450.5 million. The amounts included will be drawn down over a number of years and comprise $138.8 million for the ADB (including $120.6 million for its concessional lending facility, the Asian Development Fund), $302.5 million for the IDA, $2.8 million for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, part of the World Bank Group) and $6.4 million for the IFAD.

The $49.7 million provided in 1980-81 comprises capital subscriptions to the IBRD ($1.8 million) and the ADB ($6.1 million) and contributions to the IDA ($31.0 million), the Asian Development Fund ($7.2 million), and the IFAD ($0.8 million), together with $2.8 million payable to the IDA in respect of the multilateral component of Australia's contribution of $US18 million to the Conference on International Economic Co-operation's Special Action Program.

United Nations Programs, Regional and Other International Organisations

Total payments under this heading are estimated to amount to $47.1 million in 1980-81, an increase of $7.4 million over 1979-80.

Australia's contributions to various United Nations aid organisations are estimated at $14.2 million in 1980-81. This is only slightly above 1979-80 expenditure ($14.1 million) due to revised payment arrangements for 1981 contributions to these organisations (and the South Pacific Commission) ; the net effect of these arrangements on 1980-81 outlays is to reduce them by about $0.8 million. The major recipient organisations are the United Nations Development Program ($3.6 million, being effectively one half-yearly payment), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees ($5.0 million, being effectively three half-yearly payments) and the United Nations Children's Fund ($3.4 million, being effectively three half-yearly payments). Further details of these payments and the revised payment arrangements are contained in Budget Paper No. 8.

Assistance to regional and other international programs is estimated at $11.1 million in 1980-81. Major regional organisations receiving support include the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the South Pacific Commission, and the South Pacific Bureau for Economic Co-operation; support is also given to a number of international and regional research and training centres. Provision is also made here for the Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation and South Pacific regional programs.

Expenditure under the World Food Program is estimated to increase by 42 per cent to $21.9 million in 1980-81. The increase mainly reflects an increased allocation of 80 000 tonnes for the World Food Program from Australia's increased annual commitment of a minimum 400 000 tonnes under the Food Aid Convention, but also partly reflects higher average prices expected to be paid for wheat and flour purchases in 1980-81. Provision is also made for Australia's minimum biennial pledge of cash and commodities (other than wheat) of $10.5 million for the calendar years 1981 and 1982, and for freight costs on the food aid to be disbursed through the World Food Program.

Assistance Additional to Aid Payments

Although Australia's Defence Co-operation Program (estimated to cost $38.7 million in 1980-81) represents an extension of our own defence effort, it also supplements the overseas economic aid program to the extent that it releases for development purposes resources that recipient governments might otherwise have set aside for defence purposes. Australia's assistance in this respect is described in the section on Defence Co-operation under the Defence function. In addition, the Administrative expenses of the Australian Development Assistance Bureau estimated at $9.4 million in 1980-81 and recorded under General Administrative Expenditure, represent an integral part of total expenditure on Australia's aid effort.

Membership of International Organisations and other Non-aid

Expenditure

These outlays arise mainly from Australia's membership of a large number of international and regional organisations. Participation in these organisations entails contributions to their administrative expenses and, in some cases, their functional activities. Total expenditure for these purposes in 1980-81 is estimated at $31.8 million, including $8.1 million for the United Nations Organisation, $3.1 million for the World Health Organisation, $2.6 million for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, $1.9 million for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, $1.8 million for the International Labour Organisation, $1.9 million for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and $2.4 million towards the cost of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.

This heading also includes provision for cultural relations overseas and exchange visits, together with expenditures by the Australia-Japan Foundation, the Australia-China Council and the Australia-New Zealand Foundation.

External Territory

This item reflects the costs (net of revenue) of administering the three external territories of Cocos (Keeling), Christmas and Norfolk Islands. Expenditure in respect of the Australian Antarctic Territory is primarily for scientific purposes, and is shown under 'General and Scientific Research nec'. Expenditure in respect of other external territories is negligible, and has not been separated from the expenditure items within which it falls. The net outlay in respect of each of the three territories is shown below.

Net expenditure on the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in 1980-81 is estimated to increase by $2.0 million, reflecting the Government's policy of progressively upgrading the social infrastructure on the Islands. The gross costs of administering Christmas Island in 1980-81 are estimated at $3.6 million. These costs are recovered from Island revenue and from the Christmas Island Phosphate Commission, except for an estimated amount of $0.2 million associated with the cost of the Administrator and his immediate staff, which cost the Government has accepted as a Commonwealth responsibility from 1980-81. Estimated net expenditure on Norfolk Island includes an amount of $0.3 million for the restoration and maintenance of historic structures.

General Administrative Expenditure

Outlays on administrative costs of the Department of Foreign Affairs, the Australian Development Assistance Bureau and the Overseas Operations Branch of the Department of Administrative Services are estimated to increase by $19.4 million in 1980-81 to $162.6 million.

Recoveries and Repayments

Recoveries and repayments are estimated at S6.6 million in 1980-81, a decrease of $2.3 million on 1979-80. The main amounts included are repayments in respect of loans provided to the Papua New Guinea and Fiji Governments on concessional terms under the overseas aid program.

D.   GENERAL AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH NEC

Substantial elements of Commonwealth support for scientific, industrial and general research are directed to specific fields such as defence technology, medicine, education, and industry research and development and are accounted for elsewhere in this Statement under the appropriate functional headings.

This heading covers the activities of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), the Australian Atomic Energy Commission, general research grant schemes and a variety of other research programs and supporting services undertaken by Commonwealth departments and instrumentalities, all of which involve several functions and disciplines.

Australian Atomic Energy Commission

The Commission's functions include research and investigations into matters associated with uranium and atomic energy and the production and sale of radio-isotopes. The $28 million provision in the Budget ($1.8 million higher than outlays in 1979-80, mainly because of cost increases, including salary and wage rises) is intended to enable the Commission to maintain generally the same level of activity as in 1979-80. That amount includes an additional $140 000 for the first year of a program (estimated to cost $4.7 million over five years) for the refurbishing of the HIFAR reactor. The Budget provision will allow commencement of installation of a new computer-based site surveillance monitoring system, a building to centralise safety management, a new incinerator, and conversion of the Commission's oil-fired boiler to electricity. (These projects are expected to be completed during either 1981-82 or 1982-83.) Additional requirements in 1980-81 have been partially offset by the reduced need to import radioisotopes for sale (the HIFAR reactor which produces such radio-isotopes having recommenced operating in June 1980 after a nine month shutdown for inspection and maintenance).

The Commission also receives funds under the National Energy Research, Development and Demonstration Program administered by the Department of National Development and Energy. These outlays and the Commission's interest in the Ranger Joint Venture are referred to under the function 'Industry Assistance and Development'.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization

The CSIRO is the largest research organisation in Australia, employing over 6800 staff. Its main role is to carry out a program of predominantly strategic applied scientific research, which includes collaborative, commissioned and other forms of joint projects with Government bodies and with industry. CSIRO is organised into five Institutes (Animal and Food Sciences, Biological Resources, Earth Resources, Industrial Technology, Physical Sciences) together with a Bureau of Scientific Services, whose titles show their areas of concern and the range of the Organization's interests.

Direct appropriations for and on behalf of CSIRO in 1980-81 are $219.2 million (an increase of 12.4 per cent on 1979-80), of which $166.3 million is for operations, $44.0 million for major capital projects (which comprise a total program of $129,1 million over the next five to seven years), $4.0 million for large equipment items, $4.7 million for repairs and maintenance to the Organization's buildings and the balance of $0.3 million for property acquisition.

Expenditure on the Australian National Animal Health Laboratory, which is being constructed at Geelong (Vic.) at a total estimated cost of $106 million, is estimated to be $35 million in 1980-81 and accounts for the bulk of the capital component. Also included are initial expenditures on a materials science laboratory at Clayton (Vic.) ($8.9 million) and on an oceanographic research ship, buildings and other activities associated with the transfer of the Division of Fisheries and Oceanography to Tasmania (overall cost about $25 million).

Details of expenditure from direct appropriations for operations and equipment, and from expected revenues of $6 million in 1980-81, are provided in Table 14 of Budget Paper No. 4. The Organization also expects to receive approximately $24.0 million in 1980-81 (compared with $25.4 million in 1979-80) as industry contributions and other forms of private and government support for specific research projects, to bring its total estimated expenditure in 1980-81 to $249.2 million ($221.4 million in 1979-80).

Antarctic Division

The Antarctic Division of the Department of Science and the Environment carries out research programs in the Antarctic and organises and provides administrative and logistic support in that region both for its own scientists and for those from other institutions. The Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions (involving each year about 140 expeditioners) operate from three stations on the Antarctic continent and one on Macquarie Island. The research programs focus mainly on the fields of atmospheric physics, cosmic ray physics, glaciology, biology, medical science, geology and geophysics; special attention is now being given to marine research in the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean.

Expenditure in 1980-81 is estimated at $24.5 million ($3.6 million more than in 1979-80). This reflects the build-up in marine science ($1.2 million), further costs of transferring the Division to its nearly completed new headquarters outside Hobart ($4.0 million) and continued rebuilding of the Antarctic stations ($3.1 million).

Approval has been given to a ten-year $52 million rebuilding program in Antarctica and this, together with continued study and design work on transport facilities to support Antarctic activities, represents a major long-term financial commitment to this field of scientific effort.

Research Grants

Total assistance for research grant schemes and fellowships is estimated to be $18.3 million in 1980-81, a 32 per cent increase on the $13.9 million provided in 1979-80. This includes support for the Australian Research Grants Scheme and Queen Elizabeth II Fellowships ($16 million in 1980-81) which support research projects by teams and individuals in the physical, chemical, biological and earth sciences, in engineering and applied sciences and in the humanities and social sciences. In the field of marine science, work in Antarctica is separately provided for, with other support of $2.3 million being provided through the Funding Advisory Panel of the Australian Marine Sciences and Technologies Advisory Committee (whose main emphasis is presently on research related to the Great Barrier Reef) and the Queen's Fellowships Scheme.

Australian Institute of Marine Science

The Australian Institute of Marine Science was established to carry out research in marine science, both directly and in co-operation with other institutions. The Institute has a laboratory near Townsville and is directing its research mainly to tropical waters, particularly coral reefs. The Institute collaborates with other institutions including the CSIRO and the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.

Expenditure of the Institute in 1980-81 is estimated at $5.5 million, an increase of $1.9 million, allowing for a build-up of scientific and support staff and an expanded research effort.

Anglo-Australian Telescope Board

This item provides for the Australian Government's contribution to the cost of operations and instrument development of the Anglo- Australian 3.9 metre optical telescope at Siding Spring (NSW) and its associated research facilities. The total cost of operations in 1980-81 (to be shared equally with the UK Government) is estimated at $3.1 million.

Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies

The Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies was established in 1964 to promote, encourage and assist studies and research in relation to the Aboriginal people. The Institute also has a responsibility to monitor the social impact of uranium mining on Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory. The provision for the Institute in 1980-81 is $2.4 million.

Other Research and Science

The estimated expenditure in 1980-81 of $7.6 million under this heading covers several smaller activities associated with the support of scientific research and development in Australia.

The largest single item is a grant to the Standards Association of Australia ($2.5 million) with other grants being made to Learned Academies ($509 700) and the National Association of Testing Authorities ($767 000). Scientific and technical co-operation with other countries (mainly by way of exchange visits and seminars) accounts for $470 000 of the estimate.

Scientific service facilities provided for include the Australian LANDSAT station ($1.7 million less estimated recoveries of $0.5 million compared with a net $2.3 million in 1979-80) and the National Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer Centre ($129 000). The Australian Balloon Launching Station is to be closed down during 1980-81. The remaining substantial item is the administrative expenditure of the Australian Science and Technology Council (ASTEC) which provides advice to the Government on the development of science and technology policy, expenditure in 1980-81 is expected to be $551 500.

E.   ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES

This heading covers general administrative services not allocated to specific functions, and various common services provided for the general operations of Government. These outlays are estimated to total $1070.7 million in 1980-81, an increase of 14.9 per cent.

Financial Affairs and Fiscal Administration

Customs and Excise Administration

The increase of $11.0 million in the 1980-81 provision reflects in part the Government's acceptance of the recommendations of the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Drugs for the upgrading of Customs resources to enable officers to combat drug smuggling more effectively at the Customs barrier; an offset to the effects of the upgrading on outlays under this heading is the Government's acceptance of the recommendation, implemented in December 1979, to transfer responsibility for the Narcotics Bureau from the Department of Business and Consumer Affairs to the Australian Federal Police. (Outlays on Police are recorded under the function 'Law, Order and Public Safety'.) Features of the upgrading include an internal re-organisation to enable more efficient use of staff resources, an increase in manpower, a phased program to re-equip the Customs launch fleet, increased surveillance of ports and estuaries and the increased use of drug detection dogs. The estimates include provision for the use of three Nomad surveillance aircraft in 1980-81 to be based at Townsville, Darwin and Port Hedland ($2.1 million), a significant enhancement of the Customs launch fleet ($1.2 million), the continued upgrading of Customs communications systems ($1.0 million) and increases in respect of ADP equipment ($1.2 million).

Taxation Administration

An additional $17.9 million is provided in 1980-81. The increase reflects, inter alia, the continuing effort on the part of the Taxation Office to combat tax avoidance and evasion, and in particular reflects the costs of increased staff resources devoted to enforcement activity and intensification of assessing and income tax review activities.

The estimate also provides for the second year of a three-year program to introduce a national word processing system ($0.6 million) and an enhancement of the ADP facility ($1.1 million).

Other

This heading includes outlays of the Departments of Finance and Treasury, the Auditor-General's Office and the Grants Commission. The decrease in estimated outlays in 1980-Sl is largely attributable to an estimated reduction of $3.3 million on amounts provided in 1979-80 for the acquisition of computer equipment and the provision of ancillary computer services for the Department of Finance. In addition, loan flotation expenses associated with the raising of loans overseas are estimated to be $3.1 million lower than in 1979-80 resulting from a smaller overseas loan program expected in 1980-81. On the other hand, salaries and allowances are estimated to increase by $4 million. Expenditure in respect of the Grants Commission ($1.1 million) includes provision for the completion of its review of State relativities under the States (Personal Income Tax Sharing) Act 1976.

Statistical Services

This provision comprises outlays of the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The estimated increase of $20.3 million mainly reflects higher expenditures on a computer re-equipment program ($11.0 million in 1980-81 compared with $527 000 in 1979-80) and higher salary and allowance costs ($6.6 million). The Bureau's computer re-equipment program began in 1979-80 and is expected to be completed in 1983-84 at a total estimated cost of $20.5 million. The estimates incorporate $4.2 million, $2.7 million more than in 1979-80, for the 1981 Population Census. The commitment to the Census comprehends further expenditure by the Bureau of $22.9 million in 1981-82 and $0.2 million in 1982- 83 (estimated at present prices), making a total estimated cost of $28.8 million.

General Administration of the ACT

Outlays under this heading are for works and services of a general nature in the Australian Capital Territory undertaken by the Department of the Capital Territory and the National Capital Development Commission which are not readily classifiable to other functions.

Expenditure in 1980-81 includes salaries ($22.9 million), administrative expenses ($4.2 million), plant and equipment ($4.0 million) and works projects undertaken by the National Capital Development Commission ($4.9 million). Also included under this heading in 1980-81 is expenditure from the ACT Community Development Fund.

Other Administrative Services, nec

Included here are the administrative expenses of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, the Central Office (excluding environmental activities) and the Australian Government Analytical Laboratories of the Department of Science and the Environment, and certain administrative expenditures of the Department of Administrative Services and the Department of Home Affairs. Also included are expenditures related to the running costs of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal and the Office of the Commonwealth Ombudsman.

Expenditure is expected to increase by $13.5 million in 1980-81. Higher salary and allowance costs account for $5.9 million, including $0.9 million for a Task Force established to plan and organise the 1981 Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in Melbourne. New analytical laboratories are being constructed at Pymble NSW for the Department of Science and the Environment; expenditure in 1980-81 is estimated at $4.8 million, $3.0 million more than in 1979-80. These increases are partially offset by the winding up of the operations of the National Royal Commission into Drugs; expenditure for that purpose was $0.7 million in 1979-80.

Common Services

Construction Services (net)

Outlays under this heading provide for the running costs of the Department of Housing and Construction, and include wages and salaries, administrative expenses, the purchase of computer equipment, and construction and improvements relating to the Department's works depots and testing and research laboratories.

The estimated increase of $19.5 million mainly reflects increases in salaries and wages costs of $5.5 million, an additional $4.5 million in consultancy services associated with additional Defence and civil projects approved for design and construction and $7.9 million for the provision of new computer equipment.

Commonwealth Offices

The major components of the 1980-81 estimate are $20.7 million for the construction and $6.9 million for the maintenance of Commonwealth offices. Significant construction projects include Commonwealth offices at Orange and Wagga Wagga in NSW, and, in the ACT, the McLachlan offices at Barton, the Benjamin offices at Belconnen, and the refurbishment of the West Block and Administration Building offices.

In addition, a major project to be commenced in the ACT in 1980-81 is the refurbishing of the old Patents Office at an estimated cost of $7.9 million. Little expenditure is expected on this project in 1980-81.

Printing and Publishing

This heading covers the salaries, administrative and plant and equipment expenses of the Commonwealth's printing and publishing activities. The estimated increase of $1.5 million in 1980-81 reflects salaries increases and increased expenditure on plant and equipment.

Property Management and Services

Costs associated with the maintenance and security of Commonwealth office accommodation and the property survey program for Commonwealth departments and authorities are included here. Major components of the estimate are salaries ($20.5 million), contract cleaning ($6.5 million), office services ($11.4 million) and partitioning and associated work in leased office premises ($6.7 million).

Government Purchasing

The salaries cost of staff of the Purchasing Division of the Department of Administrative Services accounts for $8.4 million of the estimated expenditure of $9.1 million in 1980-81.

Rent

This item provides for rental costs for office and other accommodation leased for civil departments. The increase of $7.2 million in 1980-81 reflects the full year costs of leases taken up in 1979-80, increased rentals on existing leases and proposed expenditure on new leases in 1980-81.

Publicity Services

The 1980-81 estimate for these outlays includes provisions for the publicity programs undertaken by the Australian Information Service ($5.7 million) and support for Film Australia ($4.5 million).

Storage and Transport Services

The operation of the Department of Administrative Services vehicle fleet, removal and storage costs associated with the transfer of civilian employees, and the provision of bulk storage facilities for civilian departments are provided for in this item.

The estimate for 1980-81 includes $15.1 million for vehicle purchases (mainly replacement vehicles), which represents an increase of $0.8 million on 1979-80. The overall reduction in this item results largely from an increase of $2.8 million in the proceeds of vehicle sales which are an offset to outlays. 3 Other

Included here are the cost of printing Australian Government Gazettes, payments to Commonwealth Accommodation and Catering Services Ltd, and expenditure for the construction of staff housing for Commonwealth public servants in the Northern Territory.

Net Superannuation Payments nec

This item covers the cost of superannuation benefits payable under the Superannuation Act 1922 and the Superannuation Act 1976 to or in respect of former employees of the Commonwealth (excluding defence personnel and employees covered by arrangements with the Australian Postal and Telecommunications Commissions). In addition, it reflects the cost of benefits paid under the South Australian and Tasmanian superannuation schemes to or in respect of former employees of the South Australian and Tasmanian Railways: this liability was assumed by the Commonwealth under the arrangements for the takeover of railways in those States in 1974-75.

The figures shown are net of estimated offsetting receipts from Commonwealth authorities as contributions towards the accruing employer superannuation liability for existing employees or as reimbursement of the employer share of benefits paid to former employees or their dependants.

For 1980-81 net superannuation payments are estimated to increase by $39.7 million reflecting the estimated cost of new benefit grants to be made during the year and the cost of pension increases that were payable from July 1980. These payments include payments for former railway workers in South Australia and Tasmania, which are estimated to increase by $1.8 million.

Recoveries nec

This heading records various miscellaneous receipts, including administrative charges for work undertaken by the Department of Housing and Construction, rent from Commonwealth property, charges for the hire of computers, audit fees and other minor charges. Mainly as a result of the purchase of new computer facilities by the Department of Finance, computer hire receipts of the Australian Bureau of Statistics are expected to be $0.9 million lower in 1980-81.







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