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Tuesday, 20 October 1970

Mr Hayden asked the Minister for Trade and Industry, upon notice:

(1)   When did Australia commence reductions in tariffs to stimulate imports from underdeveloped countries.

(2)   What are the details of these reductions, including the nature of the imports, the levels of tariffs and the extent of the reductions.

(3)   Has any Australian industry been subjected to direct competition from imports as a result of the reductions in tariffs.

(4)   If so, is he able, in each case, to give details of the industry, including the size of its work force and the value of production.

(5)   In respect of each industry affected, what was (a) the value of imports, (b) the level of tariffs applied against those imports, and (c) the level of tariffs applied prior to the reductions.

Mr McEwen - The answers to the honourable member's questions are:

(1)   Australia commenced making reductions in tariffs on selected products from developing countries on the following dates:

(a)   12th April 1966 for specified handicraft items; and

(b)   1st July 1966 for selected manufactures and semi-manufactures.

The products on which preferences are granted are selected from requests received from the developing countries themselves and from other interested persons, such as Australian importers. All requests for concessional entry are examined carefully on the basis of allowing reasonable access where the Australian market can absorb the imports without significantly affecting the protection accorded to Australian industry or disrupting the position in the market held by Australia's established overseas suppliers. Sensitive items are excluded.

When it is decided that a particular product can be accorded a preference, annual quotas are determined for each manufactured or semimanufactured product (or group of related products) by reference to the total value of current imports of the product from all sources. The level of preferential duty is determined by reference to the existing protection accorded to Australian industry. Selected handicrafts are admitted duty free without quota.

It is, of course, open to any Australian industry which considers that any particular concession is affecting its protection, to seek to have the situation reviewed through the established machinery of a Tariff Board or Special Advisory Authority inquiry.

(2)   and (5) The, details of the reductions, including the nature and value of the imports in the year 1968-69, the levels of tariffs and the extent of the reductions have been set out in schedule form. The schedule is too lengthy and complex to be published in Hansard. Copies are available at the Table Office of the House of Representatives.

(3)   Where imports of scheduled items front developing countries have entered Australia at preferential rates of duty and those goods are classified for tariff purposes under an item which imposes protective rates of duty, the imports are in competition with Australian manufactures. The duties which are regarded as protective have been indicated with an asterisk in the above schedule.

(4)   Statistical information on Australian industry, including the size of its workforce and the value of production, is not available from the Bureau of Census and Statistics in a form which enables a detailed reconciliation to be made with the product classification used in the Tariff and the Developing Countries' Preference schedule.

(5)   See answer to question (2).

Housing Loans from Trading Banks (Question No. 1873)

Mr Whitlam asked the Treasurer, upon notice:

How many customers of the (a) Commonwealth Trading Bank and (b) private trading banks have had the terms of their housing loans varied in the last financial year.

Mr Bury (WENTWORTH, NEW SOUTH WALES) (Treasurer) - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

The information requested is not available.

Census: Housing and Personal Particulars (Question No. 1875) Mr Whitlam asked the Treasurer, upon notice:

(1)   Where and when has the Statistician conducted trial surveys for the 1971 census.

(2)   Which of the questions in the trial surveys has it been decided to omit from the 1971 census.

(3)   Which of the questions in the trial surveys are still being considered for inclusion in the 1971 census.

Mr Bury - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

The Acting Commonwealth Statistician has advised that -

1.   Two trial surveys have been conducted for the 1971 Census of Population and Housing. The first was held in Sydney in July 1969, and the second in Melbourne in April 1970.

2.   The following questions were tested in either the Sydney or Melbourne surveys but have been omitted from the schedule for the 1971 Census:

Dwelling Particulars-

0)   Whether there is a mortgage (or contract of sale) on the dwelling and if so, the type of institution holding the FIRST mortgage and the size of monthly repayments made on the first and other mortgages.

GO The major source of water supply within the dwelling.

(iii)   Whether the household has the use of fixed bath or shower. {iv) Whether the household has the use of at least the minimum kitchen facilities (a sink with piped water and a cooking stove or range).

(v)   The type of fuel or power mostly used for the household purposes of cooking, home heating and water beating.

(vi)   Whether electricity is used for lighting the dwelling.

(vii)   Whether there is a telephone, a clotheswashing machine, a refrigerator, in the dwelling.

Personal Particulars -

(i)   Limited particulars of usual residents absent.

(ii)   Whether a person is covered by life assurance on his own life, medical benefits, hospital benefits.

(iii)   Whether a person receives a pension and if so, the type of pension.

(iv)   Whether a person pays into a retirement benefit scheme such as superannuation, provident fund, annuity, etc.

(v)   Whether a person is licensed to drive a motor vehicle or motor cycle or scooter.

(vi)   The actual or estimated annual income of each person.

(vii)   The method of transport used by each person to get to work or school.

3.   The following questions have been included in the 1971 Census Schedule: Dwelling Particulars-

(i)   Class of dwelling.

(ii)   For flats and home units, the number of flats in the building.

(iii)   Location of the dwelling.

(iv)   Date of construction.

(v)   Material of the dwelling.

(vi)   Number of rooms.

(vii)   Number of bedrooms.

(viii)   Nature of occupancy (owner or tenant).

(ix)   Weekly rent, if any.

(x)   Number of motor vehicles.

(xi)   Facilities available (kitchen, bathroom, gas, electricity, television set).

(xii)   Method of sewage disposal.

(xiii)   Whether on a rural holding.

(xiv)   Number of other dwellings owned by any usual member of household.

Personal Particulars -

(i)   Name, sex, age and marital status.

(ii)   Relation to head of the household.

(iii)   State or country of usual residence.

(iv)   Birthplace.

(v)   For overseas-born persons, period of residence in Australia and whether a resident in, or visitor to, Australia.

(vi)   Nationality of citizenship.

(vii)   Birthplace of parents.

(viii)   Racial origin.

(ix)   Religion.

(x)   Highest level of schooling ever attained.

(xi)   For persons attending an educational institution, the name of that institution.

(xii)   Place of residence in June 1966.

(xiii)   Length of present or last widowhood.

(xiv)   Duration of present marriage.

(xv)   Number of babies born to present and previous marriages.

(xvi)   Qualifications held or for which studying.

(xvii)   Whether employed, unemployed, or not in the labour force.

(xviii)   The person's occupation, industry, occupational status, and usual weekly hours worked.

(xix)   The person's usual major activity.

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