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Monday, 19 October 1970

Dr J F Cairns (LALOR, VICTORIA) ns asked the Minister for Defence, upon notice:

(1)   How many United States bases both scientific and military, are there in Australia.

(2)   What is the name, location and purpose of each.

(3)   What part is Australia playing in the defence of the United States through the provision of ICBM network tracking stations, aid to U2 Spy aircraft and nuclear submarines and other means.

Mr Malcolm Fraser (WANNON, VICTORIA) - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1)   and (2) The honourable member's attention is drawn to my predecessor's reply to his earlier question on notice (Hansard of 29th August 1967, pages 570-571) which gave details of the locations and - purposes of American military and other installations in Australia. Since that date the Joint Defence Space Communications Station has been established at Woomera under joint Australian/United States control.

(3)   Under Article II of the Security Treaty concluded in September 1951 between Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America (the ANZUS Treaty) the parlies undertake separately and jointly to maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack. Reference is made to this Article in agreements which cover the United States Navy Communications Station at North West Cape, the Joint Defence Space Research Facility at Alice Springs, and the Joint Defence Space Communications Station at Woomera. These projects are considered to assist in some way the defensive posture of the US and to express the desire of the 2 countries to co-operate further in collective defence and for the preservation of peace and security. The role of the US Navy Communications Station at North West Cape has been clearly stated and the role of the other 2 stations has been stated in general terms. As my predecessor indicated in the House of Representatives on 29th April 1969, the precise details of the activities of the 2 latter stations are covered by security.

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