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MENZIES, the Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Gordon, KT, CH, QCBiography for MENZIES, the Rt. Hon. Sir Robert Gordon, KT, CH, QC

Member for Kooyong (Vic)

Liberal Party of Australia



Parliamentary Service

State: Elected to the Victorian Legislative Council for East Yarra, October 1928.

Federal: Elected to the House of Representatives for Kooyong, Victoria, 1934. Re-elected 1937, 1940, 1943, 1946, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1961 and 1963. Resigned 17.2.1966.


Parliamentary Appointments

Member of the War Cabinet from 1939 to 1941.

Member of the Cabinet Economic Committee from 1940 to 1941.

Member of the Australian Advisory War Council from 29.10.1940 to 18.2.1944.


Acting Ministries

Acting Minister for External Affairs and External Territories from 2.1.1950 to 28.1.1950.

Acting Minister for External Affairs and External Territories from 24.3.1950 to 16.4.1950.

Acting Minister for External Affairs and External Territories from 23.8.1950 to 14.11.1950.

Acting Treasurer from December 1951 to February 1952.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 21.7.1951 to 21.8.1951.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from March to April 1952.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 6.8.1952 to 21.8.1952.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from September to November 1953.

Acting Treasurer from September to November 1954.

Acting Treasurer from September to October 1955.

Acting Attorney-General from May to August 1955.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 31.8.1957 to 13.11.1957.

Acting Treasurer from 20.9.1957 to 14.10.1957.

Acting Treasurer from 13.9.1958 to 18.10.1958.

Acting Treasurer from 1.9.1959 to 15.10.1959.

Acting Treasurer from 31.8.1960 to 29.9.1960.

Acting Treasurer from 6.9.1961 to 2.10.1961.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 26.11.1962 to 10.12.1962.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 17.12.1962 to 20.12.1962.

Acting Minister in Charge of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation from 12.2.1963 to 19.3.1963.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 10.3.1963 to 15.3.1963.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 31.3.1963 to 19.4.1963.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 27.5.1963 to 6.6.1963.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 12.9.1963 to 20.9.1963.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 23.9.1963 to 20.10.1963.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 12.4.1964 to 17.4.1964.

Acting Treasurer from 28.8.1964 to 27.9.1964.

Acting Treasurer from 23.4.1965 to 4.5.1965.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 28.4.1965 to 23.5.1965.

Acting Minister for External Affairs from 29.11.1965 to 20.12.1965.


Ministerial Appointments

Attorney-General from 12.10.1934 to 20.3.1939.

Minister for Industry from 12.10.1934 to 20.3.1939.

Cabinet Minister from 12.10.1934 to 20.3.1939.

Cabinet Minister from 26.4.1939 to 7.10.1941.

Prime Minister from 26.4.1939 to 29.8.1941.

Treasurer from 26.4.1939 to 14.3.1940.

Minister for Defence Co-ordination from 13.11.1939 to 7.10.1941.

Minister for Trade and Customs from 23.2.1940 to 14.3.1940.

Minister for Information from 14.3.1940 to 13.12.1940.

Minister for Munitions from 11.6.1940 to 28.10.1940.

Prime Minister from 19.12.1949 to 26.1.1966.

Cabinet Minister from 19.12.1949 to 26.1.1966.

Vice-President of the Executive Council from 7.3.1951 to 11.5.1951.

Minister for External Affairs from 4.2.1960 to 22.12.1961.

Minister for the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation from 22.12.1961 to 16.2.1962.


Committee Service

Joint Standing: Constitutional Review from 24.10.1956 to 26.11.1959; New Parliament House (formerly New and Permanent Parliament House before 3.12.1980) from 10.12.1965 to 26.1.1966.

House of Representatives Standing: Standing Orders from 3.12.1937 to 29.8.1941; Standing Orders from 23.9.1943 to 26.1.1966.

House of Representatives Select: Address in Reply from 17.4.1940 to 17.4.1940; Address in Reply from 20.11.1940 to 21.11.1940; Address in Reply from 22.2.1950 to 22.2.1950; Address in Reply from 12.6.1951 to 13.6.1951; Address in Reply from 10.11.1953 to 10.11.1953; Address in Reply from 15.2.1954 to 15.2.1954; Address in Reply from 4.8.1954 to 4.8.1954; Address in Reply from 15.2.1956 to 15.2.1956; Address in Reply from 19.3.1957 to 19.3.1957; Address in Reply from 25.2.1958 to 25.2.1958; Address in Reply from 17.2.1959 to 17.2.1959; Address in Reply from 8.3.1960 to 8.3.1960; Address in Reply from 20.2.1962 to 20.2.1962; Address in Reply from 25.2.1964 to 25.2.1964.


Conferences, Delegations and Visits

Member, Ministerial Delegation to England, 1935.

Member, Ministerial Delegation to England, 1936.

Visited Great Britain, Middle East, 1941.

Since Becoming Prime Minister, visited Austria, Belgium, Canada, Ceylon, France, Germany, Holland, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaya, Malta, New Zealand at the invitation of the respective Governments, 19.12.1949.

Since Becoming Prime Minister, visited Pakistan, Republic of the Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, the United States of America at the invitation of the respective Governments, 19.12.1949.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, January 1951.

Visited the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States to discuss defence, the dollar position, the Coronation and the Royal Visit, from May 1952 to July 1952.

Attended the Commonwealth Financial and Economic Conference in London, and visited Belgium and North America, from November 1952 to December 1952.

Attended Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II as Royal Guest, June 1953.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, from January 1955 to February 1955.

Visited the United States for talks with American leader, 1955-65.

Attended International (22-Nation) Conference on the Suez Canal, London, August 1956.

Chairman of a 5-nation Committee, appointed by the Conference on the Suez Canal, to place Proposal before the President of Egypt in Cairo, September 1956.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, from June-July 1956.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, from June-July 1957.

Overseas Visit, Included discussions with the Government leaders in New Zealand, Canada, United States of America, United Kingdom, Western Germany, France, Pakistan, India and Singapore, from May 1959 to June 1959.

Attended the Annual meetings of the Council of Ministers of SEATO, Washington, from May 1960 to June 1960.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, May 1960.

Attended the United Nations General Assembly, 1960.

Visited the United States and the United Kingdom, from February 1961 to March 1961.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, March 1961.

Attended the Annual meetings of the Council of Ministers of SEATO, Bangkok, March 1961.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, September 1962.

Visited the United Kingdom and the United States, to discuss Britain's entry in the European Economic Community, from May 1962 to June 1962.

Visited the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada for discussions with government leaders, from June 1963 to July 1963.

Visited Papua-New Guinea to open Regional Office of the World Health Organisation, September 1963.

Visited the United Kingdom and the United State, from June 1964 to July 1964.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, July 1964.

Attended Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers, London, June 1965.

Represented the Australian Government at the funeral of the Rt Hon. Sir Winston S. Churchill, London, January 1965.

Visited the United States and the United Kingdom, from April 1965 to July 1965.

Member, Ministerial Delegation on the Ottawa Agreement, 1983.


Parliamentary Party Positions

Deputy Leader of the Federal Parliamentary United Australia Party from 1935 to 1939.

Leader of the Federal Parliamentary United Australia Party from 1939 to 21.2.1945.

Leader of the Federal Parliamentary Liberal Party from 21.2.1945 to 20.1.1966.

Leader of the Opposition from 23.9.1943 to 19.12.1949.


Party Positions

Founder of the Young Nationals from 1930.

President of the United Australia Party from 1931.

Founding Member of the Liberal Party from 16.10.1944.


Other Positions

Appointed King's Counsel from 1929.

Appointed a Member of His Majesty's Privy Council from 1937.


Personal

Born 20.12.1894, Jeparit, Australia

Died 15.5.1978, Malvern

Married


Qualifications and Occupations before entering Federal Parliament

FRS (Royal Society).

FAA (Australian Academy of Science).

Hon DSc (University of New South Wales).

LLM (University of Melbourne).

DCL (University of Oxford).

Hon LLD (Harvard University).

Hon LLD (McGill University).

Hon LLD (Queen's University Belfast).

Hon LLD (Royal University of Malta).

Hon LLD (University of British Columbia).

Hon LLD (University of Edinburgh).

Hon LLD (University of Queensland).

Hon LLD (Universite Laval, Quebec).

Hon LLD (University of Adelaide).

Hon LLD (University of Birmingham).

Hon LLD (University of Bristol).

Hon LLD (University of Cambridge).

Hon LLD (University of Leeds).

Hon LLD (University of Melbourne).

Hon LLD (University of Sydney).

Hon LLD (University of Tasmania).

Hon DLitt (University of Western Australia).

Barrister.


State/Territory Government Service

Minister without Portfolio from November 1928 to July 1929.

Elected to the Victorian Legislative Council for East Yarra, October 1928.

Elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly for Nunawading, 1929. Resigned July 1934 to contest the House of Representatives division of Kooyong, Victoria.

Attorney-General from May 1932 to July 1934.

Minister for Railways from May 1932 to July 1934.

Solicitor-General from May 1932 to July 1934.

Deputy Premier from May 1932 to July 1934.


Honours

Appointed Chief Commander, Legion of Merit (US), 1950.

Appointed a Companion of Honour, 01.01.1951.

Appointed a Knight of the Order of the Thistle, 09.04.1963.

Appointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, October, 1965.