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Tuesday, 3 December 1985
Page: 2774

Senator McINTOSH —I direct my question to the Minister representing the Minister for Foreign Affairs. Since the New Zealand Government did not interpret the underlying assumptions of the ANZUS Treaty to mean that it was obliged to host visits of United States nuclear powered and armed ships, as the governments of the United States and Australia apparently do, does the Australian Government now consider that the outmoded and outdated Manila Pact of 1954 is in the same way inoperative, given the decision of the Philippines Government no longer to allow Australian military flights access to Clark Air Base? Is it the Government's intention to cease to become a party to the Pact by giving 12 months notice of denunciation as required under Article X?

Senator GARETH EVANS —If I can untangle the core of the question from some of its penumbra, might I simply say first that the Manila Pact, more formally titled the South East Asia Collective Defence Treaty, does remain technically in force and, as a party to the Treaty, Australia still formally subscribes to its provisions. However-this is a very crucial however-for all practical purposes that Treaty is moribund and is so regarded by us and everyone previously associated with it. As far as the Philippines itself is concerned, it, like Australia, does also remain a party to the Treaty but its Government is on record as stating that in its view the Treaty effectively terminated with the winding up of the South East Asia Treaty Organisation in 1977.