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Friday, 13 September 1985
Page: 522

To the Honourable the President and members of the Senate in the Parliament assembled.

The petition of the undersigned respectfully showeth that:

(a) 1985 marks the 40th Anniversary of the Yalta Conference (February 4th-11th, 1945) between US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, at which plans were finalised for the post-World War II division of Europe into ``spheres of influence'';

(b) As a consequence of decisions taken at Yalta, several nations of Central and Eastern Europe were abandoned by the West to Soviet domination;

(c) The divisions of Soviet tanks kept in Eastern Europe since World War II have not been there to fulfill defence commitments under the Warsaw Pact, as British and American forces are present in West Germany under NATO obligations. For the only occasions on which Soviet forces have ever been in action in Europe since the last war have been when they crushed spontaneous uprisings of populations under their occupation, such as in East Berlin (1953), in Poland and Hungary (1956), and in Czechoslovakia (1968).

Your petitioners most humbly pray that the Senate, in the Parliament assembled, should:

1. Reject any interpretation of the Yalta agreements suggesting Western consent to the division ofEurope into spheres of influence;

2. Call for the immediate withdrawal of Soviet-backed forces from Central and Eastern Europe, as well as from the Baltic States and all non-Russian provinces and territories;

3. Assist, by all available means, the Captive Nations in their struggle to regain full political independence in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray.