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Schedule 1—Agricultural protection

Schedule 1 Agricultural protection

   

Criminal Code Act 1995

1  Section 473.1 of the Criminal Code

Insert:

abattoir means a place where animals are slaughtered (whether or not for human consumption), but does not include a restaurant.

agricultural land means land in Australia that is used for a primary production business. For the purposes of this definition, it is immaterial:

                     (a)  whether a part of the land is used for residential purposes; or

                     (b)  whether a part of the land is used for a business that is not a primary production business.

Crown land means land that is the property of:

                     (a)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (b)  a statutory authority;

but does not include land that is subject to a lease to a person other than:

                     (c)  the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory; or

                     (d)  a statutory authority.

forestry means:

                     (a)  planting or tending trees in a plantation or forest that are intended to be felled; or

                     (b)  felling trees in a plantation or forest.

meat by-product includes skin, hide, tallow, meat meal and inedible offal.

primary production business means any of the following:

                     (a)  a business of grazing;

                     (b)  a business of operating animal feedlots;

                     (c)  a business of dairy farming;

                     (d)  a business of farming animals for the purpose of producing meat or meat by-products;

                     (e)  a business of poultry farming;

                      (f)  a business of aquaculture;

                     (g)  a business of bee-keeping;

                     (h)  a business of operating an abattoir;

                      (i)  a business of operating livestock sale yards;

                      (j)  a business of operating a registered establishment (within the meaning of the Export Control Act 1982 );

                     (k)  a business of operating a fish processing facility;

                      (l)  a business of growing fruit;

                    (m)  a business of growing vegetables;

                     (n)  a business of growing nuts;

                     (o)  a business of growing crops;

                     (p)  a business of viticulture;

                     (q)  a business of forestry that is carried on on private land.

private land means land other than Crown land.

statutory authority means a body established for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory.

2  At the end of Division 474 of the Criminal Code

Add:

Subdivision J Offences relating to use of carriage service for inciting trespass, property damage, or theft, on agricultural land

474.46   Using a carriage service for inciting trespass on agricultural land

             (1)  A person (the offender ) commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the offender transmits, makes available, publishes or otherwise distributes material; and

                     (b)  the offender does so using a carriage service; and

                     (c)  the offender does so with the intention of inciting another person to trespass on agricultural land; and

                     (d)  the offender is reckless as to whether:

                              (i)  the trespass of the other person on the agricultural land; or

                             (ii)  any conduct engaged in by the other person while trespassing on the agricultural land;

                            could cause detriment to a primary production business that is being carried on on the agricultural land.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 12 months.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to material if the material relates to a news report, or a current affairs report, that:

                     (a)  is in the public interest; and

                     (b)  is made by a person working in a professional capacity as a journalist.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3)).

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to conduct engaged in by a person if, as a result of the operation of a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, the person is not subject to any civil or criminal liability for the conduct.

Note 1:       The Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013 provides that an individual is not subject to any civil or criminal liability for making a public interest disclosure.

Note 2:       Section 1317AB of the Corporations Act 2001 provides that a person who makes a disclosure that qualifies for protection under Part 9.4AAA of that Act is not subject to any civil or criminal liability for making the disclosure.

Note 3:       A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3)).

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit section 10.5 (lawful authority).

474.47   Using a carriage service for inciting property damage, or theft, on agricultural land

             (1)  A person (the offender ) commits an offence if:

                     (a)  the offender transmits, makes available, publishes or otherwise distributes material; and

                     (b)  the offender does so using a carriage service; and

                     (c)  the offender does so with the intention of inciting another person to:

                              (i)  unlawfully damage property on agricultural land; or

                             (ii)  unlawfully destroy property on agricultural land; or

                            (iii)  commit theft of property on agricultural land.

Penalty:  Imprisonment for 5 years.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not apply to material if the material relates to a news report, or a current affairs report, that:

                     (a)  is in the public interest; and

                     (b)  is made by a person working in a professional capacity as a journalist.

Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3)).

             (3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to conduct engaged in by a person if, as a result of the operation of a law of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory, the person is not subject to any civil or criminal liability for the conduct.

Note 1:       The Public Interest Disclosure Act 2013 provides that an individual is not subject to any civil or criminal liability for making a public interest disclosure.

Note 2:       Section 1317AB of the Corporations Act 2001 provides that a person who makes a disclosure that qualifies for protection under Part 9.4AAA of that Act is not subject to any civil or criminal liability for making the disclosure.

Note 3:       A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in this subsection (see subsection 13.3(3)).

             (4)  Subsection (3) does not limit section 10.5 (lawful authority).

When a person commits theft

             (5)  For the purposes of this section, a person commits theft of property if:

                     (a)  the property belongs to another person; and

                     (b)  the person dishonestly appropriates the property with the intention of permanently depriving the other person of the property.

             (6)  An expression used in subsection (5) and in Chapter 7 has the same meaning in that subsection as it has in that Chapter.

             (7)  In a prosecution for an offence against this section, the determination of dishonesty is a matter for the trier of fact.

             (8)  Sections 131.2 to 131.11 apply (with appropriate modifications) in determining whether a person commits theft of property (within the meaning of this section).

474.48   Implied freedom of political communication

             (1)  This Subdivision does not apply to the extent (if any) that it would infringe any constitutional doctrine of implied freedom of political communication.

             (2)  Subsection (1) does not limit the application of section 15A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901 to this Act.

3  Subsections 475.1A(1) and (2) of the Criminal Code

Omit “or G”, substitute “, G or J”.

4  Paragraphs 475.1B(1)(a) and (2)(a) of the Criminal Code

Omit “or F”, substitute “, F or J”.