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Thursday, 8 November 1956

Mr Kearney (CUNNINGHAM, NEW SOUTH WALES) y asked the Prime Minister, upon notice -

t.   What number and percentage of school children in the various States continue their studies at (a) universities and (b) universities of technology?

2.   Of these, what (a) number and (b) percentage is (i) male and (ii) female?

3.   What is the official school leaving age in i he various States?

4.   What is the (a) number and (b) percentage of the male pupils leaving school in each State who enter upon trade apprenticeships?

5.   What arc the principal trade apprenticeships concerned?

6.   Of the total entering apprenticeships, what are the numbers and percentages in these principal trades?

7.   What (a) percentage and (b) number of pupils who attend universities are assisted financially by (i) payment of allowances and part of their university fees and (ii) payment of allowances and any part of their costs of lodgings?

8.   What are the amounts involved in these payments?

Mr Menzies s. - The answers to the honorable member's questions are as follows: -

1.   New South Wales is the only State which has a university of technology. The number of nev entrants V> :hs universities in 1954 and 1955 respectively were: (a) New South Wales, including Canberra University College, excluding University of Technology, 2,104, 2,610; Victoria, 1,480, 1,737; Queensland, 1,060, 1,307; South Australia, 1,050, 1,053; Western Australia, 474, 519; Tasmania, 207, 248; (b) New South Wales University of Technology, 1,014, 1,051; total, 7,389, 8,525. The 1954 new entrants form the following percentages of the estimated relevant school population: - (a) New South Wales, including Canberra, excluding Technology, 4.55 per cent.; Victoria, 4.87 per cent.; Queensland, 5.76 per cent.; South Australia, 10.99 per cent.; Western Australia, 5.34 per cent.; Tasmania, 4.81 per cent.; (b) New South Wales University of Technology, 2.19 per cent.; all universities, 6.28 per cent.

2.   The 1954 new entrants, classified as (i) male and (ii) female, were as follows: - (a) (numbers) New South Wales, including Canberra, excluding Technology, (i) 1,393, (ii) 711; Victoria, (i) 1,063, (ii) 417; Queensland, (i) 800, (ii) 260; South Australia, (i) 666, (ii) 384; Western Australia, (i) 353, (ii) 121; Tasmania, (i) 132, (ii) 75; New South Wales University of Technology, (i) 957, (ii) 57; total, (i) 5,364, (ii) 2,025. (b) (Percentages) New South Wales, including Canberra, excluding Technology, (i) 66.2 per cent., (ii) 33.8 per cent.; Victoria, (i) 71.8 per cent., (ii) 28.2 per cent.; Queensland, (i) 75.5 per cent., (ii) 24.5 per cent.; South Australia, (i) 63.4 per cent., (ii) 36.6 per cent.; Western Australia, (i) 74.5 per cent., (ii) 25.5 per cent.; Tasmania, (i) 63.8 per cent., (ii) 36.2 per cent.; New South Wales University of Technology, (i) 94.4 per cent., (ii) 5.6 per cent.; all universities, (i) 72.6 per cent., (ii) 27.4 per cent.

3.   New South Wales, 15; Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia, 14; Tasmania, 16. However, legislation passed but awaiting proclamation by the Governor in Council may have the effect in due course of raising the age to fifteen years in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.

4.   It is difficult to obtain precise details of the number of male pupils leaving schools who enter upon trade apprenticeships, because there is little uniformity in the type of statistics provided by the various State authorities. Accurate and complete information on the number of apprenticeships entered into each year is not therefore available. Besides, the conditions of apprenticeship are not uniform in the States. A further consideration is that whereas the estimates of pupils leaving school extend to all ages, the great majority of apprenticeships are entered into during the ages of fifteen and sixteen. Civilian apprenticeship is mainly under the jurisdiction of State apprenticeship authorities. However, not all apprenticeships are registered with these authorities. For example. Commonwealth Government departments and instrumentalities and an important number of State government departments and instrumentalities are exempted from registering their apprenticeships with the State authorities. Some of these organizations voluntarily register their apprenticeships with the State authorities, but others do not. In some States the jurisdiction of the apprenticeship authority extends only to certain areas of the State, e.g., the metropolitan area, and to certain trades. Thus, some trades are apprenticeship occupations in one State, but not in others. Moreover, no information is readily available on the sex of apprentices. The following estimates, which suffer from the deficiencies referred to above, have been prepared of the number of new apprenticeships entered into by male pupils leaving school on the basis of the latest information available. The estimates are also shown as a percentage of the estimated number of male pupils leaving school: It is necessary to bear in mind that in Victoria and Queensland the period covered by the latter estimate does not coincide with that of the other estimate: -


5 and 6. In terms of the numbers of apprenticeships entered into the principal trades and the estimated numbers and percentages of the total in each are as follows. The figures relate to the same periods as shown in the answer to the previous question -

New South Wales - Carpentry and joinery, 986 (13 per cent.); fitting and turning, 922 (12 per cent.); motor mechanics, 901 (12 per cent.): electrical mechanics, 848 (11 per cent.); plumbing, 350 (5 per cent.).

Victoria - Motor mechanics, 578 (15 per cent.); carpenters and joiners, 573 (15 per cent.); fitters and turners, 499 (13 per cent.); electrical mechanics, 348 (9 per cent.); plumbers, gas fitters, 269 (7 per cent.); panel beaters, 128 (3 per cent.).

Queensland - Carpenters, 541 (16 per cent.); motor mechanics, 424 (13 per cent.); electrical mechanics, 411 (12 per cent.); fitters and turners, 362 (11 per cent.); boilermakers, 173 (5 per cent.); plumbers, 172 (5 per cent.).

South Australia - Fitters, turners and machinists, 285 (19 per cent.); motor mechanics, 252 (17 per cent.); electrical workers, 224 (15 per cent.); carpenters, joiners, 104 (7 per cent.); plumbers, gas fitters, 51 (3 per cent. ) .

Western Australia - Carpenters and joiners, 284 (18 per cent.) motor mechanics, 178 (11 per cent.); fitters and turners, 135 (8 per cent.); electrical mechanics, 125 (8 per cent.); butchers (general retail, smallgoods, slaughtermen), 68 (4 per cent.); plumbers, 61 (4 per cent.).

Tasmania - Carpenters and joiners, 172 (25 per cent.); motor mechanics, 75 (11 per cent.); fitters, turners and metal machinists, 63 (9 per cent.); electrical mechanics, 32 (5 per cent.); painters, decorators and signwriters, 26 (4 per cent.); butchers, smallgoodsmen, 24 (3 per cent.); sheet metal workers, 18 (3 per cent.).

For the reasons already stated in reply to the previous question, these figures and percentages are not comparable as between States.

7.   Of 30,792 students, including 8,604 part-time and 3,032 external students, enrolled at Australian universities in 1955, 8,377, or 27 per cent., were assisted by the Commonwealth scholarship scheme, and 7,121, or 23 per cent., were assisted under other schemes of various kinds, including teachers college scholarships. The Commonwealth scholarship scheme pays the compulsory university fees of all scholarship holders, and pays living allowances to full-time students undertaking approved fulltime courses, subject to a means test. In 1955, 29 per cent. of all Commonwealth scholars received living allowances in addition to the payment of fees. The number of these was 2,698, but this includes about 193 who are not studying at universities. Teachers college scholarships are provided by State Departments of Education, and include payment of living allowances. Other scholarships, bursaries, fellowships, cadetships for undergraduate or post-graduate study, are too varied to allow of simple classification.

8.   Under the Commonwealth scholarship scheme in 1955 the average amount of fees paid for each scholar in training was £70 9s. The maximum living allowance payable to a scholar was £240 10s.; the average paid to those in receipt of living allowance was £133 3s. Total Commonwealth expenditure on fees and living allowances in that year was £1,019,611.

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