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Thursday, 4 October 1956

Mr CASEY - After very many long years of delay, it does not appear possible for the Japanese and the Russians to reach a peace treaty in the normal sense. So the Prime Minister of Japan, Mr. Hatoyama, is about to go to Moscow, it is understood, to try to reach an agreement as to a simple termination of the state of war between Russia and Japan. I imagine that it is intended to make an arrangement similar to the one that was made between Russia and West Germany. The matters in dispute, of course, have been very many. Large numbers of Japanese prisoners of war have been in Russian hands; many of them are still in Russian hands, if they are alive. There has also been the question of the Kurile Islands to the north of Japan which have been occupied by Russia since the end of the war, and that matter is in dispute. I should not like to prophesy the outcome of the talks between the Russians and Mr. Hatoyama, although I think that the Japanese Government and the Japanese people have every reason, almost, for dismay at the state of affairs that the Russians have forced to continue for over ten years.

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