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Thursday, 9 December 1971
Page: 4533


Mr Daly asked the Minister for Immigration, upon notice:

(1)   What are the general terms and conditions under which Japanese citizens are admitted to Australia for employment?

(2)   How many have been admitted to Australia for employment in each of the last 5 years?

(3)   What were their (a) occupational classifications, (b). wages or salaries, (c) industries of employment (d) terms of employment and (e) locations?

(4)   How many of those admitted in the last 5 years and still in Australia are (a) in their original occupational classifications, (b) in the industry in which they werefirst employed and (c) at their original locations?


Dr Forbes - The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

The majority of persons coining here from Japan to engage in employment seek to come here for limited stay. The policy and procedures which apply to such applications for temporary residence are the same for nationals of all countries subject to visa requirements and apply equally to Japanese nationals.

Generally, Japanese nationals seeking to enter Australia for temporary residence to engage in employment, are in one of the following broad categories:

(a)   Senior Management Personnel appointed to provide managerial direction in a branch company in Australia or to undertake similar duties with a joint venture may be granted visas authorising stays up to an initial period of 4 years. Usually, such applicants would be managerial staff of companies operating in Australia and executives of large overseas trading companies. Japanese in this category may extend their stay beyond the initial period of 4 years.

(b)   Nonexecutive, professional and technical specialist staff for employment with Australian branches of overseas companies, joint ventures, and Australian companies may be granted visas to come here for varying periods, up to a maximum of 2 years, depending inter alia on the nature and duration of the project and of the specialist skills involved where: -

(i)   a special need for the applicant's services has been established; and

(ii)   the persons concerned have some particular expertise and specialist skills not readily available locally - the employer may be required to take reasonable steps to test the local labour market by seeking to obtain suitably qualified workers in Australia.

Where overseas-based personnel are introduced under these provisions the policy adopted is that every reasonable opportunity must be given to locally-engaged workers to enjoy the benefits to be derived from work on developmental and other projects carried out in this country. Similarly it is generally a condition of their entry that the employer take steps to ensure that workers recruited in Australia be given an opportunity to learn the specialist skills possessed by the expatriate workers. This envisages the introduction of suitable training arrangements by the employer. Such conditions are directed to ensuring that Australia will not need continually to rely on the importation of short-term labour to obtain the benefit of these skills and so that, in appropriate cases, expatriate personnel may progressively be repatriated as locally-engaged workers become competent to carry out their functions.

A standard condition of entry is always that the personnel admitted to Australia must receive wages and work under conditions no less favourable than those applying to Australian workers engaged on comparable work and that all relevant Australian industrial laws, awards and agreements apply in respect of the expatriate personnel.

Applications within this group are normally the subject of consultations with the Department of Labour and National Service which advises on industrial relations and employment aspects.

(c)   Entertainers and Sportsmen may be granted short-term entry in order to fulfil specific engagements. They need to be sponsored by a reputable entrepreneur who is required to guarantee their maintenance and return bookings. In the case of entertainers the Department of Labour and National Service is consulted as to any industrial relations or employment aspects posed by the proposed entry. This latter procedure does not apply in the case of performers of international repute.

The requirements to be met by persons whose entry for temporary residence has been approved depend upon the proposed period of stay in Australia. These are:

(1)   Up to and including twelve months

Applicants should be in sound health and of good character but no physical examination or inquiries are required.

(ii)   Over twelve months

Full medical examination (including X-ray) has to be completed satisfactorily. In addition applicants are required to produce a certificate of non-criminal record.

(2)   Arrivals of Japanese for temporary residence over the last five financial years are as follows:

 

(3)   and (4) Salary details are not available but admission for temporary residence is conditional upon the employer agreeing to meet at least Australian award rates and conditions of employment.

Japanese temporary residents almost invariably remain in the same occupations while in Australia.

In some occupational categories job locations might alter occasionally but such changes are very infrequent.

The following table contains a breakdown into broad occupational classifications of Japanese temporarily resident at present in Australia:







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