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Part 6 - Historical information on the Australian Parliament - Party representation in Parliament

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Party representation in Parliament
Senate

Date

Govt(a)

ALP

FT

PROT

LIB

NAT

CP

UAP

Others(b)

Total

29/30.3.1901

PROT

8

17

11

-

-

-

-

-

36

1.1.1904

PROT

14

12

8

-

-

-

-

2

36

1.1.1907

PROT

15

12

6

-

-

-

-

3

36

1.7.1910

ALP

23

-

-

13(c)

-

-

-

-

36

1.7.1913

LIB

29

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

36

5.9.1914

ALP

31

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

36

1.7.1917

NAT

12

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

36

1.7.1920

NAT

1

-

-

-

35

-

-

-

36

1.7.1923

NAT/CP

12

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

36

1.7.1926

NAT/CP

8

-

-

-

25

3

-

-

36

1.7.1929

NAT/CP

7

-

-

-

24

5

-

-

36

1.7.1932

UAP

10

-

-

-

-

5

21

-

36

1.7.1935

UAP/CP

3

-

-

-

-

7

26

-

36

1.7.1938

UAP/CP

16

-

-

-

-

4

16

-

36

1.7.1941

UAP/CP

17

-

-

-

-

3

16

-

36

1.7.1944

ALP

22

-

-

-

-

2

12

-

36

1.7.1947

ALP

33

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

36

Date

Govt(a)

ALP

LIB

NP(d)

CLP

DLP

AD

GRN

PUP

Others(b)

Total

1.7.1950

LIB/CP

34

20

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

28.4.1951

LIB/CP

28

26

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1953(e)

LIB/CP

29

26

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1956

LIB/CP

28

24

6

-

2

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1959

LIB/CP

26

25

7

-

2

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1962

LIB/CP

28

24

6

-

1

-

-

-

1

60

1.7.1965(e)

LIB/CP

27

23

7

-

2

-

-

-

1

60

1.7.1968(e)

LIB/CP

27

21

7

-

4

-

-

-

1

60

1.7.1971(e)

LIB/CP

26

21

5

-

5

-

-

-

3

60

18.5.1974

ALP

29

23

6

-

-

-

-

-

2

60

13.12.1975

LIB/NCP

27

27

7

1

-

-

-

-

2

64

1.7.1978

LIB/NCP

26

29

5

1

-

2

-

-

1

64

1.7.1981

LIB/NCP

27

27

3

1

-

5

-

-

1

64

5.3.1983

ALP

30

23

4

1

-

5

-

-

1

64

1.7.1985

ALP

34

27

5

1

-

7

-

-

2

76

11.7.1987

ALP

32

27

6

1

-

7

-

-

3

76

1.7.1990

ALP

32

29

4

1

-

8

1

-

1

76

1.7.1993

ALP

30

30

5

1

-

7

2

-

1

76

1.7.1996

LIB/NPA

29

31

5

1

-

7

2

-

1

76

1.7.1999

LIB/NPA

29

31

3

1

-

9

1

-

2

76

1.7.2002

LIB/NPA

28

31

3

1

-

8

2

-

3

76

1.7.2005

LIB/NP

28

33

5

1

-

4

4

-

1

76

1.7.2008

ALP

32

32

4

1

-

-

5

-

2

76

1.7.2011

ALP

31

28

5

1

1

-

9

-

1

76

1.7.2014

LIB/NP

25

27

5

1

1

-

10

3

4

76

Shading denotes elections when the government gained an absolute majority in the Senate.

Simultaneous dissolution election years are in bold.

(a) Government after election.

(b) Others include: Nuclear Disarmament Party, Pauline Hanson's One Nation, Family First Party, Liberal Democratic Party and Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party, and various independents such as Senators Turnbull, Harradine and Xenophon.

(c) Known as 'Fusion' in 1910.

(d) Country Party (CP) until May 1975; National Country Party (NCP) from May 1975 to October 1982; National Party of Australia from October 1982 to October 2003; The Nationals from October 2003.

(e) Separate half-Senate election.

Elections:Except for simultaneous dissolutions, or as noted, elections are simultaneously held for the House of Representatives and half of the Senate.

Voting system: 1901-18first-past-the-post voting;1919-48 preferential voting; from 1949 proportional representation.

House of Representatives

Date

Govt(a)

ALP

FT

PROT

A-S

LIB

NAT

CP

UAP

Others(b)

Total

29/30.3.1901

PROT

14

28

31

-

-

-

-

-

2

75

16.12.1903

PROT

23

25

26

-

-

-

-

-

1

75

12.12.1906

PROT

26

-

16

27

-

-

-

-

6

75

13.4.1910

ALP

43

-

-

-

31(c)

-

-

-

1

75

31.5.1913

LIB

37

-

-

-

38

-

-

-

-

75

5.9.1914

ALP

42

-

-

-

32

-

-

-

1

75

5.5.1917

NAT

22

-

-

-

-

53

-

-

-

75

13.12.1919

NAT

26

-

-

-

-

37

11

-

1

75

16.12.1922

NAT/CP

30

-

-

-

5

26

14

-

1

76

14.11.1925

NAT/CP

24

-

-

-

-

37

14

-

1

76

17.11.1928

NAT/CP

32

-

-

-

-

29

13

-

2

76

12.10.1929(d)

ALP

47

-

-

-

-

14

10

-

5

76

19.12.1931

UAP

15

-

-

-

-

-

16

40

5

76

15.9.1934

UAP/CP

18

-

-

-

-

-

14

33

10

75

23.10.1937

UAP/CP

29

-

-

-

-

-

16

28

2

75

21.9.1940

UAP/CP

32

-

-

-

-

-

13

23

7

75

21.8.1943

ALP

49

-

-

-

-

-

12

12

2

75

28.9.1946

ALP

43

-

-

-

17

-

12

-

3

75

Date

Govt(a)

ALP

LIB

NP(e)

CLP

GRN

KAP

PUP

Others(b)

Total

10.12.1949

LIB/CP

48

55

19

-

-

-

-

1

123

28.4.1951

LIB/CP

54

52

17

-

-

-

-

-

123

29.5.1954(d)

LIB/CP

59

47

17

-

-

-

-

-

123

10.12.1955

LIB/CP

49

57

18

-

-

-

-

-

124

22.11.1958

LIB/CP

47

58

19

-

-

-

-

-

124

9.12.1961

LIB/CP

62(f)

45

17

-

-

-

-

-

124

30.11.1963(d)

LIB/CP

52

52

20

-

-

-

-

-

124

26.11.1966(d)

LIB/CP

41

61

21

-

-

-

-

1

124

25.10.1969(d)

LIB/CP

59

46

20

-

-

-

-

-

125

2.12.1972(d)

ALP

67

38

20

-

-

-

-

-

125

18.5.1974

ALP

66

40

21

-

-

-

-

-

127

13.12.1975

LIB/NCP

36

68

22

1

-

-

-

-

127

10.12.1977

LIB/NCP

38

67

18

1

-

-

-

-

124

18.10.1980

LIB/NCP

51

54

19

1

-

-

-

-

125

5.3.1983

ALP

75

33

17

-

-

-

-

-

125

1.12.1984

ALP

82

44

21

1

-

-

-

-

148

11.7.1987

ALP

86

43

19

-

-

-

-

-

148

24.3.1990

ALP

78

55

14

-

-

-

-

1

148

13.3.1993

ALP

80

49

16

-

-

-

-

2

147

2.3.1996

LIB/NPA

49

75

18

1

-

-

-

5

148

3.10.1998

LIB/NPA

67

64

16

-

-

-

-

1

148

10.11.2001

LIB/NPA

65

68

13

1

-

-

-

3

150

9.10.2004

LIB/NP

60

74

12

1

-

-

-

3

150

24.11.2007

ALP

83

55

10

-

-

-

-

2

150

21.8.2010

ALP

72

60

11

1

1

-

-

5

150

7.9.2013

LIB/NP

55

74

15

1

1

1

1

2

150

Shading denotes elections when the government gained an absolute majority in the Senate.

Simultaneous dissolution election years are in bold.

From 1922 figures include a Member for the Northern Territory who did not have full voting rights until 1968.

Similarly from 1949 figures include a Member for the Australian Capital Territory who did not have full voting rights until 1968.

(a) Government after election.

(b) Others include: 1903 - 1 Revenue Tariff; 1906 - 4 Independent Protectionist and 2 Western Australia Party;

1919 - 1 Independent Nationalist; 1928 - 1 Country Progressive; 1929 - 3 Independent Nationalists and 1 Country Progressive;

1931 - 4 Lang Labor; 1934 - 9 Lang Labor; 1937 - 1 Independent UAP; 1940 - 4 Non-Communist Labor;

1966 - 1 Independent (formerly ALP); 2010 - 4 Independents and 1 Nats WA. The remainder are Independents.

(c) Known as 'Fusion' in 1910.

(d) Separate House of Representatives election.

(e) Country Party (CP) until May 1975; National Country Party (NCP) from 1975-82; National Party of Australia 1982-2003; The Nationals from October 2003.

(f) Includes the two Territory members who did not have full voting rights (hence the LIB/CP government remained in office).

Elections: Except for simultaneous dissolutions, or as noted, elections are simultaneously held for the House of Representatives and half of the Senate.

Voting system: 1901-18 first-past-the-post voting; 1918- preferential voting.