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1890 Australasian Federation Conference



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THE PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

FEDERATION CONFERENCE, 1890.

HELD IN THE PARLIAMENT HOUSE, MELBOURNE.

No. 6.

THURSDAY, 13TH FEBRUARY, 1890.

Present:

New South Wales The Honorable Sir HENRY PARKES, G.C.M.G., " WILLIAM MCMILLAN.

New Zealand The Honorable Captain WILLIAM RUSSELL RUSSELL, “ Sir JOHN HALL, K.C.M.G.

Queensland The Honorable Sir SAMUEL WALKER GRIFFITH, K.C.M.G., " JOHN MURTAGH MACROSSAN.

South Australia The Honorable JOHN ALEXANDER COCKBURN, M.D., " THOMAS PLAYFORD.

Tasmania The Honorable ANDREW INGLIS CLARK, " BOLTON STAFFORD BIRD.

Victoria The Honorable DUNGAN GILLIES, “ ALFRED DEAKIN.

Western Australia The Honorable Sir JAMES GEORGE LEE STEERE.

The PRESIDENT took the Chair.

FEDERATION OF THE COLONIES.

The debate was resumed on the question-That in the opinion of this Conference, the best interests and the present and future prosperity of the Australasian Colonies will be promoted by an early union under the Crown, and, while fully recognising the valuable services of the Members of the Convention of 1883 in founding the Federal Council, it declares its opinion that the seven years which have since elapsed have developed the national life of Australasia in population, in wealth, in the discovery of resources, and in self-governing capacity to an extent which justifies the higher act, at all times contemplated, of the union of these Colonies, under one legislative and executive Government, on principles just to the several Colonies.

Sir HENRY PARKES again addressed the Conference.

The PRESIDENT addressed the Conference. On the motion of Sir HENRY PARKER, the question was amended by omitting the word "Australasian" in the second line, and inserting in place thereof the word "Australian;" and by omitting the word "Australasia" in the sixth line, and inserting in place thereof the word "Australia."

The PRESIDENT then put the question-That, in the opinion of this Conference, the best interests and the present and future prosperity of the Australian Colonies will be promoted by an early union under the Crown, and while fully recognising the valuable services of the Members of the Convention of 1883 in founding the Federal Council, it declares its opinion that the seven years which have since elapsed have developed the national life of Australia in population, in wealth, in the discovery or resources, and in self-governing capacity to an extent which justifies the higher act, at all times contemplated, of the union of these Colonies, under one legislative and executive Government, on principles just to the several Colonies-which was carried unanimously.

ADMISSION OF THE REMOTER AUSTRALASIAN COLONIES.

Captain RUSSELL moved, That to the Union of the Australian Colonies contemplated by the foregoing resolution, the remoter Australasian Colonies shall be entitled to admission at such times and on such conditions as may be hereafter agreed upon.

Sir JOHN HALL seconded the motion.

The question was put and carried unanimously.

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NATIONAL AUSTRALASIAN CONVENTION.

Mr. DEAKIN moved, That the members of the Conference should take such steps as may be necessary to induce the Legislatures of their respective Colonies to appoint delegates to a National Australasian Convention, empowered to consider and report upon an adequate scheme for a Federal Constitution.

Sir JOHN HALL Seconded the motion, and addressed the Conference.

Mr. PLAYFORD addressed the Conference, and moved, as an amendment, That the words "to meet in Hobart some time early in 1891" be added after the word "Constitution."

Mr. BIRD seconded the amendment, and addressed the Conference.

Sir JOHN HALL addressed the Conference.

Sir HENRY PARKES addressed the Conference.

Sir SAMUEL GRIFFITH addressed the Conference.

The PRESIDENT addressed the Conference.

Mr. CLARK addressed the Conference.

Mr. PLAYFORD, by leave, withdrew the amendment.

Mr. CLARK Moved, is an amendment, That the words "during the present year" be inserted after tile word "appoint." The amendment was put and carried.

The PRESIDENT then put the question-That the members of the Conference should take such steps as may be necessary to induce the Legislatures of their respective Colonies to appoint, during the present year, delegates to a National Australasian Convention, empowered to consider and report upon an adequate scheme for a Federal Constitution-which was carried unanimously.

CONSTITUTION OF THE CONVENTION.

Mr. DEAKIN moved, That the Convention should consist of not more than seven members from each of the self-governing Colonies, and not more than four members from each of the Crown colonies.

Mr. MCMILLAN seconded the motion.

Sir JOHN HALL addressed the Conference.

Sir SAMUEL GRIFFITH addressed the Conference.

The question was put and carried unanimously.

EXTENSION OF POWERS OF FEDERAL COUNCIL.

Mr. DEAKIN moved, That as some time must elapse before a Federal Constitution can be adopted, and as it is desirable that the Colonies should at once take united action to provide for military defence and for effective co-operation in other matters of common concern, it is advisable that the Federal Council should be employed for such purposes so far as its powers will permit, and with such an extension of its powers as may be decided upon, and that all the Colonies should be represented on the Council.

Dr. COCKBURN seconded the motion.

Mr. MCMILLAN addressed the Conference.

Captain RUSSELL addressed the Conference.

Mr. MACROSSAN addressed the Conference.

Mr. CLARK addressed the Conference.

Sir HENRY PARKES addressed the Conference.

Mr. DEAKIN, by leave, withdrew the motion.

ADJOURNMENT.

Mr. DEAKIN moved, That the Conference do now adjourn until tomorrow.

The question was put and carried.

And then the Conference, at forty minutes past five o'clock, adjourned.

D. GILLIES, President.

GEORGE H. JENKINS, Secretary to the Federation Conference.