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Tuesday, 4 September 1984
Page: 433

(Question No. 894)

Senator Childs asked the Minister representing the Minister for Foreign Affairs , upon notice, on 29 May 1984:

(1) Has Tanzania provided humanitarian aid to the African National Congress ( ANC) to assist it in the establishment of a school at Morogoro, Tanzania, for refugees from South Africa.

(2) Has Sweden provided humanitarian development aid to the ANC to assist it in establishing agricultural projects in Dakawa and Mazimba, Tanzania as self-help projects for refugees from South Africa.

(3) Have numerous other countries provided humanitarian aid to the ANC.

(4) What is Australia's current humanitarian aid to organisations in and countries of the Southern African region.

Senator Gareth Evans —The Minister for Foreign Affairs has provided the following answer to the honourable senator's question:

(1) There is no internationally-accepted definition of 'humanitarian aid'. Most aid has a basic humanitarian motive. Answers below to the specific questions describe aid in general. The Tanzanian government has donated land for the establishment of the NAC Soloman Mahlangu Freedom College in the Morogoro region , and with the assistance of bilateral and multilateral donors is continuing to provide assistance to the College.

(2) Sweden provides aid to the Mazimba farm located in Morogoro, Tanzania, but not, according to the information received, to the Dakawa Project.

(3) A number of countries, including Sweden, Netherlands, Norway and Denmark, are currently providing aid to the ANC in Tanzania.

(4) Australia's aid to the countries of the Southern African region totalled $ 26.4 million in 1983-84, an increase of 52 per cent over the 1982-83 figure. This aid included assistance to projects (both official and non-government), training, food, development import grants and emergency relief. Details are as follows:

Aid to Southern African Countries(1)


1982-83 1983-84*

$A $A Angola . . . . Botswana 585,000 399,000 Lesotho 488,000 320,000 Malawi 205,000 306,000 Mozambique 2,114,000 3,117,000 Swaziland 117,000 332,000 Tanzania 9,045,000 12,248,000 Zambia 2,738,000 3,798,000 Zimbabwe 2,115,000 5 ,910,000

Total 17,407,000 26,430,000

(1) Members of the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC ); Australia gave $362,000 to the Conference in 1983-84 for projects.

* Preliminary figures subject to revision.

Australia has also given aid to the following organisations for Southern Africans:

1982-83 1983-84

$ $ UN Education & Training Program for Southern Africa (UNETPSA) 90,000 90,000 UN Trust Fund for Southern Africa (UNTFSA) 60,000 60,000 UN Fund for Namibia ( UNFN) 70,000 70,000

During 1984/85 Australia will provide funds through the Non-Government Organisations Project Subsidy Scheme to allow some black South African students to come to Australia to study. It is envisaged that initally three postgraduate students a year be financed to study in Australia at a cost of approximately $45 ,000. The program could increase to around 10 students at a cost of $150,000 per annum by 1987.

In October 1983, an Australian scholarship scheme was introduced to assist South African students disadvantaged by apartheid to study in South Africa. Under this arrangement funds are made available by the Australian Embassy in Pretoria to three NGO's in South Africa (South African Institute of Race Relations, South African Council of Higher Education and the Trust for Christian Outreach and Education). The NGO's are responsible for selecting awardees and administering the awards. $A25,000 has been made available for the training of approx. 25 students in 1984/85. It has been agreed that this program be expanded until a plateau of 100 students is reached in 1987.