Note: Where available, the PDF/Word icon below is provided to view the complete and fully formatted document
 Download Current HansardDownload Current Hansard    View Or Save XMLView/Save XML

Previous Fragment    Next Fragment
Tuesday, 3 March 1998
Page: 277


Mr Melham asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs, upon notice, on 18 November 1997:

(1) What are the (a) names, (b) nationalities and (c) principal qualifications of the five members of the International Court of Justice who have been elected for a nine-year term of office beginning on 6 February 1997.

(2) By and from which countries were nominations made for the five vacancies.

(3) Who were the members of the Australian National Group who could make nominations and whom did they nominate.

(4) Have any states made or terminated declarations accepting the compulsory jurisdiction of the court since the answer to question No. 1392 (Hansard , 19 October 1994, page 2431).


Mr Downer (Foreign Affairs) —The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:

(1) (a) and (b) The following five members of the International Court of Justice were elected for a nine-year term of office beginning on 6 February 1997:

Mohammed Bedjaoui—Algeria; Vladlen S. Vereshchetin—Russian Federation; Pieter Kooijmans—Netherlands; Stephen Schwebel—United States of America; Francisco Rezek—Brazil.

(1) (c) The principal legal qualifications of the five Members follow:

Mohammed Bedjaoui:

Bachelor of Law (1951); Certificate of Admission to the Bar (1951); Doctor of Law (1956); Legal Adviser to the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic in Exile (1958-1961); Director of the Cabinet of the President of the Constituent National Assembly in Algiers (Sept.-Nov. 1962); Secretary-General of the Government, Algiers (Nov. 1962-Dec. 1964); Dean of the Faculty of Law and Economics, University of Algiers (1964-1965); Minister of Justice and Keeper of the Seals (Dec. 1964-July 1970); Ambassador of the Republic of Algeria to the French Republic (Dec. 1970-Sept. 1979); Permanent Representative of Algeria to UNESCO (1971-1979); Permanent Representative of Algeria to the United Nations, New York (1979-1982).

Member of the International Law Commission (1965-1982); Special Rapporteur of the International Law Commission on the Succession of States in respect of matters other than treaties (1967-1981); Co-Chair of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry established to release the American hostages in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Feb.-March 1980); Vice-President of the United Nations Council for Namibia (1979-1982); Chair of the Committee on the Drafting of an International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries, United Nations (1981-1982); Member of the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues (1983-1986); Member of the International Court of Justice (1982-); President of a Chamber (1984-1987); President of the Court (1994-1996).

Vladlen S. Vereshchetin

Graduate and Postgraduate studies at the International Law Faculty of the Moscow Institute of International Relations (1954, 1955-1958); Candidate of Juridical Sciences (1959); Doctor of Juridical Sciences (1976); Professor of International Law (1982); Staff Member of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1958-1967); First Vice-Chair and Legal Counsel, Intercosmos, USSR Academy of Sciences (1967-1981); Head of the International Law Department, Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences (1981-1995); Professor of International Law (1979-1982).

Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (1984-); Head of USSR delegations to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and Its Legal Subcommittee (1979-1990); Member of the International Law Commission (1992-1994); Chair of the Commission (1994); Member of the International Court of Justice (1995-).

Pieter Kooijmans

Bachelor of Economics (1955); Master of Law (with honours) (1957); Doctorate of Jurisprudence (with honours) (1964); Professor of Public International Law and European Law, Free University, Amsterdam (1965-1973); State Secretary for Foreign Affairs (1973-1977); Professor of Public International Law, University of Leiden (1995-1996).

Chair of the Board of the Carnegie Foundation; Chair of the Administrative Council of the Hague Academy of International Law; Chair of the Board of the Netherlands Disaster Relief Agency; Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Netherlands Refugee Foundation; Head of the Netherlands delegation to various sessions of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1974-1977), to the First Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (1975), to the Geneva Diplomatic Conference on humanitarian law in armed conflict (1975), to the United Nations Conference on Apartheid (1977) and to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (1982-1985, 1992); Chair of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (1984-1985); Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on Questions relevant to Torture (1985-1992); Member of various United Nations and CSCE Missions to the former Yugoslavia (1991-1992).

Stephen Schwebel

Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude (1950); Bachelor of Laws (1954); Doctor honoris causa (1982); admitted to the Bar of the State of New York (1955), of the Supreme Court of the United States (1965) and of the District Court of Colombia (1976); Assistant Professor of Law (1959-1961); Professor of International Law (1967-1981); visiting lecturer/professor at Cambridge University (1957, 1983), the Australian National University (1969), the Hague Academy of International Law (1972), the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva (1980) and at 25 other universities.

United States representative and Chair of the United States delegation to various committees of the United Nations, including the Special Committee on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States (1964), the Special Committee on the Question of defining Aggression (1971), and the UNCTAD Working Group on a Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States (1973-1974).

Member of the International Law Commission (1977-1981); Chair of the Drafting Committee (1978); Special Rapporteur on the law of the non-navigational uses of international watercourses (1977-1981); Representative/Counsel of the United States in various cases before the International Court of Justice (1962-1980); President of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Monetary fund (1994-); Member of the International Court of Justice (1981-); Member of the Chamber formed to deal with the case concerning Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary in the Gulf of Maine Area (Canada/United States of America) (1981-1940); Member of the Chamber formed to deal with the case concerning Elettronica Sicula S.p.A. (ELSI) (1987-1989); Vice-President of the Court (1994-).

Francisco Rezek

Bachelor of Law (1966); Doctorate of Law (1970); Professor of International Law and Constitutional Law, University of Brasilia (1971-); Chair of the Department of Law (1974-1976); Dean of the Faculty of Social Studies (1978-1979); Professor of International Law, Rio Branco Institute (1976-).

Attorney before the Supreme Court of Brazil (1972-1979); Deputy Attorney-General of Brazil (1979-1983); Justice of the Supreme Court of Brazil (1983-1990, 1992-); Foreign Minister of Brazil (1990-1992).

(2) Nominations for the five vacancies were:

AZIMOV, Murat (Uzbekistan): Uzbekistan;

BEDJAOUI, Mohammed (Algeria): Algeria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom;

GUNEY, Mehmet (Turkey): Bulgaria, Sudan, Turkey;

KOOIJMANS, Pieter H. (Netherlands): Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Mexico, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom; Venezuela;

ORREGO VICUNA, Francisco (Chile): Belgium, Chile, Mexico, Netherlands, Spain, Uruguay;

PASTOR RIDRUEJO, Jose Antonio (Spain): Belgium, Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, Switzerland, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe;

REZEK, Jose Francisco (Brazil): Brazil, Bulgaria, Germany;

ROBINSON, Patrick (Jamaica): Jamaica;

SCHWEBEL, Stephen M (United States): Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Slovakia, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States;

SHAHABUDDEEN, Mohamed (Guyana): Guyana, Luxembourg, Nigeria, Slovakia, Sweden;

VERESHCHETIN, Vladen S. (Russian Federation): Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland,

Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, United Kingdom, United States.

(3) The members of the Australian National Group were:

Sir Anthony Mason, K.B.E., former Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia;

The Right Honourable Sir Ninian Stephen, A.K., G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., K.B.E.;

Dr Gavan Griffith, A.O., Q.C., Solicitor-General of Australia;

Professor Ivan Shearer, Challis Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Sydney.

The Australian National Group nominated Pieter Kooijmans and Stephen Schwebel.

(4) The States which have made declarations accepting the compulsory jurisdiction of the Court since 19 October 1994 are: Georgia (20 June 1995), Poland (25 March 1996) and Paraguay (25 September 1996). Poland's declaration replaced an earlier declaration (deposited on 25 September 1990), which was thereby terminated. Norway amended its existing declaration on 24 June 1996.