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SBS World News

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Electronic Media Monitoring Service 

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20-11-2012 06:29 PM

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SBS One

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SBS One

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20-11-2012 06:29 PM

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20-11-2012 07:33 PM

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2012-11-20 18:29:00

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388237

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(generated from captions) This program is captioned live. Invasion, or ceasefire - the death toll in Gaza rises, as world leaders scramble to find a resolution.The most important, urgent matter is to de-escalate this conflict on both sides. Heinous crime th sides. Heinous crime - a judge sentences the man who attached a fake bomb to a Sydney schoolgirl's neck. Trade talks - the transpacific partnership on the table at the East Asia Summit.For us, it means more jobs. We are a great trading nation. And time is short - the grim warning from the World Bank about the devastating consequences of climate change.

ANNOUNCER: From SBS, this is World News Australia. Good evening. I'm Janice Petersen. And I'm Anton Enus. Also tonight - I discuss the Gaza conflict with the former conflict with the former head of Al Jazeera, billed by 'Forbes' magazine as one of the world benefits most powerful men.The Israeli leadership who has decided to embark on this venture are going to lose, and find themselves embarrassed. And the Israeli and Palestinian karate kids fighting for togetherness and peace back home. UN chief Ban Ki-moon has joined efforts to end the violence in the Middle East. As yet, there's no sign of a breakthrough. The death toll in Gaza has surged to 109, as Israeli air strikes against against Hamas targets enter their seventh mas targets enter their seventh day. The Israeli President has accused Iran of encouraging the Palestinians to continue rocket attacks on Israel. We begin tonight in Gaza. A senior Islamic militant is among the dead, after a tower housing Palestinian and international media was targeted for the second time in two days.

This building houses the offices of Britain's Sky News and the Saudi- owned Al Arabiya channel. Israel says it was also used as a hiding place for militants. The building was struck several times over two days, killing a senior member of a group known as Islamic Jihad. At least six journalists have also been injured.Will Israel apologise for the injuries caused in this attack?Israel does not target journalists, and not target journalists, and I think there are very legitimate questions about Hamas using journalists as human shields. Why did Hamas put its command and control, and its communications equipment, inside buildings where they know journalists were sitting?In less than a week, the bombardment has claimed over 100 lives. Thousands took part in a funeral procession for 11 ral procession for 11 Palestinian civilians killed in a single attack - 9 of them were members of the same family. Since then, the leader of Hamas has continued to reject calls to stop firing rockets into Israel.

As negotiations surrounding a diplomatic solution continue in Egypt, one ejision delegation has gone to Gaza. Members of the Muslim Brotherhood's political wing pledging their support for the Palestinian people.

But Israel's President says he's concerned about a different kind of support. Shimon Peres has accused Iran of not only encouraging Palestinians to continue firing rockets, but also acting as a supplier.We're not going to make a war with Iran, but we are trying to prevent the shipping of long-range missiles, which Iran is sending to Hamas, and they are urging Hamas to fire.According to reports, the US is sending three naval ships to the East and Mediterranean Sea for the possible evacuation of Americans from Israel. Most who've wanted to leave have done so via commercial airlines, as the region's worst violence in four years continues to escalate. It's now a daily routine for those in southern Israel - an air-raid siren, then a frantic rush for cover, and a flash in the sky as many incoming rockets are intercepted. Al Jazeera correspondent Hoda Abdel Hamid was on air from the city of Ashkelon when it happened. The air siren did not go... (SIRENS WAIL) go... (SIRENS WAIL) It's going on now, so we're going to duck a little bit. The air siren is now - usually there's about 10- 15 seconds - you can... We can hear the noise - I cannot see it, but what we can see is a trail... Of rockets in the sky. We're not really sure where it's heading... It's above our head, actually, we can see it. That's all I can tell you. It's just been intercepted by the Iron Dome. You can probably hear the explosions. Um, we should be fine... . Um, we should be fine...(EXPLOSION) Whoa. There's another one there, you can probably see it. Three - actually, we don't know whether they're being intercepted or not at this stage. Yes, they are.

Um... You can just see, I'm counting - one, two, three, four, five, six... three, four, five, six... This has been the pattern over the past few days - a barrage of explosions, and then it goes quiet for an hour or so.

Now we're going to stay a bit down still, until we figure out whether it's all clear or not. That was - I can't tell you how many, but I can tell you that they were all intercepted. As far as we know, nothing has landed. Al Jazeera's Hoda Abdel Hamid there. Those rockets being fired into Israel are a sticking point, as international diplomats discuss the crisis at the United Nations. Russia is pushing for a Security Council vote a Security Council vote on a statement calling for hostilities to end. The statement doesn't mention Hamas missile attacks, and the US wants to wait for the outcome of ceasefire talks in Cairo. Clashes on the West Bank between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians protesting the air strikes - a 22- year-old Palestinian was shot dead. The Israeli Army says its troops opened fire during a violent and illegal riot. But Palestinian medics say the man was killed in a peaceful area. Mideast envoy Tony Blair was in the West Bank for talks with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, as the German Foreign Minister visited his Israeli counterpart in Jerusalem. Israel has every right to defend their own citizens and to protect their own country. It is of utmost importance that we now work for de- escalation.That's a sentiment echoed by much of the West, including the United States. Demonstrators in Pakistan set fire to American and Israeli flags, angry at US support for its ally. The UN Security Council remains deadlocked, with Russia pushing for a vote within hours on a statement proposed by Arab nations calling for an end to hostilities.One member of the Security Council - I'm sure you can guess which - indicated, sort of quite transparently, that they will not be prepared they will not be prepared to go along with any reaction of the Security Council. Somehow, allegedly, that could hurt the current efforts carried out by Egypt in carried out by Egypt in the region.That member is the United States - it could be forced to use its veto if Russia presses ahead with a vote.The most important, urgent matter is to de- escalate this conflict on both sides, including the fact that Hamas is still firing rockets into Israel.Upchief Ban Ki-moon is in Cairo, hoping to add diplomatic weight to indirect ceasefire talks brokered by Egypt.I think we are close, but the nature of this kind of negotiation, you know, is very difficult to predict.Egypt's Prime Minister says everyone is eager for a swift yone is eager for a swift resolution. To the rest of the day's news now. The man convicted of attaching a hoax collar bomb to the neck of Sydney schoolgirl Madeleine Pulver last year has been sentenced to 13 years and ntenced to 13 years and 6 months in jail. The judge in jail. The judge described the crime as "heinous", telling Paul Douglas Peters he will serve a non-parole period of 10 years. The Pulver family arrived at the Sydney District Court, thankful this day had finally come.Be pleased when today's over.Like he said - happy it's nearly all over. The attack on Madeleine Pulver in August last year, one of the most bizarre to come before an Australian court.It's certainly one of the strangest cases that I've ever worked on before, and I'm sure probably one of the strangest I'll ever work on.52-year-old Paul Douglas Peters entered the Mosman home of the Year 12 student and attached a fake collar bomb to her neck, with an extortion note. He was arrested tion note. He was arrested 12 days later, after fleeing to the United States.Any words for Madeleine?Judge Peter Zahra said Peters set in train a plot to extort money.

Much of the sentencing covered Peters' psychological condition. The judge said:

Madeleine says she can now look forward to a future without Peters' name being ut Peters' name being linked to hers.It has been a surprise to me that this year has been much harder than last year, but I am lucky enough to have a wonderful family and friends, and we are all making great progress. The sentence imposed on Paul Douglas Peters was backdated until his arrest last year. He'll be eligible for parole in 2021. His full sentence expires in 2025. The trauma caused to Madeleine will remain for a long time.We've supported each ime.We've supported each other, and we realise what's important in life - it's really changed our views on certain things.The door now opening on a new future - next year, she begins studying at Sydney University. Barack Obama has bluntly told Cambodia it won't have a full relationship with the United States until it improves human rights and undertakes democratic reforms. The US President has joined Asia's leaders at the East Asia Summit in the Cambodian capital. At last night's opening dipper, Prime Minister Julia Gillard secured the prime position at the President's side. No formal meeting, but she's not complaining. At last night's gala opening dinner, Julia Gillard had the best seat in the house. They offered mutual congratulations - she for his recent electoral victory, he for hers at the UN Security Council.Well, I had the opportunity to sit next to President Obama and next to my partner, Tim.Unlike her partner, Tim Mathieson, the Prime Minister and US Prime Minister and US President weren't short of conversation.So we had a wide- ranging discussione had a wide- ranging discussion. It was a good opportunity to t was a good opportunity to catch up.She's having to defend Mr Mathieson's catch-up with his son Kane, something John Howard also did with sons abroad.He's on a private visit. He did not travel with us. Barack Obama's Cambodia visit is the first by a US president to a country shunned for decades over the Khmer Rouge's genocidal regime. But all is not forgiven - the US remains concerned at the lack of free and fair elections, detention of political prisoners, and land seizures. The President told Cambodian Prime Minister Thein Sein these issues remain an impediment to relations.

Local villagers are pleading for the President e pleading for the President to take up their case, issued with eviction notices ahead of the East Asia Summit. In contrast with yesterday's warm exchanges in Burma, the White House is making it clear President Obama's only in Cambodia because of the summit. He's pushing a proposed regional free trade agreement, while an alternative has come from South-East Asia.We'd now look like we're going to have two pathways to the one destination.Australia's leading a renewed push to fight malaria in Asia, and human trafficking. The Prime Minister has met with the retiring Chinese Premier, marking 40 years of bilateral ties years of bilateral ties with a farewell gift - an autographed photograph of former prime minister Gough Whitlam and Chairman Mao Zedong. Australia is among those supporting a code of conduct regulating activities in the South ctivities in the South China Sea. The tensions between countries represented at this summit underline some fundamental differences. While economic and security imperatives are forcing them together, it's still their politics keeping them apart. Now a quick look at some of the other stories making news around the world. Colombia's leftist FARC rebels have s leftist FARC rebels have declared a unilateral 2-month ceasefire, the first truce in more than 10 years. It came as peace talks began in Cuba, aimed at ending the 5-decade-old conflict. However, Colombia's Defence Minister immediately questioned the rebels' sincerity. He said there'd be no halt to government military operations until a final peace agreement was signed. Syrian rebels have clashed with Kurdish separatists near the Turkish border, it's what's seen as an emerging power struggle in Syria's ethnically diverse north- east. Several rebels were injured. Activists say a local Kurdish leader was killed by sniper fire. NATO says it would consider any request from Turkey to deploy Patriot missiles along the troubled border. At least 18 people have been trampled to death at a Hindu festival at Patna in eastern India. Devotees rushed for safety after a makeshift rope bridge, built to ferry them across rough train terrain to the Ganges, collapsed. Power was lost at the scene, complicating rescue efforts. A Pakistan court has dropped a blasphemy case against a Christian girl acused of burning pages of the Koran. The 14-year-old was held in maximum security, before being released from jail. A Muslim cleric is a facing charges of allegedly planting evidence against the girl. Food shortages and widespread droughts on a warming planet - sounds like the plot from a science-fiction movie. But the World Bank warns that's what we can look forward to at the end of the century if we don't address global warming now. A 4-degree warm-up on a cool spring day. Sounds like a treat. But warm the entire planet by four degrees, and scientists warn the impact would be anything but a treatf There would be massive disruption in some of our most basic systems. This prediction by World Bank head is part of a report of what experts believe will happen by the end of the century if we don't try to reverse global warming.It's a very powerful message, and should be a powerful wake-up call for all players.The report says rising sea levels will sink many coastal cities, and drought-prone areas will become drier, all because of that 4-degree increase. To understand why the World Bank is so concerned with the weather, simply take a look at what the weather can do and its impact. The Queensland floods, for example, cost an estimated $6 billion in damage. Hurricane Sandy - more than $20 billion, and rising. Extreme weather will become more common and costly because warm air holds more water, which ultimately generates more energy.This puts the steroids into the extremes. It boosts those extremes.That's not the worst of it. Because the World Bank says that a warming planet will hurt food supplies, meaning you might be able to escape the rising water, but you won't be able to feed your family.The worst impacts are going to happen in the poorest countries, to the poorest people.Most scientists supposedly agree with the World Bank's report. That bleak future could be avoided if nations take steps to address the cause. The window is narrow. We've got to take action now.If we don't, the World Bank warns we can look forward to more scenes like this.

You're watching World News Australia on SBS. Up next - questions over how the sexual abuse royal commission will work, as the states lock horns with the Federal Government. Shortly - as Burma opens up to the world, accusations of a Rohingya massacre in the country's north- west. Later - putting aside the troubles at home - Israelis and Palestinians fight together at the Karate World Championships.

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The Gillard Government has rejected concerns that it's rushing consultations for its groundbreaking royal commission into child abuse. Community groups and others have until Monday to make submissions. The Government is also playing down expectations about the breadth of the inquiry. There's still a long way to go for the Attorney-General,way to go for the Attorney-General, as she tries to find the best way forward for the royal commission.I don't want the drafting of the terms of reference and the consultation to turn into a royal commission in itself.She's given people just one week to have their say on how the inquiry should proceed. The NSW Premier is disappointed.What I know from our public consultation process is often it takes at least a week for people to understand there is a discussion process available.Community advocates are concerned.It's very important that they speak to all the stakeholders that need to be heard, and that the terms of commission are broad and considered.There's continuing debate about whether the states and territories should join the inquiry. Western Australia has refused a joint investigation.I think each of them will be looking to see what stage their inquiries are at.Tony Abbott believes Labor's trying to get the states to fund the inquiry. When things are a national responsibility, it is appropriate that the iate that the national government pick up the tab.The Prime Minister says funding is not a factor.There will be a royal commission that is effective to look at the key questions here. the key questions here.She's confident the states and territories will cooperate. The Commonwealth believes it has the constitutional power to proceed, even if none of the states join the inquiry. It says previous royal commissions have been conducted without all of the states taking part. The Commonwealth is also trying to contain expectations about the scope of the inquiry. The Attorney- General has indicated it won't hear every child abuse claim.Part of what we are consulting carefully on - I must say this is actually a difficult job - is how we structure the commission to get the balance right, that enough individual stories can be told.Advocates say some people have waited decades: We can't have people missing out on this opportunity. It's just so crucial when people have been silenced in the past. She says they want the royal commission to hear their experiences. Now to other stories in the news around the country. For the second time in eight days, the city of Port Lincoln is under threat from a bushfire raging out of control. fire raging out of control. It's burning in inaccessible bushland on the Eyre Peninsula, forcing firefighters to call in air support. An SMS alrlt has gone out to thousands of Port Lincoln residents, warning them to take shelter as a south-westerly wind change drives the flames closer. A 47-year-old man has been arrested over the death of Melbourne woman Sarah Cafferkey. Special operations police sweeped on a block of units in the city's east this afternoon, taking Steven Hunter into custody. The 22-year-old woman went missing 11 days ago. Her body was discovered in a Point Cook home on the weekend. Queenslander Patrick Keane has been appointed the new justice of the High Court. He's currently the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Australia. Chief Justice Keane will take over from retiring justice Dyson Heydon, who leaves the post leaves the post in March. The Opposition has welcomed the appointment. The AFP and Department of Immigration have shut down a fake marriage scheme between Indian men and Australian women. Up to 50 fraudulent visas had already been granted. Police raided nine Queensland properties and have frozen several bank accounts. The Federal accounts. The Federal Government has moved to streamline five anticipate discrimination laws into one single act. Attorney-General Nicola Roxon says it will simplify the complaints process. The Opposition says it's concerned that changes could result in a huge increase in claims. Discrimination over sexual orientation and gender identity will be outlawed for the first time under the proposal. Also unlawful - discrimination in employment, on the grounds of religion, social background, industrial or medical history.Race, sex, age, disability, and the establishment of the Human Rights Commission - all of that is being brought into one act.The Shadow Attorney-General acknowledges the need for consolidation, but is concerned that the burden of proof of the complaint will be reversed.Do we want many, many more claims tying up the courts, particularly when the onus of proof is thrown on people to prove their innocence? I don't think so.The Attorney- General says the burden of proof will not of proof will not be reversed, but simply shifted.They have to be able to first prove the substantial components of discrimination. Once that is done, it would then be up to the respondent - employer, service provider or others - to show that it wasn't for the reasons alleged.The for the reasons alleged.The Greens would like the grounds for discrimination to go further.Like persons who are intersex, irrelevant criminal records, social status such as homelessness, and we'd also like to see the removal of blanket exemptions for religious bodies. But the Council of Small Business is concerned for employers. Its executive director says he doesn't have confidence in the Human Rights Commission in regulating the new act., we're going to be watching it over the next 12 months, making sure they don't assume that every employer they come across is guilty, they don't assume that anybody that complains is right. The reforms will be referred to a Senate committee inquiry, with legislation likely to with legislation likely to be introduced next year. Amnesty International says asylum seekers in Nauru are living in despicable conditions. Two Amnesty officials were granted access to the detention centre, now home to almost 400 asylum seekers. It's the first independent inspection of the facility since ection of the facility since it opened in mid- September. Dr Graham Thom says several of the men have attempted to commit suicide. We saw people who showed us scars where they had cut themselves. They wanted to hemselves. They wanted to highlight one of the poles where somebody had tried to hang themselves.Two men have also been hospitalised from the effects of a hunger strike.

Barack Obama urged Burma to end the violence between Muslims and Buddhists as part of his historic visit to the country yesterday. There are claims that up to 110,000 Muslims, known as the Rohingya, have been burned out of their homes in recent months. The worst single example of violence against the Rohingya is believed to have happened recently in the tiny village of the tiny village of Yin Thay. Channel 4's John Sparks tried to visit the village to verify the claims. The water is calm, and the countryside tranquil. e countryside tranquil. But these scenes are deceptive, for there is little peace in Burma's north-west. We've heard a story about a massacre in a village called Yin Thay, and we've come to investigate it. Our contacts tell us the village has been destroyed, and many people have died. It's isolated and difficult to get to, but we're going to try. Ethnic Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya have lived here for centuries, but in recent months, hatred and violence has spread. We saw the Burmese army keeping watch in Muslim villages on our way to Yin Thay. As we crossed a rickety bridge, our path was blocked by soldiers and military policemen. "Don't let them film," said the lieutenant. Something terrible happened in Yin Thay three weeks ago, but the soldiers wouldn't talk. Later on, however, we met two doctors who did. How many people have died in that village?59.59?!Yes.

I asked the doctors what happened. They said the local Buddhists - the Rakhine - had carried out a planned attack.

A few minutes later, a small group approached us. They'd just visited some of the survivors in Yin Thay, but the army intervened. Can you tell me what happened? However, we have obtained pictures from the village. Pictures of newly dug graves. Eight in one pit, four in another, six in other, said one local. Of the communities community's 500 houses, only 7 remain, and hundreds of people now live in the fields. Some have suffered terrible injuries. This boy is three years old. A spear was thrust through this man's abdomen. As we made our way back to the nearest town, we found someone - a Rohingya - who said he'd been in the village when the violence began.

Mr Aru described a massacre - acts of barbarism conducted with spears and swords and maces.

As we left, they told us the attack on Yin Thay had been organised by a government official. And tonight, we've learned the government's administrator in the area - a Buddhist - area - a Buddhist - has been arrested. Few Muslims will take comfort from his detention, however, when their future in this country feels so precarious. The day before Barack Obama arrived, the Burmese President pledged to consider new rights for the Rohingya minority, but he stopped short of guaranteeing citizenship. As the world sweats on negotiations to prevent an Israeli land invasion of the Gaza Strip, one man with an extensive and intricate knowledge of the region is visiting Australia. Wadah Khanfar is the former director-general of Al Jazeera. He's in Sydney, in his role with the Sharq Forum, an independent think-tank developing long-term strategies for political develop in the Middle East. He's regarded as one of the most powerful people in the world. I sat down with Wadah Khanfar to get his thoughts on the Gaza conflict. Unfortunately, this is a scenario we have seen, you know, many times, as long as there is no settlement, we will continue to see confrontations like

confrontations like that. A lot of people are dying as a result of that.In terms of the stated aims of your al-Sharq Forum, the political strategies and community development and so on - isn't this exactly what is going up in smoke in Gaza right now?What we see right now in Gaza is destruction from this whole scene. What we're seeing could provoke a lot of anger and frustration from people against the Israelis and against the invasion. The invasion is not popular, is not going to be popular. Things are changing in the region. People are taking charge of the people. Governments cannot sympathise with the Israelis like with some of them did in 2008, like the former reEgyptian regime, and the so-called moderate camp. Things have changed. Egypt today is not the Egypt today is not the Egypt of yesterday. The Jordan of today is not the same. Tune Ismailia is not the same. Syria is going through a huge transformation. The same in Lebanon. The same wherever you go in the region. This is why I don't see the wisdom of such an attack. I think what's happening right now is going to fire back and the Israeli leadership, who has decided to embark on decided to embark on this adventure, are going to lose, and they are going to find themselves embarrassed in front of their citizens, and they are going to, of course, face elections in January, and maybe even internationally, because more and more blood means a lot of international pressure on them.You say ordinary people are taking more control of their lives. One of the ways they're doing that, of course, is through social media. So what are the challenges, do you think, for the mainstream media when the political landscape is changing, plus the control of the media message is changing as well? How should the mainstream media respond?I actually believe that the arrival of social networks and the arrival of new media, let us call it, to the scene is necessary to reform us, to reform our traditional organieform our traditional organisations, and to bring us back to the orthodoxy of journalism, to the universal values of journalism, as we inherited from the founders of this profession. It is good news. We need to embrace it. It is here to stay.

It is here to stay.That's Wadah Khanfar, the former head of Al Jazeera. As usual, you can see an extended version of that interview at SBS Online. He had plenty more to say, Janice. Interesting man. British scientists have reversed paralysis in dogs, inabling them to walk again after injecting them with cells grown in their nose. The Cambridge University team is cautiously optimistic the technique could one day be used to treat human patients. sed to treat human patients. This is Jasper before his treatment - a spinal injury meant his back legs were paralysed. And this is Jasper today - the transformation is remarkable. His owners are delighted.Now, he can stand, he can get and, he can get to his feet, he can walk, and he can make a stab at running. He does bunny-hopping.How was it done? Researchers removed specialist cells from the lining of Jasper's nose, which promote the growth of nerve tissue. These were grown in a dish for several weeks, and then injected into Jasper's damaged spine. The nerve connections regrew enough to allow his front and rear legs to reconnect. But the repair was not complete. The pair was not complete. The signals to the brain were not als to the brain were not restored. More than 20 dogs were treated, and most saw some improvement. This research is obviously great news for Jasper, and dog breeds like DAXens, which are prone to spinal injuries. The big question is - could this technique one could this technique one day play a role in helping to reverse programsis in humans? Scientists funded by the Medical Research Council say this proof of concept study in animals should give animals should give the green light to a trial with humans. But they warn it may not work as well.While there are many similarities between quadripeds - four leg - and bipeds with two legs in the controller movement - they're not not precisely the same. The very significant and profound effects we've seen in Jasper, for example, may not have the same degree of efficacy in people.Last year, Rob Summers from the United States was fitted with electrodes in his spine, which enabled s in his spine, which enabled him to stand. All these research ideas are still in their infancy, but the pioneering success with dogs is, at the very least, a step in the right direction. Very promising indeed. The BBC's Fergus Walsh reporting there. Sport - we don't need to tell you - is a matter of national pride the world over. The Karate World Championship in Sydney this week is no exception - 800 athletes from 50 countries will compete for gold. But it te for gold. But it is one team made up of Palestinians and Israelis that is showing the true meaning of sportsmanship. Palestinian Abed el-Salaime prepares for an attack against his opponent - Australian Jew Danny Hakim. These karate black-belt holders have every reason to inflict pain on each other. But in fact, they're the perfect team. They belong to the group called Budo for Peace, a Middle East martial-arts organisation dedicated to peaceful cooperation between Jews and Arabs.

That's breaking down prejudices, even in the light of the recent violence.A lot of people said we shouldn't do people said we shouldn't do it, it's not the right time. It's never the right time. It's always the right time to try and project the vision of peace. Senseis teach values like kindness and self-control in Hebrew, aburic and English. The underlying message of Budo erlying message of Budo for Peace is to maintain curt peace and respect. That's why these athletes are able to fight fiercely while maintaining their friendship outside the arena. Hanan Drawshi is an Arab who lives and works in Israel. She want to show that both cultures can learn to coexist through sport.We have a special language for us so we can talk together with a martial art, so we can do this cooperation with a martial art. That's unique, what we do in Budo for Peace.The Japanese word "budo" literally means "the way of stopping conflict", a language these students are keen to teach others. Some friends say, "Why should you do such a thing like that? The Palestinians are sending missiles at us." I tell them that that's not true. We are all Israeli. We all live in Israel. It doesn't matter if we're Arab, Christian, Jewish. We all live in Israel.Living side by side, linked by love and respect.

Coming up next on World News Australia - Craig Foster with sport - and more questions raised in the wake of s raised in the wake of the Oliver scandal. Also, 10 million views and count - the Victorian train safety video spreading the message viraly.

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In finance news tonight - the Reserve Bank has hinted that it's not finished with lowering the official cash rate. In its latest board meeting minutes, it says further easing may be appropriate in the period ahead. It depends on the pace of the global economic recovery, and the rate of inflation locally. The RBA board next meets in a fortnight, before taking a break in January.

.

Craig Foster joins us now with the day's sports news. Craig, a bit of uncertainty aboutCraig, a bit of uncertainty about Quade Cooper's playing future? Certainly is, Janice. Cooper's immediate future is unclear tonight, with his manager confirming his intentions will irming his intentions will be outlined at a press conference next week. Expectation is growing that Cooper will leave union in order to combine a career in rugby league, and possibly boxing. After he was give an $60,000 fine last month for claiming the Wallabies had become a toxic environment, it now seems Cooper's next move will be away from rugby union. He can't fulfil his 3-year Queensland Reds contract unless he signs the inceptive-based deal on the table sed deal on the table from the Australian Rugby Union, and his management team are clearly looking ement team are clearly looking at other options. Queensland's done all it can do in terms of securing had imfor the long haul for Australian rugby. It's out of our hands.Cooper's friendship with Sonny Bill Williams, and the fact the pair have the same manager, has placed boxing on his radar - even if he ends up making his peace with the ARU.It's something that ARU.It's something that I've really enjoyed the challenge of doing, and the training is g, and the training is something else, and I'm sure that getting in the ring is something else. I'll have to have a look at those options.The boxing bit might be on the other side of the negotiation. I don't know. I haven't had any discussions about boxing with Quade.The Wallabies are preparing to play Italy this weekend, with captain Nathan Sharpe saying he n Nathan Sharpe saying he hopes Cooper stays with rugby union. ys with rugby union. Those hopes will be decided next week, after Cooper's manager Khoder Nasser told SBS that the five-eighth will be with Nasser in Brisbane on Sunday to outline his plans. In rugby league news - Sydney will host two games in next year's State of Origin, with Brisbane hosting the remaining match. A new 5-year cycle has been confirmed, with Queensland - which was originally slated for two home games next year - hosting two matches in Brisbane in 2014 and 2017. A neutral venue in 2015 will host one game. 2-time Melbourne Cup-winning jockey Damien Oliver has been disqualified from riding for eight months, after he admitted to placing a $10,000 bet on a rival horse. Oliver broke down during his testimony today when he recounted how his marriage break-up played a part in his committing the offence two years ago. He was given an additional 2- month ban for using his mobile phone in the jockeyies' room at Moonee Valley. ies' room at Moonee Valley.I'm deeply sorry for my actions, and yeah, thank you. Oliver will be free to participate in next year's spring carnival. Meanwhile, the Victorian Minister for Racing, Denis Napthine, has called for an independent investigation into delays and alleged mishandling of the Racing Victoria investigation into Oliver's case. More than 56 years after her triple gold medal-winning performance at the Melbourne Olympics, sprinter Betty Cuthbert is to be inducted into the IAAF Hall of Fame. Cuthbert, who has battled multiple sclerosis for the past 40 years, will fly to Barcelona this week for the ceremony. this week for the ceremony. The 74-year-old, who's been in a nursing home for the past three years, is among 24 inaugural inductees. The only Australian on the list said the ceremony will be the climax to her career. To cricket - Shane Watson

In the end, it seemed easy - a fully deserved India win. But how close it But how close it was - or rather, how close it could r, how close it could have been. Matt Prior had batted without a moment's hesitancy until this - out for 91. England were six down, just 26 runs ahead. And then the mountain finally crumbled - after 560 minutes of batting, Alastair Cook made a split-second decision - the wrong one. India on - the wrong one. India celebrated as if they'd won the match, which in essence they had. 176 was Cook's score - epic captain's resistance. Just a pity for him, it wasn't enough. No- one else hung around for long. When Bresnan fell, England were 406 all out, leaving India needing a mere 77 for victory in their second innings. They did it with ease. Last year, England at home outclassed India. Now, it's reversed. Winning over here is always hard, er here is always hard, but England carry the baggage of a side too used to losing. That's weighing them down. If we're going to win the series out here, we need everyone to contribute. There's absolutely no doubt about that. We need everyone to stick their hands up at certain times.At least England showed during this match that they can compete with India, they can play spin, or to be precise, Matt Prior and Alastair Cook sewed that they can. Fact is, England are 1-0 down with three matches to play. Can India win the series 4-0? You better believe they believe.

India win the series 4-0? You
better believe they believe. That ror from the BBC. Finally, David Beckham has confirmed he is leaving the LA Galaxy after the MLS Cup championship match next month, after six years in the US. He says he wants one final challenge in his career, and who knows - he could yet be on his way to the A-League. Anton, what do you think?Who knows? They've paid him everything else in LA. He might be getting the club as well.Indeed.Who knows? Thanks, Fozz. Coming up - the weather, and... # Dumb ways to die... Victoria's novel approach to train safety grabs the attention of millions.

Graeme's Apia experience, taken
from a real flood claims call. (PHONE RINGS) Hey, Graeme.
It's Ray here from Apia. How you going?
Oh, not bad. We've settled back in. Pretty much starting to
almost feel normal selves again. (LAUGHS)
Oh, well, that's good to hear. That's the main thing. I just can't have
enough praise and admiration for what you've done for us. It's just been
absolutely fantastic. Not a problem at all, Graeme.
It's our pleasure. Kept us with our heads
above water. Pardon that pun too. Yeah, yeah - that's good. Determined I'm gonna
catch up with you one day and look you in the eye
and thank you. Yeah, that'd be good.

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I quit when I was pregnant
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but now I've quit for good. VOICEOVER: Each attempt is a step closer to quitting. Quit today.

Dust storms can be frightening, but they can also be beautiful. Using satellite data collected over eight months, NASA scientists created this time-lapse view of the earth's atmosphere, e view of the earth's atmosphere, and how so- called air osols swirl around, influencing weather and climate. Red is for dust, blue is sea salt, and white represents sulfate - greens are carbon particles. To the forecast now.

greens are carbon particles.
To the forecast now. A high is keeping Tasmania, Victoria and western NSW mostly dry. Troughs are causing the odd shower in eastern Queensland. A trough is drawing hot, dry, gusty northerly winds into South Australia.

A Melbourne rail-safety video released on YouTube has become a global phenomenon, clocking up more than 10 million hits in just four days. Described by one commentator as "weirdly adorable", tator as "weirdly adorable", the 'Dumb Ways to Die' campaign has become the most watched online Australian ad.

# Dumb ways to die # So many dumb ways to die These cartoon characters may seem childish, but they've become a powerful weapon in the fight against risky behaviour at Melbourne rail stations and level crossings.Our station staff, every day, see on staff, every day, see young people taking risks with their safety.The viral video lasts just over two minutes, and shows the characters engaging in fatal acts such as sticking a fork into a toaster and eating unrefrigerated food past its use-by date as dumb ways to die, before moving onto the consequences of bad behaviour around trains. 24-year- old digital analyst Jack Herbert says the dark humour is an important part n important part of the campaign's success.I don't think it's too kooky at all. I think it is targeted to people who are using social media and who are going to be spreading it. The biggest spreaders are my generation.10 million hits in four days is quite extraordinary, and it's still going. Metro Trains still going. Metro Trains decided to deviate from a hardcore confrontational campaign on purpose. In the last 12 months, 979 people were injured in falls at stations. 23 people were hit by trains. There were 11 collisions at level crossings, in which three people died.I don't know if it will reduce any incidents, because you don't really mean to do it. But yeah, it happens. I'm sure it would stop intentional people, people doing it intentionally.'Dumb Ways to Die' has become b Ways to Die' has become Australia's most watched online ad, and there's been interest from around the world.For a brand exercise, I think it is a fantastic success, and I think that just the sheer number of shares that it's had has meant that their message will meant that their message will get across. # Drive around the boom gates at a level crossing # Dumb ways to die Metro says it's too early to tell how successful the campaign will be, but it predicts a number of railway incidents will fall. OK, it is funny.Yes.Back to the serious stuff ck to the serious stuff now. Recapping our top stories - Israel will put a temporary hold on any Gaza ground operation. The move comes as the White House announced, in the last hour, that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will head to Israel and Egypt ad to Israel and Egypt in an effort to find a peaceful solution. find a peaceful solution. In Cairo, United Nations chief airo, United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon called upon both sides in the Gaza conflict to halt fire immediately. The Israeli air strikes have now taken 109 lives, with the conflict entering it seventh day. The man convicted of attaching a fake collar bomb to a Sydney schoolgirl will Sydney schoolgirl will spend at least 10 years in prison. Paul Douglas Peters was sentenced to 13 years and 6 months jail. The US President has joined leaders, including Julia Gillard, at the East Asia Summit in Cambodia. Barack Obama has bluntly told Cambodia it won't have a full relationship with the United States until it improves human rights and undertakes democratic reforms. The worldbank has released a report detailing the economic impacts of global warming by the end of the century. The report says rising sea levels will sink coastal cities, and drought-prone areas will become drier because of a 4-degree temperature increase. That's the world this Tuesday. Our next bulletin at the slightly later time of 10:35 on SBS One. You can get all tonight's stories online and news around the clock at our website, the clock at our website, and follow us on Twitter. Goodnight. Goodnight. .
Goodnight. Supertext captions by Red Bee Media - www.redbeemedia.com.au.

COMING UP ON
"FINDING YOUR ROOTS,"

ACTORS ROBERT DOWNEY JR.

AND MAGGIE GYLLENHAAL EXPLORE

THEIR EASTERN EUROPEAN
HERITAGE...

Lithuania?
That is nuts!

Gyllenhaal: "There was
a secret way to leave

"and cross the Russian border.

From there on,
they were on their own."

AND DISCOVER THEY HAVE DEEP ROOTS
HERE IN THIS COUNTRY.

So they're in America
from 1634.

I love America, and I'm glad I've
been around here

in one way or another
for a long time.

I'm Henry Louis Gates Jr.

Welcome to
"Finding Your Roots,"

a journey into
the ancestral pasts

of some of America's
most fascinating figures.

In this episode,

we'll be exploring
the family trees

of two celebrated actors --

Maggie Gyllenhaal
and Robert Downey Jr.

LIKE SO MANY AMERICANS,

MAGGIE AND ROBERT'S ANCESTORS

CAME FROM PLACES
THROUGHOUT EUROPE.

BUT THEIR PARTICULAR MIXTURES
ARE REMARKABLY SIMILAR.

BOTH HAVE JEWISH ANCESTORS
FROM EASTERN EUROPE

ON ONE SIDE,

AND ON THE OTHER SIDE,
NON-JEWISH ANCESTORS

SCATTERED ACROSS
THE OLD WORLD.

WE COULD TRACE MAGGIE
AND ROBERT'S FAMILY LINES

OVER CENTURIES,
BACK TO ENGLISH KINGS

AND MEDIEVAL PEASANTS.

BUT ALL THE DIFFERENT BRANCHES
OF THEIR FAMILY TREES

ENDED UP HERE IN AMERICA.

"No acres,
no negroes" --

thank the Lord --
"no horses,

and one cattle."

So, you know,
he wasn't exactly

living up there
with the Rockefellers.

NEITHER OF THEM
HAD ANY IDEA

HOW DEEP
THEIR AMERICAN ROOTS RUN.

Would you like to meet
a few of your cousins?

Okay.

LAUGHS

They're not really
my cousins.

These are your cousins.

TO DISCOVER MAGGIE AND ROBERT'S LOST
ANCESTORS,

WE'VE ASKED GENEALOGISTS

TO FOLLOW THE PAPER TRAIL

AND HELP US STITCH TOGETHER
THE PAST.

WE'VE DISTILLED EVERYTHING WE FOUND
INTO A BOOK OF LIFE,

A RECORD OF OUR DISCOVERIES.

This is your book of life.

Wow!

So this is the whole
other side.

That's right.
Okay.